Table of Contents


THIS is the sixteenth issue of the New Zealand Official Yearbook.

The system of pamphlets of “Advance Sheets” has allowed most of the information to be already published.

The new Customs Tariff will be found given as an appendix, and, by way of inset, some of the leading features of the new Land and Income Assessment Act, with the scale of graduated land-tax.

Any reader detecting errors that may have crept into this work is requested to report such with a view to their correction in future issues.


Registrar-General's Office,
Wellington, N.Z.


PAGE 27.—Consul of Germany at Christchurch: Carl Joosten. Honorary Consul of Chili at Wellington: Albert Martin, M.D.

Page 28.—Vice-Consul of Norway at Westport: Richard Rowland Whyte.

Page 29.—Honours held by Colonists — The Most Honourable Privy Council: Right Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G. (9th May, 1907). Knight Bachelor: Sir James Mills (1907).

Page 29.—Hon. Sir John Hall, K.C.M.G., deceased.

Page 31.—Staff of His Excellency the Governor: 1st Aide-de-Camp, Captain the Honourable Nigel Charles Gathorne-Hardy, 5th (Northumberland) Fusiliers; 2nd Aide-de-Camp, Lieutenant Edward Lycett Lyon, 18th Hussars.

Page 33.—Hon. W. M. Bolt, deceased; Hon. W. Kelly, deceased.

Page 33.—Legislative Council: Hon. J. E. Jenkinson and Hon, J. Rigg, reappointed 1st July, 1907.

Page 36.—H. J. H. Okey, Esq., elected to represent Taranaki in place of Edward Metcalf Smith, deceased. For “Seddon, Thomas Youd,” read “Seddon, Thomas Edward Youd.”

Page 46.—Native Department: Insert “Under-Secretary, Thomas W. Fisher”; after “Chief Clerk” insert “Clerk (also Private Secretary to the Native Minister), W. T. Gordon.”

Page 134.—First paragraph, 4th line: After the word “situated,” should read, “Two only of these, Rotorua and Hampstead, have more than 1,000 inhabitants.”

Page 417.—Nos. 1 and 2: Paparoa Coal Company No. 1 and 2 seams, description of coal, should be “semi-anthracite.”

Page 734.—Second line, excise the following: “These works are gazetted as Government grading and cool stores, which is a great convenience for outside dairy factories, as it avoids risk of injury to their produce after it has been graded.”


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. NEW ZEALAND.

THE Colony of New Zealand consists of three main islands, with several groups of smaller islands lying at some distance from the principal group. The main islands, known as the North, the Middle, and Stewart Islands, have a coast-line 4,330 miles in length: North Island, 2,200 miles; Middle Island, 2,000 miles; and Stewart Island, 130 miles. Other islands included within the colony are the Chatham, Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes, Bounty, and Kermadec Islands. The annexation of the Cook and sundry other islands has necessitated an enlargement of the boundaries of the colony, which will be specially treated of further on.

New Zealand is mountainous in many parts, but has, nevertheless, large plains in both North and Middle Islands. In the North Island, which is highly volcanic, is situated the famous Thermal-Springs District, of which a special account will be given. The Middle Island is remarkable for its lofty mountains, with their magnificent glaciers, and for the deep sounds or fiords on the western coast.

New Zealand is firstly a pastoral and secondly an agricultural country. Sown grasses are grown almost everywhere, the extent of land laid down being nearly twelve millions and three-quarters of acres. The soil is admirably adapted for receiving these grasses, and, after the bush has been burnt off, is mostly sown over without previous ploughing. In the Middle Island a large area is covered with native grasses, all used for grazing purposes. The large extent of good grazing-land has made the colony a great wool, meat, and dairy-produce country; while its agricultural capabilities are, speaking generally, very considerable. The abundance of water and the quantity of valuable timber are other natural advantages.

New Zealand is, besides, a mining country. Large deposits of coal are met with, chiefly on the west coast of the Middle Island. Gold, alluvial and in quartz, is found in both Islands, the yield having been over sixty-nine millions and a half sterling in value to the present time. Full statistical information on this subject is given further on, compiled up to the latest dates.


The first authentic account of the discovery of New Zealand is that given by Abel Jansen Tasman, the Dutch navigator. He left Batavia on the 14th August, 1642, in the yacht “Heemskirk,” accompanied by the “Zeehaen” (or “Sea-hen”) fly-boat. After having visited Mauritius, and discovered Tasmania, named by him “Van Diemen's Land,” in honour of Anthony van Diemen, Governor of the Dutch possessions in the East Indies, he steered eastward, and on the 13th December of the same year sighted the west coast of the Middle Island of New Zealand, described by him as “a high mountainous country, which is at present marked in the charts as New Zealand.”

Tasman, under the belief that the land he saw belonged to a great polar continent, and was part of the country discovered some years before by Schouten and Le Maire, to which the name of Staaten Land had been given, gave the same name of Staaten Land to New Zealand; but within about three months afterwards Schouten's “Staaten Land” was found to be merely an inconsiderable island. Upon this discovery being announced, the country that Tasman had called Staaten Land received again the name of “New Zealand,” by which it has ever since been known. Tasman sailed along the coast to a bay, where he anchored. To this he gave the name of Murderers (now Massacre) Bay, on account of an unprovoked attack on a boat's crew by the Natives, and the massacre of four white men. Thence he steered along the west coast of the North Island, and gave the name of Cape Maria van Diemen to the north-western extremity thereof. After sighting the islands of the Three Kings he finally departed, not having set foot in the country.

There is no record of any visit to New Zealand after Tasman's departure until the time of Captain Cook, who, after leaving the Society Islands, sailed in search of a southern continent then believed to exist. He sighted land on the 6th October, 1769, at Young Nick's Head, and on the 8th of that month cast anchor in Poverty Bay. After having coasted round the North Island and the Middle and Stewart Islands—which last he mistook for part of the Middle Island—he took his departure from Cape Farewell on the 31st March, 1770, for Australia. He visited New Zealand again in 1773, in 1774, and in 1777.

M. de Surville, a French officer in command of the vessel “Saint Jean Baptiste,” while on a voyage of discovery, sighted the northeast coast of New Zealand on the 12th December, 1769, and re mained for a short time. A visit was soon after paid by another French officer, M. Marion du Fresne, who arrived on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand on the 24th March, 1772, but was, on the 12th June following, treacherously murdered at the Bay of Islands by the Natives.

In 17.93 the “Dædalus,” under the command of Lieutenant Hanson, was sent by the Government of New South Wales to New Zealand, and two chiefs were taken thence to Norfolk Island. There was after this an occasional intercourse between the islands of New Zealand and the English settlements in New South Wales.

In 1814 the first missionaries arrived in New Zealand—Messrs. Hall and Kendall — who had been sent as forerunners by Mr. Marsden, chaplain to the New South Wales Government. After a short stay they returned to New South Wales, and on the 19th November of that year again embarked in company with Mr. Marsden, who preached his first sermon in New Zealand on Christmas Day, 1814. He returned to Sydney on the 23rd March, 1815, leaving Messrs. Hall and Kendall, who formed the first mission station at Rangihoua, Bay of Islands, under the auspices of the Church Missionary Society. Six years later, in 1821, the work of evangelization was put on a more durable basis; but the first station of the Wesleyan mission, established by Mr. Leigh and his wife, at the valley of the Kaeo, Whangaroa, was not taken possession of until the 10th June, 1823.


The first attempt at colonisation was made in 1825 by a company formed in London. An expedition was sent out under the command of Captain Herd, who bought two islands in the Hauraki Gulf and a strip of land at Hokianga. The attempt, however, was a failure, owing to the savage character of the inhabitants. In consequence of frequent visits of whaling-vessels to the Bay of Islands, a settlement grew up at Kororareka — now called Russell—and in 1833 Mr. Busby was appointed British Resident there. A number of Europeans gradually settled in different parts of the country, and married Native women.

In 1838 a colonisation company, known as the New Zealand Company, was formed to establish settlement on systematic principles. A preliminary expedition, under the command of Colonel William Wakefield, was despatched from England on the 12th May, 1839, and arrived in New Zealand in the following August. Having purchased land from the Natives, Colonel Wakefield selected the shore of Port Nicholson, in Cook Strait, as the site of the first settlement. On the 22nd January, 1840, the first body of immigrants arrived, and founded the town of Wellington. About the same time —namely, on the 29th January, 1840 — Captain Hobson, R.N., arrived at the Bay of Islands, empowered, with the consent of the Natives, to proclaim the sovereignty of Queen Victoria over the Islands of New Zealand, and to assume the government thereof. A compact called the Treaty of Waitangi, to which in less than six months five hundred and twelve names were affixed, was entered into, whereby all rights and powers of sovereignty were ceded to the Queen, all territorial rights being secured to the chiefs and their tribes. New Zealand was then constituted a dependency of the Colony of New South Wales, but on the 3rd May, 1841, was proclaimed a separate colony. The seat of Government had been previously established at Waitemata (Auckland), round which a settlement was formed.

The New Zealand Company having decided to form another settlement, to which the name of “Nelson” was to be given, despatched a preliminary expedition from England in April, 1841, for the purpose of selecting a site. The spot chosen was the head of Blind Bay, where a settlement was established. About the same time a number of pioneers arrived in Taranaki, despatched thither by the New Plymouth Company, a colonising society which had been formed in England, and had bought 50,000 acres of land from the New Zealand Company.

The next important event in the progress of colonisation was the arrival at Port Chalmers, on the 23rd March, 1848, of the first of two emigrant ships sent out by the Otago Association for the foundation of a settlement by persons belonging to or in sympathy with the Free Church of Scotland.

In 1849 the “Canterbury Association for founding a Settlement in New Zealand” was incorporated. On the 16th December, 1850, the first emigrant ship despatched by the association arrived at Port Cooper, and the work of opening up the adjoining country was set about in a systematic fashion, the intention of the promoters being to establish a settlement complete in itself, and composed entirely of members of the then United Church of England and Ireland.


Prior to the colonisation of New Zealand by Europeans, the earliest navigators and explorers found a race of people already inhabiting both Islands. Papers written in 1874 by Mr. (afterwards Sir) William Fox and Sir Donald McLean (then Native Minister) state that at what time the discovery of these Islands was made by the Maoris, or from what place they came, are matters of tradition only, and that much has been lost in the obscurity enveloping the history of a people without letters. Nor is there anything on record respecting the origin of the Maori people themselves, beyond the general tradition of the Polynesian race, which seems to show a series of successive migrations from west to east, probably by way of Malaysia to the Pacific. Little more can now be gathered from their traditions than that they were immigrants, and that they probably found inhabitants on the east coast of the North Island belonging to the same race as themselves—the descendants of a prior migration, whose history is lost. The tradition runs that, generations ago, the Maoris dwelt in a country named Hawaiki, and that one of their chiefs, after a long voyage, reached the northern island of New Zealand. Returning to his home with a flattering description of the country he had discovered, this chief, it is said, persuaded a number of his kinsfolk and friends, who were much harassed by war, to set out with a fleet of double canoes for the new land. The names of most of the canoes are still remembered, and each tribe agrees in its account of the doings of the people of the principal canoes after their arrival in New Zealand; and from these traditional accounts the descent of the numerous tribes has been traced. Calculations, based on the genealogical staves kept by the tohungas, or priests, and on the well-authenticated traditions of the people, indicate that about twenty-one generations have passed since the migration, which may therefore be assumed to have taken place about five hundred and twenty-five years ago. The position of the legendary Hawaiki is unknown, but many places in the South Seas have been thus named in memory of the motherland. The Maoris speak a very pure dialect of the Polynesian language, the common tongue, with more or less variation, in all the eastern Pacific islands. When Captain Cook first visited New Zealand he availed himself of the services of a Native from Tahiti, whose speech was easily understood by the Maoris. In this way much information respecting the early history of the country and its inhabitants was obtained which could not have otherwise been had.

For results of recent researches as to probable origin and present numbers of the Maoris, see Year-book for 1901.


The Proclamation of Captain Hobson on the 30th January, 1840, gave as the boundaries of the colony the following degrees of latitude and longitude: On the north, 34° 30' S. lat.; on the south, 47° 10' S. lat.; on the east, 179° O' E. long.; on the west, 166° 5' E. long. These limits excluded small portions of the extreme north of the North Island and of the extreme south of Stewart Island.

In April, 1842, by Royal Letters Patent, and again by the Imperial Act 26 and 27 Vict., c. 23 (1863), the boundaries of the colony were altered so as to extend from 33° to 53° of south latitude and from 162° of east longitude to 173° of west longitude. By Proclamation bearing date the 21st July, 1887, the Kermadec Islands, lying between the 29th and 32nd degrees of south latitude and the 177th and 180th degrees of west longitude, were declared to be annexed to and to become part of the Colony of New Zealand.

By Proclamation bearing date the 10th June, 1901, the Cook Group of islands, and all the other islands and territories situate within the boundary-lines mentioned in the following Schedule, were included in the Colony of New Zealand:—

A line commencing at a point at the intersection of the twenty-third degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-fifty-sixth degree of longitude west of Greenwich, and proceeding due north to the point of intersection of the eighth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-fifty-sixth degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due west to the point of intersection of the eighth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-sixty-seventh degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due south to the point of intersection of the seventeenth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-sixty-seventh degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due west to the point of intersection of the seventeenth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-seventieth degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due south to the point of intersection of the twenty-third degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-seventieth degree of longitude west of Greenwich; and thence due east to-the point of intersection of the twenty-third degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-fifty-sixth degree of longitude west of Greenwich.

The following now constitute the Colony of New Zealand:—

  1. The island commonly known as the North Island, with its adjacent islets, having an aggregate area of 44,468 square miles, or 28,459,520 acres.

  2. The island known as the Middle Island, with adjacent islets, having an aggregate area of 58,525 square miles, or 37,456,000 acres.

  3. Stewart Island, and adjacent islets, having an area of 665 square miles, or 425,390 acres.

  4. The Chatham Islands, situate 536 miles eastward of Lyttelton in the Middle Island, with an area of 375 square miles, or 239,920 acres.

  5. The Auckland Islands, about 200 miles south of Stewart Island, extending about 30 miles from north to south, and nearly 15 from east to west, the area being 210,650 acres.

  6. The Campbell Islands, in latitude 52° 33' south, and longitude 169° 8' west, about 30 miles in circumference, with an area of 45,440 acres.

  7. The Antipodes Islands, about 458 miles in a south-easterly direction from Port Chalmers, in the Middle Island. These are detached rocky islands, and extend over a distance of between 4 and 5 miles from north to south. Area, 12,960 acres.

  8. The Bounty Islands, a small group of islets, thirteen in number, lying north of the Antipodes Islands, and about 415 miles in an east-south-easterly direction from Port Chalmers. Area, 3,300 acres.

  9. The Kermadec Islands, a group lying about 614 miles to the north-east of Russell, in the Bay of Islands. Raoul, or Sunday Island, the largest of these, is about 20 miles in circuit. The next in size is Macaulay Island, about 3 miles round. Area of the group, 8,208 acres.

  10. Islands forming the Cook Group:—

    Rarotonga.—Distance from Auckland, 1,638 miles; circumference, 20 miles; height, 2,920 ft.

    Mangaia. — Distance from Rarotonga, 116 miles; circumference, 30 miles; height, 656 ft.

    Atiu.—Distance from Rarotonga, 116 miles: circumference, 20 miles height, 374 ft.

    Aitutaki. — Distance from Rarotonga, 140 miles; circumference, 12 miles; height, 366 ft.

    Mauke.—Distance from Rarotonga, 150 miles; circumference, 6 miles height, about 60 ft.

    Mitiaro.—Distance from Rarotonga, 140 miles; circumference, 5 miles; height, about 50 ft.

    Takutea.—Distant from Rarotonga, 125 miles.

    The Herveys (Manuae and Aoutu).—Distant from Rarotonga, 120 miles;

    Total area of above Group, 150 square miles.

  11. Islands outside the Cook Group:—

    Savage or Niue.—Distance from Rarotonga, 580 miles; circumference, 40 miles; height, 200 ft.; area, about 100 square miles.

    Palmerston.—Distance from Rarotonga, 273 miles; an atoll, 4 miles by 2 miles.

    Penrhyn, or Tongareva.—Distance 735 miles from Rarotonga; an atoll, 12 miles by 7 miles.

    Humphrey, or Manahiki.—Distance from Rarotonga, 650 miles; an atoll, 6 miles by 5 miles.

    Rierson, or Rakaanga.—Distance from Rarotonga, 670 miles; an atoll, 3 miles by 3 miles.

    Danger, or Pukapuka.—Distance from Rarotonga, 700 miles; an atoll, 3 miles by 3 miles.

    Suwarrow.—Distance from Rarotonga, 530 miles; an atoll.

    Total area of islands outside the Cook Group, 130 square miles.

The total area of the colony is thus about 104,751 square miles, of which the aggregate area of the outlying groups of islands that are practically useless for settlement amounts to about 498 square miles.

Area of the Commonwealth States of Australia

The areas of the several Australian States, as stated by different authorities, vary considerably. The total area of the Australian Continent is given as 2,944,628 square miles, according to a computation made by the late Surveyor-General of Victoria, Mr. J. A. Skene, from a map of Continental Australia compiled and engraved under his direction; but the following areas are taken from the latest official records of each colony:—

 Square Miles.
New South Wales310,700
South Australia903,690
Western Australia975,920
Total, Continent of Australia2,946,691
Total, Commonwealth of Australia2,972,906

The size of these States (with New Zealand) may be better realised by comparison of their areas with those of European countries. The areas of the following countries—Austria-Hungary, Germany, France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway, Portugal, Spain, Italy (including Sardinia and Sicily), Switzerland, Greece Roumania, Bulgaria, Servia, Eastern Roumelia, and Turkey' in Europe—containing on the whole rather less than 1,600,000 square miles, amount to little more than half the extent of the Australian Continent. If the area of Russia in Europe be added to those of the other countries the total would be about one-seventh larger than the Australian Continent, and about one-twelfth larger than the Australian States, with New Zealand.

Area of the Colony of New Zealand

The area of the Colony of New Zealand is about one-seventh less than the area of Great Britain and Ireland, the Middle Island of New Zealand being a little larger than the combined areas of England and Wales.

United Kingdom.Area in Square Miles.
England and Wales58,311
New ZealandArea in Square Miles
North Island44,468
Middle Island58,525
Stewart Island665
Chatham Islands375
Other islands718


The North Island extends over a little more than seven degrees of latitude, a distance in a direct line from north to south of 430 geographical or 498 statute miles; but, as the northern portion of the colony, which covers more than three degrees of latitude, treads to the westward, the distance in a straight line from the North Cape to Cape Palliser, the extreme northerly and southerly points of the island, is about 515 statute miles.

This Island is, as a whole, hilly, and in parts mountainous in character, but there are large areas of plain or comparatively level country that are, or by clearing may be made, available for agricultural purposes. Of these, the principal are the plains in Hawke's Bay on the east coast, the Wairarapa Plain in the Wellington District, and a strip of country along the west coast, about 250 miles in length, extending from a point about thirty miles from the City of Wellington to a little north of New Plymouth. The largest plain in the North Island, Kaingaroa, extends from the shore of Lake Taupo in a north-north-easterly direction to the sea-coast in the Bay of Plenty; but a great part of it is covered with pumicesand, and is unfit for tillage or pasture. There are several smaller plains and numerous valleys suitable for agriculture. The level or undulating country in this Island fit, or capable of being made fit, for agriculture has been roughly estimated at 13,000,000 acres. This includes lands now covered with standing forest and swamps that can be drained; also large areas of clay-marl and pumice-covered land. The clay-marl in its natural state is cold and uninviting to the farmer, but under proper drainage and cultivation it can be brought to a high state of productiveness. This kind of land is generally neglected at the present time, as settlers prefer soils more rapidly remunerative and less costly to work. The larger portion of the North Island was originally covered with forest. Although the area of bush land is still very great, yet year by year the amount is being reduced, chiefly to meet the requirements of settlement, the trees being cut down and burnt, and grass-seed sown on the ashes to create pasture. Hilly as the country is, yet from the nature of the climate it is especially suited for the growth of English grasses, which will flourish wherever there is any soil, however steep the land may be; once laid down in grass very little of the land is too poor to supply food for cattle and sheep. The area of land in the North Island deemed purely pastoral or capable of being made so, while too steep for agricultural purposes, is estimated at 14,200,000 acres. In the centre of the Island is a lake, about twenty miles across either way, called Taupo. A large area adjacent to the lake is at present worthless pumice country. The Waikato River, the largest in the North Island, flows out of the north-eastern corner of this lake, and runs thence north-westward until it enters the ocean a little distance south of the Manukau Harbour. This river is navigable for small steamers for about a hundred miles from its mouth. The Maori King-country, occupied by Natives who for several years isolated themselves from Europeans, lies between Lake Taupo and the western coast. The River Thames, or Waihou, having its sources north of Lake Taupo, flows northward into the Firth of Thames. It is navigable for about fifty miles, but only for small steamers. The other navigable rivers in this island are the Wairoa (Kaipara), the Wanganui, and the Manawatu, the two last of which flow towards the south-west into Cook Strait.

The mountains in the North Island are estimated to occupy about one-tenth of the surface, and do not exceed 4,000 ft. in height, with the exception of a few volcanic mountains that are more lofty. Of these, the three following are the most important:—

  1. The Tongariro Mountain, situated to the southward of Lake Taupo. It consists of a group of distinct volcanic cones, the lava-streams from which have so overlapped in their descent as to form one compact mountain-mass at the base. The highest of these cones is called Ngauruhoe, and attains an elevation of 7,515 ft. The craters of Ngauruhoe, the Red Crater (6,140 ft.), and Te Mari (4,990 ft.) are the three vents from which the latest discharges of lava have taken place, the most recent having occurred in 1868. These craters are still active, steam and vapour issuing from them with considerable force and noise, the vapours, charged with pungent gases and acids, making it dangerous to approach too near the crater-lips.

  2. Ruapehu. This mountain lies to the south of Ngauruhoe and Tongariro. It is a volcanic cone in the solfatara stage, and reaches the height of 9,008 ft., being in part considerably above the line of perpetual snow. The most remarkable feature of this mountain is the crater lake on its summit, which is subject to slight and intermittent eruptions, giving rise to vast quantities of steam. In March, 1895, such an eruption took place, forming a few hot springs on the margin of the lake, and increasing the heat in the lake itself. This lake lies at the bottom of a funnel-shaped crater, the steep sides of which are mantled with ice and snow. The water occupies a circular basin about 500 ft. in diameter, some 300 ft. below the enclosing peaks, and is quite inaccessible except by the use of ropes. This lake, and the three craters previously mentioned on Tongariro, are all in one straight line, which, if produced, would pass through the boiling springs at Tokaanu on the southern margin of Lake Taupo, the volcanic country north-east of that lake, and White Island, an active volcano in the Bay of Plenty, situated about twenty-seven miles from the mainland.

  3. Mount Egmont. This is an extinct volcanic cone, rising to a height of 8,260 ft. The upper part is always covered with snow. This mountain is situated close to New Plymouth, and is surrounded by one of the most fertile districts in New Zealand. Rising from the plains in solitary grandeur, it is an object of extreme beauty, the cone being one of the most perfect in the world.

It is estimated that the area of mountain-tops and barren country at too high an altitude for sheep, and therefore worthless for pastoral purposes, amounts, in the North Island, to 300,000 acres.

Without a doubt the hot springs form the most remarkable feature of the North Island. They are found over a large area, extending from Tongariro, south of Lake Taupo, to Ohaeawai, in the extreme north—a distance of some 300 miles; but the principal seat of hydrothermal action appears to be in the neighbourhood of Lake Rotorua, about forty miles north-north-east from Lake Taupo. By the destruction of the famed Pink and White Terraces and of Lake Rotomahana during the eruption of Mount Tarawera on the 10th June, 1886, the neighbourhood has been deprived of attractions unique in character and of unrivalled beauty; but the natural features of the country — the numerous lakes, geysers, and hot springs, some of which possess remarkable curative properties in certain complaints—are still very attractive to tourists and invalids. The world-wide importance of conserving this region as a sanatorium for all time has been recognised by the Government, and it is now dedicated by Act of Parliament to that purpose.

Notwithstanding the length of coast-line, good harbours in the North Island are not numerous. Those on the west coast north of New Plymouth are bar harbours, unsuitable for large vessels. The principal harbours are the Waitemata Harbour, on which Auckland is situated—this is rather a deep estuary than a harbour; several excellent havens in the northern peninsula; and Port Nicholson, on the borders of which Wellington is situated. This is a landlocked harbour, about six miles across, having a comparatively narrow but deep entrance from the ocean. The water is deep nearly throughout.

The Cape Colville Peninsula is rich in gold-bearing quartz.


Cook Strait separates the North and Middle Islands. It is some sixteen miles across at its narrowest part, but in the widest about ninety. The strait is invaluable for the purpose of traffic between different parts of the colony.


The extreme length of the Middle Island, from Jackson's Head, in Cook Strait, to Puysegur Point, at the extreme south-west, is about 525 statute miles; the greatest distance across at any point is in Otago (the southernmost) District, about 180 miles.

The Middle Island is intersected along almost its entire length by a range of mountains known as the Southern Alps. Some of the summits reach a height of from 10,000 ft. to 12,000 ft., Mount Cook, the highest peak, rising to 12,349 ft.

In the south, in the neighbourhood of the sounds and Lake Te Anau, there are many magnificent peaks, which, though not of great height, are, owing to their latitude, nearly all crowned with perpetual ice and snow. Further north the mountains increase in height—Mount Earnslaw, at Lake Wakatipu; and Mount Aspiring, which has been aptly termed the New Zealand Matterhorn, 9,949 ft. in height, at Lake Wanaka. Northward of this again are Mount Cook (or Aorangi), Mount Sefton, and other magnificent peaks.

For beauty and grandeur of scenery the Southern Alps of New Zealand may worthily compare with, while in point of variety they are said actually to surpass, the Alps of Switzerland. In New Zealand few of the mountains have been scaled; many of the peaks and most of the glaciers are as yet unnamed; and there is still, in parts of the Middle Island, a fine field for exploration and discovery—geographical, geological, and botanical. The wonders of the Southern Alps are only beginning to be known; but the more they are known the more they are appreciated. The snow-line in New Zealand being so much lower than in Switzerland, the scenery, though the mountains are not quite so high, is of surpassing grandeur.

There are extensive glaciers on both sides of the range, those on the west being of exceptional beauty, as, from the greater abruptness of the mountain-slopes on that side, they descend to within about 700 ft. of the sea-level, and into the midst of the evergreen forest. The largest glaciers on either side of the range are easily accessible.

The following gives the sizes of some of the glaciers on the eastern slope:—

Name.Area of Glacier.Length of Glacier.Greatest Width.Average Width.
 Acres.Miles ch.Miles ch.Miles ch.
Tasman13,66418 02 141 15
Murchison5,80010 701 50 66
Godley5,3128 01 551 3
Mueller3,2008 00 610 50
Hooker2,4167 250 540 41

The Alletsch Glacier in Switzerland, according to Ball, in the “Alpine Guide,” has an average width of one mile. It is in length and width inferior to the Tasman Glacier.

Numerous sounds or fiords penetrate the south-western coast. They are long, narrow, and deep (the depth of water at the upper part of Milford Sound is 1,270 ft., although at the entrance only 130 ft.), surrounded by giant mountains clothed with foliage to the snow-line, with waterfalls, glaciers, and snowfields at every turn. Some of the mountains rise almost precipitously from the water's edge to 5,000 ft. and 6,000 ft. above the sea. Near Milford, the finest of these sounds, is the great Sutherland Waterfall, 1,904 ft. high.

The general surface of the northern portion of the Middle Island, comprising the Provincial Districts of Nelson and Marlborough, is mountainous, but the greater part is suitable for grazing purposes. There are some fine valleys and small plains suitable for agriculture, of which the Wairau Valley or Plain is the largest. Deep sounds, extending for many miles, break the coast-line abutting on Cook Strait. The City of Nelson is situated at the head of Blind Bay, which has a depth inwards from Cook Strait of about forty statute miles.

The Provincial District of Canterbury lies to the south of the Marlborough District, and on the eastern side of the Island. Towards the north the land is undulating; then there is a stretch of almost perfectly level country extending towards the south-west 160 miles, after which, on the south, the country is undulating as far as the borders of the Otago District. On the east a block of hill country rises abruptly from the plain and extends for some miles seaward. This is Banks Peninsula, containing several good harbours, the principal being Port Cooper, on the north, on which is situated Lyttelton, the chief port of the district: the harbour of Akaroa, one of the finest in the colony, is on the southern coast of this peninsula.

The District of Otago is, on the whole, mountainous, but has many fine plains and valleys suitable for tillage. The mountains, except towards the west coast, are generally destitute of timber, and suitable for grazing sheep. There are goldfields of considerable extent in the interior of this district. The inland lakes are also very remarkable features. Lake Wakatipu extends over fifty-four miles in length, but its greatest width is not more than four miles, and its area only 114 square miles. It is 1,070 ft. above sea-level, and has a depth varying from 1,170 ft. to 1,296 ft. Te Anau Lake is somewhat larger, having an area of 132 square miles. These lakes are bounded on the west by broken, mountainous, and wooded country, extending to the ocean.

The chief harbours in Otago are Port Chalmers, at the head of which Dunedin is situated, and the Bluff Harbour, at the extreme south.

The District of Westland, extending along the west coast of the Middle Island, abreast of Canterbury, is more or less auriferous throughout. The western slopes of the central range of mountains are clothed with forest trees to the snow-line; but on the eastern side timber is scarce, natural grasses covering the ground.

The rivers in the Middle Island are for the most part mountain-torrents, fed by glaciers in the principal mountain-ranges. When the snow melts they rise in flood, forming, where not confined by rocky walls, beds of considerable width, generally covered by enormous deposits of shingle. The largest river in the colony as regards volume of water is the Clutha. It is 154 miles in length, but is only navigable for boats or small river-steamers for about thirty miles. The Rivers Buller, Grey, and Hokitika, on the west coast, are navigable for a short distance from their mouths. They form the only ports in the Westland District. In their unimproved state they admitted, owing to the bars at their mouths, none but vessels of small draught; but, in consequence of the importance of the Grey and Buller Rivers as the sole ports available for the coal-export trade, large harbour-works have been undertaken, resulting in the deepening of the beds of these rivers, and giving a depth of from 18 ft. to 26 ft. of water on the bar.

The area of level or undulating land in the Middle Island available for agriculture is estimated at about 15,000,000 acres. About 13,000,000 are suitable for pastoral purposes only, or may become so when cleared of forest and sown with grass-seed. The area of barren land and mountain-tops is estimated at about 9,000,000 acres.


Foveaux Strait separates the Middle from Stewart Island. This last island has an area of only 425,390 acres.

Stewart Island is a great tourist resort during the summer months, and is easily reached by steamer from the Bluff, distant about 25 miles.

The principal peak is Mount Anglem, 3,200 ft. above sea-level, which has an extinct crater at its summit. Most of the island is rugged and forest-clad; the climate is mild, frost being seldom experienced; and the soil, when cleared of bush, is fertile.

The chief attractions are the numerous bays and fiords. Paterson Inlet is a magnificent sheet of water, about ten miles by four miles, situated close to Half-moon Bay, the principal port, where over two hundred people live. Horseshoe Bay and Port William are within easy reach of Half-moon Bay. Port Pegasus, a land-locked sheet of water about eight miles by a mile and a half, is a very fine harbour. At “The Neck” (Paterson Inlet) there is a Native settlement of Maoris and half-castes. The bush is generally very dense, with thick undergrowth. Rata, black-pine, white-pine, miro, and totara are the principal timber trees. Fish are to be had in great abundance and variety; oysters form an important industry. Wild pigeons, ducks, and mutton-birds are plentiful.


The outlying group of the CHATHAM ISLANDS, 480 statute miles east-south-east from Wellington, and 536 miles eastward of Lyttelton, consists of two principal islands and several unimportant islets. The largest island contains about 222,490 acres, of which an irregular-shaped lake or lagoon absorbs 45,960 acres. About one-quarter of the surface of the land is covered with forest, the rest with fern or grass. The hills nowhere rise to a great height. Pitt Island is the next in size; the area is 15,330 acres. The greater portion of both islands is used for grazing sheep.

The KERMADEC GROUP of islands, four in number, is situated between 29° 10' and 31° 30' south latitude, and between 177° 45' and 179° west longitude. They are named Raoul or Sunday Island, Macaulay Island, Curtis Islands, and L'Espérance or French Rock. The principal island, Sunday, is 600 miles distant from Auckland. The islands are volcanic, and in two of them signs of activity are still to be seen. The rainfall is plentiful, but not excessive. The climate is mild and equable, and slightly warmer than the north of New Zealand. The following are the areas of the islands and islets of the group: Sunday Island, 7,200 acres; Herald group of islets, 85 acres; Macaulay Island, 764 acres; Curtis Islands, 128 acres and 19 acres; L'Espérance, 12 acres: total, 8,208 acres. Sunday Island is twenty miles in circumference, roughly triangular in shape, and at the highest point 1,723 ft. above the sea-level. It is rugged and broken over a very large extent of its surface, and, except in a few places, covered with forest. The soil everywhere on the island is very rich, being formed by the decomposition of a dark-coloured pumiceous tuff and a black andesitic lava, with which is closely mixed a fine vegetable mould. The great luxuriance and richness of the vegetation bear witness to the excellence of the soil, which is everywhere—except where destroyed by eruptions, and on the steep cliffs—the same rich loam. Want of water is one of the drawbacks. Three of the four lakes on the island are fresh, but so difficult of approach as to be practically useless.


The AUCKLAND ISLANDS are about 290 miles south of Bluff Harbour, their position being given on the Admiralty chart as latitude 50° 31' 29” S., and longitude 166° 19' 12” E. They have several good harbours. Port Ross, at the north end of the principal island, was described by the eminent French commander, D'Urville, as one of the best harbours of refuge in the known world. At the southern end of the island there is a through passage extending from the east to the west coast. It has been variously named Adams Strait and Carnley Harbour, and forms a splendid sheet of water. The largest of the islands is about 27 miles long by about 15 miles broad, and is very mountainous, the highest part being about 2,000 ft. above the sea. The west coast is bold and precipitous, but the east coast has several inlets. The wood on the island is, owing to the strong prevailing wind, scrubby in character. The New Zealand Government maintains at this island a depot of provisions and clothing for the use of shipwrecked mariners.

The COOK ISLANDS, with others now included within the extended boundaries of the colony, are as under:*

*See Part IV, “Notes on Annexed Islands” following descriptions of land districts.

RAROTONGA (Cook Group): A magnificent island, rising to a height of 3,000 ft., clothed to the tops of the mountains with splendid vegetation. It has abundant streams, considerable tracts of sloping land, and rich alluvial valleys. The two harbours are poor.

MANGAIA, the south-easternmost of the Cook Group, is of volcanic origin, and about thirty miles in circumference. The productions, which are numerous and cheap, are obtained by assiduous labour.

ATIU (Cook Group) resembles Mangaia in appearance and extent. It is a mere bank of coral, 10 ft. or 12 ft. high, steep and rugged, except where there are small sandy beaches and some clefts, where the ascent is gradual.

AITUTAKI (Cook Group) presents a most fruitful appearance, its shores being bordered by flat land, on which are innumerable cocoanut and other trees, the higher ground being beautifully interspersed with lawns. It is eighteen miles in circuit.

MAUKE or Parry Island (Cook Group) is a low island; it is about two miles in diameter, well wooded, and inhabited.

MITIARO (Cook Group) is a low island, from three to four miles long and one mile wide.

HERVEY ISLANDS (Cook Group): This group consists of two islands, surrounded by a reef, which may be 10 1/2 miles in circumference.

NIUE, or Savage Island, lying east of the Friendly Islands, is a coral island, thirty-six miles in circumference, rising to a height of 200 ft. It has the usual tropical productions.

PALMERSTON ISLAND, lying about 500 miles east of Niue and about 220 from the nearest island of the Cook Group (Aitutaki), is remarkable as the “San Pablo” of Magellan, the first island discovered in the South Sea. It has no harbour. The soil is fairly fertile, and there is some good hardwood timber.

PENRHYN ISLAND (Tongareva) lies about 300 miles north-east of Manahiki. It is one of the most famous pearl islands in the Pacific, and there is a splendid harbour, a lagoon with two entrances, fit for ships of any size.

MANAHIKI, lying about 400 miles eastward of Danger Island, is an atoll, about thirty miles in circumference, valuable from the extent of the cocoanut groves. The interior lagoon contains a vast deposit of pearl-shell.

RAKAANGA is an atoll, three miles in length and of equal breadth.

DANGER ISLAND (Pukapuka): Next to the 10th parallel, but rather north of the latitude of the Navigators, and east of them are a number of small atolls. Of these, the nearest to the Samoan Group—about 500 miles—is Danger Island, bearing north-west of Suwarrow about 250 miles.

SUWARROW ISLAND has one of the best harbours in the Pacific. It lies about 500 miles east of Apia, the capital of the Samoan Group. It is a coral atoll, of a triangular form, fifty miles in circumference, the reef having an average width of half a mile across, enclosing a land-locked lagoon twelve miles by eight, which forms an excellent harbour. The entrance is half a mile wide, and the accommodation permits of ships riding in safety in all weathers, with depths of from three to thirty fathoms. It is out of the track of hurricanes, uninhabited, but capable by its fertility of supporting a small population. As a depot for the collection of trade from the various islands it ought to be very valuable.


British sovereignty was proclaimed over New Zealand in January, 1840, and the country became a dependency of New South Wales until the 3rd May, 1841, when it was made a separate colony. The seat of Government was at Auckland, and the Executive included the Governor, and three gentlemen holding office as Colonial Secretary, Attorney-General, and Colonial Treasurer.

The successors of these gentlemen, appointed in August, 1841, May, 1842, and January, 1844, respectively, continued in office until the establishment of Responsible Government on the 7th May, 1856. Only one of them—Mr. Swainson, the Attorney-General—sat as a member of the first General Assembly, opened on the 27th May, 1854. During the session of that year there were associated with the permanent members of the Executive Council certain members of the General Assembly. These latter held no portfolios.

The Government of the colony was at first vested in the Governor, who was responsible only to the Crown; but in 1852 an Act granting representative institutions to the colony was passed by the Imperial Legislature. Under it the constitution of a General Assembly for the whole colony was provided for, to consist of a Legislative Council, the members of which were to be nominated by the Governor, and of an elective House of Representatives. The first session of the General Assembly was opened on the 27th May, 1854, but the members of the Executive were not responsible to Parliament. The first Ministers under a system of Responsible Government were appointed in the year 1856. By the Act of 1852 the colony was divided into six provinces, each to be presided over by an elective Superintendent, and to have an elective Provincial Council, empowered to legislate, except on certain specified subjects. The franchise amounted practically to household suffrage. In each case the election was for four years, but a dissolution of the Provincial Council by the Governor could take place at any time, necessitating a fresh election both of the Council and of the Superintendent. The Superintendent was chosen by the whole body of electors of the province; each member of the Provincial Council by the electors of a district. The Provincial Governments, afterwards increased to nine, remained as integral parts of the Constitution of the colony until the 1st November, 1876, when they were abolished by an Act of the General Assembly, that body having been vested with the power of altering the Constitution Act. On the same day an Act of the General Assembly which subdivided the colony (exclusive of the areas included within municipalities) into counties, and established a system of local county government, came into force.


The Governor is appointed by the King. His salary is £5,000 a year, with an annual allowance of £1,500 on account of his establishment, and of £500 for travelling-expenses, provided by the colony.

Members of the Legislative Council hold their seats under writs of summons from the Governor. Till the year 1891 the appointments were for life; but in September of that year an Act was passed making appointments after that time tenable for seven years only, though Councillors may be reappointed. In either case seats may be vacated by resignation or extended absence. One member of the Council is an aboriginal Native chief.

The members of the House of Representatives are elected for three years from the time of each general election; but at any time a dissolution of Parliament by the Governor may render a general election necessary. Four of the members are representatives of Native constituencies. For the purposes of European representation the colony is divided into seventy-six electoral districts, each returning one member. The full number of members composing the House of Representatives is thus eighty. Members of the House of Representatives are chosen by the votes of the inhabitants in every electoral district appointed for that purpose. No person who, being a bankrupt within the meaning of “The Bankruptcy Act, 1892,” has not obtained an order of discharge under that Act shall be qualified to be nominated as a candidate for election, or to be elected, or to take his seat as a member of the House of Representatives, anything in any other Act to the contrary notwithstanding.

In 1889 an amendment of the Representation Act was passed, which contained a provision prohibiting any elector from giving his vote in respect of more than one electorate at any election. “The Electoral Act, 1893,” extended to women of both races the right to register as electors, and to vote at the elections for members of the House of Representatives. The qualification for registration is the same for both sexes. No person is entitled to be registered on more than one electoral roll within the colony. Women are not qualified to be elected as members of the House of Representatives. The electoral laws are the subject of special comment further on in this work. Every man registered as an elector, and not specially excepted by the Electoral Act now in force, is qualified to be elected a member of the House of Representatives for any electoral district. For European representation every adult person, if resident one year in the colony and three months in one electoral district, can be registered as an elector. Freehold property of the value of £25 held for six months preceding the day of registration until 1896 entitled a man or woman to register, if not previously registered under the residential qualification; but the Amendment Act of 1896 abolished the property qualification (except in case of existing registrations), and residence alone now entitles a man or woman to have his or her name placed upon an electoral roll. For Maori representation every adult Maori resident in any Maori electoral district (of which there are four only in the colony) can vote. Registration is not required in Native districts. [The above provisions are now incorporated in “The Electoral Act, 1905,” which consolidates the electoral laws, with such amendments as were found necessary.]


Up to the year 1865 the seat of Government of New Zealand was at Auckland. Several attempts were made by members of Parliament, by motions in the Legislative Council and House of Representatives, to have it removed to some more central place; but it was not until November, 1863, that Mr. Domett (the then ex-Premier) was successful in carrying resolutions in the House of Representatives that steps should be taken for appointing some place in Cook Strait as the permanent seat of Government in the colony. The resolutions adopted were: “(1.) That it has become necessary that the seat of Government in the colony should be transferred to some suitable locality in Cook Strait. (2.) That, in order to promote the accomplishment of this object, it is desirable that the selection of the particular site in Cook Strait should be left to the arbitrament of an impartial tribunal. (3.) That, with this view, a Bill should be introduced to give effect to the above resolutions.” On the 25th November an address was presented to the Governor, Sir George Grey, K.C.B., by the Commons of New Zealand, requesting that the Governors of the Colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, and Tasmania, might each be asked to appoint one Commissioner for the purpose of determining the best site in Cook Strait. Accordingly, the Hon. Joseph Docker, M.L.C., New South Wales; the Hon. Sir Francis Murphy, Speaker of the Legislative Council, Victoria; and R. C. Gunn, Esq., Tasmania, were appointed Commissioners.

These gentlemen, having made a personal inspection of all suitable places, arrived at the unanimous decision “that Wellington, in Port Nicholson, was the site upon the shores of Cook Strait which presented the greatest advantages for the administration of the government of the colony.”

The seat of Government was, therefore, in accordance with the recommendation of the Commissioners, removed to Wellington in February, 1865.


Nearly all the public works of New Zealand are in the hands of the Government of the colony, and in the early days they simply kept pace with the spread of settlement. In 1870, however, a great impetus was given to the progress of the whole country by the inauguration of the “Public Works and Immigration Policy,” which provided for carrying out works in advance of settlement. Railways, roads, and water-races were constructed, and immigration was conducted on a large scale. As a consequence, the population increased from 267,000 in 1871 to 501,000 in 1881, and to 908,718 in December, 1906; besides whom there were 47,731 Maoris, and also 12,340 persons residing in the Cook and other Pacific Islands within the extended boundaries of the colony.



Captain William Hobson, R.N., from Jan., 1840, to 10 Sept., 1842.

[British sovereignty was proclaimed by Captain Hobson in January, 1840, and New Zealand became a dependency of the Colony of New South Wales until 3rd May, 1841, at which date it was proclaimed a separate colony. From January, 1840, to May, 1841, Captain Hobson was Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand under Sir George Gipps, Governor of New South Wales, and from May, 1841, Governor of New Zealand; the seat of Government being at Auckland, where he died in September, 1842. From the time of Governor Hobson's death, in September, 1842, until the arrival of Governor Fitzroy, in December, 1843, the Government was carried on by the Colonial Secretary, Lieutenant Shortland.]

Lieutenant Shortland, Administrator, from 10 Sept., 1842, to 26 Dec., 1843.

Captain Robert Fitzroy, R.N., from 26 Dec., 1843, to 17 Nov., 1845.

Captain Grey (became Sir George Grey, K.C.B., in 1848), from 18 Nov., 1845, to 31 Dec., 1853.

[Captain Grey held the commission as Lieutenant-Governor of the colony until the 1st January, 1848, when he was sworn in as Governor-in-Chief over the Islands of New Zealand, and as Governor of the Province of New Ulster and Governor of the Province of New Munster. After the passing of the New Zealand Constitution Act, Sir George Grey was, on the 13th September, 1852, appointed Governor of the colony, the duties of which office he assumed on the 7th March, 1853. In August, 1847, Mr. E. J. Eyre was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Munster: he was sworn in, 28th January, 1848. On 3rd January, 1848, Major - General George Dean Pitt was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Ulster: he was sworn in, 14th February, 1848; died, 8th January, 1851; and was succeeded as Lieutenant-Governor by Lieutenant - Colonel Wynyard, appointed 14th April, 1851; sworn in, 26th April, 1851. The duties of the Lieutenant-Governor ceased on the assumption by Sir George Grey of the office of Governor, on the 7th March, 1853.]

Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Henry Wynyard, C.B., Administrator, from 3 Jan., 1854, to 6 Sept., 1855.

Colonel Thomas Gore Browne, C.B., from 6 Sept., 1855, to 2 Oct., 1861.

Sir George Grey, K.C.B., Administrator, from 3 Oct., 1861; Governor, from 4 Dec., 1861, to 5 Feb., 1868.

Sir George Ferguson Bowen, G.C.M.G., from 5 Feb., 1868, to 19 Mar., 1873.

Sir George Alfred Arney, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 21 Mar. to 14 June, 1873.

Sir James Fergusson, Baronet, P.C., from 14 June, 1873, to 3 Dec., 1874.

The Marquis of Normanby, P.C., G.C.M.G., Administrator, from 3 Dec., 1874; Governor, from 9 Jan., 1875, to 21 Feb., 1879.

James Prendergast, Esquire, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 21 Feb. to 27 Mar., 1879.

