RESULTS OF A CENSUS OF THE COLONY OF NEW ZEALAND taken for the night of the 28th March 1886


Table of Contents

TO THE HONOURABLE THE COLONIAL SECRETARY.
PART I.— POPULATION AND HOUSES
PART II.—AGES OF THE PEOPLE.
PART III.—RELIGIONS OF THE PEOPLE.
PART IV.—BIRTHPLACES OF THE PEOPLE.
PART V.—CONJUGAL CONDITION OF THE PEOPLE.
PART VI.—EDUCATION OF THE PEOPLE.
PART VII.–OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.
PART VIII.–SICKNESS AND INFIRMITY.
PART IX.—LAND, LIVE STOCK, ETC.
PART X.—INDUSTRIES, LAND AND BUILDING SOCIETIES, PUBLIC LIBRARIES, MECHANICS' INSTITUTES, ETC., PLACES OP WORSHIP.
I. PART I.—POPULATION AND HOUSES.
1. POPULATION.—GENERAL SUMMARY.
2. DWELLINGS.—GENERAL SUMMARY.
3. POPULATION (EXCLUSIVE OF MAORIS) AND DWELLINGS.—GENERAL SUMMARY.
4. PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES. DENSITY OF POPULATION AND HOUSES, AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
5. INCREASE OF POPULATION.
6. POPULATION.—SUMMARY AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
7. NUMERICAL INCREASE OR DIMINUTION OF THE POPULATION IN EACH PROVINCIAL DISTRICT AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
8. CENTESIMAL INCREASE OR DIMINUTION OF POPULATION IN EACH PROVINCIAL DISTRICT AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
9. PROPORTION OF SEXES AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
10. DENSITY OF POPULATION AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
11. DWELLINGS -SUMMARY AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
12. PERSONS TO A HOUSE AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
13. DENSITY OF HOUSES AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
14. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS. - GENERAL SUMMARY.
15. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS IN COUNTIES.
16. POPULATION OF COUNTIES, RIDINGS, AND ROAD AND TOWN DISTRICTS.
17. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS IN BOROUGHS
18. POPULATION OF WARDS IN BOROUGHS.
19. POPULATION OF COUNTIES, WITH INTERIOR BOROUGHS, AND SHIPPING.
20. BOROUGHS AND TOWN DISTRICTS,1886 AND 1881.
21. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS OF ISLANDS.
22. POPULATION ON SHIPBOARD.
23. POPULATION IN ELECTORAL DISTRICTS.
24. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS IN PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS.
25. GOLDFIELDS.
26. DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN COUNTY RIDINGS.
II. PART II.—AGES OF THE PEOPLE.
27. INCREASE OF THE POPULATION AT DIFFERENT AGE. PERIODS.
28. PROPORTIONS PER CENT. AT VARIOUS AGE-PERIODS AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUSES.
29. PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES AT VARIOUS AGE .PERIODS AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUSES.
30. PROPORTIONS PER CENT. AT EACH QUINQUENNIAL AGE-PERIOD.
31. PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES AT EACH QUINQUENNIAL AGE-PERIOD.
32. GENERAL SUMMARY, INCLUSIVE AND EXCLUSIVE OF CHINESE.
33. GENERAL SUMMARY, INCLUSIVE AND EXCLUSIVE OF CHINESE.—PROPORTIONS PER CENT
34. GENERAL SUMMARY, INCLUSIVE AND EXCLUSIVE OF CHINESE.—PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES.
35. REPRESENTATION.
36. GENERAL SUMMARY BY PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS.
37. SUMMARY BY COUNTIES.
38. SUMMARY BY BOROUGHS.
III. PART III.—RELIGIONS OF THE PEOPLE.
39. INCREASE OF THE PRINCIPAL DENOMINATIONS.
40. NUMBERS AND PROPORTIONS PER CENT. AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUSES.
41. NUMBERS, PROPORTIONS PER CENT., AND PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES.
42. NUMBERS FOR EACH DENOMINATION AND INCREASE.
43. TABLE V. - GENERAL SUMMARY BY PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS.
44. SUMMARY BY COUNTIES.
45. SUMMARY BY BOROUGHS.
IV. PART IV.—BIRTHPLACES OF THE PEOPLE.
46. ALLEGIANCE.
47. INCREASE OR DECREASE OF THE VARIOUS NATIONALITIES.
48. NUMBERS, PROPORTIONS PER CENT., AND PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES.
49. NUMBERS OF EACH NATIONALITY, WITH COMPARISON FOR 1881-86.
50. SUMMARY BY PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS.
51. SUMMARY BY COUNTIES
52. SUMMARY BY BOROUGHS.
V. PART V.—CONJUGAL CONDITION OF THE PEOPLE
53. MARRIED AND SINGLE AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS-PROPORTIONS PER CENT.
54. UNMARRIED, MARRIED, AND WIDOWED.—NUMBERS AND PROPORTIONS PER CENT.
55. GENERAL SUMMARY—NUMBERS AND PROPORTIONS PER CENT.
56. BACHELORS AND SPINSTERS, AND HUSBANDS AND WIVES.
57. GENERAL SUMMARY (INCLUSIVE AND EXCLUSIVE OF CHINESE).—NUMBERS.
58. GENERAL SUMMARY BY PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS
59. GENERAL SUMMARY BY COUNTIES.
60. GENERAL SUMMARY BY BOROUGHS.
VI. PART VI.–EDUCATION OF THE PEOPLE
61. EDUCATION AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUSES.–PROPORTIONS PER CENT.
62. EDUCATION.–DEGREES AND PROPORTIONS PER CENT. TO POPULATION AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.
63. GENERAL SUMMARY.–NUMBERS AND PROPORTIONS PER CENT.
64. POPULATION, 5 TO 15 AND UPWARDS.—NUMBERS AND PROPORTIONS PER CENT.
65. ATTENDANCE AT SCHOOL THE COLONY AND PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS.
66. ATTENDANCE AT SCHOOL.–INCREASE 1871-86.AND PROPORTION TO POPULATION (5 TO 15 YEARS).
67. ATTENDANCE AT SCHOOL.—COUNTIES.
68. ATTENDANCE AT SCHOOL.—BOROUGHS.
69. GENERAL SUMMARY BY PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS.
70. GENERAL SUMMARY BY COUNTIES.
71. GENERAL SUMMARY BY BOROUGHS.
VII. PART VII.–OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE
72. OCCUPATIONS, CLASSES, WITH PROPORTIONS PER CENT.
73. OCCUPATIONS.—ORDERS, WITH PROPORTIONS PER CENT.
74. OCCUPATIONS.–SUB-ORDERS.
75. DETAILS OF OCCUPATIONS.–POPULATIONS UNDER AND OVER TWENTY YEARS.
76. EMPLOYMENT OF LABOUR IN THE INDUSTRIAL CLASS.
77. Provincial Districts.–DETAILS OF OCCUPATIONS.
78. OCCUPATIONS OF THE CHINESE.
79. OCCUPATIONS.—ALPHABETICAL ARRANGEMENT.
VIII. PART VIII. — SICKNESS AND INFIRMITY.
80. SICKNESS AND INFIRMITY. — AGES AT QUINQUENNIAL PERIODS, WITH PROPORTIONS PER 10,000.
81. SICKNESS AND INFIRMITY.— DETAILS OF OCCUPATIONS.
IX. PART IX.—LAND, LIVE STOCK, DAIRY PRODUCE, AND AGRICULTURAL MACHINES.
82. LAND AND STOCK.–SUMMARY BY PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS.
83. LAND AND STOCK.–SUMMARY BY COUNTIES.
84. OCCUPIED HOLDINGS OF LAND IN PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS.
85. OCCUPIED HOLDINGS OF LAND IN COUNTIES.
86. ACREAGE OF OCCUPIED LANDS, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SIZES OF HOLDINGS.
87. NUMBER AND ACREAGE OF HOLDINGS OF OCCUPIED LAND IN COUNTIES.
88. LIVE STOCK.—INCREASE OF.
89. BUTTER, CHEESE, AGRICULTURAL MACHINES, AND GRAIN ON HAND.
90. BUTTER, CHEESE, AND AGRICULTURAL MACHINES.
X. PART X—INDUSTRIES, LAND AND BUILDING SOCIETIES, PUBLIC LIBRARIES, MECHANICS' INSTITUTES, ETC., PLACES OF WORSHIP.
91. MANUFACTORIES, MACHINES, WORKS.
92. PRINTING ESTABLISHMENTS.
93. AGRICULTURAL-IMPLEMENT MANUFACTORIES.
94. COACH-BUILDING.
95. SHIP AND BOAT-BUILDING.
96. WOOLLEN FACTORIES
97. BOOT AND SHOE FACTORIES
98. CLOTHING FACTORIES.
99. FURNITURE FACTORIES.
100. CHEESE AND BUTTER FACTORIES.
101. FLAX-MILLS.
102. ROPE, CORDAGE, AND TWINE WORKS.
103. FISH CURING AND PRESERVING.
104. MALTHOUSES.
105. COLLIERIES.
106. GRAIN - MILLS.
107. FRUIT-PRESERVING AND JAM-MAKING.
108. AERATED WATERS AND CORDIAL MANUFACTORIES.
109. BREWERIES.
110. SOAP AND CANDLE WORKS.
111. SAW-MILLS.
112. BRICK, TILE, AND POTTERY MANUFACTORIES.
113. BOILING-DOWN, MEAT-PRESERVING, AND MEAT-FREEZING ESTABLISHMENTS.
114. FELLMONGERING, TANNING, CURRYING, AND WOOL-SCOURING ESTABLISHMENTS.
115. IRON AND BRASS FOUNDRIES.
116. QUARTZ MINES AND MACHINERY.
117. HYDRAULIC GOLD-MINING.
118. FISHING, OYSTER GATHERING AND DREDGING.
119. BUILDING SOCIETIES
120. PUBLIC LIBRARIES, MECHANICS' INSTITUTES, AND OTHER LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONS.
121. PLACES OF WORSHIP
122. PLACES OF WORSHIP
XI. APPENDIX.
123. SUMMARY OF MAORI POPULATION.
124. MAORI POPULATION.—PRINCIPAL TRIBES.
125. MAORI POPULATION UNDER AND OVER 15 YEARS
126. MAORI POPULATION IN COUNTIES.

List of Tables

I_I. Showing the Population of the Colony (exclusive of Maoris*) according to the Census taken on the 28th March, 1886.
I_I. Showing the Habitations in the Colony (exclusive of Maoris) according to the Census taken on the 28th March, 1886.
I_III. Showing the Inhabitants and Dwellings in the Colony according to the Census taken on the 28th March, 1886.
I_IV. Showing the Number of Females to 100 Males, and the Number of Persons to the Square Mile, at the Period of each Enumeration, from December, 1858, to March, 1886; also the Number of Persons to the Inhabited House, and of Inhabited Houses to the Square Mile (exclusive of Maoris and Maori Dwellings).
I_V. Showing the Population of the Colony (exclusive of Maoris) at the Period of each Enumeration, from December, 1858, to March, 1886, and the Numerical and Centesimal Increase during the Period between each Enumeration.
I_VI. Showing the Population of each Provincial District (exclusive of Maoris) in New Zealand at different Census-periods, from 1867 to 1886.
I_VII. Showing the Numerical Increase or Diminution of the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of each Provincial District in New Zealand in the respective Periods, December, 1867, to February, 1871; February, 1871, to March, 1874; March, 1874, to March, 1878; March, 1878, to April, 1881; April, 1881, to March, 1886.
I_VIII. Showing the Centesimal Increase or Decrease of the Population, and of the Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Provincial District of New Zealand, in the respective Periods, December, 1867, to February, 1871; February, 1871, to March, 1874; March, 1874, to March, 1878; March, 1878, to April, 1881; April, 1881, to March, 1886.
I_IX. Showing the Number of Females to 100 Males in each Provincial District for the last Six Censuses (exclusive of Maoris).
I_X. Showing the Area of each Provincial District, and the Number of Persons to the Square Mile in each, at the last Six Censuses (exclusive of Maoris).
I_XI. Showing the Number of Dwellings (Inhabited) of all Descriptions in each. Provincial District at the last Six Censuses (exclusive of the Dwellings of Maoris).
I_XII. Showing the Number of Persons to each Inhabited Dwelling at the last Six Censuses (exclusive of Maoris).
I_XIII. Showing the Area of each Provincial District, and the Number of Dwellings to the Square Mile in each, at the last Six Censuses (exclusive of Maoris).
I_XIV. Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris) and Dwelling in the Colony of New Zealand on the 28th March, 1886, as existing in Counties, Boroughs, Islands, and on Shipboard.
I_XV. Showing the Population of the Counties (exclusive of Maoris), distinguishing Chinese and Half-castes, with the Number of Houses Inhabited, Uninhabited, and in Course of Erection, classified according to Materials and Rooms. Also the Number of Europeans and Chinese in different Classes of Dwellings, and those camping out.
I_XVI. Showing the Populations of the different Counties, with Particulars for Ridings, Road and Town Districts, therein.
I_XVII. Showing the Population of the Boroughs (exclusive of Maoris), distinguishing Chinese and Half-castes, with the Number of Houses Inhabited, Uninhabited, and in Course of Erection, classified according to Materials and Rooms. Also the Number of Europeans and Chinese in different Classes of Dwellings, and those camping out.
I_XVIII. Showing the Population of the Wards or Locally-known Divisions of the different Boroughs in the Colony and Suburbs of the Principal Towns.
I_XIX. Comparative Statement showing the Population of Counties, with Interior Boroughs, and Shipping, according to the Censuses of 1886 and 1881.
I_XX. Showing the Population of the Boroughs and Town Districts at the Census of 1886 as compared with the Numbers shown by the Census of 1881.[A full statement of small towns an villages, as in 1886, will be found in the Table of Table of Localities, No. XXVI]
I_XXI. Showing the Population of the different Islands adjacent to New Zealand, and the Dwellings of the People.
I_XXII. Showing the Persons on Shipboard at the different Ports of the Colony on 28th March,1886.
I_XXIII. Showing the Population of the Electoral Districts under the Representation Act, 1881 (exclusive of Maoris).
I_XXIV. Showing the Population of Provincial Districts (exclusive of Maoris) as on the 28th March, 1886, distinguishing Chinese and Half-castes, with the Number of Houses Inhabited, Uninhabited, and in Course of Erection, classified according to Materials and Rooms; also the Number of Europeans and Chinese in different Classes of Dwellings, and those camping out.
I_XXV. Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris),the Number of Dwellinghouses Inhabited, and the Materials of Which constructed, according to the Census of 28th March, 1886.
I_XXVI. Showing the Population of the Townships and Localities in the Ridings of the different Counties.[The letter T. given after the name of a place indicates Town. T.D. means Town District.]
II_I. Showing the Increase of Persons of both Sexes, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), at different Ages, in the Intervals between the various Censuses, from December, 1864, to March, 1886.
II_II. Showing (exclusive of Maoris) the Proportions per Cent of the Persons, Males, and Females at each Age. period to the Total of all Ages at the last Seven Censuses.
II_III. Showing (exclusive of Maoris) the Proportions of Males and Females in every 100 of the Population at each Age. period as returned at the last Seven Censuses.
II_IV. Showing (exclusive of Chinese and Maoris) the Proportions per Cent, of the Persons, Males, and Females at each Quinquennial Period of Age to the Total of all Ages, on the 28th March, 1886.
II_V. Showing (exclusive of Chinese and Maoris) the Proportions of Males and Females in every 100 of the Population at each Quinquennial Period of Age, on the 28th March, 1886.
II_VI. Showing the Number of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) living at each Period of Age, inclusive and exclusive of Chinese, according to the Census of 1886.
II_VII. Showing the Proportions per Cent, of Persons, Males, and Females living at each Period of Age to the Total at all Ages in regard to the Population, inclusive and exclusive of Chinese, and exclusive of Maoris; also Proportions for the Chinese.
II_VIII. Showing the relative Proportions of Males and Females in every 100 Persons living at each Age in regard to the Population, inclusive and exclusive of Chinese, and exclusive of Maoris; also Proportions for the Chinese.
II_IX. Showing, for the Electoral Districts returning European Members to the House of Representatives, the Total Population at all Ages, the Male Population of 21 Years and upwards, the Number of Electors on the Roll, and the Proportion of Males over 21 Years of Age to an Elector, as at the Census of 1886; also the Approximate Population of Electoral Districts at the Census of 1881.
II_X. Showing the Number of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in each Provincial District.
II_XI. Showing the Ages of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in each County.
II_XII. Showing the Ages of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in each Borough.
III_I. Showing the Number of Persons (exclusive of Maoris) belonging to each of the Principal Denominations at the Census Periods from December, 1867, and the Increase or Decrease of each Denomination during the Intervals to March, 1886.
III_II. Showing the Number and Proportions per Cent, of Persons (exclusive of Maoris) of different Religions at the Successive Census Periods.
III_III. Showing the Number of Persons, Wales, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), of different Religions, the Proportions per Cent, of those belonging to each Denomination, and the Proportions of Males and Females in every 100 Persons of each Religious Denomination, living in New Zealand in March, 1886.
III_IV. Showing the Number of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) belonging to the different Religious Denominations, according to the Census of March, 1886, compared with the Results of the Census of 1881.
III_V. Showing the Religions of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in each Provincial District.
III_VI. Showing the Religions of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in each County.
III_VII. Showing the Religions of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in each Borough.
IV_I. Showing the Numbers and relative Proportions of British and Foreign Subjects (exclusive of Maoris for each Provincial District and in the whole Colony.
IV_II. Showing the Number of Persons of different Birthplaces living in New Zealand (exclusive of Maoris) at the various Census Periods, and the Numerical and centesimal Increase or Decrease of each Nationality during the Interval between each of those Periods.
IV_III. Showing the Numbers and Proportions per Cent. to their respective Totals of Persons, Males, and Females of different Birthplaces; and the Proportions of Males and Females in every 100 Persons of each Nationality living in New Zealand (exclusive of Maoris), in March, 1886.
IV_IV. Showing the Number of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in New Zealand, according to their different Birthplaces, as returned at the Census of 1886, and a Comparison with the Results of the Census of 1881.
IV_V. Showing the Birthplaces of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in each Provincial District.
IV_VI. Showing the Birthplaces of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in each County.
IV_VII. Showing the Birthplaces of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) in each Borough.
V_I. Showing (exclusive of Chinese and Maoris) the Proportions of the Unmarried, Married, Widowed, and Unspecified, in every 100 Persons, Males, and Females, of all Ages, living in New Zealand at the last Five Census Periods.
V_II. Showing (exclusive of Chinese and Maoris) the Number of Unmarried Persons distinguishing Males under and over 20, and Females under and over 15 Years of Age; the Number of Husbands and Wives, Widowers and Widows, of all Ages, with the Proportions per Cent, of the Unmarried, Married, and Widowed in every 100 Persons living, according to the Census of the 28th March, 1886.
V_III. Showing (exclusive of Maoris and Chinese) the Numbers and the Proportions per Cent. Of Unmarried, Married, and Widowed, Males and Females, for each Quinquennial Period of Ages, as shown by the Census of the 28th March, 1886.
V_IV. Showing (exclusive of Chinese and Maoris) the Number of Bachelors of 20 Years old and upwards, and the Number of Spinsters of 15 Years old and upwards; the Excess of the former over the latter, or the contrary; the Number of Bachelors to every 100 Spinsters; also showing the Number of Husbands and Wives, the Excess of the former over the latter, or the contrary; and the Number of Husbands to every 100 Wives, in each Provincial District and the entire Colony, at the Census of the 28th March, 1886.
V_V. Showing, at various Periods of Age, the Number of Unmarried, Married, and Widowed, Males and Females, in the Population (inclusive and exclusive of Chinese), and in the Chinese living in New Zealand, at the Census of the 28th March, 1886.
V_VI. Showing the Numbers and Ages of the Unmarried, Married, Widowed, and Unspecified, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Provincial District.
V_VII. Showing the Numbers and Ages of the Unmarried, Married, Widowed, and Unspecified, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each County.
V_VIII. Showing the Numbers and Ages of the Unmarried, Married, Widowed, and Unspecified, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Borough.
VI_I. Showing (exclusive of Maoris and Chinese) the Proportions per cent. of the Educated, the Partially Educated, and the Uneducated, to the Total Numbers living at the last Nine Census Periods.
VI_II. Showing, for the Years 1871, 1874, 1878, 1881, and 1886, respectively, the Population in New Zealand (exclusive of Maoris and Chinese), classified according to the different Degrees of Education, and the Proportion par Cent. of each Degree of Education to the Total Population of the several Provincial Districts in the respective Years.
VI_III. Showing (exclusive of Maoris and Chinese) the Number of the Population, Persons, Males, and Females, at the various Quinquennial Periods of Age, able to Read and Write, Read only, or unable to Read, and the Proportions for every 100 of the Population, according to the Census of the 28th March, 1886.
VI_IV. Showing the Number of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris and Chinese), in the Colony and each Provincial District, between 5 and 15 Years of Age, and 15 Years of Age and upwards, who were returned as being able to Read and Write, able to Read only, or unable to Read ; also the Proportion per Cent, of those of each Degree of Education to the Total Numbers at each Age. period.
VI_V. Showing the Numbers of the Population of New Zealand (exclusive of Maoris) attending Public, Private, and Sunday Schools, also those receiving Tuition at Home, for the Colony and each Provincial District, in 1874, 1878, 1881, and 1886.
VI_VI. Showing the Numbers of the Population attending Public and Aided Schools, Private Schools, or receiving Tuition at Home, at the Census Periods from 1871 to 1886, with the Numerical and Centesimal Increase; also the Population at 5 to 15 Years of Age, with its Increase, and the Proportion per Cent, of Scholars at each Census Year.
VI_VII. Showing the Numbers of the Population Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris) attending Schools, and receiving Tuition at Home, in each County.
VI_VIII. Showing the Numbers of the Population. Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), attending Schools, and receiving Tuition at Home, in Boroughs.
VI_IX. Showing the Education of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris and Chinese), in each Provincial District.
VI_X. Showing the Education of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris and Chinese),in each County.
VI_XI. Showing the Education of Persons, Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris and Chinese),in each Borough.
VII_I. Showing the Occupations of the Population under and over 20 Years of Age, Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), on the 28th March, 1886, arranged in Six Classes ; also the Proportions per Cent, of those of each Class to the Total.
VII_II. Showing the Occupations of the Population under and over Twenty Years of Age, Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maori:), on the 28th March, 1886 ; also the Proportions per Cent, of those of each Order to the Total.
VII_III. Showing the Occupations of the Population under and over 20 Years of Age, Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), on the 28th March, 1886, arranged in Sixty-one Sub-orders.
VII_IV. Showing the Occupations of the Population of the Colony, Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), as on the 28th March, 1886, distinguishing the Numbers under Twenty Years from those above Twenty Years of Age.
VII_V. Showing the Occupations of the Industrial Class, the Number of Persons employed, and the Number of Employers, according to the Census of 28th March, 1886
VII_VII. Showing the Occupations of the People, Males and Females, under and over Twenty Years of Age, in the Provincial Districts.
VII_VIII. Showing the Occupations of the Chinese Population of the Colony, Persons, Males, and Females, on the 28th March, 1886.
VII_VIX. Showing the Occupations of the People according to the Census of March, 1886, arranged in Alphabetical Order.
VIII_I. Showing the Ages, in Quinquennial Periods, and Proportions in every 10,000 Living, of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), of 15 Years of Age and upwards, returned as Sick or suffering from Accident; and of all Ages returned as Deaf and Dumb, Blind, Lunatics, Idiots, Epileptic, Paralyzed, Crippled and Deformed, suffering from Debility and Deafness, on the 28th March, 1886.
VIII_II. Showing the Occupations of Persons, Males, and Females (exclusive of Maoris), of 15 Years of Age and upwards, returned as Sick or suffering from Accident; and the Occupations, past or present, of the Deaf and Dumb, Blind, Lunatics, Idiots, Epileptics, Paralyzed, Crippled or Deformed, suffering from Debility or Deafness, of all Ages, on the 28th March, 1886
IX_I. Showing the Extent of Occupied Holdings over One Acre; Land fenced; and the Number of Live Stock and Poultry in Provincial Districts (exclusive of Holdings occupied by, and Stock belonging to, Maoris), according to the Census of March, 1886; and a Comparison with the Results for the Census of 1881.
IX_II. Showing the Extent of Occupied Holdings over One Acre; Land fenced; and the Number of Live Stock and Poultry in Counties (exclusive of Holdings occupied by, and Stock belonging to, Maoris), as in March, 1886.
IX_III. Showing the Number of Occupied Holdings of over One Acre in Extent in the different Provincial Districts, classified according to Size, according to the Census of March, 1886, and a Comparison with the results of the Census of 1881.[This table deals with the full extent of occupied land, including Native leases, but exclusive of Crown pastoral leases. A property part free and part leased has been considered as one holding, and placed according to its full size.]
IX_IV. Showing the Number of Occupied Holdings of over One Acre in Extent in the different Counties, classified according to Size, according to the Census of March, 1886.[This table deals with the full extent of occupied land, including Native leases, but exclusive of Crown pastoral leases. A property part free and part leased has been considered as one holding, and placed according to its full size.]
IX_V. Showing the Acreage of Occupied Lands in Holdings over One Acre in Extent, classified according to Size.[This table deals with the full extent of occupied land, including Native leases, but excluding Crown pastoral leases.]
IX_VI. Showing the Number and Acreage of Occupied Holdings upwards of an Acre in Extent (exclusive of Crown Pastoral Lands), classified according to Size, in the different Counties of the Colony, according to the Census of March, 1886, and a Comparison with the Results of the Census of 1881.
IX_VII. Showing the Numbers of Live Stock (exclusive of Stock belonging to Maoris),in the several Provincial Districts of New Zealand, in the Years 1858, 1861, 1864, 1867, 1871, 1874, 1878, 1881, and 1886 respectively.
IX_VIII. Showing the Annual Production of Butter and Cheese, the Number of Agricultural Machines, and the Quantity of Grain in hand, in to the Census of March, 1886; and a Comparison with 1881.
IX_IX. Showing the Annual Production of Butter and Cheese, and the Number of Agricultural Machines, in Counties, according to the Census of March, 1886.
X_I. Showing the Number of Manufactories, Works, &c, of the under-mentioned Descriptions, which were in Operation in the several Provincial Districts of New Zealand in March, 1886; with the Number of Hands, Amount of Machine-power employed, the Value of Manufactures for the Year 1885, the Approximate Value of Land, Buildings, Machinery and Plant, and a Comparison with the Industries returned in 1881.
X_II. General Summary of certain Manufactories, Works, &c. (specified in the preceding Table I.), in Operation in the several Provincial' Districts of New Zealand in the Month of March, 1886, with the Number of Hands, the Nature and Amount of Power employed, and the Value of Manufactures for the Year 1885 ; also the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_III. Showing the Number of Printing Establishments in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Value of the Production for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_IV. Showing the Number of Agricultural-implement Manufactories in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Quantity and Value of the Manufactures for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_V. Showing the Number of Coach-building Establishments in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Number and Descriptions of Vehicles built, and the Value of all Manufactures (including Repairs) for the Year 1885; also the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_VI. Showing the Number of Ship- and Boat-building Yards in Operation in March, 1886, the Number and Value of Vessels and Boats built during the Year 1885, the Value of Materials used, the Value of Repairs executed, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_VII. Showing the Number of Woollen Factories in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Quantity and Value of Articles manufactured during the year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_VIII. Showing the Number of Boot and Shoe Factories in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Power and Hands employed, the Quantity and Value of the Manufactures for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_IX. Showing the Number of Clothing Factories in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Quantity and Value of Articles manufactured, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_X. Showing the Number of Furniture Factories in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Value of the Manufactures for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XI. Showing the Number of Dairy Factories in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Quantity and Value of the Produce for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XII. Showing the Number of Flax-mills in Operation in the Month of March, 1886; with the Number of Machines used, the Number of Hands and Power employed, and the Quantity of Flax manufactured, during the Year 1885.
X_XIII. Showing the Number of Rope and Twine Works in Operation in the Colony in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Quantity and Value of the Manufactures for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XIV. Showing the Number of Fish Curing and Preserving Establishments in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands employed, the Quantity and Value of the Produce for 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XV. Showing the Number of Malthouses in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Number of Hands employed, the Quantity and Value of Malt made, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XVI. Showing the Number of Collieries in New Zealand in Operation in March. 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Produce for the Year 1885, and Approximate Value of Machinery and Plant.
X_XVII. Showing the Number of Mills for grinding and dressing Grain in Operation in New Zealand in March, 1886; with the Nature and Amount of the Power employed, the Quantity and Value of Grain operated upon, the Quantity and Value of Flour and Meal produced during the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XVIII. Showing the Number of Fruit-preserving and Jam Factories in Operation in March, 1886, the Number of Hands employed, the Quantity and Value of the Manufactures for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XIX. Showing the Number of Aerated Waters and Cordial Manufactories in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Power and Hands employed, the Quantity and Value of the Produce for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XX. Showing the Number of Breweries in Operation in New Zealand in March, 1886; also the Number of Hands, Horses, and Drays employed, the Quantity and Value of Materials used, the Quantity and Value of Beer brewed during the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XXI. Showing the Number of Soap and Candle Factories in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Quantity and Value of Manufactures for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XXII. Showing the Number of Saw-mills and Sash and Door Manufactories in Operation in New Zealand in March, 1886, the Power and Hands employed, the Quantity and Value of the Produce for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XXIII. Showing the Number of Brick, Tile, and Pottery Manufactories in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Power and Hands employed, the Quantity and Value of the Manufactures for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XXIV. Showing the Number of Boiling-down, Meat-preserving, and Meat-freezing Establishments in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Produce for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XXV. Showing the Number of Fellmongering, Tanning, Currying, and Wool-scouring Establishments in New Zealand in March, 1886. the Hands and Power employed, the Produce for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machinery and Plant.
X_XXVI. Showing the Number of Iron Foundaries in New Zealand in Operation in March, 1886, the Hands and Power employed, the Manufactures and Value of Work for the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of the Land, Buildings, and Machiners and Plant..
X_XXVII. Showing the Gold Quartz Mines and Quartz-crushing Machinery in Operation in New Zealand in March, 1886, with the Nature and Amount of Power, the Number of Hands employed, the Amount in Tons of Quartz crushed, the Quantity of Gold produced during the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of Machinery and Plant.
X_XXVIII. Showing the Number of Hydraulic Gold-Mining Works in Operation in New Zealand in March, 1886, the Number of Hands, theature and Amount of Power employed, the Quantity of Gold produced in the Year 1885, and the Approximate Value of Machinery and Plant.
X_XXIX. Showing the Fishing and Oyster-getting Business of New Zealand as on the 28th March, 1886, with Particulars of Boats, Nets, and Value of Buildings used.
X_XXX. Showing the Number of Registered Building Societies in New Zealand on the 31st December, 1885, with Particulars of Shares and Members, Income and Expenditure, Assets and Liabilities.
X_XXXI. Showing, for the Year ending March, 1886, the Public Libraries, Mechanics' Institutes, and other Literary and Scientific Institutions in the Colony of New Zealand which furnished Returns to the Registrar-General; specifying the Number of Institutions in each Provincial District, the Number of Members, and the Number of Volumes of Books.
X_XXXII. Showing the Number of Churches and Chapels, Schoolhouses and other Buildings used for Public Worship by the different Religious Denominations; also the Number of Persons for whom there was Accommodation, and the Number usually attending, in March, 1886.
X_XXXIII. Showing the Number of Churches and Chapels, Schoolhouses and other Buildings used for Public Worship by the different Religious Denominations; also the Number of Persons for whom there was Accommodation, and the Number usually attending, in March, 1886.
A_I. Showing the Maori Population of New Zealand according to the Results of a Census taken in March, 1886.
A_II. Showing the Numbers of the Principal Maori Tribes and the Ages of the People, according to the Results of the Census of March, 1886.
A_III. Showing the Numbers and Proportions per Cent. of the Males and Females under and over 15 Years in the Principal Maori Tribes, according to the Results of the Census of March, 1886.
A_IV. Showing the Maori Population in each County according to Principal Tribes, with Numbers at each Age Period.

