Table of Contents


THE work now put forward is the fifteenth issue of the New Zealand Official Year-book.

All the matter contained in it has been previously arranged in the form of pamphlets of “Advance Sheets,” according to the usual course.

It has been found impossible to introduce the results of the census of April, 1906, except as to the populations of counties and boroughs, further particulars not being yet tabulated. The important work of compiling the statistics of manufactories and the great primary industries—information for which is obtained by means of the Census Enumerators—is now proceeding, and will be ready for publication next year.


Registrar-General's Office,
Wellington, N.Z., 29th September, 1906.


PAGE 24.—Sixteenth Parliament: First session opened 27th June, 1906; prorogued 3rd July, 1906. Second session opened 21st August, 1906.

PAGE 25.—Successive Ministries: Seddon Ministry resigned owing to death of Right Hon. R. J. Seddon, 21st June, 1906. 28 Hall-Jones—assumed office 21st June, 1906; resigned 6th August, 1906. 29 Ward—assumed office 6th August, 1906.

Premiers of Successive Ministries: Hon. William Hall-Jones; Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G.

PAGE 26.—Speakers of the House of Representatives: Arthur Robert Guinness, 29th November, 1905; reappointed 27th June, 1906.

Foreign Consuls: Consul for Paraguay, A. E. Kernot, Wellington; Consul-General for Belgium (with jurisdiction over the Provincial Districts of Hawke's Bay, Taranaki, and Wellington), Hon. Charles John Johnston, M.L.C., Wellington; Acting-Consular Agent for France, John Wesley Buddle, Christchurch; Consul-General for Norway for Australia and New Zealand, O. Römcke, Melbourne; Vice-Consul for Norway for Australia and New Zealand, J. Gunderson, Melbourne; Vice-Consul for Norway, Roland St. Clair, Auckland; Consul for Norway, A. W. Newton, Wellington; Vice-Consul for Argentine Republic at Dunedin (with jurisdiction over New Zealand), Hon. T. Fergus; Honorary Consuls for Chili, George Dunnet, Auckland, Harold Beauchamp, Wellington, J. G. F. Palmer, Christchurch, J. A. Roberts, Dunedin; Consular Agent for United States of America, J. G. Duncan, Wellington.

Consular Agent for United States of America at Dunedin: F. O. Bridgeman, not Bridgman.

PAGE 33.—Members of the Legislative Council: Hon. D. Pinkerton, died 23rd June, 1906; Hon. F. Arkwright, resigned.

PAGE 35.—Members of the House of Representatives: Speaker, Arthur Robert Guinness; Chairman of Committees, Roderick McKenzie.

Member for Wanganui: Hogan, James Thomas, not Hogan, John Thomas.

PAGE 36.—Member for Westland: Seddon, Thomas Edward Youd, elected in place of the late Right Hon. R. J. Seddon.

Member for Kaipara: Stallworthy, John, not Stallworthy, John A.

PAGE 42.—Under-Secretary Native Department: H. F. Edger.

PAGE 56.—Surveyor-General: T. Humphries.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. NEW ZEALAND.

THE Colony of New Zealand consists of three main islands, with several groups of smaller islands lying at some distance from the principal group. The main islands, known as the North, the Middle, and Stewart Islands, have a coast-line 4,330 miles in length: North Island, 2,200 miles; Middle Island, 2,000 miles; and Stewart Island, 130 miles. Other islands included within the colony are the Chatham, Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes, Bounty, and Kermadec Islands. The annexation of the Cook and sundry other islands has necessitated an enlargement of the boundaries of the colony, which will be specially treated of further on.

New Zealand is mountainous in many parts, but has, nevertheless, large plains in both North and Middle Islands. In the North Island, which is highly volcanic, is situated the famous Thermal-Springs District, of which a special account will be given. The Middle Island is remarkable for its lofty mountains, with their magnificent glaciers, and for the deep sounds or fiords on the western coast.

New Zealand is firstly a pastoral and secondly an agricultural country. Sown grasses are grown almost everywhere, the extent of land laid down being more than twelve and a half millions of acres. The soil is admirably adapted for receiving these grasses, and, after the bush has been burnt off, is mostly sown over without previous ploughing. In the Middle Island a large area is covered with native grasses, all used for grazing purposes. The large extent of good grazing-land has made the colony a great wool, meat, and dairy-produce country; while its agricultural capabilities are, speaking generally, very considerable. The abundance of water and the quantity of valuable timber are other natural advantages.

New Zealand is, besides, a mining country. Large deposits of coal are met with, chiefly on the west coast of the Middle Island. Gold, alluvial and in quartz, is found in both Islands, the yield having been over sixty-seven millions sterling in value to the present time. Full statistical information on this subject is given further on, compiled up to the latest dates.


The first authentic account of the discovery of New Zealand is that given by Abel Jansen Tasman, the Dutch navigator. He left Batavia on the 14th August, 1642, in the yacht “Heemskirk,” accompanied by the “Zeehaen” (or “Sea-hen”) fly-boat. After having visited Mauritius, and discovered Tasmania, named by him “Van Diemen's Land,” in honour of Anthony van Diemen, Governor of the Dutch possessions in the East Indies, he steered eastward, and on the 13th December of the same year sighted the west coast of the Middle Island of New Zealand, described by him as “a high mountainous country, which is at present marked in the charts as New Zealand.”

Tasman, under the belief that the land he saw belonged to a great polar continent, and was part of the country discovered some years before by Schouten and Le Maire, to which the name of Staaten Land had been given, gave the same name of Staaten Land to New Zealand; but within about three months afterwards Schouten's “Staaten Land” was found to be merely an inconsiderable island. Upon this discovery being announced, the country that Tasman had called Staaten Land received again the name of “New Zealand,” by which it has ever since been known. Tasman sailed along the coast to a bay, where he anchored. To this he gave the name of Murderers (now Massacre) Bay, on account of an unprovoked attack on a boat's crew by the Natives, and the massacre of four white men. Thence he steered along the west coast of the North Island, and gave the name of Cape Maria van Diemen to the north-western extremity thereof. After sighting the islands of the Three Kings he finally departed, not having set foot in the country.

There is no record of any visit to New Zealand after Tasman's departure until the time of Captain Cook, who, after leaving the Society Islands, sailed in search of a southern continent then believed to exist. He sighted land on the 6th October, 1769, at Young Nick's Head, and on the 8th of that month cast anchor in Poverty Bay. After having coasted round the North Island and the Middle and Stewart Islands—which last he mistook for part of the Middle Island—he took his departure from Cape Farewell on the 31st March, 1770, for Australia. He visited New Zealand again in 1773, in 1774, and in 1777.

M. de Surville, a French officer in command of the vessel “Saint Jean Baptiste,” while on a voyage of discovery, sighted the northeast coast of New Zealand on the 12th December, 1769, and remained for a short time. A visit was soon after paid by another French officer, M. Marion du Fresne, who arrived on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand on the 24th March, 1772, but was, on the 12th June following, treacherously murdered at the Bay of Islands by the Natives.

In 1793 the “Dædalus,” under the command of Lieutenant Hanson, was sent by the Government of New South Wales to New Zealand, and two chiefs were taken thence to Norfolk Island. There was after this an occasional intercourse between the islands of New Zealand and the English settlements in New South Wales.

In 1814 the first missionaries arrived in New Zealand—Messrs. Hall and Kendall—who had been sent as forerunners by Mr. Marsden, chaplain to the New South Wales Government. After a short stay they returned to New South Wales, and on the 19th November of that year again embarked in company with Mr. Marsden, who preached his first sermon in New Zealand on Christmas Day, 1814. He returned to Sydney on the 23rd March, 1815, leaving Messrs. Hall and Kendall, who formed the first mission station at Rangihoua, Bay of Islands, under the auspices of the Church Missionary Society. Six years later, in 1821, the work of evangelization was put on a more durable basis; but the first station of the Wesleyan mission, established by Mr. Leigh and his wife, at the valley of the Kaeo, Whangaroa, was not taken possession of until the 10th June, 1823.


The first attempt at colonisation was made in 1825 by a company formed in London. An expedition was sent out under the command of Captain Herd, who bought two islands in the Hauraki Gulf and a strip of land at Hokianga. The attempt, however, was a failure, owing to the savage character of the inhabitants. In consequence of frequent visits of whaling-vessels to the Bay of Islands, a settlement grew up at Kororareka—now called Russell—and in 1833 Mr. Busby was appointed British Resident there. A number of Europeans gradually settled in different parts of the country, and married Native women.

In 1838 a colonisation company, known as the New Zealand Company, was formed to establish settlement on systematic principles. A preliminary expedition, under the command of Colonel William Wakefield, was despatched from England on the 12th May, 1839, and arrived in New Zealand in the following August. Having purchased land from the Natives, Colonel Wakefield selected the shore of Port Nicholson, in Cook Strait, as the site of the first settlement. On the 22nd January, 1840, the first body of immigrants arrived, and founded the town of Wellington. About the same time—namely, on the 29th January, 1840—Captain Hobson, R.N., arrived at the Bay of Islands, empowered, with the consent of the Natives, to proclaim the sovereignty of Queen Victoria over the Islands of New Zealand, and to assume the government thereof. A compact called the Treaty of Waitangi, to which in less than six months five hundred and twelve names were affixed, was entered into, whereby all rights and powers of sovereignty were ceded to the Queen, all territorial rights being secured to the chiefs and their tribes. New Zealand was then constituted a dependency of the Colony of New South Wales, but on the 3rd May, 1841, was proclaimed a separate colony. The seat of Government had been previously established at Waitemata (Auckland), round which a settlement was formed.

The New Zealand Company having decided to form another settlement, to which the name of “Nelson” was to be given, despatched a preliminary expedition from England in April, 1841, for the purpose of selecting a site. The spot chosen was the head of Blind Bay, where a settlement was established. About the same time a number of pioneers arrived in Taranaki, despatched thither by the New Plymouth Company, a colonising society which had been formed in England, and had bought 50,000 acres of land from the New Zealand Company.

The next important event in the progress of colonisation was the arrival at Port Chalmers, on the 23rd March, 1848, of the first of two emigrant ships sent out by the Otago Association for the foundation of a settlement by persons belonging to or in sympathy with the Free Church of Scotland.

In 1849 the “Canterbury Association for founding a Settlement in New Zealand” was incorporated. On the 16th December, 1850, the first emigrant ship despatched by the association arrived at Port Cooper, and the work of opening up the adjoining country was set about in a systematic fashion, the intention of the promoters being to establish a settlement complete in itself, and composed entirely of members of the then United Church of England and Ireland.


Prior to the colonisation of New Zealand by Europeans, the earliest navigators and explorers found a race of people already inhabiting both Islands. Papers written in 1874 by Mr. (afterwards Sir) William Fox, and Sir Donald McLean, then Native Minister, state that at what time the discovery of these Islands was made by the Maoris, or from what place they came, are matters of tradition only, and that much has been lost in the obscurity enveloping the history of a people without letters. Nor is there anything on record respecting the origin of the Maori people themselves, beyond the general tradition of the Polynesian race, which seems to show a series of successive migrations from west to east, probably by way of Malaysia to the Pacific. Little more can now be gathered from their traditions than that they were immigrants, and that they probably found inhabitants on the east coast of the North Island belonging to the same race as themselves—the descendants of a prior migration, whose history is lost. The tradition runs that, generations ago, the Maoris dwelt in a country named Hawaiki, and that one of their chiefs, after a long voyage, reached the northern island of New Zealand. Returning to his home with a flattering description of the country he had discovered, this chief, it is said, persuaded a number of his kinsfolk and friends, who were much harassed by war, to set out with a fleet of double canoes for the new land. The names of most of the canoes are still remembered, and each tribe agrees in its account of the doings of the people of the principal canoes after their arrival in New Zealand; and from these traditional accounts the descent of the numerous tribes has been traced. Calculations, based on the genealogical staves kept by the tohungas, or priests, and on the well-authenticated traditions of the people, indicate that about twenty-one generations have passed since the migration, which may therefore be assumed to have taken place about five hundred and twenty-five years ago. The position of the legendary Hawaiki is unknown, but many places in the South Seas have been thus named in memory of the motherland. The Maoris speak a very pure dialect of the Polynesian language, the common tongue, with more or less variation, in all the eastern Pacific islands. When Captain Cook first visited New Zealand he availed himself of the services of a Native from Tahiti, whose speech was easily understood by the Maoris. In this way much information respecting the early history of the country and its inhabitants was obtained which could not have otherwise been had.

For results of recent researches as to probable origin and present numbers of the Maoris, see Year-book for 1901.


The Proclamation of Captain Hobson on the 30th January, 1840, gave as the boundaries of the colony the following degrees of latitude and longitude: On the north, 34° 30' S. lat.; on the south, 47° 10' S. lat.; on the east, 179° 0' E. long.; on the west, 166° 5' E. long. These limits excluded small portions of the extreme north of the North Island and of the extreme south of Stewart Island.

In April, 1842, by Royal Letters Patent, and again by the Imperial Act 26 and 27 Vict., c. 23 (1863), the boundaries of the colony were altered so as to extend from 33° to 53° of south latitude and from 162° of east longitude to 173° of west longitude. By Proclamation bearing date the 21st July, 1887, the Kermadec Islands, lying between the 29th and 32nd degrees of south latitude and the 177th and 180th degrees of west longitude, were declared to be annexed to and to become part of the Colony of New Zealand.

By Proclamation bearing date the 10th June, 1901, the Cook Group of islands, and all the other islands and territories situate within the boundary-lines mentioned in the following Schedule, were included in the Colony of New Zealand:—

A line commencing at a point at the intersection of the twenty-third degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-fifty-sixth degree of longitude west of Greenwich, and proceeding due north to the point of intersection of the eighth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-fifty-sixth degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due west to the point of intersection of the eighth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-sixty-seventh degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due south to the point of intersection of the seventeenth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-sixty-seventh degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due west to the point of intersection of the seventeenth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-seventieth degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due south to the point of intersection of the twenty-third degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-seventieth degree of longitude west of Greenwich; and thence due east to the point of intersection of the twenty-third degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-fifty-sixth degree of longitude west of Greenwich.

The following now constitute the Colony of New Zealand:—

  1. The island commonly known as the North Island, with its adjacent islets, having an aggregate area of 44,468 square miles, or 28,459,520 acres.

  2. The island known as the Middle Island, with adjacent islets, having an aggregate area of 58,525 square miles, or 37,456,000 acres.

  3. Stewart Island, and adjacent islets, having an area of 665 square miles, or 425,390 acres.

  4. The Chatham Islands, situate 536 miles eastward of Lyttelton in the Middle Island, with an area of 375 square miles, or 239,920 acres.

  5. The Auckland Islands, about 200 miles south of Stewart Island, extending about 30 miles from north to south, and nearly 15 from east to west, the area being 210,650 acres.

  6. The Campbell Islands, in latitude 52° 33' south, and longitude 169° 8' west, about 30 miles in circumference, with an area of 45,440 acres.

  7. The Antipodes Islands, about 458 miles in a south-easterly direction from Port Chalmers, in the Middle Island. These are detached rocky islands, and extend over a distance of between 4 and 5 miles from north to south. Area, 12,960 acres.

  8. The Bounty Islands, a small group of islets, thirteen in number, lying north of the Antipodes Islands, and about 415 miles in an east-south-easterly direction from Port Chalmers.' Area, 3,300 acres.

  9. The Kermadec Islands, a group lying about 614 miles to the north-east of Russell, in the Bay of Islands. Raoul or Sunday Island, the largest of these, is about 20 miles in circuit. The next in size is Macaulay Island, about 3 miles round. Area of the group, 8,208 acres.

  10. Islands forming the Cook Group:—

    Rarotonga.—Distance from Auckland, 1,638 miles; circumference, 20 miles; height, 2,920 ft.

    Mangaia.—Distance from Rarotonga, 116 miles; circumference, 30 miles; height, 656 ft.

    Atiu.—Distance from Rarotonga, 116 miles: circumference, 20 miles; height, 374 ft.

    Aitutaki.—Distance from Rarotonga, 140 miles; circumference, 12 miles: height, 366 ft.

    Mauke.—Distance from Rarotonga, 150 miles; circumference, 6 miles; height, about 60 ft.

    Mitiaro.—Distance from Rarotonga, 140 miles; circumference, 5 miles; height, about 50 ft.

    Takutea.—Distant from Rarotonga, 125 miles.

    The Herveys (Manuac and Aoutu).—Distant from Rarotonga, 120 miles.

    Total area of above Group, 150 square miles.

  11. Islands outside the Cook Group:—

    Savage or Niue.—Distance from Rarotonga, 580 miles; circumference, 40 miles; height, 200 ft.; area, about 100 square miles.

    Palmerston.—Distance from Rarotonga, 273 miles; an atoll, 4 miles by 2 miles.

    Penrhyn, or Tongareva.—Distance 735 miles from Rarotonga; an atoll, 12 miles by 7 miles.

    Humphrey, or Manahiki.—Distance from Rarotonga, 650 miles; an atoll, 6 miles by 5 miles.

    Rierson, or Rakaanga.—Distance from Rarotonga, 670 miles; an atoll, 3 miles by 3 miles.

    Danger, or Pukapuka.—Distance from Rarotonga, 700 miles; an atoll, 3 miles by 3 miles.

    Suwarrow.—Distance from Rarotonga, 530 miles; an atoll.

Total area of islands outside the Cook Group, 130 square miles.

The total area of the colony is thus about 104,751 square miles, of which the aggregate area of the outlying groups of islands that are practically useless for settlement amounts to about 498 square miles.

Area of the Commonwealth States of Australia.

The areas of the several Australian States, as stated by different authorities, vary considerably. The total area of the Australian Continent is given as 2,944,628 square miles, according to a computation made by the late Surveyor-General of Victoria, Mr. J. A. Skene, from a map of Continental Australia compiled and engraved under his direction; but the following areas are taken from the latest official records of each colony:—

 Square Miles.
New South Wales310,700
South Australia903,690
Western Australia975,920
        Total, Continent of Australia2,946,691
        Total, Commonwealth of Australia2,972,906

The size of these States (with New Zealand) may be better realised by comparison of their areas with those of European countries. The areas of the following countries—Austria-Hungary, Germany, France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway, Portugal, Spain, Italy (including Sardinia and Sicily), Switzerland, Greece, Roumania, Bulgaria, Servia, Eastern Roumelia, and Turkey in Europe—containing on the whole rather less than 1,600,000 square miles, amount to little more than half the extent of the Australian Continent. If the area of Russia in Europe be added to those of the other countries the total would be about one-seventh larger than the Australian Continent, and about one-twelfth larger than the Australian States, with New Zealand.

Area of the Colony of New Zealand.

The area of the Colony of New Zealand is about one-seventh less than the area of Great Britain and Ireland, the Middle Island of New Zealand being a little larger than the combined areas of England and Wales.

 Area in
Square Miles.
United Kingdom. 
England and Wales58,311
 Area in
Square Miles.
New Zealand 
North Island44,468
Middle Island58,525
Stewart Island665
Chatham Islands375
Other islands718

Physical Features Of The North Island.

The North Island extends over a little more than seven degrees of latitude, a distance in a direct line from north to south of 430 geographical or 498 statute miles; but, as the northern portion of the colony, which covers more than three degrees of latitude, trends to the westward, the distance in a straight line from the North Cape to Cape Palliser, the extreme northerly and southerly points of the island, is about 515 statute miles.

This Island is, as a whole, hilly, and in parts mountainous in character, but there are large areas of plain or comparatively level country that are, or by clearing may be made, available for agricultural purposes. Of these, the principal are the plains in Hawke's Bay on the east coast, the Wairarapa Plain in the Wellington District, and a strip of country along the west coast, about 250 miles in length, extending from a point about thirty miles from the City of Wellington to a little north of New Plymouth. The largest plain in the North Island, Kaingaroa, extends from the shore of Lake Taupo in a north-north-easterly direction to the sea-coast in the Bay of Plenty; but a great part of it is covered with pumicesand, and is unfit for tillage or pasture. There are several smaller plains and numerous valleys suitable for agriculture. The level or undulating country in this Island fit, or capable of being made fit, for agriculture has been roughly estimated at 13,000,000 acres. This includes lands now covered with standing forest, and swamps that can be drained; also large areas of clay-marl and pumice-covered land. The clay-marl in its natural state is cold and uninviting to the farmer, but under proper drainage and cultivation it can be brought to a high state of productiveness. This kind of land is generally neglected at the present time, as settlers prefer soils more rapidly remunerative and less costly to work. The larger portion of the North Island was originally covered with forest. Although the area of bush land is still very great, yet year by year the amount is being reduced, chiefly to meet the requirements of settlement, the trees being cut down and burnt, and grass-seed sown on the ashes to create pasture. Hilly as the country is, yet from the nature of the climate it is especially suited for the growth of English grasses, which will flourish wherever there is any soil, however steep the land may be; once laid down in grass very little of the land is too poor to supply food for cattle and sheep. The area of land in the North Island deemed purely pastoral or capable of being made so, while too steep for agricultural purposes, is estimated at 14,200,000 acres. In the centre of the Island is a lake, about twenty miles across either way, called Taupo. A large area adjacent to the lake is at present worthless pumice country. The Waikato River, the largest in the North Island, flows out of the north-eastern corner of this lake, and runs thence north-westward until it enters the ocean a little distance south of the Manukau Harbour. This river is navigable for small steamers for about a hundred miles from its mouth. The Maori King-country, occupied by Natives who for several years isolated themselves from Europeans, lies between Lake Taupo and the western coast. The River Thames, or Waihou, having its sources north of Lake Taupo, flows northward into the Firth of Thames. It is navigable for about fifty miles, but only for small steamers. The other navigable rivers in this island are the Wairoa (Kaipara), the Wanganui, and the Manawatu, the two last of which flow towards the south-west into Cook Strait.

The mountains in the North Island are estimated to occupy about one-tenth of the surface, and do not exceed 4,000 ft. in height, with the exception of a few volcanic mountains that are more lofty. Of these, the three following are the most important:—

  1. The Tongariro Mountain, situated to the southward of Lake Taupo. It consists of a group of distinct volcanic cones, the lava-streams from which have so overlapped in their descent as to form one compact mountain-mass at the base. The highest of these cones is called Ngauruhoe, and attains an elevation of 7,515 ft. The craters of Ngauruhoe, the Red Crater (6,140 ft.), and Te Mari (4,990 ft.) are the three vents from which the latest discharges of lava have taken place, the most recent having occurred in 1868. These craters are still active, steam and vapour issuing from them with considerable force and noise, the vapours, charged with pungent gases and acids, making it dangerous to approach too near the crater-lips.

  2. Ruapehu. This mountain lies to the south of Ngauruhoe and Tongariro. It is a volcanic cone in the solfatara stage, and reaches the height of 9,008 ft., being in part considerably above the line of perpetual snow. The most remarkable feature of this mountain is the crater lake on its summit, which is subject to slight and intermittent eruptions, giving rise to vast quantities of steam. In March, 1895, such an eruption took place, forming a few hot springs on the margin of the lake, and increasing the heat in the lake itself. This lake lies at the bottom of a funnel-shaped crater, the steep sides of which are mantled with ice and snow. The water occupies a circular basin about 500 ft. in diameter, some 300 ft. below the enclosing peaks, and is quite inaccessible except by the use of ropes. This lake, and the three craters previously mentioned on Tongariro, are all in one straight line, which, if produced, would pass through the boiling springs at Tokaanu on the southern margin of Lake Taupo, the volcanic country north-east of that lake, and White Island, an active volcano in the Bay of Plenty, situated about twenty-seven miles from the mainland.

  3. Mount Egmont. This is an extinct volcanic cone, rising to a height of 8,260 ft. The upper part is always covered with snow. This mountain is situated close to New Plymouth, and is surrounded by one of the most fertile districts in New Zealand. Rising from the plains in solitary grandeur, it is an object of extreme beauty, the cone being one of the most perfect in the world.

It is estimated that the area of mountain-tops and barren country at too high an altitude for sheep, and therefore worthless for pastoral purposes, amounts, in the North Island, to 300,000 acres.

Without a doubt the hot springs form the most remarkable feature of the North Island. They are found over a large area, extending from Tongariro, south of Lake Taupo, to Ohaeawai, in the extreme north—a distance of some 300 miles; but the principal seat of hydrothermal action appears to be in the neighbourhood of Lake Rotorua, about forty miles north-north-east from Lake Taupo. By the destruction of the famed Pink and White Terraces and of Lake Rotomahana during the eruption of Mount Tarawera on the 10th June, 1886, the neighbourhood has been deprived of attractions unique in character and of unrivalled beauty; but the natural features of the country—the numerous lakes, geysers, and hot springs, some of which possess remarkable curative properties in certain complaints—are still very attractive to tourists and invalids. The world-wide importance of conserving this region as a sanatorium for all time has been recognised by the Government, and it is now dedicated by Act of Parliament to that purpose.

Notwithstanding the length of coast-line, good harbours in the North Island are not numerous. Those on the west coast north of New Plymouth are bar harbours, unsuitable for large vessels. The principal harbours are the Waitemata Harbour, on which Auckland is situated—this is rather a deep estuary than a harbour; several excellent havens in the northern peninsula; and Port Nicholson, on the borders of which Wellington is situated. This is a landlocked harbour, about six miles across, having a comparatively narrow but deep entrance from the ocean. The water is deep nearly throughout.

The Cape Colville Peninsula is rich in gold-bearing quartz.


Cook Strait separates the North and Middle Islands. It is some sixteen miles across at its narrowest part, but in the widest about ninety. The strait is invaluable for the purpose of traffic between different parts of the colony.


The extreme length of the Middle Island, from Jackson's Head, in Cook Strait, to Puysegur Point, at the extreme south-west, is about 525 statute miles; the greatest distance across at any point is in Otago (the southernmost) District, about 180 miles.

The Middle Island is intersected along almost its entire length by a range of mountains known as the Southern Alps. Some of the summits reach a height of from 10,000 ft. to 12,000 ft., Mount Cook, the highest peak, rising to 12,349 ft.

In the south, in the neighbourhood of the sounds and Lake Te Anau, there are many magnificent peaks, which, though not of great height, are, owing to their latitude, nearly all crowned with perpetual ice and snow. Further north the mountains increase in height—Mount Earnslaw, at Lake Wakatipu; and Mount Aspiring, which has been aptly termed the New Zealand Matterhorn, 9,949 ft. in height, at Lake Wanaka. Northward of this again are Mount Cook (or Aorangi), Mount Sefton and other magnificent peaks.

For beauty and grandeur of scenery the Southern Alps of New Zealand may worthily compare with, while in point of variety they are said actually to surpass, the Alps of Switzerland. In New Zealand few of the mountains have been scaled; many of the peaks and most of the glaciers are as yet unnamed; and there is still, in parts of the Middle Island, a fine field for exploration and discovery—geographical, geological, and botanical. The wonders of the Southern Alps are only beginning to be known; but the more they are known the more they are appreciated. The snow-line in New Zealand being so much lower than in Switzerland, the scenery, though the mountains are not quite so high, is of surpassing grandeur.

There are extensive glaciers on both sides of the range, those on the west being of exceptional beauty, as, from the greater abruptness of the mountain-slopes on that side, they descend to within about 700ft. of the sea-level, and into the midst of the evergreen forest. The largest glaciers on either side of the range are easily accessible.

The following gives the sizes of some of the glaciers on the eastern slope:—

Name.Area of Glacier.Length of Glacier.Greatest Width.Average Width.
 Acres.Miles    ch.Miles    ch.Miles    ch.
Tasman13,66418    02    141    15
Murchison5,80010   701     50    66
Godley5,3128    01    551     3
Mueller3,2008    00    610    50
Hooker2,4167   250    540    41

The Alletsch Glacier in Switzerland, according to Ball, in the “Alpine Guide,” has an average width of one mile. It is in length and width inferior to the Tasman Glacier.

Numerous sounds or fiords penetrate the south-western coast. They are long, narrow, and deep (the depth of water at the upper part of Milford Sound is 1,270 ft., although at the entrance only 130 ft.), surrounded by giant mountains clothed with foliage to the snow-line, with waterfalls, glaciers, and snowfields at every turn. Some of the mountains rise almost precipitously from the water's edge to 5,000 ft. and 6,000 ft. above the sea. Near Milford, the finest of these sounds, is the great Sutherland Waterfall, 1,904 ft. high.

The general surface of the northern portion of the Middle Island, comprising the Provincial Districts of Nelson and Marlborough, is mountainous, but the greater part is suitable for grazing purposes. There are some fine valleys and small plains suitable for agriculture, of which the Wairau Valley or Plain is the largest. Deep sounds, extending for many miles, break the coast-line abating on Cook Strait. The City of Nelson is situated at the head of Blind Bay, which has a depth inwards from Cook Strait of about forty statute miles.

The Provincial District of Canterbury lies to the south of the Marlborough District, and on the eastern side of the Island. Towards the north the land is undulating; then there is a stretch of almost perfectly level country extending towards the south-west 160 miles, after which, on the south, the country is undulating as far as the borders of the Otago District. On the east a block of hill country rises abruptly from the plain and extends for some miles seaward. This is Banks Peninsula, containing several good harbours, the principal being Port Cooper, on the north, on which is situated Lyttelton, the chief port of the district: the harbour of Akaroa, one of the finest in the colony, is on the southern coast of this peninsula.

The District of Otago is, on the whole, mountainous, but has many fine plains and valleys suitable for tillage. The mountains, except towards the west coast, are generally destitute of timber, and suitable for grazing sheep. There are goldfields of considerable extent in the interior of this district. The inland lakes are also very remarkable features. Lake Wakatipu extends over fifty-four miles in length, but its greatest width is not more than four miles, and its area only 114 square miles. It is 1,070 ft. above sea-level, and has a depth varying from 1,170 ft. to 1,296 ft. Te Anau Lake is somewhat larger, having an area of 132 square miles. These lakes are bounded on the west by broken, mountainous, and wooded country, extending to the ocean.

The chief harbours in Otago are Port Chalmers, at the head of which Dunedin is situated, and the Bluff Harbour, at the extreme south.

The District of Westland, extending along the west coast of the Middle Island, abreast of Canterbury, is more or less auriferous throughout. The western slopes of the central range of mountains are clothed with forest trees to the snow-line; but on the eastern side timber is scarce, natural grasses covering the ground.

The rivers in the Middle Island are for the most part mountain-torrents, fed by glaciers in the principal mountain-ranges. When the snow melts they rise in flood, forming, where not confined by rocky walls, beds of considerable width, generally covered by enormous deposits of shingle. The largest river in the colony as regards volume of water is the Clutha. It is 154 miles in length, but is only navigable for boats or small river-steamers for about thirty miles. The Rivers Buller, Grey, and Hokitika, on the west coast, are navigable for a short distance from their mouths. They form the only ports in the Westland District. In their unimproved state they admitted, owing to the bars at their mouths, none but vessels of small draught; but, in consequence of the importance of the Grey and Buller Rivers as the sole ports available for the coal-export trade, large harbour-works have been undertaken, resulting in the deepening of the beds of these rivers, and giving a depth of from 18 ft. to 26 ft. of water on the bar.

The area of level or undulating land in the Middle Island available for agriculture is estimated at about 15,000,000 acres. About 13,000,000 are suitable for pastoral purposes only, or may become so when cleared of forest and sown with grass-seed. The area of barren land and mountain-tops is estimated at about 9,000,000 acres.


Foveaux Strait separates the Middle from Stewart Island. This last island has an area of only 425,390 acres.

Stewart Island is a great tourist resort during the summer months, and is easily reached by steamer from the Bluff, distant about 25 miles.

The principal peak is Mount Anglem, 3,200 ft. above sea-level, which has an extinct crater at its summit. Most of the island is rugged and forest-clad; the climate is mild, frost being seldom experienced; and the soil, when cleared of bush, is fertile.

The chief attractions are the numerous bays and fiords. Paterson Inlet is a magnificent sheet of water, about ten miles by four miles, situated close to Half-moon Bay, the principal port, where over two hundred people live. Horseshoe Bay and Port William are within easy reach of Half-moon Bay. Port Pegasus, a land-locked sheet of water about eight miles by a mile and a half, is a very fine harbour. At “The Neck” (Paterson Inlet) there is a Native settlement of Maoris and half-castes. The bush is generally very dense, with thick undergrowth. Rata, black-pine, white-pine, miro, and totara are the principal timber trees. Fish are to be had in great abundance and variety; oysters form an important industry. Wild pigeons, ducks, and mutton-birds are plentiful.


The outlying group of the CHATHAM ISLANDS, 480 statute miles east-south-east from Wellington, and 536 miles eastward of Lyttelton, consists of two principal islands and several unimportant islets. The largest island contains about 222,490 acres, of which an irregular-shaped lake or lagoon absorbs 45,960 acres. About one-quarter of the surface of the land is covered with forest, the rest with fern or grass. The hills nowhere rise to a great height. Pitt Island is the next in size; the area is 15,330 acres. The greater portion of both islands is used for grazing sheep.

The KERMADEC GROUP of islands, four in number, is situated between 29° 10' and 31° 30' south latitude, and between 177° 45' and 179° west longitude. They are named Raoul or Sunday Island, Macaulay Island, Curtis Islands, and L'Espérance or French Rock. The principal island, Sunday, is 600 miles distant from Auckland. The islands are volcanic, and in two of them signs of activity are still to be seen. The rainfall is plentiful, but not excessive. The climate is mild and equable, and slightly warmer than the north of New Zealand. The following are the areas of the islands and islets of the group: Sunday Island, 7,200 acres; Herald group of islets, 85 acres; Macaulay Island, 764 acres; Curtis Islands, 128 acres and 19 acres; L'Espérance, 12 acres: total, 8,208 acres. Sunday Island is twenty miles in circumference, roughly triangular in shape, and at the highest point 1,723 ft. above the sea-level. It is rugged and broken over a very large extent of its surface, and, except in a few places, covered with forest. The soil everywhere on the island is very rich, being formed by the decomposition of a dark-coloured pumiceous tuff and a black andesitic lava, with which is closely mixed a fine vegetable mould. The great luxuriance and richness of the vegetation bear witness to the excellence of the soil, which is everywhere—except where destroyed by eruptions, and on the steep cliffs—the same rich loam. Want of water is one of the drawbacks. Three of the four lakes on the island are fresh, but so difficult of approach as to be practically useless.

The AUCKLAND ISLANDS are about 290 miles south of Bluff Harbour, their position being given on the Admiralty chart as latitude 50° 31' 29” S., and longitude 166° 19' 12” E. They have several good harbours. Port Ross, at the north end of the principal island, was described by the eminent French commander, D'Urville, as one of the best harbours of refuge in the known world. At the southern end of the island there is a through passage extending from the east to the west coast. It has been variously named Adams Strait and Carnley Harbour, and forms a splendid sheet of water. The largest of the islands is about 27 miles long by about 15 miles broad, and is very mountainous, the highest part being about 2,000 ft. above the sea. The west coast is bold and precipitous, but the east coast has several inlets. The wood on the island is, owing to the strong prevailing wind, scrubby in character. The New Zealand Government maintains at this island a depot of provisions and clothing for the use of shipwrecked mariners.

The COOK ISLANDS, with others now included within the extended boundaries of the colony, are as under*:—

* See Part IV., “Notes on Annexed Islands”; following descriptions of land districts.

RAROTONGA (Cook Group): A magnificent island, rising to a height of 3,000 ft., clothed to the tops of the mountains with splendid vegetation. It has abundant streams, considerable tracts of sloping land, and rich alluvial valleys. The two harbours are poor.

MANGAIA, the south-easternmost of the Cook Group, is of volcanic origin, and about thirty miles in circumference. The productions, which are numerous and cheap, are obtained by assiduous labour.

ATIU (Cook Group) resembles Mangaia in appearance and extent. It is a mere bank of coral, 10 ft. or 12 ft. high, steep and rugged, except where there are small sandy beaches and some clefts, where the ascent is gradual.

AITUTAKI (Cook Group) presents a most fruitful appearance, its shores being bordered by flat land, on which are innumerable cocoanut and other trees, the higher ground being beautifully interspersed with lawns. It is eighteen miles in circuit.

MAUKE or Parry Island (Cook Group) is a low island; it is about two miles in diameter, well wooded, and inhabited.

MITIARO (Cook Group) is a low island, from three to four miles long and one mile wide.

HERVEY ISLANDS (Cook Group): This group consists of two islands, surrounded by a reef, which may be 10 1/2 miles in circumference.

NIUE, or Savage Island, lying east of the Friendly Islands, is a coral island, thirty-six miles in circumference, rising to a height of 200 ft. It has the usual tropical productions.

PALMERSTON ISLAND, lying about 500 miles east of Niue and about 220 from the nearest island of the Cook Group (Aitutaki), is remarkable as the “San Pablo” of Magellan, the first island discovered in the South Sea. It has no harbour. The soil is fairly fertile, and there is some good hardwood timber.

PENRHYN ISLAND (Tongareva) lies about 300 miles north-east of Manahiki. It is one of the most famous pearl islands in the Pacific, and there is a splendid harbour, a lagoon with two entrances, fit for ships of any size.

MANAHIKI, lying about 400 miles eastward of Danger Island, is an atoll, about thirty miles in circumference, valuable from the extent of the cocoanut groves. The interior lagoon contains a vast deposit of pearl-shell.

RAKAANGA is an atoll, three miles in length and of equal breadth.

DANGER ISLAND (Pukapuka): Next to the 10th parallel, but rather north of the latitude of the Navigators, and east of them are a number of small atolls. Of these, the nearest to the Samoan Group—about 500 miles—is Danger Island, bearing north-west of Suwarrow about 250 miles.

SUWARROW ISLAND has one of the best harbours in the Pacific. It lies about 500 miles east of Apia, the capital of the Samoan Group. It is a coral atoll, of a triangular form, fifty miles in circumference, the reef having an average width of half a mile across, enclosing a land-locked lagoon twelve miles by eight, which forms an excellent harbour. The entrance is half a mile wide, and the accommodation permits of ships riding in safety in all weathers, with depths of from three to thirty fathoms. It is out of the track of hurricanes, uninhabited, but capable by its fertility of supporting a small population. As a depot for the collection of trade from the various islands it ought to be very valuable.


British sovereignty was proclaimed over New Zealand in January, 1840, and the country became a dependency of New South Wales until the 3rd May, 1841, when it was made a separate colony. The seat of Government was at Auckland, and the Executive included the Governor, and three gentlemen holding office as Colonial Secretary, Attorney-General, and Colonial Treasurer.

The successors of these gentlemen, appointed in August, 1841, May, 1842, and January, 1844, respectively, continued in office until the establishment of Responsible Government on the 7th May, 1856. Only one of them—Mr. Swainson, the Attorney-General—sat as a member of the first General Assembly, opened on the 27th May, 1854. During the session of that year there were associated with the permanent members of the Executive Council certain members of the General Assembly. These latter held no portfolios.

The Government of the colony was at first vested in the Governor, who was responsible only to the Crown; but in 1852 an Act granting representative institutions to the colony was passed by the Imperial Legislature. Under it the constitution of a General Assembly for the whole colony was provided for, to consist of a Legislative Council, the members of which were to be nominated by the Governor, and of an elective House of Representatives. The first session of the General Assembly was opened on the 27th May, 1854, but the members of the Executive were not responsible to Parliament. The first Ministers under a system of Responsible Government were appointed in the year 1856. By the Act of 1852 the colony was divided into six provinces, each to be presided over by an elective Superintendent, and to have an elective Provincial Council, empowered to legislate, except on certain specified subjects. The franchise amounted practically to household suffrage. In each case the election was for four years, but a dissolution of the Provincial Council by the Governor could take place at any time, necessitating a fresh election both of the Council and of the Superintendent. The Superintendent was chosen by the whole body of electors of the province; each member of the Provincial Council by the electors of a district. The Provincial Governments, afterwards increased to nine, remained as integral parts of the Constitution of the colony until the 1st November, 1876, when they were abolished by an Act of the General Assembly, that body having been vested with the power of altering the Constitution Act. On the same day an Act of the General Assembly which subdivided the colony (exclusive of the areas included within municipalities) into counties, and established a system of local county government, came into force.


The Governor is appointed by the King. His salary is $5,000 a year, with an annual allowance of $1,500 on account of his establishment, and of $500 for travelling-expenses, provided by the colony.

Members of the Legislative Council hold their seats under writs of summons from the Governor. Till the year 1891 the appointments were for life; but in September of that year an Act was passed making appointments after that time tenable for seven years only, though Councillors may be reappointed. In either case seats may be vacated by resignation or extended absence. One member of the Council is an aboriginal native chief.

The members of the House of Representatives are elected for three years from the time of each general election; but at any time a dissolution of Parliament by the Governor may render a general election necessary. Four of the members are representatives of Native constituencies. For the purposes of European representation the colony is divided into seventy-six electoral districts, each returning one member. The full number of members composing the House of Representatives is thus eighty. Members of the House Representatives are chosen by the votes of the inhabitants in every electoral district appointed for that purpose. No person who, being a bankrupt within the meaning of “The Bankruptcy Act, 1892,” has not obtained an order of discharge under that Act shall be qualified to be nominated as a candidate for election, or to take his seat as a member of the House of Representatives, anything in any other Act to the contrary not withstanding.

In 1889 an amendment of the Representation Act was passed, which contained a provision prohibiting any elector from giving his vote in respect of more than one electorate at any election. “The Electoral Act, 1893,” extended to women of both races the right to register as electors, and to vote at the elections for members of the House of Representatives. The qualification for registration is the same for both sexes. No person is entitled to be registered on more than one electoral roll within the colony. Women are not qualified to be elected as members of the House of Representatives. The electoral laws are the subject of special comment further on in this work. Every man registered as an elector, and not specially excepted by the Electoral Act now in force, is qualified to be elected a member of the House of Representatives for any electoral district. For European representation every adult person, if resident one year in the colony and three months in one electoral district, can be registered as an elector. Freehold property of the value of $25 held for six months preceding the day of registration until 1896 entitled a man or woman to register, if not previously registered under the residential qualification; but the Amendment Act of 1896 abolished the property qualification (except in case of existing registrations), and residence alone now entitles a man or woman to have his or her name placed upon an electoral roll. For Maori representation every adult Maori resident in any Maori electoral district (of which there are four only in the colony) can vote. Registration is not required in Native districts. [The above provisions are now incorporated in “The Electoral Act, 1905,” which consolidates the electoral laws, with such amendments as were found necessary.]


Up to the year 1865 the seat of Government of New Zealand was at Auckland. Several attempts were made by members of Parliament, by motions in the Legislative Council and House of Representatives, to have it removed to some more central place; but it was not until November, 1863, that Mr. Domett (the then ex-Premier) was successful in carrying resolutions in the House of Representatives that steps should be taken for appointing some place in Cook Strait as the permanent seat of Government in the colony. The resolutions adopted were: “(1.) That it has become necessary that the seat of Government in the colony should be transferred to some suitable locality in Cook Strait. (2.) That, in order to promote the accomplishment of this object, it is desirable that the selection of the particular site in Cook Strait should be left to the arbitrament of an impartial tribunal. (3.) That, with this view, a Bill should be introduced to give effect to the above resolutions.” On the 25th November an address was presented to the Governor, Sir George Grey, K.C.B., by the Commons of New Zealand, requesting that the Governors of the Colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, and Tasmania, might each be asked to appoint one Commissioner for the purpose of determining the best site in Cook Strait. Accordingly, the Hon. Joseph Docker, M.L.C., New South Wales; the Hon. Sir Francis Murphy, Speaker of the Legislative Council, Victoria; and R. C. Gunn, Esq., Tasmania, were appointed Commissioners.