Sir Hercules George Robert Robinson, G.C.M.G., Administrator, from 27 Mar., 1879; Governor, from 17 April, 1879, to 8 Sept., 1880.

James Prendergast, Esquire, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 9 Sept. to 29 Nov., 1880.

The Honourable Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon, G.C.M.G., from 29 Nov., 1880, to 23 June, 1882.

Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 24 June, 1882, to 20 Jan., 1883.

Lieutenant - General Sir William Francis Drummond Jervois, G.C.M.G., C.B., from 20 Jan., 1883, to 22 Mar., 1889.

Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 23 Mar. to 2 May, 1889.

The Earl of Onslow, G.C.M.G., from 2 May, 1889, to 24 Feb., 1892.

Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 25 Feb., to 6 June, 1892.

The Earl of Glasgow, G.C.M.G., from 7 June, 1892, to 6 Feb., 1897.

Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 8 Feb., 1897, to 9 Aug., 1897.

The Earl of Ranfurly, G.C.M.G., from 10 Aug., 1897, to 19 June, 1904.

The Right Honourable William Lee, Baron Plunket, K.C.M.G., from 20 June, 1904.



Sir W. Martin, appointed Chief Justice, 10 Jan., 1842. Resigned, 12 June, 1857.

H. S. Chapman, appointed, 26 Dec., 1843. Held office until March, 1852. Reappointed, 23 Mar., 1864. Resigned, 31 Mar., 1875.

S. Stephen, appointed, 30 July, 1850. Appointed Acting Chief Justice, 20 Oct., 1855. Died, 13 Jan., 1858.

Daniel Wakefield, appointed, Oct., 1855. Died, Oct., 1857.

Hon. H. B. Gresson, appointed temporarily, 8 Dec., 1857. Permanently, 1 July, 1862. Resigned, 31 Mar., 1875.

Sir G. A. Arney, appointed Chief Justice, 1 Mar., 1858. Resigned 31 Mar., 1875.

A. J. Johnston, appointed, 2 Nov., 1858. Died, 1 June, 1888.

C. W. Richmond, appointed, 20 Oct., 1862. Died, 3 Aug., 1895.

J. S. Moore, appointed temporarily, 15 May, 1866. Relieved, 30 June, 1868.

C. D. R. Ward, appointed temporarily, 1 Oct., 1868. Relieved, May, 1870. Appointed temporarily, 21 Sept., 1886. Relieved, 12 Feb., 1889.

Sir J. Prendergast, appointed Chief Justice, 1 April, 1875. Resigned, 25 May, 1899.

T. B. Gillies, appointed, 3 Mar., 1875. Died, 26 July, 1889.

J. S. Williams, appointed, 3 Mar., 1875.

J. E. Denniston, appointed, 11 Feb., 1889.

E. T. Conolly, appointed, 19 Aug., 1889. Resigned, 9 Sept., 1903.

Hon. Sir P. A. Buckley, K.C.M.G., appointed, 20 Dec., 1895. Died, 18 May, 1896.

W. B. Edwards, appointed, 11 July, 1896.

F. W. Pennefather, appointed temporarily, 25 April, 1898. Resigned, 24 April, 1899.

Hon. Sir Robert Stout, K.C.M.G., appointed Chief Justice, 22 June, 1899.

J. C. Martin, Acting Judge, appointed, 12 April, 1900. Resigned, 4 Dec., 1900.

Theophilus Cooper, appointed, 21 Feb., 1901.

F. R. Chapman, appointed, 11 Sept., 1903.

C. E. Button, appointed temporarily, 12 March, 1907.

Chapter 4. EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 1843–56


Willoughby Shortland, Colonial Secretary, from 3 May, 1841, to 31 Dec., 1843; succeeded by Mr. Sinclair.

Francis Fisher, Attorney-General, from 3 May to 10 Aug., 1841; succeeded by Mr. Swainson.

George Cooper, Colonial Treasurer, from 3 May, 1841, to 9 May, 1842; succeeded by Mr. Shepherd.

William Swainson, Attorney-General, from 10 Aug., 1841, to 7 May, 1856.

Alexander Shepherd, Colonial Treasurer, from 9 May, 1842, to 7 May, 1856.

Andrew Sinclair, Colonial Secretary, from 6 Jan., 1844, to 7 May, 1856.

[The three gentlemen last mentioned were nominated by Her late Majesty as ex officio members of the Executive Council. Two of them, the Colonial Secretary and the Colonial Treasurer, were not members of the General Assembly, opened for the first time 27th May, 1854, but all three remained in office until the establishment of Responsible Government.]

James Edward FitzGerald, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 14 June to 2 Aug., 1854.

Henry Sewell, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 14 June to 2 Aug., 1854.

Frederick Aloysius Weld, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 14 June to 2 Aug., 1854.

Francis Dillon Bell, M.L.C., without portfolio, from 30 June to 11 July, 1854.

Thomas Houghton Bartley, M.L.C., without portfolio, from 14 July to 2 Aug., 1854.

Thomas Spencer Forsaith, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.

Edward Jerningham Wakefield, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.

William Thomas Locke Travers, M.H.R., without portfolio, 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.

James Macandrew, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.



Parliament.Date of Opening of Sessions.Date of Prorogation.

* Owing to the death of the Premier, the Hon. J. Ballance, on 27th April, 1893.

† Owing to the death of the Premier, Right Hon. R. J. Seddon, P.C., on 10th June, 1906.

First (dissolved 15th September, 1855)27 May, 18549 August, 1854.
31 August, 185416 September, 1854.
8 August, 185515 September, 1855.
Second (dissolved 5th November, 1860)15 April, 185616 August, 1856.
(No session in 1857) 
10 April, 185821 August, 1858.
(No session in 1859) 
30 July, 18605 November, 1860.
Third (dissolved 27th January, 1866)3 June, 18617 September, 1861.
7 July, 186215 September, 1862.
19 October, 186314 December, 1863.
24 November 186413 December, 1864.
26 July, 186530 October, 1865.
Fourth (dissolved 30th December, 1870)30 June, 18668 October, 1866.
9 July, 186710 October, 1867.
9 July, 186820 October, 1868.
1 June, 18693 September, 1869.
14 June, 187013 September, 1870.
Fifth (dissolved 6th December, 1875)14 August, 187116 November, 1871.
16 July, 187225 October, 1872.
15 July, 18733 October, 1873.
3 July, 187431 August, 1874.
20 July, 187521 October, 1875.
Sixth (dissolved 15th August, 1879)15 June, 187631 October, 1876.
19 July, 187710 December, 1877.
26 July, 18782 November, 1878.
11 July, 187911 August, 1879.
Seventh (dissolved 8th November, 1881)24 September, 187919 December, 1879.
28 May, 18801 September, 1880.
9 June, 188124 September, 1881.
Eighth (dissolved 27th June, 1884)18 May, 188215 September, 1882.
14 June, 18838 September, 1883.
5 June, 188424 June, 1884.
Ninth (dissolved 15th July, 1887)7 August, 188410 November, 1884.
11 June, 188522 September, 1885.
13 May, 188618 August, 1886.
26 April, 188710 July, 1887.
Tenth (dissolved 3rd October, 1890)6 October, 188723 December, 1887.
10 May, 188831 August, 1888.
20 June, 188919 September, 1889.
19 June, 189018 September, 1890.
Eleventh (dissolved 8th November, 1893)23 January, 189131 January, 1891.
11 June, 189125 September, 1891.
23 June, 189212 October, 1892.
22 June, 18937 October, 1893.
Twelfth (dissolved 14th November, 1896)21 June, 189424 October, 1894.
20 June, 18952 November, 1895.
11 June, 189619 October, 1896.
Thirteenth (dissolved 15th November, 1899)7 April, 189712 April, 1897.
23 September, 189722 December, 1897.
24 June, 18985 November, 1898.
23 June, 189924 October, 1899.
Fourteenth (dissolved 5th November, 1902)22 June, 190022 October, 1900.
1 July, 19018 November, 1901.
1 July, 19024 October, 1902.
Fifteenth (dissolved 29th November, 1905)29 June, 190325 November, 1903.
28 June, 19048 November, 1904.
27 June, 190531 October, 1905.
Sixteenth27 June, 19063 July, 1906.
21 August, 190629 October, 1906.



Name of Ministry.Assumed Office.Retired.
1. Bell-Sewell7 May, 185620 May, 1856.
2. Fox20 May, 18562 June, 1856.
3. Stafford2 June, 185612 July, 1861.
4. Fox12 July, 18616 August, 1862.
5. Domett6 August, 186230 October, 1863.
6. Whitaker-Fox30 October, 186324 November, 1864.
7. Weld24 November, 186416 October, 1865.
8. Stafford16 October, 186528 June, 1869.
9. Fox28 June, 186910 September, 1872.
10. Stafford10 September, 187211 October, 1872.
11. Waterhouse11 October, 18723 March, 1873.
12. Fox3 March, 18738 April, 1873.
13. Vogel8 April, 18736 July, 1875.
14. Pollen6 July, 187515 February, 1876.
15. Vogel15 February, 18761 September, 1876.
16. Atkinson1 September, 187613 September, 1876.
17. Atkinson (reconstituted)13 September, 187613 October, 1877.
18. Grey15 October, 18778 October, 1879.
19. Hall8 October, 187921 April, 1882.
20. Whitaker21 April, 188225 September, 1883.
21. Atkinson25 September, 188316 August, 1884.
22. Stout-Vogel16 August, 188428 August, 1884.
23. Atkinson28 August, 18843 September, 1884.
24. Stout-Vogel3 September, 18848 October, 1887.
25. Atkinson8 October, 188724 January, 1891.
26. Ballance24 January, 18911 May, 1893.*
27. Seddon1 May, 189321 June, 1906.†
28. Hall-Jones21 June, 19066 August, 1906.
29. Ward6 August, 1906. 


Name of Premier.Name of Premier.
Henry Sewell.
William Fox.
Edward William Stafford.
William Fox.
Alfred Domett.
Frederick Whitaker.
Frederick Aloysius Weld.
Edward William Stafford.
William Fox.
Hon. Edward William Stafford.
George Marsden Waterhouse.
Hon. William Fox.
Hon. Julius Vogel, C.M.G.
Hon. Daniel Pollen, M.L.C.
Sir Julius Vogel, K.C.M.G.
Harry Albert Atkinson.
Harry Albert Atkinson (Ministry reconstituted).
Sir George Grey, K.C.B.
Hon. John Hall.
Frederick Whitaker, M.L.C.
Harry Albert Atkinson.
Robert Stout.
Harry Albert Atkinson.
Sir Robert Stout, K.C.M.G.
Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, K.C.M.G.
John Ballance.
Rt. Hon. Richard John Seddon, P.C.
William Hall-Jones.
Hon. Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G.



Name of Speaker.Date of Appointment.Date of Retirement or Death.
Hon. William Swainson16 May, 18548 August, 1855.
Hon. Frederick Whitaker8 August, 185512 May, 1856.
Hon. Thomas Houghton Bartley12 May, 18561 July, 1868.
Hon. Sir John Larkins Cheese Richardson, Kt.1 July, 186814 June, 1879.
Hon. Sir William Fitzherbert, K.C.M.G.14 June, 187922 April, 1887.
Hon. George Marsden Waterhouse22 April, 188721 September, 1887.
Hon. Sir William Fitzherbert, K.C.M.G.21 September, 188723 January, 1891.
Hon. Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, K.C.M.G.23 January, 189128 June, 1892.
Hon. Sir Henry John Miller8 July, 1892. 
6 October, 18979 July 1903.
Hon. W. C. Walker, C.M.G.9 July, 19035 January, 1904.
Hon. John Rigg (Acting)5 January, 19047 July, 1904.
Hon. Sir A. J. Cadman, K.C.M.G.7 July, 190423 March, 1905.
Hon. R. H. J. Reeves (Acting)23 March, 19054 July, 1905.
Hon. C. C. Bowen4 July, 1905. 



Name of Speaker.Date of Election.Date of Retirement.
Sir Charles Clifford, Bart.26 May, 1854 
15 April, 18563 June, 1861.
Sir David Monro, Kt. Bach.3 June, 1861 
30 June, 186613 Sept., 1870.
Sir Francis Dillon Bell, K.C.M.G., C.B.14 August, 187121 October, 1875.
Sir William Fitzherbert, K.C.M.G.15 June, 187613 June, 1879.
Sir George Maurice O'Rorke, Kt. Bach.11 July, 1879 
24 September, 1879 
18 May, 1882 
7 August, 1884 
6 October, 18873 October, 1890.
Hon. Major William Jukes Steward23 January, 18918 November, 1893.
Hon. Sir George Maurice O'Rorke, Kt. Bach.21 June, 1894 
6 April, 1897 
22 June, 19005 November, 1902.
Arthur Robert Guinness29 June, 1903. 
27 June, 1906. 



Country represented.Office held.Name.Place of Residence.
Argentine RepublicVice-Consul (with jurisdiction over New Zealand)Hon. T. FergusDunedin.
Austria-HungaryConsul-General for the Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand, and the South Sea IslandsHeinrich JeblitschkaSydney.
 ConsulE. LangguthAuckland.
BelgiumConsul - General for Australasia and FijiF. HuylebroeckMelbourne.
BelgiumConsul - General (with jurisdiction over the Provincial Districts of Hawke's Bay, Taranaki, and Wellington)Hon. Charles John JohnstonWellington.
BelgiumVice-ConsulG. F. JohnstonWellington.
BelgiumConsulJoseph James KinseyChristchurch.
Belgium John BurnsAuckland.
Belgium George Lyon DennistonDunedin.
BrazilVice-ConsulA. H. MilesWellington.
ChiliConsul - General for the Commonwealth of Australia, and New ZealandWilliam BrownSydney.
ChiliHonorary ConsulGeorge DunnetAuckland.
ChiliHonorary ConsulHarold BeauchampWellington.
ChiliHonorary ConsulJ. G. F. PalmerChristchurch.
ChiliHonorary ConsulJ. A. RobertsDunedin.
DenmarkConsul (for North Island)Francis Henry Dillon BellWellington (Principal Consulate).
DenmarkConsul (for South Island)Emil Christian SkogChristchurch.
DenmarkVice-ConsulFrederick Ehrenfried BaumeAuckland.
DenmarkVice-ConsulWilliam Edward PerryHokitika.
DenmarkVice-ConsulOdin Henry MöllerDunedin.
FranceConsul (for New Zealand)Robert BoeufvéAuckland.
FranceChancelierAuguste A LelièvreAuckland.
FranceVice-ConsulPercival Clay NeillDunedin.
FranceConsular AgentGeorge HumphreysChristchurch.
FranceConsular AgentHarold BeauchampWellington.
German EmpireConsul-General for Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand, and FijiDr. IrmerSydney.
German EmpireVice-Consul GeneralCount Deyne Von StritezSydney.
German EmpireConsulCarl SeegnerAuckland.
German EmpireConsulWilli FelsDunedin.
German EmpireConsulPhilip KippenbergerChristchurch.
German EmpireConsulFriedrich August KrullWanganui.
German EmpireVice-ConsulEberhard FockeWellington.
GreeceVice-ConsulJoseph Frank DyerWellington.
HondurasConsul-General for Commonwealth of Australia, and New ZealandFrederic WalshSydney.
ItalyConsul-General for Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand, and FijiC. BertolaMelbourne.
ItalyConsular AgentThomas WallaceChristchurch.
ItalyConsular AgentRoland Thomas RobertsonWellington.
ItalyConsular AgentJohn Roberts, C.M.G.Dunedin.
ItalyConsular AgentGeraldo Giuseppe PerottiGreymouth.
ItalyConsular AgentRichard A. CarrAuckland.
JapanConsulA. S. AldrichWellington.
LiberiaConsulA. M. MeyersAuckland.
LiberiaHonorary ConsulArnold Woodford IzardWellington.
NetherlandsConsul - General for Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand, and FijiW. L. BosschartMelbourne.
FijiConsulHon. Charles John JohnstonWellington.
FijiVice-ConsulGeorge RitchieDunedin.
FijiVice-ConsulAmbrose MillarAuckland.
FijiVice-ConsulHarold Featherston JohnstonWellington.
FijiVice-ConsulG. de VriesChristchurch.
NorwayConsul-General for Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand, and the adjacent IslandsO. RömckeMelbourne.
NorwayVice-ConsulH. J. GundersenMelbourne.
NorwayConsulA. W. NewtonWellington.
NorwayVice-ConsulLeslie Robert WilsonDunedin.
NorwayVice-ConsulRoland St. ClairAuckland.
NorwayVice-ConsulHenry Dalby CarterChristchurch.
NorwayVice-ConsulWalter Sinclair WaterstonInvercargill.
ParaguayConsulA. E. KernotWellington.
PortugalConsulJohn DuncanWellington.
PortugalVice-ConsulHenry Rees GeorgeAuckland.
PortugalVice-ConsulArthur Donald Stuart DuncanWellington.
PortugalVice-ConsulCharles William RattrayDunedin.
RussiaConsul-GeneralMichel OustinoffMelbourne.
SpainConsul-in-Chief (with jurisdiction over Australia and New Zealand)Henry CaveMelbourne.
SpainHonorary Vice-ConsulAlexander H. TurnbullWellington.
SwedenConsulArthur Edward PearceWellington.
SwedenVice-ConsulSidney Jacob NathanAuckland.
SwedenVice-ConsulAlbert KayeChristchurch.
United States of AmericaConsul - General (for New Zealand, Fiji, Society, and other South Sea Islands)William A. PrickittAuckland.
DittoVice-Consul-GeneralLeonard A. BachelderAuckland.
DittoConsular AgentFrank GrahamChristchurch.
DittoConsular AgentJ. G. DuncanWellington.
DittoConsular AgentFrederick Orlando BridgemanDunedin.


The Hon. W. P. Reeves, Westminster Chambers, 13 Victoria Street, S.W. (Appointed as from 14th June, 1905.) Secretary—Walter Kennaway, C.M.G.



Principal Secretary of State for the Colonies—Right Hon. Earl of Elgin, K.G., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., 11th December, 1905.

Parliamentary Under-Secretary—The Right Hon. Winston L. S. Churchill, P.C., M.P.

Assistant Under-Secretaries: Frederick Graham C.B.; Charles P. Lucas, C.B.; H. B. Cox, C.B. (Legal); and Reginald L. Antrobus, C.B.



Crown Agents—Sir Ernest Edward Blake, K.C.M.G.; Major Maurice Alexander Cameron, C.M.G., late R.E.; and William Hepworth Mercer, C.M.G.



Hall, Hon. Sir John, 1882.

Hector, Sir James, 1887.

Perceval, Sir Westby Brook, 1894.

Stout, Hon. Sir Robert, 1886.

Ward, Hon. Sir Joseph George, 1901.


Campbell, Sir John Logan, 1902.

Miller, Hon. Sir Henry John, 1901.

O'Rorke, Hon. Sir George Maurice, 1880.

Prendergast, Hon. Sir James, 1881.

Russell, Sir William Russell, 1902.

Steward, Hon. Sir William Jukes, 1902.


Cradock, Major Montagu, 1900.

Davies, Brevet-Colonel R. H., 1900.

Newall, Colonel Stewart, 1900.

Porter, Colonel T. W., 1902.

Robin, Brevet-Colonel Alfred William, 1900.


Bauchop, Lieut.-Colonel A., 1902.

Gudgeon, Lieut.-Colonel Walter Edward, 1890.

Jowsey, Lieut.-Colonel Thomas, 1900.

Kennaway, Walter, 1891.

Richardson, Hon. Edward, 1879.

Roberts, John, 1891.


Abbott, Lieut.-Colonel F. W., 1902.

Bartlett, Major E., 1902.

Hickey, Lieutenant D. A., 1902.

Hughes, Captain J. G., 1900.

Major, Major C. T., 1900.

Poison, Major D., 1900.

Stevenson, Captain R., 1902.

Todd, Captain T. J. M., 1900.

Walker, Captain G. H., 1901.


Heywood, James B., 1905.


Williamson, Miss J. M. N., 1900.


Hardham, Lieut. W. J., 1901.


Adamson, Thomas, 1869.

Biddle, Benjamin, 1869.

Black, Solomon, 1869.

Hill, George, 1869.

Lingard, William, 1869.

Mace, Francis Joseph, 1869.

Maling, Christopher, 1869.

Mair, Gilbert, 1870.

Preece, George, 1869.

Roberts, John Mackintosh, 1869.

Shepherd, Richard, 1869.

Wrigg, Harry Charles William, 1898.*

* For service rendered in 1867.


Baigent, Private Ivanhoe.

Black, Sergeant-Major G. C.

Burr, Sergeant-Major W. T.

Cassidy, Sergeant W.

Fletcher, Sergeant-Major W. H.

Free, Private A.

Kent, Sergeant W.

Langham, Sergeant-Major J.

Lockett, Sergeant-Major E. B.

Pickett, Sergeant-Major M.

Rouse, Farrier-Sergeant G.

Wade, Private H. B.

White, Sergeant-Major H.


By despatch from the Secretary of State for the Colonies, dated Downing Street, 15th June, 1893, His Excellency the Governor was apprised that the title of “Honourable,” appertaining to Members of the Executive and Legislative Councils in colonies possessing Responsible Government, whether confined to duration of office or continued for life, was approved by Her late Majesty for use and recognition throughout her dominions, either during office or for life, as the case may be.

By further despatch of 10th March, 1894, the Secretary of State announced that he was prepared in future to submit for the approval of the Sovereign the recommendation of the Governor of any colony having Responsible Government that the President of the Legislative Council or the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly may, on quitting office after three years' service in their respective offices, be permitted to retain the title of “Honourable.” This title is now held by Sir G. M. O'Rorke and Major Sir William Jukes Steward.

Besides the members of the Executive and Legislative Councils, the following ex-Ministers, whose names do not appear in the list given above, are allowed, as such, to retain the title of “Honourable”: Bryce, John, 1884; Duncan, Thomas Y., 1906; Fergus, Thomas, 1891; Hislop, Thomas W., 1891; Johnston, Walter W., 1884; Mills, Charles H., 1906; Mitchelson, Edwin, 1891; Montgomery, William, 1907; Oliver, Richard, 1884; Reeves, William P., 1896; Richardson, George F., 1891; Thompson, Thomas, 1900; Tole, Joseph A., 1888.

By another despatch of 14th November, 1896, the Secretary of State requested to be informed if the Government of New Zealand desired that members of the Legislative Council in this colony should on retirement or resignation, after a continuous service in such Council of not less than ten years, be eligible for recommendation by the Governor for Royal permission to retain the title of “Honourable.”

Mr. William Montgomery has been allowed to retain the title as from 14th December, 1906, accordingly on such retirement.


By despatch of 29th August, 1877, it was announced that retired Judges of the Supreme Court may be allowed the privilege of bearing the title of “Honourable” for life, within the colony. This title is now held by Sir James Prendergast and the Hon. Edward Tennyson Conolly.

1ST APRIL, 1907.

PLUNKET, His Excellency The Right Honourable William Lee, fifth Baron (United Kingdom, 1827), formerly an Attaché in the Diplomatic Service, and subsequently Private Secretary to successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland (1900–4); Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George; Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order; son of fourth Baron (Archbishop of Dublin); born 19th December, 1864; succeeded 1897; married, 1894, Lady Victoria Alexandrina Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, daughter of first Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, K.P., G.C.B., &c. Issue: Two sons (Honourables Terence and Brinsley) four daughters (Honour-ables Helen, Eileen, Moira, and Joyce). Appointed 9th March, 1904, and assumed office 20th June, 1904, as Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over His Majesty's Colony of New Zealand and its Dependencies. Salary, £5,000. Allowance on account of establishment, £1,500, and travelling-expenses, £500 per annum. The allowance is not payable for any period during which the Governor is absent from the colony. Residences: Old Connaught, Bray, County Wicklow, Ireland; Government House, Wellington; Government House, Auckland.

Private Secretary: Horace Clare Waterfield, Esq.

1st Aide-de-Camp:

Aide-de-Camp: Captain John Hugh Boscawen (honorary).

ADMINISTRATOR OF THE GOVERNMENT. — The Chief Justice, appointed under a dormant Commission.

1ST APRIL, 1907.

THE annual appropriation for Ministers' salaries is fixed by statute at the sum of £8,900, of which £1,600 is for the Prime Minister, £1,300 for the Minister for Railways, and £1,000 for each of six other Ministers. All Ministers to whom salaries are appropriated are members of the Executive Council, holding one or more of the offices specified by law. Members of the Executive Council travelling within the colony on public service are entitled to allowance not exceeding £1 10s. per day when so engaged, but not during the time a Minister is attending a session of the General Assembly. The members of the Executive Council to whom salaries are payable, and who are not otherwise provided with residences at the seat of Government, are entitled to an allowance in lieu there of at the rate of £200 a year.

The Executive Council now consists of:—

His Excellency the GOVERNOR presiding.

Hon. Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G., Prime Minister, Colonial Treasurer, Postmaster-General, Minister of Telegraphs, Minister of Defence, and Minister of Tourist and Health Resorts.

Hon. William Hall-Jones, Minister for Railways and Minister for Public Works.

Hon. James Carroll, Native Minister and Minister of Stamp Duties.

Hon. James McGowan, Minister of Justice, Minister of Mines, Minister of Industries and Commerce, and Minister of Immigration.

Hon. John George Findlay, L.LD., Attorney-General and Colonial Secretary.

Hon. John Andrew Millar, Minister of Customs, Minister of Labour, and Minister in Charge of the Marine Department.

Hon. Robert McNab, Minister of Lands and Minister for Agriculture.

Hon. George Fowlds, Minister of Education and Minister of Public Health.

Clerk of the Executive Council—Alexander James Willis.



THE number of members at present constituting the Legislative Council is forty-eight. The number cannot be less than ten, but is otherwise unlimited. Prior to 1891 Councillors summoned by the Governor held their appointments for life; but on the 17th of September of that year an Act was passed giving the Council power to elect its own Speaker for a period of five years, and making future appointments to the Council tenable for seven years only, to be reckoned from the date of the writ of summons of the Councillor's appointment, though every such Councillor may be reappointed. The qualifications are that the person to be appointed be a male of the full age of twenty-one years, and a subject of His Majesty, either natural-born or naturalised by or under any Act of the Imperial Parliament or by or under any Act of the General Assembly of New Zealand. All contractors to the public service to an amount of over £50 and Civil servants of the colony are ineligible as Councillors. Payment of Councillors is at the rate of £200 a year, payable monthly. Actual travelling-expenses to and from Wellington are also allowed. A deduction of £1 5s. per sitting-day is made in case of an absence exceeding fourteen sitting-days in any one session, except through illness or other unavoidable cause. Under “The Legislative Council Act, 1891,” a seat is vacated by any member of the Council (1) if he takes any oath or makes any declaration or acknowledgment of allegiance, obedience, or adherence to any foreign Prince or Power; or (2) if he does, or concurs in, or adopts any act whereby he may become a subject or citizen of any foreign State or Power, or is entitled to the rights, privileges, or immunities of a subject of any foreign State or Power; or (3) if he is a bankrupt, or compounds with his creditors under any Act for the time being in force; or (4) if he is a public defaulter, or is attainted of treason, or is convicted of felony or any infamous crime; or (5) if he resigns his seat by writing under his hand addressed to and accepted by the Governor; or (6) if for more than one whole session of the General Assembly he fails, without permission of the Governor notified to the Council, to give his attendance in the Council. By the Standing Orders of the Council, the presence of one-fourth of the members of the Council, exclusive of those who have leave of absence, is necessary to constitute a meeting for the exercise of its powers. This rule, however, may be altered from time to time by the Council.


Notice in Supplement to the New Zealand Gazette of 12th September, 1907.

Prime Minister's Office, Wellington, 12th September, 1907.

BY resolutions passed by the House of Representatives on the 12th July, 1907, and by the Legislative Council on the 16th July, 1907, addresses were forwarded to His Majesty the King respectfully requesting that the necessary steps might be taken to change the designation of New Zealand from the Colony of New Zealand to the Dominion of New Zealand; and it is hereby notified that His Majesty the King, by Order in Council dated 9th September, 1907, and by Proclamation issued 10th September, 1907, has been graciously pleased to change the style and designation of the Colony of New Zealand to “The Dominion of New Zealand”; such change to take effect on and from Thursday, the 26th day of September, 1907.

Prime Minister.

Proclamation above referred to.




WHEREAS We have, on the petition of the members of the Legislative Council and House of Representatives of Our Colony of New Zealand, determined that the title of the Dominion of New Zealand shall be substituted for that of the Colony of New Zealand as the designation of the said colony: We have therefore, by and with the advice of Our Privy Council, thought fit to issue this Our Royal Proclamation, and We do ordain, declare, and command that on and after the twenty-sixth day of September, one thousand nine hundred and seven, the said Colony of New Zealand and the territory belonging thereto shall be called and known by the title of the Dominion of New Zealand, and We hereby give Our commands to all Public Departments accordingly.

Given at Our Court, at Buckingham Palace, this ninth day of September, in the year of Our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seven, in the seventh year of Our reign.


Erratum.—See page 33. In roll of members, Legislative Council, read “Findlay, the Hon. John George, L.L.D., since appointed K.C.”; date of appointment, “23rd November, 1906,” instead of “22nd January, 1907.”

The ordinary sitting-days are Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, from 2.30 p.m. to 5 p.m., resuming again at 7.30 T m. when necessary.


Speaker—Hon. C. C. BOWEN.

Chairman of Committees—The Hon. R. H. J. REEVES.

Name.Provincial District.Date of Appointment.
* Life members.
Anstey, the Hon. JohnCanterbury22 January, 1907.
Baillie, the Hon. William Douglas HallMarlborough    8 March, 1861.*
Baldey, the Hon. AlfredOtago18 March, 1903.
Barr, the Hon. JohnCanterbury22 January, 1907.
Beehan, the Hon. WilliamAuckland22 June, 1903.
Bolt, the Hon. William MouatOtago16 October, 1906.
Bowen, the Hon. Charles ChristopherCanterbury23 January, 1891.*
Callan, the Hon. John BartholomewOtago22 January, 1907.
Carncross, the Hon. Walter Charles FrederickTaranaki18 March, 1903.
Collins, the Hon. William EdwardWellington22 January, 1907.
Feldwick, the Hon. HenryOtago16 October, 1906.
Findlay, the Hon. John GeorgeWellington22 January, 1907.
George, the Hon. Seymour ThorneAuckland22 June, 1903.
Gilmer, the Hon. HamiltonWellington22 January, 1907.
Harris, the Hon. BenjaminAuckland    3 February, 1904.
Holmes, the Hon. JamesWestland18 April, 1902.
Jenkinson, the Hon. John EdwardCanterbury    6 June, 1900.
Johnston, the Hon. Charles JohnWellington23 January, 1891.*
Jones, the Hon. GeorgeOtago13 December, 1902.
Kelly, the Hon. ThomasTaranaki16 October, 1906.
Kelly, the Hon. WilliamAuckland    3 February, 1904.
Loughnan, the Hon. Robert AndrewWellington    6 May, 1907.
Louisson, the Hon. Charles Canterbury22 December, 1900.
Luke, the Hon. Charles ManleyWellington22 January, 1907.
McCardle, the Hon. William WilsonAuckland22 January, 1907.
Macdonald, the Hon. Thomas KennedyWellington22 June, 1903.
McLean, the Hon. GeorgeOtago19 December, 1881.*
Marshall, the Hon. JamesWestland18 April, 1902.
Miller, the Hon. Sir Henry John, Kt.Otago    8 July, 1865.*
Montgomery, Hon. WilliamCanterbury16 October, 1906.
Ormond, the Hon. John DaviesHawke's Bay20 January, 1891.*
O'Rorke, the Hon. Sir George Maurice, Kt.Auckland25 June, 1904.
Paul, the Hon. John ThomasOtago22 January, 1907.
Reeves, the Hon. Richard Harman JeffaresNelson13 December, 1902.
Rigg, the Hon. JohnWellington    6 June, 1900.
Samuel, the Hon. OliverTaranaki22 January, 1907.
Sinclair, the Hon. John RobertOtago22 January, 1907.
Scotland, the Hon. HenryTaranaki24 February, 1868.*
Smith, the Hon. William CowperHawke's Bay13 December, 1902.
Smith, the Hon. George JohnCanterbury22 January, 1907.
Stevens, the Hon. Edward Cephas JohnCanterbury    7 March, 1882.*
Thompson, the Hon. ThomasAuckland18 March, 1903.
Trask, the Hon. FrancisNelson18 March, 1903.
Tucker, the Hon. William HenryAuckland22 January, 1907.
Walker, the Hon. LancelotCanterbury15 May, 1885.*
Wherowhero, the Hon. Mahuta Tawhiao Potatau teAuckland 22 May, 1903.
Wigram, the Hon. Henry FrancisCanterbury22 June, 1903.
Wi Pere, the Hon.Auckland22 January, 1907.
        Clerk of Parliaments, Clerk of the Legislative Council, and Examiner of Standing Orders upon Private Bills—Leonard Stowe.
        Clerk-Assistant—Arthur Thomas Bothamley.
        Second Clerk-Assistant—George Moore.
        Interpreter—Frank Herbert Phillips.


The number of members constituting the House of Representatives is eighty—seventy-six Europeans and four Maoris. This number was fixed by the Act of 1900, which came for the first time into practical operation at the general election of 1902. Previously (from 1890) the House consisted of seventy-four members, seventy Europeans and four Maoris; and previously to that (from 1881) of ninety-five members, ninety-one Europeans and four Maoris. The North Island at present returns thirty-eight European members, and the Middle Island thirty-eight. But a new division of the colony has been made, coming into operation at the next general election. The elections are triennial, except in the case of a dissolution by the Governor. Every registered elector, being of. the male sex, and free from any of the disqualifications mentioned in “The Electoral Act, 1905,” is eligible for membership. All contractors to the public service of New Zealand to whom any public money above the sum of £50 is payable, directly or indirectly, in any one financial year, as well as the Civil servants of the colony, are incapable of being elected as, or of sitting or voting as, members. The payment made to members of the House of Representatives is £25 per month, amounting to £300 per annum, subject to certain deductions for absence during session not due to sickness or other unavoidable cause. Travelling-expenses to and from Wellington are also allowed. This scale of payment came into force on the 7th November, 1901, under the provisions of “The Payment of Members Act, 1901.” Twenty members, inclusive of the Speaker, constitute a quorum. Unless otherwise ordered, the sitting-days of the House are Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, from 2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m., resuming at 7.30 p.m. Order of admission to the Speaker's Gallery is by ticket obtained from the Speaker. The Strangers' Gallery is open free to the public.

(1ST APRIL, 1907).
Chairman of Committees—RODERICK MC KENZIE.

Name.Electoral District.Date when Writs made returnable.
        For European Electorates.  
Aitken, John Guthrie WoodWellington East13 December, 1905.
Alison, Ewen WilliamWaitemata13 December, 1905.
Allen, Edmund GiblettChalmers13 December, 1905.
Allen, JamesBruce13 December, 1905.
Arnold, James FrederickDunedin South13 December, 1905.
Barber, William Henry PeterNewtown13 December, 1905.
Barclay, Alfred RichardDunedin North13 December, 1905.
Baume, Frederick EhrenfreidAuckland East13 December, 1905.
Bennet, James;Tuapeka13 December, 1905.
Bollard, JohnEden13 December, 1905.
Buddo, DavidKaiapoi13 December, 1905.
Carroll, Hon. JamesWaiapu13 December, 1905.
Colvin, JamesBuller13 December, 1905.
Davey, Thomas HenryChristchurch East13 December, 1905.
Dillon, AlfredHawke's Bay13 December, 1905.
Duncan, Hon. Thomas YoungOamaru13 December, 1905.
Ell, Henry GeorgeChristchurch South13 December, 1905.
Field, William HughesOtaki13 December, 1905.
Fisher, Francis Marion BatesWellington Central13 December, 1905.
Flatman, Frederick RobertGeraldine13 December, 1905.
Fowlds, Hon. GeorgeGrey Lynn13 December, 1905.
Fraser, Alfred Levavasour DurellNapier13 December, 1905.
Fraser, WilliamWakatipu13 December, 1905.
Graham, JohnCity of Nelson13 December, 1905.
Gray, Charles MatthewChristchurch North13 December, 1905.
Greenslade, Henry JamesWaikato13 December, 1905.
Guinness, Arthur RobertGrey13 December, 1905.
Hall, CharlesWaipawa13 December, 1905.
Hall-Jones, Hon. WilliamTimaru13 December, 1905.
Hanan, Josiah AlfredInvercargill13 December, 1905.
Hardy, Charles Albert CreerySelwyn13 December, 1905.
Herries, William HerbertBay of Plenty13 December, 1905.
Hogan, James ThomasWanganui13 December, 1905.
Hogg, Alexander WilsonMasterton13 December, 1905.
Hornsby, John Thomas MarryatWairarapa13 December, 1905.
Houston, Robert MorrowBay of Islands13 December, 1905.
Izard, Charles HaywardWellington North13 December, 1905.
Jennings, William ThomasEgmont13 December, 1905.
Kidd, AlfredAuckland Central13 December, 1905.
Lang, Frederic WilliamManukau13 December, 1906.
Laurenson, GeorgeLyttelton13 December, 1905.
Lawry, FrankParnell13 December, 1905.
Lethbridge, Frank YatesOroua13 December, 1905.
Lewis, CharlesCourtenay13 December, 1905.
McGowan, Hon. JamesThames13 December, 1905.
McKenzie, RoderickMotueka13 December, 1905.
Mackenzie, ThomasWaikouaiti13 December, 1905.
McLachlan, JohnAshburton13 December, 1905.
McNab, Hon. RobertMataura13 December, 1905.
Macpherson, John AndrewMount Ida13 December, 1905.
Malcolm, Alexander ScottClutha13 December, 1905.
Major, Charles EdwinHawera13 December, 1905.
Mander, FrancisMarsden13 December, 1905.
Massey, William FergusonFranklin13 December, 1905.
Millar, Hon. John AndrewDunedin Central13 December, 1905.
Mills, Hon. Charles HoughtonWairau13 December, 1905.
Poland, HughOhinemuri13 December, 1905.
Poole, Charles HenryAuckland West13 December, 1905.
Reid, Donald (jun.)Taieri13 December, 1905.
Remington, Arthur EdwardRangitikei13 December, 1905.
Rhodes, Robert HeatonEllesmere13 December, 1905.
Ross, Robert BeatsonPahiatua13 December, 1905.
Rutherford, Andrew WilliamHurunui13 December, 1905.
Seddon, Thomas YoudWestland20 July, 1906.
Sidey, Thomas KayCaversham13 December, 1905.
Smith, Edward MetcalfTaranaki13 December, 1905.
Stallworthy, JohnKaipara13 December, 1905.
Stevens, JohnManawatu13 December, 1905.
Steward, Hon. Sir William Jukes, Kt. Bach.Waitaki13 December, 1905.
Symes, WalterPatea13 December, 1905.
Tanner, William WilcoxAvon13 December, 1905.
Thomson, John CharlesWallace13 December, 1905.
Ward, Hon. Sir Joseph George, K. C. M. G.Awarua13 December, 1905.
Wilford, Thomas MasonHutt13 December, 1905.
Witty, GeorgeRiccarton13 December, 1905.
Wood, William ThomasPalmerston13 December, 1905.
        For Maori Electorates.  
Heke, HoneNorthern Maori11 January, 1906.
Kaihau, HenareWestern Maori11 January, 1906.
Parata, TameSouthern Maori11 January, 1906.
Ngata, Apirana TurupaEastern Maori11 January, 1906.
        Clerk of House of Representatives—H. Otterson.
        Clerk-Assistant—A. J. Rutherfurd.
        Second Clerk-Assistant—A. F. Lowe.
        Sergeant-at-Arms—Major T. V. Shepherd.
        Reader and Clerk of Bills and Papers—E. W. Kane.
        Chief Hansard Reporter—Silas Spragg.
        Hansard Supervisor—M. F. Marks.
        Interpreters—L. M. Grace, D. F. G. Barclay.
        Clerk of Writs—H. Pollen.
        Deputy Clerk of Writs—R. F. Lynch.
        Chief Librarian—Charles Wilson.

Chapter 18. OFFICIAL LIST.
1st April, 1907.

Table of Contents


Prime Minister—Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G.

Secretary to Cabinet and Clerk of the Executive Council—A. J. Willis



Colonial Treasurer—Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G.

Secretary to the Treasury, Receiver-General, Paymaster-General, and Registrar of New Zealand Consols—Robert J. Collins

Accountant to the Treasury—Richard B. Vincent

Cashier—C. E. Chittey

Corresponding Clerk—H. Blundell

Clerks—E. L. Mowbray, A. O. Gibbes, H. N. W. Church, A. J. Morgan, Jas. J. Esson, T. J. Davis, F. H. Tuckey, H. Hawthorn, W. Wilson, G. C. Rodda, L. McIntosh, W. Gillanders, E. M. Bodmin, M. Ralston, D. M. Schramm, E. M. Taylor, W. L. Clapson, A. Hore, P. Dunstan, R. B. Banks

Cadets — H. Stafford, E. M. Joyce, J. C. M. Nutt, A. Macdonald, J. W. Dowling, C. J. Fisher, F. H. Waters, T. J. King, W. H. Welsh, D. E. Mackay


Registrar—R. E. Hayes

Revising Barrister—L. G. Reid

Actuary—A. Traversi

Clerk and Deputy Registrar—C. T. Benzoni

Clerk—J. G. Roache

Cadette—M. A. Bridson

Cadets—A. T. Stratton, G. E. Bradley


Commissioner—P. Heyes.

Deputy Commissioner — F. J. M. D. Walmsley


Clerk in Charge—H. Nancarrow

Clerks — E. W. Watson, E. Randell, J. M. Smythe, R. R. Leys, E. J. R. Cumming, H. S. Barron, C. E. J. Dowland


Clerk in Charge—J. M. King

Clerks—W. M. Tyers, D. G. Clark, G. W. Jänisch, D. R. Purdie, M. Fraser, C. T. Rout, J. Ferguson, J. M. Park

Receiver of Land and Income Tax—C. V. Kreeft

Shorthand-writer and Typewriter (Private Secretary to Hon. Minister of Lands)—J. Stevenson

Cadets—N. H. Mackie, G. C. Smith, J. S. Arthur, J. D. Eves



Postmaster - General and Minister of Telegraphs — Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G.


Superintendent of Electric Lines—J. K. Logan

Assistant Secretary and Inspector—D. Robertson

Inspector of Post-offices—D. Cumming

Controller of Money-orders and Savings. banks, and Accountant—W. R. Morris

Chief Clerk—F. V. Waters

Assistant Controller of Money-orders and Savings - banks, and Assistant Accountant—J. L. H. Ledger

Clerks, Secretary's Office—J. C. Williamson (Second Clerk), W. Crow, W. Beswick, V. J. Brogan, W. Isbister, T. Ward, D. E. Lindsay, H. D. Grocott, J. C. Redmond, A. T. Markmann. W. J. Gow, F. W. Furby, J. B. Jordan, S. Macalister, J. P. P. Clouston, A. Donovan, W. J. Wilkie, W. H. Barnett, C. T. Andrew, S. J. Smith, K. T. Colman, J. G. Rodger, E. Brooke, E. Davidson

Clerks, Inspector's Branch—G. V. Hudson, J. Brennan, W. A. Tanner, S. M. Harrison, H. McGill. G. A. Maskew, J. L. M. Harkness, L. Sleightholme, J. A. Agar

Clerks, Accountant's Branch—H. A. R. Huggins (First Clerk), H. G. Cornwall, W. Chegwidden, R. D. Kelly, W. A. Andrews, G. Levy, D. A. Jenkins, C. B. Harton, S. J. Bolton, F. E. Beamish, G. H. Harris, P. D. Hoskins, H. C. Milne, F. Stewart, D. Gollan, H. C. Hickson, J. C. A. Dudley, W. R. Wakelin, G. G. Rose, J. Robertson, A. Marshall, G. F. W. Kröner, H. E. Combs, J. E. Hull, F. G. A. Eagles, E. White, J. Snell, S. H. A. Levien, J. Madden, W. K. Frethey, P. Cutforth, W. I. Dawson, G. Foote, T. M. Highet, W. Gilbert, R. M. Porteous, D. Rutherford, A. Leeden, R. H. Twose, J. M. Dale, W. A. Smith, C. Gamble, H. A. Lamb, T. A. Churches, C. H. Clinkard, G. A. Eastick, C. B. Burdekin, G. B. Williamson, O. L. T. Harrison, J. A. Humphrey, T. Brown, D. A. McCurdy, H. J. Sanders, W. M. Krebs, D. J. Lattimore, E. E. Mortimer, S. G. Turner, H. A. Hamilton, N. V. Ross, W. M. Moore, J. Macmorran, W. C. Purdie, H. D. Smith, J. A. Miller, G. E. Miller, F. Furness, H. W. Cockerill, F. C. Ambridge, W. Appleton, R. Lynch, E. J. G. Loader, E. B. Tustin, F. Levin, W. Findlay, A. Hall, E. Bermingham, S. Brock, E. Harris, B. M. Kenny, V. Johnston, M. A. MacLeod, M. J. Mackellar, C. M. A. Smith, M. A. Asquith, I. R. Dansey, E. E. Warren, H. G. Kimbell, E. M. Rapley, R. E. E. Alexander

Electrician—T. Buckley

Assistant Electrician—R. M. Baird

Mechanicians—R. Heinitz, F. Palmer

Storekeeper—J. Black

Assistant Storekeeper—C. B. Mann

Clerks in Store—C. Nicholls, R. Crow, T. Palmer, W. H. Carter, M. McGilvray, J. G. Howard, J. L. Murphy, S. C. O. Cox, J. W. Brabyn


Auckland—F. D. Holdsworth

*Thames—W. H. Nicholls

*Gisborne—W. H. Renner

Napier—J. H. Sheath

*New Plymouth—W. J. Chaney

*Wanganui—D. Miller

Wellington—J. A. Hutton

*Blenheim—E. Northcroft

*Nelson—S. P. Stevens

*Westport—H. Logie

*Greymouth—G. W. Sampson

*Hokitika—D. St. George

Christchurch—J. F. McBeth

*Timaru—W. McHutcheson

*Oamaru—W. W. Beswick

Dunedin—W. St. G. Douglas

*Invercargill—H. W. Capper


Auckland—W. G. Meddings

Christchurch—J. W. Gannaway

Dunedin—J. Orchiston

Nelson—C. C. Robertson

Wellington—W. S. Furby

Wellington—Assistant Inspector of Telegraphs—C. H. M. Hawk

Wellington — Sub-Inspector of Telegraphs—W. E. Chisholm


P. Curtis (Northern District); G. B. Dall (Central District); E. V. Senn (Midland District); T. T. King (Southern District)


Auckland—H. F. Seager

Napier—B. H. Keys

Wellington—H. W. Harrington

Christchurch—B. N. Martin

Dunedin—J. G. Ballard


F. G. B. Waldegrave, Under-Secretary, Department of Justice (Chairman), nominated

*Combined post and telegraph offices.