TO THE HONOURABLE THE COLONIAL SECRETARY.

REPORT.

Registrar-General's Office,

Wellington, 27th June, 1887.

SIR,—

On the completion of the compilation and tabulation of the census returns I have the honour to submit the following report:—

The Census night.

The census was taken for the night of Sunday, the 28th March, 1886. "Census Act, 1877," requires that the account shall be taken in such month, on such day or days not being later than the first day of April in each of the years fixed for taking the census, as the Governor shall by Proclamation appoint.

The previous census was taken for the night of Sunday, the 3rd April, 1881, special legislation having been required for the purpose, that being the date fixed for the Imperial census. The Sunday immediately preceding the 1st April was selected-(1) because it was desirable to have the interval between the two censuses as nearly as possible five years; and (2) because members of families are more together on Sunday than on other days of the week, and an enumeration of persons in houses on the night of a Sunday would give more perfect results.

Early completion of compilation.

The compilation of this census has been completed within an unusually short period, having regard to the magnitude of the work and the time employed elsewhere. Assuming that the date of the report represents the time at which the bulk of the work may be deemed to the completed, I find that the compilation of the 1881 census in England was not completed under two years and four months after the date of the census night, and the census of the same date in Victoria required a period of nearly two years for completion. The compilation of the census of 1886 has been completed within a period of fifteen months from the date of the census night.

It is thus evident that there has not been any unnecessary delay in the publication of the final results of the last census. Summary tables of various parts have at intervals been published in the Gazette for general information, and preliminary tables showing the numbers of the people in counties, boroughs, electoral districts, ridings, and road boards were laid on the tables of the General Assembly during the session of 1886.

I propose shortly to set forth the system adopted in taking and compiling the census.

System at taking census.

As a preliminary measure the colony is subdivided into Enumerators' districts, and persons have to be selected to be appointed Enumerators-these appointments being made by the Government. The Enumerator's first duty is to subdivide his districts into suitable Sub-Enumerators' districts, and to mark the subdistricts on a map sent for the purpose. On the return of these maps, accompanied by written descriptions of the subdistricts, if the divisions are approved of by the Registrar-General, a map is prepared in the Survey Office to be attached to each Sub-Enumerator's book, on which are shown the boundaries of his subdistrict, and the boundary-lines or parts thereof of all important territorial divisions, such as provincial districts, counties, ridings, road and town districts, and electoral districts, which are included in his subdistrict. These, when prepared, are forwarded to the several Enumerators, with detailed instructions prepared by the Registrar-General for the guidance of themselves and of the Sub-Enumerators, together with the necessary forms and household schedules.

The Enumerator is required to fully instruct his subordinates-these officers having been selected by him, subject to the approval of the Governor-in their several duties. The Sub-Enumerators are instructed to enter at the end of every day, in a book provided for the purpose, the names of the several householders from whom schedules have been collected during the day, the number and sex of the persons in each house-the locality of the residence of each householder being given, so that the number of the population in each important territorial division may be ascertained. The schedule required to be filled in by every householder is the fullest of any census schedule used in any other country, yielding more numerous details for compilation. The Sub-Enumerator is required to compare the schedules with the Sub-Enumerators' books, and to have every schedule issued properly accounted for-the filled-in schedules to be carefully examined, those that are imperfect being returned to the Sub-Enumerator for completion and rectification, and to have deficiencies made good. This, however, is not always well done, and much trouble is, in consequence, thrown on the central department at the time of compilation. On completion of the Sub-Enumerators' work the Enumerator is required to extract the totals of the number of persons in the several electoral districts from the Sub-Enumerators' books, and show them on a return for the central office, from which a, speedy preliminary statement may be made of the number of the people.

Compilation of census - magnitude of work.

Before proceeding to describe the processes of the census compilation, I would draw attention to the following extract from the report of the Government Statist of Victoria on the census of 1881, as showing, on good authority, the magnitude of the work. The passage as given is, generally, quite applicable to the New Zealand census; but several items of heavy compilation-work done here are not mentioned, such as an exhaustive account of the industries of the colony, and accounts of live stock, of the occupied lands, with sizes of holdings, of the places of worship, literary institutions, land and building societies:-

"The work of compiling the returns of a census is always a laborious one. In order to produce the figures contained in the tables presented to Parliament, it is necessary to enter, copy, check, and re-check hundreds of thousands of other figures which never meet the public eye, and the very existence of which is unknown beyond the precincts of the census office. This will be better realized when it is remembered that there are seven principal heads of inquiry, viz., Inhabitants and Houses, Birthplaces and Religions, Ages, Occupations, Conjugal Condition, and Education; and the numbers of the population of either sex in the counties, electoral districts, cities, towns, boroughs, shires, gold-workings, and all other aggregations of population throughout the colony must be got out under each of these heads with so much exactness that the results in every case balance with each other to a unit; that, besides these, there are a number of minor heads of inquiry subsidiary to the principal heads, relating to sickness and infirmity, special particulars respecting Chinese and aborigines, persons in hospitals, asylums, and goals, employees, employed and unemployed, husbands and wives, graduates of universities, and a variety of other matters; that there are also computations to be made-many of them of a difficult and complicated character, but on which much of the usefulness of a census depends-to show averages, percentages, comparisons with former censuses and with those of other countries: and, when it is remembered that the interval between two censuses in Victoria being ten years, most, if not all, of the persons employed on one census have disappeared before the next one takes place, and fresh officers have to be taught duties for which many of them possess no natural or acquired qualification whatever, it will readily be believed that the work is one which imposes a heavy tax upon the energies of those whose duty it is to plan and superintend it."

System of compilation.

Upon receipt of the schedules in the central office they are sorted into the several territorial divisions and localities for which it is required to give the number of the population. They are then numbered and the number of the males and females in each schedule counted off and marked in the corner thereof. The first tabulation is made on large forms subdivided into columns with appropriate headings. The information given thereon relates only to the numbers of the people according to sex, distinguishing separately the Chinese and half-castes; to the number of houses of each class of material, and of size as to number of rooms; also to the nature and size of holdings, extent of fencing, live stock, &c. The entries made have to be checked with the schedules by persons told off for the purpose. The totals of each, sheet are then summarized on to other sheets according to localities, the totals for smaller subdivisions being first obtained; these are then grouped into the larger divisions of which they are component parts, and so the grouping is continued until, and by which, the final total for the colony is obtained.

The next process of tabulation consists in the extraction from the household schedule of all the rest of the information obtained relating to the people, viz., the ages, birthplaces, religions, conditions, education, attendance at schools, occupations, and sickness or infirmities. Again elaborately-prepared forms subdivided into suitable columns are used, each line having the required particulars for one person only inserted in the appropriate columns by strokes, and, in case of sickness and occupation, written in abbreviated forms according to instructions given to the clerks. Each sheet contains the several particulars for 50 persons. As the value of the census results depends on their accuracy, these sheets have to be read off with the schedules and checked by other clerks in order to correct errors made by the tabulators. After the checking the sheets are added up and the totals are extracted on to summary sheets; these summary sheets are again summarized in a similar manner to that adopted in the previous process, so that the several details are first brought out for small divisions, then for larger and larger divisions, until the totals for the colony are obtained, except as to the occupations and infirmities, which are separately dealt with after the entries have been made on the first tabulation sheets.

Tabulation of occupations.

The occupations have to be separately taken off the before-mentioned sheets and entered in figures on sheets subdivided into columns, one of which is provided for every occupation that was known in 1881 to have more than live persons, who followed it. The number of columns with separate headings in the tabulation sheets was thus 639. An index of occupations, prepared in the office, showing the class, suborder, and item under which almost every occupation should be given, was supplied to each tabulating clerk. But very numerous occupations or descriptions, for which no special columns were provided, had to be written down, and at every stage of summarization these had to be collated and re-written. The clerks for this purpose are specially selected from the staff for their suitability and knowledge acquired during the previous processes.

The sheets when filled in have to be added and summarized in a similar manner to that adopted for the other processes, except that it is deemed unnecessary to exhibit the occupations for so many divisions of the colony, thus somewhat lightening the labour of this part of the work.

The information as to sickness and infirmity is written out on separate slips, one slip for each individual sick or infirm, from the tabulation sheets, and the slips are then thrown into groups according to the age and character of infirmity and the occupation of the individual. These are then counted and the results summarized.

Tables and Calculations for census volume.

After the completion of the summarization of the particulars given under each head of information, tables showing the results are made out, so as to give the results of the census then being dealt with in a form to be compared with the results of previous censuses, that the progress or difference in any particular item may be readily ascertained. Proportions for the tables have then to be worked out and checked.

Compilation of industrial returns &c.

In addition, separate compilations and summaries have to be made of the compilation of various industrial returns collected by the Enumerators from all parts of the colony, and of the returns of churches and places of worship, land and building societies and similar associations, mechanics' institutes, &c.

Number of clerks employed.

Considering the many millions of entries that have not only to be made, but examined and checked, and the care required to secure accuracy, the work is necessarily one that involves a very considerable time for its proper performance, even with a large staff of clerks. The largest number of clerks employed at any time during the compilation was 32. The necessary supervision and instruction of this large number, who were nearly all new to the work, has been a heavy strain on the principal officers of the department, as the current departmental work had, as far as possible, to be attended to as well. The very large number of persons who applied for employment on the staff gave a wider field for the selection of capable and reliable men, and the staff employed at the recent compilation has been, on the whole, the best that has been employed hitherto in this department for similar work in previous census years.

Card system of compilation.

Instead of the sheet-tabulation system just described the card system has compilation been adopted in Victoria. This means that, instead of tabulating the particulars of each person on to large forms, the totals of which are summarized, a card is devoted to each person named in every schedule, on which are first stamped the name of each territorial and electoral division in which that person may reside, and then the several heads of information required to be given are fully written thereon. These cards, when written, are sorted according to the locality or division for which the information is required; these are again sorted and resorted according to the nature of the particulars, as sex, age, occupation, condition, &c. Additions are made after each sorting and the results placed 011 sheets, which are then summarized to show the results for larger districts; the subsequent summarization processes being similar to those adopted recently in this colony for the other system.

Although there are certain advantages in the card system, it was not adopted, as the time required for writing out the cards from the schedules would be so great that it appeared there would ho very considerable delay in presenting to the General Assembly complete, and, as far as the census returns are reliable, correct statements of the main results of the census, as compared with the time at which such statements could be produced under the other and older system. This delay appeared to be a very formidable objection to a change of system. Furthermore, the accommodation afforded for the compilation of the census was insufficient, and the rooms had to be crowded to an undesirable extent, and therefore there would not have been a room available for, what is essential under the card system, the proper arrangement of the cards in small separate compartments, and their being placed under a clerk told off for the purpose of their special custody and delivery, unless, by reducing the staff in order to supply such a room, a still greater delay had been caused in the production of the census results.

Compilation of Maori census.

In addition to the European census the Maori census has also been compiled in this office. The bare numbers in each district were given by the Native officer to the Native Minister and have been made public. But a more elaborate census was taken of the Maoris in 1886 than in any former year, books being supplied in which the name and age of each Maori person was required to be given, also the tribe and hapu to which he belonged. The tabulation of the members of the race according to numbers, sexes, ages, principal tribes, and counties in which they resided has been performed, as far as the information supplied enabled the work to be done, in this office.

Cost of Maori census.

The cost of taking the Maori census, and exclusive of the compilation thereof, amounted to £573 10s.6d. in 1886, against £277 18s. 7d. in 1881; the collection being made in each case by officers of, and under the orders of the Native Department.

Total cost of census.

The entire cost of collecting the census was as follows:-

European census-£s.d.
 Enumerator 746184
 Sub-enumerators 8,92137
 Maps and sundries 450171
  Total £10,118190
Maori census 573106
  Total collection £10,69290
Compilation and sundries in central office 3,958199
  Grand total cost of census, exclusive of printing£14,65193

The cost of taking and compiling the European census was at the rate of 5-8d per head, against a cost of 5.6d. per head in.1881; but maps and sundries, for which the department paid only £50 6s. in 1881, became in 1886 a charge of £450 17s. 1d., a difference equal to 0.2d. per head, the additional apparent cost being the result of a change of system in the Surveyor-General's Department by making claims against other departments for repayment of the value of work done for them.

PART I.— POPULATION AND HOUSES

Tables I., V.,

Numbers and Increase of Population.—The number of persons (exclusive of Maoris) returned in the census schedules as being in the colony on the night of pp. 1,2 the 28th March, 1886, amounted to 578,482. This was an increase of 88,549, or, at the rate of 18.07 per cent., upon the number at the previous census of 1881.

The number of the population enumerated was less than the estimated number by more than seven thousand persons, the estimated numbers being arrived at by adding the excess of births over deaths, and of immigration over emigration to the enumerated population in 1881. The deficiency is deemed to be attributable to imperfections in the returns of persons who left the colony, a larger number having left for the Australian Colonies than appeared in the returns forwarded by the Emigration Officers. Measures have been taken by which it is expected the errors in the returns will in future be corrected.

Table V., p.2.

The rate of increase was considerably less than during either of the intervals between the previous census periods since 1871. Between the 27th February, 1871, and the 1st March, 1874, an interval of three years, the rate of increase was 16.82 per cent.; between the 1st March, 1874, and the 3rd March, 1878, an interval of four years, the rate was 38.86 per cent.; between the 3rd March, 1878, and the 3rd April, 1881, an interval of three years and one month, the increase was 18.22 per cent.; but in the five years' interval preceding the census of 1886 the increase was only at the rate of 18.07 per cent.

Of the increase, 88,549, between the census of 1881 and that of 1886, 67,205 consisted of the natural increase by excess of births over deaths, being at the rate of 13.72 per cent, on the population in 1881. The balance, 21,344, being at the rate of 4.35 per cent., consisted of the excess of immigration over emigration. The rate of natural increase has been diminishing year by year during the last five years, as will be evident from an examination of the birth-and death-rates, the decrease in the former being much greater than in the latter:-

 Birth-rate per 1,000 of the Mean Population.Death-rate per 1,000 of the Mean Population
188137.9511.13
188237.3211.19
188336.2811.45
188435.9110-39
188531.3510.61

Table VI., VII., VIII., pp. 3,4,5,

The rate of increase in the population varied greatly in different parts of the colony. The following were the actual and rateable increases or decreases in each of the provincial districts according to the returns of the censuses of 1881 and 1886:-

 1878 to 1881. 1881 to 1886.
Numerical.Percentage.Numerical.Percentage. 
Auckland,increase16,79020.31increase30,92831.10
Taranaki,increase5,39557.01increase3,14121.14
Wellingtonincrease10,30220.17increase16,16526.34
Hawke's Bayincrease2,35215.66increase7,20141.46
Marlborough,increase1,74323.06increase1,81319.49
Nelson,increase9473.77increase4,12815.83
Westland,decrease1,92211.35increase9216.13
Canterbury,increase20,26022.04increase9,2188.21
Otago,increase19,60817.13increase15,07711.24

Speculations are often made as to what the population of a colony may be at a certain somewhat distant time in the future, but no estimates showing the result can be considered at all reliable; and, of course, the more remote the period for which the estimate is made, the more uncertain would the result be, for the data on which it would be founded vary from year to year. It requires a comparatively lengthened period in the history of a colony for the population to be so constituted as to ages and surrounding conditions that any birth-or death-rates may be considered to have assumed somewhat of a normal character, and that might be approximately reliable for future calculations. In the very early days of a colony the population largely consists of persons who, from an insurance point of view, would be regarded as select lives; the death-rates for this reason, as well as from the small proportion of aged persons and the healthy surroundings of the population as a whole, are then low. The death-rate in New Zealand in 1885 is an evidence of this. The rate was l0.61 per 1,000 of the population. This was less by 6.1 per 1,000 than the average of the death-rates in the healthy English districts, the rates therein varying from 15 to 17, and the average being 16.7 per 1,000 living. As the population of New Zealand assumes more of a normal character as to ages, the conditions affecting life will probably not be so much superior to those in the above-mentioned districts as to maintain a rate of mortality much below that which obtains therein. This is also apparent from a consideration of the rates in the older Australian colonies, which approximate closely to the death-rates in the best of the districts referred to, and on an average of years even exceed the lowest rate in any of them. The low rate in New Zealand may therefore be largely attributed to causes which are temporary in their effects. The consequent uncertainty of the death-rates in the future, and of the amount of immigration that may annually take place, as well as the differences in the birth-rates, cause any calculations of increases of population, extending over lengthened periods, to be quite untrustworthy.

Table IV. P.2.

Proportion of the Sexes.—The number of males enumerated at the census was 312,221, of whom 4,527 were Chinese, and the number of females was 266,261, of whom only 15 were Chinese. The proportions between the sexes were thus 100 males to 85.28 females, the proportion in 1881 having been 100 males to 81.72 females, and in 1878 100 males to 79.40 females.

Table IX., p.6.

The proportions varied greatly in the different parts of the colony. The following were the proportions of females to every 100 males in each of the provincial districts in 1881 and 1886, and the centesimal increase of males and females during the intervening period:-

 1881.1886.Centesimal Increase,1881 to 1886.
FemalesFemales.Males.Females.
In Auckland-To every 100 males83.7984.7230.4431.88
Taranaki To every 100 males74.4587.9612.4332.83
Wellington To every 100 males87.5886.1627.3025.24
Hawke's Bay To every 100 males79.0476.8743.2039.27
Marlborough To every 100 miles77.1878.5718.5520.71
Nelson To every 100 miles76.1878.9414.0418.18
Westland To every 100 miles65.4069.693.4410.24
Canterbury To every 100 miles85.1592.414.1313.01
Otago To every 100 miles79.5284.528.2315.03

If the growth of the population were dependent solely on the natural increase it would be found that the percentage of increase of males would every year be less than that of females, and therefore the proportion of females to males be annually on the increase, until a similar condition would in time be reached to that which obtains in nearly all old countries, viz., that the number of females would be in excess of the number of males. Consequently any reversal of that progress in any locality-any diminution in the proportion of females-would be an indication of either an excess of male immigration therein or a migration of females therefrom. On the other hand, any excessive increase in the proportion of females would indicate a loss of a portion of the male population, for an excess of female immigration may be put on one side as improbable.

The unduly high proportions of females in 1886 as compared with 1881 in Taranaki, Westland, Canterbury, and Otago Provincial Districts, indicate, therefore, a loss of male population. This is borne out by the comparatively small centesimal increases of males compared with those of the females. And the lessened proportions of females to males in Wellington and Hawke's Bay Provincial Districts indicate a proportionately larger influx of males than of females into these districts, a gain of male population partly at the expense of southern districts and of Taranaki.

The disproportion between the sexes is greatest at the ages between 25 and 60. The proportion of females to every 100 males under 21 years of age is 99.20; although at the ages 15 to 20 the females were considerably in excess of the males. At all ages above 21 the males were in excess of the females, the disproportion being greatest at the ages 50 to 6O, viz.,56 females to every 100 males: this being the result of a large excess of adult male population when the diggings were first) worked, and of the subsequent greater male immigration.

Table XIV., p.8.

Population, Urban and Rural.-Of the population at the time of the census 327,328 lived in the counties or rural districts, in which are included all towns that are not constituted as boroughs; 245,612, or 42.5 per cent., lived in boroughs, 816 lived in the adjacent islands or in the Chatham Islands; and 4,726 were on board ship. In the latter are included the crews of all sea-going vessels in port at the time, except the crews of three German warships then in Auckland Harbour.

Table XVII., p. 18

The number of boroughs in 1886 was 74. Of these,-

1 had a population exceeding30,000
1 had a population exceeding25,000
1 had a population exceeding20,000
1 had a population exceeding15,000
5 had a population between5,000 and 10,000
20 had a population between2,000 and 5,000
21 had a population between1,000 and 2,000
15 had a population between500 and 1,000
9 had a population under500
The principal boroughs are-In 1881In 1886.
 Auckland, with a population of 16,66433,161
 Wellington, with a population of 20,56325,945
 Christchurch, with a population of 15,21315,265
 Dunedin, with a population of 24,37223,243

Table XVIII., p. 20, see note.

The increase in Auckland is partly due to the extension since 1881 of the borough boundaries so as to include some populous parts of the suburbs. The alteration of these boundaries added a population of over 9,400 persons to the borough, consequently the comparison between the two years should be-1881, 26,083; 1886, 33,161, in order to properly compare the growth of Auckland with that of the other boroughs.

After allowing for that addition, the increase of Auckland has been greatest, having been at the rate of 27 per cent. Wellington followed next, with an increase at the rate of 26 per cent., while Christchurch was almost stationary, and Dunedin retrograded.

The decrease in Dunedin must not be considered as indicative of a general reduction of population in the locality, for its importance as a centre of population cannot well be considered without taking account of the suburban boroughs which practically form extensions of Dunedin, although under different names and having separate local administrations. The population of Auckland and suburbs amounted to 57,048 in 1886, against an aggregate borough and suburban population of 30,952 in 1881. The growth of population has caused a larger area to be included in the suburbs in 1886 than was included in 1881.

The population of the following boroughs and road districts has been given as suburban to Auckland in 1886:-

 Population, 1886.
Boroughs- 
 Newmarket 1,842
 Newton 1,833
 Parnell 4,672
Road Districts- 
 Arch Hill1,627
 Birkenhead668
 Devonport2,650
 Eden Terrace1,537
 Epsom618
 Mount Albert 1,425
 Mount Eden3,144
 Mount Roskill435
 Northcote 343
 One-tree Hill 772
 Point Chevalier 519
 Remuera 1,802
  Total, suburbs 23,887
Auckland Borough 33,161
  Borough and suburbs 57,048

The suburbs of Wellington may be deemed to include-

 Population, 1886.
The Kilbirnie Road District1,117
Wadestown296
The Town District of Kaiwarawara475
  Total suburbs1,888
Wellington Borough 25,945
  Borough and suburbs27,833

The suburbs of Christchurch comprise the following:-

 Population, 1886.
Borough of Sydenham9,465
Borough of St. Albans4,925
Town District of Linwood4,051
Town District of Woolston925
Wards 1, 2, 3, and part of 4, Avon Road District; Ashbourne Ward, North Opawa Ward, Opawa Ward, part of Avon Ward, part of St. Martin's Ward, and part of Hillsborough Ward, Heathcote Road District; part of the Riccarton Road District; and the Spreydon Road District10,057
  Total suburbs29,423
Christchurch Borough15,265
  Borough and suburbs 44,688

The following boroughs have been considered to be the suburbs of Dunedin:-

 Population, 1886.
Caversham 4,448
Maori Hill1,388
Mornington 3,334
North-east Valley3,221
Roslyn3,609
South Dunedin3,902
St. Kilda 1,078
West Harbour1,295
  Total suburbs22,275
Dunedin Borough22,275
  Borough and suburbs 45,518

Of the 65 boroughs in existence in 1881, 46 showed an increase of population in 1886, and 19 a decrease.

The following were the boroughs in which there was an increase-of population between 1881. and 1886:-

 Population
1881.1886.Incr.

*Or, comparing the numbers within the area of the borough as now constituted, 1881, 26,083; 1886, 33,461: increase, 7,078.

Auckland*16,66433,161*
Parnell3,35294,672649
Onehunga2,2172,866649
Gisborne1,7372,194457
Wanganui20,56325,9455,382
Masterton2,2413,160919
Greytown1,0781,10527
Napier5,7567,6801,924
Blenheim2,1073,094987
Nelson6,7947,315551
Westport1,0131,859846
Greymouth2,5443,133589
Hokitika2,6002,68787
Ashburton1,5261,769243
Kaipoi1,2211,1514293
Akaroa61166251
Christchurch15,21315,26552
Syndenham8,4609,4651,005
Rangiora1,4451,579134
Hampden3273325
West Hawkesbury415764349
Port Chalmers2,1812,23554
Roslyn2,8753,609734
Caversham3,9894,448459
Mornington2,8863,334448
Maori Hill1,1361.388252
St. Kilda7731,078305
South Dunedin2,7541,29582
North-east Valley2,7543,221467
West Harbour1,2131,29582
Green Island462636171
Balclutha82088868
Lawrence1,0091,08475
Roxburgh27732851
Cromwell42950475
Arrowtown41844022
Invercargill4,5965,212616
Invercargill North670785115
Invercargill East78581429
Invercargill South9231,440517
Campbelltown351503152
Gladstone26832456
Winton23029060

The following are the boroughs in which there was a decrease of population between 1881 and 1886:-

 Population
1881.1886.Dec.
Thames4,8634,444419
Hamilton1,3611,201160
New Plymouth3,3103,093217
Picton834733101
Ross1,1391,05485
Kumara1,1451,107966
Lyttelton4,1273,996131
Timaru3,9173,754163
Waimate1,6001,330270
Oamaru5,7915,330461
Palmerston South96888187
Dunedin24,37223,2431,129
Milton1,2871,177110
Tapanui592458134
Naseby56048773
Alexandra27524629
Queenstown7357332
Avenal3723648
Riverton1,187926261

Table XVI., p.11.

In addition to the 74 boroughs there were in 1886 53 town districts, having an-aggregate population of 31,676 persons. Of. these, 29 had each a population between 200 and 500; 19 a population between 500 and 1,000; 4 a population between 1,000 and 2,000; and 1 a population over 4,000.

There were likewise 197 places returned under the designation of town, these,-

82 had a population under100
51 had a population from100 to 200
51 had a population from200 to 500
8 had a population from500 to 1,000
1 had a population of1,102 (Reefton).
1 had a population of2,650 (Devonport).