These gentlemen, having made a personal inspection of all suitable places, arrived at the unanimous decision “that Wellington, in Port Nicholson, was the site upon the shores of Cook Strait which presented the greatest advantages for the administration of the government of the colony.”

The seat of Government was, therefore, in accordance with the recommendation of the Commissioners, removed to Wellington in February, 1865.


Nearly all the public works of New Zealand are in the hands of the Government of the colony, and in the early days they simply kept pace with the spread of settlement. In 1870, however, a great impetus was given to the progress of the whole country by the inauguration of the “Public Works and Immigration Policy,” which provided for carrying out works in advance of settlement. Railways, roads, and water-races were constructed, and immigration was conducted on a large scale. As a consequence, the population increased from 267,000 in 1871 to 501,000 in 1881, and to 882,462 in December, 1905; besides whom there were 43,143 Maoris, and also 12,292 persons residing in the Cook and other Pacific Islands within the extended boundaries of the colony.



Captain William Hobson, R.N., from Jan., 1840, to 10 Sept., 1842.

[British sovereignty was proclaimed by Captain Hobson in January, 1840, and New Zealand became a dependency of the Colony of New South Wales until 3rd May, 1841, at which date it was proclaimed a separate colony. From January, 1840, to May, 1841, Captain Hobson was Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand under Sir George Gipps, Governor of New South Wales, and from May, 1841, Governor of New Zealand; the seat of Government being at Auckland, where he died in September, 1842. From the time of Governor Hobson's death, in September, 1842, until the arrival of Governor Fitzroy, in December, 1843, the Government was carried on by the Colonial Secretary, Lieutenant Shortland.]

Lieutenant Shortland, Administrator, from 10 Sept., 1842, to 26 Dec., 1843.

Captain Robert Fitzroy, R.N., from 26 Dec., 1843, to 17 Nov., 1845.

Captain Grey (became Sir George Grey, K.C.B., in 1848), from 18 Nov., 1845, to 31 Dec., 1853.

[Captain Grey held the commission as Lieutenant-Governor of the colony until the 1st January, 1848, when he was sworn in as Governor-in Chief over the Islands of New Zealand, and as Governor of the Province of New Ulster and Governor of the Province of New Munster. After the passing of the New Zealand Constitution Act, Sir George Grey was, on the 13th September, 1852, appointed Governor of the colony, the duties of which office he assumed on the 7th March, 1853. In August, 1847, Mr. E. J. Eyre was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Munster: he was sworn in, 28th January, 1848. On 3rd January, 1848, Major-General George Dean Pitt was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Ulster: he was sworn in, 14th February, 1848; died, 8th January, 1851; and was succeeded as Lieutenant-Governor by Lieutenant-Colonel Wynyard, appointed 14th April, 1851; sworn in, 26th April, 1851. The duties of the Lieutenant-Governor ceased on the assumption by Sir George Grey of the office of Governor, on the 7th March, 1853.]

Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Henry Wynyard, C.B., Administrator, from 3 Jan., 1854, to 6 Sept., 1855.

Colonel Thomas Gore Browne, C.B., from 6 Sept., 1855, to 2 Oct., 1861.

Sir George Grey, K.C.B., Administrator, from 3 Oct., 1861; Governor, from 4 Dec., 1861, to 5 Feb., 1868.

Sir George Ferguson Bowen, G.C.M.G., from 5 Feb., 1868, to 19 Mar., 1873.

Sir George Alfred Arney, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 21 Mar. to 14 June, 1873.

Sir James Fergusson, Baronet, P.C., from 14 June, 1873, to 3 Dec., 1874.

The Marquis of Norman by, P.C., G.C.M.G., Administrator, from 3 Dec., 1874; Governor, from 9 Jan., 1875, to 21 Feb., 1879.

James Prendergast, Esquire, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 21 Feb. to 27 Mar., 1879.

Sir Hercules George Robert Robinson, G.C.M.G., Administrator, from 27 Mar., 1879; Governor, from 17 April, 1879, to 8 Sept., 1880.

James Prendergast, Esquire, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 9 Sept. to 29 Nov., 1880.

The Honourable Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon, G.C.M.G., from 29 Nov., 1880, to 23 June, 1882.

Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 24 June, 1882, to 20 Jan., 1883.

Lieutenant - General Sir William Francis Drummond Jervois, G.C.M.G., C.B., from 20 Jan., 1883, to 22 Mar., 1889.

Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 23 Mar. to 2 May, 1889.

The Earl of Onslow, G.C.M.G., from 2 May, 1889, to 24 Feb., 1892.

Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 25 Feb., to 6 June, 1892.

The Earl of Glasgow, G.C.M.G., from 7 June, 1892, to 6 Feb., 1897.

Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 8 Feb., 1897, to 9 Aug., 1897.

The Earl of Ranfurly, G.C.M.G., from 10 Aug., 1897, to 19 June, 1904.

The Right Honourable William Lee, Baron Plunket, K.C.M.G., from 20 June, 1904.



Sir W. Martin, appointed Chief Justice, 10 Jan., 1842. Resigned, 12 June, 1857.

H. S. Chapman, appointed, 26 Dec., 1843. Held office until March, 1852. Reappointed, 23 Mar., 1864. Resigned, 31 Mar., 1875.

S. Stephen, appointed, 30 July, 1850. Appointed Acting Chief Justice, 20 Oct., 1855. Died, 13 Jan., 1858.

Daniel Wakefield, appointed, Oct., 1855. Died, Oct., 1857.

Hon. H. B. Gresson, appointed temporarily, 8 Dec., 1857. Permanently, 1 July, 1862. Resigned, 31 Mar., 1875.

Sir G. A. Arney, appointed Chief Justice, 1 Mar., 1858. Resigned, 31 Mar., 1875.

A. J. Johnston, appointed, 2 Nov., 1858. Died, 1 June, 1888.

C. W. Richmond, appointed, 20 Oct., 1862. Died, 3 Aug., 1895.

J. S. Moore, appointed temporarily, 15 May, 1866. Relieved, 30 June, 1868.

C. D. R. Ward, appointed temporarily, 1 Oct., 1868. Relieved, May, 1870. Appointed temporarily, 21 Sept., 1886. Relieved, 12 Feb., 1889.

Sir J. Prendergast, appointed Chief Justice, 1 April, 1875. Resigned, 25 May, 1899.

T. B. Gillies, appointed, 3 Mar., 1875. Died, 26 July, 1889.

J. S. Williams, appointed, 3 Mar., 1875.

J. E. Denniston, appointed, 11 Feb., 1889.

E. T. Conolly, appointed, 19 Aug., 1889. Resigned, 9 Sept., 1903.

Hon. Sir P. A. Buckley, K.C.M.G., appointed, 20 Dec., 1895. Died, 18 May, 1896.

W. B. Edwards, appointed, 11 July, 1896.

F. W. Pennefather, appointed temporarily, 25 April, 1898. Resigned, 24 April, 1899.

Hon. Sir Robert Stout, K.C.M.G., appointed Chief Justice, 22 June, 1899.

J. C. Martin, Acting Judge, appointed, 12 April, 1900. Resigned, 4 Dec., 1900.

Theophilus Cooper, appointed, 21 Feb., 1901.

F. R. Chapman, appointed, 11 Sept., 1903.

Chapter 4. EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 1843–56.


Willoughby Shortland, Colonial Secretary, from 3 May, 1841, to 31 Dec., 1843; succeeded by Mr. Sinclair.

Francis Fisher, Attorney-General, from 3 May to 10 Aug., 1841; succeeded by Mr. Swainson.

George Cooper, Colonial Treasurer, from 3 May, 1841, to 9 May, 1842; succeeded by Mr. Shepherd.

William Swainson, Attorney-General, from 10 Aug., 1841, to 7 May, 1856.

Alexander Shepherd, Colonial Treasurer, from 9 May, 1842, to 7 May, 1856.

Andrew Sinclair, Colonial Secretary, from 6 Jan., 1844, to 7 May, 1856.

[The three gentlemen last mentioned were nominated by Her late Majesty as ex officio members of the Executive Council. Two of them, the Colonial Secretary and the Colonial Treasurer, were not members of the General Assembly, opened for the first time 27th May, 1854, but all three remained in office until the establishment of Responsible Government.]

James Edward FitzGerald, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 14 June to 2 Aug., 1854.

Henry Sewell, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 14 June to 2 Aug., 1854.

Frederick Aloysius Weld, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 14 June to 2 Aug., 1854.

Francis Dillon Bell, M.L.C., without portfolio, from 30 June to 11 July, 1854.

Thomas Houghton Bartley, M.L.C., without portfolio, from 14 July to 2 Aug., 1854.

Thomas Spencer Forsaith, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.

Edward Jerningham Wakefield, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.

William Thomas Locke Travers, M.H.R., without portfolio, 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.

James Macandrew, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.



Parliament.Date of Opening of
Date of Prorogation.
First (dissolved 15th September, 1855)27 May, 1854
31 August, 1854
8 August, 1855
9 August, 1854.
16 September, 1854.
15 September, 1855.
Second (dissolved 5th November, 1860)15 April, 1857
(No session in 1857)
10 April, 1858
(No session in 1859)
30 July, 1860
16 August, 1856.
21 August, 1858.
5 November, 1860.
Third (dissolved 27th January, 1866)3 June, 1861
7 July, 1862
19 October, 1863
24 November, 1864
26 July, 1865
7 September, 1861.
15 September, 1862.
14 December, 1863.
30 December, 1864.
30 October, 1865.
Fourth (dissolved 30th December, 1870)30 June, 1866
9 July, 1867
9 July, 1868
1 June, 1869
14 june, 1870
8 October, 1866.
10 October, 1867.
20 October, 1868.
3 September, 1869.
13 September, 1870.
Fifth (dissolved 6th December, 1875)14 August, 1871
16 July, 1872
15 July, 1873
3 July, 1874
20 July, 1875
16 November, 1871.
25 October, 1872.
3 October, 1873.
31 August, 1874.
21 October, 1875.
Sixth (dissolved 15th August, 1879)15 June, 1876
19 July, 1877
26 July, 1878
11 July, 1879
31 October, 1876.
10 December, 1877.
2 November, 1878.
11 August, 1879.
Seventh (dissolved 8th November, 1881)24 September, 1879
28 May, 1880
9 June, 1881
19 December, 1879.
1 September, 1880.
24 September, 1881.
Eighth (dissolved 27 th June, 1884)18 May, 1882
14 June, 1883
5 June, 1884
15 September, 1882.
8 September, 1883.
24 June, 1884.
Ninth (dissolved 15th July, 1887)7 August, 1884
11 June, 1885
13 May, 1886
26 April, 1887
10 November, 1884.
22 September, 1885.
18 August, 1886.
10 July, 1887.
Tenth (dissolved 3rd October, 1890)6 October, 1887
10 May, 1888
20 June, 1889
19 June, 1890
23 December, 1887.
31 August, 1888.
19 September, 1889.
18 September, 1890.
Eleventh (dissolved 8th November, 1893)23 January, 1891
11 June, 1891
23 June, 1892
22 June, 1893
31 January, 1891.
25 September, 1891.
12 October, 1892.
7 October, 1893.
Twelfth (dissolved 14th November, 1896)21 June, 1894
20 June, 1895
11 June, 1896
24 October, 1894.
2 November, 1895.
19 October, 1896.
Thirteenth (dissolved 15th November, 1899)7 April, 1897
23 September, 1897
24 June, 1898
23 June, 1899
12 April, 1897.
22 December, 1897.
5 November, 1898.
24 October, 1899.
Fourteenth (dissolved 5th November, 1902)22 June, 1900
1 July, 1901
1 July, 1902
22 October
8 November, 1901.
4 October, 1902.
Fifteenth (dissolved 29th November, 1905)29 June, 1903
28 June, 1904
27 June, 1905
25 November, 1903.
8 November, 1904.
31 October, 1905.



Name of Ministry.Assumed Office.Retired.

*Owing to the death of the Premier, the Hon. J. Ballance, on 27th April, 1893.

1. Bell-Sewell7 May, 185620 May, 1856.
2. Fox20 May, 18562 June, 1856.
3. Stafford2 June, 185612 July, 1861.
4. Fox12 July, 18616 August, 1862.
5. Domett6 August, 186230 October, 1863.
6. Whitaker-Fox30 October, 186324 November, 1864.
7. Weld24 November, 186416 October, 1865.
8. Stafford16 October, 186528 June, 1869.
9. Fox28 June, 186910 September, 1872.
10. Stafford10 September, 187211 October, 1872.
11. Waterhouse11 October, 18723 March, 1873.
12. Fox3 March, 18738 April, 1873.
13. Vogel8 April, 18736 July, 1875.
14. Pollen6 July, 187515 February, 1876.
15. Vogel15 February, 18761 September, 1876.
16. Atkinson1 September, 187613 September, 1876.
17. Atkinson (reconstituted)13 September, 187613 October, 1877.
18. Grey15 October, 18778 October, 1879.
19. Hall8 October, 187921 April, 1882.
20. Whitaker21 April, 188225 September, 1883.
21. Atkinson25 September, 188316 August, 1884.
22. Stout-Vogel16 August, 188428 August, 1884.
23. Atkinson28 August, 18843 September, 1884.
24. Stout-Vogel3 September, 18848 October, 1887.
25. Atkinson8 October, 188724 January, 1891.
26. Ballance24 January, 18911 May, 1893.*
27. Seddon1 May, 1893. 


Name of Premier.
Henry Sewell.
William Fox.
Edward William Stafford.
William Fox.
Alfred Domett.
Frederick Whitaker.
Frederick Aloysius Weld.
Edward William Stafford.
William Fox.
Hon. Edward William Stafford.
George Marsden Waterhouse.
Hon. William Fox.
Hon. Julius Vogel, C.M.G.
Hon. Daniel Pollen, M.L.C.
Sir Julius Vogel, K.C.M.G.
Harry Albert Atkinson.
Harry Albert Atkinson (Ministry reconstituted).
Sir George Grey, K.C.B.
Hon. John Hall.
Frederick Whitaker, M.L.C.
Harry Albert Atkinson.
Robert Stout.
Harry Albert Atkinson.
Sir Robert Stout, K.C.M.G.
Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, K.C.M.G.
John Ballance.
Rt. Hon. Richard John Seddon, P.C.


Name of Speaker.Date of Appointment.Date of Retirement or Death.
Hon. William Swainson16 May, 18548 August, 1855.
Hon. Frederick Whitaker8 August, 185512 May, 1856.
Hon. Thomas Houghton Bartley12 May, 18561 July, 1868.
Hon. Sir John Larkins Cheese Richardson, Kt.1 July, 186814 June, 1879.
Hon. Sir William Fitzherbert, K.C.M.G.14 June, 187922 April, 1887.
Hon. George Marsden Waterhouse22 April, 188721 September, 1887.
Hon. Sir William Fitzherbert, K.C.M.G.21 September, 188723 January, 1891.
Hon. Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, K.C.M.G.23 January, 189128 June, 1892.
Hon. Sir Henry John Miller8 July, 1892. 
 6 October, 18979 July 1903.
Hon. W. C. Walker, C.M.G.9 July, 19035 January, 1904.
Hon. John Rigg (Acting)5 January, 19047 July, 1904.
Hon. Sir A. J. Cadman, K.C.M.G.7 July, 190423 March, 1905.
Hon. R. H. J. Reeves (Acting)23 March, 19054 July, 1905.
Hon. C. C. Bowen4 July, 1905. 


Name of Speaker.Date of Election.Date of Retirement.
Sir Charles Clifford, Bart.26 May, 1854 
 15 April, 18563 June, 1861.
Sir David Monro, Kt. Bach.3 June, 1861
30 June, 1866
13 Sept., 1870.
Sir Francis Dillon Bell, K.C.M.G., C.B.14 August, 187121 October, 1875.
Sir William Fitzherbert, K.C.M.G.15 June, 187613 June, 1879.
Sir George Maurice O'Rorke, Kt. Bach.11 July, 1879
24 September, 1879
18 May, 1882
7 August, 1884
6 October, 1887
3 October, 1890.
Hon. Major William Jukes Steward23 January, 18918 November, 1893.
Hon. Sir George Maurice O'Rorke, Kt.Bech.21 June, 1894
6 April, 1897.
22 June, 1900
5 November, 1902.
Arthur Robert Guinness29 June, 1903. 



Country represented.Office heldNamePlace of Residence.
Argentine RepublicVice-ConsulHon. T. FergusDunedin.
Austria-HungaryConsul-General for the Commonwealth of
Australia, New Zealand, and
the South Sea Islands
Otto, Baron Hoenning-O'CarrollSydney.
Austria-HungaryConsulE. LangguthAuckland.
BelgiumConsul-General for Australasia and FijiF. HuylebroeckMelbourne.
BelgiumConsulHon. Charles John JohnstonWellington.
BelgiumVice-ConsulG. F. JohnstonWellington.
BelgiumConsulJoseph James KinseyChristchurch.
BelgiumConsulJohn BurnsAuckland.
BelgiumConsulGeorge Lyon DenniatonDunedin.
BrazilVice-ConsulA. H. MilesWellington.
ChiliConsul - General for the Commonwealth of
Australia, and New Zealand
William BrownSydney.
DenmarkConsul (for North Island)Francis Henry Dillon BellWellington (Principal Consulate).
DenmarkConsul (for South Island)Emil Christian SkogChristchurch
DenmarkVice ConsulFrederick Ehrenfried BaumeAuckland.
DenmarkVice ConsulWilliam Edward PerryHokitika.
DenmarkVice ConsulOdin Henry MöllerDunedin.
FranceConsul (for New Zealand)Robert BoeufvéAuckland.
FranceChandelierAuguste A LelièvreAuckland.
FranceVice-ConsulPercival Clay NeillDunedin.
FranceConsular AgentGeorge HumphreysChristchurch.
FranceConsular AgentHarold BeauchampWellington.
German EmpireConsul-General for Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand, and FijiPaul Von BuriSydney.
German EmpireConsulCarl SeegnerAuckland.
German EmpireConsul (acting)Willy FelsDunedin.
German EmpireConsulPhilip KippenbergerChristchurch.
German EmpireConsulFriedrich August KrullWanganui.
German EmpireVice-ConsulEberbard FockeWellington.
GreeceVice-ConsulJoseph Frank DyerWellington.
HondurasConsul-General for Commonwealth of
Australia and New Zealand
Frederic WalshSydney.
ItalyConsul-General for Commonwealth of
Australia, New Zealand, and Fiji
C. BertolaMelbourne.
ItalyConsular AgentThomas WallaceChristchurch.
ItalyConsular AgentRoland Thomas RobertsonWellington.
ItalyConsular AgentJames MillsDunedin.
ItalyConsular AgentGeraldo Giuseppe PerottiGreymouth.
ItalyConsular AgentRichard A. CarrAuckland.
JapanConsulA. S. AldrichWellington.
LiberiaConsulA. M. MeyersAuckland.
NetherlandsConsul-General for Commonwealth of
Australia, New Zealand, and Fiji
W. L. BosschartMelbourne.
NetherlandsConsulHon. Charles John JohnstonWellington.
NetherlandsVice-ConsulGeorge RitchieDunedin.
NetherlandsVice-ConsulAmbrose MillarAuckland.
NetherlandsVice-ConsulHarold Featherston JohnstonWellington.
NetherlandsVice-ConsulG. de VriesChristchurch.
NorwayConsul-General (acting) for Commonwealth of
Australia, New Zealand, and
the adjacent Islands
Hans Jörgen GundersenMelbourne.
PortugalConsulJohn DuncanWellington.
PortugalVice-ConsulHenry Rees GeorgeAuckland.
PortugalVice-ConsulArthur Donald Stuart DuncanWellington.
PortugalVice-ConsulCharles William RattrayDunedin.
RussiaConsul-GeneralMichel OustinoffMelbourne.
SpainConsul-in Chief (with jurisdiction over
Australia and New Zealand)
Henry CaveMelbourne.
SpainHonorary Vice-ConsulAlexander H. TurnbullWellington.
SwedenConsulArthur Edward PearceWellington.
SwedenVice-ConsulSidney Jacob NathanAuckland.
SwedenVice-ConsulAlbert KayeChristchurch.
United States of AmericaConsul-General (for New Zealand,
Fiji, Society, and other
South Sea Islands)
William A. PrickittAuckland.
United States of AmericaVice-Consul-GeneralLeonard A. BachelderAuckland.
United States of AmericaConsular AgentFrank GrahamChristchurch.
United States of AmericaConsular AgentJohn DuncanWellington.
United States of AmericaConsular AgentFrederick Orlando BridgmanDunedin.


The Hon. W. P. Reeves, Westminster Chambers, 13, Victoria Street, S.W. (Appointed as from 14th June, 1905.) Secretary—Walter Kennaway, C.M.G.



Principal Secretary of State for the Colonies—Right Hon. Earl of Elgin, K.G., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., 11th December, 1905.

Under Secretaries: Parliamentary—The Hon. Winston L. S. Churchill, M.P. Permanent—Sir Montagu Frederick Ommaney, K.C.B., G.C.M.G., June, 1900.

Assistant Under-Secretaries: Frederick Graham C.B.; Charles P. Lucas, C.B.; H. B. Cox, C.B. (Legal); and Reginald L. Antrobus, C.B.



Crown Agents—Sir Ernest Edward Blake, K.C.M.G.; Major Maurice Alexander Cameron, C.M.G., late R.E.; and William Hepworth Mercer, C.M.G.



Seddon, Right Hon. Richard John, 1897.


Buller, Sir Walter Lawry, 1886.
Hall, Hon. Sir John, 1882.
Hector, Sir James, 1887.
Perceval, Sir Westby Brook, 1894.
Stout, Hon. Sir Robert, 1886.
Ward, Hon. Sir Joseph George, 1901.


Campbell, Sir John Logan, 1902.
Miller, Hon. Sir Henry John, 1901.
O'Rorke, Hon. Sir George Maurice, 1880.
Prendergast, Hon. Sir James, 1881.
Russell, Sir William Russell, 1902.
Steward, Hon. Sir William Jukes, 1902.


Cradock, Major Montagu, 1900.
Davies, Brevet-Colonel R. H., 1900.
Newall, Colonel Stewart, 1900.
Porter, Colonel T. W., 1902.
Robin, Brevet Colonel Alfred William, 1900.


Bauchop, Lieut.-Colonel A., 1902.
Gudgeon, Lieut.-Colonel Walter Edward, 1890.
Jowsey, Lieut.-Colonel Thomas, 1900.
Kennaway, Walter, 1891.
Richardson, Hon. Edward, 1879.
Roberts, John, 1891.


Abbott, Lieut.-Colonel F. W., 1902.
Bartlett, Major E., 1902.
Hickey, Lieutenant D. A., 1902.
Hughes, Captain J. G., 1900.
Major, Major C. T., 1900.
Polson, Major D., 1900.
Stevenson, Captain R., 1902.
Todd, Captain T. J. M., 1900.
Walker, Captain G. H., 1901.


Gray, William, 1905.
Heywood, James B., 1905.


Williamson, Miss J. M. N., 1900.


Hardham, Lieut. W. J., 1901.


* For service rendered in 1867.

Adamson, Thomas, 1869.
Biddle, Benjamin, 1869.
Black, Solomon, 1869.
Hill, George, 1869.
Lingard, William, 1869.
Mace, Francis Joseph, 1860.
Maling, Christopher, 1869.
Mair, Gilbert, 1870.
Preece, George, 1869.
Roberts, John Mackintosh, 1869.
Shepherd, Richard, 1869.
Wrigg, Harry Charles William, 1898.*


Baigent, Private Ivanhoe.
Black, Sergeant-Major G. C.
Burr, Sergeant-Major W. T.
Cassidy, Sergeant W.
Fletcher, Sergeant Major W. H.
Free, Private A.
Kent, Sergeant W.
Langham, Sergeant-Major J.
Lockett, Sergeant-Major E. B.
Pickett, Sergeant-Major M.
Rouse, Farrier-Sergeant G.
Wade, Private H. B.
White, Sergeant-Major H.


By despatch from the Secretary of State for the Colonies, dated Downing Street, 15th June, 1893, His Excellency the Governor was apprised that the title of “Honourable,” appertaining to Members of the Executive and Legislative Councils in colonies possessing Responsible Government, whether confined to duration of office or continued for life, was approved by Her late Majesty for use and recognition throughout her dominions, either during office or for life, as the case may be.

By further despatch of 10th March, 1894, the Secretary of State announced that he was prepared in future to submit for the approval of the Sovereign the recommendation of the Governor of any colony having Responsible Government that the President of the Legislative Council or the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly may, on quitting office after three years' service in their respective offices, be permitted to retain the title of “Honourable.” This title is now held by Sir G. M. O'Rorke and Major Sir William Jukes Steward.

Besides the Members of the Executive and Legislative Councils, the following ex-Ministers, whose names do not appear in the list given above, are allowed, as such, to retain the title of “Honourable”: Bryce, John, 1884; Fergus, Thomas, 1891; Hislop, Thomas W., 1891; Johnston, Walter W., 1884; Mitchelson, Edwin, 1891; Oliver, Richard, 1884; Reeves, William P., 1896; Richardson, George F., 1891; Thompson, Thomas, 1900; Tole, Joseph A., 1888.


By despatch of 29th August, 1877, it was announced that retired Judges of the Supreme Court may be allowed the privilege of bearing the title of “Honourable” for life, within the colony. This title is now held by Sir James Prendergast and the Hon. Edward Tennyson Conolly.


Table of Contents

1ST APRIL, 1906.

PLUNKET, His Excellency The Right Honourable William Lee, fifth Baron (United Kingdom, 1827), formerly an Attaché in the Diplomatic Service, and subsequently Private Secretary to successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland (1900–4); Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George; Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order; son of fourth Baron (Archbishop of Dublin); born 19th December, 1864; succeeded 1897; married, 1894, Lady Victoria Alexandrina Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, daughter of first Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, K.P., G.C.B., &c. Issue: Two sons (Honourables Terence and Brinsley) four daughters (Honourables Helen, Eileen, Moira, and Joyce). Appointed 9th March, 1904, and assumed office 20th June, 1904, as Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over His Majesty's Colony of New Zealand and its Dependencies. Salary, $5,000. Allowance on account of establishment, $1,500, and travelling-expenses, $500 per annum. The allowance is not payable for any period during which the Governor is absent from the colony. Residences: Old Connaught, Bray, County Wicklow, Ireland; Government House, Wellington; Government House, Auckland.

Private Secretary: Horace Clare Waterfield, Esq.

1st Aide-de-Camp: Captain Francis Powell Braithwaite, 5th Northumberland Fusiliers.

Aides-de-Camp: Lieutenant the Honourable Arthur Maurice Robert Bingham, 5th Lancers. Captain John Hugh Boscawen (honorary).

ADMINISTRATOR OF THE GOVERNMENT.—The Chief Justice, appointed under a dormant Commission.

1ST APRIL, 1906.

THE annual appropriation for Ministers' salaries is fixed by statute at the sum of $8,900, of which $1,600 is for the Prime Minister, $1,300 for the Minister for Railways, and $1,000 for each of six other Ministers. All Ministers to whom salaries are appropriated are members of the Executive Council, holding one or more of the offices specified by law. Members of the Executive Council travelling within the colony on public service are entitled to allowance not exceeding $1 10s. per day when so engaged, but not during the time a Minister is attending a session of the General Assembly. The members of the Executive Council to whom salaries are payable, and who are not otherwise provided with residences at the seat of Government, are entitled to an allowance in lieu thereof at the rate of $200 a year.

The Executive Council now consists of:—

His Excellency the GOVERNOR presiding.

Rt. Hon. Richard John Seddon, P.C., Prime Minister, Colonial Treasurer, Minister of Defence, Minister of Labour, Minister of Education, and Minister of Immigration.

Hon. Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G., Minister for Railways, Colonial Secretary, Postmaster-General and Commissioner of Electric Telegraphs, Minister of Industries and Commerce, and Minister of Public Health.

Hon. James Carroll, Native Minister and Commissioner of Stamp Duties.

Hon. William Hall-Jones, Minister for Public Works and Minister of Marine.

Hon. James McGowan, Minister of Justice and Minister of Mines. (23rd January, 1900.)

Hon. Thomas Young Duncan, Minister of Lands and Minister for Agriculture. (2nd July, 1900.)

Hon. Charles Houghton Mills, Commissioner of Trade and Customs. (29th October, 1900.)

Hon. Albert Pitt, Attorney-General. (22nd June, 1903.)

Without Portfolio, Hon. Mahuta Tawhiao Potatau te Wherowhero. (22nd May, 1903.)

Clerk of the Executive Council—Alexander James Willis.


His Excellency the GOVERNOR presiding.

Hon. William Hall-Jones, Prime Minister, Colonial Treasurer, Minister of Labour, Minister of Education, Minister for Public Works, and Minister of Marine.

Hon. Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G., Colonial Secretary, Minister for Railways, Postmaster-General and Electric Telegraph Commissioner, Minister of Industries and Commerce, and Minister of Public Health.

Hon. James Carroll, Native Minister and Commissioner of Stamp Duties.

Hon. James McGowan, Minister of Justice and Minister of Mines.

Hon. Thomas Young Duncan, Minister of Lands and Minister for Agriculture.

Hon. Charles Houghton Mills, Commissioner of Trade and Customs and Minister of Immigration.

Hon. Albert Pitt, M.L.C., Attorney-General and Minister of Defence.

Hon. Mahuta Tawhiao Potatau te Wherowhero, without portfolio

Clerk of the Executive Council - Alexander James Willis.

His Excellency the GOVERNOR presiding.

Hon. Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G., Prime Minister, Colonial Treasurer, Postmaster-General, Commissioner of Electric Telegraphs, and Minister of Industries and Commerce.

Hon. William Hall-Jones, Colonial Secretary, Minister for Railways, and Minister for Public Works.

Hon. James Carroll, Native Minister and Commissioner of Stamp Duties.

Hon. James McGowan, Minister of Justice, Minister of Mines, and Minister of Immigration.

Hon. Albert Pitt, M.L.C., Attorney-General, Colonial Secretary, and Minister of Defence.

Hon. John Andrew Millar, Commissioner of Trade and Customs, Minister of Labour, and Minister in Charge of the Marine Department.

Hon. Robert McNab, Minister of Lands and Minister for Agriculture.

Hon. George Fowlds, Minister of Education and Minister of Public Health

Clerk of the Executive Council - Alexander James Willis.



THE number of members at present constituting the Legislative Council is thirty-eight. The number cannot be less than ten, but is otherwise unlimited. Prior to 1891 Councillors summoned by the Governor held their appointments for life; but on the 17th of September of that year an Act was passed giving the Council power to elect its own Speaker for a period of five years, and making future appointments to the Council tenable for seven years only, to be reckoned from the date of the writ of summons of the Councillor's appointment, though every such Councillor may be reappointed. The qualifications are that the person to be appointed be a male of the full age of twentyone years, and a subject of His Majesty, either natural-born or naturalised by or under any Act of the Imperial Parliament or by or under any Act of the General Assembly of New Zealand. All contractors to the public service to an amount of over $50 and Civil servants of the colony are ineligible as Councillors. Payment of Councillors is at the rate of $200 a year, payable monthly. Actual travelling-expenses to and from Wellington are also allowed. A deduction of $1 5s. per sitting-day is made in case of an absence exceeding fourteen sitting-days in any one session, except through illness or other unavoidable cause. Under “The Legislative Council Act, 1891,” a seat is vacated by any member of the Council (1) if he takes any oath or makes any declaration or acknowledgment of allegiance, obedience, or adherence to any foreign Prince or Power; or (2) if he does, or concurs in, or adopts any act whereby he may become a subject or citizen of any foreign State or Power, or is entitled to the rights, privileges, or immunities of a subject of any foreign State or Power; or (3) if he is a bankrupt, or compounds with his creditors under any Act for the time being in force; or (4) if he is a public defaulter, or is attained of treason, or is convicted of felony or any infamous crime; or (5) if he resigns his seat by writing under his hand addressed to and accepted by the Governor; or (6) if for more than one whole session of the General Assembly he fails, without permission of the Governor notified to the Council, to give his attendance in the Council. By the Standing Orders of the Council, the presence of one-fourth of the members of the Council, exclusive of those who have leave of absence, is necessary to constitute a meeting for the exercise of its powers. This rule, however, may be altered from time to time by the Council.

The ordinary sitting-days are Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, from 2.30 p.m. to 5 p.m., resuming again at 7.30 p.m. when necessary.

Speaker—Hon. C. C. BOWEN.
Chairman of Committees—The Hon. W. C. SMITH.
Name.Provincial District.Date of Appointment.

* Life members.

Arkwright, the Hon. FrancisWellington13 December, 1902.
Baillie, the Hon. William Douglas HallMarlborough8 March, 1861.*
Baldey, the Hon. AlfredOtago18 March, 1903.
Beehan, the Hon. WilliamAuckland22 June, 1903.
Bolt, the Hon. William MouatOtago16 October, 1899.
Bowen, the Hon. Charles ChristopherCanterbury23 January, 1891.*
Carncross, the Hon. Walter Charles FrederickTaranaki18 March, 1903.
Feldwick, the Hon. HenryOtago16 October, 1899.
Fraser, the Hon. Francis HumphrisWellington22 June, 1899.
George, the Hon. Seymour ThorneAuckland22 June, 1903.
Gourley, the Hon. HughOtago22 June, 1899.
Harris, the Hon. BenjaminAuckland3 February, 1904.
Holmes, the Hon. JamesWestland18 April, 1902.
Jenkinson, the Hon. John EdwardCanterbury6 June, 1900.
Johnston, the Hon. Charles JohnWellington23 January, 1891.*
Jones, the Hon. GeorgeOtago13 December, 1902.
Kelly, the Hon. ThomasTaranaki16 October, 1899.
Kelly, the Hon. WilliamAuckland3 February, 1904.
Louisson, the Hon. CharlesCanterbury22 December, 1900.
Macdonald, the Hon. Thomas KennedyWellington22 June, 1903.
McLean, the Hon. GeorgeOtago19 December, 1881.*
Marshall, the Hon. JamesWestland18 April, 1902.
Miller, the Hon. Sir Henry John, Kt.Otago8 July, 1865.*
Montgomery, the Hon. WilliamCanterbury16 October, 1899.
Ormond, the Hon. John DaviesHawke's Bay20 January, 1891.*
O'Rorke, the Hon. Sir George Maurice, Kt.Auckland25 June, 1904.
Pinkerton, the Hon. DavidOtago3 February, 1904.
Pitt, the Hon. Albert, Lieut.-ColonelNelson23 December, 1899.
Reeves, the Hon. Richard Harman JeffaresNelson13 December, 1902.
Rigg, the Hon. JohnWellington6 June, 1900.
Scotland, the Hon. HenryTaranaki24 February, 1868.*
Smith, the Hon. William CowperHawke's Bay13 December, 1902.
Stevens, the Hon. Edward Cephas JohnCanterbury7 March, 1882.*
Thompson, the Hon. ThomasAuckland18 March, 1903.
Trask, the Hon. FrancisNelson18 March, 1903.
Walker, the Hon. LancelotCanterbury15 May, 1885.*
Wherowhero, the Hon. Mahuta Tawhiao Potatau teAuckland22 May, 1903.
Wigram, the Hon. Henry FrancisCanterbury22 June, 1903.

Clerk of Parliaments, Clerk of the Legislative Council, and Examiner of Standing Orders upon Private Bills—Leonard Stowe.

Clerk-Assistant—Arthur Thomas Bothamley.

Second Clerk-Assistant—George Moore.

Interpreter—Frank Herbert Phillips.


The number of members constituting the House of Representatives is eighty—seventy-six Europeans and four Maoris. This number was fixed by the Act of 1900, which came for the first time into practical operation at the general election of 1902. Previously (from 1890) the House consisted of seventy-four members, seventy Europeans and four Maoris; and previously to that (from 1881) of ninety-five members, ninety-one Europeans and four Maoris. The North Island at present returns thirty-eight European members, and the Middle Island thirty-eight. The elections are triennial, except in the case of a dissolution by the Governor. Every registered elector, being of the male sex, and free from any of the disqualifications mentioned in “The Electoral Act, 1905,” is eligible for membership. All contractors to the public service of New Zealand to whom any public money above the sum of $50 is payable, directly or indirectly, in any one financial year, as well as the Civil servants of the colony, are incapable of being elected as, or of sitting or voting as, members. The payment made to members of the House of Representatives is $25 per month, amounting to $300 per annum, subject to certain deductions for absence during session not due to sickness or other unavoidable cause. Travelling-expenses to and from Wellington are also allowed. This scale of payment came into force on the 7th November, 1901, under the provisions of “The Payment of Members Act, 1901.” Twenty members, inclusive of the Speaker, constitute a quorum. Unless otherwise ordered, the sitting-days of the House are Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, from 2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m., resuming at 7.30 p.m. Order of admission to the Speaker's Gallery is by ticket obtained from the Speaker. The Strangers' Gallery is open free to the public.

Chairman of Committees—
Name.Electoral District.Date when Writs made returnable.
For European Electorates.  
Aitken, John Guthrie WoodWellington East13 December, 1905.
Alison, Ewen WilliamWaitemata13 December, 1905.
Allen, Edmund GiblettChalmers13 December, 1905.
Allen, JamesBruce13 December, 1905.
Arnold, James FrederickDunedin South13 December, 1905.
Barber, William Henry PeterNewtown13 December, 1905.
Barclay, Alfred RichardDunedin North13 December, 1905.
Baume, Frederick EhrenfreidAuckland East13 December, 1905.
Bennet, JamesTuapeka13 December, 1905.
Bollard, JohnEden13 December, 1905.
Buddo, DavidKaiapoi13 December, 1905.
Carroll, Hon. JamesWaiapu13 December, 1905.
Colvin, JamesBuller13 December, 1905.
Davey, Thomas HenryChristchurch East13 December, 1905.
Dillon, AlfredHawke's Bay13 December, 1905.
Duncan, Hon. Thomas YoungOamaru13 December, 1905.
Ell, Henry GeorgeChristchurch South13 December, 1905.
Field, William HughesOtaki13 December, 1905.
Fisher, Francis Marion BatesWellington Central13 December, 1905.
Flatman, Frederick RobertGeraldine13 December, 1905.
Fowlds, GeorgeGrey Lynn13 December, 1905.
Fraser, Alfred Levavasour DurellNapier13 December, 1905.
Fraser, WilliamWakatipu13 December, 1905.
Graham, JohnCity of Nelson13 December, 1905.
Gray, Charles MatthewChristchurch North13 December, 1905.
Greenslade, Henry JamesWaikato13 December, 1905.
Guinness, Arthur RobertGrey13 December, 1905.
Hall, CharlesWaipawa13 December, 1905.
Hall-Jones, Hon. WilliamTimaru13 December, 1905.
Hanan, Josiah AlfredInvercargill13 December, 1905.
Hardy, Charles Albert CreerySelwyn13 December, 1905.
Herries, William HerbertBay of Plenty13 December, 1905.
Hogan, John ThomasWanganui13 December, 1905.
Hogg, Alexander WilsonMasterton13 December, 1905.
Hornsby, John Thomas MarryatWairarapa13 December, 1905.
Houston, Robert MorrowBay of Islands13 December, 1905.
Izard, Charles HaywardWellington North13 December, 1905.
Jennings, William ThomasEgmont13 December, 1905.
Kidd, AlfredAuckland Central13 December, 1905.
Kirkbride, Matthew MiddlewoodManukau13 December, 1905.
Laurenson, GeorgeLyttelton13 December, 1905.
Lawry, FrankParnell13 December, 1905.
Lethbridge, Frank YatesOroua13 December, 1905.
Lewis, CharlesCourtenay13 December, 1905.
McGowan, Hon. JamesThames13 December, 1905.
McKenzie, RoderickMotueka13 December, 1905.
Mackenzie, ThomasWaikouaiti13 December, 1905.
McLachlan, JohnAshburton13 December, 1905.
McNab, RobertMataura13 December, 1905.
Macpherson, John AndrewMount Ida13 December, 1905.
Malcolm, Alexander ScottClutha13 December, 1905.
Major, Charles EdwinHawera13 December, 1905.
Mander, FrancisMarsden13 December, 1905.
Massey, William FergusonFranklin13 December, 1905.
Millar, John AndrewDunedin Central13 December, 1905.
Mills, Hon. Charles HoughtonWairau13 December, 1905.
Poland, HughOhinemuri13 December, 1905.
Poole, Charles HenryAuckland West13 December, 1905.
Reid, Donald (jun.)Taieri13 December, 1905.
Remington, Arthur EdwardRangitikei13 December, 1905.
Rhodes, Robert HeatonEllesmere13 December, 1905.
Ross, Robert BeatsonPahiatua13 December, 1905.
Rutherford, Andrew WilliamHurunui13 December, 1905.
Seddon, Rt. Hon. Richard John, P.C.Westland13 December, 1905.
Sidey, Thomas KayCaversham13 December, 1905.
Smith, Edward MetcalfTaranaki13 December, 1905.
Stallworthy, John A.Kaipara13 December, 1905.
Stevens, JohnManawatu13 December, 1905.
Steward, Hon. Sir William Jukes, Kt. Bach.Waitaki13 December, 1905.
Symes, WalterPatea13 December, 1905.
Tanner, William WilcoxAvon13 December, 1905.
Thomson, John CharlesWallace13 December, 1905.
Ward, Hon. Sir Joseph George, K.C.M.G.Awarua13 December, 1905.
Wilford, Thomas MasonHutt13 December, 1905.
Witty, GeorgeRiccarton13 December, 1905.
Wood, William ThomasPalmerston13 December, 1905.
For Maori Electorates.  
Heke, HoneNorthern Maori11 January, 1906.
Kaihau, HenareWestern Maori11 January, 1906.
Parata, TameSouthern Maori11 January, 1906.
Ngata, Apirana TurupsEastern Maori11 January, 1906.

Clerk of House of Representatives—H. Otterson.

Clerk-Assistant—A. J. Rutherfurd.

Second Clerk-Assistant—A. F. Lowe.

Sergeant-at-Arms—Major T. V. Shepherd.

Reader and Clerk of Bills and Papers—E. W. Kane.

Chief Hansard Reporter—Silas Spragg.

Hansard Supervisor—M. F. Marks.

Interpreters—L. M. Grace, D. F. G. Barclay.

Clerk of Writs—H. Pollen.

Deputy Clerk of Writs—R. F. Lynch.

Chief Librarian—Charles Wilson.

Chapter 17. OFFICIAL LIST.

Table of Contents

1st April, 1906.


Prime Minister—Rt. Hon. R. J. Seddon, P.C.

Secretary to Cabinet and Clerk of the Executive Council—A. J. Willis



Colonial Secretary—Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G.

