Results of a Census of the Colony of New Zealand taken for the night of the 1st March 1874


Table of Contents

List of Tables

REPORT

TO

THE HONORABLE DANIEL POLLEN, COLONIAL SECRETARY.

Registrar-General’s Office, Wellington,

1st June, 1875.

SIR,-

In submitting to you the complete abstracts of the Census of 1874., I have the honor to state that certain principal results in the form of “preliminary tables” were laid before both Houses of the General Assembly last Session.

For the first time the compilation of the results of the Census has been made in this office. The system adopted hitherto, of returns being made out for each Province by the Enumerator in such Province, was not only more expensive, but it precluded the compilation being so extensively and so uniformly done as has been possible under one system and management, and with one staff of clerks that could be specially instructed.

Alterations were made in the body of the household schedule that enabled the information given to be compiled in such a form that the results could be better compared with the census results of other colonies and of the United Kingdom.

In order to carry out the system of central compilation, it was found necessary to issue special detailed instructions to Enumerators and Sub-Enumerators, relating to the mode of enumeration and to the critical examination of the schedules, and generally to obtaining the most accurate information.

The system adopted enabled the principal results of the Census to be given very approximately within a short period after the collection of the household schedules. The most immediately important of these results were published in the New Zealand Gazette as they were compiled for each Province, and were given more in detail, with further information relating to stock and crops, in the preliminary tables previously mentioned.

The tables published in this volume, when compared with the published results of the former system, exhibit inherent evidence of the beneficial result of the change effected. It is, moreover, satisfactory to note that in effecting the change a considerable saving upon the actual expenditure for the Census of 1871 has been made, notwithstanding that, from the population having increased about one-sixth, and the price of labour being so much higher, a,larger proportionate increase in the cost of taking and compiling the Census might have been reasonably expected. The total cost for payment of Enumerators, Sub-Enumerators, and clerical assistance, was,-

 £s.d.
For the Census of 18719,648143
For the Census of 18748,740101

The expenditure for 1874 having been £908 4s. 3d. less than that for 1871, and £1,259 9s. 3d. less than the amount, £10,000, voted for the purpose.

As the Acts under which the Census was taken do not apply to the aboriginal Native race, the Maoris are excluded from the tables showing the results of the Census and from any remarks thereon.

Although a Census of the Maori population was not taken at the same time and in the same manner as the Census for the rest of the population, yet, perhaps, the most accurate enumeration of the Maori population ever yet obtained was made immediately after the taking of the Census by the various officers in charge of the Native districts throughout the Colony.

The results of this enumeration will be separately shown and dealt with as an appendix to this volume.

Part I.-Population And Houses.

Table V., p. 2

Increase of Population.-The population of the colony, exclusive of Maoris, on the 1st day of March, 1874, numbered 2,99,314, an increase since February, 1871, of 43,121, or 16.82 per cent This increase during this period was at a smaller rate than that during either of the two previous Census periods. The rate of increase between December. 1864, and December, 1867, having been 27.01 per cent., and between December, 1867, and February, 1871, 17.25 per cent.

Tables VII., VIII., pp. 4,5.

Table V., p. 2.

The rate of increase varied very much in different provinces; while the pastoral and agricultural provinces exhibited a varying but still high rate of increase, the population of the mining province of Nelson remained almost stationary, and that of Westland decreased. The increase or decrease in each province was as follows:-

Table X., p.6.

 Percentage.Numerical.
Auckland-increase8.215,116
Taranaki-increase21.99985
Wellington-increase24.125,789
Hawke’s Bay-increase52.303,169
Marlborough-increase17.38910
Nelson-increase.2557
Westland-decrease3.24497
Canterbury-increase25.5811,974
Otago-increase22.4815,622

Notwithstanding that the actual increase in numbers in Nelson amounted to .25 per cent., the supporting strength of the population was less in 1874 than in 1871, in consequence of a considerable decrease during the three years in the numbers of the male population between the ages of 21 and 40 on the Nelson South-west Gold Fields. The deficiency in the number of the population caused by these departures from the province was chiefly made up by the excess of the total male and female births over the deaths during the same period. The decrease in the province of the males of the ages specified amounted to 1,872. The excess of births over deaths during the years 1871, 1872, and 1873, amounted to 1,527.

Proportion of the Sexes.-The males in 1874 numbered 170,981. the females 128,533, showing an excess of males over females of 42,448. The Chinese are included in the above numbers, all of whom, with two exceptions, were males. Exclusive of the Chinese the numbers would be 166,167 males to 128,531 females, or an excess of males of 37,636. The increase of males since 1871 was 20,625, or l3.72 Per cent, on the then number of males; the increase of females was 22,496, or 21.21 per cent, on the then number of females. There were on 1st March, 1874, 100 males to every 75.17 females. This proportion varied much in the different provinces. The equality between the sexes was greatest in Wellington, the numbers being 100 males to 83.37 females. Canterbury ranked next, having to every 100 males 82 females. Auckland was third on the list, having 81.78 females to every 100 males. The population attracted to the Auckland Gold Fields does not appear to have disturbed, to any serious extent, the proportion between the sexes, as there were on the gold fields in that province 78.01 females to every 100 males. The proportion in the other provinces was as follows :-

In Taranaki-to every 100 males79.59 females
In Hawke's Bay-to every 100 males70.38 females
In Otago-to every 100 males69.82 females
In Marlborough-to every 100 males67.94 females
In Nelson-to every 100 males66.54 females
In Westland-to every 100 males56.87 females

In dealing with this subject the exceptional condition of the Chinese population should not be overlooked, as they do not come to the colony with a view to permanent settlement, and do not bring their women with them. Of the two women returned as Chinese, one dwells in Otago, the other in the Chatham Islands, and it is doubtful if the latter is of purely Chinese extraction. The proportion of the sexes should therefore be considered without including the Chinese element. The proportions in the different provinces, excluding the Chinese, appear thus:-

Auckland-to every 100 males81.80 females
Taranaki-to every 100 males79.64 females
Wellington-to every 100 males83.40 females
Hawke’s Bay-to every 100 males70.42 females
Marlborough-to every 100 males67.94 females
Nelson-to every 100 males68.15 females
Westland-to every 100 males62.83 females
Canterbury-to every 100 males82.03 females
Otago-to every 100 males75.16 females

And in the whole colony, including the Chatham Islands, there were to every 100 males 7735 females. Similarly excluding the Chinese, and estimating the proportions of the sexes within and without the gold fields in the provinces in the South Island, the result brought out is, -

  • In Otago, within the gold fields, to every 100 males there were 58.88 females

  • In Otago, outside the gold fields to every 100 males there were 79.66 females

  • In Nelson, within the gold fields, to every 100 males there were 41.67 females

  • In Nelson,outside the gold fields, to every 100 males there were 92.16 females

In Westland, the whole province, except the towns of Hokitika, Greymouth, and Okarito, is a gold field. The numbers, still excluding Chinese, were within the gold fields, or within all the Province, but those three towns, to every 100 males 47.48 females.

Table XI., p.6.

Density of Population.-The population of the colony, exclusive of Maoris, amounted in March, 1874, to 2.855 persons to a square mile; but as 105,213 persons resided in towns, the population outside towns, numbering 194,301, only amounted to about 1.85 persons to a square mile. The rural population of England and Wales in 1871 amounted to 158 to a square mile. The population was most dense in the Province of Canterbury, amounting there to 4.328 persons to a square mile, and least dense in the Province of Marlborough, where it only amounted 1.446 persons to a square mile.

Table xiii, p.7.

The average number of persons to an inhabited dwelling throughout the colony was 4.88 in 1874, against 4.48 in 1871, and 4.05 in 1867. But while the average number of persons to each dwelling was on the increase, the average character of the dwellings was evidently improving, and their capacity for occupation by a larger number of persons becoming greater. Of the population (exclusive of Maoris and Chinese)-

Table XVI.,p.11

  • 280,408 or 95.15 per cent, resided in houses

  • 6,746 or 2.29 per cent, resided in huts

  • 3,355 or 1.14 per cent, were on shipboard

  • 3,912 or i.33 per cent, resided in tents and dwellings with canvas roofs

  • 277 or .09 per cent, were camping out.

I am unable to compare these results with the results of the previous Census, as the information necessary for making such comparisons was not then given.

Of the Chinese population 918 dwelt in houses, 2,288 in huts, 12 on shipboard, 1,588 in tents, and 10 were camping out.

Table XVI., p.11.

Dwellings-Number and Character.-In the term “dwelling” has been included every variety of building or erection within which any of the population dwelt. These buildings have been classed under two principal heads, (1) showing the materials of which they were composed, and (2) showing the number of rooms they contained. The distinction between houses and huts has not always been well preserved, the term “hut” having apparently been in some districts applied to dwellings which in other districts were designated houses. The number of inhabited dwellings in 1874 was 61,356, against 57,182 in 1871, an increase of 4,174. It is to be observed, in relation to my remarks on the increasing capacity of the dwellings for occupation by a larger number of persons, that while there is an absolute decrease in the number of one and two roomed dwellings, including tents, upon the number existing in 1871, there is, since that time, a considerable increase in the houses of greater accommodation. The following table will show the increase or decrease in the numbers of the dwellings containing respectively one, or two rooms, three or four rooms, and five or more rooms:-

-Total Number of inhabited Dwellings, including Tents.Number of Dwellings containing:
One or two Rooms, including Tents.Three or four Booms.Five or more Rooms.Number of Rooms not stated.
187157,18222,99817,73816,446...
187461,35619,61221,02719,6791,038
Increase4,174...3,2893,2331,038
Decrease...3,386.........

As the abstracts of the Census of 1871 were compiled in the several provinces, I am unable to state under what heading those houses were placed of which die number of rooms was not stated in the household schedules. If, as seems probable, they were placed among the one-roomed houses, and, for purposes of comparison, a similar practice had been adopted for this Census, the decrease, 3,386, in the one or two-roomed houses, would be reduced by 1,038, making the decrease only 2,348. There is little doubt but that this has been the case, as the results of the Census of 1871, as compared with that of 1867, showed a decrease on the one and two-roomed houses of 3,560, including a large decrease in tents. The number of tents inhabited in 1871 was 2,404. The number classified as tents in 1874 was 1,967, an apparent reduction of 437. The reduction is really very much greater, as erections having walls and canvas roofs were included in the numbers for tents in 1874; but in 1871 they were placed among houses of “other materials.” While the total increase in the number of inhabited dwellings between 1871 and 1874 amounted to 4,174, the increase of inhabited houses containing three or four rooms amounted to 3,289, and the increase 1 of inhabited houses containing five or more rooms amounted to 3,233, or together 2,348 more than the total increase in dwellings of all classes, the number of smaller class dwellings having been to an equal extent reduced.

Huts and tents were most numerous on the gold-fields of the West Coast of the Middle Island and in Otago. Houses of brick and stone were most numerous in Canterbury and Otago. The following table shows the percentage in each province of each class of inhabited dwelling:-

MATERIALS OF INHABITED DWELLINGS.

PROVINCEBrick or StoneWood or Iron and Wood and Iron.CobRaupoHutsTentsNot Stated
Auckland1.9992.04...2.991.450.900.63
Taranaki0.3589.87...5.890.522.510.86
Wellington0.2494.730.760.631.031.870.74
Hawke’s Bay0.3691.44...1.461.343.701.70
Marlborough0.0885.889.110.342.171.920.50
Nelson1.5880.752.121.127.237.161.04
Westland0.0983.05...0.138.876.711.15
Canterbury3.7080.3212.62...1.770.970.62
Otago6.5373.195.530.049.494.750.47

The number of brick and stone houses inhabited was 1,540 in 1871, and 1,901 in 1874. But the erection of buildings in brick or stone has more than kept pace proportionately with the erection of buildings of wood, for whereas in 1871 to every 100 inhabited houses of wood there were 3.35 houses of brick and stone, in 1874 to every 100 houses of wood and iron there were 3.73 houses of brick and stone.

Table XVI-.p.11.

Uninhabited Dwelling-houses.-The number of uninhabited dwelling-houses in March, 1874, was 3,967. The following figures show the number of these houses in each province, and the proportion they bore to the number of inhabited dwellings, exclusive of, tents:-

Provinces.Uninhabited Dwelling-houses.Number to each 100 of Inhabited Houses (excluding Tents).
Auckland1,2799.13
Taranaki14012.43
Wellingtonl8l3.41
Hawke’s Bay1127.06
Marlborough716.05
Nelson3797.16
Westland3337.78
Canterbury4754.58
Otago9976.15

At the rate of 4.88 persons to a house, there was still house accommodation in the colony for a further population of 19,359 persons.

Houses Building.-The number of dwelling-houses in course of erection was 535.

Table XXII., p.22

Uninhabited Buildings.-The number of stores, warehouses, workshops, business premises, and buildings returned as used for offices only, was 4,401. These figures cannot however be considered to be accurate, as the sub-enumerators differed much in the carefulness with which they enumerated this class of building. In some cases almost every erection has been apparently noted; in others, there appears to have been a general disregard of all buildings but those of some importance.

Table XVIII., p.14.

Cities and Towns.-There were in 1874 85, defined cities or towns having a population of 100 persons and upwards.

  • 1 had a population exceeding 18,000

  • 3 had each a population between 10,000 and 13,000

  • 2 had each a population between 5,000 and 10,000

  • 9 had each a population between 2,000 and 5,000

  • 4 had each a population between 1,000 and 2,000

  • 14 had each a population between 500 and 1,000

  • 52 had each a population between 100 and 500

Of the above towns 35 were in Otago, 16 in Auckland, 11 in Wellington, 6 in West-land, 5 in Canterbury, 6 in Nelson, 2 in Hawke's Bay, 2 in Taranaki, and 2 in Marlborough. The population of the town of Reefton, which is included in the above list, was not shown by the sub-enumerator as distinct from that of the district outside the town. The number of inhabitants has been estimated at 545 persons - 370 males and 175 females - but no accurate account having been taken, Reefton does not appear in the series of tables of cities and towns having a population of 500 persons and over. The most populous city in the colony was Dunedin, which had 18,499 inhabitants. These persons were within the borough boundaries. I am not aware to what extent the suburbs might be considered as an extension of the city, but as the boundaries of the portions containing any dense population. Have not been defined, it has not been possible to give the number of the suburban population that might be considered as fairly partaking of the character of town population. The population of Dunedin increased from 14,857 in 1871 to 18,499 in :1874. Auckland was the next most populous city, with 12,775 inhabitants. These also were the numbers sleeping within the borough boundaries. As, however, a large number of persons, whose avocations require their daily attendance within the borough boundaries, reside in the suburbs, which, in the cases of Parnell and Newton, may be regarded as extensions of the city outside the borough boundary, to properly estimate the population of Auckland the population of those suburbs should be considered. In i874Parnell contained 3,976 persons, and Newton 4,839, making the total population of Auckland and suburbs amount to 21,590. The population of Auckland city in 1871 having been 12,937, and 12,775 in 1874, there was a decrease in the population of 162 persons, while the suburbs of Parnell and Newton increased from 7,520 in 1871 to 8,815 in 1874. Wellington ranks as the third most populous city, having had 2. population of 10,547, but not possessing any noticeable suburban population. The population of Wellington increased from 7,908 in i87r, to 10,547 in 1874. Christchurch, as a city within its defined boundaries, ranks next, with a population of 10,294; but its suburbs, consisting of such portions of the electoral districts of Christchurch City East and Christchurch City West as are not within the city boundaries, and which had a population of 6,665, must not be overlooked. The population of Christchurch and suburbs thus amounted to 16,959. The respective populations in 1871 were:-

Christchurch City7,931
Suburbs, as above defined4,535
Total12,466

The borough of Thames had a population of 8,073; and the city of Nelson a population of 5,662.

The population of the other towns of the colony will be found on reference to page 14.

Part II. Ages of the People.

Table I., p.27.

Table II., p.28.

Table VI., p.27.

Of the 299,514 persons enumerated on the 1st March, 1874, 5,850 males and 5,576 females were infants under the age of one year. There were, including these infants, 51,888 under 5 years of age, viz., 26,111 males and 25,777 females The numbers at the ages usually recognized as the school ages, i.e., 5 and under 15 years, amounted to 72,147, viz., 36,423 boys and 35,724 girls. The total number under 15 years of age was thus 124,035, viz., 62,534 males and 61,501 females. There were 13,351 youths and 12,926 young women, or a total of 26,277 persons, at the ages of 15-21. Thus, while during the first year of age there were 100 males to 95.32 females (the proportion of females being somewhat less than that in which the births occurred, to every 100 males born in 1873 there having been 96.64 females born), there were 100 males under 21 years of age to 98.08 females at the same ages. In 1874 me children under 5 years of age amounted to 17.36 per cent, of the population, the children of 5 and under 15 years amounted to 24.14 per cent., and the young persons of 15 and under 21 amounted to 8.79 per cent, of the population; the total number under 21 years of age amounting to 50.29 per cent, of the population. The total number of persons of 21 years and under 40 was 99,120, viz., 61,867 males and 37,253 females. The persons of 40 years of age and under 65 years numbered 45,834, viz., 30,583 males and 15,251 females. The number at 65 years of age and upwards amounted to 3,651, 2,171 being males and 1,480 females. There were 197 persons, viz., 100 males and 97 females, between 80 and 90 years of age; 3 males and 6 females between 90 and 93 years of age; and 4 males and 3 females between 94 and 97 years of age. One male was returned at the advanced age of 103, and one at the extraordinary age of 116. Doubts having arisen as to the correctness of this age, a special inquiry was made of the Secretary of the Benevolent Institution in which this man resided. The reply made was to the effect that the man was a native of Tahiti; that there was no authentic record of age but his own statement; that he was a very old man in appearance, and that he had repeatedly stated that he remembered Captain Cook being at Tahiti.

Table I., p. 27.

If the numbers at each age period, in 1874 be compared with the corresponding numbers in 1871, a great disproportion will be observed in the percentages of increase at the various periods. While children under 5 years only increased 11.40 per cent, on the numbers living at those ages in 1871, the children between 5 and 10 years increased 32.62 per cent. The children under 5 years amounted to 18.19 per cent, of the total number of the population in 1871, and only to 17.36 per cent, in 1874; and the children 5 to 10 years amounted to 12.75 per cent, of the total number of the population in 1871, and 1449 Per cent 1874. The percentage of increase of children 10-15 was 30.40 and the numbers at that age period were in 1871, 8.64 per cent, of the population, and in 1874, 9.65 per cent.

Table I.,p.27

Decrease in Males, 21-40.-In comparing the numbers between the ages 21-40, a noticeable decrease is observable in the number of the males. While there has been only an increase of 1.44 per cent, on the total number of persons of both sexes at the ages 21-40 living in 1871, the proportion of persons of those ages to the whole population has fallen from 38.15 per cent, in 1871 to 33.16 per cent, of the whole population in 1874. But while the female population at those ages increased by 4,129, or 12.47 Per cent. on the number of females at those ages in 1871, the male population at the same age period decreased by 2,719, or 4.21 per cent, on the numbers of males at those ages in 1871. This decrease of male population 21-40 is evidently attributable to the fact that there is not a sufficient number of males at the younger ages to supply the places of these between 21 and 40 who may die, or from increase of age be enumerated among those above 40 years of age. In England in 1871 the number of males from 15 to 21 years of age comprised 29.84 per cent, of the total number of males from 15 to 40, while in New Zealand in 1874 the males from 15 to 21 years of age amounted only to 17.75 per cent, of the total males 15 to 40.

The extent of the deficiency in the number of males 21-40 in 1874, on account of the insufficient number of persons between 15 and 21, may be approximately estimated in the following manner, which is necessarily somewhat lengthy, on account of the large range of the age periods published for the Census of 1871, and the want of data for subdividing those periods. If, from the number of males at the age of 65 and upwards in 1871, the deaths for three years be deducted, and the remainder be deducted from the number of males at the ages 65 and upwards in 1874, the last remainder would approximately represent the number of males who in .1871 were under 65, but were enumerated in 1874 in the age period 65 and upwards. The number thus arrived at is 822. By a similar process, and making allowance for these 822 transferred to the age period 65 and upwards, the number of 2,147 given as representing the males who were between 40 and 55 years in 1871, and were classed as between 55 and 65 in 1874. The continuation of the process would show that the number of males 21-40 in 1871 was reduced by 10,019, who were enumerated as between 40 and 50 years of age in 1874. As the total number of males in 1871 at the ages 15-21 was only 10,138, those from 18-21 would (estimated at 5,069) be enumerated as between 21 and 40 in 1874. The numbers would stand thus:-

Males 21-40 at Census of 187164,586
Deduct number estimated to have exceeded 40 years of age in 187410,019
 54,567
Add number who in 1871 were from 18-215,069
 59,636
Deduct deaths1,188
Remainder58,448

This remainder represents the probable number of males at the ages 21-40 in 1874, if not increased by immigrants at those ages. So that if the population had not been increased by immigration, the number of males 21-40 in 1874 would have been by 6,138 less numerous than the males at the same age period in 1871. The actual number of males 21-40 in 1874 was 61,867. There was therefore an excess of arrivals over departures in the colony during the three years of 3,419 males at the ages 21-40. These calculations, would doubtless be somewhat disturbed by the arrivals of persons at the older age periods; but as the total net immigration, during the three years, of males above 12 years of age only amounted to 8,135, the number of those arriving at the higher ages would not be great. It is, however, apparent that there are not enough males of ages under 21 to supply the places of the exceptionally large proportion of the population between 21 and 40. Were it not for the immigration of persons between 21 and 40 years of age, a steady reduction in- the numbers at that age period might be expected until the proportion with the preceding age period was more equalized with that which obtains in older communities.

The following table shows the number of males in each province at the ages 21-40 in 1871 and 1874, and the increase or decrease in each province since 1871:-

Males of 21 to 40 Years of Age.

-1871.1874.Increase.Decrease.
Auckland13,59511,869...1,726
Taranaki918911...7
Wellington4,3535,291938...
Hawke’s Bay1,5532,160607...
Marlborough1,4271,278...149 
Nelson7,1375,265...1,872
Westland6,4884,464...2,024
Canterbury10,05211,2621,210...
Otago19,02319,338315... 
ChathamIslands4029...11

Of the total decrease above mentioned of 1,726 in the Province of Auckland, a, decrease of 1,135 is found to have taken place in the number on the Thames Gold Field; and of a total decrease of 3,896 in the Provinces of Nelson and Westland, a decrease of 3,651 is discovered in the numbers on the Nelson South-West and Westland Gold Fields. There are decreases in the males of 21-40 in all the gold field districts of Otago, which are, however, more than counterbalanced by increases in districts outside gold fields, there being a net increase for the province of 315.

Table I.,p.27

Increase of Females, 21-40.-The females at the age period 21-40 increased 12.47 per cent, on the numbers in 1871; but there was not then the same disproportion between the females at the ages 15-21 and 21-40 as between the males at the same ages. In 1871 the females at 15-21 amounted to 10,050, and at 21-40 to 33,124, the males at the same ages having been 10,138 and 64,586. There was an increase of females in 1874 at every age period. In Victoria during the 10 years 1860-1871 the males between 20 and 35 years of age decreased by nearly 49,000, and the females between the ages 25 and 30 decreased by 1,394. This decrease appears to have been attributable to a similar cause to that in operation in New Zealand, i.e., the want of a sufficient number at the younger ages to supply their places.

Population at Supporting Ages.-The proportion of the inhabitants at the supporting period of life, viz,, 15-65 years, in New Zealand in 1874 was greater than in the adjacent Australian colonies in 1871, Queensland excepted. The following table will give the relative strength of the undermentioned Australasian colonies for every 10,000 persons:-

Ages.New Zealand. 1874.Victoria. 1871.South Australia. 1871.New South Wales. 1871.Queensland. 1871.
Under 15 years4,1504,2334,1804,5i33,896
15 to 65 years5,7285,6295,6075,3046,005
65 years and upwards12213821318399
Total10,00010,00010,00010,00010,000

The following are the numbers per 1,000 persons at the age periods under 20, 20-60, and 60 and upwards in New Zealand in 1874, and the corresponding numbers in England and Wales in 1871:-

Ages.England and Wales, 1871. Per 1,000.New Zealand, 1874, Per 1,000.
Under 20457.24487.64
20 and under 60469.27489.00
60 and upwards73.4923.36
Total10,000.0010,000.00

In Victoria, in 1871, the numbers between 20 and 60 amounted to 474.65 per 1,000 living.

Of the Chinese population, 13 were under 15 years of age (these are, however, more correctly speaking, half-castes, as it appears that in most, if not all, cases they were the offspring of Chinese men and European women, their wives); 1.88, including 1 female, were from 15 to 20; 3,686 were from 20 to 40; 896, including 1 female, were from 40 to 60; and 16 were 60 years of age and upwards.

Part III.-Religions.

Table I,, p. 55.

Out of a population of 299,514, the persons who objected to state their religious belief amounted to 6,760. No entry was made in the column for “Religion” in the household schedule opposite the names of 955 persons.

Table II., p.55

The bulk of the population may be divided into Protestants and Catholics. The Protestants of all denominations amounted to 243,761; the Catholics, including the Greek Church, to 40,412. Of the Protestant denominations the members of the Church of England (including Protestants not otherwise defined) amounted to 127,171, or 42.46 per cent, of die population. The Presbyterians numbered 72,477, or 24.20 per cent., and the Methodists numbered 25,219, or 8.42 per cent, of the population. The Roman Catholics numbered 40,371, or 13.48 per cent, of the population. Of these principal denominations the Church of England has increased most in proportion since 1871, the proportions to the 10c of the population having been respectively in 1871 and 1874 as follows:-

Table II.,P.55

 18911874
Church of England41.8342.46
Presbyterians24.8124.20
Roman Catholicsl3.8913.48
Methodists8.588.42

Of the smaller bodies, the Baptists increased from 4,732, or 1.85 per cent., to 6,355 or 2.12 per cent.; the Congregational Independents from 3,941, or 1.54 per cent., to 5.441, or 1.82 per cent.; and the Lutherans from 2,341, or 0.91 per cent., to 3,914, or 1.31 per cent. Hebrews decreased from 1,262, or 0.49 per cent., to 1,215, or 0.40 per cent. Pagans (embracing nearly all the Chinese) increased from 2,612, or 1.02 per cent., to 4,764, or 1.59 per cent. The number of persons who objected to state their religious belief was reduced from 8,630 in 1871 to 6,760 in 1874.