J. K. Logan, Superintendent of Electric Lines, nominated

A. F. Wimsett, Representing Postal Branch, elected

H. L. Slyfield, Representing Telegraph Branch, elected


Minister—Hon Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G.

General Manager—T. E. Donne

Chief Clerk—C. R. C. Robieson

Accountant—P. J. Kelleher.

Inspector—F. Moorhouse

Journalist—J. Cowan

Draughtsman—J. McDonald

Clerks—W. H. Frethey, H. Kirk, H. W. Rowden, J. Andrews, J. W. Hill, S. J. Collett, G. A. Cormack, W. R. Aekins, J. H. Barr, C. Freyberg

Shorthand-writers and Typistes—S. Dimant, N. Lambert, R. Jenkins, O. Mills, E. Boyd

District Agents—Auckland, W. R. Blow; Te Aroha, G. F. McGirr; Rotorua, C. Walnult; Christchurch, G. W. C. Moon; Dunedin, J. A. Tipping; Invercargill, T. F. McLaughlin

Oversea Agencies — Melbourne, H. J. Manson; Sydney, E. H. Montgomery; Adelaide, F. E. Brittain (Honorary Agent); Chicago, U.S.A., British Consulate (Honorary Agency)

Government Balneologist, Rotorua — A. S. Wohlmann, M.D., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.

House Surgeon, Rotorua—J. M. S. Levis, F.R.C.S.I., D.P.H.

Resident Medical Officer, Te Aroha—G. G. Kenny, M.B.

Engineer in Charge, Rotorua—L. Birks, B.Sc., A.M.I.C.E.

Clerk—J. F. Robieson

Manager, Hanmer Hot Springs—J. B. Gould


Head Office — Government Buildings, Wellington.

Registrar—J. Eman Smith

Chief Clerk—G. C. Fache

Clerks—J. A. Thomson, F. M. Leckie, F. G. Twiss, J. H. Reynolds, J. S. Lambert, H. D. Thomson, P. Cunningham

Cadets—G. N. Morris, L. C. Barnes, A. H. Parfitt

District Agencies.

Deputy Registrars—

Auckland—S. Ruddock. Cadet—J. H. Boyes

Wellington—L. Crow

Christchurch—P. A. Keddell

Dunedin—R. S. Stokes. Cadet—B. E. Murphy

Invercargill—J. R. Colyer. Cadet—E. B. Patrick

Coromandel—J. McIndoe

Dargaville—S. Thompson

Hamilton—W. Shanaghan

Helensville—G. A. Tapp

Kaitaia—W. Sefton

Mangonui—W. Drummond

Maungaturoto—J. Hemphill

Otahuhu—G. Foreman

Raglan—J. O'Sullivan

Rawene—G. H. Fry

Rotorua—A F. Bent

Russell—B. J. Parsons

Taupo—W. Bern

Warkworth—E. M. Johnson

Whangarei—W. J. Reeve

Whangaroa—P. J. Carmody

Thames—J. Jordan

Opotiki—C. O'Reilly

Paeroa—H. R. Bush

Tauranga—W. A. Thom

Te Aroha—H. R. Bush

Whakatane—J. S. Willcocks

Gisborne—G. J. A. Johnstone

Port Awanui—C. H. Mellsop

Napier—R. B. Mathias

Dannevirke—S. Tansley

Waipawa—J. Eccleton

Wairoa—H. H. Carr

New Plymouth—W. A. D. Banks

Stratford—M. Foley

Wanganui—C. A. Barton

Hawera—A. Trimble

Marton—H. C. N. Ladley

Patea—M. O'Brien

Feilding—W. Matravers

Carterton—H. Salmon

Masterton—E. Rawson

Otaki—T. O'Rourke

Pahiatua—J. Fitzgerald

Palmerston North—C. J. Hewlett

Nelson—E. C. Kelling

Motueka—J. C. Willis

Blenheim—J. Terry

Havelock—A. T. Ching

Akaroa—D. Jackson

Amberley—F. Lewin

Ashburton—T. W. Tayler

Culverden—A. S. Bird

Kaiapoi—A. G. Ashby

Kaikoura—J. P. Clarkson

Timaru—T. Howley

Fairlie—D. Hyland

Temuka—J. Gillespie

Waimate—W. Y. Purchase

Greymouth—B. Harper

Reefton—H. Smith

Hokitika—J. C. Malfroy

Westport—E. D. Mosley

Oamaru—R. P. Ward

Balclutha—W. A. Matthews

Clyde—F. T. D. Jeffrey

Lawrence—A. M. Eyes

Milton—D. McRae

Naseby—F. W. Hart

Palmerston South—W. Hilliard

Waikouaiti—T. Kidd

Queenstown—A. J. Thompson

Riverton—J. M. Adam

Chatham Islands—R. W. Rayner


Minister of Defence—The Hon. Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G.

Acting Minister of Defence—The Hon. Robert McNab

Private Secretary—James Hislop


President—The Hon. Minister of Defence, Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G.

First Military Member—Colonel Alfred William Robin, C.B., N.Z.M., Chief of the General Staff

Second Military Member—Colonel William Holden Webb, N.Z.M. (late H. M. 109th Foot, Adjutant-General and Quartermaster-General (acting)

Third Military Member—Colonel Richard Hutton Davies, C.B., N.Z.M., Inspector-General

Finance Member—Lieutenant - Colonel Robert Joseph Collins (V.D.), N.Z.M.

Member and Secretary—Colonel William Holden Webb, N.Z.M. (late H.M. 109th Foot)


Chief of the General Staff—Colonel Alfred William Robin, C.B., N.Z.M.

Staff Officer (Acting)—Major John Gethin Hughes, D.S.O. N.Z.M.

General Instructional Staff.

Mounted — Captain Henry Harwood Browne, N.Z.M. (North Island)

Artillery Services — Master - Gunner George S. Richardson; Staff Sergeant-major Henry A. Wilson

Instructional and Military Examination Board.

Members — Officer Commanding Permanent Forces (ex officio); Lieutenant-Colonel R. J. Collins (V.D.), N.Z.M.; Lieutenant-Colonel G. F. C. Campbell; Major H. S. E. Hobday; Major C. T. Tatum; Major A. C. Robinson (D.E.S.); Acting-Major R. W. Tate; Captain W. G. Duthie; Captain D. J. Cameron; Captain D. Pringle; Captain T. W. McDonald, N.Z.M.

Executive Officer—Captain T. W. McDonald, N.Z.M.


Adjutant-General and Quartermaster-General — Colonel William Holden Webb, N.Z.M. (late H.M. 109th Foot), (acting)

Staff Officer—Captain Richard John S. Seddon, N.Z.M.

Medical Service—Surgeon-General Sidney Skerman (V.D.), N.Z.M., New Zealand Medical Corps

Veterinary Services—Lieutenant-Colonel John Anderson Gilruth, M.R.C.V.S., Eng.

Military Pensions Board—President: Lieutenant-Colonel Hon. William Edward Collins, M.B., M.L.C., N.Z. Medical Corps. Members: Surgeon-Major James R. Purdy, M.B., N.Z. Medical Corps; Surgeon-Captain William E. Herbert, M.D., F.R.C.S., Edin., N.Z. Militia.

Director of Ordnance Artillery Services—

Director of Engineer Services—Major Alick Christopher Robinson, N.Z.M. (Captain R.E.)

Director of Stores—James O'Sullivan

Assistant Storekeeper—Frederick Silver

Testing Officer (Ammunition)—Master-Gunner A. Duvall

Magazine - keepers — William Thomas Beck (Auckland); Richard Fredric (Wellington)

Armourers — Staff - Sergeant Betram Buckley; Staff-Sergeant John Hunter; Staff-Sergeant William E. Luckman


Inspector - General — Colonel Richard Hutton Davies, C.B., N.Z.M.

Staff Officer—Lieutenant Robert Oswald Chesney, R.N.Z.A.


Finance Member — Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Joseph Collins (V.D.), N.Z.M.

Accountant—Frederick B. Mabin


Clerical Staff.

Chief Clerk—Thomas Francis Grey

Senior Clerk—William Edward Butler

Accountant—Frederick B. Mabin

Record Clerk—William McGoldrick

Clerks—M. M. Dodd; F. Jennings; Lieutenant J. F. Rockstrow, N.Z.M.; W. R. Collett; H. M. Griffen; H. B. Jacobs; G. F. Rudkin; G. L'E. Logan

Junior Clerks—D. S. Lyons; A. W. Jackson

Clerical Cadet—E. Fennessy

Typistes and Shorthand-writers — Miss E. M. Gardiner; Miss M. Davidson


Major John Edward Hume


Paymaster-General — Lieutenant-Colonel Robert J. Collins (V.D.), N.Z.M.

Senior Officer in Charge—Lieutenant Frederick B. Mabin, N.Z.V.


Patron—His Excellency The Right Hon. William Lee, Baron Plunket, K.C.M.G., K.C.V.O.

Vice-Patron—The Hon. Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G.

President — Colonel William Holden Webb, N.Z.M. (Secretary Council of Defence)

Executive Officer — Lieutenant-Colonel Robert J. Collins (V.D.), N.Z.M. (Wellington)

Executive Committee—Major A. de B. Brandon (Wellington); Major Robert Hughes, S.C. (Wanganui); Captain Louis P. Skinner (V.D.), (Auckland); Captain G. Proudfoot (Otago); Captain C. Harcourt Turner (Wellington); Captain Charles G. Foster (Canterbury); F. W. Williams, Esq. (Napier)

Auditor—Captain W. R. Morris (Wellington)



Officer Commanding District—Lieutenant-Colonel George Cecil Burleigh Wolfe, N.Z.M. (late Captain R.M.L.I.)

Principal Medical Officer—Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Walker (V.D.)

D.A.A.G. “A”—Lieutenant Robert Carpenter, N.Z.M.

D.A.A.G. “B”—Captain Harry R. Potter, N.Z.M.


Officer Commanding District — Lieutenant - Colonel Arthur Bauchop, C.M.G., N.Z.M.

Adjutant — Captain Thomas William McDonald, N.Z.M.

Principal Medical Officer — Surgeon-Lieutenant - Colonel Hon. William Edward Collins, M.L.C., M.B.

D.A.A.G. “B”—P.S. Captain Charles H. Turner.


Officer Commanding District — Major (temporary Lieutenant-Colonel) Lewis John Joyce, N.Z.M.

Principal Medical Officer—Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel Walter Relf Pearless (V.D.)


Officer Commanding District — Lieutenant-Colonel John Edward Hawkins (V.D.), N.Z.M.

Principal Medical Officer — Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel Walter Thomas, M.B. (V.D.).

D.A.A.G. “A” — Captain Charles J. Treleaven

D.A.A.G. “B”—P.S. Captain Walter Harry Meddings


Officer Commanding District — Major (temporary Lieutenant-Colonel) Vere Staunton Smyth, N.Z.M. (Reserve of Officers), late H.M. Royal Warwickshire Regiment.

Adjutant — Captain Sydney Vincent Trask, N.Z.M.

Principal Medical Officer — Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel Harry Archibald de Lautour (V.D.)

D.A.A.G. “A”—Major John Stuart Hislop

D.A.A.G. “B”—Captain John McIndoe



Officer Commanding—Captain Herbert Edward Pilkington

Lieutenant—Sydney George Sandle

Surgeon-Captain—Harry Charles Bennett



Lieutenant—Rayner Barrington Smythe



Major—John Edward Hume

Lieutenants — George E. B. Mickle; Robert Oswald Chesney; Ivon Tatham Standish

Surgeon - Captain — Hamilton Andrew Hugh Gilmer, N.Z.M.

Hon Chaplain—Rev. George P. Davys, M.A.



Lieutenants — Frank Symon; John Evelyn Duigan

Honorary Captain — Robert Fraser (Lieutenant R.N.R.)

Honorary Lieutenant—John Macpherson



Captain—William Patrick Wall.

Honorary Chaplain—Rev. Edward Eliot Chambers (V.D.)



Captain—Murray Menzies Gardner

Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel — Harry Archibald de Lautour (V.D.), Dunedin

Surgeon-Captain—William Henry Borrie, Port Chalmers


Minister for Railways—Hon. W. Hall-Jones


General Manager—T. Ronayne

Chief Clerk—R. W. McVilly

Clerks — E. J. Andrews, W. S. Ridler, J. L. Day, J. O. Duff, J. Hislop, J. E. Widdop, J. V. Fogo, D. MacKellar, J. Thomson, W. A. Wellings, P. J. McGovern, W. P. Miller, F. M. Sherwood, A. J. Levick, W. H. Rennie, J. A. Jones, G. H. Hoare, J. H. McIlroy, R. A. Fahy, W. A. H. Love, F. S. Gray

Audit Inspectors—D. Munro, R. Hislop, I. Faris, H. Williams

Railway Accountant—H. Davidson

Clerks—J. H. Davies, S. P. Curtis, G. G. Wilson, J. McLean, E. Davy, A. Morris, C. Batten, J. Firth, W. B. Fisher, E. J. Fleming, H. H. Leopard, R. J. Loe, W. Bourke, T. Pattle, A. H. Hunt, H. D. Smith, W. E. Ahern, F. K. Porteous, A. D. C. Gosman, T. A. O'Connor, A. E. Wilson, C. C. Felton, J. W. Dayman, W. H. Simmons, J. B. Gauntlett, P. J. Wright, A. T. Parkes, T. H. Jones, N. O. McKay, E. D. H. Heaton, J. Jessen, A. R. Charlton


Stores Manager—H. Baxter

Stores Audit Inspector—F. J. Dawes

Clerks—M. C. Rowe, A. E. F. Jarman, S. Alpe, H. W. Barbor, A. E. Bright, A. E. Boyes, R. P. Bray, S. S. Millington, A. D. Lincoln, J. Brabiner, J. Hayes, V. C. Hardie, G. D. Pattle, W. P. McCormick, J. P. Harris, A. B. Leggett, C. H. Nelson, A. H. G. Lambert


Chief Traffic Manager—H. Buxton

Relieving District Traffic Manager—(vacant)

Clerks—J. E. Armstrong, G. A. C. Robieson, J. D. Nash

Traffic Superintendents—Wellington, T. Arthur; Dunedin, A. Grant

District Managers—Whangarei, J. D. Harris; Auckland, T. W. Waite; Wanganui, W. J. Stringleman; Westland, J. Ashley; Christchurch, S. F. Whitcombe; Invercargill, C. A. Piper

Stationmasters in Charge—Kawakawa, A. G. Pickmere; Kaihu, R. B. Peat; Gisborne, G. G. Wellsted; Westport, R. B. Brebner; Nelson, T. S. Edwards; Picton, P. Couch


Chief Engineer for Working Railways—J. Coom, M. Inst. C.E.

Inspecting Engineer—J. Burnett, M. Inst. C.E.

Signal Engineer—H.J. Wynne, A.M. Inst. C.E.

Railway Land Officer—J. T. Ford

Inspector of Bridge Construction—A. H. Alabaster

Electrician—J. T. Fahy, A.M.I.E.E.

Electrical Mechanician—T. Hendry

Electric Lines Inspector—E. A. Tomkies

Office Engineer—G. A. Troup

Draughtsmen—J. Besant, Ad. Howitt, C. T. Jeffreys, A. S. Henderson, W. W. Fry, A. S. Wansbrough, H. W. Beasley

Clerks—W. P. Hicks, W. A. Mirams, H. Jessup, T. H. Wilson, E. S. Kelly, J. M. Robb, F. J. Rowden, E. D. Richards, W. B. O'Brien, G. P. Parrell, T. Trezise, H. McAlister, W. B. Lee, H. W. Franklin, F. McGovern, G. H. Fearn, T. H. Morris, D. S. Morris, N. C. D. Mason, F. W. Baillie, R. Greig, P. McGrath

District Engineers—Auckland, D. T. McIntosh; Wanganui, C. H. Biss; Wellington, F. J. Jones; Westport and Westland, F. C. Widdop; Christchurch, H. Macandrew; Dunedin, F. W. MacLean; Invercargill, A. J. McCredie

Resident Engineer—Petone, A. C. Koch

Assistant Engineer—C. M. Benzoni


Chief Mechanical Engineer—A.L. Beattie

Clerks—J. P. Kelly, R. Aekins, D. D. Weir, B. A. Marris, J. H. Leopard, C. H. Virtue, H. McKeowen, C. L. Pettit, N. P. G. Ewart, L. C. Fama, J. M. Porteous, J. P. McKeowen, L. G. Armstrong, A. E. Britten, J. R. Robertson, P. Burge, M. M. Sullivan, R. G. Chisholm, A. J. Ridler

Chief Draughtsman—R. Pye-Smith

Draughtsmen—S. H. Jenkinson, C. G. G. Berry

Engineering Cadet—R. H. P. Ronayne

Boiler Inspector—J. W. Nichols

Locomotive Engineers—Auckland, A. V. Macdonald; Wellington-Napier-New Plymouth, G. A. Pearson; Hurunui-Bluff, H. H. Jackson; Westport and Westland, E. E. Gillon. Relieving, F. T. Murison

Brake Engineer—J. H. Fox

Loco. Inspector—E. L. W. Haskins

Tech. Clerk—G. Wilson


North Island.

Chairman—H. Eyre Kenny, Stipendiary Magistrate, appointed by the Governor

W. Bowles, Traffic Clerk, Wellington, elected

W. T. Wilson, Engineman, Palmerston North, elected

M. J. Mack, Guard, Franckton Junction, elected

W. Morrison, Ganger, Pahiatua, elected

W. G. D. Evans, Turner, Petone, elected

Middle Island.

Chairman—Mr. District Judge Haselden, appointed by the Governor

J. Gray, Traffic Inspector, Christchurch, elected

A. Williams, Guard, Invercargill, elected

J. Robertson, Engineman, Invercargill, elected

J. H. Jones, Turner, Addington, elected

J. P. Puttick, Ganger, Totara, elected



Minister for Public Works—Hon. W. Hall-Jones

Under-Secretary—H. J. H. Blow


Inspecting Engineer—R. W. Holmes, M. Inst. C.E.

Assistant Engineer—W. E. Fitzgerald

Architect—J. Campbell, F.R.I.B.A.

Chief Clerk—W. D. Dumbell

Accountant—G. J. Clapham

Land-purchase Officer—H. Thompson

Assistant Land-purchase Officer—E. Bold

Record Clerk—H. W. H. Millais

Clerks—G. C. Schmidt, P. S. Waldie, A. Biddell, A. H. Kimbell, N. Jacobs, C. E. Crawford, W. McNamara, H. F. Curtis, J. J. Bennett, L. White, K. Webb, E. Twohill, P. J. Fennell, W. H. Boys, R. Brown, F. E. Banks

Chief Draughtsman—W. G. Rutherford

Draughtsmen—E. Jackson, W. Withers, L. L. Richards, T. J. McCosker, W. G. C. Swan, J. H. Price, A. E. King, R. G. Applegarth, A. F. Macrae, N. Pasquali, S. W. May-Somerville, A. T. Ford, G. V. Venning, R. Walker, H. C. North, A. Stevenson, R. H. Warner, P. F. M. Burrows, A. W. Kemp, W. Stewart, C. E. Paton, H. V. S. Griffiths

Head Storekeeper—J. C. Fulton

Engineering Cadets—J. P. Church, L. W. Wogan

Architectural Cadet—B. F. Kelly

Clerical Cadets—J. A. Wilkinson, C. E. Nairn

Clerical Cadettes—W. L. J. Mellsop, G. F. Edenborough


District Engineers—Auckland, C. R. Vickerman; Dunedin, E. R. Ussher, M.Inst.C.E.; Stratford, G. L. Cook, M.Inst.C.E.

Resident Engineers—Raurimu, J. D. Louch, Assoc.M.Inst.C.E.; Ohakune, F. W. Furkert; Nelson, J. J. Hay, M.A.; Westport, R. A. Young, Assoc. M.Inst.C.E.; Greymouth, J. Thomson, B.E., M.Inst.C.E.; Broken River, J. A. Wilson, M.Inst.C.E.; Tormore, J. E. W. McEnnis

Assistant Engineers—S. J. Harding, S. H. Dobson, F. M. Hewson, J. Hannah, J. H. Lewis, G. C. McGlashan, C. E. Armstrong, W. Widdowson, H. Dickson, A. Ross, J. V. Haskell, J. Meenan, A. Stewart, W. P. Moynihan, W. Sherratt, C. J. McKenzie, J. J. Wilson, F. S. Dyson, J. Wood, H. Vickerman, B.Sc., L. B. Campbell, J. Norris, P. Keller, F. C. Hay, H. H. Sharp, H. T. Thompson

Engineering Surveyor—H. R. Atkinson

Engineering Cadets—T. M. Crawford, R. Park, H. Patterson, W. Hall-Jones, jun., A. J. Baker, C. D. Handley, A. D. Thorpe, W. G. Pearce, G. G. Wilson, J. R. Marks, W. S. King, T. M. Ball, H. G. Shannon, T. G. C. Mackay, G. H. J. Mellsop

Draughtsmen—C. Wood, W. H. Hislop, J. J. Fraser, H. C. W. Wrigg, J. B. Robertson, W. J. C. Slane

Clerks—C. T. Rushbrook, A. R. Stone, J. H. Denton, A. J. Sutcliffe, E. Waddell, J. Holroyd, G. T. Grace, E. G. Beale, J. A. White, C. A. Alabone, E.J. Edwards, L. M. Shera, S. A. Holland, L. W. Parsons, W. A. Bowie, A. D. Park, H. M. O'Donnell, H. Colvin, W. Sotheran, C. Ball, A. Ross, P. H. Beaton, E. J. Colquhoun

Storekeepers—T. Douglas, S. J. Moncrieff, E. Kidd



Minister in Charge—Hon. W. Hall-Jones

Chief Engineer—C. W. Hursthouse

Chief Clerk—W. S. Short (Solicitor)

Chief Accountant—J. R. Smyth

Clerks—J. O. Anson, H. Arthur, W. Barclay, F. Blake, J. W. Black, C. E. Bennett, J. Connell, O. Ellison, A. W. Innes, R. F. Madden, F. Mueller, R. B. Orr, J. B. Poynter, L. E. Johnson, F. A. Lewis

Draughtsman—G. H. Murray

Cadets—J. D. Brosnan, G. F. Jackson, J. M. Tudhope

Cadette—E. A. Pettit

District Officers.

District Road Engineers—Auckland, A. B. Wright; Te Kuiti, T. Burd; Hawke's Bay, D. N. McMillan; Taranaki, G. T. Murray; Wanganui, R. H. Reaney; Wellington, G. F. Robinson; Marlborough, C. H. Williams; Canterbury, F. B. Wither; Southland, J. H. Treseder

Assistant Road Engineers—Auckland, A. H. Vickerman, C. B. Turner; Rotorua, G. G. Menzies, E. M. Donaldson; Te Kuiti, A. Julian; Wellington, T. Carroll, W. Nathan

District Accountants—Auckland, G. A. Kallender; Wellington, R. Howe

Clerks—Auckland, H. J. Kallender, W. J. Wiggs; Te Kuiti, E. H. Baker, C. Turner, J. D. McNaught; Hawke's Bay, P. S. Foley; Taranaki, J. Clarke, C. W. Richards; Wanganui, F. Manson, W. Merson, J. R. Cade, E. V. Allison; Wellington, P. J. Moran, S. d'A. Grut, T. C. Duncan; Nelson, J. A. Hay; Marlborough, F. H. Ibbetson; Westland, L. Cooper, H. Seymour; Canterbury, P. W. Willson; Otago, W. H. Trimble; Southland, N. J. Ryan, R. W. Gill

Cadets—Auckland, C. W. Carver, W. H. Mardon, E. Puttick; Rotorua, H. Watkinson; Hawke's Bay, S. L. Searell; Taranaki, H. Powell; Wanganui, H. A. Joyce, T. L. Cooper; Wellington, A. W. Craig; Southland, F. K. Wilkie

Draughtsmen—Auckland, R. C Anderson, F. I. Ellis; Te Kuiti, J. T. V. Kirkby; Hawke's Bay, P. S. Reaney, W. H. Gilmour; Taranaki, C. H. Lawn; Wellington, G. R. Ibbetson

Road Inspectors—Auckland, R. J. Baff, R. R. Menzies, R. Hill, H. H. Thompson, S. R. James, J. Higgins, J. W. Civil; Rotorua, W. Fairley, G. H. Donaldson; Te Kuiti, R. Barron, W. J. Worthington, E. J. Early; Hawke's Bay, T. H. Strauchon, D.G. Robertson; Taranaki, H. C. Strombom, E. Julian, R. D. Tosswill, W. Rigg; Wanganui, A. L. Soufflot, R. S. Summers, B. Wolff, J. A. Rutherfurd; Wellington, J. C. Scott, C. Hardinge, G. T. Whittaker; Nelson, J. F. Rasmussen, J. Brough; Westland, W. Adair; Canterbury, R. H. Young, U. Hurrell; Otago, B. Marr, J. Kelly; Southland, H. C. Sutton, J. Maher

Bridge Inspector—Te Kuiti, M. W. Forsyth

Overseers—Auckland, A. L. Menzies, J. P. Wright; Te Kuiti, W. Bond, J. Smyth; Hawke's Bay, J. Allison, A. W. Horne, J. McLeod, E. Hallett, W. Brook; Taranaki, C. Skitrop, G. Denison, V. Jackson, J. Caddy; Wanganui, W. Waters, E. A. Vine, J. Corlett, E. Gould, G. F. Manson, A. H. Wright; Wellington, W. Boyden, W. Campbell; Nelson, M. Green, J. Quinn, G. Gillbank; Marlborough, T. James, D. Watson; Westland, A. M. Beer, P. Purcell, G. O'Malley; Otago, P. Fitzpatrick


Minister in Charge—Hon. W. Hall-Jones

Government Printer, Stationery Office Manager, and Controller of Stamp Printing—John Mackay

Chief Clerk and Accountant—B.B. Allen

Clerks—N. B. K. Manley, F. Barraud, J. W. Hall, R. Watts, A. Stace, W. Hutchings, A. Williams, G. Garnham, C. T. Williams

Cadets—P. C. Jordan, C. P. Cosgrove

Cadette—G. Allnutt

Copy Supervisor—M. F. Marks


Superintending Overseer—J. F. Rogers Printing Branch—

Overseers—G. Tattle, W. P. McGirr, W. A. G. Skinner

Night Foreman—D. Joslin

Readers—W. Fuller, H. S. Mountier, W. Sutherland, P. Riddick

Stereotyper and Electrotyper—W. J. Kirk

Binding Branch—

Overseer—W. Franklin

Sub-overseer—G. H. Broad

Forewoman—A. O'Malley


Overseer—J. Phillips

Sub-overseer—J. Hughes

Stamp Branch—

Overseer—J. Burns

Lithographic and Photographic Branch—

Overseer—D. Ross

Chief Draughtsman—G. N. Sturtevant

Engineer—T. R. Barrer


Minister of Stamp Duties—Hon. James Carroll

Commissioner of Stamps—C. A. St. G. Hickson

Chief Clerk—C. H. W. Dixon

Accountant—J. P. Murphy

Custodian and Issuer of Stamps—W. H. Shore

Clerk—V. Willeston

Chief Stamper—A. A. Somerville

Cadette—C. McIntosh

Cadets—R. Wakelin, J. Morrison


Auckland—E. Bamford

Gisborne—R. N. Jones

Taranaki—T. Hutchison

Hawke's Bay—Thomas Hall

Wellington—J. Murray

Wanganui—D. Miller

Nelson—W. W. de Castro

Marlborough—F. Broughton

Canterbury—P. G. Withers

Timaru—W. McHutchison

Otago—P. C. Corliss

Southland—C. E. Nalder

Westland—R. J. Acheson


Registrar-General of Land and Deeds—J. M. Batham

Secretary, Land and Deeds—C. A. St. G. Hickson


Auckland—E. Bamford

Taranaki—T. Hutchison

Wellington—J. M. Batham

Hawke's Bay—Thomas Hall

Poverty Bay—R. N. Jones

Nelson—H. Eyre Kenny

Marlborough—T. Scott-Smith

Canterbury—G. G. Bridges

Otago—W. Wyinks

Southland—C. E. Nalder

Westland—R. J. Acheson


Auckland—E. Bamford

Taranaki—T. Hutchison

Wellington—J. M. Batham, G. A. L. Pauling

Hawke's Bay—Thomas Hall

Poverty Bay—R. N. Jones

Nelson—H. Eyre Kenny

Marlborough—T. Scott-Smith

Canterbury—G. G. Bridges

Otago—W. Wyinks

Southland—C. E. Nalder

Westland—R. J. Acheson


C. A. St. G. Hickson


Auckland—E. Bamford

Poverty Bay—R. N. Jones

Taranaki—T. Hutchison

Hawke's Bay—Thomas Hall

Wellington—C. H. W. Dixon

Nelson—W. W. de Castro

Marlborough—F. Broughton

Canterbury—P. G. Withers

Otago—P. C. Corliss

Southland—C. E. Nalder

Westland—R. J. Acheson


Native Minister—Hon. James Carroll


Chief Clerk—W. H. Bowler

Record Clerk—J. B. Hackworth

Clerk—L. A. Teutenberg

Translator—G. H. Davies

Chief Judge of Native Land Court—Jackson Palmer

President of Native Appellate Court—H. G. Seth-Smith

Judges of Native Land Court—H. F. Edger, W. G. Mair, R. C. Sim, J. W. Browne, W. E. Rawson, C. E. MacCormick, R. N. Jones, T. W. Fisher, M. Gilfedder

Registrars of Native Land Court—Auckland, A. G. Holland; Wellington, E. A. Welch; Gisborne, H. Carr

Clerks and Interpreters of Native Land Court—L. M. Grace, D. F. G. Barclay, A. F. Puckey, C. W. P. Seon, W. E. Goffe, C. P. Newton, H. R. H. Balneavis

Presidents of Maori Land Boards—Tokerau, Waiariki, Waikato, and Maniapoto-Tuwharetoa Boards, J. W. Browne; Tairawhiti Board, T. W. Porter; Aotea Board, T. W. Fisher; Te Ikaroa Board, R. C. Sim

Superintendent of Maori Councils—Gilbert Mair



Minister of Justice—Hon. James McGowan

Under-Secretary—F. Waldegrave

Chief Clerk—G. C. B. Jordan

Clerks—A. M. Smith, C. E. Matthews, G. F. Dixon

Cadet—G. H. A. Tanner


Registrar of Patents, Designs, and Trade Marks—J. C. Lewis

Deputy Registrar—

Clerks—Mary Eyre, E. P. O'Donnell

Cadet—J. A. Hardie


Supreme Court Judges.

Chief Justice—

Wellington—Sir R. Stout, K.C.M.G.


Wellington—Theo. Cooper, F. R. Chapman, C. E. Button (acting)

Auckland—W. B. Edwards (on leave)

Christchurch—J. E. Denniston

Dunedin—J. S. Williams

District Court Judges.

Hamilton and Thames—C. C. Kettle

Wairarapa, Wanganui, New Plymouth, Stratford, Hawera, Palmerston North, Pahiatua, Nelson, Ashburton, Timaru, Oamaru, Queenstown, Naseby, Lawrence, Invercargill, Gore, Hokitika, Greymouth, Westport, Reefton, and Kumara—W. R. Haselden

Registrars of the Supreme Court.

Auckland—R. E. G. Thomas

New Plymouth—T. Hutchison (on leave), W. G. Riddell

Wanganui—R. L. Stanford

Palmerston North—A. D. Thomson

Napier—H. W. Brabant

Gisborne—W. A. Barton

Wellington—D. G. A. Cooper

Nelson—H. Eyre Kenny

Blenheim—T. Scott-Smith

Christchurch—A. R. Bloxam

Hokitika—R. J. Acheson

Dunedin—G. A. King

Invercargill—J. R. Colyer


Auckland—R. E. G. Thomas

Taranaki—W. A. D. Banks

Hawke's Bay—H. W. Brabant

Poverty Bay—W. A. Barton

Wellington—D. G. A. Cooper

Wairarapa—E. Rawson

Wanganui and Rangitikei—C. A. Barton

Manawatu—C. J. Hewlett

Nelson—W. Heaps

Westland North—E. D. Mosley

Central Westland—A. Askenbeck

Marlborough—J. Terry

Canterbury—A. R. Bloxam

Timaru—C. A. Wray

Westland—R. J. Acheson

Otago—G. A. King

Southland—J. R. Colyer

Crown Solicitors.

Auckland—Hon. J. A. Tole

New Plymouth—W. Kerr

Gisborne—J. W. Nolan

Napier—H. A. Cornford

Wellington—F. H. D. Bell

Wanganui—G. Marshall

Palmerston North—H. S. Fitzherbert

Nelson—C. Y. Fell

Blenheim—R. McCallum

Christchurch—T. W. Stringer

Timaru—J. W. White

Dunedin—J. F. M. Fraser

Invercargill—T. M. Macdonald

Oamaru—A. G. Creagh

Crown Prosecutors (District Courts).

Hamilton and Thames—Hon. J. A. Tole

New Plymouth—W. Kerr

Stratford—W. Kerr

Hawera—E. L. Barton

Wanganui—G. Marshall

Palmerston North—H. S. Fitzherbert

Pahiatua—W. Tosswill

Masterton—A. R. Bunny

Nelson—C. Y. Fell

Westport and Reefton—A. A. Wilson

Hokitika—J. Park

Greymouth—M. Hannan

Timaru—J. W. White

Oamaru—A. G. Creagh

Queenstown—Wesley Turton

Invercargill—T. M. Macdonald

Stipendiary Magistrates.

Auckland—C. C. Kettle

Waikato, &c.—H. W. Northcroft

Onehunga, &c.—R. W. Dyer*

* Are also Wardens of Goldfields.

Russell, &c.—R. S. Florance

Tauranga, &c.—J. M. Roberts*

Thames, &c.—R. S. Bush*

Gisborne, &c.—W. A. Barton

New Plymouth—T. Hutchison (on leave), W. G. Riddell

Hawera, &c.—A. Turnbull

Wanganui, &c.—R. L. Stanford

Palmerston North, &c.—A. D. Thomson

Wellington, &c.—A. McArthur, M.A., LL.D.

Wairarapa, &c.—W. P. James

Napier, &c.—H. W. Brabant

Nelson, &c.—H. Eyre Kenny*

Blenheim, &c.—T. Scott-Smith*

Christchurch, &c.—H. W. Bishop

Kaiapoi, &c.—V. G. Day

Timaru, &c.—C. A. Wray

Greymouth, Westport, &c.—W. G. K. Kenrick*

Hokitika, &c.—R. J. Acheson*

Dunedin, &c.—H. Y. Widdowson, C. C. Graham

Oamaru, &c.—J. Keddell*

Milton, &c.—G. Cruickshank*

Clyde, &c.—F. J. Burgess*

Naseby—J. McEnnis*

Invercargill, &c.—S. E. McCarthy*

Chatham Islands—Dr. G. H. Gibson

Official Assignees in Bankruptcy.

Auckland—E. Gerard, J.P.

Wellington—J. Ashcroft, J.P.

Christchurch—G. L. Greenwood

Dunedin—C. C. Graham

Clerks of District and Magistrates' Courts.

Thames—J. Jordan

Hamilton—W. Shanaghan

New Plymouth—W. A. D. Banks

Hawera—A. Trimble

Stratford—M. Foley

Wanganui—C. A. Barton

Palmerston North—C. J. Hewlett

Dannevirke—S. Tansley

Masterton—E. Rawson

Pahiatua—J. Fitzgerald

Nelson—E. C. Kelling

Hokitika—J. C. Malfroy

Kumara—J. N. Nalder

Greymouth—B. Harper

Westport—E. D. Mosley

Reefton—H. Smith

Timaru—T. Howley

Ashburton—T. W. Tayler

Oamaru—R. P. Ward

Invercargill—J. R. Colyer

Gore—J. M. Rodgers

Queenstown—A. J. Thompson

Lawrence—A. M. Eyes

Naseby—F. W. Hart

Receivers of Gold Revenue, Mining Registrars, and Clerks of Wardens' and Magistrates' Courts.

Thames—J. Jordan

Coromandel—J. McIndoe

Paeroa—H. R. Bush

Waihi—E. W. Cave

Tauranga—W. A. Thom

Whangarei—W. J. Reeve

Havelock (Marlborough)—A. J. Ching

Nelson—E. C. Kelling

Blenheim—John Terry

Motueka—J. C. N. Willis

Collingwood—G. H. Harris

Westport—E. D. Mosley

Charleston—E. Brophy

Reefton—H. Smith

Ahaura—F. Bird, jun.

Greymouth—B. Harper

Kumara—J. N. Nalder

Hokitika—J. C. Malfroy

Ashburton—T. W. Tayler

Naseby, &c.—F. W. Hart

Wyndham—D. Bogue

Clyde, Black's, and Alexandra—F. T. D. Jeffrey

Cromwell—O. E. Bowling

Queenstown and Arrowtown—A. J. Thompson

Lawrence—A. M. Eyes

Gore—J. M. Rodgers

Riverton—J. M. Adam

Clerks of Magistrates' Courts.

Auckland—H. H. G. Ralfe

Rotorua—A. F. Bent

Gisborne—G. J. Johnstone

Napier—R. B. Mathias

Hastings—D. Banks

Wairoa—H. H. Carr

Marton, &c.—H. C. N. Ladley

Feilding—W. Matravers

Otaki—T. O'Rourke

Wellington—A. H. Holmes

Christchurch—W. S. Fisher

Lyttelton—W. D. Wallace

Kaiapoi—A. G. Ashby

Waimate—W. Y. Purchase

Dunedin—W. G. P. O'Callaghan

Port Chalmers—J. Miller

* Are also Wardens of Goldfields.


Auckland, T. Gresham; Arrowtown, H. Graham; Coromandel, A. R. H. Swindley; Collingwood, E. Davidson; Dannevirke, T. L. Buick; Feilding, J. J. Bagnall; Foxton, A. Fraser; Hamilton, J. S. Bond; Hawera, C. E. Major; Kawhia, T. D. Hamilton; Marton, J. J. McDonald; Otahuhu,; Otaki, W. H.; Simcox; Paeroa, W. Forrest; Pahi, J. B. Ariell; Palmerston North, J. Mowlem; Port Albert, L. P. Becroft; Queenstown, L. Hotop; Raglan, W. H. Wallis; Midhirst, J. Mackay; Taihape, J. P. Aldridge; Takaka, A. Sinclair; Tapanui, W. Quin; Thames, A. Brnce; Taumarunui, A. S. Laird; Tauranga, A. C. H. Tovey; Te Awamutu, J. B. Teasdale; Te Kopuru, T. Webb; Waihi, M. D. King; Waipawa, J. C. Taylor; Wellington, J. Ashcroft; Westport, G. B. Sinclair; Whangarei, J. M. Killen; Woodville, E. J. Gothard. All Stipendiary Magistrates are ex officio Coroners.


Chief Judge—Jackson Palmer

Judges—The Judges of the Native Land Court

Registrars—The Registrars of the Native Land Court


Superintendent—P. Sheridan

Administrative Officer—P. Sheridan

Presidents of Boards.

District of Tokerau—J. W. Browne

District of Maniapoto-Tuwharetoa—J. W. Browne

District of Waikato—J. W. Browne

District of Waiariki—J. W. Browne

District of Te Ikaroa—R. C. Sim

District of Aotea—T. W. Fisher

District of Tairawhiti—T. W. Porter


Inspector—Lieut.-Colonel Arthur Hume, N.Z.M.

Clerks—T. E. Richardson, W. Gollan

Gaolers—Auckland, Francis Egerton Severne; Dunedin, John Henry Bratby; Hokitika, Alexander William Ironside; Invercargill, Thomas Risson Pointon; Lyttelton, Matthew Michael Cleary; Napier, Michael Flannery; New Plymouth, Sidney George Millington; Wanganui, Robert T. N. Beasley; Wellington, Alexander Armstrong; Waiotapu, Alexander William Roberts; Hanmer Springs, James Thomas Reid; Dumgree, Edward Murphy; Waipa Valley, Edward Byrne


Head Office.

Commissioner—Walter Dinnie

Chief Clerk and Accountant—Sub-Inspector Arthur H. Wright

Police Force.

Inspectors—John Cullen, John Wybrant Ellison, Robert James Gillies, Terence O'Brien, Ewen Macdonell, Nicholas Kiely, Edward Wilson, Alfred James Mitchell

Sub-Inspectors—Patrick Black, Henry Green, John Dwyer, John O'Donovan, Arthur H. Wright, Douglass Gordon


Minister—Hon. James McGowan

Secretary—T. E. Donne

Chief Clerk—C. R. C. Robieson

Accountant—P. J. Kelleher

Clerk—C. E. Rigg



Minister of Mines—Hon. James Mc-Gowan

Under - Secretary for Mines—T. H. Hamer

Chief Clerk—H. E. Radcliffe

Inspecting Engineer—Frank Reed

Geologist—Alexander McKay, F.G.S.

Draughtsman—C. H. Pierard

Shorthand-writer—J. T. Watkins

Cadet—T. H. Sherwood


Thames and Auckland Districts—James Coutts; Cadet, G. S. W. R. Hanson; Waihi—Assistant Inspector, Boyd Bennie: Canterbury, Dunedin, and Southland Districts—E. R. Green; Assistant Inspector, Robert McIntosh; Clerk, H. Paton: West Coast Districts—R. Tennent; Assistant Inspector, A. H. Richards; Cadet—C. M. Wilson


Secretary—P. Galvin


Waimea-Kumara—J. Rochford

Mount Ida—R. Murray


Colonial Analyst—James S. Maclaurin, D.Sc., F.C.S.

Assistants—W. Donovan, Roy Girling-Butcher

Cadet—C. M. Wright


Director—J. M. Bell, M.A., Ph.D., F.R.G.S.

Geologists—Percy G. Morgan, M.A., Colin Fraser, M.Sc.

Assistant Geologists—E. J. Webb, E. de C. Clarke, J. H. Adams

Topographer—R. P. Greville

Draftsmen—R. J. Crawford, O. A. Darby

Clerks—J. Thompson, P. Clarke


Lecturers and Instructors: Thames—W. H. Baker; Assistant, W. A. Given, M.A.: Coromandel—D. V. Allen: Waihi—A. H. V. Morgan, M.A.: Karangahake—R. B. McDuff: Reefton—J. Henderson


The Surveyor-General; the Inspecting Engineer of Mines; the Chief Inspector of Machinery, Wellington; James Bishop; Jonathan Dixon; and H. A. Gordon, F.G.S.


Same official members as above Board, excepting the Chief Inspector of Machinery, Wellington, with the following private members: H. A. Gordon, F.G.S., Auckland; G. S. Clark, Thames; Benjamin Sutherland, Reefton; and H. P. Hornibrook, Waiomio

The Director of Geological Surveys is Chairman of both Boards, and H. E. Radcliffe is the Secretary


Manager—W. C. Gasquoine

Accountant—L. H. Eilers

Agent, Westport—H. Crowther

Mine-manager, Point Elizabeth Colliery, Greymouth—James Bishop

Mine-manager, Seddonville Colliery, Westport—T. Murray


Minister for Immigration—Hon. James McGowan

Under-Secretary—W. C. Kensington

Chief Clerk—F. T. O'Neill



Colonial Secretary—Hon. Dr. J. G. Findlay, LL.D.

Under-Secretary—Hugh Pollen

Chief Clerk—R. F. Lynch

Clerks—J. F. Andrews, A. R. Kennedy, F. A. de la Mare

Officer in Charge of Government Buildings—W. H. Hennah


Registrar—Charles T. Benzoni


Controller and Auditor-General—J. K. Warburton

Assistant Controller and Auditor—J. B. Heywood

Chief Clerk—L. C. Roskruge

Clerks—W. G. Holdsworth, H. S. Pollen, E. J. A. Stevenson, J. T. Dumbell

C. E. Easton, E. A. Casey, C. G. Colline, A. L. B. Jordan, H. Wylie

Cadets—G. G. Smith, J. A. Hay, G. S. Gapper, H. T. Thompson, R. M. Sunley, J. P. Rutherford, T. Treahy, A. A. Cairns, H. L. Marbrook, F. E. Kelly, T. Anton, R. J. Miller

Extra Clerks—D. C. Innes, A. E. Bybles, E. E. Smythe, J. McC. Hamilton, T. S. Hamer, J. Ward, R. Garrioch, W. W. Knowles, A. G. Robinson, K. D. McLeod, H. M. Nalder, G. H. Richardson, C. A. Ralston, O. R. Younghusband

Chief Audit Inspector and Audit of Local Bodies—P. P. Webb

Audit Officer, London—C. F. W. Palliser

Audit Inspectors—A. H. Maclean, J. King, A. W. Eames, G. H. I. Easton, C. P. Johnson, H. A. Lamb, A. A. Bethune, J. H. Fowler, R. A. Gray, W. G. Runcie


Registrar-General and Government Statistician—E. J. von Dadelszen


Senior Clerk and Deputy of Registrar-General—W. W. Cook

Clerk and Examiner of Returns from Officiating Ministers and Registrars—G. A. Schoch

Clerk for Searches, Documents, &c.—C. Janion

Index Clerk—S. Coffey

Cadet—J. W. Butcher


Clerks—(In charge of Census Compilation Staff), General Statistics and Yearbook, W. M. Wright; General Statistics, F. H. Machattie


Four Chief Towns.

Auckland—E. H. Lyons

Wellington—G. G. Hodgkins

Christchurch—L. C. Williams

Dunedin—H. Maxwell

(There are also 220 District Registrars located throughout the colony.)


Director—A. Hamilton

Astronomical Observer—T. King


President—G. M. Thomson, F.L.S., F.C.S.

Hon. Treasurer—M. Chapman

Secretary—T. H. Gill, M.A., LL.B.


Minister in Charge—Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G.

Chief Electoral Officer—F. W. Mansfield

Chief Clerk—F. Evans

Acting Accountant—J. E. Read

Clerks—J. D. Ferguson, F. C. Fraser, J. Geoghan, H. L. Jenkins, I. J. Johnston, W. A. Waters, A. G. Wiffin

Typistes—R. Rees, E. Swift


Attorney-General—Hon. J. G. Findlay, LL.D.


Solicitor-General—F. Fitchett, M.A., LL.D.