Under-Secretary—Hugh Pollen

Chief Clerk—R. F. Lynch

Clerks—J. F. Andrews, A. R. Kennedy, F. A. de la Mare, F. Evans

Officer in Charge of Government Buildings—W. H. Hennah


Controller and Auditor-General—J. K. Warburton

Assistant Controller and Auditor—J. C. Gavin

Chief Clerk—L. C. Roskruge

Clerks—W. G. Holdsworth, H. S. Pollen, E. J. A. Stevenson, J. T. Dumbell, C. E. Easton, E. A. Casey

Cadets—G. G. Smith, J. A. Hay, G. S. Gapper, H. T. Thompson, R. M. Sunley, J. P. Rutherford, T. Treahy, A. A. Cairns, H. L. Marbrook

Extra Clerks—D. C. Innes, A. E. Bybles, C. E. Briggs, E. E. Smythe, J. McC. Hamilton, T. S. Hamer

Chief Audit Inspector and Audit of Local Bodies—P. P. Webb

Clerk—J. Ward

Audit Officer, Agent-General's Office, London—C. F. W. Palliser

Audit Inspectors—A. H. Maclean, J. King, A. W. Eames, G. H. I. Easton, C. P. Johnson, H. A. Lamb, A. A. Bethune, J. H. Fowler, R. A. Gray


Registrar-General—E. J. Von Dadelszen

Chief Clerk and Deputy Registrar General—G. Drury

Correspondence and Records Clerk—W. W. Cook

Statistical Clerks—F. H. Machattie, W. M. Wright

Clerk and Examiner of Returns from Officiating Ministers and Registrars—G. A. Schoch

Clerks for Searches, Documents, &c.—Ben Keys, C. Janion

Index Clerk—S. Coffey

Cadet—J. W. Butcher


Four Chief Towns.

Auckland—E. H. Lyons

Wellington—F. W. Mansfield

Christchurch—L. C. Williams

Dunedin—H. Maxwell [There are also 211 District Registrars located throughout the colony.]


Director—A. Hamilton

Astronomical Observer—T. King

Meteorological Observers—North Island—Auckland, T. F. Cheeseman Cambridge, Dr. Pentreath Rotorua, Dr. A. S. Wohlmann New Plymouth, G. W. Palmer Momohaki, F. Gillanders Levin, D. M. Cole Tauranga, Dr. W. Brown Gisborne, A. Cuthbert Meeanee, Rev. Dr. Kennedy, F.R.Met.S. Wellington, Rev. D. C. Bates, F.R.Met.S.

South Island—

Nelson, J. Sharp and Dr. Hudson Kaikoura, Dr. Gunn, F.R.Met.S.

Hanmer Spa, J. B. Gould Lincoln, G. Gray

Christchurch, W. F. Skey, B.Sc.

Leith Valley, Dunedin, H. Skey Timaru, R. Fergusson

Hokitika, A. D. Macfarlane

Invercargill, D. G. Gilmour


President—Sir James Hector, F.R.S.

Hon. Treasurer—J. W. Joynt, M.A.

Secretary—T. H. Gill, M.A., LL.B.


Minister of Health—Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G.

Director and Chief Health Officer, &c.—J. Malcolm Mason, M.D., D.P.H., &c.

Assistant Chief Health Officer—Dr. Thomas H. Ambrose Valintine, M.R.C.S.Eng., D.P.H., &c.

Wellington: Bacteriologist and District Health Officer—R. H. Makgill, M.D. Edin., D.P.H. Camb. Assistant Bacteriologist and Assistant in Vaccine Laboratory—J. A. Hurley

Native Health Officer—Dr. Maui Pomare

Chief Clerk—J. J. D. Grix

Accountant—H. Eastgate

Clerks—H. B. Magrath, T. P. Butler, J. W. Taylor, L. J. Ell. Typistes, Gwenllian Craig, G. Martelli

Pathologist—J.A. Gilruth, M.R.C.V.S.

Analysts—Wellington, J. S. McLaurin; Auckland, J. A. Pond; Dunedin, J. G. Black; Christchurch, A. A. Bickerton

District Health Officers—Nelson, Dr. James Hudson; Napier, Dr. F. I. De Lisle; Auckland, Dr. J. P. Frengley; Dunedin, Dr. F. Ogston; Christchurch, Dr. H. E. Finch; Greymouth, Dr. C. G. Morice

Port Health Officers—Picton, Dr. W. E. Redman; Oamaru, Dr. A. Douglas; Wanganui, Dr. R. C. Earle; Port Chalmers, Dr. G. Hodges; Wellington, Dr. H. Pollen; Westport, Dr. M. Mackenzie; Greymouth, Dr. C. G. Morice; Timaru, Dr. E. T. Thomas; Onehunga, Dr. W. G. Scott; Auckland, Dr. E. W. Sharman; Kaipara, Dr. W. H. Horton; Whangarei, Dr. W. W. Baxter; Bluff, Dr. J. Torrance; Lyttelton, Dr. C. H. Upham; Gisborne, Dr. J. W. Williams; Napier, Dr. T. C. Moore; New Plymouth, Dr. H. A. McClelland; Hokianga, Dr. D. S. Cato; Thames, Dr. F. A. Bett; Whitianga, Dr. H. S. Lindsay; Nelson, Dr. J. Hudson; Chatham Islands, Dr. H. W. Pigeon

Sanitary Inspectors—Chief Inspector: C. A. Schauer, Wellington. Inspectors: Wellington, C. E. Miller, A. P. Bennett, and J. A. Brownlie; Dunedin, W. E. Gladstone; Stratford, F. B. Gardiner; Auckland, C. C. Winstanley and R. Grieve; Napier, D. Munro; Nelson, C. Middleton; Christchurch, R. H. McKenzie and M. Kershaw; Invercargill, K. Cameron; Marton, F. C. Wilson; Masterton, C. Dorizac; Feilding, M. O'Brien; Blenheim, J. Johnston; Wanganui, S. H. Sargeant


Minister—Hon Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G. Secretary—T. E. Donne Chief Clerk—C. R. C. Robieson Accountant—R. E. Hayes


Minister—Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G. Superintendent—T. E. Donne Chief Clerk—C. R. C. Robieson Accountant—R. E. Hayes Inspector—F. Moorhouse Journalist—J. Cowan Draughtsman, J. McDonand

Clerks—H. Kirk, P. J. Kelleher, J. Andrews, J. W. Hill, S. J. Collett, G. F. McGirr, G. A. Cormack, W. R. Aekins, J. H. Barr, C. Freyberg

Shorthand-writers and Typists—S. Dimant, N. Lambert

District Agents—Auckland, E. H. Montgomery; Te Aroha, W. Hill; Rotorua, C. Walnutt; Christchurch, G. W. C. Moon; Dunedin, J. A. Tipping; Invercargill, W. R. Blow

Government Balneologist, Rotorua—A. S. Wohlmann, M.D., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.

House Surgeon, Rotorua—J. M. S. Levis, F.R.C.S.I., D.P.H.

Resident Medical Officer, Te Aroha—G. G. Kenny, M.B.

Manager, Hanmer Hot Springs—J. B. Gould



Colonial Treasurer—Rt. Hon. R. J. Seddon, P.C.

Secretary to the Treasury, Receiver-General, Paymaster-General, and Registrar of New Zealand Consols—James B. Heywood

Assistant Secretary and Accountant to the Treasury—Robert J. Collins

Cashier—C. E. Chittey

Corresponding Clerk—H. Blundell

Clerks—R. B. Vincent, E. L. Mowbray, A. O. Gibbes, Jas. J. Esson, H. N. W. Church, A. J. Morgan, T. J. Davis, F. H. Tuckey, H. Hawthorn, W. Wilson, G. C. Rodda, E. Fisher, L. McIntosh, W. Gillanders, M. Ealston, D. M. Schramm

Cadets—W. L. Clapson, A. Hore, P. Dunstan, G. K. Bogle, H. Stafford, E. M. Joyce, A. Henderson

Cadettes—E. M. Taylor, E. A. C. Burrage, R. B. Banks


Registrar and Actuary—George Leslie

Revising Barrister—L. G. Reid

Clerk and Deputy Registrar—C. T. Benzoni

Cudette—M. A. Bridson


Commissioner—P. Heyes.

Deputy Commissioner—F. J. M. D. Walmsley


Clerk in Charge—H. Nancarrow

Clerks—D. R. Purdie, E. W. Watson, E. Randell, J. N. Grant, J. Ferguson, H. S. Barron, C. E. J. Dowland


Clerk in Charge—J. M. King

Clerks—W. M. Tyers, D. G. Clark, G. W. Jänisch, M. Fraser, C. T. Rout, E. J. R. Cumming, J. M. Park

Receiver of Land and Income Tax—C. V. Kreeft

Shorthand-writer and Typewriter (Private Secretary to Rt. Hon. the Premier)—J. Stevenson

Cadets—N. H. Mackie, G. C. Smith, J. S. Arthur

Cadette—K. L. Morgan


Head Office—Government Buildings, Wellington.

Registrar—J. Eman Smith

Chief Clerk—G. C. Fache

Accountant—H. E. Williams

Clerks—F. M. Leckie, F. G. Twiss, R. S. Stokes, J. H. Reynolds, J. S. Lambert, P. Cunningham

Cadets—G. N. Morris, L. C. Barnes, A. H. Parfitt

District Agencies.

Deputy Registrars—

Auckland—S. Ruddock. Cadet—J. H. Boyes

Wellington—L. Crow

Christchurch—L. C. Williams

Dunedin—Philip A. Keddell. Cadet—B. E. Murphy

Invercargill—J. R. Colyer. Cadet—E. B. Patrick

Coromandel—J. McIndoe

Dargaville—S. Thompson

Hamilton—W. Shanaghan

Helensville—G. A. Tapp

Kaitaia—W. Sefton

Mangonui—J. Henry

Maungaturoto—J. Hemphill

Otahuhu—G. Foreman

Raglan—W. McCarthy

Rawene—G. H. Fry

Rotorua—J. Watt

Russell—B. J. Parsons

Taupo—W. Bern

Warkworth—E. M. Johnson

Whangarei—J. FitzGerald

Whangaroa—P. J. Carmody

Thames—J. Jordan

Opotiki—C. O'Reilly

Paeroa—H. R. Bush

Tauranga—W. A. Thom

Te Aroha—H. R. Bush

Whakatane—W. Eccles

Gisborne—G. J. A. Johnstone

Port Awanui—C. H. Mellsop

Napier—R. B. Mathias

Dannevirke—S. Tansley

Waipawa—J. Eccleton

Wairoa—H. H. Carr

New Plymouth—W. A. D. Banks

Stratford—M. Foley

Wanganui—C. A. Barton

Hawera—A. Trimble

Marton—H. C. N. Ladley

Patea—M. O'Brien

Feilding—W. Matravers

Carterton—H. Salmon

Masterton—E. Rawson

Otaki—T. O'Rourke

Pahiatua—W. J. Reeve

Palmerston North—C. J. Hewlett

Nelson—E. C. Kelling

Motueka—J. C. Willis

Blenheim—J. Terry

Havelock—A. T. Ching

Akaroa—D. Jackson

Amberley—M. Roche

Ashburton—T. W. Tayler

Culverden—A. S. Bird

Kaiapoi—A. G. Ashby

Kaikoura—J. P. Clarkson

Timaru—T. Howley

Fairlie—S. Kidd

Temuka—J. Gillespie

Waimate—W. Y. Purchase

Greymouth—B. Harper

Reefton—A. Askenbeck

Hokitika—J. C. Malfroy

Westport—E. D. Mosley

Oamaru—R. P. Ward

Balclutha—W. A. Matthews

Clyde—F. T. D. Jeffrey

Lawrence—A. M. Eyes

Milton—D. McRae

Naseby—F. W. Hart

Palmerston South—W. Hilliard

Waikouaiti—J. Burrows

Queenstown—A. A. Mair

Riverton—J. M. Adam

Chatham Islands—R. W. Rayner


Attorney-General—Hon. Albert Pitt

Solicitor-General—F. Fitchett, M.A., LL.D.

Assistant Law Officer—L. G. Reid

Acting Law Draftsman—W. Jolliffe

Chief Clerk—E. Y. Redward

Clerk (also Private Secretary to Attorney-General)—E. N. G. Poulton

Clerk—J. Christie



Minister of Justice—Hon. James McGowan

Under-Secretary—F. Waldegrave

Chief Clerk—G. C. B. Jordan

Translator—G. H. Davies

Clerks—C. E. Matthews, G. F. Dixon, W. T. Gordon, L. A. B. Teutenberg

Cadet—G. H. A. Tanner


Registrar of Patents, Designs, and Trade Marks—F. Waldegrave

Deputy Registrar—J. C. Lewis

Clerk—Mary Eyre

Cadet—J. T. Bishop


Supreme Court Judges.

Chief Justice—

Wellington—Sir R. Stout, K.C.M.G.


Wellington—Theo. Cooper, F. R. Chapman

Auckland—W. B. Edwards

Christchurch—J. E. Denniston

Dunedin—J. S. Williams (on leave)

District Court Judges.

Hamilton and Thames—C. C. Kettle

Wairarapa, Wanganui, New Plymouth, Stratford, Hawera, Palmerston North, Pahiatua, Nelson, Ashburton, Timaru, Oamaru, Queenstown, Naseby, Lawrence, Invercargill, Gore, Hokitika, Greymouth, Westport, Reefton, and Kumara—W. R. Haselden

Registrars of the Supreme Court.

Auckland—R. E. G. Thomas

New Plymouth—T. Hutchison

Wanganui—R. L. Stanford

Palmerston North—A. D. Thomson

Napier—H. W. Brabant Gisborne—W. A. Barton

Wellington—D. G. A. Cooper

Nelson—H. Eyre Kenny

Blenheim—T. Scott-Smith

Christchurch—A. R. Bloxam

Hokitika—R. J. Acheson

Dunedin—G. A. King

Invercargill—J. R. Colyer


Auckland—R. E. G. Thomas

Taranaki—W. A. D. Banks

Hawke's Bay—H. W. Brabant

Poverty Bay—W. A. Barton

Wellington—D. G. A. Cooper

Wairarapa—E. Rawson

Wanganui and Rangitikei—C. A. Barton

Manawatu—C. J. Hewlett

Nelson—W. Heaps

Westland North—E. D. Mosley

Central Westland—A. Askenbeck

Marlborough—J. Terry

Canterbury—A. R. Bloxam

Timaru—C. A. Wray

Westland—R. J. Acheson

Otago—G. A. King

Southland—J. R. Colyer

Crown Solicitors.

Auckland—Hon. J. A. Tole

New Plymouth—W. Kerr

Gisborne—J. W. Nolan

Napier—H. A. Cornford

Wellington—F. H. D. Well

Wanganui—S. T. Fitzherbert

Palmerston North—H. S. Fitzherbert

Nelson—C. Y. Fell

Blenheim—R. McCaum

Christchurch—T. W. Stringer

Timaru—J. W. White

Dunedin—J. F. M. Fraser

Invercargill—T. M. Macdonald

Oamaru—A. G. Creagh

Crown Prosecutors (District Courts).

Hamilton and Thames—Hon. J. A. Tole

New Plymouth—W. Kerr

Stratford—W. Kerr

Hawera—E. L. Barton

Wanganui—S. T. Fitzherbert

Palmerston North—H. S. Fitzherbert

Pahiatua—W. Tosswill

Masterton—A. R. Bunny

Nelson—C. Y. Fell

Westport and Reefton—A. A. Wilson

Hokitika—J. Park

Greymouth—M. Hannan

Timaru—J. W. White

Oamaru—A. G. Creagh

Queenstown—Wesley Turton

Invercargill—T. M. Macdonald

Stipendiary Magistrates.

Auckland—C. C. Kettle

Waikato, &c.—H. W. Northeroft

Onehunga, &c.—R. W. Dyer*

Russell, &c.—R. S. Florance

Tauranga, &c.—J. M. Roberts*

Thames, &c.—R. S. Bush*

Gisborne, &c.—W. A. Barton

New Plymouth—T. Hutchison

Hawera, &c.—A. Turnbull

Wanganui, &c.—R. L. Stanford

Palmerston North, &c.—A. D. Thomson

Wellington, &c.—A. McArthur, M.A., LL.D.

Wairarapa, &c.—W. P. James

Napier, &c.—H. W. Brabant

Nelson, &c.—H. Eyre Kenny*

Blenheim, &c.—T. Scott-Smith*

Christchurch, &c.—H. W. Bishop

Kaiapoi, &c.—V. G. Day

Timaru, &c.—C. A. Wray

Greymouth, Westport, &c.—W. G. K. Kenrick*

Hokitika, &c.—R. J. Acheson*

Dunedin, &c.—H. Y. Widdowson, C. C. Graham

Oamaru, &c.—J. Keddell*

Milton, &c.—G. Cruickshank*

Clyde, &c.—F. J. Burgess*

Naseby—J. McEnnis*

Invercargill, &c.—S. E. McCarthy,* W. G. Riddell*

* Are also Wardens of Goldfields.

Chatham Islands—Dr. H. W. Pigeon

Official Assignees in Bankruptcy.

Auckland—E. Gerard, J.P.

Wellington—J. Asheroft, J.P.

Christchurch—G. L. Greenwood

Dunedin—C. C. Graham, S.M.

Clerks of District and Magistrates' Courts.

Thames—J. Jackson

Hamilton—W. Shanaghan

New Plymouth—W. A. D. Banks

Hawera—A. Trimble

Stratford—M. Foley

Wanganui—C. A. Barton

Palmerston North—C. J. Hewlett

Masterton—E. Rawson

Pahiatua—W. J. Reeve

Nelson—E. C. Kelling

Hokitika—J. C. Malfroy

Kumara—A. F. Bent

Greymouth—B. Harper

Westport—E. D. Mosley

Reefton—A. Askenbeck

Timaru—T. Howley

Ashburton—T. W. Tayler

Oamaru—R. P. Ward

Invercargill—J. R. Colyer

Gore—J. M. Rodgers

Queenstown—A. A. Mair

Lawrence—A. M. Eyes

Naseby—F. W. Hart

Receivers of Gold Revenue, Mining Registrars, and Clerks of Wardens' and Magistrates' Courts.

Thames—J. Jordan

Coromandel—J. McIndoe

Paeroa—H. R. Bush

Waihi—E. W. Cave

Tauranga—W. A. Thom

Whangarei—J. Fitzgerald

Havelock (Marlborough)—A. J. Ching

Nelson—E. C. Kelling

Blenheim—John Terry

Motueka—J. C. N. Willis

Collingwood—J. N. Nalder

Westport—E. D. Mosley

Charleston—E. Brophy

Reefton—A. Askenbeck

Ahaura—F. Bird, jun.

Greymouth—B. Harper

Kumara—A. F. Bent

Hokitika—J. C. Malfroy

Ashburton—T. W. Tayler

Naseby, &c.—F. W. Hart

Wyndham—D. Bogue

Clyde, Black's, and Alexandra—F. T. D. Jeffrey

Cromwell—O. E. Bowling

Queenstown and Arrowtown—A. A. Mair

Lawrence—A. M. Eyes

Gore—J. M. Rodgers

Riverton—J. M. Adam

Clerks of Magistrates' Courts.

Auckland—H. H. G. Ralfe

Gisborne—G. J. Johnstone

Napier—R. B. Mathias

Hastings—D. Banks

Wairoa—H. H. Carr

Dannevirke—S. Tansley

Marton, &c.—H. C. N. Ladley

Feilding—W. Matravers

Otaki—T. O'Rourke

Wellington—A. H. Holmes

Christchurch—W. Martin

Lyttelton—W. D. Wallace

Kaiapoi—A. G. Ashby

Waimate—W. Y. Purchase

Dunedin—W. G. P. O'Callaghan

Port Chalmers—J. Miller


Auckland, T. Gresham; Arrowtown, H. Graham; Coromandel, A. R. H. Swindley; Collingwood, E. Davidson; Dannevirke, T. L. Buick; Feilding, J. J. Bagnall; Foxton, A. Fraser; Hamilton, J. S. Bond; Hawer C. E. Major; Kawhia, T. D. Hamilton; Marton, J. J. McDonald; Otahuhu, S. Luke; Otaki, W. H. Simcox; Paeroa, W. Forrest; Pahi, J. B. Ariell; Palmerston North, J. Mowlem; Port Albert, L. P. Becroft; Queenstown, L. Hotop; Raglan, W. H. Wallis; Midhirst, J. Mackay; Taihape, J. P. Aldridge; Takaka, A. Sinclair; Tapanui, W. Quin; Thames, A. Bruce; Tauranga, A. C. H. Tovey; Te Awamutu, J. B. Teasdale; Te Kopuru, T. Webb; Waihi, M. D. King; Waipawa, J. C. Taylor; Wellington, J. Ashcroft; Westport, G. B. Sinclair; Whangarei, J. M. Killen; Woodville, E. J. Gothard. All Stipendiary Magistrates are ex officio Coroners.


Chief Judge—H. G. Seth Smith

Judges—H. W. Brabant, H. F. Edger, W. G. Mair, H. D. Johnson, J. M. Batham, J. Palmer

Registrars—Auckland, J. W. Browne; Gisborne, J. Brooking; Wellington, R. C. Sim

Commissioners of the Native Land Court.

R. S. Bush, A. Turnbull, C. C. Kettle, J. M. Roberts, H. W. Bishop, H. Eyre Kenny, R. L. Stanford, T. Hutchison, G. Cruickshank, R. S. Florance: Sub-Commissioners—J. Brooking, W. A. Thom

Government Native Agent, Otorohanga—A. F. Puckey


Chief Judge—H. G. Seth Smith

Judges—The Judges of the Native Land Court

Registrars—The Registrars of the Native Land Court


Superintendent—P. Sheridan

Administrative Officer—P. Sheridan

Recorder—R. C. Sim

Presidents of Boards.

District of Tokerau—J. W. Browne

District of Maniapoto-Tuwharetoa—A. F. Puckey

District of Wikato—W. G. Mair

District of Waiariki—Jackson Palmer

District of Te Ikaroa—Gilbert Mair

District of Aotea—Thomas William Fisher


Inspector—Lieut.-Colonel Arthur Hume, N.Z.M.

Clerks—T. E. Richardson, W. Gollan

Gaolers—Auckland, Francis Egerton Severne; Dunedin, John Henry Bratby; Hokitika, Thomas Rosson Pointon; Invercargill, Alexander Armstrong; Lyttelton, Matthew Michael Cleary; Napier, Michael Flannery; New Plymouth, Bartholomew Lloyd O'Brien; Wanganui, Robert T. N. Beasley; Wellington, Patrick Samuel Garvey; Waiotapu, Alexander William Roberts; Hanmer Springs, James Thomas Reid; Dumgree, Edward Murphy; Waipa Valley, Edward Byrne



Postmaster-General and Electric Telegraph Commissioner—Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G.

Secretary—W. Gray, I.S.O.

Superintendent of Electric Lines—J. K. Logan

Assistant Secretary and Inspector—T. Rose

Controller of Money-orders and Savings banks, and Accountant—G. Gray

Chief Clerk—D. Robertson

Assistant Controller of Money-orders and Savings - banks, and Assistant Accountant—W. R. Morris

Clerks, Secretary's Office—F. V. Waters (Second Clerk), W. Crow, J. C. Williamson, W. Beswick, V. J. Brogan, T. Ward, H. D. Grocott, J. C. Redmond, A. T. Markmann, W. J. Gow, F. W. Furby, J. B. Jordan, S. Macalister, J. P. P. Clouston, W. J. Wilkie, W. H. Barnett, A. Donovan, C. T. Andrew

Mail Agents—W. Isbister, D. E. Lindsay

Clerks, Inspector's Branch—G. V. Hudson, J. Brennan, W. A. Tanner, S. M. Harrison, H. McGill, G. A. Maskew, J. L. M. Hirkness, P. Clarke

Clerks, Accountant's Branch—J. L. H. Ledger, H. A. R. Huggins, J. M. Tabuteau, W. Chegwidden, H. Cornwall, R. D. Kelly, J. H. Kibblewhite, D. A. Jenkins, C. B. Harton, W. J. Drake, J. G. Roache, J. Coyle, F. E. Beamish, G. H. Harris, H. C. Milne, C. W. J. Panting, H. C. Hickson, P. D. Hoskins, J. Robertson, W. R. Wakelin, F. Stewart, G. G. Rose, H. E. Combs, J. E. Hull, A. Marshall, G. F. W. Kröner, F. G. A. Eagles, C. G. Collins, T. M. Highet, J. C. A. Dudley, W. I. Dawson, W. K. Frethey, J. Snell, W. Gilbert, T. A. Churches, C. H. Clinkard, J. M. Dale, H. A. Lamb, R. M. Porteous, D. Rutherford, W. A. Smith, R. H. Twose, E. White, C. Gamble, S. H. A. Levien, J. Madden, J. Alexander, P. Cutforth, A. Leeden, C. B. Burdekin, G. Foote, J. A. Humphrey, J. G. Schmidt, C. L. Whitehead, E. J. L. Whiting, G. B. Williamson, J. W. Buchanan, W. M. Krebs, J. McMorran, N. V. Ross, E. E. Mortimer, H. A. Hamilton, O. L. T. Harrison, W. C. Purdic, W. M. Moore, S. G. Turner, H. F. G. Bringezu, E. Atkin, D. McCurdy, H. D. Smith, H. B. Randrup, E. Bermingham, S. Brock, E. Harris, B. M. Kenny, V. Johnston, M. A. M. MacLeod, C. M. A. Smith, M. J. Mackellar, M. A. Asquith, E. E. Warren, R. E. E. Alexander

Electrician—T. Buckley

Assistant Electricians—W. E. Chisholm, R. M. Baird

Mechanicians—R. Heinitz, F. Palmer

Storekeeper—J. Black

Assistant Storekeeper—C. B. Mann

Clerks in Store—C. Nicholls, T. Palmer, W. H. Carter, M. McGilvray, J. G. Howard, J. L. Murphy, S. C. O. Cox, J. W. Brabyn


Auckland—D. Cumming

*Thames—H. W. Capper

*Gisborne—W. H. Kenner

Napier—J. H. Sheath

*New Plymouth—F. D. Holdsworth

*Wanganui—D. Miller

Wellington—J. A. Hutton

*Blenheim—E. Northcroft

*Nelson—S. P. Stevens

*Westport—H. Logie

*Greymouth—G. W. Sampson

*Hokitika—D. St. George

Christchurch—J. F. McBeth

*Timaru—W. McHutcheson

*Oamaru—W. W. Beswick

Dunedin—J. W. Wilkin

*Invercargill—C. J. A. H. Tipping

* Combined post and telegraph offices.


Auckland—W. G. Meddings

Christchurch—J. W. Gannaway

Dunedin—J. Orchiston

Nelson—C. C. Robertson

Wellington—W. S. Furby


P. Curtis (Northern District), W. J. Chaney (Central District), W. St. G. Douglas (Midland District), T. T. King (Southern District)


Auckland—H. F. Seager

Napier—B. H. Keys

Wellington—H. W. Harrington

Christchurch—B. N. Martin

Dunedin—J. G. Ballard


F. G. B. Waldegrave, Under-Secretary, Department of Justice (Chairman), nominated

J. K. Logan, Superintendent of Electric Lines, nominated

F. M. Scully, Representing Postal Branch, elected

W. F. Young, Representing Telegraph Branch, elected


Commissioner of Trade and Customs—Hon. C. H. Mills

Secretary and Inspector of Customs—W.T. Glasgow

Chief Clerk—T. Larchin

Clerks, Customs—C. H. Manson, A. Barron

Cadets—K. H. Smyth, W. Wallace

Audit—H. W. Brewer, W. B. Montgomery, G. F. McKellar


Auckland—A. Rose

Poverty Bay—W. J. Hawley

New Plymouth—J. H. Hempton

Napier—E. R. C. Bowen

Wellington—D. Johnston

Wanganui—A. Elliott

Nelson—R. Carter

Westport—H. J. Crowther

Greymouth—J. Howie

Hokitika—W. Rose

Lyttelton and Christchurch—J. Mills

Timaru—C. S. Nixon

Oamaru—T. M. Cullen

Dunedin—C. W. S. Chamberlain

Invercargill and Bluff Harbour—A. McDowell


Thames—T. C. Bayldon, Coastwaiter

Russell—H. Stephenson, Coastwaiter

Tauranga—C. E. Nicholas, Officer in Charge

Whangaroa—A. G. Ratcliffe, Coastwaiter

Whangarei—J. Munro, Coastwaiter

Mangonui—H. G. Hunt, Officer in Charge

Hokianga—C. C. Courtenay, Coastwaiter

Kaipara—J. C. Smith, Officer in Charge

Waitara—J. Cameron, Coastwaiter

Patea—J. W. Glenny, Officer in Charge

Wairau—H. A. Jackman, Officer in Charge

Picton—T. W. Lecocq, Officer in Charge

Chatham Islands—Dr. H. W. Pigeon, Officer in Charge


Minister of Marine—Hon. W. Hall-Jones

Secretary—G. Allport

Chief Clerk—J. H. McAlister

Clerks—W. Canton, B. W. Millier

Cadets—D. H. Butcher, J. P. Church

Cadette—M. Fisher

Marine Engineer for the Colony—P. S. Hay, M.Inst.C.E.

Nautical Adviser and Chief Examiner of Masters and Mates—H. S. Blackburne

Weather Reporter—R. A. Edwin, Com. R.N.

Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Auckland—C. E. W. Fleming

Assistant—T. A. G. Atwood

Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Wellington—G. G. Smith

Assistant—T. G. Keane

Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates. Lyttelton—J. A. H. Marciel

Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Dunedin—N. Beaumont

Master of s.s. “Hinemoa”—J. Bollons

Master of s.s. “Tutanekai”—C. F. Post


Wellington, Chief Inspector—L. F. Ayson

Raglan—J. W. McCarthy

Russell—H. Stephenson

Whangarei—A. McDonnell

Manukau—J. Neale

Hokianga—C. C. Courtenay

Waihi—W. H. McKinnon

Wanganui—G. C. Clouston

Auckland—J. P. Bennett, H. C. Haywood

Palmerston North—M. D. Stagpoole

Feilding—J. Forster

Foxton—E. J. Whitehouse

Hokitika—J. Marks

New Brighton—E. J. Rowe

Dunedin—T. J. Sullivan, J. McIntyre

Bluff—P. McGrath

Stewart Island—J. M. Irwin

Napier—G. T. Baker


* The more important harbours are controlled by local Boards, not by the Marine Department.

Collingwood—F. Stallard

Puponga—E. G. Stallard

Foxton—J. B. Hall

Hokianga—G. Martin

Kaipara—J. Christy Smith

Manukau—J. Neale

Motueka—H. L. Moffatt

Picton—T. Edwards

Port Robinson—J. Sinclair

Russell—H. Stephenson

Wairau—H. Fisk

Waitapu—S. Fittall


Minister in Charge—Hon. W. Hall-Jones

Chief Inspector of Machinery, Principal Engineer Surveyor of Steamers, Principal Surveyor of Ships, and Chief Examiner of Marine Engineers and Stationary-engine Drivers—R. Duncan, Head Office, Wellington

Accountant—R. P. Milne

Clerks—W. D. Andrews, J. G. Macpherson, J. M. Healy, and J. Driscoll

Cadets—Head office: W. M. Egglestone, H. M. Mullins, J. C. O'Leary; Auckland office: W. J. Craig

Inspectors of Machinery, Engineer Surveyors of Steamers and Surveyors of Ships, and Examiners of Marine Engineers and Stationary - engine Drivers:—

Auckland—H. Wetherilt, W. R. Douglas, P. Grant

Napier—M. Sharp

Wanganui—S. Dalrymple

Wellington—A. Calvert, C. W. R. Suisted, W. Cullen

Nelson—N. D. Hood

Christchurch—P. J. Carman

Timaru—J. Williamson

Dunedin—A. Walker, A. Ramsay

Invercargill—A. W. Bethune

Board of Examiners of Stationary, Traction, Locomotive, and Winding Engine Drivers—Robert Duncan, Chief Inspector of Machinery, M.Inst.Nav.A., Chairman; John Hayes, F.S.G.C., Inspecting Engineer of Mines; P. S. Hay, M.A., M.Inst.C.E., Engineer-in-Chief; R. P. Milne, Secretary


Minister in Charge—Hon. W. Hall-Jones

Government Printer, Stationery Office Manager, and Controller of Stamp Printing—John Mackay

Chief Clerk and Accountant—B. B. Allen

Clerks—N. B. K. Manley, F. Barraud, J. W. Hall, R. Watts, A. Stace, W. Hutchings, A. Williams, G. Garnham, C. T. Williams

Cadets—P. C. Jordan, C. P. Cosgrove

Cadette—I. L. Madden

Copy Supervisor—M. F. Marks


Superintending Overseer—J. F. Rogers

Printing Branch—

Overseers—G. Tattle, W. P. McGirr, W. A. G. Skinner

Night Foreman—D. Joslin

Readers—W. Fuller, H. S. Mountier, W. Sutherland, P. Riddick

Stereotyper and Electrotyper—W. J. Kirk

Binding Branch—

Overseer—W. Franklin

Sub-overseer—G. H. Broad

Forewoman—A. O'Malley


Overseer—J. Phillips

Sub-overseer—J. Hughes

Stamp Branch—

Overseer—J. Burns

Lithographic and Photographic Branch—Overseer—D. Ross

Chief Draughtsman—G. N. Sturtevant

Engineer—T. R. Barrer


Commissioner of Stamp Duties—Hon. James Carroll

Secretary for Stamps—C.A.St.G. Hickson

Chief Clerk—C. H. W. Dixon

Accountant—J. P. Murphy

Custodian and Issuer of Stamps—W. H. Shore

Clerks—V. Willeston, J. Murray

Chief Stamper—A. A. Somerville

Cadette—C. McIntosh

Cadet—R. Wakelin


Auckland—E. Bamford

Gisborne—R. N. Jones

Taranaki—T. Hutchison

Hawke's Bay—Thomas Hall

Wellington—C. A. St. G. Hickson

Wanganui—D. Miller

Nelson—W. W. de Castro

Marlborough—F. Broughton

Canterbury—P. G. Withers

Timaru—W. McHutchison

Otago—P. C. Corliss

Southland—C. E. Nalder

Westland—R. J. Acheson


Registrar-General of Land and Deeds—J. M. Batham

Secretary, Land and Deeds—C. A. St. G. Hickson


Auckland—E. Bamford

Taranaki—T. Hutchison

Wellington—J. M. Batham

Hawke's Bay—Thomas Hall

Poverty Bay—R. N. Jones

Nelson—H. Eyre Kenny

Marlborough—T. Scott-Smith

Canterbury—G. G. Bridges

Otago—W. Wyinks

Southland—C. E. Nalder

Westland—R. J. Acheson


Auckland—E. Bamford

Taranaki—T. Hutchison

Wellington—H. Howorth and J. M. Batham

Hawke's Bay—Thomas Hall

Poverty Bay—R. N. Jones

Nelson—H. Eyre Kenny

Marlborough—T. Scott-Smith

Canterbury—G. G. Bridges

Otago—W. Wyinks

Southland—C. E. Nalder

Westland—R. J. Acheson


C. A. St. G. Hickson


Auckland—E. Bamford

Poverty Bay—R. N. Jones

Taranaki—T. Hutchison

Hawke's Bay—Thomas Hall

Wellington—C. H. W. Dixon

Nelson—W. W. de Castro

Marlborough—F. Broughton

Canterbury—P. G. Withers

Otago—P. C. Corliss

Southland—C. E. Nalder

Westland—R. J. Acheson


Minister of Education—Right Hon. R. J. Seddon, LL.D., P.C.


Inspector-General of Schools—George Hogben, M.A.

Secretary for Education—Sir E. O. Gibbes, Bart.

Assistant Inspector General—W. J. Anderson, M.A., LL.D.

Chief Clerk—F. K. de Castro

Clerks—F. D. Thomson, B.A., H. J. Barrett, T. G. Gilbert, J. Beck, I. Davey, M. G. D. Grant, J. Cooper, F. W. Millar, A. J. H. Benge, H. J. Bathgate, G. G. Knight, C. G. Rees, H. L. J. Machu, J. Turner, K. McKenzie, H. V. Croxton, I. Johnstone, D. Watson, J. A. Orr, J. R. McClune, J. G. Jordon, A. M. Palmer, L. P. Arthur, W. L. Dunn, C. A. Berendsen, B. Egley, C. G. Murray, E. Windsor


Inspector—W. W. Bird, M.A.

Assistant Inspector—J. Porteous, M.A.

Clerk in Charge—F. L. Severne


Inspectors—M. H. Browne (in charge of Branch), E. C. Isaac


Officer Commanding—Lieut.-Colonel L. W. Loveday, V.D.

Clerk—T. Mclnerney


Assistant Inspectors—R. H. Pope (in charge of Branch), T. A. Walker, and Miss J. Stewart (also a Visiting Officer)

Visiting Officers—Mr. E. G. Hyde, Mrs. A. Young, Mrs. C. F. Scale

Government Schools.

Managers of Industrial Schools—Auckland (Mount Albert)—Miss S. E. Jackson

Boys' Training Farm, Weraroa—G. M. Burlinson

Receiving Home, Wellington—Mrs. E. S. Dick

Receiving Home, Christchurch—Miss A. B. Cox

Te Oranga Home, Christchurch—Mrs. E. T. Branting

Burnham—T. Archey


Official Correspondent for Boarded-out Children, Otago—Miss J. Sievwright

Private Schools.

St. Mary's, Auckland—Rev. H. F. Holbrook

St. Joseph's, Wellington—Very Rev. W. J. Lewis, V.G.

St. Mary's, Nelson—Rev. J. D. Clancy (acting)

St. Vincent de Paul's, Dunedin—Rev. J. Coffey


Acting-Director—J. E. Stevens


Auckland—V. E. Rice

Taranaki—P. S. Whitcombe

Wanganui—W. J. Carson

Wellington—G. L. Stewart

Hawke's Bay—G. Crawshaw

Marlborough—J. Smith

Nelson—S. Ellis

Grey—C. Phillips

Westland—A. J. Morton, B.A.

Canterbury North—H. C. Lane

Canterbury South—A. Bell, M.A.

Otago—P. G. Pryde

Southland—J. Neill


Auckland—H. N. Garland

Taranaki—F. P. Corkill

Wellington—J. H. N. Wardrop

Hawke's Bay—E. P. A. Platford

Marlborough—J. Smith

Nelson—A. T. Jones

Westland—A. J. Morton

Canterbury—H. H. Pitman

Otago—C. Macandrew


Inspector—Duncan MacGregor, M.A., M.B., C.M., LL.D.*

Assistant Inspectors—J. F. S. Hay, M.B., C.M., and Mrs. Grace Neill

* Also holds appointments of Inspector of Hospitals and Charitable Institutions, and Registrar of Nurses and Midwives.

Also Assistant Inspectors of Hospitals and Charitable Institutions.

Medical Superintendent, Auckland Mental Hospital—R. M. Beattie, M.B.

Medical Superintendent, Christchurch Mental Hospital—W. Baxter Gow, M.D.

Medical Superintendent, Porirua Mental Hospital—Gray Hassell, M.D.

Medical Superintendent, Wellington Mental Hospital—A. Crosby, M.R.C.S.

Medical Superintendent. Seacliff Mental Hospital—F. Truby King, M.B.

Superintendent, Hokitika Mental Hospital—John Downey; Medical Officer, H. Macandrew, M.B.

Superintendent, Nelson Mental Hospital—George Chapman; Medical Officer, W. J. Mackay, M.D.

Ashburn Hall, Waikari (private hospital)—Proprietors, Dr. E. W. Alexander and Executor of James Hume; Medical Officer, E. H. Alexander, M.B., C.M.

Home for Defectives, Richmond—Steward, Henry Buttle; Matron, Matilda C. Buttle


Minister of Labour—Rt. Hon. R. J. Seddon, P.C.


Secretary for Labour, Chief Inspector of Factories, and Registrar of Industrial Unions—E. Tregear

Deputy Chief Inspector of Factories and Deputy Registrar of Industrial Unions—James Mackay

Accountant—F. Rowley

Clerks—J. W. Collins, W. J. McKeown, W. J. Jamieson, A. J. Isherwood, T. McIntosh, J. Morgan

Shorthand - writer and Typiste—R. Ritson

Cadets—E. M. Casey, Thomas Boyce

Cadette—N. V. Saxon

Inspectors of Factories—

Wellington—J. B. Lindsay, C. E. Aldridge, M. S. Hawthorne

Auckland—H. Ferguson, E. A. Le Cren. Clerk—W. Linklater. Cadet—W. E. Shanahan

Napier—W. J. Blake

Wanganui—W. H. McQuarters

Palmerston North—H. H. Knowles

Nelson—S. Tyson

Greymouth—J. Isdell

Christchurch—J. Shanaghan, W. H. Hagger. Clerks—G. H. Wood, S. M. Wilson

Ashburton—R. S. Bean

Timaru—P. Keddie

Oamaru—T. O'Grady

Dunedin—J. Lomas, P. Hally. Clerks—J. Maxwell, W. King

Invercargill—L. D. Browett And 160 local Inspectors.

(There are also 200 Bureau Agents in different parts of the colony.)



Minister of Mines—Hon. James McGowan

Under - Secretary for Mines—T. H. Hamer

Inspecting Engineer—John Hayes

Chief Clerk—H. E. Radcliffe

Analyst—J. S. Maclaurin, D.Sc., F.C.S. Assistant—W. Donovan

Geologist—Alexander McKay, F.G.S.

Draughtsman—C. H. Pierard

Shorthand-writer—J. T. Watkins

Cadet—T. H. Sherwood


Thames and Auckland Districts—James Coutts; Waihi—Assistant Inspector, Boyd Bennie: Canterbury, Dunedin, and Southland Districts—E. R. Green; Assistant Inspector, Robert McIntosh; Clerk, H. Paton: West Coast Districts—R. Tennent; Assistant Inspector, A. H. Richards; Cadet—C. M. Wilson


Secretary—P. Galvin


Waimea-Kumara—J. Rochford

Mount Ida—R. Murray


Lecturers and Instructors: Thames—O. G. Adams; Assistant, W. A. Given, M.A.: Coromandel—D. V. Allen: Waihi—A. H. V. Morgan, M.A.: Karangahake—R. B. McDuff: Reefton—J. Henderson


The Surveyor-General; the Inspecting Engineer of Mines; the Chief Inspector of Machinery, Wellington; James Bishop; Jonathan Dixon; and H. A. Gordon


Same official members us above Board, excepting the Chief Inspector of Machinery, Wellington, with the following private members: H. A. Gordon, F.G.S., Auckland; Thomas Aitken Dunlop, Thames; Benjamin Sutherland, Reefton; and H. P. Horni-brook, Waitomo

The Surveyor-General is Chairman of both Boards, and Mr. T. H. Hamer is the Secretary


Head Office—Greymouth.