A list of these places, with the populations, is given herewith:-

Addison's93
Ahaura204
Albury62
Alma70
Arawata86
Ardgowan70
Argyle90
Arowhenua476
Ashley115
Athol85
Auckland North66
Balmain12
Berwick86
Blueskin92
Brooklyn22
Brunnerton698
Burnside101
Cambridge West284
Capleston229
Cardrona66
Caudletown77
Charleston224
Chelsea189
Clyde283
Coalgate69
Cobden203
Collingwood21
Coromandel292
Culverden142
Cust276
Daniel37
Darfield96
Deborah32
Denniston485
Derby23
Devonport2,650
Dillman's276
Dipton243
Dobson's203
Doyleston302
Drummond44
Drury395
Dunganville89
Dunkeld104
Dunoon14
Dunsandel144
Duntroon200
Enfield129
Ettrick47
Fairfax264
Fairlie Creek185
Feldwick23
Fortrose133
Georgetown89
Gibbs Town121
Gisborne North279
Gladstone52
Goldsborough285
Green Island (subs.)162
Hamilton's45
Havelock, H.B.379
Havelock (Tuapeka)315
Helensburg36
Henderson199
Herbert250
Herd's Point121
Hinds104
Howick295
Hulltown20
Hurunui32
Hyde88
Kaikoura (Kaik. Co.)390
Kaikora (North)544
Kakanui173
Kakaramea111
Kanieri192
Kapiti76
Karaka151
Kawakawa375
Kelso150
Kennedy's53
Kingston49
Kurow91
Leeston438
Limehills153
Lincoln286
Livingstone138
Long Bush59
Lumsden350
Lyell173
Macetown101
Macrae's152
Maheno186
Makarewa294
Maketu73
Makikihi157
Mansford420
Manutahi73
Maori Creek54
Marlborough88
Marsden27
Martinborough178
Maungatua490
Melton West100
Mercer212
Merchiston86
Mokihinui18
Mongonui193
Morrinsville115
Mossburn103
Murchison51
Newbury9
Newcastle51
Ngapara126
Notown78
Oamaru South328
Oban (Stewart Isd.)34
Oban (Peninsula Co.)17
Ohoka373
Okarito51
Ophir212
Oraka110
Ormond246
Oruna30
Otahuhu971
Oxford (Ashley Co.)496
Oxford (Piako Co.)48
Paeroa199
Pahiatua307
Paihi26
Panmure342
Parawai526
Patutahi218
Peebles17
Pembroke165
Pleasant Point490
Pokeno400
Pounamu79
Pukekohe920
Pleasant Point490
Pokeno400
Pounamu79
Pukekohe920
Pukerau130
Raglan56
Rakaia390
Redwood59
Reefton1,102
Reidston84
Renwick258
Reynoldstown38
Richmond509
Rimu144
Roseland158
Rotherham128
Rotorua170
Russell256
Sanson200
Sefton276
Selwyn72
Shaftesbury134
Sheil Hill97
Stafford199
St. Andrew's122
St. Bathan's196
Tapu89
Taradale414
Taylorville605
Te Aroha692
Thornbury110
Tikorangi21
Tokatoka80
Tologa Bay82
Tuakau104
Waianiwa127
Waiau135
Waihola245
Waikaka48
Waikaka210
Waikari196
Waimangaroa395
Waimatuku16
Wairongomai284
Waipahi77
Waipori80
Waitakerei36
Waitekauri52
Waitotara90
Wallacetown116
Warrington21
Waterford57
Waverley56
Weston126
Whakatane80
Winchester82
Windsor38
Winton East97
Woodend507
Woodfield75
Woodside44

Most of these towns and town districts might be more properly described as villages, the population being classed rather as rural than urban. The majority, however-if not all-of the towns and many of the town districts have been laid off for future occupation by a more truly town population, and doubtless, with the growth of population, many will increase considerably in importance, although the tendency of railway communication is rather to increase the population of the larger centres, but to decrease the commercial and business importance of smaller towns, and thus retard their growth.

Even the population of all the boroughs cannot fairly be classed as urban, for in many cases the size of the borough is very great compared with the population, a large number of the inhabitants being engaged in rural or mining pursuits. The following list contains some illustrations in which the area is disproportionately large for the population compared with the smaller areas and larger populations of other more populous boroughs also mentioned:-

 Area (acres).Population.
Auckland1,71333,161
Parnell4804,672
Thames4,8634,444
Patea2,438728
Feilding3,5001,297
Wellington1,10025,945
Masterton4,3113,160
Grey town3,9071,105
Napier8797,680
Ross4,1961,054
Christchurch1,06215,265
Sydenham1,1009,465
Oamaru1,1115,330
Dunedin1,40023,243
North-east Valley3,9803,221
Maori Hill3.7001,388
Dunedin South4133,902
Invercargill South4,0001,440

Table X., p.6

Density of Population.-The number of the population gave, on an average, 5,561 persons to the square mile; but, as the population in boroughs amounted to 245,612, and that on board ships to 4,726, the population outside of boroughs only amounted on the average to 3.16 per square mile on the area of the colony exclusive of boroughs.

An average in the extra municipal or rural districts of 3.16 per square mile cannot, however, be compared with a similar average in an old settled country, where the population is more or less spread over the face of the whole land. The settlement in New Zealand is chiefly on a fringe of coast land, very large areas, either from their mountainous or wooded character, or from reasons connected with their ownership by the aboriginal natives, having but little or not any population, or only being sparsely occupied by Maoris.

Table XIV., p.8.

Habitations.—There were 108,467 inhabited houses in the colony at the date of the census; in addition there were 3,504 tents and dwellings with canvas roofs. Including the latter among the dwellings the average number of persons to each dwelling was 5.17.

Table XII., p.7.

The proportion has steadily increased for many years:-

 1807.1871.1874.1878.1881.1886.
Persons to an inhabited dwelling4.054.484.885.025.125.17

It is evident that the increase of population has been throughout in a greater proportion than the increase in the number of dwellings; but there has been a steady improvement in the average character of the dwelling. This is apparent from the following table:-

Number of Dwellings containing
One Room, including TentsTwo RoomsThree and Four RoomsFive and Six RoomsMore than Six RoomsNumber of Rooms of not stated.
18789,70314,33129,22315,25812,3581,715
188110,07714,75835,06419,33815,3441,619
188610,25712,11040,09027,21821,0371,259
Increase (+) or decrease ( - ),1878 to 1881+374+427+5,841+4,080+2,986-96
Ditto, 1881 to 1886+180-2,648+5,026+7,880+5,693-360

"With a decrease in the last period of 2,648 in the houses of two rooms there was an increase of 13,573 in the houses having five and more rooms. The largest proportionate increase since 1881 has been in houses having five and six rooms, namely, 40.75 per cent. The increase in houses having more than six rooms was at the rate of 37.10 per cent., but the increase on houses having only three and four rooms was only 14.33 per cent., while the decrease on houses of two rooms was at the rate of 17.94 per cent. Thus, although the proportion of persons to each house was somewhat greater than in 1881, the houses were, on an average, of a larger class.

Table XVII., p.18

Of the four principal boroughs, Wellington had the largest proportion of persons to every inhabited house, and Dunedin the smallest:-

 Persons per Inhabited Dwelling.
1881.1886.
Auckland5.295.36
Wellington5.435.71
Christchurch5.695.55
Dunedin5.535.36

Of the 108,467 inhabited dwellings in 1886, 4,749 were of brick, stone, or concrete, being 4.38 per cent, of the total number. In 1881 the proportion was 3.91 per cent., and in 1878 3.63 per cent.

The following are the proportions of the population, exclusive of Chinese and Maoris, who resided in the class buildings stated at each of the three last census periods:-

Percentage of PopulationIn 1878.In 1881.In 1886.
Who resided in houses of good materials92.0592.9295.14
Who resided in cob or sod houses, raupo and other huts, &c.5.835.252.87
Who resided in tents or dwellings with canvas roofs1.361.221.13
Who were on shipboard0.730.590.82
Who were camping out0.030.020.04

Table XIV., p.8.

Uninhabited Dwellings.-The number of uninhabited dwellings in 1886 was 9,146 against 6,737 in 1881, an increase of 2,409. In 1881 the uninhabited houses were more numerous than in 1878 by 1,445. The increase in the number of uninhabited dwellings is not apparently generally caused by an undue excess of building operations, as the proportion of all dwellings, inhabited and uninhabited, to the population was greater in 1878 than in 1881, and in 1881 than in 1886. The explanation is. afforded by the increase in the average number of persons to each house, fewer houses being thus required for the same number of persons, partially, perhaps, in consequence of the improvement in the average size of the houses, and possibly partly in consequence of the necessity imposed on many to congregate together in the same house for financial reasons:-

 Inhabited Dwellings,including Tents.Uninhabited DwellingsProportion of Dwellings to 100 of Population.Average Number of Persons to inhabited Dwelling.
187882,5885,29220.085.02
188195,7506,73719.665.12
1886111,9719,14619.525.17

Table XIV., p.8.

Houses building.-The number of dwellinghouses in course of erection when the census of 1886 was taken amounted to 834, being less by 14 than the number in 1881. Of these houses in 1886, 463, considerably more than one-half, were being built in the Auckland Provincial District.

The following table gives the number of houses building and the number of uninhabited houses in each provincial district at each of the three last census periods:-

Provincial Districts.Houses building.Houses uninhabited.
1878.1881.1886.1878.1881.1886.
Auckland733594631,2611,2602,196
Taranaki12329137172339
Wellington11867815361,069872
Hawke's Bay132062169184273
Marlborough121215120100151
Nelson213648466444494
Westland15912383458339
Canterbury101154578351,3912,096
Otago129159871,3851,6592,383
Chatham Islands3............3
  Totals4978488345,2926,7379,146

PART II.—AGES OF THE PEOPLE.

Tables I. to VIII., pp. 7377

The ages of 576,191 persons were given on the census schedules. The ages of 2,291 were not stated, but there was sufficient evidence on the schedule to show that 130 were under-age children, and 2,161 were adults. Of the 576,191, 18,355, comprising 9,269 males and 9,086 females, or 3.17 per cent., were under 1 year of age. Although the number is greater, the proportion under 1 year of age is less than in 1881, when it was 3.67 per cent. The total number under 5 years of age was 86,828, or 15.01 per cent., against a percentage in 1881 of 16.84. Of the children under 5 years of age, 43,820 were males and 43,008 were females.

There was a marked decrease in the proportion of male to female children in 1886 compared with the numbers in 1881:–

 Proportions of Sexes.
Under 1 Year of Age.Under 5 Years of Age.
1881105.3 males to 100 females102.4 males to 100 females
1886102.0 males to 100 females101.9 males to 100 females

The number between 5 and 15 years of age was 151,700, or 26.22 per cent, of the population. Of this number 76,589 were males and 75,111 females. There were 34,309 males and 35,272 females between 15 and 21, a total of 69,581 persons, equivalent to 12.03 per cent of the population. Of the total population of the colony, exclusive of Maoris, more than half, viz., 53.26 per cent., were under 21 years of age. The same proportion is not, however, maintained in respect of the sexes taken separately, for while 57.64 per cent of the female population were under 21 years of age, only 49.57 per cent, of the males were under 21 years. Thus, about half of the female population was under 111 years of age, and half of the male population under 21$$ years.

At each year of age under 15, except at the years 1 to 2 and 12 to 13, the males were more numerous than the females; but between the years 15 to 20 the females were more numerous than the males. At 20 to 21 the males were in the minority, but at all ages above 21 the males were the most numerous.

It appears singular that at the age-period 15-20 the females should be considerably in excess of the males, as the persons living between 10 and 15 have to supply, in the next quinquennium, the numbers between 15 and 20; and both in the years 1881 and 1886 the males at the ages 10-15 and 20-25 were more numerous than the females, while at the intervening period, 15-20, the females were most numerous.

The explanation afforded for the higher female proportion at the ages 15.20 in England at the census of 1881 was the absence of those young men from the enumeration who were serving abroad in the army and navy. A similar explanation cannot, however, be given for the female excess in this colony, as there are not any occupations to draw away the young of those ages to somewhere outside the colony. The same alteration in the proportions appears in the census returns of Victoria. Apparently, the explanation is partly the want of accuracy on the part of those filling up the census schedules when giving the ages, and partly the tendency that has been observed for women to date back their ages. The want of accuracy is evident from the examination of the numbers at the three first years of life. The number of children under 1 year of age is given at 18,355; at from 1 to 2 years the number is 15,013; and from 2 to 3, 18,053. As the numbers between 1 and 2 make the numbers between 2 and 3 in the following year, less a certain reduction on account of deaths, it is evident that, with a growing birth-rate, the number of children must always be greater at the earliest year of life, and, if the number is not disturbed immigration, that the numbers should regularly decrease year by year. Consequently, such a decrease as that shown, followed by a considerable increase, would be impossible. The smaller number at one age could not yield a greater at the year following, and the larger number of births in 1884 than in 1883 or 1885 should have caused the number at 1 to 2 years to have been increased rather than so seriously lessened. Similar lower numbers at the age 1 to 2 than at the age 2 to 3 appear in each of the three previous census returns.

The instruction on the household schedule was that if children were under 1 year of age the age column should be filled in by the mark X, but in all other cases the age at the last birthday was to be given. The erroneous numbers seem to have been caused by parents giving their children as at the age of the second and ensuing birthday when approximating thereto, instead of at the previous birthday, and thus swelling the number between 2 and 3 years of age at the expense of the number between 1 and 2. The tendency towards putting on the ages in some instances, and in others of giving younger than the actual ages, has been commented upon in the census reports of other countries: so much so that the English Census Commissioners considered that it would be better to group the ages by decennial periods, and to arrange these so as to have the year which is an exact multiple of ten in the middle. Thus, while the numbers given for the single year or quinquennial periods may not he correct, the numbers if grouped into the decennial periods 5-15, 15-25, 25-35, and so on, might be considered as fairly accurate.

In his report on the census of 1881, Mr. Nowell, the Government Statistician of Tasmania, made the following remarks, which, on account of their appropriateness, are well worthy of reproduction:-

"Many persons either cannot or will not state their exact ages, and put them down roughly at the nearest decennial or quinquennial period. Hence they cluster like a swarm of bees round those periods. Some people, no doubt, really do not know their own ages, but many more fail to return them accurately simply from carelessness or want of conscientiousness. Until we have a higher standard of morality-until men learn to carry their religion into the smallest affairs of common life; to acknowledge that the obligation to be scrupulous in complying with the laws of the land is as great as, if not greater than, to hold orthodox opinions on controverted subjects; and to shrink as much from putting their hands to an untruth on a census schedule as from swearing what they know to be a lie in a Court of justice; until they are educated to observe truth and honour in the smallest as well as in the greatest matters; and until they are brought to see that it is for the interest personally, as well as generally, of every member of a community to make its statistics as perfect as possible-until all this is recognized and carried into practice, such anomalies as these will occur in spite of every effort we may make to prevent them."

The population was, as a whole, more youthful in 1880 than in 1881. In the earlier year the persons under 21 years of age comprised 52.96 of the total population; in 1880 they comprised 53.26; but the increase was proportionately greater in the number between 15 and 21 years of age than in that under 15 years. The following were the numbers on an average to every 10,000 of the population in each year at the ages mentioned:-

Ages1881.1886.
Under 15 years4,2444,126
15 and under 21 years1,0401,203
21 and under 654,5754,491
65 years and upwards141180
 10,00010,000

The following table gives the number at each age-period in 1881 and 1886, with the numerical and centesimal increase. In the above and the following table the persons of unspecified ages, but under 21 years of age, have been included among those under 15 years of age, and those over 21 in the number between 21 and 65 years of age:-

Ages.Numbers.Numbers.Numerical Increase.Centesimal Increase
1881.1886.1881-86.1881-86.
Under 15 years207,956238,65830,70214.77
15 and under 21 years50,94869,58118,63336.57
21 and under 65 years224,134259,81035,67615.92
65 years and upwards6,89510,4333,53851.31
 489,933578,48288,54918.07

The increase between 1881. and 1886 in the number of children under 5 years of age was only 5.52 per cent. The number of births during the period did not increase proportionately to the whole population. In 1885 the births were less numerous by 153 than in 1884, and the recent returns for 1886 show a still further decrease during that year.

PART III.—RELIGIONS OF THE PEOPLE.

Tables I.to IV.,pp. 103-105.

The number of persons who objected to state their religious belief amounted to 19889, or 344 per 10,000 of the population. This was a larger proportion than in 1881, when the objectors only amounted to 285 per 10,000. No information as to religious belief or statement of objection was given in the case of 2,869 persons. The enumerated Protestants of all denominations amounted to 79.75 per cent. of the whole population; this, however, may be deemed to be considerably below the real proportion, as the persons who object to state their religious belief arc generally Protestants of various sects, having conscientious scruples against being compelled to give the information. In all probability the greater part, if not the whole, of the objectors should be added to the proportion of Protestants. The proportion of Protestants to the whole population was greater than in 1881, when it was 79.15 per cent., the persons objecting to state having then been only in the proportion of 2.85 per cent. The Roman Catholics and Catholics undefined, including 48 members of the Greek Church, were in the proportion of 13.95 to every 100 of the population, against a proportion of 14.08 in 1881.

The following were the proportions of members of some of the principal denominations at each of the four last censuses:-

 Proportions per 100 of the Population.
1874.1878.1881.1886.
Church of England42.4642.5541.5040.17
Presbyterians24.2022.9523.0922.59
Roman Catholics and Greek Church13.4814.2114.0813.95
Methodists8.429.149.529.55

Of the leading smaller denominations the Baptists increased from 2.34 per cent, to 2.48, the proportion of Congregational Independents decreased from 1.37 to 1.35 per cent., and that of the Lutherans from 1.18 to 1.02 per cent. Freethinkers increased in number from 2,422 in 1881 to 3,925 in 1886, and the number of persons of no religion, variously returned, increased from 272 in 1881 to 973 in 1886. These last do not include those described as Agnostics, of whom the number was 33 in 1881, and 207 in 1886.

PART IV.—BIRTHPLACES OF THE PEOPLE.

Table I., p. 129.

Allegiance.-No statement as to birthplace was given in the case of 2,029 persons out of a total of 578,482, and 1,324 persons were stated to have been born at sea. In these cases all having British names have been deemed to be British subjects, and those having foreign names, unless stated to have been naturalized, to be foreign subjects. Adding these respectively to the number whose birthplaces were given, it appears that 560,598 persons, or 96.91 per cent, of the total population, were British subjects, and 17,884, or 3.09 per cent., were foreign subjects. The British subjects also include all persons born in British possessions, and all naturalized foreigners.

Tables II., III., IV., pp. 130-132.

Number born in New Zealand.-Of the total population, 800,190, or 51-89 percent., were born in the colony; in 1881 the percentage was 45.60. Of the New-Zealand-born, 150,513 were males and 149,077 were females. The increase in the New-Zealand-born between the 3rd April, 1881, and the 28th March, 1886, was 70,780, a centesimal increase of 34.37 on the then number.

Numbers born outside the Colony.-The persons born in the United Kingdom numbered 233,850, or 40.43 of the population: of these, 125,657 were born in England, 1,981 in Wales, 54,810 in Scotland, and 51,408 in Ireland. The proportion of females to males was greater in the case of the Irish-born than of those born in other parts of the Kingdom. The following were the respective proportions per 100 of the population from each country:-

Birthplace.Males.Females.
England57.6142.39
Wales61.5938.41
Scotland57.9342.07
Ireland54.3345.67

The Australian-born decreased from 17,277 in 1881 to 17,245 in 1886; the Germans increased from 4,819 to 5,007; the Danes, Swedes, and Norwegians from 4,734 to 4,955. There were 1,656 persons born in British North America against 1,722 in 1881; 683 born in the United States against 841 in 1881; and 1,088 in America or North America (no State being given) in 1886 against 891 in 1881. The Chinese born decreased from 5,033 in 1881 to 4,550 in 1886.

The following were the proportions of the persons of the principal different nationalities:-

Those born in New Zealandamounted to 51.89 per cent.
Those born in Englandamounted to 21.72 per cent
Those born in Scotlandamounted to 9.48 per cent
Those born in Irelandamounted to 8.89 per cent
Those born in Walesamounted to 0.34 per cent
Those born in Australia and Tasmaniaamounted to 2.98 per cent
Those born in Other British possessionsamounted to 0.68 per cent
Those born in Denmark, Sweden, and Norwayamounted to 0.86 per cent
Those born in Germanyamounted to 0.87 per cent
Those born in Chinaamounted to 0.79 per cent

The persons returned as having been born in the United States amounted to 0.12 per cent., but probably many of those given as born in America or North America were born in the States, consequently the proportion given may be too low.

PART V.—CONJUGAL CONDITION OF THE PEOPLE.

Tables I. to V., pp.157-159.

Exclusive of Chinese and Maoris, the number of husbands, according to the census returns, was 84,557, and the number of wives 84,403. The husbands thus exceeded the wives by 94, the excess being attributable to the absence of wives from the colony. 70.01 per. cent, of the male population (exclusive of Chinese and Maoris) were returned as unmarried. The corresponding proportion in 1881 was 70.27. As the males under 21 years of ago amounted to 49.59 per cent, in 1880 against 48.20 per cent, in 1881, it would seem as if the proportion of unmarried males had decreased, while the proportion of young persons had increased; but in 1881 0.17 per cent, of the male population did not state their condition, while in 1880 the percentage was 0.48. What proportion of the unspecified were married cannot be stated; but a considerable number in 1880 consisted of the crews of vessels, the majority of whom may be considered as unmarried.

Of the 266,246 females the number of unmarried amounted to 171,857, or 64.55 per cent, of the total number; of these, 118,182, were under 15 years of age, and 53,675 above that age. The specified unmarried males over 20 years of age numbered 66,014; there were thus 123 bachelors over 20 years of age to every 100 spinsters above 15 years of age. The excess of bachelors over spinsters is thus being steadily reduced. In 1878 the proportion was 191 bachelors to 100 spinsters, in 1881 162 bachelors, and in 1886 123 bachelors, to the 100 spinsters. Of the bachelors over 20 years of age 58,084 were under 50 years of age, and of the spinsters over 15 years of age 52,348 were under 45 years of age. Thus, at those ages at which marriages chiefly occur, the proportion of bachelors to the 100 spinsters is reduced to 112. The number of women at what are generally described as the reproductive ages, viz., 15 to 45 years, was 117,889, of whom 62,704 were wives with living husbands, and 2,784 were widows. Of the rest, 52,348 were unmarried, and the conditions of 53 were not stated. Of the unmarried, 28,670 were between 15 and 20 years of age, and 15,077 between 20 and 25 years of age; but at the age-period 40-45 there were only 700 spinsters.

The number of males (exclusive of Chinese) between 15 and 45 years of age was 135,989, being 18,000 more than the number of females at the same ages. Of the males between 15 and 45 years, 50,498 were husbands having living wives, and 1,535 were widowers. In 1886 the widows numbered 9,764 and the widowers 6,248, there being thus, on an average, 04 widowers to every 100 widows. The widows were most numerous at each age-period, but the disproportion was greatest at the earlier ages. At 20-25 years of age there were 35 widows to every 10 widowers, at 25-30 years 29 widows to 10 widowers, at 30-35 years about 22 widows to 10 widowers. The proportion of widows then decreased until at the ages 50-60 years there were 14 widows to 10 widowers. The proportion of widows then slightly increased.

The proportion of legitimate births to the married women was less in 1886 than in 1881. In the former year the married women averaged 314 to every 100 births, which was equal to an average of one birth to every married woman at childbearing ages in every 3.14 years. In the year ending the 30th September, 1886, there were 19,018 legitimate births. The number of married women at 15-45 at the census was 62,704. This gives an average of 330 wives to each 100 births, or, deducting 180 children so as to treat each birth of twins as one birth, the average was 333 wives to 100 births, or an average of one birth to each wife every 3.33 years. The slightly lessened fertility is accompanied by an increase in the average age of the wives.

The proportions of married women under 20 years of age and from 20 to 35 years are steadily diminishing, while the proportion from 35 to 45 years is steadily increasing, the relative proportions approximating gradually to those that obtain in England.

PROPORTIONS FOR 100 MARRIED WOMEN AT THE AGES 15 TO 45.
Ages.England.New Zealand.
1881.1878.1881.1886.
Under 20 years1.102.452.161.81
20 and under 35 years59.3261.9060.5360.03
35 and under 45 years39.5835.6537.3138.16
100.00100.00100.0010000

Table V pp.159

Chinese.—Of the Chinese males 99 were returned as being married and 5 as widowed. The instruction 011 the household schedule was that no Chinese not having wives in the colony were to be returned as married. As there were 6 Chinese married females in the colony, it appears that 93 European females were married to Chinese males.

PART VI.—EDUCATION OF THE PEOPLE.

Tables I. to IV.,pp. 205-208.

The degree of education required by the Census Act to be stated on the pp. 205-208. household schedule is limited to that of being able or not to read and write. This information, limited as it is, was not supplied in the case of 3,792 persons, a considerable proportion of these having been seamen or other persons on board ship.

The Chinese have not been included in the tables relating to education, nor in the calculations of percentages made. The instruction in the household schedule was that only Chinese who could read or write English were to be given as able to read and write. Of the 4,542 Chinese in the colony, 153 males and 5 females were returned as able to read and write (i.e., English), and 18 males and 1 female as being able to read only.

Of the total population (exclusive of Chinese and Maoris), 73.52 per cent, were returned as able to read and write, 4.77 per cent, as able to read only, and 21.05 per cent, as unable to read. The unspecified as to education amounted to 0.66 per cent.

In the fifteen years, 1871-86, the percentage of persons able to read and write has increased from 69.20 to 73.52, but the progress has chiefly been in the education of females, for, while the percentage of males has only increased from 73.10 to 74.76, the increase of percentage of the females has been from 63.75 to 72.09.

Table III., p.207,

If the percentages are taken on the persons above 5 years of age the proportion able to read and write would be raised from 73.52 to 86.02, the proportion able to read only from 4.77 to 5.47, and the proportion unable to read be decreased from 21.05 to 7.14. These last proportions of 5.47 and 7.14 are chiefly composed of those of children between 5 and 10 years of age able to read only (viz., 3.55), or else unable to read (5.21), leaving, of the population over 5 years of age, 1.92 per cent., who were all above 10 years of age, able to read only, and 1.93 per cent, above 10 years of age unable to read.

Of the male population at 5 years of age and upwards, 87.17 per cent., and of the female population, 85.97 per cent., were able to read and write.

This is an increase on the similar percentages in 1881 of only 0.09 on the males, but of 1.36 on the females.

Table IV., p.208,

The proportions of the population between 5 and 15 years of age able to read and write vary considerably in the several provincial districts, those in the Districts of Nelson, Westland, Canterbury, and Otago being the highest; Westland taking first place, but the number there is small.

The following were those proportions for the years 1881 and 1886, and also the proportions, at the two periods, per 100 persons above 15 years of age, able to read and write:-

 Proportion per 100 Children between 5 and 15 Years of Age able to read and write.Proportion per 100 Persons at 15 Years and over able to read and Write.
1881.1886.1881.1886.
Auckland69.7869.5493.3093.41
Taranaki67.2861.3993.5593.41
Wellington68.6167.7593.5193.73
Hawke's Bay65.8066.7692.8893.99
Marlborough61.9465.8493.5494.19
Nelson69.3671.6094.1394.39
Westland73.3873.9794.0794.27
Canterbury68.7671.8393.5694.47
Otago67.5769.5795.0995.41

Tables V. to VII., pp. 209-212

Attendance at School.–The numbers returned as attending school on the Tables V. to VII, 28th March, 1886 were as follow :–

 Males.Females.Total.
At public or aided schools57,04053,604110,644
At private schools or schools not receiving Government aid6,6678,28114,948

Being a total number attending week-day schools of 63,707 males and 61,885 females. In addition to these, 7,567 children, viz., 3,346 males and 4,221 females, were stated to be receiving tuition at home. Thus, a total of 133,159 were stated to be in receipt of sonic education. Many of these, doubtless, were over 15 years of age, probably as many as 2,500. On that assumption the number of children at the ages 5 to 15 receiving education was 130,659. As the total number in the colony at those ages, excluding the Chinese and including all the unspecified as to age under 21 years, amounted to 151,815, there would have been 21,150 children between 5 and 15 years of age not receiving any education whatever. In terms of "The Education Act, 1877," all children, with certain exemptions, between 7 and 13 years of age, are required to attend school. The number of children at the age-period 7 to 13 in March, 1880, was 91,473, The ages of children have not been extracted from the census schedules in combination with the school attendance for each year of life, but the proportion at the ages 7 to 13 attending schools may lie fairly estimated.

At the end of 1885 the children aged from 7 to 13 years attending the public schools constituted 66.89 per cent, of the total number of pupils.

The numbers attending private schools and receiving tuition at home are small compared with the number attending the public schools, and probably the same proportion may fairly be applied to them.

On that estimate, of the 125,592 children attending the public and private schools, 84,008 would be from 7 to 13 years of age; and of the 7,507 children returned as receiving tuition at home, 5,001 would be between 7 and 13 years of age, thus giving 89,069 children attending school or otherwise receiving tuition, out of a total of 91,473 at the compulsory school age–7 to 13–and leaving only about 2,404, or 2.6 per cent., of the children at these ages whose education was entirely neglected.

Table VI., p.210.

In the 15 years from 1871 to 1886 the number of children attending private schools has decreased from 16,757, equal to 30-59 per cent, of the children from 5 to 15 years of age, to 14,948, equal to a percentage of 9-85 of the children from 5 to 15 years; while the number attending public schools has increased from 14,953 to 110,644, equal respectively to percentages of 27-30 and 72-94 of the numbers living between 5 and 15 years.

The number of children attending Sunday-schools increased from 78,891 in 1881 to 99,884 in 1886, a numerical increase of 20,993. This numerical increase was less than that in the attendance at public schools, or than the similar increase in the number of the population between 5 and 15 years of age; but in proportion to the former numbers the percentage of increase was higher in the numbers attending Sunday-schools than in the numbers attending public schools, or than in the population between 5 and 15 years of age.

NumbersIncrease.
Numerical.Centesimal.
Attending public or aided schools188187,811......
Attending public or aided schools1886110,64422,83326.00
Attending Sunday-schools188178,891......
Attending Sunday-Schools188699,88420,99326.61
Population, 5 to 151881125,527......
Population, 5 to 151886151,68526,15820.84

PART VII.–OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.

Tables I., to VII., pp. 257-300

The tables of occupations include the number of the whole of the population, excepting the Maoris, of all ages. A large number of persons, chiefly consisting of women and children, have not any occupations in the technical sense of the word. The term, therefore, is used in a broad as well as a technical sense, so as to include every one–each man, woman, and child. Consequently, in many cases such terms as wife, widow, son, daughter, relative, &c., have to be used, and in others descriptive terms, showing the present position or the sources of living of the persons enumerated.

The description or occupation must not be considered as in all cases including the full number of persons who might be classified under that term, as in many cases an occupation is vaguely defined as clerk, carter, labourer, miner, etc., but without anything to show what special branch of industry or mining was engaging the services of the person named; also in the case of General Government and Local Government officers the numbers are incomplete for the purpose of representing all the persons that might be so designated, as the General Government officers employed in special services as railways, telegraphs, post offices, lighthouses, etc., are included among the numbers in the class to which those services belong. It is consequently impossible to select any particular occupation, and say that the number of persons given opposite it is the precise number following that occupation or that might be described under that term.

