STATISTICS OF NEW ZEALAND FOR 1861


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. REPORT

Table of Contents

CENSUS RESULTS AND GENERAL STATISTICS OF NEW ZEALAND FOR 1861.

REPORT TO THE HONORABLE ALFRED DOMETT, COLONIAL SECRETARY, &c., &c., &c.

     Registrar General's Office, Auckland, December 24th, 1862.

SIR,—

The Statistical Tables which I now have the honor to present, will, no doubt, be regarded with special interest by those who desire to mark carefully the condition and progress of New Zealand, inasmuch as they include—not only the branches of information which have been given in all the preceding Annual Volumes of Statistics of the Colony, but also, and in considerable detail,—the results of a Census taken on the 16th of December, 1861, under the authority of “The Census Act, 1858,” and “The Census Act Amendment Act, 1860.”

Contents of this Vol.

On several important matters, however, the publication of these results has been anticipated by a series of Tables, (prepared with the least possible delay after the indispensable materials came into my hands), which were laid before both Houses of the General Assembly as a Parliamentary paper, by command of His Excellency, at the commencement of the late Session; and were also published in the Government Gazette of the 27th of June last. Those Tables included the Numbers, Sexes and Ages of the Population, the Numbers and Description of Houses, the Numbers of the different kinds of Live Stock, the Quantity of Land Fenced and the Number of Acres under each of the principal Crops belonging to Europeans;—those being regarded as the “branches of the Census Statistics on which there was the most general desire that the results should be officially made known without the delay which must necessarily attend a sufficiently careful compilation of other portions.” The figures thus given were avowedly subject to final revision, and to such amendments as might be suggested by inquiries on various points which I addressed to Enumerators in several parts of the Colony. Such information as I have been able to procure has been embodied in the present Volume; and the results of the Census of Stewart's Island and the Chatham Islands, which had not been received in June, are added; but a comparison of the Tables previously issued with those now presented will show that the former were, so far as they went, in substance equally reliable for all practical purposes, and justify my expectation that the amendments which might be required,—though not unimportant in relation to the object of statistical accuracy—would not involve alterations affecting any political, financial, or social question which might be influenced by the Results of the Census.

Previous publication of Principal Results of Census

Before entering upon the review which I propose to take in this Report of the general Results of the late Census, I would observe that arrangements were made to obtain the required information, not only, as formerly, for each Province of the Colony, but also for each Electoral District as established and defined by “The Representation Act, 1860” of the General Assembly; a plan being devised according to which, in those cases in which an Electoral District runs into more than one Province, the particulars were to be presented separately for each Province and for each Electoral District. In pursuance of this plan, separate Tables have been constructed for the Provinces and the Electoral Districts respectively, upon all the branches of information on which such details seemed necessary, or conducive to the main object of exhibiting, in the most practical and intelligible shape attainable, the circumstances of New Zealand in relation to the several matters referred to. For convenience of reference, the Schedule to the “Representation Act, 1860” is reprinted in extenso in the Appendix to this Volume, on turning to which the exact portion of the territory of the Colony comprised in each of the Electoral Districts may be ascertained.

Arrangements for the late Census. Appendix A

The appointments of Enumerators for the several Provinces were all made by His Excellency on the recommendation of the respective Superintendents, who were requested to nominate the persons most competent in their judgment to discharge the duties satisfactorily; and the Sub-Enumerators having been selected by those Enumerators, (subject to the Governor's approval which, in every case, was given), the machinery for the collection of the Census information in each Province was virtually organized by its own Provincial Government. The work, there is no reason to doubt, was generally performed with zeal and assiduity; and—(although, from various causes, some of the Returns received at this office required explanations involving the delay of correspondence, and, in a few instances, partial recompilation from the original Schedules),—I am satisfied that the correctness of the Results as now presented, may, for all practical purposes, be fully relied on.

I now proceed to give, in a summary and greatly condensed, form, (although with some explanatory additions), a view of the leading points of information contained in the following Volume, as respects both the Census Results and the General Statistics of the Colony for 1861;—with the two-fold object of serving as an introduction to the Tables for the use of those who may feel sufficient interest in the subject to examine and compare the figures in detail; and of supplying the place of such examination for those—and I apprehend there may be many such, especially amongst the persons in other countries to whom the Volume will be forwarded—who, while they are desirous of becoming acquainted with the latest statistical information relating to New Zealand, would scarcely devote the necessary time and labour to the task of making an analysis of the Tables for themselves,—even though aided by the Summaries and condensed Tabular Results which will be found in various parts of the Volume. References in the margin will direct in every instance to the Tables in which will be found more or less copious details of the information thus summarized.*

Objects of this Report.

* A remark or two may be desirable to avoid misconceptions with regard to the Comparative Tables of the Census Results, the preparation of which has formed a considerable part of the labour connected with the compilation of the Volume. These Tables are designed to show the progress of the Colony by a comparison of the Results of the Census of 1861 with the Results of the Census of 1858, and also with those of the Census of 1851. It is to be borne in mind,—

1. That the Census of 1851 applied to the “Settlements” of New Zealand, while in 1858 and 1861 the more recent division into “Provinces” has been adopted. But although the geographical boundaries of the latter extend beyond the less defined limits of the former, yet, in a comparison restricted to the European Population, the difference is not so great as materially to affect the value of the conclusions.

2. The Provinces recently established (under the provisions of “The New Provinces Act. 1858”) are necessarily included, in the comparisons relating to years before their separation, with the Provinces of which they then formed part. Consequently “Hawke's Bay” is included with “Wellington” in the figures for 1851, and “Marlborough” and “Southland” with “Nelson” and “Otago” respectively, for both 1851 and 1858.

3. The Electoral Districts having been taken separately for the first time in 1861, no Comparative Tables relating to them could be prepared

4. Stewart's Island is not included in the figures for 1851, the particulars requisite for the comparisons in the Tables not being obtainable for that year. For similar reasons, the Chatham Islands are not included in any of the Comparative Tables.

The Notes on these points which are appended to several of the Tables need scarcely occupy the attention of a reader desiring merely a reliable view of the General Statistical conclusions arrived at; but any student of the Tables, who may wish to test their accuracy by minutely comparing different sets of figures, will find it necessary to refer to them for the explanation of variations which might otherwise be regarded as discrepancies indicative of negligence or error.

POPULATION.

Population of Colony (as shown by Census) of each Province; of the Northern and Middle Islands; addition for Otago; Military and their Families.

The actually enumerated Population of European Descent in New Zealand in December 1861, as shewn by the Census Returns, was 99,021,—the Numbers for the respective Provinces being, Auckland, 24,420; Taranaki, 2,044; Wellington, 12,566; Hawke's Bay, 2,611; Nelson, 9,952; Marlborough, 2,299; Canterbury, 16,040; Otago, 27,163; Southland, 1,820;—to which are to be added, Stewart's Island, 56; and the Chatham Islands, 50; making the Total as above. It thus appears that the Northern Island, (comprising the Provinces of Auckland, Taranaki, Wellington, and Hawke's Bay), contained 41,641, or 42.10 per cent., of the Population; and the Middle Island, (comprising Nelson, Marlborough, Canterbury, Otago, and Southland), 57,274, or 57.90 per cent. But there is reason to believe that on the day when the Census was taken there were about 3,000 Gold Miners in different gullies and on the roads in Otago, who could not be individually included in the Schedules. The addition of these would make the Population of that Province 30,163, and of the Colony, 102,021. These Numbers are exclusive of the Military and their Families, who numbered altogether 7,294,—viz., Officers and Men, 5,836; Male Children, 437; and Women and Female Children, 1,021.

Although, therefore, the Number actually included in the Census Returns is adhered to in the Comparative Tables and the various Centesimal calculations, as representing the Civilian Population of European origin ascertained by the Census, it would be safe to conclude that the real European Population—Civilian and Military—in December 1861, might be estimated at an aggregate of 109,315 souls.

Estimated aggregate of Population.

It is obvious, however, that the progress of the Colony can best be demonstrated by comparison with previous years, and for this purpose Tables have been compiled comparing the Population Returns of December 1861, with those of the Census of 1858, and also with those of 1851. The general results are that the Population, which, in 1851, was 26,707, had, in 1858, increased to 59,328, being an absolute increase in seven years amounting to 32,621 persons, or, calculated centesimally, of 121.86 per cent.:—while, in 1861, the Total was (omitting Stewart's and the Chatham Islands) 98,915, being an increase of 72,208, or 270.37 per cent. on the decennial period between the first and the last Census.

Comparison of 1851, 1858, and 1861.

More immediate interest, however, attaches to the progress made during the three years between the Census of December 1858 and that of December 1861. Here we find, (omitting the Chatham Islands, but including Stewart's Island, the particulars respecting which were ascertained in 1858), a Total of 98,971 in 1861 against 59,328 in 1858; being an increase in three years amounting to 39,643 persons, or 66.82 per cent. on the Population.

In this increase all the Provinces have, more or less largely, participated, with the exception of Taranaki, the Returns from which, as might have been anticipated, bear testimony to the disastrous consequences of the War, in a diminution of Population as well as of the other elements of material prosperity with which these Statistical Tables have to do. Previously, that Province had shared in the general advance of the Colony; the Population which in 1851 had been 1,532 having increased in 1858 to 2,650, being an increase in seven years of 1,118 persons, or nearly 73 per cent. on the Population; and so much of the increase of that period still remains as to show 512 persons, or 33.42 per cent. more in 1861 than in 1851. But, on comparing the figures which apply to the last three years, we find in 1861 as compared with 1858 a decrease of 606 persons, or 22.86 on the Population.

Decrease in Taranaki.

The influx of Population to Otago immediately consequent upon the discovery of rich Gold Fields in that Province, is strikingly exhibited in the Returns, which show for December 1861 (without counting the 3,000 diggers referred to above as believed to have been on the Gold Fields though not enumerated in the Census Returns) a Population of 27,163 against 6,944 in 1858, although Otago then included the now distinct Province of Southland; 18,592 of the Total in 1861 being returned for the (auriferous) Electoral District of Bruce. This shows an increase of 22,039 persons, or 317.31 per cent. on the Population of Otago in 1861 above the Population of that Province, including Southland, in 1858. Thus the actually enumerated Population of the single Province of Otago in 1861 is seen to have exceeded the Population of the entire colony of New Zealand in 1851 by 456; or adding the above-mentioned 3,000, by 3,456 souls.

Otago.

Nor is this evidence of progress restricted to Otago. At nearly the other extremity of the Colony, Auckland, without the attraction of an actually developed Gold Field (for the sanguine expectations formed of the auriferous wealth of Coromandel are only just now about to be decisively tested) shows a Population less by only 2,287 than that of New Zealand in 1851.

Auckland.

Summarizing the comparison between 1858 and 1861 (of which details are given in Table II), and taking the Provinces in the order of their proportionate advance in Population in those three years, the following results appear:—

Population of Provinces in 1858 and 1861.

 Numerical Increaseper cent.
Otago and Southland. 22,039, or 317.31
Canterbury,7,073, or 78.87 per cent.
Hawke's Bay,1,097, or 72.45 per cent.
Auckland,6,243, or 34.34 per cent.
Nelson and Marlborough,2,979, or 32.12 per cent.
Wellington,813, or 6.91 per cent.
Taranaki (Decrease)-606, or -22.86 per cent.

The relative proportion of the Male and Female Population might be estimated in a manner unjustly disadvantageous to the Colony in this important element of social prosperity, if the inference numerically deducible from the Totals in the Tables were adopted without consideration of the qualification suggested by the greatly disproportionate number of Males attracted to Otago by its Gold Fields,—very many of the Diggers being, no doubt, unmarried, or having left their wives in other countries. Taking the absolute numbers as they stand, the Males in New Zealand, in December 1861 (exclusive of the Military), were 61,062, or 61.67 per cent. of the whole Population: the Females, 37,959, or 38.33 per cent. But, taking the Province of Otago singly, we find the relative numbers, Males, 21,161, or 77.90 per cent.; Females, 6,002, or 22.10 per cent. A comparison of these proportionate numbers with those returned for Otago (and Southland) at the time of the Census of 1858 remarkably illustrates the extent of the change; the Males in 1858 having been 3,874, and the Females, 3,070, or centesimally, 55.79 and 44.21 respectively,—proportions closely approximating to those for the whole Colony, which were, Males, 56.68, and Females, 43.32 per cent.

Relative Proportion of Sexes - Otago.

If Otago be omitted from this calculation, the proportionate numbers for the other parts of the Colony will be, Males, 39,901, or 55.53 per cent.; and Females, 31,957, or 44.47 per cent.

Had it been practicable to take a Census of the Aboriginal Native Population simultaneously with that of the European, the results would have been, on various grounds, important and interesting in a very high degree. The undertaking would, however, at any time have been attended with considerable difficulty, and, under existing circumstances, an attempt to enumerate the Maories in many of the portions of the Colony in which they are most numerous, would obviously have been useless, or worse. On a small scale—in the Province of Canterbury—such an enumeration was made in December 1861 by Mr. Walter Buller;—and the results, ascertained, I have no doubt, with care and accuracy, will be found in the Appendix to this Volume, in a summary supplied by that gentleman. It shows as compared with a former Census taken by Mr. Buller in February 1860, an Increase in Canterbury (exclusive of the West Coast Settlements) from 480 to 541, viz., 31 Males, and 30 Females,—the comparative numbers being more worthy of notice as indicating, within the locality to which they apply, a diminution of the disproportion between the Sexes. But, interesting though this Return undoubtedly is, as a contribution towards a Maori Census, it is obviously too limited in its extent, and (from its relating to Natives who have been out of the reach of political agitation, and otherwise favourably circumstanced) too exceptional in its character, to be made the basis of any generalization.

Aboriginal Native Population - Appendix H.

Although, however, no new information relative to the great centres of Native Population can be presented, yet it may be acceptable to recapitulate very briefly the estimated numbers of Maories according to the latest data available. Taking as the basis, the Maori Census of 1857-8, (of which full abstracts were published in the Statistical Volume for 1857), and correcting the Numbers for Canterbury by the latest enumeration by Mr. Buller;—omitting also Stewart's Island and the Chatham Islands (in the former of which the Numbers were estimated at 200, and in the latter at 510,*),—the estimated Maori Population of New Zealand would amount to 31,329 Males and 23,928 Females; making (with 79 in the Province of Auckland, sex not stated,) a General Total of 55,336. This, of course, will be understood to be only such an approximation to the real numbers as the available materials permit: and would undoubtedly be more or less extensively modified if we could calculate exactly the changes which have taken place since the general enumeration was made in 1857-8,—an eventful interval in Maori history.

* The latest particulars ascertained respecting the Maoris and also the Aborigines or “Morioris” of the Chatham Islands, will be found in the Extracts from Mr. Seed's Report, Appendix I. of this volume.

Estimated Native Population of New Zealand.

On a superficial view, the great preponderance in numbers of the European Population might lead to conclusions respecting the relative physical force of the Races, which would be rectified by a consideration of the important fact of the unequal distribution of the Maori People of the Colony. According to the assumed estimate of the Maori Population, the Northern Island contains 53,056 of the whole, leaving only 2,280 for the Middle Island; to be compared with 41,641 Europeans in the former, and 57,274 in the latter.

Unequal Distribution of Native Population.

A suggestive way of presenting this aspect of the case would be to show, for each Island, the comparative numbers of grown-up Males of the respective Races. The Maori Census of 1857-8 distinguished as far as possible the respective numbers under and above fourteen years of age: the last European Census distinguished those of sixteen and upwards. The comparison which may be deduced from these data can obviously at best be only roughly approximate; and it is, moreover, subject to the drawback that the Maori Census does not show the distinction of Age in the Districts of Turanga, Hick's Bay, Tauranga, Rotorua, Maketu, Tarawera, Whakatane and Opotiki. The Total Male Population of these Districts, however, is stated to have been 7,770; and, assuming that the proportions under and over fourteen in this Total would be about the average for the remainder of the Province in which they are situated, (viz., 27.66 per cent. under fourteen and 72.34 per cent. over fourteen,) the number over 14 may be calculated as 5,621. The comparison, thus wrought out, exhibits the following results:—

Comparison of Numbers of Maori & European Male Adults.

 Maori Males above 14. estimatedEuropean Males above 16.
Northern Island21,94213,535
Middle Island (exclusive of 2,423 European Males whose ages were not ascertained)1,01126,022

—The Military, of course, are not included in these numbers.

CIVIL OR CONJUGAL CONDITION OF THE PEOPLE.

On this subject,—involving so many considerations of high importance in relation to the social and domestic condition of the community,—the results of the Census of the European Population show for the Colony, the General Totals of 15,789 married Males, and 13,828 married Females:—41,399 unmarried Males, and 23,130 unmarried Females (these Totals including Children);—and 973 Widowers and 997 Widows.* Deducting, however, from the Totals of “Unmarried” the persons under 16 years of age, of whom comparatively few are married; the numbers remain, Males 22,353, Females 4,989. The disproportion between the Sexes thus shown will be greatly modified, however, if (following up the plan adopted in a former paragraph) Otago, with its Population so largely composed of recently arrived gold-diggers, be excepted. In that Province the relative numbers of unmarried Males and Females, (omitting 2,889 Males whose conjugal condition was not specified), were 13,849 and 3,534 respectively, thus leaving the approximate numbers of unmarried Males 27,550 and of unmarried Females 19,596 in the remainder of the Colony. In 1858, the Numbers for the Colony were, unmarried Males 23,362, and unmarried Females 15,377, with 531 Widowers and 576 Widows. Calculated centesimally on the plan referred to, (which, though seemingly arbitrary, may under the circumstances be admitted as tending to the attainment of really correct conclusions,) it will appear that the unmarried Males of all ages in 1858, (including Widowers,) was as 40.20 per cent., and the unmarried Females of all ages in 1858, (including Widows,) as 27.56 per cent. on the Total Population of the Colony;—and that in 1861 the corresponding number of all ages in the Colony—omitting Otago in this particular calculation—were as 39.33 Males per cent., and 33.50 Females per cent.

* With respect to 12 Males and 4 Females in the Province of Auckland, and 2,889 Males in the Province of Otago the Conjugal condition was not ascertained.

see Table V.

DEAF AND DUMB; OR BLIND.

The Number of Deaf and Dumb persons in the Colony in December 1861 was 20, viz., 11 Males and 9 Females; and of Blind persons 21, viz., 14 Males and 7 Females.

see Table V.

DWELLINGS OF THE PEOPLE.

The Total number of Houses in New Zealand shown by the Census of 1861, was 22,377, being an Increase as compared with 1858 of 9,565 buildings. It is to be observed, however, that the gross Total for 1861 included 3,687 Tents, mostly on the Gold Fields. These may be regarded as included in the numbers of Dwellings having 1 or 2 rooms, which amounted to 10,496; the respective Totals for Dwellings of 3 rooms having been 2,773; of 4 rooms, 3,210; of 5 rooms, 1,494 and of 6 rooms or upwards, 4,276. With respect to the materials of which the Houses were constructed, the figures show, Wood, 15,127 in 1861 against 10,179 in 1858; of Stone or Brick, 477 in 1861 against 307 in 1858; and of other materials (including Raupo Houses and the Tents referred to), 6,773 in 1861 against 2,326 in 1858. The details for the Electoral Districts, as well as for the Colony, will be found in the Tables. The proportion of the Population to each Dwelling calculated on the Census Returns of the respective years was 4.63 in 1858, and 4.42 in 1861.

see Tables V., VI., VII.

ELECTORAL FRANCHISE.

Out of a Male Population of 60,118 within the boundaries of the Electoral Districts in December 1861, there were 34,241 aged twenty-one years and upwards, of whom 13,466 were upon the Rolls as Electors, having fifty-three Representatives in the General Assembly of New Zealand.† The Numbers

† By an Act passed during the last Session of the General Assembly, (“The Representation Act, 1862,”) the Number of the House of Representatives has been increased to fifty seven,—two of the four members added being “Gold Field Representatives for the Province of Otago,” and the other two being apportioned to Districts respectively entitled Dunedin and Suburbs North” and “Dunedin and Suburbs South,” which replace the Electoral District entitled “City of Dunedin” in the “Representation Act, 1860,” and now have altogether four members.

Proportion of Electors to Male Population for each Electoral District are given in detail in Table VIII. The calculations which I have added in that Table showing the proportion of Electors to the Male Population are reliable with respect to the whole Colony, in which, it appears, the proportion of Electors to every hundred of the Total Male Population is 22.39 per cent., and to every 100 Males of twenty-one years and upwards, 39.32 per cent. But the detailed calculations of proportions for the several Electoral Districts,—although they exhibit correct conclusions as the Electoral Rolls actually stood at the time—cannot be received as having any further value, for the reasons stated in a note to the Table,—viz., that in numerous instances, Electors are non-resident, having votes in several Districts, (a curious result being that, in some cases, the number of electors exceeds the number of Males of the legal age in the District), while in the special case of Taranaki, the great bulk of the Population of the Province was congregated, in consequence of the war, in the Town of New Plymouth, showing of course greatly exaggerated numbers for the Town, and correspondingly diminished numbers for the Country Electoral Districts. Thus guarded, however, these calculations may have some interest, and are given for what they may be deemed worth.

see Table VIII.

PLACES OF BIRTH.

Summarizing the contents of Tables IX and X, the Places of Birth of the European Population of New Zealand are found to be in the following centesimal proportions:—England 36.49; Ireland, 8.92; Scotland 15.69; Wales 0.48; Born in the Colony, 27.86; Australian Colonies, 2.61; other British Dominions, 1.87; United States of America, (so called) 0.73; France, 0.32; Germany, 0.78; other Foreign Countries, 0.85; at Sea, 0.45; not specified, 2.95.

see Tables IX., X.

The particulars numerically and centesimally for the several Provinces will be found in the Tables. The following, however, may be introduced here as exhibiting compendiously, for the whole Colony, the information on this subject supplied by the Census Returns both in 1858 and in 1861, with the proportions per cent. of each nationality to the Total Population in the respective years.

PLACES OF BIRTH.

 POPULATION.INCREASE IN 1861.PROPORTION PER CENT. OF EACH NATIONALITY TO THE RESPECTIVE TOTALS OF POPULATION.
1858.1861.Numerical.Proportionate.1858.1861.
ENGLAND23,68036,12812,44852.5239.9436.49
IRELAND4,5548,8314,27793.917.688.92
SCOTLAND7,97615,5847,55894.7313.4515.69
WALES233472239102.570.390.48
NEW ZEALAND18,70227,6048,90247.4231.4927.86
AUSTRALIAN COLONIES1,4102,5791,16982.902.372.61
OTHER BRITISH DOMINIONS1,2371,84861149.382.091.87
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA306720414135.290.520.73
FRANCE17331914684.390.290.32
GERMANY46378031767.700.780.78
OTHER FOREIGN COUNTRIES, AT SEA, AND NOT SPECIFIED5944,2063,612969.661.004.25
 59,32899,02139,69359.94100.00100.00

OCCUPATIONS.

With the exception of the introduction of separate columns for the occupation of “Mining,” this branch of the Census information is presented in nearly the same form as in the Census Returns of 1858, although I did not decide upon doing so without an attentive consideration of the practicability or expediency of adopting some of the more detailed modes of classification recently employed in other countries. But (as I had occasion to observe in former instances) there is scarcely any subject on which it is more difficult to tabulate the results of the Census in this Colony with precision and without incurring the risk of showing conclusions which may be misleading in effect, however they may be verbally in accordance with the Schedules. Amongst the causes of this uncertainty are the number of cases in which settlers pursue more than one occupation; the instances, perhaps frequent, in which they enter in the Schedules the professions or callings to which they were brought up, or with which they would wish to be identified, rather than those in which they are most habitually engaged and from which principally they derive their maintenance:—the vagueness of many of the descriptions:—and the different names given to what may be regarded as really the same business. The Tables will, however, afford a general view of the proportion in which the Colonists are engaged in the principal pursuits and employments. They have been compiled with care, and no inconsiderable amount of labour, from the entries in the Census Schedules.

see Tables XI., XII.

Difficulty of a precise Classification.

The following is a General Summary for the Colony (prepared on the same plan as that relating to Places of Birth in the preceding Section) showing the comparative results for 1858 and 1861.