Part IV.-Birthplaces Of The People.

The birthplaces of 299,008 persons were returned in the household schedules. No birthplaces were given for 506 persons. Of these 506, there were 365 who had British names, 21 had foreign names., and 120 of the 506 omitted to give any names in the schedules.

Table I.,p. 77.

Allegiance.-The number of British subjects in the colony in 1874 amounted to 286,7.09, or 95.56 per cent, of the population whose allegiance could be ascertained. In this number were included all persons born in British possessions; all naturalized British subjects; British subjects born in foreign countries; persons, having British names, born at sea; and those whose birthplaces were not given, but who had British names. The foreign subjects amounted to 13,285, or 4.44 per cent.

Table II., III., pp.78, 79.

Number Born in New Zealand.-The persons in New Zealand in March, 1874, who were born in the colony, numbered 122,635: of these, 61,779 were males, and 60,856 were females. The total amounted to 40.94 per cent, of the whole population. The number of New Zealand born in 1871 was 93,474. There has thus been an increase of 29,161, or 31.20 per cent, on the New Zealand born population.

Numbers Born Outside the Colony.-The Australian born were 135601 in 1874- an increase in the three years of 1,175, or 9.46 per cent. The English born increased from 67,044 in 1871 to 74,628 in 1874, or 11.31 percent. The Scotch increased from 36,871 to 38,431, or 4.24 per cent.; the Irish increased from 29,733 to 30,255, or 1.76 per cent.; and the Germans increased from 2,416 to 2,810, or 16.68 per cent.

In every 100 of the persons born in New Zealand, 50.38 were males and 49.62 were females; in those of Australian birth, 51.60 per cent, were males, and 48.40 per cent, were females; of those born in England, the females amounted to 39.23 per cent.; of those in Wales to 32.08 per cent. 39.43 of those born in Scotland, and 40.46 of those born in Ireland, were females. Of those returned as born in the United States, 82.96 per cent, were males, and 17.04 per cent, were females. Of the Germans, 73.36 per cent/were males, and 26.64 per cent. were females. Of those born in France and French colonies, 76.80 per cent, were males, and 23-20 per cent, were females. Of those born in other European countries and their dependencies, in which are included 1,172 Danes and 1,78o Swedes and Norwegians, the males comprised 77.14 per cent., and the females 22.86 per cent. In considering the tables of birthplaces, it should be borne in mind that the numbers given as born in any country are not necessarily natives of that country, the children born of British parents being included. These have all been separated in the table showing the allegiance of the population.

Table iv., p.80

The table on pages 80 and 81 gives 75 birthplaces, or groups of birthplaces (as in the case of a foreign country and its colonies many distinct birthplaces are grouped together), each of which was given as the birthplace of some one or more of the inhabitants of the colony. It might, perhaps, hardly have been expected that Persia, Barbary, Greenland, and New Guinea would be found among the list of birthplaces; yet each is given.

Part V.-Conjugal Condition of the People.

Table I.,p.101.

Table II.,p.101.

Table IV.,p.102.

In 1874, out of every hundred of the male population (excepting Chinese), 27.28 were married, and 72.72 were single; and, of the female population, in every hundred 34.72 were married, and 65.28 were single. While the proportion of married males has increased from 26.23 per cent. in 1867 to 27.28 per cent. in 1874, the proportion of married females decreased from 37.59 per cent. in 1867 to 34.72 per cent. in 1874. The decrease in the proportion of the married in the 100 females is attributable to the greater increase in the number of females under 2r years of age. In 1867 the females under 21 years amounted to 54.87 per cent. of the whole number of females, in 1871 to 56.82 percent., and in 1874 to 57.96 per cent. 117,085 males were returned in 1874 as unmarried; of these, 73,232 were under 20 years of age, and 43,853 were over 20 years of age. Of the females, 79,888 were unmarried, of whom 61,500 were under 15 years of age, and 18,388 over 15. There were thus 25,465 bachelors of 20 years of age and upwards in excess of the number of spinsters of 15 years of age and upwards. To every 100 spinsters there were therefore 238 bachelors. Of the 18,388 spinsters, 9,942 were from 15 to 20 years of age, and 8,446 at 20 and upwards. The marriages in 1873 of spinsters under 20 years of age amounted to 473, and of spinsters at 20 and upwards to 1,578; at that rate about 4.76 per 100 of the spinsters under 20 years of age, and 18.68 per 100 of the spinsters over 20 years of age, would be married in the year.

Table III., p.102.

The husbands in 1874 numbered 45,334, the wives 44,624, the husbands being most numerous by 710. There was an excess of husbands over wives in every province except Westland, where the wives were the most numerous, the husbands having been 2,084 and the wives 2,094. The widows amounted to 3,990, being in excess of the widowers by 719, the latter only amounting to 3,271. The widows were more numerous than the widowers at all ages, except at the periods 40-45 and 45-50. At the ages 40-45 the widows were 431, and the widowers 483; at 45-50 the widows were 373, and the widowers 419; but if more extended periods are taken the widows will be found in all cases most numerous, but especially so at the extremes, i.e. at the youngest and oldest periods. Under 30 years of age the widows numbered 275, the widowers 107; from 30 to 50 years of age the widows numbered 1,565, the widowers 1,494; at the age of 50 and upwards the widows were 2,150, the widowers 1,670. Thus to every 100 widows under 30 years of age there were 39 widowers; at the ages 30 to 50, to every 100 widows there were 95 widowers; and at 50 years of age and upwards, to every 100 widows there were 78 widowers.

At the higher ages the married men (with wives living) were more numerous than the married women; but at the same ages the widows were more numerous than the widowers. At the ages 65 and upwards there were 1,385 married men to 646 married women, while at the same period there were 785 widows to 545 widowers. The number of married women in the colony in 1874, between 15 and 45 years of age, was 36,588. The number of legitimate births in 1873 was 11,063, or 30.24 births to every 100 married women at 15-45, or on an average one child was born to every married woman at that age period every 3-31 years. In England, in 1871, the number of married women of 15-45 amounted to 2,600,768, the legitimate births in 1870 to 748,050, or 28.76 births to every 100 married women at 15-45, or one birth to each such married woman in 3.48 years. The married women comprised in the age period 15-45 are generally younger than the married women of the same age period in England. Taking the whole number of married women in each country between the ages 15-45 as a basis of comparison, the following figures show the proportions per cent. at the respective ages in England and New Zealand:-

Table V.,p.103.

PROPORTION TO THE 100 MARRIED WOMEN AT THE AGES 15-45.
Ages.England.New Zealand.
Under 201.332.37
Under 20-4080.0l83.70
Under 40-4518.13.93

Conjugal Condition of Chinese.-The instructions in the Household Schedule were that Chinese were to be set down as unmarried, unless they either have or have had wives in New Zealand. Twenty-eight Chinese have thus been returned as married, one of whom had a Chinese wife. The schedules evince the fact that in many of the instances the wife was an European resident in New Zealand; but in some cases the correctness of the description cannot be tested, as men alone are given in the schedule. There is not, however, any reason to doubt that the Chinese returned in the schedules as married were married to European females; the Chinese given in table of age, page 30, between 10 and 15, were the offspring of these unions.

Occupations of the People.

Table I.,p.145.

An elaborate series of tables is for the first time published in the colony, in which the occupations of nearly the whole of the population are shown, for out of a total of 299,514 there were only 1,911 whose occupations could not be ascertained. The numbers occupied in every branch of industry in the colony can be thus ascertained, and the rise and expansion of any new employment be watched. The importance of this subject may be well illustrated by the remarks of the able Registrar-General of England, in his report on the tables of occupations compiled from the English census of 1871:-“The tables require exhaustive study in connection with special inquiries of into the industrial organization of the country, which, as yet only imperfectly understood, of is the subject of conflicting theories. The co-operative societies, the of companies with limited liability, the question of the employment of women, the of regulation of children's work, trades unions, the federation of employers, the of continued developments and displacements of branches of trade in different localities, of amidst an increasing population which derives food and the raw materials of manufactures of partly from home and partly from foreign countries, at one time friendly, at of another time hostile, are all reasons for collecting full and exact information on a of subject of such unquestionable importance. The Census can deal with an essential of part of the question. It can ask the heads of families to return, in conformity with of instructions, the profession or occupation of every person in their houses on the of Census night.”

Some of the subjects above enumerated are not at present of as much social importance in this colony as they are in England, but after a while the increase of our population may probably cause greater consideration to be given to them. The questions relating to the subject are, however, even here sufficient to make the information obtained of “unquestionable importance.”

The classification adopted is similar in character to that used in Victoria and in England, with small variations in detail to suit the circumstances of the colonial population.

The instruction given on the back of the Household Schedule was, that “the occupation which each person is following and deriving income from at the time of the Census is the occupation that should be stated.” All through the tables there are persons given as following one occupation, but who are also following others of an entirely different character, but only one such occupation is given. As instances, Members of Parliament, Magistrates, &c., who in nearly all cases are returned under the non-official occupations followed by them, persons following combined professional or commercial and agricultural pursuits, &c.

Professional Class.-This class consists of the officers of the Government (colonial, provincial, and local), the Defence and Militia forces, the learned professions with their immediate subordinates, literary and scientific persons, and those engaged in the fine arts. The total number of this class comprised 5,305 males and 1,155 females, or a total of 6,460 persons. The first order of this class comprised those who were engaged in the general or local Governments, or the defence or protection of the country. The number in this order was 2,470, viz. 2,453 males and z7 females. These numbers do not include those persons returned as employed by the Government, whose occupations being of a special character required that they should be brought into other classes. The system adopted in the classification was that, under the term “officers of the Government,” the following were not to be classed:-Law Court officers; persons employed in working (not constructing) railways or electric telegraphs; persons under Boards of Education; persons in port or harbour services; persons in lighthouses; in museums, observatories, hospitals for the insane, industrial schools, botanic gardens, sewerage, and water; in the pilot service; and printers, binders, &c., in the Government Printing Office.

It is therefore impossible to give the exact number of the persons who were employed by the Government, the object of the classification having been chiefly to show the number of those engaged in any special branch of occupation, which object would have been defeated had a complete account of those paid by Government been given in Class I., Order I. If, however, those groups of excepted occupations are included, in which the whole or nearly the whole of the persons stated are employed by Government, the under-mentioned numbers would have to be added to the number of 2,470 given above :-

Law Court Officers (including Judges)102
Railway Service214
Harbour Service58
Pilots26
Lighthouse Keepers27
Telegraph Service338

A considerable further addition could also be made by taking from Sub-order VI. of Order II., teachers, &c, the schoolmasters, mistresses, &c. in Government employ; from Class V., Order VIII., Sub-order 1, the Government printers and binders, and from other places in the classification those engaged in museums, observatories, hospitals, industrial schools, botanic gardens, sewerage, and water.

The term “General Government,” used in these tables, is not meant to represent the Colonial Government as ordinarily understood apart from the Provincial Governments, but is for the purpose of these tables made to comprehend both General and Provincial Governments as distinguished from the government of local bodies, as Municipal Councils, &c. The numbers, therefore, given as officers of the General Government are to be read as of the General and Provincial Governments; the character of the Government to which an officer belonged not having been shown with sufficient clearness to enable the numbers to be separated. As, however, those numbers can be ascertained from other sources, the importance of showing them separately is not so great.

The second order of this class comprised those who were engaged in the learned professions, or in literature, art, or science (the terms being necessarily used in a very comprehensive sense), with their immediate subordinates. These numbers amounted to 3,990, viz. 2,852 males and 1,138 females.

The Domestic Class.-In addition to 62,747 males, this class embraces 122,216 females out of a total of 128,533 females in the colony. In this class are included wives, also those persons engaged as mothers, mistresses of families, children, including those attending school, and relatives (not otherwise returned); also those persons engaged in personal offices to man, the details of whose occupations and the numbers engaged in each can be ascertained by a reference to Table IX., page 156. As this class absorbed so large a" portion of the female population, there remained only 6,317 who were employed in various occupations other than of a domestic character.

The Commercial Class.-This class comprises those who deal in money, land, goods, &c., or who are engaged in the transport and conveyance of men, animals, goods, or messages. The number so engaged was 13,297, of whom 13,018 were males and 279 females. Many of the persons herein enumerated, such as railway officers and persons engaged in the telegraph service are, from the fact of those services being under Government control, paid officers of the Government, but for the reasons previously given they are exhibited here.

The Agricultural Class.-This class does not merely include those engaged in tilling or cultivating land, but all persons possessing, working, or cultivating land, raising animals or dealing in them, or following pursuits subsidiary to any of the foregoing. While the class as a whole, embraces 34,390 persons, viz. 33,689 males and 701 females, the persons classified as engaged in agricultural pursuits amounted to 26,067, viz. 25,436 males and 631 females; and those engaged in pastoral pursuits to 5,074, viz. 5,037 males and 37 females.

The grouping of these numbers cannot be considered as altogether satisfactory, as agricultural and pastoral pursuits in many parts of the colony are so combined that an absolute separation or definition is impossible. Many persons returned as farmers, and classified as engaged in agricultural pursuits are in point of fact engaged in pastoral pursuits on a small scale, as they reside on land with a small number of cows and sheep, or either, but do not cultivate further than to encourage the growth of grass. The numbers classified as engaged in pastoral pursuits have been confined to those (including their subordinates) who occupy considerable areas of land, either freehold or leasehold, and whose primary occupation is to graze large numbers of either sheep or cattle.

The Industrial Class.-All persons working or dealing in art, or mechanical productions, in textile fabrics and fibrous materials, in food and drinks (except such as are engaged in board and lodging under the Domestic Class, in which hotel and innkeepers are included), animal and vegetable substances, and metals and minerals, are comprised in this class.

Persons engaged in mining are the most numerous of any order in this class. Of this class 15,699 persons, of whom three were females, were engaged in mining; of these 15,229 were engaged in gold mining, 261 in coal mining, and 209 in various occupations immediately subordinate to mining, the details of which are given in page 176. It will be a subject of great interest and importance to watch the rise and growth, or decadence, or the local development, of any of the industries specified in this class.

The Indefinite and Non-Productive Class.-This class comprises 12,206 persons, and may be sub-divided into four heads:-

1. Labourers and other persons whose special branch of labour or employment is not defined, so as to allow of their being placed in previous classes, which, it will be observed, are arranged according to the special branch of occupation followed. As an example, there are 613 engineers, engine-drivers, stokers, firemen, given in this class, but whether belonging to Class III., Order VI., Sub-order 1, carriers on railways, or Sub-order 3, carriers on rivers, or engaged in working machinery required for some of the occupations specified in the agricultural or industrial classes, could not be ascertained. It has been necessary, for similar reasons, to group the large number of 7,880 labourers in this class.

2. Persons of property or rank (not returned under any office or occupation). This number includes many imperial pensioners at Auckland. The heading does not at first appear strictly to apply to these men, but as they are living on their pensions, without stating that they have any occupation, they are of necessity included in this order.

3. Persons supported by the community. These numbered 2,330, of whom 559, viz. 452 males and 107 females, were of the criminal classes.

4. Persons whose occupations were not stated.

Table XI.,p. 174.

In addition to the occupations specified in Tables IX. and X., pages 155 to 173, at the end of nearly every sub-order there is a number given as being of other occupations of the same sub-order. The numbers of these other occupations are shown for the colony as a whole in Table XI., pages 174 to 176, the number opposite the word “others,” in each of the Sub-orders Tables IX. and X., referring to the number placed over the list of occupations in Table XI.

Table XII.,p, 177.

Occupations of the Chinese.-The occupations of the Chinese have been shown on page 177. Of a total of 4,814 males, 4,005 were engaged in gold mining, 159 were employed as road and railway labourers, and 102 as farmers and gardeners. Of the whole number 12 were inmates of charitable institutions, and only 2 were in prison.

Table XIII.,p.178.

As the character of the information herein given is quite new, so far as this colony is concerned, it is impossible to show the increase of any particular class or order. The bare numbers can only at present be given.

Occupations of Members of Universities.-408 persons returned themselves as 178. members of Universities, of whom 30 belonged to foreign Universities, and 20 to Australasian Universities. In the majority of cases no degree has been specified. Of the total number, 97 were clergymen, 55 were medical men, 54 were schoolmasters, 24 were farmers, and 20 were lawyers. The occupations of the others were varied in character, and in many instances far from compatible with a high standard of mental acquirements.

Part VII.-Education Of The People.

Table IV., p. 186.

The information required to be given on the household schedule was, as to the measure of education, limited to reading and writing, reading only, or not able to read. Of the 299,514 persons enumerated, the information under the above heads was not ascertained in respect of 2,243.

It will be noticed that in the earlier tables of this part the Chinese have been excluded. The instruction in the Census Schedule was, that only those Chinese who could read and write English were to be enumerated as being able to read and write; and as they form so exceptional an element in the population, and for whom no educational provision is made or attempted to be made, to have included them in the earlier tables would have led to erroneous conclusions as to the extent of rudimentary education among the European portion of the population. Of the 4,816 Chinese in the colony, 60 males and the 2 females were returned as being able to read and write, and 11 males as being able to read only.

Table I., p. 183.

Dealing thus with the population, exclusive of Maoris and Chinese, except for the Census years previous to 1867, when the numbers of Chinese were not separately shown, it appears that in 1874 68.15 per cent. could read and write, 8.09 per cent. could read only, and 23.76 per cent. could not read. The percentage of those who could read and write is less than in any Census year since 1858. The rates in the intervening years have been as follow:-

186168.67 per cent.
186472.70 per cent.
186771.35 per cent.
187169.20 per cent.
187468.15 per cent.

The rate having been lowest in 1874 is attributable to the fact that in the earlier periods the proportion of males 21 to 40 years of age was greater than in 1874; and in 1874 the proportion of children under 10 years of age was greater than in the preceding years, the proportions in 1864 and 1874 respectively of persons of those ages having been to the whole population as follow:-

Table II., P. 28.

Table VII., P. 31.

 Under 10 years.21 to 40 years.
186426.37 per cent.44.53 per cent.
187432.36 per cent.32.51 per cent.

Table I., P. 183.

Table III., P. 185.

The percentage of females who could read and write was at each of the Census periods considerably less than the percentage of males who could read and write. In 1874, while 71.40 per cent. of the males could read and write, only 63.94 per cent. of the females could read and write. The percentage of females able to read and write was less at all quinquennial periods of age, except at the periods 5 to 10, 10 to 15, and 15 to 20 years, when it was slightly in excess of the similar percentage of the males. The inequality in these percentages increased with the ages of the persons enumerated.

At the school ages, 5 to 15, the proportion of females able to read and write was in excess of the proportion of males, the percentages to the total of each sex at those ages having been,-

 5-10 years.10-15 years.
Males38.27 per cent.89.25 per cent.
Females38.38 per cent.90.26 per cent.

Table II, p. l84.

While of the total number of persons in the colony, 68.15 per cent. could read and write, the Provinces of Nelson and Westland showed the respectively higher percentages to their population of 71.02 and 70.11. This is explained by the existence in those provinces of a larger proportion of adults to the whole population.

Table VIII., p. 193.

There is a marked difference between the proportions at all ages of those who can read and write within and outside the towns. At the school ages, 5-10 and 10-15, the proportions were as follow:-

 5-10.10-15
Cities and towns44.33 per cent.92.60 per cent.
Outside cities and towns34.91 per cent.88.02 per cent.

But while in towns 5.54 per cent. of the children at 10-15 were returned as able to read only, in the outside towns population 8.53 per cent. of the children at 10-15 were returned as able to read only; 1.86 per cent. of the children at 10-15 in the towns, and 3.45 per cent. of the children at 10-15 outside the towns, were returned as unable to read. These last proportions may be considered fairly to represent the extent to which the young people in the towns and outside the towns progressing from youth to maturity have not received any education whatever.

Table X., p. 195.

If the education of the children at the school ages 5-15 be compared in the different provinces, a somewhat considerable variation in their relative proportions will be observed. The percentage of the children at those ages able to read and write was lowest in Marlborough, being there 54.86 per cent.; and next lowest in Otago, being 56.98 per cent. The highest percentage was in Nelson, viz. 62.92 per cent. If the proportions of those children at 5-15 unable to read be taken, the relative positions of the provinces will be altered. Marlborough has still the highest number entirely uneducated, viz. 24.93. But Otago, instead of having the next highest percentage of entirely uneducated, has a less proportion than most of the other provinces. The proportions for all the provinces were as follow:-

 Proportion of Children, 5 to 15, unable to read, to every 100 Children, 5 to 15.
Auckland19.98
Taranaki16.79
Wellington18.66
Hawke's Bay18.69
Marlborough24.93
Nelson15.89
Westland16.54
Canterbury19.60
Otago17.75

Table XI., p. 196.

The table on pages 196,197, 198, is worthy of consideration, as exhibiting the extent to which the children are being educated in the several electoral districts. The town electoral districts show a generally high percentage; the districts, on the other hand, remote from the centres of population show a much less percentage. In these tables also, from their being political divisions, the degree of education of such of the population as are of an age to be registered as electors, that is 21 years and upwards, is given.

Table XII., p. 199.

In Table XII., page 199, the information is specially given for all the principal towns of the colony.

Table XIII, p. 200.

Attendance at School.-In 1874,34,407 children attended Government schools; 13,752 attended private schools; 7,947 attended Sunday schools only; 30,584 attended both week-day and Sunday schools; and 8,368 were receiving tuition at home. Thus 56,527 children were receiving secular tuition at school or at home, and religious, instruction was being imparted in Sunday schools to 38,531 children. The total number of children at what is generally defined as the school-going ages, 5-15, was 72,134, but the above numbers of those attending school also include children under 5 years and over 15 who were attending school.

Table XIV., p. 201.

The increase in the numbers attending Government schools since 1871 is very remarkable. In 1871 the numbers amounted to 14,953, in 1874 to 34,407; while the numbers attending private schools decreased from 16,757 in 1871, to 13,752 in 1874. The increase in the numbers attending public schools was greatest in Auckland, the number having been 1,349 in 1871, and 7,112 in 1874, although the increase in the numbers attending public schools, and the decrease in the numbers attending private schools, occurred in a greater or less degree in nearly every province. (Taranaki should be excepted from consideration, as there are no public schools there; but the Provincial Government pays a small capitation fee to private schools that fulfil certain conditions.) The percentages of increase or decrease in the public and private schools in the several provinces, Taranaki being excepted for the above reason, were as follow:-

Province.Public Schools. Increase. From 1871 to 1874.Private Schools. Increase or Decrease. From 1871 to 1874.
Numerical.Centesimal.Numerical.Centesimal.
The minus sign is given to represent decrease.
Auckland5,763427.21- 1,894- 30.82
Wellington2,308259.91- 466- 20.20
Hawke's Bay413101.98- 18- 4.79
Marlborough287123.718546.70
Nelson64927.37- 8- 1.43
Westland687236.08- 243- 25.77
Canterbury5,545198.32- 630- 22.72
Otago3,68056.981394.51

Tables XVI. and XVII., pp. 202, 204.

Tables XVI. and XVII., pages 202 and 204, show the population attending schools and receiving tuition at home, also the total population 5-15 in each electoral district and town of 500 inhabitants and upwards.

The numbers returned on the schedules as attending public schools have been compared with the provincial returns of attendance at schools for December 1873, and a remarkable approximation in the numbers in each province (from which the full returns for 1873 were obtained) is observable. In Nelson, for instance, the total numbers obtained from the two distinct sources, viz. household schedules and school returns, are identical, having been 3,020 in each case.

While the population at 5-15 years increased 31.73 per cent. in all the provinces between 1871 and 1874, the numbers attending school during the same period increased 51.87 per cent.; and the proportion of children attending school to the total number of the children at the ages 5-15, increased from 57.93 per cent. to 66.78 per cent.

The centesimal increase of the number of children attending school in the several provinces does not bear any relation to the centesimal increase in the numbers of the children aged 5-15; the increase on the numbers attending school being generally greatest in those provinces where the proportion of children attending school was least in 1871, thus evidencing the greater attention given in those provinces to education during the period 1871-74. To take as examples-(1.) Auckland: The centesimal increase on children aged 5-15 was 19.17 per cent; the centesimal increase on children attending school was 51.62 per cent., and the proportion of children attending school increased from 53.36 per cent. to 67.90 per cent. (2.) In Otago the increase on children 5-15 was 42.36 per cent., the increase on the numbers attending school was 40.04 per cent., and the proportion attending school decreased from 67.42 per cent. to 66.33 per cent.; so that while the increase of attendance at school in Auckland has far more than kept pace with the increase of the children, in Otago the increase in the number attending school has not been equivalent to the increase of children. The last remarks apply to Taranaki, Hawke's Bay, and Westland, in all of which provinces the increase of children has been at a greater ratio than the increase of the numbers attending school; while in the other provinces the increase of those attending school has been greater than the increase in the children. Nelson shows the largest proportion of children attending school, the percentage being 71.23. Canterbury ranks next, with a percentage of 68.82, and Auckland follows, the percentage being 67.90.

The following table gives these various heads of information for each province:-

Provinces.Population 5 to 15.Increase.Numbers attending School.Increase.Proportion of Children attending School to Total Children, 5 to 15.
1871.1874.Numerical.Centesimal.1871.1874.Numerical.Centesimal.1871.1874
Total Provinces54,74172,11317,37231.7331,71048,15916,44951.8757.9366.78
Auckland14,04516,7372,69219.177,49511,3643,86951.6253.3667.90
Taranaki1,0181,35633833.2055470615227.4454.4252.06
Wellington6,0027,5261,52425.393,1955,0371,84257.6853.2366.93
Hawke's Bay1,3022,10179961.377811,17639550.5859.9855.97
Marlborough1,1151,5254103,67741478637289.8637.1351.54
Nelson4,3005,01571516.632,9313,57264121.8768.1671.23
Westland1,8032,48368037.711,2341,67844435.9868.4467.58
Canterbury11,01115,2334,22238.345,56910,4844,91588.2650.5868.82
Otago14,14520,1375,99242.369,53713,3563,81940.0467.4266.33

Part VIII.-Sickness And Infirmity.