The tabulation of the occupations is one of the most difficult and complex of the operations in the compilation of the Census, for, although series of sheets with elaborate columns and headings were prepared for the purpose–every occupation which was found at the census of 1881 to have a following of five persons having a separate column and heading–still there remained a multitude of other minor occupations and descriptions which had to be dealt with and classified. In consequence of the smallness and simplicity of the industrial operations in the colony the great difficulties experienced in England, on account of the occupations being described by technical and changing terms in use in factories to distinguish the specific employments of the various hands engaged, have not been much felt here; but, doubtless, as the manufacturing interests of the colony increase, difficulties on this account will also arise.

The number of persons following the several occupations have been given so as to distinguish between those under and over 20 years of age. This may serve as an index of the kinds of occupations chiefly followed by the colonial youths.

Table IV., p. 261.

CLASS I. PROFESSIONAL.–This class is divided into two orders, namely, Order I., Persons engaged in the General or Local Governments, or the defence or protection of the country; and Order II., Persons engaged in the learned professions, literature, art, and science.

Order I.–Government and Defence.–As has been previously stated, the numbers given as General Government officers must not be considered as the full number of officers employed by the Government, as they do not include those employed in special services that are brought into other classes of occupations.

Order II. Learned, Professions, Literature, Art, and Science.–The ministers of all denominations are given under the general term of clergyman–no distinction being made between the numbers of each denomination. The number of clergy given in the table was 670. The list of officiating ministers registered under the Marriage Act comprised at that time 698 names, but of these 35 were those of Maori clergy; these are not included in the number given in the census tables. The census number is thus 13 more than the number on the list for solemnizing marriages. Of the number of clergy on the registered list 241 belonged to the Church of England; but, as 26 of these were ordained Maori clergymen, the European clergy of that church numbered only 215; the clergy of the different Presbyterian Churches numbered 160; the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church numbered 101; and the clergy of the Wesleyan Methodist Society numbered 106, or, exclusive of 9 Maori ministers, 97. The ministers of other religious denominations numbered 90. The Church of England, or, to be more accurate, the Church of the Province of New Zealand, and the Wesleyan Methodist Church only were those that had ordained. Maori Ministers–26 in the former and 9 in the latter. The clergy of all denominations have increased by 120, or at the rate of 21-58 per cent., since 1881. The barristers and solicitors, described as lawyers, numbered 511 against 362 in 1881–an increase of 149 in number, or at the rate of 41 per cent., in the five years. The law students have decreased since 1881 by 41, or 46 per cent., and law clerks have increased by 157, or 49 per cent. The number of medical practitioners returned at the census was 353, including 9 medical men returned as acting as hospital house-surgeons or as medical superintendents of lunatic asylums. As the number on the medical register of the colony was then 446, it appears that 93, more than one-fifth of the number registered, were absent from the colony, probably several having deceased outside the colony, but no notification having been given of the death in order that the names might be erased from the register.

The number of medical practitioners resident in the colony was 317 in 1881. Thus, in the interval the number has increased by only 36. Medical students increased in number from 10 in 1881 to 27 in 1886, but, as no New Zealand medical qualifications have as yet been registered, the 10 students in 1881 must have taken degrees out of the colony if they have qualified themselves to practise. Including dentists 99, chemists and assistants 450, midwives 59, but excluding hospital attendants and nurses, the number of persons engaged in the administration of medicines, or medical and surgical duties, was 1,035. Excepting the 59 midwives, only 14 of these were females, of whom 7 were in chemists' shops, and 1 was a registered dentist.

The civil engineers, not in the Government service, have increased from 228 in 1881 to 257 in 1886. The mining engineers are not included in these numbers. In 1886 the mining engineers returned as such numbered 43.

The number of persons engaged directly in teaching amounted to 4,307. The following are comprised in the number:–

* The returns from the Education Department gave the number of sewing mistresses as 178. The majority of those have evidently been simply described under their relationship to the head of the household, as wife, daughter, &c., in the census schedule. 
University professors8
Schoolmasters1,371
Schoolmistresses1,701
Tutors31
Governesses506
Pupil-teachers539
Teachers of accomplishments48
Convent school-teachers74
Sewing mistresses21*
Teachers of deaf and dumb2
Teacher of navigation1
Principal, training college1
College trainer1

There has been an increase since 1881 of 243 in the number of schoolmasters and of 449 in the number of schoolmistresses. Of the 539 pupil-teachers, 128 were males and 411 were females, the numbers in 1881 having been 100 males and 231 females. The increase has been caused by the additional number of public schools established by the Government. The teachers in the private schools at the commencement of 1881 numbered 030, viz., 147 males and 483 females, against an aggregate number at the commencement of 188(5 of 045, of whom 115 were males and 530 were females, an increase in the five years of only 15 on both sexes. The number of artists increased from 92 to 133. Of these the number of males increased from 71 to 92, and the number of females was nearly doubled, the increase having been from 21 to 41. Music masters and mistresses numbered 497, an increase of 187 on the number in 1881.

Table IV., p. 262.

CLASS II. DOMESTIC.–This class includes all wives and members of families who have no specified occupation. The system of classification is the same as that adopted in England prior to the census of 1881, and that has also been adopted in the Australian Colonies. When compiling the census of 1881 the Commissioners of the English census reconstituted the class, excluding, among others, all wives, giving as a reason that to include them "would in many cases involve reckoning the same wife twice over, once as wife and again as boarding- house-keeper or the like, when the wife has any specified occupation of her own." It has not been deemed expedient here to follow the leading of the English Commissioners in this matter, the reason given not having weight, as in no case is a wife given simply under that heading if she has an occupation given that would admit of her being otherwise classified. The number of wives in the colony can be ascertained from that part of the census compilation relating to the conjugal condition of the people. The number given in this part only includes those not having specified occupations, and, as their ordinary duties are of a domestic character, this seems the proper place in the table, if, as is of course desirable, every person in the colony should be accounted for therein. Hotelkeepers have also been retained in this class, as the descriptive heading of the order in which they are placed sufficiently distinguishes them from other members of the class, and it seems desirable that a uniformity of statistics should, as far as possible, be established and maintained among the various colonies of the Australasian group. The number of children or young persons given in this class as at school is less than the number given in the part relating to education. The reason for the difference is this: No person is given twice in the table of occupations, and, where a boy or girl had a specific occupation stated in addition to attendance at school, such person was classified under that occupation, instead of being merely included in the number of scholars, although included in the number of scholars in the part relating to the education of the people.

The number of hotelkeepers in 1880 was 1,622. Of these, 1,438 were males and 184 were females. As the-number in 1881 was 1,591, there has been an increase of 31, or at the rate of 1.95 per cent, in the five years, the population having increased at the rate of 18-07 per cent.

The number of household domestic servants was 14,503, of whom 13,471 were females. Of these, 6,750 were under 20 years of age. In addition 1,202 females, of whom 332 were under 20 years of age, were acting as servants in hotels, club-houses, and eating-house's. This number includes 145 females described as barmaids, of whom 28 were under 20 years of age, and 117 over 20. Of these, 127 were in the various boroughs and 18 in the country districts. This number, probably, is far short of the actual number of females performing the duties ascribed to barmaids, as 00 hotelkeepers' wives arc given as assisting in the business, most of whom probably performed similar duties to those of barmaids, and doubtless other wives and daughters included in the domestic class, bat not specifically stated as assisting in the business, gave help to their respective husbands and fathers in the same manner. The 222 females classified as servants of charitable institutions include hospital nurses. The total number of females given as in attendance in this class numbered 16,502, of whom 7,194 were under 20 years of age. The increase on the household female domestic servants since 1881 amounted to 1,496, and the increase on the total number of females classified as in attendance was 2,227.

The number of female household domestic servants under 20 years of age amounted to 22-6 per cent, (or about 2 out of every 9) of the girls between 15 and 20 years of age, and the number of females under 20 years of age given as in attendance was at the rate of 24.12 per cent, of all girls between 15 and 20 years of age.

Table V., p. 263.

CLASS III. COMMERCIAL.–The number of persons returned as merchants was 577. This was less than in 1881, when the number was 618, but still sufficiently large to indicate a great vagueness in the use of the term. It is clearly not limited to large importers and wholesale dealers. This is evident not only from the number, but from the fact that 2 females are given under that description; consequently no accurate definition of the occupation of the number designated as merchants can be given.

The number of bank officers and clerks increased from 760 in 1881 to 1,018 in 1886, evidencing a considerable expansion in banking business in the interval; but during the same period the commercial clerks, bookkeepers, and. accountants only increased in number from 3,428 to 3,587. These commercial clerks do not include clerks employed in shops and trades of various kinds, as where the special business or trade affording the occupation has been given they have been enumerated with others under that specific occupation.

The number of persons classified as being engaged in the conveyance of men, animals, goods, and messages, or in pursuits immediately subsidiary thereto, was 15,539.

The first group consists of those engaged in the working of railways and tramways, consisting of 2,762 persons, viz.,–

Railway officials, clerks, and stationmasters545
Railway engine-drivers, stokers, &c.459
Railway guards124
Other railway servants and labourers1,435
Tram-drivers121
Other persons employed in train services73
 2,762

The second group consists of the carriers on roads, including coach, omnibus-, cab-, and express-owners, 212; drivers and conductors, 508; and all draymen, express-drivers, and general carters, amounting to 2,939. Others connected with this service, including livery-stable-keepers, toll-gate-keepers, etc., numbered 216, giving an aggregate for this group or sub-order of 3,875.

The carriers on the seas and rivers comprise the next group. The subsidiary occupations included are the harbour, pilot, and lighthouse services, employing 190 persons; also the various classes of persons engaged in the stowage of cargoes or working on wharves. These, with persons of sundry incidental occupations, amounted to 849. The ship-owners and officers and crews of vessels numbered 4,759. There are also 154 watermen and boatmen included in the group, which therefore comprises a total of 5,952 persons. The fourth group consists of persons engaged in or connected with the storage of goods. These amounted to 1,590.

The last group is entitled that of messengers and porters. In this group are included all the employes of the Telegraph Department, numbering 716, all messengers and porters not in Government employ, and all others connected with the transmissions of messages. The total number in this group was 1,360.

The above groups do not respectively give all pursuits incidental to the carriage of persons or goods, as many industries closely interwoven therewith are given in the special group of the industrial class to which those industries belong. Some of the principal are coach and railway-carriage makers, and the occupations subsidiary thereto, saddlers and harness-makers, wheelwrights, ship and boat-builders, riggers, and ship chandlers, sailmakers, &c. It is impossible to exactly define all the various trades and employments which are more or less supported by any particular class of service.

Table IV., p.264

CLASS IV. AGRICULTURAL.–The term agricultural, as applied to this class, is used in a very comprehensive sense, so as to include not only pursuits incidental to agriculture and the tillage of the ground, but also all pursuits incidental to dealings with land and the rearing and maintenance of live stock of all kinds. The class has also been made to include fishermen, as they are employed in catching one kind of living creature, and there is no other class in which they could be suitably placed.

The farmers and market-gardeners (for they have been compiled together) numbered 22,699, an increase on the number in 1881 of 3,328. In 1886 381 of the farmers were females against 239 in 1881. 10,984 sons, daughters, or other relatives of farmers have been given as assisting on farms, an increase of 2,684 on the number in 1881. The farm servants and labourers numbered 13,996 in .1880 against 12,544 in 1881, an increase of 1,452. The total number of persons classified as engaged in agricultural pursuits (but not comprising all in the so- called agricultural class) was 51,545 in 1886; as the similar number in 1881 was 42,722, there has been an increase in the five years of 8,823 persons so engaged.

The persons in this class engaged in pastoral pursuits numbered 5,996 against 5,541 in 1881, an increase of 455. The number of runholders, graziers, and sheep- or cattle-farmers decreased from 888 to 828; but the number of station servants and labourers increased from 4,063 to 4,577.

The distinction, however, between sheep- and cattle - farmers engaged in pastoral pursuits, and farmers engaged in agricultural pursuits, is not well defined, as a number returned as farmers are chiefly if not wholly engaged in grazing sheep and cattle, and, therefore, although only described as farmers, they should strictly he included in the pastoral class; but, from indefiniteness of description, it has been impossible to select those who should be thus transferred.

The rabbit pest afforded employment to 690 persons engaged in killing these animals, and 47(5 persons were engaged as fishermen in gathering the harvest of the seas. The number of fishermen increased by 94 since 1881.

It will be seen by reference to Part X. of the census volume relating to the industries of the colony that these 476 fishermen were distributed over 286 fisheries, and that they employed 414 boats, of an aggregate of 920 tons, and of the value of £9,331. The nets used by them were 1,048 in number, of the value of £4,621. In addition, 9 boats, of the value of £1,990, were used in oyster-dredging.

Bee-keeping, as an industry, has an increasing number of followers. In 1881 the number of apiarians was 6, in 1886 it was 17. Presumably, this was the chief if not sole occupation of these persons, none other having been given.

Table V., p.265.

CLASS V., INDUSTRIAL.–This class includes all persons working or dealing in art or mechanical productions, in textile fabrics and fibrous materials, in food or drinks (with the exception of those engaged in board and lodging and hotel- keeping, included in the domestic class), in animal and vegetable substances, and in metals and minerals. The total number of persons in this class amounted to 76,427, an increase on the number in the same class in 1881 of 12,250.

The number of persons working and dealing in books and newspapers increased from 2,031 in 1881 to 2,750 in 1886. The following shows the progressive increase in the numbers during the intervals between the last three census periods:–

 1878.1881.1886.
Booksellers, stationers, publishers196246321
Bookbinders110149206
Printers, compositors1,0051,2701,641
Newspaper proprietors, editors, publishers165212293
Others connected with books and papers114154289

The number of persons engaged in making or dealing in musical instruments remains almost stationary. In 1878 the number was 24; in 1881, 21; and in 1886, 23. Lithographers and lithographic printers numbered 81 in 1886 against 55 in 1881. The number of wood-carvers was small, but the proportionate increase since 1881 has been considerable, the numbers having increased from 14 to 47. The number of watch and clock makers increased from 329 to 383 during the five years' interval.

There has been a considerable increase in the number of persons making and dealing in machines and tools, the rate of increase having been above 32 per cent. The numbers were 750 in 1881, and 993 in 1880.

The coachmakers and dealers increased in number from 407 to 083, and the railway-carriage-makers, who are Government employees, from 12 to 61. The number of coachbuilding works was 89, consequently the 083 persons above named chiefly consisted of hands employed in the various works. The returns of this special industry gave 002 as the number of hands, but the above larger number may possibly include many proprietors who work with their men in the manufacturing processes.

There was an increase in the number of saddlers and harness-makers from 675 in 1881 to 892 in 1880, and of wheelwrights from 319 to 338.

The number of shipbuilders and shipwrights was 401 at the recent census against 499 in 1881, and that of boatbuilders 130 against 103. The number given in the table of occupations is widely different from that given in the table relating to ship- and boat-building in the part relating to industries. After allowing for the master shipbuilders who might not be included in the hands in the last-named table, still the divergence is so great as to make the numbers irreconcilable. Whether a number of ship-carpenters or shipwrights were unable to obtain employment at their particular trade, and were therefore for the time doing other work, or whether large numbers were employed in boatbuilding at works so small that they have escaped mention, is uncertain. The last supposition is, however, not a probable one.

The number of persons engaged in the building trade, using the term in a comprehensive sense to include architects, painters, plumbers, glaziers, was 11,450 in 1880 against 10,051 in 1881, an increase of 799.

The number of persons working or dealing in textile fabrics increased from 2,020 in 1881 to 3,027 in 1880 : of these, the drapers and their employees increased from 1,404 to 1,988, and persons connected with the manufacture of woollen goods from 297, of whom 136 were females, to 722, including 311 females. As the returns from the various woollen factories gave the number of men and boys employed at 478, and the number of women and girls at 389, a total of 807, it is evident that the above number of 722 is considerably below the actual number engaged in connection with this industry. Many of the persons employed have no doubt used a general term of occupation applicable to several industries, and, in consequence, the exact number for this industry cannot be correctly given.

The persons engaged in working or dealing in food and drinks numbered 9,114 against 7,003 in 1881. Of the number in 1880, 3,900 were engaged in dealing in animal food, 2,878 in vegetable food, and 2,270 in drinks and stimulants. These numbers do not include hotelkeepers and others engaged in board and lodging. The number of brewers and employes was given at 412 in 1881 against 309 in 1880, but in each year these numbers were considerably less than the number of hands stated to be employed in the several breweries.

The result of want of care in fully describing on the household schedule the particular trade in which the person having a stated occupation may be employed is shown by the great discrepancy between the number of persons working and dealing in animal substances furnished by the census household schedules and the number of hands given in the returns obtained from industrial firms. As a result, the indefinite class is largely swelled at the expense of specified occupations, among which the numbers should be, to a great extent, distributed.

Hands employed according to Census Household Schedules. Hands employed according to Industrial Returns.
Soap-boiler and persons employed64}  
Tallow-chandler and persons employed26}In soap- and candle-works204
Tallow-melter, boiler-down16}  
     
Fellmonger, woolscourer380}  
Tanner191}In fellmongering, tanning, currying, and wool-scouring establishments1,087
Currier114}  
     
 Total791  Total1,291

Again a similar result is shown in the number of sawyers.. &c.

The number of sawyers, saw-mill owners, workers, and squarers, and persons employed at saw-mills, taken from the household schedules, was 2,063, but the returns from the various saw-mills gave the bands employed at 5,031 without including the owners. In this case also a very large-number of labourers at saw-mills have, for want of fuller description, been enumerated in the Indefinite Class (VI.) as "Labourers, branch undefined."

The kauri-gum digging shows no abatement as a source of employment.

 1881.1886.
Kauri-guru digger, dealer, worker1,1601,297

The number of persons dependent on that industry, exclusive of Maoris (many of whom are also gum-diggers), was greater by 137 in 1886 than in 1881. The quantity of kauri gum exported in 1880 was 4,724 tons 13cwt. against an export of 5,8753/4 tons in 1885.

The mining industry gave employment to .12,644 persons in 1880 against 14,273 in 1881. The decrease occurred in the number of persons engaged in gold-mining, viz., from 12,996 in 1881 to 10,892 in 1886. The number of coal- miners and colliers increased from 1,087 to 1,240. The last number, 1,246, is, however, too small, as the colliery returns give the number of hands employed as 1,448.

The workers in metal other than gold or silver numbered 4,876, being an increase of 1,127 on the number in 1881. Of these the tinsmiths numbered 451, iron-founders and workers in foundries 722, and blacksmiths and whitesmiths 2,755.

Table IV., p.271.

CLASS VI. INDEFINITE AND NON-PRODUCTIVE.– In this class are included 13,154 labourers not more accurately defined, and 3,899 persons of other specified occupations, such as mechanic, manufacturer, apprentice, engineer, engine- driver, etc., but which, from the baldness of the description, could not be placed in the respective classes to which they should properly belong. As a consequence the numbers in the other classes are short by the number given for these vaguely-specified occupations, and also by a large proportion of those returned merely as labourers.

Included in this class are 739 persons described as persons of property or rank. They consist of persons having no specific occupation, and living on their private means, on annuities or pensions; and include retired Civil servants, professional men, tradesmen, &c. The annuitants comprised 351 persons.

The last order of this class embraced persons supported by the community, to wit, the dependent class or those supported on charity, and the criminal class.

The number of persons included in this order amounted to 4,202, of which the members of the criminal class numbered 599. These, however, must not be considered to be all the members of the criminal class in the colony, as the numbers given only include prisoners actually in gaol at the time, inmates of refuge, and prostitutes so described. Many other criminals will doubtless be included among some of the many occupations enumerated, or among those whose occupations were not stated.

The number of persons whose occupations were not given amounted to 2,476.

Table IV., pp. 261-271

EMPLOYMENT OF FEMALES.–Of the 266,201 females in the colony, 2-32,343 201-271. were included in the Domestic Class as wives, widows, relatives, children, and scholars. In 40 cases no information was given to enable a classification to be made. The remainder, 33,872, represent those having defined and specified occupations. Of these, 10,502 were engaged in attendance, of whom 15,709 were domestic or hotel and club-house servants, and housekeepers. The servants at hotels include 145 females described as barmaids; the charwomen were 108, and the companions or lady-helps 80. The nurses (not including those in hospitals' and charitable institutions) numbered 580. Teaching gave employment to 2,742 females. 882 females were employed under various occupations in the Commercial Class. 919 were engaged on farms either as farmer, settler, farmer's wife (5 in number), daughter assisting, female servant on farm, or florist. The occupations in the Industrial Class gave employment to 0,548 females. Of these the most numerous were tailoresses, 1,069 ; milliners, dressmakers, shirtmakers, and seamstresses, 5,771; sewing machinists, 534; washerwomen and laundry-keepers, 636; engaged in woollen manufactures, 311; drapers' assistants, &c., 218; and those engaged in boot- and shoe-making, 237.

Table V., p.272.

EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYED.–As it is desirable, for many social questions, to be enabled to distinguish between the number of employers and the employed or wage-earners in any particular industry or employment, special instructions were given on the household schedule that employers were to place the letter E opposite their names, and persons employed the W. In many cases the results show a misapprehension on the part of the employed, the letter E having evidently been used for employed instead of employers only. A table has for the first time been compiled, which purports to distinguish in respect of occupations in the Industrial Class the number of employers from the whole of the number in the class. For ordinary purposes the number given as "employed" or "not described" may be fairly taken as representing those working for wages or salaries.

The grouping has been limited to the occupations in the Industrial Class, as in the other classes the description of the occupations read with the footnotes will generally enable the wage-earners to be fairly separated from the employers for the purpose of ascertaining their respective numbers. In the case of the mining population there was evidently such misapprehension as to the use of the letter that no attempt has been made to give the respective numbers.

Table VIII., p. 301.

ALPHABETICAL ARRANGEMENT OF OCCUPATIONS. – A table showing the alphabetical arrangement of the occupations has been given on pages 301 to 304. This arrangement will facilitate the extraction of the numbers employed in any specific occupation, as similar occupations, classified in the other tables of occupations under different heads according to the character of the industry that afforded the employment, have been brought together in this table.

PART VIII.–SICKNESS AND INFIRMITY.

Tables I., II., pp. 307-309

The prevalence of certain diseases which affect the rate of mortality can be readily ascertained from the records of death and an examination of the causes of death, but there are no data in this colony available for ascertaining the proportion of the population incapacitated from performing the ordinary duties of life, except the information obtained at the time a census is taken. The instruction on the census schedule was to write the words "sick" or "accident" opposite the name of any person unable to follow the usual occupation by reason of illness or accident, and to write the words "deaf-and-dumb," "blind," "lunatic," "idiot," or "epileptic," as the case might be, opposite the name of each person suffering from any of those infirmities.

In compiling the results, the information relating to the last-named specified infirmities has been given for persons of all ages, but in the cases of persons suffering from sickness or accident only the number above 15 years has been given.

The total number of persons returned in 1880 either as sick or as suffering from specified complaint was 3,548, being at the rate of 104-37 per 10,000 living over 15 years of age, against 2,583, or 91-50 per 10,000, living in 1881. The proportion has been always greater among the males than the females.

The following figures give the several proportions per 10,000 persons over 15 years of age suffering from sickness and accident in each of the past four census years :-

 Sickness and Specified Complaints.Accident.Total.
Persons187498.6421.26119.90
Person187884.4520.17104.62
Persons188191.5620.45112.01
Persons1886104.3721.74126.11
     
Males187499.4030.80130.20
Males187887.0331.19118.22
Males188196.1932. 10128.29
Males1886114.2834.88149.16
     
Females187497.415.82103.23
Females187880.633.9384.56
Females188185.074.0989.16
Females188691.534.7296.25

The proportions suffering from both sickness and accident were larger among the males in 1880 than in either of the previous census years stated. They were also larger among the females, with the exception of those in the year 1874.

The proportions of sick of the two sexes differed greatly in 1880 at, the various age-periods. At each of the age-periods 15-20, 25-30, and 35-40 the proportion of males sick was less than that of females ; but at all other ages above 15 there was a larger proportion of males than of females sick, the disproportion increasing greatly with advancing years. At the highest ages, 80 years of age and upwards, the number of males returned as sick was in the proportion of 990.47 per 10,000, while the rate among the females was only 692.31 per 10,000.

The relative proportions of those sick and having specified complaints per 10,000 living at each age-period for the last two census years are shown in the following table :–

Age.1881.1886.
Males.Females.Males.Females.
15-2041.7946.8742.3246.28
20-2558.8851.3375.0556.70
25-3052.8669.5962.5879.17
30-3559.9069.4877.0270.06
35-4080.2380.7982.2583.10
40-4584.0889.90110.4495.78
45-50122.38103.14122.75118.18
50-55159.11123.75186.87138.92
55-60236.87205.73220.87161.14
00-65317.67233.21357.50204.85
65-70441.73229.12478.69282.08
70-75553.19427.63590.85549.27
75-80585.20462.29679.15548.15
80 and upwards869.57992.37990.47692.31

Specified Infirmities. – The infirmities classified under this heading are deafness, deaf-mutism, lunacy, idiotcy, epilepsy, and paralysis, being crippled or deformed, and debility. The number of persons returned as suffering from these infirmities was 2,918, or 50-44 per 10,000 of the population.

Deaf-and-dumb.–111 persons were stated to be deaf and dumb and 22 to be deaf, but as dumbness is unknown apart from deafness (except in some exceptional cases, such as that of a person suffering from paralysis affecting the tongue, &c.) and as the "dumb "were chiefly young persons, it is evident they were deaf and dumb, and they have been included in the number given as suffering under that infirmity. The total number in 1880 was 133, an increase of 19 on the number in 1881. It is certain, however, that the number in 1881 was too small, as only 5 were then given under 5 years of age as deaf-mutes. In 1880 the survivors of these 5 would comprise the number from 5 to 10 years, but in the last year the number from 5 to 10 years of age was 28. As it is highly improbable that deaf-and-dumb children would be brought to the colony, it would seem as if the number in 1881 was too small by at least 23–doubtless more–if any had died in the interval. This should raise the number in 1881 from 114 to 137, being slightly in excess of the number in 1886.

The number of deaf-mutes between 5 and 15 years of age was 58, and between 15 and 20 years of age 19. Of these, 41 were pupils at the institution for deaf-mutes at Sumner. 20 of the deaf-mutes had specific occupations ; they were as follows: 1 clerk, 1 hawker, 2 farmers, 3 farm-labourers, 2 saddlers, 1 wheelwright, 1 draughtsman, 1 hairdresser, 2 tailors, 2 dressmakers, 4 shoemakers, 1 greengrocer, 1 tanner, 2 sawyers, 2 labourers.

Blind.–The number of persons stated to be blind was 180 against 138 in 1881. The blindness was evidently only to a very small extent, if at all, attributable to old age, as the infirmity obtains at all ages of life and in diminishing numbers at the very advanced ages. 14 children under 10 years of age were blind and 14 persons between 10 and 20 years of age. Of the total number blind 114 were males and 72 were females.

Lunatics.–The number returned was 1,533. As the number in the various asylums at the end of 1885 was 1,524, the number of lunatics maintained privately by friends is very small, evidently chiefly young children, as 13 of the lunatics were under 15 years of age ; but of the number in the asylums only 6 were under 15. The lunatics were in the proportion of 1 to every 377 of the population, exclusive of Maoris ; but the proportion was much greater among the females than the males, for, while 1 in every 322 males was a lunatic, 1 in every 472 females was similarly afflicted. These numbers do not include 89 persons described as "idiots."

Epileptic.—130 males and 91 females, a total of 221 persons, were stated to be suffering from epilepsy, an increase of 27 on the number so returned in 1881. As the information respecting this complaint may not in all cases have been given, it seems very doubtful whether these numbers can be relied upon as representing the full extent to which epilepsy prevails.

Paralysis.-The number of persons stated to be paralyzed was 153, an increase of 49 on the number in 1881 ; 24 of these were under 20 years of age.

Crippled and deformed.-159 persons were thus returned, of whom 58 were under 20 years of age. In 1881 the number was 132, and in 1878 it was 171.

PART IX.—LAND, LIVE STOCK, ETC.

Table I., p. 321.

Occupied. Lands.-The extent of land in occupied holdings (exclusive of the land occupied by Maoris) of over one acre in extent amounted, in March, 1886, to 27,848,690 acres, an increase on the area of similar holdings in 1881 of 1,003,224 acres.

Of the above number in 1886, 11,728,236 acres were the freehold properties of the occupiers ; 1,776,987 acres were rented by the occupiers from private individuals ; 857,753 acres were rented from public bodies; 2,017,588 acres were Maori lands or Native reserves rented ; 090,510 acres were held from the Crown for other than purely pastoral purposes (these include the lands held on deferred payments and other systems of settlements); and 10,771,616 acres were held from the Crown for pastoral purposes only.

There was a decrease since 1881 of 248,576 acres of land rented from the Natives, and a decrease of 866,953 acres of land rented from the Crown for pastoral purposes. There was an increase in the other classes chiefly in the amount of freehold, the property of the occupier, which was greater by 1,419,066 acres.

Note to Table I.

Unoccupied Holdings.— The census returns gave the extent of unoccupied and unused freeholds at 768,281 acres against 931,435 in 1881. Probably in each year the returns did not nearly show the full extent of unoccupied lands held by persons in the colony or by absentee proprietors.

Tables III., IV., V., VI., pp. 324-327

Number and Sizes of Occupied Holdings.—The number of occupied holdings exceeding one acre in extent, but excluding holdings which were Crown pastoral leases, amounted in March, 1886, to 36,485 against 30,832 in 1881, an increase of 5,653. The total area of these 36,485 holdings was 17,077,074 acres.