OCCUPATIONS.

OCCUPATIONS.1858.1861INCREASEPROPORTION OF OCCUPATIONS TO THE POPULATIONS.
Numerical.Proportionate.1858.1861.
TRADE, COMMERCE, AND MANUFACTURES1,8133,2831,47081.083.053.31
AGRICULTURAL AND PASTORAL4,4167,4653,04969.047.457.54
MECHANICS AND ARTIFICERS4,5795,7791,20026.207.725.84
MINING31011,13810,8283,492.900.5211.23
PROFESSIONS, CLERICAL, MEDICAL, AND LEGAL34246712536.540.580.47
TEACHERS, SURVEYORS, AND OTHER EDUCATED PROFESSIONS61397636359.211.030.99
LABOURERS4,0615,6071,54638.066.855.66
DOMESTIC SERVANTS1,9272,80888145.713.242.84
MISCELLANEOUS2,2824,2441,96285.973.854.29
NO OCCUPATION STATED, (PRINCIPALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN)38,98557,20418,21946.7365.7157.81
 59,32898,97139,64366.82100.00100.00

It has been stated above that columns for “Miners” (including the Diggers on the Gold Fields) have been introduced, as it seemed proper to give a distinct enumeration to a class which, besides its importance in other respects, had increased numerically from 310 in 1858 to 11,138 in 1861, and is likely to continue to increase. But, amongst the disturbing consequences (statistically speaking) of the large infusion of this new element, it will be observed in the foregoing Summary, that some of the Classes (viz., Mechanics and Artificers, Professional and other Educated persons, Labourers, and Domestic Servants) shew a decrease in proportion to the Total Population. That there has not been any actual decrease—but, on the contrary, a marked increase—on the actual numbers of each of these Classes, is made evident by the columns showing their numerical and centesimal increase respectively: it is only when the proportions borne by them to the Total Population are exhibited that we mark the apparent decrease of which this explanation is offered.

RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS.

These Tables have been compiled on the basis of Schedule D. of the “Marriage Act, 1854,” a column being added for those returned merely as “Protestants,” without any more distinctive designation. Others, grouped together under the general heading of “Otherwise Described or Not Described,” amount in the aggregate to 4,941; but of these, 3,657 (of whom 3,251 were in Otago, chiefly on the Gold Fields) were “Not Described.” The remaining 1,284 are described very variously indeed. In conformity with your instructions, I have arranged, in a Note to Table XIII., a detailed Statement of the descriptions given in the Schedules of the principal part of them,—no designation being omitted, the persons adopting which numbered on the whole ten, and some under even this number, being included.

see Tables XIII., XIV.

In addition to the absolute numbers as shown in Table XIII., the succeeding Table (XIV.) shows the Centesimal Proportions of the chief Denominations in the Colony. From this it will be seen that, according to the Returns, the Church of England had, in December 1861, 44.89 per cent. of the Population; the Presbyterian Churches, 21.41 per cent.; the Roman Catholic Church, 10.98 per cent.; the Wesleyan Methodist Church, 7.75 per cent.; the Congregational Independents, 2.09 per cent.; and the Baptists, 1.98 per cent. For the smaller numbers I must refer to the Tables themselves.

I subjoin here a Summary comparing the Census of 1861 with that of 1858, in which are shown, for each year, the numbers of the Population returned as belonging to each Denomination; the Increase on each in 1861, both in absolute numbers and in the centesimal proportion borne by those numbers to the numbers in 1858; and the centesimal proportion of each Denomination to the Total Population in the respective years.

Comparative Summary, 1858—1861.

DENOMINATION.POPULATION.INCREASE IN 1861.PROPORTIONS TO TOTAL POPULATION.
1858.1861.Numerical.Proportionate.1858.1861.
CHURCH OF ENGLAND30,49244,43613,94445.7351.4044.89
CHURCH OF SCOTLAND, FREE CH. OF SCOT, AND OTHER PRESBYTERIANS11,51321,1949,68184.0719.4021.41
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH6,59210,8704,27864.8911.1110.98
WESLEYAN METHODIST CHURCH5,3877,6702,28342.379.097.75
CONGREGATIONAL INDEPENDENTS1,2802,07079061.712.162.09
BAPTISTS1,2591,95869955.522.121.98
PRIMITIVE METHODISTS56372416128.590.950.73
LUTHERAN CHURCH42566023555.290.700.68
HEBREWS18832613877.710.820.32
SOCIETY OF FRIENDS697011.440.120.07
OTHERWISE DESCRIBED, OR NOT DESCRIBED1,5608,9937,433477.752.639.10

The foregoing comparison is necessarily confined to those Descriptions which were specified in the compilation for 1858. In estimating the actual amount of information which may be deducible from the comparison thus instituted, it may, on this account, be proper to bear in mind that the considerable proportion which appears in the Class “Otherwise Described or Not Described,” in 1861, (amounting to 9.10 per cent. of the whole) to some extent affects the conclusions to be drawn from the other comparisons, as many of the persons included in this Class would, by a more detailed classification, be distributed in various proportions amongst the Bodies specified.

EDUCATION.

TABLES XV., XVI., XVII. Numbers Able or Unable to Read or Write.

On this subject—the vital importance of which to the present well-being and the future prospects of the Colony needs no comment.—information is given in considerable detail, and with results which, on the whole, cannot but be regarded as highly gratifying and encouraging. Deducting 3,271 (viz., 42 in the Province of Auckland, 3,175 in the Province of Otago, 46 in the Province of Southland, and 8 in the Chatham Islands), with respect to whom the necessary particulars were not returned, it appears that of the Population of the Colony under sixteen years of age, 12,259,—viz., 6,343 Males, and 5,916 Females;—and of the Population of sixteen and upwards, 53,494,—viz., 36,187 Males, and 17,307 Females,—are able to Read and Write. Centesimally, the figures show these results:—Under Sixteen Years of Age, Cannot Read, Males 51.19, Females 50.95 per cent.; Read only, Males 15.46, Females 16.27 per cent.; Read and Write, Males 33.35, Females 32.78 per cent.;—Sixteen Years and upwards, Cannot Read, Males 3.89, Females 4.69 per cent.; Read Only, Males 3.04, Females 7.90 per cent.; Read and Write, Males 93.07, Females 87.41 per cent.:—Both Sexes and All Ages, Cannot Read, 22.32 per cent.; Read Only, 9.01 per cent.; Read and Write, 68.67 per cent., being, in the Total Numbers Able to Read and Write, an increase of 5.16 per cent. on the results shown by the Census of 1858.

Between 6 and 16.

Another calculation, made for the purpose of ascertaining the degree of Education between the Ages of Six and Sixteen, shows these results (deducting 26 Males, and 93 Females not described):—Males, Unable to Read, 49.53 per cent.; Able only to Read, 14.96 per cent.; Able to Read and Write, 32.26 per cent.:—Females, Unable to Read, 46.39 per cent.; Able only to Read, 14.81 per cent.; Able to Read and Write, 29.84 per cent.

Comparison of 1861 with 1858.

The Comparative Table (No. XVII.) shows in detail for the several Provinces the Numbers of the Population in 1858 and 1861 respectively, classified according to the different degrees of Education:—the Numerical and Proportionate Increase or Decrease on those Numbers, as ascertained by the Census of 1861 (the Decrease being only in Taranaki) and the proportion per cent. of each degree of Education to the Total Population of the Provinces in the respective years.

The Number of Members of Universities shown by the Returns was 257 in the Colony.

Schools.

see Table XVIII.

Table XVIII. shows the Numbers returned as attending School in each Province in December 1861, distinguishing the Sexes, and also showing the numbers of Males and Females respectively, under six years of age and between six and sixteen. The following Summary exhibits a comparative view of the total numbers attending School in December 1858 and December 1861.

PROVINCES.AT DAY SCHOOLS.AT SUNDAY SCHOOLS.
SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT AID.PRIVATE, OR NOT RECEIVING GOVERNMENT AID.AT SUNDAY ONLY.AT BOTH DAY AND SUNDAY.
 1858.1861.1858.1861.1858.1861.1858.1861.
AUCKLAND6941,2177641,8244994831,1931,565
TARANAKI 39176260154115184249
WELLINGTON2483948691,2944461,254982849
HAWKE'S BAY 50757 261233
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH)7251,414126461230292474977
CANTERBURY284672184725133535299961
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)44286410846939012639493
STEWART'S ISLAND.........1......101
TOTALS2,3934,6502,2345,0911,8522,8313,1935,128

I had occasion to remark in the Introductory Report on the Census of 1858, that the figures relating to School Attendance were not assumed to be absolutely accurate, “the columns for School Attendance being those which, in many instances, were least satisfactorily filled up;” and, although an effort was made by a modification of the headings in the last Census Schedules to mark the distinctions more carefully, I apprehend that still there has been some confusion, particularly with regard to the column headed “Both Day and Sunday,” the entries in which, there is reason to believe, represent children included, and children not included, in foregoing columns, in proportions which it would not be possible precisely to determine. But, even restricting the comparison to those who were distinctly returned as attending Day Schools, the advance of Educational effort and success is shown to have accompanied the increase of population and material prosperity, by a Total of 9,741 in 1861 against 4,627 in 1858; a Total which was itself a marked advance on the numbers (3,154) returned in 1851. To this Total of 9,741 (which, compared with the Population between the Ages of six and sixteen—the nearest approach to the usual school-going period afforded by the Census Returns—is a proportion of 52.7 per cent. on the Males, and 51.30 per cent. on the Females) is to be added the numbers attending Sunday Schools, which—although, for the reason stated above, they cannot be accurately divided into the classes of those who do, or do not, also attend Day Schools—yet bring out the important fact that there were, in December 1861, no less than 7,959 receiving, in addition to a certain amount of intellectual instruction, an education in the higher and better principles of religious knowledge.

The Amount of home-education in progress at the same time of course cannot be brought into any Public Returns; but its existence, extent, and value should never be lost sight of in any comprehensive estimate of the means in operation for the mental and moral training of the rising generation in the Colony.

LAND FENCED AND UNDER CROP, AND LIVE STOCK.

See Tables XLIX. to LIV.

Although in the arrangement of the Volume these Tables are placed in the same order which the corresponding Tables have occupied in previous volumes, yet, as properly belonging to the Census, (of which, indeed, they constitute one of the most important branches), it will be convenient to refer to these here, in connection with the other branches of Census information. The particulars are given in detail in the respective Tables for both the Provinces and the Electoral Districts. In this place, reference need only be made to the general results, especially in comparison with the Returns of previous years, as brought out in the Comparative Tables which include 1851, 1858, and 1861. It will be seen that these Results afford satisfactory evidence of the rapid progress of the Colony.

Cultivation and Crops.

According to the Census of December 1861, the Quantity of Land in Cultivation (under Crops) amounted to 226,500 Acres;—a marked increase on 1858, when the Quantity was 141,007 Acres; as that Quantity had been on 1851, when the Returns showed only 29,140 Acres in Crop.

Live Stock.

The Land Fenced amounted in 1861 to 409,473 Acres; against 235,561 Acres in 1858: and 30,470 Acres in 1851.

The Aggregate Numbers of Live Stock of All Kinds, which had increased in the seven years (1851-1858) from 299,115 to 1,727,997, showed the further increase in the three years (1858-1861) to 3,036,972 (not including Poultry, enumerated for the first time at the last Census).

Taking the principal kinds of Live Stock separately, it is found that Horses in 1861 numbered 28,270 against 14,912 in 1858, and 2,890 in 1851:—and Horned Cattle, 193,150 in 1861, against 137,204 in 1858, and 34,787 in 1851. The increase in Sheep, however, is the most significant, as an indication of advancing wealth:—in 1851, the Total Number of Sheep in New Zealand was 233,043: in 1858, the Number was 1,523,324;—while the last Census shows the Number in December 1861 to have increased to two millions, seven hundred and sixty thousand, one hundred and eighty-three.

The Tables commented upon in the foregoing remarks comprehend the whole of the ordinary subjects of the Census. An attempt was made to collect a variety of additional information relating to matters on which Schedule B. of the Census Act authorises inquiry to be made; but in the effort to classify and tabulate these Returns similar difficulties to those which impeded a corresponding effort in 1859 have presented themselves; the adjustment of which—even assuming (what may be doubted) that the comprehensiveness and accuracy without which such compilations would be useless, or worse, might be attained—would have-caused further delay in the publication of the ascertained Statistics of the year, which it has been my anxious desire and endeavour to expedite as rapidly as, under the circumstances of the case, was possible. The information obtained will, however, I trust, ultimately be found of value, not only in itself but as a guide to further inquiries which may issue in more satisfactory results.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

The Tables which occupy the portion of the Volume not devoted to the special information obtained by the Census, have been, for the most part, constructed and arranged on the plan pursued in the Statistical Volumes of previous years, to which it seems obviously desirable to adhere so far as it has been found convenient and suitable. It is hoped that the detailed particulars—the Summaries—and the Notes appended wherever any explanation appeared called for—will make the information sufficiently intelligible to render it unnecessary that this already lengthened Report should be further extended by more than a very few prefatory remarks. I shall therefore confine what follows chiefly to a simple statement of Totals,—referring in the margin, as before, to the Tables in which full information may be found.

Immigration and Emigration

The IMMIGRATION (over Seas) to New Zealand in 1861 amounted to 22,339 souls, viz., Males, 19,099 Adults, and 797 Children; Females, 1,736 Adults and 707 Children.

The EMIGRATION (over Seas) from the Colony during the Year was 6,117 souls; viz., Males, 5,559 Adults, and 128 Children; Females, 319 Adults, and 111 Children.

see Table XIX.

Migration between Ports of New Zealand.

The Net Excess of Immigration over Emigration in 1861 amounted therefore to 16,222 souls. Of this Total, no less than 14,041 fell to the share of the Province of Otago. The distribution of the remainder of the Net Excess was, Auckland, 918; Taranaki, 3; Wellington, 144; Hawke's Bay, 15; Nelson, 220; Canterbury, 770; and Southland, 115.

A separate Table shows the ARRIVALS and DEPARTURES between the Ports of the Colony during the year. The figures are correctly compiled from the Returns, but (as is intimated in Notes to the Table) the departures from other Ports for the Otago Gold Fields occurred frequently after the clearance of vessels, and could not be enumerated with accuracy by the Emigration Officers; so that the Totals in this Table, (especially as relates to Dunedin) cannot be regarded as more than approximations.

see Table XX.

BIRTHS, DEATHS AND MARRIAGES.

The BIRTHS registered in New Zealand in 1861 numbered 3,441, viz., 1,752 Males, and 1,689 Females; being an increase of 295, (viz., 186 Males and 109 Females) over the Number in 1860.

see Tables XXI. to XXIV.

The DEATHS registered in 1861 numbered 1,109, viz., 632 Males and 477 Females, being a Increase of only 7 (viz., 2 Males and 15 Females) over the number in 1860. Of the Total in 1861, 457 (viz., 234 Males and 223 Females) were Children under five Years of Age. One hundred and thirty-three of the Deaths (viz., 97 Males and 36 Females) were not occasioned by disease, but by Drowning or other External Causes.

The Total Excess of Births over Deaths in 1861 was 2,332, against 2,054 in the preceding year. The Total Excess of Births over Deaths in seven years (1855-1861) was 11,857, viz., 5,729 Males and 6,128 Females.

see Table XXII.

The MARRIAGES solemnized in New Zealand in 1861 numbered 878, being an Increase of 188 as compared with 1860. The Tables show the Numbers in the respective Provinces for each year beginning with 1855 (when the Total was only 406), and also the Numbers solemnized in each Province and Year by Officiating Ministers of the several Religious Bodies and by Registrars.

see Tables XXIII., XXIV.

TRADE AND INTERCHANGE.

The Tables relating to TRADE and INTERCHANGE (as well as the Revenue Tables) have, as in preceding years, been prepared in the Office of the Hon. the Colonial Treasurer and Commissioner of Customs, under the supervision of Mr. R. F. Porter. The evidence of the general prosperity of the Colony afforded by them is gratifying in a high degree.

SHIPPING

The VESSELS Entered Inwards at the several Ports of New Zealand in 1861 (not including Coasting Vessels) numbered 596, with an Aggregate Tonnage of 197,986, being an Increase of 198 in the Number of Vessels and of 57,710 in the Tonnage as compared with 1860.

see Tables XXV., XXVI.

The Vessels Cleared Outwards in 1861 were 546 in number, with a Tonnage of 205,350, against 398 Vessels, and 140,293 Tonnage in 1860.

Registered Vessels.

The Number of Registered Vessels belonging to Ports in New Zealand in December 1861 was 252, with a Tonnage of 9,144, being an increase of 14 Vessels with 617 Tonnage as compared with 1860. Of the Total, 195 Vessels, with 6,696 Tonnage belong to the Port of Auckland.

see Table XXXIII.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

IMPORTS

The TOTAL VALUE of IMPORTS to New Zealand in 1861 amounted to £2,493,811, being an Increase of £945,478 as compared with the previous year. Even deducting the extraordinary Increase at the Port of Dunedin, (amounting to £571,250 as compared with 1860) there remains a very encouraging Increase for the other Ports of the Colony. The Comparative Table (No XXIX) presents compendiously and in a striking aspect the advance of the Colony as indicated by the Value of Imports, from 1853 when the Total was £597,827 to 1861 when the Total had more than quadrupled, amounting, as stated above, to £2,493,811.

see Tables XXVII TO XLII.

EXPORTS.

The TOTAL VALUE of EXPORTS from New Zealand in 1861 was £1,370,247, being an increase of £781,294 as compared with 1860. Excluding the Value of Imported Articles re-exported from the Colony, the comparison is still more favourable, the Increase in the Value of New Zealand Produce and Manufactures exported in 1861 being £790,108. It is to be observed, however, that a large proportion of this Increase was owing to the development of the Gold Fields; the Value of Gold exported in 1861 having been £752,657, against £17,585 in 1860, being an increase of £735,072 in 1861.

see Table XXIX.

Comparative Summaries, 1853 to 1861.

Besides copious particulars of the Exports in the detailed Tables for the year, Summaries will be found showing, in a condensed form, not only for 1861 but also for the preceding years since 1853, the Totals of the principal articles of Export, viz., Gold, Grain, Kauri Gum, Oil, Potatoes, Timber, and Wool. On the two most remarkable of these, (viz. Gold and Wool) a remark or two further may be offered.

GOLD.

It may be interesting to trace through this series of Statistical Volumes the progress of the Export of Gold, the produce of New Zealand. The Volume for 1858 was the first in which it was thought requisite to devote a separate Table to it. That Table (No. 59 of 1858) showed that up to the 31st December 1857, the Estimated Value of Gold exported was £40,442 6s. 2d., to which was added an Export in 1858 in value £52,443 16s. 1d.; making the Total Value to the end of 1858, £92,886 2s. 3d. (exclusive of any exported privately, the value of which could not be ascertained).

The Volume for 1859 showed an Export of Gold in that year valued at £28,427, making the Total, to the end of December 1859, £121,313.

In 1860, the value of Gold exported was £17,585 (the whole of which was from Nelson); making the General Total to the end of 1860, £138,898 2s. 3d.

1861.

In 1861 (to which this Volume chiefly belongs) the Summary Table shows an Export of Gold amounting in quantity to 194,324 ounces, and in estimated value to £752,657; making the General Total of Value to the 31st December 1861, £891,555 2s. 3d. The Quarterly Returns published in the Government Gazette were not calculated, during the first half of the year, to excite any anticipation of such an extraordinary increase, the Total Value of Gold Exported having been, in the March Quarter, £12,198 6s. 0d., and in the June Quarter only £5,335 18s. 2d. But in the September Return we find the Otago Gold Fields appearing with an Export from Dunedin of 23,178 ounces, of the value of £89,814; followed in the December Quarter by an Export from the same Gold Fields, amounting to 164,518 ounces in Quantity, and to £637,507 in Value; making the General Total for the Colony (as above stated) £752,657.

[Although the definite object of the present Volume is to exhibit the Statistics of 1861, (subsequent Returns being reserved for the Volume for 1862,) yet, on so important and interesting a matter as the productiveness of the Gold Fields of the Colony, it seems desirable to embody the latest official information available. I therefore introduce here a Return which has just appeared in the Near Zealand Gazette (No. 41, December 6, 1862) which brings the particulars, in a clear and satisfactory form, down to the end of the September Quarter of 1862.

RETURN OF THE QUANTITY AND VALUE OF GOLD EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND, FROM THE 1ST APRIL, 1857, TO 30TH SEPTEMBER, 1862.

PORT OF EXPORTPRODUCE OF GOLD FIELDS IN THE PROVINCE OFDURING THE QUARTER ENDED 30TH SEPT, 1862.FROM 1ST APRIL, 1857, TO 30TH JUNE, 1862.TOTAL EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND, TO 30TH SEPTEMBER, 1862.
TO GREAT BRITAINTO NEW S. WALES.TO VICTORIA.TO TASMANIA.TO OTHER PLACES.TOTAL.
Quantity.Value.
  ozs.ozs.ozs.ozs.ozs.ozs.£ozs.£ozs.£
AUCKLANDAUCKLAND...261.........2611,0113541,3726152,383
NELSONNELSON...2,575.........2,5759,97848,191186,74150,766196,719
WELLINGTONOTAGO...60.........60233440,9011,708,491487,1791,887,819
LYTTELTONOTAGO...404.........4041,565
DUNEDINOTAGO...1545,799......45,814177,530
  ...3,31545,799......49,114190,317489,4461,896,604538,5602,086,921

WOOL

In its own way, the progress of that very important resource of the Colony—WOOL—has been scarcely less remarkable. In 1861, the Value of this Export, calculated at the uniform rate of one shilling and four pence per lb., was £523,728, being an Increase of £79,336 over the preceding year (1860), although that year had shown an Increase on 1859 amounting to £104,613. In 1853, (the first year included in these Tables), the Total Value of Wool exported from the Colony was only £66,507. Year by year since, the Export has gone on with rapidly increasing progress, until we find in 1861 a Total attained for that single year which comes within £28,635 of the aggregate amount of the Totals of the five years, 1853-1857, taken together.

see Table XLII.

REVENUE

The REVENUE Tables add their conclusive testimony to the rapid progress of the Colony.

see Tables XLIII., XLIV., XLV.

The Customs Revenue, which in 1860 exceeded that for 1859 by £20,852, shows in 1861 a further advance of £70,695 on that of 1860,—the respective amounts being £260,863 in 1861, against £189,168 in 1860.

The Total Ordinary Revenue in 1861 (details of which are given in Table XLIV), amounted to £324,146, against £233,108 in the previous year: the Total Territorial Revenue for the same periods respectively was £347,354, against £215,760: making the Total Revenue of the Colony in the year 1861, £691,464, against £464,739 in 1860.

The Comparative Table of Revenue for the successive years since 1853 (No. XLIII) will enable the reader to mark the advance in each year and for each Province; beginning with a General Total of £149,820 in 1853, and advancing to the more than quadrupled amount of the General Total in 1861.

LAND SALES.

see Tables XLVI.(A. to I.), XLVII., XLVIII.

In a series of Tables, introduced for the first time in the present Volume, the LAND SALES in the Colony from the 1st April 1856 (the earliest date to which the information in its present form could be carried) to the 31st December 1861, are shown, both in detail and summarized, for the respective Provinces and Years. One Number (XLVI.) is given to all the Tables for the separate Provinces, that for each Province being distinguished by a Letter,—from XLVIA. for Auckland to XLVII. for Southland. Table XLVII. contains a Summary which will enable the reader to see at a glance the Total Results for each Province during the entire period from April 1856 to December 1861; and Table XLVIII. shows in a similarly compendious form the Total Results for the whole Colony in each Year of that period. It will be seen that the Tables include not merely the Sales, but also the other modes in which the Waste Lands have been disposed of, and the consideration received in lieu of Land; distinguishing also Remission Certificates to Retired Officers and Naval and Military Land Orders; and Grants without Purchase, Free Grants, and Old Land Claims. The whole has been compiled from Returns presented, by command, to the House of Representatives, and, I trust, will be found intelligible and satisfactory to those who take an interest in this important subject.

PRICES OF PROVISIONS.