Assistant Law Officer—L. G. Reid

Chief Clerk—E. Y. Redward

Clerk (also Private Secretary to Attorney-General)—E. N. G. Poulton

Clerk—J. Christie


Counsel—J. W. Salmond, M.A., LL.D.

Acting Law Draftsman—W. Jolliffe


Minister of Customs—Hon. J. A. Millar

Secretary and Inspector of Customs—W.T. Glasgow

Chief Clerk—T. Larchin

Assistant Chief Clerk—W. B. Montgomery

Clerks, Customs—G. F. McKellar, A. Barron

Cadets—K. H. Smyth, W. L. Bardsley

Audit—G. Craig


Auckland—J. Mills

Poverty Bay—W. J. Hawley

New Plymouth—J. H. Hempton

Napier—W. Sibbald

Wellington—D. Johnston

Wanganui—A. Elliott

Nelson—A. Carter

Westport—H. J. Crowther

Greymouth—J. Howie

Hokitika—R. G. Ecclesfield

Lyttelton and Christchurch—R. Carter

Timaru—C. S. Nixon

Oamaru—T. M. Cullen

Dunedin—C. W. S. Chamberlain

Invercargill and Bluff Harbour—A. McDowell


Thames—T. C. Bayldon, Coastwaiter

Russell—H. Stephenson, Coastwaiter

Tauranga—C. E. Nicholas, Officer in Charge

Whangaroa—A. G. Ratcliffe, Coastwaiter

Whangarei—J. Munro, Coastwaiter

Mangonui—H. G. Hunt, Officer in Charge

Hokianga—C. C. Courtenay, Coastwaiter

Kaipara—D. Savident, Officer in Charge

Waitara—J. Cameron, Coastwaiter

Patea—J. W. Glenny, Officer in Charge

Waitara—H. A. Jackman, Officer in Charge

Picton—T. W. Lecocq, Officer in Charge

Chatham Islands—G. H. Gibson, Officer in Charge


Minister of Marine—Hon. J. A. Millar

Secretary—G. Allport

Chief Clerk—J. H. McAlister

Clerks—W. Canton, B. W. Millier

Cadets—D. H. Butcher, J. A. Munro

Cadette—M. Fisher

Marine Engineer for the Colony—

Marine Surveyor for the Colony—Commander C. G. Sinclair, R.I.M.

Nautical Adviser and Chief Examiner of Masters and Mates—H. S. Blackburne

Weather Reporter—R. A. Edwin, Com. R.N.

Assistant—Rev. D. C. Bates

Clerk—F. W. Simms

Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Auckland—C. E. W. Fleming

Assistant—T. A. G. Atwood

Clerk—J. Scully

Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Wellington—G. G. Smith

Assistant—S. G. Stringer

Clerk—T. G. Keane

Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Lyttelton—J. A. H. Marciel

Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Dunedin—N. Beaumont

Clerk—C. B. Jarman

Master of s.s. “Hinemoa”—J. Bollons

Master of s.s. “Tutanekai”—C. F. Post

Commander Training-ship “Amokura”—G. S. Hooper (R.N.R.)


Wellington, Chief Inspector—L. F. Ayson

Raglan—J. O'Sullivan

Russell—H. Stephenson

Whangarei—John Munro

Kaipara—D. Savident

Manukau—J. Neale

Hokianga—C. C. Courtenay

Waihi—W. H. McKinnon

Wanganui—R. J. Issell

Auckland—J. P. Bennett, H. C. Haywood

Palmerston North—M. D. Stagpoole

Feilding—J. Forster

Foxton—F. Woods

Picton—W. D. L. Thompson

Hokitika—J. Marks

New Brighton—E. J. Rowe

Kaiapoi—J. K. Simpson

Dunedin—T. J. Sullivan, J. McIntyre, F. W. Beck

Bluff—P. McGrath

Stewart Island—J. M. Irwin

Napier—T. J. Wilton


Collingwood—F. Stallard

Puponga—E. G. Stallard

Foxton—J. B. Hall

* The more important harbours are controlled by local Boards, not by the Marine Department.

Hokianga—G. Martin

Kaipara—D. Savident

Manukau—J. Neale

Picton—John Walter Jones

Port Robinson—J. Sinclair

Russell—H. Stephenson

Tauranga—W. A. Thom

Akaroa—H. W. Dawson

Wairau—H. Fisk

Waitapu—S. Fittall


Minister in Charge—Hon. J. A. Millar

Chief Inspector of Machinery, Chief Surveyor of Ships, and Chief Examiner of Marine Engineers and Stationary-engine Drivers—R. Duncan, Head Office, Wellington

Draughtsman—W. B. Morton

Accountant—R. P. Milne

Clerks—W. D. Andrews, J. G. Macpherson, J. Driscoll

Shorthand-writer and Typiste—A. Duncan

Cadets—Head Office: W. M. Egglestone, H. M. Mullins, J. C. O'Leary; Auckland office, W. J. Craig

Inspectors of Machinery, Surveyors of Ships, and Examiners of Marine Engineers and Stationary - engine Drivers:—

Auckland—H. Wetherilt, W. R. Douglas, P. Grant

Napier—M. Sharp

Wanganui—S. Dalrymple

Wellington—A. Calvert, C. W. R. Suisted, W. Cullen, J. Kydd

Nelson—N. D. Hood

Christchurch—P. J. Carman

Timaru—J. Williamson

Dunedin—A. Walker, A. Ramsay

Invercargill—A. W. Bethune

Board of Examiners of Stationary, Traction, Locomotive, and Winding Engine Drivers—Robert Duncan, Chief Inspector of Machinery, M.Inst.Nav.A., Chairman; Frank Reed, M.I.M.E., Inspecting Engineer of Mines; R. W. Holmes, M.Inst.C.E., Inspecting Engineer, P.W.D.; J. G. Macpherson, Secretary


Minister of Labour—Hon. J. A. Millar


Secretary for Labour and Registrar of Industrial Unions—E. Tregear

Chief Inspector of Factories and Deputy Registrar of Industrial Unions—James Mackay

Deputy Chief Inspector of Factories—J. Lomas

Accountant—F. Rowley

Clerks—J. W. Collins, W. J. McKeown, W. J. Jamieson, A. J. Isherwood, T. McIntosh, J. Morgan, P. W. Woodroffe, M. Emerson

Shorthand-writers and Typistes—R. Ritson, C. Fama

Cadets—E. M. Casey, Thomas Boyce, F. S. Orr

Cadette—N. V. Saxon

Inspectors of Factories—

Wellington—J. B. Lindsay, C. E. Aldridge, M. S. Hawthorne, A. Donald

Auckland—J. Shanaghan, E. A. Le Cren. Clerk—D. Fisher. Cadets—W. E. Shanahan

Napier—W. J. Culver

New Plymouth—H. Willis

Wanganui—W. H. McQuarters

Palmerston North—J. Hollows. Cadet—A. E. Waite

Masterton—G. E. A. Hood

Nelson—S. Tyson. Cadet—R. A. Keddel

Greymouth—J. Isdell

Christchurch—W. H. Hagger, W. Newton. Clerks—W. Linklater, W. Hood. Cadet—S. G. Gow

Ashburton—R. S. Bean

Timaru—P. Keddie

Oamaru—T. O'Grady

Dunedin—P. Hally, D. Carmody, H. R. Morrison. Clerks—J. Maxwell, G. H. Wood, L. P. Bullen

Invercargill—L. D. Browett. Cadet—G. J. Agnew

And 160 local Inspectors.

(There are also 200 Bureau Agents in different parts of the colony.)

Inspectors of Scaffolding—

Wellington—R. A. Bolland

Auckland—H. Gresham

Christchurch—E. J. G. Stringer

Dunedin—F. Barton


Judge—His Honour Mr. Justice Sim

Employers' Member—Samuel Brown

Workers' Member—Robert Slater

Registrar—B. M. Wilson



Minister of Lands and Commissioner of State Forests—Hon. Robert McNab

Under-Secretary for Crown Lands—W. C. Kensington

Surveyor-General—T. Humphries

Chief Draughtsman—W. D. B. Murray.

Chief Clerk—F. T. O'Neill

Accountant—R. A. Paterson


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—J. Mackenzie

District Surveyors—J. Langmuir, G. A. Martin, H. D. M. Haszard, W. J. Wheeler, R. S. Galbraith

Assistant Surveyors—A. G. Allom, H. F. Edgecumbe, W. C. O'Neill

Chief Draughtsman—C. R. Pollen

Receiver of Land Revenue—T. M. Taylor


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—H. Trent

District Land Officer, Gisborne—T. N. Brodrick

District Surveyors—T. N. Brodrick, T. Brook. Assistant Surveyor—W. C. Wall

Chief Draughtsman—James Hay

Receiver of Land Revenue—F. Bull


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—F. Simpson

District Surveyors—H. M. Skeet, G. H. Bullard, W. T. Morpeth

Chief Draughtsman—W. H. Skinner

Receiver of Land Revenue—F. A. Cullen


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—J. Strauchon

District Surveyors—J. D. Climie, F. A. Thompson, H. J. Lowe, J. R. Strachan

Assistant Surveyors—H. E. Girdiestone, T. A. Johnston

Chief Draughtsman—L. Smith

Receiver of Land Revenue—T. G. Waitt


Commissioner of Crown Lands—F. W. Flanagan

Chief Surveyor—

District Surveyors—J. A. Montgomerie, J. Snodgrass, R. T. Sadd, J. D. Thomson

Chief Draughtsman—T. M. Grant

Receiver of Land Revenue—A. J. Redgrave


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—F. S. Smith

District Surveyor—D. W. Gillies

Chief Draughtsman and Receiver of Land Revenue—W. Armstrong


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—G. J. Roberts

District Surveyors—W. Wilson, H. Maitland

Chief Draughtsman—E. H. Wilmot

Receiver of Land Revenue—A. D. A. Macfarlane


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—E. C. Gold Smith

District Surveyor—G. H. McClure

Chief Draughtsman—C. B. Shanks

Receiver of Land Revenue—A. A. McNab

Superintendent of Village Settlements—J. E. March


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—David Barron

District Surveyors—D. M. Calder, D. I. Barron

Chief Draughtsman—S. Thompson

Receiver of Land Revenue—G. A. Reade


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—John Hay

District Surveyor—

Chief Draughtsman—G. Robinson

Receiver of Land Revenue—H. L. Welch


Auckland — J. Mackenzie, J. Renshaw, A. R. Harris, M. W. Armstrong, W. W. McCardle

Hawke's Bay—H. Trent, T. Hyde, R. R. Groom, C. R. Baines, O. E Bartram

Taranaki — F. Simpson, J. Heslop, James Rattebury, J. B. Connett, J. McCluggage

Wellington—J. Strauchon, A. Reese, J. Dawson, J. M. A'Court

Nelson—F. W. Flangan, O. Lynch, J. S. Wratt, G. Walker, A. Sinclair

Marlborough—F. S. Smith, J. Redwood, A. P. Seymour, H. M. Reader, G. E. Parsons

Westland—G. J. Roberts, J. S. Lang, A. Cumming, M. Pollock, G. Mallinson

Canterbury—E. C. Gold Smith, A. C. Pringle, J. Sealy, J. Allan, J. Stevenson

Otago—D. Barron, G. Livingstone, J. Tough, J. M. McKenzie, W. Dallas

Southland—J. Hay, A. Kinross, J. McIntyre, D. King, J. McLean


The Surveyor-General

John Strauchon, Esq

David Barron, Esq

The Hon. G. F. Richardson

P. E. Cheal, Esq.

The Surveyor-General is ex officio a member of the Board. Of the nominated members, two are selected annually by the Minister of Lands, and two by the Council of the Institute of Surveyors. The Board is one of the Federated Boards of Australasia, and works in conjunction with them.

Secretary, C. E. Adams


The Surveyor - General, Mr. Thomas Humphries (Chairman)

The General Manager of Tourist and Health Resorts, Mr. T. E. Donne

The Commissioner of Crown Lands for each Land District in which are lands dealt with under the Act, as follows: Auckland, Mr. James MacKenzie; Hawke's Bay, Mr. Henry Trent; Taranaki, Mr. F. Simpson; Wellington, Mr. John Strauchon; Marlborough, Mr. F. Stephenson Smith; Nelson. Mr. F. W. Flanagan; Westland, Mr. G. J. Roberts; Canterbury, Mr. E. C. Gold Smith; Otago, Mr. David Barron; Southland, Mr. John Hay

Secretary—Mr. W. R. Jourdain


Officer in Charge—P. Sheridan


Chief Forester—H. J. Matthews

Nurserymen in Charge—Rotorua, H. A. Goudie; Eweburn, A. W. Roberts; Tapanui, R. G. Robinson; Kurow, N. Craig; Starborough, W. Cromb; Hanmer Springs, T. B. Curle; Ruatangata, A. Gordon



Chairman and Land Purchase Inspector—A. Barron

W. C. Kensington, Under-Secretary for Lands

T. Humphries, Surveyor-General

Also for the following districts:


J. Mackenzie, Commissioner of Crown Lands R. Hall

Hawke's Bay—

Henry Trent, Commissioner of Crown Lands

Thomas Hyde


J. Strauchon, Commissioner of Crown Lands

Alexander Reese


F. Simpson, Commissioner of Crown Lands

John Heslop


F. Stephenson Smith, Commissioner of Crown Lands

J. H. Redwood


W. G. Murray, Commissioner of Crown Lands

Philip Best


G. J. Roberts, Commissioner of Crown Lands



E. C. Gold Smith, Commissioner of Crown Lands A. C. Pringle


D. Barron, Commissioner of Crown Lands

A. McKerrow


J. Hay, Commissioner of Crown Lands

A. Kinross


Valuer-General—G. F. C. Campbell

Officers in Charge — A. J. McGowan, Auckland; A. E. Fowler, Wellington; R. Hepworth, Christchurch; A. Clothier, Dunedin; T. Oswin, Invercargill

Clerks—J. W. Black, H. L. Wiggins, G. Halliday, J. Atkinson, C. J. Lovatt, H. A. Anderson, F. C. Douglas, G. F. Cooke

Draughtsman—H. H. Seed

Inspecting Valuer—John P. Dugdale

District Valuers — W. F. Thompson, Whangarei; E. Morgan, B. J. Esam, Auckland; H. D. Coutts, G. W. Hyde, Hamilton; W. F. Wallis, Tauranga; C. F. Lewis, Gisborne; W. E. Griffin, Napier; H. J. C. Coutts, Hawera; S. Hill, New Plymouth; A. Barns, Wanganui; J. Wells, Taihape; R. Gardner, Palmerston North; G. H. Lloyd, Woodville; J. Fraser, Masterton; J. Ames, F. N. Martin, Wellington; T. W. Caverhill, Petone; E. Kenny, Picton; H. Murray, W. L. Kernahan, A. Freeman, D. H. Pullar, Christchurch; D. Stowell, Timaru; E. A. Atkinson, Oamaru; W. L. Craig, J. Wright, H. G. Fisher, Dunedin; R. Milne, Milton; J. George, Lumsden; John Smaill, Gore; A. Pyper, Invercargill

Clerks—Auckland, T. C. Somers, F. B. Robertson; Christchurch, A. Millar, C. J. Walker; Dunedin, C. de R. Andrews, D. Corcoran

Cadets — Auckland, P. G. Pearce, E. J. Bell; Wellington, G. J. Russell, W. Lovell, A. T. McCaw, C. J. Hurley. A. C. Peart, C. W. Chilcott; Christchurch, H. H. Ffitch, B. Nixon; Dunedin, F. K. Tucker; Invercargill, G. J. Russell, G. Forbes, W. W. King

Cadettes — Christchurch, N. Smythe; Dunedin, M. J. Drysdale


Minister in Charge—Hon. Robert McNab


Secretary for Agriculture—J. D. Ritchie

Inspector of Offices—R. Evatt

Chief Clerk—F. S. Pope

Clerks—W. H. Gifford, R. W. Atkinson, T. D. H. Hall, J. R. F. Cameron

Cadet—D. Patterson


Accountant—E. J. Fitzgibbon

Clerks—S. T. K. Sharp, D. Sinclair, A. Bryson, V. A. Mills, W. A. Pye


Chief Veterinarian and Pathologist — J. A. Gilruth, M.R.C.V.S.

Assistant Chief Veterinarian — C. J. Reakes, M.R.C.V.S.

Laboratory Assistant—G. H. Barker

Clerks—H. E. Carey, D. L. Luxford, A. Ironside

Cadet—H. R. Seddon

Caretaker, Laboratory Farm—D. Pattullo

Attendant at Laboratory—D. H. Bidwell

Veterinarians (Ms.R.C.V.S.)—Auckland, J. Lyons; New Plymouth, A. R. Young; Woodville, S. Burton; Wallaceville, J. G. Clayton; Dunedin, J. Kerrigan

Veterinarians and Meat Inspectors (Ms.R.C.V.S.)—Auckland, W. H. Hawthorn; Gisborne, C. R. Neale; Hastings, D. H. Rait; Waitara, A. J. Hickman; Wanganui, P. M. Edgar; Petone, D. Spilman; Ngahauranga, T. G. Palgrave; Nelson, A. W. Barnes; Belfast, J. R. Charlton; Ashburton, F. C. Robertson; Timaru,

T. G. Lilico; Pareora, A. M. Paterson; Oamaru, T. Cunningham; Dunedin, W. D. Snowball; Invercargill, W. T. Sabin

Veterinarians and Meat Inspectors—Auckland, H. L. Marsack (Ont.); Christchurch, H. S. S. Kyle (Melb.)

Meat Inspectors—Thames, J. Jarman; Paeroa, F. Beattie; Waihi, W. T. Wynyard; Napier, G. Thomson; Dannevirke, J. C. Mackley; New Plymouth, T. J. Reakes; Stratford, S. T. Evatt; Hawera, E. T. B. Worthy; Feilding, G. W. Mitchell; Masterton, D. Elliot; Blenheim, A. D. Gillies; Westport, G. B. Williams; Lyttelton, B. Thomson; Gore, F. Stewart

Assistant Meat Inspectors—Auckland, G. W. Rait; Gisborne, W. J. Walter, P. T. Emerson; Tomoana, H. F. Brittain; Port Ahuriri, J. W. Otway, C. R. Spragg; Pakipaki, T. P. Short; Patea, W. A. P. Sutton; Wanganui, C. J. Stone; Palmerston North, W. H. Rodney; Longburn, C. Aston; Petone, H. G. Wilton; Ngahauranga, A. C. Scandrett, J. D. S. Heaton; Picton, J. Millea; Belfast, T. Anderson; Islington, G. Ford; Addington, A. M. Spilman; Smithfield, A. M. R. Mills; Burnside, W. M. Watt; Mataura, W. C. Moore; Invercargill, J. Preston; Wallacetown, P. Dow; Ocean Beach, P. J. Sheridan


Dairy Commissioner—D. Cuddie

Clerk—R. W. Wilkinson

Cadet—W. R. King

Dairy Instructors — Auckland, A. G. Shirley; Palmerston North, F. Thomson, Wellington, W. Grant, N. Fulton; Dunedin, W. M. Singleton; Invercargill, J. Sawers

Dairy Instructress—New Plymouth, Miss N. Breen

Dairy-produce Graders—Auckland, A. A. Thornton; New Plymouth, J. Johnston, L. Hansen; Patea, W. Wright; Wellington, N. Fulton, E. A. Dowden; Lyttelton and Port Chalmers, S. Bowman; Bluff, J. Sawers

Clerks to Dairy produce Graders—Auckland, J. O. Lord; New Plymouth, J. S. Fleming; Patea, W. F. Shield; Lyttelton, R. F. Crosbie; Dunedin, J. M. Hutton; Bluff, R. Hutton


Biologist—T. W. Kirk, F.L.S.

Assistant Biologist—A. H. Cockayne

Fruit-preserving Expert—W. Jaques

Bee Expert—Auckland, I. Hopkins

Editor of Publications—G. Bisset

Clerks—B. Quirk, J. Hyland, W. R. Lloyd-Williams

Assistant Entomologist — Auckland, T. Broun, F.E.S.

Pomologists—Auckland, W. A. Boucher; Palmerston North, A. G. Simms; Christchurch, J. C. Blackmore

Inspectors of Imported Fruit—Auckland, T. Broun, F.E.S., G. Harnett; Wellington, H. Palethorpe; Christchurch, A. C. Smale; Dunedin, J. M. Hutton

Orchard Inspectors — Auckland, E. A. Reid, W. C. Thompson; Hamilton, S. I. Fitch; Havelock North, D. H. Williamson; Blenheim, E. Rabbits; Oamaru, W. J. Courtier


Chief Poultry Expert—D. D. Hyde

Assistant Poultry Expert—F. Brown

Poultry Graders — Auckland, R. W. Pounsford; Wellington, T. F. Leihy; Christchurch, S. Newton; Dunedin, T. P. Burke


Chief Chemist—B. C. Aston, F.C.S.

Assistant Chemist—H. Larkin

Clerk—R. Waters

Laboratory Assistant—V. R. Packham


Compiler of Statistics—F. C. Hjorring (acting)

Clerk—A. C. Philpott


Chief Fibre Expert—C. J. Fulton

Hemp Graders — Auckland, W. H. O. Johnston; Wellington, C. A. D. Hawkins (Grader in charge), W. H. Ferris, W. L. Rutherford, W. Petrie; Invercargill, W. H. Middlemiss

Hemp Instructor—J Stewart

Clerk, Chief Fibre Expert's Office—G. T. Tucker

Clerks to Graders—Auckland, T. Gedye; Wellington, H. Wynn-Williams; Lyttelton, R. F. Crosbie; Dunedin, J. M. Hutton; Bluff, R. Hutton


Viticulturist—Auckland, R. Bragato

Clerk—P. G. Andrew


Inspectors of Manure-sterilising — Sydney, F. G. Laurie; Calcutta, R. L. Ward


Chief Inspector of Stock and Director of Experimental Farms—E. Clifton

Clerks—W. C. Robinson, A. McTaggart, H. Gerard

Cadet—H. T. Payne

Inspectors of Stock.

Auckland Districts—Auckland, J. Duncan (Inspector in charge); Ohaeawai, H. Munro; Whangarei, *J. T. Stone; Auckland, R. Rowan, R. Hull; Hamilton, *J. Kerr; Te Kuiti, R. Alexander; Thames, V. A. Huddleston; Tauranga, *A. H. Burkill

Poverty Bay Districts—Gisborne, W. Miller (Inspector in charge), *C. Thomson; Te Puia, W. B. Hingston

Hawke's Bay Districts — Napier, D. Ross (Inspector in charge); Wairoa, *T.C. Webb; Hastings, D. A. Graham; Waipukurau, J. Harvey; Woodville, *D. Munro.

North Wairarapa District—Masterton, *F. G. Wayne

South Wairarapa District — Carterton, *A. T. P. Hubbard

West Coast (North Island) Districts—Wanganui, *A. K. Blundell (Inspector in charge); New Plymouth, *F. H. Brittain; Stratford, *J. Budge; Hawera, *J. W. Deem; Wanganui, W. R. Rutherfurd; Hunterville, W. Dalgliesh; Feilding, J. C. Miller; Palmerston North, *D. Fleming

Wellington District — Wellington, *A. Mills, J. Drummond (port)

Marlborough District — Blenheim, *J. Moore

Nelson District—Nelson, G. H. Jenkinson

Westland District — Hokitika, *C. C. Empson

Canterbury Districts — Christchurch, *H. T. Turner (Inspector in charge); Kaikoura, *F. W. Sutton; Rotherham, J. Munro; Rangiora, C. A. Cunningham; Lincoln, J. G. Scott; Ashburton, B. Fullarton; Timaru, J. C. Huddleston; Fairlie, F. Mackenzie

Otago Districts — Dunedin, J. L. Bruce (Inspector in charge); Kurow, W. Wills; Oamaru, *A. Ironside; Palmerston South, H. Hill; Dunedin, R. Fountain, *J. E. Thomson (port); Mosgiel, R. I. Gossage; Balclutha, T. Gilmour; Lawrence, *G. McLeod; Tapanui, T. Gillespie; Gore, S. M. Taylor; Invercargill, *R. Wright; Bluff, J. W. Raymond (port); Naseby, A. A. Clapcott; Clyde, *T. N. Baxter; Queenstown, W. M. Munro

Clerks—Auckland, J. E. D. Spicer, G. H. Graham, E. A. Farrington, H. Absolum, A. T. Stone (cadet); Hamilton, J. Hill; Napier, A. Callcott, W. McN. Miller; Masterton, A. E. Rowden; Wellington, G. A. Ross; Palmerston North, W. Nettlefold; Wanganui, D. Bell, F. S. Dayman (cadet); Nelson, E. B. Burdekin; Blenheim, J. Campbell; Hokitika, H. H. Halliday; Christchurch, J. Longton; Timaru, W. Pogson; Dunedin, L. G. Bruce; Invercargill, J. W. Bell, W. H. McLew (cadet)

Registrars of Brands.

Auckland,; Napier,; Wanganui, D. Bell; Nelson, E. B. Burdekin

(The Inspectors of Stock marked * are also Registrars of Brands.)

Inspectors of Ordinary Slaughterhouses.

Invercargill, F. W. Blair

(The Inspectors of Stock are also Inspectors of Ordinary Slaughterhouses.)

Inspectors of Dairies.

Auckland, W. R. Brown; Hamilton, E. Seddon; Gisborne, G. M. Williamson; Napier, J. G. Parker; Palmerston North, G. Ross; Wellington, J. Drummond; Christchurch, A. Macpherson; Timaru, M. O'Meara; Dunedin, J. C. Robinson (Assistant Inspector); Invercargill, F. W. Blair

(The Inspectors of Stock are also Inspectors of Dairies.)

Inspectors of Noxious Weeds.

Whangarei, A. S. England; Auckland, J. C. Hawkins; Otahuhu, A. Dickson; Hamilton, T. Mullaly; Tauranga,

J. Ross; Hastings, J. G. Parker; Waipawa, H. McLean; New Plymouth, R. Crockett; Stratford, F. Arden; Hawera, J. M. Hignett; Matapu, J. Heslop; Hunterville, A. P. Smith; Seddon, G. J. Ward; Nelson, H. Cleland; Takaka, W. J. Ward; Timaru, M. O'Meara; Invercargill, F. W. Blair

(The Inspectors of Stock are also Inspectors of Noxious Weeds.)

Rabbit Inspectors.

(The Inspectors of Stock are Inspectors under the Rabbit Nuisance Act.)

Rabbit Agents—Ngaruawahia, B. Bayly; Lichfield, T. Parker; Kihikihi, J. Case; Wairoa, W. C. King; Pahiatua, T. Bacon; Upper Rangitikei, C. Watson; Kiwitea, J. G. Johnston; Masterton, J. Halligan; Te Nui, C. A. M. Hardy-Johnston; Eketahuna, S. H. Ussher; Carterton, S. C. Ivens; Johnsonville, W. Ross; Weraroa, W. S. Goodall; Renwicktown, G. Gee; Motueka, A. C. Hackworth; Ashburton, C. Branigan; Fairlie, W. Johnston; Waimate, E. F. Sullivan; Leeston, C.S. Neville; Kurow, E. T. Payne; Oamaru, F. Urquhart; Inch Valley, A. Hughes; Waikouaiti, B. Grant; Taieri, H. McLeod; Sutton, R. Irving; Waipiata, C. S. Dalgliesh; Clyde, A. Clarke; Roxburgh, W. J. McCulloch; Lawrence, E. Fowler; Owaka, C. Shaw; Balclutha, H. A. Munro; Tapanui, A. Ingram; Gore, M. McLeod; Lumsden, H. Heckler; Wyndham, D. McLeod; Invercargill, J. McKellar; Riverton, J. R. Whyborn; Cromwell, S. W. Firth; Waitahuna, J. Wilson

Experimental Farms.

Overseers — Bickerstaffe, H. Winser; Waerenga, S. F. Anderson; Ruakura, W. Dibble; Arataki (Hawke's Bay), T. F. Ellis; Weraroa, J. Drysdale; Moumahaki, F. Gillanders, W. J. Palmer (in charge of Nursery)

Officer in Charge Fruit-testing Station, Tauranga—W. J. Palmer

Clerks — Waerenga, B. P. Bayly; Weraroa, D. M. Cole

Nurserymen—Waerenga, J. E. Barrett; Weraroa, W. H. Taylor; Moumahaki, T. H. Chapman

Cellarman—Waerenga, J. B. Andrews.

Assistant Apiarist—Ruakura, Miss L. Livesay

Poultry Stations.

Managers — Ruakura, C. Cussen; Moumahaki, A. H. Grant; Burnham, J. Rose; Milton, A. Carr

Live-stock Quarantine Stations.

Caretakers — Auckland, Thomas Hill; Wellington, J. P. Ross; Lyttelton, W. J. Thomas


Minister of Education — Hon. Geo Fowlds


Inspector-General of Schools — George Hogben, M.A.

Secretary for Education — Sir E. O. Gibbes, Bart.

Assistant Inspector - General — W. J. Anderson, M.A., LL.D.

Chief Clerk—F. K. de Castro

Assistant Inspector—T. H. Gill, M.A., L.L.B.

Editor, School Journal—W. E. Spencer, M.A., B. Sc.

Clerks—F. D. Thomson, B.A., H. J. Barrett, T. G. Gilbert, J. Beck, I. Davey, M. G. D. Grant, F. W. Millar, A. J. H. Benge, H. J. Bathgate, C. G. Rees, H. L. J. Machu, V. A. Mills, K. McKenzie, H. V. Croxton, I. Johnstone, J. A. Orr, J. R. McClune, A. M. Palmer, L. P. Arthur, W. L. Dunn, C. A. Berendsen, B. Egley, C. G. Murray, E. Windsor, W. C. Collier, T. C. Comrie, E. M. Hogg, H. D. Clyde, E. J. E. Anderson, T. H. Jamieson


Inspector—W. W. Bird, M.A.

Assistant Inspector—J. Porteous, M.A.

Clerk in Charge—F. L. Severne


Inspectors—M. H. Browne (in charge of Branch), E. C. Isaac


Officer. Commanding — Lieut.-Colonel L. W. Loveday, V.D.

Clerk—T. McInerney


Assistant Inspectors — R. H. Pope (in charge of Branch), T. A. Walker, and Miss J. Stewart (also a Visiting Officer)

Visiting Officers—E. G. Hyde, Mrs. A. Young, Mrs. C. F. Scale

Government Schools.

Managers of Industrial Schools—

Auckland (Mount Albert)—Miss S. E. Jackson

Boys' Training Farm, Weraroa—G. M. Burlinson

Receiving Home, Wellington—Mrs. E. S. Dick

Receiving Home, Christchurch—Miss A. B. Cox

Te Oranga Home, Christchurch—Mrs. E. T. Branting

Burnham—T. Archey

Caversham—Miss H. Petremant

Official Correspondent for Boarded-out Children, Otago—Miss J. Sievwright

Private Schools.

St. Mary's, Auckland—Rev. H. F. Holbrook

St. Joseph's, Wellington—Very Rev. W. J. Lewis, V. G.

St. Mary's, Nelson—Rev. J. D. Clancy

St. Vincent de Paul's, Dunedin—Rev. J. Coffey


Director—J. E. Stevens


Auckland—V. E. Rice

Taranaki—P. S. Whitcombe

Wanganui—W. J. Carson

Wellington—G. L. Stewart

Hawke's Bay—G. Crawshaw

Marlborough—J. Smith

Nelson—S. Ellis

Grey—C. Phillips

Westland—A. J. Morton, B.A.

Canterbury North—H. C. Lane

Canterbury South—A. Bell, M.A.

Otago—P. G. Pryde

Southland—J. Neill


Auckland—H. N. Garland

Taranaki—F. P. Corkill

Wellington—J. H. N. Wardrop

Hawke's Bay—E. P. A. Platford

Marlborough—J. Smith

Nelson—A. T. Jones

Westland—A. J. Morton

Canterbury—H. H. Pitman

Otago—C. Macandrew


Minister of Health—Hon. G. Fowlds

Director and Chief Health Officer, &c.—J. Malcolm Mason, M.D., D.P.H., &c.

Bacteriologist—R. H. Makgill, M.D. Edin., D.P.H. Camb. Assistant Bacteriologist and Assistant in Vaccine Laboratory—J. A. Hurley

Native Health Officers—Dr. Maui Pomare, Dr. Peter Buck

Chief Clerk—J. J. D. Grix

Accountant—H. Eastgate

Clerks—H. B. Magrath, T. P. Butler, J. W. Taylor, L. J. Ell. Typistes, Gwenllian Craig, G. Martelli

Pathologist—J.A. Gilruth, M.R.C.V.S.

Analysts—Wellington, Dr. J. S. Maclaurin; Auckland, J. A. Pond; Dunedin J. G. Black; Christchurch, A. A. Bickerton

District Health Officers—Auckland, Dr. J. S. Purdy; Napier, Dr. F. I. De Lisle; Wellington, Dr. J. P. Frengley; Nelson, Dr. Bett; Greymouth, Dr. C. G. Morice; Christchurch, Dr. H. E. Finch; Dunedin, Dr. F. Ogston

Port Health Officers—Picton, Dr. W. E. Redman; Oamaru, Dr. A. Douglas; Wanganui, Dr. R. C. Earle; Port Chalmers, Dr. G. Hodges; Wellington, Dr. H. Pollen; Westport, Dr. M. Mackenzie; Greymouth, Dr. C. G. Morice; Timaru, Dr. E. T. Thomas; Onehunga, Dr. W. G. Scott; Auckland, Dr. E. W. Sharman; Kaipara,

Dr. W. H. Horton; Whangarei, Dr. W. W. Baxter; Bluff, Dr. J. Torrance; Lyttelton, Dr. C. H. Upham; Gisborne, Dr. J. W. Williams; Napier, Dr. T. C. Moore; New Plymouth, Dr. H. A. McClelland; Hokianga, Dr. D. S. Coto; Thames, Dr. Walshe; Whitianga, Dr. Craig; Nelson, Dr. F. A. Bett; Chatham Islands, Dr. G. H. Gibson

Sanitary Inspectors—Chief Inspector: C. A. Schauer, Wellington. Inspectors: Wellington, C. E. Miller, and A. P. Bennett; Dunedin, W. E. Gladstone; Stratford, F. B. Gardiner; Auckland, C. C. Winstanley and R. Grieve; Napier, D. Munro; Hamilton, C. Middleton; Christchurch, R. H. McKenzie and M. Kershaw; Invercargill, K. Cameron; Marton, F. C. Wilson; Masterton, C. Dorizac; Feilding, M. O'Brien; Blenheim, J. Johnston; Wanganui, S. H. Sargeant


Medical Superintendent — Dr. E. E. Roberts


Inspector-General—Frank Hay, M.B., C.M.

Assistant Inspector—Miss Hester Maclean

Chief Clerk—D. Souter

Medical Superintendent, Auckland Mental Hospital—R. M. Beattie, M.B.

Medical Superintendent, Christchurch Mental Hospital—W. Baxter Gow, M.D.

Medical Superintendent, Porirua Mental Hospital—Gray Hassell, M.D.

Medical Superintendent, Wellington Mental Hospital—A. Crosby, M.R.C.S.

Medical Superintendent, Seacliff Mental Hospital—F. Truby King, M.B.

Superintendent, Hokitika Mental Hospital—John Downey; Medical Officer, H. Macandrew, M.B.

Superintendent, Nelson Mental Hospital—George Chapman; Medical Officer, W. J. Mackay, M.D.

Ashburn Hall, Waikari (private hospital)—Proprietors, Dr. E. W. Alexander and Executor of James Hume; Medical Officer, E. H. Alexander, M.B, C.M.

Home for Defectives, Richmond — Steward, Henry Buttle; Matron, Matilda C. Buttle


Minister in Charge—Hon. G. Fowlds

Inspector-General of Hospitals — Dr. T. H. A. Valintine, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., D.P.H.

Assistant Inspector—Miss Hester Maclean

Chief Clerk—O. Mewhinney


Public Trustee—J. W. Poynton

Deputy Public Trustee and Chief Clerk—A. A. K. Duncan

Solicitor—F. J. Wilson

Inspector—T. S. Ronaldson

Accountant—T. D. Kendall

Examiner—A. Purdie

Clerks in Charge — T. Stephens, W. A. Fordham, C. Zachariah, P. Hervey, P. T. Fair, W. S. McGowan

Clerks—E. C. Reeves, G. A. Smyth, E. A. Smythe, W. Barr, E. O. Hales, G. M. Morris, N. Mulhane, C. A. Goldsmith, J. Finlay, R. Price, N. M. Chesney, H. Turner, C. M. Calders, M. E. Nash, J. Menzies, E. P. Hay, A. C. Bretherton, A. B. Chappell, G. H. Chesterman, A. H. T. Jones, J. W. Macdonald, E. E. McLean, A. Mackay, E. C. Clarke, G. H. Elliffe, A. J. Tobin, W. G. Baird, G. Ronaldson, K. A. Alexander, H. King, R. D. Newth, J. S. Donovan, E. R. Myers, N. P. Neilson, A. W. Whyte, T. J. Dwyer, G. S. Bogle, A. Watters

District Agent, Christchurch — M. C. Barnett. Clerks—G. P. Purnell, P. A. Devereux, A. W. Ironside, P. G. Dwyer, C. McDonald, V. E. Moon

District Agent, Auckland—E. F. Warren. Clerks—A. J. Cross, A. R. Jordan, S. Hunter, N. Shannon

District Agent, Napier—K. N. H. Browne. Cadette—I. I. Hutson.

District Agent, Dunedin—F. H. Morice. Clerks—C. F. Young, R. A. Ward, P. Naylor, W. C. Nicholls, M. Downes, F. M. Whyte

District Agent, Greymouth—J. Allen. Cadet—A. W. Watters

District Agent, Nelson—E. P. Watkis

West Coast Settlement Reserves Agent and District Agent, New Plymouth—J. B. Jack. Clerks—S. W. Smith, A. Quinney

District Agent, Wangnui—T. R. Saywell. Cadet—N. M. Macdougall


Commissioner—J. H. Richardson, F.F.A., F.I.A.V.

Assistant Commissioner—D. M. Luckie

Actuary—Morris Fox

Secretary—W. B. Hudson

Accountant—G. W. Barltrop

Chief Medical Officer—T. Cahill, M.D.

Assistant Actuary—P. Muter

Chief Clerk—R. C. Niven

Office Examiner—G. A. Kennedy

Clerks—J. W. Kinniburgh, W. S. Smith, A. H. Hamerton, A. Avery, F. B. Bolt, T. L. Barker. H. S. Manning, H. Rose, C. E. Galwey, G. Webb, F. K. Kelling, J. B. Young, R. P. Hood, G. A. N. Campbell, A. de Castro, H. L. Levestam, C. H. E. Stichbury, R. T. Smith, S. P. Hawthorne, J. G. Reid, J. R. Samson, R. Fullerton, T. Fouhy, G. S. Nicoll, G. E. Sadd, W. Spence, W. H. Woon, W. J. Ewart, T. M. Dimant, B. Trevithick, P. A. Anderson, W. E. Arnold, W. Thompson, M. A. Spicer, E. Tooman, H. Nicoll, E. K. Hay, I. Coulthard, W. Copeland, G. L. Osborne, I. E. Foot, J. W. Macdonald, I. L. O'Reilly, L. D. S. Maffey, P. C. Colquhoun, S. J. Wills, F. P. Cleary, E. T. O. Downard

Chief Messenger—W. Archer


District Manager—W. J. Speight

Chief Clerk—W. C. Marchant

Clerks—C. H. Ralph, P. M. West.


Resident Agent—J. H. Dean


Resident Agent—A. E. Allison Clerk—F. D. Banks


District Manager and Supervisor of New Business—G. Robertson

Chief Clerk—M. J. K. Hey wood

Clerks—A. M. McDonald, G. H. Brialey


Resident Agent—A. P. Burnes


Resident Agent—R. S. Latta


District Manager—J. C. Prudhoe

Chief Clerk—J. K. Blenkhorn

Clerks—G. J. Robertson, L. G. Blackwell


Resident Agent—S. T. Wickstesd


Resident Agent—A. W. G. Burnes Clerk—J. R. Wallace


District Manager—R. S. McGowan

Chief Clerk—O. H. Pinel

Clerks—A. Marryatt, T.P. Laurenson


Resident Agent—J. Findlay

Clerk—J. Hendry



General Manager—J. W. Brindley

Accountant and Chief Clerk — J. H. Jerram

Fire Surveyor—H. C. Rogers

Corresponding and Record Clerk—O. S.


Clerks—W. C. Prime, G. W. Greenish, P. H. Smith, H. J. Thompson, A. Berry

Typiste—A. Coltman

Cadets — W. Watson, E. McPherson, E. von Stürmer, S. O. Jones



Manager—R. J. Lusher

Chief Clerk—Joseph Rawson

Clerk—F. R. Gruzning

Cadet—Norman Dixon

Typiste—Miss A. Gaw


Manager—F. J. G. Wilkinson

Chief Clerk—K. B. Bain

Clerk—Cecil Marshall

Cadet—D. Morrison

Otago and Southland.

Manager—F. H. Pope

Chief Clerk—W. Dobson

Clerk—R. McLean

Cadet—E. J. W. Carr


Superintendent—P. Heyes

Assistant Superintendent—W. Waddel

Accountant—W. N. Hinchliffe

Clerks—J. E. Thompson, C. T. Fraser, A. W. Knowles, A. A. Prichard, W. Auld, T. W. Foote, J. B. Hobart, H. S. O'Rourke, C. D. Wilson, R. G. McLennan, A. Tudhope, G. Mackley, J. F. O'Leary

Typist—F. W. Crombie

Cadets—J. J. M. Harvey, F. J. R. Gledhill, S. O. Clarke, B. H. Horner, A. A. Falconer


Cadets in the Civil Service are required, after arriving at the age of eighteen years, to serve for three years in a Volunteer corps. Heads of Departments are required to see that cadets who come within the regulations join the Volunteer Force, and serve for the period named, and also to notify the Under-Secretary for Defence of the appointment of all cadets coming within this regulation.


THERE is no State Church in the colony, nor is State aid given to any form of religion. Government in the early days set aside certain lands as endowments for various religious bodies, but nothing of the kind has been done for many years past.



The Most Rev. Samuel Tarratt Nevill, D.D., Dunedin; consecrated 1871 (Primate).

The Right Reverend Moore Richard Neligan, D.D., Auckland; consecrated 1903.

The Right Rev. William Leonard Williams, D.D., Waiapu; consecrated 1895.

The Right Rev. Frederic Wallis, D.D., Wellington; consecrated 1895.

The Right Rev. Charles Oliver Mules, M.A., Nelson; consecrated 1892.

The Right Rev. Churchill Julius, D.D., Christchurch; consecrated 1890.

The Right Rev. Cecil Wilson, M.A., Melanesia; consecrated 1894.



The Most Rev. Francis Redwood, S.M., D.D., Archbishop and Metropolitan, Wellington; consecrated 1874.


The Right Rev. George Michael Lenihan, D.D., Auckland; consecrated 1896.

The Right Rev. John Joseph Grimes, S.M., D.D., Christchurch; consecrated 1887.

The Right Rev. Michael Verdon, D.D., Dunedin; consecrated 1896.


The principal present heads or officers of the various Churches, and the places and times of holding the annual or periodical assemblies or meetings, are as follow:—

Church of England.—For Church purposes, the colony is divided into six dioceses — viz., Auckland, Waiapu, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, and Dunedin. The General Synods meets every third year in one or other of the dioceses. Representatives attend from each diocese, and also from the diocese of Melanesia. President, the Bishop of Dunedin, Primate. The Diocesan Synods meet once a year, under the presidency of the Bishop of the diocese.

Roman Catholic Church.—The diocese of Wellington, established in 1848, was in 1887 created an archdiocese and the metropolitan see. There are three suffragan dioceses—Auckland, Christchurch, and Dunedin. A retreat is held annually in each of the four dioceses, at the end of which a synod is held, presided over by the bishop or archbishop, and at which all his clergy attend.

In January, 1899, the first Provincial Council of New Zealand was held in Wellington, under the presidency of the Metropolitan, and attended by all the suffragan bishops, and a number of priests elected specially in each diocese as representatives of the whole Catholic clergy in the colony. The decrees of this Council were approved by Rome in April, 1900, were published on 1st January, 1901, and are now binding in every diocese in the colony.

Presbyterian Church of New Zealand.—The General Assembly will meet on the first Tuesday of November, 1907, in St. John's Church, Wellington. Moderator, the Rev. G. B. Monro, Remuera; Senior Clerk, Rev. David Sidey, D.D., Napier; Junior Clerk, Rev. David Borrie, Dunedin; Treasurer, Rev. W. J. Comrie; Presbyterian Church Offices, Wellington; Theological Professors, Rev. John Dunlop, M.A., D.D., and Rev. Michael Watt, M.A., D.D., Dunedin; Tutor in Greek, Mr. James Dunbar, Dunedin.

Methodist Church of Australasia in New Zealand.—The annual New Zealand Conference meets on or about the last Tuesday in February, the exact date being determined by the President, who holds office for one year. Each Conference determines where the next one shall assemble. President (1907–8), Rev. W. Slade, Dunedin; Secretary, Rev. C. H. Laws, B.A., Dunedin. The next Conference is to meet in Pitt Street Church, Auckland.

Primitive Methodist Connexion.—A Conference takes place every January. The next is to be held at Dunedin, commencing 11th January, 1908. The Conference officials for the present year are: President, Rev. C. E. Ward, Wellington; Vice-President, Mr. J. Huffey, Geraldine; Secretary, Rev. Ben Dudley, Waddington, Canterbury; Hon. District Secretary, Mr. D. Goldie, Pitt Street, Auckland; Treasurer of Mission Funds, Mr. Joseph Watkinson, Wapiti, Auckland.

Baptist Union of New Zealand.—President, Rev. J. C. Martin, Spreydon; Vice-President, Rev. W. L. Salter, Waihi; Secretary, Rev. R. S. Gray, Christchurch; Treasurer, Mr. A. Chidgey, Christ-church; Mission Secretary, Rev. J. C. Martin, Christchurch; Mission Treasurer, Mr A. Hoby, Wellington. The Union comprises 41 churches, 24 preaching - stations, 4,311 members, and a constituency of 18,000. The denominational organ is the New Zealand Baptist; Editor, Mr. H. H. Driver, Dunedin. The Foreign Missionary Society, with an average income of £1,400, employs a doctor, a missionary, three zenana ladies, and 14 Native helpers. The sphere of operations is in North Tipperah, East Bengal.