Manager—James Bishop

Accountant—L. H. Eilers

Agent, Westport—H. Crowther

Managing Agent, Wellington—Alexander MacDougall


Minister in Charge—Hon. T. Y. Duncan


Secretary for Agriculture and Chief Inspector of Stock—J. D. Ritchie

Chief Clerk—R. Evatt

Clerk in charge of Correspondence Branch—F. S. Pope

Clerk in charge of Accounts Branch—J. E. D. Spicer

Clerks—Correspondence Branch: E. J. Fitzgibbon, R. W. Atkinson, T. D. H. Hall; Cadets—J. R. F. Cameron, H. T. Payne, D. Patterson. Accounts Branch: S. T. K. Sharp, D. Sinclair, A. McTaggart, V. A. Mills; Cadet—W. A. Pye


Pathologist and Chief Veterinarian—J. A. Gilruth, M.R.C.V.S.

Assistant Chief Veterinarian—C. J. Reakes, M.R.C.V.S.

Laboratory Assistant—G. H. Barker

Clerks—H. E. Carey, D. L. Luxford, A. Ironside; Cadet, H. R. Seddon.

Veterinarians (Ms.R.C.V.S.)—Auckland, J. Lyons; New Plymouth, A. R. Young; Palmerston North, W. Stapley, M.D.; Christchurch, J. G. Clayton; Dunedin, J. Kerrigan

Veterinarians and Meat Inspectors (Ms.R.C.V.S)—Auckland, W. H. Hawthorn; Gisborne, C. R. Neale; Hastings, D. H. Rait; Wanganui, V. A. Bankes; Aramoho, P. M. Edgar; Waitara, F. Glover; Petone, D. Spilman; Ngahauranga, W. C. Quinnell; Nelson, A. W. Barnes; Belfast, J. R. Charlton; Ashburton, F. C. Robertson; Timaru, T. G. Lilico; Pareora, T. G. Palgrave; Oamaru, T. Cunningham; Dunedin, W. D. Snowball; Invercargill, D. Machattie, W. T. Sabin

Veterinarians and Meat Inspectors—Auckland, H. Marsack (Ont.); Christchurch, H. S. S. Kyle (Melb.)

Meat Inspectors—Thames, J. Jarman; Paeroa, F. Beattie; Waihi, W. T. Wynyard; Napier, B. Ferguson; New Plymouth, T. J. Reakes; Hawera, E. T. B. Worthy; Stratford, G. Thomson; Feilding, G. W. Mitchell; Blenheim, A. D. Gillies; Westport, W. S. Carswell; Lyttelton, B. Thomson; Gore, F. Stewart

Assistant Meat Inspectors—Auckland, J. Preston; Gisborne, H. W. Binney, G. B. Williams; Tomoana, S. T. Evatt; Pakipaki, D. Elliott; Longburn, W. H. Rodney; Patea, W. A. P. Sutton; Petone, C. Aston; Ngahauranga, C. J. Stone; Picton, J. Millea; Islington, G. Ford; Belfast, T. Anderson; Smithfield, A. M. R. Mills; Dunedin, T. P. Short; Mataura, W. C. Moore; Invercargill, J. C. Mackley.


Dairy Commissioner—J. A. Kinsella

Assistant Dairy Commissioner—D. Cuddie

Clerk—R. W. Wilkinson

Dairy Instructors—W. M. Singleton, A. G. Shirley, W. Grant, F. Thomson, J. Sawers, and N. Fulton

Dairy Instructors—N. Breen

Dairy-produce Graders—Auckland, A. A. Thornton; New Plymouth, J. Johnston and L. Hansen; Patea, W. Wright; Wellington, E. A. Dowden and N. Fulton; Lyttelton and Port Chalmers, W. Grant; Bluff, J. Sawers

Clerks to Dairy-produce Graders—Auckland, J. O. Lord; New Plymouth, J. S. Fleming; Lyttelton, R. F. Crosbie; Dunedin, J. Hutton; Bluff, R. Hutton


Biologist—T. W. Kirk, F.L.S.

Assistant Biologist—A. H. Cockayne

Fruit-preserving Expert—W. Jaques

Bee Expert—I. Hopkins

Clerks—B. Quick, J. Hyland, W. R. Lloyd-Williams

Assistant Entomologist—Auckland, Captain T. Broun, F.E.S.

Pomologists—North Island, W. J. Palmer, W. A. Boucher, A. G. Simms; South Island, J. C. Blackmore

Fruit Inspectors—Auckland, Captain T. Broun, F.E.S., George Harnett; Wellington, H. Palethorpe; Christchurch, A. C. Smale; Dunedin, A. F. Cargill

Orchard Inspectors—North Island, W. C. Thompson, E. A. Reid, D. H. Williamson; South Island, E. Rabbits, J. Allan


Viticulturist—R. Bragato

Clerk—P. G. Andrew


Chief Poultry Expert—D. D. Hyde

Assistant Poultry Expert—F. Brown

Poultry Graders—Auckland, R. W. Pounsford; Wellington, T. F. Leihy; Christchurch, S. Newton; Dunedin, T. Burke

Poultry-station Managers—Ruakura, C. Cussen; Momohaki, A. Grant; Burnham, J. Rose; Milton, A. Carr


Chief Fibre Expert—C. J. Fulton

Hemp Graders—Auckland, W. H. O. Johnston; Wellington, C. A. D. Hawkins (Grader in charge), W. H. Ferris. W. G. C. Reid, J. Stewart; Bluff, W. H. Middlemiss

Clerk, Chief Fibre Expert's Office—G. T. Tucker

Clerks to Grader—Wellington, H. Wynn-Williams; Bluff, R. Hutton


Inspectors of Manure-sterilising—Sydney, F. G. Laurie; Calcutta, R. L. Ward


Chief Chemist—B. C. Aston, F.C.S.

Assistant Chemist—H. Larkin

Laboratory Assistants—E. W. Ludwig, V. R. Packham


Compiler of Statistics—F. C. Hjorring (Acting)

Clerk—A. C. Philpott


Superintendent of the Experimental Farms in the Auckland District—E. Clifton

Overseers—Bickerstaffe, H. Winser; Waerenga, S. F. Anderson; Ruakura, H. Dibble; Arataki (Hawke's Bay), T. F. Ellis; Weraroa, J. Drysdale; Momohaki, F. Gillanders


Caretakers—Auckland, Thomas Hill; Wellington, J. P. Ross; Lyttelton, W. J. Thomas


Auckland District—Auckland, *E. Clifton (in charge of district); Ohaeawai, D. A. Graham; Whangarei, *J. T. Stone; Auckland, F. H. Brittain, R. Hull; Hamilton, *D. Ross; Kihikihi, J. Kerr; Tauranga, *A. H. Burkill

Hawke's Bay District—Napier, *W. Miller (in charge of district); Gisborne, *C. Thomson and D. Fleming; Te Puia, W. B. Hingston; Wairoa, *T. C. Webb; Hastings, F. G. Wayne; Woodville, *D. Munro; Waipukurau, J. Harvey

Wairarapa District—Masterton, *G. H. Jenkinson (in charge of district); Carterton, *V. A. Huddleston

West Coast (North Island) District—Wanganui, *A. K. Blundell (in charge of district); Feilding, J. C. Miller;

Hunterville, W. Dalgliesh; Wanganui, W. R. Rutherfurd; Hawera, *J. W. Deem; Stratford, *J. Budge; New Plymouth, *R. Rowan

Manawatu District—Palmerston North, *J. Duncan

Wellington District—Wellington, *A. Mills, J. Drummond (port)

Marlborough, Nelson, and West Coast District—Nelson, T. A. Fraser (in charge of district), A. T. P. Hubbard; Richmond, G. S. Cooke; Blenheim, *J. Moore; Hokitika, *C. C. Empson

Canterbury District—Christchurch, *H. T. G. Turner (in charge of district); Kaikoura, *F. W. Sutton; Rotherham, *J. Munro; Rangiora, C. A. Cunningham; Lincoln, J. G. Scott; Ashburton, B. Fullurton; Timaru, J. C. Huddleston; Fairlie, F. Mackenzie

Otago District—Dunedin, J. L. Bruce (in charge of district); Kurow, W. Wills; Oamaru, *A. Ironside; Palmerston, H. Hill; Dunedin, *J. E. Thomson (port), R. Fountain; Mosgiel, R. I. Gossage; Naseby, C. Shaw; Clyde, *T. N. Baxter; Lawrence, *G. McLeod; Tapanui, T. Gillespie; Balclutha, T. Gilmour; Gore, S. M. Taylor; Invercargill, *R. Wright; Bluff, J. W. Raymond (port); Queenstown, W. M. Munro

Clerks—Whangarei, A. Stone (cadet); Auckland, W. C. Robinson, E. J. Glenister, G. H. Graham, C. Campbell, E. A. Farrington; Hamilton, D. Edwards; Napier, A. Callcott, W. McN. Miller; Masterton, A. E. Rowden; Palmerston North, W. Nettlefold; Wanganui, D. Bell; Nelson, E. B. Burdekin; Blenheim, J. Campbell; Christchurch, J. Longton; Timaru, W. Pogson; Dunedin, L. G. Bruce; Invercargill, J. W. Bell, W. H. McLew (cadet)


Auckland—W. C. Robinson; Wanganui, D. Bell; Nelson, E. B. Burdekin

(The Inspectors of Stock marked *are also Registrars of Brands.)


The Inspectors of Stock are Inspectors under the Slaughtering Act.


Auckland, W. R. Brown; Hamilton, E. Seddon; Thames, J. Jarman; Waihi, W. T. Wynyard; Paeroa, F. Beattie; Gisborne, G. M. Williamson; Napier, J. G. Parker; New Plymouth, T. J. Reakes; Stratford, G. Thomson; Hawera, E. T. B. Worthy; Feilding, G. W. Mitchell; Wellington, J. Drummond; Lyttelton, B. Thomson; Christchurch, A. Macpherson; Blenheim, A. D. Gillies; Westport, W. S. Carswell; Dunedin, Assistant Inspector, J. C. Robinson; Gore, F. Stewart

(The Inspectors of Stock are also Inspectors of Dairies.)


Otahuhu, A. Dickson; Auckland, J. C. Hawkins; Hamilton, E. Seddon; Tanranga, T. Mullaly; Hastings, J. G. Parker; Waipawa, H. McLean; New Plymouth, R. Crockett; Matapu, J. Heslop; Hawera, J. M. Hignett; Stratford, F. Arden; Hunterville, A. P. Smith; Blenheim, G. J. Ward; Nelson, W. J. Ward; Invercargill, M. O'Meara

(The Inspectors of Stock are also Inspectors of Noxious Weeds.)


The Inspectors of Stock are Inspectors under the Rabbit Nuisance Act.

Rabbit Agents—Ngaruawahia, B. Bayly; Cambridge, R. Alexander; Kihikihi, J. Case; Wairoa, W. C. King; Pahiatua, T. Bacon; Upper Rangitikei, C. Watson; Masterton, J. Halligan; Taueru, H. Munro; Alfredton, H. S. Ussher; Johnsonville, W. Ross; Levin, W. S. Goodall; Blenheim, G. Gee; Motueka, A. C. Hackworth; Mount Somers, C. Branigan; Fairlie, W. Johnston; Waimate, E. F. Sullivan; Leeston, C. S. Neville; Kurow, E. T. Payne; Maheno, F. Urquhart; Inch Valley, A. Hughes; Waikouaiti, B. Grant; Taieri, H. McLeod; Sutton, R. Irving; Waipiata, C. S. Dalgliesh; Clyde, A. Clarke; Roxburgh, J. G. Johnston; Lawrence, E. Fowler; Owaka, F. W. Blair; Balclutha, H. A. Munro; Tapanui, A. C. Clapcott;

Gore, M. McLeod; Lumsden, H. Heckler; Wyndham. D. McLeod; Invercargill, J. McKellar; Riverton, J. R. Whyborn; Cromwell, S. W. Firth; Queenstown, J. Wilson


Minister for Railways—Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G.


General Manager—T. Ronayne

Chief Clerk—R. W. McVilly

Clerks—E. J. Andrews, B. M. Wilson, W. S. Ridler, J. L. Day, J. O. Duff, J. Hislop, J. E. Widdop, J. V. Fogo, D. MacKellar, J. Thomson, W. A. Wellings, P. J. McGovern, W. P. Miller, F. M. Sherwood, H. Gerard, F. C. Fraser, A. J. Levick, W. H. Rennie, J. A. Jones, A. H. G. Lambert, G. H. Hoare

Audit Inspectors—D. Munro, R. Hislop, I. Faris, H. Williams

Railway Accountant—H. Davidson

Clerks—J. H. Davies, S. P. Curtis, G. G. Wilson, J. McLean, E. Davy, A. Morris, C. Batten, J. Firth, W. B. Fisher, E. J. Fleming, H. H. Leopard, R. J. Loe, W. Bourke, T. Pattle, F. W. Lash. A. H. Hunt, H. D. Smith, W. E. Ahern, F. K Porteous, A. D. C. Gosman, T. A. O'Connor, A. E. Wilson, C. C. Felton, J. W. Dayman, W. H. Simmons, J. B. Gauntlett, P. J. Wright, A. T. Parkes, H. J. Heath, T. H. Jones, N. O. McKay


Stores Manager—G. Felton

Stores Audit Inspector—F. J. Dawes

Clerks—M. C. Rowe, G. H. Norie, S. Alpe, H. W. Barbor, A. E. Boyes, W. G. Wray, R. P. Bray, L. G. Porter, S. S. Millington, J. L. Leydon, A. D. Lincoln, J. Brabiner, J. Hayes, V. C. Hardie, G. D. Pattle, W. P. McCormick, J. P. Harris, H. K. Adamson


Chief Traffic Manager—H. Buxton

Relieving District Traffic Manager—H. Baxter

Clerks—J. E. Armstrong, G. A. C. Robieson, J. D. Nash

Traffic Superintendents—Wellington, T. Arthur; Dunedin, A. Grant

District Managers—Whangarei, J. D. Harris; Auckland, T. W. Waite; Wanganui, W. J. Stringleman; Westland, J. Ashley; Christchurch, S. F. Whitcombe; Invercargill, C. A. Piper

Stationmasters in Charge—Kawakawa, A. M. Arthur; Kaihu, R. B. Peat; Gisborne, G. G. Wellsted; Westport, T. Hay-Mackenzie; Nelson, E. G. Wilson; Picton, T. S. Edwards


Chief Engineer for Working Railways—J. Coom, M.Inst. C.E.

Inspecting Engineer—J. Burnett, M.Inst. C.E.

Signal Engineer—H.J. Wynne, A.M.Inst. C.E.

Railway Land Officer—J. T. Ford

Inspector of Bridge Construction—A. H. Alabaster

Electrician—J. T. Fahy, A.M.I.E.E.

Electric Mechanician—T. Hendry

Electric Lines Inspector—E. A. Tomkies

Office Engineer—G. A. Troup

Draughtsmen—J. Besant, Ad. Howitt, A. S. Henderson, W. W. Fry, A. S. Wansbrough, E. C. M. McKay

Clerks—W. P. Hicks, W. A. Mirams, H. Jessup, T. H. Wilson, E. S. Kelly, H. W. Rowden, J. M. Robb, F. J. Rowden, E. D. Richards, W. B. O'Brien, G. P. Parrell, T. Trezise, H. McAlister, F. T. A. Williams, G. H. Fearn, V. W. W. Venimore, R. Greig, A. C. F. Duff, P. McGrath, W. H. Lindop

District Engineers—Auckland, D. T. McIntosh; Wanganui, C. H. Biss; Wellington, F. J. Jones; Westport and Westland, F. C. Widdop; Christchurch, H. Macandrew; Dunedin, F. W. MacLean; Invercargill, A. J. McCredie

Resident Engineer—Petone, A. C. Koch


Chief Mechanical Engineer—A. L. Beattie

Clerks—J. P. Kelly, R. Aekins, D. D. Weir, B. A. Marris, J. Worthington, C. H. Virtue, H. McKeowen, C. L. Pettit, N. P. G. Ewart, L. C. Fama, N. G. Hawthorn, J. M. Porteous, J. P. McKeowen, L. G. Armstrong,

J. R. Robertson, J. M. Hemingway, P. Burge, P. E. Cleary, L. A. J. Emery, M. M. Sullivan

Chief Draughtsman—R. Pye-Smith

Draughtsmen—G. Wilson, A. Smellie, C. G. G. Berry

Engineering Cadet—R. H. P. Ronayne

Boiler Inspector—J. W. Nichols

Locomotive Engineers—Auckland, A. V. Macdonald; Wellington-Napier-New Plymouth, G. A. Pearson; Hurunui-Bluff, H. H. Jackson; Westport and Westland, E. E. Gillon. Relieving. F. T. Murison

Brake Engineer—J. H. Fox

Loco Inspector—E. L. W. Haskins


North Island.

H. Eyre Kenny, Stipendiary Magistrate, Chairman, appointed by the Governor

W. Bowles, Traffic Clerk, Wellington, elected

W. T. Wilson, Engineman, elected

M. J. Mack, Guard, elected

W. Morrison, Ganger, elected

W. G. D. Evans, Turner, Petone, elected

Middle Island.

Chairman (to be appointed by the Governor)

J. Gray. Traffic Inspector, Christchurch, elected

A. Williams, Guard, Invercargill, elected

J. Robertson, Engineman, Invercargill, elected

J. H. Jones, Turner, Addington, elected

T. Hall, Ganger, Dunedin, elected



Minister for Public Works—Hon. W. Hall-Jones

Under-Secretary—H. J. H. Blow

Engineer-in-Chief—P. S. Hay, M.A., M.Inst.C.E.

Inspecting Engineer—R. W. Holmes, M.Inst.C.E.

Architect—J. Campbell, F.R.I.B.A.

Chief Clerk—W. D. Dumbell

Accountant—G. J. Clapham

Land-purchase Officer—H. Thompson

Assistant Land-purchase Officer—E. Bold

Record Clerk—H. W. H. Millais

Clerks—G. C. Schmidt, P. S. Waldie, A. Biddell, A. H. Kimbell, N. Jacobs, C. E. Crawford, W. McNamara, H. F. Curtis, A. Sampson, J. J. Bennett, A. L. Goldfinch, L. White, K. Webb, E. Twohill, P. J. Fennell, W. H. Boys, R. Brown

Chief Draughtsman—W. G. Rutherford

Draughtsmen—E. Jackson, C. A. Lawrence, W. Withers, L. L. Richards, W. G. C. Swan, J. H. Price, A. E. King, R. G. Applegarth, A. F. Macrae, S. W. May-Somerville, A. T. Ford, G. V. Venning, R. Walker, H. C. North, A. Stevenson, D. M. Kean, R. H. Warner, P. F. M. Burrows, A. S. Colvin

Head Storekeeper—J. C. Fulton

Engineering Cadets—T. M. Ball, H. G. Shannon, T. G. C. Mackay, G. H. J. Mellsop

Architectural Cadet—B. F. Kelly

Clerical Cadet—L. W. Wogan

Clerical Cadettes—W. L. J. Mellsop, G. F. Edenborough


District Engineers—Auckland, C. R. Vickerman; Dunedin, E. R. Ussher. M.Inst.C.E.

Resident Engineers—Taihape, G. L. Cook, M.Inst.C.E.; Piriaka, J. D. Louch, Assoc.M.Inst.C.E.; Ohakune, J. J. Hay, M.A.; Nelson, W. A. Shain; Westport, R. A. Young, Assoc. M.Inst.C.E.; Greymouth, J. Thomson, B.E., M.Inst.C.E.; Springfield, J. A. Wilson, M.Inst.C.E.; Stratford, F. W. Furkert

Assistant Engineers—S. J. Harding, J. H. Dobson, F. M. Hewson, J. Hannah, J. H. Lewis, G. C. McGlashan, C. E. Armstrong, W. Widdowson, H. Dickson, J. W. E. McEnnis, A. Ross, J. V. Haskell, J. Meenan, A. Stewart, W. P. Moynihan, W. Sherratt, C. J. McKenzie, F. P. Bartley, J. J. Wilson, F. S. Dyson, J. Wood, H. Vickerman, B.Sc., L. B. Campbell, J. Norris

Engineering Surveyors—H. R. Atkinson, H. M. W. Richardson

Engineering Cadets—W. E. Fitzgerald, P. Keller, F. C. Hay, H. H. Sharp, T. M. Crawford, H. T. Thompson, R. Park, H. Patterson, W. Hall-Jones, jun., A. J. Baker, C. D. Handley, A. D. Thorpe, W. G. Pearce, G. G. Wilson, J. R. Marks, F. Kissell, W. S. King

Draughtsmen—C. Wood, J. Baird, W. H. Hislop, T. J. McCosker, J. J. Fraser, H. C. W. Wrigg, J. B. Robertson, W. J. C. Slane, A. W. Kemp

Clerks—C. T. Rushbrook, A. R. Stone, J. H. Denton, A. J. Suteliffe, E. Waddell, T. J. Gardiner, J. Holroyd, E. W. L'Estrange, A. R. Tayler, F. E. Banks, H. Grave, G. T. Grace, E. G. Beale, J. A. White, C. A. Alabone, E. J. Edwards, L. M. Shera, S. A. Holland, L. W. Parsons, W. A. Bowie, A. D. Park, H. M. O'Donell, H. Colvin, W. Sotheran, C. Ball, E. J. M. Sargent, A. Ross, P. H. Beaton, R. M. Carroll

Storekeepers—T. Douglas, S. J. Moncrieff, E. Kidd

Clerical Cadette—E. J. Colquhoun



Minister in Charge—Hon. W. Hall-Jones

Chief Engineer—C. W. Hursthous

Chief Clerk—W. S. Short (solicitor)

Chief Accountant—J. R. Smyth

Assistant Accountant—

Clerks—J. O. Anson, H. Arthur, E. H. Baker, W. Barclay, F. Blake, J. W. Black, C. E. Bennett, J. Connell, O. Ellison, A. W. Innes, R. F. Madden, F. Mueller, R. B. Orr, J. B. Poynter, L. E. Johnson

Draughtsman—G. H. Murray

Cadets—J. D. Brosnan, G. F. Jackson, J. M. Tudhope

District Officers.

District Road Engineers—Auckland, A. B. Wright; Te Kuiti, T. Burd; Rotorua, A. C. Turner; Hawke's Bay, D. N. McMillan; Taranaki, G. T. Murray; Wanganui, R. H. Reaney; Wellington, G. F. Robinson; Marlborough. C. H. Williams; Canterbury, F. B. Wither; Southland, J. H. Treseder

Assistant Road Engineers—Auckland, A. H. Vickerman; Rotorua, C. B. Turner, E. M. Donaldson; Te Kuiti, A. Julian, A. L. Sealy; Wellington, T. Carroll

District Accountants—Auckland, G. A. Kallender; Wellington, R. Howe

Clerks—Auckland, H. J. Kallender; Rotorua, W. J. Wiggs; Te Kuiti, F. H. Sims, C. Turner; Hawke's Bay, P. S. Foley; Taranaki, J. Clarke, C. W. Richards; Wanganui, F. Manson, W. Merson, J. R. Cade, R. F. Ballantine; Wellington, P. J. Moran, S. d'A. Grut, T. C. Duncan; Nelson, J. A. Hay; Marlborough, F. H. Ibbetson; Westland, L. Cooper; Canterbury, P. W. Willson; Otago, W. H. Trimble; Southland, N. J. Ryan, R. W. Gill

Cadets—Auckland, H. Watkinson, W. H. Mardon; Rotorua, C. W. Carver; Taranaki, H. Powell; Wanganui, H. A. Joyce. T. L. Cooper; Southland, F. K. Wilkie

Draughtsmen—Auckland, R. C. Anderson; Rotorua, F. I. Ellis; Te Kuiti, J. T. V. Kirby; Hawke's Bay, P. S. Reaney, W. H. Gilmour; Taranaki, C. H. Lawn; Wellington, G. R. Ibbetson

Road Inspectors—Auckland, G. G. Menzies, R. J. Baff, R. R. Menzies, R. Hill, H. H. Thompson, S. R. James, J. Higgins, J. W. Civil; Rotorua, W. Fairley; Te Kuiti, R. Barron, E. J. Early, J. Williamson; Hawke's Bay, T. H. Strauchon, D. G. Robertson; Taranaki, W. J. Worthington, H. C. Strombom, E. Julian, R. D. Tosswill; Wanganui, A. L. Soufflot, R. S. Summers, B. Wolff, W. Waters; Wellington, W. Nathan, J. C. Scott, C. Hardinge, G. T. Whit-; Mclson, J. F. Rasmussen, J. Brough; Westland, W. Adair; Canterbury, R. H. Young, U. Hurrell; Otago, B. Marr, J. Kelly; Southland, H. C. Sutton

Bridge Inspector—Te Kuiti, M. W. Forsyth

Overseers—Auckland, A. L. Menzies; Rotorua, G. H. Donaldson, B. Reilly; Te Kuiti, W. Bond. J. Smyth; Hawke's Bay, J. Allison, A. W. Horne, J. McLeod, E. Hallett, W. Brook; Taranaki, W. Rigg, C. Skitrop, G. Denison, C. E. Bacon, J. Caddy; Wanganui, J. A. Rutherford, E. A. Vine, J. Corlett, E. Gould, G. F. Manson, A. H. Wright; Wellington, W. Boyden, W. Campbell; Nelson, M. Green, J. Quinn, G. Gillbank; Marlborough, T. James, D. Watson; Westland, A. M. Beer, P. Purcell; Otago, P. Fitzpatrick; Southland, J. Maher


Minister of Defence—The Right Hon. Richard John Seddon, P.C.

Private Secretary—Captain Richard John Spotswood Seddon, N.Z.M.


Senior Clerk—Thomas Francis Grey

Clerical Cadet—David Stanley Lyons


Commandant of the New Zealand Defence Forces—Colonel James Melville Babington, H.M. General Staff (local Major-General)

Staff Officer to Commandant—Captain Charles Lionel Kirwan Campbell, 16th (The Queen's) Lancers

Assistant Adjutant-General—Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Walter Clervaux Chaytor, N.Z.M.

Staff Officer of Artillery—Major George Napier Johnston, N.Z.M. (Captain R.G.A.)

Staff Officer Engineer Services—Captain Alick Christopher Robinson (R.E.), N.Z.M.

Inspecting Officer Defence Cadets and Defence Rifle Clubs—Captain John Gethin Hughes, D.S.O., N.Z.M.

Surgeon-General—Sidney Skerman (V.D.), N.Z.M., N.Z.M.C.

Chief Clerk—William Edward Butler

Clerks—John Frederick Rockstrow, William Rickford Collett, Henry Bingham Jacobs, George Francis Rudkin

Shorthand-writer and Typiste—Elizabeth Maud Gardiner


Artillery Instructor—Master-Gunner George S. Richardson (R.A.)

Engineer Instructor—Staff Sergeant-Major J. P. Russell (R.E.)


President—Brevet-Colonel William Holden Webb, N.Z.M. (late H.M. 109th Foot)

Executive Officer—Lieutenant Thomas W. McDonald

Clerk—Frank Jennings


President—Brigade Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel William Edward Collins, N.Z.M.C.

Members—Surgeon-Major James R. Purdy, N.Z.M.C.; Surgeon-Captain William E. Herbert, N.Z.M.


Defence Storekeeper—James O'Sullivan

Assistant Storekeeper—Frederick Silver


Royal New Zealand Artillery.

Officer Commanding.

Major John Edward Hume


Captain Herbert Edward Pilkington

Captain William P. Wall

Lieutenant Murray Menzies Gardner

Lieutenant George E. B. Mickle

Lieutenant Robert O. Chesney

Lieutenant Sydney G. Sandle

Cadet—Ivon Tatham Standish

Royal New Zealand Engineers.

Lieutenant Frank Symon

Lieutenant Rayner B. Smythe

Lieutenant John Evelyn Duigan

Honorary Captain Robert Fraser (Lieut. R.N.R.)

Honorary Captain Reginald Moorhouse (Lieut. R.N.R.)

Honorary Lieutenant John Macpherson

Honorary Lieutenant William George Nelson


Surgeon-Captain E. W. Sharman, N.Z.M.C. (Auckland)

Surgeon-Captain Hamilton A. H. Gilmer, N.Z.M. (Wellington)

Honorary Chaplains.

Rev. George P. Davys (Wellington)

Rev. Edward Eliot Chambers (V.D.), (Lyttelton)



Officer Commanding District—Brevet-Colonel Richard Hutton Davies, C.B., N.Z.M.

Principal Medical Officer—Brigade Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Walker, N.Z.M.C.


Officer Commanding District—Brevet-Colonel William Holden Webb, N.Z.M. (late H.M. 109th Foot)

Adjutant—Major Lewis John Joyce, N.Z.M.

Principal Medical Officer—Brigade Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel William Edward Collins, N.Z.M.C.


Officer Commanding District—Major (temporary Lieutenant-Colonel) George Cecil Burleigh Wolfe, N.Z.M. (late Captain R.M.L.I.)

Adjutant—Lieutenant (temporary Captain) Sydney Vincent Trask, N.Z.M.

Principal Medical Officer—Brigade Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel Walter Relf Pearless (V.D.), N.Z.M.C.


Officer Commanding District—Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Bauchop, C.M.G., N.Z.M.

Principal Medical Officer—Brigade Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel Walter Thomas (V.D.), N.Z.M.C.


Officer Commanding District—Brevet-Colonel Alfred William Robin, C.B., N.Z.M.

Principal Medical Officer—Brigade Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel Harry Archibald de Lautour (V.D.), N.Z.M.C.


Head Office.

Commissioner—Walter Dinnie

Chief Clerk and Accountant—Sub-Inspector Arthur H. Wright

Police Force.

Inspectors—John Cullen, John Wybrant Ellison, Robert James Gillies, Terence O'Brien, Ewen Macdonell, Nicholas Kiely, Edward Wilson, Alfred James Mitchell

Sub-Inspectors—Patrick Black, Henry Green, John Dwyer, John O'Donovan, Arthur H. Wright, Douglass Gordon



Minister of Lands and Commissioner of State Forests—Hon. Thomas Young Duncan

Under-Secretary for Crown Lands—W. C. Kensington

Acting Surveyor-General—T. Humphries

Chief Draughtsman—F. W. Flanagan

Chief Clerk—F. T. O'Neill

Auditor of Land Revenue—W. G. Runcie

Accountant—R. A. Paterson


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—J. Mackenzie

District Surveyors—J. Langmuir, G. A. Martin, H. D. M. Haszard, W. J. Wheeler, T. K. Thompson, R. S. Galbraith

Assistant Surveyors—A. G. Allom, H. F. Edgecumbe, W. C. O'Neill

Chief Draughtsman—C. R. Pollen

Receiver of Land Revenue—T. M. Taylor


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—E. C. Gold Smith

District Land Officer, Gisborne—F. S. Smith

District Surveyors—F. S. Smith, T. Brook

Chief Draughtsman—James Hay

Receiver of Land Revenue—F. Bull


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—F. Simpson

District Surveyors—H. M. Skeet, G. H. Bullard, W. T. Morpeth

Chief Draughtsman—W. H. Skinner

Receiver of Land Revenue—F. A. Cullen


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—J. Strauchon

District Surveyors—J. D. Climie, F. A. Thompson, H. J. Lowe, J. McKay, J. R. Strachan

Assistant Surveyors—H. E. Girdlestone, E. A. Marchant

Chief Draughtsman—L. Smith

Receiver of Land Revenue—T. G. Wait


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—W. G. Murray

District Surveyors—J. A. Montgomerie, J. Snodgrass, R. T. Sadd, J. D. Thomson

Chief Draughtsman—W. D. B. Murray

Receiver of Land Revenue—A. J. Redgrave


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—H. Trent

District Surveyor—D. W. Gillies

Assistant Surveyor—W. C. McAlister

Chief Draughtsman and Receiver of Land Revenue—W. Armstrong


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—G. J. Roberts

District Surveyors—W. Wilson, H. Maitland, D. A. I. Barron

Chief Draughtsman—T. M. Grant

Receiver of Land Revenue—A. D. A. Macfarlane


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—T. Humphries (also Acting Surveyor-General)

District Surveyors—T. N. Brodrick, G. H. McClure

Chief Draughtsman—C. B. Shanks

Receiver of Land Revenue—A. A. McNab

Superintendent of Village Settlements—J. E. March


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—David Barron

District Surveyors—E. H. Wilmot, D. M. Calder, W. T. Neill

Chief Draughtsman—S. Thompson

Receiver of Land Revenue—G. A. Reade


Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—John Hay

District Surveyor—

Chief Draughtsman—G. Robinson

Receiver of Land Revenue—H. L. Welch


Auckland—J. Mackenzie, J. Renshaw, A. R. Harris, M. W. Armstrong, W. M. Bankart

Hawke's Bay—E. C. Gold Smith, T. Hyde, R. R. Groom, C. R. Baines, O. E. Bartram

Taranaki—F. Simpson, J. Heslop, James Rattenbury, J. B. Connett, J. McCluggage

Wellington—J. Strauchon, A. Reese, J. Stevens, J. Dawson, F. H. Robinson

Nelson—W. G. Murray, O. Lynch, J. S. Wratt, G. Walker, A. Sinclair

Marlborough—H. Trent, J. Redwood, A. P. Seymour, H. M. Reader, G. Renner

Westland—G. J. Roberts, J. S. Lang, A. Cumming, M. Pollock, G. Mallinson

Canterbury—T. Humphries, A. C. Pringle, J. Sealy, J. Allan, J. Stevenson

Otago—D. Barron, G. Livingstone, J. Tough, J. M. McKenzie, W. Dallas

Southland—J. Hay, A. Kinross, J. McIntyre, D. King, J. McLean


The Surveyor-General

John Strauchon, Esq

Morgan Carkeek, Esq

The Hon. G. F. Richardson

Thomas Ward, Esq.

The Surveyor-General is ex officio a member of the Board. Of the nominated members, two are selected annually by the Minister of Lands, and two by the Council of the Institute of Surveyors. The Board is one of the Federated Boards of Australasia, and works in conjunction with them.


Officer in Charge—P. Sheridan


Chief Forester—H. J. Matthews

Nurserymen in Charge—Rotorua, H. A. Goudie; Eweburn, A. W. Roberts; Tapanui, R. G. Robinson; Kurow, N. Craig; Starborough, W. Cromb; Hanmer Springs, T. B. Curle; Ruatangata, L. J. Adams


Minister for Immigration—Right Hon. R. J. Seddon

Under-Secretary—W. C. Kensington


Minister in Charge—Hon. C. H. Mills

Valuer-General—G. F. C. Campbell

Officers in Charge—A. J. McGowan, Auckland; A. E. Fowler, Wellington; R. Hepworth, Christchurch; A. Clothier, Dunedin; T. Oswin, Invercargill

Clerks—J. W. Black, H. L. Wiggins, G. Halliday, J. Atkinson, C. J. Lovatt, H. A. Anderson, F. C. Douglas

Draughtsman—H. H. Seed

Inspecting Valuer—John P. Dugdale

District Valuers—James I. Wilson, jun., Whangarei; W. F. Thompson, Peria; W. Garrett, J. J. Reynolds, B. J. Esam, G. W. Hyde, Auckland; H. D. Coutts, Te Kuiti; C. F. Lewis, Gisborne; W. E. Griffin, Napier; H. J. C. Coutts, Hawera; S. Hill, New Plymouth; A. Barns, Wanganui; R. Gardner, Palmerston North; G. H. Lloyd, Woodville; J. Fraser, Masterton; J. Ames, F. N. Martin, Wellington; T. W. Caverhill, Petone; E. Kenny, Picton; J. Glen, Nelson; J. Webster, Hokitika; H. Murray, W. L. Kernahan, A. Freeman, Christchurch; E. A. Atkinson, Oamaru; W. L. Craig, J. Wright, H. G. Fisher, Dunedin; R. Milne, Milton; J. George, Queenstown; John Smaill, Gore; A. Pyper, Invercargill

Clerks—Auckland, T. C. Somers, F. B. Robertson; Christchurch, A. Millar, J. M. Wheeler, C. J. Walker; Dunedin, C. de R. Andrews

Cadets—Auckland, P. G. Pearce; Wellington, G. J. Russell, W. Lovell, A. T. McCaw, C. J. Hurley; Christchurch, H. H. Ffitch; Dunedin, D. Corcoran, F. K Tucker; Invercargill, G. Forbes

Cadettes—Wellington, G. F. Cooke; Christchurch, N. Smythe; Dunedin, M. J. Drysdale



Chairman and Land Purchase Inspector—A. Barron

Under-Secretary for Lands—W. C. Kensington

Surveyor-General—J. W. A. Marchant

Also for the following districts:


J. Mackenzie, Commissioner of Crown Lands

R. Hall

Hawke's Bay—

E. C. Gold Smith, Commissioner of Crown Lands

Thomas Hyde


J. Strauchon, Commissioner of Crown Lands

Alexander Reese


F. Simpson, Commissioner of Crown Lands

John Heslop


H. Trent, Commissioner of Crown Lands

J. H. Redwood


W. G. Murray, Commissioner of Crown Lands

Francis Hamilton


G. J. Roberts, Commissioner of Crown Lands (A vacancy at present exists)


T. Humphries, Commissioner of Crown Lands

A. C. Pringle


D. Barron, Commissioner of Crown Lands

A. McKerrow


J. Hay, Commissioner of Crown Lands A. Kinross


Public Trustee—J. W. Poynton

Deputy Public Trustee and Chief Clerk—A. A. K. Duncan

Solicitor—F. J. Wilson

Inspector—T. S. Ronaldson

Accountant—T. D. Kendall

Examiner—A. Purdie

Clerks-in-Charge—T. Stephens, W. A. Fordham, C. Zachariah, P. Hervey. Clerks—E. C. Reeve, P. T. Fair, G. A. Smyth, E. A. Smythe, K. N. H. Browne, W. Barr, E. O. Hales, S. W.

Smith, C. A. Goldsmith, H. Masters, R. Price, N. M. Chesney, H. Turner, C. M. Calders, M. E. Nash, J. Menzies, E. P. Hay, A. C. Bretherton, N. M. Macdougall, A. L. Chappell, G. H. Chesterman, D. H. W. Du Vall, A. H. T. Jones, J. W. Macdonald, E. E. McLean, A. Mackay, P. Naylor, E. C. Clarke, G. H. Elliffe, A. J. Tobin, W. G. Baird

District Agent, Christchurch—M. C. Barnett. Clerks—W. S. McGowan, G. P. Purnell, P. A. Devereux, A. K. Hadfield, A. W. Ironside

District Agent, Auckland—E. F. Warren. Clerks—A. J. Cross, G. M. Morris, A. R. Jordan, S. Hunter

District Agent, Napier—J. B. Jack. Cadette—J. J. Hutson.

District Agent, Dunedin—F. H. Morice. Clerks—J. Allen, C. F. Young, V. E. Moon, R. A. Ward

District Agent, Greymouth—T. R. Say well. Cadet—A. W. Watters

District Agent, Nelson—E. P. Watkis

West Coast Settlement Reserves Agent and District Agent, New Plymouth—Thomas W. Fisher. Clerks—H. Oswin, A. Quinney


Commissioner—J. H. Richardson, F.F.A., F.I.A.V.

Assistant Commissioner—D. M. Luckie

Actuary—Morris Fox

Secretary—W. B. Hudson

Accountant—G. W. Barltrop

Chief Medical Officer—T. Cahill, M.D.

Assistant Actuary—P. Muter

Chief Clerk—R. C. Niven

Office Examiner—G. C. Kennedy

Clerks—J. W. Kinniburgh, W. S. Smith, A. H. Hamerton, A. Avery, F. B. Bolt, T. L. Barker, A. L. B. Jordan, H. S. Manning, H. Rose, C. E. Galwey, A. T. Traversi, G. Webb, F. K. Keelling, J. B. Young, R. P. Hood, G. A. N. Campbell, J. A. Thomson, A. de Castro, H. L. Levestam, C. H. E. Stichbury, R. T. Smith, S. P. Hawthorne, J. G. Reid, J. R. Samson, R. Fullerton, G. S. Nicoll, T. Fouhy, G. E. Sadd, W. H. Woon, W. Spence, H. Wylie, W. J. Ewart, T. M. Dimant, B. Trevithick. P. A. Anderson, M. A. Spicer, E. Tooman, H. Nicoll, E. K. Hay, I. Coulthard, W. E. Arnold, W. Thompson, I. E. Foot.

Chief Messenger—W. Archer


District Manager—W. J. Speight

Chief Clerk—G. Crichton

Clerks—C. H. Ralph, P. M. West.


Resident Agent—J. H. Dean


Resident Agent—A. E. Allison

Clerk—F. D. Banks


District Manager and Supervisor of New Business—G. Robertson

Chief Clerk—M. J. K. Heywood

Clerks—W. C. Marchant, A. M. McDonald, G. H. Brialey


Resident Agent—A. P. Burnes

Clerk—G. L. Osborne


Resident Agent—R. S. Latta

Clerk—W. Copeland


District Manager—J. C. Prudhoe

Chief Clerk—J. K. Blenkhorn

Clerk—G. J. Robertson


Resident Agent—S. T. Wicksteed


Resident Agent—A. W. G. Burnes

Clerk—J. R. Wallace


District Manager—R. S. McGowan

Chief Clerk—O. H. Pinel

Clerks—A. Marryatt, T. P. Laurenson


Resident Agent—J. Findlay

Clerk—J. Hendry


Superintendent—P. Heyes

Assistant Superintendent—W. Waddel

Accountant—W. N. Hinchliffe

Clerks—J. E. Thompson, C. B. Collins, C. T. Fraser, A. W. Knowles, A. A. Prichard, W. Auld, T. W. Foote, H. S. O'Rourke, C. D. Wilson, R. G. McLennan, A. Tudhope, J. F. O'Leary, T. W. Vickery. Typist—F. W. Crombie

Cadets—J. J. M. Harvey, F. J. R. Gledhill, S. O. Clarke



General Manager—J. W. Brindley

Acting Accountant and Chief Clerk—J. H. Jerram

Fire Surveyor—F. H. Pope

Corresponding and Record Clerk—O. S. Jones

Clerks—C. H. T. Skelley, G. W. Greenish, A. P. Brown.

Typiste—A. Coltman

Cadets—H. J. Thompson, A. Berry, D. Hutton, W. Watson, E. McPherson, P. Pattle



Manager—R. J. Lusher

Chief Clerk—C. J. McKean

Cadets—N. S. Boylan, F. R. Gruzning


Manager—F. J G. Wilkinson

Chief Clerk—K. B. Bain

Cadets—Cecil Marshall, D. Morrison

Otago and Southland.

Manager—G. J. C. Smart

Chief Clerk—W. Dobson

Cadets—T. A. Fraser, R. McLean


Cadets in the Civil Service are required, after arriving at the age of eighteen years, to serve for three years in a Volunteer corps. Heads of Departments are required to see that cadets who come within the regulations join the Volunteer Force, and serve for the period named, and also to notify the Under-Secretary for Defence of the appointment of all cadets coming within this regulation.


THERE is no State Church in the colony, nor is State aid given to any form of religion. Government in the early days set aside certain lands as endowments for various religious bodies, but nothing of the kind has been done for many years past.



The Most Rev. Samuel Tarratt Nevill, D.D., Dunedin; consecrated 1871 (Primate).

The Right Reverend Moore Richard Neligan, D.D., Auckland; consecrated 1903.

The Right Rev. William Leonard Williams, D.D., Waiapu; consecrated 1895.