The Table showing, for the several Provinces, the Average Prices of Provisions and Live Stock in 1861, will afford evidence that the principal necessaries of life are obtainable throughout New Zealand at reasonable rates.

see Table LV.

POST OFFICE.

see Tables LVI., LVIL., LVIII., LIX.

Letters

The Tables relating to the POST OFFICE have been constructed on a plan somewhat different from that adopted in previous years, and, probably, better adapted to show the real business transacted in this Department. It will be seen that the Aggregate Number of Letters that passed through the several Chief Post Offices in New Zealand during the year was 1,236,76, of which 335,628 were from and to the United Kingdom, 174,064 from and to the Australian Colonies, 710,213 between the several Provinces and Sub-Offices, and 16,863 from and to Other Places. A separate Table shows the Numbers of Letters Despatched from New Zealand to Places out of the Colony, distinguishing the Destination of the Letters and the respective Chief Offices from which they were sent.

Newspapers

There is, I apprehend, less certainty as to the Numbers of Newspapers received and despatched (as shown in Table LVIII.), the Returns not affording means of ascertaining the Numbers sent through the Post Office more than once. The Totals, as they stand, are, Newspapers Received, 630,436; Despatched, 797,915.

Postal Revenue

An interesting Table (No. LIX.), copied from the last Report to His Excellency by the Hon. the Postmaster-General, gives a Comparative view of the Postal Revenue of the several Provinces for the years ending 1858-59-60-61, distinguishing the Amount for each Province in each Quarter of each Year. The Totals show the steady increase of Revenue from year to year, the Amounts being, in 1858, £6,024 5s. 8d.; in 1859, £7,812 19s. 1d.; in 1860, £10,068 13s. 11d.; and in 1861, £14,108 8s. 0d.

see Tables LX. to LXXI.

COURTS OF LAW

A series of twelve Tables exhibits the Legal and Criminal Statistics of the Colony in 1861, embracing Returns from the Supreme Court, the District Courts, and the Resident Magistrates' Courts, and distinguishing in the latter the Cases, both Civil and Criminal, in which Europeans, or Maories, or both, were concerned. These are given in the same form as in previous years, and do not appear to require any particular comment here. They satisfactorily show the small amount of serious crime in New Zealand, the great bulk of the Criminal Cases being Offences of a comparatively light character.

Meteorology

The Appendix, in addition to Papers referred to in previous parts of this Report,—viz., the boundaries of the several Electoral Districts (Appendix A.), Mr. Buller's Return of the Aboriginal Native Population in Canterbury, (Appendix H.) and Mr. Seed's Report on the Chatham Islands (Appendix I.) contains such Meteorological information as I have been able to procure. It includes an abstract of the Meteorological Register kept at Auckland by the Royal Engineer Department; Meteorological Observations at New Plymouth by Edward L. Humphries, Esq.; an Abstract of Weather Register kept at Heath-cote Valley, near Lyttelton; by T. I. Cookson, Esq.; Summary of Weather at Dunedin in 1861, with its results as compared with the nine preceding years, from observations by the Rev. Dr. Burns; and an Abstract of Meteorological Observations at Dun Alister, Southland, from Notes supplied by the Hon. J. R. Menzies, The “Remarks on the Climate of New Zealand” prepared, with great care, for a former volume of these Statistics, by the late Dr. A. S. Thomson is again added, and is especially valuable as showing, in a clear Tabular Form, the Elements of the Climate of New Zealand as compared with the Climate of other Countries.

Meteorological Instruments having been recently forwarded by the General Government to the several Provinces, with a view to an extended and uniform system of Observation, it may be anticipated that in future more complete information on this important subject will be available.

       I have the honor to be,

       

          Sir,

        Your most obedient Servant,

           JOHN B. BENNETT,

           Registrar-General.

Appendix A. APPENDIX

Table of Contents

  1. —Description of Electoral Districts; under the “Representation Act, 1860.”

  2. —Abstract of Meteorological Register kept at Auckland by the R. E. Department in 1861.

  3. —Meteorological Table for New Plymouth (Taranaki) during the Year 1861.

  4. —Abstract of Weather Register, kept at Heathcote Valley, (Canterbury), in 1861.

  5. —Summary of Weather at Dunedin, (Otago), for the Year ending 30th June, 1861, and its Results as compared with the nine preceding Years.

  6. —Abstract of Meteorological Observations at Dun Alister (Southland).

  7. —Elements of the Climate of New Zealand compared with Other Places.

  8. —Maori Population of Canterbury in 1861.

  9. —Report on the State of the Chatham Islands, in 1861.

No. 1. TABLE SHEWING THE NUMBERS, SEXES, AND AGES, OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN NEW ZEALAND, AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER 1861.

PROVINCES.NUMBERS OF EACH AGE AND SEX.GENERAL TOTALS OF POPULATION.HALF-CASTES, INCLUDED IN THE FOREGOING TOTALS.
MALES.TOTAL MALES.FEMALES.TOTAL FEMALES
Under 6 years.6 and under 16.16 and under 21.21 and under 40.40 and under 55.55 and under 65.65 and upwards.Ages not known.Under 6 years.6 and under 16.16 and under 21.21 and under 40.40 and under 55.55 and under 65.65 and upwards.M.F.

* In addition to the enumerated Population of OTAGO, there are believed to have been about 3,000 Gold Miners in different gullies and on the roads, on the day when the Census was taken, making the estimated actual Population of the Province 30,163, and of the Colony, 102,021, exclusive of the Military and their Families.

Population of the Cities or Chief Towns of the several Provinces (included above):—AUCKLAND, (City and Port) Males 4,226; Females 3,763; Total 7,989. NEW PLYMOUTH, Males 1,062; Females 842; Total 1,904. WELLINGTON, Males, 2,052; Females 2,124; Total 4,176. NAPIER, Males 533; Females 391; Total 924. NELSON, Males 1,873; Females 1,861; Total 3,734. PICTON (Population not separately stated). CHRISTCHURCH, Males 1,598; Females 1,607; Total 3,205. LYTTELTON, Males 1,045; Females 899; Total 1,944. DUNEDIN (City and Port), Males 4,169; Females 2,354; Total 6,523. INVERCARGILL, Males 391; Females 218; Total 609.—GENERAL TOTALS, Males 16,949, Females 14,059; Persons 31,008.

AUCKLAND2,4312,9521,1924,1711,879702164313,4942,2692,8331,2362,9051,2892999510,92624,420329260
TARANAKI1992601233691554815 1,1691742308622111638108752,04483
WELLINGTON1,4841,5835471,79488525479 6,6261,4731,5915781,439639158625,94012,5666659
HAWKE'S BAY276233143778195402 1,66724023392296691319442,6117956
NELSON1,1561,1974481,61865619765 5,3371,1581,1864451,161491131434,6159,9529 
MARLBOROUGH2252201436941793210 1,5032021917223981927962,2992713
CANTERBURY1,9231,6686523,62987913850 8,9391,8931,4716152,40460393227,10116,0402422
OTAGO*1,4251,4081,23312,6281,785209502,42321,1611,4051,2515712,158472113326,00227,1633538
SOUTHLAND22615485497117262 1,10716715082258497 7131,8203226
STEWART'S ISLAND67784   3248471  24561813
CHATHAM ISLANDS67157 1 2748432112350  
TOTALS (EXCLUSIVE OF THE MILITARY AND THEIR FAMILIES)9,3579,6894,57426,1916,7411,6464382,42661,0628,9899,1523,78511,0913,81286226837,95999,021627490
MILITARY AND THEIR FAMILIESOFFICES AND MEN 5,836. MALE CHILDREN 4376,273WOMEN 523. FEMALE CHILDREN 4981,0217,294  
GENERAL TOTALS OF THE EUROPEAN POPULATION IN DECEMBER 186167,335 38,980106,315  

No. 2. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE NUMERICAL AND CENTESIMAL INCREASE (OR DECREASE) OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN THE SEVERAL PROVINCES OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING A PERIOD OF THREE YEARS, VIZ.: DECEMBER 1858, TO DECEMBER, 1861.

PROVINCE.1858.1861.NUMERICAL INCREASE OR DECREASE IN THREE YEARS.CENTESIMAL INCREASE OR DECREASE IN THREE YEARS.
On the Numbers of the Sexes respectively.On the Total Population.
Males.Fem.Total.Males.Fem.Total.Males.Fem.Total.Males.Fem.

The CHATHAM ISLANDS not being included, the addition of 50 (viz. 27 Males and 23 Females) to the Totals for 1861 in the above Table—and in the other Comparative Tables which follow—is necessary to bring those Totals into agreement with the General Totals of Population in Table No. 1.

AUCKLAND10,2187,95918,17713,49410,92624,4203,2762,9676,24332.0637.2734.34
TARANAKI (Decrease)1,4141,2362,6501,1698752,044-245-361-606-17.17.32-29.20-22.86
WELLINGTON6,5245,22911,7536,6265,94012,5661027118131.5613.596.91
HAWKE'S BAY1,0634511,5141,6679442,6116044931,09756.82109.3172.45
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH)5,2034,0699,2726,8405,41112,2511,6371,3422,97931.4632.9832.12
CANTERBURY5,3013,6668,9678,9397,10116,0403,6383,4357,07368.6293.6978.87
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)3,8743,0706,94422,2686,71528,98318,3943,64522,039474.80118.72317.31
STEWARTS ISLAND3021513224562356.4614.289.80
TOTALS33,62725,70159,32861,03537,93698,97127,40812,23539,64381.5047.6066.82

No. 3. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE NUMERICAL AND CENTESIMAL INCREASE OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT), IN THE SETTLEMENTS OR PROVINCES OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING A PERIOD OF TEN YEARS, VIZ.: DECEMBER 1851, TO DECEMBER, 1861.

SETTLEMENT OR PROVINCE.1851.1861NUMERICAL INCREASE IN TEN YEARSCENTESIMAL INCREASE IN TEN YEARS.
On the Numbers of the Sexes respectively.On the Total Population.
Males.Fem.Total.Males.Fem.Total.Males.Fem.Total.Males.Fem.

STEWART'S ISLAND (as well as the CHATHAM ISLANDS) is not included in the Comparative Tables relating to 1851.

AUCKLAND5,2814,1489,43013,49410,92624,4208,2126,77814,990155.47163.40158.95
TARANAKI8456871,5321,1698752,04432418851238.3427.3633.42
WELLINGTON (including Hawke's BAY)3,6132,7966,4098,2936,88415,1774,6804,0888,768129.80146.20136.80
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH)2,3171,9704,2876,8405,41112,2514,523,3,4417,964195.20174.67185.77
CANTERBURY1,9651,3083,2738,9397,10116,0406,9745,79312,767354.91442.88390.07
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)1,0137631,77622,2686,71528,93321,2555,95227,2072097.23780.071531.92
TOTALS15,03511,67226,70761,00337,91298,91545,96826,24072,208305.73224.81270.37

No. 4. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBERS, SEXES, AND AGES OF THE POPULATION IN THE SEVERAL ELECTORAL DISTRICTS IN NEW ZEALAND, (DISTINGUISHING THE NUMBERS UNDER TWENTY ONE YEARS OF AGE, AND TWENTY ONE AND UPWARDS,) AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER, 1861.

ELECTORAL DISTRICTS.TOTAL MALES.TOTAL FEMALESGENERAL TOTALS OF POPULATION.NUMBERS OF EACH AGE AND SEX.NUMBERS OF EACH SEX UNDER AND OVER 21 YEARS.
MALES.FEMALES.MALES.FEMALES.
Under 6 years.6 and under 16.16 and under 21.21 and under 40.40 and under 55.55 and under 65.65 and upwards.Ages not known.Under 6 years.6 and under 16.16 and under 21.21 and under 40.40 and under 55.55 and under 65.65 and upwards.Under 21 years.21 years and upwards.Under 21 years.21 years and upwards.

* There are believed to have been in “Bruce,” when the Census was taken, about 3000 Gold Miners not included in the Schedules.

The “Electoral Districts” in this and following Tables are those defined by the “Representation Act, 1860,” of the General Assembly. The Schedule of that Act containing the detailed descriptions of the several Districts will be found in Appendix A of this volume.

The Numbers in this Table do not include the persons in the Shipping at Auckland and Dunedin Harbours, or the inhabitants of the Chatham Islands; which were respectively,—Auckland, Males 273; Females 41; Total 314. Dunedin, Males 644; Females 29; Total 673. Chatham Islands, Males 27; Females 23; Total 50;–amounting to 1,037 persons (viz., 944 Males and 93 Females). These numbers must be added to those in the preceding Table to make its Totals agree with those of the General Totals for the Colony in Table No. 1.

1. MONGONUI29319448748443311438124...50432950184...12516812272
2. BAY OF ISLANDS5823879699812053195692819...6916969933575271311247140
3. MARSDEN9267271,653165216772691166122...1342096719383338458468410317
4. NORTHERN DIVISION1,5049412,445225272136611193541031922699426992187633868555386
5. CITY OF AUCKLAND EAST1,2741,2382,512223305111405173507...2462881693531442711639635703535
6. CITY OF AUCKLAND WEST2,6792,4845,16358361319279236710725...53359728670428457231,3881,2911,4161,068
7. PARNELL8778921,769151216912221324520...163210121251110298458419494398
8. NEWTON39237076289933810648144...9488351083681220172217153
9. PENSIONER SETTLEMENTS7096851,39412219262114941196...12521750125126384376333392293
10. TOWN OF ONEHUNGA7167071,42315420853133110535...14819855176103189415301401306
11. FRANKLIN1,6841,1222,8062913241525352619724...238291132281143325767917661461
12. RAGLAN1,5851,1382,7232743351645202235217...2673081252851112814773812700438
13. GREY AND BELL70311019156281011...7431123130401417
14. TOWN OF NEW PLYMOUTH1,0628421,9041902451123161394614...16622683209114359547515475367
15. OMATA37239......52561......1......1.........53211
16. WANGANUI1,0658951,96026124075299145369...2402348522985139576489559336
17. RANGITIKI491401892881095015169168...111109349735114247244254147
18. PORIRUA9988811,879219263792451374213...24223368202100297561437543338
19. CITY OF WELLINGTON2,0522,1244,1765125081375202677929...44260322453024261221,1578951,269855
20. HUTT1,0149521,966228266932241414913...2482351062141013612587427589363
21. WAIRARAPA1,0066871,693176197113355126327...190177611677688486520428259
22. NAPIER8855921,47716714656379109271...1541524818243121369516354238
23. CLIVE7823521,134109878739986131...868144114261....283499211141
24. COLLINGWOOD4433107538784261765983...957820753282197246193117
25. MOTUEKA1,0108721,882229274772471304211...2262428020590218580430548324
26. CITY OF NELSON1,8731,8613,7344394001495662167627...42942420053820052189888851,053808
27. SUBURBS OF NELSON40335575888103428564165...82100298143146233170211144
28. WAIMEA1,3431,1452,4882983211193781565318...309318113241119369738605740405
29. PICTON48726575277754520960165...626622842461197290150115
30. WAIRAU9205051,42513412889444106145...135121491445231351569305200
31. CHEVIOT1,2674971,764133133147723113153...127102471764221413854276221
32. KAIAPOI1,1481,0432,19131228565357110145...2982547131888104662486623420
33. AVON1,1751,0062,18130729970341126248...2872266332685172676499576430
34. HEATHCOTE1,1709492,11928123278425130195...2551826932898152591579506443
35. ELLESMERE288193481507828982752...31472263255...15613210093
36. CITY OF CHRISTCHURCH1,5981,6073,205381293896431532613...371319161597135177763835851756
37. TOWN OF LYTTELTON1,0458991,94421117179452115125...255165922958093461584512387
38. AKAROA5504811,0311351223417165176...1441034513834143291259292189
39. TIMARU1,0595241,5831428710662684104...14710149195284...335724297227
40. HAMPDEN1,1096291,73817012891587119113...169117662214871389720352277
41. BRUCE*15,6452,94718,5927068008179,4891,245137282,42368665430396725364202,32310,8991,6431,304
42. CITY OF DUNEDIN3,5252,3255,8505234582001,9163496019...52745819392916641111,1812,3441,1781,147
43. WALLACE1,3778092,186252177126654140262...18817591294538...555822454355
TOTALS60,11837,86697,9849,3379,6624,45225,5446,6261,6354362,4268,9699,1333,77311,0593,80486126723,45134,24121,87515,991

No. 5. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBERS AND DESCRIPTIONS OF HOUSES, AND THE DOMESTIC CONDITION OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN NEW ZEALAND, AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER, 1861.

PROVINCES.HOUSES OR BUILDINGS.CONDITION.TOTALS OF SEXES.GENERAL OF POPULATION.DEAF & DUMB, OR BLIND, (Included in the foregoing Totals).
OF WHAT MATERIALS.TOTALS.NUMBER OF ROOMS.MARRIED.UNMARRIED.Widowers.Widows.NOT specified.DEAF & DUMB.BLIND.
Wood.Stone or Brick.Raupo.Other Materials.1 or 2.3.4.5.6 or upwards.Male.Female.Male.Female.Male.Female.Male.Female.Male.Female.Male.Female.

* This Total includes 128 Houses, the Numbers of Rooms in which are not specified.

AUCKLAND5,2362694301286,063*2,1918531,1414771,2733,9033,8079,2976,74928236612413,49410,92624,4205351
TARANAKI41961034381087510057983543277925242324......1,1698752,044......1...
WELLINGTON2,7223592973,0818864986023027931,8892,0024,6143,754123184......6,6265,94012,566...335
HAWKE'S BAY4932543057922510464581284063581,2325682918......1,6679442,611............
NELSON1,4155373981,8735053113461845271,5851,5873,6662,92786101......5,3374,6159,9521.........
MARLBOROUGH265...13234512258716530884073271,0744592210......1,5037962,299............
CANTERBURY2,55747565773,2371,0954825082269262,7602,7856,0474,174132142......8,9397,10116,0404221
OTAGO1,61796...4,4236,1364,9843113151323944,1632,33613,8493,5342601322,889...21,1616,00227,163113...
SOUTHLAND391......53444232676928483012827934121319......1,1077131,820............
STEWART'S ISLAND121...114121......1151114133.........322456............
CHATHAM ISLANDS12...1821133212662116...1......272350............
TOTALS (EXCLUSIVE OF THE MILITARY AND THEIR FAMILIES)15,1394776306,15222,39810,5092,7763,2121,4954,27815,78913,82841,39923,1309739972,901461,06237,95999,021119147

No. 6. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBERS AND DESCRIPTIONS OF HOUSES OR BUILDINGS IN NEW ZEALAND (EXCLUSIVE OF THE CHATHAM ISLANDS) IN DECEMBER 1858, AND DECEMBER 1861, RESPECTIVELY, WITH THE INCREASE OR DECREASE SHOWN BY THE CENSUS OF 1861, AND THE PROPORTION OF THE POPULATION TO THE HOUSES AT THE RESPECTIVE PERIODS.

PROVINCES.1858.1861.INCREASE in 1861.DECREASE in 1861.POPULATION.PROPORTION OF POPULATION TO EACH HOUSE.
WOOD.STONE OR BRICK.OTHER MATERIALSTOTAL.WOOD.STONE OR BRICK.RAUPO.OTHER MATERIALSTOTAL.1858.1861.1858.1861.

* Including 3,687 Tents.

AUCKLAND3,4991604584,1175,2362694301286,0631,946...18,17724,4204.414.02
TARANAKI6447296804196103438...2422,6502,0443.894.66
WELLINGTON2,458223192,7992,7223592973,081282...11,75312,5664.194.07
HAWKE'S BAY308413945149325430579128...1,5142,6113.354.50
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH1,186445261,7561,68053206322,385629...9,27212,2515.284.84
CANTERBURY1,340173841,7412,55747565773,2371,496...8,96716,0405.154.92
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND706524691,2272,00896...4,476*6,5805,353...6,94428,9835.654.26
STEWART'S ISLAND381241121...114...2751561.244.00
 10,1793072,32612,81215,1274776296,14422,377......59,32898,9714.634.42
NET INCREASE OF HOUSES IN THE THREE YEARS ENDING 1861 9,565

No. 7. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBERS AND DESCRIPTIONS OF HOUSES, AND THE DOMESTIC CONDITION OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN THE SEVERAL ELECTORAL DISTRICTS OF THE COLONY OF NEW ZEALAND, AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER, 1861.

ELECTORAL DISTRICTS.HOUSES OR BUILDINGS.CONDITION.TOTAL MALES.TOTAL FEMALESGENERAL TOTALS OF POPULATION.
OF WHAT MATERIALS.TOTALS.NUMBER OF ROOMS.MARRIED.UNMARRIED.WIDOWERS.WIDOWS.
WOOD.STONE OR BRICK.RAUPOOTHER MATERIALS.1 OR 2.3.4.5.6 OR UPWARDSMALE.FemaleMALE.FEMALE.

* The Total for City of Auckland West includes 128 Houses the Numbers of Rooms in which are not specified.

† Including 3,687 Tents.

To show that the above Numbers relating to the Condition of the People agree with those in the preceding Tables for the Colony, it is necessary to add the Numbers for the Harbours of Auckland and Dunedin as shown in Table No. 4–also 3 Males in the Northern Division, and 2,889 Males in Bruce (Condition not specified); and the Inhabitants of the Chatham Islands which are not included in any Electoral District.

1. MONGONUI6813610115481920721776221113151293194487
2. BAY OF ISLANDS19281782258228231676140107418273247582387969
3. MARSDEN294139313652145436204125525864844823219267271,653
4. NORTHERN DIVISION48688614594315988627683743421,09857429251,5049412,445
5. CITY OF AUCKLAND EAST58180...5666124801726822238842386376323521,2741,2382,512
6. CITY OF AUCKLAND WEST1,21560...141,289*2531643331522598479051,7701,476621032,6792,4845,163
7. PARNELL361241338975381003614026427958756526488778921,769
8. NEWTON16019 118057324717271161272642321211392370762
9. PENSIONER SETTLEMENTS321166334126936313392532614473979277096851,394
10. ONEHUNGA3702......3721317864267323926046742010277167071,423
11. FRANKLIN5817183197904029493511504813971,17370830171,6841,1222,806
12. RAGLAN60758621774436475104441574223701,13674127271,5851,1382,723
13. GREY AND BELL28......129521273171651152...7031101
14. TOWN OF NEW PLYMOUTH38561024031007387509333331070850821241,0628421,904
15. OMATA6.........63 1...241331......37239
16. WANGANUI44023170543175881014413529530275556415291,0658951,960
17. RANGITIKI151...1535201654436173912713035926457491401892
18. PORIRUA390...7444411397987409629830468156019179988811,879
19. CITY OF WELLINGTON997......1281,1252641652371313286117081,3961,32045962,0522,1244,176
20. HUTT415......441910163954411630532168661123201,0149521,966
21. WAIRARAPA32916163521425946267925323773743516151,0066871,693
22. NAPIER279135143291146444357224121762635918168855921,477
23. CLIVE21411916250111402023561651416062091127823521,134
24. COLLINGWOOD118...32214364272491910911233119533443310753
25. MOTUEKA2648...563287658514110229128770456915161,0108721,882
26. CITY OF NELSON65525177758148127158722536226571,2161,14635581,8731,8613,734
27. SUBURBS OF NELSON878...46141491927133312812526722684403355758
28. WAIMEA2779316545414777804410640138491774525161,3431,1452,488
29. PICTON115...9531771052514102314711333314775487265752
30. WAIRAU145...4159308136425118612392006673001459205051,425
31. CHEVIOT237856953961013625142202971929592961191,2674971,764
32. KAIAPOI4496...64519196781013810633941679861211151,1481,0432,191
33. AVON2567...14140415379502210036439879059421141,1751,0062,181
34. HEATHCOTE23410...1744181657069258937039078154919101,1709492,119
35. ELLESMERE452...287525109625807320511436288193481
36. CITY OF CHRISTCHURCH6105...1362817677110661995706171,00194427461,5981,6073,205
37. OWN OF LYTTELTON3274...413721027373339133433269053821291,0458991,944
38. AKAROA2111...922111325339411641773762951095504811,031
39. TIMARU2077...66280104414418732972267522901081,0595241,583
40. HAMPDEN17428...1173191665236224327124782337215101,1096291,738
41. BRUCE64737...4,147†4,8314,298148139571892,5661,10910,0181,7741726415,6452,94718,592
42. CITY OF DUNEDIN77231...140943494107136501561,1269392,3351,33164553,5252,3255,850
43. WALLACE4271...73501270727331553523191,00746818221,3778092,186
TOTALS15,1274776296,14422,37710,4962,7733,2101,4944,27615,57213,79140,69023,07996499660,11837,86697,984

No. 8. TABLE SHOWING, FOR EACH ELECTORAL DISTRICT IN THE COLONY OF NEW ZEALAND, THE NUMBERS OF THE MALE POPULATION, THE NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, THE NUMBER OF ELECTORS, AND THE PROPORTION OF ELECTORS TO THE MALE INHABITANTS.