Congregational Union of New Zealand.—The annual meetings are held during the month of February, such place as may be decided on by vote of the Council. Chairman for 1907, Rev. W. Day, Mount Eden; Chairman-elect, Rev. W. Saunders, Dunedin; Secretary, Mr. J. P. Hoolon, Auckland; Treasurer, Mr. W. H. Lyon, Auckland; Registrar, Mr. G. Hunt, Wellington; Head Office, Auckland. In 1908 the meeting of the Council will be held at Wellington. The Committee of the Union meets in Auckland on the second Tuesday of each month.

Hebrews.—Ministers: Rev. S. A. Goldstein, Auckland; Rev. H. van Staveren, Wellington; Rev. I. Bernstein, Christchurch; Rev. A. T. Chodowski, Dunedin; Mr. Alexander Singer, Hokitika. Annual meetings of the general congregations are usually held at these places during the month of Elul (about the end of August).


THE defence forces consist of the Royal N.Z. Artillery and Royal N.Z. Engineers, and the auxiliary forces of Volunteers, Field Artillery, Garrison Artillery, Engineers (submarine mining and field), Mounted Rifles, Rifle, Cycle, Field Hospital and Bearer Corps, Defence Rifle Clubs, and Defence Cadets. The position of Commandant of the Forces ceased with the completion of General Babington's term of engagement, and under the scheme for the reorganization of the Defence Forces the duties appertaining to the administration and control of the forces will in future be carried out by the Council of Defence, which commenced duty early in the new year (1907). The Council consists of the Hon. Minister of Defence as President, the Chief of the General Staff, the Adjutant-General and Quartermaster-General, the Inspector-General of the Forces, the Finance Member, and the Secretary to the Council. Under the new regime, the designations of Artillery Staff Officer, Engineer Staff Officer, and the Defence Storekeeper become Director of Artillery Services, Director of Engineer Services, and Director of Stores respectively, those officers being responsible to the Adjutant-General in the administration of their various branches. The training-ship “Amokura” (formerly H.M.S. “Sparrow”), employed in the training of lads for the Mercantile Marine, has been transferred to the Marine Department.


The two Islands (North and Middle) are divided into five military districts, each commanded by an officer of field rank, with an Adjutant and clerical staff, besides a staff of N.C.O.s, mostly drawn from the Imperial Army, for instruction of Volunteers.


This Force is divided into four detachments, which are stationed at Auckland, Wellington (headquarters), Lyttelton, and Dunedin; their principal duties are to look after and take charge of all guns, ordnance stores, ammunition, horses for Field Artillery, and munitions of war at these four centres. The Force has a strength of 248 of all ranks, the authorised establishment being 280. The training of Garrison and Field Artillery Volunteers is carried out by the Permanent Force under the direction of the Director of Artillery Services.


This branch is divided between Auckland and Wellington, with small detachments at Lyttelton and Port Chalmers, and has a strength of 84 of all ranks, the authorised establishment being 113. They have charge of two submarine-mining steamers of the “Sir F. Chapman” class, and of all submarine-mining and electric-light stores, as well as the training of submarine-mining Volunteers.


There are six batteries of Field Artillery. They are armed with 15-pounder B.L., on field carriages, and go into camp annually for sixteen days. Present strength, 461 of all ranks (33 officers and 428 other ranks).


There are nine Garrison Artillery Corps. They go into camp annually for sixteen days. Present strength, 56 officers and 873 other ranks.


There are six Engineer Corps, two Submarine Mining and four Field Corps, with a total strength of 26 officers and 444 of other ranks. The Submarine Miners have cutters, &c., provided, and are instructed in rowing, knotting, splicing, signalling, and other duties pertaining to this branch of the service. Attendance at an annual camp is also compulsory. The Field Engineers, besides carrying rifles, are provided with entrenching tools and all appliances for blowing up bridges or laying land mines. Both Submarine Mining and Field Engineers go into camp for sixteen days each year.


There are seventy-three corps of Mounted Rifles. These corps go into camp for an annual training of seven days. Present strength, 353 officers, 3,836 other ranks.


In this branch of the service there are a hundred and twenty corps, with a strength of 472 officers, 6,409 other ranks. These corps go into camp for an annual training of six days.


There are Volunteer Cycle Corps at Wellington, Christchurch, and Dunedin, of a maximum strength of two officers and thirty two non-commissioned officers, rank and file: they are attached to the infantry battalions at those centres. To the Cycle Corps at Christchurch and Dunedin is attached a Signalling Detachment of two officers and thirty-four other ranks. The Signalling Detachments at other centres are attached to Infantry Corps.


Volunteer Field Hospital and Bearer Corps at Auckland, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, and Dunedin are of a maximum strength of three officers and fifty non-commissioned officers rank and file.


There are five Garrison Bands, with a total membership of 142.


There is a force of fifty-eight Cadet Corps, with a total strength of 3,094 of all ranks.


These have lately been established. Members can purchase rifles at cost-price from Government. An annual grant of ammunition is made to those members who fulfil conditions as to quarterly drills, &c. There are 116 Rifle Clubs, comprising 3,141 members.


The whole of the adult portion of the Force have Lee-Enfield carbines or rifles; cadets being armed with magazine Lee-Enfield and Martini-Enfield carbines. Defence Rifle Clubs are armed with magazine Lee-Enfield rifles.


Members of the Permanent Forces are enrolled to serve for a period of eight years from enrolment, the last three years of such being in the Reserve. Every member may, at the expiration of five years' service, if of good character, be allowed to continue in active service for a period of sixteen years.


The Instructors for Artillery and Engineer and Submarine Mining Corps are obtained from the School of Gunnery at Shoe-buryness, and from the Royal Engineers respectively, under a three years' engagement, on completion of which they return to their regiments, if not re-engaged for a further term.


An annual capitation of £2 10s. is granted to each efficient garrison and field artillery and infantry Volunteer, £3 10s. to each efficient mounted Volunteer, and 12s. 6d. to each efficient cadet. The following annual allowances of small-arms ammunition per man are made annually to the various arms: Permanent Force, 100 rounds ball; Engineers, 100 rounds ball; Artillery, 100 rounds ball; Mounted Rifles, 180 rounds ball; Infantry, 180 rounds ball; Defence Cadets, 100 rounds ball; Defence Rifle Clubs, 120 rounds ball.


The defence forces of New Zealand are administered under “The Defence Act, 1886,” and the Defence Act Amendment Acts, 1900, and 1906, and the General Regulations of the Defence Forces of New Zealand.

Year.Military Expenditure.Harbour Defences.Total.
*The special expenditure on account of contingents for South Africa is not included.



MARINERS are informed that depots of provisions and clothing for castaways are established on the following islands:—

Kermadec Islands.—There are two depots, each a small iron shed, fitted with spouting and a tank to catch water, and containing a supply of clothing, biscuits, medicines, tools, &c. One is in 30° 15' S., 178° 31' W., at Lava Cascade, about 1 1/2 cables south-eastward of the northern point of Macaulay Island; the other is in 30° 35' S., 178° 36' W., on the southern side of Macdonald Cove (crater), on the N.W. side of Curtis Island.

Snares Islands.—A depot is established in 48° 0 3/4' S., 166° 33 3/4' E., in Boat Harbour, at the eastern end of N.E. Island.

Bounty Islands.—The depot is a hut at an elevation of 120 ft., visible from the northward, and situated in 47° 43 1/4' S., 179° 0 1/2' E., southward of the western inlet of the principal island—the north-eastern—of the western group.

Antipodes Islands.—The depot is a hut at an elevation of 100 ft., visible from some distance north-eastward, and situated in 49° 40' S., 178° 50' E., 300 ft. from the landing-place, on the N.E. side of the large island, and half a mile westward of its east point.

Auckland Islands.—There are three depots on the principal island: one, a square wooden house, in 50° 33 1/4' S., 166° 12' E., and a boat near the depot, on the S. side of Erebus Cove, Port Ross; on the E. side and at the northern end of the island; the second is in 50° 44 1/4' S., 166° 8' E., at the head of Norman Inlet (wrongly named “Musgrave Inlet” on charts), and not at the inlet named Norman Inlet, two miles and a half northward; the third, and a boat for shipwrecked people, is in 50° 50 1/2' S., 166° 1' E., in the western arm of Camp Cove, Carnley Harbour, at the S. end of the island. A lifeboat has been placed on Enderby Island, the north-eastern of the group; another at the N.W. end of Adams Island, the southern of the group; and one on Rose Island, immediately S.W. of Enderby Island.

Campbell Island.—The depot, indicated by a white staff and a boat, is in 52° 33' S., 169° 6 1/2' E., in Tucker Cove, at the head of S. or Perseverance Harbour, on the east side of the island.

Finger-posts to indicate the positions of the depots are erected on all these islands. The Government steamer visits the Kermadec Islands once a year; and the Snares, Bounty, Antipodes, Auckland, and Campbell Islands twice a year.

Three Kings.—A depot for castaways, containing provisions, has been established on the Big King Island.


Depots with provisions and other necessaries for shipwrecked mariners have been established at Cape Beale Lighthouse in 48° 47 1/2' N., 125° 13 1/2' W., and Carmanah Lighthouse in 48° 36 3/4' N., 124° 46 1/2' W.

Notice boards have been erected at intervals between Cape Beale and Port San Juan (about twelve miles eastward of Carmanah Lighthouse), giving information for the use of shipwrecked mariners respecting the direction and distance of the nearest lighthouse, and also of the nearest Indian village where assistance can be obtained.

A note to this effect has been placed on the Admiralty charts; also, that Cape Beale and Carmanah Lighthouse are telegraph and signal stations.


Depots containing provisions and clothing for the use of shipwrecked seamen have been established by the French vessel-of-war “Eure” on Amsterdam, St. Paul, and Kerguelen Islands.

Amsterdam Island.—The depot is in a large cavern, in approximately 37° 48 3/4' S., 77° 32 1/2' E., in the side of a hill, about 800 yards S., 73° W. from Hosken Point, the N.E. extremity of the island, and bears N. 85° W., about 600 yards from the first flagstaff southward of that point. At the entrance of the cavern is a board, fixed to two upright tarred posts, with the inscription, “France, Vivres, Vêtements pour naufragés, ‘Eure,’ Janvier, 1893,” on it. This depot contains 1,350 lb. of preserved beef, 1,125 lb. of biscuit, ten woollen shirts, ten pairs cotton drawers, ten blankets, and one soldered metal red box containing four packets of matches. The landing-place used by the “Eure” is about 400 yards southward of Hosken Point, and under the above flagstaff.

Directions for finding the Depot.—Having landed, go to either of the flagstaffs, from whence a cross will be seen; from the cross follow the direction of its arms, leading past two ruins of rough stones, and then directly to the cavern, the entrance to which faces seaward. In the cavern, besides the provisions and clothing, there are cots, a cooking-pot, and dry wood, left by the fishermen who sometimes live there. Cabbage and celery will be found near, and fish and lobsters (crayfish) abound near the landing-place.

St. Paul Island.—The depot is in a hut of rough stones with a thatched roof, in approximately 38° 42 3/4' S., 77° 34 3/4' E., on the northern side of the crater, near the jetty and about 50 yards from the flagstaff, and contains 1,350 lb. of preserved beef in boxes of 9 lb., 1,125 lb. of biscuits, ten woollen shirts, ten blankets, and one soldered metal box containing four packets of matches. The provisions and clothes are in thirteen iron-hooped barrels coated with tar and sand, and placed under a tarpaulin. On the door of the hut is the inscription, “France, Vivres et Vêtements pour naufragés, ‘Eure,’ Janvier, 1893”; and a similar inscription is on a board within the hut.

Kerguelen Island.—The depot is in approximately 49° 16 3/4' S., 69° 40 1/2' E., in the south-eastern part of Jachmann Peninsula, Hills-borough Bay, near the south-western shore of the eastern lake, and about 1/2 mile northward of the coast, opposite Gazelle Basin. It is in a cave at the foot of the W. cliff of a rocky chasm, running N. and S., and its position is indicated by a stone cairn, 11 1/2 ft. in height, and about 14 ft. broad at the base, erected on the summit of the W. cliff of the chasm. This cairn, visible from Gazelle Basin, is black, and shows clearly against the grey rocks which form the back ground. The entrance to the cave has been closed by large stones, and on the cliff a few yards above it is the inscription, “Vivres et Vêtements, ‘Eure,’ Janvier, 1893.” This depot contains 2,250 lb. of preserved beef in boxes of 9 lb., 1,125 lb. of biscuits, twenty swan-skin shirts, twenty pairs of woollen drawers, twenty woollen blankets, and four packets of matches. The boxes of preserved beef are stowed in a pile, coated with coal-tar. The biscuits are in four iron-hooped barrels, thickly covered with coal-tar. The clothes are in two similar barrels. The matches are in a box similar to the beef-boxes, painted with minium (red lead) and with a label of the contents on it.

In the event of the cairn being destroyed, the following directions should be followed to find the depot: Land on the N. side of the inlet opposite Gazelle Basin, in a small creek, sheltered by a rocky point, where boats may go alongside under any circumstances of wind or tide. Proceed directly inland about 1/2 mile as far as the shore of the lake, then turn to the westward and follow the lake to its western end, where the chasm in which the depot is situated will be seen on the left hand.


VESSELS visiting New Zealand, and requiring docking or repairs, will find ample accommodation at the principal ports of the colony.

There are in New Zealand four graving docks; two of these are situated in Auckland, one at Lyttelton, and one at Port Chalmers.


The Auckland docks are the property of the Auckland Harbour Board, and cost, with machinery, appliances, &c., £250,300. The dimensions of the docks at Auckland are as follow:—

 Calliope Dock.Auckland Dock.
Length over all525 feet.312 feet.
Length on floor500 feet.300 feet.
Breadth over all110 feet.65 feet.
Breadth on floor40 feet.42 feet.
Breadth at entrance80 feet.43 feet.
Depth of water on sill (at high water, ordinary spring tides)33 feet.13 1/2 feet.

Alterations have been made to the lower altars of Calliope Dock which will enable vessels of 63 ft. beam to be docked without any difficulty.

The following is the scale of charges for the use of the Auckland and Calliope Graving-docks and appliances:—

 £    s.    d.
Entrance fee1    1    0
For every vessel of 100 tons (gross register), or under, per day5    0    0
For every vessel from 101 to 200 tons (gross register), per day6    0    0
For every additional ton (gross register), per day0    0    2
Twenty per cent. reduction on the above rates will be allowed when two or three vessels dock on the same tide, and remain in dock the same number of hours, but such reduction will not be allowed if any of the Auckland Harbour Board's vessels are docked at the same time as another vessel.
For shores cut in docking or hanging the vessel there must be paid, according to injury done, such amount as may be fixed by the Dock-master.
For use of steam-kiln, 10s. per day.
For use of pitch-furnace, 10s. per day.
 £    s.    d.
Entrance fee5    5    0
For all vessels up to 300 tons (gross register), for four days or less20    0    0
For all vessels 301 to 400 tons (gross register), for four days or less22    10    0
For all vessels 401 to 500 tons (gross register), for four days or less25    0    0
For all vessels 501 to 600 tons (gross register), for four days or less27    10    0
For all vessels 601 to 700 tons (gross register), for four days or less30    0    0
For all vessels 701 to 800 tons (gross register), for four days or less32    10    0
For all vessels 801 to 900 tons (gross register), for four days or less35    0    0
For all vessels 901 to 1,000 tons (gross register), for four days or less37    10    0
For all vessels 1,001 to 1,100 tons (gross register), for four days or less40    0    0
For all vessels 1,101 to 1,200 tons (gross register), for four days or less45    0    0
For all vessels 1,201 tons (gross register) and upwards, for four days or less50    0    0

After the fourth day in dock the following rates will be charged:—

For all vessels up to 500 tons (gross register)4d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 501 to 1,000 tons (gross register)3d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 1,001 to 2,000 tons (gross register)2 3/4d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 2,001 to 3,000 tons (gross register)2 1/2d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 3,001 to 4,000 tons (gross register)2 1/4d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 4,001 tons (gross register) and upwards2d. per ton a day.

Twenty per cent. reduction on the above rates will be allowed when two or three vessels dock on the same tide and remain in dock the same number of hours, but such reduction will not be allowed if any of the Auckland Harbour Board's vessels are docked at the same time as another vessel.

For shores cut in docking or hanging the vessel, there shall be paid, according to injury done, such amount as may be fixed by the Dockmaster.

During the year 1905, 105 vessels of various descriptions, with a total of 28,112 tons, made use of the Auckland Graving-dock, occupying it in all 259 days, for repairs or painting.

In Calliope Dock 18 vessels were docked, with an aggregate tonnage of 29,339, and occupying the dock for 173 days.

Dock dues for the year amounted to £3,208 7s. 5d.

Under arrangement with the Admiralty, a complete plant of the most efficient and modern machinery has been provided at Calliope Dockyard. The workshops are now erected, and all the machinery is placed in position, with the exception of the shear-legs, for which a contract has now been let. This plant includes 80-ton shear-legs complete; trolly to carry 80 tons, and rails; 10-ton steam-crane at side of dock, engines, boilers, over-head travellers; planing, shaping, and slotting machines; radial drills, vertical drills, band saws for iron, punching and shearing machines, plate-bending rolls; 24 in. centre gantry lathe, 70 ft. bed; 9 in. and 12 in. gantry lathes, milling-machines, emery grinders, screwing - machines, ditto for pipes, horizontal boring - machines, Root's blower, smiths' forges (six), coppersmith's forge, levelling-slabs, steam-hammers, lead-furnace, wall-cranes, zinc-bath, plate-furnace, jib crane for foundry, circular-saw bench, band saw for wood, lathe for wood, general joiners' and carpenters' benches (four), kiln for steaming boards, Fox's trimmer, cupola to melt 5 tons of metal, countersinking - machine, pipe-bending machine, tools of various descriptions, moulders' bins, force-pumps for testing pipes, vice-benches, electric-light engines, dynamos (two), &c., and all other appliances and machinery required to render the plant adequate to repair any of His Majesty's ships upon the station or any merchant vessel visiting the port. The dock and machinery will be available for use, when not required for His Majesty's vessels, in effecting repairs to any merchant vessel requiring same. Electric lights have been provided for workshops, dock, and dockyard. The dockyard is now connected by telephone with the central exchange. An abundant supply of the purest fresh water is available at Calliope Dock and Calliope Wharf; and a most complete establishment of up-to-date machinery and appliances has been provided.


The Port of Wellington has no dock; but there is a well-equipped patent slip at Evans Bay, on which vessels of 2,000 tons can be safely hauled up. This slip is the property of a private company, and is in no way connected with the Harbour Board. It is 1,070 ft. long, with a cradle 260 ft. in length. There is a depth of 32 ft. at high water at the outer end of the slip. A dolphin and buoys are laid down for swinging ships in Evans Bay.

The company has convenient workshops, which contain machinery necessary for effecting all ordinary repairs to vessels using the slip.

During the year ended 31st March, 1906, 106 vessels of various sizes, of an aggregate of 50,229 tons, were taken up on the slip for repairs, cleaning, painting, &c. The charges for taking vessels on the slip and launching them are 1s. per ton on the gross tonnage for the first full twenty-four hours, and 6d. per ton per day after-wards, unless by special agreement.


The Graving-dock at Lyttelton, which is the property of the Harbour Board, is capable of docking men-of-war, or almost all of the large ocean steamers now running to the colony. Its general dimensions are: Length over all, 503 ft.; length on floor, 450 ft.; length inside caisson at a height of 4 ft. above the floor, 462 ft.; breadth over all, 82 ft.; breadth on floor, 46 ft.; breadth at entrance, 62 ft.; breadth where ship's bilge would be, on 6 ft. blocks, 55 ft.; available docking depth at this breadth, 17 ft.; depth of water on sill at high water, springs, 23 ft.

The scale of charges for the use of the dock and pumping machinery is as follows:—

 £    s.    d.
For all vessels up to 300 tons, for four days or less20    0    0
For all vessels up to 301 to 400 tons, for four days or less22    10    0
For all vessels up to 401 to 500 tons, for four days or less25    0    0
For all vessels up to 501 to 600 tons, for four days or less27    10    0
For all vessels up to 601 to 700 tons, for four days or less30    0    0
For all vessels up to 701 to 800 tons, for four days or less32    10    0
For all vessels up to 801 to 900 tons, for four days or less35    0    0
For all vessels up to 901 to 1,000 tons, for four days or less37    10    0
For all vessels up to 1,001 to 1,100 tons, for four days or less40    0    0
For all vessels up to 1,101 to 1,200 tons, for four days or less45    0    0
For all vessels up to 1,201 tons and upwards, for four days or less50    0    0

After the fourth day in dock, the following rates are charged:—

For all vessels up to 500 tons4d. per ton per day.
For all vessels of 501 tons to 1,000 tons3d. per ton per day.
For all vessels over 1,001 tons up to 2,000 tons2 3/4d. per ton per day.
For all vessels over 2,001 tons up to 3,000 tons2 1/2d. per ton per day.
For all vessels over 3,001 tons up to 4,000 tons2 1/4 per ton per day.
For all vessels over 4,001 tons up to 5,000 tons2d. per ton per day.

Twenty per cent. reduction on the above rates is allowed when two or three vessels can arrange to dock on the same tide and remain in dock the same number of hours. Two vessels of 1,000 tons each can be docked at the same time. The 20-per-cent. rebate is not allowed if any of the Lyttelton Harbour Board's vessels are docked at the same time as another vessel. The twenty-four hours constituting the first day of docking commences from the time of the dock being pumped out.

Any vessel belonging to H.M. Navy or any colonial Government, or any commissioned ship belonging to any foreign nation, is admitted into the graving-dock without payment of the usual dock dues, but is charged only such sum as is necessary for the reimbursement of actual expenditure of stores, wages, and materials.

There are electric lights, one on each side of the graving-dock; and there are engineering works within a short distance of it, where repairs and heavy foundry-work can be undertaken.

The graving-dock and machinery cost £105,000. The interest and sinking fund on that sum, at 6 1/2 per cent., amounts to £6,825 per annum. Since its construction the dock dues for the twenty-four years ended 31st December, 1906, amounted to £25,427, and the working-expenses to £15,521, leaving a balance for twenty-four years ended 31st December, 1906, of £9,906.

During the year 1906 twenty-seven vessels were docked, and the dock dues amounted to £1,203 3s. 6d. For the twenty-four years ending 1906 508 vessels were docked, or an average of about twenty-one a year.


Alongside the graving-dock is a patent slip, with a cradle 150 ft. in length, suitable for vessels of 300 tons. It belongs to the Harbour Board.

The following is the scale of charges:—

Up to 75 tons gross register, £4 for five days, and 10s. per day after the fifth day.

Over 75 tons and up to 150 tons gross register, £6 for five days, and 15s. per day after fifth day.

Over 150 tons and up to 250 tons gross register, £8 for five days, and 20s. per day after fifth day.

Over 250 tons gross register, £10 for five days, and 20s. per day after fifth day.

A “day” to mean between sunrise and sunset.

The above rates cover the cost of all labour connected with hauling up and launching (the crew of the vessel to give their assistance as may be required), and the cost of blocking a vessel and shifting the blocks after hauling up.


The dock at Port Chalmers is vested in the Otago Dock Trust, a body entirely distinct from the Otago Harbour Board. Vessels of large size can be taken in the Otago Dock, as the following measurements will show:—

Length over all335 feet.
Length on the floor328 feet.
Breadth over all68 feet.
Breadth on floor41 feet.
Breadth where ship's bilge would be43 feet.
Breadth at dock-gates50 feet.
Depth of water on sill at high water (ordinary spring tides)17 1/2 feet.

Connected with the Otago Dock are a large machine-shop, steam-hammer, and forge, with all the appliances necessary for performing any work that may be required by vessels visiting the port. An 80-ton shear-legs has also been erected for heavy lifts.

There is also a patent slip, used for taking up small vessels.

All vessels using the Otago Graving-dock are liable to dock dues according to the following scale (unless under special contract), revised since the beginning of 1896:—

 £    s.    d.
Vessels under 200 tons, for the first three days, or part of three days25    0    0
Vessels of 200 tons, and under 800 tons35    0    0
Vessels of 800 tons and upwards50    0    0

And for every day, or part of a day, after the first three days:—

Vessels under 300 tons8d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 300 tons and under 400 tons7 3/4d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 400 tons and under 5007 1/2d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 500 tons and under 6007 1/4d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 600 tons and under 7007d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 700 tons and under 8006 3/4d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 800 tons and under 9006 1/2d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 900 tons and under 1,0006 1/4d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 1,000 tons and upwards6d. per register ton per day.

Chapter 23. HARBOURS.

PILOTAGE, port charges, berthage charges, &c., at eighteen of the principal harbours in New Zealand, as on the 1st January, 1907 (compiled by Mr. C. Hood Williams, Secretary to the Lyttelton Harbour Board, except as to the port of Gisborne, the information in this case being furnished by the Secretary to the Gisborne Harbour Board):—


Pilotage (not compulsory): Sailing-vessels, inwards and outwards, 3d. per ton each way.

Steamers, inwards and outwards, 2d. per ton each way when services of pilot are taken.

Pilotage includes the removal fee to or from the berth at 1d. per ton. In the case of any vessel, the registered tonnage of which exceeds 5,000 tons, no pilotage rates shall be payable in respect of such excess.

Port charges: 3d. per ton half-yearly (on all vessels over 15 tons) in one payment. Vessels arriving for coal, stores, water, or for receiving or landing mails, which do not come to any wharf or receive or discharge cargo within the port, are exempt from port charges. In the case of any vessel the registered tonnage of which exceeds 5,000 tons, no port charges shall be payable in respect of such excess.

Harbourmaster's fees: 1d. per ton. Vessels paying pilotage are exempt.

Exemption berthage certificates are given to competent masters in the coastal and intercolonial trades, but not to those in foreign trade.

Berthage: Every person who shall use any wharf with any vessel shall pay for the use thereof—Licensed ferry steamers, 10s. to £1 10s. per month; other vessels under 20 tons, 6d. and 1s. per day, not exceeding 10s. per quarter. For every vessel not included in the above, 1/4d. per ton per day. Outside berths, 1/8d. per ton per day.


Pilotage (not compulsory): Sailing-vessels over 100 tons, first 100 tons, 6d. per ton; every ton over 100 tons, 2d. per ton. Into and out of Turanganui River: Sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton; sailing-vessels towed, 2d. per ton; steamers, 2d. per ton.

Port charges: Vessels, intercolonial or foreign, 1d. per ton on arrival, not to exceed 3d. per ton in any three months; vessels, coastal, over 200 tons, 1d. per ton on arrival, not to exceed 3d. per ton in any three months; vessels, coastal, 200 tons and under, 3d. per ton on arrival, not to exceed 3d. per ton in any three months.

Harbourmaster's fees: Free.

Berthage alongside the wharves: Per day or part, under 50 tons, 5s.; over 50 tons and up to 75 tons, 7s. 6d., over 75 tons up to 100 tons, 10s.; for every additional 50 tons or fraction thereof, 2s. 6d. Vessels discharging outside of others to pay half foregoing dues. Steamers to pay double rates as per tonnage; and in all cases sailing-vessels to make way for steamers.


Pilotage (compulsory): In and out—Sailing-vessels up to 100 tons, 6d. per ton, and 2d. for each ton over 100 tons; steamers up to 100 tons, 6d. per ton, and 4d. per ton for each additional ton.

Port charges: Regular traders, 2d. per ton per quarter; other vessels, 2d. per ton each trip, not to exceed 1s. 3d. per ton in half-year.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: 20 tons and under, 10s. per ton per quarter; over 20 tons, 6d. per ton per quarter, or 2s. 6d. first 20 tons per day and 1/4d. each additional ton.

Warps and fenders: Nil.


Pilotage (compulsory), charged both inwards and outwards: Intercolonial or coasting—Sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton; steamers, 1 1/2d. per ton: foreign sailing-vessel or steamer, 1/2d. per ton.

Port charges: Intercolonial, 4d. per ton, payable half-yearly; foreign, 1/2d. per ton on arrival in roadstead.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage rate: 3 1/2d. per ton on all cargo landed, shipped, or transhipped outwards; on registered tonnage also 1/2d. per ton.

Warps: 1d. per ton register for first 100 tons; 1/2d. per ton for excess.

Fenders: 1s. per day or part of day.

Water (minimum 3s.): 5s. per 1,000 gallons.


Pilotage: From signal-staff, 1/2d. per register ton each way, in and out. Ocean-going vessels 1/4d. per register ton (one way only).

Port charges: Steamers and sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton quarterly, payable first trip in each quarter; out-going vessels, 1/2d. per register ton, payable each trip.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: Steamers 2d. per ton and sailing-vessels 3d. per ton every trip.

Warps and fenders: Nil.


Pilotage (in and out): 1d. per ton register.

Port charges: 3d. per ton every three months. Light dues, 1/4d. per ton.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: 6d. per ton on cargo, as per manifest.

Warps and fenders: Nil.

Water: 2s. 6d. per 1,000 gallons.

*These charges are now under revision.


Pilotage (compulsory): 6d. per register ton.

Port charges: 3d. per ton per quarter.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage, warps, and fenders: Nil.


Pilotage (not compulsory): Into Inner Harbour—Sailing-vessels, 4d. per ton; steamers, 3d. per ton. To roadstead—First 100 tons: Sailing-vessels, 6d. per ton; steamers, 3d. per ton. Every ton over 100 tons: Sailing-vessels, 2d. per ton; steamers, 1d. per ton. Into Breakwater Harbour—First 100 tons: Sailing-vessels, 6d. per ton; steamers, 3d. per ton. Every ton over 100 tons: Sailing-vessels, 2d. per ton; steamers, 1d. per ton. Outward pilotage, half rates.

Port charges: 6d. per ton quarterly in advance, vessels plying within port only; 2d. per ton on arrival of vessels not plying within port, but not to exceed 1s. per ton in any half-year. Ocean-going vessels (not being “colonial trading” or coasting vessels) returning to port within one month from date of first arrival are exempt from port charges for second or subsequent arrivals within calendar month.

Harbourmaster's fees: 5s. per vessel of less than 60 tons. Steamers under 60 tons and licensed as lighters are exempt. 1d. per ton, sailing-vessels 60 tons and upwards; 10s. per vessel, steamers of 60 tons and under 120 tons; 1d. per ton, steamers of 120 tons and upwards. Vessels paying for pilotage service inwards do not pay Harbourmaster's fees.

Harbour-improvement rate: 3d. per ton on cargo landed, shipped, or transhipped (weight or measurement at option of Board); 1s. each horse or large cattle shipped or transhipped; 1/2d. each sheep or small animal shipped or transhipped. Vessels licensed as lighters, tow-boats, or ferry boats shall, whilst actually employed as lighters, tow, or ferry boats, pay 3s. 4d. upon each and every trip.

Hawsers and moorings: Vessels at wharf in Breakwater Harbour, 1/4d. per ton per day, or part of a day, on registered tonnage. Vessels moored to buoys within Breakwater Harbour, 1/8d. per ton per day or part of a day.

Fenders: Vessels at wharves in Breakwater Harbour—5s. per day, vessels under 500 tons; 7s. per day, vessels of 500 tons and under 1,000 tons; 10s. per day, vessels of 1,000 tons and under 1,500 tons; 15s. per day, vessels of 1,500 tons and under 2,000 tons; £1 per day, vessels of 2,000 tons; and so on, in proportion.


Pilotage: All vessels when piloted by signals from the staff only, 1d. per ton register. River pilotage, to be charged for any assistance rendered by the pilot or any of his crew inside the bar, 2d. per ton. When a pilot boards and conducts a vessel outside the bar, 3d. per ton. Steamers engaged in tendering ocean steamers at anchor in the roadstead charged half pilotage rates.

Port charges: Vessels of 500 tons and up to 8,000 tons register, 1/2d. per ton. Not to exceed 3d. per ton in any half-year. Vessels paying pilotage exempt. Ocean-going vessels (not being “colonial-trading” or “coastal”) returning to the port within one month of first arrival exempt as regards second or subsequent arrivals.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: For every steamer using any wharf, being berthed alongside, and whether discharging or loading cargo or not, 2d. per ton on gross register for first day of eight working-hours, and 1d. for every succeeding day of eight working-hours. For every sailing-vessel the charge to be 2d. for first day of eight working-hours, and 1/2d. for every succeeding day of eight working-hours, not exceeding five days. For every vessel occupying a berth outside another vessel, and loading or discharging cargo, 1/4d. per ton on gross register per day of eight working-hours whilst loading or discharging. Ships' dues on vessels detained in port by stress of weather will not be charged after the third day.


Pilotage (optional): Sailing-vessels inwards, 4d. per ton; sailing-vessels outwards, 3d. per ton; steamers inwards, 3d. per ton; steamers outwards, 2d. per ton. Pilotage includes the removal fee to or from the berth at 3/4d. per ton.

Port charges: 2d. per ton on arrival; not exceeding 6d. in any half-year. Half-yearly days, 1st January and 1st July. Steamers arriving for coal, stores, water, or for receiving or landing mails or passengers and their luggage, which do not come to any wharf or receive or discharge cargo within the port, are exempt from port charges.

Harbourmaster's or berthing fee on vessels of 120 tons and upwards, 3/4d. per ton; under 120 tons, 10s. Vessels paying pilotage are exempt. Exemption berthage certificates are given to competent masters in the coastal and intercolonial trades, but not to those in foreign trade.

Berthage: 1/4d. per ton net register per day or part of a day (day counted from midnight to midnight). Vessels berthing after working-hours, and only landing passengers and luggage, not charged for that day. Vessels leaving wharf after midnight and prior to working-hours, and only on such day taking on board passengers and luggage, not charged for such day. Vessels not working cargo after noon on Saturdays pay half rates for such Saturday. No charge for Sundays or holidays. Vessels laid up for repairs, fitting-out, &c., half rates.

Harbour-improvement Rate.—The charge of 3d. per ton shall be made to and payable by ships to the Board, as a harbour-improvement rate, on all goods landed on the wharves or landing-places under the control of the Board, except on coal and on ballast, and except on such goods as are the products of the Colony of New Zealand and are landed for the purpose of transhipment to vessels to be carried out of the colony: Provided that for the purposes of this by-law the following measurements shall be taken: Empties, half tonnage; wool, five bales to the ton; great cattle, each one ton; small cattle, twelve to the ton; timber, 500 ft. superficial measurement to the ton; bricks, slates, and tiles, 500 to the ton; carts and carriages, each two tons; loose hides, twenty-five to the ton.


Pilotage (compulsory): Steamers, inwards and outwards, 1d. per registered ton; sailing-vessels, inwards and outwards, 3d. per ton. Minimum pilotage each way (in all cases), £1.

Port charges: Vessels not paying pilotage, to pay the following, upon first arrival, half-yearly: Vessels over 100 tons register, 1s. per ton; vessels under 100 tons register, 6d. per ton.

Harbour lights: Vessels not paying pilotage, over 100 tons register, 1d. per ton; under 100 tons register, 1/2d. per ton, on each arrival.

Harbourmaster's fees: 120 tons and upwards, 1d. per ton register; less than 120 tons, 10s. for each removal of any steamer or sailing-vessel within the harbour.

Berthage, fenders, and warps: Nil.


Pilotage (compulsory): All vessels up to 100 tons, free. Any vessel, steamer, or sailer above 100 tons register, 1d. per ton each way, in and out. One way only, half rates.

Port charges: Receiving and discharging ships' ballast, 1s. per ton; minimum charge, 20s.; 1d. per ton for use of shoot.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: Use of wharf, for every vessel up to 1,400 tons lying at wharf, 1d. per ton net register per trip; for every vessel over 1,400 tons lying at a wharf, 2d. per ton net register per trip; minimum charge, 5s. No vessel to be charged for more than one trip in any one week.

Towage (both ways, in and out): Sailing-vessels, minimum charge, £7 10s.; maximum charge, £37 10s. Vessels 200 tons and upwards, 9d. per ton register. Steamers, minimum charge, £12 10s. maximum charge, £40. Vessels 1,000 tons and upwards, 3d. per ton register. Any vessel using the tug one way only, either in or out, half rates, and vessels arriving for “bunker” coal—i.e., coal to be used in the ship on her voyage and for no other purpose—half rates. Declaration to be made to this effect.


Pilotage (not compulsory): Signal-station. For sailing-vessels, 6d. per ton; for steamers, 4d. per ton, each way.

Port charges: Discharging ships' ballast, 6d. per ton.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: Use of wharf, 6d. per ton net register per trip. Vessels in ballast for coal or timber, 1d. per ton net register for the first four days: maximum, £5 10s.; minimum, 5s.


Pilotage (compulsory): Inwards and outwards—Sailing-vessels 3 1/2d. per ton; steamers 2 1/2d. per ton. Foreign-going steamers and sailing-vessels free on second call on same voyage.

Port charges: 2d. per ton quarterly, in advance, for vessels of 100 tons and upwards plying within the port or employed in coasting only, not to exceed 6d. per ton in any half-year; 2d. per ton for vessels of 100 tons and upwards not plying within the port or not solely employed in coasting, not to exceed 6d. per ton in any half-year. For exemption from pilotage and harbour fees, see clauses 132, 133, and 134 of “The Harbours Act, 1878.”

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthing charges: On all vessels of 25 tons register and upwards 1/4d. per ton each trip.

Warps (21 in. coir hawsers): £1 per warp for use during a vessel's stay in port, not exceeding six months.

Fenders (soft wood): 10s. for first day, and 5s. per day after. 10s. for use of each hardwood fender.


Pilotage (compulsory): Sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton inwards and outwards; when tug used, 2d. per ton: steamers, 2d. per ton inwards and outwards. Foreign and intercolonial steamers under 3,500 cargo tons, working 800 tons or less, only one pilotage fee; 3,500 tons or over, working 1,000 tons cargo or less, one pilotage fee only. Foreign-going steamer or sailing-vessel calling more than once during same voyage before leaving New Zealand, one inward and outward rate only (subject to above exemptions).

Port charges: Coasters, 1 1/2d. per ton each trip; sailing-vessels, not coasters, 3d. per ton each trip; steam-vessels, not coasters, 6d. per ton on cargo worked; in all cases not to exceed 1s. 3d. per ton in any half-year, dating from the 1st days of January and July in each year. Intercolonial steamers coming direct or coastwise 1 1/2d. per ton register, or 6d. per ton on cargo landed and shipped, whichever rate may be the lesser.

Harbourmaster's fees: 1d. per ton each service; vessels less than 120 tons, 10s.; steamers of 1,000 tons or over, which have loaded wholly in New Zealand or Australian ports, working 500 tons of cargo or less, only one Harbourmaster's fee. This fee is charged to all vessels or steamers not paying pilotage.

Berthage: 3d. per ton on all cargo landed or shipped.

Hawsers and moorings: Vessels at wharves, 1/2d. per ton register for first seven days; subsequent days, 1/4d. per ton. Vessels at buoys, under 800 tons register, 1/8d. per ton; over 800 tons, 1/16d. per ton.

Fenders: Sailing-vessels under 500 tons register, 2s. per day; under 1,000 tons, 3s. per day; over 1,000 tons, 4s. per day. Steamers under 1,000 tons register, 4s. per day; under 1,500 tons, 10s. per day; under 2,000 tons, 15s. per day; over 2,000 tons, £1 per day. Foreign-going vessels detained in the port sixty days, half rates thereafter for hawsers and moorings and fenders.


Tonnage rate: On cargo, inwards or outwards—Coal, merchandise, stone, produce, and timber, 8d. per ton; wool, 2s. per ton; frozen sheep, 1d. per carcase; frozen lamb, 1d. per carcase; rabbits and hares, 3s. per ton, gross weight; all other frozen goods, 3s. per ton, gross dead-weight; live-stock, 1s. 8d. per ton. These charges are in lieu of the usual port dues, pilotage, and berthage dues. Cargo is computed as follows for tonnage rates and cranage: Timber (native), 480 ft., super., to the ton; timber (ironbark), 320 ft., super., to the ton; other hard wood, 380 ft., super., to the ton; posts and rails, 50 to the ton; palings, 320 to the ton; Oamaru stone, 22 cubic feet to the ton, or as per railway weight; wool, 4 bales to the ton; live sheep, 20 to the ton; horses, 2 tons each; cattle, 2 tons each; yearlings, half rates; pigs, 10 to the ton; light carriages, two-wheeled, 1 ton each; light carriages, four-wheeled, 2 tons each. In computing the tonnage-rate all goods may be charged upon the dead weight or measurement, at the option of the Board.

Warps: 1/2d. per ton per day for seven days; 1/4d. per ton per day thereafter. In the event of any vessel remaining at any wharf for a period exceeding six weeks, the charge for warps will thereafter be reduced to 1/8d. per ton register of such vessel for each day or part of a day that she may occupy a berth at the wharf.


Pilotage (compulsory): Inwards and outwards—Sailing-vessels without tug, 6d. per ton; with tug, 4d. per ton: steamers, 4d. per ton. Foreign steamers calling twice on one voyage only charged once. All vessels holding exemption certificates, one annual pilotage. For every vessel under steam carrying an exempt pilot and employing a Board's pilot the charge shall be 1/2d. per ton for the Upper Harbour.

Port charges: 6d. per ton half-yearly, all vessels.

Harbourmaster's fees: Vessels less than 120 tons, 10s.; over 120 tons, 1d. per ton.

Berthage: Vessels trading within the port—10 tons, 5s. per quarter; 25 tons, 10s. per quarter; 50 tons, 15s. per quarter; 100 tons, £1 per quarter. Vessels trading beyond the port—Sailing-vessels 1/4d. per ton (maximum, eighteen days, £10); steam-vessels, 1/2d. per ton per day (maximum charge, £15). Vessels laid up for less than a month, one-half the above rates; over a month, 1/2d. per ton per month.

Towage: When assistance is given to steam-vessels under steam, one-fourth usual towage, not exceeding £5 for Upper Harbour and £7 for Lower Harbour.

NOTE.—Foreign steamers taking or discharging not more than 50 tons general cargo and 100 tons frozen produce pay £50 for port charges, pilotage, and Harbourmaster's fees; also maximum charges on any one vessel, not to exceed £180 on any one visit; and in the case of a foreign steamer calling twice at the port on one voyage, not to exceed £200.


Pilotage (compulsory): Steamers, inwards and outwards, 2 1/2d. per registered ton: sailing-vessels, 4 1/2d. inwards and outwards if tug not employed; 2 1/2d. per registered ton inwards and outwards if tug employed. Sailing-vessels in ballast, 2 1/2d. per registered ton inwards and outwards. Steamers, in and out, 5d. per registered ton, payable yearly; sailing-vessels, in and out, 9d. per registered ton, payable yearly. On application by master or agent of foreign-going steamers ordinary charges for pilotage, port charges, and berthage may be suspended, and a charge of 5s. per ton for inward cargo and 10s. per ton for outward cargo may be substituted therefor, with a minimum charge of £50.

Port charges: On all vessels, per trip, 2d. per registered ton, but no vessel shall be required to pay more than 6d. per registered ton in any six months from date of entry.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: Steamers, 2d. per ton net register for the first day, and 1d. per ton per week or part of a week thereafter. Sailing-vessels and bulks of over 50 tons register, 1d. per ton net register per week for the first four weeks, and 1/4d. per ton per week thereafter.

Towage assistance to steamers using their own motive power: Over 3,000 tons, £5; over 2,000 tons, £4; under 2,000 tons, £3.

Maximum charge for berthage dues, pilotage, and port charges, £180 in any one visit.

Steamers calling more than once on same voyage only charged one inward and outward pilotage.


Wharfage rates at eighteen of the principal harbours in New Zealand, as on 1st January, 1907 (compiled by Mr. C. Hood Williams, Secretary to the Lyttelton Harbour Board, except as to the port of Gisborne):—


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton imports; 1s. per ton exports.

Transhipments: Half rates when declared before landing, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton landed; 1s. per ton shipped.

Transhipments: Half rates when declared before landing, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. 6d. per ton landed; 1s. per ton shipped.

Transhipments: Half rates when declared, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including seven days' storage and labour.

Wool.—6d. per bale, shipped or landed.

Transhipments: If landed, dumped, and reshipped, 3d. per bale.

Coal.—1s. 3d. per ton landed; 6d. per ton shipped.

Transhipments: Half rates when declared. Shipped or discharged over side for steamer's use, free.

Timber.—Sawn, 2s. per 1,000 ft. landed; 1s. per 1,000 ft. shipped. Baulk or round (less 12 1/2 per cent.), 1s. per 1,000 ft. landed, 6d. per 1,000 ft. shipped.

Transhipments: Half rates when declared.

Passengers' luggage under half a ton, goods carried by hand by passengers and single packages under 5 ft. measurement, free.


General Merchandise.—Imports 5s. to 6d., exports 2s. 6d. to 6d., by measurement, from 40 cubic feet to 4 cubic feet; same for weight. Ale, beer, and porter, per gallon—Import, 1 1/2d.; export, 1/2d.: spirits and wine, per ton measurement, 7s. 6d. No export charges on goods that have paid inward wharfage.

Transhipments: Free.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—Grain—Imports, 5s.; exports, 1s. Grass-seed—Imports, 5s.; exports, 2s. Potatoes—Imports, 5s.; exports, 2s. 6d. (per 12 sacks).

Transhipments: Free.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Sheep, 2d. per carcase; lambs, 1d. per carcase; haunches, legs, &c., 2s. 6d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

* Rates now under revision.

Wool.—1s. 3d. per bale, export.

Transhipments: 3d. per bale if landed and reshipped. Free if transhipped into vessel in roadstead.

Coal.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Timber.—Sawn, 4s. per 1,000 ft.: baulk, 1s. per 1,000 ft., imports; 1s., and 6d., per 1,000 ft., exports.

Transhipments: Free.


General Merchandise.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports or exports, without labour.

Transhipments: Free, if inward wharfage has been paid; half rates otherwise.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports or exports, without labour.

Transhipments: Free, if inward wharfage has been paid; half rates otherwise.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—None shipped.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Wool.—1s. 6d. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Coal.—1s. 6d. per ton, without labour.

Transhipments: Free, if inward wharfage has been paid; half rates otherwise.

Timber.—6d. to 1s. per 1,000 ft. sawn timber; 6d. per 1,000 shingles; 2s. per 100 props; 1s. 6d. per 100 slabs; 4s. per 100 sleepers; 2s. 6d. per 100 posts or rails; 2s. 6d. per 1,000 palings; 6d. per ton firewood.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton; grass-seed, 2s. per 20 sacks.

Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton.

Wool.—6d. per bale; five bales of 4 cwt., 2s. per ton; three bales of over 4 cwt., 2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Three-quarter rates.

Coal.—2s. per ton; brown coal, 1s. 9d.: with labour.

Transhipments: Three-quarter rates, with labour.

Timber.—480 ft. per ton, 2s.; hardwood, 320 ft. per ton (rough or sawn), 2s.: with labour.