Table I and II., pp. 245, 247.

Sickness, Debility, and Accident.-As the instruction on the Census schedule only required that when persons “were unable to follow their usual occupations by reason of sickness or accident,” the words “sick” or “accident” were to be entered, no notice has been taken of die sickness of persons under 15 years of age; the numbers of such persons returned as being sick showing that the children of no occupation have not generally been entered, and thus to include those numbers would lead to erroneous deductions as to the health of the population.

The total number at 15 years and over, returned as suffering from sickness, accident, and infirmity, was 2,219, or 126.45 per 10,000 persons living at those ages; the proportion was greatest among the males, on account of accidents being included, having been 137.03 per 10,000 of males, and 109.35 per 10,000 of females; but the sick males amounted to 99.40, and the males suffering from accident to 30.80, per 10,000, while the sick females amounted to 97.41, and those suffering from accident to 5.82 per 10,000.

The proportion of sick and infirm increased regularly and rapidly at each quinquennial period in the case of the males, while the increase was far more irregular in the case of the females: at 35-40, 83.08 per 10,000 of males and 95.62 per 10,000 of females were returned as sick; at 40-45, the numbers were respectively 115.88 males and 105.12 females; at 45-50, 168.21 males and 170.18 females; at 50-55, 184.69 males and 215.35 females.

The cases of debility and infirmity commenced to be numerous at the ages 55-60, when they amounted to 14.15 per 10,000 males and 28.42 per 10,000 females: at 60-65, 45.25 Per 10,000 males and 29.78 per 10,000 females; at 65-70, 93.99 per 10,000 males and 58.14 per 10,000 females; and at 70-75,335.57 per 10,000 males and 286.30 per 10,000 females.

The proportion of females at the higher ages who were suffering from sickness or infirmity was on the whole considerably less than the proportion of males at the same ages who were sick or infirm.

Specified Infirmities.-The number of persons at all ages returned as suffering from specified infirmities amounted to 1,034. The following are the infirmities, with the number suffering under each affliction:-

Deaf and Dumb.-57 persons are tabulated under this head; 10 of them were returned as “dumb,” but as deafness from birth is a cause of dumbness, it is presumed that in using the word “dumb,” deaf and dumb persons were referred to. Of these, 28 were under 15, and 29 were of various ages, from 15 to 75. 12 of these persons were returned as having specific occupations. These were as follow:-1 female house domestic, 3 bootmakers, 2 farm labourers, 1 dressmaker, 1 miner, 1 labourer (unspecified), 1 farmer, 1 bushman, and 1 carpenter. There was one a widow, and the rest were boys and girls, or returned as relatives or persons with no occupation stated. All those returned only as “dumb,” were, with one exception (a man “out of business”), children without special occupations.

Blind.-70 persons, viz. 42 males and 28 females, were returned as suffering under, this affliction. Of these, 17 persons were under 20 years of age, 16 between 20 and 40, 16 between 40 and 50, 6 between 50 and 60, and 15 over 60.

15 of the females were returned as wives or widows; 18 persons as sons, daughters, relatives, or visitors. In respect of 13 persons, no entry was made in the occupation column. Various occupations were returned for the remaining 24, but whether past or present cannot be stated.

Lunatics.-The 597 persons returned as lunatics were all patients in various asylums. The occupations given for them are necessarily their past occupations previous to their admission to the asylums. 398 were males, 199 females; 10 of these unfortunates had not reached the age of 20, and 19 were between 20 and 25. There was a larger number of patients of each sex at the ages 35-40 than at any other quinquennial period, the males numbering 85, and the females 44.

Idiots.-52 persons were returned as idiots or imbeciles. The occupations given for these persons may be considered their past occupations.

Epileptic,-68 males and 47 females were given as subject to this disease.

Paralysis.-61 persons were returned as suffering from paralysis; 31 of these were under 50, and 30 over 50 years of age. The number at the ages 40-45 suffering from this complaint was larger than the number at any other age period, amounting to 13 of the whole number, of whom 10 were males.

Crippled and Deformed.-82 persons were returned as being thus afflicted: 6 were returned as wives or widows, 32 as sons, daughters, &c, and 2 as attending school; no occupation was given for 8; 4 were supported by the community (one being a pensioner), and 30 had specified and various occupations which they were following.

Part IX.-Land, Crops, Live Stock, Butter, Cheese, And Agricultural Machines.

Tables I. and II., PP. 257, 258.

Extent of Holdings.-The extent of holdings in the colony in March 1874 was returned as 24,426,648 acres, against 22,774,498 acres in 1871, viz.,-Freehold, 7,036,066¾ acres, against 5,647,838 acres in 1871 (an increase of 1,388,228¾ acres); and leasehold, 17,390,581¼ acres in 1874, against 17,126,660 acres in 1871. The leasehold includes Crown land rented for pastoral purposes only, the extent of such land amounting to 14,192,553 acres in 1874, against 14,866,057 acres in 1871.

Table IV., p.261.

Size of Holdings.-The number of holdings of one acre and upwards (in the different provinces) amounted to 22,900; of these 14,793 were holdings of various sizes under 100 acres; 4,804 of which were from 1 to 5 acres. There were 6,791 holdings from 100 to 1,000 acres, 700 holdings from 1,000 to 5,000, 145 from 5,000 to 10,000, 163 from 10,000 to 20,000, 196 from 20,000 to 50,000, 76 from 50,000 to 100,000, and 36 of upwards of 100,000 acres.

Tables I. and II., pp. 257, 258.

Land Fenced.-The total number of acres fenced amounted to 8,487,096¾ in 1874, against 6,778,773 in 1871. The distinction between land fenced, “not including moveable fencing of wire or other material,” and “wire or other moveable fence,” was stated in the returns for 1874, and figures for each such class of fence are shown; but I do not think they can be depended upon, as there was evidently much confusion in the minds of the persons filling up the schedules as to which class certain fences were to be placed in.

Tables I. and II., pp. 257, 258.

Land broken up, but not under Crop.-The quantity of land broken up, but not under crop, was, in 1874, 173,110½ acres, against 116,204 acres in 1871.

Tables I., II., and III., pp. 257, 258, 260.

Land under Crop.-The total quantity of land under crop as shown by the Census of 1874 (including sown grasses) was 1,547,645¼ acres, against 1,042,042 acres in 1871. In this total were 110,741¾ acres of wheat, against 77,082 in 1871; 108,485¾ acres of oats, against 123,135 in 1871; 19,783½ acres of barley, against 23,071 in 1871; 12,823 acres of potatoes, against 12,901 in 1871; and 1,248,285 acres of sown grasses, against 776,402 in 1871. A distinction was made in 1874 between permanent sown grass land and grass land not intended to be permanent, but laid down in rotation of crops. The permanent grass land amounted to 1,107,456½ acres; the land in grass not permanently laid down amounted to 140,828½ acres.

In other crops there were 47,526¾ acres (including 24,445 in turnips or rape, and 12,808 in garden or orchard), against 29,452 acres in 1871.

Tables I. and II., pp. 257, 258.

Plantations of Forest Trees.-The extent of land returned as planted with forest trees amounted to 3,650¾ acres; of this amount 2,009 acres were situated in the Province of Canterbury. In Otago 436¾ acres had been planted with forest trees, and 420¾ acres were returned as being so planted in Nelson.

Tables V., VI., and VII., pp. 262, 263, 265.

Live Stock.-The aggregate number of live stock of all kinds (exclusive of stock belonging to Maoris, and excluding poultry) in 1874 was 12,438,778, against 10,382,540 in 1871. Taking the principal kinds of live stock separately, the numbers were-Horses, 99,859 in 1874, against 81,078 in 1871; cattle, 494,917 in 1874, against 436,592 in 1871; sheep, 11,704,853 in 1874, against 9,700,629 in 1871; and pigs, 123,921 in 1874, against 151,460 in 1871.

Between 1871 and 1874 the number of cattle increased 13.36 per cent., while the number of pigs decreased 27,539, or 18.18 per cent. The sheep, however, increased at the rate of 20.66 per cent.

Table V., p. 262.

Production of Butter and Cheese.-The annual production of butter was returned in 1874 as 4,861,309 lbs., and of cheese as 1,964,809 lbs., against 5,199,072 lbs. of butter, and 2,547,507 lbs. of cheese, in 1871. These figures must be taken as a very rough approximation to the truth, as the dairymen and farmers do not keep records of the amount of their year's produce, and numerous cases of palpable mistakes made in filling up the schedules have been observed.

Table V., p. 262.

Agricultural Machines.-The numbers of agricultural machines in the colony in 1874 were returned as follow:-Threshing machines 770, viz. steam 201, water 61, and horse 508, against 745, viz. steam 177, water 39, and horse 529, in 1871; reaping machines, 2,744, against 1,708 in 1871; steam ploughs, 18, against 26 in 1871. There were also 11 steam harrows in 1874. against 13 in 1871.

Part X.-Industries, Land And Building Societies, Public Libraries, Mechanics' Institutes, &c, Places Of Worship.

Table I., p. 269.

Grain Mills.-Returns were furnished, more or less correctly, in respect of 80 grain mills, of which 22 were worked by steam, 51 by water, 6 by water and steam, and 1 by steam and wind. They employed 214 hands, and made 36,884 tons of flour, and 3,793 tons of meal, during the year 1873. These mills were most numerous in Canterbury (29) and in Otago (23).

Table II., p. 269.

Breweries.-There were 82 breweries at work in 1873, employing 430 hands. 4,247,402 gallons of beer were made during the year. The provinces in which the greatest number of breweries existed were respectively Otago, in which were 18; Canterbury, in which were 17; Auckland, in which were 12; and Nelson, in which were 11.

Table III., p. 269.

Flax Mills.-There were no flax mills in the colony in 1873 (a decrease since in, 1871 of 51), the working of which employed 1,048 males and 39 females. Only 4,255 tons of flax were manufactured in 1873, and in consequence of the low prices realized for flax in England, a large number of these mills had ceased working towards the end of the year.

Tables IV. and IV., p. 270.

Manufactories, Machines, Works.-Information was given in respect of 657 manufactories or works of various kinds in operation in December 1873. Some of the most noticeable differences in the numbers given for 1870 and 1873 are the following:-

Boiling-down and Meat-preserving22 in Dec. 1870;10 in Dec. 1873;
Coach-building14 in Dec. 1870;19 in Dec. 1873;
Collieries38 in Dec. 1870;44 in Dec. 1873;
Fellmongeries, Tanneries, &c.49 in Dec. 1870;71 in Dec. 1873;
Iron and Brass Foundries16 in Dec. 1870;22 in Dec. 1873;
Limeworks3 in Dec. 1870;14 in Dec. 1873;
Saw-mills and Sash and Door Manufactories109 in Dec. 1870;162 in Dec. 1873;

Table VI., p. 271.

Quartz Mines and Machinery.-There were 67 gold quartz crushing machines in operation in the month, of December 1873, viz. 43 in Auckland, 3 in Marlborough, 2 in Nelson, and 19 in Otago. They employed 836 hands, and produced during the year 100,594 oz. 5 dwts. of gold from 130,026¼ tons of quartz, or an average of 15.47 dwts. of gold per ton of quartz.

Table VII., p. 271.

Land and Building Societies.-29 societies of this class were in existence in December 1873, having 12,221 shareholders, whose monthly contributions on realized and unrealized shares averaged £14,380. There were only 11,290 realized shares to 33,285 unrealized.

Table VIII., p. 271.

Public Libraries, Mechanics' Institutes, and other Literary and Scientific Institutions.-There were 161 institutions of this class in 1873, having 9,411 members, and 98,039 volumes. 75 of these institutions (or nearly one-half) were in the Province of Otago.

Table XI., p. 272.

Places of Public Worship.-There were 548 churches and chapels in March 1874, 138 school-houses used for public worship, and 18 dwellings or public buildings used for the same purpose. These provided for the accommodation of 113,597 persons (the population at and over 10 years of age amounting to 204,323). The average numbers attending public service only amounted to 69,155.

Appendix A.-Maori Population.

Tables I. and II., pp. 275, 280.

The desirability of ascertaining the numbers of the Maori population at the time that the general Census was being taken, having been recognized by the Hon. the Native Minister, instructions for that purpose were issued to the officers of the Native districts. The enumeration was not made from house to house, as was done with that of the rest of the population, but was ascertained from careful inquiry by the various officers from intelligent and well-informed Natives. As the Maoris have always been accustomed to transmit their traditions, history, and pedigrees orally from one generation to another, the information thus given would be far more accurate of its kind, and more reliable, than if similar inquiries had been made from people who were accustomed to depend upon written or printed records. At the same time the returns given can only be looked upon as more or less approximate; in some cases being, possibly, perfectly correct in numbers; in other cases, when dealing with tribes who, like those occupying the Waikato territory, have continued in a state of isolation from the European, and partly so from the friendly Native population, the numbers given cannot be received as very reliable. The ages given must also not be considered perfectly correct, as the Maoris keep no records of births and dates. I am however assured by Mr. Clarke, the Under Secretary for Native Affairs, that the tendency of any error is in the direction of classifying the young females under 15 among those, over 15 years, on account of the early maturity of the Maori women. The total number of Maoris, and of half-castes living as Maoris, was thus in 1874 estimated at 45,470, of whom 43,538 were in the North Island, and 1,932 in the South and its adjacent islands. These numbers do not correspond with the numbers given in the return of the Maori Census laid before the Houses of Parliament last session, as the half-castes residing in the South Island, but who, from their habits and mode of life, were enumerated in the general Census of the rest of the population, were included in that return among the general total of the Maori population. The numbers now given do not include those half-castes.

Tables I. and II., pp. 275, 280.

p. 278.

In the tables given herewith I have not made any mention of the hapus of the tribes, but Mr. Clarke has, by giving me the names of the principal tribes to which each of the sub-tribes (called tribes in the Parliamentary paper) belong, enabled me to group the Maori population in the North Island into principal tribes, and show the total strength of each. The number of these principal tribes is 19. Of these, the Ngatikahungunu is the strongest, numbering 6,065 persons, of whom 3,262 were males, and 2,803 females. The Ngapuhi rank next in point of numbers, having a following of 5,867, viz. 3,235 males and 2,632 females. The Waikatos are third on the list, their numbers being estimated at 4,518, viz. 2,438 males and 2,080 females. The Ngatiporou numbered 4,024, viz. 2,234 males and 1,790 females; and the Arawas 3,294, viz. 1,733 males and 1,561 females. A reference to the printed table will show the strength of each of the remaining principal tribes. Of the Maoris in the colony, 24,363 were stated to be males, and 20,335 t0 be females. The sex of 772 was not given.

p. 280.

As much difference of opinion has existed as to whether the numerical decline of the Maori race has not been, at any rate in certain districts, arrested, it may be interesting to compare, so far as they are given, the ages of the Maoris with the ages of the settled and steadily increasing population of England. The numbers and sexes of some of the Maori tribes have been imperfectly given. It is therefore necessary to deal only with those tribes for which full information as to numbers, ages, and sexes is given. This was the case in respect of the numbers belonging to 13 of the principal tribes, amounting in the whole to 31,645. Of these, 6,079 were males under 15, and 5,225 females under 15. The males over 15 amounted to 11,209, and the females over 15 to 9,132. There was a total excess of males over females of 2,931, or to every 100 males there were 83.05 females. In England, in 1871, the males under 15 amounted to 37.15 per cent, of the whole male population; the Maori males, of the tribes given, under the age of 15, amounted to 35.16 per cent, of the whole male population of those tribes. The females of similar ages were respectively in England 35.13 per cent, of the whole female population, and among the Maoris 36.39 per cent. If the numbers of the males and females under 15 be respectively compared, the following result is shown:-

Proportions per Cent, to the whole Population.
Age.England.Maoris.
Males under 1518.0919.21
Females under 1518.0316.51

To draw any conclusions from these figures, it would be necessary to have more exact information as to the numbers of the Maoris living at the various higher age periods, but the information has only been given for the periods under and over 15.

The existence among the Maoris of a higher proportion of females under 15 (ultimately to become wives and mothers) to the total female population than obtains in England, the numbers under 15 to the total females being respectively 36.39 per cent, among the Maoris, and 35.13 per cent, in England, might at first sight lead to the belief that the decline in the numbers of the race had been arrested, and that even an increase might be expected.

Tables I. and II., p. 275, 280.

It will, however, be manifest that if there are causes in operation which increase the mortality of the adult Maoris without increasing the mortality of the children, the actual proportion of children to the whole population would be thereby much greater, and an appearance of productiveness shown which did not really exist.

Do such causes exist ? Does the fact of the partial adoption, by the adult Maori, of civilized habits and costume, and the continual reversion to the habits and costume of barbarism, with a system rendered more susceptible to external influences, especially and those of a humid and changeable climate, tend to promote the spread of diseases, notably of tubercular diseases, and consequent mortality? Does the spread of drinking habits tend to shorten the life of the adult Maori? These and other similar questions have an important bearing on the subject.

p. 280.

The examination of the numbers of some of the tribes points rather to the conclusion that some such causes of mortality among the adults do exist. The Ngatikahungunu show 41.91 per cent, of the males and 41.21 per cent, of the females 35 being under 15 years of age. The Rarawa show 40.58 per cent, of the males and 48.30 per cent, of the females as being under 15.

It is hardly conceivable that the women of these tribes should have been so exceedingly prolific, and that, as in the case of the Rarawa, nearly one-half of the female population should have been under 15, unless a large number of adult women had died before reaching middle age, thereby increasing the proportion of younger females by reducing the proportion of the adults.

It may be noticed in connection with this subject that in 1871 the Maoris were estimated at 37,502, and in 1867 at 38,540, while in 1874 they were estimated at 45,470. The estimates formerly made were, however, from the then state of feeling in the Maori population, necessarily much more imperfect and unreliable than those recently made.

Appendix B.-Boundaries Of Electoral Districts.

Important tables, in which the divisions of the Colony shown are Electoral Districts, will be found throughout this Volume. The boundaries of these Electoral Districts have therefore been reprinted from the Representation Act in force, and form a second Appendix.

I have the honor to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient servant,

Wm. R. E. BROWN,

Registrar-General.

PART I.-POPULATION AND HOUSES.

Chapter 1. CENSUS TABLES, 1874.

POPULATION.-GENERAL SUMMARY.

Table I. TABLE I. - Showing the Population of the Colony (exclusive of Maoris) according to the Census taken on the 1st March, 1874.

Population.PersonsMalesFemales
Exclusive of Chinese294,698166,167138,531
Chinese4,8164,8142
Total299,514170,981128,533

DWELLINGS.-GENERAL SUMMARY.

Table II. TABLE II. - Showing the Habitations in the Colony (exclusive of Mari Dwellings) according to the Census taken on the 1st March 1874.

Total Number.Description.Materials.Materials not Specified.
Dwellings exclusive of Tents.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Brick or Stone.Wood and Iron.Cob, Sod, &c.Raupo.Huts of Sod, Clay, Wood, or Stone.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Occupied. Unoccupied.Building.
65,85859,3893.9675351,9672,04254,5232,5465722,9371,9671,271
Classification of Inhabited Dwellings according to Number of Rooms.
Dwellings of One Rooms.Dwellings of Two RoomDwellings of Three and Four Rooms.Dwellings of Five and Six Rooms.Dwellings containing more than Six Rooms.Dwellings in which the Number of Rooms was not Specified.
Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, &c.Huts (Raupo), Tents, &c.
3,9414,62911,04221,02710,4879.1921,038

POPULATION (EXCLUSIVE OF MAORIS) AND DWELLINGS.-GENERAL SUMMARY.

Table III. TABLE III. - Showing the Inhabitants and Dwellings in the Colony according to the Census taken on the 1st March, 1874

Population.Dwellers-Travellers and Persons Sleeping under Canvas or Camping out.Total.
In HouseIn Huts.On Shipboard.In Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Exclusive of Chinese280,4086,7463,3553,912277294,698
Chinese9182,288121,588104,816
Total281,3269,0343,3675,500287299,514

PROPORTION OF THE SEXES, DENSITY OF POPULATION, AND HOUSES, AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table IV. TABLE IV. - Showing the Number of Females to 100 Males, and the Number of persons to the Square Mile, at the period of each Enumeration, from December, 1858, to March, 1874; also, the Number of Persons to the Inhabited Houses and of Inhabited Houses to the Square Mile (exclusive Of Maoris And Maori Dwellings).

Date of EnumerationNumber of Females to 100 Males.Number of Persons to the Square Mile.Number of Persons to the Inhabited Dwelling.Number of Inhabited Dwellings to the Square
The estimated area of New Zealand is 104,900 square miles.
December,185876.41.5664.64.122
December,186162.16.9444.42.122
December,186461.531.6414.53.362.
December,186765.752.0854.05.515
February,187170.522.4444.48.545
March,187475.172.8554.88.585

INCREASE OF POPULATION.

Table V. TABLE V. - Showing the Population of the Colony (exclusive of Maoris) at the period of each Enumeration, from December, 1858, to March, 1874, and the Numerical and Centesimal Increase during the period between each Enumeration; also, the Numerical and Centesimal Increase between December, 1864, and March. 1874.

-Population, December, 1858.Increase from 1858 to 1861.Population, December, 1861.Increase from 1861 to 1864.Population, December, 1864.Increase from 1864 to 1867.Population, December, 1867Increase from 1S67 to 1871.Population, February, 1871.Increase from 1871 to 1874Population, March, 1874Increase from 1864 to 1874.
Numerical.Centesimal.Numerical.Centesimal.Numerical.Centesimal.Numerical.Centesimal.Numerical.Centesimal.Numerical.Centesimal.
Males33,67927,38344.8461,06245,51874.54106,58025.34923.79131,92918,42713.96150,35620,62513.72170,98164,40160.42
Females25,73412,22532.2037,95927,61972.7665,57821,l6l32.2686,73919,29822.24106,03722,49621.21128,53362,95596.00
Total59,41339,60839.9999,02173,13773.86172,15846,51027.01218,66837.725l7.25256,39343.12l6.82299,514127,35673.98

POPULATION-SUMMARY AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table VI. TABLE VI. - Showing the Population of each Province (exclusive of Maoris) in New Zealand at the last Six Censuses.

Provinces.Year of Census.
December, 1859.December, 1861.December, 1864.December, 1867.February, 1871.March, 1874.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Auckland18,17710,2187,95924,42013,49410,92642,13225,68616,44648,33127,06321,25862,33535,50226,83367,45137,10630,345
Taranaki2,6501,4141,2362,0441,1698754,3742,8721,5024,3592,5281,8314,4802,5721,9085,4653,0432,422
Wellington11,7536,5245,22912,5666,6265,94014,9878,3426,64521,95012,4019,54924,00113,18010,82129,79016,24613,544
Hawke's Bay1,5141,0634512,6111,6679443,7702,4571,3135,2833,1972,0866,0593,5962,4639,2285,4163,812
Marlborough   2,2991,5037965,5194,0321,4874,3712,7361,6355,2353,2352,0006,1453,6592,486
Nelson (including Marlborough territory in 1858)9,2725,2034,0699,9525,3374,61511,9106,7065,20423,81416,4257,38922,50114,2578,24422,55813,5459,013
Westland...........................15,53311,8773,65615,35710,4534,90414,8609,4735,387
Canterbury (including Westland territory, 1858-61-64)8,9675,3013,66616,0408,9397,10132,27618,93113,34538,33321,20617,12746,80125,78121,02058,77532,29426,481
Otago (including Southland territory in 1858)6,9953,9043,09127,16321,1616,00249,01932,69216,32748,57729,77318,80460,72236,77123,951.........
Otago (as after reunion with Southland).............................................85,11350,12134,992
Southland.........1,8761,1397378,0854,8063,2797,9434,6003,3438,7694,9203,849.........
Chatham Islands8552335027238656301841236113389441297851
Total59,41333,67925,73499,02161,06237,959172,158106,58065,578218,668131,92986,739256,393150,356106,037299,514170,981128,533

NUMERICAL INCREASE OR DIMINUTION OF THE POPULATION IN EACH PROVINCE AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table VII. TABLE VII. - Showing the Numerical Increase or Diminution of the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of each Province in New Zealand in the respective periods December, 1858 to December, 1861; December, 1861, to December 1861, December, 1861, to December, 1864; December, 1867, to February, 1871; February, 1871, to March, 1874.

Provinces.Numerical Increase or Diminution.
1838 to 1861.1861 to 1864.1864 to 1867.1867 to 1871.1871 to 1874.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Auckland6,2433,2762,96717,71212,1925,5206,1891,3774,81214,0148,4395,5755,1161,6043,512
Taranaki-606-245-3612,3301,703627-15-3443291214477985471514
Wellington8131027112,4211,7167056,9634,0592,9042,0517791,2725,7893,0662,723
Hawke's Bay1,0976044931,1597903691,5137407737763993773,1691,8101,349
Marlborough.........3,2202,529691-1,148-1,296148864499365910424486
Nelson (including Marlborough territory, 1858-61)2,9791,6371,3421,9581,36958911,9049,7192,185-1,313-2,16885557-712769
Westland...........................-176-1,4241,248-497-980483
Canterbury (including Westland territory, 1858-61764-67)7,0733,6383,43516,2369,9926,24421,59014,1527,4388,4684,5753,89311,9746,5135,46l
Otago (including Southland territory, 1858-61)22,04418,3963,64821,85611,53110,325-442-2,9192,47712,1456,9985,147.........
Otago (as after reunion with Southland)....................................15,6228,4307,192
Southland.........6,2093,6672,542-142-20664826320506.........
Chatham Islands-35-25-1036297986731-51-34-17-4-117
Total39,60827,38312,22573,13745,51827,61946,51025,34921,16137,72518,42719,29843,12120,62522,496

In cases where a Decrease has taken place, the Minus Sign (-) is prefixed to the Numerical Decrease.