ELECTORAL DISTRICTS.TOTAL MALE POPULATION.NUMBER OF MALES AGED 21 YEARS AND UPWARDS.NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES.NUMBER OF ELECTORS.PROPORTION OF ELECTORS TO EVERY 100 OF TOTAL MALE POPULATION.PROPORTION OF ELECTORS TO EVERY 100 MALES OF 21 AND UPWARDS.

The value of the columns showing the Proportion of Electors to the Population is qualified by the fact that, in numerous instances, Electors are non-resident, many having votes in more than one District. As respects the Electoral Districts of Taranaki, there is, moreover, the special consideration that, in consequence of the war, the great bulk of the Population of the Province has been congregated in the Town of New Plymouth.

1. MONGONUI293168One12542.6674.40
2. BAY OF ISLANDS582311One15827.1450.80
3. MARSDEN926468One37340.2879.70
4. NORTHERN DIVISION1,504868Two57238.0365.89
5. CITY OF AUCKLAND EAST.1,274635One57445.0590.39
6. CITY OF AUCKLAND WEST2,6791,291Two81230.3062.89
7. PARNELL877419One26830.5563.96
8. NEWTON392172One21755.35126.16
9. PENSIONER SETTLEMENTS709333One26737.6580.18
10. TOWN OF ONEHUNGA716301One26036.3086.37
11. FRANKLIN1,684917Two40023.7543.62
12. RAGLAN1,585812One48230.4159.35
13. GREY AND BELL7040One242345.71605.00
14. TOWN OF NEW PLYMOUTH1,062515One18417.3335.72
15. OMATA3732One128345.94400.00
16. WANGANUI1,065489One28827.0458.89
17. RANGITIKI491244One12024.4349.18
18. PORIRUA998437One48748.79111.44
19. CITY OF WELLINGTON2,052895Three74636.3583.35
20. HUTT1,014427Two45044.37105.38
21. WAIRARAPA1,006520One26626.4451.15
22. NAPIER885516One27731.2953.68
23. CLIVE782499One20426.0840.88
24. COLLINGWOOD443246One16236.5665.77
25. MOTUEKA1,010430One31130.7972.32
26. CITY OF NELSON1,873885Two55529.6362.71
27. SUBURBS OF NELSON403170One14636.2285.88
28. WAIMEA1,343605One33625.0155.53
29. PICTON487290One21343.7373.44
30. WAIRAU920569One28030.4349.20
31. CHEVIOT1,267854One19615.4622.95
32. KAIAPOI1,148486One28825.0859.25
33. AVON1,175499One27323.2354.70
34. HEATHCOTE1,170579One27623.5847.66
35. ELLESMERE288132One5117.7038.63
36. CITY OF CHRISTCHURCH1,598835One43627.2852.21
37. TOWN OF LYTTELTON1,045584One17216.4529.45
38. AKAROA550259One21238.5481.85
39. TIMARU1,059724One12111.4216.71
40. HAMPDEN1,109720One11910.7316.52
41. BRUCE15,64510,899Two6644.246.09
42. CITY OF DUNEDIN3,5252,344Two42011.9117.91
43. WALLACE1,377822Two33524.3240.75
TOTALS60,11834,241Fifty-three13,46622.3939.32

No. 9. TABLE SHOWING THE PLACES OF BIRTH OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN NEW ZEALAND, AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER, 1861.

PROVINCES.BORN INTOTALS.
ENGLAND.IRELAND.SCOTLAND.WALES.NEW ZEALAND.AUSTRALIAN COLONIES.OTHER BRITISH DOMINIONS.UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.FRANCE.GERMANYOTHER FOREIGN COUNTRIES.AT SEA.NOT SPECIFIED.
M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.
AUCKLAND4,6153,1531,6951,4991,3361,01838374,1944,1103753585955552233554237917170296970512224,420
TARANAKI584418342147202...4543919111573...1...615195......2,044
WELLINGTON2,6062,1453362996044992682,7302,719106147663620916419865183248......12,566
HAWKE'S BAY7483431617217277103448391393624718312215 11298......2,611
NELSON2,2821,82615011539528346352,0682,0699485456629217916611640752......9,952
MARLBOROUGH70228983411717495419340373031811...2...13419164......2,299
CANTERBURY4,8223,68057847680256653332,0731,9821591491397943107126824070134747......16,040
OTAGO6,4741,0202,9452095,7543,095152151,4091,31154223511129289206911184103531348312,831327,163
SOUTHLAND2911128037339269......232201937224941111151434314...1,820
STEWART'S ISLAND71......74......14172......2..................2...............56
CHATHAM ISLANDS64......11......1616........................3111............50
TOTALS (EXCLUSIVE OF THE MILITARY AND THEIR FAMILIES)23,13712,9916,0622,7699,6285,90633613614,05713,5471,4561,1231,0507986408024376578202750882292182,8962599,021

No. 10. TABLE SHOWING THE PER CENTAGE OF PLACES OF BIRTH OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN NEW ZEALAND, IN DECEMBER, 1861 (ACCORDING TO THE NUMBERS SHOWN IN THE PRECEDING TABLE, No. 9).

PROVINCES.ENGLAND.IRELAND.SCOTLAND.WALES.NEW ZEALAND.AUSTRALIAN COLONIES.OTHER BRITISH DOMINIONS.UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.FRANCE.GERMANY.OTHER FOREIGN COUNTRIES.AT SEA.NOT SPECIFIED.
AUCKLAND31.8013.079.640.3034.003.004.701.050.31.0.390.810.560.29
TARANAKI49.022.693.220.0941.340.971.070.140.040.340.290.68...
WELLINGTON37.805.058.770.2743.342.010.810.230.150.210.660.63...
HAWKE'S BAY41.788.929.530.4932.132.871.180.800.530.570.490.65...
NELSON41.272.666.810.8141.561.791.110.310.262.830.470.07...
MARLBOROUGH43.105.3910.650.6033.012.911.690.470.080.730.860.43...
CANTERBURY53.006.578.520.5325.281.901.350.330.600.760.510.58...
OTAGO27.5811.6132.570.6110.012.860.511.130.290.711.340.2910.43
SOUTHLAND22.146.4233.40...23.799.061.810.270.100.870.930.380.76
STEWART'S ISLAND14.28...19.64...55.353.573.57.........3.57......
CHATHAM ISLANDS20.00...4.00...32.00............8.004.00......
AVERAGE FOR THE COLONY36.498.9215.690.4827.862.611.870.730.326.780.850.452.95

No. 11. TABLE SHOWING THE DISTRIBUTION OF OCCUPATIONS AMONG THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN NEW ZEALAND, AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER, 1861.

PROVINCES.TRADE, COMMERCE. AND MANUFACTURES.AGRICULTURAL AND PASTORAL.MECHANICS AND ARTIFICERS.MINING.CLERICAL PROFESSION.LEGAL PROFESSION.MEDICAL PROFESSION.TEACHERS.SURVEYORS.OTHER EDUCATED PROFESSIONS:LABOURERS.DOMESTIC SERVANTS.MISCELLANEOUS.No OCCUPATION STATED, PRINCIPALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN.TOTALS OF POPULATION.
AUCKLAND9071,7791,70622863444151611411,4087291,28616,06624,420
TARANAKI6719891...561110760142 611,3862,044
WELLINGTON3911,02062792911254812465303123789,12812,566
HAWKE'S BAY111329154...763108171881541951,4292,611
NELSON23166047324014718332241330592657,5599,952
MARLBOROUGH74303119...31132891127394471,3242,299
CANTERBURY5151,410880193020266740141,31789349510,31416,040
OTAGO9331,5801,62110,830188313925601,3164731,3748,85527,163
SOUTHLAND52186105182174102103941301,1061,820
STEWART'S ISLAND2...3...1.....................133756
CHATHAM ISLANDS...44...1.....................14050
TOTALS (EXCLUSIVE OF THE MILITARY AND THEIR FAMILIES)3,2837,4695,78311,138196941783901943925,6072,8084,24557,24499,021

No. 12. TABLE SHOWING CENTESIMALLY THE DISTRIBUTION OF OCCUPATIONS AMONG THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN NEW ZEALAND, IN DECEMBER, 1861 (ACCORDING TO THE NUMBERS SHOWN IN THE PRECEDING TABLE, No. 11).

PROVINCES.TRADE, COMMERCE AND MANUFACTURES.AGRICULTURAL AND PASTORAL.MECHANICS AND ARTIFICERS.MINING.PROFESSIONS. CLERICAL MEDICAL AND LEGALTEACHERS, SURVEYORS, AND> OTHER EDUCATED PROFESSIONS.LABOURERS.DOMESTIC SERVANTS.MISCELLANEOUS.No OCCUPATION STATED (PRINCIPALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN).
AUCKLAND3.717.286.990.090.671.455.772.995.2665.79
TARANAKI3.289.694.45...1.073.776.95 2.9867.81
WELLINGTON3.118.124.990.070.510.844.222.483.0272.64
HAWKE'S BAY4.2512.605.90...0.611.347.205.907.4754.73
NELSON2.326.634.752.410.390.973.320.592.6675.96
MARLBOROUGH3.2213.185.18...0.742.0911.874.092.0457.59
CANTERBURY3.218.795.490.120.470.758.215.573.0964.30
OTAGO3.445.825.9739.870.210.454.841.745.0632.60
SOUTHLAND2.8610.225.770.990.550.885.665.167.1460.77
STEWART'S ISLAND3.57...5.36...1.78.........23.2266.07
CHATHAM ISLANDS8.00...8.00...2.09.........2.0080.00
AVERAGE FOR THE COLONY3.317.545.8411.250.470.995.662.844.2957.81

No. 13. TABLE SHOWING THE RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN NEW ZEALAND, AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER, 1861.

PROVINCES.Church of England.Church of Scotland, Free Church of Scotland, Other Presbyterians. (See Note 1.)Roman Catholic Church.Wesleyan Methodists.Congregational Independents.Baptists.Primitive Methodists.Lutheran Church.Hebrews.Society of Friends.Protestants (no particular Denomination specified).Otherwise Described, or Not Described. (See Note 2.)TOTAL POPULATION.
M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.

(1.) The order in the Schedule of “Religious Bodies” appended to “The Marriage Act, 1854,” has been followed in the Classification of the Denominations specified in this Table as far as (and including) the column headed “Society of Friends;” but Presbyterians have been brought under one comprehensive heading, there being reason to believe that, in very many instances, the Householders, when filling the Census Forms, did not regard the distinctive designations of the several Presbyterian Churches. The actual numbers, as compiled from the Census Schedules, are respectively,—Church of Scotland, 2,395; Free Church of Scotland, 4,364; (Other) Presbyterians, 14,448;—Total, 21,207.

(2.) The Numbers under the heading “Otherwise Described or Not Described” are made up as follows, (taking the results of the compilation in their numerical order). Unknown or Not Stated, 3,657, viz., Males, 3,427; Females, 230. (Of these 3,251, viz., 3,203 Males and 48 Females, were in Otago, chiefly on the Gold Fields.)......Christians, 239, viz., Males, 132; Females, 107......No Denomination, 238, viz., Males, 150; Females, 88.....Unitarians, 161, viz., Males, 112; Females, 49......Non-sectarians, 115, viz., Males, 65; Females, 50. (Of these 49, viz., Males, 31, Females, 18, are distinguished as “Non-sectarian Protestants;” and 50, viz., Males, 23; Females, 27, as “Non-sectarian Christians.”)......Dissenters and Non-Conformists, 107, viz., Males, 52; Females, 55.....Swedenborgians, 41, viz., Males, 25; Females, 16......Free Thinkers, 34, viz., Males, 22; Females, 12......Christian Israelites, 32, viz., Males, 16. Females, 16......Calvinists, 27, viz., Males, 21; Females, 6......New Church, 25, viz., Males, 13; Females, 12......Plymouth Brethren, 22, viz., Males, 10; Females, 12......Mormons, 20, all Males...... Religion of the Bible, and Bible Christians, 19, viz., Males, 8; Females, 11......Not Decided, 22, viz., Males, 13; Females, 9......Hindus, 14, viz., Males, 11; Females, 3......Disciples, 12, viz., Males, 7; Females, 5......Moravians, 8, viz., Males, 5; Females, 3......Universalists, 8, all Males.....Mahometans, 4, all Males......Buddhists, 3, all Males. Others, (in every instance under a Total of 10,) 133, viz., Males 89; Females, 44.

AUCKLAND6,2784,8262,3251,9042,3942,2091,145982458430303274636833982631521544124411824,420
TARANAKI66648238191920263199413113996942.........2...... 29212,044
WELLINGTON3,0342,701925818710632691745152129838910411923171289570855717512012,566
HAWKE'S BAY1,043564231123240158735528261131...4...3296......2472,611
NELSON2,5712,16956947425821160255957512893123838209166844...3413093913229,952
MARLBOROUGH97548420312917188704817143118......3211............32122,299
CANTERBURY6,0264,7121,128886499390845771124951161235343311621158...1...884916,040
OTAGO5,9741,1456,6793,9172,519226487120280115184887 113486178...1,6213223,2034827,163
SOUTHLAND49626145435275479615793......196211.........27301,820
STEWART'S ISLAND1811101031........................12........................56
CHATHAM ISLANDS8749..............................147..................1...50
TOTALS EXCLUSIVE OF THE MILITARY AND THEIR FAMILIES27,08917,36212,5668,6416,8883,9824,1853,4851,1728981,03991936236245222921511156142,8241,2294,21472799,021

No. 14. TABLE SHOWING THE PER CENTAGE OF RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS OF THE POPULATION, (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT), IN NEW ZEALAND, IN DECEMBER, 1861, (ACCORDING TO THE NUMBERS SHOWN IN THE PRECEDING TABLE No. 13).

PROVINCES.Church of England.Church of Scotland; Free Church of Scotland; and Other Presbyterians.*Roman Catholic Church.Wesleyan Methodists.Congregational Independents.Baptists.Primitive Methodists.Lutherans.Hebrews.Society of Friends.Protestants.*Otherwise Described, or not Described.

* See Notes to preceding Table (No. 13).

AUCKLAND45.4717.3218.858.713.642.360.540.170.590.070.801.48
TARANAKI56.162.791.9122.603.521.089.290.10...0.10...2.45
WELLINGTON45.6413.8610.6811.432.241.371.770.320.160.1110.062.35
HAWKE'S BAY61.5513.5615.244.902.070.540.040.150.190.57...1.19
NELSON47.6210.484.7111.671.086.040.763.770.120.046.547.17
MARLBOROUGH63.4614.4411.265.131.352.13...0.220.09......1.92
CANTERBURY66.9512.565.5410.071.361.490.600.290.230.06...0.85
OTAGO26.2139.0110.112.231.451.000.030.430.380.037.1511.97
SOUTHLAND41.5944.296.700.821.210.66...1.370.170.05...3.14
STEWART'S ISLAND51.7935.717.14............5.36............
CHATHAM ISLANDS30.0026.00...............42.00.........2.00
AVERAGE FOR THE COLONY44.8921.4110.987.752.091.980.730.680.320.074.095.01

No. 15. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBERS OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN NEW ZEALAND, ABLE OR NOT ABLE TO READ OR WRITE, AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER 1861.

PROVINCES.DEGREE OF EDUCATION.NOT DESCRIBED.TOTAL POPULATION.
UNDER 16 YEARS.16 YEARS AND UPWARDS.MEMBERS OF UNIVERSITIES.TOTALS OF BOTH SEXES AND ALL AGES.
CANNOT READ.READ ONLY.READ AND WRITE.CANNOT READ.READ ONLY.READ AND WRITE.
Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Cannot Read.Read only.Read and Write.
AUCKLAND2,6462,4457837861,9491,8704843723315407,2654,907775,9472,44015,9914224,420
TARANAKI187160775119519330174841632413103942171,433...2,044
WELLINGTON1,5491,4994965411,0221,0242201541743163,1652,406283,4221,5277,617..12,566
HAWKE'S BAY2982917457137125643324291,070409106861841,741...2,611
NELSON1,1181,1033313489048931441151201952,7201,961212,4809946,478...9,952
MARLBOROUGH2552246274125925619434496234395542231,522...2,299
CANTERBURY2,0201,9424864951,0859272091471882454,9513,345624,3181,41410,308...16,040
OTAGO1,3821,3845645408577152654923913414,7343,125323,0801,47719,4313,17527,163
SOUTHLAND265138654266673521141566238474591361,179461,820
DISTRICT OF STEWART'S ISLAND12812...23224146...25922...56
DISTRICT OF CHATHAM ISLANDS422...382......112818331850
GENERAL TOTALS (EXCLUSIVE OF MILITARY AND THEIR FAMILIES)9,7369,1962,9412,9366,3435,9161,5129291,1831,56436,18717,30725721,3738,62465,7533,27199,021

No. 16. TABLE SHOWING THE CENTESIMAL PROPORTIONS OF MALES AND FEMALES RESPECTIVELY AND OF THE TOTAL (EUROPEAN) POPULATION OF NEW ZEALAND ABLE OR UNABLE TO READ OR WRITE, IN DECEMBER 1861 (ACCORDING TO THE NUMBERS SHOWN IN THE PRECEDING TABLE, NO 15).

PROVINCESDEGREE OF EDUCATION.
UNDER 16 YEARS.16 YEARS AND UPWARDS.BOTH SEXES AND ALL AGES.
CANNOT READ.READ ONLY.READ AND WRITE.CANNOT READ.READ ONLY.READ AND WRITE.
Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.CANNOT READ.READ ONLY.READ AND WRITE.

The above Centesimals have been calculated on the Population after deducting the Numbers of those respecting whom the requisite information was not ascertained, as shown in the preceding Table (No. 15), in the column “Not Described.”

AUCKLAND49.2047.9414.5615.4136.2436.655.996.404.079.2889.9484.3224.3910.0165.60
TARANAKI40.7439.6016.7812.6342.4847.774.223.616.768.7089.0287.6919.2710.6270.11
WELLINGTON50.5148.9216.1717.6633.3233.426.185.364.8910.9888.9383.6627.2312.1560.62
HAWKE'S BAY58.5561.5214.5412.0526.9126.435.527.012.086.1692.4086.8326.277.0566.68
NELSON47.5147.0614.0714.8438.4238.104.835.064.028.5991.1586.3524.919.9865.11
MARLBOROUGH57.6957.4414.0318.9728.2823.595.284.684.0510.8490.6784.4824.109.7066.20
CANTERBURY56.2557.7313.5314.7230.2227.553.913.933.526.5592.5789.5226 928.8264.26
OTAGO49.3152.4520.1220.4630.5727.091.741.481.574.0596.6994.4712.846.1681.00
SOUTHLAND66.9255.8716.4117.0116.6727.124.925.001.973.5793.1191.4325.877.6766.46
DISTRICT OF STEWART'S ISLAND92.3166.677.6916.66...16.6715.7916.6710.5333.3373.6850.0044.6416.0739.29
CHATHAMISLANDS44.4520.0022.22...33.3380.0014.29......11.1185.7188.8919.057.1473.81
AVERAGES FOR THE COLONY51.1950.9515.4616.2733.3532.783.894.693.047.9093.0787.4122.329.0168.67

No. 17. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING, FOR THE YEARS 1858 AND 1861 RESPECTIVELY, THE POPULATION OF EUROPEAN DESCENT IN NEW ZEALAND, (EXCLUSIVE OF THE MILITARY AND THEIR FAMILIES), CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO THE DIFFERENT DEGREES OF EDUCATION:—THE NUMERICAL AND PROPORTIONATE INCREASE (OR DECREASE) IN 1861; AND THE PROPORTION PER CENT. OF EACH DEGREE OF EDUCATION TO THE TOTAL POPULATION OF THE SEVERAL PROVINCES IN THE RESPECTIVE YEARS.

PROVINCES.POPULATION.INCREASE OR DECREASE IN 1861 AS COMPARED WITH 1858.PROPORTION PER CENT, OF EACH DEGREE OF EDUCATION TO THE GENERAL TOTALS OF POPULATION IN THE RESPECTIVE YEARS.
1858.1861.NUMERICAL.PROPORTIONATE.1858.1861.
Cannot Read.Read only.Read and Write.Cannot Read.Read. only.Read and Write.Cannot Read.Read only.Read and Write.Cannot Read.Read only.Read and Write.Cannot Read.Read only.Read and Write.Cannot Read.Read only.Read and Write.
          per cent. per cent. per cent. per cent. per cent. per cent. per cent. per cent. per cent.
AUCKLAND4,7902,26411,1235,9472,44015,9911,1571764,86824.167.7743.7626.3512.4661.1924.3910.0165.60
TARANAKI (Decrease in 1861)6623631,6253942171,433-268-146-192-44.83-40.22-11.8124.9813.7061.3219.2710.6270.11
WELLINGTON2,9891,4247,3403,4221,5277,61743310327714.487.163.7725.4312.1262.4527.2312.1560.62
HAWKE'S BAY4021011,0116861841,7412848373070.6482.1772.2026.556.6766.7826.277.0566.68
NELSON AND MARLBOROUGH2,2718646,1373,0341,2178,0007633531,86333.5540.7430.3824.499.3266.1924.919.9865.11
CANTERBURY2,2048335,9304,3181,41410,3082,1145814,37895.9165.7973.8224.589.2966.1326.928.8264.26
OTAGO AND SOUTHLAND1,5958464,5033,5391,61320,6102,04476716,107120.8190.66357.6922.9712.1864.8512.846.1681.00
DISTRICT OF STEWART'S ISLAND3181225922-6110-19.3512.5083.3360.7815.6923.5344.6416.0739.29
TOTALS AND AVERAGES FOR THE COLONY14,9446,70337,68121,3658,62165,7226,4211,91828,04142.9628.6174.4125.1911.3063.5122.329.0168.67

No. 18. TABLE SHEWING THE NUMBERS OF THE POPULATION (OF EUROPEAN DESCENT) IN NEW ZEALAND, ATTENDING SCHOOLS, WITH THE RESPECTIVE NUMBERS UNDER SIX YEARS AND BETWEEN SIX AND SIXTEEN YEARS OF AGE, ACCORDING TO A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER, 1861.

PROVINCES.AT DAY SCHOOLS.AT SUNDAY SCHOOLS.POPULATION.
SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT AID.PRIVATE, OR NOT RECEIVING GOVERNMENT AID.TOTALS.AT SUNDAY ONLY.AT BOTH DAY AND SUNDAY.TOTALS.UNDER 6 YEARS.BETWEEN 6 AND 16.
Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Males.Females.Total.Males.Females.Total.
AUCKLAND6835349368881,6191,4222352487817841,0161,0322,4312,2694,7002,9522,8335,785
TARANAKI39 1271331661335857136113194170199174373260230490
WELLINGTON2171776486468658235836714334161,0161,0871,4841,4732,9571,5831,5913,174
HAWKE'S BAY2525391864439172493326276240516233233466
NELSON6587031912208499231301534334635636161,1561,1582,3141,1971,1862,383
MARLBOROUGH3221272359442746354842225202427220191411
CANTERBURY5253393563698817082712644994627707261,9231,8933,8161,6681,4713,139
OTAGO35429216326551755745602312252762851,4251,4052,8301,4081,2512,659
SOUTHLAND141212292641101120173028226167393154150304
STEWART'S ISLAND.........1...1.........1...164107815
CHATHAM ISLANDS....................................64107815
TOTALS2,5472,1032,4992,5925,0464,6951,3431,4882,6032,5253,9464,0139,3578,98918,3469,6899,15218,841

No. 19. TABLE SHOWING THE IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION TO AND FROM NEW ZEALAND DURING THE YEAR 1861.