The Right Rev. Frederic Wallis, D.D., Wellington; consecrated 1895.

The Right Rev. Charles Oliver Mules, M.A., Nelson; consecrated 1892.

The Right Rev. Churchill Julius, D.D., Christchurch; consecrated 1890.

The Right Rev. Cecil Wilson, M.A., Melanesia; consecrated 1894.



The Most Rev. Francis Redwood, S.M., D.D., Archbishop and Metropolitan, Wellington; consecrated 1874.


The Right Rev. George Michael Lenihan, D.D., Auckland; consecrated 1896.

The Right Rev. John Joseph Grimes, S.M., D.D., Christchurch; consecrated 1887.

The Right Rev. Michael Verdon, D.D., Dunedin; consecrated 1896.


The principal present heads or officers of the various Churches, and the places and times of holding the annual or periodical assemblies or meetings, are as follow:—

Church of England.—For Church purposes, the colony is divided into six dioceses—viz., Auckland, Waiapu, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, and Dunedin. The General Synod meets every third year in one or other of the dioceses. Representatives attend from each diocese, and also from the diocese of Melanesia. President, the Bishop of Dunedin, Primate. The Diocesan Synods meet once a year, under the presidency of the Bishop of the diocese. The next General Synod will be held in Dunedin, on the 28th January, 1907.

Roman Catholic Church.—The diocese of Wellington, established in 1848, was in 1887 created an archdiocese and the metropolitan see. There are three suffragan dioceses—Auckland, Christchurch, and Dunedin. A retreat is held annually in each of the four dioceses, at the end of which a synod is held, presided over by the bishop or archbishop, and at which all his clergy attend.

In January, 1899, the first Provincial Council of New Zealand was held in Wellington, under the presidency of the Metropolitan, and attended by all the suffragan bishops, and a number of priests elected specially in each diocese as representatives of the whole Catholic clergy in the colony. The decrees of this Council were approved by Rome in April, 1900, were published on 1st January, 1901, and are now binding in every diocese in the colony.

Presbyterian Church of New Zealand.—The General Assembly will meet on the first Tuesday of November, 1906, in First Church, Dunedin. Moderator, the Rev. David Borrie, Dunedin; Senior Clerk, Rev. David Sidey, D.D., Napier; Junior Clerk, Rev. David Borrie, Dunedin; Treasurer, Rev. W. J. Comrie; Presbyterian Church Offices, Wellington; Theological Professors, Rev. John Dunlop, M.A., D.D., and Rev. Michael Watt, M.A., D.D., Dunedin; Tutor in Greek, Mr. James Dunbar, Dunedin.

Methodist Church of Australasia in New Zealand.—The annual New Zealand Conference meets on or about the last Tuesday in February, the exact date being determined by the President, who holds office for one year. Each Conference determines where the next one shall assemble. President (1906–7), Rev. T. G. Brooke, New Plymouth; Secretary, Rev. C. H. Laws, B.A., Dunedin. The next Conference is to meet in Durham Street Church, Christchurch.

Primitive Methodist Connexion.—A Conference takes place every January. The next is to be held at New Plymouth, commencing 10th January, 1907. The Conference officials for the present year are: President, Mr. Charles Bellringer, New Plymouth; Vice-President, Rev. J. Olphert, Feilding; Secretary, Rev. Ben Dudley, Waddington, Canterbury; Hon. District Secretary, Mr. D. Goldie, Pitt Street, Auckland; Treasurer of Mission Funds, Mr. Joseph Watkinson, Wapiti, Auckland.

Baptist Union of New Zealand.—President, Mr. A. S. Adams, Dunedin; Vice-President, Mr. H. M. Smeeton, Auckland; Secretary, Rev. R. S. Gray, Christchurch; Treasurer, Mr. A. Chidgey, Christchurch; Mission Secretary, Rev. J. C. Martin, Christchurch; Mission Treasurer, Mr. A. Hoby, Wellington. The Union comprises 39 churches, 25 preaching - stations, 4,076 members, and a constituency of 17,000. The denominational organ is the New Zealand Baptist; Editor, Rev. F. W. Boreham, Mosgiel. The Foreign Missionary Society, with an average income of $1,400, employs a doctor, a missionary, three zenana ladies, and 13 Native helpers. The sphere of operations is in North Tipperah, East Bengal.

Congregational Union of New Zealand.—The annual meetings are held during the month of February, at such place as may be decided on by vote of the Council. Chairman for 1906, Rev. G. Heighway, Dunedin; Chairman-elect, Rev. W. Day, Mount Eden; Secretary, Rev. John Wilkins, Auckland; Treasurer, Mr. W. H. Lyon, Auckland; Registrar, Mr. G. Hunt, Wellington; Head Office, Auckland. In 1907 the meeting of the Council will be held at Dunedin. The Committee of the Union meets in Auckland on the second Tuesday of each month.

Hebrews.—Ministers: Rev. S. A. Goldstein, Auckland; Rev. H. van Staveren, Wellington; Rev. I. Bernstein, Christchurch; Rev. A. T. Chodowski, Dunedin; Mr. Alexander Singer, Hokitika. Annual meetings of the general congregations are usually held at these places during the month of Elul (about the end of August).


THE defence forces consist of the Royal N.Z. Artillery and Royal N.Z. Engineers, and the auxiliary forces of Volunteers, Field Artillery, Garrison Artillery, Engineers (submarine mining and field), Mounted Rifles, Rifle, Cycle, Field Hospital and Bearer Corps, Defence Rifle, Clubs, and Defence Cadets. There is a Commander of the Forces, who is an Imperial officer. A Royal Artillery officer is Staff Officer for Artillery. A Royal Engineer officer is Staff Officer for Engineer Services. To the Under-Secretary for Defence all questions of expenditure are referred.


The two Islands (North and Middle) are divided into five military districts, each commanded by an officer of field rank, with an Adjutant and clerical staff, besides a staff of N.C.O.s, mostly drawn from the Imperial Army, for instruction of Volunteers.


This Force is divided into four detachments, which are stationed at Auckland, Wellington (headquarters), Lyttelton, and Dunedin; their principal duties are to look after and take charge of all guns, ordnance stores, ammunition, and munitions of war at these four centres. The Force has a strength of 261 of all ranks, the authorised establishment being 272.


This branch is divided between Auckland and Wellington, with small detachments at Lyttelton and Port Chalmers, and has a strength of 94 of all ranks, the authorised establishment being 101. They have charge of two submarine-mining steamers of the “Sir F. Chapman” class, and of all submarine-mining and electric-light stores.


There are six batteries of Field Artillery. They are armed with 15-pounder B.L. and 6-pounder Nordenfeldts, on field carriages, and go into camp annually for sixteen days. Present strength, 440 of all ranks (34 officers and 406 other ranks).


There are nine Garrison Artillery Corps. They go into camp-annually for sixteen days. Present strength, 52 officers and 851 other ranks.


There are six Engineer Corps, two Submarine Mining and four Field Corps, with a total strength of 519 of all ranks. The Submarine Miners have cutters, &c., provided, and are instructed in rowing, knotting, splicing, signalling, and other duties pertaining to this branch of the service. Attendance at an annual camp is also compulsory. The Field Engineers, besides carrying rifles, are provided with entrenching tools and all appliances for blowing up bridges or laying land mines. Both Submarine Mining and Field. Engineers go into camp for sixteen days each year.


There are seventy-two corps of Mounted Rifles. These corps go into camp for an annual training of seven days. Present strength, 359 officers, 3,834 other ranks.


In this branch of the service there are a hundred and twenty-one corps, with a strength of 469 officers, 6,569 other ranks. These corps go into camp for an annual training of six days.


There are Volunteer Cycle Corps at Wellington, Christchurch, and Dunedin, of a maximum strength of two officers and thirty-two non-commissioned officers, rank and file: they are attached to the infantry battalions at those centres. To the Cycle Corps at Christchurch and Dunedin is attached a Signalling Detachment of two officers and thirty-four other ranks. The Signalling Detachments at other centres are attached to Infantry Corps.


Volunteer Field Hospital and Bearer Corps at Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, and Dunedin are of a maximum strength of three officers and fifty non-commissioned officers, rank and file. There is also a Bearer Corps at Nelson of a maximum strength of two officers and twenty-five non-commissioned officers, rank and file.


There are five Garrison Bands, with a total member ship of 139.


There is a force of fifty-eight Cadet Corps, with a total strength of 3,129 of all ranks.


These have lately been established by the Government. Members can purchase rifles at cost-price from Government. An annual grant of ammunition is made to those members who fulfil conditions as to quarterly drills, &c. There are 116 Rifle Clubs, comprising 3,045 members.


The whole of the adult portion of the Force have Lee-Enfield carbines or rifles; cadets being armed with magazine Lee-Enfield and Martini-Enfield carbines. Defence Rifle Clubs are armed with magazine Lee-Enfield rifles.


Members of the Permanent Forces are enrolled to serve for a period of eight years from enrolment, the last three years of such being in the Reserve. Every member may, at the expiration of five years' service, if of good character, be allowed to continue in active service for a period of sixteen years.


The Instructors for Artillery and Engineer and Submarine Mining Corps are obtained from the School of Gunnery at Shoeburyness, and from the Royal Engineers respectively, under a three years' engagement, on completion of which they return to their regiments, if not re-engaged for a further term.


An annual capitation of $2 10s. is granted to each efficient garrison and field artillery and infantry Volunteer, $3 10s. to each efficient mounted Volunteer, and 7s. 6d. to each efficient cadet. Two hundred and thirty rounds of ball cartridge are issued each year free to every adult Volunteer, and fifty rounds to each cadet over thirteen years of age.


The defence forces of New Zealand are administered under “The Defence Act, 1886,” and “The Defence Act Amendment Act, 1890,” and the General Regulations of the Defence Forces of New Zealand.

Year.Military Expenditure.Harbour Defences.Total.

The special expenditure on account of contingents for South Africa is not included.




MARINERS are informed that depots of provisions and clothing for castaways are established on the following islands:—

Kermadec Islands.—There are two depots, each a small iron shed, fitted with spouting and a tank to catch water, and containing a supply of clothing, biscuits, medicines, tools, &c. One is in 30° 15' S., 178° 31' W., at Lava Cascade, about 1 1/2 cables south-eastward of the northern point of Macaulay Island; the other is in 30° 35' S., 178° 36' W., on the southern side of Macdonald Cove (crater), on the N.W. side of Curtis Island.

Snares Islands.—A depot is established in 48° Of S., 166° 33 3/4' E., in Boat Harbour, at the eastern end of N.E. Island.

Bounty Islands.—The depot is a hut at an elevation of 120 ft., visible from the northward, and situated in 47° 43 1/4' S., 179° 0 1/2' E., southward of the western inlet of the principal island—the north-eastern—of the western group.

Antipodes Islands.—The depot is a hut at an elevation of 100 ft., visible from some distance north-eastward, and situated in 49° 40' S., 178° 50' E., 300 ft. from the landing-place, on the N.E. side of the large island, and half a mile westward of its east point.

Auckland Islands.—There are three depots on the principal island: one, a square wooden house, in 50° 33 1/4' S., 166° 12' E., and a boat near the depot, on the S. side of Erebus Cove, Port Ross; on the E. side and at the northern end of the island; the second is in 50° 44 1/2' S., 166° 8' E., at the head of Norman Inlet (wrongly named “Musgrave Inlet” on charts), and not at the inlet named Norman Inlet, two miles and a half northward; the third, and a boat for shipwrecked people, is in 50° 50 1/2' S., 166° 1' E., in the western arm of Camp Cove, Carnley Harbour, at the S. end of the island. A lifeboat has been placed on Enderby Island, the northeastern of the group; another at the N.W. end of Adams Island, the southern of the group; and one on Rose Island, immediately S.W. of Enderby Island.

Campbell Island.—The depot, indicated by a white staff and a boat, is in 52° 33' S., 169° 6 1/2' E., in Tucker Cove, at the head of S. or Perseverance Harbour, on the east side of the island.

Finger-posts to indicate the positions of the depots are erected on all these islands. The Government steamer visits the Kermadec Islands once a year; and the Snares, Bounty, Antipodes, Auckland, and Campbell Islands twice a year.


Depots with provisions and other necessaries for shipwrecked mariners have been established at Cape Beale Lighthouse in 48° 47 1/2' N., 125° 13 1/2' W., and Carmanah Lighthouse in 48° 36 3/4' N., 124° 46 1/2' W.

Notice boards have been erected at intervals between Cape Beale and Port San Juan (about twelve miles eastward of Carmanah Lighthouse), giving information for the use of shipwrecked mariners respecting the direction and distance of the nearest lighthouse, and also of the nearest Indian village where assistance can be obtained.

A note to this effect has been placed on the Admiralty charts; also, that Cape Beale and Carmanah Lighthouse are telegraph and signal stations.


Depots containing provisions and clothing for the use of shipwrecked seamen have been established by the French vessel-of-war “Eure” on Amsterdam, St. Paul, and Kerguelen Islands.

Amsterdam Island.—The depot is in a large cavern, in approximately 37° 48 3/4' S., 77° 32 1/2' E., in the side of a hill, about 800 yards S., 73° W. from Hosken Point, the N.E. extremity of the island, and bears N. 85° W., about 600 yards from the first flagstaff southward of that point. At the entrance of the cavern is a board, fixed to two upright tarred posts, with the inscription, “France, Vivres, Vétements pour naufragés, ‘Eure,’ Janvier, 1893,” on it. This depot contains 1,350 lb. of preserved beef, 1,125 lb. of biscuit, ten woollen shirts, ten pairs cotton drawers, ten blankets, and one soldered metal red box containing four packets of matches. The landing-place used by the “Eure” is about 400 yards southward of Hoskin Point, and under the above flagstaff.

Directions for finding the Depot.—Having landed, go to either of the flagstaffs, from whence a cross will be seen; from the cross follow the direction of its arms, leading past two ruins of rough stones, and then directly to the cavern, the entrance to which faces seaward. In the cavern, besides the provisions and clothing, there are cots, a cooking-pot, and dry wood, left by the fishermen who sometimes live there. Cabbage and celery will be found near, and fish and lobsters (crayfish) abound near the landing-place.

St. Paul Island.—The depot is in a hut of rough stones with a thatched roof, in approximately 38° 42 3/4' S., 77° 34 3/4' E., on the northern side of the crater, near the jetty and about 50 yards from the flagstaff, and contains 1,350 lb. of preserved beef in boxes of 9 lb., 1,125 lb. of biscuits, ten woollen shirts, ten blankets, and one soldered metal box containing four packets of matches. The provisions and clothes are in thirteen iron-hooped barrels coated with tar and sand, and placed under a tarpaulin. On the door of the hut is the inscription, “France, Vivres et Vétements pour naufragés, ‘Eure,’ Janvier, 1893”; and a similar inscription is on a board within the hut.

Kerguelen Island.—The depot is approximately 49° 16 3/4' S., 69° 40 1/2' E., in the south-eastern part of Jachmann Peninsula, Hillsborough Bay, near the south-western shore of the eastern lake, and about 1/2 mile northward of the coast, opposite Gazelle Basin. It is in a cave at the foot of the W. cliff of a rocky chasm, running N. and S., and its position is indicated by a stone cairn, 11 1/2 ft. in height, and about 14 ft. broad at the base, erected on the summit of the W. cliff of the chasm. This cairn, visible from Gazelle Basin, is black, and shows clearly against the grey rocks which form the back ground. The entrance to the cave has been closed by large stones, and on the cliff a few yards above it is the inscription, “Vivres et Vétements, ‘Eure,’ Janvier, 1893.” This depot contains 2,250 lb. of preserved beef in boxes of 9 lb., 1,125 lb. of biscuits, twenty swan-skin shirts, twenty pairs of woollen drawers, twenty woollen blankets, and four packets of matches. The boxes of preserved beef are stowed in a pile, coated with coal-tar. The biscuits are in four iron-hooped barrels, thickly covered with coal-tar. The clothes are in two similar barrels. The matches are in a box similar to the beef-boxes, painted with minium (red lead) and with a label of the contents on it.

In the event of the cairn being destroyed, the following directions should be followed to find the depot: Land on the N. side of the inlet opposite Gazelle Basin, in a small creek, sheltered by a rocky point, where boats may go alongside under any circumstances of wind or tide. Proceed directly inland about 1/2 mile as far as the shore of the lake, then turn to the westward and follow the lake to its western end, where the chasm in which the depot is situated will be seen on the left band.


Provision depots for the benefit of shipwrecked persons are established at the following islands:—

Hog Island.—The provision depot is a hut, in 40° 6 1/2' S., 50° 14 1/2' E., near the landing-place on the eastern side of the island, 2 1/4 miles southward of the Five Giants, which lie off the N.E. point of the island. In December, 1887, the French vessel “La Meurthe” left at this depot one ton of preserved beef, 1/2 ton of biscuit, 3/4 cwt. of sardines in oil, twenty blankets, fifteen pairs of shoes, and fifteen pairs of cloth trousers, all carefully packed in boxes; also two spears, two hatchets, and cooking utensils.

Possession Island.—The provision depot consists of huts, in 46° 23' S., 51° 46 1/2' E., about 100 yards from the coast in the S.E. corner of American Bay, which is on the E. side of the island, and about 7 miles from Dark Head, the N.E. point. H.M.S. “Comus,” in 1880, left here sufficient provisions for fifty people for fifty days, also jerseys, trousers, stockings, and shoes. The provisions were intact when the island was visited by the French vessel “La Meurthe” in December, 1887.


VESSELS visiting New Zealand, and requiring docking or repairs, will find ample accommodation at the principal ports of the colony.

There are in New Zealand four graving docks; two of these are situated in Auckland, one at Lyttelton, and one at Port Chalmers.


The Auckland docks are the property of the Auckland Harbour Board, and cost, with machinery, appliances, &c., £250,300. The dimensions of the docks at Auckland are as follow:—

 Calliope Dock.Auckland Dock.
Length over all525 feet.312 feet.
Length on floor500 feet.300 feet.
Breadth over all110 feet.65 feet.
Breadth on floor40 feet.42 feet.
Breadth at entrance80 feet.43 feet.
Depth of water on sill (at high water, ordinary spring tides)33 feet.13 1/2 feet.

Alterations have been made to the lower altars of Calliope Dock which will enable vessels of 63 ft. beam to be docked without any difficulty.

The following is the scale of charges for the use of the Auckland and Calliope Graving-docks and appliances:—

Entrance fee110
For every vessel of 100 tons (gross register), or under, per day500
For every vessel from 101 to 200 tons (gross register), per day600
For every additional ton (gross register), per day002

Twenty per cent. reduction on the above rates will be allowed when two or three vessels dock on the same tide, and remain in dock the same number of hours, but such reduction will not be allowed if any of the Auckland Harbour Board's vessels are docked at the same time as another vessel.

For shores cut in docking or hanging the vessel there must be paid, according to injury done, such amount as may be fixed by the Dock-master.

For use of steam-kiln, 10s. per day.

For use of pitch-furnace, 10s. per day.


Entrance fee550
For all vessels up to 300 tons (gross register), for four days or less2000
For all vessels 301 to 400 tons (gross register), for four days or less22100
For all vessels 401 to 500 tons (gross register), for four days or less2500
For all vessels 501 to 600 tons (gross register), for four days or less27100
For all vessels 601 to 700 tons (gross register), for four days or less3000
For all vessels 701 to 800 tons (gross register), for four days or less32100
For all vessels 801 to 900 tons (gross register), for four days or less3500
For all vessels 901 to 1,000 tons (gross register), for four days or less37100
For all vessels 1,001 to 1,100 tons (gross register), for four days or less4000
For all vessels 1,101 to 1,200 tons (gross register), for four days or less4500
For all vessels 1,201 tons (gross register) and upwards, for four days or less5000

After the fourth day in dock the following rates will be charged:—

For all vessels up to 500 tons (gross register)4d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 501 to 1,000 tons (gross register)3d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 1,001 to 2,000 tons (gross register)2 3/4d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 2,001 to 3,000 tons (gross register)2 1/2d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 3,001 to 4,000 tons (gross register)2 1/4d. per ton a day.
For all vessels up to 4,001 tons (gross register) and upwards2d. per ton a day.

Twenty per cent. reduction on the above rates will be allowed when two or three vessels dock on the same tide and remain in dock the same number of hours, but such reduction will not be allowed if any of the Auckland Harbour Board's vessels are docked at the same time as another vessel.

For shores cut in docking or hanging the vessel, there shall be paid, according to injury done, such amount as may be fixed by the Dockmaster.

During the year 1905, 105 vessels of various descriptions, with a total of 28,112 tons, made use of the Auckland Graving-dock, occupying it in all 259 days, for repairs or painting.

In Calliope Dock 18 vessels were docked, with an aggregate tonnage of 29,339, and occupying the dock for 173 days.

Dock dues for the year amounted to £3,208 7s. 5d.

Under arrangement with the Admiralty, a complete plant of the most efficient and modern machinery has been provided at Calliope Dockyard. The workshops are now erected, and all the machinery is placed in position, with the exception of the shear-legs, for which a contract has now been let. This plant includes 80-ton shear-legs complete; trolly to carry 80 tons, and rails; 10-ton steam-crane at side of dock, engines, boilers, overhead travellers; planing, shaping, and slotting machines; radial drills, vertical drills, band saws for iron, punching and shearing machines, plate-bending rolls; 24 in. centre gantry lathe, 70 ft. bed; 9 in. and 12 in. gantry lathes, milling - machines, emery grinders, screwing - machines, ditto for pipes, horizontal boring - machines, Root's blower, smiths' forges (six), coppersmith's forge, levelling-slabs, steam - hammers, lead-furnace, wall-cranes, zinc-bath, plate-furnace, jib crane for foundry, circular-saw bench, band saw for wood, lathe for wood, general joiners' and carpenters' benches (four), kiln for steaming boards, Fox's trimmer, cupola to melt 5 tons of metal, countersinking - machine, pipe-bending machine, tools of various descriptions, moulders' bins, force-pumps for testing pipes, vice-benches, electric-light engines, dynamos (two), &c., and all other appliances and machinery required to render the plant adequate to repair any of His Majesty's ships upon the station or any merchant vessel visiting the port. The dock and machinery will be available for use, when not required for His Majesty's vessels, in effecting repairs to any merchant vessel requiring same. Electric lights have been provided for workshops, dock, and dockyard. The dockyard is now connected by telephone with the central exchange. An abundant supply of the purest fresh water is available at Calliope Dock and Calliope Wharf; and a most complete establishment of up-to-date machinery and appliances has been provided.


The Port of Wellington has no dock; but there is a well-equipped patent slip at Evans Bay, on which vessels of 2,000 tons can be safely hauled up. This slip is the property of a private company, and is in no way connected with the Harbour Board. It is 1,070 ft. long, with a cradle 260 ft. in length. There is a depth of 32 ft. at high water at the outer end of the slip. A dolphin and buoys are laid down for swinging ships in Evans Bay.

The company has convenient workshops, which contain machinery necessary for effecting all ordinary repairs to vessels using the slip.

During the year ended 31st March, 1905, 111 vessels of various sizes, of an aggregate of 47,555 tons, were taken up on the slip for repairs, cleaning, painting, &c. The charges for taking vessels on the slip and launching them are 1s. per ton on the gross tonnage for the first full twenty-four hours, and 6d. per ton per day after-wards, unless by special agreement.


The Graving-dock at Lyttelton, which is the property of the Harbour Board, is capable of docking men-of-war, or almost all of the large ocean steamers now running to the colony. Its general dimensions are: Length over all, 503 ft.; length on floor, 450 ft.; length inside caisson at a height of 4 ft. above the floor, 462 ft.; breadth over all, 82 ft.; breadth on floor, 46 ft.; breadth at entrance, 62 ft.; breadth where ship's bilge would be, on 6 ft. blocks, 55 ft.; available docking depth at this breadth, 17 ft.; depth of water on sill at high water, springs, 23 ft.

The scale of charges for the use of the dock and pumping machinery is as follows:—

For all vessels up to 300 tons, for four days or less2000
For all vessels up to 301 to 400 tons, for four days or less22100
For all vessels up to 401 to 500 tons, for four days or less2500
For all vessels up to 501 to 600 tons, for four days or less27100
For all vessels up to 601 to 700 tons, for four days or less3000
For all vessels up to 701 to 800 tons, for four days or less32100
For all vessels up to 801 to 900 tons, for four days or less3500
For all vessels up to 901 to 1,000 tons, for four days or less37100
For all vessels up to 1,001 to 1,100 tons, for four days or less4000
For all vessels up to 1,101 to 1,200 tons, for four days or less4500
For all vessels up to 1,201 tons and upwards, for four days or less5000

After the fourth day in dock, the following rates are charged:—

For all vessels up to 500 tons    4d. per ton per day.
For all vessels of 501 tons to 1,000 tons per ton per day.    3d. per ton per day.
For all vessels over 1,001 tons up to 2,000 tons per ton per day.    2 ¾d. per ton per day.
For all vessels over 2,001 tons up to 3,000 tons per ton per day.    2 ½d. per ton per day.
For all vessels over 3,001 tons up to 4,000 tons per ton per day.    2 ¼ per ton per day.
For all vessels over 4,001 tons up to 5,000 tons per ton per day.    2d. per ton per day.

Twenty per cent. reduction on the above rates is allowed when two or three vessels can arrange to dock on the same tide and remain in dock the same number of hours. Two vessels of 1,000 tons each can be docked at the same time. The 20-per-cent. rebate is not allowed if any of the Lyttelton Harbour Board's vessels are docked at the same time as another vessel. The twenty-four hours constituting the first day of docking commences from the time of the dock being pumped out.

Any vessel belonging to H.M. Navy or any colonial Government, or any commissioned ship belonging to any foreign nation, is admitted into the graving-dock without payment of the usual dock dues, but is charged only such sum as is necessary for the reimbursement of actual expenditure of stores, wages, and materials.

There are electric lights, one on each side of the graving-dock; and there are engineering works within a short distance of it, where repairs and heavy foundry-work can be undertaken.

The graving-dock and machinery cost £105,000. The interest and sinking fund on that sum, at 6 1/2 per cent., amounts to £6,825 per annum. Since its construction the dock dues for the twenty-three years ended 31st December, 1905, amounted to £24,222, and the working-expenses to £14,638, leaving a balance for twenty-three years ended 31st December, 1905, of £9,584.

During the year 1905 twenty vessels were docked, and the dock dues amounted to £842 10s. For the twenty-two years ending 1905 481 vessels were docked, or an average of about twenty-two a year.


Alongside the graving-dock is a patent slip, with a cradle 150 ft. in length, suitable for vessels of 300 tons. It belongs to the Harbour Board.

The following is the scale of charges:—

Up to 75 tons gross register, £4 for five days, and 10s. per day after the fifth day.

Over 75 tons and up to 150 tons gross register, £6 for five days, and 15s. per day after fifth day.

Over 150 tons and up to 250 tons gross register, £8 for five days, and 20s. per day after fifth day.

Over 250 tons gross register, £10 for five days, and 20s. per day after fifth day.

A “day” to mean between sunrise and sunset.

The above rates cover the cost of all labour connected with hauling up and launching (the crew of the vessel to give their assistance as may be required), and the cost of blocking a vessel and shifting the blocks after hauling up.


The dock at Port Chalmers is vested in the Otago Dock Trust, a body entirely distinct from the Otago Harbour Board. Vessels of large size can be taken in the Otago Dock, as the following measurements will show:—

Length over all335 feet.
Length on the floor328 feet.
Breadth over all68 feet.
Breadth on floor41 feet.
Breadth where ship's bilge would be43 feet.
Breadth at dock-gates50 feet.
Depth of water on sill at high water (ordinary spring tides)17 1/2 feet.

Connected with the Otago Dock are a large machine-shop, steam-hammer, and forge, with all the appliances necessary for performing any work that may be required by vessels visiting the port. An 80-ton shear-legs has also been erected for heavy lifts.

There is also a patent slip, used for taking up small vessels.

All vessels using the Otago Graving-dock are liable to dock dues according to the following scale (unless under special contract), revised since the beginning of 1896:—

Vessels under 200 tons, for the first three days, or part of three days2500
Vessels of 200 tons, and under 800 tons3500
Vessels of 800 tons and upwards5000

And for every day, or part of a day, after the first three days:—

Vessels under 300 tons    8d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 300 tons and under 400 tons    7 ¾d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 400 tons and under 500 tons    7 ½d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 500 tons and under 600 tons    7 ¼d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 600 tons and under 700 tons    7d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 700 tons and under 800 tons    6 ¾d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 800 tons and under 900 tons    6 ½d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 900 tons and under 1,000 tons    6 ¼d. per register ton per day.
Vessels under 1,000 tons and upwards    6d. per register ton per day.

During the twelve months ended 31st December, 1904, the dock was in use 198 working-days. The number of vessels docked was forty-seven, having a total registered tonnage of 39,960.

Chapter 22. HARBOURS,

PILOTAGE, port charges, berthage charges, &c., at eighteen of the principal harbours in New Zealand, as on the 1st January, 1906 (compiled by Mr. C. Hood Williams, Secretary to the Lyttelton Harbour Board, except as to the port of Gisborne, the information in this case being furnished by the Secretary to the Gisborne Harbour Board):—


Pilotage (not compulsory): Sailing-vessels, inwards and outwards, 3d. per ton each way.

Steamers, inwards and outwards, 2d. per ton each way when services of pilot are taken.

Pilotage includes the removal fee to or from the berth at 1d. per ton.

Port charges: 3d. per ton half-yearly (on all vessels over 15 tons) in one payment. Steamers arriving for coal, stores, water, or for receiving or landing mails or passengers and their luggage, which do not come to any wharf or receive or discharge cargo within the port, are exempt from port charges.

Harbourmaster's fees: 1d. per ton. Vessels paying pilotage are exempt.

Exemption berthage certificates are given to competent masters in the coastal and intercolonial trades, but not to those in foreign trade.

Berthage: Every person who shall use any wharf with any vessel shall pay for the use thereof—Licensed ferry steamers, 10s. to £1 10s. per month; other vessels under 20 tons, 6d. and 1s. per day, not exceeding 10s. per quarter. For every vessel not included in the above, 1/4d. per ton per day. Outside berths, 1/8d. per ton per day.


Pilotage (not compulsory): Sailing-vessels over 100 tons, first 100 tons, 6d. per ton; every ton over 100 tons, 2d. per ton. Into and out of Turanganui River: Sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton; sailing-vessels towed, 2d. per ton; steamers, 2d. per ton.

Port charges: Vessels, intercolonial or foreign, 1d. per ton on arrival, not to exceed 3d. per ton in any three months; vessels, coastal, over 200 tons, 1d. per ton on arrival, not to exceed 3d. per ton in any three months; vessels; coastal, 200 tons and under, 3d. per ton on arrival, not to exceed 3d. per ton in any three months.

Harbourmaster's fees: Free.

Berthage alongside the wharves: Per day or part, under 50 tons, 5s.; over 50 tons and up to 75 tons, 7s. 6d.; over 75 tons up to 100 tons, 10s.; for every additional 50 tons or fraction thereof, 2s. 6d. Vessels discharging outside of others to pay half foregoing dues. Steamers to pay double rates as per tonnage; and in all cases sailing-vessels to make way for steamers.


Pilotage (compulsory): In and out—Sailing-vessels up to 100 tons, 6d. per ton, and 2d. for each ton over 100 tons; steamers up to 100 tons, 6d. per ton, and 4d. per ton for each additional ton.

Port charges: Regular traders, 2d. per ton per quarter; other vessels, 2d. per ton each trip, not to exceed 1s. 3d. per ton in half-year.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: 20 tons and under, 10s. per ton per quarter; over 20 tons, 6d. per ton per quarter, or 2s. 6d. first 20 tons per day and 1/4d. each additional ton.

Warps and fenders: Nil.


Pilotage (compulsory), charged both inwards and outwards: Intercolonial or coasting—Sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton; steamers, 1 1/2d. per ton: foreign sailing-vessel or steamer, 1/2d. per ton.

Port charges: Intercolonial, 4d. per ton, payable half-yearly; foreign, 1/2d. per ton on arrival in roadstead.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage rate: 3 1/2d. per ton on all cargo landed, shipped, or transhipped out-wards; on registered tonnage also 1/2d. per ton.

Warps: 1d. per ton register for first 100 tons; 1/2d. per ton for excess.

Fenders: 1s. per day or part of day.

Water (minimum 3s.): 5s. per 1,000 gallons.


Pilotage: From signal-staff, 1/2d. per register ton each way, in and out. Oceangoing vessels 1/4d. per register ton (one way only).

Port charges: Steamers and sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton quarterly, payable first trip in each quarter; out-going vessels, 1/2d. per register ton, payable each trip.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: Steamers 2d. per ton and sailing-vessels 3d. per ton every trip.

Warps and fenders: Nil.


Pilotage (in and out): 1d. per ton register.

Port charges: 3d. per ton every three months. Light dues, 1/4d. per ton.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: 6d. per ton on cargo, as per manifest.

Warps and fenders: Nil.

Water: 2s. 6d. per 1,000 gallons.


Pilotage (compulsory): 4d. per register ton.

Port charges: 3d. per ton per quarter.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage, warps, and fenders: Nil.


Pilotage (not compulsory): Into Inner Harbour—Sailing-vessels, 4d. per ton; steamers, 3d. per ton. To roadstead—First 100 tons: Sailing-vessels, 6d. per ton; steamers, 3d. per ton. Every ton over 100 tons: Sailing-vessels, 6d. per ton; steamers, 1d. per ton. Into Breakwater Harbour—First 100 tons: Sailing-vessels, 6d. per ton; steamers, 3d. per ton. Every ton over 100 tons: Sailing-vessels, 2d. per ton; steamers, 1d. per ton. Outward pilotage, half rates.

Port charges: 6d. per ton quarterly in advance, vessels plying within port only; 2d. per ton on arrival of vessels not plying within port, but not to exceed 1s. per ton in any half-year. Ocean-going vessels (not being “colonial trading” or coasting vessels) returning to port within one month from date of first arrival are exempt from port charges for second or subsequent arrivals within calendar month.

Harbourmaster's fees: 5s. per vessel of less than 60 tons. Steamers under 60 tons and licensed as lighters are exempt. 1d. per ton, sailing-vessels 60 tons and upwards; 10s. per vessel, steamers of 60 tons and under 120 tons; 1d. per ton, steamers of 120 tons and upwards. Vessels paying for pilotage service inwards do not pay Harbourmaster's fees.

Harbour-improvement rate: 3d. per ton on cargo landed, shipped, or tran-shipped (weight or measurement at option of Board); 1s. each horse or large cattle shipped or transhipped; 1/2d. each sheep or small animal shipped or transhipped. Vessels licensed as lighters, tow-boats, or ferry boats shall, whilst actually employed as lighters, tows, or ferry boats, pay 3s. 4d. upon each and every trip.

Hawsers and moorings: Vessels at wharf in Breakwater Harbour, 1/4d. per ton per day, or part of a day, on registered tonnage. Vessels moored to buoys within Breakwater Harbour, 1/8d. per ton per day or part of a day.

Fenders: Vessels at wharves in Breakwater Harbour—5s. per day, vessels under 500 tons; 7s. per day, vessels of 500 tons and under 1,000 tons; 10s. per day, vessels of 1,000 tons and under 1,500 tons; 15s. per day, vessels of 1,500 tons and under 2,000 tons; £1 per day, vessels of 2,000 tons; and so on, in proportion.


Pilotage: All vessels when piloted by signals from the staff only, 1d. per ton register. River pilotage, to be charged for any assistance rendered by the pilot or any of his crew inside the bar, 2d. per ton. When a pilot boards and conducts a vessel outside the bar, 3d. per ton. Steamers engaged in tendering ocean steamers at anchor in the roadstead charged half pilotage rates.

Port charges: Vessels of 500 tons and up to 8,000 tons register, 1/2d. per ton. Not to exceed 3d. per ton in any half-year. Vessels paying pilotage exempt. Ocean-going vessels (not being “colonial-trading” or “coastal”) returning to the port within one month of first arrival exempt as regards second or subsequent arrivals.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: For every steamer using any wharf, being berthed alongside, and whether discharging or loading cargo or not, 2d. per ton on gross register for first day of eight working-hours, and 1d. for every succeeding day of eight working-hours. For every sailing-vessel the charge to be 2d. for first day of eight working-hours, and 1/2d. for every succeeding day of eight working-hours, not exceeding five days. For every vessel occupying a berth outside another vessel, and loading or discharging cargo, 1/4d. per ton on gross register per day of eight working-hours whilst loading or discharging. Ships' dues on vessels detained in port by stress of weather will not be charged after the third day.


Pilotage (optional): Sailing-vessels inwards, 4d. per ton; sailing-vessels outwards, 3d. per ton; steamers inwards, 3d. per ton; steamers outwards, 2d. per ton. Pilotage includes the removal fee to or from the berth at 3/4d. per ton.

Port charges: 2d. per ton on arrival; not exceeding 6d. in any half-year. Half-yearly days, 1st January and 1st July. Steamers arriving for coal, stores, water, or for receiving or landing mails or passengers and their luggage, which do not come to any wharf or receive or discharge cargo within the port, are exempt from port charges.

Harbourmaster's or berthing fee on vessels of 120 tons and upwards, 3/4d. per ton; under 120 tons, 10s. Vessels paying pilotage are exempt. Exemption berthage certificates are given to competent masters in the coastal and intercolonial trades, but not to those in foreign trade.

Berthage: 1/4d. per ton net register per day or part of a day (day counted from midnight to midnight). Vessels berthing after working-hours, and only landing passengers and luggage, not charged for that day. Vessels leaving wharf after midnight and prior to working-hours, and only on such day taking on board passengers and luggage, not charged for such day. Vessels not working cargo after noon on Saturdays pay half rates for such Saturday. No charge for Sundays or holidays. Vessels laid up for repairs, fitting-out, &c., half rates.


Pilotage (compulsory): Steamers, inwards and outwards, 1d. per registered ton; sailing-vessels, inwards and outwards, 3d. per ton. Minimum pilotage each way (in all cases), £1.

Port charges: Vessels not paying pilotage, to pay the following, upon first arrival, half-yearly: Vessels over 100 tons register, 1s. per ton; vessels under 100 tons register, 6d. per ton.

Harbour lights: Vessels not paying pilotage, over 100 tons register, 1d. per ton; under 100 tons register, 1/2d. per ton, on each arrival.

Harbourmaster's fees: 120 tons and upwards, 1d. per ton register; less than 120 tons, 10s. for each removal of any steamer or sailing-vessel within the harbour.

Berthage, fenders, and warps: Nil.


Pilotage (compulsory): For sailing-vessels up to 120 tons register, 1d. per ton; over 120 tons register, and not exceeding 1,500 tons, 2d. per ton, inwards and outwards. For steamers 1,000 to 2,000 tons, £10 (in and out); under 1,000 tons, pro rata; 2,000 to 3,000 tons, £20; over 3,000 to 4,000 tons, £25.

Port charges: Receiving and discharging ships' ballast, 1s. per ton; minimum charge, 20s.; 1d. per ton for use of shoot.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: Use of wharf, for every vessel up to 1,400 tons lying at wharf, 1d. per ton net register per trip; for every vessel over 1,400 tons lying at a wharf, 2d. per ton net register per trip; minimum charge, 5s. No vessel to be charged for more than one trip in any one week.


Pilotage (not compulsory): Signal-station. For sailing-vessels, 6d. per ton; for steamers, 4d. per ton, each way.

Port charges: Discharging ships' ballast, 6d. per ton.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: Use of wharf, 6d. per ton net register per trip. Vessels in ballast for coal or timber, 1d. per ton net register for the first four days: maximum, £5 10s.; minimum, 5s.


Pilotage (compulsory): Inwards and outwards—Sailing-vessels 3 1/2d. per ton; steamers 2 1/2d. per ton. Foreign-going steamers and sailing-vessels free on second call on same voyage.

Port charges: 2d. per ton quarterly, in advance, for vessels of 100 tons and upwards plying within the port or employed in coasting only, not to exceed 6d. per ton in any half-year; 2d. per ton for vessels of 100 tons and upwards not plying within the port or not solely employed in coasting, not to exceed 6d. per ton in any half-year. For exemption from pilotage and harbour fees, see clauses 132, 133, and 134 of “The Harbours Act, 1878.”

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthing charges: On all vessels of 25 tons register and upwards 1/4d. per ton each trip.

Warps (21 in. coir hawsers): £1 per warp for use during a vessel's stay in port, not exceeding six months.

Fenders (soft wood): 10s. for first day, and 5s. per day after. 10s. for use of each hardwood fender.


Pilotage (compulsory): Sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton inwards and outwards; when tug used, 2d. per ton: steamers, 2d. per ton inwards and outwards. Foreign and intercolonial steamers under 3,500 cargo tons, working 800 tons or less, only one pilotage fee; 3,500 tons or over, working 1,000 tons cargo or less, one pilotage fee only. Foreign-going steamer or sailing-vessel calling more than once during same voyage before leaving New Zealand, one inward and outward rate only (subject to above exemptions).

Port charges: Coasters, 1 1/2d. per ton each trip; sailing-vessels, not coasters, 3d. per ton each trip; steam-vessels, not coasters, 6d. per ton on cargo worked; in all cases not to exceed 1s. 3d. per ton in any half-year, dating from the 1st days of January and July in each year. Intercolonial steamers coming direct or coastwise 1 1/2d. per ton register, or 6d. per ton on cargo landed and shipped, whichever rate may be the lesser.

Harbourmaster's fees: 1d. per ton each service; vessels less than 120 tons, 10s.; steamers of 1,000 tons or over, which have loaded wholly in New Zealand or Australian ports, working 500 tons of cargo or less, only one Harbourmaster's fee. This fee is charged to all vessels or steamers not paying pilotage.

Berthage: 3d. per ton on all cargo landed or shipped.

Hawsers and moorings: Vessels at wharves, 1/2d. per ton register for first seven days; subsequent days, 1/4d. per ton. Vessels at buoys, under 800 tons register, 1/8d. per ton; over 800 tons, 1/16d. per ton.

Fenders: Sailing-vessels under 500 tons register, 2s. per day; under 1,000 tons, 3s. per day; over 1,000 tons, 4s. per day. Steamers under 1,000 tons register, 4s. per day; under 1,500 tons, 10s. per day; under 2,000 tons, 15s. per day; over 2,000 tons, £1 per day. Foreign-going vessels detained in the port sixty days, half rates thereafter for hawsers and moorings and fenders.


Tonnage rate: On cargo, inwards or outwards—Coal, merchandise, stone, produce, and timber, 8d. per ton; wool, 2s. per ton; frozen sheep, 1d. per carcase; frozen lamb, 1d. per carcase; rabbits and hares, 3s. per ton, gross weight; all other frozen goods, 3s. per ton, gross dead-weight; live-stock, 1s. 8d. per ton. Collected in the same manner as berthage dues have been collected.

Warps: 1/2d. per ton per day for seven days; 1/4d. per ton per day thereafter. In the event of any vessel remaining at any wharf for a period exceeding six weeks, the charge for warps will thereafter be reduced to 1/8d. per ton register of such vessel for each day or part of a day that she may occupy a berth at the wharf.