The following were the number of occupied holdings classified according to size in 1881 and 1886. The increase or decrease in each class since 1881 is also given : -

Sizes of Holdings.Number of HoldingsIncrease.Decrease.Centesimal, Inc. or Dec.
1881.1886.
Over 1 acre to 10 acres incl7,6809,1721,4920+19.43
Over 10 acre to 50 acres incl6,4987,5071,0090+ 15.53
Over 50.acre to 100 acres incl4,4625,0145520+ 12.37
Over 100 acre to 200 acres incl5,0665,9268600+16.97
Over 200 acre to 320 acres incl2,4533,1617080+28.86
Over 320 acre to 640 acres incl2,2582,8045460+ 24.18
Over 640 acre to 1,000 acres incl8289771490+18.00
Over 1,000 acre to 5,000 acres incl1,0971,3962990+27.26
Over 5,000 acre to 10,000 acres incl185222370+20.00
Over 10,000 acre to 20,000 acres incl16917010-0.33
Over 20,000 acre to 50,000 acres incl11110605-0.33
Over 50,000 acre to 100,000 acres incl182680-0.33
Upwards of 100,000 acres7403-0.33

The numerical increase has been greatest in holdings up to 50 acres, but the proportionate increase was greatest in the number of holdings between 200 and 320 acres. The next greatest proportionate increase was in holdings from 1,000 to 5,000 acres, the holdings from 320 to 640 acres taking third place and those from 1 to 10 acres fourth place as to proportion of increase. There was an increase of 1 in the number of occupied holdings from 10,000 to 20,000 acres.

The holdings of Crown lands under pastoral leases have not been included in the above numbers.

Table I., p. 321.

Land fenced.-The area of land returned as having been fenced amounted to 16,253,797 acres against 16,193,574 in 1881. In addition to this acreage the returns gave a total of 986,860 chains of fencing, but the area enclosed was not stated. Doubtless in many cases these consisted of fences only partly enclosing lands.

The area of land fenced in proportion to the area of the holdings, inclusive of Crown pastoral lands, and the proportions the Crown pastoral lands leased bear to the total area of the holdings, are given herewith for each provincial district:-

Provincial DistrictTotal Area of Holdings. AcresPercentage of Acres fencedAdditional Length of Fencing ChainsPercentage of Crown Pastoral. Area of Holdings.
Auckland3,240,61938.3667,3884.02
Taranaki363,01356.8025,249...
Wellington2,342,85762.2271,525.74
Hawke's Bay2,352,57466.2763,3622.08
Marlborough1,784,87660.8429,72554.73
Nelson1,738,32357.1235,31244.80
Westland489,0631.507,38084.63
Canterbury5,740,43763.21338,98146.03
Otago9,645,78261.99347,33958.53

The amount of land enclosed by the additional chains of fencing is in no case included in the area given as land fenced. It is impossible to estimate, even vaguely, the areas enclosed by the additional chains of fencing of which a large proportion, however, must consist of subdivisional fences. This is evident from the number given, as the total of the above numbers of chains amounts to 986,265-equal to 12,328 miles-a quantity sufficient to enclose an area of 3,082 miles square, or an area nearly a hundred times as large as this colony.

Tables I., II., and VII., pp. 321-322, 331

Live Stock.-The number of each kind of live stock obtained from the census returns in 1881 and 1886 was as follows :-

 18811886.
Horses161,736187,382
Mules and asses362297
Cattle of all ages698,637853,358
Sheep of all ages12,985,08516,564,595
Goats11,22310,220
Pigs200,083277,901

The cattle of all kinds increased by 154,721, but the increase in breeding- cows was 52,317.

The above numbers do not include the stock belonging to the Maoris, which, however, exclusive of horses, was ascertained to consist of 112,850 sheep, 42,103 cattle, and 92,091 pigs. These numbers would swell the total stock in 1886 to the following :-

Sheep16,677,445
Cattle895,461
Pigs369,992

The number of sheep on the 31st May, 1886, according to the returns made to the Sheep Department, was 15,174,263, or less by 1,503,182 than the above number; but in the space of two months a considerable number must have been slaughtered for local use, meat-preserving, boiling-down, and for freezing. Furthermore, the returns being made to the Sheep Department for rating purposes, the tendency would be to give a number less rather than in excess of the real number, while for census purposes extreme care might not always be taken to give exact numbers-round numbers, often a little in advance of the actual numbers, being probably entered on the schedule.

In 1881 the census returns gave the number of sheep as 12,985,085, a decrease of 84,253 on the number returned in 1878, a decrease attributed to the rapid growth in the number of rabbits. It is therefore very satisfactory to show an increase in the number of sheep given in the census schedules of 1886 of over three, and a half millions, or at the average rate of about 756,000 per annum, notwithstanding the continued prevalence of the rabbit-pest, the magnitude of which may be somewhat estimated by the number of rabbit-skins exported. In 1880 the number exported was 7,595,616, and in 1885 9,108,114. The increase in the number of sheep has, therefore, apparently been coincident with an increase instead of a decrease in the number of rabbits.

Tables VIII., and IX., pp. 331-332.

Production of Butter and Cheese.- The statements of the annual quantity of butter made gave a total of 12,170,964lbs. in 1886 against 8,453,815lbs. in 1881, an increase of 3,717,149lbs. in the annual production; but the quantities given in each year must be considered as only estimates, as the majority of small farmers do not keep accounts of the butter made. The production of cheese in 1885 amounted to 4,594,795lbs. against.3,178, 694lbs. in 1880; but, as of the quantity made in 1885, l,039,468lbs. were produced in cheese factories, the quantity produced by the farmers in that year was greater by only 376,633lbs., or 11.8 per cent., than the quantity produced in 1880.

Agricultural Machines.-There was an increase in 1886 of 14 in the number of threshing-machines in use in the colony on the number in 1881; but the increase in the working-power of these machines was much greater than the increase in the number, as the machines worked by steam-power were more numerous by 66, while there was a decrease of 7 in those worked by water-power, and of 45 in the number worked by horses. Of the 1,033 threshing-machines in use, 559 were worked by steam-power. There were 7,890 reaping-machines in use in 1886 against 6,595 in 1881, and 31 steam-ploughs and 20 steam-harrows in 1886, against 29 steam-ploughs and 13 steam-harrows in 1881.

PART X.—INDUSTRIES, LAND AND BUILDING SOCIETIES, PUBLIC LIBRARIES, MECHANICS' INSTITUTES, ETC., PLACES OP WORSHIP.

Table I., p. 334.

The number of local manufactories and works has largely increased since the census of 1881 was taken. In that year these various industries numbered 1,643, employing 17,938 persons, and having an aggregate value of capital invested in lands, buildings, machinery, and plant amounting to £3,605,471. In 1886 the number of industries was 2,268, the number of hands employed was 25,655, and the value of capital invested £5,697,117. There has thus in the five years' interval been an increase at the rate of 38 per cent, in the number of industries, of 43 per cent, in the number of hands employed, and of 58 per cent, in the value of capital invested. An attempt was made to obtain information as to the value of the materials used during the year, as well as of the produce of the manufactories or works, but with only partial success as to the value of the materials used. The value of the various articles manufactured or produced and of the work done, including repairs, amounted to the large sum of £7,436,649, a sum nearly equal to the value of the annual imports of the colony. But in this amount is included £449,027, value of gold from quartz- and hydraulic-mining, £1,700 rendered by antimony and manganese mines, and £255,326 the value of coal raised.

Important machinery and plant being used in the above works, they are included in the tables. (The Act requires the returns to be made.) But it is important to mention that, deducting the results of mining where machinery is largely used, the amount of £7,436,049, value of manufacture and produce of all kinds, is reduced to £6,730,596.

In making comparisons with tables for other colonies it is necessary to look to items, as it is somewhat a matter of opinion what should be included in the compilation of industrial statistics. There is difficulty in defining what works should be included and what omitted. For example, some of the furniture factories consist of large workshops in the rear of shops, in which several hands are employed making furniture ; but there are numerous cabinetmakers who also employ one or two hands making furniture, and yet whose works could hardly be classed as among the manufactories. There are many industries in a similar condition, so that no hard-and-fast rule could be laid down, otherwise many industries that are in the aggregate of considerable magnitude and are of growing importance would have to be omitted, or the table filled up with the enumeration of what are in reality retail businesses combined with a limited amount of work done on the premises either by way of repairs or as new work. Consequently much discretion has been exercised in the selection of the returns, possibly causing some little roughness in the complete result. Much additional work to that given is no doubt being performed by these minor industries. Some small industries have been given on account of their possessing a special character, or of being the germ of what may grow to be of some importance.

Table II., p. 338.

Of the several provincial districts Otago takes precedence in the number of industrial centres, but second in the value of capital invested. Auckland ranks second in the number of industries, but first in amount of capital.

The following were the number of industries, the number of hands employed, and the amount of capital invested in such industries in each district at the end of 1885, together with the percentage of increase of each, omitting fractions, during the previous five years :-

Provincial DistrictIndustries.*Hands.Capital.
Number at March, 1886Rate of Increase per Cent in Five Years.Number employed.Rate of Increase per Cent in Five Years.Amounts invested in Land and Buildings, Machinery, &c.Rate of Increase + or Decrease -per Cent, in Five Years.
*Including quartz and hydraulic gold-mining, also antimony, manganese, and coal.
     £ 
Auckland508396,471371,614,916+119
Taranaki522142069174,348+262
Wellington254343,075767233,363+32
Hawke's Bay1004295163210,08489
Marlborough73(1 industry)540588,926-13
Nelson202422,064120390,699+170
Westland523038033217,027+301
Canterbury340154,31429934,665+18
Otago687627,440341,343.089+26
  Totals2,2683825,,655435,697,11758

Of the hands employed 23,161 were males and 2,494 were females. Of the females 1,989 were employed in woollen mills, boot, clothing, hat and cap, and stocking-weaving factories.

The importance of any industry may be gauged either by the number of works in that class, the number of hands employed, the value of the capital invested in land, buildings, and machinery, or the value of the products.

The following were some of the most important industries, having regard to the hands employed and capital invested. They are arranged in the order of magnitude as to number:-

Nature of Industry.No of each Kind.No of Hands employed.Estimated value of Capital invested in Land, Buildings, Machinery, and Plant.

* Values not given in six cases.

† One not in operation in March, 1886.

‡ Value not given in one case.

§ Value not given in three cases.

Saw-mills2685,042£964,095
Printing-works1352,107331,723*
Brick, tile, and pottery works126598151,411
Hydraulic gold-mining124617224,787
Grain-mills121448329,304
Quartz-mining works1011,156211,021
Breweries98475323,756
Fellmongering, tanning, and scouring works971,093138,750
Coach-building and painting89664106,238
Collieries791,448148,773
Iron and brass foundries581,750239,938
Boiling-down,meat-freezing, and preserving works44838442,962
Boot factories421,65470,935
Gasworks20344656,405
Clothing factories1111,26937,530
Woollen mills6§867203,279

The relative importance of these industries in regard to the average number of hands employed in each of the works in each class, the aggregate value of the products in each class, the average value of the products for each of the works and also per hand employed, and the average capital per work, are shown in the following table :-

Nature of Industry.Average Number of Hands per Work.Aggregate Value of Products and Work done in 1885.Average Value of Products in 1885Average Capital in Land and Buildings and Machinery and Plant per Work
Per WorkPer Hand

* Value of products not given in twenty five cases.

†Allowances has been made for those cases in which no information either of products of capital has been given.

‡Value of products not given in two cases.

§value Of products not given in one case.

||Only four factories at work in 1885.

  ££££
Saw-mills18.81,177,7134,394233.53,597
Printing-works15.62733.886*2,308†159.3†2,571†
Brick, tile, and pottery works4.791,797729153.51,202
Hydraulic gold-mining5.074,190598120.21,812
Grain-mills3.7754,8306,3431,711.62,721
Quartz-mining11.4374,8373,711324.22,089
Breweries4.8325,1823,318684.63,304
Fellmongering, tanning, and scouring works11.2634,9156,546580.91,445
Coach building and painting7.4128,3461,442193.31,207
Collieries18.3255,3263,232179.41,958
Iron and brass foundries30.2351,739§6,171204.54,137
Boiling-down, meat-freezing, and preserving works19.0543,87812,361649.010,067
Boot factories39.4276,7256,351167.31,089
Gasworks17.2194,6539,733565.932,820
Clothing factories126.9237,78121,616187.43,412
Woollen mills173.4194,311||48,513||238.433,880

Table III., p. 338

Printing Establishments.-The number of these works increased from 106 in 1881 to 135 in 1886, not including the Government Printing Office. The number of hands employed increased from 1,779 to 2,107, and the capital invested in land, buildings, and plant from £229,166 to .£331,723.

Table IV., p.339

Agricultural-implement Manufactories.-These works were less numerous in 1886 than in 1881, the numbers having been 17 in 1886 against 23 in 1881; but the smaller number of works in 1886 employed more hands than the larger number in 1881, the numbers having been 336 and 315 respectively. The value of capital invested in land, buildings, machinery, &c., increased from .£43,854 in 1881 to £50,205 in 1886. The value of manufactures and work done in 1885 amounted to £111,823.

Table V., p. 339.

Coach-building.—This industry made great strides in the intercensal period, the number of works having increased from 49 to 89, and the number of hands employed from 387 to 664. The value of capital invested increased from £36,330 to £106,238 in the same period. The value of manufactures and repairs during 1885 amounted to £128,346. As the value of products was not in any case obtained for the year 1880,no comparison with the value of produce in that year can be made.

Table VI., p. 339.

Ship- and Boat-building.-The progress in this industry has also been great, the number of works having been more than doubled, viz., from 25 to 53, and the number of hands employed having increased from 100 to 172. 31 vessels, exclusive of boats, were built during 1885, of which 2 (1 of steel and 1 of wood) were between 100 and 200 tons burden.

Table VII.,

Woollen Factories.—These works, although few in number, have a special importance on account of the large employment of labour by each, the value of p,340. manufactures in replacement of imports, and the amount of local produce used, this being 1,924,932lbs. of wool by 4 factories in 1885.

The increase has been from 4 factories in 1881 to 6 in 1886, and from 193 males and 224 females to 478 males and 389 females employed. The value of capital invested increased from £98,500 to £203,279. The total value of the manufactures in 1885 was £194,311. This, however, only represents the produce of four factories, as two started in 1886.

Two other factories, one in Auckland and one in "Wellington, were in course of construction in March, 1886. The latter is now (1887) in full work.

Table VIII., p. 340.

Boot and Shoe Factories.—The works of this class have increased from 31 in 1881 to 42 in 1886. The hands employed amounted to 1,299 in the former year and 1,654 in the latter. The manufactures in 188-5 were of the value of £276,725.

Table IX., p. 341.

Clothing Factories.- There were 11 of these works in operation ; but as one was in connection with a woollen-mill the information as to the hands employed and the capital invested only applies to 10. Those 10 employed 1,269 hands, with a capital invested amounting to £37,530, and a total value of manufactures for the 11 of £237,781.

Table XI., p. 341

Cheese and Butter Factories.-These works, so important for the welfare of the farming interests, have been called into existence in the colony since the date of the census of 1881. They numbered 36 in 1886, and employed 110 hands. The produce for 1885 from 33, for 3 were not in operation during that year, amounted to 823 tons of cheese, 274,617lbs. of butter, and 16 tons of bacon, of the aggregate value of £43,094.

Table XII., p. 342.

Flax-mills.-These should rather be called Phormium-mills. Although the number fell from 40 in 1881 to 30 in 1886, and the number of hands employed from 284 to 249, yet the quantity of dressed Phormium produced in 1885 was 1,397 tons, or 14 1/2 tons more than in 1880. The total value of the Plutonium was £20,059. This industry may therefore be deemed as just holding its ground as regards quantity of produce, but lessening in the number of works.

Table XVI., p. 343

Collieries.—The increase in the number of collieries has been 28 since 1881, viz., from 51 in that year to 79 in 1886. The number of hands employed has increased from 992 to 1,448, and the annual output from 277,918 to 481,358 tons. In 35 collieries the coal worked was lignite ; of these, 31 were in Otago.

Table XVII., p. 344

Grain-mills.—The total number of these mills was 121 in 1886, or 10 fewer than in 1881, and as the hands employed in 1886 were 448 against 450 in 1881 the smaller number does not appear to be attributable to the increased size of some of the mills. Of the 121 in 1886, 9 were not in operation at all during 1885. As the imports of flour in 1885 were less by nearly 6,000 centals (l00 lbs. each) than in 1881 the diminution in the number of mills is coincident with a diminished import of flour and a considerable increase to the population, and also with a largely increased export of flour, viz., from 3,220 tons in 1881 to 5,244 tons in 1885. The mills produced 4,974 tons of Hour, and 12,188 tons of meal, more in 1886 than in 1881.

Table XX. p. 345.

Breweries.-The growth of temperance principles has apparently prevented an increase in the number of breweries. In 1881. there were 99 in operation, employing 526 hands ; in 1886 the number was 98, employing 475 hands. The quantity of beer made in 1885 was 4,735,735 gallons, or less by 139,019 gallons than the quantity in 1880. The production in 1880 was equivalent to 9.8 gallons per head of the population, but in 1885 the production was only at the rate of 8.4 gallons per head; nor was this reduction compensated for by larger imports, as the quantity of beer entered for consumption ex warehouse was less by 28,457 gallons in 1885 than in 1880; the quantity in 1885 being at the rate of 0.7 gallon per head of population against 0.9 in 1880. The total consumption of beer in 1885 was thus 1.6 gallon per head less than in 1880.

The consumption of malt amounted to 417,196 bushels ; this was nearly all of local manufacture, as the imports of malt into the colony in 1885 only amounted to 1,890 1/2 bushels, and in 1884 even less, viz., 1,025 bushels.

The returns from the 35 malthouses gave the production in 1885 at 390,300 bushels. The quantities, however, appear to have been largely understated, as in addition to the above consumption (which, after deducting the imports, amounted to 415,305.1/2 bushels) the exports of malt of colonial manufacture amounted to 75,689 bushels ; the total of these two quantities being 100,694 bushels more than was stated to have been produced. As the exports in the previous year amounted to over 51,000 bushels there could hardly have been any large stock in hand to account for this difference. The actual production of malt in the colony must therefore have been nearer 490,000 bushels than 390,000.

Table XXIX>, p. 350

Fisheries.-On account of the growing importance of this industry, special returns have been obtained in respect of all fisheries. The total number was 286; of these, 213 were carried on by single proprietors in their own boats. Although designated as fisheries, the description might more properly have been -number of single persons employed in fishing on their own account. 73 fisheries worked as partnerships may be deemed better to deserve the designation. 414 boats, of an aggregate of 920 tonnage, were employed in this industry. In addition, 9 boats with 21 dredges were used for oyster-dredging in the southern part of the colony.

Table XXXI., p. 356

Public Libraries, Mechanics' Institutes, and other Literary and Scientific Institutions.-There were 303 institutions of one or more of the above description -F'35G' in 1886, with a membership of 13,684, and having 292,108 volumes. There has been an increase on the numbers in 1881 of 78 institutions, 816 members, and 93,588 volumes.

The following exhibits the increase or decrease in each provincial district between 1881 and 1886 :-

Provincial DistrictNumber of Institutions.Number of Members.Number of Volumes.
188118861881188618811886
Auckland60662,2592,71038,63859,159
Taranaki583542471,9634,762
Wellington12211,2731,76217,38531,561
Hawke's Bay13238091,0396,97317,305
Marlborough572042533,5316,022
Nelson192894684817,64720,822
Westland883253274,2447,014
Canterbury47672,5862,63951,83670,915
Otago56754,1123,85956,30374,488
  Totals22530312,86813,684198,520292,108

Table XXXII., p. 356

Places of Worship.—The number of buildings of various kinds used as places of worship was 1,499, having accommodation in the aggregate for 256,153 persons, being an increase of 385 on the number of similar buildings in 1881, and of 66,998 persons for whom there was accommodation.

Churches and ChapelsSchoolhouses used for Public WorshipDwellings or Public Buildings used for Public WorshipNumber of Persons
For whom AccommodationAttending Services
188183419288189,155117,817
18861,063290146256,153164,033

The increase in the number of buildings used for public worship has been at the rate of 34.56 per cent., and in the amount of accommodation 35.42 per cent.; the increase in the general population during the same period having been at the rate of 18.07 per cent.

APPENDIX.—NATIVE CENSUS.

Table I. to IV. pp. 359-362

The enumeration of the aboriginal native population in 1886 was attempted on a more ambitious scale than on any former occasion. In the previous censuses of 1874, 1878, and 1881 an attempt was made to obtain the bare numbers of each sex of each tribe under and over 15 years of age. It seemed desirable in 1886 to obtain more precise information as to the ages of the several members of the race, and also to obtain supplemental information of the number of each kind of stock kept by them and of the extent of their cultivations. Although much valuable information has been obtained, yet the result on the lines laid down has been only a partial success, as the suspicion entertained by very many of the Maoris as to the motives of the Government for taking the census (especially of the return of cultivations and of stock) is still a powerful factor against a complete enumeration. In taking the census, visits were not in all cases paid to each Maori residence, but much of the information required was obtained from selected members of the race. This practice among Europeans would naturally be regarded with great distrust as to the value of the results; but not so in the case of the Maoris, who, accustomed to transmit their legends and histories orally from one generation to another, and with whom the details of the members of their tribes have more importance than would be the case among civilised races, can be relied upon for the remembrance of details of a kind that would be easily forgotten by people of higher cultivation.

As far as possible the names of the several members of the race were obtained; but for the purpose of future reference the value of the information as a record is much impaired in consequence of the practice of changing the name that obtains among them.

The majority of those officers of the Native Department who superintended the collection of the census in their several districts concur in the opinion that the enumeration was as nearly correct as could be expected; but in the West Taupo County, where the King Natives reside, and also in the Taranaki District, where the followers of Te Which congregate, it was admittedly very imperfect. Anything like a correct statement of the numbers of these two sections of the race will be an impossibility until the fanaticism existing among them has died away and all barriers of isolation have been withdrawn by a better appreciation on their part of the desire of the dominant European race for their real welfare.

Table L., p. 359.

The number of the aboriginal race in 1881, including the residents in the Chatham Islands, was, according to the census returns, 44,097 ; and in 1886, 41,969-a decrease of 2,128.

The number 41,969 is in excess of the number given in the return published by the Native Department; but during the detailed compilation in this office it has been observed that the Chatham Island Natives and the Maori women married to Europeans (given in the European census schedules) were not included, and that a small body of Natives had been omitted by one of the Enumerators.

The decrease above shown of over two thousand since 1881 bears out the remarks of the several census superintending officers that there was on the whole a decrease of the Natives within their districts. In one district it was stated there was an increase of 44 ; and, in another, that the population has been holding its own-a small set-off against the want of increase or the absolute decrease noted in other districts.

The general inattention to sanitary habits has a great and injurious effect upon their numbers. One officer in his report stated thus : " A considerable number of children are born to them ; but, alas, how few pass through the first stages of infancy ! Improper food, exposure, want of ordinary care and cleanliness, constitutions of the parents debilitated by past debauchery, and last, not least, the tohunga, are answerable for this, the most enlightened of them preferring to place their sick in the hands of the native doctor (tohunga) to applying to the medical officer of the district until the patient is reduced to such a state as to be almost past help." Diseases of the lungs and low fever, brought on by exposure and also by the want of sufficient and proper nourishment, are stated to cause the deaths of many.

Kauri-gum-digging is alleged to be a fruitful source of disease, living as the Natives do when at that employment without sufficient shelter or means of drying their wet clothing. There is, on the other hand, a marked decrease in their general drinking habits, this result having been apparently owing to the exertions of influential members of their own race who have realised the serious consequences of indulging in habits of intemperance.

The constitution of the race has been deemed to have been enfeebled and rendered less capable of resisting disease by the practice of intermarriage between members of the same tribe or subtribe. Now that intertribal wars are things of the past, the reasons for maintaining this practice no longer have weight, and the beneficial results of a departure therefrom are strikingly set forth by two of the Native officers. One, Mr. James Booth, of Gisborne, remarked: "It is very noticeable that where there have been intermixtures by marriage of people of distinct tribes the children of such marriages are more numerous and robust in health ; whereas, on the other hand, where people of the same hapu have intermarried, the case is reversed."

Another, Mr. E. S. Maunsell, of Grey town, stated : " There have been more children born within the last two years : this is due largely to marriages with women of distant tribes ; such prove fruitful, and the progeny health'. Such marriages Maoris now recognise as being a means of staying their hitherto decline."

The members of the various hapus and subtribes have been given respectively as members of certain principal tribes, the same list of principal tribes having been adopted that was given in the census volume for 1881. The selection of the designated principal tribes was made by Mr. Henry Tacy Clarke when he held the office of Under-Secretary for Native Affairs; he, from his knowledge of Maori history and traditions, having been deemed a reliable authority on the subject. The number of subtribes and hapus given in 1886 of which the names did not appear in the returns for 1881 necessitated a reference back to the various Native officers for the purpose of allocating the various members according to the several principal tribes from which they were descended, and to which they should belong. This resulted in some differences of opinion as to which were the principal tribes, and also to which of these tribes some hapus properly belonged ; and also great difficulties were experienced in the allocation on account of members of one hapu, and properly descended from one tribe, electing to belong to another to which that hapu does not belong, but with members of which some of their predecessors had intermarried, if they thought the maternal tribe one that conferred the greater honour.

As a result of these differences the numbers given as belonging to the principal tribes in 1886 will not in all cases compare with the numbers in 1881 for the purpose of estimating the increase or decrease of such tribes. Of all the principal tribes the numbers given for the Ngapuhi only, in 1881 and 1886, seem at all comparable. The numbers of this tribe in 1881 were 5,564, in 1886 5,549, showing a decrease of 15.

It is even doubtful if the totals of the numbers of all tribes in the two years -viz., 44,097 and 41,969-bear thorough comparison, excepting as indicating a very decided decrease in the numbers of the race during the five years ; but the measure of decrease cannot be certainly stated to be the apparent decrease, viz., the difference (2,128) between these two numbers.

The fuller information as to ages may be of service in considering the question of the decrease of the race. For the purpose of a comparison with the results of the census in 1881, all those whose ages were given have been thrown into groups of under or over 15.

Of the 41,969 members of the Maori race enumerated, 22,840 were males and 19,129 were females. The proportion, of females was thus 83.75 to every 100 males. This was less than the similar proportion among the European and other portion of the population, which was 85.28 to the 100 males, and in which there is a considerable addition yearly to the population from excess of births over deaths. The difference between the two rates might not be deemed sufficiently great to be of importance unless the different conditions of the two peoples were considered. The excess of males in the European portion has been caused by a large excess in the arrivals of adult males over females; but in the younger portion of that population under 20 years of age the proportion was 100 males to 99 females. The Maori race is not affected by addition to its numbers from an outside source, and the smaller number of females is due to a greater mortality among the females than among the males. As the deaths of the Maoris are not registered it is impossible to state at what period of life this greater mortality chiefly occurs, but it is evident that it also materially affects the proportion living under 20, as of those Maoris whose ages were given the males under 20 were in the proportion of 100 to 87 females. There was thus at this period of life a deficiency of 12 females to every 100 males to bring the proportion equal to that which obtained among the Europeans.

Table III., p. 361

The males under 15 years of age were in the proportion 31.64 to every 100 of the male population, and the similar proportion among the females was 33.56, these proportions being in each case less than the proportions in .1881-an evidence of a low birth-rate or high juvenile mortality, leading to a racial decrease. The following were the proportions for 1881 and 1886, and also those for the Europeans:-

 Percentage of Sex.
Males under 15Females under 15.
Maoris, 188133.6534.64
Maoris, 188631.6433.56
New Zealand Europeans, 1886 38.5944.39

The comparison between the proportions in 1881 and 1886 must of course be accepted with some caution, as the similar proportions for the Maoris in 1878 were lower than in 1881, although there was a decrease in the number of the Natives between 1878 and 1881; but the wide difference between the proportions of the two races evinces a very different degree of progress.

It will he interesting to compare the proportions of males and females living at each period of life with the similar proportions among the European portion of the New Zealand population, and also with those among the population in England. Although full information as to ages has only been given for 18,876 males and 15,420 females out of a total of 22,840 males and 19,129 females of the Maori race, yet probably the relative proportions among those whose ages were given may be accepted as prevailing among the whole of the race. The following is the proportion living at each age-period to the 100 living of the whole population of the sex:-

Age.England.New ZealandEuropean.Maori.
1881 1886.1886
M.F.M.F.MF.
Under 513.9013.2214.2416.1510.4011.65
5-1012.4111.8413.8215.7011.2512.09
10-1511.0910.4811.0712.5110.179.85
15-2010.039.599.4311.207.888.70
20-3016.5617.1215.6616.7115.7417.10
30-4012.5512.7613.1011.4413.0312.94
40-509.669.9811.718.8212.0011.68
50-606.877.216.854.438.677.48
60-704.534.932.591.996.725.24
70 and upwards2.402.87.96.864.143.27
Unspecified  .57.19  
 100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00

It will be observed how much larger the proportions are to the total population of the Maoris, both male and female, at age-periods above 40, than of the English or New Zealand Europeans. The high proportion is not limited to the more advanced age-period, as though it were caused by a greater longevity of the race, but at each age-period above 40 the proportions are greater among the Maoris than among the other two peoples mentioned. It is, of course, a fair inference that the causes of these higher proportions are twofold, viz., a low birth-rate and a high death-rate among the younger members of the community. This is borne out by the much smaller proportions of young children. These are not only considerably lower than those among the European portion of the population, but also than those among the population of England.

The proportions to the whole Maori population of those living under 20 years contrast strongly with the similar proportions in the other populations. The following is the proportion living under and over 20 years of age to every 100 of the population of each sex:-

AgeEnglandNew Zealand, European.Maori.
M.F.M.F.M.F.
Under 2047.4345.1348.5655.5639.7042.29
20 and over52.5754.8751.4244.4460.3057.71

The small proportion of young persons among the Maoris appears alone sufficient to account for a decrease in the number of the race, but the different proportions between the males and females indicate also a great mortality among the Maori adult females.