CENTESIMAL INCREASE OR DIMINUTION OF POPULATION IN EACH PROVINCE AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table VIII. TABLE VIII. - Showing the Centesimal Increase or Decrease, of the Population, and of the Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Province of New Zealand, in the respective periods December, 1858, to December, 1860; December, 1861, to December, 1864; December, 1864, to December, 1867; December, 1867, to February, 1871; February, 1871, to March, 1874.

Provinces.Percentage of Increase or Diminution.
1858 to 1861.1861 to 1864.1864 to 1867.1867 to 1871.1871 to 1874.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Auckland34.3532.0637.2872.5390.3550.5214.695.3629.2629.0031.1826.238.214.5213.09
Taranaki-22.87-17.33-29.2133.99145.6871.66-0.34-11.9821.902.761.744.2121.9918.3126.94
Wellington6.921.5613.5919.2725.9011.8746.4648.6643.709.346.2813.3224.1223.2625.16
Hawke's Bay72.4056.82109.3144.7947.3939.0940.1330.1158.8714.6912.4818.0752.3050.6154.77
Marlborough   140.06168.2686.81-20.80-32.149.9519.7718.2422.3217.3813.1124.30
Nelson (including Marlborough territory, 1858-61)32.1331.4632.9819.6725.6512.7699.95144.9341.99-5.51-13.2011.57.25-4.999.33
Westland...........................-1.13-11.9934.14-3.24-9.379.85
Canterbury (including Westland territory, 1858-61-64-67)78.8868.6393.70101.22111.7887.9366.8974.7655.7422.0921.5722.7325.5825.2625.98
Otago (including Southland territory, 1858-61)315.14471.21118.0280.4654.49172.03-0.90-8.9315.1725.0023.5027.37.........
Otago (as after reunion with Southland)....................................22.4820.2225.87
Southland.........330.97321.95344.91-1.76-4.291.9510.406.9615.14.........
Chatham Islands-41.18-48.08-3.3072.00107.4130.43113.95119.64103.33-27.72-27.64-27.87-3.01-12.3615.91
Total66.6781.3147.5173.8674.5472.7627.0223.7832.2717.2513.9722.2516.8213.7221.22

NOTE.-In cases where a decrease has taken place, the minus sign (-) is prefixed to the Centesimal Decreases.

These percentages are calculated upon the Total Number of Persons, the Total Number of the Males, and the Total Number of the Females in the first year of each of the above periods, the numbers of which are given in Table VI.

DWELLINGS.-SUMMARY AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS

Table IX. TABLE IX. - Showing the Number of Dwellings (Inhabited) of all Description in each Province at the last three Censuses, Exclusive of the Dwellings of Maoris.

Provinces.Number of Inhabited Dwellings.
1867.1871.1874.
Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.
Auckland10,01610,50913,46713,66714,00914,136
Taranaki1,0421,0579669871,1261,155
Wellington7,2977,3544,7794,7795,3105,411
Hawke's Bay1,0661,0751,1801,2151,5871,648
Marlborough1,1271,1349691,0121,1741,197
Nelson4,9616,6485,2285,8195,2925,700
Westland4,0845,0985,0495,4574,2814,589
Canterbury7,7067,7598,7078,74710,36410,466
Otago12,06413,32414,39715,46316,21217,020
Chatham Islands575736363434
Total49,42054,01554,77857,18259,38961,356

PROPORTION OF SEXES AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table X. TABLE X. - Showing the Number of Females to 100 Males in each Province for the last three Censuses, exclusive of Maoris.

Provinces.Number of Females to 100 Males.
1867.1871.1874.
Auckland78.5575.5881.78
Taranaki72.4374.1879.59
Wellington77.0082.1083.37
Hawke's Bay65.2468.4970.38
Marlborough59.7661.8267.94
Nelson44.9957.8266.54
Westland30.7846.9156.87
Canterbury80.7681.5382.00
Otago64.4366.6869.82
Chatham Islands49.5949.4465.38
Total65.7570.5275.17

DENSITY OF POPULATION AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table XI. TABLE XI. - Showing the Area of each Province, and the Number of Persons to the Square Mile in-each, at the last three Censuses, exclusive of Maoris.

Provinces.Area in Acres.Area in Square Miles.Persons to a Square Mile.
1867.1871.1874.
Auckland17,000,00026,5631.8192.3472.539
Taranaki2,290,0003.5781.2181.2521.527
Wellington7,000,00010,9372.0072.1942.724
Hawke's Bay2,950,0004,6091.1461.3152.002
Marlborough2,720,0004,2501.0281.2321.446
Nelson7,000,0001O,9372.1772.0572.063
Westland3,045,7604,7593.2643.2273.123
Canterbury8,690,00013,5792.8233.4474.328
Otago16,038,40025,0602.2552.7733.396
Chatham Islands401,920628.293.212.205
Total67,136,080104,9002.0852.4442.855

DENSITY OF HOUSES AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table XII. TABLE XII. - Showing the Area of each Province, and the Number of Inhabited Dwellings to the Square Mile in each, at the last three Censuses (exclusive of Dwellings of Maoris).

Provinces.Area in Acres.Area in Square Miles.Inhabited Dwellings to a Square Mile.
1867.1871.1874.
Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.
Auckland17,000,00026,563.377.396.507.515.527.532
Taranaki2,290,0003,578.291.295.270.276.315.323
Wellington7,000,00010.937.667.672.437.437.486.495
Hawke's Bay2,950,0004,609.231.233.256.264.344.358
Marlborough2,720,0004,250.265.267.228.238.276.282
Nelson7,000,00010,937.454.608.478.532.484.521
Westland3,045,7604,759.8581.0711.0611.147.900.964
Canterbury8,690,00013,579.567.571.641.644.763.770
Otago16,038,40025,060.481.531.575.617.647.679
Chatham Islands401,920628.090.090.057.057.054.O54
Total67,136,080104,900.471.515.322.545.566.585

PERSONS TO A HOUSE AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table XIII. TABLE XIII. - Showing the Number of Persons to each Inhabited Dwelling at the last three Censuses (exclusive of Maoris).

Provinces.Persons to an Inhabited Dwelling.
1867.1871.1874.
Calculated Including Tents.Calculated Including Tents.Calculated Including Tents.
Auckland4.604.564.77
Taranaki4.124.544.73
Wellington2.985.025.51
Hawke's Bay4.914.995.60
Marlborough3.855.175.13
Nelson3.583.873.95
Westland3.052.813.24
Canterbury4.945.355.62
Otago4.244.495.00
Chatham Islands3.233.693.79
Total4.054.484.88

NOTE.-The dwellings in each case include the tents, as to exclude them for the previous census years, when the population dwelling in tents was not separately shown, would have led to false results.

ELECTORAL DISTRICTS, FEBRUARY, 1871, AND MARCH, 1874.-REPRESENTATION.

Table XIV. TABLE XIV. - Showing in each Electoral District the Number of Representatives, the Total Population, the Male Population, and the Number of Electors; together with the Number of Persons, the Number of Males, and the Number of Electors to a Representative, with the Number of Persons and the Number of Males to an Elector, at the Censuses of 1871 and 1874.

Electoral Districts.No. of Representatives.Total PopulationMale Population.Number of Electors.Number of Persons to a Representative.Number of Males to a Representative.Number of Electors to a Representative.Number of Persons to an Elector.Number of Males to an Elector.
1871.1874.1871.1874.1871.1874.1871.1874.1871.1874.1871.1874.1871.1874.1871.1874.
Mongonui and Bay of Islands12,3312,5151,3651,4454915152,331.002,515.001,365.001,445.00491.00515.004.754.882.782.81
Marsden13,6914,0322,1532,3199819913,691.004,032.002,153.002,319.00981.00991.003.764.072.192.34
Rodney12,5042,6631,4161,5077196602,504.002,663.001,416.001,507.00719.00660.003.484.031.972.28
Waitemata12,4502,2781,5911,3199931,0462,450.002,278.001,591.001,319.00993.001,046.002.472.181.601.26
City of Auckland East14,0794,0872,1122,1759539394,079.004,087.002,112.002,175.00953.00939.004.284.352.222.32
City of Auckland West28,6228,6884,4424,4731,7231,9214,311.004,344.002,2 21.002,236.50861.50960.505.004.522.582.33
Parnell13,5633,9761,7091,9576336123,563.003,976.001,709.001,957.00633.006l2.005.636.502.703.20
Newton13,9574,8391,9772,3931,1521,2393,957.004,839.001,977.002,393.001,152.001,239.003.433.911.721.93
Town of Onehunga11,8892,0449439874544161,889.002,044.00943.00987.00454.00416.004.164.912.082.37
Eden14,0664,2062,2042,1716667344,066.004,206.002,204.002,171.00666.00734.006.115.733.312.96
Franklin27,5677,9654,2244,2661,5021,5153,783.503,982.502,112.002,133.00751.00757.505.045.262.812.82
Waikato13,2744,5582,0922,8978547723,274.004,558.002,092.002,897.00854.00772.003.835.902.453.75
Thames111,95012,2397,4566,9492,8423,46611,950.0012,239.007,456.006,949.002,842.003,466.004.203.532.622.00
East Coast11,8532,8421,2961,7554796571,853.002,842.001,296.001,755.00479.00657.003.874.332.712.67
Town of New Plymouth11,8372,0448951,0203203971,837.002,044.00895.001,020.00320.00397.005.745.152.802.57
Grey and Bell11,4601,8088839964365201,460.001,808.00883.00996.00436.00520.003.353.482.031.92
Egmont11,1831,6137941,0272484091,183.001,613.00794.001,027.00248.00409.004.773.943.202.51
Wanganui14,4134,9072,5082,6895887984,413.004,907.002,508.002,689.00588.00798.007.516.154.273.37
Rangitikei12,2692,3291,3641,3444103962,269.002,329.001,364.001,344.00410.00396.005.535.883.333.39
Manawatu11,0021,7916521,0672983781,002.001,791.00652.001,067.00298.00378.003.364.742.192.82
Wairarapa23,5704,6292,0272,7166056521,785.002,314.501,013.501,358.00302.50326.005.907.103.354.17
Hutt12,1752,4961,1301,3595924572,175.002,496.001,130.001,359.00592.00457.003.675.461.912.97
Wellington Country12,6292,8981,4121,5407466202,629.002,898.001,412.001,540.00746.00620.003.524.671.892.48
City of Wellington27.83610,5473,9835,3441,5201,4983,918.005,273.501,991.502,672.00760.00749.005.167.042.623.57
Napier13,8695,6252,1893,1125046593,869.005,625.002,189.003,112.00504.00659.007.678.544.344.72
Clive12,1313,4661,3482,1773053572,131.003,466.001,348.002,177.00305.00357.006.999.714.426.10
Wairau12,3272,7511,4001,6204455002,327.002,751.001,400.001,620.00445.00500.005.235.503.153.24
Picton12,2142,7751,3331,6314604872,214.002,775.001,333.001,631.00460.00487.004.815.702.903.35
Suburbs of Nelson11,9691,8991,0279623292991,969.001,899.001,027.00962.00329.00299.005.986.353.123.22
City of Nelson25,4815,6622,6752,7658527592,740.502,831.001,337.501,382.50426.0037,9.506.437.463.143.64
Waimea11,9562,1641,0961,2462943541,956.002,164.001,096.001,246.00294.00354-006.656.113.733.52
Motueka12,7432,7721,4811,4365615582,743.002,772.001,481.001,436.00561.00558.004.894.972.642.57
Collingwood11,3301,3068087662662591,330.001,306.00808.00766.00266.00259.005.005.043.042.96
Buller14,7114,8863,5223,3788721,5824,711.004,886.003,522.003,378.00872.001,582.005.403.094.042.14
Grey Valley18,2758,2046,4125,8787017668,275.008,204.006,412.005,878.00701.00766.0011.8010.719-157.67
Hokitika17,3427,0274,7174,1827591,0357,342.007,027.004,717.004,182.00759.001,035.009.676.796.214.04
Totara13,4302,7932,4711,8241531433,430.002,793.002,471.001,824.00153.00143.0022.4819.5316.1512.76
Cheviot11,2861,2539048472292671,286.001,253.00904.00847.00229.00267.005.624.693.953.17
Ashley13,6904,2842,0702,4157076603,690.004,284.002,070.002,415.00707.00660.005.226.492.933.66
Kaiapoi14,6165,2102,4992,7534855894,616.005,210.002,499.002,753.00485.00589.009.528.855.154.67
Lyttelton12,2902,9741,1731,6122812642,290.002,974.001,173.001,6l2.00281.00264.008.1511.274.176.11
City of Christchurch East15,6977,7652,9124,0159561,1945,697.007,765.002,912.004,015.00956.001,194.005.966.5030.53.36
City of Christchurch West16,7699,1943,3744,6761,0301,2816,769.009,194.003,374.004,676.001,030.001,281.006.577.183.283.65
Avon13,1443,4831,6931,8533814503,144.003,483.001,693.001,853.00381.00450.003.257.744.444.12
Heathcote15,0846,1012,6773,1798108515,084.006,101.002,677.003,179.00810.00851.006.287.173.303.74
Selwyn13,6613,8812,2952,2254936743,661.003,88.002,295.002,225.00493.00674.007.435.764.663.30
Akaroa12,7223,1331,4971,7093253542,722.003,133.001,497.001,709.00325.00354.008.388.854.604.83
Coleridge12,1563,2901,3812,1223625112,156.003,290.001,381.002,122.00362.00511.005.966.443.814.15
Timaru14,3305,958,2,4163,3246837644,330.005,958.002,416.003,324.00683.00764.006.347.803.544.35
Gladstone11,9812,6171,2491,6612803331,981.002,617.001,249.001,661.00280.00333.007.077.864.464.99
Waitaki15,2187,9473,3315,1606516565,218.007,947.003,331.005,160.00651.00656.008.0212.115.127.87
Dunstan13,3053,5152,2912,4087567633,305.003,515.002,291.002,408.00756.00763.004.374.603.033.16
Mount Ida12,4572,6881,7481,7833503442,457.002,688.001,748.001,783.00350.00344.007.027.814.995.18
Waikouaiti13,0143,2491,8491,9245385343,014.003,249.001,849.001,924.00538.00534.005.606.083.443.00
Port Chalmers12,6563,0851,4351,5925575032,656.003,085.001,435.001,592.00557.00503.004.776.132.583.17
City of Dunedin214,80418,4997,5349,5293,7193,2427,402.009,249.503,767.004,764.501,859.501,621.003.985.7l2.032.94
Roslyn13,2774,2771,6492,1127667603,277.004,277.001,649.002,112.00766.00760.004.285.632.152.78
Caversham13,3834,4001,8132,3217416093,383.004,400.001,813.002,321.00741.00609.004.577.222.453.81
Taieri14,2374,5552,5972,6526506174,237.004,555.002,597.002,652.00650.00617.006.527.384.004.30
Bruce (or Tokomairiro)13,8504,4292,2892,5557267553,850.004,429.002,289.002,555.00726.00755.005.305.873.153.38
Tuapeka14,3744,7972,8942,9471,2441,2034,374.004,797.002,894.002,947.001,244.001,203.003.523.992.332.45
Clutha12,7783,1201,6071,8314674832,778.003,120.001,607.001,831.00467.00483.005.956.463.443.79
Wakaia12,2532,5711,6461,8464744342,253.002,571.001,646.001,846.00474.00434.004.755.923.474.25
Wakatipu14,3714,6873,5273,5587211,1104,371.004,687.003>527.003,558.00721.001,110.006.064.224.893.21
Mataura13,8284,7462,1372,6649131,0113,828.004,746.002,137.002,664.00913.001,011.004.194.692.342.64
Riverton12,4263,0541,4071,7816266492,426.003,054.001,407.001,781.00626.00649.003.884.712.252.74
Invercargill11»9522,4799561,2905474891,952.002,479.00956.001,290.00547.00489.003.575.071.752.64
Wallace19971,4536781,011101103997.001,453.00678.001,011.00101.00103.009.8714.106.719.82
Total (exclusive of the Population on ship board)74254,563296,018148,635168,04748,27551,8233,440.044,000.242,008.582,270.90652.36700.315.275.713.083.24

NOTE.-There are besides the above-mentioned Electoral Districts, four (4) under “The Maori Representation Act, 1867,” making the total number of Members in the House of Representatives 78.

For purposes of comparison the Chinese have been included throughout in this Table. In the Electoral Table No. XIII., Part II., calculations for the Year 1874 will be found on the Numbers of the Population exclusive of the Chinese. The Maoris are not included.

CITIES AND TOWNS, FEBRUARY, 1871, AND MARCH, 1874.

Table XV. TABLE XV. - Showing, according to the Censuses of 1871 and 1874, the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of certain Cities and Towns in existence at both those periods, and of a Population of 500 and upwards at the prior date.

Provinces, Cities, and Towns.1871.1874.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
AUCKLAND:-
Auckland12,9376,7796,15812,7756,6486,127
Onehunga1,9139679462,0449871,057
Shortland and Grahamstown†5,7923,2822,510   
Thames   8,0734,3453,728
TARANAKI:-
New Plymouth1,8378959422,0441,0201,024
Wellington:-
Wellingtons7,9084,0523,85610,5475,3445,203
Wanganui2,3901,2561,1342,5721,3181,254
HAWKE'S BAY:-
Napier2,1791,1661,0133,5141,8451,669
MARLBOROUGH:-
Blenheim741396345935494441
Picton636367269732393339
NELSON:-
Nelson5,5342,7282,8065,6622,7652,897
Westport878519359867508359
Charleston1,354965389528299229
WESTLAND:-
Hokitika3,5721,9381,6343,3521,6951,657
Grey mouth2,1811,2529292,5511,4211,130
Ross1,133680453835428407
CANTERBURY:-
CHRISTCHURCH7,9314,0163,91510,2945,3304,964
Lyttelton2,5511,4271,1242,9741,6121,362
Kaiapoi8684424261,002503499
Timaru1,4187296891,9691,064905
OTAGO:-
Dunedin14,8577,5877,27018,4999,5298,970
Port Chalmers1,4068245821,535780755
Naseby534336198552313239
Hawksbury570310260346185161
Milton797454343977519458
Lawrence620377243697392305
Queenstown562336226705383322
Invercargill1,9609649962,4791,2901,189
Oamaru1,6578867712,8191,5471,272
Suburbs of Auckland,-1871. Persons.1874. Persons.
Parnell3,5633,976
Newton3,9574,839

† Shortland and Grahamstown, with an additional strip of country, have been formed, since 1871, into the Borough of the Thames. No thoroughly correct comparison can therefore be made.

‡ Suburbs of Christchurch,-1871. Persons.1874. Persons.
Portions of Electoral Districts of Christchurch East and West outside Town Belt.4,5356,665

GENERAL SUMMARY BY PROVINCES.

Table XVI. TABLE XVI. - Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris); the Number of Chinese and the Number of Half-Castes; the Number of Houses Occupied, Unoccupied, and in course of Erection, classified according to the Materials of which they are constructed, and the Rooms they contain. Also, the Number of Europeans and Chinese living in Houses of different Materials, the Number on Shipboard, and the Number Camping Out.

Provinces.Total (including Chinese).Chinese.Half-Castes.Dwellings.Europeans Living-Travellers and Persons Sleeping under Drays or Camping Out.Chinese Living-
Houses and Huts.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Inhabited.Uninhabited & building.
PersonsMalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemalesInhabitedUninhabitedBuildingMaterials.Rooms.Materials.In Houses.In Huts.On Shipboard.In Tents or Dwelling with Canvas Roofs.In Houses.In Huts.In Tents or Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Brick or StoneWood and IronCob, Sod, &CRaupoHuts of Sod, Clay, Wood, or StoneTents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Not stated.One.TwoThree and FourFive and Six.Over Six.Not stated.Brick or Stone.Wood and Iron.Other Materials, and not stated.
Brick, Stone Wood, Iron, &c.Huts (Raupo), Tents, &c.Europeans.Chinese.
* Chinese on shipboard: Auckland, I; Nelson, II.
Auckland67,45137,10630,34510...42947314,0091,2798712728213,011...422205127898004272,3645,4452,6162,272212271,17716264,6241,88751839022*9......
Taranaki5,4653,0432,4222...16221,12614062941,038...6862910246113041627223715...133135,136228...99......2......
Wellington29,79016,24613,5446...50495,31018163101135,126413456101401541306961,8011,3551,22649313410729,0042481933381...6......
Hawke's Bay9,2285,4163,8123...77701,587112346161,507...242261281367631356924325754113968,6839413724368...3......
Marlborough6,1453,6592,486......53361,17471192311,028109426236764321441223020913...54365,95310258293............
Nelson22,55813,5459,013320...2095,29237923408904,6031217412408598017927461,35092584524163078020,66667121066625 14...295
Westland14,8609,4735,387899......14,281333930843,811...6407308539137039031,228376323143...3113113,003508893574...33040529
Canterbury58,77532,29426,48111...211510,3644751161023878,4061,321...185102652502432,0204,0231,9881,780162...2244312657,22657958831358...83
Otago85,11350,12134,9923,563126525416,2129971788081,11112,45794171,616808807872,1523,6495,7722,4752,0391468282227175,9872,4271,5621,47796105452,245764
Chatham Ids.1297851...1......34.........31613...2.........2711743.........1262............1......
Total299,514170,981128,5334,814293192959,3893,9675351,9671,90151,0032,5465722,9371,9674303,9414,62911,04221,02710,4879,1921,0381413,520841280,4086,7463,3553,912277109182,2881,588

GENERAL SUMMARY BY ELECTORAL DISTRICTS.

Table XVII. TABLE XVII. - Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris); the Number of Chinese and the Number of Half-Castes; the Number of Houses Inhabited, Uninhabited, and in course of Erection, classified according to the Materials of which they are constructed and the Rooms they contain. Also, the Number of Europeans and Chinese living in Houses of different Materials, the Number on Shipboard, and the Number Camping Out.