Pilotage (compulsory): Inwards and outwards—Sailing-vessels without tug, 6d. per ton; with tug, 4d. per ton: steamers, 4d. per ton. Foreign steamers calling twice on one voyage only charged once. All vessels holding exemption certificates, one annual pilotage. For every vessel under steam carrying an exempt pilot and employing a Board's pilot the charge shall be 1/2d. per ton for the Upper Harbour.

Port charges: 6d. per ton half-yearly, all vessels.

Harbourmaster's fees: Vessels less than 120 tons, 10s.; over 120 tons, 1d. per ton.

Berthage: Vessels trading within the port—10 tons, 5s. per quarter; 25 tons, 10s. per quarter; 50 tons, 15s. per quarter; 100 tons, £1 per quarter. Vessels trading beyond the port—Sailing-vessels, 1/2d. per ton (maximum, eighteen days, £10); steam-vessels, 1/2d. per ton per day (maximum charge, £15). Vessels laid up for less than a month, one-half the above rates; over a month, 1/2d. per ton per month.

Towage: When assistance is given to steam-vessels under steam, one-fourth usual towage, not exceeding £5 for Upper Harbour and £7 for Lower Harbour.

NOTE.—Foreign steamers taking or discharging not more than 50 tons general cargo and 100 tons frozen produce pay £50 for port charges, pilotage, and Harbourmaster's fees; also maximum charges on any one vessel, not to exceed £180 on any one visit; and in the case of a foreign steamer calling twice at the port on one voyage, not to exceed £200.


Pilotage (compulsory): Steamers, inwards and outwards, 2 1/2d. per registered ton: sailing-vessels, 4 1/2d. inwards and outwards if tug not employed; 2 1/2d. per registered ton inwards and outwards if tug employed. Sailing-vessels in ballast, 2 1/2d. per registered ton inwards and outwards. Vessels exempt from pilotage—Steamers, in and out, 5d. per registered ton, payable yearly sailing-vessels, in and out, 9d. per registered ton, payable yearly. On application by master or agent of foreign-going steamers ordinary charges for pilotage, port charges, and berthage may be suspended, and a charge of 5s. per ton for inward cargo and 10s. per ton for outward cargo may be substituted therefor, with a minimum charge of £50.

Port charges: On all vessels, per trip, 2d. per registered ton, but no vessel shall be required to pay more than 6d. per registered ton in any six months from date of entry.

Harbourmaster's fees: Nil.

Berthage: Steamers, 2d. per ton net register for the first day, and 1d. per ton per week or part of a week thereafter. Sailing-vessels and hulks of over 50 tons register, 1d. per ton net register per week for the first four weeks, and 1/4d. per ton per week thereafter.

Towage assistance to steamers using their own motive power: Over 3,000 tons, £5; over 2,000 tons, £4; under 2,000 tons, £3.

Maximum charge for berthage dues, pilotage, and port charges, £180 in any one visit.

Steamers calling more than once on same voyage only charged one inward and outward pilotage.


Wharfage rates at eighteen of the principal harbours in New Zealand, as on 1st January, 1906 (compiled by Mr. C. Hood Williams, Secretary to the Lyttelton Harbour Board, except as to the port of Gisborne):—


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton imports; 1s. per ton exports.

Transhipments: Half rates when declared before landing, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton landed; 1s. per ton shipped.

Transhipments: Half rates when declared before landing, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. 6d. per ton landed; 1s. per ton shipped.

Transhipments: Half rates when declared, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including seven days' storage and labour.

Wool.—6d. per bale, shipped or landed.

Transhipments: If landed, dumped, and reshipped, 3d. per bale.

Coal.—1s. 3d. per ton landed; 6d. per ton shipped.

Transhipments: Shipped or discharged over side for steamer's use, free.

Timber.—Sawn, 2s. per 1,000 ft. landed; 1s. per 1,000 ft. shipped. Baulk or round (less 12 1/2 per cent.), 1s. per 1,000 ft. landed, 6d. per 1,000 ft. shipped.

Passengers' luggage under half a ton, goods carried by hand by passengers and single packages under 5 ft. measurement, free.


General Merchandise.—Imports 5s. to 6d., exports 2s. 6d. to 6d., by measurement, from 40 cubic feet to 4 cubic feet; same for weight. Ale, beer, and porter, per gallon—Import, 1 1/2d.; export, 1/2d.: spirits and wine, per ton measurement, 7s. 6d. No export charges on goods that have paid inward wharfage.

Transhipments: Free.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—Grain—Imports, 5s.; exports, 1s. Grass-seed—Imports, 5s.; exports, 2s. Potatoes—Imports, 5s.; exports, 2s. 6d. (per 12 sacks).

Transhipments: Free.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Sheep, 2d. per carcase; lambs, 1d. per carcase; haunches, legs, &c., 2s. 6d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Wool.—1s. 3d. per bale, export.

Transhipments: 3d. per bale if landed and reshipped. Free if transhipped into vessel in roadstead.

Coal.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Timber.—Sawn, 4s. per 1,000 ft.: baulk, 1s, per 1,000 ft., imports; 1s., and 6d., per 1,000 ft., exports.

Transhipments: Free.


General Merchandise.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports or exports, without labour.

Transhipments: Free, if inward wharfage has been paid; half rates otherwise.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports or exports, without labour.

Transhipments: Free, if inward wharfage has been paid; half rates otherwise.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—None shipped.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Wool.—1s. 6d. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Coal.—1s. 6d. per ton, without labour.

Transhipments: Free, if inward wharfage has been paid; half rates otherwise.

Timber.—3d. to 1s. per 1,000 ft. sawn timber; 6d. per 1,000 shingles; 2s. per 100 props; 1s. 6d. per 100 slabs; 4s. per 100 sleepers; 2s. 6d. per 100 posts and rails; 2s. 6d. per 1,000 palings; 6d. per ton firewood.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton; grass-seed, 2s. per 20 sacks.

Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton.

Wool.—6d. per bale; five bales of 4cwt., 2s. per ton; three bales of over 4cwt., 2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Three-quarter rates.

Coal.—2s. per ton; brown coal, 1s. 9d.: with labour.

Transhipments: Three-quarter rates, with labour.

Timber.—480 ft. per ton, 2s.; hardwood, 320 ft. per ton (rough or sawn), 2s.: with labour.

Transhipments: Three-quarter rates.


General Merchandise.—Inwards, 2s. per ton, including forty-eight hours' storage; outwards, 2s. per ton, including ten days' storage. Labour provided by the Board.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—Imports, 2s. per ton; grass-seed, 2s. per 20 sacks. Labour provided. Exports, in not less than 3-ton lots, 1s. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. per ton weight, without labour.

Transhipments: Half rates, without labour.

Wool.—Dumped, 4 1/2d. per bale; undumped, 6d. per bale.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Coal.—Imports, 1s. 6d. per ton, without labour; brown coal, 1s. per ton, without labour.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Timber.—Under 5,000 ft., 3d. per 100 ft.; over 5,000 ft., 2d. per 100 ft.: without labour. Exported white-pine, if over 5,000 ft., 1 1/2d. per 100 ft.: without labour.

Transhipments: Half rates.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton, imports or exports (produce shipped direct from South ports, 1s. 6d.).

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton of 10 sacks grain, 20 sacks cocksfoot grass-seed, 20 sacks bran, 40 sacks chaff, 16 sacks pollard or ryegrass. Potatoes, export, 1s. per ton; import, 3s. per ton.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Butter and cheese 1s. per ton, without labour, from grading wharf; otherwise, 2s., with labour. Frozen meat, 1s. for 20 carcases sheep, 2s. per carcase cattle. Cased meats, 1s. per ton, without labour.

Wool.—6d. per bale, including storage.

Coal.—1s. per ton, without labour.

Timber.—4d. per 100 ft.; labour extra.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton, imports and exports.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports and exports.

Butter.—2s. per ton.

Wool.—9d. per bale, imports and exports.

Coal.—1s. per ton.

Timber.—2 1/2d. per 100 ft. Exports, fruit, free. Returned empties, free.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton imports, 1s. per ton exports, according to measurement or weight. If labour supplied, add on 6d. imports, and 6d. exports. Ballast, inwards, 1s. per ton; outwards, 1s. per ton. Empties, half rates.

Transhipments: Quarter import rates, Outer Harbour; half import rates, Inner or Breakwater Harbours.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. imports, 1s. exports, according to measurement or weight. 1f labour supplied, add on 6d. imports, and 6d. exports.

Transhipments: Quarter import rates, Outer Harbour half import rates, Inner or Breakwater Harbours.

Frozen or Chilled Meat, &c.—Imports free; exports 1s. per ton. Tallow and pelts, imports free; exports 2s. 6d. per ton.

Transhipments: Quarter import rates, Outer Harbour; half import rates Inner or Breakwater Harbours.

Wool.—6d. per bale, exports only. Imports, free.

Transhipments: Wool, flax, skins, or tow, 3d. over side; 3d. per bale if landed for transhipment or dumping.

Coal.—1s. imports; 1s. exports.

Transhipments: Quarter rates, Outer Harbour; half rates, Inner or Breakwater Harbours. Coal for engines and freezing-ships, Outer Harbour, free, if declared so.

Timber.—3s. 4d. per 1,000 ft., imports; 1s. 3d. per 1,000 ft. exports.

Transhipments: Half rates, Inner or Breakwater Harbours; quarter rates, Outer Harbour.

NOTE.—Goods other than wool, skins, tow, meats, and flax landed on a wharf for transhipment to a vessel lying at another berth charged inward wharfage only when declared at time of entry.


General Merchandise.—Imports, 3s. per ton; exports, 1s. 6d. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—Imports, 3s. per ton; exports, 1s. 6d. per ton. Potatoes, export, 1s. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Sheep, 1/2d. per carcase; lambs, 1/2d. per carcase; legs, shoulders, and loins calculated at so-many to a carcase, according to freight.

Wool.—3d. per bale.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Coal.—1s. 3d. per ton. Coal for ship's use, outward, 3d. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Timber.—6d. per 100 ft.; for shipment, 2d.; white-pine, 1d.

Transhipments: Half rates.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton inwards, including labour and one night's storage. Glass, acids, and special goods, 5s. per ton. Inward cargo landed after noon on Friday is stored free till noon on following Monday; landed after noon on Saturday is stored free till 5 p.m. on the following Tuesday. 1s. per ton outwards, including labour. Glass, acids, and special goods, 2s. 6d. per ton. Railway wharfage—1s. inwards, 6d. outwards, without labour.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage. Glass, acids, and special goods, 5s. per ton. Over side of vessel lying at wharf, 6d. per ton. If shifted more than a quarter of a mile. 6d. per ton extra.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton inwards, including labour and one night's storage; 1s. per ton outwards, including labour. Railway wharfage—1s. inwards, 6d. outwards, without labour.

Transhipments: 2s. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage. Over side of vessel at wharf, 6d. per ton. If shifted more than a quarter of a mile, 6d. per ton extra.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. inwards, 1s. outwards, per ton, without labour. Railway wharfage—1s. inwards, 6d. outwards, per ton, without labour.

Transhipments: Meat, 1s. 3d. per ton, without labour; butter, 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and storage. Meat, butter, &c., over side of vessel at wharf, 6d. per ton.

Wool.—4d. per bale at Railway Wharf, without labour; 6d. per bale at other wharves, including labour.

Transhipments: 6d. per bale, including labour, and 3d. additional if stored. If shifted more than a quarter of a mile, 3d. per bale extra. Over side of vessel to vessel at wharf, 3d. per bale.

Coal.—1s. per ton imports, 6d. per ton exports, without labour. Railway wharfage—1s. per ton inwards, 6d. per ton outwards, without labour.

Transhipments: Across wharf for steamer's use, free. From vessel or hulk to vessel at wharf, free.

Timber.—2d. per 100 ft. inwards; 1 1/2d. per 100 ft. outwards, without labour. If labour supplied, 2d. per 100 ft. added inwards, and 1 1/2d. outwards. Railway wharfage—2d. inwards, 1 1/2d. outwards, without labour.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including seven days' storage and labour. If shifted more than a quarter of a mile, 6d. per ton extra. Over vessel's side into another vessel at wharf, 6d. per ton.

Harbour-improvement Rate.—The charge of 3d. per ton shall be made to and payable by ships to the Board, as a harbour-improvement rate, on all goods landed on the wharves or landing-places under the control of the Board, except on coal and on ballast, and except on such goods as are the products of the Colony of New Zealand and are landed for the purpose of transhipment to vessels to be carried out of the colony: Provided that for the purposes of this by-law the following measurements shall be taken: Empties, half tonnage; wool, five bales to the ton; great cattle, each one ton; small cattle, twelve to the ton; timber, 500 ft. superficial measurement to the ton; bricks, slates, and tiles, 500 to the ton; carts and carriages, each two tons; loose hides, twenty-five to the ton.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton, imports and exports, with labour.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; 2s. 6d. if landed.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports and exports, with labour.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; 2s. 6d. if landed.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—None shipped.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Wool.—Exports, 1s. per bale; imports free.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Coal.—1s. per ton imports; 2s. with labour. Free, exports; 2s. 6d. per ton with labour.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf.

Timber.—1d. per 100 ft. super., import; 1d. per 100 ft. super., export; 2s. per ton by measurement: with labour.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed on wharf. Reshipments, 2s. 6d. per ton.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton, and 1s. per ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton., and 1s. per ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—2s. per ton, and 1s. per ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage.

Wool.—6d. per bale.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Coal.—6d. per ton.

Timber.—2d. per 100 ft. If for export and carried by rail, free.


General Merchandise.—3s. per ton. This charge includes 1s. a ton for receiving and delivering. Coke, bricks, and fireclay carried by rail for export, free.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—3s. per ton. This charge includes 1s. a ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—3s. per ton. This charge includes 1s. a ton for receiving and delivering.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage.

Wool.—6d. per bale.

Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.

Coal.—6d. per ton inwards; outwards, free, if carried by rail.

Timber.—Inwards, 2d. per 100 ft.; outwards, free, if carried by rail.


General Merchandise.—1s. 9d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free, whether landed on wharf or otherwise.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—9d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—8d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free, whether landed on wharf or otherwise.

Wool.—6d. per bale.

Transhipments: Free.

Coal.—8d. per ton.

Transhipments: Free, whether landed on wharf or otherwise.

Timber.—3 1/2d. per 100 ft.

Transhipments: Free.

N.B.—All reshipments of goods from Lyttelton under declaration, free.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. 6d. per ton weight.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Wool.—1s. per bale.

Transhipments: Half rates.

Coal.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Half rates. For bunkering purposes, free.

Timber.—4d. per 100 ft.

Transhipments: Half rates.


General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1/2d. per sheep. Butter, as merchandise, 2s. per ton. Other frozen goods, 2s. per ton

Transhipments: Free.

Wool.—6d. per bale.

Transhipments: Free.

Coal.—2s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free.

Timber.—5d. and 7d. per 100 ft. Fencing posts and rails, 4s. per 100. Palings, 7d. per 100.

Transhipments: Free.

Stone.—1/2d. per foot.

Live Cattle and Horses.—2s. 6d. each; yearlings, half rates. Sheep, 2d. each; pigs, 4d. each.


General Merchandise.—1s., 2s., 3s., 4s., and 5s. per ton, imports; 2s. and 3s. per ton, exports. (Classified.) Manufactured articles and articles which have paid an import duty, free. Beer 2s. per ton. A rate of 2s. per ton by weight upon all flour, malt, meal, tallow, bone, ores, and quartz.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. per ton, imports; 6d. per ton by weight, exports; bran and pollard, exports, free; flour and oatmeal, 2s. A rate of 6d. per ton by weight upon all barley, wheat, cats, rye, beans, whole peas, maize, potatoes, turnips, carrots, onions, straw, hay, and building-stone.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Flax, fungus, rabbits, live-stock, and beef, 1s. per ton imports (measurement), 6d. per ton exports; butter and cheese, imports, 4s. per ton (weight); frozen meat, imports, 5s. per ton.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Wool.—Exports, 2s. 3d. per ton, wool, skins, and hides; 4s. per ton, imports (three bales to ton).

Transhipments: 1s. per ton by measurement.

Coal.—3s. per ton, imports; exports free.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton.

Timber.—6d. and 3d. per 100 superficial feet, imports; exports, free.

Transhipments: 1s. per ton by measurement. Notice of transhipment must be given within twenty-four hours after ship's arrival.


General Merchandise.—1s. 10d. per ton, imports and exports.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Grain and Agricultural Produce.—11d. per ton, imports and exports.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—11d. per ton, exports; cheese, 1s. per ton.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Wool.—Exports, 9d. per bale; imports, free.

Transhipments: Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.

Coal.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports; free exports.

Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton when landed ex hulk; free when not landed on wharf.

Timber.—1s. per 1,000 ft. super., import; 1s. per 1,000 ft. super., export.

Transhipments Free when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed on wharf.

Chapter 23. LIGHTHOUSES.

Number of Light.Name of Lighthouse.Order of Apparatus.Fixed, Flashing, or Revolving.Interval of Revolution or Flash.Height, in Feet, above High Water.Colour of Light.Distance visible in Nautical Miles.Colour of Lighthouse.

* An asterisk denotes those lighthouses which are in telephonic communication with telegraph system.

Harbour lights.

NOTE.—The distance visible of lights of greater power than 5th order dioptric is calculated in nautical miles as seen from a height of 15 ft. above the sea. In very clear weather the lower-order lights may be seen at a greater distance than is given in this table.

1*Cape Maria Van Diemen1st order dioptricRevolving1 minute330White25White.
 Cape Maria Van Diemen...Fixed......Red, to show over Columbia Reef... 
2Moko Hinou1st order dioptricFlashing10 seconds385White27White.
3Cuvier Island1st order dioptricRevolving30 seconds390White27 
4*Tiritiri2nd order dioptricFixed...300White, with red are over Flat Rock24Red.
5Bean Rock5th order dioptricFixed...50White, red, green10White.
5aRangitoto BeaconPintsch's patent gas-lightOcculting5 seconds68White, showing 5 sec. flash and 5 sec. obscured12 
6Ponui Passage5th order dioptricFixed...50White and red10White.
7*East Cape2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds362White flash26White
8Gisborne Leading LightsDioptric side-lightsFixed...60, 40White and red5 
9Portland Island2nd order dioptricRevolving30 seconds300White24White.
 Portland Island...Fixed......Red, to show over Bull Rock... 
10Napier4th order dioptricFixed...160White19White.
11Cape Palliser2nd order dioptricGroup fl., 2 fl.30 seconds258White; interval of 3 sec. between flashes23 
12*Pencarrow Head2nd order dioptricFixed...322White25White.
13Somes Island2nd order dioptricFixed...95White, red, and green15 1/2White.
14Manawatu RiverOrdinary lampFixed...44White5 
15Wanganui River6th order port lightFixed...65White8 
16Patea5th order port lightFixed...130Red10 
17*Cape Egmont2nd order dioptricFixed...103White16White.
18New Plymouth Leading Lights4th order port lightFixed...100, 30Red16White.
19Waitara6th order port lightFixed...70White8 
20*Manukau3rd order dioptricFixed...385White27Brown.
 Manukau5th order port lightFixed...70White and green10White.
21*Kaipara2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds278White23 1/2Red.
23*Nelson4th order port lightFixed...60White, with red arc13White.
24French Pass6th order port lightFixed 12White and red, with white light on beacon8White.
25Stephens Island1st order dioptricGroup fl., 2 fl.30 seconds600White32 1/2White.
26Jackson HeadWigham ben. lampFixed...37White5Concrete ben.
27The Brothers2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds258White23White.
 The Brothers...Fixed......Red, over Cook Rock... 
28Tory Channel Leading Lights5th order port lightFixed...86, 22White10White.
29Wairau River6th order port lightFixed...38White8 
30*Cape Campbell2nd order dioptricRevolving1 minute155White18 1/2Upper part white & lower part red.
31*Godley Head2nd order dioptricFixed...450White29White.
32*Akaroa Head2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds270White23White.
33Timaru5th order part lightFixed10 seconds85Red and green10White.
34Jack's Point4th order dioptricFixed 94White15 1/2White.
35Oamaru5th order dioptricFlashing14 seconds120White10Light stone
36Moeraki3rd order dioptricFixed...170White19 1/2White.
37*Taiaroa Head3rd order dioptricFixed...196Red20 1/2White.
37aOtago Harbour Entrance, N. Mole LightWigham ben. lightOcculting...29White8 
38*Cape Saunders2nd order dioptricRevolving1 minute210White21White.
39*Nugget Point1st order dioptricFixed...250White22 1/2White.
40Waipapapa Point2nd order dioptricFlashing10 seconds70White14White.
41Dog Island1st order catadioptricRevolving30 seconds150White18 1/2White & black bands.
42Centre Island1st order dioptricFixed...265White, with red arcs23White.
43Puysegur Point1st order dioptricFlashing10 seconds180White20White.
44Hokitika5th order dioptricFixed...122White10White.
45Greymouth6th order port lightFixed...62White8Flagstaff.
46*Cape Foulwind2nd order dioptricRevolving30 seconds238White22White.
47WestportDioptric masthead-lt.Fixed...50White8 
48Kahurangi Point2nd order dioptricFixed...110White, with red sector to show over Stewart Breaker16White.
49*Farewell Spit2nd order dioptricRevolving1 minute97White, with red are over Spit end16Upper part white & lower part red.


Table of Contents

THERE are (January, 1906) 226 publications on the register of newspapers for New Zealand. Of these, sixty-two are daily papers, thirty-three are published three times a week, twenty-four twice a week, sixty-eight once a week, two fortnightly, one three-weekly, and thirty-six monthly.

The names of the newspapers, with the postal districts and towns in which they are printed, are given in the following list, the second column showing the day or period of publication.

M. signifies morning paper; E. evening paper.


* Edited in Mosgiel by Rev. F. W. Boreham.
     Auckland Free Press (M.)Saturday.
     Auckland Star (E.)Daily.
     Auckland Weekly News and Town and Country Journal (M.)Thursday.
     Bible Standard (M.)Monthly.
     Christian Worker (M.)Monthly.
     Church Gazette (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Farmer, Bee and Poultry Journal (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Farmers' Weekly and Land Agents' Record (M.)Tuesday.
     New Zealand Graphic, Ladies' Journal, and Youths' Companion (M.)Wednesday.
     New Zealand Herald (M.)Daily.
     New Zealand Illustrated Magazine (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic Review and Licensed Victuallers' Gazette (M.)Thursday.
     New Zealand Joyful News (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Motor and Cycle Journal (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Worker (E.)Wednesday.
     Observer (M.)Saturday.
     Saturday Night (E.)Saturday.
     Sentinel (E.)Thursday.
     Sharland's Trade Journal (M.)Monthly.
     Tourist and Resources of New Zealand (M.)Monthly.
     Voice (M.)Saturday.
Waikato Independent (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Coromandel County News and Kuaotunu and Mercury Bay Mail (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
     North Auckland Times (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Wairoa Bell and Northern Advertiser (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Waikato Argus (E.)Daily.
     Waikato Times and Thames Valley Gazette (E.)Daily.
     Kaipara Advertiser and Waitemata Chronicle (M.)Wednesday.
     Bay of Islands Times (M.)Thursday.
     Northern Luminary (E.)Friday.
     Kawhia Settler and Raglan Advertiser (E.)Friday.
     Hokianga County Times and North-western Representative (E.)Saturday.
   Mangonui County Times and Northern Representative (E.) Tuesday.
     Manukau County Chronicle and Auckland Provincial Times (M.)Saturday.
     Raglan County Chronicle (M.)Friday.
     Hot Lakes Chronicle (M.)Wed., Saturday.
     Rodney and Otamatea Times, Waitemata and Kaipara Gazette (E.)Friday.
     Morning Press (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Northern Advocate (E.)Daily.
  Goldfields Advocate and Ohinemuri County Chronicle (M.) Tues., Thur., Sat.
     East Coast Guardian (E.)Wed., Saturday.
     Opotiki Herald, Whakatane County and East Coast Gazette (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Ohinemuri Gazette (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Bay of Plenty Times and Thames Valley Warden (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
Te Aroha—
     Te Aroha and Ohinemuri News and Upper Thames Advocate (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Thames Advertiser (M.)Daily.
     Thames Star (E.)Daily.
     Waihi Daily Telegraph (E.)Daily.
     Gisborne Times (M.)Daily.
     Poverty Bay Herald (E.)Daily.
     Inglewood Record and Waitara Age (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
New Plymouth—
     Budget and Taranaki Weekly Herald (M.)Saturday.
     Daily News (M.)Daily.
     Taranaki Herald (E.)Daily.
     Taranaki News (M.)Saturday.
     Opunake Times (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Stratford Evening Post (E.)Daily.
     Waitara Evening Mail and Clifton County Chronicle (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Dannevirke Advocate (E.)Daily.
     Dannevirke Daily Press (E.)Daily.
     Hastings Standard (E.)Daily.
     New Zealand Bulletin (M.)Saturday.
     Daily Telegraph (E.)Daily.
     Hawke's Bay Herald (M.)Daily.
     New Zealand Fire and Ambulance Record (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Health Journal (M.)Monthly.
     Saturday Night Advertiser (E.)Saturday.
     Waipawa Mail (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Wairoa Guardian and County Advocate (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Eltham Argus and Rawhitiroa and Kaponga Advertiser (E.)Daily.
     Egmont Star (M.)Saturday.
Hawera and Normanby Star, Patea County Chronicle, and 
     Waimate Plains Gazette (E.)Daily.
     Hunterville Express and Upper Rangitikei Advertiser (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Kaponga Mail and District Advertiser (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Waimate Witness and Kaponga Advocate (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Settler (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Rangitikei Advocate and Manawatu Argus (E.)Daily.
     Patea County Press (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Post (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Taihape and Wairnarino News (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     New Zealand Good Templar Watchword (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Tit Bits (M.)Saturday.
     Wanganui Chronicle (M.)Daily.
     Wanganui Herald (E.)Daily.
     Weekly Chronicle and Patea-Rangitikei Advertiser (M.)Saturday.
     Yeoman (M.)Friday.
     Wairarapa Leader (E.)Daily.
     Wairarapa Observer, Featherston Chronicle, East Coast Advertiser, and South County Gazette (E.)Daily.
     Eketahuna Express and County Gazette (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Feilding Star (E.)Daily.
     Manawatu Herald (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
Greytown North—
     Te Puke ki Hikurangi (E.)Friday.
     Wairarapa Standard and Featherston Advocate (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Manawatu Farmer and Horowhenua County Chronicle (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Martinborough Star and District News (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Wairarapa Age (M.)Daily.
     Wairarapa Daily Times (E.)Daily.
     Wairarapa Matuhi Press (M.)Wednesday.
     Weekly Star and Wellington District Advertiser (M.)Thursday.
Otaki Mail and Horowhenua County and West Coast 
     Advertiser (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Pahiatua Era (E.)Daily.
     Pahiatua Herald (E.)Daily.
Palmerston North—
     Manawatu Daily Times (M.)Daily.
     Manawatu Evening Standard (E.)Daily.
     Hutt and Petone Chronicle (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Church Chronicle (M.)Monthly.
     Evening Post (E.)Daily.
     Farmers' Union Advocate (M.)Saturday.
     Liberal HeraldMonthly.
     New Zealand Craftsman (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Dairyman and Farmers' Union Journal (E.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Free Lance (M.)Saturday.
     New Zealand Grocer and Storekeeper and Shopkeepers' Advocate (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Mail, Town and Country Advertiser (M)Wednesday.
     New Zealand Mines Record (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Primitive Methodist (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Railway Review (E.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Times (M.)Daily.
     New Zealand Trade Review and Price Current (M.)Three-weekly.
     New Zealand Truth (M.)Saturday.
     Post and Telegraph Officers' Advocate (E.)Monthly.
     Progress (M.)Monthly.
     Prohibitionist (E.)Fri., fortnightly.
     Young Man's Magazine (M.)Monthly.
     Examiner (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri,
     Freeman (E.)Monthly.
     Marlborough Express (E.)Daily.
     Marlborough Herald (E.)Daily.
     Pelorus Guardian and Miners' Advocate (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Marlborough Press, County of Sounds Gazette (E.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Golden Bay Argus (E.)Thursday.
     Motueka Star (E.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Colonist (M.)Daily.
     Nelson Evening Mail (E.)Daily.
     Golden Bay News (E.)Thursday.
     Charleston Herald, Brighton Times, and Croninville Re porter (M.)Wed., Saturday.
     Buller Post (E.)Tuesday.
     Buller Miner (M.)Friday.
     Westport News (M.)Daily.
     Westport Times and Evening Star (E.)Daily.
     Evening Star and Brunnerton Advocate (E.)Daily.
     Grey River Argus (M.)Daily.
     Weekly Argus (M.)Weekly.
     Inangahua Herald and New Zealand Miner (M.)Daily.
     Inangahua Times and Reefton Guardian (E.)Daily.
     Hokitika Guardian and Evening Star (E.)Daily.
     Leader (M.)Saturday.
     West Coast Times (M.)Daily.
     Kumara Times and Dillman's and Goldsborough Advertiser (E.)Daily.
     Ross and Okarito Advocate and Westland Advertiser (M.)Wed., Saturday.
     Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Ashburton Daily News (E.)Daily.
     Ashburton Guardian (E.)Daily.
     Ashburton Mail, Rakaia, Mount Somers, and Alford Forest Advertiser (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Cheviot News (M.)Tuesday, Friday
     Canterbury Times (incorporating “Sportsman” and “New Zealand Cyclist”) (M.)Wednesday.
     Lyttelton Times (M.)Daily.
     New Zealand Church News (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Co-operative News (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Poultry-keeper and Fanciers' Chronicle (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Schoolmaster (E.)Monthly.
     New Zealand War Cry and Official Gazette of the Salvation Army (M.)Saturday.
     Press (M.)Daily.
     Spectator (M.)Tuesday.
     Star (E.)Daily.
     Truth (E.)Daily.
     Weekly Press (incorporating “The Referee”) (M.)Wednesday.
     White Ribbon (M.)Monthly.
     Kaikoura Star and North Canterbury and South Marlborough News (E.)Daily.
     Standard and North Canterbury Guardian (M.)Wed., Saturday.
     Ellesmere Guardian (M.)Wed., Saturday.
     Geraldine Guardian (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Temuka Leader (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Mercantile and Bankruptcy Gazette of New Zealand (M.)Thursday.
     Pioneer (M.)Monthly.
     Timaru Herald (M.)Daily.
     Timaru Post (E.)Daily.
     Waimate Advertiser (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Waimate Times (M.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     North Otago Times (M.)Daily.
     Oamaru Mail (E.)daily.
Alexandra South—
     Alexandra Herald and Central Otago Gazette (E.)Wednesday.
     Clutha Leader (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Free Press (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Dunstan Times, Vincent County Official Gazette, and General Goldfields Advertiser (E.)Monday.
     Cromwell Argus and Northern Goldfields Gazette (E.)Monday.
     Evening Star (E.)Daily.
     Farmers' Circular (M.)Thur., fortnightly
     Farmers' Standard of New Zealand (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Baptist (E.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Guardian (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Journal of Education (M.)Monthly.
     New Zealand Mining, Engineering, and Building Journal (M.)Thursday.
     New Zealand Public Opinion (M.)Friday.
     New Zealand Tablet (M.)Thursday.
     Otago Daily Times (M.)Daily.
     Otago Liberal and Workman (M)Saturday.
     Otago Witness (M.)Thursday.
     Outlook (M.)Saturday.
     Red Funnel (M.)Monthly.
     Triad (M.)Monthly.
     Tribune (M.)Friday.
     Weekly Budget (M.)Saturday.
     Tuapeka Times (M.)Wed., Saturday.
     Bruce Herald (E.)Mon., Thursday.
     Milton Mirror (E.)Mon., Thursday.
     Taieri Advocate (E.)Tues., Friday.
     Mount Ida Chronicle (M.)Friday.
     Palmerston and Waikouaiti Times (M.)Friday.
     Mount Benger Mail (M.)Wednesday.
     Tapanui Courier and Central Districts Gazette (M.)Wednesday.
     Lake County Press (E.)Thursday.
     Mataura Ensign (E.)Tues., Thur., Sat.
     Southern Standard (M.)Tuesday, Friday.
     Southern Cross (M.)Saturday.
     Southlander (M.)Friday.
     Southland Daily News (E.)Daily.
     Southland Times (M.)Daily.
     Weekly Times (M.)Friday.
     Orepuki Advocate (M.)Saturday.
     Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle (M.)Wednesday.
     Lake Wakatipu Mail (E.)Friday.
     Western Star and Wallace County Gazette (E.)Tues., Friday.
     Win ton Record, Hokonui Advocate, and Otautau Guardian (M.)Friday.
     Wyndham Farmer (M.)Mon., Wed., Fri.
     Wyndham Herald (M.)Tuesday, Friday.

The foregoing towns are arranged according to the postal district in which they are situated.

Taking the provincial districts, Auckland has 50 publications registered as newspapers, Taranaki 13, Hawke's Bay 13, Wellington 50, Marlborough 5, Nelson 13, Westland 8, Canterbury 27, and Otago 47.


Under the Customs and Excise Duties Acts, 1888 and 1895, “The Tobacco Excise Duties Act, 1896,” “The Customs Duties Amendment Act, 1900,” and “The Preferential and Reciprocal Trade Act, 1903.” [For rates under last-named Act, see p. 111.]


THE headings of the respective classes in this Table and in the Table Exemptions are used solely for convenience of classification, and shall not in any way affect the articles specified therein, or be construed to indicate the material of which any such article is made.

The word “iron” includes steel, or steel and iron combined.

Neither steam-engines, nor parts of steam-engines, nor steam-boilers (land or marine) are included in the expression “machines” or “machinery” in either this Table or the Table of Exemptions.

The abbreviation “n.o.e.” means not otherwise enumerated.

In computing ad valorem duties the invoice value is increased by 10 per cent.


Names of Articles and Rates of Duty.

1. Almonds, in shell, 2d. the lb.

2. Almonds, shelled, n.o.e., 3d. the lb.

3. Bacon and hams, 2d. the lb.

4. Biscuits, ships' plain and unsweetened, 3s. the cwt.

5. Biscuits, other kinds, 2d. the lb.

6. Boiled sugars, comfits, lozenges, Scotch mixtures, and sugar-candy, 2d. the lb., including internal packages.

7. Candied peel and drained peel, 3d. the lb.

8. Capers, caraway seeds, catsup, cayenne pepper, chillies, chutney, curry powder and paste, fish-paste, gelatine, isinglass, liquorice, olives, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

9. Chocolate confectionery, and all preparations of chocolate or cocoa—

In plain trade packages, 3d. the lb.

In fancy packages, or in small packages for retail sale, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

10. Confectionery n.o.e., 2d. the lb., including internal packages.

11. Currants, 1d. the lb.

12. Fish, dried, pickled, or salted, n.o.e., 10s. the cwt.

13. Fish, potted and preserved, 2d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.*

14. Fruit, fresh, viz.:—

Apples, pears, plums, cherries, peaches, nectarines, medlars, apricots, quinces, tomatoes, 1d. the lb.

(No duty exceeding ½d. the lb. to be levied on apples and pears from 14th July to 31st December.)

Currants, raspberries, gooseberries, blackberries, and strawberries, ½d. the lb. Lemons, Jd. the lb.

15. Fruits, dried, 2d. the lb.

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 111)

This refers to dried fruits other than currants and raisins.

16. Fruits preserved in juice or syrup, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

17. Fruit-pulp and partially preserved fruit n.o.e., 1 ½d. the lb.

18. Fruits preserved by sulphurous acid, 1d. the lb.

19. Glucose, 1d. the lb.

20. Honey, 2d. the lb.

21. Jams, jellies, marmalade, and preserves, 2d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.

22. Jellies concentrated in tablets or powder, 4d. the lb.

23. Maizena and cornflour, ¼d. the lb.

24. Meats, potted or preserved, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

25. Milk, preserved, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

26. Mustard, 2d. the lb.

27. Nuts of all kinds, except cocoa-nuts, 2d. the lb.

28. Oysters, preserved, 2d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.

29. Pearl barley, 1s. the cwt.

30. Peas, split, 2s. the cwt.

31. Pickles, 3s. the imperial gallon.

32. Provisions, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

33. Raisins, 1d. the lb.

34. Rice-flour, 6s. the cwt.

35. Sardines, including the oil, 2d. the lb.

36. Sauces, 4s. the imperial gallon.

37. Spices, including pepper and pimento, unground, 2d. the lb.

38. Spices, including pepper and pimento, ground, 4d. the lb.

39. Sugar, ½d. the lb.

40. Treacle and molasses, ½d. the lb.

41. Vegetables, fresh, dried, or preserved, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

42. Vinegar, table, not exceeding 6.5 per cent. of acidity,* 6d. the gallon.


43. Cigarettes, not exceeding in weight 2 2/1 lb. per 1,000, 17s. 6d. the 1,000. And for all weight in excess of 2 ½ lb. per 1,000, 6d. the oz.

44. Cigars, 7s. the lb.

45. Snuff, 7s. the lb.

46. Tobacco, 3s. 6d. the lb.

47. Tobacco, unmanufactured, entered to be manufactured in the colony in any licensed tobacco-manufactory, for manufacturing purposes only, into tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, or snuff, 2s. the lb.


48. Ale, beer of all sorts, porter, cider, and perry, the gallon, or for six reputed quart bottles, or 12 reputed pint bottles, 2s. the gallon.

49. Cordials, bitters, and liqueurs, 16s. the liquid gallon.

50. Hops, 6d. the lb.

51. Malt, 2s. the bushel.

52. Rice malt, 1d. the lb.

53. Solid wort, 6d. the lb.

54. Spirits and strong waters, the strength of which can be ascertained by Sykes's hydrometer, 16s. the proof gallon.

(No allowance beyond 16.5 under proof shall be made for spirits or strong waters of a less hydrometer strength than 16.5 under proof.)

55. Spirits and strong waters, sweetened or mixed, when not exceeding the strength of proof, 16s. the liquid gallon.

* Vinegar exceeding 6.5 per cent. of acidity to be treated as acetic acid.

† Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 111)*

56. Spirits and strong waters in cases shall be charged as follows, namely:—

Two gallons and under, as two gallons; over two gallons and not exceeding three, as three gallons; over three gallons and not exceeding four, as four gallons; and so on for any greater quantity contained in any case.

57. Spirits or strong waters, mixed with ingredients in any proportion exceeding 33 per cent. of proof spirit, and although thereby coming under any other designation, excepting patent or proprietary medicines, or tinctures and medicinal spirits otherwise enumerated, 16s. the liquid gallon.

58. Wine, Australian, containing not more than 35 per cent. of proof spirit verified by Sykes's hydrometer, the gallon, or for six reputed quart bottles, or twelve reputed pint bottles, 5s. the gallon.

59. Wine, other than sparkling and Australian, containing less than 40 per cent. of proof spirit verified by Sykes's hydrometer, the gallon, or for six reputed quart bottles, or twelve reputed pint bottles, 6s. the gallon.

60. Wine, sparkling, 9s. the gallon.


61. Aerated and mineral waters and effervescing beverages, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

62. Chicory, 3d. the lb.

63. Chocolate, 3d. the lb.

64. Cocoa, 3d. the lb.

65. Coffee, essence of, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

66. Coffee, roasted, 3d. the lb.

67. Syrups; lime- or lemon-juice sweetened; raspberry vinegar, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

68. Tea, 2d. the lb.*


69. Acid, acetic, n.o.e., containing not more than 30 per cent. of acidity, 1 ½d the lb.

For every 10 per cent. of acidity or fraction thereof additional, 1 ½d. the lb.

70. Acid, tartaric, 1d. the lb.

71. Baking-powder, yeast preparations, and other ferments, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

72. Chemicals n.o.e., including photographic chemicals, and glacial acetic acid (B.P. standard), 15 per cent. ad valorem.

73. Cream of tartar. 1d. the lb.

74. Drugs and druggists' sundries and apothecaries' wares, n.o.e., 15 per cent. ad valorem.

75. Essences, flavouring, spirituous, 16s. the liquid gallon.

76. Essences, flavouring, n.o.e., 15 per cent. ad valorem.

77. Eucalyptus oil, in bulk or bottle, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

78. Glycerine, refined, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

79. Opium, 40s. the lb.

80. Patent medicines, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

81. Proprietary medicines, or medicaments, (1) bearing the name of the proprietor on label or package; (2) bearing a prefixed name in the possessive case; (3) n.o.e., prepared by any occult secret or art, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

82. Saccharine, except in the form of tabloids or tablets, 1s. 6d. the ounce.

* “From and after the thirty-first day of March. one thousand nine hundred and four, no duty shall be leviable on tea grown in any part of the British dominions, except on tea in packets not exceeding one pound in weight.” (Section 9 of “The Preferential and Reciprocal Trade Act, 1903.”)

Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 111).

83. Sarsaparilla, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

84. Soda, carbonate and bicarbonate, 1s. the cwt.

85. Soda, crystals, 2s. the cwt.

86. Tinctures and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopœia, containing more than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, 1s. the lb.

87. Tincture and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopœia, containing 50 per cent. proof spirit or less, 15 per cent. ad valorem.


88. Apparel and ready-made clothing, and all articles n.o.e. made up wholly or in part from textile or other piece-goods, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

89. Apparel made by British or foreign tailors; dress, mantle, or jacket makers, to the order of residents in the colony, and intended for the individual use of such residents, whether imported by the residents themselves or through an importing firm, 40 per cent. ad valorem.

90. Blankets, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

91. Collars and cuffs, of paper or other material, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

92. Cotton counterpanes, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

93. Cotton piece-goods, to include turkey twills, dress prints (hard-spun and plain-woven), where the invoice value does not exceed 4d. the yard; and cotton piece-goods n.o.e., 10 per cent. ad valorem.

94. Cotton piece-goods—namely, tapestry; cretonnes; chintz art crepe, and serges; velveteens, velvets, and plushes, all kinds; damasks; moquette; sateens; linenettes; crepons; crimps; zephyrs; ginghams; turkey twills; prints; printed cottons; piques; vestings; quiltings, and marcellas; muslins of all kinds; nets; window-nets; hollands, curtains, and blinds; diapers; ticks, including coloured Belgian; towellings; laces, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

95. Drapery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

96. Feathers, ornamental (including ostrich), and artificial flowers, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

97. Forfar, dowlas, and flax sheeting, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

98. Furs, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

99. Haberdashery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

100. Hats of all kinds, including straw hats, also caps, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

101. Hosiery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

102. Lace, and laces, n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

103. Millinery of all kinds, including trimmed hats, caps, and bonnets, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

104. Ribbons and crape, all kinds, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

105. Rugs, woollen, cotton, opossum, or other, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

106. Shawls, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

107. Silks, satins, velvets, plushes, n.o.e., composed of silk mixed with any other material, in the piece, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

108. Textile piece-goods other than cotton or silk, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

109. Umbrellas, parasols, and sunshades, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

110. Yarns n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.


111. Boots, shoes, and slippers, n.o.e.; goloshes, clogs, pattens, vamps, uppers, and laces, 22 ½ per cent. ad valorem.*

112. Heel-plates, and toe stiffieners and plates, 22 ½ per cent. ad valorem.

113. Leather—

Leather belting, and belt-leather, harness, bridle, legging, bag, kip (other than East India), 4d. the lb. Buff and split, including satin hides and tweeds, 3d. the lb.