It has been previously stated that the females at all ages were in the proportion of 83.75 to every 100 males, thus evidencing a greater mortality among females than among males. The very much larger proportion of females than of males living under 20 years to the total of the respective sexes (42-29 per cent, females to 39.70 per cent. males) shows that this higher female proportion is caused by a greater mortality among the adult females than among the males.

It thus appears from a consideration of the numbers,-

  1. That there is a much smaller birth-rate among the Maoris than among the rest of the population;

  2. That there is a higher death-rate at all the younger ages of life; and

  3. That there is in addition a much higher death-rate among the adult. Maori females than among the adult males.

These conditions will have to be reversed, before any increase of the race can reasonably be expected.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient servant,

WM. R. E. BROWN,

Registrar General.

PART I.—POPULATION AND HOUSES.

Chapter 1. POPULATION.—GENERAL SUMMARY.

Table I_I. Showing the Population of the Colony (exclusive of Maoris*) according to the Census taken on the 28th March, 1886.

Population.Persons.Males.Females.

* A census of the Maoris taken in February shows the population to have been as follows: Total persons, 41,627, including 39,363 full Maoris and 2,264 half-castes living as members of Maori tribes. There were enumerated in the European census 201 Maori wives (not included in the above table) of European husbands, and 1,957 half-castes living amongst Europeans. Thus, the total population of the colony amounted to 620,310 persons: 335,089 males and 285,221 females.

† Exclusive of 1,073 persons on board of three German warships lying in Auckland Harbour

Exclusive of Chinese573,940307,694266,246
Chinese4,5424,52715
  Totals578,482312,221266,261

Chapter 2. DWELLINGS.—GENERAL SUMMARY.

Table I_I. Showing the Habitations in the Colony (exclusive of Maoris) according to the Census taken on the 28th March, 1886.

Total Number.Description.Materials.Not stated.
Dwellings (exclusive of Tents).Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Brick, Stone, or Concrete.Wood, Iron, or Lath and Plaster.Cob or Sod.Miscellaneous.Huts of Sod, Clay, Wood, Stone, &c.Raupo.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Occupied.Unoccupied.Building.
121,951108,4679,1468343,5045,252106,1892,2849531,8732573,5041,639
Classification of Inhabited Dwellings according to Number of Rooms.
Dwellings of One Room.Dwellings of Two Rooms.Dwellings of Three and Four Rooms.Dwellings of Five and Six Rooms.Dwellings containing move than Six Rooms.Dwellings in which the Number of Rooms was not specified.
Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, &c.Cob, Raupo, &c., and Huts or Tents.
4,1806,07712,11040,09027,21821,0371,259

Chapter 3. POPULATION (EXCLUSIVE OF MAORIS) AND DWELLINGS.—GENERAL SUMMARY.

Table I_III. Showing the Inhabitants and Dwellings in the Colony according to the Census taken on the 28th March, 1886.

Population.Dwellers-Total.
In Houses of Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, or Lath and Plaster.In Huts or Houses of Cob, Sod, Raupo, &c.On Shipboard.In Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Travellers and Persons sleeping under Drays or camping out.

NOTE.—In this table the dwellers in houses of which the materials were not stated have been included in the numbers given in the first column, except such as were Chinese. These last have been regarded as more probably living in inferior houses, and thrown into the number in the second column.

Exclusive of Chinese546,02116,4464,7156,506252573,940
Chinese2,5821,68011269..4,542
  Totals548,60318,1264,7266,775252578,482

Chapter 4. PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES. DENSITY OF POPULATION AND HOUSES, AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table I_IV. Showing the Number of Females to 100 Males, and the Number of Persons to the Square Mile, at the Period of each Enumeration, from December, 1858, to March, 1886; also the Number of Persons to the Inhabited House, and of Inhabited Houses to the Square Mile (exclusive of Maoris and Maori Dwellings).

Date of Enumeration.Number of Females to 100 Males.Number of Persons to the Square. Mile.Number of Persons to the Inhabited Dwelling.Number of Inhabited Dwellings to the Square Mile.

NOTE.—The estimated area of New Zealand is 104,032 square miles.

December, 185876.41.5664.64.122
December, 186162.16.9444.42.214
December, 186461.531.6414.53.362
December, 186765.752.0944.05.517
February, 187170.522.4564.48.548
March, 187475.172.8694.88.588
March, 187879.403.9695.02.791
April, 188181.724.6935.12.917
March, 188685.285.5615.171.076

Chapter 5. INCREASE OF POPULATION.

Table I_V. Showing the Population of the Colony (exclusive of Maoris) at the Period of each Enumeration, from December, 1858, to March, 1886, and the Numerical and Centesimal Increase during the Period between each Enumeration.

Census Years and Months.Population.Increase during the Period between each Enumeration.
Numerical.Centesimal.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
1858, December 59,41333,67925,73439,60827,38312,22539.9944.8432.20
1861, December 99,02161,06237,95973,13745,51827,61873.8674.5472.76
1864, December 172,158106,58065,57846,51025,34921,16127.0123.7932.26
1867, December 218,668131,92986,73937,72518,42719,29817.2513.9622.24
1871, February 256,393150,356106,03743,12120,62522,49616.8213.7221.21
1874, March 299,514170,981128,533114,89860,01754,88138.3635.1042.70
1878, March 414,412230,998183,41475,52138,60736,91418.2216.7120.13
1881, April 489,933269,605220,32888,54942,61645,933l8.0715.8120.85
1886, March 578,482312,221266,261      

Chapter 6. POPULATION.—SUMMARY AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table I_VI. Showing the Population of each Provincial District (exclusive of Maoris) in New Zealand at different Census-periods, from 1867 to 1886.

Provincial Districts.Year of Census.
December, 1867.February, 1871.March, 1874.March, 1878.April, 1881.March, 1886.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.

* The population of the Province of Southland, since merged in Otago, has been included.

Auckland 48,32127,06321,25862,33535,50226,83367,45137,10630,34582,66144,80037,86199,45154,11145,340130,37970,58259,797
Taranaki 4,3592,5281,8314,4802,5721,9085,4653,0432,4229,4635,1734,29014,8588,5176,34117,9999,5768,423
Wellington 21,95012,4019,54924,00113,18010,82129,79016,24613,54451,06927,87723,19261,37132,71728,65477,53641,65035,880
Hawke's Bay 5,2833,1972,0866,0593,5962,4639,2285,4163,81215,0158,5096,50617,3679,7007,66724,56813,89010,678
Marlborough 4,3712,7361,6355,2353,2352,0006,1453,6592,4867,5574,2833,2749,3005,2494,05111,1136,2234,890
Nelson 23,81416,4257,33922,50114,2578,24422,55813,5459,01325,12814,38510,74326,07514,80011,27530,20316,87813,325
Westland 15,53311,8773,65615,35710,4534,90414,8609,4735,38716,93210,5776,35515,0109,0755,93515,9319,3886,543
Canterbury 38,33321,20617,12746,80125,78121,02058,77532,9426,48191,92250,42441,498112,18260,59051,592121,40063,09458,306
Otago 56,520*34,37322,14769,491*41,69127,80085,11350,12134,992114,46964,85049,619134,07774,68559,392149,15480,83468,320
Chatham Islands 1841236113389441297851196120762421618119910693
  Totals 218,668131,92986,739256,393150,356106,037299,514170,981128,533414,412230,998183,414489,933269,605220,328578,482312,221266,261

Chapter 7. NUMERICAL INCREASE OR DIMINUTION OF THE POPULATION IN EACH PROVINCIAL DISTRICT AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table I_VII. Showing the Numerical Increase or Diminution of the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of each Provincial District in New Zealand in the respective Periods, December, 1867, to February, 1871; February, 1871, to March, 1874; March, 1874, to March, 1878; March, 1878, to April, 1881; April, 1881, to March, 1886.

Provincial Districts.Numerical Increase or Diminution.
1867 to 18711871 to 1874.1874 to 1878.1878 to 1881.1881 to 1886.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.

* The population of the Province of Southland, since merged in Otago, has been included.

NOTE.—In cases where a decrease has taken place the minus sign (-) is prefixed to been included, the numerical decrease.

Auckland 14,0148,4395,5755,1161,6043,51215,2107,6947,51616,7909,3117,47930,92816,47114,457
Taranaki 12144779854715143,9932,1301,8685,3953,3442,0513,1411,0592,082
Wellington 2,0517791,2725,7893,0662,72321,27911,6319,04810,3024,8405,46216,1658,9337,232
Hawke's Bay7763993773,1691,8201,3495,7873,0932,6942,3521,1911,1617,2014,1903,011
Marlborough8644993659104244861,4126247881,7439667771,813974839
Nelson -1,313-2,16885557-7127692,5708401,7309474155324,1282,0782,050
Westland -176-1,4241,248-497-9804832,0721,104968-1,922-1,502-420921313608
Canterbury 8,4684,5753,89311,9746,5135,46133,14718,13015,01720,26010,16610,0949,2182,5046,714
Otago12,971*7,3185,65315,6228,4307,19229,35614,72914,62719,6089,8359,77315,0776,1498,928
Chatham Islands-51-34-17-4-11767422546415-43-55+12
  Totals37,72518,42719,29843,12120,62522,496114,89860,01754,88175,52138,60736,91488,54942,61645,933

Chapter 8. CENTESIMAL INCREASE OR DIMINUTION OF POPULATION IN EACH PROVINCIAL DISTRICT AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table I_VIII. Showing the Centesimal Increase or Decrease of the Population, and of the Males and Females (exclusive of Maoris), in each Provincial District of New Zealand, in the respective Periods, December, 1867, to February, 1871; February, 1871, to March, 1874; March, 1874, to March, 1878; March, 1878, to April, 1881; April, 1881, to March, 1886.

Provincial Districts.Percentage of Increase or Diminution.
1867 to 1871.1871 to 1874.1874 to 1878.1878 to 1881.1881 to 1886.
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.

* The population of the Province of Southland, since merged in Otago, has been included.

Auckland29.0031.1826.238.214.5213.0922.5520.7424.7720.3120.7819.7531.1030.1431.88
Taranaki 2.761.744.2121.9918.3126.9473.1670.0077.1357.0164.6447.8121.1412.4332.83
Wellington9.346.2813.3224.1223.2625.1671.4371.5971.2320.1717.3623.5526.3427.3025.24
Hawke's Bay14.6912.4818.0752.3050.6154.7762.7157.1170.6715.6614.0017.8441.4643.2039.27
Marlborough 19.7718.2422.3217.3813.1124.3022.9817.0531.7023.0622.5523.7319.4918.5520.71
Nelson -5.51-13.2011.57.25-4.999.3311.396.2019.193.772.884.9515.8314.0418.18
Westland -1.13-11.9934.14-3.249.379.8513.9411.6517.97-11.35-14.20-6.606.133.4410.24
Canterbury 22.0921.5722.7325.5825.2625.9856.4056.1456.7122.0420.1624.328.214.1313.01
Otago *22.9521.2925.5222.4820.2225.8734.4929.3941.8017.1315.1719.7011.248.2315.03
Chatham Islands-27.72-27.64-27.87-3.01-12.3615.9151.9453.8549.0223.4734.176.58-17.77-34.16+14.81
  Totals 17.2513.9722.2516.8213.7221.2238.3635.1042.7018.2216.7120.1318.0715.8120.85

Chapter 9. PROPORTION OF SEXES AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table I_IX. Showing the Number of Females to 100 Males in each Provincial District for the last Six Censuses (exclusive of Maoris).

Provincial Districts.Number of Females to 100 Males.
1867.1871.1874.1878.1881.1886
Auckland 78.5575.5881.7884.5183.79.84.72
Taranaki72.4374.1879.5982.9374.4586.16
Wellington 77.0082.1083.3783.1987.5876.87
Hawke's Bay 65.2468.4970.3876.4679.0476.87
Marlborough65.2468.8267.9476.4477.1878.57
Nelson 44.9957.8266.5474.6876.1878.57
Westland30.7846.9156.8760.0865.4078.94
Canterbury80.7681.5382.0082.3085.1592.41
Otago 64.4366.6869.8276.5179.5284.52
Chatham Islands49.5949.4465.3863.3350.3187.73
  Total65.7570.5275.1779.4081.7285.28

Chapter 10. DENSITY OF POPULATION AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table I_X. Showing the Area of each Provincial District, and the Number of Persons to the Square Mile in each, at the last Six Censuses (exclusive of Maoris).

Provincial Districts.Area in Areas.Area in Square Miles.Persons to a Square Mile.
1867.1871.1874.1878.1881.1886.
Auckland16,477,70025,7461,8192,8192.3472.5393.1123.744
Taranaki 2,117,3803,3081.2181.2521.5272.6454.1525.441
Wellington7,042,00011,0032.0072.1942.7244.6695.6117.047
Hawke's Bay2,822,3004,4101.1461.3152.0023.2583.7685.571
Marlborough3,041,6704,7531.0921.3091.5361.8892.3252.338
Nelson6,572,10010,2692.1772.0572.0632.2982.3842.941
Westland 2,970,6004,6413,2643.2273.1233.5583.1543.433
Canterbury8,985,40014.0402.8223.4464.3276.7678.2598.647
Otago16,311,70025,4872.2552.7733.3964.5685.3505.852
Chatham Islands239,920375.488.353.342.520.642.531
  Totals66,580,770104,0322.0942.4562.8693.9694.6935.561

Chapter 11. DWELLINGS -SUMMARY AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table I_XI. Showing the Number of Dwellings (Inhabited) of all Descriptions in each. Provincial District at the last Six Censuses (exclusive of the Dwellings of Maoris).

Provincial DistrictsNumber of Inhibited Dwellings.
1867.1871.1874.1878.1881.1886.
Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of TentsIncluding Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.
Auckland 10,01610,50913,46713,66714,00914,13616,31816,49518,99519,41824,77925,333
Taranaki 1,0421,0579069871,1261,1551,8561,8812,6982,9383,4543,509
Wellington 7,2977,3544,7794,7795,3105,4119,2029,41811,33211,51813,59614,187
Hawke's Bay 1,0661,0751,1801,2151,5871,6482,8162,8533,1783,2374,4014,584
Marlborough 1,1271,1349691,0121,1741,1971,4441,4671,7111,7962,0142,113
Nelson 4,9616,6485,2285,8195,2925,7005,4055,7725,7185,9606,2346,621
Westland 4,0845,0985,0495,4574,2814,5894,5274,9884,1714,3454,2124,349
Canterbury7,7067,7598,7078,74710,36410,46616,19516,86419,68120,35021,58922,058
Otago12,06413,32414,39715,46316,21217,02021,85722,81325,30926,14828,13929,168
Chatham Islands575736363434373740404949
  Totals49,42054,01554,77857,18259,38961,35679,65782,58892,83395,750108,467111,971

Chapter 12. PERSONS TO A HOUSE AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table I_XII. Showing the Number of Persons to each Inhabited Dwelling at the last Six Censuses (exclusive of Maoris).

Provincial DistrictsPersons to an Inhabited Dwelling.
1867.1871.1874.1878.1881.1886.
Calculated including Tents.Calculated including Tents.Calculated including Tents.Calculated including Tents.Calculated including Tents.Calculated including Tents.
Auckland 4.604.564.775.015.125.15
Taranaki4.124.544.735.035.065.13
Wellington 2.985.025.515.425.335.46
Hawke's Bay4.914.995.605.265.375.36
Marlborough3.855.175.135.155.185.26
Nelson3.583.873.954.354.374.56
Westland 3.052.813.243.393.453.66
Canterbury4.945.355.625.455.515.50
Otago4.244.495.005.025.135.11
Chatham Islands3.233.963.795.306.054.06
  Totals 4.054.484.885.025.125.17

Chapter 13. DENSITY OF HOUSES AT SUCCESSIVE CENSUS PERIODS.

Table I_XIII. Showing the Area of each Provincial District, and the Number of Dwellings to the Square Mile in each, at the last Six Censuses (exclusive of Maoris).

Provincial DistrictsArea in AcresArea in Square MilesInhabited Dwellings per Square Mile.
1867.1871.1874.1878.1881.1886.
Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.Exclusive of Tents.Including Tents.
Auckland16,477,70025,746.377.396.507.515.527.532.614.621.715.731.962.984
Taranaki2,117,3803,308.291.295.270.276.315.323.519.526.754.8211.0441.061
Wellington7,042,00011,003.667.672.437.437.486.495.841.8611.0361.0531.2361.289
Hawke's Bay2,822,3004,410.231.233.256.264.344.355.611.619.689.702.9981.039
Marlborough 3,041,6704,753.280.283.241.253.293.299.361.367.428.449.424.444
Nelson 6,572,10010,269.454.608.478.532.484.521.494.528.523.545.607.645
Westland2,970,6004,641.8581.0711.0611.147.900.964.9511.048.876913.907.937
Canterbury8,985,40014,040.567.571.641.644.763.7701.1921.2421.4481.4981.5371.571
Otago16,311,70025,487.481.531.575.617.647.679.872.9101.0431.0431.1041.144
Chatham Islands239,920.375.151.151.095.095.090.090.098.098.106.106.131.131
  Totals 66,580,770104,032.473.517.525.548.569.588.763.791.889.9171.0431.076

Chapter 14. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS. - GENERAL SUMMARY.

Table I_XIV. Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris) and Dwelling in the Colony of New Zealand on the 28th March, 1886, as existing in Counties, Boroughs, Islands, and on Shipboard.

Total (including Chinese and Half-castes)Chinese.Half-castesDwellings*European livingTravellers and Persons sleeping under Drays or camping out.*Chinese living
Houses and Huts.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.InhabitedUninhabited and Building.In House of Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, or Latin and Plaster.In Huts of Houses of Cob, Sod, Raupo &c., and Habitations of Unstated Materials.In Tents of Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Persons.Males.FemalesMales.FemalesMales.Females.UninhabitedInhabited.Building.Materials.Rooms.Materials.In Houses of Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, or Latin and Plaster.In Huts or Houses of Cob, Sod, Raupo, &c.In Habitations of Unstated Materials.In Tents or Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Brick, Stone, of Concrete.Wood, Iron, Lath and Plaster.Cob or Sod.MiscellaneousHuts of Sod, Clay, Wood, Stone, &c.Raupo.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Not stated.One.TwoThree and Four.Five and Six.Over Six.Not stated.Brick or Stone.Wood and Iron.Other Materials, and not stated.
Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, &c.Cob, Raupo, &c., and Huts or Tents.

* 4,726 persons on shipboard are nor included, 11 of whom are Chinese.

† By "The Counties Act, 187," it is provided that boroughs shall not be included in counties.

‡ These island are not within the boundaries of the neighbouring counties, but the inhabitants have been included below in the populations of the North and Islands.

§ Exclusive of 1,073 persons on board of three German warships lying in Auckland Harbour.

Counties*327,328184,537142,7913,580..84184362,4995,3933973,4541,76355,1592,1648931,8112553,4544543,5595,9338,76222,00213,88110,8919251894,795831299,32915,6462,0856,4472411,6821,640258
Boroughs 245,612122,961122,6519351411813945,7753,728435402,98142,39612015611402016131053,32218,04013,29510,1103303393,6771472,3,10166084744118984011
Islands adjacent to New Zealand617403214....66144222103108..3011101737203832182..195503871215........
Chatham Islands1991069311..1493....232..15........1261010182..3..14453......2....
On shipboard 4,7264,21451211..4..............................................................
Total for colony578,482312,221266,2614,52715969989108,4679,1468343,5044,74997,6952,2849531,8732573,5046564,1806,07712,11040,09027,21821,0371,2595038,494983543,07716,4462,9446,5062522,5821,680269
North Island 250,482135,698114,784335277979446,2303,6806151,38372544,304504552332541,3832091,4262,1214,152156,73512,58810,0555461263,917252240,5072,6477632,8491173234..
Middle Island 327,592176,289151,3034,1911219019462,1375,4602182,1184,02253,3082,2344831,64032,1884472,7443,9517,93523,33214,61510,9577113774,570731302,22213,7462,1813,6521352,2571,676269
Stewart Island20912881........51313..51........3..93171357....4..204....5........
Chatham Islands1991069311..1493....232..15........1261010182..3..14453......2....
Total for colony578,482312,221266,2614,52715969989108,4679,1468343,5044,74997,6952,2849531,8732573,5046564,1806,07712,11040,09027,21821,0371,2595038,494983543,07716,4462,9446,5062522,5821,680269

Chapter 15. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS IN COUNTIES.

Table I_XV. Showing the Population of the Counties (exclusive of Maoris), distinguishing Chinese and Half-castes, with the Number of Houses Inhabited, Uninhabited, and in Course of Erection, classified according to Materials and Rooms. Also the Number of Europeans and Chinese in different Classes of Dwellings, and those camping out.

Countries*(Boroughs are not included see foot note)Total (including Chinese and Half-castes)Chinese.Half-castesDwellings*European livingTravellers and Persons sleeping under Drays or camping out.*Chinese living
Houses and Huts.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.InhabitedUninhabited and Building.In House of Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, or Latin and Plaster.In Huts of Houses of Cob, Sod, Raupo &c., and Habitations of Unstated Materials.In Tents of Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Persons.Males.FemalesMales.FemalesMales.Females.UninhabitedInhabited.Building.Materials.Rooms.Materials.In Houses of Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, or Latin and Plaster.In Huts or Houses of Cob, Sod, Raupo, &c.In Habitations of Unstated Materials.In Tents or Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Brick, Stone, of Concrete.Wood, Iron, Lath and Plaster.Cob or Sod.MiscellaneousHuts of Sod, Clay, Wood, Stone, &c.Raupo.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Not stated.One.TwoThree and Four.Five and Six.Over Six.Not stated.Brick or Stone.Wood and Iron.Other Materials, and not stated.
Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, &c.Cob, Raupo, &c., and Huts or Tents.

* The boroughs are not included in the counties. The population of the counties, together with that of the respective interior boroughs, is shown in Table XIX.

Mongonui1,8331,043790....66793462..151326..14..415122193111883835..2..1,73178123........
Bay of Islands2,1581,169989....31404685619242651510109..334058163100794..5612,03599..186......
Hokianga 767459308....90105157736..148..72..6..1721264126266..9171344..10........
Hobson 3,5422,1681,374....2411759272102..6628562310102..622227720416211420..2723,190209..13112......
Whangarei 4,7242,6702,0541..5129816113218831570263243611112229724319311..5754,484180653....1..
Rodney3,2431,7821,461....1165669171155862..40201132968701991371622..8513,049165920........
Waitemata 7,9364,3933,5434..11141,6241793349141,4395106194149..5419619344938539513191187,493358..7834....
Eden 13,8867,1646,72250..8162,526318718622,4572......85251084814889707521366213,79422812..50....
Manukau11,4736,0455,428....1182,0881904116102,036..18141619333416178264044113..231..11,3127558253......
Coromandel 2,4991,5609392..361856787..6..526..2527677136792201025510..8432,2931553910..2....
Thames4,4352,4611,97415......88963330..850..118153055562723972319210..6244,235534090215....
Ohinemuri 1,115693422....4326219122..238....1722255640447137342..20..1,007441747........
Piako2,3201,4029182..612476833891455...6.93892618970177767319..8332,132389139..2....
Waikato3,0611,6591,402....171860127..825743521481171955258146114....27..2,9421003115......
Waipa3,4721,8661,606....183064930531642..2133..17556279186109....22133,44525..2........
Raglan798437361....111716432..11159....311..3217594836....72578511....2......
Kawhia 19916237....11046....39..30..3..1339..94413145..........883477..........
Taupo West16313033....126405..34..39........341143581133....41117..1378......
Taupo East 14110536....5743....2..30..8232..46610388......12411..6........
Tauranga1,6971,005692....666035557..1213271..81412432215310082754..5611,6183915214......
Whakatane1,199673526....513725712..2..236..32122411103111154375..931,12460852......
Cook2,9581,7391,219....384555012135..5252421735..19518516410210955..762,75384..1201......
Wairoa 1,101648453....46362126..13..184....2813188183356464222..519622785216......
Clifton 659357302....881214..1..113..2241..38143835177..4..63523..1........
Taranaki 7.8074,2053,6023..1471,4169442921,3751444292655372085983071964439147,616337976..21..
Hawera3,7062,0981,608....81277167424..762....3..2468430148294140972..6923,6241915399......
Patea 2,1231,138985........39842..3..395....2..319355145101871141..2,1063941......
Waitotara1,8731,0028718......3283528..326..11..8..1013301087598213421,8417..17..8....
Wanganui2,0561,192864....1010383416451353..1719452195239117781185..37101,863814108........
Rangitikei 3,8452,1981,6471......61473417725961471177318166782121451675..7433,458423331101....
Oroua 4,4682,4612,007....828481134441831..11..44144645154359189909..10984,338645763......
Manawatu 2,9681,6151,353....9145369922..533....3..2..13583203128106....101..2,9534..29......
Horowhenua9666672995..483216322..96..1501..10296..129753482821....16668135..245..5....
Hutt 10,0775,4424,63530..231,71670114271,679118924230295413163850535942..56259,532153134226230....
Wairarapa West5,4043,0552,349....2..98164541..959..12..64142351763232722716..56135,2545314794......
Wairarapa East4,1842,6401,544....536762114130166613211302431261232471261392..2693,80911933520......
Waipawa7,6034,4243,179....331,3867926148..1,355..10417148..12017028056321114050..10327,246119..2371......
Patangata1,6131,041572....213066321942902..10..19..23315110541686..55101,52434..541......
Hawke's Bay 6,7393,8812,85814..1081,197791517..1,1841..12..17..682612748622822257..9046,64139..45..14....
Sounds 583361222....241411211..13..109....3..13..91222373114....11..5446..33........
Marlborough 5,1772,9722,2051..219658711683861225623..68..62881483402191706..9084,627410..13721....
Kaikoura 1,5369266101..9225611..1772406..3..17..13194080655151821,45736..42..1....
Waimea 8,4044,3654,039........1,42266629221,306184410..292216336128649752533..55177,78340816053........
Collingwood 1,8731,049824......138624319..366....12..1984730391081017010..2521,799173126........
Buller 3,3902,1081,28226......8511008161..7581387..161215023021925095644..11132,99013424216..719..
Inangahua3,1521,9751,177225......782143267..6431..132..67684192126260107782..90552,638156712334815324
Grey 5,5953,6771,918619......1,724108763..1,398....318..63834734038041915410641..64514,552297289724052059
Westland 5,3483,4711,877256..1..1,6731283114..1,421....252..114..3683193604431338876..61704,622257..213..171841
Amuri814583231........13012..568902651..56..956264121321..102542164..9810......
Cheviot 1107931........241..11149......1..1110517....1..7534..1........
Ashley 12,2496,5845,6655..1..2,170206626921,86617912....262149371887726504673361565011,14691711170..5....
Akaroa 4,1062,3041,8024..912737115..29871111..2..29549379621918716512110593,96852404024....
Selwyn 34,39217,72616,66643..1..6,017521181161745,517268820211628821455182,3771,7281,26221154695532,4591,475162246743....
Ashburton 8,0274,5973,43019......1,3921697109311,26079..8..1091442122240580284223104146267,22644689247..154..
Geraldine 13,2476,9326,31518..252,33924661162271,718368911..11665512549693944537025171459010,7202,208322672153..
McKenzie 9996173823..1..19812..332012634..17..3311650455025432..111733174468173....
Waimate 3,7142,1891,525....1362245136265344439..366154410528212185624313,29825456106........
Waitaki 7,6714,3293,34224..10101,326752571401,10561..19..57146652315462492212517247,0523891518832013
Waihemo 1,9781,15682277..1..37631..324923773413..32..1077781178144142071,636237..28..183722
Waikouaiti 4,6032,4972,10630..1279485227237184355..299383414234117786377284,2981845239..30....
Peninsula2,6161,3811,23541..4..4632315603925..1..55584316015194722022,52223237..41....
Taieri 7,2354,0843,15160..13171,2241211264111973544425..2641760292208457230220151097156,22050489361123..37
Bruce 5,4972,9972,50035..2798082..1015850306716..102213611942420917110..52304,913521217..1520..
Clutha 4,6762,7221,95412..1..7965114487467..17..44183961902492051801614744,372125458339921
Tuapeka 6,3743,9272,447544......1,349801606185712890206..6076528425146522310021..53284,69199627110610442119
Maniototo2,8011,7371,064212......65472966149229262..14..66..36172166216765311822411,734781..52222514542
Vincent 3,7402,5361,204460..1..958713982173592804260..98..1212791772701208452921242,313860..106110628866
Lake 2,6711,840831251..326624121441143492829139..14439828813914476565132641,98222672023891539
Southland 18,41210,6147,798233..49643,45226914140703,05210417128..140811872886591,29865443571..2612216,91566036324011169423
Wallace 5,2953,2062,089246..18151,05370161898511..34..6115141932293341661351646524,736142651051235101
Fiord 23194........5........3..........2......2..12......15..3..5......
Stewart Island 20912881........51313..51........3..93171357....4..204....5........
72 Counties - Totals 327,328184,537142,7913,580..84184362,4995,3933973,4541,76355,1592,1648931,8112553,4544543,5595,9338,76222,00213,88110,8919251644,795831299,32915,6462,0856,4472411,6821,641257

Chapter 16. POPULATION OF COUNTIES, RIDINGS, AND ROAD AND TOWN DISTRICTS.

Table I_XVI. Showing the Populations of the different Counties, with Particulars for Ridings, Road and Town Districts, therein.