Provinces.Total (including Chinese).Chinese.Half-Castes.Dwellings.Europeans Living-Travellers and Persons Sleeping under Drays or Camping Out.Chinese Living-
Houses and Huts.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Inhabited.Uninhabited & building.
PersonsMalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemalesInhabitedUninhabitedBuildingMaterials.Rooms.Materials.In Houses.In Huts.On Shipboard.In Tents or Dwelling with Canvas Roofs.In Houses.In Huts.In Tents or Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Brick or StoneWood and IronCob, Sod, &CRaupoHuts of Sod, Clay, Wood, or StoneTents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Not stated.One.TwoThree and FourFive and Six.Over Six.Not stated.Brick or Stone.Wood and Iron.Other Materials, and not stated.
Brick, Stone Wood, Iron, &c.Huts (Raupo), Tents, &c.Europeans.Chinese.
Mongonui and Bay of Islands2,5151,4451,070......11714150950215430...432417253799146851099...4752,268236...29............
On shipboard99963.................................................................................99..................
Marsden4,0322,3191,713......16979952911704...83912812312225718011621...6013,802228...2...............
On shipboard55523.................................................................................55..................
Rodney2,6631,5071,156......101654050112473...45151523341061851087312...19322,474186...3...............
On shipboard1616....................................................................................16..................
Waitemata2,2781,319959......71045820425413...343232427641418610018...1682,171101...6...............
On shipboard33..............................................................................3........................
City of Auckland East4,0872,1751,9124...511840957...78762...............9...12735015818971785...4,083...............4......
On shipboard2222....................................................................................22..................
City of Auckland West8,6884,4734,2152...7171,769949...901,674............510...19680043330030554448,686...............2......
On shipboard204187171...1........................................................................203...... .........
Parnell3,9761,9572,019......812773431...20748............54...51...2022217...4223,976........................
Newton4,8392,3932,446......689727317123948...1...1...921064662581311189...4,837......2...............
Town of Onehunga2,0449871,057......28441943......440............14...36206107871196...2,044........................
On shipboard38371.................................................................................38..................
Eden4,2062,1712,035......48736334...44676...2......14......7525615822318334...4,206........................
Franklin7,9654,2663,699......2061,5431118781,374...28102731405928359429025034...57627,419525...21...............
On shipboard66....................................................................................6..................
Waikato4,5582,8971,661......7477902879802818...6318801581191983591291136...9424,014247...2898............
On shipboard1818.......................................................................................18...............
Thames12,2396,9495,2903...75593,039459101332,952...5030134461767331,1463532767...464511,971239...215...3......
On shipboard37352............688..................................................................37..................
East Coast2,8421,7551,087......7591688183211599...73421114650168251698441...2012,673125...44...............
On shipboard2121.........2........................................................................21..................
Town of New Plymouth2,0441,0201,0242......4445463...3441............11...181651291302...4632,042...............2......
Grey and Bell1,808996812......611343522101315...24310...920451248768......5221,70265...41...............
Egmont1,6131,027586......10733842119...282...443199144167127563913...3581,392163...58...............
Wanganui4,9072,6892,2181...64926424648802655662414137285230238413964,84527...34......1......
On shipboard1111....................................................................................11..................
Rangitikei2,3291,344985......483941...82363...99811786813293886...1...2,24667...16......... ...
Manawatu1.7911,0677241...1215362242944...338...131144...324911310653485...1521,56445...181......1......
Wairarapa4,6292,7161,9131...3...80530734...7721541334163461002631871755...3524.49144...921...1......
Hutt2,4961,3591,137......76452965...446......2548759150134963114...2,488......8...............
Wellington Country2,8981,5401,358......875281414...508...31641126722081241055...1142,82665...7...............
On shipboard11.....................16............................................................1..................
City of Wellington10,5475,3445,2033...1091,8436116...71,819............178...147657534476211334310,544...............3......
On shipboard1811756.................................................................................181..................
Napier5,6253,1122,5133...63689707615206916...1911201833271823811751583418555,47843...938...3......
On shipboard13712710............617..................................................................137..................
Clive3,4662,1771,289......142617361941...591...511411010349131188689920...5413,20551...15060............
Wairau2,7511,6201,131......1149557123...39982...935597618011010810...33362,68361...43............
On shipboard1919....................................................................................19..................
Picton2,7751,6311,144......372757211719...544133111916627109198107822...18...2,72030...25...............
On shipboard3939....................................................................................39..................
Suburbs of Nelson1,899962937......2334323311228049...11132159712598512411,8922...5...............
On shipboard33....................................................................................3..................
City of Nelson5,6622,7652,8971...111,07811234291,02419......46243740330930720210585,657......4......1......
On shipboard1981673111..............................................................................187.........*......
Waimea2,1641,246918......3...41714...43736126...20433355955981039713...1312,02731...106...............
Motueka2,7721,4361,336......1...487323733448...14711011371371581356...3232,7489...141............
Collingwood1,306766540......5...303615222258...226221560454476463420...45211,20063...43...............
Buller4,8863,3781,50820...551,543654170...1,405...1119170183902773733731119891253144,335206...3178...1...19
On shipboard3020....................................................................................20..................
Grey Valley8,2045,8782,326864...312,345147832531,927...238933534544701471488178179109...1361096,495543...302......6031773
On shipboard37352.................................................................................37..................
Hokitika7,0274,1822,845197.........2,04417949931,851...6146993842024541662420415183...161226,467185...1744...178712
On shipboard5252....................................................................................52..................
Totara2,7931,824969126.........93949...44...829......104446247146186265555133...4092,471140...56......104220
Cheviot1,253847406......158241342311145662173...1243577032545113221,22112...416............
Ashley4,2842,4151,869......1...7776652163470218...2621...27432032841291093144264,15290...42...............
Kaiapoi5,2102, 7532,457......3...931401...2984147...14......1431383692201861...41...5,088122.....................
Lyttelton2,9741,6121,362............51785...124974...2...221702281198314...13...2,9677.....................
On shipboard54452222.................................................................................544..................
City of Christchurch East7,7654,0153,7502.........1,4544737...521,3807.........1519...1936872892432357727,763...............2......
City of Christchurch West9,1944,6764,5181...111,6324922...601,52541.........632...2446493633192516919,193...............1......
Avon3,4831,8531,630.........1594223...6479105...1...35110223511511917...1873,4812.....................
Heathcote6,1013,1792,922............1,0584318737847152...1676231719840819720616136246,03644...21...............
Selwyn3,8812,2251,656............684307125445212...15127102721223110210014...24133,77635...5812............
Akaroa3,1331,7091,424......865793126654015...156342201l8158134108512933,08037...142............
On shipboard22....................................................................................2..................
Coleridge3,2902,1221,168............5635143510342144...5235152369155174679020130243,000130...13822............
Timaru5,9583,3242,6348.........1,038538171635309...18151919257415186126171138125,89948...3......53...
On shipboard42339.................................................................................42..................
Gladstone2,6171,66l956......87477344193137642...25193314111716650747123142,49763...3522............
Waitaki7,9475,1602,78717...9101,3018221148228936862142148890170354469173165281645427,192148...57812...5...12
On shipboard88....................................................................................8..................
Dunstan3,5152,4081,107485......283695313990472118...156139...4227818928490884576172,662214...13123...87108290
Mount Ida2,6881,783905251.........650158411146349102...144111941247155174706861581032,100217...10911...2051180
Waikouaiti3,2491,9241,32571...283059428...27275101...4427123057162206100624...28...3,018117...385...133325
Port Chalmers3,0851,5921,4935...1263556661607......23643312174251105588...5483,01152...17.........5...
On shipboard1,352948404.................................................................................1,352..................
City of Dunedin18,4999,5298,970881783,44411861...2933,138......3...109526381,4916765132930146318, 39614............89......
On shipboard6666....................................................................................66..................
Roslyn4,2772, 1122, 165............7413020...606464...7...24951593131351173248...4,26213......2............
Caversham4,4002,3212,079l6...35208315211105872313...26101421821233112795655624, 34032...12......16......
Taieri4,5552,6521,90314...8107935785338566136...5153249842362441121183442194,228212...101............14
Bruce (or Tokomairiro)4,4292,5551,874180...768114485528549148480552301331832721281173338114,022149...735...1611450
On shipboard2323....................................................................................23..................
Tuapeka4,7972,9471,850492...221,08119...5025697135...222502692512593521117514...131164,017224...604...4837668
Clutha3,1201,8311,28922...3260954931550562...3731...446312431398962248132,96785...442...4810
On shipboard1515....................................................................................15..................
Wakaia2,5711,846725606.........633111215126858...25421234251118131565591561,645276...44......67539...
Wakatipu4,6873,5581,1291,314...461,1147069712153827142697185441255255868811034322,941379...1449101581,01036
On shipboard66....................................................................................6..................
Mataura4,7462,6642,08227...36408914612341380234...3924344552083251471351...5264,536136...47......3...24
On shipboard2929....................................................................................29..................
Riverton3,0541,7811,2732...51455505149550611...289...23299521912366415222,97154...234...11...
On shipboard1515.........1........................................................................15..................
Invercargill2,4791,2901,1894...34470211...134541...2......72641871207911220...2,4732............4......
Wallace1,4531,01144269...706723853279191513227...20546455184410...711,206103...5619...14...55
On shipboard48471.................................................................................48..................
Total299,385170,903128,4824,814193192959,3553,9675351,9671,89850,9872,5335722,9351,9674303,9414,62711,03521,01610,4809,1881,0351413,520841280,2826,7443,3553,912277109172,2881,588

GENERAL SUMMARY BY TOWNS.

Table XVIII. TABLE XVIII. - Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris); the Number of Chinese and the Number of Half-Castes; the Number of Houses Inhabited, Uninhabited, and in course of Erection, classified according to the Materials of which they are constructed and the Rooms they contain. Also, the Number of Europeans and Chinese living in Houses of different Materials, the Number on Shipboard, and the Number Camping Out.

Provinces, Cities, and Towns.Total (including Chinese).Chinese.Dwellings.
Houses and Huts.Inhabited.
Inhabited.Uninhabited.BuildingTents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Materials.Rooms.
PersonsMalesFemalesMalesFemalesBrick or StoneWood and IronCob, Sod, &c.RaupoHuts of Sod, Clay, Wood, or Stone.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Not Stated.One.TwoThree and Four.Five and SixOver SixNot Stated
Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, &c.Huts (Raupo), Tents &c.
AUCKLAND :-
Auckland12,7756,6486,1276 2,609189l6 l682,436    519 3231,15059148937
Mongonui1035449  213 1 21   1  11587 
Russell1768393  317  130       221017 
Onehunga2,0449871,057  44194   440    1  36206107871
Howick257125132  7822   76    2  53128131
Newcastle310202114  591   58 1     113385 
Alexandra221117104  5311   52 1    192846 
Cambridge25917287  532 2249 112  41020351
Hamilton East300169131  561   53  2 1  83195 
Hamilton West366200166  71    71     1 1435147 
Raglan1025547  1823   18       2556 
Coromandel1,174643531  31542   310  2 3492859844352
Thames8,0734,3453,728  1,938335 211,927 9 21206II421829269204 
Tauranga579322257  1432 6 142   6119627629215
Gisborne554318236  1233   121 1  1 1316113122
Opotiki300158142  692   163 5  1 116281076
TARANAKI:-
New Plymouth2,0441,0201,0242 445463 3441    11 181651291302
Carlyle19311182  38    37 1     81486 
WELLINGTON :-
Wellington10,5475,3445,203.3 1,8436116 71,819    17  14765753447621
Wanganui2,5721,3l81,2541 51122  1508    29 671761331233
Marton339197142  61    61       6221815 
Bulls23714988  461   46     3 131479 
Sandon1438162  26    25  1   171142 
Carnarvon14310043  24  7 13 837  865433
Palmerston19313162  52    52     7 1424 7 
Foxton2911581331 59841 59   1  1151516121
Grey town479258221  95    95       11323120 
Carterton396230166  73    73       12311810 
Masterton272162no  4963  49     3 6161014 
HAWKE'S BAY:-
Napier3,514I.8451,669  58123362574 1 641861072361061059
Clyde227120107  5212  148 21  521114146 
MARLBOROUGH :-
Blenheim935494441  180142  177  3  3 128441391
Picton732393339  139531 138   1111205530321
NELSON :-
Nelson5,6622,7652,8971 1,07811234291,0386 144153740330930720
Collingwood1176453  234   23     1 4n25 
Westport867508359  235  7 233  1711686687222320
Charleston528299229  16516 1 164  11 212336426182
Ahaura195120752 41131  35    6  78968
WESTLAND:-
Hokitika3,3521,6951,6575...8421012...2820......3...1738314037714310536
Grey mouth2,5511,4211,13012...5717052...559......112140139825189784
Stafford38623615030...11991......108...63...2189343158114
Kanieri309188121......11991......100......1011281021304712
Goldsborough32121111046...947.........85......7...230717207112
Ross835428407......23331   228  3 220334103282910
CANTERBURY:-
Christchurch10,2945,3304,9643...1,8706236...7877011.........1125...21178242240624
Lyttelton2,9741,6121,362......51785...124974...2...221702281198314
Kaiapoi1,002503499......19014......1189...............3...18743263...
Akaroa645325320......116.........11121.........22...12374025...
Timaru1,9691,064905......348398...4125651............6...5614085574
OTAGO:-
Dunedin18,4999,5298,9708813,44411861...2933,138......3...109526381,49167651329
Port Chalmers1,535780755......31329211311.........112116513359323
Oamaru2,8191,5471,272......5348214353963......14...3510143209726910
Herbert1519457......332111302......1...31111252...
Hampden263149114......5642...154......1......211915118...
St. Bathans21512590......6181......53......4...4641622643
Naseby5523132399...13041311118...93181222442324...
Hamilton1107139......407......2208...10......4109863...
Hyde176107691...378...22276...22...1452342...
Macraes2061495764...501...102178...2110222910955...
Palmerston49827822012...103......2498......12...4341331671
West Hawkesbury346185161......6920......168...............5...13251412...
Milton9775194588...18185...131567...4...141407040251
Fairfax1849589......362.........1816...2......1216161......
Balclutha433239194......8934...1871............1...17421811...
Havelock281157124......754...136...20...191...718271545...
Lawrence6973923051...1442...1101301...31...24185533312
Tapanui4342421922...96...15194.........5111516431214...
Roxburgh2001178312...502......1427......3...62210191061
Alexandra2191398032...561...23445...42...46429510...
Ophir1761354159...472...66263...126...514121246...
Clyde3111831288...71l6...211591......2...114331915...
Cromwell36622713921...8051...969......2......421140914...
Queenstown70538332220...14715...112135.........1...7129593022...
Arrowtown259162978...593411244......31...531224106...
Macetown1511252662...352...21214......92...8711812...
Invercargill2,4791,2901,1894...470211...134541...2......72641871207911
Gladstone1568373......291......325............1......61166...
Harrisville216104112......43............41............21...82167...
Barwheys1004258......17............17.....................2834...
Sylvan Bank1366571......251......124...............1...41253...
Appleby1025547......191.........181............1...51021...
Campbelltown13270622...211......120...............2...4645...
Riverton728385343......1319.........1301............11...15473820...
Winton14383601...22...2...24......12......26955...

The Suburbs of the principal Towns in the Colony have not been included in the above Table. The Suburbs of the City of Auckland may be represented by the figures for the Electoral Districts of Parnell and Newtown, and those of Christchurch by the portions of the Electoral Districts of Christchurch East and Christchurch West, outside the Town Belt. Particulars of the Numbers of Persons and Inhabited Houses In these Suburban Districts are given below,-

 Total.Males.Females.Inhabited Houses.
AUCKLAND,-
Parnell3,9761,9572,019773
Newton4,8392,3932,446973
CANTERBURY,-
Christchurch East2,2911,1721,119453
Christchurch West4,3742,1892,185763

The portions of the Electoral District of “ Suburbs of Nelson ” which have been deemed to be strictly Suburban are,-

 Total.Males.Females.Inhabited Houses.
NELSON,-
Maitai and Brook Street342687
Road District Suburban North38019918165
Stoke or Suburban South33216816457

The other divisions of this Electoral District can, however, be ascertained on reference to Table XIX.

In the case Of the City of Dunedin, what may be termed the Suburbs are comprised in certain Road Districts, the Population of which will be found in Table XIX. of "Towns, Road Districts, and Localities.

Distribution Of Population.

Table XIX. TABLE XIX. - Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of the different Towns, Road Districts, and Localities, arranged according to Provinces and Electoral Districts.

Towns, Read Districts, and Localities in Electoral Districts.PersonsM.F.
PROVINCE OF AUCKLAND.   
Mongonui and Bay of Islands-
Road District, Muriwhenua613229
Road District, Ahipara21412085
Road District, Mongonui1466977
Town of Mongonui1035449
Road District, Whakapaka478463
Road District, Whangaroa1177839
Road District, Kaio24616581
Okaihau532528
Kerikeri29145
Purerua322013
Hokianga322190132
Town of Russell1768393
Russell Country563620
Western side of Harbour of Bay of Islands613526
Kawakawa and Pakaru430252178
Waimate733439
Okokako and Waitangi684226
Pakaraka472324
Whangae422715
Ruapekapeka22211
Others703238
Marsden -
Ngunguru22184
Road District, Manaia1316863
Road District, Parua Bay1618576
Road District, Whareora1006040
Whangarei413221192
Limestone Island936
Awaroa1697
Waikaraka1055
Tamatarau1789
Road District, Ruatangata1408159
Road District, Kaurihohore19611680
Whau Whau Valley322210
Hikurangi492722
Maungatapere (including Otaika)1005050
Road District, Maungakaramea1356659
Road District, Waikiekie764036
Road District, Ruarangi572928
Road District, Mangapai684127
Ruakaka342113
Road District, North Waipu289147142
Middle Waipu241132109
Road District, South Waipu1979899
Road District, Wairau (Maungaturoio)16610066
Road District, Mangawai1368155
Road District, Te Arai (part of)472324
Road District, Pukekaroro1407961
Otamatea River301812
Pahi River1394
Paparoa20411292
Arapawa River1587
Road District, Matakohe1066145
Road District, Okahu1358055
Wairoa North508365143
Others493613
Rodney-
Road District, Te Arai (part of)643727
Road District, Omaha1477869
Island of Little Barrier651
Island of Great Barrier1367957
Island of Kawau754134
Islands of Motukeka and Motuora954
Road District, Matakana23013991
Road District, Mahurangi697389308
Road District, Puhoi1819487
Road District, Wainui314193121
Road District, Whangaparoa422220
Tiritiri Matangi201010
Wade (part of)33203
Pukapuka462719
Road District, Kaukapakapa1227646
Road District, Komokoriki452520
Tauhoa Block483117
Road District, Wharehine1155857
Road District, Albertland South223120103
Road District, Albertland North663333
Others442519
Waitemata-
Pukeatua125745
Wade (part of)382117
Paremoremo18126
Devonport, the Lake, O'Neill's Point, Stokes   
Point, and Lucas Creek969496473
Ararimu District-
Riverhead734924
Ararimu322111
Kaukapakapa815130
Helensville563521
Waikaukau21138
Kumeu482820
West Coast473215
Murewai33194
Road District, Waitakerei East623626
Road District, Waitakerei West493118
Road District, Waitakerei South372314
Cornwallis' Mills533221
Gibbons' Mills18111665
Henderson's Mills29218
Hobson Ville623725
Road District, Titirangi1377849
Road District, Waikomiti1479453
City of Auckland East, City of Auckland West-
City of Auckland12,7756,6486,127
Parnell3,9761,9572,019
Newton, Town of Onehunga, and Eden-
Road District, Newton (Richmond)1437766
Road District, Ponsonby and Dedwood1,640783857
Road District, Karangahape2,5081,2581,250
Road District, Arch Hill409208201
Road District, Mount Albert918463455
Road District, Mount Roskill925042
Road District, Whau268161107
Town of Onehunga2,0449871,057
Road District, One Tree Hill571270301
Road District, Mount Eden965530435
Road District, Newmarket1728191
Road District, Remuera555273282
Road District, West Tamaki212104108
Road District, Mount Wellington (Panmure and vicinity)561288273
Others311813
Franklin-
Island of Waiheke1609565
Mcintosh's Island103 
Island of Ponui853
Island Motutapu761
Island Maturikino642
Small Islands adjacent311110
Road District, Ihumatau432122
Road District, Mangarei406221185
Road District, Otahuhu740384356
Town of Howick257125132
Road District, Pakuranga392208184
Road District, Paparoa964551
Road District, Maraitai582929
Road District, Turanga19410292
Road District, East Tamaki436221215
Road District, Wairoa384207177
Wairoa, Taupo216115101
Road District, Bombay306157149
Road District, Hunua561308253
Road District, Maketu223114109
Road District, Pokeno268150118
Road District, Mangatawhiri18910683
Road District, Pukekohe East419233186
Road District, Pukekohe West578306272
Road District, Papakura364195169
Road District, Papatoetoe1669472
Road District, Waiuku276139137
Pollock Settlement824240
Road District, Waipipi534280254
Road District, Awitu19813663

Table XIX. Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of the different Towns, Road Districts, and Localities, arranged according to Provinces and Electoral Districts-continued

Towns, Read Districts, and Localities in Electoral Districts.PersonsM.F.
PROVINCE OF AUCKLAND-contd.   
Franklin-continued.
Road District, Mauku325174151
Road District, Karaka392316
The population of the following villages is   
included in the above numbers:-
Otahuhu740384356
Papakura1598475
Drury1166452
Waiuku723438
Tuimata643430
Tuakau1829488
Patumahoe1827477
Waikato-.
Port Waikato315829
Onewhero251510
Churchill22202
Mercer834637
Whangape19118
Rangiriri (a camp)19017218
Wairangi32248
Taupiri493910
Waikare Lake1010...
Others in Lower Waikato846618
Frith of Thames and Piako674318
Town of Newcastle316202114
Road District, Newcastle1046044
Town of Hamilton East300169131
Road District, Hamilton West366200166
Road District, Hamilton1316962
Road District, Kirikiriroa1388850
Road District, Komakorau11910217
Road District, Tamahere623923
Road District, Pironghia593821
Town of Alexandra West28144
Town of Alexandra East19310390
Kihikihi976235
Te Awamutu432716
Rangiawhia446278168
Native settlement beyond confiscated lands572829
Road District, Mangapiko304190114
Karamu1789
Town of Cambridge25917387
Road District, Cambridge24715097
Road District, Pukekura21313974
Road District, Toatoaroa281711
Road District, Matamata413110
Tapuaeharuru, Tokano, Niho-o-te-Kiore,   
Horahora87798
Town of Raglan1025547
Whangaroa1226755
Karioi734331
Thames-
Tirua Gum Diggings1111...
Puriri453510
Kirikiri322012
Kauaeranga383312
Parawai265132133
Town of Thames8,0734,3453,728
Hape and Karaka, outside town1327360
Waiotahi, outside town378208170
Moanataiari, outside town306203104
Irish Town1206060
Collarbone733934
Punga Flat1157144
Eureka Hill754332
Tararu, outside town785028
Whakawau412813
Coromandel1,174643531
Tokatea20417430
Kennedy's Bay352411
Cabbage Bay654619
Charles Cove615011
Whangapoua20117130
Mercury Bay319215104
Tairua16712146
Hikutaia715021
Ohinemuri483612
Others1127042
East Coast-
Katikati and Matahoi Island553322
Town of Tauranga579333257
Tauranga Country Board24114299
Ohinemutu33358
Te Ngae1111...
Opepe49436
Maketu453718
Matata241410
Whakatane34259
Town of Opotiki300158142
Opotiki, Country986830
Kawa'Kawa (Hicks Bay)1293
Waiapu20137
Poverty Bay-
Gisborne554318236
Ormond25115497
Others364254110
Part of Fraser Town352015
Maru Mara17161
Te Onepoto30291
Others907416
PROVINCE OF TARANAKI.   
New Plymouth, Grey and Bell, and Egmont-
Road District, Clifton785424
Road District, Urenui604119
Road District, Tikorangi1739776
Road District, Waitara East703337
Road District, Waitara West*1307258
Road District, Huirangi281150131
Road District, Bell Block220113107
Road District, Hua and Tarurutangi785326
Road District, Waiwakaiho1327062
Road District, Henui1457372
Town of New Plymouth2,0441,0261,024
Road District, Mangorei905337
Road District, Carrington1548668
Road District, Frankley1347549
Road District, Elliot1567977
Road District, Barrett372314
Road District, Omata1226854
Road District, Hurford392019
Road District, Oakura1569363
Road District, Tataraimaka784335
Road District, Okato886820
Opunake2622 
Road District, Hawera-
Waihi Camp and Vicinity906328
Ketemarai493910
Hawera257156101
Others42366
Town of Carlyle19311182
Suburbs1448064
Road District, Patea East-Whenuakura594415
Road District, Patea West-
Kakararnea493613
Manutahi896524
Manawapou1293
*Population of Township of Raleigh included713734
PROVINCE OF WELLINGTON.   
Wanganui-
Town of Wairoa814734
Wairoa Country308195113
Waitotara502822
Maxwell19011971
Kai Iwi543024
Westmere and Brunswick1498663
Aramaho19711681
Swamp397861
Town of Wanganui2,5731,3181,254
Wanganui Heads251213
From Wanganui to Wangaehu River1,142660482
Mangitikei-
Kaimanawa Range22211

Table XIX. Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of the different Towns, Road Districts, and Localities, arranged according to Provinces and Electoral Districts-continued

Towns, Read Districts, and Localities in Electoral Districts.PersonsM.F.
PROVINCE OF WELLINGTON-continued.
Rangitikei-continued.
Turakina493286207
Town of Marton339197142
Town Bulls23714988
Rangitikei Country1,238691547
Manawatu-
Feilding19510194
Town of Sandon1438162
Sandon Country18810682
Manawatu Gorge19172
Town of Palmerston19313162
Palmerston Country1188038
Scandinavian Camp near Palmerston1085751
Oroua574017
Carnarvon14310043
Moutoa965343
Town of Foxton291158133
Foxton Country733736
Manawatu River to Waikanae1268145
Waikanae to Paikakariki412516
Wellington Country-
Horokiwi Valley975443
Pahautanui Village874245
Pahautanui Small Farms1155956
Island of Mana251411
Ngahauranga, Porirua Road, Takapu, and Porirua Harbour649349300
Ohariu Valley20411381
Johnsonville1437568
Belmont (part of)593227
Horokiwi Road and Harbour District995544
Kaiwarawara220119101
Otari593623
Wadestown823844
Terawiti and Ohau1679
Makara18910782
Karori and Park Vale439212227
Ohiro945143
Evans' and Lyell's Bay402416
The Peninsula301713
Vicinity of Town1487870
Others1034855
Wellington City-
Wellington City10,5475,3445,203
Hutt-
Orongorongo, Sea Beach, and Pencarrow663927
Wainui-o-mata19610987
Somes Island734
Waiwetu1307951
Belmont (part of)593227
Lower Hutt873451422
Taita474245229
Upper Hutt, Stokes Valley, and Mungaroa649375374
Pakuratahi to summit of Rimutaka422616
Wairarapa-
Featherston and neighbourhood307171136
Tauherenikau573324
Greytown479258221
Moroa276149127
Carterton396230166
Taratahi387205182
Woodside663432
Masterton272162110
Ti Ore Ore442618
Opaki17610076
Upper Plain1557778
Alfredton23176
Seventy-Mile Bush (Scandinavian settlement)23314885
Others1,7581,106652
PROVINCE OF HAWKE'S BAY.   
Napier-
Town of Napier3,5141,8451,669
Meanee, Suburban sections638348290
Between Tutaekuri and Ngaruroro Rivers, viz.,-
Karamu1468363
Others297180117
Puketapu904347
Pekapeka291910
Pukititiri22148
Pohui Bush524012
Petane1016041
Tarawera45387
Mohaka Village361521
Part of Frasertown (See East Coast)794831
Town of Clyde, Wairoa227120107
Others34925990
Clive-
East Clive1196257
West Clive24515194
Havelock and Te Mata22813692
Pukahu1066145
Pakipaki and Poukawa462026
Te Aute1228339
Patangata844836
Waipawa and Kaikora492294198
Waipukurau17710671
Between Tukituki River and Coast from outside Clive to Nairn's and Motuotaraia Sections26918980
Wallingford and Porangahau24716087
Wainui and Tautane884543
Takapau37325
Seventy-Mile Bush-
Norsewood236130106
Dannevirk1005149
Others2172107
Ruataniwha321187134
Town of Hampden1527973
Kereru and Aorangi1148233
Others665115
PROVINCE OF MARLBOROUGH.   
Picton, Wairau, and Cheviot-
Road District, Pelorus757478279
Town of Havelock308170138
Town of Picton732393339
Picton County Board829491338
Port Underwood5536l9
Town of Blenheim935494441
Road District, Upper Wairau-
Town of Renwick1578374
Others416282134
Lower Wairau1,049595454
Awatere28822959
Kaikoura561350211
PROVINCE OF NELSON.   
Collingwood-
West Wanganui99...
Taitapu2121...
Slaty Creek1616...
Cape Farewell271710
Pakawau3418l6
Waikato19109
Coal Mines391722
Seaford22139
Road District, Collingwood-
Town of Collingwood1176453
Outside Town376236140
Takaka626345281
Motueka-
Awaroa27189
Road District, Panga Totara339174165
Road District, Riwaka427224203
Road District, Motueka785384401
Road District, Motueka531283248
Road District, Dovedale1738984
Road District, WaimeaWest490264226

Table XIX. Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of the different Towns, Road Districts, and Localities, arranged according to Provinces and Electoral Districts-continued