Transhipments: Three-quarter rates.


General Merchandise.—Inwards, 2s. per ton, including forty-eight hours' storage; outwards, 2s. per ton, including ten days' storage. Labour provided by the Board.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—Imports, 2s. per ton; grass-seed, 2s. per 20 sacks. Labour provided. Exports, in not less than 3-ton lots, 1s. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. per ton weight, without labour.

Transhipments: Half rates, without labour.

Wool.—Dumped, 4 1/2d. per bale; undumped, 6d. per bale.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Coal.—Imports, 1s. 6d. per ton, without labour; brown coal, 1s. per ton, without labour.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Timber.—Under 5,000 ft., 3d. per 100 ft.; over 5,000 ft., 2d. per 100 ft.: without labour. Exported white-pine, if over 5,000 ft., 1 1/2d. per 100 ft.: without labour.

Transhipments: Half rates.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton, imports or exports (produce shipped direct from South ports, 1s. 6d.).

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton of 10 sacks grain, 20 sacks cocksfoot grass-seed, 20 sacks bran, 40 sacks chaff, 16 sacks pollard or ryegrass. Potatoes, export, 1s. per ton; import, 3s. per ton.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Butter and cheese 1s. per ton, without labour, from grading-wharf; otherwise, 2s., with labour. Frozen meat, 1s. for 20 carcases sheep, 2s. per carcase cattle. Cased meats, 1s. per ton, without labour.

Wool.—6d. per bale, including storage.

Coal.—1s. per ton, without labour.

Timber.—4d. per 100 ft.; labour extra.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton, imports and exports.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports and exports.

Butter.—2s. per ton.

Wool.—9d. per bale, imports and exports.

Coal.—1s. per ton.

Timber.—2 1/2d. per 100 ft. Exports, fruit, free. Returned empties, free.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton imports, 1s. per ton exports, according to measurement or weight. If labour supplied, add on 6d. imports, and 6d. exports. Ballast, inwards, 1s. per ton; outwards, 1s. per ton. Empties, half rates.

Transhipments: Quarter import rates, Outer Harbour; half import rates, Inner or Breakwater Harbours.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. imports, 1s. exports, according to measurement or weight. If labour supplied, add on 6d. imports, and 6d. exports.

Transhipments: Quarter import rates, Outer Harbour; half import rates, Inner or Breakwater Harbours.

Frozen or Chilled Meat, &c.—Imports free; exports 1s. per ton. Tallow and pelts, imports free; exports 2s. 6d. per ton.

Transhipments: Quarter import rates, Outer Harbour; half import rates Inner or Breakwater Harbours.

Wool.—6d. per bale, exports only. Imports, free.

Transhipments: Wool, flax, skins, or tow, 3d. over side; 3d. per bale if landed for transhipment or dumping.

Coal.—1s. imports; 1s. exports.

Transhipments: Quarter rates, Outer Harbour; half rates, Inner or Break-water Harbours. Coal for engines and freezing-ships, Outer Harbour, free, if declared so.

Timber.—3s. 4d. per 1,000 ft., imports; 1s. 3d. per 1,000 ft. exports.

Transhipments: Half rates, Inner or Breakwater Harbours; quarter rates, Outer Harbour.

NOTE.—Goods other than wool, skins, tow, meats, and flax landed on a wharf for transhipment to a vessel lying at another berth charged inward wharfage only when declared at time of entry.


General Merchandise.—Imports, 3s. per ton; exports, 2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—Imports, 3s. per ton; exports, 1s. 6d. per ton. Potatoes, export, 1s. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Sheep, 1/2d. per carcase; lambs, 1/2d. per carcase; legs, shoulders, and loins calculated at so-many to a carcase, according to freight.

Wool.—3d. per bale.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Coal.—1s. 3d. per ton. Coal for ship's use, outward, 3d. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Timber.—6d. per 100 ft.; for shipment, 2d.; white-pine, 1d.

Transhipments: Half rates.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton inwards, including labour and one night's storage. Glass, acids, and special goods, 5s. per ton. Inward cargo landed after noon on Friday is stored free till noon on following Monday; landed after noon on Saturday is stored free till 5 p.m. on the following Tuesday. 1s. per ton outwards, including labour. Glass acids, and special goods, 2s. 6d. per ton. Railway wharfage—1s. inwards, 6d. outwards, without labour.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage. Glass, acids, and special goods, 5s. per ton. Over side of vessel lying at wharf, 6d. per ton. If shifted more than a quarter of a mile. 6d. per ton extra.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton inwards, including labour and one night's storage; 1s. per ton outwards, including labour. Railway wharfage—1s. inwards, 6d. outwards, without labour.

Transhipments: 2s. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage. Over side of vessel at wharf, 6d. per ton. If shifted more than a quarter of a mile, 6d. per ton extra.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. inwards, 1s. outwards, per ton, without labour. Railway wharfage — 1s. inwards, 6d. outwards, per ton, without labour.

Transhipments: Meat, 1s. 3d. per ton, without labour; butter, 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and storage. Meat, butter, &c., over side of vessel at wharf, 6d. per ton.

Wool.—4d. per bale at Railway Wharf, without labour; 6d. per bale at other wharves, including labour.

Transhipments: 6d. per bale, including labour, and 3d. additional if stored. If shifted more than a quarter of a mile, 3d. per bale extra. Over side of vessel to vessel at wharf, 3d. per bale.

Coal.—1s. per ton imports, 6d. per ton exports, without labour. Railway wharfage—1s. per ton inwards, 6d. per ton outwards, without labour.

Transhipments: Across wharf for steamer's use, free. From vessel or hulk to vessel at wharf, free.

Timber.—2d. per 100 ft. inwards; 1 1/2d. per 100 ft. outwards, without labour. If labour supplied, 2d. per 100 ft. added inwards, and 1 1/2d. outwards. Railway wharfage—2d. inwards, 1 1/2d. outwards, without labour.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including seven days' storage and labour. If shifted more than a quarter of a mile, 6d. per ton extra. Over vessel's side into another vessel at wharf, 6d. per ton.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton, imports and exports, with labour.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; 2s. 6d. if landed.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports and exports, with labour.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; 2s. 6d. if landed.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—None shipped.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Wool.—Exports, 1s. per bale; imports free.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Coal.—1s. per ton imports; 2s. with labour. Free, exports; 2s. 6d. per ton with labour.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf.

Timber.—1d. per 100 ft. super., import; 1d. per 100 ft. super., export; 2s. per ton by measurement: with labour.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed on wharf. Reshipments, 2s. 6d. per ton.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton, and 1s. per ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton., and 1s. per ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—2s. per ton, and 1s. per ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage.

Wool.—6d. per bale.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Coal.—6d. per ton.

Timber.—2d. per 100 ft. If for export and carried by rail, free.


General Merchandise.—3s. per ton. This charge includes 1s. a ton for receiving and delivering. Coke, bricks, and fireclay carried by rail for export, free.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—3s. per ton. This charge includes 1s. a ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—3s. per ton. This charge includes 1s. a ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage.

Wool.—6d. per bale.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Coal.—6d. per ton inwards; outwards, free, if carried by rail.

Timber.—Inwards, 2d. per 100 ft.; outwards, free, if carried by rail.


General Merchandise.—1s. 9d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free, whether landed on wharf or otherwise.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—9d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—8d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free, whether landed on wharf or otherwise.

Wool.—6d. per bale.

Transhipments: Free.

Coal.—8d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free, whether landed on wharf or otherwise.

Timber.—3 1/2d. per 100 ft.

Transhipments: Free.

N.B.—All reshipments of goods from Lyttelton under declaration, free.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. 6d. per ton weight.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Wool.—1s. per bale.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Coal.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates. For bunkering purposes, free.

Timber.—4d. per 100 ft.; 6d. per 100 ft. Australian and foreign timber.

Transhipments: Half rates.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1/2d. per sheep. Butter, as merchandise, 2s. per ton. Other frozen goods, 2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Wool.—6d. per bale.

Transhipments: Free.

Coal.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Timber.—5d. and 7d. per 100 ft. Fencing posts and rails, 4s. per 100. Palings, 7d. per 100.

Transhipments: Free.

Stone.—1/2d. per foot.

Live Cattle and Horses.—2s. 6d. each; yearlings, half rates. Sheep, 2d. each; pigs, 4d. each.


General Merchandise.—1s., 2s., 3s., 4s., and 5s. per ton, imports. (Classified.) Exports, manufactured articles and articles which have paid an import duty, free. Beer 2s. per ton. A rate of 2s. per ton by weight upon all flour, malt, meal, tallow, bone, ores, and quartz.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. per ton, imports; 6d. per ton by weight, exports; bran and pollard, exports, free; flour and oatmeal, 2s. A rate of 6d. per ton by weight upon all barley, wheat, oats, rye, beans, whole peas, maize, potatoes, turnips, carrots, onions, straw, hay, and building-stone.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Flax, fungus, rabbits, live-stock, and beef, 1s. per ton; imports (measurement), 6d. per ton exports; butter, imports, 4s. per ton; butter and cheese, exports, 1s. per ton (weight); frozen meat, imports, 5s. per ton.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Wool.—Exports, 2s. 3d. per ton, wool, skins, and hides; 4s. per ton, imports (three bales to ton).

Transhipments: 1s. per ton by measurement.

Coal.—3s. per ton, imports; exports, free.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Timber.—6d. and 3d. per 100 superficial feet, imports; exports, free.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton by measurement. Notice of transhipment must be given within twenty-four hours after ship's arrival.


General Merchandise.—1s. 10d. per ton, imports and exports.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—11d. per ton, imports and exports.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—11d. per ton, exports; cheese, 1s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Wool.—Exports, 9d. per bale; imports, free.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Coal.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports; free exports.

Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton when landed ex hulk; free when not landed on wharf.

Timber.—1s. per 1,000 ft. super., import; 1s. per 1,000 ft. super., export.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed on wharf.


Number of Light.Name of Lighthouse.Order of Apparatus.Fixed, Flashing, or Revolving.Interval of Revolution or Flash.Height, in Feet, above High Water.Colour of Light.Distance visible in Nautical Miles.Colour of Lighthouse.

*An asterisk denotes those lighthouses which are in telephonic communication with telegraph system.

†Harbour lights.

NOTE.—The distance visible of lights of greater power than 5th order dioptric is calculated in nautical miles as seen from a height of 15 ft. above the sea. In very clear weather the lower-order lights may be seen at a greater distance than is given in this table.

1*Cape Maria Van Diemen1st order dioptricRevolving1 minute330White25White.
 *Cape Maria Van DiemenFixedRed, to show over Columbia Reef 
2Moko Hinau1st order dioptricFlashing10 seconds385White27White.
3Cuvier Island1st order dioptricRevolving30 seconds390White27
4*Tiritiri2nd order dioptricFixed300White, with red arc over Flat Rock24Red.
5†Bean Rock5th order dioptricFixed50White, red, green10White.
5a†Rangitoto BeaconPintsch's patent gaslightOcculting5 seconds68White, showing 5 sec. flash and 5 sec. obscured12 
6Ponui Passage5th order dioptricFixed50White and red10White.
7*East Cape2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds362White flash26White.
8†Gisborne Leading LightsDioptric side-lightsFixed60, 40Red5 
9Portland Island2nd order dioptricRevolving30 seconds300White24White.
 Portland Island…FixedRed, to show over Bull Rock  
10†Napier4th order dioptricFixed160White19White.
11Cape Palliser2nd order dioptricGroup fl., 2fl.30 seconds258White; interval of 3 sec. between flashes23 
12*Pencarrow Hd.2nd order dioptricFixed322White25White
 *Pencarrow Hd. Low-level LightWigham patentFixedWhite, with red arc10White
13†Somes Island2nd order dioptricFixed95White, red, and green15 1/2White.
14†Manawatu RiverOrdinary lampFixed44White5 
15†Wanganui River6th order port lightFixed65White8 
16†Patea5th order port lightFixed130Red10 
17*Cape Egmont2nd order dioptricFixed103White16White.
18†New Plymouth Leading Lights4th order port lightFixed100, 30Red16White
19Waitara6th order port lightFixed70White8 
20*Manukau3rd order dioptricFixed385White27Brown.
 †Manukau5th order port lightFixed70White and green10White.
21*Kaipara2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds278White23 1/2Red.
23*Nelson4th order port lightFixed60White, with red arc13White.
24French Pass6th order port lightFixed12White and red, with white light on beacon8White.
25Stephens Island1st order dioptricGroup fl., 2 fl.30 seconds600White32 1/2White.
26†Jackson HeadWigham bcn. lampFixed37White5Concrete bcn
27The Brothers2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds258White23White.
 The BrothersFixedRed, over Cook Rock 
28†Tory Channel Leading Lights5th order port lightFixed10 seconds86, 22White10White.
29†Wairau River6th order port lightFixed38White8 
30*Cape Campbell2nd order dioptricRevolving1 minute155White18 1/2Upper part white & lower part red.
31*Godley Head2nd order dioptricFixed450White29White.
32*Akaroa Head2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds270White23White.
33†Timaru5th order port lightFixed85Red and green10White
34Jack's Point4th order dioptricFixed94White15 1/2White.
35†Oamaru5th order dioptricFlashing14 seconds120White10Light stone.
36Moeraki3rd order dioptricFixed170White19 1/2White.
37*Taiaroa Head3rd order dioptricFixed196Red20 1/2White.
37a†Otago Harbour Entrance, N. Mole LightWigham bcn. lightOcculting29White8 
38*Cape Saunders2nd order dioptricRevolving1 minute210White21White.
39*Nugget Point1st order dioptricFixed250White22 1/2White.
40Waipapapa Point2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds70White14White
41Dog Island1st order catadioptricRevolving30 seconds150White18 1/2White & black bands.
42Centre Island1st order dioptricFixed265White, with red arcs23White.
43Puysegur Point1st order dioptricFlashing10 seconds180White20White.
44†Hokitika5th order dioptricFixed122White10White.
45†Greymouth6th order port lightFixed62White8Flagstaff.
46*Cape Foulwind2nd order dioptricRevolving30 seconds238White22White.
47†WestportDioptric masthead-It.Fixed50White8 
48Kahurangi Point2nd order dioptricFixed110White, with red sector to show over Stewart Breaker16 1/2White.
49*Farewell Spit2nd order dioptricRevolving1 minute97White, with red arc over Spit end16Upper part white & lower part red.


THERE are (January, 1907) 226 publications on the register of newspapers for New Zealand. Of these, sixty-five are daily papers, thirty are published three times a week, twenty-six twice a week, sixty-nine once a week, two fortnightly, one three-weekly, and thirty-three monthly.

The names of the newspapers, with the postal districts and towns in which they are printed, are given in the following list, the second column showing the day or period of publication.

M. signifies morning paper; E. evening paper.

          Auckland Free Press (M.)Saturday.
          Auckland Star (E.)Daily.
          Auckland “Weekly News and Town and Country Journal (M.)Thursday.
          Christian Worker (M.)Monthly.
          Church Gazette (M.)Monthly.
          Magnet (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Farmer, Stock and Station Journal (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Farmers' Weekly and Land Agents' Record (M.)Tuesday.
          New Zealand Graphic, Ladies' Journal, and Youths' Companion (M.)Wednesday.
          New Zealand Herald (M.)Daily.
          New Zealand Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic Review and Licensed Victuallers' Gazette (M.)Thursday.
          New Zealand Joyful News (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Motor and Cycle Journal (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Worker (E.)Wednesday.
          Observer (M.)Saturday.
          Saturday Night (E.)Saturday.
          Sentinel (E.)Thursday.
          Sharland's New Zealand Journal (M.)Monthly.
          Sport (E.)Saturday.
          Tourist and Resources of New Zealand (M.)Monthly.
          Voice (M.)Saturday.
          Waikato Independent (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Coromandel County News and Kuaotunu and Mercury Bay Mail (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
          North Auckland Times (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Wairoa Bell and Northern Advertiser (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Waikato Argus (E.)Daily.
          Waikato Times and Thames Valley Gazette (E.)Daily.
          Kaipara Advertiser and Waitemata Chronicle (M.)Wednesday.
          Northern Luminary, Bay of Islands, Hokianga, Mangonui, and Whangaroa Counties Gazette (E.)Friday.
          Kawhia Settler and Raglan Advertiser (E.)Friday.
          Hokianga County Times and North-western Representative (E.)Monday.
          North Auckland Age (E.)Tuesday.
          Manukau Chronicle and Auckland Provincial Times (M.)Saturday.
          Raglan County Chronicle (M.)Friday.
          Hot Lakes Chronicle (M.)Wed., Saturday.
          Wonderland Gazette and Rotorua Times (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Taumarunui Press and King-country Gazette (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
Te Kuiti—
          King-country Chronicle (M.)Friday.
          Rodney and Otamatea Times, Waitemata and Kaipara Gazette (E.)Friday.
          Morning Press (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Northern Advocate (E.)Daily.
          Press Weekly Budget (M.)Thursday.
          Goldfields Advocate and Ohinemuri County Chronicle (M.) Saturday. 
          East Coast Guardian (E.)Wed., Saturday.
          Opotiki Herald, Whakatane County and East Coast Gazette (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Ohinemuri Gazette (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Bay of Plenty Times and Thames Valley Warden (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
Te Aroha—
          Te Aroha and Ohinemuri News and Upper Thames Advocate (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Thames Advertiser (M.)Daily.
          Thames Star (E.)Daily.
          Waihi Daily Telegraph (E.)Daily.
          Waihi Times (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Gisborne Times (M.)Daily.
          Poverty Bay Herald (E.)Daily.
          Inglewood Record and Waitara Age (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
New Plymouth—
          Budget and Taranaki Weekly Herald (M.)Saturday.
          Daily News (M.)Daily.
          Taranaki Herald (E.)Daily.
          Taranaki News (M.)Saturday.
          Opunake Times (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Stratford Evening Post (E.)Daily.
Waitara Evening Mail and Clifton County Chronicle (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Dannevirke Advocate (E.)Daily.
          Dannevirke Daily Press (E.)Daily.
          Hastings Standard (E.)Daily.
          New Zealand Bulletin (M.)Saturday.
          Daily Telegraph (E.)Daily.
          Hawke's Bay Herald (M.)Daily.
          New Zealand Fire and Ambulance Record (M.)Monthly.
          Waipawa Mail (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Waipukurau Press (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Wairoa Guardian and County Advocate (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Eltham Argus and Rawhitiroa and Kaponga Advertiser (E.)Daily.
          Egmont Star (M.)Saturday.
          Hawera and Norman by Star, Patea County Chronicle, and Waimate Plains Gazette (E.)Daily.
          Hunterville Express and Upper Rangitikei Advertiser (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Waimate Witness and Kaponga Advocate (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Mangaweka Settler (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Rangitikei Advocate and Manawatu Argus (E.)Daily.
          Patea County Press (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Post (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Taihape and Waimarino News (E.)Daily.
          New Zealand Good Templar Watchword (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Tit Bits (M.)Saturday.
          Wanganui Chronicle (M.)Daily.
          Wanganui Herald (E.)Daily.
          Weekly Chronicle and Patea-Rangitikei Advertiser (M.)Saturday.
          Yeoman (M.)Friday.
          Wairarapa Daily News (E.)Daily.
          New Zealand Railway Review (E.)Monthly.
          Eketahuna Express and County Gazette (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Feilding Star (E.)Daily.
          Manawatu Herald (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
Greytown North—
Wairarapa Standard and Featherston Advocate (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Manawatu Farmer and Horowhenua County Chronicle (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Martinborough Star and District News (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Wairarapa Age (M.)Daily.
          Wairarapa Daily Times (E.)Daily.
          Otaki Mail and Horowhenua County and West Coast Advertiser (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri
          Pahiatua Era (E.)Daily.
          Pahiatua Herald (E.)Daily.
Palmerston North—
          Manawatu Daily Times (M.)Daily.
          Manawatu Evening Standard (E.)Daily.
          Hutt and Petone Chronicle (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Church Chronicle (M.)Monthly.
          Evening Post (E.)Daily.
          Farmers' Union Advocate (E.)Thursday.
          Katipo (E.)Monthly.
          Mercantile Gazette of New Zealand (E.)Wednesday.
          New Zealand Craftsman (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Dairyman and Farmers' Union Journal (E.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Free Lance (M.)Saturday.
          Now Zealand Gazette (E.)Thursday.
          New Zealand Mail, Town and Country Advertiser (M.)Wednesday.
          New Zealand Mines Record (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Primitive Methodist (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Times (M.)Daily.
          New Zealand Trade Review and Price Current (M.)Three-weekly.
          New Zealand Truth (M.)Saturday.
          Progress (M.)Monthly.
          Vanguard (E.)Sat., fortnightly.
          Young Man's Magazine (M.)Monthly.
          Examiner (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Freeman (E.)Monthly.
          Marlborough Express (E.)Daily.
          Marlborough Herald (E.)Daily.
          Pelorus Guardian and Miners' Advocate (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Marlborough Press, County of Sounds Gazette (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
          Golden Bay Argus (E.)Thursday.
          Motueka Star (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Colonist (M.)Daily.
          Nelson Evening Mail (E.)Daily.
          Golden Bay News (E.)Thursday.
          Charleston Herald, Brighton Times, and Croninville Reporter (M.)Wed., Saturday.
          Buller Post (E.)Tuesday.
          Buller Miner (M.)Friday.
          Westport News (M.)Daily.
          Westport Times and Evening Star (E.)Daily.
          Evening Star and Brunnerton Advocate (E.)Daily.
          Grey River Argus (M.)Daily.
          New Zealand Poultry Journal (M.)Monthly.
          West Coast Standard (M.)Saturday.
          Inangahua Herald and New Zealand Miner (M.)Daily.
          Inangahua Times and Reefton Guardian (E.)Daily.
          Hokitika Guardian and Evening Star (E.)Daily.
          Leader (M.)Saturday.
          West Coast Times (M.)Daily.
          Kumara Times and Dillman's and Goldsborough Advertiser (E.)Daily.
          Ross and Okarito Advocate and Westland Advertiser (M.) Wed., Saturday. 
          Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Ashburton Daily News (E.)Daily.
          Ashburton Guardian (E.)Daily.
          Ashburton Mail, Rakaia, Mount Somers, and Alford Forest Advertiser (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Cheviot News (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Canterbury Times (incorporating “Sportsman” and “New Zealand Cyclist”) (M.)Wednesday.
          Exhibition Sketcher (M.)Wednesday.
          Express (M.)Saturday.
          Lyttelton Times (M.)Daily.
          New Zealand Church News (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Co-operative News (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Poultry-keeper and Fanciers' Chronicle (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Schoolmaster (E.)Monthly.
          New Zealand War Cry and Official Gazette of the Salvation Army (M.)Saturday.
          Press (M.)Daily.
          Spectator (M.)Tuesday.
          Star (E.)Daily.
          Truth (E.)Daily.
          Weekly Press (incorporating “The Referee”) (M.)Wednesday.
          White Ribbon (M.)Monthly.
          Kaikoura Star and North Canterbury and South Marlborough News (E.)Daily.
          Kaikoura Sun, Farmers' Advocate, and County Gazetteer (E.)Daily.
          Standard and North Canterbury Guardian (M.)Wed., Saturday
          Ellesmere Guardian (M.)Wed., Saturday
          Geraldine Guardian (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Temuka Leader (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Pioneer (M.)Monthly.
          Timaru Herald (M.)Daily.
          Timaru Post (E.)Daily.
          Waimate Advertiser (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          Waimate Times (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
          North Otago Times (M.)Daily.
          Oamaru Mail (E.)Daily.
Alexandra South—
          Alexandra Herald and Central Otago Gazette (E.)Wednesday.
          Clutha Leader (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Free Press (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Dunstan Times, Vincent County Official Gazette, and General Goldfields Advertiser (E.)Monday.
          Cromwell Argus and Northern Goldfields Gazette (E.)Monday.
          Beacon (M.)Saturday.
          Evening Star (E.)Daily.
          Farmers' Circular (M.)Thur., fortn'ly.
          Farmers' Standard of New Zealand (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Baptist (E.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Guardian (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Journal of Education (M.)Monthly.
          New Zealand Mining, Engineering, and Building Journal (M.)Thursday.
          New Zealand Tablet (M.)Thursday.
          Otago Daily Times (M.)Daily.
          Otago Witness (M.)Thursday.
          Outlook (M.)Saturday.
          Red Funnel (M.)Monthly.
          Triad (M.)Monthly.
          Tribune (M.)Friday.
          Weekly Budget (M.)Saturday.
          Tuapeka Times (M.)Wed., Saturday.
          Bruce Herald (E.)Mon., Thursday.
          Milton Mirror (E.)Mon., Thursday.
          Taieri Advocate (E.)Tues., Friday.
          Mount Ida Chronicle (M.)Friday.
          Palmerston and Waikouaiti Times (M.)Friday.
          Mount Benger Mail (M.)Wednesday.
          Tapanui Courier and Central Districts Gazette (M.)Wednesday.
          Lake County Press (E.)Thursday.
          Standard (M.)Daily.
          Mataura Ensign (E.)Daily.
          Southern Cross (M.)Saturday.
          Southlander (M.)Friday.
          Southland Daily News (E.)Daily.
          Southland Times (M.)Daily.
          Weekly Times (M.)Friday.
          Orepuki Advocate (M.)Saturday.
          Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle (M.)Tuesday.
          Lake Wakatipu Mail (E.)Tuesday.
          Western Star and Wallace County Gazette (E.)Tues., Friday.
          Winton Record, Hokonui Advocate, and Awarua Guardian (M.)Friday.
          Wyndham Farmer (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
          Wyndham Herald (M.)Tuesday, Friday.

The foregoing towns are arranged according to the postal district in which they are situated.

Taking the provincial districts, Auckland has 54 publications registered as newspapers, Taranaki 15, Hawke's Bay 12, Wellington 43, Marlborough 4, Nelson 12, Westland 9, Canterbury 31, and Otago 46.

Under the Customs and Excise Duties Acts, 1888 and 1895, “The Tobacco Excise Duties Act, 1896,” “The Customs Duties Amendment Act, 1900,” “The Preferential and Reciprocal Trade Act, 1903.” [For rates under last-named Act, see p. 115, and “The New Zealand and South African Customs Duties Reciprocity Act, 1906” (see p. 117).


THE headings of the respective classes in this Table and in the Table of Exemptions are used solely for convenience of classification, and shall not in any way affect the articles specified therein, or be construed to indicate the material of which any such article is made.

The word “iron” includes steel, or steel and iron combined.

Neither steam-engines, nor parts of steam-engines, nor steam-boilers (land or marine) are included in the expression “machines” or “machinery” in either this Table or the Table of Exemptions.

The abbreviation “n.o.e.” means not otherwise enumerated.

In computing ad valorem duties the invoice value is increased by 10 per cent.


Names of Articles and Rates of Duty.

1. Almonds, in shell, 2d. the lb.

2. Almonds, shelled, n.o.e., 3d. the lb.

3. Bacon and hams, 2d. the lb.

4. Biscuits, ships' plain and unsweetened, 3s. the cwt.

5. Biscuits, other kinds, 2d. the lb.

6. Boiled sugars, comfits, lozenges, Scotch mixtures, and sugar-candy, 2d. the lb., including internal packages.

7. Candied peel and drained peel, 3d. the lb.

8. Capers, caraway seeds, catsup, cayenne pepper, chillies, chutney, curry powder and paste, fish-paste, gelatine, isinglass, liquorice, olives, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

9. Chocolate confectionery, and all preparations of chocolate or cocoa—In plain trade packages, 3d. the lb.

In fancy packages, or in small packages for retail sale, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

10. Confectionery n.o.e., 2d. the lb., including internal packages.

11. Currants, 1d. the lb.

12. Fish, dried, pickled, or salted, n.o.e., 10s. the cwt.

13. Fish, potted and preserved, 2d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.*

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 115)

14. Fruit, fresh, viz.:—

Apples, pears, plums, cherries, peaches, nectarines, medlars, apricots, quinces, tomatoes, 1d. the lb.

(No duty exceeding 1/2d. the lb. to be levied on apples and pears from 14th July to 31st December.)

Currants, raspberries, gooseberries, blackberries, and strawberries, 1/2d. the lb.

Lemons, 1/2d. the lb.

15. Fruits, dried, 2d. the lb.

This refers to dried fruits other than currants and raisins.


“THE Tariff Act, 1907,” of New Zealand, deemed to have come into operation on the 17th July, imposes new duties of Customs and excise, besides amending the laws relating thereto. A copy of the new tariff—general and preferential—with exemptions, and extracts from the statute enforcing its provision, is given as an appendix to this book.

In regard to reciprocity of Customs between the New Zealand Government and the Governments of certain Colonies in South Africa, the new Tariff Act maintains the schedule of Customs duties and exemptions brought into force by Order in Council of 7th January, 1907 (see pages 117 and 332).

16. Fruits preserved in juice or syrup, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

17. Fruit-pulp and partially preserved fruit n.o.e., 1 1/2d. the lb.

18. Fruits preserved by sulphurous acid, 1d. the lb.

29. Glucose, 1d. the lb.

20. Honey, 2d. the lb.

21. Jams, jellies, marmalade, and preserves, 2d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.

22. Jellies concentrated in tablets or powder, 4d. the lb.

23. Maizena and cornflour, 1/4 d. the lb.

24. Meats, potted or preserved, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

25. Milk, preserved, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

26. Mustard, 2d. the lb.

27. Nuts of all kinds, except cocoa-nuts, 2d. the lb.

28. Oysters, preserved, 2d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.

29. Pearl barley, 1s. the cwt.

30. Peas, split, 2s. the cwt.

31. Pickles, 3s. the imperial gallon.

32. Provisions, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

33. Raisins, 1d. the lb.

34. Rice-flour, 6s. the cwt.

35. Sardines, including the oil, 2d. the lb.

36. Sauces, 4s. the imperial gallon.

37. Spices, including pepper and pimento, unground, 2d. the lb.

38. Spices, including pepper and pimento, ground, 4d. the lb.

39. Sugar, 1/2d. the lb.

40. Treacle and molasses, 1/2d. the lb.

41. Vegetables, fresh, dried, or preserved, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

42. Vinegar, table, not exceeding 6.5 per cent. of acidity,* 6d. the gallon.


43. Cigarettes, not exceeding in weight 2 1/2 lb. per 1,000, 17s. 6d. the 1,000. And for all weight in excess of 2 1/2 lb. per 1,000, 6d. the oz.

44. Cigars, 7s. the lb.

45. Snuff, 7s. the lb.

46. Tobacco, 3s. 6d. the lb.

47. Tobacco, unmanufactured, entered to be manufactured in the colony in any licensed tobacco-manufactory, for manufacturing purposes only, into tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, or snuff, 2s. the lb.


48. Ale, beer of all sorts, porter, cider, and perry, the gallon, or for six reputed quart bottles, or 12 reputed pint bottles, 2s. the gallon.

49. Cordials, bitters, and liqueurs, 16s. the liquid gallon.

50. Hops, 6d. the lb.

51. Malt, 2s. the bushel.

52. Rice malt, 1d. the lb.

53. Solid wort, 6d. the lb.

54. Spirits and strong waters, the strength of which can be ascertained by Sykes's hydrometer, 16s. the proof gallon.

(No allowance beyond 16.5 under proof shall be made for spirits or strong waters of a less hydrometer strength than 16.5 under proof.)

55. Spirits and strong waters, sweetened or mixed, when not exceeding the strength of proof, 16s. the liquid gallon.

* Vinegar exceeding 6.5 per cent. of acidity to be treated as acetic acid.

Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 115).

56. Spirits and strong waters in cases shall be charged as follows, namely:—Two gallons and under, as two gallons; over two gallons and not exceeding three, as three gallons; over three gallons and not exceeding four, as four gallons; and so on for any greater quantity contained in any case.

57. Spirits or strong waters, mixed with ingredients in any proportion exceeding 33 per cent. of proof spirit, and although thereby coming under any other designation, excepting patent or proprietary medicines, or tinctures and medicinal spirits otherwise enumerated, 16s. the liquid gallon.

58. Wine, Australian, containing not more than 35 per cent. of proof spirit verified by Sykes's hydrometer, the gallon, or for six reputed quart bottles, or twelve reputed pint bottles, 5s. the gallon.

59. Wine, other than sparkling and Australian, containing less than 40 per cent. of proof spirit verified by Sykes's hydrometer, the gallon, or for six reputed quart bottles, or twelve reputed pint bottles, 6s. the gallon.

60. Wine, sparkling, 9s. the gallon.


61. Aerated and mineral waters and effervescing beverages, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

62. Chicory, 3d. the lb.

63. Chocolate, 3d. the lb.

64. Cocoa, 3d. the lb.

65. Coffee, essence of, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

66. Coffee, roasted, 3d. the lb.

67. Syrups; lime or lemon juice sweetened; raspberry vinegar, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

68. Tea, 2d. the lb.*

*“From and after the thirty-first day of March, one thousand nine hundred and four, no duty shall be leviable on tea grown in any part of the British dominions, except on tea in packets not exceeding one pound in weight.” (Section 9 of “The Preferential and Reciprocal Trade Act, 1903.”)


69. Acid, acetic, n.o.e., containing not more than 30 per cent. of acidity, 1 1/2d. the lb.

For every 10 per cent. of acidity or fraction thereof additional, 1/2d. the lb.

70. Acid, tartaric, 1d. the lb.

71. Baking-powder, yeast preparations, and other ferments, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

72. Chemicals n.o.e., including photographic chemicals, and glacial acetic acid (B.P. standard), 15 per cent. ad valorem.

73. Cream of tartar, 1d. the lb.

Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 115).

74. Drugs and druggists' sundries and apothecaries' wares, n.o.e., 15 per cent. ad valorem.

75. Essences, flavouring, spirituous, 16s. the liquid gallon.

76. Essences, flavouring, n.o.e., 15 per cent. ad valorem.

77. Eucalyptus oil, in bulk or bottle, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

78. Glycerine, refined, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

79. Opium, 40s. the lb.

80. Patent medicines, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

81. Proprietary medicines, or medicaments, (1) bearing the name of the proprietor on label or package; (2) bearing a prefixed name in the possessive case; (3) n.o.e., prepared by any occult secret or art, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

82. Saccharine, except in the form of tabloids or tablets, 1s. 6d. the ounce.

83. Sarsaparilla, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

84. Soda, carbonate and bicarbonate, 1s. the cwt.

85. Soda, crystals, 2s. the cwt.

86. Tinctures and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopœia, containing more than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, 1s. the lb.

87. Tinctures and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopœia, containing 50 per cent. proof spirit or less, 15 per cent. ad valorem.


88. Apparel and ready-made clothing, and all articles n.o.e. made up wholly or in part from textile or other piece-goods, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

89. Apparel made by British or foreign tailors; dress, mantle, or jacket makers, to the order of residents in the colony, and intended for the individual use of such residents, whether imported by the residents themselves or through an importing firm, 40 per cent. ad valorem.

90. Blankets, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

91. Collars and cuffs, of paper or other material, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

92. Cotton counterpanes, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

93. Cotton piece-goods, to include turkey twills, dress prints (hard-spun and plain-woven), where the invoice value does not exceed 4d. the yard; and cotton piece-goods n.o.e., 10 per cent. ad valorem.

94. Cotton piece-goods—namely, tapestry; cretonnes; chintz art crêpe, and serges; velveteens, velvets, and plushes, all kinds; damasks; moquette; sateens; linenettes; crepons; crimps; zephyrs; ginghams; turkey twills; prints; printed cottons; piqués; vestings; quiltings, and marcellas; muslins of all kinds; nets; window-nets; hollands, curtains, and blinds; diapers; ticks, including coloured Belgian; towellings; laces, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

95. Drapery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

96. Feathers, ornamental (including ostrich), and artificial flowers, 25 per cent ad valorem.

97. Forfar, dowlas, and flax sheeting, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

98. Furs, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

99. Haberdashery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

100. Hats of all kinds, including straw hats, also caps, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

101. Hosiery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

102. Lace, and laces, n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

103. Millinery of all kinds, including trimmed hats, caps, and bonnets, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

104. Ribbons and crape, all kinds, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

105. Rugs, woollen, cotton, opossum, or other, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

106. Shawls, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

107. Silks, satins, velvets, plushes, n.o.e., composed of silk mixed with any other material, in the piece, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

108. Textile piece-goods other than cotton or silk, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

109. Umbrellas, parasols, and sunshades, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

110. Yarns n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.


111. Boots, shoes, and slippers, n.o.e.; goloshes, clogs, pattens, vamps, uppers, and laces, 22 1/2 per cent. ad valorem.*

Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 115).

112. Heel-plates, and toe-stiffeners and plates, 22 1/2 per cent. ad valorem.

113. Leather—Leather belting, and belt-leather, harness, bridle, legging, bag, kip (other than East India), 4d. the lb.

Buff and split, including satin hides and tweeds, 3d. the lb.

Cordovan, levanted leather, roans, sheep-skins, morocco n.o.e., basils, 3d. the lb.

Sole-leather, 2d. the lb.

East India kip, Persians, lamb-skins and goat-skins (dressed other than morocco), kangaroo and wallabi skins (dressed), tan and coloured calf, 2d. the lb.

Leather n.o.e., 1d. the lb.

114. Leather board or compo, 4d. the lb.

115. Leather bags and leather-cloth bags n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

116. Leather, chamois, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

117. Leather cut into shapes, 22 1/2 per cent. ad valorem.

118. Leather leggings, 22 1/2 per cent. ad valorem.

119. Leather manufactures n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

120. Portmanteaux; trunks; travelling-bags and brief-bags of leather or leathercloth, 10 in. in length and upwards, and carpet-bags, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

121. Saddlery and harness; whips and whip-thongs, 20 per cent. ad valorem.


122. Basket and wicker ware n.o.e., not being furniture, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

123. Carpets, and druggets; floorcloth; mats, and matting, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

124. Desks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

125. Furniture and cabinetware n.o.e., and other than iron, 25 per cent. ad valorem.*

126. Furniture, knife, and plate powder and polish, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

127. Mantelpieces, other than stone, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

128. Upholstery n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.


129. Bricks, known as firebricks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

130. China, porcelain, and parianware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

131. Drainage pipes and tiles, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

132. Earthen flooring and garden-tiles, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

133. Earthenware, stoneware, and brownware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

134. Filters, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

135. Fireclay, ground, and fireclay goods, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

136. Glass, crown, sheet, and common window, 2s. the 100 superficial feet.*

137. Glassware; also plate glass, and glass polished, coloured, and other kinds, n.o.e.; globes and chimneys for lamps, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

138. Lamps, lanterns, and lampwick, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

139. Plate glass, bevelled or silvered; mirrors and looking-glasses, framed or un framed, 25 per cent. ad valorem.


140. Artificial flies, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

141. Cards, playing, 6d. per pack.

142. Clocks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

143. Dressing-cases, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

144. Fancy goods, and toys, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 115).

145. Fishing tackle, including artificially baited hooks other than flies, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

146. Jewellery; plate, gold or silver; greenstone, cut or polished, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

Plate, gold or silver, if of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 116).

147. Mouldings in the piece for picture-frames, cornices, or ceilings, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

148. Musical instruments of all kinds n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

* Pianos, if of foreign manufacture, are subject to preferential duty (see p. 116)

149. Oil, perfumed, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

150. Papier-maché ware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

151. Perfumery n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

152. Perfumed spirits and Cologne-water, £1 10s. the liquid gallon.

153. Photographic goods n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

154. Pictures, paintings, drawings, engravings, and photographs, framed or un framed; picture or photograph frames and mounts, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

155. Platedware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

156. Statues, statuettes, casts, and bronzes, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

157. Tobacco pipes and cases, cigar and cigarette holders and cases, cigarette papers and cases, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

158. Toilet preparations n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

159. Watches, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

160. Walking-sticks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.


161. Calendars and show-cards, all kinds, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

162. Cardboard boxes complete, or cardboard cut and shaped for boxes (including match-boxes), 25 per cent. ad valorem.

163. Directories of New Zealand, or of any part thereof; also covers for directories, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

164. Handbills, programmes and circulars, playbills and printed posters, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

165. Ink, writing, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

166. Paper bags, coarse (including sugar-bags), 7s. 6d. the cwt.

167. Paper bags n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

168. Paperhangings, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

169. Paper, wrapping—viz., blue candle, glazed cap, glazed casings, small hand, lumber hand, and tissue, 5s. the cwt.

170. Paper, wrapping, other kinds, including brown, cartridge, and sugar papers, 5s. the cwt.

171. Printed matter relating to patent or proprietary medicines; trade catalogues, price-lists, and fashion-plates of the goods of firms or persons in the colony, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

172. Stationery and writing-paper n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

173. Stationery, manufactured—viz., account-books; manuscript books; bill head, invoice, and statement forms; printed or ruled paper; counter-books; cheque and draft forms; tags; labels; blotting-pads; sketchbooks; book-covers; copying letter-books; manifold writers; albums (other than for photographs); diaries; birthday-books; plain or faintlined ruled books; printed window-tickets; printed, lithographed, or embossed stationery; and Christmas, New Year, birthday, and Easter cards and booklets, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

174. Stereotypes and matrices, 25 per cent. ad valorem.


175. Bicycles, tricycles, and the like vehicles; also finished or partly finished or machined parts of same, n.o.e., including weldless steel tubing cut to short lengths, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 115).

176. Boilers, land and marine, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

177. Brass cocks, valves, unions, lubricators, and whistles, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

178. Brass manufactures n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

179. Cartridges (shot), 10 to 24 bore, 1s. 6d. the 100.

180. Cartridge-cases, 9d. the 100.

181. Cartridges n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

182. Cash-registering machines, 10 per cent. ad valorem.

183. Coffin-furniture, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

184. Composition piping, 3s. 6d. the cwt.

185. Copper manufactures n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

186. Copying-presses, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

187. Crab-winches, cranes n.o.e., capstans, and windlasses, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

188. Cutlery, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

189. Firearms, all kinds, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

190. Galvanised iron manufactures n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

191. Gasometers, and other apparatus for producing gas; also gas-meters, 10 per cent. ad valorem.

192. Gaspipes, iron, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

193. Hardware, ironmongery, and holloware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

194. Iron bridges, and iron material n.o.e. for the construction of bridges, wharves, jetties, or patent slips, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

195. Iron columns for buildings, and other structural ironwork, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

196. Iron doors for safes and vaults, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

197. Iron galvanised corrugated sheets, screws, and nails, 2s. per cwt.

198. Iron galvanised tiles, ridging, guttering, and spouting, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

199. Iron gates and gate-posts, staples, standards, straining posts and apparatus, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

200. Iron nails, 2s. per cwt.*

201. Iron pipes, and fittings for same, including main-cocks, 5 per cent. ad valorem.*

202. Iron, plain galvanised sheet and hoop, 1s. 6d. the cwt.

203. Iron tanks, exceeding 200 gallons and not exceeding 400 gallons, 10s. each.

204. Iron tanks of and under 200 gallons, 5s. each.

205. Iron work and wire work, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

206. Japanned and lacquered metal ware, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

207. Lawn-mowers, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

208. Lead, in sheets, 1s. 6d. the cwt.

209. Lead piping, 3s. 6d. the cwt.

210. Machinery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

211. Machinery, electric, and appliances, 10 per cent. ad valorem.

212. Machinery for flour-mills, woollen-mills, paper-mills, rope and twine making, dredging, saw milling, planing, oil-refining, boring; and also machinery for refrigerating or preserving meat, leather-splitting machines and band-knives for same, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

213. Manufactures, n.o.e., of metal, or of metal in combination with any other material, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

214. Nails n.o.e., 3s. the cwt.

215. Printing machines and presses, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

216. Pumps and other apparatus for raising water n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 115).

217. Railway and tramway plant and materials n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

218. Sad-irons, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

219. Shot, 10s. the cwt.

220. Soda-water machines; also, machines for aerating liquids, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

221. Steam-engines and parts of steam-engines n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

222. Steam-engines, and parts thereof, including the boiler or boilers therefor, imported specially for mining or gold-saving purposes and processes, or for dairying purposes, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

223. Tinware, and tinsmiths' furniture n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

224. Waterworks pipes, iron, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

225. Weighbridges and weighing-machines, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

226. Wire mattresses and webbing, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

227. Zinc tiles, ridging, guttering, piping, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

228. Zinc manufactures n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.


229. Bellows, other than forge, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

230. Blocks, wooden tackle, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

231. Buckets and tubs, of wood, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

232. Carriages, carts, drays, wagons, and perambulators, and wheels for the same, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 115).

233. Carriage shafts, spokes, and felloes, dressed; bent carriage timber n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

234. Doors, glazed with ornamental glass, 4s. each.

235. Doors, plain, 2s. each.

236. Sashes, glazed with ornamental glass, 4s. the pair.

237. Sashes, plain, 2s. the pair.

238. Timber, palings, 2s. the 100.

239. Timber, posts, 8s. the 100.

240. Timber, rails, 4s. the 100.

241. Timber, sawn, dressed, 4s. the 100 ft. superficial.

242. Timber, sawn, rough, 2s. the 100 ft. superficial.

243. Timber, shingles and laths, 2s. the 1,000.

244. Woodenware and turnery n.o.e, and veneers, 20 per cent. ad valorem.


245. Axle-grease, and other solid lubricants, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

246. Harness oil and composition, and leather dressing, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

247. Naphtha, 6d. the gallon.

248. Oil, linseed, 6d. the gallon.

249. Oil, mineral, including shale-waste or unrefined mineral-oil n.o.e., 6d. the gallon.

250. Oil n.o.e., 6d. the gallon.

251. Oil, olive, in bulk, 6d. the gallon.

252. Oil, vegetable, in bulk, n.o.e., 6d. the gallon.

253. Oil, vegetable or other, in bottle, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

254. Paints and colours ground in oil or turpentine, 2s. 6d. the cwt.

255. Paints and colours mixed ready for use, 5s. the cwt.

256. Putty, 2s. the cwt.

257. Stearine, 1 1/2d. the lb.

258. Stearine for match-making, 3/4d. the lb.

259. Varnish; enamel paints; gold size, 2s. the gallon.

260. Whiting and chalk, 1s. the cwt.


261. Animals, food for, of all kinds, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

262. Cattle (horned), 10s. each.

263. Chaff, £1 the ton.

264. Grain—namely, barley, 2s. the 100 lb.

265. Grain and pulse of every kind n.o.e., 9d. the 100 lb.

266. Grain and pulse of every kind, when ground or in any way manufactured, n.o.e., 1s. the 100 lb.

267. Horses, £1 each.

268. Linseed, £1 the ton.

269. Maize, 9d. the 100 lb.

270. Onions, £1 the ton.

271. Prepared calf-meal, £1 5s. the ton.


272. Bags, flour, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

273. Bags, calico, forfar, hessian, and linen, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

274. Bagging and bags n.o.e., 15 per cent. ad valorem.

275. Blacking and boot-gloss, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

276. Blacklead, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

277. Blue, 2d. the lb

278. Brooms, brushes, and brushware, n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

279. Brushes, hair, and combs; toilet, clothes, and hat brushes, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

280. Candles, 1d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.*

281. Cement, 2s. the barrel.*

282. Cordage and rope, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 115).

283. Cork, cut, including bungs, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

284. Fireworks n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

285. Flock, 10 per cent. ad valorem.

286. Glue and size, 1 1/2d. the lb.

287. Granite, sawn on not more than two sides, and not dressed or polished, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

288. Marble, granite, and other stone, dressed or polished, and articles made therefrom, including mantelpieces, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

289. Matches—

Wooden, in boxes containing not more than 60 matches, 1s. the gross of boxes.