 IMMIGRATION.EMIGRATION.EXCESS OF IMMIGRATION OVER EMIGRATION.EXCESS OF EMIGRATION OVER IMMIGRATION
ADULTS.CHILDREN.TOTALS.ADULTS.CHILDREN.TOTALS.
Male.Female.Male.Female.Male.Female.Male.Female.

The figures in the above Table relating to the Australian Colonies cannot be regarded as strictly accurate; first, because it appears certain that considerable numbers arrived at Otago from Australia who were not included in the official Returns; and, secondly, on account of the difficulty of distinguishing Passengers to and from Australia from other Passengers in the mail steamers at intermediate Southern Ports, especially at Wellington and Lyttelton.

The TOTALS in the column headed “Excess of Immigration” are not the addition of the preceding figures, but the net Excess of Immigration (after deducting any Excess of Emigration at the Port or Province.)

The migration between the several Ports of New Zealand (which is not included in this Table) is shewn the following Table (No. 20).

PROVINCE OF AUCKLAND.            
AUCKLANDUnited Kingdom5162631201011,0002224161173927...
 Australian Colonies3029429274523091194635509...57
 Other British Ports...............211...4...4
 Foreign States851353106523 ...5551...
 TOTALS9033701541311,5583851476346641917...
HOKIANGAAustralian Colonies1.........1...............1...
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF AUCKLAND9043701541311,5593851476346641918...
             
PROVINCE OF TARANAKI            
NEW PLYMOUTHUnited Kingdom...............11......2...2
 Australian Colonies252......2789...5225...
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF TARANAKI252  27910 5243...
             
PROVINCE OF WELLINGTON.            
WANGANUIAustralian Colonies...............3...1...4...4
WELLINGTONUnited Kingdom54391520128119663296...
 Australian Colonies429736112661546...
 Other British Ports...............1.........1...1
 Foreign States21......3...............3...
 TOTALS984922231921311121248144 
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF WELLINGTON984922231921611131252140 
             
PROVINCE OF HAWKE'S BAY            
NAPIERAustralian Colonies112...215...............15...
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF HAWKE'S BAY112...215...............15...
             
PROVINCE OF NELSON.            
NELSONUnited Kingdom5740813118126232395...
 Australian Colonies14048131021155244285126...
 Other British Ports...............1.........1...1
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF NELSON197882123329683065109220...
             
PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY.            
LYTTELTONUnited Kingdom3552241421498702722151377793...
 Australian Colonies86355...1261081887141...15
 Foreign States...............431...8...8
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY441259147149996139432420226770...
             
PROVINCES OF OTAGO AND SOUTHLAND            
DUNEDINUnited Kingdom8125122712361,831241147461,785...
 Australian Colonies16,52642516812717,2464,8956417144,99012,256...
 TOTALS17,33893743936319,0774,9197521215,03614,041...
INVERCARGILLAustralian Colonies852914161442331229115...
TOTALS—PROVINCES OF OTAGO AND SOUTHLAND17,42396645337919,2214,9427822235,06514,156...
             
GENERAL TOTALS19,0991,73679770722,3395,5593191281116,11716,222...
TOTAL EXCESS OF IMMIGRATION OVER EMIGRATION IN 1861          16,222

No. 20. TABLE SHEWING THE ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES BETWEEN PORTS OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEAR 1861.

 ARRIVALS FROM OTHER PORTS OF NEW ZEALAND.DEPARTURES TO OTHER PORTS OF NEW ZEALAND.EXCESS OF ARRIVALS OVER DEPARTURES.EXCESS OF DEPARTURES OVER ARRIVALS.
ADULTS.CHILDREN.TOTALS.ADULTS.CHILDREN.TOTALS.
Male.Female.Male.Female.Male.Female.Male.Female.

(a) The Returns for New Plymouth do not include Arrivals or Departures of the Military or their Families, or of Persons known to be absent only for a limited time.

(b) The Emigration Officer at Lyttelton reports that “as there is no doubt that many Passengers have gone on board vessels bound for Otago Gold Fields after the clearance of those vessels” the Return is not quite correct.

(c) The remark in the preceding Note (which may be regarded as applicable in a greater or lesser degree to other Ports in the Colony) obviously affects especially the accuracy of the figures returned for Dunedin.

The TOTALS in the columns headed “Excess” are not the addition of the preceding figures, but the net Excess of the Arrivals or the Departures at the Port or Province.

PROVINCE OF AUCKLAND            
Auckland1,213261100511,6251,30928284521,727...102
Wangarei265641...330249475...30129...
Russell31081511414294832617420...6
Mongonui7529111068736......123...17
Kaipara1.........1...............1...
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF AUCKLAND1,864432117632,4761,939448115692,571...95
             
PROVINCE OF TARANAKI            
New Plymouth23817114615370819834107249459...
(a) TOTALS—PROVINCE OF TARANAKI23817114615370819834107249459...
             
PROVINCE OF WELLINGTON            
Wanganui187621311273220521013295...22
Wellington1,7223481281052,3031,8253331591412,458...155
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF WELLINGTON1,9094101411162,5762,0453851691542,753...177
             
PROVINCE OF HAWKE'S BAY—-            
Napier489167372972250294302465072...
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF HAWKE'S BAY489167372972250294302465072...
             
PROVINCE OF NELSON            
Collingwood23420112563051766334..78
Nelson1,32327462441,70382920699911,225478...
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF NELSON1,55729463451,9591,134223105971,559400...
             
PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY            
(b) Lyttelton1,75525497932,1991,53716538351,775424...
Akaroa135783326213321...
TOTALS—PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY1,7682591041012,2321,56316739381,807425...
             
PROVINCES OF OTAGO AND SOUTHLAND            
(c) Dunedin3,00124567443,3571,2408537251,3871,970...
Invercargill1593725182392051 26213...
TOTALS—PROVINCES OF OTAGO AND SOUTHLAND3,16028292623,5961,2609038251,4132,183...
             
GENERAL TOTALS10,9852,01570056914,2698,6411,44150641411,0023,267...

No. 21. TABLE SHEWING THE NUMBERS OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS OF PERSONS OF EUROPEAN DESCENT REGISTERED IN NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEAR 1861.

PROVINCES.BIRTHS.DEATHS.EXCESS OF BIRTHS OVER DEATHS.EXCESS OF DEATHS OVER BIRTHS.
M.F.Total.Under 1 Year.1 and under 22 and under 5Totals under 5.5 and under 10.10 and under 20.20 and under 30.30 and under 40.40 and under 50.50 and under 60.60 and under 70.70 and upwards.UnknownTotals (of all Ages).General Totals (of both Sexes).
M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.

Sixty-three of the Deaths included in the above Numbers, (viz., 46 Males and 17 Females,) were by Drowning; and Seventy (viz., 51 Males and 19 Females) were occasioned by various other External Causes; making a Total of One Hundred and Thirty-three (viz., 97 Males and 36 Females) from such causes.

The Numbers of Un-registered Births and Deaths cannot be ascertained.

AUCKLAND4344238572844171710225583101381439152914219241072341...197164361496...
TARANAKI3338717524612152141381242632......1241...............5293...22
WELLINGTON27725252912137642232196316399143834...311...8047127402...
HAWKE'S BAY565310935211 663...21324...121...1......12...23123574...
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH)215235450181298171344339119611683143342311...9369162288...
CANTERBURY400378778381875785231437410731257743  1719870168610 
O TAGO (including SOUTHLAND)3373096462921524538283767151092105824 234 9963162484...
DISTRICT OF STEWART'S ISLAND...11.......................................................................................1...
DISTRICT OF CHATHAM ISLANDS.........1...............1.........................................................1...1...1
GENERAL TOTALS1,7521,6893,4411361184943496223422342534345884568435430512325411101616324771,1092,332...
TOTAL EXCESS OF BIRTHS OVER DEATHS IN 1861 2,332

No. 22. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE TOTAL NUMBERS OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS OF MALES AND FEMALES, OF EUROPEAN DESCENT, REGISTERED IN NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860 AND 1861.

PROVINCES.1855.1856.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861EXCESS OF BIRTHS OVER DEATHS IN SEVEN YEARS.
BIRTHS.DEATHS.BIRTHS.DEATHS.BIRTHS.DEATHS.BIRTHS.DEATHS.BIRTHS.DEATHS.BIRTHS.DEATHS.BIRTHS.DEATHS.
M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.M.F.Totals.

The Numbers of Un-registered Births and Deaths cannot be ascertained.

AUCKLAND24420313065255231101622912631045932528313594365334181934053692071294344231971641,3641,4402,704
TARANAKI525115669539568601766658786259755758412633384152270269539
WELLINGTON (including HAWKE'S BAY until 1859)174145834420720049482502257848302278804627522474502562947537277252804712841,3532,637
HAWKE'S BAY................................................2818922530151256532312
NELSON (including MARL-BOROUGH)11311738301291363327167156252117016643282162084031239226889421533593698899441,833
CANTERBURY122108291715912937161401673124204177473626425392623563701249240037898701,1861,2652,451
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)60709483697128990111011712430281831563028229231805233730999638328521,684
DISTRICT OF STEWA RT'S ISLAND1.........2.....................11......1............1.........1......538
DISTRICT OF CHATHAM ISLANDS...................................................1.........1............1...1 Decr.21
GENERAL TOTALS7666943041669048182361701,0059612661681,1851,087342401,3941,2534332711,5661,5796304621,7521,6896324775,7296,12811,857

No. 23. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBERS OF MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED IN NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860 AND 1861.

PROVINCES.1855.1856.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
AUCKLAND133109140163188210252
TARANAKI32252226241813
WELLINGTON (including HAWKE's BAY until 1859)8710510810011075118
HAWKE'S BAY............141518
NELSON (and MARLBOROUGH)6258787764106118
CANTERBURY527287110119151144
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)3632385081113211
DISTRICT OF STEWART'S ISLAND3258314
CHATHAM ISLANDS11.........1...
TOTALS406404478534603690878

No. 24. SUMMARY SHOWING THE NUMBERS OF MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED IN NEW ZEALAND BY OFFICIATING MINISTERS OF THE SEVERAL RELIGIOUS BODIES, (AS ENUMERATED IN SCHEDULE D OF “THE MARRIAGE ACT, 1854,”) AND BY REGISTRARS, DURING THE YEARS 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860 AND 1861.

RELIGIOUS BODIES.1855.1856.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.

In one case in 1855, three cases in 1856, two cases in 1857, one case in 1860, and three cases in 1861, the Marriages were solemnized by both Protestant and Roman Catholic Officiating Ministers.

UNITED CHURCH OF ENGLAND AND IRELAND174169199220238215278
CHURCH OF SCOTLAND131589489
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH38506158476984
FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND767575103135179284
PRESBYTERIAN CONGREGATIONS64821543
WESLEYAN METHODIST SOCIETY56484742617873
CONGREGATIONAL INDEPENDENTS9121011212225
BAPTISTS...25752531
PRIMITIVE METHODIST SOCIETY12142128241517
LUTHERAN CHURCH749111085
HEBREW CONGREGATIONS1......2...11
BY REGISTRARS15143741436671

No. 25. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS OF VESSELS, ENTERED INWARDS, AT THE SEVERAL PORTS OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEAR 1861.

NAME OF PORT.WHENCE.BRITISH.FOREIGN.TOTALS.
United Kingdom.British Possessions.Foreign Countries & Whale Fishery.With Cargoes.In Ballast.Total British.With Cargoes.In Ballast.Total Foreign.With Cargoes.In Ballast.Total.
With Cargoes.In Ballast.With Cargoes.In Ballast.With Cargoes.In Ballast.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.

Coasting Vessels are not included in the above Table.

AUCKLAND17...66218...9735,7271,41121,832579937,5591,46841,415104.........41,41510410137,1421,51521,8325710338,9741,572
RUSSELL.........142..............................4214,8431,1911449184315,2921,2094214,8431,1911449184315,2921,209
MONGONUI............16..............................165,177473.........1 65,177473165,177473.........165,177473
HOKIANGA......24......24852131,8135852,29879.........12201012201024852142,0336862,51889
NEW PLYMOUTH......16.........162,188139.........162,188139...........................162,188139.........162,188139
WANGANUI......1.........1625.........1625...........................1625.........1625
WELLINGTON4 2332...277,438300387737308,315337268819.........268819298,126319387737329,003356
NAPIER......6.........677845.........677845...........................677845.........677845
NELSON5...40.........4412,651804.........4412,651804124011.........1240114512,891815.........4512,891815
LYTTELTON8...27.........3313,580529.........3313,580529264223.........2642233514,222552.........3514,222552
AKAROA............7..............................73,828250.........73,82825073,828250.........73,828250
DUNEDIN11...226181...21362,1073,381148,64342222770,7503,8032511,73844641,906932913,64453923873,8453,8271810,54951525684,3944,342
INVERCARGILL......291......298,56344019630308,659470...........................298,56344019630308,659470
GENERAL TOTALS45...4362986...468143,5797,0752313,261604491156,8407,6799938,5712,51762,57512110541,1462,638567182,1509,5922915,836725596197,98610,317

No. 26. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS OF VESSELS CLEARED OUTWARDS AT THE SEVERAL PORTS OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEAR 1861.

NAME OF PORTDESTINATION.BRITISH.FOREIGN.TOTALS.
United Kingdom.British Possessions.Foreign Countries & Whale Fishery.With Cargoes.In Ballast.Total British.With Cargoes.In Ballast.Total Foreign.With Cargoes.In Ballast.Total.
With Cargoes.In Ballast.With Cargoes.In Ballast.With Cargoes.In Ballast.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.Vessels.Tons.Crew.

Coasting Vessels are not included in the above Table.

AUCKLAND3...388115165515,9047134220,5446859736,4481,39814553251,88912962,3441615616,3597454722,43381410338,7921,559
RUSSELL............413...........................4114,1741,1373961694415,1351,2064114,1741,1373961694415,1351,206
MONGONUI............17..............................175,452503.........175,452503175,452503.........175,452503
HOKIANGA......7...1...62,45487.........62,45487236019.........23601982,814106.........82,814106
KAIPARA1...1.........286532.........286532...........................286532.........286532
NEW PLYMOUTH......910......92,369160102,332120194,701280...........................92,369160102,332120194,701280
WANGANUI......1.........1625.........1625...........................1625.........1625
WELLINGTON4...11712144,64918272,01475216,66325726942726852741,37954165,34320992,699102258,042311
NAPIER......21......22561311369339222...........................22561311369339222
NELSON......169...1186,810491102,71294289,522585...........................186,810491102,71294289,522585
WAIRAU...............1...... 1147811478....................................1147811478
LYTTELTON3...2914433510,573430167,0102365117,583666134710129582642183610,920440177,3052445318,225684
AKAROA............7..............................73,828248.........73,82824873,828248.........73,828248
DUNEDIN3 461415185121,0541,10113655,8252,02718776,8793,12832,069662310,7722802612,8413465423,1231,16715966,5972,30721389,7203,474
INVERCARGILL......148......143,92225783,731147227,653404...........................143,92225783,731147227,653404
GENERAL TOTALS16...174221914420768,9183,47123194,4513,401438163,3696,8727427,3792,0423414,60251310841,9812,55528196,2975,513265109,0533,914546205,3509,427

No. 27. TABLE SHOWING THE TOTAL VALUE OF IMPORTS, AT THE SEVERAL PORTS OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEAR 1861.

COUNTRIES.Auckland.Wangarei.Russell.Mongonui.Hokianga.Kaipara.New Plymouth.Wanganui.Wellington.Napier.Nelson.Wairau.Picton.Lyttelton.Akaroa.Dunedin.Invercargill.Totals.
 ££££££££££££££££££
UNITED KINGDOM302,346366277......14,99810,804161,80024,769136,107833...197,013895158,8642,4691,011,640
BRITISH COLONIES, viz.—                  
New South Wales222,976...667...1,47345018,5954,85149,5696,40754,194...225124,638...82,5191,130567,694
Victoria10,617...190.........1,31391224,3218023,9962,9862,54455,577...557,38759,962739,885
South Australia15,021...8.........27..................3,435.........18,491
Tasmania11,878...............5...1,293...863......14,504...56,4638,09693,102
India2,299...10..........................................2,309
Mauritius140.....................200..................4,500...4,840
                   
FOREIGN COUNTRIES, viz.—                  
United States of America16,263...3,330............1270............6,589526......26,790
France46.......................................25......71
Germany260..................4018,176............10.........18,486
Java4,000...............125..............................4,125
South Sea Islands4,084...37...............30............76.........4,227
                   
WHALE FISHERY1,538......613.......................................2,151
                   
GENERAL TOTALS591,46834,9046901,47345035,06316,619255,45931,256215,1603,8192,769401,8421,446859,73371,6572,493,811

No. 28. TABLE SHOWING THE TOTAL VALUE OF EXPORTS, FROM THE SEVERAL PORTS OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEAR 1861.

COUNTRIES.Auckland.Russell.Mongonui.Hokianga.Kaipara.New Plymouth.Wanganui.Wellington.Napier.Nelson.Wairau.Lyttelton and Akaroa.Dunedin.Invercargill.Totals.
 £££££££££££££££
UNITED KINGDOM18,398.........4,400......110,576...18,17257,844193,197104,258...506,845
BRITISH COLONIES, viz.—               
New South Wales30,089......1,4547215,2851,9926,39365915,425...15,469106,329...183,816
Victoria350......1,808.........1,597...13...3,456633,0787,788648,090
South Australia1,030......495.....................5......1,530
Tasmania...9...........................3832477601,629
India1,300......7,399.............................8,699
                
FOREIGN COUNTRIES, viz.—               
United States of America—1,780..................7,160.........612......9,552
China.........1,180..............................1,180
Guam and other places14..................20.........382238...654
South Sea Islands4,448..................312.........51......4,811
                
WHALE FISHERY257052,711.................................3,441
                
GENERAL TOTALS £57,6737052,71112,3365,1215,2851,992126,05865933,61057,844213,555844,158,5481,370,247

No. 29. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE TOTAL VALUE OF THE IMPORTS OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, AND 1861.

PROVINCE.COUNTRIES.1853.1854.1855.1856.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
  £ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£££
AUCKLANDUnited Kingdom74,035 1 2128,187 9 6126,189 15 5114,992 8 11125,249 17 4153,991 15 4237,081245,579303,088
British Colonies171,997 13 4215,009 4 4237,816 18 9145,531 10 0193,074 1 1 10185,526 12 3166,333198,199265,729
Foreign States13,884 19 55,723 18 118,186 14 810,463 14 85,450 9 45,734 4 08,58722,25230,171
 TOTALS £259,917 13 11348,920 12 9372,193 8 10270,987 13 7323,774 18 6345,252 11 7412,001466,030598,988
TARANAKIUnited Kingdom18,697 6 012,316 0 1120,554 11 915,291 6 018,563 2 615,299 13 122,05119,51214,998
British Colonies11,313 3 023,017 17 414,393 3 311,924 4 07,090 7 017,203 19 912,22016,72419,940
Foreign States......32 0 0...15 0 0.........125
 TOTALS £30,010 9 035,333 18 334,979 15 027,215 10 025,668 9 632,503 12 1034,27136,23635,063
WELLINGTON (including HAWKE'S BAY until 1859)United Kingdom60,695 12 9130,166 11 182,933 10 571,041 9 4158,998 14 5163,565 18 10232,723176,042172,604
British Colonies100,182 15 3145,567 5 1093,480 6 9107,987 6 4102,228 18 11119,891 16 0108,31677,56781,446
Foreign States578 16 5240 0 01,512 0 0...205 0 0441 0 050418,328
 TOTALS £161,457 4 5275,973 16 11177,925 17 2179,028 15 8261,432 13 4283,898 14 10341,089253,613272,078
HAWKE'S BAYUnited Kingdom..................6,4638,51424,769
British Colonies..................12,1033,5246,487
Foreign States..................380170...
 TOTALS £..................18,94612,20831,256
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH until 1860United Kingdom19,869 0 049,835 0 048,410 7 049,782 19 043,267 10 966,229 17 1191,22691,174136,107
British Colonies31,579 0 037,313 0 037,812 13 031,389 4 693,968 19 284,173 4 677,75560,42179,053
Foreign States...12 0 0......213 0 0195 11 0.........
 TOTALS £51,448 0 087,160 0 086,223 0 081,172 3 6137,449 9 11150,598 13 5168,981151,595215,160
MARLBOROUGHUnited Kingdom.....................550833
British Colonies........................5,755
Foreign States............................
 TOTALS £.....................5506,588
CANTERBURYUnited Kingdom20,784 17 136,035 4 436,592 3 034,902 4 469,144 15 989,949 4 0163,979185,384197,908
British Colonies63,052 7 964,029 5 360,762 10 1055,133 10 0,96,304 17 9127,105 1 2166,670112,126198,154
Foreign States82 17 055 16 0238 0 0410 10 0954 15 0211 0 01,2225,4297,226
 TOTALS £83,920 1 10100,120 5 797,592 13 1090,446 4 4166,404 8 6217,265 5 2331,871302,939403,288
OTAGO (including Southland)United Kingdom8,752 15 027,574 17 014,228 10 023,592 8 045,065 9 043,560 0 088,771143,814161,333
British Colonies2, 321 10 016,117 10 029,900 11 036,718 5 932,768 10 066,665 5 0155,100181,348770,057
Foreign States......416 10 0..................
 TOTALS £11,074 5 043,692 7 044,545 11 060,310 13 977,833 19 0110,225 5 0243,871325,162931,390
CHATHAM ISLANDSUnited Kingdom..................No ReturnsNo ReturnsNo Returns
British Colonies.........1,651 9 5430 12 41,464 18 0
Foreign States.........56 4 0...64 6 0
 TOTALS £.........1,707 13 5430 12 41,529 4 0.........
GENERAL TOTALS£597,827 14 2891,201 0 6813,460 5 10710,868 14 3992,994 11 11,141,273 6 101,551,0301,548,3332,493,811

No. 30. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE TOTAL VALUE OF THE EXPORTS OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, AND 1861.

PROVINCE.COUNTRIES.1853.1854.1855.1856.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
  £ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£££
AUCKLANDUnited Kingdom34,342 15 028,361 0 03,660 0 012,286 0 023,351 10 823,542 5 1035,32426,98722,798
British Colonies119,264 15 0143,146 17 11148,979 0 6107,636 0 472,184 0 862,878 16 659,92055,49744,885
Foreign States1,715 13 08,903 6 33,139 17 45,612 8 06,423 5 105,327 19 811,3848,66810,863
 TOTALS £155,323 3 0180,411 4 2155,778 19 10125,534 8 4101,958 17 291,749 2 0106,62891,15278,546
TARANAKIUnited Kingdom95 0 0...............62 0 0......
British Colonies8,618 3 614,009 14 620,982 1 03,818 18 05,166 19 410,961 14 38,7543,5205,285
Foreign States.........50 0 020 0 0............
 TOTALS £8,713 3 614,009 14 620,982 1 03,868 18 05,186 19 411,023 14 38,7543,5205,285
WELLINGTON (including HAWKE'S BAY until 1859)United Kingdom43,776 7 015,525 6 011,168 14 624,570 18 342,090 18 673,214 1 4109,816119,631110,576
British Colonies56,921 8 467,944 9 561,667 16 755,842 19 750,669 16 441,475 12 731,05217,4179,982
Foreign States156 0 077 7 0667 19 23 10 025 0 0...11187,492
 TOTALS £100,853 15 483,547 2 573,474 10 380,417 7 1092,785 14 10114,689 13 11140,879137,566128,050
HAWKE'S BAYUnited Kingdom.....................18,114...
British Colonies..................10...659
Foreign States..................38055...
 TOTALS £..................39018,169659
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH until 1860)United Kingdom......16,040 5 0988 0 019,804 0 040,241 0 045,60452,66818,172
British Colonies34,226 0 021,609 0 031,454 0 028,767 0 057,605 7 340,289 16 732,48220,89815,438
Foreign States...24 0 0...20 10 0...52 0 0.........
 TOTALS £34,226 0 021,633 0 047,494 5 029,775 10 077,409 7 380,582 16 778,08673,56633,610
MARLBOROUGHUnited Kingdom........................57,844
British Colonies...........................
Foreign States...........................
 TOTALS £........................57,844
CANTERBURYUnited Kingdom.........19,379 15 043,072 8 086,453 1 888,551166,174193,197
British Colonies3,396 0 014,049 16 043,888 5 028,423 18 422,339 14 622,201 10 844,00442,12519,313
Foreign States...728 0 067 0 027 10 0144 0 059 0 04721,1551,045
 TOTALS £3,396 0 014,777 16 043,955 5 047,831 3 465,556 2 6108,713 12 4133,027209,454213,555
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)United Kingdom...............19,011 0 037,75028,672104,258
British Colonies770 0 06,481 19 024,182 15 025,737 6 925,266 15 628,333 6 845,88326,817748,202
Foreign States..................8737238
 TOTALS £770 0 06,481 19 024,182 15 025,737 6 925,266 15 647,344 6 883,72055,526852,698
CHATHAM ISLANDSUnited Kingdom..................No. Returns.No. Returns.No Returns.
British Colonies.........5,268 10 01,230 15 03,920 0 0
Foreign States..................
 TOTALS £.........5,268 10 01,230 15 03,920 0 0.........
GENERAL TOTALS £ 303,282 1 10320,890 16 1365,867 16 1318,433 4 3369,394 11 7458,023 5 9551,484588,9531,370,247

No. 31. TABLE SHEWING THE QUANTITY AND VALUE OF IMPORTS, AT THE SEVERAL DURING THE YEAR 1861.