* Such as is foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p.111).

Cordovan, levanted leather, roans, sheepskins, morocco n.o.e., basils, 3d. the lb.

Sole-leather, 2d. the lb. East India kip, Persians, lambskins and goatskins (dressed other than morocco), kangaroo and wallabi skins (dressed), tan and coloured calf, 2d. the lb.

Leather n.o.e., 1d. the lb.

114. Leather board or compo, 4d. the lb.

115. Leather bags and leather-cloth bags, n.o.e. 20 per cent. ad valorem.

116. Leather, chamois, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

117. Leather cut into shapes, 22 ½ per cent. ad valorem.

118. Leather leggings, 22 ½ per cent. ad valorem.

119. Leather manufactures n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

120. Portmanteaux; trunks; travelling-bags and brief-bags of leather or leather-cloth, 10in. in length and upwards, and carpet-bags, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

121. Saddlery and harness; whips and whip-thongs, 20 per cent. ad valorem.


122. Basket and wicker ware n.o.e., not being furniture, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

123. Carpets, and druggets; floorcloth; mats, and matting, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

124. Desks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

125. Furniture and cabinetware, n.o.e., and other than iron, 25 per cent. ad valorem.”

126. Furniture, knife, and plate powder and polish, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

127. Mantelpieces, other than stone, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

128. Upholstery n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.


129. Bricks, known as firebricks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

130. China, porcelain, and parianware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

131. Drainage pipes and tiles, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

132. Earthen flooring and garden-tiles, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

133. Earthenware, stoneware, and brownware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

134. Filters, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

135. Fireclay, ground, and fireclay goods, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

136. Glass, crown, sheet, and common window, 2s. the 100 superficial feet.*

137. Glassware; also plate-glass, and glass polished, coloured, and other kinds, n.o.e.; globes and chimneys for lamps, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

138. Lamps, lanterns, and lampwick, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

139. Plate-glass, bevelled or silvered; mirrors and looking glasses, framed or un. framed, 25 per cent. ad valorem.


140. Artificial flies, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

141. Cards, playing, 6d. per pack.

142. Clocks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

143. Dressing-cases, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

144. Fancy goods, and toys. 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

145. Fishing tackle, including artificially-baited hooks other than flies, 20 percent. ad valorem.

146. Jewellery; plate, gold or silver greenstone, cut or polished, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 111)

Plate, gold or silver, if of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 111).

147. Mouldings in the piece for picture frames, cornices, or ceilings, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

148. Musical instruments of all kinds n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

149. Oil, perfumed, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

150. Papier-maché ware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

151. Perfumery n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

152. Perfumed spirits and Cologne-water, £1 10s. the liquid gallon.

153. Photographic goods n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

154. Pictures, paintings, drawings, engravings, and photographs, framed or un framed; picture or photograph frames and mounts, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

155. Plated ware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

156. Statues, statuettes, casts, and bronzes, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

157. Tobacco pipes and cases, cigar and cigarette holders and cases, cigarette papers and cases, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

158. Toilet preparations n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

159. Watches, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

160. Walking-sticks, 20 per pent. ad valorem.


161. Calendars and show-cards, all kinds, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

162. Cardboard boxes complete, or cardboard cut and shaped for boxes (including match-boxes), 25 per cent. ad valorem.

163. Directories of New Zealand, or of any part thereof; also covers for directories, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

164. Handbills, programmes and circulars, playbills and printed posters, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

165. Ink, writing, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

166. Paper bags, coarse (including sugar-bags), 7s. 6d. the cwt.

167. Paper bags n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

168. Paperhangings, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

169. Paper, wrapping—viz., blue candle, glazed cap, glazed casings, small hand, lumber hand, and tissue, 5s. the cwt.

170. Paper, wrapping, other kinds, including brown. cartridge, and sugar papers, 5s. the cwt.

171. Printed matter relating to patent or proprietary medicines; trade catalogues, price-lists, and fashion-plates of the goods of firms or persons in the colony, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

172. Stationery and writing-paper n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

173. Stationery, manufactured—viz., account-books; manuscript books; billhead, invoice, and statement forms; printed or ruled paper; counterbooks; cheque and draft forms; tags; labels; blotting-pads; sketchbooks; book-covers; copying letter-books; manifold writers; albums (other than for photographs); diaries; birthday-books; plain or faint-lined ruled books; printed window-tickets; printed, lithographed, or embossed stationery; and Christmas, New Year, birthday, and Easter cards and booklets. 25 per cent. ad valorem.

174. Stereotypes and matrices, 25 per cent. ad valorem.


175. Bicycles, tricycles, and the like vehicles; also finished or partly finished or machined parts of same, n.o.e., including weldless steel tubing cut to short lengths. 20 per cent. ad valorem.

176. Boilers, land and marine. 20 per cent. ad valorem.

177. Brass cocks, valves, unions, lubricators, and whistles, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

178. Brass manufactures n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

179. Cartridges (shot), 10 to 24 bore, 1s. 6d. the 100.

* Pianos, if of foreign manufacture, are subject to preferential duty (see p. 111).

Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 111).

180. Cartridge cases, 9d. the 100.

181. Cartridges n.o.e.,20 per cent. ad valorem.

182. Cash-registering machines, 10 per cent. ad valorem.

183. Coffin-furniture, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

184. Composition piping, 3s. 6d. the cwt.

185. Copper manufactures n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

186. Copying-presses, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

187. Crab-winches, cranes n.o.e., capstans, and windlasses, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

188. Cutlery, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

189. Firearms, all kinds, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

190. Galvanised iron manufactures n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

191. Gasometers, and other apparatus for producing gas; also gas-meters, 10 percent. ad valorem.

192. Gaspipes, iron, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

193. Hardware, ironmongery, and holloware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

194. Iron bridges, and iron material n.o.e. for the construction of bridges, wharves, jetties, or patent slips, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

195. Iron columns for buildings, and other structural ironwork, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

196. Iron doors for safes and vaults, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

197. Iron galvanised corrugated sheets, screws, and nails, 2s. per cwt.

198. Iron galvanised tiles, ridging, guttering, and spouting, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

199. Iron gates and gate-posts, staples, standards, straining posts and apparatus, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

200. Iron nails, 2s. per cwt.*

201. Iron pipes, and fittings for same, including main-cocks, 5 per cent. ad valorem.*

202. Iron, plain galvanised sheet and hoop, 1s. 6d. the cwt.

203. Iron tanks, exceeding 200 gallons and not exceeding 400 gallons, 10s. each.

204. Iron tanks of and under 200 gallons, 5s. each.

205. Iron work and wire work, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

206. Japanned and lacquered metal ware, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

207. Lawn-mowers, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

208. Lead, in sheets, 1s. 6d. the cwt'.

209. Lead piping, 3s. 6d. the cwt.

210 Machinery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

211. Machinery, electric, and appliances, 10 per cent. ad valorem.

212. Machinery for flour-mills, woollen-mills, paper-mills, rope and twine making, dredging, saw-milling, planing, oil-refining, boring; and also machinery for refrigerating or preserving meat, leather-splitting machines and band-knives for same, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

213. Manufactures, n.o.e., of metal, or of metal in combination with any other material, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

214. Nails n.o.e., 3s. the cwt.

215. Printing machines and presses, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

216. Pumps and other apparatus for raising water n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

217. Railway and tramway plant and materials n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

218. Sad-irons, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

219. Shot, 10s. the cwt.

220. Soda-water machines; also, machines for aerating liquids, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

221. Steam-engines and parts of steam-engines n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

222. Steam-engines, and parts thereof, including the boiler or boilers therefor, imported specially for mining or gold-saving purposes and processes, or for dairying purposes, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

223. Tinware, and tinsmiths' furniture n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 111).

224. Waterworks pipes, iron, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

225. Weighbridges and weighing-machines, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

226. Wire mattresses and webbing, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

227. Zinc tiles, ridging, guttering, piping, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

228. Zinc manufactures n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.


229. Bellows, other than forge, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

230. Blocks, wooden tackle, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

231. Buckets and tubs, of wood, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

232. Carriages, carts, drays, wagons, and perambulators, and wheels for the same, 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

233. Carriage shafts, spokes, and felloes, dressed; bent carriage timber n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

234. Doors, glazed with ornamental glass, 4s. each.

235. Doors, plain, 2s. each.

236. Sashes, glazed with ornamental glass, 4s. the pair.

237. Sashes, plain, 2s. the pair.

238. Timber, palings, 2s. the 100.

239. Timber, posts, 8s. the 100.

240. Timber, rails, 4s. the 100.

241. Timber, sawn, dressed, 4s. the 100 ft. superficial.

242. Timber, sawn, rough, 2s. the 100 ft. superficial.

243. Timber, shingles and laths, 2s. the 1,000.

244. Woodenware and turnery n.o.e, and veneers, 20 per cent. ad valorem.


245. Axle-grease, and other solid lubricants, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

246. Harness oil and composition, and leather dressing, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

247. Naphtha, 6d. the gallon.

248. Oil, linseed, 6d. the gallon.

249. Oil, mineral, including shale-waste or unrefined mineral-oil n.o.e., 6d. tbe gallon.

250. Oil n.o.e., 6d. the gallon.

251. Oil olive, in bulk, 6d. the gallon.

252. Oil vegetable, in bulk, n.o.e., 6d. the gallon.

253. Oil vegetable or other, in bottle, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

254. Paints and colours ground in oil or turpentine, 2s. 6d. the cwt.

255. Paints and colours mixed ready for use, 5s. the cwt.

256. Putty, 2s. the cwt.

257. Stearine, 1 ½. the lb.

258. Stearine for match-making, ¾d. the lb.

259. Varnish; enamel paints; gold size, 2s. the gallon.

260. Whiting and chalk, 1s. the cwt.


261. Animals, food for, of all kinds, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

262. Cattle (horned), 10s. each.

263. Chaff, £1 the ton.

264. Grain—namely, barley, 2s. the 100 lb.

265. Grain and pulse of every kind n.o.e., 9d. the 100 lb.

266. Grain and pulse of every kind, when ground or in any way manufacture, n.o.e., 1s. the 100 1b.

267. Horses, £1 each.

268. Linseed, £1 the ton.

269. Maize, 9d. the 100 lb.

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 111).

270. Onions, £1 the ton.

271. Prepared calfmeal, £1 5s. the ton.


272. Bags, flour, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

273. Bags, calico, forfar, hessian, and linen, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

274. Bagging and bags n.o.e., 15 per cent. ad valorem.

275. Blacking and boot-gloss, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

276. Blacklead, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

277. Blue, 2d. the lb

278. Brooms, brushes, and brushware, n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

279. Brushes, hair, and combs; toilet, clothes, and hat brushes, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

280. Candles, 1d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.*

281. Cement, 2s. the barrel.*

282. Cordage and rope, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.*

283. Cork, cut, including bungs, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

284. Fireworks n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

285. Flock, 10 per cent. ad valorem.

286. Glue and size, 1 ½d. the lb.

287. Granite, sawn on not more than two sides, and not dressed or polished, 5 per cent. ad valorem.

288. Marble, granite, and other stone, dressed or polished, and articles made therefrom, including mantelpieces, 25 per cent. ad valorem.

289. Matches—Wooden, in boxes containing not more than 60 matches, 1s. the gross of boxes.

In boxes containing over 60 and not more than 100 matches, 2s. the gross of boxes.

In boxes containing more than 100 matches, for every 100 matches or fraction thereof contained in one box, 2s. the gross of boxes.

Wax, “plaid vestas” in cardboard boxes containing under 100 matches, 1s. the gross of boxes.

“Pocket vestas” in tin or other boxes containing under 100 matches, 1s. 4d. the gross of boxes.

“Sportsman's,” “Ovals,” and “No. 4 tin vestas,” in boxes containing not more than 200 matches, 4s. 6d. the gross of boxes.

Wax, other kinds, for every 100 matches or fraction thereof contained in one box, 2s. 3d. the gross of boxes.

290. Nets and netting, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

291. Paraffin wax, ¾ d. the lb.

292. Powder, sporting, 6d. the lb.

293. Sacks, other than cornsacks and jute sacks, 15 per cent. ad valorem.

294. Sausage-skins and casings (including brine or salt), 3d. the lb.

295. Soap, common yellow, and blue mottled, 5s. the cwt.

296. Soap, n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.

297. Soap-powder, extract of soap, dry soap, and soft-soap, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

298. Spirits, methylated, 1s. the liquid gallon.

299. Spirits, cleared from warehouse, methylated, under prescribed conditions, 6d. the liquid gallon.

300. Starch, 2d. the lb.

301. Tarpaulins, tents, rick and wagon covers, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

302. Twine n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.

303. Washing-powder, 20 per cent. ad valorem.

304. Wax, mineral, vegetable, and Japanese, 1 ½d. the lb. In addition to any duty chargeable by law on any goods imported into the colony, a further duty of 20 per cent. ad valorem shall be charged when the goods are prison-made.

* Such as is of foreign produce or manufacture, subject to preferential duty (see p. 111).



Names of Articles.

305. Almonds, Barbary, Sicily, and French, used in confectioners' manufactures.

306. Anchovies, salted, in casks.

307. Arrowroot, sago, tapioca, macaroni, vermicelli, and prepared groats.

308. Salt.

309. Rice, dressed or undressed.

310. Rice manufactured into starch in bond.


311. Cocoa-beans.

312. Coffee, raw.


313. Acids—viz.: boracic; carbolic, in bulk; fluoric; muriatic; nitric; oxalic; oleic; picric; pyrogallic; salicylic; sulphuric.

314. Concentrated extracts or essences in liquid form or preserved in fat for per fume-manufacturing purposes in manufacturing warehouses, in bottles of not less than 1 lb. in weight.

315. Disinfectants.

316. Drugs and chemicals—viz.: alum; sulphate of aluminium; sulphate of ammonia; anhydrous ammonia; aniline dyes; arsenic; bluestone, or sulphate of copper; borax; catechu; chloride of calcium; nitrate of silver; cochineal; creosote, crude or commercial; glycerine, crude; gum, arabic and tragacanth; gum benzoin; artificial gum arabic; gum damar; phosphorus; potash, caustic potash, and chlorate of potash; pearlash; prussiate of potash; cyanide of potassium; cyanide of sodium; liquid chlorine; sal-ammoniac; saltpetre; acetate of soda, crude; sodaash; caustic soda; nitrate of soda; silicate of soda; sulphate of soda; sulphide of sodium; hyposulphite of sodium; strychnine; sulphur; chloride of zinc; iron-sulphates; gall-nuts; turmeric; saffron; nitrousoxide gas; tree-washes; insecticides; maltine; chlorodyne.

317. Essential oils, except eucalyptus; cod-liver oil; oil of rhodium.

318. Horse-drenches.

319. Medicinal barks, leaves, herbs, flowers, roots and gums.

320. Scrub-exterminator.

321. Sheep-dip; sheep-drenches; sheep-licks.

322. Surgical and dental instruments and appliances.*

323. Scientific and assay balances, retorts, flasks, and other appliances for chemical analysis and assay work.

324. Water-hardening chemicals for brewers' use.


325. Accoutrements for military purposes, excepting uniform clothing.

326. Brace-elastic and brace-mountings.

327. Bunting, in the piece.

328. Butter- and cheese-cloth.

329. Buttons, tapes, wadding, pins, needles.

330. Calico, white and grey, also cotton sheetings, in the piece.

* If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p. 112).

Subject to the provisions of section 28 of “The Defence Act, 1900,” as follows:—
Equipments to be admitted free of Customs Duty.
“28. All military clothing, saddlery, and equipments imported into the colony for the boná fide use of a Volunteer corps shall, on the certificate in writing of the Minister of Defence that the same are or have been imported for such purpose, be admitted into the colony free of Customs duty.”

331. Corduroy, moleskin, and plain beaver-skin, of cotton, in the piece.

332. Coloured cotton shirtings; flannelette shirtings.*

333. Forfar, dowlas, and flax sheeting, when cut up under supervision in sizes not exceeding 47 in. x 36 in. for making flour-bags, and not exceeding 54 in. for lining wool mats.

334. Fur-skins, green or sun-dried.

335. Gold or silver lace or braid for military clothing.

336. Hatmakers' materials—viz.: silk plush; felt hoods; shellac; galloons; calicoes; spale-boards for hat-boxes; leathers and linings; blocks; moulds; frames; ventilators; and tassels.

337. Hessians, plain or striped, and scrim.

338. Leather-cloth.

339. Minor articles (required in the making-up of apparel, boots, shoes, hats, caps, saddlery, umbrellas, parasols, and sunshades), enumerated in any order of the Commissioner, and published in the Gazette.

340. Sailcloth, canvas, and unbleached double-warped duck, in the piece.

341. Sewing cottons, silks, and threads; crochet, darning, and knitting cottons; angola mendings not exceeding 45 yards, on cards.

342. Silk for flour-dressing.

343. Silk twist (shoemakers' and saddlers').

344. Staymakers' binding, eyelets, corset-fasteners, jean, ticks, lasting, sateen, and cotell.

345. Tailors' trimmings—viz.: plain-coloured imitation hair-cloth; canvas; plain Verona and plain diagonal, and such patterns of checked Italian cloth as may be approved of by the Commissioner of Customs; Italian cloth of cotton or wool; buckram; wadding and padding; silk, worsted, and cotton bindings and braids; stay-bindings; Russia braids; shoulderpads; buckles; silesias; drab, slate, and brown jeans; pocketings; slate, black, and brown dyed unions and linens.

346. Umbrella makers' materials—viz.: reversible and levantine silk mixtures, gloria, and satin de chêne of not less than 44 in. in width; alpaca cloth, with border; zanella cloth, with border; also other piece-goods on such conditions as the Commissioner may approve; sticks, runners, notches, caps, ferrules, cups, ribs, stretchers, tips, and rings.

347. Union shirtings the invoice value of which does not exceed 6d. the yard.*

348. Waterproof material in the piece.


349. Boot elastic.

350. Bootmakers' linings, canvas, plain or coloured, bag and portmanteau linings, of such materials, qualities, and patterns as may be approved by the Commissioner.

351. Boots, shoes, and slippers—viz., children's, No. 0 to 3.

352. Cork soles, and sock soles.

353. East India kip, crust or rough-tanned, but undressed.

354. Goatskins, crust or rough-tanned, but undressed.

355. Grindery, except heel- and toe-plates.

356. Hogskins.

357. Kangaroo-, wallabi-skins, undressed.

358. Leather, japanned or enamelled; goatskins, dressed as morocco, coloured (other than black).

359. Saddle-trees.

* Whenever any dispute arises as to the application of the exemption in favour of coloured cotton, flannelette, or union shirtings, in the case of fabrics alleged to be such shirtings, the Commissioner has power to decide such dispute; and in case of doubt on his part, he may require the fabric in dispute to be cut up for shirt-making, under such conditions as he prescribes. (See section 6 of “The Customs and Excise Duties Act, 1895.”)

If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p 111).

360. Saddlers'ironmongery (except bits and stirrup-irons), hames, and mounts for harness; straining, surcingle, brace, girth, and roller webs; collar-check, and the same article plain, of such quality as may be approved by the Commissioner; legging-buckles.

361. Tanning materials, crude.


362. Blind-webbing and tape.

363. Upholsterers' webbing, hair-seating, imitation hair-seating; curled hair; gimp and cord of wool, cotton, or silk; tufts, and studs.


364. Bottles, empty, plain glass, not being cut or ground; also, jars up to 3 in. in diameter at the mouth.

365. Glass plates (engraved) for photo-lithographic work.

366. Jars or other dutiable vessels, containing free goods or goods subject to a fixed rate of duty, and being ordinary trade packages for the goods contained in them.


367. Action-work and keys, in frames or otherwise, for manufacture of organs, harmoniums, and pianos; organ-pipes and stop-knobs.

368. Artists' canvas, colours, brushes, and palette knives.

369. Magic-lanterns, lenses, and slides.

370. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes, and lenses for same.

371. Musical instruments, specially imported for Volunteer bands.

372. Paintings, statuary, and works of art, presented to or imported by any public institution or art association registered as a body corporate, for display in the buildings of such institution or association, and not to be sold or otherwise disposed of.

373. Photographic cameras and lenses.

374. Photographs of personal friends in letters or packets.

375. Precious stones, cut or uncut and unmounted.

376. Sensitized surfaces for photographic purposes.


377. Bookbinders' materials—viz., cloth, leather, thread, headbands, webbing, end-papers, tacketing-gut, marbling-colours, marble-paper, blue paste for ruling-ink, staple presses, wire staples, staple-sticks.

378. Butter-paper, known as parchment paper or waxed paper.

379. Cardboard and pasteboard, of sizes not less than that known as “royal.”

380. Cardboard boxes, material for—viz., gold and silver paper, plain and embossed, gelatine and coloured papers, known as “box papers.”

381. Cartridge-paper for drawing-books.

382. Cloth-lined boards, not less than “royal.”

383. Cloth-lined papers, enamelled paper; ivorite and gelatine; metallic paper; not less than “demy.”

384. Copy-books and drawing-books.

385. Copying-paper, medium and double-foolscap, in original mill wrappers and labels.

386. Handmade cheque-paper.

387. Ink, printing.

388. Masticated para.

389. Millboard, and bookbinders' leather-board.

390. Paper, hand-made or machine-made book or writing, of sizes not less than the size known as “demy,” when in original wrappers.

391. Printing-paper.*

392. Printed books, papers, and music, n.o.e.

393. School slates, and educational apparatus.

* If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p. 111).


394. All machinery for agricultural purposes, including chaff-cutters, corn-crushers; corn-shellers, also articles used in manufacturing the same—viz., chaff - cutting knives, tilt - rakes, fittings for threshing - mills, forgings for ploughs.

395. All agricultural implements.

396. All bolts and nuts, blank or screwed nuts, black or finished nuts.

397. Anchors.

398. Artificers' tools.

399. Axes and hatchets; spades, shovels, and forks picks; mattocks; quartz and knapping hammers; scythes, sheep-shears, reaping-hooks; soldering-irons; paperhangers'scissors; butchers'saws and cleavers.

400. Axles, axle-arms and boxes.

401. Band-saws and folding-saws, including frames.

402. Bellows-nails.

403. Bicycles and tricycles, fittings for—viz., rubber tires, pneumatic tires, out side covers, and inner tubes; rubber and cork handles, and pedal-rubbers; also drop-forgings and stampings, ball-bearings, weldless steel tube in full lengths, rims, forks, and spokes, in the rough.*

404. Blacksmiths' anvils, forges, and fans.

405. Blowers.

406. Brass and copper, in pigs, bars, tubes, or sheets.

407. Brass tubing and stamped work, in the rough, for gasaliers and brackets.

408. Caps, percussion

409. Card clothing for woollen-mills.

410. Chain pulleys, and chains for same.

411. Chains, trace and plough chains; or metal articles required to repair or complete riding or driving harness or saddlery to be repaired or made in the colony.

412. Chamfering, crozing and howelling machine for cask-making.

413. Copper and composition, rod, bolts, sheathing, and nails.

414. Couch-roll jackets, machine-wires, beater-bars, and strainer-plates for paper-mills.

415. Crucibles.

416. Emery-grinding machines and emery-wheels.

417. Empty iron drums, not exceeding 10 gallons capacity.

418. Engineers', boilermakers', brass-finishers', smiths', and all metal- and wood workers' machine and hand tools.

419. Engine governors.

420. Eyelets.

421. Fire-engines, including Merryweather's chemical fire-engines.

422. Fish-hooks.

423. Galvanising baths, welded.

424. Gas-engines and hammers, and oil-engines.*

425. Glassmakers' moulds.

426. Hydraulic cranes.

427. Iron- and brass-wove wire and wire gauze; also wire netting.

428. Iron boiler-plates and unflanged end-plates for boilers; boiler-tubes not exceeding 6 in. in diameter, and unflanged; Bowling's expansion rings; furnace-flues.

429. Iron, plain black sheet, rod, bolt, bar, plate,* hoop, and pig.

430. Iron rolled girders.

431. Iron plates, screws, and castings for ships.

432. Iron wire n.o.e., including fencing-wire, plain and barbed.

433. Lead, in pigs and bars.

434. Locomotives.

435. Machine saws.

* If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p. 111).

Hoop and pig iron not affected by preferential tariff.

436. Machinery exclusively for the purpose of the manufacture of beet-root sugar.

437. Machinery for dairying purposes.

438. Machinery of every description for mining purposes, including machine pumps, but not including machinery for dredging.

439. Machinery for gold-saving purposes and processes.

440. Metal fittings for trunks, portmanteaux, travelling-bags, leggings, bags, and satchels.

441. Metal sheaves for blocks.

442. Metallic capsules.

443. Perambulators and the like vehicles, fittings for, n.o.e.

444. Perforated or cellular sheet zinc or iron.

445. Portable engines on four or any greater number of wheels, with boiler of locomotive type; also traction-engines.

446. Printing type and materials n.o.e.

447. Rails for railways and tramways.*

448. Reapers and binders, and reaping and mowing machines, and extra parts for same; materials for manufacturing agricultural machinery, namely, reaper-knife sections, fingers, brass and steel springs, malleable castings, discs for harrows, mould-boards and plough-shares, mould-board plates, and steel share-plates cut to pattern, skeith-plates; ploughs and harrows; combined threshers.

449. Riddles and sieves.

450. Rivets and washers.

451. Separators and coolers for dairying purposes.

452. Set-screws, engineers' studs, and split-pins.

453. Sewing, knitting, and kilting machines.

454. Spiral springs (except sofa and mattress springs).

455. Steam and hydraulic pressure and vacuum gauges.

456. Steel rams, black or finished, for hydraulic cranes or jiggers.

457. Surveyors' steel bands and measuring-tapes.

458. Swords.

459. Tacks of all kinds.

460. Tea-packing lead.

461. Tin, in pigs, bars, or sheets.

462. Tinsmiths' fittings, including stamped or blocked tin, planished or un planished.

463. Tins, tops of, ornamented.

464. Welded and flanged boiler-furnaces, plain or corrugated.

465. Wire, of brass, copper, or lead.

466. Zinc, plain sheet.

467. Zinc plates and copper plates for photo-lithographic work.


468. Ash, hickory, and lancewood timber, unwrought.

469. Blacksmiths' bellows.

470. Brush woodware.

471. Carriage and cart shafts, spokes and felloes in the rough; hubs, all kinds;

poles if unbent and unplaned, all kinds; bent wheel-rims.

472. Carriage and cart makers' materials—viz.: springs, mountings, trimmings, brass hinges, tire-bolts, shackle-holders, step treads, and other iron fittings (except steps, lamp-irons, dash-irons, seat-rails, and fifth wheels), rubber-cloth.

473. Churns.

474. Lignum-vitæ.

475. Sieves, hair.

476. Wooden handles for tools.

* See preferential tariff, p. 111.


477. Benzine in bulk.

478. Oils—viz.: candlenut, fish, kerosene, penguin, palm, seal, whale.

479. Paints and colours n.o.e.

480. Shale oil, once run, suitable for gas-making.

481. Spirits of tar.

482. Turpentine, driers, and terebene.


483. Apparatus and appliances solely for teaching purposes, as may be approved by the Commissioner.

484. Bags made of New Zealand tow or flax.

485. Belting for machinery, other than leather.

486. Binder-twine.

487. Bricks, other than fire-bricks.

488. Building materials n.o.e.

489. Brushes for cream-separators and combined screens.

490. Candlenuts and candlenut kernels.

491. Candle-wick.

492. Canvas aprons and elevators for reapers and binders.

493. Carpenters' baskets.

494. Charts and maps.

495. Confectioners' moulding-starch.

496. Cotton waste.

497. Dye-stuffs and dyeing materials, crude.

498. Felt sheathing.

499. Food preservative n.o.e.

500. Gum boots.*

501. Hawsers of 12 in. and over.

502. Honey and brown Windsor soap composition.

503. Iron and steel cordage.*

504. Jute bagging, bags, and sacks.

505. Manures.

506. Marble, and other stone, hewn or rough sawn, not dressed or polished.

507. Netmakers' cotton twine.

508. Official supplies for consular officers of countries where a similar exemption exists in favour of British Consuls.

509. Papermakers' felts.

510. Passengers' baggage and effects, including only wearing-apparel and other personal effects that have been worn or are in use by persons arriving in the colony; also implements, instruments, and tools of trade, occupation, or employment of such persons; and household or other effects not exceeding £100 in value, which have been in use for twelve months prior to embarkation by the persons or families bringing them to the colony, and not intended for any other person or persons or for sale also cabin-furnishings belonging to such persons.

511. Plaster of Paris.

512. Powder, blasting and meal.

513. Ship-chandlery n.o.e.

514. Ships' rockets, blue-lights, and danger-signals.

515. Stones, mill- grind- oil- and whet-.

516. Tobacco for sheepwash or for insecticide, after being rendered unfit for human consumption to the satisfaction of the Commissioner.

517. Treacle or molasses, mixed with bone-black in proportions to the satisfaction of the Commissioner.

518. Tubular woven cotton-cloth in the piece, for meat-wraps.

519. Typewriters.

* If of foreign manufacture, subject to duty (see p. 111).

Inclu ling bicycles which have been in use for twelve months.

520. Wax, bottling.

521. Woolpacks and woolpockets.

522. Yarn—viz.: coir, flax, hemp.

523. Articles and materials (as may from time to time be specified by the Commissioner) which are suited only for, and are to be used solely in, the fabrication of goods within the colony. All decisions of the Commissioner in reference to articles so admitted free to be published from time to time in the Gazette.

524. And all articles not otherwise enumerated.


525. Tobacco, 1s. the lb.*

526. Cigars, cigarettes, and snuff, 1s. 6d. the lb.*

527. Beer, 3d. the gallon.

528. Articles in which spirit is a necessary ingredient, manufactured in a warehouse appointed under section 26 of “The Customs Laws Consolidation Act, 1882,” namely—

Tinctures, essences, extracts, and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopœia containing more than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, 9d. the lb.

Tinctures, essences, extracts, and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopœia containing less than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, 3d. the lb.

Culinary and flavouring essences, 12s. the liquid gallon, from 1st February, 1896.

Perfumed spirit, 20s. the liquid gallon, from 1st February, 1896.

Toilet preparations which are subject to 16s. the liquid gallon on importation, 12s. the liquid gallon.

Toilet preparations which are subject to 25 per cent. duty on importation, 6s. the liquid gallon.


529. Olive-stones, ground (see New Zealand Gazette, 15th May, 1890), 4d. the lb.

530. Brewers' caramel (see New Zealand Gazette, 21st August, 1890), 3d. the lb.

531. Liquid hops (see New Zealand Gazette, 21st December, 1893), 6s. the lb.

532. The United Asbestos Patent Salamander Decorations (see New Zealand Gazette, 14th May, 1896), 15 per cent. ad valorem.

533. Matches of any material other than wood or wax, a duty corresponding to the duty payable on wooden matches (see New Zealand Gazette, 27th April, 1899).

534. Fibre conduit pipes and fittings for same (see New Zealand Gazette, 4th May, 1899), 5 per cent. ad valorem.

535. Caramel cereal (see New Zealand Gazette, 14th March, 1901), ½d. the lb.

* “The Tobacco Excise Duties Act, 1896,” section 2, enacts:—
“On and after the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-six, section three of ‘The Customs and Excise Duties Act, 1891,' shall be deemed to be repealed, and in lieu of the duties imposed by that section there shall be levied, collected, and paid, on and after that day, upon tobacco manufactured in the colony, at the time of making the entry for home consumption thereof, the several duties of excise following, that is to say—

“On tobaccoOne shilling the pound.
On cigars and snuffOne shilling and sixpence the pound.
On cigarettes—
  If manufactured by machineryTwo shillings and sixpence the pound.
  If made by handOne shilling the pound.”

536. Compo-board (see New Zealand Gazette, 12th December, 1901), 4s. the 100 ft. super.

537. Leather-board or compo cut into shapes (see New Zealand Gazette, 20th August, 1903), 4d. the lb.

538. Creamalina (see New Zealand Gazette, 17th September, 1903), ld. the lb.

539. Ground cocoa-shells (see New Zealand Gazette, 7th January, 1904), 3d. the lb.

540. Brunak (see New Zealand Gazettee, 8th September, 1904), 3d. the lb.

541. Tartaraline, a substitute for cream of tartar (see New Zealand Gazette, 22nd December, 1904), 1d. the lb.

542. Bush's Cream of Tartar Substitute (see New Zealand Gazette, 26th January, 1905), 1d. the lb.


On and after 1st July, 1904, the Customs tariff is modified in respect of the undermentioned articles imported into the Cook and other Islands within the extended boundaries of the colony:—

Claret, 2s. the gallon (in lieu of 6s. the gallon).

Horses, 10s. each (in lieu of £1 each).

Drugs imported by missionary societies for dispensation among the Natives, free.


“The Opium Prohibition Act, 1901,” makes it unlawful for any person to import opium into the colony in any form suitable for smoking. Permits may be issued by the Commissioner of Trade and Customs for the importation of the drug in the following forms:—

Opium, crude.

Opium, in powder.

Opium, extract of, solid.

No permit shall be issued to any person of the Chinese race. Heavy penalties are prescribed for breaches of the above law.

“The Opium Prohibition Act Amendment Act, 1902,” makes it illegal to have opium in possession, except the kinds stated above, which can be held under permit.

Chapter 28. TIMBER EXPORT.

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“The Timber Export Act, 1901,” authorised the collection, by Order in Council, of the following duties:—


Logs, round
Logs, squared with axe or saw
Half logs
3s. per 100 superficial feet.Or such lesser duty as the Governor by Order in Council determines.
Flitches of any particular kind, or pieces of such size as the Governor by Order in Council from time to time determines3s. per 100 superficial feetOr such lesser duty as the Governor by Order in Council determines.

An Order in Council dated the 27th March, 1902, directs that there shall be levied, collected, and paid previous to exportation from New Zealand, duties upon white-pine and kahikatea timber as under:—

Logs, round3s. per 100 superficial feet.
Logs, cut in half3s. per 100 superficial feet.
Logs, squared with axe or saw, 10 in. by 10 in. or its equivalent, or over}3s. per 100 superficial feet.
Flitches, any width, and not exceeding 10 in. thick2s. per 100 superficial feet.

A further Order in Council, dated 10th April, 1902, directs that duties on kauri timber shall be charged as under:—

Logs, round3s. per 100 superficial feet.
Logs, cut in half3s. per 100 superficial feet.
Logs, squared with axe or saw3s. per 100 superficial feet.
Flitches, exceeding 30 in. in width and 9 in. in thickness}2s. per 100 superficial feet.

“The Timber Export Duty Act, 1903,” forms part of and is to be read with “The Timber Export Act, 1901.” The following duties may, by Order in Council,* be substituted for those in the Schedule to the last-named statute:—

Logs, round Logs, squared with axe or saw Half logs5s. per 100 superficial feetOr such lesser duty as the Governor by Order in Council determines.
Flitches of any particular kind, or pieces of such size as the Governor by Order in Council from time to time determines3s. per 100 superficial feetOr such lesser duty as the Governor by Order in Council determines.


The above Act forms part of and is to be read together with “The Customs Laws Consolidation Act, 1882.” Certain goods (enumerated in these Schedules) imported into New Zealand, not being the produce or manufacture of some part of the British dominions, are to be subject to duty or extra duties as set forth hereunder:—


(An additional duty equal to the amount payable under any tariff for the time being in force in New Zealand.)



(An additional duty equal to one-half of the amount payable under any tariff for the time being in force.)

Basket and wicker ware, n.o.e., not being furniture.

Bicycles, tricycles, and the like vehicles; also finished or partly finished or machined parts of same, n.o.e., including weldless steel tubing cut to short lengths.

Boots, shoes, and slippers, n.o.e.; goloshes, clogs, pattens, vamps, uppers, and laces.


* No order yet issued.

Carriages, carts, drays, wagons, and perambulators, and wheels for same.

China, porcelain, and parian ware.


Cordage and rope, n.o.e.

Cream of tartar.

Earthenware, stoneware, and brownware.

Fancy goods and toys.

Firearms, all kinds.

Fish, potted and preserved.

Furniture and cabinetware, n.o.e., and other than iron.

Glass, crown, sheet, and common window.

Glassware; also plate-glass, and glass polished, coloured, and other kinds, n.o.e. globes and chimneys for lamps.

Hardware, ironmongery, and holloware.


Iron nails.

Iron pipes, and fittings for same, including main-cocks.

Lamps, lanterns, and lamp-wick.

Musical instruments—viz., pianos.


Paper, wrapping—viz., blue candle, glazed cap, glazed casings, small-hand, lumber-hand, and tissue.

Paper, wrapping, other kinds, including brown, cartridge, and sugar papers.

Plate and platedware.

Pumps and other apparatus for raising water.


(Duties equal to 20 per centum of the value for duty as defined by the principal Act, or by any Act amending the principal Act.)

Bicycles and tricycles, fittings for—viz., rubber tires, pneumatic tires, outside covers, and inner tubes; rubber and cork handles, and pedal-rubbers; also drop-forgings and stampings, ball-bearings, weldless steel tube in full lengths, rims, forks, and spokes in the rough.

Gas-engines and hammers, and oil-engine.

Gum boots.

Iron and steel cordage.

Iron, plain black sheet, rod, bolt, bar, and plate.


Rails for railways and tramways.

Sailcloth, canvas, and unbleached double-warped duck.

Surgical and dental instruments and appliances.

The Act also provides that from and after the 31st March, 1904, no duty shall be leviable on tea grown in any part of the British dominions, except on tea in packets not exceeding one pound in weight.

[The main features of the Act, including its provisions as to reciprocity of trade, will be found described in Part III. of this volume.]

* No duty as above described is to be levied on printing-papers imported by and for the use of the proprietors of any registered newspaper, if it is proved to the satisfaction of the Collector that they are imported under a valid contract for the supply of such papers for a period not exceeding three years, entered into prior to the 16th November, 1903.

No preferential duty will be levied on rails for tramways and other goods mentioned in the above Schedules directly imported before 31st March, 1906, for use in the construction or equipment of any tramway for which plans and specifications have been completed or are in course of preparation on the passing of the Act.



For the bringing land under the provisions of this Act (over and above the cost of advertisements)—£s.d.
  When the title consists of a Crown grant, and none of the land included therein has been dealt with020
  When the title is of any other description and the value exceeds £300100
  When the title is of any other description and the value exceeds £200 and does not exceed £3000150
  When the title is of any other description and the value exceeds £100 and does not exceed £2000100
  When the title is of any other description and when the value does not exceed £100050
Contribution to the Assurance Fund upon first bringing land under the Act,—
  In the pound sterling000 ½
Other fees—
  For every application to bring land under the Act050
  For every certificate of title on transfer where the consideration does not exceed £1000100
  For every other certificate of title100
  Registering memorandum of transfer, mortgage, incumbrance, or lease0100
  Registering transfer or discharge of mortgage or of incumbrance, or the transfer or surrender of a lease050
  Registering proprietor of any estate or interest derived by settlement or transmission0100
  For every power of attorney deposited0100
  For every registration abstract100
  For cancelling registration abstract050
  For every revocation order0100
  Noting caveat0100
  Cancelling or withdrawal of caveat, and for every notice relating to any caveat050
  For every search020
  For every general search050
  For every map or plan deposited050
  For every instrument declaratory of trusts, and for every will or other instrument deposited0100
  For registering recovery by proceeding in law or equity or re-entry by lessee0100
  For registering vesting of lease in mortgagee, consequent on refusal of Trustee in Bankruptcy to accept the same0100
  For entering notice of marriage or death0100
  For entering notice of writ or order of Supreme Court0100
  Taking affidavit or statutory declaration050
  For the exhibition of any deposited instrument, or for exhibiting deeds surrendered by applicant proprietor050
  For certified copy, not exceeding five folios050
  For every folio or part folio after first five006
  For every notice to produce deeds or instruments050
  For every outstanding interest noted on certificate of title050
  When any instrument purports to deal with land included in more than one grant or certificate, for each registration memorial after the first020


All fees under the Act shall be due and payable in advance.

Where several properties are included in one form of application there shall be charged in respect of each property an application fee and a fee for bringing the land under the Act. Land included within one outer boundary shall be deemed one property for the purpose of this regulation.

In all cases a fee of one pound (£1) is hereby prescribed as the charge to be made for advertising notice of application; provided that, whenever it is necessary that unusual publicity shall be given to any application, the District Land Registrar may require payment of such additional sum as shall, in his judgment, be sufficient to defray the cost of such advertisements.

In all cases where application is made to bring land under the Act, and the certificate of title is directed to issue and is issued in the name of the applicant, the fees for bringing such land under the Act, with the exception of the “application fee,” may, at the request of the applicant, remain unpaid until such land is dealt with by him as registered proprietor. The District Land Registrar shall retain any such certificate of title until the fees due upon the same have been paid, and, until such payment, shall not register any dealing with the land included in such certificate of title.

Printed forms supplied by the Registrar for use under the Act shall be charged for at the rate of one shilling each. Solicitors, land-brokers, and others having forms printed for their own use, and at their own expense, shall, on approval of such forms by the Registrar, be entitled to have the same sealed free of charge.


BY the Amendment Act of 1885 the Schedule of Duties payable under the principal Act of 1881 has been repealed, and the following imposed in lieu thereof:—

1. When the value does not exceed £100No duty.
2. Upon any amount exceeding £100 but not exceeding £1,000—
  On the first £100No duty.
  And on the remainder£2 ½ per cent.
3. Upon any amount exceeding £1,000 but not exceeding £5,000£3 ½ per cent.
4. Upon any amount exceeding £5,000, but not exceeding £20,000£7 per cent.
5. Upon £20,000 and any amount over that sum£10 per cent.
6. Strangers in blood, excepting adopted children£3 per cent. additional.

These duties are leviable upon the final balance of the real and personal estates.

The exemption in respect of property passing absolutely to widow at death of husband is now extended vice versã.

There are also special provisions in the law affecting children, grandchildren, step-children, and adopted children inheriting property.

The above duties also apply to deeds of gift.


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THE information obtained at the time of the census in respect of the degree of education of the people is remarked upon in the Year-book, 1903. Later particulars are now given as to schooling.


It has been found impossible to collect the full statistics relating to schooling for the year 1905 in time for this work, and the figures for the previous year are accordingly given.

The number of schools, teachers, and scholars, as in December, 1904, are shown in the following summary:—

Description of Schools.Number of Schools.Number of Instructors.Number of scholars for the Fourth Quarter of 1904.

*Excluding 66 visiting teachers.

Excluding men, women, lads, and girls, in addition to the children in the school, who were receiving technical and industrial training.

And 11 sewing-mistresses.