Towns, Read Districts, and Localities in Electoral Districts.PersonsM.F.
PROVINCE OF NELSON-continued
Nelson City and Nelson Suburbs-
Road District, Waimea East1,125549576
Stoke (neighbourhood of)332168164
City of Nelson5,6622,7652,897
Matai and Brook Street34268
Road District, Suburban North380199181
Croixelles to D'Urville's Island28208
Waimea and Cheviot-
Road District, Spring Grove745382363
Road District, Wakefield685367318
Road District, Amuri-Town of Waiau Others
others36028971
Motupiko Valley285175110
Tadmor, Sherry, Wangapeka, Rolling River, and Baton1257649
Matakitaki1088523
Maruia32266
Buller Road16912049
Buller   
Wanganui651
Mokihinui and Ngakawau775225
Waimangaroa39236
Orawaiti Road673532
North Beach221210
German and Caledonian Terraces776116
Giles'Terrace453213
Rochfort Terrace866620
Lyell13210032
Alpine Range17415321
Town of Westport867508359
Buller Bank574116
South Spit and Buller Lagoon764036
Little Beach432716
Long Beach786216
Cape Foulwind853
Totara River23167
Shingle Island725
Packers Point743
Virgin Flat1284
Shamrock Leadl9154
Darkie's Terrace20164
Addison's Tracks24717
Waites, Pakihi's38317
Dirty Mary's Creek311714
Addison's Flat1026339
Town of Charleston528299229
Charleston Flat714130
Back Lead1379245
Argyle Terrace o47398
Candlelight906723
Mount Pleasant27243
Four-Mile27252
Town of Brighton874542
St. Kilda513813
Waltham's Terrace331914
Red Jacket Terrace18144
Kelly's and White Horse Terraces24168
Charleston and Brighton Road241410
Woodpecker Terrace17107
Reefton1,3611,049312
Buller and Lyell Road13711225
Others80737
Grey Valley-
Town of Cobden1748787
Coal Creek Flat876324
Razorback26242
Canoe Creek17107
Miles 4-171249925
Cobden Road321913
Brunnerton1488563
Langdon and Hope's Terrace1284
Moonlight and Blackball Creeks J14013010
Little Grey956530
Blackwater34331
Caraboo Creek1313...
Maori Gully1818...
Adamston Creek99...
Antoni's Flat543915
Grey valley-continued
Town of Ahaura19512075
Vicinity of Ahaura and Totara Flat21915564
Half-ounce Creek20215547
Duffer's Gully827210
Noble's Gully967521
Napoleon Hill and Vicinity39345
Orwell Creek43376
Ahaura Plain and Starvation Point25178
River View, German and Sullivan's Gully22184
Haupiri Flat16106
Hatter's Terrace875635
Amuri and Ahaura Road3636...
Nelson Creek and Try Again Terrace23519542
Callaghan's Creek39309
South Side of Ahaura River17125
No Town Village17210270
No Town Creek33232210
Rough arid Tumble Creek1414...
Dead Man's Creek37343
Sunnyside Road36288
Maori and Joyce's Gullies2626...
Abe's Gully34313
Candlelight Creek15141
Piper's, Paddy's, and Big Bill's Gullies1616...
Cockney Terrace1919...
Red Jack's Creek876621
Twelve-Mile Town261610
Arnold Bridge32239
Bell Hill Town37316
Others3434...
PROVINCE OF WESTLAND.   
Grey Valley-
Town of Grey mouth2,5511,4211,130
Arnold Road21817840
Town of Arnold443014
Maori Gully18116120
Stillwater Creek34295
New River1671652
Maori Creek16813632
Maori Creek Road15141
Eight-Mile Creek67652
Town of Marsden1127240
Marsden Road31247
Marsden Tramway483711
German Gully564214
Italian Creek115115...
Town of Paroa362016
South Beach673829
Paroa and Grey Road18126
North Star Road18144
Paroa Tramway553025
Welshman's Terrace1091
Rutherglen Track16142
Rutherglen716011
Maori Point40337
Town of Greenstone885335
Greenstone Creek71664
Greenstone Road544212
Greenstone Junction29227
Duke's Terrace765620
Eight-Mile Terrace12114
Eight-Mile Creek9292...
Cockeye Creek29254
Caraboo Creek1082
Chapel Terrace18126
Hibernian Terrace1010...
Cockabulla Creek2828...
Manuka Flat2020...
Mosquito Creek1010...
Irishman's Creek1616...
Greek's Gully881
Head of Blackwater Creek1414...
Argus Terrace231310
Back Lead311714
No Name (Nemona)30228
Teremakau Beach1899
Hohonu Road1183
Others1169917

Table XIX. Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of the different Towns, Road Districts, and Localities, arranged according to Provinces and Electoral Districts-continued

Towns, Read Districts, and Localities in Electoral Districts.PersonsM.F.
Hokitika-
Sea Beach28235
Teremakau17125
Chesterfield26179
Three-Mile Creek1414...
Maori Gully29281
Callaghan's Gully664521
Italian Gully503812
Greenstone Road18713552
Town of Goldsborough321211110
Scandinavian Hill21147
Fourth Terrace19163
German Gully1341123
Town of Stafford386236150
Big Dam865630
Right-Hand Branch41347
Greek's Gully1515...
Greek's Gully (No. 2)15132
Liverpool Bill's40337
Piper's Flat1387563
Pretty Woman's Gully25196
Ballarat Hill422517
Hatters Gully28235
Foxes Creek705614
Christchurch Road23917069
Red Jack's Gullyl313...
Humphrey's Gully403010
Duffer's Gully16124
Waimea Race88844
Hibernia Hill and Larke's Terrace1394
Arahura Road21712295
Arahura714823
Hou Hou562630
Blue Spur1198039
Brennan's Creek1212...
Mclntyre's Gully17107
German Hill651
Big Paddock1026438
Big Paddock Road351817
Mcintosh's Gully1293
Cement Hill311417
Kanieri Road376968
Town of Kanieri309188121
Kanieri Tramway683731
Kanieri Race6666...
Kanieri River30273
Tucker Flat21174
Greek's Gully No. 315114
Town of Hokitika3,3521,6951,657
Kokotahi Road593723
Others856025
Totara-
Arthurstown895831
Hospital Reserve644024
Woodstock18114437
Arch Creek1091
Back Creekl8162
South Beach523220
Pine Creek981
Lake Mahinapua23158
Woolhouse Road765026
Salt Water Beach36315
Five-Mile Beach1167640
Wataroa River2424...
Gillespie's1006931
Cook's River752
Kangaroo River972
Hunt's Beach24177
Bruce Bay44...
Moonlight Beach1192
Waihio77...
Omarro River55...
Jackson's Bay22211
Big Bay1919...
Others1159619
PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY.   
Cheviot, Ashley, Kaiapoi, Lyttelton, Christchurch Hast, Christchurch West, Avon, Heathcote, Selwyn, Akaroa, Coleridge, Timaru, and Gladstone-
Road District, Waipara272171101
Road District, Kowai1,751970781
Road District, Ashley522291231
Road District, Oxford1,000579421
Road District, Cust634343291
Road District, West Eyreton26016793
Road District, Mandeville and Rangiora2,8881,5301,358
Town of Kaiapoi1,002503499
Road District, Eyreton1,348736612
Road District, Avon3,9692,0281,941
Road District, Riccarton1,655842813
City of Christchurch10,2945,3304,964
Road District, Heathcote4,3062,1862,120
Town of Lyttelton2,9741,6121,362
Road District, Spreydon3,1941,6491,545
Road District, Halswell338173165
Road District, Templeton655359296
Road District, Courtenay1,298758540
Road District, Lincoln1,210660508
Road District, Springs1,135627508
Road District, Port Victoria252130122
Road District, Port Levy1669472
Road District, Pigeon Bay322191131
Road District, Okain's Bay566326240
Town of Akaroa645325320
Road District, Akaroa and Wainui834442392
Road District, Little River502288214
Road District, Ellesmere2,7441,5721,172
Road District, Upper Waimakiriri14511728
Road District, Malvern319185134
Road District, Malvern East20312677
Road District, Malvern South552926
Road District, Rakaia462260202
Road District, Lake Coleridge895633
Road District, Ashburton1,206836370
Road District, Mount Somers397261613
Road District, Temuka1,456843613
Road District, Geraldine1,105635470
Road District, Mount Peel18010872
Road District, Levels2,0311,124907
Town of Timaru1,9691,064905
Road District, Waimate1,464925539
Road District, Mount Cook37028684
PROVINCE OF OTAGO.   
Waitaki-
Benmore32284
Omarama27216
Otematata1293
Wharekoura12111
Rugged Ridges523
Kurow382711
Otakaike30246
Clarke's Diggings1055
Road District, Awamoko-
Maruwhtaiua22417054
Others402416
Road District, Waiareka1,027818209
Road District, Waitaki916602314
Town of Oamaru2,8191,5471,272
Road District, Kakanui972683289
Towns, Road Districts, and Localities in Electoral Districts.PersonsM.F.
Road District, Otepopo-
Road District, (Town of Herbert1519457
Road District, Others845611234
Hampden-
Road District, (Town of Hampden263149114
Road District, Moeraki563818
Road District, (Others468297171
Mount Ida-
Town of St. Bathan's21512590
Lauder Station15123
Blackstone Hill1288246
Ida Burn (part of)18117
Welshman's Gully684226
Mount Ida Waterworks9797 
Pleasant Valley16106
Rough Ridge954
Hawkdun34295
Town of Naseby552313239
Naseby Country376269107
Kyeburn and Swinburn21313875
Maniatoto Plains805129
Garibaldi's23167
Serpentine695811
Strath Taieri493613
Rock and Pillar26197
Hamilton's, Sowburn825428
Town of Hamiltons1107139
Town of Hyde17610769
Town of MacRae's20614957
Deep Dell, Fullerton's, &c.1268937
Waikouaiti-
Pig Root1111 
Coal Creek473710
Waihemo Valley1068026
Road District, Palmerston-
Road District, Goodwood19711978
Road District, Shag Valley21014070
Road District, (Others503324179
Town of Palmerston498278220
Road District, Hawkesbury834474360
Road District, Hawkesbury346185161
Road District, Waikouaiti497276221
Port Chalmers, City of Dunedin, Roslyn, Caversham, and Taieri-
Road District, Blueskin1,101579522
Road District, North-East Valley1,537800737
Town of Port Chalmers1,535780755
City of Dunedin18,4999,5298,970
Road District, Roslyn928454474
Road District, Mornington831384447
Native Reserve and Otago Heads1156847
Road District, Portobello711366345
Road District, Peninsula990520470
Road District, Caversham2,2501,1391,111
Road District, Green Island460252208
Road District, Waikari759372387
Road District, Kaikorai763433330
Road District, Half-way Bush1297455
Road District, North Taieri728433295
Road District, East Taieri662388274
Hindon, Deep Stream, Lees Stream, &c.1048420
Traquair432617
Road District, Waipori (part of)-
Road District, Woodside673037
Road District, Berwick512922
Road District, Others545299246
Road District, Outram650415235
Road District, Grey-
Road District, Greytown552827
Road District, Greytown Suburbs1598673
Road District, Riccarton844440
Road District, Saddle Hill19710988
Road District, Junction452421
Road District, Seaside-
Road District, Walton266145121
Road District, Brighton693336
Road District, Kuri Bush483283200
Road District, Waipori (part of)1196950
Road District, Waihola582309273
Road District, Glenledi1528666
Road District, Tokomairiro899519380
Town of Milton977519458
Town of Fairfax1849589
Road District, Mount Stuart680489191
Road District, Crichton19710493
Road District, Kaitangata270150120
Road District, Matau-
Road District, Inchclutha294179115
Others290178112
Town of Balclutha433239194
Road District, Clutha-Warepa575302273
Road District, South Molyneux-
Road District, Catlin's River26218478
Road District, Ahuriri804733
Road District, Port Molyneux21411797
Road District, Puerua20111784
Road District, Warepa522725
Road District, Waikawall57936
Waipahi (part of)694326
Road District, Wairuna1407664
Road District, Clinton-
Road District, Waiwera1136548
Road District, Kaihiku1679473
Road District, Popotunoa563422
Road District, Clinton25l78
Road District, Pomahaka-
Road District, Te Houka19211577
Road District, Waiwera644024
Road District, Clydevale685612
Road District, Balmoral19513560
Roundhill33927168
Manuka Creek493217
Town of Havelock281157124
Waitahuna Gully388223165
Waitahuna Road1599960
Waitahuna West14104
Waitahuna East542925
Waitahuna Hill1394
Hill End1468
Table Mount16106
Mount Stewart844
Waipori1096148
Waipori Flat1087434
Maiden City Point401723
Lammerlaw856223
Long Gully37307
Bakery Point853
Jetland Flat433013
O. P.Q. Reef1266
Mitchell's Flat23176
Post Office Creek23194
Town of Lawrence697392305
Chinese Camp60537
Tuapeka Flat326199127
Wetherstones424238186
Clarke's Flat643331
Tuapeka Mouth1087731
Blue Spur355178177
Munro's Gully1206852
Gabriel's Gully17710275
Beaumont18112259
Evans Flat965937
Ross Gully5126250
Bung Town13103
Murray's Flat1237152
Others in Tuapeka635013
Wakaia-
Town of Tapanui434242192
Island Block52448
Scrubby Flat2424 
MoaFlat1469155
Spylaw Station1082
Waipahi (part of)432815
Waikaka432320
Waikaka Diggings21017337
Ettrick221413
Town of Roxburgh2O011783
Coal Creek Flat965541
Shingle Creek17116
Speargrass Flat24177
Fourteen and Seventeen Mile Beach12111
Potter's Gully2222...
Campbell's Gully1414...
Pomahaka98944
Switzers20812979
Wakaia22115467
Winding Creek876423
Donnybrook221111
Welshman's Gully22184
Muddy Flat64577
Utting's Flat2727...
Swinburn1212...
Campbell's Creek1515...
Gow's Creek7171...
Dome Creek66606
Nokomai24820345
White Comb Creek11101
Others30273
Dunstan-
Miller's Flat875334
Horseshoe Bend16511
Moa Flat25205
Lammerlaw Range88...
Long Valley826
Teviot Flat1599564
Town of Alexandra21913980
Manuherikia1217348
Manor Burn6464...
Blacks, No. 330219
Ida Valley734528
German Hill19145
German Gully6666...
Thompson's Gorge20191
Town of Ophir17613541
Tiger Hill502921
Tinkers17312350
Drybread and Devonshire1277948
Town of Clyde311183128
Clyde to Chatto Creek19413658
Fraser's Station and surrounding Country26318083
Town of Cromwell366227139
Vicinity of Cromwell (Mount Pisa)635013
Firewood Creek14110932
Kawarau Gorge624517
Queenstown Road16142
Pipeclay Gully836023
Smith's Flat and Gully483711
Quartzville633924
Carrickton846123
Carrick Range29281
Adams Gully38326
Bannockburn Creek332211
Cornish Town24186
Kirtleburn and Moonlight Creek2020...
Dunstan Road725418
Quartz Reef Point331419
Bendigo Gully795029
Cluden Creek1284
Others40319
Walcatipu-
Gibb's Town and Kawarau Flat654619
Nevis Flat, Gorge, and neighbourhood50146041
Boyes' Run634221
Athol, vicinity66...
Kingston654421
Half-way Bay342410
Table Bay and Collins'Bay853
Mount Nicholas1183
Fern Hill Station1010...
Glenorchy625012
Pigeon Island431
Simpson's Creek261412
Greenstone and Capel's Creek88...
Kinloch'372710
Route Burn33...
Lake Harris33...
Martin's Bay Settlement, West Coast23158
Shores of Lake, Few's Creek, Cove, &c.664818
The Shotover66157586
Town of Queenstown705383322
Frankton1479552
Shotover Ferry1468
Tucker's Beach24231
Arthur's Point14712225
Spear Grass Flat966432
Big Beach6666...
Arrowtown35916297
Arrow River1209822
Macetown15112526
Gentle Annie55514
Nevis, Ferry, and Arrow Flat1459451
Miller's Flat13810038
Bracken's Gully352213
Whitechapel Flat26233
Lake Hayes1349044
Eight-Mile and Bush Creeks4646...
Cardrona38232854
Cromwell Road and Luggate Burn45396
Mount Pisa77...
Pembroke and the Banks of Lake Wanaka413110
Matatapu Diggings5555 
Albert Town and Wanaka Station744628
East Wanaka1174
Hawea362214
Gladstone321
Lindis Burn and Pass44377
Ahuriri River11101
Others14131
Mataura, Invercargill, Riverton, and Wallace-
Town of Gore23203
Town of Mataura Bridge735023
Tuturau309197112
Wyndham and Toitoes281156125
Road District, Oteramika-
Road District, Oteramika Bushes1438459
Road District, Edendale12110219
Road District, Others324185139
Road District, Lyndhurst-
Road District, Longbush247143104
Mable1669670
Road District, Others478290188
Road District, Makarewa-
Road District, Wallacetown1407565
Road District, Forest Hill266152114
Road District, Ryall Bush1047331
Road District, Others919510409
Town of Invercargill2,4791,2901,189
Road District, Invercargill-
Road District, Gladstone1568373
Road District, Harewood623428
Road District, Harrisville216104112
Road District, McMaster's Estate309154155
Road District, Richmond Grove814239
Road District, Barwheys1004258
Road District, Sylvan Bank1366571
Road District, Clifton673631
Road District, Kew432122
Road District, Appleby1025547
Road District, Campbelltown1327062
Road District, Sterling Point704228
Road District, Green Hills894346
Road District, Wood End502723
Road District, Others348192156
Dog Island844
Town of Riverton728385343
Road District, Riverton-
Orepuki Longwood383243140
Road District, Aparima- v
Road District, Gummy'sBush372314
Road District, Groper's Bush1428953
Road District, Others1,110670440
Town of Winton1438360
Road District, Oreti984721263
Ruapuke Island211
Stewart's Island1619467
 Persons.M.F.
Chatham Island1297851

Chapter 2. PERSONS ON SHIPBOARD

TABLE XX -Showing the Persons in the different Port of the Colony on the night of the 1st of March,1874.

Province.Locality.Total.M.F.
AucklandAhipara1111...
AucklandMongonui66...
AucklandWhangaroa1919...
AucklandRussell63603
AucklandWhangarei22...
AucklandKaipara52493
AucklandMangawhai44...
AucklandMahurangi1212...
AucklandGreat Barrier44...
AucklandManakau44431
AucklandAuckland22620917
AucklandWaikato River (Newcastle)1515...
AucklandRaglan33...
AucklandHauraki (Cabbage Bay)33...
AucklandNorth of Mercury Bay (Whangapoua)21192
AucklandMercury Bay33...
AucklandFrith of Thames (Grahamstown)1010...
AucklandTauranga2121...
WellingtonWellington1811756
WellingtonPorirua11...
WellingtonWanganui1111...
Hawke's BayNapier13712710
MarlboroughBlenheim1919...
MarlboroughQueen Charlotte Sound1010...
MarlboroughHavelock1111...
MarlboroughPort Underwood1818...
NelsonCroixelles33...
NelsonNelson19816731
NelsonBuller River2020...
WestlandGrey mouth37352
WestlandHokitika5252...
CanterburyLyttelton54452222
CanterburyPort Levy22...
CanterburyTimaru42339
OtagoMoeraki88...
OtagoPort Chalmers1,352948404
OtagoDunedin6666...
OtagoTaieri River22...
OtagoClutha River2121...
OtagoCatlin's River1515...
OtagoLake Wakatipu66...
OtagoCampbelltown2424...
OtagoNew River55...
OtagoRiverton1515...
OtagoStewart's Island55...
OtagoDark Cloud Inlet (p.s.“Luna”)43421
OtagoTotals3,3672,856511

Chapter 3. GOLD FIELDS.

TABLE XXI.-Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris); the Number of Dwelling-houses Inhabited, and the Materials of-which they are constructed, according to the Census of 1st March, 1874.

Gold Fields.Total Number of Persons.Total (Including Chinese).Chinese.Inhabited Dwellings.
Totals.Materials.
Males.Females.Males.Females.Brick or Stone.Wood and Iron.Cob, Sod, &c.Raupo.Huts of Sod, Clay, Wood, or Stone.Tents and Dwellings with canvas Roofs.Not Stated.
AUCKLAND :-
Hauraki11,6976,5715,1263...2,91432,840...302894
MARLBOROUGH:-
Ravenscliffe18153......7...1.........6...
Wakamarina664719......34...31......3......
NELSON,-
Collingwood597367230......18111431...2493
West Wanganui4646.........28...14.........86
South-West Gold Fields8,5736,1832,390308...3,06632,3001337035435
WESTLAND8,8836,3072,576882...3,14922,407...639330635
OTAGO:-
Maruwhenua29222171......5091413...95...
Mount Ida2,7181,803915269...7534035291...1411259
Taieri2752146124...74111917...207...
Tuapeka5,3613,3382,023621...1,28224743157...272842
Nokomai2,0641,559505598...5435016758...25216...
Mount Benger306185121......7692428...123...
Dunstan3,2092,223986485...8998144888...1441362
Wakatipu4,6643,5431,1211,214...1,203121531271426961
Orepuki and Longwood38324314025...105...60312615...
Total49,15232,86516,2874,429...14,36935410,094484412,1201,17997

Chapter 4. UNINHABITED BUILDINGS.

TABLE XXII.-Showing the Number of Uninhabited Stores, Warehouses, &c., Buildings used for Offices only, and School Buildings in the Colony, on the ist March, 1874.

Provinces.Stores, Warehouses, &c, Buildings used for Offices only.School Buildings.
Auckland1,328166
Taranaki9616
Wellington23468
Hawke's Bay18623
Marlborough18223
Nelson40354
Westland19715
Canterbury791110
Otago984164
Total4,401639

NOTE.-The Returns of these Uninhabited Buildings show, in some cases, evidence that the Sub-Enumerators had not quite understood what was required by their instructions; the figures given above must therefore be read as only an approximation to the real numbers.

PART II.-AGES OF THE PEOPLE.

Chapter 5. INCREASE OF THE POPULATION AT DIFFERENT AGE PERIODS.

Table I. TABLE I. - Showing the Increase of Persons of Both Sexes, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), at different Ages in the intervals between the various Censuses, from December, 1864, to March, 1874.

Ages.Numbers, December, 1864.1864 to 1867.Numbers, December, 1867.1867 to 1871.Numbers, February, 1871.1871 to 1874.Numbers, March, 1874
Numerical.Centesimal.Numerical.Centesimal.Numerical.Centesimal.
Both Sexes.
Under 5 years26,63210,76040.4037,3929,18624.5746,5785,31011.4051,888
5 years and under 10 years18,5576,13333.524,6907,96232.2532,65210,65132.6243,303
10 years and under 15 years13,1803,92329.7617,1035,01629.3322,1196,72530.4028,844
15 years and under 21 years15,1452,31415.2817.4592,729I5.6320,1886,08930.1626,277
21 years and under 40 years76.31516,50221.6292,8174.8935.2797,7101,41O1.4499,120
40 years and under 55 years16,7264,86829.1O21,5946,24628.9227,84010,07636.1937.9l6
55 years and under 65 years3,7571,00326.704,7601,49931.496,2591,65926.517,918
65 years and under and upwards1,07579173.581,86689948.182,76588632.043,651
Unspecified77121628.02987-705-71.43282315111.70597
All ages172,15846,51027.02218,66837.725I7.25256,39343,12116.82299,514
Males.
Under 5 years13,5315,43840.1918,9694,40023.2023,3692,74211,7326,111
5 years and under 10 years9,4743,03332.0112,5073,92131.3516,4285,36732.6721.795
10 years and under 15 years6,8022,06730.398,8692,52028.4111,3893,23928.4414,628
15 years and under 21 years8,1086558.088,7631,37515.6910,1383,21331.6913.351
21 years and under 40 years53,9199,62717.8563,5461,0401.6464,586-2,719-4.2161,867
40 years and under 55 years11,0233,33230.2314,3554,39530.6218,7507,01737.4225.767
55 years and under 65 years2,40949420.512,90390631.213,8091,00726.444,816
65 years and under and upwards65747171.691,12853547.431,66350830.552,171
Unspecified65723235.3X889-665-74.80224251112.05475
All ages106,58025,34923.78131,92918,42713.97150,35620,62513.72170,981
Females.
Under 5 years13,1015,32240.6218,4234,78625.9823,2092,56811.0625,777
5 years and under 10 years9,0833,10034.1312,1834,04133.1716,2245,28432.5721,508
10 years and under 15 years6,3781,85629.108,2342,49630.3110,7303,48632.4914,2l6
15 years and under 21 years7,3781,65923.588,6961,35415.5710,0502,87628.6212,926
21 years and under 40 years22,3966,87530.6929,2713,85313.1633,1244,12912.4737,253
4 years and under 55 years5,7031,53626.937,2391,85125.579,0903,05933.6512,149
55 years and under 65 years1,3485,0937.761,85759331.932,45065226.613,102
65 years and under and upwards41832076.5673836449.321,10237834.301,480
Unspecified114-16-14.0498-40-40.825864110.34122
All ages65,57821,16132.2786,73919,29822.25106,03722,49621.22128,533

Where a decrease has taken place, a minus sign (-) is prefixed to the Numerical or Centesimal Decrease.

The periods of ages shown in this Table are not, perhaps, the best that could be selected; but being those used in the Censuses prior to 1874, they are the only ones possible in a Comparative Table.

Chapter 6. PROPORTIONS PER CENT. AT VARIOUS AGE PERIODS AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUSES.

Table II. TABLE II. - Showing (exclusive of Maoris) the Proportions per Cent, of the Persons, Males, and Females'at each Age Period to the Total of all Ages at the last four Censuses.

Census Periods.Proportions per Cent, of each Age to the Total of all Ages.
Under 5 Years.5 and under 10.10 and under 1515 and under 21.21 and under 40.40 and under 5555 and under 6565 and upwards.
December, 1864:-
Persons15.5410.837.698.844.539.762.19.63
Males12.788.946.427.6650.9010.412.27.62
Females20.0I13.889.7410.7534.218.712.06.64
December, 1867:-
Persons17.1811.347.868.0242.649.922.18.86
Males14.489.546.776.6948.4910°952.22.86
Females21.2614.059.5010.0433.798.362.14.85
February, 1871:-
Persons18.1912.758.647.8838.1510.872.441.08
Males15.5610.947.596.7543.0212.492.541.11
Females21.9O15.311O.129.4831.268.582.311.04
March, 1874:-
Persons17.3614.499.658.7933.1612.682.651.22
Males15.3112.788.587.8336.2915.112.831.27
Females20.0716.7511.0710.0729.019.462.421.15.

In consequence of the ages of the Chinese population not having been separately shown at the previous Censuses, it has been found impossible to distinguish them in this and the following Comparative Table.

The totals of all specified ages have been used as a basis in working certain tables of calculations in this division of the book. The fact of the number of the unspecified as to age being very insignificant, rendered it unnecessary to make a special mention of them throughout, and the proportions given by the above system are more nearly absolutely correct than if the calculations had been based on the total number, including the unspecified.