ARTICLES.AUCKLAND.SUB-PORTS OF AUCKLAND.NEW PLYMOUTH.WANGANUI.WELLINGTON.NAPIER.NELSON.WAIRAU AND PICTON.LYTTELTON AND SUB-PORTS OF THE PROVINCE.DUNEDIN.INVERCARGILL.TOTALS.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.
   £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £   £ £
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, viz.—                         
Harrows and Ploughs number153, and 142 packages1,372638............5, & 32 pkgs.275117737173......56, & 22 pkgs.1,19358, and 120 packages1,1328108334, and 316 packages4,368
Spades, Shovels, &c. packages286, & 40 cwt.76412......82220, & 31 cwt.230410100515392185617664,852311011,437 pkgs. and 71 cwt.7,066
Not described packages7763212123......16186125148636982904,2973982,854110872 packages8,590
ALE, BEER, CIDER AND PERRYgallons98,16219,3155841475,8301,2212,20228032,9416,3237,3571,58122,5354,242....95,13319,12272,36114,7422,731967339,836 gallons67,940
APOTHECARY WARESpackages7494,341653435610522352,1513221581,552....2632,7835444,615513132,053 packages16,190
ARMS AND AMMUNITION, viz.—                         
Arms number3931,222......12151403311901,235 8310164312071717125637171169625,155
Percussion Caps thousands217, & 3 pkgs.255..................11033......609............219177......606, and 3 packages474
Powderlbs.91............23655493......4,447489......33,7201,9755,8906265344,648 lbs.3,193
Shotcwt.........................1 package5......71135......45765488926179 cwt. and 1 package330
Other kinds packages6694......215......215......22......670............78 packages196
BAGS, SACKS, &c. packages2113,071............23039602235488503412692,7572862,20811200871 packages9,794
BOOKS—Printed packages2054,29516203726133941,6875191821,348......1573,1541412,676211713 packages13,873
BOOTS AND SHOESpackages85920,499430891,970336892949,156319503868,8261558030714,6081,41330,502561,4133,487 packages89,223
BRUSHWARE AND PERFUMERYpackages56936......14133513518381313272......48939471,12513196248 packages4,455
CANDLES, viz.—                         
Tallow cwts.120578......2487......202918271033161,387............1721,195......861 cwt.4 268
Wax, &c. cwts.6293,71531768460221362842,015312058526,1953212972,0291661 370554362 410 cwt.16 599
Not described cwts.8904,3471 ½922185......6604,35441273......322453162,4391,421, and 248 packages7,2535321,389 cwt. & 248 pkgs.19,137
CARTS, DRAYS, &c. number79, & 15 pkgs.1,630............145268351770776, & 22 pkgs.3,03541412135,096195, and 561 packages20,85620741631, and 598 packages33,086
CHEESEcwts.83407......16, & 8 pkgs7412571115503045948......3139415,11417301,222 cwt. and 8 pkgs.6,338
CLOCKS AND WATCHESpackages16739......382110932231540696960397171664,966......328 packages10,478
Jewellery packages192,332......8242......4120......6110......567
COALStons4,2907,77424............4,7629,6966141,4904,2029,018......4,66811,4957,45719,756½325,995 tons59,236
COFFEE, CHICORY, CHOCOLATE, &c. lbs.129,5524,7893,12514315,9618352,75915581,2833,2864,82729648,2143,4941,39611846,5112,345117,5116,2924,442342455,581 lbs.22,095
COPPER MANUFACTURES, viz.—                         
Nails cwts.37345..........................................429............41 cwt.374
Sheathing cwts.5611,710............................................................561 cwt.1 710
Other kinds packages23, and 3 cwt.237......579160........................437............33 packages and 3 cwt.413
CORDAGE AND WOOLLASHINGcwts.1,179, and 11 packages2,78431, & 19 pkgs.13632 & 7 pkgs.15114 packages3650, & 9 pkgs.18628, & 33 pkgs.1431836144 packages18231, and 17 packages1,160181,and 1,129 packages8,02630 packages661,915 cwt.& 1,273 pkgs.8,320
DRAPERY GOODS, viz.—                         
Cotton Manufactures packages82930,54333501181,055271,10661333,952823142622,146......451,6652597 205673 1502,325 packages101,554
Silk and Silk Goods packages303,684......2125150331,862......171 790......4395143372240103 packages8,483
Slop Clothing packages1,12344,695766803,588241,33237811,316725724110,476......2008,1581,16846,19151193,233 packages126,198
Woollen Manufactures packages49520,416370341,541271,36227917,658801,14727215,234......561,9281,04551,4401005,8292,391 packages116,625
Other kinds, and Goods not described in Returns packages82333,98821400291,18512472......953,2031035,433241,5851,14252,20240414,343351,0122,688 packages113,823
EARTHEN AND CHINA WAREpackages2181,956......1916543755550622881381,4263502272,0682142,49118245958 packages9,276
FRUITS, viz.—                         
Dried packages9532,81528204738......30118551614071,599138402,8221,4404,3101252894,153 packages13,252
Green packages751, & in bulk2,190......112120......145200......488564......298 & in bulk54621538093752,102 packages and in bulk4,075
Bottled packages168329......1620............1329............20508421,740912181,150 packages2,386
Not described packages..............................220......1068..................12 packages88
FURNITUREpackages1901,8851923129173413,974614521621,172444206488,0679118,858362832,418 packages25,256
GLASSWAREpackages1,5533,1926133811417373551,430811322321,003254232,6116754,355792273,461 packages13,119
GRAIN, viz.—                         
Barley bushels6,5632,498..................873405......1,517550..................328 956 bushels3,455
Maize bushels13,8893,831......205......1,368332......514175............3,027800......18,818 bushels5,143
Oats bushels30,5287,504..................3,1421,056......1,005205351484516928,7048,7941,36059465,619 bushels18,336
Wheatbushels55,91018,503..................2,461920......1,008300......351,828596......61,210 bushels20,324
HARDWARE AND CUTLERYpackages458, and 297 cwt.5,89311528, and 5 cwt.24255559126, and 142 cwt.3,74271252583,44212, and 8 cwt.2721,636, and 331 cwt.7,8335,48128,1381321,0228,184 pkgs. & 783 cwt.51,320
HARNESS AND SADDLERYpackages1945,78612582889280803,560351,216773,03563811093,12648111,479234591,013 packages29,635
HOPSpockets1902,773..................30594.........1051,885......721,12169844332469 pockets7,249
INSTRUMENTS, viz.—                         
Musical packages672,491............412610265314236914......22990452,203150188 packages7,181
Scientific packages10185..................150......6105......6135472,562......70 packages3,037
IRON, viz.—                         
Bolt, Bar, Hoop, &c. tons1633,071½1261905 tons, and 24 bundles103209, and 1,742 pieces3,93410, and 136 bars992763,180......2466,404129, and 6,103 bars6,841108 packages691,044 tons, 8,113 bars, &c.23,903
Pig tons17120..............................537........................22 tons157
IRONMONGERY, viz.—                         
Holloware packages905, and 49 cwt.799......42 cwt.151......153 cwt.38941138724171 and 14 cwt.1192, and 11 cwt.751,5217,472361952,578 packages and 269 cwt.9,755
Nails cwts.1,5372,047223917024558, and 10 packages123346, and 761 packages1,99543, and 12 pkg 62319411,42387 packages.1416931,6842,0683,583166 packages4145,878 cwt. and 1,036 packages11,925
Not described packages1,565, and 581 cwt.7,5208, and 6 cwt.54244 cwt.921156, and 348 cwt.2,761109, and 207 cwt.1,6247105,92153, & 37 cwt.6342,7849,21016,68514,1382402,78022,161 packages and 1 423 cwt.45,568
LEADcwts.4986......212............252633......9431,509104134......1,126 cwts.1,779
LEATHERcwts.5413,677......191608 packages36561 packages1,92517, and 1 pkg.1802132,088......96 & 18 pkgs.1,109104, & 6 pkgs.1,3361 package4990 cwt. and 95 pkgs.10,844
MACHINERY, viz—                         
For Flour Mills packages2093,679............15016572......141......10276044619......373 packages5,721
For Saw, Flax ditto, &c. packages4172,250......410140............18558......5165228......447 packages3,051
For Draining, Thrashing, &c. packages11170..................755......7650115451,125............71 packages2,015
Not described packages7536,473..................601,05238307631,3782202474,4508425,154236002,028 packages19,434
OIL, viz.—                         
Linseed gallons3,58778630113008513436662113341,37631140172,3108522,4911,15968020811,306 gallons3,529
Fish gallons3,2769204,740, and 220 barrels1,175............6315......11539......507835273......9,079 gallons and 220 barrels2,429
Not described gallons16,4943,4035003026084110, and 36 packages733,8011,2671,0401912,276787......3,2011,0735,818 and 386 casks2,307......38,500 gallons and 422 packages9,215
OILMAN'S STORESpackages3,8108,8564103591,250852171,2583,7112326245232,207241271,2594,1942,9729,35816048010,686 packages31,034
PAINTS AND PAINTERS’ MATERIALSpackages1,7192,758......534131930751999, and 29 cwt.1194731,00210, and 6 cwt.203481,1851,4512,76447864,510 packages and 35 cwt.8,513
PROVISIONS, viz.—                         
Beef and Mutton, Salted various319 cwt., 810 ters., 255 csks.4,748162 barre ls536............40 casks and 11 packages200......520......28 packages, 6 tierces1141,068 tierces4,7331 tierce5319 cwt. and 2,386 packages10,356
Biscuits cwt.1,0921,45017934330, and 11 packages11517 packages2915, and 115 packages36425, and 3 pkgs.10677196......191, & 5 pkgs.3572,5984,8731, and 6 pkgs.364,208 cwt. and 157 packages7,869
Flour tons1,24820,6904 ½119561,166......2284,7639204991,818102451232,6052,90850,7761964,9854,882 tons87,371
Oatmeal tons36818......2 ½79......1, and 65 pkgs.1341, and 20 pkgs.38195312 barrels882371544311, and 7 casks10793 tons and 94 packages2,395
Pork barrels97443935....................................9, and 9 pkgs.13514, and 2,391 packages14,563......129 barrels and 2,400 packages15,176
Not described barrels packages3,315, and 375 cwt.8,13251241189133810, and 37 cwt.2421562223......2,127 & 1,460 cwt.4,54212,01230,0711,0352,51518,621 packages and 1,872 cwt.45,969
RICEtons1052,53010 ½1934832 ½61341,0152528247......17582471,331131231 tons6,125
SHIP CHANDLERY, viz.—                         
Anchors and Chains tons40751........................1 package1061108......1496, and 10 pkgs.258......53 ½ tons and 11 pkgs.1,176
Sails and Sail Cloth packages1914,409111661412............9288......234011292,6902100367 packages8,060
Tar and Pitch packages2054592543......112513022341285181......172231235270412871 packages1,456
Not described packages2768013783............2111371665450......3981,35856667323421,393 packages3,536
SALTtons4191,3181 ½101212820130210865151501224744 packages42391,0004211,757121121,471 tons and 4 pkgs.5,948
SEEDS, viz.—                         
Grass, Clover, &c. cwts.822, and 200 packages3,434............3 packages1819 packages2334 ½, and 1 pkg.4568491......57. & 91 pkgs.1,339113 cwt. and 12 packages8042 packages91,064 cwt. and 328 packages6,373
Plants packages44271..................254419140......1863111781034108 packages695
SOAPcwts.3,3235,75512332525131392641,8203,904163, and 464 boxes7701,7884,21032801,5213,1972,1733,9396416011,287 cwt. and 464 boxes22,825
SPIRITS, viz.—                         
Brandy gallons20,79911,4712711733,8262,3602,4911,72610,1176,9194,1032,6185,7514,315......5,4034,27727,28915,9711,7621,40081,812 gallons51,230
Geneva gallons9,6202,0134791262,27460038911510,9302,7641,4623683,372924......3,3311,19014,1184,8831,7121,10047,687 gallons14,083
Gin gallons2,867558......1,469401343100510185373177674229......2,5599992,8541,0867511,656 gallons3,740
Rum gallons49,4578,1291,0552922,4945782,84871321,2834,2563,3738164,4611,116......2,7047926,3591,38142318394,457 gallons18,256
Whiskey gallons10,0242,50673471,0133895051611,5254117282732,977893......2,18991824,1168,65266040243,810 gallons14,652
All other kinds, and Spirits not described in Returns gallons450649137182018168285511114195202......8,6504,228230636142910,427 gallons6,352
STATIONERYpackages4666,837......48545143131913,062161731422,243......1833,55379312,743254851,878 packages29,954
STOCK, viz.—                         
Cattle number270..................3370..................342484302851,7103412,622
Horses number1877,531..................191,130......841,881......1616,9502,14078,308953,3602,68699,160
Sheep number6370......246246......725,455......10200......20,95134,41054,04561,2579,82910,44085,216112,078
Not described number................................................220......6,0299,8926,0319,912
SUGAR—Raw and Refined tons1,11944,70618765482,3062190747623,608361,67337522,614630047123,90394131,810362,1093,547 tons154,701
TEA .lbs230,81519,1871,09611519,1891,8814,417454130,07814,2259,6601,07383,97810,4982,095245125,83214,029246,81923,87215,0301,787869,009 lbs.87,366
TIN, viz.—                         
In Plates cwts.85, and 56 packages315............3 packages725, & 40 pkgs.220......169353......401121263175 packages15445 cwt. and 104 packages1,339
Tinware packages28, & 19 cwts.5643105 cwt.20744841 cwt.281......60133......616168, & 232 cwt.1,792......169 packages and 297 cwt.3,196
Not described cwts.........................438..................65282............69 cwt.320
TOBACCOlbs.207,02014,40315,41393411,9631,13320,5751,494134,8158,99321,7941,74668,5655,83074685171,1818,205187,4059,98112,3891,366851,866 lbs.54,190
Cigars and Snuff lbs.8,8292,769......462161252904,2551,4127102222,069895......3,11490914,9144,26041123635,016 lbs.10,954
VINEGARgallons5,631561......403, & 2 pkgs.70......94 packages297170433,6644592 packages123,6514144,858814150, & 6 pkgs.4418,527 gallons and 104 packages2,714
WINEgallons27,41413,5871911061,7681,2901,6971,05013,9518,1203,9451,9095,8533,884......17,30712,50416,77010,24191660589,812 gallons53,296
ARTICLES NOT SPECIFICALLY DESCRIBED ...29,577...358...1,679...406...15,390...1,553...13,449...367...37,308...70,426...4,545...175,058
TOTALS ...551,468...7,520...35,053...16,619...255,459...31,256...215,160...6,588...376,788...844,513...71,657...2,412,091
SPECIE ...40,000.............................................26,500...15,220.........81,720
GENERAL TOTALS ...591,468...7,520...35,063...16,619...255,459...31,256...215,160...6,588...403,288...859,733...71,657...2,493,811

No. 32. TABLE SHEWING THE QUANTITY AND VALUE OF EXPORTS, FROM THE SEVERAL PORTS OF NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEAR 1861.

ARTICLES.AUCKLAND.SUB-PORTS OF AUCKLAND.NEW PLYMOUTH.WANGANUI.WELLINGTON.NAPIER.NELSON.WAIRAU.LYTTELTON AND AKAROA.DUNEDIN.INVERCARGILL.TOTALS.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.
PRODUCE AND MANUFACTURES OF THE COLONY  £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £
BACONlbs.........................1,12040....................................1,120 lbs.40
BARKtons.......30300.............................................1 cwt.2......30 tons and 1 cwt.302
BRANbushels2,100110........................1,13668............1501020012......3,586 bushels200
BUTTERlbs.........................2,500120..................3366............2,836 lbs.126
CHEESElbs.80032..................482......251......39,5261,6074,848202......45,247 lbs.1,844
CHROME OREtons....................................52...520...........................52 tons520
COPPER OREtons1101,300............................................................110 tons1,300
CORDAGE AND WOOLLASHINGcwts.........................168202....................................168 cwt.202
CURIOSITIESpackages........................730......212......17117961......35 packages220
FLAXcwts.4038..........................................25............42 cwt.43
FLOURtons3 ½64..........................................125............4 ½ tons89
FRUITSpackages........................44.....125 packages & 18 bushels87........................129 packages, and 18 bushels91
GOLD DUSTozs.........................1558......6,52325,278............187,696727,321......194,234 ozs.752,657
GRAIN, viz.—                         
Oats bushels................................................11925............119 bushels25
Wheat bushels...............................................497120............497 bushels120
Not described bushels................................................7,5022,373............7,502 bushels2,373
GUM (Kauri) tons7248,4131321,475......................................................856 tons9,888
HIDESnumber2,6341,577......5633352101058914702841871,508792......9975239757761631288,2254,893
HORNS, HOOFS AND BONESvarious114 cwt.50......25 packages2560 number51,330 num. & 94 cwt.18....................................1,890 num., 25 pckges., and 208 cwt.75
OIL (Fish) gallons10,7653,021..................9,5001,125......882250......6,057730............27,204 gallons5,126
ONIONScwts.1433............................................................14 cwt.33
PLANTS AND SEEDSvarious2 packages & 56 cwt.28............4 packages714 packages100......1 package5......5 packages & 2 cwt.5767 packages & 261 cwt.6841 package294 packages and 319 cwt.883
POTATOEStons3831,760..............................2781,231......2921,130............953 tons4,121
PROVISIONSvarious5 packages & 105 cwt.175..........................................20 cwt.45......1 package3125 cwt. & 6 packages223
SKINS (Sheep and Pig) number & bundles46 bundles103......2,500305253324,6972212,0162623 bundles22......16,6011,733536, &40 bdls.17511 bundles3026,603, and 100 bundles2,883
STOCK (Live) number224 sheep2,170..................3 rams50......2 sheep2......922,720............3214,942
TALLOWcwts.1020......140271............34101816......318682118 cwt. and 22 casks273......628 cwt., and 22 casks1,363
TIMBER, viz.—                         
Sawn feet480,6842,80917,500145........................2,50020........................500,684 feet2,974
Hewn loads4671,0123,53513,289......................................................4,002 loads14,301
Spars and Rickers loads1435477 & 23 num.2,189......................................................491 loads & 23 number2,224
WHALEBONElbs.1,10060..................4,480100..................72820............6,308 lbs.180
WOOLlbs.312,55520,8378105461,1544,07727,6301,8421,811,370120,7586004057,0153,801867,66057,8442,925,375195,0251,665,976111,065125,7758,3857,855,920 lbs.523,728
NOT CLASSIFIED ...490...5...55...1...507...1...165.........28...............1,252
TOTALS, NEW ZEALAND PRODUCE AND MANUFACTURES ...44,137...17,457...5,045...1,992...123,805...659...32,202...57,844...206,981...840,571...8,548...1,339,241
BRITISH, FOREIGN, AND OTHER COLONIAL PRODUCE AND MANUFACTURES ...13,536...3,416...240.........2,253.........1,408.........6,574...3,579.........31,006
GENERAL TOTALS ...57,673...20,873...5,285...1,992...126,058...659...33,610...57,844...213,555...844,150...8,548...1,370,247

No. 33. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBER AND TONNAGE OF REGISTERED VESSELS, BELONGING TO PORTS IN NEW ZEALAND, ON THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1861, AND THE NUMBER OF MEN AND BOYS BY WHOM THEY ARE USUALLY NAVIGATED.

PORTS.VESSELS.TONNAGE.MEN AND BOYS.
AUCKLAND1956,696585
NEW PLYMOUTH.........
WELLINGTON1145644
NAPIER154...
NELSON1025531
LYTTELTON2595566
DUNEDIN1072861
GENERAL TOTALS2529,144787

No. 34. SUMMARY OF THE QUANTITY AND VALUE OF GOLD EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEAR 1861.

PORTS.QUANTITY.VALUE.

The value of Gold has been calculated in the above Table at the rate of three pounds, seventeen shillings and six pence per ounce.

The estimated Quantity of Gold exported previously, (to the 31st December, 1860,) was 35,844 oz., 12 dwts., 5 grs., of the value of £138,898 2s. 3d., making the General Total to December 31st, 1861,

 oz.£
NELSON6,52325,278
WELLINGTON1558
DUNEDIN187,696727,321
TOTALS194,234752,657
QUANTITY.VALUE.

Besides a considerable quantity exported privately, the amount of which cannot be ascertained.

oz. dwts. grs.£ s. d.
230,078 12 5891,555 2 3

No. 35. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE QUANTITY AND VALUE OF GRAIN, FLOUR AND BRAN EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, AND 1861.

PROVINCE.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.

The value of Grain, Flour, and Bran exported from the several Provinces in 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856 respectively, (of which details appeared in the previous volumes of Statistics,) was—in 1853, Auckland, £12,495; Taranaki, (New Plymouth) £2,456 10s.; Wellington, £1,175 1s. 9d.; Nelson, £4,532; Canterbury, £180; Otago, £430:—in 1854, Auckland, £27,589 3s. 8d.; Taranaki, £5,181 16s. 6d.; Wellington, £6,607 11s. 6d.; Nelson, £3,391; Canterbury, £2,237; Otago, £311 19s.:—in 1855, Auckland, £61,194 2s. 6d.; Taranaki, £3,007; Wellington, £5,706 17s.; Nelson, £4,070; Canterbury, £3,587 15s.; Otago, £11,094:—and, in 1856, Auckland, £12,934 6s.; Wellington, £5,889; Nelson, £2,535; Canterbury, £1,551 2s.; Otago, £5,073 15s.; Chatham Islands, £168 10s.

AUCKLAND £ s. d. £ s.d. £ £ £
Barley..............................
Bran6,128 bushels417 15 017,914 bushels1,239 14 03,704 bushels23710,085 bushels6592,100 bushels110
Flour107 tons2,140 0 067 tons1,241 0 045 tons1,20017 tons3543 ½ tons64
Maize5,078 bushels1,729 4 0160 bushels50 0 0..................
Oats3,923 bushels1,058 0 02,131 bushels356 10 026 bushels6............
Wheat32,469 bushels12,540 0 09,199 bushels2,972 10 07,790 bushels3,644............
TOTALS...17,884 19 0...5,859 14 0...5,087...1,013...174
           
TARANAKI          
Bran609 bushels31 0 0......56 bushels3900 bushels54......
Flour..............................
Maize..............................
Oats680 bushels143 0 02,348 bushels552 2 62,560 bushels47229 bushels7......
Wheat400 bushels100 0 0......200 bushels50............
TOTALS...274 0 0...552 2 6...525 61......
           