Counties, Ridings, Road or Town Districts.Persons.MalesFemales.PersonsMales.Females.
COUNTY MONGONUI
Mongonui Riding-      
  Mongonui Township R.D.19310885   
  Oruaiti R.D593128   
  Oruru R.D277142135   
    Total Riding   529281248
Kaitaia Riding   346203143
Whangaroa Riding-      
  Totara R.D18411074   
  Kaeo R.D.450254196   
  Whangaroa R.D.324195129   
    Total Riding   958559399
Total County Mongonui   18331043790
COUNTY BAY OF ISLANDS.
Waimate Riding   526279247
Pakaraka Riding   20112774
Kawakawa Riding    1087595492
Russell Riding   344168176
Total County Bay of Islands   2,1581,169989
COUNTY HOKIANGA
Waihou Riding   474292182
Waima Riding   293167126
Total County Hokianga   767459308
COUNTY HOBSON.
Wairau Riding-      
  Wairau R.D.   249148106
Paparoa Riding-      
  Paparoa R.D.   379207172
Matakohe Riding-      
  Matakohe R.D.22514679   
  Tokatoka R.D.1055946   
    Total Riding   330205125
Pukekaroro Riding   22613888
Te Kopuru Riding   540359181
Aratapu Riding   870537333
Dargaville Riding-      
  Dargaville T.D.346204142   
  Outlying19413163   
    Total Riding   549335205
Okahu Riding-      
  Okahu R.D.   313187126
Wairoa Riding   955738
Total County Hobson   3,5422,1681,374
COUNTY WHANGAREI.
Hikurangi Riding-      
  Whangarei R.D.250123127   
  Whangarei T.D580302278   
  Otaika R.D.1618873   
  Maunu R.D.327194133   
  Glenbervie R.D.381919   
  Whareora R.D.593029   
  Kaurihohore R.D. 247133114   
  Hikurangi R.D.774928   
  Ruatangata R.D.281164117   
  Kamo T.D.410230180   
  Outlying986726   
    Total Riding    2,5231,3991,124
Ngunguru Riding-      
  Otonga R.D.20511986   
  Otonga East R.D.1258738   
  Outlying1207842   
    Total Riding    450284166
Manaia Riding-      
  Parua R.D.21311895   
  Manaia R.D.1538370   
  Outlying 492623   
    Total Riding   415227188
Mangapai Riding-      
  Mangapai R.D.1237746   
  Waikiekie R.D.1135756   
  Maungakaramea R.D.18711176   
  Ruarangi R.D.824537   
  Outlying21147   
    Total Riding    526304222
Waipu Riding-      
  Waipu North R.D. 216109107   
  Waipu Central R.D.259133126   
  Waipu South R.D.223122101   
  Outlying1129220   
    Total Riding    810456354
Total County Whangarei   4,7242,6702,054
COUNTY RODNEY.
Mangawai Riding-      
  Mangawai R.D.17910970   
  Outlying 19912178   
    Total Riding    378230148
Hoteo Riding-      
  Komokoriki R.D. 1218635   
  Outlying1057431   
    Total Riding   22616066
Albert Riding-      
  Albertland North R.D.1086345   
  Albertland South R.D 317166151   
    Total Riding    425229196
Tauhoa Riding-      
  Tauhoa R.D.20010298   
  Wharehine R.D.965046   
    Total Riding    296152114
Mahurangi Riding-      
  Upper Mahurangi R.D 652332320   
  Mahurangi East R.D 1557976   
    Total Riding    807411396
Puhoi Riding-      
  Mahurangi Lower R.D.1537578   
  Puhoi R.D.311158153   
    Total Riding    464233231
Matakana Riding-      
  Matakana West R.D.19310291   
  Matakana East R.D.774730   
  Omaha R.D.21011595   
    Total Riding    480264216
Whakapirau Riding-      
  Whakapirau R.D.1067086   
  Outlying613328   
    Total Riding   16710364
Total County Rodney   3,2431,7821,461
COUNTY WAITEMATA.
Weiti Riding-      
  Whangaparoa R.D.17811068   
  Wainui R.D.327176151   
  Pukeatua R.D.36122813   
    Total Riding   866514352
Takapuna Riding-      
  Devonport R.D.2,6501,2921,358   
  Northcote R.D.348191152   
  Birkenhead R.D.668359309   
  Lake R.D.439230209   
    Total Riding   4,1002,0722,028
Ararimu Riding-      
  Mairetahi R.D.18812761   
  Ararimu R.D.550368182   
  Kaukapakapa R.D.404244160   
  Helensville T.D.619335284   
    Total Riding   1,7611074687
Waitakerei Riding-      
  Waipareira R.D.24204   
  Outlying617395222   
    Total Riding   641415226
Waikomiti Riding-      
  Waikomiti R.D.284154130   
  Outlying 43358   
    Total Riding   327189138
Manukau Riding-      
  Titirangi and Manukau R.D.   241129112
Total County Waitemata   7,9364,3933,543
COUNTY EDEN.
Newton Riding-      
  Archhill R.D.   1,627866761
  Grafton Riding-      
  Eden Terrace R.D.   1,537788749
Parnell Riding-      
  Remuera R.D.   1802859943
Tamaki Riding-      
  Tamaki West R.D.323195128   
  Mount Wellington R.D.683362321   
  Panmure R.D.342171171   
    Total Riding   1,348728620
Epsom Riding-      
  Epsom R.D.618303315   
  One-Tree Hill R.D.772377395   
  Mount Eden R.D.3,1441,5911,553   
    Total Riding   4,5342,2712,263
Whau Riding-      
  Mount Albert R.D.1,425738687   
  Mount Roskill R.D.435234201   
  Avondale R.D.659357302   
  Point Chevalier R.D.519323196   
    Total Riding   3,0381,6521,386
Total County Eden   13,8867,1646,722
COUNTY MANUKAU.
Otahuhu Riding-      
  Mangare R.D.811436375   
  Otahuhu R.D.971487484   
  Papatoitoi R.D.1548173   
  Manurewa R.D.216116100   
    Total Riding   2,1521,1201032
Howick Riding-      
  Pakuranga R.D.379196183   
  Howick Township R.D.295133162   
  Paparoa R.D.874344   
  East Tamaki R.D.653366287   
  Turanga R.D.17510471   
  Maraetai R.D.774433   
    Total Riding   1,666886780
Papakura Riding-      
  Papakura T.D.301155146   
  Papakura R.D.400219181   
  Wairoa R.D.718388330   
  Hunua R.D.395222173   
    Total Riding   1814984830
Pukekohe Riding-      
  Mauku R.D.646337309   
  Karaka R.D.1568076   
  Pukekohe East R.D.812436376   
  Pukekohe West R.D.920473447   
    Total Riding   2,5341,3261,208
Awhitu Riding-      
  Awhitu R.D.23213894   
  Pollock Settlement R.D. 1045252   
    Total Riding    336190146
Waiuku Riding-      
  Waiuku R.D.349171178   
  Waipipi R.D.753387366   
    Total Riding   1,102558544
Maungatawhiri Riding-      
  Opaheke R.D.488264224   
  Paparata R.D.481252229   
  Pokeno R.D.400197203   
  Mercer R.D212111101   
  Maungatawhiri R.D.248127121   
  Outlying403010   
    Total Riding   1869981888
Total County Manukau   11,4736,0455,428
COUNTY COROMANDEL.
Harataunga Riding   1,654977677
Mercury Bay Riding   845583262
Total County Coromandel   2,4991,560939
COUNTY THAMES.
Hastings Riding   611400211
Totara Riding    944649295
Waiotahi Riding   534288246
Kauaeranga Riding   1,768848920
Parawai Riding   578276302
Total County Thames   4,4352,4611974
COUNTY OHIMEMURI.
Waitekauri Riding   20814464
Karangahake Riding   29018694
Paeroa Riding   545309236
Waitoa Riding   724428
Total County Ohinemuri   1,115693422
COUNTY PIAKO.
Taotaoroa Riding-      
  Taotaoroa R.D.   955936
Patetere Riding   31023377
Matamata Riding-      
  Matamata R.D.   795920
Waitoa Riding-      
  Waitoa R.D.   633382251
Te Aroha Riding   1,203669534
Total County Piako   2,3201,402918
COUNTY WAIKATO.
Rangiriri Riding   717436281
Kirikiriroa Riding-      
  Kirikiriroa R.D.   656338318
Cambridge Riding-      
  Cambridge R.D.   486277209
Tamahere Riding-      
  Cambridge T.D.   1019503516
Total county Waikato   3,0611,6591,402
COUNTY WAIPA.
Pukekura Riding-      
  Pukekura R.D.   835428407
Rangiaohia Riding-      
  Rangiaohia R.D.392207185   
  Te Awamutu T.D.297166131   
  Kihikihi T.D.438241197   
    Total Riding   1,127614513
Mangapiko Riding-      
  Mangapiko R.D.280202178   
  Alexandra T.D.226112114   
    Total Riding   606314292
Hamilton Riding-      
  Hamilton R.D.   293180113
Tuhikaramea Riding-      
  Tuhikaramea R.D.   845727
  Newcastle R.D.267143124   
  Ngaruawahia T.D.260130130   
    Total Riding   527273254
Total County Waipa   3,47218661,606
COUNTY RAGLAN.
Karioi Riding-      
  Karioi R.D.246135111   
  Whaingaroa R.D.1326666   
    Total Riding   378201177
Te Akau Riding-      
  Te Akau R.D.   21156
Whangape Riding   19610888
Onewhero Riding   482721
Pirongia Riding-      
  Pirongia R.D.824036   
  Karamu R.D.734033   
    Total Riding    1558669
Total County Raglan   798437361
COUNTY KAWHIA (No ridings or road districts.)    19916237
COUNTY WEST TAUPO (No ridings of road districts.)   16313033
COUNTY EAST TAUPO (No ridings of rod districts.)   14110536
COUNTY TAURANGA.
Katikati Riding-      
  Katikati R.D.   393204189
Waimapu Riding-      
  Te Puna R.D.1106347   
  Outlying363205158   
Total Riding   478268205
Maketu Riding-      
  To Puke R.D.273159114   
  Outlying1126844   
    Total Riding   385227158
Rotorua Riding   446306140
Total County Tauranga   1,6971005692
COUNTY WHAKATANE.
Omataroa Riding-      
  Whakatane R.D.18511471   
  Outlying 795128   
    Total Riding    26416599
Waioeka Riding-      
  Opotiki R.D.341208133   
  Opotiki T.D.523258265   
Total Riding   864466398
Waikana Riding    714229
Total County Whakatane   1,199673526
COUNTY COOK.
Waiapu Riding   19713859
Tologa Riding-      
  Turanganui R.D.   17311459
Waikohu Riding-      
  Waikohu R.D.   310208102
Gisborne Riding-      
  Ormond R.D.428226202   
  Poverty Bay R.D.856464392   
    Total Riding    1,284690594
Waimata Riding-      
  Waimata R.D.   424250174
Arai Riding–      
  Arai R.D.1467571   
  Patutahi R.D.358205153   
  Outlying66597   
    Total Riding   570339231
Total County Cook   2,9581,7391,219
COUNTY WAIROA.
Waikaremoana Riding   359236123
Clyde Riding–      
  Clyde T.D.417202215   
  Outlying 1349638   
    Total Riding   551298253
Mohaka Riding   19111477
Total County Wairoa   1,101648453
COUNTY CLIFTON.
Tikorangi Riding   499263236
Mokau Riding   1609466
Total County Clifton   659357302
COUNTY TARANAKI.
Moa Riding–      
  Moa R.D.1,482810672   
  Manganui R.D.432228204   
  Waiwakaiho R.D.281148133   
  Mangorei R.D.1799287   
  Stratford T.D.229121108   
  Inglewood T.D.304168136   
    Total Riding    2,9071,5671,340
Omata Riding-      
  Carrington R.D.1507872   
  Frankley R.D.18110279   
  Elliott R.D.1547678   
  Barrett R.D. 439232207   
  Omata R.D.1879493   
  Upper Hurford R.D.502030   
  Oakura R.D.279154125   
  Tataraimaka R.D.1106644   
    Total Riding   1,550822728
Parihaka Riding-      
  Stoney River R.D.508283225   
  Okato R.D.20213270   
  Opunako T.D.357190167   
    Total Riding   1067605462
Waitara Riding-      
  Henui R.D.317163154   
  Waitara West R.D.678360313   
  Egmont R.D.703373330   
  Raleigh T.D.590315275   
    Total Riding   2,2831,2111072
Total County Taranaki   7,8074,2053,602
COUNTY HAWERA.
Ngaire Riding-      
  Ngaire R.D.   569312257
Hawera Riding-      
  Hawera R.D.1,136639497   
  Normanby T.D.375196179   
    Total Riding    1,511835676
Waimate Riding-      
  Waimate R.D.1,303783520   
  Manaia T.D.323168155   
    Total Riding   1,626951675
Total County Hawera   3,7062,0981,608
COUNTY PATEA.
Waverley Riding-      
  Kohi R.D.1447272   
  Whenuakura R.D.1275   
  Wairoa R.D.254149105   
  Whenuakura-Waitotara R.D.249132117   
  Okotuku R.D.1418061   
  Patea East R.D.340180160   
  Waverley T.D.353177176   
    Total Riding   1,493797696
Otoia Riding-      
  Patea West R.D.   630341289
Total County Patea    2,1281,138985
COUNTY WAITOTARA.
Westmere Riding   580298282
Brunswick Riding.   604324280
Tokomaru Riding   254138116
Waitotara Riding   435242193
Total County Waitotara   18731002871
COUNTY WANGANUI.
Wangaehu R.D.1,530828728   
    Comprising-      
  Warrengate Riding    659356303
  Mataongaonga Riding   368194174
  Kaukatea Riding   503278225
Mangawhero Riding-      
  Mangawhero R.D.436286150   
  Upper Wangaehu R.D.907812   
    Total Riding   526364162
Total County Wanganui   2,0561,102864
COUNTY RANGITIKEI.
Wangaehu Riding-      
  Lethbridge T.D.259127132   
  Outlying1468165   
    Total Riding    405208197
Makohau Riding   21812890
Otakapo Riding   1167541
Porewa Riding    673357316
Paraekaretu Riding    1,358894464
Clifton Riding-      
  Bull's T.D.613296317   
  Outlying237128109   
    Total Riding   850424426
Rangitoto Riding-    225112113
Total County Rangitikei   3,8452,1981,647
COUNTY OROUA.
Waituna Riding-      
  Halcombe T.D.457229228   
  Manchester R.D. (part) 994554440   
    Total Riding   1,451783668
Ashurst Riding-      
  Manchester R.D. (part)1017546471   
    1017546471
Total Manchester R.D.2,0111100911   
Manawatu R.D.1,477809668   
    Comprising-      
  Taonui Riding   1,296695601
  Fitzherbert Riding   18111467
Kiwitea Riding-      
  Kiwitea R.D.   523323200
Total County Oroua    4,4682,4612,007
COUNTY MANAWATU.
Sanson-Carnarvon R.D.19361062874   
    Comprising-      
  Kawakawa Riding   1084602482
  Oroua Riding   852460392
Awahou Riding-      
  Foxton T.D.736385351   
  Outlying296168128   
    Total Riding    1032553479
Total County Manawatu    2,9681,6151,353
COUNTY HOROWHENUA.
Wirokino Riding-      
  Wirokino R.D.   23117655
Otaki Riding-      
  Otaki R.D.   477289188
Te Horo Riding-      
  Te Horo R.D.    25820256
Total County Horowhenua    966667299
COUNTY HUTT.
Karori Riding-      
  Karori-Makara R.D.1,167607560   
  Kilbirnie R.D.1,117592525   
    Total Riding   2,2841,1991085
Porirua Riding-      
  Wellington R.D. (part)1,683908775   
  Johnsonville T.D.358185173   
  Kaiwara T.D.475254221   
    Total Riding    2,5161,3471,169
Horokiwi Riding-      
  Wellington R.D. (part)    912583329
Epuni Riding-      
  Wellington R.D. (part) 1004523481   
  Petone T.D.1046567479   
  Lower Hutt T.D.852430422   
    Total Riding    2,9021,5201,382
Wainuiomata Riding-      
  Wellington R.D. (part)   235134101
Mungaroa Riding-      
  Wellington R.D. (part)   1,228659569
Total Wellington R.D.5,0622,8072,255   
Total County Hutt   10,0775,4424,635
COUNTY WAIRARAPA WEST.
Carterton Riding-      
  Taratahi-Carterton R.D. (pt.)19811036945   
  Carterton T.D.758403355   
    Total Riding   2,7391,4391,300
Gladstone Riding-      
  Taratahi-Carterton R.D.(pt.)342238104   
  Featherston R.D. (part)867412   
    Total Riding   428312116
Greytown Riding-      
  Featherston R.D. (part)   466264202
Featherston Riding-      
  Featherston R.D. (part)616351265   
  Featherston T.D.614329285   
    Total Riding    1,230680550
Otaraia Riding-      
  Featherston R.D. (part)   392231161
Awhea Riding-      
  Featherston R.D. (part)    14912920
Total Featherston R.D.17091049660   
Total Taratahi-Carterton R.D.2,32312741049   
Total County Wairarapa West   5,4043,0552,349
COUNTY WAIRARAPA EAST.
Castlepoint Riding-      
  Castlepoint R.D   818587231
Alfredton Riding-      
  Alfredton R.D.443277166   
  Pahiatua R.D.473335138   
    Total Riding   916612304
Masterton Riding-      
  Upper Taueru R.D.15612234   
  Masterton R.D. (part)19801,119861   
    Total Riding   2,1361,241895
Wainuioru Riding   314200114
  Masterton R.D. (part)314200114   
Total Masterton R.D.2,2941319975   
Total County Wairarapa East   4,1842,6401,544
COUNTY WAIPAWA.
Woodville Riding-      
  Kumeroa R.D.21412787   
  Maungaatua R.D.17010565   
  Woodville R.D.734480254   
  Maharahara R.D.16712839   
  Dannevirke R.D. 430311119   
  Woodville T.D. 665380285   
  Dannevirke T.D. 392228164   
    Total Riding    2,7721,7591013
Norsewood Riding-      
  Norsewood R.D.891499392   
  Ormondville R.D.413237176   
  Ormondville T.D.422235187   
    Total Riding    1,726971755
Waipukurau Riding-      
  Waipukurau R.D.   708394314
  Ruataniwha Riding-      
  Takapau R.D.21512392   
  Ruataniwha R.D.242129113   
  Makaretu R.D.544304240   
    Total Riding   1001556445
Waipawa Riding-      
  North Ruataniwha R.D.449242207   
  Waipawa R.D.262134128   
  Waipawa T.D. 685368317   
      Total Riding    1,396744652
Total County Waipawa    7,6034,4243,179
COUNTY PATANGATA.
Patangata Riding-      
  Patangata R.D.544323221   
  Oero R.D.17212151   
    Total Riding   716444272
Taumumu Riding-      
  Taumumu R.D.   17814137
Eparaima Riding-      
  Wanstead R.D.1227052   
  Wallingford R.D.16211448   
    Total Riding    284184100
Porangahau Riding-      
  Porangahau R.D.   435272163
Total County Patangata   1,6131041572
COUNTY HAWKE'S BAY.
Petane Riding-      
  Petane R.D.    384237147
Puketapu Riding-      
  Puketapu R.D.    343206137
Patea Riding-      
  Patea R.D.   1069511
Maraekakaho Riding-      
  Maraekakaho R.D.   18212854
Okawa Riding-      
  Okawa R.D.   23616868
Meanee Riding-      
  Meanee R.D.    1,338716602
Heretaunga Riding-      
  Heretaunga R.D.878543335   
  Hastings T.D.1,501823681   
    Total Riding   2,3821,3661016
Havelock Riding-      
  Havelock R.D.   712394318
Clive Riding-      
  Clive R.D.   1076571505
Total County Hawke's Bay    6,7393,3812,858
COUNTY SOUNDS (No ridings or road districts.)   583301222
COUNTY MARLBOROUGH.
Picton Riding-      
  Picton R.D.   746400346
Pelorus Riding-      
  Pelorus R.D.   1021505456
Havelock Riding-      
  Havelock T.D.   287140138
Wairau Riding-      
  Wairau R.D.   788459329
Omaka Riding-      
  Omaka R.D.   1,237700557
Spring Creek Riding-      
  Spring Creek R.D.   706413293
Awatere Riding-      
  Awatere R.D.   37223686
Total County of Marlborough   5,1772,9722,205
COUNTY KAIKOURA.
Kaikoura Town Riding   302203189
Kaikoura Suburban Riding   638353285
Clarence Riding   17412450
Conway Riding   33224086
Total County Kaikoura    1,536920610
COUNTY WAIMEA.
Motueka Riding-      
  Motueka R.D.925458467   
  Pangatotara R.D.400212188   
  Riwaka R.D.645340305   
  Pokororo R.D. 1247153   
    Total Riding    2,09410,8811013
Moutere Riding-      
  Upper Moutere R.D.420218202   
  Lower Moutere R.D.225118107   
    Total Riding    645330309
Wai-iti Riding-      
  Waimea R.D.2,2661,1911075   
  Waimea West R.D. 419238181   
    Total Riding    2,6851,4291,256
Wangamoa Riding-      
  Suburban North R.D.44821236   
  Outlying432914   
    Total Riding    491241250
Stoke Riding-      
  Richmond R.D.1,220609611   
  Richmond T.D.509243206   
  Outlying825824   
    Total Riding    1811910901
Motupiko Riding-      
  Upper Motueka R.D. (part)325177148   
  Outlying 1587   
    Total Riding   340185155
Wangapeka Riding-      
Upper Motueka R.D. (part)    338183155
Total Upper Motueka R.D.665360303   
Total County Waimea    8,4044,3654,039
COUNTY COLLINGWOOD.
Aorere Riding-      
  Collingwood R.D.   672389283
Takaka Riding-      
  Takaka R.D   1,201660541
Total County Collingwood   18731049824
COUNTY BULLER.
Karamea Riding   322216106
Lyell Riding   449295154
Wareatea North Biding   1,423880543
Wareatea South Riding   482305177
Charleston Riding    714412302
Total County Buller    0,3902,1081,282
COUNTY INANGAHUA.
Antonio's Riding   32925376
Boatman's Riding    495331164
Reefton Riding   1,291711580
Murray's Riding   1106644
Crushington Riding   420237183
Hampden Riding   507377130
Total County Inangahua    3,15219751,177
COUNTY GREY.
Cobden Riding   499311188
Brunnerton Riding   1,7751054721
Waipuna Riding   598370228
Nelson Creek Riding   589405184
Red Jack's Riding   356245111
Paroa Riding   638415223
Maori Creek Riding   531398133
Marsden Riding   30025743
Hohonu Riding   30922287
Total County Grey    5,5953,6771918
COUNTY WESTLAND.
Arahura Riding   2,4861,632854
Kanieri Riding   2,0811,304777
Totara Riding   24918168
Okarito Riding   301237124
Jackson's Bay Riding    17111754
Total County Westland    5,3483,4711877
COUNTY AMURI.
To Koa Riding-      
  Amuri R.D.   814583231
COUNTY CHEVIOT.
Hawkeswood Riding   1107931
COUNTY ASHLEY.
Kowai Riding-      
  Kowai R.D.2,1801,1611019   
  Amberley T.D. 514248266   
    Total Riding    2,6941,4091,235
Mandeville Riding–      
  Mandeville Rangiora R.D    2,8281,4421,386
Waipara Riding-      
  Waipara R.D.   975584391
Cust Riding–      
  Cust R.D.    851405386
Eyreton Riding–      
  Eyreton R.D.   1,594892702
West Eyreton Riding–      
  West Eyreton R.D.    371188183
Mount Thomas Riding–      
  Ashley R.D.   695406289
Oxford Riding–      
  Oxford R.D.   2,2411,1981043
Total County Ashley    12,2496,5845,665
COUNTY AKARO.
Little River Riding–      
  Little River R.D.   757427330
Wainui Riding–      
  Town of Akaroa and Wainui R.D.   1,578859719
Port Victoria Riding–      
  Port Victoria R.D.   390236154
Port Levy Riding–      
  Port Levy R.D.   18010872
Pigeon Bay Riding–      
  Pigeon Bay R.D.   372195177
Okain's Bay Riding–      
  Okain's Bay R.D.515296219   
  Le Bon's Bay R.D.314183131   
    Total Riding   829479350
Total County Akaroa    4,1062,3041802
COUNTY SELWYN.
Avon Riding–      
  Avon R.D.3,99219961996   
  Templeton R.D. 1,659900759   
  Riccarton R.D.3,99119642,027   
    Total Riding    9,6424,8604,782
Heathcote Riding–      
  Heathcote R.D.3,89919361963   
  Halswell R.D.938481457   
  Spreydon R.D.1,115560555   
  Tai Tapu R.D.324183141   
  Linwood T.D.4,05119242,127   
  Sumner T.D.411191220   
  Woolston T.D.925518407   
    Total Riding   11,6635,7935,870
Lincoln Riding–      
  Lincoln R.D.1,199627572   
  Springs R.D.1817941873   
    Total Riding   3,0161,5711,445
Ellesmere Riding–      
  Ellesmere R.D. 3,80919901810   
  Southbridge T.D.668344324   
    Total Riding    4,4772,3432,134
Coleridge Riding–      
  Lake Coleridge R.D. 20514461   
  Rakaia R.D. 817450367   
    Total Riding   1022594428
Courtenay Riding–      
  Courtenay R.D.   2,4391,4111028
Malvern Riding-      
  Malvern R.D.746378308   
  East Malvern R.D. 677351326   
  South Malvern R.D. 546289257   
    Total Riding   19691018951
Upper Waimakariri Riding–      
  Upper Waimakariri R.D.    16413628
Total County Selwyn    34,39217,72616,666
COUNTY ASHBURTON.
Ashburton Riding–      
  Coldstream R.D.21412985   
  Longbeach R.D.1,155650505   
  Wakanui R.D. 939519420   
  Hakatere T.D.1003481522   
  Tinwald T.D.315170169   
    Total Riding   3,65619551,701
Upper Ashburton Riding–      
  Upper Ashburton R.D.   1,151643508
Rangitata Riding–      
  Rangitata R.D.   355224131
Mount Somers Riding–      
  Mount Somers R.D605366239   
  Anama R.D.664422   
    Total Riding    671410261
Mount Hutt Riding-      
  Mount Hutt R.D.   934624310
South Rakaia Riding–      
  South Rakaia R.D.   1,260741519
Total County Ashburton   8,0274,5973,430
COUNTY GERALDINE.
Mount Peel Riding–      
  Mount Peel R.D.   439255184
Raukapuka Riding–      
  Geraldine R.D.2,3291,2521067   
  Geraldine T.D.710370340   
    Total Riding    3,0391,6321,407
Temuka Riding–      
  Temuka R.D. 2,3301,2551075   
  Temuka T.D. 569288281   
    Total Riding   2,8991,5431,356
Levels Riding–      
  Levels R.D.   6,8703,5023,368
Total County Geraldine    13,2476,9326,315
COUNTY MACKENZIE.
Fairlie Riding   805480325
Te Kapo Riding    19413757
Total County Mackenzie   998617382
COUNTY WAIMATE.
Pareora Riding   377235142
Otaio Riding   425227153
Makikihi Riding   536300236
Deep Creek Riding   1,485816669
North Waihao Riding   627424248
Hakateramea Riding   21914277
Total County Waimate   3,7142,1891,525
COUNTY WAITAKI.
Moeraki Riding   526295233
Awamoko Riding–      
  Waitaki R.D. (part)19611977   
  Outlying401243156   
    Total Riding   597362235
Papakaio Riding–      
  Waitaki R.D. (part)1,724918806   
Incholme Riding–      
  Waiareka, R.D. (part)36333   
  Kakanui R.D. (part)17110962   
    Total Riding   20714265
Waiareka Riding–      
  Waiareka R.D. (part)   1,320752568
Kakanui Riding–      
  Kakanui R.D. (part)   1,175629546
Otepopo Riding–      
  Otepopo R.D.   1,302733569
Ahuriri Riding   1198831
Otakaika Riding   699410289
Total Waitaki R.D. 19201037883   
Total Waiareka R.D.1356785571   
Total Kakanui R.D.1346738608   
Total County Waitaki   7,6714,3293,342
COUNTY WAITHEMO.
Meadow Bank Riding   1126448
Blue Mountain Riding   359187172
Bushey Riding   436234202
Goodwood Riding   220110110
Macrae's Riding   399270129
Dunback Riding   25116487
Green Valley Riding    20112774
Total County Waithemo    19781,156822
COUNTY WAIKOUAITI.
Morton Riding   1,356769587
Hawksbury Riding    557289268
Blueskin Riding   19231023900
North-cast Valley Riding   767416351
Total County Waikouaiti    4,6032,4972,106
COUNTY PENINSULA.
Portobello Riding–      
  Otago Heads R.D. 20011585   
  Portobello R.D. (part)350176174   
    Total Riding   550291259
Portobello R.D. (part)479247232   
    Comprising–      
  Broad Bay Riding   245123122
  North-east Harbour Riding    234124110
Peninsula R.D.1,587843744   
    Comprising–      
  Highcliff Riding    355184171
  Sandymount Riding   344190154
  Anderson's Bay Riding   657337320
  Tomahawk Riding   23113299
Total Portobello R.D.829423406   
Total County Peninsula    2,6161,3811,235
COUNTY TAIERI.
Waikari Riding–      
  Half-way Bush R.D.   1789088
Kaikorai Riding–      
  Kaikorai R.D.936476460   
  Suburban R.D.579311268   
    Total Riding   1,515787728
North Taieri Riding–      
  North Taieri R.D.   468255213
East Taieri Riding–      
  Taieri R.D.   743370373
Otakia Riding–      
  Seaside R.D.721381340   
  Grey R.D.327163164   
  Kuri Bush R.D.349197152   
  Grey T.D.262139123   
    Total Riding   1,659880779
Outram Riding–      
  Outram R.D.389259130   
  Outram T.D.498262236   
    Total Riding   887527366
Maungatua Riding   763408355
Deep Stream Riding   1022773249
Total Taieri County    7,2354,0843,151
COUNTY BRUCE.
Balmoral Riding–      
  Balmoral R.D.   297185112
Mount Stuart Riding–      
  Mount Stuart R.D.   710387323
Clarendon Riding–      
  Outlying   19511679
Waihola Riding–      
  Waihola R.D.   797412385
Tokomairiro Riding–      
  Tokomairiro R.D.   1,149621528
Glenledi Riding–      
  Glenledi R.D.   1789385
Crichton Riding   247136111
Kaitangata Riding–      
  Kaitangata T.D.925474451   
  Outlying19410391   
    Total Riding   119577542
Matau Riding-      
  Inch-Clutha R.D.334202132   
  Outlying471268203   
    Total Riding   805470335
Total County Bruce   5,4972,9972,500
COUNTY CLUTHA.
Waipahi Riding   786508278
Wairuna Riding    439261178
Clydevale Riding    957619
Pomahaka Riding   415249166
Clinton Riding–      
  Clinton T.D.495278217   
  Outlying620354266   
    Total Riding   1,115632483
Richardson Riding    654372282
South Molyneux Riding   1,172624548
Total County Clutha   4,6762,7221954
COUNTY TUPEKA.
Teviot Riding   769456313
James Riding   848540308
Beaumont Riding   324209115
Tapanui Riding   638388250
Brown's Riding   782484298
Gabriel's Riding   1,290759531
Waipori Riding   359247112
Waitahuna Riding   897564333
Clark's Riding   467280187
Total County Tuapeka   6,3743,9272,447
COUNTY MANIOITOTO.
Mount Ida Riding    975620355
Kyeburn Riding    26917594
Puketoi Riding   383237146
Hyde Riding   20012080
Serpentine Riding    685414
St. Bathan's Riding    634373261
Idaburn Riding   272158114
Total County Maniototo   2,8011,7371064
COUNTY VINCENT.
Clutha Riding    502344159
Lindis Riding   22716067
Carrick Riding   622459163
Dunstan. Riding   359241118
Dunstan Riding   631378253
Earnscleugh Riding   444338106
Manuherikia Riding   456295161
Matakanui Riding   498321177
Total County Vincent   3,7402,5361,204
COUNTY LAKE.
Arrow Riding   571338233
Queenstown Riding   538376162
Kingston Riding   20112576
Matukituki Riding   21115655
Cardrona Riding   532370162
Shotover Riding   48238795
Greenstone Riding   1368848
Total County Lake   2,6711840831
COUNTY SOUTHLAND.
Oreti Riding    1,296797499
Waikaia Riding    1,201808333
Winton Riding–      
  Outlying2,2691,319950   
  New River R.D. (part) 19913168   
    Total Riding   2,7681,4501018
Wallacetown Riding–      
  New River R.D. (part) 787452335   
  Outlying431214217   
    Total Riding   1,218666552
Hokonui Riding–      
  Lindhurst R.D. (part)902519383   
  Mataura T.D. (part)323160163   
  Outlying1062664398   
    Total Riding   2,2871,343944
Awarua Riding–      
  Lindhurst R.D. (part)660359301   
  Invercargill R.D.1025504521   
  Outlying 1,617831786   
    Total Riding   3,3021,6941,608
  Waihopai Riding–      
  Oteramika R.D.   18061010796
Mataura Riding–      
  Knapdale R.D.1,249740509   
  Otaraia R.D.523319204   
  Tuturau R.D.600344250   
  Gordon T.D.405208197   
  Mataura T.D. (part)277135142   
    Total Riding    3,0541,7461,308
Toetoes Riding–      
  Wyndham R.D.281155120   
  South Wyndham R.D. 1549064   
  Toetoes R.D. 462,268194   
  Wyndham T.D.405220185   
  Outlying 478307171   
    Total Riding    1,7801040740
Total New River R.D.986583403   
Total Lindhurst R.D. 1562878684   
Total Mataura T.D.600295305   
Total County Southland    18,41210,6147,798
COUNTY WALLACE.
Mararoa Riding   341238103
Wairio Riding    1,156691465
Waiau Riding    285220465
Orepuki Riding    1,265802463
Aparima Riding–      
  Aparima R.D. (part)1,3187235951,318723595
Otautau Riding-      
  Aparima R.D. (part) 639369270   
  Otautau T.D. 291163128   
    Total Riding   930532398
Total Aparima R.D.19571092865   
Total County Wallace   5,2953,2062,089
COUNTY FIORD (No ridings or road districts.)   23194
COUNTY STEWARD ISLAND (No ridings or road districts.)   20912881