Public (Government) schools (scholars) other than Maoris and half-castes1,7851,4162,3023,71868,73463,295132,029
Public (Government) schools (half-castes living among Europeans)5945541,148
Colleges, grammar and high schools (aided or endowed) 27....*189 2,4431,5954,038
Private schools (excluding Maori scholars) 295134724858 6,7859,59316,378
Industrial schools and orphanages ........ 396367763
Native village schools, European children attending ........ 231198429
Private Native boarding-schools, European children attending ........ 9514
School for Deaf-mutes 1...... 362965
Jubilee Institute for Blind1 1..11 13821
   Totals—Europeans 2,109....4,766 79,24175,644154,885
Native village schools supported by Government (excluding European children stated above) 10073105178 1,8551,4703,325
Private Native boarding-schools (maintenance of scholars paid by Government)67916365591
Private Native boarding-schools (maintenance of scholars paid from endowments)13072202
Private Native day-schools 3347 633396
Public (Government; schools, Maoris attending ........ 1,1878542,041
Public (Government) schools, half-castes living as Maoris attending ........ 146111257
Private schools for Europeans, Maoris attending ........ 363167
   Totals—Natives 10983118201 3,4532,6266,709

Thus at the end of 1904 there were 2,218 schools of all classes at which members of the European and Maori races were being educated. This was an increase of 53 on the number in 1903. The public primary schools numbered 1,785 in 1904, against 1,741 in 1903. The number of aided or endowed colleges, grammar, and high schools was 27, an increase of 2 on the number for the previous year. The number of private schools from which returns were received by the Registrar-General was 295, an increase of 7. There were also ten industrial schools and orphanages, public and private, at which education was given, as well as a school for deaf-mutes subsidised by Government, and a school for the blind.

The number of schools established for the education of the Native or Maori race was 109, the same number as in 1903.

Public (Government) Schools.

Compared with 1903, there was in 1904 an increase of 1,907 in the number of pupils belonging to the public schools at the end of the year, and the average attendance shows an increase of 3,459 for the whole year, and of 3,733 for the fourth quarter.


Year.School Attendance.Yearly Increase on
Number belonging at Beginning of Year.Number belonging at End of Year.Average Attendance*Average Attendance expressed as Percentage of Roll-number.Number belonging at Beginning of Year.Number belonging at End of Year.Average Attendance
Fourth Quarter.Whole Year.Fourth Quarter.Whole Year.

* From 1877 to 1893 (inclusive) the “strict” average is given, and for subsequent years the “working” average.

From 1877 to 1694 (inclusive) the increase on the “strict” average is given, and for subsequent years that on the “working” average.


In the report of the Minister of Education the figures are thus commented upon:—

The average of the weekly roll-numbers shows a further increase for 1904, being 1,534 larger than in 1903. The figures for 1903 were 134,748, and for 1904, 136,282. The number on the roll at the end of the year likewise shows a considerable increase, being 135,475, or 1,907 more than the number enrolled at the end of 1903.

There is also a very satisfactory improvement in the standard of regularity of attendance attained during the year, namely, 85.5 per cent., or 1.6 per cent. above that for 1903. This improvement, it may be noted, took place gradually throughout the whole year. In the first quarter the average daily attendance was 85.07 per cent. of the average weekly roll-number, in the second quarter 85.15 per cent., in the third quarter 85.38 per cent., and in the last quarter 86.36 per cent.

A reference to the above table will show that, excepting the year 1893, when there was a falling-off of over 2 per cent., and the years 1899 and 1903, when there was a falling-off of 1 per cent., there has been an almost continuous improvement in regularity of attendance, until the colony has reached a percentage which compares favourably with that of the United Kingdom, or of any of the States of the Australian Commonwealth, so far as comparison can be made with those countries. Unfortunately, an exact comparison cannot be made with the United Kingdom, or Canada, or the Australian States (except Western Australia), as the average weekly enrolment is not there recorded. Taking, however, the net annual enrolment, according to the figures for 1904 as given in Whitaker's Almanac, the average daily attendance was, in England, 84.4 per cent.; in Scotland, 85.2 per cent.; in Ireland, 66.4. For Canada only the total enrolment is given in the reports of the several provinces, and the percentage of attendance thereon for 1903 was, in the Province of Quebec, 74.7 and in Ontario, 57.0. The latest figures available for the Australian States are those for 1903, according to which the percentage was, for New South Wales, 63.4 per cent.; for Victoria, 67.0 per cent.; for Queensland, 71.7 per cent.; for South Australia, 68.9 per cent. In Western Australia, it was 82.7 per cent. of the average weekly enrolment. In Tasmania there is only available for comparison the average number on the rolls from month to month, of which the average daily attendance was 74.5 per cent. In Cape Colony the percentage of attendance to the average roll was 81.9 for the year ending the 30th June, 1904.

Education at the public schools is free (except that, at such as are also district high schools, fees are charged for the teaching of the higher branches) and purely secular. The attendance of all children between the ages of 7 and 14 is compulsory, except when special exemptions are granted, or a child is being otherwise sufficiently educated.

The subjects to be taught at the primary schools are required by the Education Act to be the following: Reading, writing, arithmetic, English grammar and composition, geography, history (including civic instruction), elementary science and drawing, object-lessons, vocal music, physical instruction, moral instruction, nature-study, health, and (in the case of girls) sewing and needlework, the principles of domestic economy, also handwork for both sexes. Provision must also be made for the instruction in military drill of all boys in these schools.

A new syllabus of instruction was introduced in April, 1904, and arrangements made for the training of teachers; grants are voted, the intention being to have a training-college at each of the four chief towns in the colony. There is also a vote for instruction of teachers in handwork for purposes of manual and technical instruction.


The total income of the various Education Boards for the year 1904 was £625,755, including £2,767 of refunds, fines, &c. The grants by Government amounted to £616,350, including receipts from education reserves. These grants consist of payments to the Board of every district of a sum sufficient to pay the salaries of teachers and pupil-teachers in the district, and further payments of a sum of £250 per annum, together with a sum of 11s. 3d. per annum for each child in daily average attendance at a public school. (The Governor may by Order in Council declare that in lieu of the payments last named there shall be paid to the Boards a capitation allowance of 12s., and in addition £250 per annum to each Board having a daily average attendance of less than 8,000 children.) There is also a varying sum for the establishment and maintenance of normal or training schools, and for the support of such schools already established; also grants for school buildings and for technical education. The income from local receipts was £6,638.

The total expenditure in 1904 amounted to £603,010, of which the sum of £462,357, including £16,735 for manual and technical instruction, was laid out on the maintenance of the schools.

The receipts and expenditure of the Education Boards, numbering thirteen altogether, are tabulated below, with further particulars:—


   Balances, 1st January, 1904   6,4851711
Government grants—
   Rents from reserves£44,429911   
   Balance of grants for salaries of teachers and pupil-teachers360,436128   
   Allowance at £250 and capitation71,13742   
   Other grants7,96528   
     Total for main tenance483,96895   
   Scholarships and district high schools19,22677   
   Manual and technical instruction14,31618   
   Buildings and teachers' house allowances98,83991   
   Total from Government   616,35079
Local receipts—
   Fees, donations, &c.4,660120   
   Interest, rents, &c.1,977911   
   Refunds, fines, &c.   2,766172
   Boards' administration   31,980152
   Teachers' and pupil-teachers' salaries and pupil-teachers' lodging-allowances   406,30382
Incidental expenses of schools—
   Capitation at 9d.4,25400   
   Salaries of relieving teachers   2,567105
   Scholarships and secondary education   20,5171211
   Training of teachers   3,627180
   Manual and technical instruction   16,73577
   Buildings, house allowances, sites, &c.   83,49916
   Refunds and sundries   1,02843
   Balance, 31st December, 1904   29,230119


The Education Act of 1904 provides for public instruction in such manual and technical subjects as are set forth in the regulations thereunder. The same Act provides also for the instruction in elementary handwork of pupils attending primary or secondary schools. All classes recognised under the Act are eligible for grants in aid of necessary buildings, furniture, apparatus, and material, and for capitation, and subsidies of £1 for £1 on voluntary contributions.

During 1904 capitation was paid on classes for drawing (various branches), painting, modelling, design, wood-carving, architecture, carpentry and joinery, plumbing, painters' and decorators' work, mechanical and electrical engineering, natural and experimental science (various branches), farriery and smithing, languages, mathematics, commercial subjects, cookery, laundry-work, dressmaking, millinery, tailoring, wool-sorting, and vocal music.

Special annual grants are made to Education Boards for the maintenance of training classes for teachers in subjects of manual and technical instruction prescribed for school classes.

Provision has also been made for free technical education. Persons complying with the conditions prescribed by the regulations are entitled to hold junior free places at technical schools or classes. These free places are tenable for two years, and may be continued under certain conditions for three years as senior free places. In order that the substratum on which technical education is based may be sound, it is made a condition of the tenure of the Junior Technical Scholarships that the holders shall receive instruction in one or more subjects of general instruction, such as English and arithmetic or some other branch of mathematics, in addition to instruction in technical subjects. Holders of senior free places are required to take up definite courses of technical instruction.

The controlling authorities of classes for manual and technical instruction are Education Boards, governing bodies of secondary schools and university colleges, and, in the case of certain classes in existence before the passing of the Act of 1904, the managers of those classes. School classes, or classes held in connection with primary or secondary schools, are under the control of the Education Boards or of the governing bodies respectively. “Special classes”—that is, continuation classes, and classes for manual or technical instruction—are established and controlled by the same bodies. “College classes” are classes for higher technical instruction established and controlled by the governing body of a university college. Classes may also be established by Borough Councils, County Councils, and other local authorities acting jointly with an Education Board or university college; these are called “associated classes,” and all the contributing bodies may have a voice, according to the share of the cost of maintenance borne by them, in the election of managers for the classes. It is worthy of note, but not yet perhaps generally understood, that the Act and regulations thereunder offer just as great inducements for the establishment of classes for dairy-work and for agricultural instruction as for other classes for technical instruction; even more, perhaps, for in certain cases capitation may be paid to country classes at one and a half times the rate paid to town classes. There is now really nothing to prevent any district or any body of persons in a district from starting classes under the Act and securing grants sufficient to equip and carry on the classes, unless it be the comparatively small number of thoroughly competent instructors that are to be obtained. This, however, is an evil that is being gradually removed as those who have been attending training classes for teachers in these subjects become qualified. The Education Department conducts every year examinations on behalf of the Board of Education, South Kensington (science and art subjects), and the City and Guilds of London Institute (technological subjects). In 1904 examinations were held at twelve centres. At the science and art examinations, 295 out of 437 candidates who presented themselves for examination in various subjects were successful. At the technological examinations 261 candidates passed out of a total of 336. The Institute reported that the number of separate subjects in which candidates are examined increases from year to year, and likewise the number of centres from which candidates are drawn, also that some of the papers sent from New Zealand for examination, particularly those in plumbing, were of a high order of excellence. The percentage of failures in New Zealand is less than in England, although a smaller proportion of colonial students qualify in the honours grade.

The subjects taken up in school classes included cookery, woodwork, elementary practical agriculture, dairy-work, swimming and life-saving, first aid and ambulance, dressmaking, and laundry-work, and elementary practical physics and chemistry.

In connection with the Canterbury College there is an endowed School of Engineering and Technical Science, providing for courses for the university degree of B.Sc. in engineering or for the associateship in engineering. Two hundred and six students attended in 1904.

The Canterbury Agricultural College has an endowment of 62,000 acres of land, of the rental value of £1,500 per annum, and possesses extensive buildings, and an experimental farm of a very complete character. The institution offers an opportunity to acquire a thorough knowledge of the science and practice of agriculture. Two years' residence at the college is accepted by the University of New Zealand as part of the curriculum qualifying for the degree of B.Sc. in agriculture. The college accommodates forty students.

There are several Schools of Mines located in districts in which mining is actively carried on, and the Otago University maintains a professorial chair of mining and metallurgy, to which the Government makes an annual grant of £500. The number of students in mining in 1904 was about 300.

With the view of encouraging attendance at recognised technical schools and classes, arrangements have been made with the Railway Department by which students attending classes registered with the Minister of Education may obtain railway tickets at special rates. Free railway tickets are issued to holders of free places at technical schools.

In the twenty-eighth annual report, the Minister of Education remarks as follows on manual training and technical instruction:—

A review of the year's work shows that considerable progress has been made by controlling authorities throughout the colony in the direction of improving existing arrangements and providing additional facilities for instruction in subjects of technology and manual training. There is now no education district in which some provision, more or less adequate, has not been made for such instruction, and there are indications that in those district in which the movement is most recent the local authorities interested in the matter will have no reason to regard their efforts as other than encouraging. Where it has been found that there was a well-grounded demand for instruction, the Government has provided the necessary funds for the equipment and maintenance of the classes, as well as for buildings where the circumstances rendered special accommodation necessary. In many cases, local bodies and others have shown their interest in the work in a practical manner by contributing to the funds of the classes. Coincident with this evidence of local effort is an increase in the number of associated classes—that is to say, classes for technical instruction conducted in conjunction with the controlling authority by managers representing the various contributing bodies. There is little reason to fear that classes established on these lines are likely to prove other than successful.

The number of technical, continuation, and school classes recognised during 1904 was 2,599, as against 2,287 for the previous year. Of the classes for 1904, 2,001 were classes for handwork in connection with over 700 primary and secondary schools, while 598 were special, associated, or college classes for instruction in the several branches of pure and applied art and science, and in plumbing, carpentry and joinery, cookery, dressmaking, and commercial subjects. While the actual number of technical classes was not greatly in advance of that for 1903, the returns show a great increase in the average attendance at them. For 1903 the average attendance was about 6,300, and for 1904 about 13,700. Technical classes are held at about fifty different places.

In many of the public schools all the standards received instruction in some one or other of the branches of handwork. In several districts arrangements have been made whereby the older pupils in the city and suburban schools receive instruction in woodwork and cookery. During the year 156 cookery classes and 129 woodwork classes were in operation, while, at the technological examinations of the City and Guilds of London Institute, 102 public-school teachers passed the examinations in cookery, and eighty-seven in woodwork. In only one education district were school classes for instruction in dairying established. Increased attention is to be given to a practical instruction in elementary agriculture in primary schools. During the year forty-seven classes in six education districts were working under the Act as against thirty-six for 1903. It is to be regretted that there is not more evidence of a definite movement on the part of controlling authorities to arrange for the regular instruction in country districts of school-children, as well as of those who have left school, in subjects having a direct bearing on rural pursuits. With the co-operation and help of local bodies interested in agricultural and pastoral matters controlling authorities should be able to see their way to arrange for suitable courses at convenient centres. If the classes were brought under the Act, subsidy would be payable on the contributions of local bodies and others, and the classes would be eligible for capitation and for grants in aid of the necessary apparatus and material. The funds available from these and other sources, such as the fees of students, should suffice for the efficient carrying-on of the classes. As far as the training of teachers of country schools is concerned, there would seem to be no reason why Education Boards should not devote a proportion of the grants they receive each year for the training of teachers in subjects of manual and technical instruction to the maintenance of training-classes in rural science. In the case of the smaller education districts co-operation on the part of the Boards should enable such classes to be placed on a satisfactory footing.

There has been a considerable increase in the number of persons receiving free instruction under the regulations for technical scholarships. During the year 852 scholars received free instruction at ten technical schools. In not a few cases definite courses of work have been entered upon, and there are indications that there will be a substantial increase next year, not only in the number of free scholars, but also in the number of technical schools giving free instruction along definite lines.

The total expenditure on manual and technical instruction for 1904 was £27,425 1s. The details are as follows: Capitation on all classes, £11,801 12s. 6d.; grants for buildings and equipment, £9,255 17s. 2d.; grants for material for class use, £798 6s. 9d.; subsidies on voluntary contributions, £1,175 10s. 10d.; technical training of teachers, £1,853; railway fares of instructors and students. £364 2s. 9d.; expenses in connection with the examination of the Board of Education, South Kensington, and of the City and Guilds of London Institute, £518 12s. 4d.; inspection, £978 15s. 3d.; scholarships, £634 14s. 2d.; sundries, £44 9s. 3d. The sum of £107 2s. 6d. was recovered by way of examination fees and from sale of material used at examinations, leaving a net expenditure of £27,317 18s. 6d.


Controlling Authority.Subjects of Instruction and Number of Classes in each Subject.
Total Number of Schools.Elementary Handwork.Drawing in Light and Shade (Blackboard Drawing).Elementary Design and Colour Work.Cookery.Dressmaking.Needlework.Woodwork.Chemistry.Physics.Botany.Elementary Agriculture.Ambulance and First-aid.Swimming and Life saving.Dairying.Total Number of Classes.
Education Board, Auckland7920511547...1943............31...334
Education Board, Taranaki368339......82...33...2...1114
Board of Governors, High School, New Plymouth1......2...1...........................3
Education Board, Wanganui811199961291611...1321...207
Board of Governors, High School, Palmerston North............3... 3...2121......12
Education Board, Wellington9619251831219...2......82......282
Board of Governors, Wellington College and Girls' High School—
Girls' High School1...31 ...... ......5............9
Education Board, Hawke's Bay2045216...4221 ...251...80
Education Board, Marlborough95............4......... ...2......11
Education Board, Nelson4151......62162............126...95
Board of Governors, Nelson Colleges—
Boys' College1..................13..................4
Girls' College1...... 4..............................4
Education Board, Grey1...............1........................1
Education Board, Westland1114............11.....................16
Education Board, North Canterbury111209...11713026...............20...304
Board of Governors, Canterbury College—
Boys' High School1..................311...............5
Girls' High School1...3...22.........23......1...13
Board of Governors, Ashburton High School1............ ...22..................4
Education Board, South Canterbury4152...133213......3......3...89
Board of Governors, Timaru High Schools—
Boys' High School1..................2.............1...3
Girls' High School1.........22............3............7
Education Board, Otago6752......19...28161......21...3...140
Board of Governors, Otago High Schools—
Girls' High School1.........3..............................3
Education Board, Southland120181...27..4171......14......247
Board of Governors, Southland High Schools—
Boys' High School1.....................2............2.4
Girls' High Schools1...2...3...............2...22...11


School or Classes.Number of Classes.Subjects of Instruction, and Average Attendance.
Freehand (from the Flat and Round), Light and Shade.Plane and Solid Geometry, Perspective Practical Geometry.Design and Ornament.Drawing, Modelling, and Painting from Antique and Nature.Architecture and Building-construction.Mechanical Drawing and Machine-construction.Practical Mechanics and Mathematics, Surveying.Mechanical and Electrical Engineering.Experimental and Natural Science (Chemistry, Physics, Botany, Photography).Woodwork and Ironwork.Wood-carving, Modelling, and Repousse Work.Carpentry and Joinery, Cabinetmaking, Painters' and Decorators' Work, Coachbuilding.Plumbing and Tinsmiths' Work, Iron and Brass Moulding.Cookery and Laundry-work, Dressmaking, Tailoring.Wool-sorting.Commercial Subjects.English, Latin, French, German, Maori, Arithmetic.Singing and Elocution.Training-classes for Teachers in Elementary Handwork.Training-classes for Teachers in Drawing.
Auckland Education Board—
    Technical School, Auckland66..67....163472176776..499388..5733....142
    Technical Classes, Thames10............15................312........
    Continuation Classes, Orere1................................4......
    “Elam” School of Art1735532..54................................
Taranaki Education Board—
    Technical classes, New Plymouth9................19330....2222......70104..
    Technical classes, Stratford8....................2392731..39........
Wanganui Education Board—
    Technical School, Wanganui397228..161111....1751852921....8761..2314
    Technical School, Palmerston N.185010121024....252017........5........
    Technical School, Hawera10223..4........7..18....23..16........
    Technical classes, Eltham3....................12..................
    Technical classes, Hunterville3....................16..................
    Technical classes, Marton4....................14..................
Wellington Education Board—
    Technical School, Wellington4854524310629494031....557410428..14090....187
    Technical classes, Wellington1................55......................
    Technical classes, Masterton2....................................3437
    Technical classes, Carterton17......................................
    Technical classes, Pahiatua3......................................1326
    Technical classes, Greytown1....................5..................
Petone Technical Classes Ass'n7..........8..........21..21..1330......
Masterton Technical Classes Ass'n1525....158........18121312....2722......
Hawke's Bay Education Board—
    Technical School, Napier1117..16103........28....2015..71......45
    Technical classes, Hastings3......................11..8..12........
    Technical classes, Dannevirke68....24................12....34......14
Board of Governors, Gisborne High School—
    Technical classes8..........8......16....2020..2944......
Marlborough Education Board—
    Technical classes, Blenheim2....................................3640
    Technical classes, Havelock1....................................6..
    Continuation classes, Saratoga1...... ........................1......
Nelson Education Board—
    Technical classes, Nelson8..................16......38..51......60
    Technical classes, Westport2....................................2033
    Technical classes, Reefton1..........................21............
Grey Education Board—
    Technical classes, Greymouth3....................................5583
Westland Education Board—
    Technical classes, Hokitika1................30......................
    Technical classes, Kumara1..................44....................
Board of Governors, Cant. Coll.—
    School of Art, Christchurch58172965512960..........3334............3117
    School of Engineering, Ch'ch398587......1617627344......................
School of Domestic Instruction, Christchurch11..........................163............
N. Canterbury Education Board—
    Christchurch Tech. Classes Ass'n41..27..................602210713436240......
    Tech. classes, Normal Sch., Ch'ch4..................14................22441
    Technical classes, Ashburton4..................9......43............
    Technical classes, Kaiapoi10..................1620....123141728......
    Technical classes, Leeston and Doyleston3..................21......21............
    Technical classes, Southbridge1..........................19............
    Technical classes, Lincoln1..........................13............
Continuation classes, West Christchurch School2..............................153........
    Lyttelton associated classes3..........................48............
S. Canterbury Education Board—
    Timaru Technical Classes Ass'n23..16..1528......625315....84..12753..27..
    Waimate Tech. Classes Ass'n14................6724......80..20348......
    Temuka Tech. Classes Ass'n812..............19........47146733......
    Technical classes, Timaru1......................................40
    Technical classes, Waimate2....................................1027
Otago Education Board—
    School of Art, Dunedin53277150461101512..........................10
    Technical School, Dunedin52............363115120223634270..50641828..145
    Technical classes, Dunedin3................88..................84..
    Technical classes, Port Chalmers2..........................33............
    Technical classes, Oamaru1..........................22............
    Technical classes, Kaitangata6..........2....20........20..10........
    Technical classes, Mosgiel2..........................51............
Southland Education Board—
    Technical School, Invercargill2619....5115....9932788129..7664..5779
    Technical classes, Gore2..................19......14............
    Technical classes, Mataura4..........5..............8..89......
    Country continuation classes6................................110......

The following table shows the results of the examinations conducted in the colony on behalf of the Board of Education, South Kensington, and the City and Guilds of London Institute:—


[“C” represents candidates; “P” passes.]

Subjects of Examination.Auckland.New Plymouth.Wanganui.Palmerston North.Wellington.Masterton.Napier.Blenheim.Greymouth.Christchurch.Dunedin.Invercargill.Totals.
* A book prize was gained by a Napier student.
     Freehand drawing255......18632......1...31......111471711718984
     Geometrical drawing43......4322.............................. ...86......1814
     Blackboard drawing..............................11......3...11..................52
     Drawing common objects from memory............1...............1133......1.....................64
     Memory drawing of plant-form..............................1.....................2276......108
     Drawing in light and shade1515......224411......54............1...54323632
     Painting from still life11............21......3111............2233......129
     Principles of ornament........................22..............................1.........32
     Drawing from the antique............................................................32......32
     Drawing from life........................21........................112.........52
     Modelling the head........................22........................22............44
     Students' works32......... ...21177......*41 .........2...135......4116
     Practical plane and solid geometry.......................................... .........1155......66
     Machine construction and drawing24141133......11..............................99......3828
     Building construction and drawing75......22......761111............2143......2419
     Mathematics............ 33..................... ...........................33
     Applied mechanics............................................................22......22
     Steam32.................. 11......... ...............11......54
     Theoretical inorganic chemistry............55  11..............................22......88
     Magnetism and electricity87......77......... ..............................11......1615
     Sound, light, and heat............................................................11......11
     Agricultural science and rural economy......11............................................................11
     Human physiology............................................................11......11


Subjects of Examination.Auckland.New Plymouth.Wanganui.Wellington.Napier.Greymouth.Christchurch.Dunedin.Invercargill.Totals.
Plumbers' work (preliminary)1412......... 21..............................1613
Principles of plumbing (ordinary)............11....................................11
Plumbers' work (ordinary)997533121033........................3430
Principles of plumbing (honours)997533121033........................3430
Carpentry and joinery (preliminary)11......1111..............................33
Carpentry and joinery (ordinary)11321......... ...............11......64
Electric light and power (preliminary)..................55 ...............11... 66
Electric light and power (ordinary)......1.........31............1111 ...63
Electric light and power (honours)..................11..............................11
Wiremen's work..................41..............................41
Telegraphy and telephony (ordinary)...... .........21............11............32
Mechanical engineering, Part I (ordinary)2...............21............... 21......62
Mechanical engineering, Part II (ordinary)31....................................2.........51
Painters' and decorators' work (ordinary)....................................11............11
Brickwork (ordinary)..........................................11......11
Gas-manufacture (ordinary)............11..................11............22
Woodwork, first year4235... 11......661...631816371811179
Woodwork, final11... ......... 1.........32......105158
Cookery3633... .................. .........33324437113102

The expenditure for the year is given in detail:—


Capitation   11,801120
Subsidy of £1 for £1 on contributions   1,1751010
    Buildings and apparatus9,255172   
    Class material79869   
    Training of Teachers—
     Auckland Education Board57800   
     Taranaki Education Board10000   
     Wanganui Education Board15000   
     Wellington Education Board20000   
     Hawke's Bay Education Board15000   
     Nelson Education Board12500   
     Grey Education Board7500   
     Westland Education Board15000   
     South Canterbury Education Board12500   
     Otago Education Board20000   
Railway fares of instructors of training-classes   241158
Railway fares students attending registered classes   12271
Expenses in connection with Examinations—
     Science and Art Board of Education, South£s.d.   
     City and Guilds of London Institute350104   
Scholarships   634142
Mounts, &c., for plaster casts   19110
Publications, &c.   2028
Sundries   4157
Less recoveries (examination fees, £105 2s. 6d.; proceeds of sale of material used at examination, £2)10726
     Total   £27,317186


There were 27 subsidised or endowed schools for higher education in December, 1904. The names of these secondary schools, with the numbers of pupils on the rolls in the last term or quarter of the year, and the fees charged, are stated Below. These schools must not be confused with the district high schools, although they nearly all admit to free places holders of Education Board Scholarships and of National or Queen's Scholarships, besides all who gain certificates of proficiency within prescribed limits of age, &c. There are grants payable under the Secondary Schools Act varying from £4 to £10 15s. for each free place, according as the net income from endowments is small or great. This is a modification of the grants previously authorised, which were at the uniform rate of £6. The number of endowed secondary-schools giving free tuition to all qualified pupils at the end of 1904 was 20, and the number of pupils holding free places was 1,595. There were besides about 387 holders of scholarships and exhibitions given by these schools, or by Boards of Education, or by the secondary schools not coming under the conditions. It will be noticed that the pupils numbered altogether 4,038.


Schools.Staff.Attendance for Last Term or Quarter of 1904Number of Boarders.Annual Rates of Fees.
Regular.Part-time.Under 12 Years.12 to 15.15 to 18.Over 18 Years.Total (Roll).Average Attendance.For Ordinary Day-School Course.For Board, exclusive of Day-School Tuition.
          £ s. d.£ s. d.
Whangarei High School3...b....
...8 8 0...
Auckland Grammar School171b.
5 g. 7
...10 10 0
8 8 0
Thames High School3..b. ...
g. ...
.. 130
...8 8 0...
New Plymouth High School42b. ...
b. ...
... ...47
...6 6 0...
Whanganui Girls' College10684875231541416210 10 0
8 8 0
40 0 0
Wanganui Collegiate School13...2391161817517113212 0 0
9 0 0
45 0 0
Palmerston North High School53b. 1
g. ...
1 ...89
...10 0 0...
Wellington College (Boys')131469204162932668013 4 0
10 12 0
42 0 0
Wellington Girls' High School936481209183165...13 4 0
10 12 0
Napier Boys' High School61115053...1141042510 4 040 0 0
Napier Girls' High School651152355103991610 4 043 3 0
Marlborough High School42b. ...
g. ...
...8 11 0...
Nelson College (Boys')92867100151901817710 10 0
8 8 0
40 0 0
Nelson Girls' College8196077121581443310 1 0
8 8 0
40 0 0
Christchurch Boys' High School1173971109219210...7 10 0
10 10 0
Christchurch Girls' High School96174691145135...9 9 0
12 12 0
Christ's College Grammar School123299490142172118014 3 6
11 0 6
7 17 6
45 0 0
42 0 0
Rangiora High School3...b. 1
g. ...
...9 9 0...
As High School32b ...
g. ...
...6 6 0...
Timaru Boys' High School41...5835...9385...9 0 0...
Timaru Girls' High School42...444479589...9 0 0...
Waitaki Boys' High School41...41702113105637 10 042 8 0
Waitaki Girls' High School32...202144542...7 10 0...
Otago Boys' High School104116312952982892410 0 043 10 0
Otago Girls' High School78...931083204179910 0 040 0 0
Southland Boy's High School51...6748...115111...10 0 0...
Southland Girls's High School42...5940210195...10 0 0...
            Totals18966b.65 g.421087 7351202 74489 742,443 1,5952,302 1,462601......

In six cases no secondary school is maintained by the governing body: these are the Auckland Girls’ High School, Gisborne High School, Greymouth High School, Hokitika High School, Akaroa High School, and Waimate High School; but in all cases the funds are applied, in whole or in part, to the establishment of scholarships or in aid of local district high schools or other secondary schools.

Income and Expenditure of Secondary or Superior Schools.

A summary of the accounts of income and expenditure for the year 1904, as furnished by the governing bodies of the secondary or superior schools in the colony, shows the total receipts to have been £87,720. To this total, rents of reserves contributed £23,382; interest on investments, and other receipts from endowments, £7,953; fees, £35,265; Government payment for technical instruction, £449; for free places, £10,006; and miscellaneous, £10,665.

The total expenditure amounted to £86,901, of which sum office management and expenses absorbed £2,987; teachers' salaries, £44,486; scholarships and prizes, £2,201; buildings, furniture, insurance, rates, and rent, &c., £17,051; and other expenditure, £20,176.

A summary of the accounts for the year 1904, exhibiting further details, is given below:—


To Credit balances on 1st January, 190431,572310
        Endowment reserves sold and mortgage moneys repaid3,99363
        Rent of reserves23,381154
        Interest on moneys invested3,959810
        Reserves Commissioners' payments1,7101311
Government payments—
        For technical instruction44977
        For free places10,005158
        School fees (tuition)27,463128
        Boarding-school fees7,8011710
        Books, &c., sold, and refunds247136
        Sundries not classified5,70675
        Debit balances, 31st December, 19042,15368
By Liabilities on 1st January, 19041,108910
        Expenses of management2,98770
        School salaries44,485186
        Boarding-school accounts7,056186
        Examination expenses396150
        Scholarships and prizes2,200127
        Printing, stationery, fuel, light, &c.3,77471
        Buildings, furniture, insurance, rent, and rates17,0501510
        Expenditure on endowments5,283110
        Sundries not classified2,76775
        Credit balances, 31st December, 190433,43695

District High Schools.

Besides 1,595 qualified pupils receiving free tuition at secondary schools, there were 2,291 pupils receiving secondary education in secondary classes belonging to the district high schools at the end of the year 1904.

A table is given showing the number of qualified pupils attending these district high schools on the 31st December, 1904—viz., 2,330.


Education District.Number of Schools.Number of Teachers.Annual Rate of Salary.Number of Pupils.Amount paid by Government to Education Boards during the Year.
M.F.Total.Capitation.Grants in Aid.Total.

* Including 1 boy who had not passed Standard VI.

Including 28 boys and 4 girls who had not passed Standard VI.

Including 2 girls who had not passed Standard VI.

   £s.d.   £s.d.£s.d.£s.d.
Hawke's Bay471,13000831001836131159015370468
North Canterbury10151,90200299237536*1,245002621001,507100
South Canterbury3879515084651497051509000795150
Totals for 19045211711,0339111,2071,1232,3308,6753111,45515310,130192

It will be noticed that there is a substantial increase in the number of pupils during the year 1904 who received free instruction in secondary subjects, and that the schools performing the function increased from 50 to 52 in number.


The introduction of university education into New Zealand was effected by the Superintendent and Provincial Council of Otago, who in 1869 passed an Ordinance under which the University of Otago was established. Following closely on the founding of this institution was the establishment of the University of New Zealand under an Act of the General Assembly, “The New Zealand University Act, 1870.” This University subsequently received a Royal charter, whereby the degrees which it confers are declared entitled to “rank, precedence, and consideration” throughout the British Empire “as fully as if the said degrees had been conferred by any university of the United Kingdom.” It was apparently contemplated by Parliament (vide section 19 of the Act last quoted) that the New Zealand University and the Otago University should be amalgamated; but the negotiations for this purpose having failed the two institutions remained for some time distinct bodies. In the year 1874, however, the University of Otago surrendered or put in abeyance its power of conferring degrees, and became affiliated to the University of New Zealand, and at the same time it was stipulated that the University of New Zealand should not directly exercise functions of teaching.

“The New Zealand University Act, 1874,” which repealed the statute of 1870, gave power to the Senate to confer, after examination, the several degrees of Bachelor and Master in Arts, Bachelor and Doctor in Law, Science, Medicine, Music, and also in such other departments of knowledge, except theology, as might be determined by the said Senate in the future.

By statute passed in 1904 further powers were given to confer the degrees of Doctor of Literature; Master of Laws; Master of Surgery; Master of Science; and Bachelor, Master, and Doctor of (a) Veterinary Science, (b) Dental Surgery, (c) Engineering (Mechanical, Electrical, Civil, Mining, Metallurgical, Naval Architecture); (d) Agriculture, (e) Public Health, (f) Commerce.

Powers are granted to confer also ad eundem degrees.

In 1902 an Amendment Act was passed reconstituting the Senate, which now consists of twenty-four members or Fellows, five to be elected by each of the four University College districts—that is to say, two by each governing body, two by each District Court of Convocation, and one by each Professorial Board. The remaining four members are nominated by the Governor in Council.

In the year 1873 the Superintendent and Provincial Council of Canterbury passed an Ordinance for founding “The Canterbury College,” and the college was accordingly established with the same standard of university education as that of the University of Otago, but without the power of conferring degrees. It was affiliated to the University of New Zealand.

In December, 1878, a Royal Commission on University and Secondary Education was appointed by the Governor, which met in July, 1879, and reported that two colleges, with an income of £4,000 each, ought to be established in Auckland and Wellington, and that suitable buildings, at a cost of £12,500 each, should be erected in those cities. In the following year the Royal Commission repeated these recommendations.

“The Auckland University College Act, 1882,” which became law on the 13th September in that year, definitely established the college, and endowed it with a statutory grant of £4,000 per annum. By “The Auckland University College Reserves Act, 1885,” three blocks of land, containing about 10,000 acres each, and a block containing about 354 acres, which had been devoted to the purpose of promoting higher education in the Province of Auckland, became vested in the Council of the University College.

The Auckland University College was affiliated to the University of New Zealand by the Senate of the University on the 6th March, 1883, and on the 21st May in the same year the college was opened by the Governor.

Nothing was done for Wellington until the year 1894, when an Act was passed entitled “The Middle District of New Zealand University College Act, 1894,” which said, “There shall be established in the City of Wellington a college to be connected with the University of New Zealand,” and provision was made for a governing body to be called the Council, but no provision was made for any pecuniary grant nor any endowment, and, though certain members of the Council were appointed, nothing could be done for want of funds.

Not until 1897 were the needs of Wellington actually attended to. In the session of Parliament that year the Right Hon. Mr. Seddon, P.C., Premier of the colony, introduced the Victoria College Act: an Act, as stated in the preamble, “to promote higher education by the establishment of a college at Wellington in commemoration of the sixtieth year of the reign of Her Majesty Queen Victoria,” the college being intended to embrace in its work the Provincial Districts of Wellington, Taranaki, Hawke's Bay, Nelson, Marlborough, and West-land. The Act was passed on the 22nd December, 1897, and the Council was formed as provided in the Act, and the work of organization was begun. The Act provides for the payment out of the Consolidated Fund of a grant of £4,000 a year, and also requires the Council to give six scholarships each year, called “Queen's Scholarships,” to persons of either sex under the age of fourteen years, upon the results of an examination under such conditions as the Council may provide. The Act further sets apart a parcel of land 4,000 acres in extent in the Nukumaru Survey District (Wellington Provincial District) as an endowment for the College.

The Council of the College has established eight chairs: classics, English, mathematics and mathematical physics, chemistry and physics, biology, law (two), and modern languages; and lectureships in mental science, history, general history, and political economy. It is intended as funds allow to add other subjects.

The New Zealand University is not a teaching body, as above explained, undergraduates hitherto for the most part keeping their terms at one or other of the affiliated institutions—the Auckland University College, the Victoria College, the Canterbury College, and the University of Otago—each of which has now a staff of professors and lecturers. On the 1st June, 1905, the number of graduates who had obtained direct degrees was 1,018.

The number of undergraduates on the roll of the University at that date was 3,180 (exclusive of such as had not performed any academical act for a period of ten years), but only 1,751 were keeping terms (not including undergraduates who had not, in the last three years, entered at a college or come up for any college or university examination), of whom 1,157 were males and 594 females. One hundred and eighty-six of the males and twenty-seven of the females were medical students. The numbers of students attending lectures at the affiliated institutions during the year 1904 were as follow: At the Auckland University College, 128 matriculated and 84 non-matriculated; at Canterbury College, 210 matriculated and 67 non-matriculated; at the Otago University, 257 matriculated and 30 non-matriculated. The Victoria College, before mentioned, affords further facilities for university students, and in June, 1905, had a total of 195 students on the roll—174 matriculated and 21 non-matriculated.

The names of the officers forming the controlling body of the New Zealand University for the year 1905 were:—


His Excellency the Governor.


Chancellor (1903), Sir Robert Stout, K.C.M.G.

Vice-Chancellor (1903), Charles Christopher Bowen.

Registrar (1899), John William Joynt, M.A., Dublin.

Assistant-Registrar (1904), Barclay Hector.

Office: Wellington.


First appointed.

(a) Retired (in accordance with the Act) in 1903, re-elected 1903.

(b) Retired 1882, re-elected in 1888; retired (in accordance with the act), in 1903 re-elected 1903.

(a)1874.The Reverend John Chapman Andrew, M.A., Oxon.
 1903.Frederick Ehrenfried Baume, LL.B., N.Z.
(b)1881.Charles Christopher Bowen.
(a)1883.Frederick Douglas Brown, M.A., B.Sc., Oxon.
 1877.John Macmillan Brown, M.A., Glasg.
 1903.John Rankine Brown, M.A., Oxon.
(a)1902.The Reverend Andrew Cameron, B.A., N.Z.
 1904.William Edward Collins, M.B., Lond.; M.R.C.S., Eng.
(a)1884.Charles Henry Herbert Cook, M.A., Cantab.
 1903.The Reverend William Albert Evans.
(a)1883.Frederick Fitchett, M.A., LL.D., N.Z.
 1903.Henry Andrew Gordon, F.G.S. A.M.I.C.E.
(a)1888.James Hay, M.A., LL.B., N.Z.
 1903.George Hogben, M.A., Cantab.
(a)1901.Richard Cockburn Maclaurin, M.A., LL.D., Cantab., M.A., N.Z.
 1903.William Chisholm Wilson McDowell, B.A., M.B., C.M., Edin.
(a)1879.Sir George Maurice O Rorke, Kt., M.A., LL.D., Dublin.
(a)1877.George Samuel Sale, M.A., Cantab.
(a)1880.The Reverend William Salmond, M.A., D.D., Edin.
(a)1890.John Halliday Scott, M.D., Edin.; M.R.C.S., Eng.; F.R.S.E.
 1903.Robert Julian Scott, M.Inst.C.E., M.Inst.M.E., A.A.I.E.E.
(a)1877.John Shand, M.A., LL D., Aberd.
(a)1884.Sir Robert Stout, K.C.M.G.
 1903.Joseph Augustus Tole, B.A., LL.B., Sydney.


There were 295 private schools in the colony at the end of 1904, an increase of 7 on the number in 1903: 30 were for boys, 77 for girls, and 188 for children of both sexes. The number of pupils attending them was 16,378—namely, 6,785 boys and 9,593 girls, not counting 67 Maoris, 36 boys and 31 girls. The number of European pupils at these schools was greater than in 1903 by 769. Of the private schools, 149 were Roman Catholic, with an attendance of 11,373 pupils.

The following gives, for the past ten years, the number of private schools and of Europeans attending them, the number of Roman Catholic schools and pupils being also shown separately:—

Year.Number of Private Schools.Pupils.Included in Previous Numbers.
Boys.Girls.Totals.Roman Catholic Schools.Pupils at Roman Catholic Schools.

The total number of children of European descent (including such half-castes as live among Europeans) known to be receiving education at school at the end of 1904 was 154,885; of these, 146,383 were from 5 to 15 years of age. The census showed also 5,055 children receiving tuition at home in 1901, against 6,352 in 1896. No doubt increased school accommodation in country places does away with the need for tutors and governesses to a certain extent.

The distribution of the private schools in the various provincial districts of the colony is shown in the next page:—


Provincial Districts.Number of Schools.Number of Teachers.Number of Scholars (exclusive of Maoris).Daily Average Attendance.

* Exclusive of 67 Maoris (36 boys, 31 girls).

NOTE.—Denominational schools, such as Roman Catholic and Anglican, are included in the above as private schools. Particulars for the Roman Catholic schools in December, 1901, are as under:—

Hawke's Bay44715103949384530914316449765


Provincial Districts.Number of Schools.Number of Teachers.Number of Scholars (exclusive of Maoris).Daily Average Attendance.
Hawke's Bay332862228287362649229300529


The number of Native village schools in operation at the end of 1904 either supported or subsidised by the Government was 100. In addition, there were six boarding-schools for Native children, the cost of whose maintenance was partly paid either by the Government or from endowments, and three private Native day-schools.

At the five boarding-schools, St. Stephen's and Te Aute for boys, and Hukarere, St. Joseph's, and Victoria Schools for girls, the Government offers 113 scholarships, tenable for two years, for children of predominantly Maori race who pass the Fourth Standard at the Maori village schools. At the end of the year 91 of these places were occupied, 36 by boys, and 55 by girls.

Maori children attending public schools who pass the Fifth Standard before reaching the age of fifteen may obtain allowances of £20 a year to enable them to attend a secondary school or to enter upon industrial pursuits. There are seven scholars receiving higher education and two boys serving apprenticeships under these conditions.

The number of Maori children attending schools during the fourth quarter of 1904 was 6,079—namely, 3,453 males and 2,626 females. These included 312 half-castes at the Native village schools who were living as members of Maori tribes, and 257 at public European schools.

The numbers at the several schools in 1903 and 1904 were as under:—

Schools.Maori Children attending Schools.
Boys.Girls.Total of both Sexes.
At public European schools1,1831,3338679652,0502,298
At Native village schools1,8471,8551,4511,4703,2983,325
At subsidised or endowed boardi