WELLINGTON (including HAWKE'S BAY until 1859)          
Barley......206 bushels72 0 050 bushels151,031 bushels388......
Bran696 bushels47 10 0......4,089 bushels1922,880 bushels148......
Flour200 lbs.2 0 01 ton20 0 0..................
Maize..............................
Oats900 bushels217 10 02,569 bushels531 0 04,522 bushels1,0543,194 bushels660......
Wheat1,960 bushels640 10 0......3,402 bushels1,382108 bushels32......
Grain (not described)3,405 bushels1,668 0 0........................
TOTALS...2,575 10 0...623 0 0...2,643...1,228......
           
HAWKE'S BAY          
Bran........................1,136 bushels68
           
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH until 1860)          
Barley1,687 bushels596 0 0520 bushels156 0 02,852 bushels76678 bushels23......
Bran132 bushels15 0 060 bushels5 10 01,639 bushels135............
Flour28 cwt.28 0 0......57 tons1,189............
Maize..............................
Oats3,874 bushels1,214 0 06,058 bushels1,754 11 68 596 bushels1,7216,505 bushels1,300......
Wheat1,288 bushels647 0 0914 bushels365 12 02,501 bushels1,000300 bushels135......
TOTALS...2,500 0 0...2,281 13 6...4,811...1,458......
           
MARLBOROUGH..............................
           
CANTERBURY          
Barley......1,513 ½ bushels459 0 06,241 bushels1,6536,362 bushels1,585......
Bran............1,740 bushels87280 bushels15150 bushels10
Flour11 tons168 0 0......800 lbs.161 ton241 ton25
Oats3,370 bushels976 0 07,422 ½ bushels2,057 0 09,599 bushels1,92311,698 bushels2,063119 bushels25
Wheat7,547 ½ bushels2,783 0 09,487 bushels2,824 0 08,855 bushels3,33910,760 bushels3,986497 bushels120
Grain (not described).......................7,502 bushels2,373
TOTALS...3,927 0 0...5,340 0 0...7,018...7,673...2,553
           
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)           
Barley..................311 bushels98......
Bran........................200 bushels12
Oats8,402 bushels2,739 15 627,050 bushels7,890 18 056,102 bushels19,88315,307 bushels2,835......
Wheat6,149 bushels2,470 10 01,826 bushels639 0 05,444 bushels2,108............
TOTALS...5,210 5 6...8,529 18 0...21,991...2,933...12
           
CHATHAM ISLANDS          
Oats25 bushels3 15 0......No Returns....No Returns..........
Wheat600 bushels150 0 0......... ............
TOTALS...153 15 0......... ............
           
GENERAL TOTALS £32,525 9 6...23,186 8 0...42,075...14,366...2,807

No. 36. SUMMARY OF THE TOTAL QUANTITY AND VALUE OF GRAIN, FLOUR, AND BRAN, EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860 AND 1861.

 1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.

The total value of Grain, Flour, and Bran, exported from New Zealand in 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856 respectively (of which details appeared in the previous volumes of Statistics), was—in 1853, £21,268 11s. 9d.; in 1854, £45,318 10s. 8d.; in 1855, £88,659 14s. 6d.: and, in 1856, £28,151 13s.

  £ s.d. £ s.d.      
BARLEY1,687 bushels596 0 02,239 ½ bushels687 0 09,143 bushels2,4347,782 bushels2,094......
BRAN7,565 bushels511 5 017,974 bushels1,245 4 011,228 bushels65414,145 bushels8763,586 bushels200
FLOUR118 ¾ tons, 14 cwt., 1qr., 22lbs2,338 0 068 tons1,261 0 0102 tons2,40518 tons3784 ½ tons89
MAIZE5,078 bushels1,729 4 0160 bushels50 0 0..................
OATS21,174 bushels6,352 0 647,578 ½ bushels13,142 2 081,405 bushels25,05936,733 bushels6,865119 bushels25
WHEAT50,413 ½ bushels19,331 0 021,426 bushels6,801 2 028,192 bushels11,52311,168 bushels4,153497 bushels120
GRAIN (not described)3,405 bushels1,668 0 0..................7,502 bushels2,373
GENERAL TOTALS£32,525 9 6...23,186 8 0...42,075...14,366...2,807

No. 37. SUMMARY OF THE TOTAL QUANTITY AND VALUE OF GUM (KAURI), EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND DURING THE YEARS 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860 AND 1861.

PORT.1853.1854.1855.1856.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.
 £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £ 
AUCKLAND809 tons 12 cwt.15,7791,504 tons 17 cwt.26,515337 tons 10 cwt.4,3341,043 tons, 3 cwt., 84 lbs.14,0001,901 tons 15 cwt.24,8521,685 tons 11 cwt.18,6661,751 tons17,3561,001 tons9,396724 tons8,413
RUSSELL18 tons18010 tons100......18 tons21640 tons400............45 tons455......
HOKIANGA2 tons12107 tons1,7122 tons30295 tons3,290130 tons1,95070 tons82021 tons215......21 tons260
MONGONUI......5 tons85............62 tons 15 cwt.74835 tons350..................
KAIPARA......34 tons45215 tons 15 cwt.15084 tons1,085330 tons6,60020 tons200238 tons3,205......111 tons1,215
LYTTELTON........................57 tons700........................
TOTALS829 tons, 12 cwt.15,9711,660 tons 17 cwt.28,864355 tons 5 cwt.4,5141,440 tons 3 cwt. 84 lbs.18,5912,521 tons 10 cwt.35,2501,810 tons 11 cwt.20,0362,010 tons20,7761,046 tons9,851856 tons9,888

No. 38. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE QUANTITY AND VALUE OF OIL EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, AND 1861.

PROVINCE.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.

The value of Oil exported from the several Provinces in 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856 respectively, (of which details appeared in the previous volumes of Statistics), was, in 1858,—Auckland, £17,027; Wellington, £5,248 8s.; Total, £22,275 8s.;—in 1854, Auckland, £8,559 12s.; Wellington, £2,440; Nelson, £15; Canterbury, £40; Total, £11,054 12s.;—in 1855, Auckland, £4,345 10s.; Wellington, £4,104 0s. 8d.; Nelson, £25; Otago, £273; Total, £8,747 10s. 8d.;—and, in 1856, Auckland, £5,922; Wellington, £4,422 16s.; Nelson, £50; Canterbury, £120; Totals, £10,514 16s.

 Tuns. Galls.£ s.d.Tuns. Galls.£ s.d.Tuns.Galls.£Tuns.Galls.£Tuns Galls.£
AUCKLAND               
Black75723,380 0 052 1292,217 0 093 931,41310 43428 196326
Humpback......22 63700 0 03 012013 40490......
Sperm18361,407 10 029 1032,011 0 011 2772924 141,48032 2092,655
Polar............9 238295...... ...
Head Matter............0 87220 5012... 
Not described............... ... 1 2840
TOTALS931084,787 10 0104 434,928 0 0117 1932,57947 1082,32442 1813,021
                
TARANAKI..............................
           
WELLINGTON (including HAWKE'S BAY until 1859)                
Black40 2351,926 0 02 63100 0 0..................
Head Matter..............................
Sperm..................4 0369......
Not described66 1253,312 0 033 1891,330 0 0128 648,28019 611,22337 1761,125
TOTALS107 1085,238 0 036 01,430 0 0128 648,28023 611,58337 1761,125
                
HAWKE'S BAY..............................
                
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH until 1860)                
Black......016833 12 0..................
Head Matter..............................
Sperm........................3 126250
Fish4 72200 0 04 29207 8 0..................
Not described............0 1031 12648......
TOTALS4 72200 0 04 197241 0 00 1031 126483 126250
                
MARLBOROUGH..............................
                
CANTERBURY               
Fish38 01,717 0 0..................21 0550
Whale............38 01,050............
Not described......47 01,620 0 0......12 03203 9180
TOTALS38 01,717 0 047 01,620 0 038 01,05012 032024 9730
                
OTAGO..............................
                
GENERAL TOTALS243 3611,942 10 0191 2408,219 0 0284 1511,91284 434,275107 2405,126

No. 39. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE TOTAL QUANTITY AND VALUE OF POTATOES EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND DURING THE YEARS 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, AND 1861.

PROVINCE.1856.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.

The value of Potatoes exported from the several Provinces in 1853, 1854, and 1855 respectively, (of which details appeared in the previous Volumes of Statistics) was, in 1853, Auckland–£18,489 15s.; New Plymouth–£3,078; Wellington–£3,667 0s. 6d.; Nelson–£3,532; Canterbury–£876; Otago–£30. Total–£29,672 15s. 6d.: in 1854, Auckland–£35,255 10s.; Taranaki–£5,076 10s.; Wellington–£16,137 13s., Nelson–£1,373; Canterbury–£3,170; Otago–£139 10s. Total–£61,152 3s.: and, in 1855, Auckland–£44,496 10s.; Taranaki–£15,168 19s.; Wellington–£17,686 9s.; Nelson–£3,666; Canterbury–£7,206; Otago–£3,285; Totals–£91,508 18s.

  £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ £ £
AUCKLAND2,134 tons, 5 cwt11,133 0 01,598 tons, 13 cwt.8,136 4 02,386 tons, 5 cwt 3 qrs.13,042 17 01,577 tons6,5681,147 tons7,562383 tons1,760
TARANAKI328 tons, 15 cwt1,200 0 0363 tons1,582 0 0897 tons4,350 10 0780 tons2,81958 tons278......
WELLINGTON (including HAWKE'S BAY until 1859)563 tons1,349 0 01,004 tons, 3 cwt6,552 4 0581 tons, 2 cwt.4,393 0 0111 tons240419 tons2,720......
HAWKE'S BAY..................17 tons1112 tons20......
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH until 1860)7 tons15 0 0252 tons1,452 0 0491 tons, 1 cwt.2,946 6 060 tons218347 tons1,940278 tons1,231
MARLBOROUGH....................................
CANTERBURY124 tons361 0 0641 tons4,156 10 0781 tons, 3 cwt.4,404 0 0237 tons782144 tons1,073292 tons1,130
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)256 tons800 0 045 tons, 6 cwt.397 10 0......5 tons207 tons60......
CHATHAM ISLANDS1,275 tons5,100 0 0526 tons1,052 0 0980 tons3,920 0 0No Returns....No Returns....No Returns....
GENERAL TOTALS4,688 tons19,958 0 04,430 tons, 2 cwt.23,328 8 06,116 tons, 11 cwt., 3 qrs.33,056 13 02,787 tons10,7582,124 tons13,653953 tons4,121

No. 40. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE QUANTITY AND VALUE OF TIMBER EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, AND 1861.

PROVINCE.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.

The value of Timber exported from the several Provinces in 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856 respectively, (of which details appeared in the previous volumes of Statistics) was, in 1853, Auckland–£51,768 15s.; TARANAKI–£309; Wellington–£26,393 15s. 9d.; Nelson–£13,332; Canterbury–£1,173; Otago–£8; in 1854, Auckland–£36,635 9s. 7d.; Wellington–£5,823 13s. 6d.; Nelson–£2,648; Canterbury–£955; Otago–£35; in 1855, Auckland–£7,756 1ls.; Wellington–£192; Nelson–£1,239; Canterbury–£205; and, in 1856, Auckland–£22,386 9s.; Wellington–£494; Nelson–£8; Otago–£120.

  £ s. d. £ s. d. £ £ £
AUCKLAND          
Firewood100 tons38 8 651 cords59 14 072 tons35354 tons110......
Spars & RickersSpars, 682 loads, £2,790, Bt. knees & Rkrs., 326, £64, Sp.sqd., 50 £1,160.4,014 0 0Spars, 101, and 1,045 loads, £5,125; Rickers, 210, £2155,340 0 01,005 and 566 loads8,710171 number and 220 loads, £2,677 800 boat knees, £252,70223 and 491 loads2,224
Timber–Hewn, Sawn, SquaredHewn, 144, 489 ft. and 560 loads, £3,380; Rickers, 102, £100; Sawn, 548, 153 ft. & 10 loads, £4,478 13s. 10d.7,958 13 1080,000 feet, £320, Hwn., 1,180 lds. & 51,653 ft., £4,275; Swn., 662,717 ft. & 260 Plks. £5,168; Squared, 450 lds., £1,72011,483 0 0Hn., 5,047 loads, £18,648, Sawn, 877,379 feet, £6,98325,631Sawn 814,485ft., £5,219; Hewn, 1,822lds., £6,30011,5194,002 lds.Hewn; 498,184 ft. Sawn17,255
Wood56 tons17 0 0........................
TOTALS...12,028 2 4...16,882 14 0...34,376...14,331...19,479
           
TARANAKI          
Battens500 feet7 10 0........................
Timber, sawn... 45,000 feet270 0 0..................
TOTALS...7 10 0 270 0 0..................
           
WELLINGTON (including HAWKE'S BAY)           
Timber, sawn18,000 feet170 0 07,500 feet55 0 0..................
           
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH          
Timber, sawn........................2,50020
           
CANTERBURY          
Timber, sawn..................500 feet5......
           
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)           
Firewood..................96 tons30......
           
GENERAL TOTALS£12,205 12 4 17,207 14 0 34,376 14,366 19,499

No 41. SUMMARY OF THE TOTAL QUANTITY AND VALUE OF TIMBER EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, AND 1861.

 1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.

The Total Value of Timber exported from New Zealand in 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856 respectively, (of which details appeared in the previous volumes of Statistics) was, in 1853–£92,984 10s. 9d.; in 1854—£46,094 3s. 1d.; in 1855—£9,392 11s.; and in 1856—£23,008 9s.

  £ s. d. £ s. d. £ £ £
BATTENS500 feet7 10 0........................
FIREWOOD100 tons38 8 651 cords59 14 072 tons35450 tons140......
SPARS AND RICKERS, &c.Spars, 682 loads, £2,790; Boat knees & Rickers, 326,£64; Spars, (sqd., 50, £1,1604,014 0 0210 Rkrs.,£215; 1,045 loads and 101 Sprs.,£5,1255,340 0 01,005 and 566 loads8,710171 and 220 Ids., £2,677; 800 boat knees, £252,70223 and 491 loads2,224
TIMBER—Hewn, Sawn, and SquaredHewn,144,489ft and 560 loads, £3,380; Rickers, 102,£100;Sawn, 566,153 feet, and 10 loads, £4,648 13s. 10d.8,128 13 1080,000 ft., £320; Hewn, 1.180 Ids. 51,653ft.£4,275; Sawn, 715,217ft. and 260 Planks, £5,493; Squared 450 loads,£ 1,72011,808 0 0Hn.,5,047 loads, £18,648; Sawn, 877,879 feet, £6,98325,631Hewn 1,822 Ids., £6,300; Sawn, 814,985 feet, £5,22411,524500,684 ft. Swn.; 4,002 Ids. Hewn17,275
WOOD56 tons17 0 0........................
GENERAL TOTALS£12,205 12 4...17,207 14 0...34,376...14,366...19,499

No. 42. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE TOTAL QUANTITY AND VALUE OF WOOL EXPORTED FROM NEW ZEALAND, DURING THE YEARS 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, AND 1861.

PROVINCE.1853.1854.1855.1856.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.Quantity.Value.

The above is a correct Return of the WOOL CLEARED at the Ports of the several Provinces, but it does not accurately show the actual quantity PRODUCED in each Province respectively,—considerable quantities having been forwarded Coaswise to other Ports of the Colony, from which they were finally cleared for shipment beyond seas.

The value of WOOL exported in 1857 and the following years has been calculated at the uniform rate of One Shilling and Four Pence per lb., (omitting fractions throughout the Table.)

 lbs.£lbs.£lbs.£lbs.£lbs.£lbs.£lbs.£lbs.£lbs.£
AUCKLAND202,49410,55665,4943,17482,7043,577120,6226,37999,2296,615160,76310,717175,60811,706304,81520,321313,36520,891
TARANAKI1,9049531,4212,31636,4622,00152,6402,33636,8022,45345,2463,01646,4143,09428,1251,87561,1544,077
WELLINGTON (including Hawke's BAT until 1859)687,96846,858702,147 and 9 bales39,033561,59932,396998,38859,3001,005,65067,0431,138,72375,9141,704,173113,6101,791,585119,4391,839,000122,600
HAWKE'S BAY..........................................271,02018,06860040
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH until 1860)173,9748,698213,52112,631508,58125,643319,05815,679459,46830,631540,40236,026575,53138,367710,79047,38657,0153,801
MARLBOROUGH................................................867,66057,844
CANTERBURY......122,6007,095410,10820,586728,59642,785772,79751,5191,352,01190,1341,694,163112,9442,842,470189,4982,925,375195,025
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)5,000300119,2335,854172,8908,901340,31419,591274,77018,318573,22738,215900,86260,058717,075147,8051,791,751119,450
GENERAL TOTALS1,071,340 lbs.66,5071,254,416lbs. and 9 bales70,1031,772,344lbs.93,1042,559,618lbs.146,0702,648,716lbs.176,5793,810,372lbs.254,0225,096,751339,7796,665,880lbs.444,3927,855,920523,728

No. 43. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE REVENUE OF NEW ZEALAND, FOR THE YEARS 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, AND 1861.

REVENUE.1853.1854.1855.1856.1857.1858.1859.1860.1861.
 £££££££££
PROVINCE OF AUCKLAND         
Ordinary 36,39649,71953,08448,18057,36761,08268,42972,36590,836
Territorial38,56879,11322,13723,5207,8984,42512,0828,0976,856
TOTALS £74,964128,83275,22171,70065,26565,50780,51180,46297,692
          
PROVINCE OF TARANAKI         
Ordinary3,9514,5365,4404,7185,6365,8115,8789,13511,296
Territorial2,6064,416988......125202176...
TOTALS £6,5578,9526,4284,7185,6365,9366,0809,31111,296
          
PROVINCE OF WELLINGTON (including HAWKE'S BAY until 1859)          
Ordinary23,67432,63027,56027,34940,91349,41443,54339,04343,280
Territorial12,09830,0389,6915,47830,17445,44713,95815,30530,085
TOTALS £35,77262,66837,25132,82771,08794,86157,50154,34873,365
          
PROVINCE OF HAWKE'S BAY         
Ordinary..................6,9639,09210,784
Territorial..................30,07837,41238,055
Totals £..................37,04146,50448,839
          
PROVINCE OF NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH until 1860)          
Ordinary6,67810,02411,18810,16418,76821,19321,16722,12727,232
Territorial8,50225,79212,93620,19010,01914,61455,18111,69329,305
TOTALS £15,18035,81624,12430,35428,78735,80776,34833,82056,537
          
PROVINCE OF MARLBOROUGH         
Ordinary.....................1,7482,801
Territorial.....................18,97415,804
TOTALS £.....................20,72218,605
          
PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY         
Ordinary6,8817,7929,48511,36121,95127,77536,94141,16047,014
Territorial2,29636,83714,50616,15928,36865,53155,88564,97098,434
TOTALS £9,17744,62923,99127,52050,31993,30692,826106,130145,448
          
PROVINCE OF OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND in 1861)          
Ordinary2,5245,8894,4775,8269,61213,77025,50338,37890,877
Territorial2,6814,6302,04210,83014,73431,65774,49659,133128,815
TOTALS £5,20510,5196,51916,65624,34645,42799,99997,511219,692
          
CHATHAM AND STEWART'S ISLANDS         
Ordinary.........203136281226026
          
TOTAL ORDINARY80,104110,590111,234107,801154,383179,326208,446233,108324,146
TOTAL TERRITORIAL66,751180,82662,30076,17791,193161,799241,882215,760347,354
£146,855291,416173,534183,978245,576341,125450,328448,868671,500
          
INCIDENTAL RECEIPTS AND RE-IMBURSEMENTS £9656242,3621,2612,6815309,32115,87119,964
PARLIAMENTARY GRANT £2,000......3,090...............
TOTAL REVENUE £149,820292,040175,896188,329248,257341,655459,649464,739691,464

No. 44. TABLE SHOWING, IN DETAIL, THE ORDINARY AND TERRITORIAL REVENUE OF NEW ZEALAND, RECEIVED DURING THE YEAR 1861.

 PROVINCES.CHATHAM ISLANDS.TOTALS.
AUCKLAND.TARANAKI.WELLINGTON.HAWKE'S BAY.NELSON.MARLBOROUGH.CANTERBURY.OTAGO, INCLUDING SOUTHLAND.
ORDINARY REVENUE.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.
CUSTOMS DUTIES75,218 11 97,639 11 1136,012 19 98,044 1 920,390 17 91,662 4 736,729 15 875,170 10 1021 0 6260,889 14 6
CUSTOMS RENTS AND SEIZURES260 13 2...62 7 4...72 10 100 3 713 12 0160 3 8...569 10 7
POST OFFICE3,675 5 9527 16 71,660 12 1504 19 21,086 11 8219 19 92,802 10 53,653 14 2...14,131 9 7
FEES AND FINES          
Supreme Court209 19 70 12 0247 6 216 14 0141 11 0...763 4 679 1 0...1,458 8 3
Sheriff's Office115 6 0...25 12 0.........259 7 0120 4 4...520 9 4
District, Circuit, and Resident Magistrates' Courts1,501 11 10131 16 81,035 2 7419 18 0869 1 6190 12 41,658 0 32,909 16 3...8,715 19 5
FEES          
Registry of Deeds1,622 1 6108 11 1364 1 3358 8 5407 5 3...806 5 9511 10 9...4,178 16 0
Registry of Births, Deaths, and Marriages263 1 620 0 6135 0 031 1 0155 14 636 14 0301 15 0295 10 04 10 01,243 6 6
On Crown Grants220 0 024 0 097 0 0181 0 0191 0 04 0 0269 10 0280 0 0...1,266 10 0
Miscellaneous2,219 15 22 1 6418 14 11110 2 6193 4 050 0 0456 16 13,162 6 2...6,613 0 4
LICENSES          
Arms and Ammunition72 11 0...103 16 05 13 047 2 016 14 087 8 087 17 0...421 1 0
Auctioneers'560 0 080 0 0320 0 080 0 0160 0 030 0 0440 0 0700 0 0...2,370 0 0
Licenses. Publicans',197 18 4180 0 01,550 0 0715 0 01,145 0 0591 0 01,351 0 01,669 18 4...10,399 16 8
Wholesale Spirit320 0 0........................320 0 0
MISCELLANEOUS REVENUE1,379 14 42,581 3 71,247 6 2317 4 12,372 0 4...1,074 15 02,076 3 5...11,048 6 11
TOTALS—ORDINARY REVENUE90,836 9 1111,295 13 1043,280 10 310,784 1 1127,231 18 102,801 8 347,013 19 890,876 15 1125 10 6324,146 9 1
           
TERRITORIAL REVENUE.          
SALES OF CROWN LANDS (Deducting Refunds)6,821 19 9...29,375 8 237,685 10 327,206 2 413,597 14 983,598 12 986,441 13 6...284,727 1 6
TIMBER LICENSES10 0 0.........5 0 0...20 10 0428 5 0...463 15 0
DEPASTURING LICENSES, RENTS AND ASSESSMENTS20 11 7...705 4 3369 16 6611 7 62,205 16 714,814 14 95,481 4 2...24,208 15 4
INCIDENTAL RECEIPTS3 9 0...4 6 10............73 7 5...81 3 3
EXPORT DUTY ON GOLD, UNDER “GOLD DUTY ACT, 1858”............815 10 1......23,463 16 9...24,279 6 10
REVENUE UNDER “GOLD FIELDS ACT 1858”............667 10 4......12,926 5 0...13,593 15 4
TOTALS—TERRITORIAL REVENUE6,856 0 4...30,084 19 338,055 6 929,305 10 315,803 11 498,433 17 6128,814 11 10...347,353 17 3
REIMBURSEMENTS AND INCIDENTAL RECEIPTS3,494 0...664 7 3.........5,060 18 810,744 15 8...19,964 1 7

1861.