In boxes containing over 60 and not more than 100 matches, 2s. the gross of boxes.

In boxes containing more than 100 matches, for every 100 matches or fraction thereof contained in one box, 2s. the gross of boxes.

Wax, “plaid vestas” in cardboard boxes containing under 100 matches, 1s. the gross of boxes.

“Pocket vestas” in tin or other boxes containing under 100 matches, 1s. 4d. the gross of boxes.

“Sportsman's,” “Ovals,” and “No. 4 tin vestas,” in boxes containing not more than 200 matches, 4s. 6d. the gross of boxes.

Wax, other kinds, for every 100 matches or fraction thereof contained in one box, 2s. 3d. the gross of boxes.

290. Nets and netting, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

291. Paraffin wax, 3/4d. the lb.

292. Powder, sporting, 6d. the lb.

293. Sacks, other than cornsacks and jute sacks, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

294. Sausage-skins and casings (including brine or salt), 3d. the lb.

295. Soap, common yellow, and blue mottled, 5s. the cwt.

296. Soap n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

297. Soap-powder, extract of soap, dry soap, and soft-soap, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

298. Spirits, methylated, 1s. the liquid gallon.

299. Spirits, cleared from warehouse, methylated, under prescribed conditions, 6d. the liquid gallon.

300. Starch, 2d. the lb.

301. Tarpaulins, tents, rick and wagon covers, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

302. Twine n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

303. Washing-powder, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

304. Wax, mineral, vegetable, and Japanese, 1 1/2d. the lb.

In addition to any duty chargeable by law on any goods imported into the colony, a further duty of 20 per cent. ad valorem shall be charged when the goods are prison-made.


Names of Articles.

305. Almonds, Barbary, Sicily, and French, used in confectioners' manufactures.

306. Anchovies, salted, in casks.

307. Arrowroot, sago, tapioca, macaroni, vermicelli, and prepared groats.

308. Salt.

309. Rice, dressed or undressed.

310. Rice manufactured into starch in bond.


311. Cocoa-beans.

312. Coffee, raw.


313. Acids—viz.: boracic; carbolic, in bulk; fluoric; muriatic; n**ic; oxalic; oleic; picric; pyrogallic; salicylic; sulphuric.

314. Concentrated extracts or essences in liquid form or preserved in fat for perfume-manufacturing purposes in manufacturing warehouses, in bottles of not less than 1 lb. in weight.

315. Disinfectants.

316. Drugs and chemicals—viz.: alum; sulphate of aluminium; sulphate of ammonia; anhydrous ammonia; aniline dyes; arsenic; bluestone, or sulphate of copper; borax; catechu; chloride of calcium; nitrate of silver; cochineal; creosote, crude or commercial; glycerine, crude; gum, arabic and tragacanth; gum benzoin; artificial gum arabic; gum damar; phosphorus; potash, caustic potash, and chlorate of potash; pearlash; prussiate of potash; cyanide of potassium; cyanide of sodium; liquid chlorine; sal-ammoniac; saltpetre; acetate of soda, crude; soda-ash; caustic soda; nitrate of soda; silicate of soda; sulphate of soda; sulphide of sodium; hyposulphite of sodium; strychnine; sulphur; chloride of zinc; iron-sulphates; gall-nuts; turmeric; saffron; nitrous-oxide gas; tree-washes; insecticides; maltine; chlorodyne.

317. Essential oils, except eucalyptus; cod-liver oil; oil of rhodium.

318. Horse drenches.

319. Medicinal barks, leaves, herbs, flowers, roots and gums.

320. Scrub-exterminator.

321. Sheep-dip; sheep-drenches; sheep-licks.

322. Surgical and dental instruments and appliances.*

323. Scientific and assay balances, retorts, flasks, and other appliances for chemical analysis and assay work.

324. Water-hardening chemicals for brewers' use.


325. Accoutrements for military purposes, excepting uniform clothing.†

326. Brace-elastic and brace-mountings.

327. Bunting, in the piece.

328. Butter and cheese cloth.

329. Buttons, tapes, wadding, pins, needles.

330. Calico, white and grey, also cotton sheetings, in the piece.

* If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p. 116).

† Subject to the provisions of section 28 of “The Defence Act, 1900,” as follows:—

Equipments to be admitted free of Customs Duty.

“28. All military clothing, saddlery, and equipments imported into the colony for the bona fide use of a Volunteer corps shall, on the certificate in writing of the Minister of Defence that the same are or have been imported for such purpose, be admitted into the colony free of Customs duty.”

331. Corduroy, moleskin, and plain beaver-skin, of cotton, in the piece.

332. Coloured cotton shirtings; flannelette shirtings.*

333. Forfar, dowlas, and flax sheeting, when cut up under supervision in sizes not exceeding 47 in. x 36 in. for making flour-bags, and not exceeding 54 in. for lining wool mats.

334. Fur-skins, green or sun-dried.

335. Gold or silver lace or braid for military clothing.

336. Hatmakers' materials—viz.: silk plush; felt hoods; shellac; galloons; calicoes; spale-boards for hat-boxes; leathers and linings; blocks; moulds; frames; ventilators; and tassels.

337. Hessians, plain or striped, and scrim.

338. Leather-cloth.

339. Minor articles (required in the making-up of apparel, boots, shoes, hats, caps, saddlery, umbrellas, parasols, and sunshades), enumerated in any order of the Commissioner, and published in the Gazette.

340. Sailcloth, canvas, and unbleached double-warped duck, in the piece.†

341. Sewing cottons, silks, and threads; crochet, darning, and knitting cottons; angola mendings not exceeding 45 yards, on cards.

342. Silk for flour-dressing.

343. Silk twist (shoemakers' and saddlers').

344. Staymakers' binding, eyelets, corset-fasteners, jean, ticks, lasting, sateen, and cotell.

345. Tailors' trimmings—viz.: plain-coloured imitation hair-cloth; canvas; plain Verona and plain diagonal, and such patterns of checked Italian cloth as may be approved of by the Commissioner of Customs; Italian cloth of cotton or wool; buckram; wadding and padding; silk, worsted, and cotton bindings and braids; stay-bindings; Russia braids; shoulder-pads; buckles; silesias; drab, slate, and brown jeans; pocketings; slate, black, and brown dyed unions and linens.

346. Umbrella-makers' materials—viz.: reversible and levantine silk mixtures, gloria, and satin de chêne of not less than 44 in. in width; alpaca cloth, with border; zanella cloth, with border; also other piece-goods on such conditions as the Commissioner may approve; sticks, runners, notches, caps, ferrules, cups, ribs, stretchers, tips, and rings.

347. Union shirtings the invoice value of which does not exceed 6d. the yard.*

348. Waterproof material in the piece.


349. Boot-elastic.

350. Bootmakers' linings, canvas, plain or coloured, bag and portmanteau linings, of such materials, qualities, and patterns as may be approved by the Commissioner.

351. Boots, shoes, and slippers—viz., children's, No. 0 to 3.

352. Cork soles, and sock soles.

353. East India kip, crust or rough-tanned, but undressed.

354. Goat-skins, crust or rough-tanned, but undressed.

355. Grindery, except heel and toe plates.

356. Hogskins.

357. Kangaroo, wallabi skins, undressed.

358. Leather, japanned or enamelled; goat-skins, dressed as morocco, coloured (other than black).

359. Saddle-trees.

* Whenever any dispute arises as to the application of the exemption in favour of coloured cotton, flannelette, or union shirtings, in the case of fabrics alleged to be such shirtings, the Commissioner has power to decide such dispute; and in case of doubt on his part, he may require the fabric in dispute to be cut up for shirt-making, under such conditions as he prescribes. (See section 6 of “The Customs and Excise Duties Act 1895.”

† If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p. 116).

360. Saddlers' ironmongery (except bits and stirrup-irons), hames, and mounts for harness; straining, surcingle, brace, girth, and roller webs; collarcheck, and the same article plain, of such quality as may be approved by the Commissioner; legging-buckles.

361. Tanning materials, crude.


362. Blind-webbing and tape.

363. Upholsterers' webbing, hair-seating, imitation hair-seating; curled hair; gimp and cord of wool, cotton, or silk; tufts, and studs.


364. Bottles, empty, plain glass, not being cut or ground; also, jars up to 3 in. in diameter at the mouth.

365. Glass plates (engraved) for photo-lithographic work.

366. Jars or other dutiable vessels, containing free goods or goods subject to a fixed rate of duty, and being ordinary trade packages for the goods contained in them.


367. Action-work and keys, in frames or otherwise, for manufacture of organs, harmoniums, and pianos; organ-pipes and stop-knobs.

368. Artists' canvas, colours, brushes, and palette-knives.

369. Magic-lanterns, lenses, and slides.

370. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes, and lenses for same.

371. Musical instruments, specially imported for Volunteer bands.

372. Paintings, statuary, and works of art, presented to or imported by any public institution or art association registered as a body corporate, for display in the buildings of such institution or association, and not to be sold or otherwise disposed of.

373. Photographic cameras and lenses.

374. Photographs of personal friends in letters or packets.

375. Precious stones, cut or uncut and unmounted.

376. Sensitized surfaces for photographic purposes.


377. Bookbinders' materials—viz., cloth, leather, thread, headbands, webbing, end-papers, tacketing-gut, marbling-colours, marble-paper, blue paste for ruling-ink, staple presses, wire staples, staple-sticks.

378. Butter-paper, known as parchment paper or waxed paper.

379. Cardboard and pasteboard, of sizes not less than that known as “royal.”

380. Cardboard boxes, material for—viz., gold and silver paper, plain and embossed, gelatine and coloured papers, known as “box-papers.”

381. Cartridge-paper for drawing-books.

382. Cloth-lined boards, not less than “royal.”

383. Cloth-lined papers, enamelled paper; ivorite and gelatine; metallic paper; not less than “demy.”

384. Copy-books and drawing-books.

385. Copying-paper, medium and double-foolscap, in original mill wrappers and labels.

386. Hand-made cheque-paper.

387. Ink, printing.

388. Masticated para.

389. Millboard, and bookbinders' leather-board.

390. Paper, hand-made or machine-made book or writing, of sizes not less than the size known as “demy,” when in original wrappers.

391. Printing-paper.*

392. Printed books, papers, and music n.o.e.

393. School slates, and educational apparatus.

*If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p. 116).


394. All machinery for agricultural purposes, including chaff-cutters, corn-crushers; corn-shellers, also articles used in manufacturing the same—viz., chaff - cutting knives, tilt - rakes, fittings for threshing - mills, forgings for ploughs.

395. All agricultural implements.

396. All bolts and nuts, blank or screwed nuts, black or finished nuts.

397. Anchors.

398. Artificers' tools.

399. Axes and hatchets; spades, shovels, and forks; picks; mattocks; quartz and knapping hammers; scythes, sheep-shears, reaping-hooks; soldering-irons; paperhangers' scissors; butchers' saws and cleavers.

400. Axles, axle-arms and boxes.

401. Band-saws and folding-saws, including frames.

402. Bellows-nails.

403. Bicycles and tricycles, fittings for—viz., rubber tires, pneumatic tires, out-side covers, and inner tubes; rubber and cork handles, and pedal-rubbers; also drop-forgings and stampings, ball-bearings, weldless steel tube in full lengths, rims, forks, and spokes, in the rough.*

404. Blacksmiths' anvils, forges, and fans.

405. Blowers.

406. Brass and copper, in pigs, babies, or sheets.

407. Brass tubing and stamped work, in the rough, for gasaliers and brackets.

408. Caps, percussion.

409. Card-clothing for woollen-mills.

410. Chain pulleys, and chains for same.

411. Chains, trace and plough chains; or metal articles required to repair or complete riding or driving harness or saddlery to be repaired or made in the colony.

412. Chamfering, crozing and howelling machine for cask-making.

413. Copper and composition, rod, bolts, sheathing, and nails.

414. Couch-roll jackets, machine-wires, beater-bars, and strainer-plates for paper-mills.

415. Crucibles.

416. Emery-grinding machines and emery-wheels.

417. Empty iron drums, not exceeding 10 gallons capacity.

418. Engineers', boilermakers', brass-finishers', smiths', and all metal-and wood-workers' machine and hand tools.

419. Engine governors.

420. Eyelets.

421. Fire-engines, including Merryweather's chemical fire-engines.

422. Fish-hooks.

423. Galvanising baths, welded.

424. Gas engines and hammers, and oil-engines.*

425. Glassmakers' moulds.

426. Hydraulic cranes.

427. Iron and brass-wove wire and wire gauze; also wire netting.

428. Iron boiler-plates and unflanged end-plates for boilers; boiler-tubes not exceeding 6 in. in diameter, and unflanged; Bowling's expansion rings; furnace-flues.

429. Iron, plain black sheet, rod, bolt, bar, plate,* hoop, and pig.†

430. Iron rolled girders.

431. Iron plates, screws, and castings for ships.

432. Iron wire n.o.e., including fencing-wire, plain and barbed.

433. Lead, in pigs and bars.

434. Locomotives.

435. Machine saws.

* If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p. 116).

† Hoop and pig iron not affected by preferential tariff.

436. Machinery exclusively for the purpose of the manufacture of beet-root sugar.

437. Machinery for dairying purposes.

438. Machinery of every description for mining purposes, including machine pumps, but not including machinery for dredging.

439. Machinery for gold-saving purposes and processes.

440. Metal fittings for trunks, portmanteaux, travelling-bags, leggings, bags, and satchels.

441. Metal sheaves for blocks.

442. Metallic capsules.

443. Perambulators and the like vehicles, fittings for, n.o.e.

444. Perforated or cellular sheet zinc or iron.

445. Portable engines on four or any greater number of wheels, with boiler of locomotive type; also traction-engines.

446. Printing type and materials n.o.e.

447. Rails for railways and tramways.*

448. Reapers and binders, and reaping and mowing machines, and extra parts for same; materials for manufacturing agricultural machinery, namely, reaper-knife sections, fingers, brass and steel springs, malleable castings, discs for harrows, mould-boards and plough-shares, mould-board plates, and steel share-plates cut to pattern, skeith-plates; ploughs and harrows; combined threshers.

449. Riddles and sieves.

450. Rivets and washers.

451. Separators and coolers for dairying purposes.

452. Set-screws, engineers' studs, and split-pins.

453. Sewing, knitting, and kilting machines.

454. Spiral springs (except sofa and mattress springs).

455. Steam and hydraulic pressure and vacuum gauges.

456. Steel rams, black or finished, for hydraulic cranes or jiggers.

457. Surveyors' steel bands and measuring-tapes.

458. Swords.

459. Tacks of all kinds.

460. Tea-packing lead.

461. Tin, in pigs, bars, or sheets.

462. Tinsmiths' fittings, including stamped or blocked tin, planished or unplanished.

463. Tins, tops of, ornamented.

464. Welded and flanged boiler-furnaces, plain or corrugated.

465. Wire, of brass, copper, or lead.

466. Zinc, plain sheet.

467. Zinc plates and copper plates for photo-lithographic work.


468. Ash, hickory, and lancewood timber, unwrought.

469. Blacksmiths' bellows.

470. Brush woodware.

471. Carriage and cart shafts, spokes and felloes in the rough; hubs, all kinds; poles if unbent and unplaned, all kinds; bent wheel-rims.

472. Carriage and cart makers' materials—viz, springs, mountings, trimmings, brass hinges, tire-bolts, shackle-holders, step treads, and other iron fittings (except steps, lamp-irons, dash-irons, seat-rails, and fifth wheels), rubber-cloth.

473. Churns.

474. Lignum-vitæ.

475. Sieves, hair.

476. Wooden handles for tools.

* See preferential tariff, p. 116.


477. Benzine in bulk.

478. Oils—viz., candlenut, fish, kerosene, penguin, palm seal, whale.

479. Paints and colours n.o.e.

480. Shale oil, once run, suitable for gas-making.

481. Spirits of tar.

482. Turpentine, driers, and terebene.


483. Apparatus and appliances solely for teaching purposes, as may be approved by the Commissioner.

484. Bags made of New Zealand tow or flax.

485. Belting for machinery, other than leather.

486. Binder-twine.

487. Bricks, other than fire-bricks.

488. Building materials n.o.e.

489. Brushes for cream-separators and combined screens.

490. Candlenuts and candlenut kernels.

491. Candle-wick.

492. Canvas aprons and elevators for reapers and binders.

493. Carpenters' baskets.

494. Charts and maps.

495. Confectioners' moulding-starch.

496. Cotton waste.

497. Dye-stuffs and dyeing materials, crude.

498. Felt sheathing.

499. Food preservative n.o.e.

500. Gum boots.*

501. Hawsers of 12 in. and over.

502. Honey and brown Windsor soap composition.

503. Iron and steel cordage.*

504. Jute bagging, bags, and sacks.

505. Manures.

506. Marble, and other stone, hewn or rough sawn, not dressed or polished.

507. Netmakers' cotton twine.

508. Official supplies for consular officers of countries where a similar exemption exists in favour of British Consuls.

509. Papermakers' felts.

510. Passengers' baggage and effects, including only wearing-apparel and other personal effects that have been worn or are in use by persons arriving in the colony; also implements, instruments, and tools of trade, occupation, or employment of such persons; and household or other effects not exceeding £100 in value, which have been in use for twelve months prior to embarkation by the persons or families bringing them to the colony, and not intended for any other person or persons or for sale†; also cabin-furnishings belonging to such persons.

511. Plaster-of-paris.

512. Powder, blasting and meal.

513. Ship-chandlery n.o.e.

514. Ships' rockets, blue-lights, and danger-signals.

515. Stones, mill, grind, oil, and whet.

516. Tobacco for sheepwash or for insecticide, after being rendered unfit for human consumption to the satisfaction of the Commissioner.

517. Treacle or molasses, mixed with bone-black in proportions to the satisfaction of the Commissioner.

518. Tubular woven cotton-cloth in the piece, for meat-wraps.

519. Typewriters.

* If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p. 116).

† Including bicycles which have been in use for twelve months.

520. Wax, bottling.

521. Woolpacks and woolpockets.

522. Yarn—viz., coir, flax, hemp.

523. Articles and materials (as may from time to time be specified by the Commissioner) which are suited only for, and are to be used solely in, the fabrication of goods within the colony. All decisions of the Commissioner in reference to articles so admitted free to be published from time to time in the Gazette.

524. And all articles not otherwise enumerated.


525. Tobacco, 1s. the lb.*

526. Cigars, cigarettes, and snuff, 1s. 6d. the lb.*

527. Beer, 3d. the gallon.

528. Articles in which spirit is a necessary ingredient, manufactured in a ware house appointed under section 26 of “The Customs Laws Consolidation Act, 1882,” namely—

Tinctures, essences, extracts, and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopœia containing more than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, 9d. the lb.

Tinctures, essences, extracts, and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopœia containing less than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, 3d. the lb.

Culinary and flavouring essences, 12s. the liquid gallon, from 1st February, 1896.

Perfumed spirit, 20s. the liquid gallon, from 1st February, 1896.

Toilet preparations which are subject to 16s. the liquid gallon on importation, 12s. the liquid gallon.

Toilet preparations which are subject to 25 per cent. duty on importation, 6s. the liquid gallon.


529. Olive-stones, ground (see New Zealand Gazette, 15th May, 1890), 4d. the lb.

530. Brewers' caramel (see New Zealand Gazette, 21st August, 1890), 3d. the lb.

531. Liquid hops (see New Zealand Gazette, 21st December, 1893), 6s. the lb.

532. The United Asbestos Patent Salamander Decorations (see New Zealand Gazette, 14th May, 1896), 15 per cent. ad valorem.

533. Matches of any material other than wood or wax, a duty corresponding to the duty payable on wooden matches (see New Zealand Gazette, 27th April, 1899).

534. Fibre conduit pipes and fittings for same (see New Zealand Gazette, 4th May, 1899), 5 per cent. ad valorem.

535. Caramel cereal (see New Zealand Gazette, 14th March, 1901), 1/2d. the lb.

* “The Tobacco Excise Duties Act, 1896,” section 2, enacts:—

“On and after the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-six, section three of ‘The Customs and Excise Duties Act, 1891,’ shall be deemed to be repealed, and in lieu of the duties imposed by that section there shall be levied, collected, and paid, on and after that day, upon tobacco manufactured in the colony, at the time of making the entry for home consumption thereof, the several duties of excise following, that is to say—

“On tobaccoOne shilling the pound.
On cigars and snuffOne shilling and sixpence the pound,
On cigarettes—
      If manufactured by machineryTwo shillings and sixpence the pound,
      If made by handOne shilling the pound.”

536. Compo board (see New Zealand Gazette, 12th December, 1901), 4s. the 100 ft. super.

537. Leather-board or compo cut into shapes (see New Zealand Gazette, 20th August, 1903), 4d. the lb.

538. Creamalina (see New Zealand Gazette, 17th September, 1903), 1d. the lb.

539. Ground cocoa-shells (see New Zealand Gazette, 7th January, 1904), 3d. the lb.

540. Brunak (see New Zealand Gazette, 8th September, 1904), 3d. the lb.

541. Tartaraline, a substitute for cream of tartar (see New Zealand Gazette, 22nd December, 1904), 1d. the lb.

542. Bush's Cream of Tartar Substitute (see New Zealand Gazette, 26th January, 1905), 1d. the lb.

543. Corio Tartar (see New Zealand Gazette, 19th April, 1906), 1d. the lb.

544. Sukrina, substitute for sugar (see New Zealand Gazette, 19th July, 1906), 1s. 2d. the lb.

545. Fermena, substitute for cream of tartar (see New Zealand Gazette, 2nd August, 1906), 1d. the lb.

546. Raspberry acid (see New Zealand Gazette, 9th August, 1906), 6d. the gallon.

547. Yerbo mate or Paraguay tea, substitute for tea (see New Zealand Gazette, 4th October, 1906), 2d. the 1lb.


On and after 1st July, 1904, the Customs tariff is modified in respect of the undermentioned articles imported into the Cook and other Islands within the extended boundaries of the colony:—

Claret, 2s. the gallon (in lieu of 6s. the gallon).

Horses, 10s. each (in lieu of £1 each).

Drugs imported by missionary societies for dispensation among the Natives, free.


“The Opium Prohibition Act, 1901,” makes it unlawful for any person to import opium into the colony in any form suitable for smoking. Permits may be issued by the Commissioner of Trade and Customs for the importation of the drug in the following forms:—

Opium, crude.

Opium, in powder.

Opium, extract of, solid.

No permit shall be issued to any person of the Chinese race. Heavy penalties are prescribed for breaches of the above law.

“The Opium Prohibition Act Amendment Act, 1902,” makes it illegal to have opium in possession, except the kinds stated above, which can be held under permit.

“The Opium Prohibition Act Amendment Act, 1906,” requires that every person who purchases opium from the holder of a permit shall enter or cause to be entered in a book kept for such purpose the particulars of all purchases in the same manner as the holder of a permit is required to enter particulars of all sales.

Chapter 29. TIMBER EXPORT.

“The Timber Export Act, 1901,” authorised the collection, by Order in Council, of the following duties:—

Logs, round3s.per 100 superficial feet.Or such lesser duty as the Governor by Order in Council determines.
Logs, squared with axe or saw  
Half logs  
Flitches of any particular kind, or pieces of such size as the Governor by Order in Council from time to time determines3s.per 100 superficial feetOr such lesser duty as the Governor by Order in Council determines.

An Order in Council dated the 27th March, 1902, directs that there shall be levied, collected, and paid previous to exportation from New Zealand, duties upon white-pine and kahikatea timber as under:—

Logs, round3s.per 100 superficial feet.
Logs cut in half3s.per 100 superficial feet.
Logs, squared with axe or saw, 10 in. by 10 in. or its equivalent, or over3s.per 100 superficial feet.
Flitches, any width, and not exceeding 10 in. thick2s. per 100 superficial feet.

A further Order in Council, dated 10th April, 1902, directs that duties on kauri timber shall be charged as under:—

Logs, round3s.per 100 superficial feet.
Logs cut in half3s.per 100 superficial feet.
Logs, squared with axe or saw3s.per 100 superficial feet.
Flitches, exceeding 30 in. in width and 9 in. in thickness2s. per 100 superficial feet.

“The Timber Export Duty Act, 1903,” forms part of and is to be read with “The Timber Export Act, 1901.” The following duties may, by Order in Council,* be substituted for those in the Schedule to the last-named statute:—

Logs, round5s.per 100 superficial feet.Or such lesser duty as the Governor by Order in Council determines.
Logs, squared with axe or saw  
Half logs  
Flitches of any particular kind, or pieces of such size as the Governor by Order in Council from time to time determines3s.per 100 superficial feetOr such lesser duty as the Governor by Order in Council determines.


The above Act forms part of and is to be read together with “The Customs Laws Consolidation Act, 1882.” Certain goods (enumerated in these Schedules) imported into New Zealand, not being the produce or manufacture of some part of the British dominions, are to be subject to duty or extra duties as set forth hereunder:—


(An additional duty equal to the amount payable under any tariff for the time being in force in New Zealand.) Cement.

* No order yet issued.


(An additional duty equal to one-half of the amount payable under any tariff for the time being in force.)

Basket and wicker ware n.o.e., not being furniture.

Bicycles, tricycles, and the like vehicles; also finished or partly finished or machined parts of same, n.o.e., including weldless steel tubing cut to short lengths.

Boots, shoes, and slippers, n.o.e.; goloshes, clogs, pattens, vamps, uppers, and laces.


Carriages, carts, drays, wagons, and perambulators, and wheels for same.

China, porcelain, and parian ware.


Cordage and rope, n.o.e.

Cream of tartar.

Earthenware, stoneware, and brownware.

Fancy goods and toys.

Firearms, all kinds.

Fish, potted and preserved.

Furniture and cabinetware, n.o.e., and other than iron.

Glass, crown, sheet, and common window.

Glassware; also plate glass, and glass polished, coloured, and other kinds, n.o.e. globes and chimneys for lamps.

Hardware, ironmongery, and holloware.


Iron nails.

Iron pipes, and fittings for same, including main-cooks.

Lamps, lanterns, and lamp-wick.

Musical instruments—viz., pianos.


Paper, wrapping—viz., blue candle, glazed cap, glazed casings, small-hand, lumber-hand, and tissue.

Paper, wrapping, other kinds, including brown, cartridge, and sugar papers.

Plate and platedware.

Pumps and other apparatus for raising water.


(Duties equal to 20 per centum of the value for duty as defined by the principal Act, or by any Act amending the principal Act.

Bicycles and tricycles, fittings for—viz., rubber tires, pneumatic tires, outside covers, and inner tubes; rubber and cork handles, and pedal-rubbers; also drop-forgings and stampings, ball-bearings, weldless steel tube in full lengths, rims, forks, and spokes in the rough.

Gas-engines and hammers, and oil-engines.

Gum boots.

Iron and steel cordage.

Iron, plain black sheet, rod, bolt, bar, and plate.


Rails for railways and tramways.†

Sailcloth, canvas, and unbleached double-warped duck.

Surgical and dental instruments and appliances.

* No duty as above described is to be levied on printing-papers imported by and for the use of the proprietors of any registered newspaper, if it is proved to the satisfaction of the Collector that they are imported under a valid contract for the supply of such papers for a period not exceeding three years, entered into prior to the 16th November, 1903.

† No preferential duty will be levied on rails for tramways and other goods mentioned in the above Schedules directly imported before 31st March, 1906, for use in the construction or equipment of any tramway for which plans and specifications have been completed or are in course of preparation on the passing of the Act.

The Act also provides that from and after the 31st March, 1904, no duty shall be leviable on tea grown in any part of the British dominions, except on tea in packets not exceeding one pound in weight.

[The main features of the Act, including its provisions as to reciprocity of trade, will be found described in Part III of this volume.]


THE above Act makes provision for Customs reciprocity between this colony and South Africa. An Order in Council dated the 7th January, 1907, sets out that the treaty shall be with the Colonies of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River, Transvaal, and Southern Rhodesia. The existing New Zealand Customs tariff is altered in respect of importations from the above colonies into New Zealand, and on and after the 1st January, 1907, the following duties shall be levied:—

Feathers15 per cent. ad valorem.
Fish1 1/2d. per lb.
Fruits, driedFree.
Fruits, freshFree.
Maize6d. per cental.
Sugar1s. 8d. per cental.
Tobacco (manufactured)2s. 6d. per lb.
Tea (not otherwise exempt)1d. per lb.
Wines (other than sparkling)2s. per gallon.
All other goods (except spirits)25 per cent. less than the duty which would otherwise be payable.

The following duties are chargeable under the treaty on New Zealand goods imported into the above colonies of South Africa:—

Bran1s. per cental.
Flour2s. 3d. per cental.
Oats1s. 10d. per cental.
Wheat1s. per cental.
Butter2d. per lb.
Cheese12 per cent. ad valorem.
Meats1d. per lb.
All other goods (except spirits)25 per cent. less than the duty which would otherwise be payable.

It is also agreed that if a fiscal difference is made by either of the contracting parties between locally manufactured spirits and imported spirits, the manufactured spirits of the other contracting party shall be admitted at the same rate of duty as is payable on the locally manufactured spirits.



For the bringing land under the provisions of this Act (over and above the cost of advertisements)—£s.d.
        When the title consists of a Crown grant, and none of the land included therein has been dealt with020
        When the title is of any other description and the value exceeds £300100
        When the title is of any other description and the value exceeds £200 and does not exceed £3000150
        When the title is of any other description and the value exceeds £100 and does not exceed £2000100
        When the title is of any other description and when the value does not exceed £100050
Contribution to the Assurance Fund upon first bringing land under the Act,—
        In the pound sterling000 1/2
Other fees—
        For every application to bring land under the Act050
        For every certificate of title on transfer where the consideration does not exceed £1000100
        For every other certificate of title100
        Registering memorandum of transfer, mortgage, incumbrance, or lease0100
        Registering transfer or discharge of mortgage or of incumbrance, or the transfer or surrender of a lease050
        Registering proprietor of any estate or interest derived by settlement or transmission0100
        For every power of attorney deposited0100
        For every registration abstract100
        For cancelling registration abstract050
        For every revocation order0100
        Noting caveat0100
        Cancelling or withdrawal of caveat, and for every notice relating to any caveat050
        For every search020
        For every general search050
        For every map or plan deposited050
        For every instrument declaratory of trusts, and for every will or other instrument deposited0100
        For registering recovery by proceeding in law or equity or re-entry by lessee0100
        For registering vesting of lease in mortgagee, consequent on refusal of Trustee in Bankruptcy to accept the same0100
        For entering notice of marriage or death0100
        For entering notice of writ or order of Supreme Court0100
        Taking affidavit or statutory declaration050
        For the exhibition of any deposited instrument, or for exhibiting deeds surrendered by applicant proprietor050
        For certified copy, not exceeding five folios050
        For every folio or part folio after first five006
        For every notice to produce deeds or instruments050
        For every outstanding interest noted on certificate of title050
        When any instrument purports to deal with land included in mere than one grant or certificate, for each registration memorial after the first020


All fees under the Act shall be due and payable in advance.

Where several properties are included in one form of application there shall be charged in respect of each property an application fee and a fee for bringing the land under the Act. Land included within one outer boundary shall be deemed one property for the purpose of this regulation.

In all cases a fee of one pound (£1) is hereby prescribed as the charge to be made for advertising notice of application; provided that, whenever it is necessary that unusual publicity shall be given to any application, the District Land Registrar may require payment of such additional sum as shall, in his judgment, be sufficient to defray the cost of such advertisements.

In all cases where application is made to bring land under the Act, and the certificate of title is directed to issue and is issued in the name of the applicant, the fees for bringing such land under the Act, with the exception of the “application fee,” may, at the request of the applicant, remain unpaid until such land is dealt with by him as registered proprietor. The District Land Registrar shall retain any such certificate of title until the fees due upon the same have been paid, and, until such payment, shall not register any dealing with the land included in such certificate of title.

Printed forms supplied by the Registrar for use under the Act shall be charged for at the rate of one shilling each. Solicitors, land-brokers, and others having forms printed for their own use, and at their own expense, shall, on approval of such forms by the Registrar, be entitled to have the same sealed free of charge.


BY the Amendment Act of 1885 the Schedule of Duties payable under the principal Act of 1881 has been repealed, and the following imposed in lieu thereof:—

1. When the value does not exceed £100No duty.
2. Upon any amount exceeding £100 but not exceeding £1,000—
On the first £100No duty.
And on the remainder£2 1/2 per cent.
3. Upon any amount exceeding £1,000 but not exceeding £5,000£3 1/2 per cent.
4. Upon any amount exceeding £5,000, and up to £20,000£7 per cent.
5. Upon £20,000 and any amount over that sum£10 per cent.
6. Strangers in blood, excepting adopted children£3 per cent.

These duties are leviable upon the final balance of the real and personal estates.

The exemption in respect of property passing absolutely to widow at death of husband is now extended vice versa.

There are also special provisions in the law affecting children, grandchildren, step-children, and adopted children inheriting property.

The above duties also apply to deeds of gift.


Table of Contents


THE population of New Zealand, as estimated for the 31st December, 1906, with the increase for the year, is shown below:—

* Excluding 776 natives of South Sea Islands at labour abroad.
Population as enumerated at the census of 29th April, 1906 (exclusive of Maoris, also Cook and other annexed Pacific Islands)471,008417,570888,578
Increase from 29th April to 31st December, 1906—
By excess of births “over deaths
By excess of immigration over emigration
Estimated population (exclusive of Maoris also Cook and other annexed Pacific Islands) on 31st December, 1906481,651427,075908,726
Maori population, census, February, 190625,53822,19347,731
Population of Cook and other Pacific Islands,census, 1906 census6,2246,11612,340*
Total estimated population of colony on 31st December, 1906513,413455,384968,797

Details showing the distribution of the Maori population and also of the Cook and other annexed Pacific Islands follow; but the figures in the succeeding portions of this section exclude these special features.


Bay of Islands2,571
Great Barrier Island41
Eden (including Waiheke and Chamberlin Islands)282
East Taupo889
West Taupo1,136
Tauranga and adjacent islands2,040
Hawke's Bay1,505
Wairarapa South119
Mount Herbert106
Stewart Island and adjacent islands100
Chatham Islands202


 Whites and Half-castes living as Whites.Natives and Half-castes living as Natives.Total.Absentees.*

* Absent in ships or at the guano islands, &c.

(a) Birthplaces.—United Kingdom, 28; New Zealand, 23; Australia, 6; Tasmania, 3; Rarotonga, 10; France, 8; Germany, 5; Sweden, 1; Cape Verde Islands, 2; United States America, 8; Holland, 1; Portugal, 2; Society Group, 1; Hong Kong, 6; Jamaica, 2; Manila, 1.

(b) Birthplaces.—United Kingdom, 5; New Zealand, 2; Rarotonga, 1.

(c) Birthplaces.—Australia, 1; Hong Kong, 2; Austria, 1.

(d) Birthplaces.—United Kingdom, 4; New Zealand, 1; Jamaica, 1; Norway, 1; Aitutaki, 1.

(e) Birthplaces.—France, 1; Germany, 1.

(f) Birthplaces.—Cape Verde Islands, 1; Hong Kong, 1.

(g) Birthplaces not stated.

(h) Birthplaces.—United Kingdom, 5; United States America, 1.

(i) Birthplaces.—United Kingdom, 1; Australia, 1.

(k) Birthplaces.—United Kingdom, 1.

SUMMARY OF BIRTHPLACES.—United Kingdom, 44; New Zealand, 26; Australia, 8; Tasmania, 3; Rarotonga, 11; France, 9; Germany, 6; Sweden, 1; Cape Verde Islands, 3 United States America, 9; Holland, 1; Portugal, 2; Society Group, 1; Hong Kong, 9; Jamaica, 3; Manila, 1; Norway, 1; Aitutaki, 1; Austria, 1; not stated, 21 (on Niue Island): Total, 161.

Mauke (or Parry Island)2(e)44444610
Total Cook Group1316,5776,70892*
Niue (or Savage Island)21(g)3,8013,822580
Penrhyn (or Tongareva)6(h)414420..
Danger (or Pukapuka)..43543532
Total other islands305,6025,632684*
Total population of Pacific islands16112,17912,340776*


The increase for each quarter of the year 1906 was:—

First Quarter.
Increase from:Males.Females.Total


Excess of births over deaths1,9062,1774,083
Excess of immigration over emigration2,7446823,426
Increase during quarter4,6502,8597,509
Second Quarter.
Excess of births over deaths1,9172,0823,999
Excess of emigration over immigration-87*-103*-190*
Increase during quarter1,8301,9793,809
Third Quarter.
Excess of births over deaths1,7842,1163,900
Excess of immigration over emigration1,1537441,897
Increase during quarter2,9372,8605,797
Fourth Quarter.
Excess of births over deaths1,8552,0763,931
Excess of immigration over emigration4,5863,1297,715
Increase during quarter6,4415,20511,646
Year 1906.
Excess of births over deaths7,4628,45115,913
Excess of immigration over emigration8,3964,45212,848
Total increase during 190615,85812,90323,761

As to the increase of arrivals over departures, it will be seen that the December quarter is by far the largest proportion of the four (7,715 persons). The March quarter comes next with 3,426 persons, then the September quarter with 1,897 persons, while June quarter shows a loss of 190 persons. The increase by births over deaths is greatest in the March quarter, the numbers for the others being nearly equal.

The movement of population since 1885 is given in the next table. Although the large increase in 1893 by excess of arrivals over departures was not maintained during the nine following years, the arrivals in the colony nevertheless exceeded the departures in each of these years, and the total excess of arrivals for the fifteen-year period 1892–1906, inclusive, is found to be 87,450 persons, drawn from other colonies or countries.

The excess of arrivals in the colony during the year 1906 over the departures will be seen from the table to have been decidedly greater than that for 1905. For 1901, the figures are 6,522; for 1902, 7,992; for 1903, 11,275; for 1904, 10,355; for 1905, 9,302; and for 1906, the number is 12,848. Comparing these results with those for 1900, when the excess of arrivals was only 1,831, a substantial annual gain in population coming from abroad is shown.

In five years New Zealand has secured 51,772 persons, mostly from Australia and the Home-country, after deducting from the total arrivals all those who departed outwards.

So far as can be ascertained the United Kingdom only furnished 15,950 of the above large number added to New Zealand for the five years, while Australia shows as contributing 37,390, partly in consequence of the great depression on account of the late drought. But the full number from the United Kingdom is not ascertainable, and Australia is credited with more than the actual fact. The figures for other places show a loss to New Zealand of 1,568 persons.

Year.Estimated Population on the 31st December.Increase during the YearCentesimal Increase on Population of Previous Year
By Excess of Births over Deaths.By Excess of Arrivals over Departures.*Net Increase.

*Corrected where necessary in accordance with census results. The amount of loss by departures in the period 1886–91, though correct in the aggregate, cannot be allocated with exactness to the respective years.



The net gain to this country for 1906 appears as 5,798 persons from United Kingdom, 6,980 from Australia, and 648 from other British possessions, while 578 represents the net loss to other places. But here again the gain from Australia is given somewhat too high, and that from the Home-country too low.

The absorption of 12,848 persons during the year from overseas must certainly be considered a very satisfactory result. Another satisfactory feature is that the figures showing net excess of arrivals direct from the United Kingdom are higher for 1906 (5,798) than for 1905 (3,699).


The number of persons who arrived in the colony in the year 1906 was 39,233, an increase of 6,548 on the number for the previous year. Of the arrivals in 1906, 35,025 persons were classified as adults, being above the age of twelve years, and 4,208 as children. The total number of males was 25,607 and of females 13,626. The arrivals from the United Kingdom numbered 8,293, and from Australia 28,699. Besides these, 611 persons came from Fiji, and 1,630 from the South Seas and other ports, including arrivals by mail-steamers from San Francisco.

Classified in respect of birthplace, it is found that 16,397 of the arrivals were persons born in Australasia, 20,948 in the United Kingdom, and 238 in other British possessions. Of 1,650 persons born in foreign countries who arrived during 1906, 223 were born in Germany, 300 in Austria, 234 in France, 226 in the United States, 70 in Denmark, 26 in Sweden, 19 in Norway, 40 in Greece, 100 in Italy, 22 in Switzerland, 2 in Turkey, 6 in Holland, 3 in Poland, 21 in Russia, 5 in Belgium, and 353 in other countries (Roumania, Finland, Hungary, Montenegro, China, Japan, Pacific Islands, Syria, Asia Minor, and South America).

Among the arrivals in 1906 are noticed 454 “race-aliens,” or persons of other than European descent. Particulars of birthplace and sex are as under:—

Cape Colony213
Pacific Islands23528

The practice of nominating immigrants to be brought out partly at the Government expense has been discontinued since the 16th December, 1890, and there was no free immigration in the year 1906. Certain reductions in fares are, however, arranged by the High Commissioner with the shipping companies for men with moderate means who intend to settle in the colony, and the sum of £9,000 was voted by Parliament in 1906 for assistance by way of reduced fares for passages of intending settlers to the colony. Besides this, the sum of £1,000 was appropriated to passages for separated families, &c.

The arrangements indicated enable farmers and others possessed of a small capital to obtain passages from the United Kingdom to New Zealand at £10 per adult. The question of the suitability of any applicant is decided by the High Commissioner in London, and the passage-money must be paid to his officers.

Two hundred and sixty Chinese (247 men and 13 women) arrived in the colony during 1906, and 133 (131 men and 2 women) left, the arrivals thus exceeding the departures by 127.

The total departures in 1906 were 26,385 persons, being 3,002 more than in 1905. Thus, the movement of population to and from the colony is found to have been greater than in the previous year.

The departures from the colony by the Union Steamship Company's boats, as given through the Customs Department, are checked by special returns kindly furnished by the pursers of the steamers, and, where persons who did not book their passages have been omitted, the necessary additions are made. The pursers' returns also serve to prevent the occasional omission of the full number of persons leaving by any one vessel, which sometimes had happened previous to the introduction of this check. Unless more passengers are at any time of great pressure taken away from New Zealand than can lawfully be carried, the returns of outgo of population should prove fairly correct, and indeed the last census shows that the estimated population even after five years' interval was a very close approximation to the truth.

Of the departures in 1906, 24,105 persons were over twelve years of age, and 2,280 children. Nearly twice as many males left the colony as females, the numbers being 17,211 and 9,174 respectively. The departures to the United Kingdom amounted to 2,495 persons, and those to Australia numbered 21,722. Besides these, 784 persons left for Fiji, and 1,384 for other ports (including passengers for San Francisco).

In 1891 the colony lost population by excess of departures over arrivals, but in each of the years 1892 to 1906, inclusive, New Zealand has drawn to itself more population than it has parted with.

The Board of Trade, London, publishes the total emigration from the United Kingdom to Australasia as a whole. By the figures given it will be seen that there was from 1893 an annual decrease in the number of persons coming to these colonies from the Home-country until 1897, when the number somewhat increased. Prior to 1893 the arrivals from the United Kingdom ranged from 44,055 in 1886 down to 16,183 in 1892. Alongside of the Imperial returns of departures to Australasia are shown in the following statement the arrivals in New Zealand direct from the United Kingdom, taken from our own returns, which numbers are short of the full total of persons coming here from England by the arrivals via Australia or the United States of America. But, using the information available, it seems evident that New Zealand has been preferred to Australia, from the high proportion which the arrivals here (direct) bear to every hundred of departures from England for Australasia.

So long as New Zealand can secure one-sixth or more of the total persons leaving England for Australasia, she takes more than the proportion her population bears to that of the six States and New Zealand collectively.

Year.Emigration from United Kingdom to Australasia.Arrivals in New Zealand direct from United Kingdom.Arrivals in New Zealand per 100 Departures for Australasia from United Kingdom.

CENSUS, 1906.

The population of the colony (exclusive of Maoris), as returned in the census schedules for the night of the 29th April, 1906, was 888,578 persons, of whom 2,570 were Chinese, and 2,578 half-castes living amongst and as Europeans.

A census of the Maori population was taken during April of 1906, when, according to preliminary returns made by the enumerators, the number of the Native race was found to be 47,731 persons, including 3,938 half-castes living as Maoris. 211 Maori women were returned as married to European husbands. The complete population (European, Maori, and residents of Cook and other annexed Pacific Islands) of the colony was therefore 948,649 persons, as exhibited in the following statement, specifying the numbers for each sex:—


* Not including 601 persons, officers and crews of two British men-of-war.

† Excluding 776 absentees at labour abroad.

Population (exclusive of persons of the aboriginal Native race, of mixed European and Native blood, and Chinese)883,430467,186416,244
Half-castes and persons of mixed race living as and among Europeans2,5781,3071,271
Aboriginal Natives (including 211 Maori wives of Europeans)43,79323,38720,406
Half-castes and persons of mixed race living among and as members of Maori tribes3,9382,1511,787
Total (exclusive of annexed Pacific islands)936,309*496,546439,763
Population of Cook and other annexed Pacific Islands12,340†6,2246,116
Total population on 29th April, 1906948,649502,770445,879

The total half-caste or mixed European and Maori population on the main islands of the colony was 6,516 persons. The number of half-caste Maoris living among Europeans increased since 1901 by 171, or at the rate of 7.10 per cent. In that year the number of Maori wives of Europeans was 196; in 1906 it was 211. The Chinese decreased from 2,857, at the time of the census of 1901, to 2,570 in April, 1906, or at the rate of 10.05 per cent., caused mainly by the excess of departures over arrivals.

The Maori population fell from 41,993 in 1891 to 39,854 in 1896, increased to 43,143 in 1901, and further to 47,731 in 1906, according to the returns.

The increase on the total European population between March, 1901, and April, 1906, amounted to 115,859 persons, or a rate of 14.99 per cent. Between the census of 1896 and that of 1901 the numerical increase was 69,359 persons, or 9.86 per cent. The average annual increase in the period 1901–1906 was at the rate of 2.79 per cent.