Chapter 7. PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES AT VARIOUS AGE PERIODS AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUSES.

Table III. TABLE III. - Showing (exclusive of Maoris) the Proportions of Males and Females in every 100 of the Population at each Age Period as returned at the last, four Censuses.

Census Periods.Proportions of the Sexes in every 100 Persons living at each Age Period.
All Ages.Under 5 Years.5 and under 1010 and under 1515 and under 2121 and under 4040 and under 5555 and under 6565 and upwards.
December, 1864:-
Males61.8050.8151.0551.6l53.5470.6565.9064.126l.I2
Females38.2049.1948.9548.3946.4629.3534.1035.8838.88
December, 1867 :-
Males6o.2050.7350.6651.8650.1968.4666.4860.9960.45
Females39.8049.2749.3448.1449.8131.5433.5239.0139.55
February, 1871:-
Males58.6250.1750.3151.4950.2266.1060.3560.8660.14
Females41.3849.8349.6948.5149.7833.9032.6539.1439.86
March, 1874:-
Males57.0450.3250.3350.7150.8162.4267.9660.8259.46
Females42.9649.6849.6749.2949.1937.5832.0439.1840.54

Chapter 8. PROPORTIONS PER CENT. AT EACH QUINQUENNIAL AGE PERIOD.

Table IV. TABLE IV. - Showing (exclusive of Chinese and Maoris) the Proportions per Cent, of the Persons, Males, and Females at each Quinquennial Period of Age to the Total of all Ages, on the Ist March, 1874.

Ages.Proportions per Cent, of each Age to the Total of all Ages.
Persons.Males.Females.
All ages100.00100.00100.00
Under 5 years17.6415.7520.07
5 years to 10 years14.7213.1516.75
10 years to 15 years9.808.8211.07
15 years to 20 years7.326.488.42
20 years to 25 years7.376.838.08
25 years to 30 years8.468.628.26
30 years to 35 years9.8711.218.13
35 years to 40 years8.309.936.19
40 years to 45 years6.297.674.52
45 years to 50 years3.594.272.70
50 years to 55 years2.723.082.24
55 years to 60 years1.551.691.37
60 years to 65 years1.131.191.05
65 years to 70 years.60.64.54
70 years to 75 years.42.45.38
75 years to 80 years.15.15.15
80 years to and upwards.07.07.08

It will be noticed that the Chinese are excluded from this and the following Table.

Chapter 9. PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES AT EACH QUINQUENNIAL AGE PERIOD.

Table V. TABLE V. - Showing (exclusive of Chinese and Maoris) the Proportions of Males and. Females in every 100 of the Population at each Quinquennial Period of Age, on the 1st March, 1874.

Age.Proportions of Sexes In every 100 Persons Living at each Age Period.
Male.Females.
All ages56.3443.66
Under 5 years50.3249.68
5 years to 10 years50.3349.67
10 years to 15 years50.6949.31
15 years to 20 years49.8150.19
20 years to 25 years52.1847.82
25 years to 30 years57.374.63
30 years to 35 years64.0135.99
35 years to 40 years67.4332.57
40 years to 45 years68.6531.35
45 years to 50 years67.1432.86
5O years to 55 years63.9636.04
55 years to 60 years61.4038.60
60 years to 65 years59.5140.49
65 years to 70 years60.7339.27
70 years to 75 years60.3439.66
75 years to 80 years56.2243.78
80 years to and upwards50.7049.30

Chapter 10. GENERAL SUMMERY, INCLUSIVE AND EXCLUSIVE OF CHINESE.

Table VI. TABLE VI. - Showing the Number of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), living at each Period of Age, inclusive and exclusive of Chinese; also, the Number of the Chinese, according to the Census of 1874.

Ages.Numbers.
Inclusive of Chinese.Chinese.Exclusive or Chinese.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
* In answer to an inquiry, the Secretary to the Benevolent Asylum at Caversham gives the following particulars relative to this case of extreme age:-“A native of Tahiti; no authentic record of age but his own statement; was a very old man in appearance, and repeatedly stated that he remembered Captain Cook being at Tahiti.”
All ages299,514170,981128,5334,8164,8142294,698166,167128,531
Specified ages298,917170,506128,4114,7994,7972294,118165,709128,409
Under 1 year11,4265,8505,576.........11,4265,8505,576
1 year to 2 years8,9894,4924,497.........8,9894,4924,497
2 years to 3 years10,5835,3885,195.........10,5835,3885,195
3 years to 4 years10,5935,2605,333.........10,5935,2605,333
4 years to 5 years10,2975,1215,176.........10,2975,1215,176
5 years to 6 years9,8684,9334,935.........9,8684,9334,935
6 years to 7 years9,2174,6854,532.........9,2174,6854,532
7 years to 8 years8,9734,5104,463.........8,9734,5104,463
8 years to 9 years8,0634,0154,048.........8,0634,0154,048
9 years to 10 years7,1823,6523,530.........7,1823,6523,530
10 years to 11 years6,7303,4363,29411...6,7293,4353,294
11 years to 12 years5,7952,9272,86811...5,7942,9262,868
12 years to 13 years5,8092,8942,91533...5,8062,8912,915
13 years to 14 years5,2932,7042,58911...5,2922,7032,589
14 years to 15 years5,2172,6672,55077...5,2102,6602,550
15 years to 20 years21,73010,91710,813188187121,54210,73010,812
20 years to 21 years4,5472,4342,113172172...4,3752,2622,113
21 years to 25 years18,0259,7728,253725725...17,3009,0478,253
25 years to 30 years25,94515,33610,6091,0561,056...24,88914,28010,609
30 years to 35 years30,11119,66810,4431,0951,095...29,01618,57310,443
35 years to 40 years25,03917,0917,948638638...24,40116,4537,948
40 years to 45 years19,00613,2035,803494494...18,51212,7095,803
45 years to 50 years10,7797,3123,467231230110,5487,0823,466
50 years to 55 years8,1315,2522,879142142...7,9895,1102,879
55 years to 60 years4,5862,8271,7592929...4,5572,7981,759
60 years to 65 years3,3321,9891,3431515...3,3171,9741,343
65 years to 70 years1,7521,064688.........1,7521,064688
70 years to 75 years1,23474548911...1,233744489
75 years to 80 years450253197.........450253197
80 years to 81 years441925.........441925
81 years to 82 years21165.........21165
82 years to 83 years221012.........221012
83 years to 84 years301515.........301515
84 years to 85 years291613.........291613
85 years to 86 years1468.........1468
86 years to 87 years1266.........1266
87 years to 88 years954.........954
88 years to 89 years743.........743
89 years to 90 years936.........936
90 years to 91 years615.........615
91 years to 92 years211.........211
92 years to 93 years11............11...
93 years to 94 years...........................
94 years to 95 years312.........312
95 years to 96 years211.........211
96 years to 97 years22............22...
97 years to 98 years...........................
98 years to 99 years...........................
99 years to 100 years...........................
100 years to 101 years...........................
103 years to11............11...
116* years to11............11...
Unspecified5974751221717...580458122

Chapter 11. GENERAL SUMMARY, INCLUSIVE AND EXCLUSIVE OF CHINESE.-PROPORTIONS PER CENT.

Table VII. TABLE VII. - Showing the Proportions per Cent, of Persons, Males, and Females living at: each Period of Age to the Total at all Ages in regard to the Population, inclusive and exclusive of Chinese, and exclusive of Maoris; also, Proportions for the Chinese.

Age.Proportions per Cent.
Inclusive of Chinese.Chinese.Exclusive or Chinese.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
All ages100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00
Under 1 year3.823.434.34.........3.883.534.34
1 year to 2 years3.012.633.50.........3.062.713.50
2 years to 3 years3.543.164.05.........3.603.254.05
3 years to 4 years3.543.094.15.........3.603.174.15
4 years to 5 years3.453.004.03.........3.503.094.03
5 years to 6 years3.302.893.84.........3.362.983.84
6 years to years3.082.753.53.........3.132.833.53
7 years to 8 years3.002.653.48.........3.052.723.48
8 years to 9 years2.702.353.15.........2.742.423.15
9 years to 10 years2.402.142.75.........2.442.202.75
10 years to 11 years2.252.022.56.02.02...2.292.072.56
11 years to 12 years1.941.722.23.02.02...1.971.772.23
12 years to 13 years1.941.702.27.06.06...1.971.742.27
13 years to 14 years1.771.592.02.02.02...1.801.632.02
14 years to 15 years1.751.561.99.15.15...1.771.611.99
15 years to 20 years7.276.408.423.923.9050.007.326.488.42
20 years to 21 years1.521.431.653.583.59...1.491.371.65
21 years to 25 years6.035.736.4315.1115.11...5.885.466.43
25 years to 30 years8.688.998.2622.0122.01...8.468.628.26
30 years to 35 years10.0711.548.1322.8222.83...9.8711.218.13
35 years to 40 years8.3810.026.1913.3013.30...8.309.936.19
40 years to 45 years6.367.744.5210.2910.30...6.297.674.52
45 years to 50 years3.614.292.704.814.8050.003.594.272.70
50 years to 55 years2.723.082.242.962.96...2.723.082.24
55 years to 60 years2.721.661.37.60.60...1.551.691.37
60 years to 65 years1.121.171.05.31.31...1.131.191.05
65 years to 70 years.59.62.54..........60.64.54
70 years to 75 years.41.44.38.02.02....42.45.38
75 years to 80 years.15.15.15..........15.15.15
80 and upwards.07.06.08..........07.07.08

Chapter 12. General Summary, Inclusive And Exclusive Of Chinese.-Proportions Of The Sexes

Table VIII. TABLE VIII. - Showing the relative Proportions of Males and Females in every 100 Persons living at each Age in regard to the Population, inclusive and exclusive of Chinese, and exclusive of Maoris; also, Proportions for the Chinese.

Age.Proportions of the Sexes in every 100 Persons living.
Inclusive of Chinese.Chinese.Exclusive or Chinese.
Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.
All ages.57.0442.9699.96.0456.3443.66
Under 1 year51.2048.80......51.2048.80
1 year to 2 years49.9750.03......49.9750.03
2 years to 3 years50.9149.09......50.9149.09
3 years to 4 years49.6650.34......49.6650.34
4 years to 5 years49.7350.27......49.7350.27
5 years to 6 years49.9950.01......49.9950.01
6 years to 7 years50.8349.17......50.8349.17
7 years to 8 years50.2649.74......50.2649.74
8 years to 9 years49.8050.20......49.8050.20
9 years to 10 years50.8549.15......50.8549.15
10 years to 11 years51.0548.95100.00...51.0548.95
11 years to 12 years50.5149.49100.00...50.5049.50
12 years to 13 years49.8250.18100.00...49.7950.21
13 years to 14 years51.0948.91100.00...51.0848.92
14 years to 15 years51.1248.88100.00...51.0648.94
15 years to 20 years50.2449.7699.47.5349.8150.19
20 years to 21 years53.5346.47100.00...51.7048.30
21 years to 25 years54.2145.79100.00...52.2947.71
25 years to 30 years59.1140.89100.00...57.3742.63
30 years to 35 years65.3234.68100.00...64.0135.99
35 years to 40 years68.2631.74100.00...67.4332.57
40 years to 45 years69.4730.53100.00...68.6531.35
45 years to 50 years67.8432.1699.57.4367.1432.86
50 years to 55 years64.5935.41100.00...63.9636.04
55 years to 60 years61.6438.36100.00...61.4038.60
60 years to 65 years59.6940.31100.00...59.5140.49
65 years to 70 years60.7339.27......60.7339.27
70 years to 75 years60.3739.63100.00...60.3439.66
75 years to 80 years56.2243.78......56.2243.78
80 and upwards50.7049.30......50.7049.30

Chapter 13. THE COLONY, CITIES AND TOWNS, AND OUTSIDE.-NUMBERS.

Table IX. TABLE IX. - Showing the Number of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) at each Quinquennial Period of Age living in the Colony of New Zealand, in the Cities and Towns having a Population of 500 and upwards, and outside such Cities and Towns.

Age.Numbers living in-
The Colony.Cities and Towns having a Population of 500 and upwards..Outside Cities and Towns.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
All ages299,514170,981128,533105,21354,76550,448194,301116,21678,085
Specified ages298,917170,506128,411105,07954,68150,398193,838115,82578,013
Under 5 years51,88826,11125,77718,5779,2599,3l833,31116,852l6,459
5 years to 10 years43,30321,79521,50815,7217,9127,80927,58213,88313,699
10 years to 15 years28,84414,62814,21610,8658,2495,6l617,9799,3798,600
15 years to 20 years21,73010,91710,8138,3753,7744,60113,3557,1436,212
20 years to 25 years22,57212,20610,3668,1523,6394,51314,4208,5675,853
25 years to 30 years25,94515,33610,6098,7744,3174,45717,17111,0196,152
30 years to 35 years30,11119,66810,4439,6235,4694,15420,48814,1996,289
35 years to 40 years25,03917,0917,9488,2724,9873,28516,76712,1044,663
40 years to 45 years19,00613,2035,8036,3493,9902,35912,6579,2133,444
45 years to 50 years10,7797,3123,4673,6602,2681,3927,1195,0442,075
50 years to 55 years8,1315,2522,8792,7281,6161,1125,4033,6361,767
55 years to 60 years4,5862,8271,7591,5348646703,0521,9631,089
60 years to 65 years3,3321,9891,3431,1556245312,1771,365812
65 years to 70 years1,7521,0646886303582721,122706416
70 years to 75 years1,234745489431248183803497306
75 years to 80 years4502531971466878304185119
80 years to and upwards2151091068739481287058
Unspecified597475122134845046339172

The Numbers for the Colony are the addition of the Town and Outside Town Populations. Details of the Population of the Towns will be found in Table XVI.

Chapter 14. THE COLONY, CITIES AND TOWNS, AND OUTSIDE.-PRO PORTIONS PER CENT.

Table X. TABLE X. - Showing (exclusive of Maoris) the Proportions per Cent, of Persons, Males, and Females at each Quinquennial Period of Age to the Total at all Ages living in the" Colony of New-Zealand,. in Cities and Towns having a Population of 500 Persons and upwards, and outside such Cities and Towns.

Age.Proportions per Cent of those living in-
The Colony.Cities and Towns having a Population of 500 and upwards..Outside Cities and Towns.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
All ages100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00
Under 5 years17.3615.3120.0817.6816.9318.4917.1814.5521.10
5 years to 10 years14.4912.7816.7514.9614.4715.4914.2311.9917.56
10 years to 15 years9.658.5811.0710.349.6011.149.288.1011.02
15 years to 20 years7.276.408.427.976.909.136.896.177.96
20 years to 25 years7.557.168.077.766.668.967.447.407.50
25 years to 30 years8.688.998.268.357.908.848.869.517.89
30 years to 35 years10.0711.548.139.1610.008.2410.5712.268.06
35 years to 40 years8.3810.026.197.879.126.528.6510.455.98
40 years to 45 years6.367.744.526.047.304.686.537.954.42
45 years to 50 years3.614.292.703.484.152.763.674.352.66
50 years to 55 years2.723.092.242.602.962.212.793.142.27
55 years to 60 years1.531.661.371.461.581.331.571.691.40
60 years to 65 years1.111.171.051.101.141.051.121.181.04
65 years to 70 years.59.62.54.60.65.54.58.61.53
70 years to 75 years.41.44.38.41.45.36.41.43.39
75 years to 80 years.15.15.15.14.12.16.16.16.15
80 years to and upwards.07.06.08.08.07.10.07.06.07

Chapter 15. THE COLONY, CITIES AND TOWNS, AND OUTSIDE.-PROPORTIONS OP THE SEXES. ;

Table XI. TABLE XI. - Showing (exclusive of Maoris) the Relative Proportions of Males and Females in every 100 Persons of Both Sexes, at Quinquennial Periods of Age, living in the Colony of New Zealand, in the Cities and Towns having a Population of 500 and upwards, and outside such Cities and Towns.

Ages.Proportions of the Sexes in every 100 Persons living in-
The Colony.Cities and Towns having a Population of 500 and upwards.Outside Cities and Towns.
Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.
All ages57.442.9652.0447.9659.7540.25
Under 5 years50.3249.6849.8450.1650.5949.41
5 years to 10 years50.3349.675.3349.6750.3349.67
10 years to 15 years50.7149.2948.3151.6952.1747.83
15 years to 20 years50.2449.7645.0654.9453.4946.51
20 years to 25 years54.0845.9244.6455.3659.4140.59
25 years to 30 years59.1140.8949.2050.8064.1735.83
30 years to 35 years65.3234.6856.8343.1769.3030.70
35 years to 40 years68.263i.7460.2939.7172.1927.81
40 years to 45 years69.4730.5362.8437.1672.7927.21
45 years to 50 years67.8432.1661.9738.0370.8529.IS
50 years to 55 years64.5935.4i59.2440.7667.3032.70
55 years to 60 years61.6438.3656.3243.6864.3235.68
60 years to 65 years59.6940.3154.0345.9762.7037.30
65 years to 70 years60.7339.2756.8343.x762.9237.08
70 years to 75 years60.3739.6357.5442.4661.8938.11
75 years to 80 years56.2243.7846.5853.4260.8639.14
80 years and upwards50.7049.3044.8355.I754.6945.31

Chapter 16. GOLD FIELDS.-NUMBERS AND PROPORTIONS.

Table XII. TABLE XII. - Showing, in Quinquennial Periods of Age, the Number of Persons, Males, and Females living on the Gold Fields; the Proportion per Cent, of the Numbers at each Age to the Total Population at all Ages; and the Proportions of Males and Females in every 100 Persons living at each Age Period..

Ages.Population on the Gold Fields.
Numbers.Proportions per Cent.Proportion of the Sexes in every 100 Persons living.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Males.Females.
All ages49,15232,86516,287.........66.8633.4
All specified ages49,08032,80316,287100.00100.00100.0066.8433.16
Under years7,8483,9573,89115,91912.0723.9050.4249.58
5 years to 10 years5,4252,6972,72811.058.2216.7649.7150.29
10 years to 15 years2,9271,4781.4495,1964.518.9015°15149.51
15 years to 20 years2,0921,1379554.263.475.8754.3545.65
20 years to 25 years3,3162,0911,2256.766.377.5363.0636.94
25 years to 30 years5,2003,5411,65910.6010.7910.1968.1031.90
30 years to 35 years7,2775,5911,68614.8317.410.3676.8323.17
35 years to 40 years6,2055,0271,17812.6415.337.2451.0218.98
40 years to 45 years4,4373,7636749.141.474.1484.8115#19
45 years to 50 years2,1071,7643434295.382.1183.7216.28
50 years to 55 years1,2771,0402372.003.171.4681.4418.56
55 years to 60 years463355108.9410.8.6676.6723.33
60 years to 65 years28220874.57.63.4573.7626.24
65 years to 70 years1168135.24.25.2I69.8330.17
70 years to 75 years815427.17.16.1766.6733.33
75 years to 80 years23167.05.05.0469.5730.43
80 years to and upwards431.01.01.0175.0025.00

Details of the Population of the Gold Fields will be found in Table XVII.

Chapter 17. REPRESENTATION.

Table XIII. TABLE XIII. - Showing, in each Electoral District, the Number of Representatives, the Number of Electors, the Total Population at all Ages, the Male Population (exclusive of Chinese) at all Ages, and over 21 Years of Age; also, the1 Number of Males over 21 Years of Age to a Representative and to an Elector, and the Total Number of Persons and the. Total Number of Males to each Male over 21 Years of Age (exclusive of Maoris).

Electoral District.Number of RepresentativesNumber of Electors.Total Population at all AgesMale Population (exclusive of Chinese) at all Ages.Male Population (exclusive of Chinese) over 21 Years of Age.Males (exclusive of Chinese) over 21 Years of Age, toTo each Male over 21 Years of Age (exclusive of Chinese).
A Representative.An Elector.Total Number of Persons.Total Number of Males.
Mongonui Bay of Islands15152,5151,445727727.01.413.461.99
Marsden19914,0322,3191,1601,160.01.173.482.00
Rodney16602,6631,507738738.01.123.612.04
Waitemata11,0462,2781,319736736.00.703.101.79
Auckland City East19394,0872,1711,1491,149.01.223,56189
Auckland City West21,9218,6884,47.2,1681,084.01.134.012.06
Parnell26123,9761,957922922.01.514.312.12
Newton11,2394,8392,3931,037l,037.O0.844672.31
Town of Onehunga14.62,044987466466.01124.392.12
Eden17344,2062,1711,1191,11901.523.761.94
Franklin21,5157,9154,2662,0281,01401.343.93210
Waikato17724,5582,8971,701I,701.02.202.68170
Thames13,46612,2396,9463,8043,804.01.103.221.83
East Coast16572,8421,7551,0861,086.01.65262162
Town of New Plymouth13972,0441,0185°5505.01.274.052.02
Grey and Bell15201,806996466466.00.903.882.14
Egmont14091,6131,027585585.01.432.76176
Wanganui17984,9072,6881,3611,361.01.713.61198
Rangitikei13962,3291,344711711.01.8o3.28189
Manawatu1.3781,7911,066612612.01622931.74
Wairarapa26524,6292,7151,428714.02.193.241.90
Hutt14572,496.,359674674.01.473.702.02
Wellington Country16202,8981,540687687.01.ii4.222.34
City of Wellington11,49810,5475,34.2,6121,306.01.744.042.04
Napier16595,6253,1091,7101,710.02.593.291.82
Clive...1,3573,4662.1771,3111,311.0367264166
Wairau15°o2,7501,620840840.01683.281.93
Picton14872,7751,631880880.01813.151.85
Suburbs of Nelson1299»,899962414414.01.384592.32
City of Nelson17565,6622,7641,215607.51.60114662.27
Waimea13542,1641,2466756,7501.913.211.85
Motueka15582,7721,43659°59°.o1064.70243
Collingwood12591,306766423423.01633.09181
Buller11,5824,8863,3582,5462,546.01611.921.32
Grey Valley17668,2045,0143,7933,793.04.952161.32
Hokitika1.0357,0273,9852,5712,571.02482.731.55
Totara1»432,7931,6981,1971,197.08372.331.42
Cheviot1267.,253847559559.02092.241.52
Ashley16604,2842,4151,1581,158.01,753.7°2.09
Kaiapoi15895,2102,7531,2331,233.02.09423223
Lyttelton12642,9741,612878878.03.33339184
Christchurch City East11,1947,7654,0132,0102,010.01683862.00
Christchurch City West11,2819,.944,6752,1972,197.01724182.13
Avon145031.481,853815815.01.814272.27
Heathcote18516,1013,1791,4981,498.01764.072.12
Selwyn16743,882,2251.1381,138.01693.41.06
Akaroa13543,1331,709788788.02.233.982.17
Coleridge15113,2902,1221,3041,30402.552.52163
Timaru17645,9583,3161,8021,802.02363.31184
Gladstone13332,6171,6611,0951,095.03292.391.S2
Waitaki...6567,9475,1433,3623,362.05.132361.53
Dunstan17633,5151,9231,2661,266.01662.781,152
Mount Ida13442,6881.532991991.02.882711.55
Waikouaiti15343.2491,8531,0121,012.01.903.21183
Port Chalmers15°33.0851,587767767.01.524.022.07
City of Dunedin13,24218,4999,4414,7362,368.01.463911,99
Roslyn17604,2772,112840840.01.11511°92.51
Caversham16094,4002,3051,0551,055.01,1734.172.18
Taieri16174,5552,6381,3491,349°2193.381.96
Bruce (or Tokomairiro)17554,4292,3751,2101,2l6.01613641.95
Tuapeka1°34,7972,4551,3241,324.01.103621.85
Clutha14833,1201,80997197.02.01321186
Wakaia14342,5711,240814814.01.883.161.67
Wakatipu11,1104,6872,3441,7011,701.01.532761.38
Mataura11,0114,7462,6371,2481,248.01,1233.802.11
Riverton16493,0541,779941941.01453.25189
Invercargill1.4892,4791,286651651.01.333.811.98
Wallace11031,453942649649.06302.241.45
Total (exclusive of the Population on Shipboard)7451,8l3296,018163,24588,0151,18941.703.361.85

There are besides the above.mentioned Electoral Districts four (4) under “The Maori Representation Act, 1867,” making the Total Number of Members in the House of Representatives 78.

Chapter 18. GENERAL SUMMARY BY PROVINCES.

Table XIV. TABLE XIV. - Showing the number of persons, males and females (exclusive of Maoris), in each province.

Provinces.All Ages.Under 1 Year.1-2.2-3.3-4.4-5.5-6.6-7.7-8.8-9.9-10.10-11.11-12.12-13.13-14.14-15.15-20.20-21.21-25.25-30.30-35.35-40.40-45.45-50.50-55.55-60.60-65.65-70.70-75.75-80.80 and upwardsUnspecified.
Total of New Zealand :-
 Males170,9815,8504,4925,3885,2605,1214,9334,6854,5104,0153,6523,4362,9272,8942,7042,66710,9172,4349,77215,33619,66817,09113,2037,3125,2522,8271,9891,064745253109475
 Females128,5335,5764,4975,1955,3335,1764,9354,5324,4634,0483,5303,2942,8682,9152,5892,55010,8132,1138,25310,60910,4437,9485,8033,4672,8791,7591,343688489197106122
Total299,51411,4268,98910,58310,59310,2979,8689,2178,9738,0637,1825,7305,7955,8095,2935,21721,7304,54718,02525,94530,11125,03919,00610,7798,1314,5863,3321,7521,234450215597
Auckland:-
 Males37,1061,3421,0501,1781,2431,1451,0571,0881,0848888008106917196537352,7905212,0043,0433,7703,0522,4201,5871,394736568372265864273
 Females30,3451,1661,0121,1131,2201,1511,0841,0071,0219587737066627046566412,8765461,9512,3622,3121,7981,4529278715113971981486835l9
Total67,4512,5082,0622,2912,4632,2962,1412,0952,1051,8461,5731,5161,3531,4231,3091,3765,6661,0673,9555,4056,0824,8503,8722,5142,1651,2479655704131547792
Taranaki:-
 Males3,0431039575107941018288756768734948482614516321329224321812510271613124966
 Females2,42293851139282996491735864535057482484016018315411911269715040252045...
Total5,465196180188199176200146179148125132126991059650985323396446362330194173121101564413116
Wellington :-
 Males16,2465774285825315224904864354103783532873033053001,2992651,0381,4491,5601,24496666151733022812680371841
 Females13,5446203835375015464844324384173823433373472843151,3852609731,1049276605593813152001989069191325
Total29,7901,1978111,1191,0321,0689749188738277606966246505896152,6845252,0112,5532,4871,9041,5251,042832530426216149563166
Hawke's Bay:-
 Males5,4161911411731591521401311331091091138677757228186382550689539376207152826920225392
 Females3,812170128165161149146159127125102898685677029670289338340222164846127331762331
Total9,2283612693383203012862902602342112021721621421425771561678881,029761540291213109102372876123
Marlborough:-
 Males3,65912588126911121111048610075806256576528664243344360331275130130534828144110
 Females2,4861111001141081279510710172666556625352213301651861721361045357402112431...
Total6,14523618824019923920621118717214114511811811011749994408530532467379183187936940187210

Table XIV. Showing the number of persons, males and females (exclusive of Maoris), in each province.