TOTALS IN 1861.
LYTTELTON.AKAROA.TIMARU.DUNEDIN.INVERCARGILL.Quantity.Revenue.TOTALS OF REVENUE IN PREVIOUS YEAR (1860).
£££££ ££
14,05538728232,3162,877247,422 gallons111,34079,602
3521...9596123,160 lbs.3,4743,244
2,77628725,604634328,587 lbs.24,64418,528
2,67227202,11216777,553 gallons11,6339,311
1,527...51,25752230,720 gallons5,7684,440
1,366......1,723102140,620 gallons7,0315,090
1980...143,451265771,360 lbs.12,85611,156
535...31,25455355,920 lbs.4,4492,756
4,1911387,2303967,225,200 lbs.30,10521,742
17......504996249289
12......5617,280 lbs.9166
5,47648...11,440735...42,99328,726
8432...2,28584...6,2304,218
35,80249443469,7375,433...260,863...
32,20852628,708 3,062......189,168

No. 46 A. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBER OF ACRES OF WASTE LANDS SOLD OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF, IN THE VARIOUS PROVINCES OF NEW ZEALAND, IN EACH YEAR, FROM THE 1ST APRIL, 1856, TO THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1861.

    PROVINCE OF AUCKLAND.
PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.

“Government Scrip” is that issued by the Court of Commissioners of Old Land Claims.

The figures of the last column refer to the “Free Grants to Immigrants” provided for by the “Auckland Waste Lands Act, 1858.”

In the figures for 1860 are included the Lands sold on the 1st of August in that year by the General Government, under authority of “The Auckland Reserves Act, 1858.” The particulars of this sale were as follows—

 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 185637 3 4104 1 336,486 1 216,140 15 10...540 0 0899 7 6......
Year ending 31st December, 1857203 2 19164 2 2114,512 0 37,093 9 5...3,696 11 3513 0 0......
Year ending 31st December, 185831 0 30...12,953 1 54,301 11 3...2,751 15 0.........
Year ending 31st December, 1859130 1 131,768 3 555,022 0 811,784 7 9...160 0 0......44,455 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 186065 3 163,121 3 1757,740 3 3515,410 7 65,453 17 6138 0 0......46,676 3 0
Year ending 31st December, 186116 0 22444 1 2626,581 3 165,320 14 31,470 10 060 0 0......18,774 0 0
Totals484 3 245,604 0 22173,296 2 850,051 6 06,924 7 67,346 6 31,412 7 6...109,905 3 0
Number of Acres.Rate per Acre.Consideration.
Town.Suburban.Country.Town.Suburban.Country.Cash.
a. r. p.a. r. p.a. r. p.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.
6 3 1329 2 3957 3 36500 0 0114 0 011 7 77,427 0 0

No. 46B. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBER OF ACRES OF WASTE LANDS SOLD OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF, IN THE VARIOUS PROVINCES OF NEW ZEALAND, IN EACH YEAR, FROM THE 1ST APRIL, 1856, TO THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1861.—continued.

    PROVINCE OF TARANAKI.
PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.

* Educational and Public Reserves.

 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 1856......34 2 4...369 5 378 2 5200 0 0...*14 1 2
Year ending 31st December, 1857......1,006 0 0...200 0 01,110 10 0......*941 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 1858......400 0 0115 10 049 0 0120 0 0.........
Year ending 31st December, 1859......2,398 0 0198 14 0887 13 01,632 9 0.........
Year ending 31st December, 1860......390 0 0173 10 0...43 0 0.........
Year ending 31st December, 1861......260 0 0............260 0 0...
Totals......4,488 2 4487 14 01,505 18 32,984 1 5200 0 0260 0 0955 1 2

No. 46C. PROVINCE OF WELLINGTON (EXCLUSIVE OF AHURIRI DISTRICT).

PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.
 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 1856......7,035 0 01,994 9 03,444 0 0............
Year ending 31st December, 185725 3 0151 3 017,566 1 04,833 5 03,599 0 0...300 0 0...4,828 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 185869 3 2040 1 034,518 0 015,081 0 02,006 10 0.........4,080 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 185934 0 0...29,680 0 012,474 8 65,343 0 0...500 0 0...1,275 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 18605 0 0...56,350 2 013,755 3 6535 0 03,047 10 0100 0 0......
Year ending 31st December, 18615 0 020 0 065,372 0 027,728 0 0625 0 0......4,120 0 0...
Totals139 2 20212 0 0210,521 3 075,866 6 015,552 10 03,047 10 0900 0 04,120 0 010,183 0 0

No. 46D. PROVINCE OF HAWKE'S BAY (FROM 1ST NOVEMBER, 1858; PREVIOUSLY DISTRICT OF AHURIRI”).

PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.
 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 185629 3 072 1 02,862 0 01,270 10 01,027 5 0............
Year ending 31st December, 185763 1 09,656 2 033,720 0 019,512 5 03,201 15 0...230 0 0...300 0 0
Ten months ending 31st October, 185844 1 0316 0 050,329 0 022,426 0 04,047 0 0.........2,197 0 0
Two months ending 31st December, 1858...47 2 308,816 0 04,239 0 0...60 0 0200 0 0......
Year ending 31st December, 1859...163 1 14102,772 0 030,087 17 8825 0 0............
Year ending 31st December, 186073 2 26,637 1 790,552 3 2239,240 1 0......994 0 0......
Year ending 31st December, 18619 2 81,175 1 28120,659 2 139,347 1 1...382 0 0...720 0 0...
Totals220 1 1018,068 1 39409,711 1 23156,122 14 99,101 0 0442 0 01,424 0 0720 0 02,497 0 0

No. 46E.      PROVINCE OF NELSON.

PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.

* Grant to a Native at Aorere.

 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 18564 101,333 3 012,035 0 05,325 8 61,356 5 0............
Year ending 31st December, 185795 3 233,797 3 031,680 2 013,083 7 13,606 6 7.........*100 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 185826 2 184,403 3 2054,277 2 2418,492 4 01,898 5 0...1,078 0 0......
Year ending 31st December, 185981 0 111,603 3 0156,520 0 1453,358 12 61,650 0 0...200 10 0......
Year ending 31st December, 18606 2 18338 2 1230,008 0 610,787 11 5......250 0 0......
Year ending 31st December, 18613 1 25954 0 2977,188 1 927,219 2 02,051 13 0...484 12 0......
Totals217 3 1512,431 3 21361,709 2 13128,266 5 610,562 9 7...2,013 2 0...100 0 0

No. 46F.

     PROVINCE OF MARLBOROUGH (FROM 1ST APRIL, 1860).
PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.
 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 18602 3 2845 2 2263,861 1 017,749 17 6242 7 0............
Year ending 31st December, 18618 1 061 3 856,519 2 015,254 6 9......599 5 0......
Totals11 0 28107 1 30120,380 3 033,004 4 3242 7 0...599 5 0......

No. 46G.

     PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY.
PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.

* This Grant of 340a. was under Clause 43 of the Land Regulations of 1st April, 1856, in compensation for works of public utility completed at the expense of individuals. Also, 5,951a. were declared Public Reserves during the year.

 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 1856......4,391 2 368,537 9 0...300 0 0.........
Year ending 31st December, 185716 0 26...10,950 0 3121,487 3 6...863 8 0150 0 0......
Year ending 31st December, 18585 2 10...29,274 1 055,790 19 0...3,518 15 8.........
Year ending 31st December, 18598 0 0...21,848 1 2543,503 2 0...875 0 0.........
Year ending 31st December, 18608 2 4...25,759 1 1451,586 0 0............*340 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 18612 2 35...42,088 2 3084,054 17 640 0 0150 0 0......60 0 0
Totals40 3 35...134,312 2 16264,959 11 040 0 05,707 3 8150 0 0...400 0 0

No. 46H.

     PROVINCE OF OTAGO.
PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.

Up to 1st November, 1860, Rural Land was sold at a fixed price of 10s. per acre; since that date the price has been £1 per acre.

 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 185626 0 0...17,520 0 89,888 1 6...............
Year ending 31st December, 185779 2 0...17,469 2 413,051 7 11...............
Year ending 31st December, 1858182 3 0...43,392 2 830,393 13 9...............
Year ending 31st December, 1859309 1 0...104,682 3 471,477 18 9...............
Year ending 31st December, 1860143 1 0...89,142 0 1255,411 6 7...............
Year ending 31st December, 1861108 3 0...42,156 2 1566,837 5 5...............
Totals849 2 0...314,363 2 11247,059 13 11...............

No. 46I.

     PROVINCE OF SOUTHLAND (FROM 1ST APRIL, 1861).
PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.
 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 186143 2 0...15,678 2 2119,604 12 7...............

No. 47. SUMMARY SHOWING THE TOTAL NUMBERS OF ACRES OF WASTE LANDS SOLD OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF IN THE SEVERAL PROVINCES OF NEW ZEALAND, FROM THE 1ST APRIL, 1856, TO THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1861.

PROVINCES.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.
 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
AUCKLAND484 3 245,604 0 22173,296 2 850,051 6 06,924 7 67,346 6 31,412 7 6...109,905 3 0
TARANAKI......4,488 2 4487 14 01,505 18 32,984 1 5200 0 0260 0 0955 1 2
WELLINGTON (exclusive of AHURIRI)139 2 20212 0 0210,521 3 075,866 6 015,552 10 03,047 10 0900 0 04,120 0 010,183 0 0
HAWKE'S BAY (“District of AHURIRI”)220 1 1018,068 1 39409,711 1 23156,122 14 99,101 0 0442 0 01,424 0 0720 0 02,497 0 0
NELSON217 3 1512,431 3 21361,709 2 13128,266 5 610,562 9 7...2,013 2 0...100 0 0
MARLBOROUGH11 0 28107 1 30120,380 3 033,004 4 3242 7 0...599 5 0......
CANTERBURY40 3 35...134,312 2 16264,959 11 040 0 05,707 3 8150 0 0...400 0 0
OTAGO849 2 0...314,363 2 11247,059 13 11...............
SOUTHLAND43 2 0...15,678 2 2119,604 12 7...............
TOTALS2,007 3 1236,423 3 321,744,463 1 16975,422 8 043,928 12 419,527 1 46,698 14 65,100 0 0124,041 0 2

No. 48. SUMMARY SHOWING THE TOTAL NUMBERS OF ACRES OF WASTE LANDS SOLD OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF, IN THE COLONY OF NEW ZEALAND, IN EACH YEAR, FROM THE 1ST APRIL, 1856, TO THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1861.

PERIODS.NUMBER OF ACRES.CONSIDERATION.REMISSION CERTIFICATES TO RETIRED OFFICERS; AND NAVAL AND MILITARY LAND ORDERS.GRANTS WITHOUT PURCHASE.—FREE GRANTS.—OLD LAND CLAIMS.
TOWN.SUBURBAN.COUNTRY.CASH.GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S LAND ORDERS.PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT SCRIP AND LAND ORDERS.
 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.£ s. d.A. R. P.A. R. P.
Nine months ending 31st December, 185697 3 41,510 1 3350,364 2 2933,156 13 106,196 15 3918 2 51,099 7 6...14 1 2
Year ending 31st December, 1857484 0 2813,770 2 21126,904 1 3879,060 17 1110,607 1 75,670 9 31,193 0 0...6,169 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 1858360 0 384,807 3 10233,960 2 37150,839 18 08,000 15 06,450 10 81,278 0 0...6,277 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 1859562 2 243,535 3 19472,923 1 11222,885 1 28,705 13 02,667 9 0700 10 0...45,730 0 0
Year ending 31st December, 1860305 2 2810,143 1 18413,805 0 9204,113 17 66,231 4 63,228 10 01,344 0 0...47,016 3 0
Year ending 31st December, 1861197 1 102,655 3 11446,505 0 12285,365 19 74,187 3 0592 0 01,083 17 05,100 0 018,834 0 0
Totals2,007 3 1236,423 3 321,744,463 1 16975,422 8 043,928 12 419,527 1 46,698 14 65,100 0 0124,041 0 2

No. 49. TABLE SHOWING THE QUANTITY OF LAND (IN ACRES) IN THE POSSESSION OF EUROPEANS IN NEW ZEALAND, FENCED, AND UNDER CROP, AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER 1861.

PROVINCES.TOTAL NO. OF ACRES FENCED.NUMBER OF ACRES.
IN WHEAT.IN BARLEY.IN OATS.IN MAIZE.IN POTATOES.IN SOWN GRASS.IN GARDEN OR ORCHARD.IN OTHER CROPS.TOTAL UNDER CROP.
 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.
AUCKLAND1 12,3183343,892102141182,329356960263,55311062,817071,60721680523975,91611
TARANAKI9,8581061205730105303310166009,642209700183010,153010
WELLINGTON76,611372,285002190201,384320182307621549,143171,00932149001055,313033
HAWKE'S BAT31,7810055010363203542016001910183,731020239015725305,844333
NELSON37,299104,395201,126101,8600012305170012,15610888301,9781022,93430
MARLBOROUGH20,455304932012430341101400136101,7661016920117103,16230
CANTERBURY72,93712012,785201,489204,5352071201,08822010,3103201,240201,3491032,807020
OTAGO42,254004,92820166004,51730030667308,22010504202482019,25400
SOUTHLAND5,9512013620223044230...17100201001023015101,09200
STEWART'S ISLAND600220.........1210520220...2230
CHATHAM ISLANDS289201600010410...26206720610...12030
TOTALS409,76312129,547003,45721815,876125769267,292013158,0620145,8681125,74829226,62127

No. 50 TABLE SHOWING THE QUANTITY OF LAND (IN ACRES) IN THE POSSESSION OF EUROPEANS IN THE SEVERAL ELECTORAL DISTRICTS IN THE COLONY OF NEW ZEALAND, FENCED, AND UNDER CROP, IN DECEMBER, 1861.

TRICTS.TOTAL NUMBER OF ACRES FENCED.NUMBER OF. ACRES
IN WHEAT.IN BARLEY.IN OATS.IN MAIZE.IN POTATOES.IN SOWN GRASS.IN GARDEN OR ORCHARD.IN OTHER CROPS.TOTAL UNDER CROP.

In explanation of what might otherwise seem to be discrepancies between the figures in the Tables for the Electoral Districts and those in the Tables for the Colony and the Provinces, it is to be borne in mind that Stewart's Island is included in the Electoral District of Wallace, and that the Chatham Islands are not in any Electoral District.

 A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.A. R. P.
1. MONGONUI2,10530760051053204600731296670035081220968237
2. BAY OF ISLANDS10,07330583042036105320101102,86710822203003,207020
3. MARSDEN8,676301,24930130201591090020223103,2380014002793005,206227
4. NORTHERN DIVISION14,27930611305702036322011110396207,6073029113358109,497233
5. CITY OF AUCKLAND EAST1,347321......700...832464230311381700707022
6. CITY OF AUCKLAND WEST2,265210......700...101321,10121810916...1,228116
7. PARNELL1,425213...002101090015346672010130...80416
8. NEWTON823220100400362020263711455100470343201071114
9. PENSIONER SETTLEMENTS3,5980810530420188304102940202,41020790061203,148120
10. TOWN OF ONEHUNGA1,32022123000201432012201142146633299301790261,02036
11. FRANKLIN32,20930853208730603201642098402020,542020355073942023,98507
12. RAGLAN34,19210812303721684915213301,29321321,8572202411261243325,43033
13. GREY AND BELL6,48020511051208920330104006,09320372013106,44410
14. TOWN OF NEW PLYMOUTH145201100103100010360076203910230159110
15. OMATA3,232109006001300...26003,4722020102303,54920
16. WANGANUI26,09931362510153302422001020502023,07730183333113024,500013
1”. RANGITIKI22,941313884003610547001301200207,7502087113280109,707033
18. PORIRUA8,1931201560030207420320792267,79510188114371208,33730
19. CITY OF WELLINGTON54311400030910010522832733021712572057233
20. HUTT8,31210214308320200320430240086,78930170324981207,728112
21. WAIRARAPA10,5211040100161203103080301112233,402017162032543104,467012
1 22. NAPIER5,813320430306301450010101211576622010413552001,637020
23. CLIVE25,967020119203002020920530693132,96500134220673204,207813
24. COLLINGWOOD91500323012004010520392038720432063056730
25. MOTUEKA10,682301,297103881061500210263203,7802017300247306,76720
26. CITY OF NELSON8420037002005130...28004373021410371080800
27. SUBURBS OF NELSON3,8690035430120202111021047201,9213011100323203,09220
28. WAIMEA14,471002,665306032090010230125005,57710327201,3221011,52410
29. PICTON7820027204004810120031001,0812042303201,25020
30. WAIRAU19,2603046300120202903020095206373011700112301,83910
31. CHEVIOT31,8290057400390034500...11810443101470077301,74410
32. KAIAPOI9,4713203,23502030522074530130177301,175301830203343206,15930
33. AVON15,2511204,55630498001,44230...240103,9760023732042402011,37530
34. HEATHCOTE13,056203,75900536301,44900320216003,1133019630316009,59030
35. ELLESMERE2,064202840042207220...1002062000601026301,20620
38. CITY OF CHRISTCHURCH1,160008520800810010034004070019100670087420
37. TOWN OF LYTTELTON19420310010002310...32026104210411017720
38. AKAROA1,6222209402026002600102012010474120120008600947320
39. TIMARU5,21920177002332039400...101120173009120171097800
40. HAMPDEN4,8740035810230042810...111001,3501076008002,35430
41. BRUCE36,345004,56630143004,02120030537206,69910289002390016,49630
42. CITY OF DUNEDIN62900......4300...1200146001270010032900
43. WALLACE6,3632014220223046730...19020231101173015301,18810
TOTALS409,47332129,531003,45711815,872025769267,265213157,9942145,8620125,74829226,500317

No. 51. COMPARATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE QUANTITY OF LAND (IN ACRES), IN THE POSSESSION OF EUROPEANS, UNDER CROP, AND THE QUANTITY FENCED, IN THE SETTLEMENTS OR PROVINCES OF NEW ZEALAND, IN THE YEARS 1851, 1858, AND 1861, RESPECTIVELY.

SETTLEMENT OR PROVINCE.WHEAT.BARLEY AND OATS.POTATOES.SOWN GRASS.OTHER CROPS.TOTAL UNDER CULTIVATION.TOTAL FENCED.
1851.1858.1861.1851.1858.1861.1851.1858.1861.1851.1858.1861.1851.1858.1861.1851.1858.1861.1851.1858.1861.

Fractions having been omitted in the columns of this table relating to 1861, the above Totals for the Colony for that year are not the exact addition of the columns, but the actual results, as shown in the detailed Tables Nos. 49 and 50. (The Chatham Islands being omitted throughout, and Stewart's Island in 151.)

AUCKLAND1,0522,322 ¾3,8921,169 ½2,851 ½2,554982 ½2,508 ½3,5539,23150,319 ¾62,817690 ½2,199 ¼3,10913,125 ½60,201 ¾75,9166,720 1/90,467 ¾112,318
TARANAKI1,174 7/8764 ¼61374 ¾615 ¾163185482 ½1661,834 9,723 7/89,642190 ¼569 ¼1193,75912,155 5/810,1533,978 ½12,705 ¾9,858
WELLINGTON (including HAWKE'S BAY in 1851)7361,127 7/82,285354 ¾1,573 7/81,604261 ¾701 ½7623,148 ¾21,580 ½49,143394 ¾1,040 1/81,5184,89626,023 7/855,3135,911 7/840,841 ½76,611
HAWKE'S BAY...336 ¼550...139 1/3391...110191...479 ½3,731...265 ¾980...1,330 5/85,844...4,143 1/831,781
NELSON (including MARLBOROUGH IN 1851 AND 1858)2,121 ¼3,084 ½4,3951,326 ½4,1952,9863226375171,147 ¼8,010 ¾12,156625 ¼2,0702,8795,542 ¼17,997 ¼22,9349,365 ¾45,337 ½37,299
MARLBOROUGH......493......466......136......1,766......300......3,162......20,455
CANTERBURY135 ¾4,238 ¾12,785230 ½3,253 ½6,025222 ¾645 7/81,08859 ¼4,22910,310153 ¾1,568 1/82,59780213,935 ¼32,8072,520 ¼22,926 5/872,937
OTAGO (including SOUTHLAND)2951,8315,065197 3/82,883 ¾5,149282 1/8476838168 ¼3,6959,02172 ¼4358711,0159,320 ¾20,3461,974 3/819,06648,205
STEWART'S ISLAND...4 ½2...1 ¼......13 ¼12...22 ¾5...12...42 ¾22...73 ¼6
TOTALS5,514 7/813,709 7/829,5313,653 3/815,513 ¾19,3292,256 1/85,574 5/87,26515,589 1/898,061 1/8157,9942,126 ¾8,148 ½12,38029,140 ¼141,007 7/8226,50030,470 7/8235,561 ½409,473

No. 52. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBERS OF LIVE STOCK IN THE POSSESSION OF EUROPEANS, IN THE SEVERAL PROVINCES OF NEW ZEALAND, AS ASCERTAINED BY A CENSUS TAKEN IN DECEMBER, 1861.

PROVINCES.HORSES.MULES AND ASSES.HORNED CATTLE.SHEEP.GOATS.PIGS.POULTRY.
AUCKLAND5,6212036,48267,8035,99912,61282,861
TARANAKI220...2,17110,566332452,283
WELLINGTON5,1174249,323247,9402,85611,67038,635
HAWKE'S BAY1,78298,320312,4599741,6939,823
NELSON2,3601711,100181,3674192,98523,293
MARLBOROUGH1,519178,474368,8361,0991,4526,333
CANTERBURY6,0492933,576877,3696259,58641,729
OTAGO4,7901534,544619,8531562,21826,412
SOUTHLAND81249,13973,97095554,163
STEWART'S ISLAND......2120...30130
CHATHAM ISLANDS5...1351,40021224436
TOTALS28,275153193,2852,761,58312,19143,270236,098

No. 53. TABLE SHOWING THE NUMBERS OF LIVE STOCK IN THE POSSESSION OF EUROPEANS, IN THE SEVERAL ELECTORAL DISTRICTS IN THE COLONY OF NEW ZEALAND, IN DECEMBER, 1861.

ELECTORAL DISTRICTS.HORSES.MULES AND ASSES.HORNED CATTLE.SHEEP.GOATS.PIGS.POULTRY.

The Note to No. 50 applies equally to the above Table.

1. MONGONUI18511,3392,491256522,216
2. BAY OF ISLANDS61414,88110,02,73,5091,8435,268
3. MARSDEN22914,0671,1553221,1506,257
4. NORTHERN DIVISION39525,9936,5053731,72112,592
5. CITY OF AUCKLAND EAST18818261331803,468
6. CITY OF AUCKLAND WEST2161385215513798,122
7. PARNELL2121228128101333,961
8. NEWTON81...241 191162,645
9. PENSIONER SETTLEMENTS230...9882,1792524384,699
10. TOWN OF ONEHUNGA245...590138412845,055
11. FRANKLIN1,385...8,43325,2891,1893,06314,563
12. RAGLAN1,641129,25519,6151752,65314,015
13. GREY AND BELL102 1,7688,2013132949
14. TOWN OF NEW PLYMOUTH60...1501223801,002
15. OMATA58...2532,2432733332
16. WANGANUI1,16939,56935,061744,8898,359
17. RANGITIKI973...11,17927,0061321,5504,119
18. PORIRUA61775,21023,7197571,6907,015
19. CITY OF WELLINGTON24637311,172663327,331
20. HUTT65124,1965,4583491,5725,536
21. WAIRARAPA1,4612718,438155,5241,4781,6376,275
22. NAPIER54913,02526,3748099315,258
23. CLIVE1,23385,295286,0851657624,565
24. COLLINGWOOD42...1,4451,6911223931,420
25. MOTUEKA55232,8126,956319636,821
26. CITY OF NELSON291...630591702873,704
27. SUBURBS OF NELSON408...1,6732,8591074172,869
28. WAIMEA79793,58413,882869068,113
29. PICTON94...1,1728,3842358522,067
30. WAIRAU1,319176,934325,8513135533,879
31. CHEVIOT1,5841110,125554,2556097033,714
32. KAIAPOI573...2,5441,6381211,6515,353
33. AVON94442,5788,914582,32010,703
34. HEATHCOTE99553,2967,765972,00410,115
35. ELLESMERE178...2,60011,928594952,729
36. CITY OF CHRISTCHURCH47418276,989667982,290
37. TOWN OF LYTTELTON60...1562,00364951,343
38. AKAROA184123,65712,959859193,257
39. TIMARU1,43319,117460,907206672,978
40. HAMPDEN1,154210,282405,991173173,995
41. BRUCE2,869821,602131,202661,62818,370
42. CITY OF DUNEDIN5363342339731243,669
43. WALLACE1,043611,478