The population of the principal divisions of the colony on 29th April, 1906, was—

North Island and adjacent islets (exclusive of Maoris)476,732255,057221,675
Middle Island and adjacent islets (exclusive of Maoris)411,340215,641195,699
Stewart Island (exclusive of Maoris)304193111
Chatham Islands (exclusive of Maoris)19711483
Kermadec Islands532
Total for the colony (exclusive of Maoris)888,578471,008417,570


The gradual equalisation of the numbers of the sexes and growing density of population and dwellings in the colony are alluded to in a further table.

Date of Enumeration.Number of Females to 100 Males.Number of Persons to a Square Mile.Number of Persons to an Inhabited Dwelling.Number of Inhabited Dwellings to a Square Mile.
December, 186162.160.9444.420.214
February, 187170.522.4564.480.548
April, 188181.724.6935.120.917
April, 189188.266.0245.061.191
March, 190190.337.4274.861.527
April, 190688.658.5414.821.773


The increase of population of European descent at successive census periods has been:—

Date of Enumeration.Population, Persons.Numerical Increase, Persons.Centesimal Increase.
December, 185859,413  
December, 186199,021  
December, 1864172,158  
December, 1867218,668  
February, 1871256,393  
March, 1874299,514  
March, 1878414,412  
April, 1881489,933  
March, 1886578,482  
April, 1891626,658  
March, 1896703,360  
March, 1901772,719  
April, 1906888,578  


These are stated as in April, 1906, and at the previous census. Wellington stands first for rate of progress with an increase of 27.25 per cent. in five years, Auckland comes next with 20.06 per cent., Hawke's Bay third with 19.25, Taranaki fourth with 14.65 per cent., Nelson following with 12.15 per cent., Canterbury next with 11.23 per cent. Marlborough shows an increase of nearly 8 per cent., while Otago as a whole advanced by 4.52 per cent., though the Southland portion of the province shows the much higher rate of 11.23 per cent.

Provincial Districts.Population, March, 1901.Population, April, 1906.Increase.

* Decrease.

Hawke's Bay35,42442,2426,81819.25
Otago portion125,339127,8772,5382.02
Southland portion47,80653,0975,29111.07
Chatham Islands207197-10*-4.83*
Kermadec Islands85-3*-37.50*


New Zealand is, by “The Counties Act, 1876,” divided into counties and boroughs, excepting certain outlying islands, which are not within county boundaries. It is provided by the above-mentioned Act that boroughs shall not be included in counties. In April, 1906, the number of the counties was 97. Of these, the North Island had 60, with a population amounting altogether to 249,752 persons. The Middle Island had 35 counties, the population being 208,560 persons. Stewart Island and Chatham Islands are counties in themselves, and had a population of 288 persons and 197 persons respectively, exclusive of persons on shipboard. The names and populations of the various counties in the colony, with their interior boroughs set opposite, were as under at the date of the enumeration:—

Counties.Census, 1906.

* Since reduced by the creation of Mount Eden Borough.

On shipboard51
Bay of Islands2,692
On shipboard4
On shipboard68
On shipboard38
On shipboard11
On shipboard6
On shipboard13
On shipboard84
On shipboard21
BOROUGHS.Census, 1906.
On shipboard4
On shipboard32
Grey Lynn5,882
On shipboard755
On shipboard60
On shipboard1
COUNTIES.Census, 1906.

* Since reduced by the creation of Eltham County.

† Since reduced by the creation of Taihape Borough.

‡ Since reduced by the creation of Eketahuna Borough.

On shipboard46
On shipboard8
West Taupo1,397
East Taupo509
On shipboard8
On shipboard1
On shipboard31
On shipboard12
Hawke's Bay7,700
On shipboard2
On shipboard152
On shipboard43
South Wairarapa2,734
On shipboard5
On shipboard10
On shipboard6
On shipboard9
BOROUGHS.Census 1906.
Te Aroha1,109
On shipboard7
On shipboard23
On shipboard207
New Plymouth5,141
Palmerston North10,239
On shipboard14
On shipboard667
Lower Hutt3,407
On shipboard12
On shipboard19
COUNTIES.Census. 1906.
On shipboard10
On shipboard3
Mount Herbert470
On Shipboard7
Stewart Island288
On shipboard16
Chatham Islands197
BOROUGHS.Census, 1906.
On shipboard2
On shipboard59
On shipboard315
On shipboard213
On shipboard5
On shipboard451
New Bright‡1,132
On shipboard72
On shipboard49
Palmerston South772
Port Chalmers2,120
On shipboard91
North-east Valley4,378
Maori Hill1,886
On shipboard160
St. Kilda2,579
Green Island703
Milton1, 284
On shipboard9
Invercargill North973
Invercargill South2,272
Invercargill East1,038
On shipboard568
On shipboard4

The total county population amounted to 458,797, or 51.63 per cent. of the total for the colony. In counties are included all towns not constituted municipal boroughs; but, on the other hand, the people living in many of the boroughs can hardly be called town population. The population in boroughs was 424,614 persons, or 47.79 per cent. of the whole. For every 100 persons resident in counties in 1906 there were 92.55 residing in boroughs. In 1901 the counties had 417,596 persons, and the boroughs 350,202, or, in other words, for every 100 persons in counties, 84 were residents of the boroughs. Thus it will be seen that the proportion of the town to the county population was greater in 1906 than in 1901.


The Cities of Auckland, Christchurch, and Dunedin have considerable suburbs. The suburban population of Wellington is comparatively small. The following gives the names and populations of the several localities, as at the date of the census (1906), which might fairly be termed suburbs of the four principal cities at that time:—


 Population, Census, 1906.
Grey Lynn5,882
Road Districts—
Arch Hill1,952
Eden Terrace2,338
Mount Albert3,583
Mount Eden6,888
Mount Roskill883
One-tree Hill1,915
Point Chevalier902
Northcote Riding1,116
Outlying portion of Parnell Riding, being land in the Domain with hospital on it299
Total suburbs44,365
Auckland City37,736
Total Auckland and suburbs (April, 1906)82,101


 Population, Census, 1906.
Total suburbs5,244
Wellington City58,563
Total Wellington and suburbs (April, 1906)63,807


 Population, Census, 1906.
New Brighton1,132
Road Districts—
Halswell (part)107
Riccarton (part)4,981
Avon (part)3,131
Heathcote (part)3,367
Total suburbs17,950
Christchurch City49,928
Total Christchurch and suburbs (April, 1906)67,878


 Population, Census, 1906.
Maori Hill1,886
North-east Valley4,378
St. Kilda2,579
West Harbour1,515
Total suburbs19,950
Dunedin City36,070
Total Dunedin and suburbs (April, 1906)56,020

The increase of population for ten years prior to the census of 1906 at the four chief centres, with their suburbs, was:—

 Census, 1896.Census, 1966.Numerical Increase.Increase per Cent.
Auckland and suburbs57,61682,10124,48542.50
Wellington and suburbs41,75863,80722,04952.80
Christchurch and suburbs51,33067,87816,54832.24
Dunedin and suburbs47,28056,0208,74018.48

Thus the two principal cities of the North Island are found to have progressed between 1901 and 1906 at a greater rate than those of the Middle Island, and Wellington in particular to have developed at nearly three times the rate of Dunedin, and considerably faster than Christchurch.

While New South Wales and Victoria present what has been termed by the statistician of the former State “the disquieting spectacle of capital towns growing with wonderful rapidity, and embracing in their limits one-third of the population of the territory of which they are the centre,” New Zealand is saved from this by the configuration of the country, which has resulted in the formation of four chief towns, besides others of secondary importance but nevertheless trading centres of considerable consequence.


Besides the boroughs, there were 40 town districts (including the special town district of Rotorua, constituted under “The Thermal-Springs Districts Act, 1881”) which are portions of the counties in which they are situated. One only of these, Hampstead, has more than 1,000 inhabitants. A list of these town districts is subjoined, with populations, as in 1906:—

Town Districts.Population.

* Constituted under “The Thermal-Springs Districts Act, 1881.”

Te Awamutu379
Norman by383
Clyde (Wairoa)707
Kaikora North268
South bridge403


In addition to the boroughs and town districts above referred to, the census results showed for 1906 throughout the colony no less than 870 places of the nature of townships, villages, or small centres without boundaries. It is impossible to say that the population of these small centres are all strictly accurate, even for the census-date, or given in such a way as to be fit for comparison one with another. In different cases more or less of surrounding country may have been considered as belonging to the centre, but there is at least at each place mentioned some sort of nucleus of population, if not a well-defined village or township. In making the statement the best has been done with a difficult matter, and the information is given as useful, in some cases important—such as Reefton and Taihape (the latter since constituted a municipal borough)—even if open to objection here and there. The county in which each is situated is also given:—

Abbotsford and vicinity, Taieri432
Addington, Selwyn751
Addison's Flat, Buller128
Ahipara, Mangonui50
Ahuroa, Rodney57
Ahuriri Flat, Clutha90
Akaaka, Manukau114
Akatarawa, Hutt194
Akatore, Bruce29
Akitio, Akitio129
Albany, Waitemata171
Albury Settlement, Mackenzie371
Alfredton Town and vicinity, Masterton523
Allandale, Waihemo78
Allenton, Ashburton945
Alma, Waitaki133
Annandale, Wallace222
Annat, Selwyn191
Aorangi, Oroua120
Aoroa and vicinity, Hobson442
Aotea, Raglan67
Appleby, Waimea280
Aramoho, Waitotara1,018
Aranga, Hokianga109
Ararua, Otamatea131
Ardgowan, Waitaki282
Ardgowan Settlement, Waitaki187
Ardmore, Manukau186
Argyll, Waipawa250
Arthurstown, Westland70
Arundel, Geraldine51
Ashhurst Town and vicinity, Oroua583
Ashley and vicinity, Ashley195
Ashley-Clinton, Waipawa220
Ashwick Flat, Mackenzie118
Atea, Eketahuna126
Athol Town, Southland134
Avondale Town, Eden1,159
Awahuri Town, Manawatu108
Awakino, Awakino152
Awamoko, Waitaki184
Awatoto V., Hawke's Bay101
Awatuna, Egmont110
Bainham, Collingwood164
Balcairn, Ashley214
Bald Hill Flat, Vincent152
Barewood, Taieri81
Barrhill, Ashburton77
Barry's Bay, Akaroa121
Barrytown, Grey231
Bastings, Tuapeka24
Beck's, Maniototo81
Belfast Town, Selwyn620
Belgrove V., Waimea242
Belmont, Hutt57
Belvedere, Wairarapa330
Bennett's, Ashley72
Berwick, Taieri92
Birchfield, Buller134
Bishopdale, Waimea41
Blackball, Grey356
Blackburn, Waipawa133
Black's Point, Inangahua288
Bluespur, Tuapeka166
Brighton, Buller28
Brightwater, Waimea418
Broad Bay, Peninsula273
Broadwood, Hokianga64
Brockville, Taieri27
Brookside, Selwyn280
Broomfield, Ashley92
Brown's, Southland62
Brunswick and vicinity, Waitotara215
Buckland, Manakau257
Bunnythorpe, Oroua, and Kairanga504
Burnett's Face, Buller261
Burnham, Selwyn323
Burnside and vicinity, Taieri514
Burwood, Selwyn198
Calcium, Southland30
Cambrian, Maniototo73
Cameron's, Grey38
Camside, Ashley45
Candletown, Bruce74
Cannington, Waimate38
Canvastown, Marlborough94
Capleston, Inangahua143
Cardrona, Lake116
Carew, Ashburton48
Caroline, Southland62
Castlecliff, Waitotara380
Cave, Levels95
Chamberlain, Raglan78
Chamberlain Settlement, Mackenzie117
Chaney's, Selwyn34
Charing Cross, Selwyn86
Charleston, Buller131
Charlton, Southland106
Chasland's, Clutha35
Chatton, Southland185
Cheltenham, Kiwitea96
Chertsey, Ashburton190
Churchill, Raglan77
Churchill, Waikato126
Claremont, Levels192
Clarendon, Bruce38
Clareville, Wairarapa South333
Clarksville, Bruce140
Clarkville and vicinity, Ashley232
Claudelands, Waikato305
Clevedon, Manukau492
Clifden, Wallace79
Clifton, Clutha64
Clifton, Hawke's Bay28
Clifton, Southland54
Clifton, Takaka70
Clinton, Clutha418
Clive, Hawke's Bay88
Cloudy Bay, Marlborough137
Clyde, Vincent328
Clyde, Wairoa707
Clydevale, Clutha83
Coalbrookdale, Buller107
Coalgate and vicinity, Selwyn154
Cobden, Grey582
Colyton, Oroua204
Conway, Cheviot29
Coop Town, Akaroa80
Coromandel, Coromandel858
Courtenay and vicinity, Selwyn104
Craigleith, Peninsula42
Crofton, Rangitikei55
Croixelles, Sounds26
Cromarty, Fiord10
Cronadon, Inangahua86
Crookston, Tuapeka297
Cross's Creek, Featherston125
Croydon, Southland43
Crushington, Inangahua142
Cullensville, Marlborough31
Culverden, Amuri119
Cust, Ashley227
Dalefield, Wairarapa South280
Dallington, Selwyn184
Danieltown, Wallace42
Darfield, Selwyn301
Day's Bay, Hutt26
Deborah Bay, Waikouaiti161
Denniston, Buller831
Dillmanstown, Westland178
Dixon, Southland62
Domett, Cheviot214
Doubtless Bay, Mangonui34
Dovedale, Waimea181
Doyleston, Selwyn300
Dromore, Ashburton111
Duart, Hawke's Bay68
Dumbarton, Tuapeka48
Dunback, Waihemo265
Dunganville, Grey63
Dunkeld, Tuapeka118
Dunollie, Grey43
Dunrobin, Tuapeka125
Duntroon, Waitaki253
Duvauchelle, Akaroa177
East Dipton, Southland133
East Town, Wanganui406
Edendale Settlement, Southland653
Edendale Township, Southland194
Edievale, Tuapeka64
Egmont, Taranaki52
Elderslie, Waitaki112
Elsthorpe, Patangata130
Enfield, Waitaki379
Epuni Hamlet, Hutt157
Epworth, Geraldine81
Eskdale, Hawke's Bay282
Ettrick, Tuapeka81
Evansdale, Waikouaiti94
Eweburn, Maniototo135
Eyreton, Ashley181
Fairburn's, Mangonui122
Fairdown, Buller42
Fairfax and vicinity, Bruce207
Fairfield, Taieri181
Fairton, Ashburton174
Farndon, Hawke's Bay58
Fencourt, Waikato264
Fern Flat, Inangahua46
Fernhill, Hawke's Bay77
Fitzroy, Taranaki273
Flaxbourne, Marlborough301
Flaxmere, Hawke's Bay64
Flaxton, Ashley134
Forsyth, Tuapeka59
Fortrose and vicinity, Southland176
Foxhill, Waimea127
Frasertown, Wairoa230
Galatea, Whakatane36
Garfield, Wallace118
Garston, Lake83
German Bay, Akaroa151
Gibb's Town, Collingwood170
Gimmerburn, Maniototo173
Gladstone, Wairarapa South160
Glenavy, Waimate203
Glen-iti, Levels129
Glenledi, Bruce48
Glenmore, Eden459
Glenomaru, Clutha131
Glenorchy, Lake33
Glenore, Bruce54
Glentunnell, Selwyn201
Globe Mine, Inangahua288
Goldsborough, Westland77
Goodwood Town; Waihemo171
Goodwood Settlement, Waihemo55
Gordon Special Settlement, Piako104
Gordonton, Waikato109
Granity, Buller522
Granville Town, Grey39
Grassmere Town, Southland109
Greendale, Selwyn332
Greenmeadows, Hawke's Bay376
Greenpark, Selwyn355
Grovetown, Marlborough345
Hakaru, Otamatea49
Hakataramea, Waimate88
Half-moon Bay, Stewart Island63
Halkett, Selwyn184
Halswell Junction, Selwyn81
Hamilton, Maniototo30
Hampden Town, Waipawa253
Hamua, Eketahuna181
Hanmer, Amuri176
Hapuku Settlement, Kaikoura107
Harben, Buller240
Harrington's, Southland109
Harrisville, Manukau141
Hastings Town, Thames178
Hatuma, Waipawa283
Hautapu, Waikato224
Havelock, Hawke's Bay439
Hawarden V., Ashley153
Hayward's, Hutt38
Hazelburn, Levels57
Heatherlea, Horowhenua42
Heddon Bush, Wallace176
Hedgehope Town, Southland96
Henley, Taieri135
Herbert V., Waitaki220
Herbertville, Patangata94
Herekino, Hokianga174
Heriot and vicinity, Tuapeka243
Hetane Hamlet, Waitemata64
Highbank, Ashburton786
Highcliffe, Peninsula250
Hikurangi Town, Whangarei615
Hilderthorpe, Waitaki86
Hillgrove, Waitaki44
Hilton, Geraldine210
Himatangi, Manawatu93
Hinds, Ashburton48
Hinuera, Piako74
Hobsonville, Waitemata212
Hodgkinson, Wallace42
Hokonui, Southland158
Holmesdale, Wallace20
Hope V., Waimea356
Hornby Junction, Selwyn25
Houipapa, Clutha175
Huia, Waitemata58
Hukanui, Eketahuna314
Hukatere, Otamatea100
Hukerenui, Whangarei, and Bay of Islands284
Hunter, Waimate196
Huntly, Waikato850
Hunua, Manukau258
Inangahua Junction, Inangahua71
Inchbonnie, Grey53
Incholme, Waitaki173
Inglewood, Southland26
Irwell, Selwyn244
Islington, Selwyn410
Jacobstown, Southland38
Jackeytown, Kairanga74
Jackson's, Westland44
Jervoiston, Hawke's Bay42
Judgeford, Hutt128
Junction Town, Rangitikei75
Kaeo, Whangaroa315
Kaihiku, Clutha103
Kaihu, Hobson427
Kai Iwi, Waitotara136
Kaikohe, Bay of Islands127
Kaikoura, Kaikoura385
Kaiparoro, Eketahuna101
Kaitaia, Mangonui229
Kaitara, Whangarei131
Kaitoke, Hutt54
Kaituna, Collingwood100
Kaiwaiwai, Featherston63
Kaiwaka, Otamatea183
Kakanui North, Waitaki133
Kakanui South, Waitaki172
Kakapuaka, Clutha102
Kakaramea, Patea113
Kanieri, Westland201
Kapuka, Southland104
Karamu, Raglan159
Karangahake, Ohinemuri792
Karewarewa, Kiwitea20
Karioi, Waimarino81
Kauaeranga, Thames139
Kaukapakapa, Waitemata358
Kaurihohore, Whangarei121
Kawakawa, Bay of Islands161
Kawhia, Kawhia96
Keele and vicinity, Ashley211
Kelso, Tuapeka209
Kennington, Awarua125
Kensington, Levels227
Kereru, Horowhenua46
Kerry Town, Levels40
Killinchy, Selwyn109
Kimbell, Mackenzie97
Kimberley, Selwyn144
Kimbolton, Kiwitea224
Kingsdown, Levels216
Kingston, Lake43
Kinohaku, Kawhia42
Kirikiriroa, Waikato266
Kiripaka, Whangarei171
Kirwee, Selwyn260
Kitchener Hamlet, Eden28
Kiwitahi, Piako56
Kohukohu, Hokianga295
Koiterangi, Westland133
Kokatahi, Upper, Westland81
Kokatahi, Lower, Westland142
Kokiri, Grey261
Kokoamo, Waitaki120
Komata Reef, Ohinemuri341
Komokoriki, Rodney79
Konini, Pahiatua53
Kopu, Thames116
Kopuaranga, Masterton166
Korere, Waimea62
Koromiko, Marlborough134
Koru, Taranaki62
Kotuku, Grey84
Kowai Bush, Selwyn82
Kuaotunu, Coromandel169
Kumeroa, Woodville84
Kumeu, Waitemata101
Kuri Bush, Taieri90
Kuriwao, Clutha72
Kurow, Waitaki347
Kyeburn, Maniototo92
Kyeburn Diggings, Maniototo78
Lakeside, Bruce82
Langdale, Masterton53
Larrikin's, Westland59
Lauriston, Ashburton45
Leeston, Selwyn343
Leigh V., Rodney30
Lepperton, Taranaki57
Lichfield, Piako50
Limehills, Southland186
Lincoln Town, Selwyn300
Lindisfarne, Southland78
Lindsay Settlement, Waipawa214
Lingvin, Grey189
Lismore, Ashburton34
Loburn, Ashley37
Lochiel, Southland67
Longburn, Kairanga247
Longbush, Southland210
Longford, Inangahua35
Longridge, Southland125
Longwood Village Settlement, Wallace75
Lovell's Flat, Bruce168
Lowburn V., Vincent144
Lower Blackball, Grey52
Lower Moutere, Waimea52
Lowry Bay, Hutt21
Luggate, Vincent53
Lumsden Extension, Southland153
Lumsden V., Southland83
Lyell, Buller97
Maben, Patea153
Macandrew, Southland23
Macetown, Lake117
Mackaytown, Ohinemuri349
Mackenzie, Cheviot245
Macrae's, Waihemo146
Maharahara, Woodville74
Maheno Town and vicinity, Waitaki326
Mahoenui, Awakino101
Mahora North, Hawke's Bay111
Maitland V., Southland26
Makaka V., Hawera25
Makaretu, Waipawa273
Makarewa, Southland384
Makarora, Vincent76
Makatote Town, Waimarino107
Maketu, Manukau171
Makikihi, Waimate308
Makirikiri, Wanganui218
Makomako, Pahiatua160
Makotua, Southland118
Makotuku, Waipawa183
Makuri Town and vicinity, Pahiatua206
Mamaku, Rotorua299
Manakau Town, Horowhenua118
Manaroa, Sounds50
Manawaru, Piako165
Mangaehu, Stratford122
Mangamahu and vicinity, Wanganui197
Mangamaire, Pahiatua86
Mangapai V., Whangarei84
Mangapakeha, Castlepoint65
Mangapehi, Clifton148
Mangaramarama, Pahiatua54
Mangarimu, Kiwitea52
Mangatainoka V., Pahiatua292
Mangatoki, Hawera80
Mangatoro, Waipawa112
Mangawai, Otamatea178
Mangaweka Town, Rangitikei609
Mangere V., Manukau291
Mangonui Town, Mangonui258
Mansford Town, Waikouaiti392
Manunui, West Taupo116
Manurewa, Manukau103
Manutahi Town, Patea53
Maori Gully, Grey49
Maraekakaho, Hawke's Bay78
Maraetai, Manukau142
Maramarua, Waikato165
Mareretu, Otamatea148
Marima, Pahiatua86
Maropiu, Hobson189
Marsden, Grey31
Marshland, Marlborough78
Marua, Whangarei202
Matahuru, Waikato162
Matakana, Rodney197
Matakohe, Otamatea231
Matamata, Piako353
Matamau, Waipawa335
Matangi, Waikato62
Matarawa, Wairarapa South149
Matata, Whakatane70
Matatoki, Thames135
Mauku, Manukau195
Maungakaramea V. and vicinity, Whangarei211
Maungatapere, Whangarei134
Maungatua, Taieri238
Maungawera, Vincent43
Mauriceville, Mauriceville479
Maxwelltown, Waitotara244
Mayfield, Ashburton90
Mecalickstone, Akitio76
Medbury, Ashley114
Meeanee, Hawke's Bay239
Menzie's Ferry, Southland118
Mercer, Manukau245
Merton, Waikouaiti199
Methuen Hamlet, Eden55
Methven Town, Ashburton266
Middlemarch and vicinity, Taieri266
Midhirst Town, Stratford289
Millerton, Buller595
Millwood V., Southland62
Mine Creek, Buller53
Moana, Grey67
Moawhango, Rangitikei96
Moeraki Town, Waitaki136
Mohaka V., Wairoa219
Mokau, Awakino50
Mokoreta, Southland204
Moneymore, Bruce75
Morrinsville Town, Piako383
Morrison's Bush, Featherston68
Morton Mains, Southland168
Morven, Waimate288
Motu, Opotiki59
Motupipi, Takaka200
Moturoa, Taranaki136
Moutere, Waimea165
Moutoa, Manawatu182
Murchison Town, Inangahua118
Murimotu, Rangitikei135
Myross Bush, Southland149
Neavesville, Thames40
Netherton, Ohinemuri136
Neudorf, Waimea53
Nevis, Vincent38
Newborough, Waitaki125
New Lynn, Waitemata193
Newman, Eketahuna265
Newport, Hobson143
Newstead, Waikato214
Ngahauranga, Hutt254
Ngahere, Grey185
Ngakawau, Buller76
Ngapaeruru, Waipawa220
Ngapara, Waitaki340
Ngaruawahia, Waikato175
Ngatimoti, Waimea121
Ngunguru, Whangarei60
Niagara, Southland113
Nightcaps, Wallace349
Nikau, Pahiatua87
Nireaha, Eketahuna300
Nokomai, Lake61
Nolan, Hawera146
Normandale, Hutt78
Norsewood and vicinity, Waipawa991
No Town, Grey42
Nuhaka, Wairoa93
Nukumaru, Waitotara96
Oakura, Taranaki118
Oban, Stewart Island71
Ohaeawai, Bay of Islands62
Ohakune, Waimarino87
Ohau, Horowhenua377
Ohinewai, Waikato96
Ohingaiti, Rangitikei319
Ohiwa, Opotiki15
Ohoka, Ashley411
Ohura, Waimarino87
Oio North, West Taupo103
Oio South, West Taupo147
Okaiawa, Hawera100
Okaihau, Bay of Islands164
Okarito, Westland51
Okato, Taranaki149
Okoroire, Piako103
Okura, Westland57
Omahu, Thames110
Omaka, Marlborough61
Omakau, Vincent96
Omapere, Hokianga56
Omata, Taranaki222
Onamalutu, Marlborough122
Ongaonga, Waipawa319
Ongarue, Clifton107
Oparau, Kawhia124
Opawa, Selwyn661
Ophir, Vincent93
Opouriao and vicinity, Whakatane141
Opoutama, Wairoa45
Opuawhanga, Whangarei72
Oraki, Wallace125
Orari, Geraldine138
Orinoco, Waimea110
Oropi, Tauranga43
Otahuhu, Manukau1,302
Otaio, Waimate136
Otakeho, Hawera75
Otaki and vicinity, Horowhenua658
Otama, Southland324
Otara, Southland129
Otaua, Manukau97
Otakou, Peninsula111
Otatara, Southland181
Otekaike, Waitaki61
Otiake, Waitaki149
Otira, Westland182
Otokia, Taieri88
Otonga, Whangarei175
Otorohanga, Waitomo205
Owaka, Clutha505
Oxford, Piako126
Oxford East, Ashley549
Oxford West, Ashley563
Paekakariki, Hutt180
Paeroa, Ohinemuri993
Pahautanui, Hutt118
Pahi, Otamatea89
Pahia, Wallace92
Pakuranga, Manukau312
Pakipaki, Hawke's Bay109
Pakowhai, Hawke's Bay55
Panmure and vicinity, Eden359
Papakaio and vicinity, Waitaki202
Papakura, Manukau294
Papanui, Selwyn826
Paparangi, Hutt186
Paparata, Manukau165
Paparoa, Manukau195
Paparoa, Otamatea351
Papatoetoe, Manukau193
Paraparaumu, Hutt215
Pareora, Levels158
Pareora East, Levels266
Parkhurst, Waitemata181
Parkvale, Wairarapa South139
Patumahoe, Manukau179
Pembroke, Lake153
Penrose, Eden92
Petane, Hawke's Bay220
Pigeon Bay, Akaroa155
Pirongia, Raglan123
Pleasant Point, Levels691
Pohangina, Pohangina145
Pokeno, Manukau169
Pollok Settlement, Manukau109
Pongakawa, Tauranga146
Pongaroa, Akitio150
Poolburn, Vincent169
Porangahau, Patangata280
Porirua, Hutt260
Port Albert, Rodney96
Port Awanui, Waiapu52
Port Molyneux, Clutha100
Portobello, Peninsula48
Portobello Bay, Peninsula177
Puerua, Clutha137
Puhoi, Rodney416
Pukehou, Waipawa100
Pukekawa, Raglan289
Pukekohe, Manukau405
Pukerau, Southland178
Pukeroro, Waikato134
Puketapu, Hawke's Bay56
Puketitiri, Hawke's Bay105
Pukeuri, Waitaki172
Pungarehu, Egmont120
Puponga, Collingwood108
Purakanui, Waikouaiti241
Purekireki, Clutha157
Puriri, Thames226
Putiki, Wanganui165
Queensberry, Vincent66
Raetihi, Waimarino285
Raglan, Raglan154
Rahotu, Egmont194
Rakaia, Ashburton586
Ranfurly, Maniototo120
Rangitumau, Masterton129
Rangiwahia, Kiwitea155
Rata, Rangitikei220
Ratanui, Clutha273
Raurimu, Waimarino459
Rawene, Hokianga171
Redcliffs, Waimate102
Red Hill, Hobson111
Redwood, Marlborough212
Reefton, Inangahua1,679
Reidston, Waitaki93
Reikorangi, Hutt186
Renwick, Marlborough365
Reynolds, Waikouaiti42
Richmond, Selwyn198
Richmond Brook, Marlborough73
Richmond Grove, Southland150
Rimu, Southland97
Rimu, Westland111
Rissington, Hawke's Bay92
Riversdale, Southland307
Riverhead, Waitemata135
Riwaka, Waimea686
Rolleston, Selwyn105
Romahapa, Clutha157
Rongoiti, Wanganui181
Rongokokako, Eketahuna105
Rongomai, Eketahuna159
Rongotea, Manawatu318
Rosebrook, Levels73
Rosewill Settlement, McKenzie236
Rosewill, Levels88
Rotherham, Amuri131
Round Hill, Wallace211
Ruapekapeka, Bay of Islands78
Ruapuna, Ashburton99
Runanga, Grey281
Runanga Settlement, Grey23
Russell, Bay of Islands175
Ryal Bush and vicinity, Southland239
Saddle Hill, Taieri238
Saies, Whangaroa134
Salisbury, Levels242
Saltwater Creek, Ashley89
Sandon, Manawatu200
Sandymount, Peninsula240
Sawyer's Bay, Waikouaiti375
Scarborough, Pahiatua110
Scargill, Ashley55
Seaward Downs, Southland94
Seddon, Marlborough165
Seddon Terrace, Westland82
Seddonville, Buller313
Sedgebrook, Wanganui300
Sefton and vicinity, Ashley589
Shag Valley, Waihemo194
Shag Point, Waihemo118
Shannon, Horowhenua506
Sheffield, Selwyn197
Shirley, Selwyn279
Shortland, Thames1,064
Silverhope, Rangitikei186
Silverstream, Hutt121
Southbrook, Ashley380
Southburn, Waimate145
South Malvern, Selwyn118
Spreydon, Selwyn1,514
Spring Creek, Marlborough275
Springfield, Selwyn371
Spring Grove, Waimea264
Springlands, Marlborough491
Springston, Selwyn676
Stafford, Westland93
Stanley Brook, Waimea127
Stanway, Oroua115
Starborough, Marlborough303
Staveley, Ashburton102
St. Andrew's, Waimate189
St. Bathan's, Maniototo210
St. Heliers Bay, Eden227
St. John's, Waitotara361
Stirling, Bruce289
Stoke, Waimea603
Strathmore, Stratford112
Studholme, Waimate189
Summerlea, Buller100
Sutherland's, Levels165
Sutton, Taieri122
Swannanoa, Ashley132
Swanson, Waitemata94
Taiaroa, Peninsula64
Taihape, Rangitikei1,273
Tairua, Thames336
Taita, Hutt96
Takaka, Takaka273
Takaka Central, Takaka105
Takaka West, Takaka129
Takapau, Waipawa400
Tamaki East, Manukau579
Tamumu, Patangata110
Taneatua, Whakatane65
Tangowahine, Hobson246
Taonui, Oroua147
Taratahi East, Wairarapa South168
Taratahi West, Wairarapa South213
Tarras, Vincent121
Tatarariki, Hobson394
Taueru, Masterton138
Tauherinikau, Featherston116
Taumarunui, West Taupo307
Taupaki, Waitemata123
Taupiri, Waikato177
Taupo, East Taupo84
Tawa Flat, Hutt114
Taylorville, Wanganui82
Te Arai, Rodney143
Te Aroha West, Piako200
Te Aute, Hawke's Bay226
Teddington, Mount Herbert76
Te Houka, Clutha148
Te Kopuru, Hobson437
Te Kuiti, Waitomo246
Te Mata, Raglan207
Templeton, Selwyn33
Te Nui, Castlepoint147
Te Puke, Tauranga503
Te Whiti, Masterton108
Thornbury, Wallace102
Thorpe, Waimea136
Tisbury, Southland152
Toiro, Clutha174
Tokaanu, East Taupo44
Toko Town, Stratford168
Tokomaru, Waiapu118
Tokomaru, Horowhenua383
Tokonui, Southland67
Tomoana, Hawke's Bay221
Tongaporutu, Clifton171
Totara, Waitaki250
Totara Flat, Grey169
Trentham, Hutt243
Tuakau, Manukau302
Tuamarina, Marlborough259
Tuapeka Mouth, Tuapeka144
Tuapeka West, Tuapeka259
Turangarere, Wanganui166
Turua, Thames200
Upper Hutt, Hutt489
Upper Moutere, Waimea101
Urenui, Clifton139
Uruti, Clifton165
Vauxhall, Peninsula53
Vogeltown, Taranaki78
Waddington, Selwyn254
Wade, Waitemata204
Waharoa, Piako188
Waiareka Junction, Waitaki111
Waiau, Amuri173
Waiau, Manukau77
Waiharara, Mangonui191
Waihola, Bruce181
Waihopo, Mangonui269
Waihou, Piako100
Waikaia, Southland334
Waikaka Siding, Southland187
Waikaka, Southland124
Waikakahi, Waimate667
Waikanae, Horowhenua163
Waikari, Ashley267
Waikawa, Southland82
Waikiekie, Whangarei104
Waikiwi, Southland673
Waikoikoi, Clutha152
Waimamaku, Hokianga210
Waimangaroa, Buller93
Waimate, Bay of Islands109
Waimatuku, Wallace43
Wainui, Akaroa142
Wainuiomata, Hutt115
Waiomio, Bay of Islands75
Waiorongomai, Piako131
Waiotahi, Opotiki157
Waiotapu, Rotorua93
Waiouru, Waimarino191
Waipahi, Clutha125
Waipara, Ashley50
Waipiata, Maniototo102
Waipipi, Manukau183
Waipiro, Waiapu107
Waipori, Tuapeka135
Waipu, Whangarei208
Wairamarama, Raglan186
Wairere, Piako89
Wairio, Wallace73
Waitahuna, Tuapeka285
Waitangi, Manukau117
Waitati and vicinity, Waikouaiti295
Waitekauri, Ohinemuri270
Waitotara, Patea118
Waituna, Kiwitea67
Waiuku, Manukau183
Waiwera, Clutha158
Wakefield, Waimea544
Wallacetown, Southland134
Wallacetown East, Southland174
Wallingford, Patangata91
Walton, Piako141
Wangaloa, Bruce121
Wanstead, Patangata93
Warepa, Clutha162
Warkworth, Rodney360
Washdyke, Levels279
Waynes, Waihemo27
Weatherstone, Tuapeka150
Weber and vicinity, Weber164
Wedderburn, Maniototo107
Weedon's, Selwyn110
Wellsford, Rodney171
Wendonside, Southland322
West Clive, Hawke's Bay387
Westerfield, Ashburton97
West Manakau, Horowhenua159
West Melton, Selwyn239
Western Spit, Hawke's Bay328
Weston, Waitaki275
Whakapara, Whangarei235
Whakarewarewa, Rotorua66
Whakatane, Whakatane108
Whangamarino, Waikato64
Whangaparaoa, Waitemata68
Whangape, Hokianga106
Whangarata, Manukau149
Whangaroa, Whangaroa69
Wharehine, Rodney74
Whitford, Manukau116
Whitmore, Kairanga23
Wimbledon, Patangata73
Wimbledon, Weber71
Winchester, Geraldine263
Windsor Park Settlement, Waitaki117
Wingatui, Taieri251
Woodend, Southland132
Woodlands, Southland253
Woodside, Taieri164
Woodstock, Waimea48
Woodstock, Westland54
Wrey's Bush, Wallace118
Yaldhurst, Selwyn359


The names and populations of the islands adjacent to and included in the colony were, in April, 1906:—


*Now a county.

Mokohinau Lighthouse844
Tiritiri Lighthouse844
Great Barrier312197115
Little Barrier817
Ponui Lighthouse11..
Week's (Puketutu)514
Bean Rock Lighthouse11..
Cuvier and Lighthouse642
East Island Lighthouse752
Portland and Lighthouse734
Somes and Lighthouse532
Brothers Lighthouse33..
Dog Island and Lighthouse1367
Centre and Lighthouse1064
Chatham Islands*19711483
Kermadec Islands532

Only three of these islands had a population over 100 persons at last census. Since 1901 the boundaries of the colony have been extended to include the Cook and certain other Pacific islands, the population of which is shown elsewhere.


The number of persons living in New Zealand at the time of the census, given according to eight principal age periods, is published in a table, with comparisons.

The table is worthy of notice, as exhibiting a much stronger position than obtained in 1891 as to component parts of the population.

In 1891 the population under five years had fallen from 86,828 persons in 1886 to 83,204, a loss of 3,624, or 4.17 per cent.

In 1896 those under five had increased to the number of 83,659, being 455 more than in 1891, or 0.55 per cent., while those from five to ten had suffered an actual decrease of 55, or 0.06 per cent., in consequence of there not having been enough children under five years to come on since 1891.

By 1901 the children under five had increased to 86,806, being 3,147, or 3.76 per cent., but previous diminutions caused decrease in those from five to ten and also ten to fifteen.

The effect of the deficiencies had been overcome by 1906, when the census showed 102,745 children under five, being an increase of 15,939, or 18.36 per cent., on the number in 1901. The number at the group five to ten was 90,288, or an increase of 4,552 in the quinquenium; and at ten to fifteen the number was 86,758, an increase of 1,533, or 1.8 per cent. Thus the minus sign has been eliminated in regard to the three groups comprising the population under fifteen years of age.

The group fifteen to twenty-one years still suffers from losses in the previous periods, but an increase of 2,989 over the number for 1901 is nevertheless exhibited, or 2.93 per cent.; and the population was found to be 104,945 in 1906.

The group twenty-one to forty years is a most important one, the population of these ages being no longer “dependents,” but “producers” or “bread-winners.” Here are observed 299,770 persons in 1906, an increase of 62,732 in five years, or 26.46 per cent. Between 1896 and 1901 the increase was 18.96 per cent., in the previous period 19.19 per cent., and for 1886–1891 only 7.52 per cent.

Again, at forty to fifty-five there are 115,707 persons, an increase of 16.32 per cent. since 1901, against an increase of 7.96, 6.22, and 6.15 per cent. for the three previous quinquennia.

There is nothing remarkable about the numbers of the groups fifty-five to sixty-five and sixty-five to seventy. At these periods the population at the groups becoming of a “dependent character.”


Ages.Numbers, March, 1886Increase, 1886 to 1891.Numbers, April. 1891.Increase, 1891 to 1896.Numbers, April, 1896.Increase, 1896 to 1901.Numbers, March, 1901.Increase, 1901 to 1906Numbers, April, 1906.
Under 5 years86,828-3,624-4.1783,2044550.5583,6593,1473.7686,80615,93918.36102,745
5 years and under 10 years84,3151,7652.0986,080-55-0.0686,025-289-0.3485,7364,5525.3190,288
10 years and under 15 years67,38513,69920.3381,0844,3835.4085,467-242-0.2885,2251,5331.8086,758
15 years and under 21 years69,5818,22711.8277,80817,77622.8595,5846,3726.67101,9562,982.93104,945
21 years and under 40 years155,49211,6897.52167,18132,08019.19199,26137,77718.96237,03862,73226.46299,770
40 years and under 55 years81,7215,0226.1586,7435,3926.2292,1357,3367.9699,47116,23616.32115,707
55 years and under 65 years20,4368,81243.1229,24810,38335.5039,6314,86312.2744,4942,3425.2646,836
65 years and upwards10,4333,90937.4714,3426,41444.7220,75610,59751.0631,3539,43530.0940,788
All ages578,48248,1768.33626,65876,70212.24703,36069,3599.86772,719115,85914.99888,578


Of the population, exclusive of Maoris (888,578 persons), all but 472 were described as to birthplace on the census schedules. The number of the New-Zealand-born was 606,247, and of those born in Australia, Tasmania, and Fiji 47,536, making 653,783 born in Australasia. The New-Zealand-born increase in proportion to the whole with every successive census. In 1886, 51.89 per cent. of the population were born in this colony; in 1891 the percentage was 58.61; in 1896 it had reached 62.85; in 1901 the proportion was 66.83; and in 1906, 68.26, adding to which 5.35 per cent. born in Australia, &c., makes 73.61 out of every 100 persons living in New Zealand who were born in Australasia.

208,931 persons were born in the United Kingdom, or 23.53 per cent. of the population, which was divided as under:—

Born in United Kingdom.Number of Persons.Per Cent. of Population.

Besides these there were 4,280 persons born in other British Possessions. Summarising these results it is found that 866,994 of the population, or 97.62 per cent. were born in the British Possessions, made up as follows:—

Born inNumber of Persons.Per Cent. of Population.
United Kingdom208,93123.53
Other British Possessions4,2800.48

There remained 19,867 persons born in foreign countries, or 2.24 per cent. of the population, 1,245 born at sea, and 472 whose birthplaces were not specified.

Of those born in British Possessions outside of Australasia (4,280), 1,349 were born in India or Ceylon (but of European blood), 1,547 were born in British North America, 697 in British South Africa, Mauritius, or St. Helena, and 299 in British West Indies.

Born in Foreign Parts.

Out of 19,867 persons born abroad, 14,559 were born in Europe; 4,174 of these were born in Germany, 2,277 in Denmark and possessions, 2,212 in Austria Hungary, 1,618 in Sweden, 1,396 in Norway, 624 in France, 574 in Italy, 484 in Russia, 464 in Switzerland.

Outside of Europe 2,010 were found to have been born in the United States and North America (not more specifically defined), also 148 in South America. Those born in foreign parts of Asia numbered 3,009, in which are included 2,602 born in China (53 of European blood) and 361 in Syria (all Asiatics).

Only 129 persons were returned as born in Africa, outside of the British Possessions in that continent.

The foreign-born decrease at successive censuses, having been 2.71 of the total population in 1896, which fell to 2.41 in 1901, and 2.24 in 1906.


Of the various religious denominations the Church of England has most adherents in the colony. They numbered 366,828 persons, or, including 1,237 Protestants not more specifically described, 368,065 persons, being 41.51 per cent. of the total specified. The Presbyterians numbered 203,597, or 22.96 per cent.; the Roman Catholics, including Catholics not further defined, 126,995 persons, or 14.32 per cent.; the Methodists, including Primitive Methodists and Methodists undefined, 89,038 persons, or 10.06 per cent. Of other denominations the Baptists, of whom there were 17,747, returned 2 per cent. of the total. The numbers and proportions per cent. are shown in tabular form.

Religious Denominations.Numbers.Proportions per Cent. of Total.

*Includes Methodist Church of Australasia, Primitive Methodists, and Methodists undefined.

Church of England, including Protest ants undefined368,06541.51
Society of Friends3340.04
Other Protestants—
Church of Christ7,0610.80
Brethren (Disciples)7,9010.89
Salvation Army8,3890.95
Seventh Day Adventists9900.11
Roman Catholics, including Catholics undefined126,99514.32.
Greek Church2320.03
Catholic Apostolic3810.04
Other sects—
Mormons, Latter Day Saints2790.03
Buddhists, Confucians, &c.1,4520.17
No denomination—
No denomination5,4160.61
No religion—
No religion1,6000.18.
Object to state24,3252.75


Bachelors and Spinsters in New Zealand.

It is found that in April, 1906, there were 9,633 bachelors, aged twenty years and upwards, in excess of the number of spinsters, aged fifteen years and upwards. In 1901 the reverse was the case, the spinsters having been 3,572 in excess of the bachelors; and in 1896, similarly, the spinsters exceeded the bachelors by 1,786. No doubt the preponderance of bachelors in 1906 (for the whole colony) has been to a great extent brought about by increased arrivals of male population from abroad. But in regard to portions of the colony, other causes may have operated.

At each of the above-quoted censuses. the Provincial Districts of Canterbury and Otago are remarkable as having more spinsters than bachelors, while all the others exhibit, more or less, the opposite position. But the figures for 1906 show that the excess of spinsters in Canterbury and Otago have much diminished.

Excess of spinsters over Bachelors.

Provincial Districts.1896.1901.1906.

Excess of Bachelors over Spinsters.

Provincial Districts.1896.1901.1906.
Hawke's Bay1,1424251,151


The growth of population in Australasia over a period of forty-six years is shown in a comparative table. The total for December, 1906, being 5,038,560 persons, is greater than the population of Ireland or Scotland for 1905, and one-seventh part of the population of England and Wales for that year. Australasia has now twice the population of Denmark, over one-third more than Switzerland, and nearly that of the Netherlands.

 Persons 1860.Persons 1870.Persons 1880.Persons 1890.Persons 1901.Persons 1905.Persons 1906.

* Excluding 47,731 Maoris and 12,340 persons belonging to Cook and other annexed Pacific Islands.

New South Wales348,546498,659747,9501,121,8601,362,2001,496,0501,530,986
South Australia124,112183,797267,573319,414362,604378,208383,831
Western Australia15,22725,08429,01946,290182,553254,779261,746
New Zealand79,711248,400484,864625,508772,719882,462*908,726


THE information obtained at the time of the census in respect of the degree of education of the people is remarked upon at the end of this section. Particulars are first given as to schooling.


It has been found impossible to collect the full statistics relating to schooling for the year 1906 in time for this work, and the figures for the previous year are accordingly given.

The number of schools, teachers, and scholars, as in December, 1905, are shown in the following summary:—

Description of Schools.Number of Schools.Number of Instructors.Number of Scholars for the Fourth Quarter of 1905.

* Excluding 51 visiting teachers.

† Excluding men, women, lads, and girls, in addition to the children in the school, who were receiving technical and industrial training.

‡ And 15 sewing-mistresses.

Public (Government) schools (scholars other than Maoris and half-castes)1,8061,4532,3633,81669,84663,991133,837
Public (Government) schools (half-castes living among Europeans)