Provinces.All Ages.Under 1 Year.1-2.2-3.3-4.4-5.5-6.6-7.7-8.8-9.9-10.10-11.11-12.12-13.13-14.14-15.15-20.20-21.21-25.25-30.30-35.35-40.40-45.45-50.50-55.55-60.60-65.65-70.70-75.75-80.80 and upwardsUnspecified.
Nelson:-
 Males13,5453612983853453703383482592412392332152052112087491545791,1311,8861,6691,3316394482421671006724895
 Females9,0134143043543663343253062662652462462292212122027821315517876395163982431991591178362241418
Total22,5387756027397117046636545255064854794444264234101,5312851,1301,9182,5252,1851,7298826474012841831294822113
Westland:-
 Males9,47327018526925023922015915114013593100906679275783848471,6351,5981,175535271110611912...126
 Females5,387306221258302228205198169124991158610680712837232960861245823210658222194...14
Total14,8605764065275524674253573202642342081861961461505581507131,4552,2472,0561,407641329132822816...230
Canterbury:-
 Males32,2941,2789441,0871,0811,0401,0299609288337987236295946275122,1244731,8992,8913,5462,9262,1271,167858509333143104371084
 Females26,4811,1479441,0721,0661,0741,0859779558557637136095845395202,1144431,7372,1792,1781,6731,15773053935723710177261317
Total58,7752,4251,8882,1592,1472,1142,1141,9371,8831,6881,5611,4361,2381,1781,1661,0324,2389163,6365,0705,7244,5993,2841,8971,3978665702441816323101
Otago:-
 Males50,1211,6021,2631,5111,4521,4461,4461,3271,3461,2181,0499637817996606472,8457463,0774,8595,9225,4894,3062,2571,478691452224157502047
 Females34,9921,5441,3191,4681,5l61,4831,4101,2821,2931,1591,0419507507556406312,6105192,0932,8583,1052,3621,6238737073912791539951217
Total85,1133,1462,5822,9792,9682,9292,8562,6092,6392,3772,0901,9131,5311,5541,3001,2785,4551,2655,17o7,7179,0277,8425,9293,1302,1851,0827313772561014154
Chatham, Islands:-
 Males781...2111......12...3221723989942321...1...1
 Females51511122...2......3...11...6254442112...............1
Total129613233...2123333113481312131153521...1...2

Chapter 19. SUMMERY BY ELECTORAL DISTRICTS.

Table XV. Showing the Ages of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Electoral District.

Electoral Districts and Shipping.All Ages.Total under 21.Total over 21.Unspecified.Under 5 Years.5 and under 10.10 and under 15.15 and under 20.20 and under 21.21 and under 25.25 and under 30.30 and under 35.35 and under 40.40 and under 45.45 and under 50.50 and under 55.55 and under 60.60 and under 65.65 and under 70.70 and under 75.75 and under 80.80 and upwards.Unspecified.
Total :-
 Males170,90375,85994,57047426,10621,79114,62010,9102,4339,76915,32719,66017,08213,1947,3085,2502,8241,9871,063745252109474
 Females128,48274,40053,96112125,76721,50414,21110,8072,1118,24810,60510,4397,9445,8013,4662,8781,7571,343688489197106121
Total299,385150,259148,53159551,87343,29528,83121,7174,54318,01725,93230,09925,02618,99510,7748,1284,5813,3301,7571,234449215595
Mongonui and Bay of Islands:-
 Males1,445713727525521013098206911912612189554735261591155
 Females1,0706494201195185145107176192836441241615658411
Total2,5151,3621,1476450395275205371302112091851307963503220171566
Marsden :-
 Males2,3191,1571,1602348335250190341251752301471389877604224211672
 Females1,7139987141331286213141279510211798886453203413141241
Total4,0322,1551,8743679621463331612202773472452261621308076373528113
Rodney:-
 Males1,5077637386257192153139227111111510012056694221218136
 Females1,15670345212352091281131866647858573347211672211
Total2,6631,4661,1907492401281252401371751931581778911663372810347
Waitemata: -                       
 Males1,3195807363188128142107159310611610796605732291718323
 Females959533426...15315410310122607667564440312416732......
Total2,2781,1131,1623341282245208371531821831631401008856452421523
Auckland City East:-
 Males2,1751,0141,153831927422416433125181211185162958646301511338
 Females1,9121,01689242922572172143613717414712210962603320108554
Total4,0872,0302,0451261153144137869262355358307271157146795025198812
Auckland City West:-
 Males4,4732,3012,17027266195023965825433138632529117416094654330892
 Females4,2152,3111,90136726444824357828436331423922114813978542620963
Total8,6884,6124,07151,3981,263984831136538694700564512322299172119695017155

Table XV. Showing the Ages of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Electoral District.

Electoral Districts and Shipping.All Ages.Total under 21.Total over 21.Unspecified.Under 5 Years.5 and under 10.10 and under 15.15 and under 20.20 and under 21.21 and under 25.25 and under 30.30 and under 35.35 and under 40.40 and under 45.45 and under 50.50 and under 55.55 and under 60.60 and under 65.65 and under 70.70 and under 75.75 and under 80.80 and upwards.Unspecified.
Parnell:-
Males1,9571,034922133429022215731831291651291038456485124331341
Females2,0191,061957131027620522842159178153118104596238441919221
Total3,9762,0951,879264456642738573242307318247207143118869543521562
Newton:-
Males2,3931,3551,03714763922671863491136205158137997949412114521
Females2,4461,3861,0573429391293230431511771851361357775532416131143
Total4,8392,7412,0944905783560416772423133902942721761541026537271664
Town of Onehunga:-
Males987521466...177142105801746556257634136251632249......
Females1,057578479...1791551211012258736152603738372717865...
Total2,0441,099945....35629722618139104128123109123787462434932155...
Eden:-
Males2,1711,0481,1194329278237164408916120515112411110453513920834
Females2,0351,14788713253122292433812914514411190746835462217421
Total4,2062,1952,006565459046640778218306349262214185172889761371255
Frankl1n:-
Males4,2662,2342,02847386904573074215427037831624818017799836944734
Females3,6992,2101,48817946534133034718421628819916912611867583620611
Total7,9654,4443,5l651,5321,34387061089338486666515417306295166141105641345
Wa1kato:-
Males2,8971,1921,701439229221024256242307342281196142874237196  4
Females1,661999660236426317117031126122105103744536221283132
Total4,5582,1912,3616756555381412873684294473842701871236449279136
Thames:-
Males6,9493,1343,80781,1728875724198434366290574348130319666592423118
Females5,2903,0682,22111,14688554239897344463488372219114110523311114...1
Total12,2396,2026,02892,3181,7731,1148171816871,1251,3931,115700417306118923534519
East Coast:-
Males1,7556651,0864243182129951613620123317914071534415941...4
Females1,087623464 232169106882895116776839241816712 1...
Total2,8421,2881,55044753512351834423131731024717995716022106114
Town of New Plymouth :-
Males1,020512507116316010277104051726980554132301710641
Females1,024562462 15316012010821627057644642362621171524...
Total2,0441,074969131632022218531102121129133126977758513425881
Grey and Bell:-
Males996530466 165151112891357669266643431171861122...
Females812499313 169143878515425762304212231815732......
Total1,8081,029779 33429419917428991231549610646543533131442...
Egmont:-
Males1,027437585514610272952266961281087436302213831...5
Females586349237 1438265554565635252415126412...1...
Total1,613786822528918413715026122152163133985142281795115
Wanganui:-
Males2,6891,3261,3621445338271215571531952672081941358069291613211
Females2,2181,29891914293282612404016218416396114626625249113...1
Total4,9072,6242,28128746665324559731537943030430819714694532524512
Rangitikei:-
Males1,3446287115208168127108177012311912289595131171110725
Females9856173662186192122102155767704140361911968 22
Total2,3291,2451,077739436024921032127190189163129957042261718747
Manawatu:-
Males1,067452613216113290541559126147110683828151245...12
Females72444727611801267854944746141151488521121
Total1,791899889334125816810824103200208151835236231766133
Wairarapa:-
Males2,7161,2811,429642833823523248187289268220155105795740173456
Females1,9131,201710239433925117542119144130936846422426105212
Total4,6292,4822,1398822677486407903064333983l32231511218166278668
Hutt:-
Males1,359685674...2131991351152310211510387694644373521762...
Females1,137658479...21218313511414867870515031263127111233...
Total2,4961,3431,153...4253822702293718819317313811977706862321995...

Table XV. Showing the Ages of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Electoral District.

Electoral Districts and Shipping.All Ages.Total under 21.Total over 21.Unspecified.Under 5 Years.5 and under 10.10 and under 15.15 and under 20.20 and under 21.21 and under 25.25 and under 30.30 and under 35.35 and under 40.40 and under 45.45 and under 50.50 and under 55.55 and under 60.60 and under 65.65 and under 70.70 and under 75.75 and under 80.80 and upwards.Unspecified.
Wellington Country :-
Males1,540853687...2772321781432384129117816963572327151372...
Females1,358836522...2692301911242284996262535037262510932...
Total2,8981,6891,209...546462369267451682281791431221139449522522104...
City of Wellington :-
Males5,3442,7022,61527906792511416773484365063933012051769766422911527
Females5,2032,9532,23119917755588575118418457370276219142117758242237319
Total10,5475,6554,846461,8231,5471,099991195766893876669520347293172148845218846
Napier:-
Males3,1121,3851,713144944082681714422729137829521411170484315154214
Females2,5131,4721,03564984342752135219623021415492543714241442...6
Total5,6252,8572,7482099284254338496423521592449306165107626729196220
Clive :-
Males2,1778311,311353222131551033813824429323515890793426571135
Females1,289722550172752241228318931071266872302413932...317
Total3,4661,5531,86152597437277186562313514193032301201034735891452
Wairau:-
Males1,620775840522622114114938102175144136116464927241173...5
Females1,131699432...248189142107137586745839262823138...2......
Total2,7511,4741,272547441028325651177261218194155727750371975...5
Picton:-
Males1,631746880...2612071481062410513116315412465702023167115
Females1,144696448...2672121278010758386675525241774311...
Total2,7751,4421,328552841927518634180214249221179909437302010225
Suburbs of Nelson :-
Males9625474141160147129951644525449493730422122122...1
Females937555382...14615314210014486742423533302912171773...
Total1,8991,10279613063002711953092119969184706071333929931
City of Nelson :-
Males2,7651,5441,2165477448367226261281491671851951199856543025645
Females2,8971,6541,2394490433408281421732041721841448776655834221194
Total5,6623,1982,455996788177550768301353339369339206174121112644717139
Waimea:-
Males1,2465706751171164119100167298124104109573529171312321
Females918560358...1801431201011658733742442626131610751...
Total2,1641,1301,033135130723920132130171161146153836142332319831
Motueka:-
Males1,4368445902240234206141235888896769625337281812812
Females1,3368325031258240185136137490715356434229171412111
Total2,7721,6761,0933498474391277361321781601201251059566453224923
Collingwood:-
Males76634142321228870501135598471674224201155......2
Females54035118811139789493243828312015128642......1
Total1,30669261132351855999145997112102875736281797......3
Buller:-
Males:-3,3788012,56512388227107542510034872765342916292232110.........12
Females1,508795708537123110166261162031801026023711321......5
Total4,8861,5963,2731775945820812051216551907755489185993424121......17
Grey Valley:-
Males5,8781,2954,56914534326199166703256541,2131,0357632911865430835214
Females2,2261,2051,1174530312187132441703092891759333277752......4
Total8,2042,5005,686181,0646383862981144959631,5021,21085632421361371355218
Hokitika:-
Males4,1821,4222,74812615420232125301152926226995332521285533109......12
Females2,8451,5671,2762703434245148371492953212501227531111452...12
Total7,0272,9894,024141,3188544772736726458794394965532715966471511...114
Totara:-
Males1,8245041,3173243157603684214735032623612156261021......3
Females969549420...26615282427589710084501366411.........
Total2,7931,0531,7373509309142781510024445041028613462321432......3
Cheviot:-                       
Males847278559109375425810571041171017448331672.........10
Females406243163...946430441136422820196731...1.........
Total1,2535217221018713972102219314614512193544019821......10

Table XV. Showing the Ages of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Electoral District.

Electoral Districts and Shipping.All Ages.Total under 21.Total over 21.Unspecified.Under 5 Years.5 and under 10.10 and under 15.15 and under 20.20 and under 21.21 and under 25.25 and under 30.30 and under 35.35 and under 40.40 and under 45.45 and under 50.50 and under 55.55 and under 60.60 and under 65.65 and under 70.70 and under 75.75 and under 80.80 and upwards.Unspecified.
Ashley:-                       
Males2,4151,2561,1581464362233166311251972362231558156382212103...1
Females1,8691,151717141736821912621100133141123764750261243111
Total4,2842,4071,87528817304522925222533037734623112810664341613412
Kaiapoi:-                       
Males2,7531,5201,233...4654453542144213818622420316711779513313148......
Females2,4571,493964...480462333183351371471781491219551332881331...
Total5,2103,0132,197...9459076873977727533340235228821213084612127111...
Lyttelton:-                       
Males1,6127338781241218157902711514018914611761512517106...11
Females1,362795567...231267164118159511991906929291898721...
Total2,9741,5281,445147248532120842210259280236186908043261813221
Christchurch City East :-                       
Males4,0151,9992,01247205903812614724335842632626114711049451715234
Females3,7502,0641,6815711555384331832903673142341481337859381611215
Total7,7654,0633,69391,4311,145765592130533725740560409270188118833326449
Christchurch City West:-                       
Males4,6762,4762,19827696935743766427933441838329017613490472517412
Females4,5182,4952,0203786699501415943523853753112191219672452612243
Total9,9144,9714,21851,5551,3921,075791158631719793694509297230162925129655
Avon:-                       
Males1,8531,0368152352305214144219511113813911571534423147412
Females1,6309926362320291220141208912510898695343251174312
Total3,4832,0281,4514672596434285411842362462371841249669342111724
Heathcote:-                       
Males3,1791,6781,498357452632522429157228287235201119925742147813
Females2,9221,7171,20326175103202274317021925716213495624928119432
Total6,1013,3952,70151,1911,036645451723274475444473352141541067025161245
Selwyn :-                       
Males2,2251,0741,1381344130119211723130208294209149543423181252...13
Females1,656996660...3663281671152097136150117662929179442......
Total3,8812,0701,7981380762935923243227344444326215836340271694...13
Akaroa:-                       
Males1,709921788...2832891791343693113154140113515233198831...
Females1,424870553130225217812414919211489533928181653411
Total3,1331,7911,341158554135725850184205268229166908051351311721
Coleridge:-                       
Males2,1227651,304532861891241174914927532622415072542916612...53
Females1,1686804862262206115752281117996061252011741......2
Total3,2901,4451,7905554839523919271230392425284211977440231022...55
Timaru:-                       
Males3,3241,5091,810558645626115353177380444331223104713131610115
Females2,6341,5691,065...5714782721935516323124516710057382026792......
Total5,9583,0782,87551,15793453334610834061168949832316110951571319315
Gladstone:-                       
Males1,6615661,095...2261578468311052112672201247550201264...1...
Females95657238312152008753175689887136121288111...1
Total2,6171,1381,4781441357171121481613003552911608762282075111
Waitaki:-                       
Males]5,1601,7693,379126265042892391113987297996314251769856451371112
Females2,7871,6271,159165046628218445157274262193108584331171042...1
Total7,9473,3964,538131,2769705714231565551,0031,061824533234141876223113113
Dunstan:-                       
Males2,4086901,718...297198987324150280333360299158843212721......
Females1,107597510...2711868250870121112934933185432.........
Total3,5151,2872,228...5683841801233222040144545334819110237161041......
Mount Ida:-                       
Males1,7835501,23212561656747159718026626922410761147421...1
Females905520385...223159874475783106634111161322.........
Total2,6881,0701,61714793241549122154263372332265118771510641...1
Waikouaiti:-                       
Males1,9248491,075...29928013696381101692232101587462311910621...
Females1,325781544...2932601347519659713610454192122141641...
Total3,2491,6301,619...5925402701715717526635931421293835333111262...

Table XV. Showing the Ages of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Electoral District.

Electoral Districts and Shipping.All Ages.Total under 21.Total over 21.Unspecified.Under 5 Years.5 and under 10.10 and under 15.15 and under 20.20 and under 21.21 and under 25.25 and under 30.30 and under 35.35 and under 40.40 and under 45.45 and under 50.50 and under 55.55 and under 60.60 and under 65.65 and under 70.70 and under 75.75 and under 80.80 and upwards.Unspecified.
Port Chalmers:-                       
Males1,592821771...2892631718216571011211441387751361814923...
Females1,493888605...350271173801473105119918736411613910...5...
Total3,0851,7091,376...639534344l6230130206240235225113925231231928...
City of Dunedin:-                       
Males9,5294,7034,81881,5671,432897701106521765877876755427271155844630838
Females8,9704,9324,03531,5941,3849858081616407977726494682531981136934231453
Total18,4999,6358,853113,1612,8161,8821,5092671,1611,5621,6491,5251,223680469268153805322811
Roslyn :-                       
Males2,1121,372840...4264172671402276901311941357357302816811...
Females2,1651,303862...399444269l6l301151301851471045947281820522...
Total4,2772,5751,702...825861536301521912203163412391321045846361333...
Caversham :-                       
Males2,3211,2511,070...4243992561314112215920619114575702542141722...
Females2,0791,278801...4573872471632411415215212694524630207521...
Total4,4002,5291,871...881786503294652363113583172391271165562212243...
Taieri:-                       
Males2,6521,2851,3634405379264196411502352542241901178343241714934
Females1,9031,137766...3743412251692897126133112976056272518771...
Total4,5552,4222,129477972048936569247361387336287177139704935211644
Bruce (or Tokomairiro) :-                       
Males2,5551,1671,38533783552591532214421228527617611684342219143...3
Females1,8741,118756...4593491761171799146178122634240171715854...
Total4,4292,2852,14138377044352703924335846339823915812451393422843
Tuapeka:-                       
Males2,9471,1491,7971449375180120251462323793753251471173725653...1
Females1,8501,151699...4603841841071685154175117824219127321......
Total4,7972,3002,4961909759364227412313865544924071891364932974...1
Clutha :-                       
Males1,83183799312822641679232100158181179131995741221483...1
Females1,289768521...269239137992471811028259412724186451...
Total3,1201,6051,5141551503304191561712392832611901408465402012811
Wakaia:-                       
Males1,8465151,329217013861895713923032123610910975211586......2
Females725393332...1631056747115476704733181384441......
Total2,5719081,66123332431281366819330639128320212788291912101...2
Wakatipu:-                       
Males3,5587112,8425269182941145230753366654844019299351243215
Females1,129637492...25920287632665129116764926156342...1...
Total4,6871,3483,334552838418117778372662782624489218114411585225
Mataura:-                       
Males2,6641,3931,271...45744127918630119202252239171107794230121062...
Females2,0821,275807...430409247164251021351851279653432723862......
Total4,7462,6682,078...887850526350552213374373662671601226953201682...
Riverton:-                       
Males1,781838943...290269154953088157192178139704524279833...
Females1,273792481...3012481299222668012075482726159474......
Total3,0541,6301,424...5915172831875215423731225318797713936131573...
Town of Invercargill:-                       
Males1,29063165542182001029714689712414111548291210641...4
Females1,18969848922352221289914808511179532628712422...2
Total2,4791,3291,144645342223019628148182235220168745719221063...6
Wallace:-                       
Males1,011298713...1095950582290142175112895028136332......
Females4422591821867754291334444133149412............1
Total1,453557895119513610487351241862161451035932148332...1
Persons in Ships:-                       
Males2,8565972,1301297682752699544651344929721811060211321......129
Females5112502481368603769165959493228107121.........13
Total3,3678472,37814214414211233811150557249832924612067221531......142

Chapter 20. SUMMARY OF CITIES AND TOWNS HAVING A POPULATION OF 500 PERSONS AND OVER.

Table XVI. Showing the Ages of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each City and Town

Cities and Towns.All Ages.Under 1 Year.1 to 2.2 to 3.3 to 4.4 to 5.5 to 6.6 to 7.7 to 8.8 to 9.9 to 10.10 to 11.11 to 12.12 to 13.13 to 14.14 to 15.15 to 20.20 to 21.21 to 25.25 to 30.30 to 35.35 to 40.40 to 45.45 to 50.50 to 55.55 to 60.60 to 65.65 to 70.70 to 75.75 to 80.80 and Upwards.Unspecified.
Province of Auckland:
Auckland City,-
Males6,64821118521123120719619518717514015213715111716956091379512597510453269246140955841111210
Females6,12722814818219720920118419518014114312914814213764911442153746136133021019911174362814117
Total12,7754393333934284163973793823552812952662992593061,2092058001,0491,0588717834794452511699469252317
Onehunga,-
Males98747252940362335352722222321211880l746556257634136251632249......
Females1,0574226364134353625352427233022191012258736152603738372717865...
Total2,04489516581705871606246494651433718139104128123109123787462434932155...
Coromandel,-
Males64333211918262214166131376893662769877141341671034......1
Females5313126193413251025911148116133815404750372351072...2.........
Total1,174644738523947244115242715171422742167116137108643926141236......1
Thames,-
Males4,3451991551611471431221341421221049387778074276552043445204422871701063736158113
Females3,7281841281641541461511201261348482747891653036325232333626516087763726784......
Total8,07338328332530128927325426825618817516115517113957911845666785670744725718274622216513
Tauranga,-
Males32211469587971110575101541528413227221652...1.........
Females2571171011611816551767425713231725118642...1.........
Total57922111620111915251216111213121440112851585738302294...2.........
Gisborne,-
Males318186121097137726435217126273837261588...211......
Females23651471684877616684128252819l510613......1...1...
Total55423201926171121141487109136299515557523621911...2211...
Province of Taranaki :
New Plymouth,-
Males1,02041322638264228392625232419251177104051726980554132301710641
Females1,02423333635264123432726223120222510821627057644642362621171524...
Total2,04464656273528351825351455539473618531102121129133126977758513425881
Province of Wellington:
Wellington,-
Males5,34418914321019816618115615815014711310310095100416773484365063933012051769766422911527
Females5,20323413719216319116815314515613312012513396114575118418457370276219142117758242237319
Total10,547423280402361357349309303306280233228233191214991195766893876669520347293172148845218346
Wanganui,-
Males1,3185639514350384042333340282527191042957791271099861382115106.........
Females1,25471304752514635473024313132243111821861199465714022129662...1
Total2,572127699895101847589635771595751502225014319822117416910160332416122...1
Province of Hawke's Bay:
Napier,-
Males1,845705653646456496046534037383236105231481452121721176435192269428
Females1,669596057654964635547444138383636156331401581461116543267131122...4
Total3,514129116110129113120112115939781757668722615628830335828318210761263517116212
Province of Marlborough :
Blenheim,-
Males49417102412171616121312121157741122461363642151685421......
Females441222020172411181415121191311113843435311719811385............
Total9353930442941273426282423201818187916589667536123271113921......
Picton,-
Males3931991619191112141213109658234162429293513176524...13
Females339121911171713178101091168927515253016228551...2...1...
Total7323128273636242922222319201213175093149594557212211626...23
Province of Nelson :
Nelson,-
Males2,765988610089104104998584767875686482226261281491671851951199856543025645
Females2,897108888910699102918680748780877282281421732041721841448776655834221194
Total5,66220617418919520320619017116415016515515513616450768301353339369339206174121112644717139
Westport,-
Males5082110241518141576910255411514498177591915263.........2
Females359161619151815121044953921984236372921312111......1
Total867372643303629271710131978146301356851181068022164741......3

Table XVI. Showing the Ages of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each City and Town-

Cities and Towns.All Ages.Under 1 Year.1 to 2.2 to 3.3 to 4.4 to 5.5 to 6.6 to 7.7 to 8.8 to 9.9 to 10.10 to 11.11 to 12.12 to 13.13 to 14.14 to 15.15 to 20.20 to 21.21 to 25.25 to 30.30 to 35.35 to 40.40 to 45.45 to 50.50 to 55.55 to 60.60 to 65.65 to 70.70 to 75.75 to 80.80 and Upwards.Unspecified.
Province of Nelson-.
Charleston,-
Males2991091211159107843443...9232351473169414............
Females2291212119412686734224136203726116512..................
Total528222123201921161514116865422823607758371110614............
Province of Westland:
Hokitika,-
Males1,695654164576960436350483333352725841046781792141669856271634......1
Females1,6576758887571626952373340293734229723100150183156774522101242...11
Total3,35213299152132140122112115878173627261471813314622836237024314378372876...12
Greymouth,-
Males1,421543060504147362927312824151018681168109183207142634391142...1...
Females1,130673644494037333230222319311818732095146122895012144231.........
Total2,551121661049981846961575351434628361413116325530529619275