Chapter 17. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS IN BOROUGHS

Table I_XVII. Showing the Population of the Boroughs (exclusive of Maoris), distinguishing Chinese and Half-castes, with the Number of Houses Inhabited, Uninhabited, and in Course of Erection, classified according to Materials and Rooms. Also the Number of Europeans and Chinese in different Classes of Dwellings, and those camping out.

Boroughs.Total (including Chinese and Half-castes)Chinese.Half-castesDwellings*European livingTravellers and Persons sleeping under Drays or camping out.*Chinese living
Houses and Huts.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.InhabitedUninhabited and Building.In House of Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, or Latin and Plaster.In Huts of Houses of Cob, Sod, Raupo &c., and Habitations of Unstated Materials.In Tents or Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Persons.Males.FemalesMales.FemalesMales.Females.UninhabitedInhabited.Building.Materials.Rooms.Materials.In Houses of Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, or Latin and Plaster.In Huts or Houses of Cob, Sod, Raupo, &c.In Habitations of Unstated Materials.In Tents or Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Brick, Stone, of Concrete.Wood, Iron, Lath and Plaster.Cob or Sod.MiscellaneousHuts of Sod, Clay, Wood, Stone, &c.Raupo.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Not stated.One.TwoThree and Four.Five and Six.Over Six.Not stated.Brick or Stone.Wood and Iron.Other Materials, and not stated.
Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, &c.Cob, Raupo, &c., and Huts or Tents.

NOTE.—For population of wards of boroughs and suburbs of chief towns see next table.

Auckland 33,16116,83716,32423..18146,182419205..418 5,762......I....235..2672,0262,2691,581483539233,129..7..223..
Newton 1,83392790619......3374630..4333............1..69415680..571..1,814........19....
Parnell 4,6722,3352,33717224128006828..25773..........21..182462642683..96..4,645..8....19....
Newmarket 1,8429438997..13347336..2344........ ..1....1115212064....39..1,833..2....7..
Onehunga 2,8661,3931,473....33558569..6552............1..32232165127126212,866..............
Thames 4,4442,2822,1625..74925104..12914....4..151544739227019082102..4,425581..5....
Hamilton 1,2015916102..1..22328....11212............2..18946544..127..1,199..........2....
Tauranga 1,1485575911..928248451....246....1....1711310657622..4511,14313....1....
Gisborne 2,1941,1501,0445..152245137....3444..........4121431711151018..3342,177..12....5....
New Plymouth3,0931,4761,6173....160455....3601............4..222111911679..55..3,090........3....
Hawera 1,0265274995....221534......215............4..26905738....34..1,021........5....
Patea 7283833451..1..144671....144............113524236....68..727 ........1....
Wanganui 4,9012,4742,4273..2792135214915........12101513492442625..3074,887..101..3....
Marton 9084844242......16717......165..........21..105457432..17..902..4....2....
Feilding 1,2976536444......24545......245............2..32996448....45..1,293........4....
Palmerston N.2,6061,3431,26311......47867411476........118146217118863..71..2,587..71..11....
Wellington 25,94513,05212,89364....14,54210426..1124,415..........153332501,7211,3331,174282814725,831..49..164....
Greytown 1,1055775284......20323......203................2736068....23..1,101........4....
Masterton 3,1601,6421,5187......572191....565....1....65..2520219912912..20 ..3,136116....7..
Napier 7,6803,9703,7107..131,3754819..141,361............14..1066403172881026417,673........7....
Picton 7333533801..2..14511......144......1....3111354253....11..7275......1....
Blenheim 3,0941,5941,5006......551324155432......1114..441931721263..3513,07783....6....
Nelson 7,3153,5553,76014......1,331756..331,25096......243..4238340545939164167,10874119....14....
Westport 1,8591,0128476......38941811..386....3..11..2614521708355....22..1,8313..19..6....
Greymouth 3,1331,6141,51985212623275....621....2......2426023716512411..2933,0422....287....
Hokitika 2,6871,3181,36915......57771....1576............14..2923015013915..60112,672........15....
Ross 1,05459645837......2624913..256....6..3..347289670273..37131,0125......2935
Kumara 1,07958049921......256181....244....12......20102910146473..19..1,04612......21....
Kaiapoi 1,514721793........28633117276........1311101009476513211,496..171........
Rangiora 1,579785794........311113..222805........4....121091037710....141,5123136..........
Akaroa 662320342......111810....1117............1..3273452119..662..............
Lyttelton 3,9962,0911,9054......71051....236842........13..473381871269..51..3,952111129....4....
Christchurch15,2657,4487,81732......2,7492684..2522,4733........2120..13998584474912212371415,10717108..132....
Sydenham9,4654,6764,7895......1,7561617..621,67810........611..1051,0024641677516039,3557132..25....
St. Albans4,9252,2682,65718......9171003..218915..........5..5638327619163100..4,88126......18....
Ashburton 1,769911858......131548..3232881......331331793116751246..1,757174........
Timaru3,7541,8601,8945......693491..167485374........10..51296194140274123,586163......5....
Waimate1,3306856453......25951....172401........13..4412747344546..1,32151....3....
Oamaru5,3302,6312,6997......1,020130....1948232....1......17113645226315012110815,3194......7..
Hampden332168164........703....367............2..8351510....3..332..............
Palmerston S.8814634189......17719....81645..........5..27803728..316..85121......9....
West Hawksbury 764368396........15317....3150............1..197135252..17..764..............
Port Chalmers2,2351,1181,1171......429281..36392..........120..54168110761..29..2,225..9....1....
West Harbour1,2956616349......24737....28215..........431331147125..235..1,274..9....1....
North - east Valley 3,2211,6061,61514....1623536..53562....2....61116128718083..45233,1642320....14....
Dunedin23,24311,17312,070181102..4,3364931318643,428..313..1289144551,6671,12796330122382222,94323842..1883..
Roslyn 3,6091,7661,8431....1632292341577....1..31323442491931377427..3,53018573..1....
Caversham 4,4482,2412,20712....1771964..71695..........54..58422186929694..4,400..36....12....
Maori Hill 3,3341,6001,734........600403..50547..........33..412531911066340..3,325..9..........
St. Kilda 1,078536542........19420....15178..........121229254221218..1,068..10..........
South Dunedin3,9022,0001,90228......75753....62680..........151..994741462891142..3,807..67....28....
Green Island636323313........12610....19107............3..2867217..19..636..............
Mosgiel 1,181599582........219101..5212..........26..399450273..11..1,159..22..........
Milton 1,177576582........219101..5212..........26..399450273..11..1,159..22..........
Balclutha 8884564321......1719....6165............7..15794921..18..887........1....
Lawrence 1,084560524........21341..411672..1....233148055535..5..1,07833..........
Roxburgh 32819213617......761....372891......146122018133..1..30173....6101
Tapanui 45826319534......8922......89............2..114215154..22..424........34....
Naseby 48725822910......1126....9957........18411442222115..45918......10....
Cromwell 50428621867......1093..316911..1..3..3515353321..12..4361......6115
Alexandra 24614210427......6310..1133911......1..658241110..19..20019......1116..
Arrowtown 44025218821......9118....1867411......2615371813..612..4181......147..
Queenstown 73335437912......1441....21123............3..7524042....1..721........12....
Invercargill 5,2122,5532,65924..119195612..71847....1......18..492892912648365..5,1871......24....
Invercargill N.785392393........15691..2152....1....1....27903432..10..77519..........
Invercargill E.814400414........15151..2147..........2....17524735....6..808..6..........
Invercargill S.1,440737703........274201772573..2..75474714255233..21..1,37636199........
Avenal 364181183........672....166................431248....2..364..............
Gladstone 364151173........672....166................431248....2..364..............
Campbelltown503254249....29229411..1..94........1..71102326262..11..502....1........
Gore 7093873223......149113..7141....1......61296630161..14..7042......3....
Winton 290153137........57......254....1........19261110........2891............
Riverton 92647944710..1718052....5175............2..13645150....52..916........10....
74 Boroughs-Totals 245,612122,961122,6519351411813945,7753,728435402,98142,39612015611402016131053,32218,04013,29510,1103303393,677147243,10166084744118984011

Chapter 18. POPULATION OF WARDS IN BOROUGHS.

Table I_XVIII. Showing the Population of the Wards or Locally-known Divisions of the different Boroughs in the Colony and Suburbs of the Principal Towns.

Wards or Divisions of Boroughs.Persons.Males.Females

* The suburbs of the City of Auckland may be taken as consisting of so much of the surrounding country as is comprised within the boundaries of the under-mentioned districts: Boroughs-Newmarket, Newton, Parnell. Road districts - Archhill, Birkenhead, Devonport, Eden Terrace, Epsom, Mount Albert, Mount Eden, Mount Roskill, Northcote, One-Tree Hill, Point Chevalier, Remuera. Population-23,887 persons; 12,126 males, 11,761 females.

† The suburbs of Wellington contain a comparatively small population. They may be deemed to include the Kilbirnie Road District, Wadestown, and the Town District of Kaiwara. Population-1,888 persons; 998 males, 895 females.

‡ The suburbs of Christchurch have been considered to comprise the Boroughs of Sydenham and St. Albans; the Town Districts of Linwood and Woolston; the Avon Road District-Wards Nos. 1, 2, 3, and part of 4; the Heathcote Road District - Ashbourne, North Opawa, and Opawa Wards, parts of Avon, St. Martin's, and Hillsborough Roads: the Riccarton Road District, as far as Lincoln and Riccarton, Fendalton and Sawyers' Arms, Junction Roads; the Spreydon Road District. Population-29,423 persons; 14,381 males. 15,042 females.

§ The suburbs of Dunedin are held to include the following boroughs: Caversham, Maori Hill, Mornington, North-east Valley, Roslyn, South Dunedin, St. Kilda, and West Harbour. Popultion-22,275 persons; 11,109 males, 11,166 females.

Borough of Auckland*   
  North Ward 4,2272,3711,850
  East Ward 4,9952,6862,309
  South Ward9,3504,6214,729
  Ponsonby Ward7,9233,8494,074
  Karangahape Ward4,5152,2912,224
  Grafton Ward2,1511,0191,132
Borough of Thames–   
  North Ward1,209621666
  Middle Ward1,696890608
  South Ward1,530771708
Borough of Hamilton–   
  East of River783886397
  West of River418202210
Borough of New Plymouth–   
  East Ward 1,214509645
  Central Ward1,025505520
  West Ward854402452
Borough of Wanganui–   
  Queen's Ward 1,306657649
  Cook Ward1,394710684
  St. John's Ward 2,2011,1071,094
Borough of Palmerston N.–   
  No. 1 Ward 587286301
  No. 2 Ward965512453
  No. 3 Ward421209212
  No. 4 Ward633330297
Borough of Wellington–   
  Thorndon Ward 5,1902,4152,781
  Lambton Ward1,8111,027787
  Te Aro Ward 7,0253,8473,778
  Cook Ward11,3105,7035,547
Borough of Masterton–   
  East of Main Road 1,209650619
  West of Main Road 1,891992899
Borough of Napier–   
  North Ward2,4151,1991,216
  Central Ward2,4031,2071,201
  South Ward2,7971,5041,293
Borough of Blenheim–   
  North Ward889444445
  East Ward 1,357696661
  West Ward848454394
Borough of Nelson–   
  Wood Ward 1, 663820843
  Brook Ward2,0649491,115
  Port Ward 1,330642688
  Waimea Ward2,2581,1441,114
Borough of Westport–   
  North Ward899486413
  Middle Ward370211159
  South Ward590315275
Borough of Greymouth–   
  East Ward 1,252598654
  Middle Ward 1,084567517
  West Ward797419348
Borough of Ross–   
  North Ward 606324282
  South Ward 448272176
Borough of Kumara–   
  East Ward 668359309
  West Ward 411221190
Borough of Christchurch   
  North-east Ward 4,8372,3192,518
  North-west Ward3,3901,6091,787
  South-east Ward 3,9051,9051,901
  South-west Ward3,2261,6151,611
Borough of Sydenham–   
  Block I.1,9819751,006
  Block II. 3,2211,5851,636
  Block III. 2,4171,1931,224
  Block IV. 1,840923923
Borough of Timaru–   
  Rhodes Town North1,341667674
  Rhodes Town South974489485
  Government Town1,439704735
Borough of Oamaru–   
  High Ward1,422684738
  Jetty Ward767398369
  Severn Ward1,9779541,023
  Thames Ward 1,164595569
Borough of Palmerston S.–   
  North Ward276146130
  East Ward325154171
  West Ward 280103117
Borough of W. Hawksbury–   
  East Ward323151172
  West Ward 974849
  Beach Ward344109175
Borough of Port Chalmers–   
  High Ward 909474435
  Middle Ward539259280
  East Ward521200201
  South Ward 266125141
Borough of N.E. Valley–   
  High Ward367199108
  East Ward1,728819909
  West Ward 1,126589537
Borough of Dunedin§   
  High Ward 5,0652,4822,583
  Bell Ward6,3343,0203,308
  Leith Ward 8,0514,0344,017
  South Ward3,1931,0311,502
Borough of Roslyn–   
  Waverley Ward622293329
  Linden Ward 1,020510510
  Kilgour Ward 627291336
  Sunnyside Ward1,334672662
Borough of Caversham–   
  North Ward1,335691644
  Middle Ward 1,228645583
  South Ward 1,141538003
  Kensington Ward744367377
Borough of Mornington–   
  First Ward1,150570580
  Second Ward 1,339019720
  Third Ward845411434
Borough of Maori Hill–   
  North Ward 1307555
  East Ward280137143
  South Ward 701343353
  West Ward 277144133
Borough of St. Kilda–   
  Park Ward 719350363
  Musselburgh Ward 359180179
Borough of South Dunedin–   
  North Ward1,855950849
  East Ward1,305668037
  South Ward 742370306
Borough of West Harbour–   
  Ravensbourne350178172
  Rothesay Ward 544281203
  St. Leonard's Ward 248125123
  Sawyer's Bay Ward 1537776
Borough of Green Island–   
  North Ward359176183
  South Ward277147130
Borough of Mosgiel–   
  North Ward 296152144
  East Ward504256248
  West Ward381191190
Borough of Milton–   
  East Ward 346173173
  South Ward444215229
  West Ward387188199
Borough of Balclutha–   
  North Ward 293154139
  East Ward713635
  South Ward 524266258
Borough of Lawrence–   
  East Ward611311300
  Middle Ward347180167
  West Ward 1266957
Borough of Roxburgh–   
  Central Ward253142111
  Southern Ward 755025
Borough of Tapanui–   
  East Ward1497475
  Middle Ward19411876
  West Ward 1157144
Borough of Naseby–   
  East Ward 784929
  West Ward 1557481
  South Ward254135119
Borough of Cromwell–   
  Bridge Ward1105852
  Kawarau Ward20296106
  Macandrew Ward 19213260
Borough of Alexandra–   
  Clutha Ward1538766
  Manuherikia Ward 935538
Borough of Arrowtown–   
  Arrow Ward 1177542
  Camp Ward 1849391
  Bush Ward 1398455
Borough of Queenstown–   
  North Ward231106125
  South Ward 313146167
  Lake Ward 18910287
Borough of Invercargill–   
  North Ward1,439715721
  Second Ward1,399724625
  Third Ward 1,257576681
  South Ward1,117538579
Borough of North Invercargill–   
  North Ward 095049
  Central Ward 290143147
  South Ward396199197
Borough of East Invercargill–   
  North Ward 314162152
  West Ward1838796
  East Ward317151166
Borough of South Invercargill–   
  North Ward 865450415
  Middle Ward 344166178
  South Ward 231121110
Borough of Winton–   
  North Ward1014952
  South Ward 18910485
Borough of Riverton–   
  North Ward600312288
  South Ward 326167159

Chapter 19. POPULATION OF COUNTIES, WITH INTERIOR BOROUGHS, AND SHIPPING.

Table I_XIX. Comparative Statement showing the Population of Counties, with Interior Boroughs, and Shipping, according to the Censuses of 1886 and 1881.

Counties (including interior Boroughs) and ShippingPopulation, 1886.Population, 1881.Counties (including interior Boroughs) and Shipping
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.
Mongonui 1,8331,0437901,471871600..
  Shipping 1514122....
Bay of Islands2,1581,1699892,1841,258926..
  Shipping 66..66651..
Hokianga 767459308587367220..
  Shipping ......2525....
Hobson 3,5422,1681,3742,8511,7541,097..
  Shipping 525116767....
Whangarei 4,7242,6702,0543,9532,2451,708..
  Shipping 2323..1919....
Rodney 3,2431,7821,4613,2871,8021,485..
  Shipping 1616..1313....
Waitemata 7,9364,3933,5434,5222,6081,914..
  Shipping 3434..1010....
Eden, including Auckland, Newton, Parnell, Newmarket, and Onehunga58,28029,59928,66140,00320,20919,794Eden, including Parnell, Auckland, and Onehunga
  Shipping 2,2801,96331767161457Shipping
Manukau 11,4736,0455,42810,2745,4164,858..
Coromandel 2,4991,5609392,1531,355798..
  Shipping 2222..1616....
Thames, including Thames8,8794,7434,13610,0425,4734,569Thames, including Thames
  Shipping 2222..5050..  Shipping
Ohinemuri 1,115693422
Piako 2,3201,402918981713268..
Waikato, including part of Hamilton3,5911,9281,6633,4871,9361,551..
    66..Shipping
Waipa, including part of Hamilton4,1432,1881,9553,8282,0561,772Waipa, including part of Hamilton
    11..Shipping
Raglan 798437361776460316..
Kawhia 199162371085949..
Taupo West 163130331183..
Taupo East141105361269333..
Tauranga, including Borough of Tauranga2,8451,5621,2832,5991,4471,152Tauranga
  Shipping 66..4747..Shipping
Whakatane1,199673526913527386..
  Shipping 1313..44....
Cook, including Gisborne5,1522,8892,2633,4771,9941,483..
Shipping 1615177....
Wairoa 1,1016484531,009597412..
Clifton 65935730210,1305,6034,527Taranaki County, including New Plymouth
Taranaki, including New Plymouth10,9005,6815,219
    634320Shipping
Hawera, including Borough of Hawera4,7322,6252,1075,7893,4902,299Patea
Patea, including Borough of Patea2,8511,5211,330
  Shipping 109144 ..Shipping
Waitotara 1,8731,0028718,1024,2653,837Wanganui County, including Wanganui
Wanganui, including Borough of Wanganui6,9573,6663,291
  Shipping 4645170673Shipping
Rangitikei, including Marton4,7532,6822,0713,9732,1911,782..
Oroua, including Feilding 5,7653,1142,6518,7384,8703,868Manawatu County, including Palmerston North
Manawatu, including Palmerston North5,5742,9582,616
  Shipping 99..
Horowhenua966667299
  Shipping 1010..77..Shipping
Hutt, including Wellington36,02218,49417,52828,42114,42613,995..
  Shipping 4964168022821216..
Wairarapa West, including Greytown6,5093,6322,8779,0784,8834,195Wairarapa West, including Greytown and Masterton
Wairarapa East, including Masterton7,3444,2823,0621,4751,046429Wairarapa East
Waipawa 7,6034,4243,1795,8673,4112,456Waipawa
Patangata 1,6131,041572
Hawke's Bay, including Napier14,4197,8516,56810,6355,7534,882..
  Shipping 189186321919623..
Sounds 583361222605364241..
  Shipping 2827144....
Marlborough, including Picton and Blenheim9,0044,9194,0857,6214,2193,402..
  Shipping 3232..3535....
Kaikoura 1,5369266101,105671434 ..
Waimea, including Nelson15,7197,9207,79914,2997,1897,110 ..
  Shipping 676433939....
Collingwood1,8731,0498241,643926717..
    22..Shipping
Buller, including Westport5,2493,1202,1293,5582,1561,402..
  Shipping 102993867610..
Inangahua 3,1521,9751,1772,9272,015912..
Grey, including Greymouth8,7285,2913,4377,4834,7362,747..
  Shipping 3837191892..
Westland, including Hokitika, Ross, and Kumara10,1685,9654,20310,2466,1254,121..
  Shipping 4139226251..
Amuri 814583231513378135..
Cheviot 11079311027527..
Ashley, including Rangiora and Kaiapoi15,3428,0907,25214,6217,8846,737..
  Shipping 77..    
Akaroa, including Borough of Akaroa4,7682,6242,1444,6312,5362,095..
  Shipping 44..22....
Selwyn, including Lyttelton, Christchurch, Sydenham, and St Albans68,04334,20933,83462,12332,37729,746Selwyn, including Christ-Christchurch, Sydenham,
  Shipping 359332272512474Shipping
Ashburton, including Ashburton9,7965,5084,2888,6915,2413,450..
Geraldine, including Timaru 17,0018,7928,20916,6469,1587,488Geraldine, including Timaru Shipping
  Shipping 3737..14713710
McKenzie 999617382 
Waimate, including Borough of Waimate5,0442,8742,1705,0382,9882,050..
Waitaki, including oamaru and Hampden13,3337,1286,20513,0737,3295,744..
  Shipping 6157484822..
Waihemo, including Palmerston South2,8591,6191,240   Waikouaiti, including West Harbour, Palmerston South, West Hawksbury. Port Chalmers, and North-east Valley Shipping
Waikouaiti, including Port Chalmers, West Harbour, North-east Valley, an West Hawksbury12,1186,2505,86814,1927,7016,491Waikouaiti, including West Harbour Palmerston South, West Hawks bury, Port Chalmers, and North-east Valley Shipping
  Shipping 4644085635931049
Peninsula 2,6161,3812,4251,3001,125.. 
Taieri, including Dunedin, Roslyn, Caversham, Mornington, Maori Hill, St. Kilda South Dunedin, Green Island, and Mosgiel12,1186,2505,86814,1927,7016,491Taieri, including Dunedin, Roslyn, Caversham, Mornington, Maori Hill, St.Kilda, Dunedin South, Green Island
  Shipping9387664631Shipping
Bruce, including Milton6,6743,5733,1016,3363,4482,888..
Clutha, including Balclutha5,5643,1782,3865,0252,9032,122..
Tuapeka, including Lawrence, Roxburgh, and Tapanui8,2444,9423,3028,2584,9503,308..
Maniototo, including Naseby3,2881,995,1,2933,014,1,8771,137..
Vincent, including Cromwell and Alexandra4,4902,9641,5264,2692,8231,446..
Lake, including Arrowtown and Queenstown3,8442,4461.3983.6392,4011,238..
    1010..Shipping
Southland, including Invercargill, Invercargill North, Invercargill East, Invercargill South, Avenal, Gladstone, Campbelltown, Gore, and Winton2S.85315.82213,03121,41012,1699.241Southland, including Invercargill, Invercargill South, Invercargill East, Invercargill North, Campbelltown, Avenal, Gladstone, and Winton
  Shipping 837943333..Shipping
Wallace, including Riverton6,2213.6852,5364 8033,0851,718..
  Shipping 44..44....
Fiord 231941358..
Stewart Island20912881295164131..
  Shipping 3434..3838....
Chatham Islands1991069319611581Chatham Islands
    4646..  Shipping

Chapter 20. BOROUGHS AND TOWN DISTRICTS,1886 AND 1881.

Table I_XX. Showing the Population of the Boroughs and Town Districts at the Census of 1886 as compared with the Numbers shown by the Census of 1881.[A full statement of small towns an villages, as in 1886, will be found in the Table of Table of Localities, No. XXVI]

Boroughs and Town Districts, arranged according to the Counties in which they arc situated18861881
Persons.Males.Females.Persons.Males.Females.

* Constituted boroughs since 1881.

NOTE.—ALL the town districts were so constitute since the census of 1881, having been previously towns, an the boundaries may not in all cases be the same as those as those taken in the earlier census. Where there has been mast doubt as to the comparisons being strictly true, the figures for 1881 are given in italics and the letter T prefixed.

HOBSON:-      
  Dargaville T.D.34620414219212171
WHANGAREI:-      
  Whangarei T.D. 580302278495264231
  Kamo T.D.41023018022012595
WAITEMATA:-      
  Helensville T.D.619335284326194132
EDEN:      
  Auckland B. 33,16116,83716,32416,6648,6518,013
  Newton B, 1,833927906......
  Parnell B. 4,6722,3352,3373,5291,7261,803
  Newmarket B.1,842943899......
  Onehunga B. 2,8661,3931,4732,2171,0471,170
MANUKAU :-      
  Papakura T.D. 301155146T 1498564
THAMES:-      
  Thames B.4,4442.2822,1624,8632,5382,325
WAIKATO:–      
  Hamilton B. 1.2015916101,361700661
  Cambridge T.D.1,0195035161,174647527
WAIPA:–      
  Te Awamutu T.D. 297166131262140122
  Kihikihi T.D.438241197262145117
  Alexandra T.D.226112114204102102
  Ngaruawahia T.D.26013013021411310l
TAURANGA:–      
  Tauranga B.*1,1485575911,253653600
WHAKATANE:–      
  Opotiki T.D.523258265440234206
COOK:–      
  Gisborne B 2,1941,1501,0441,737959778
WAIROA:–      
  Clyde T.D.417202215380193187
TARANAKI:–      
  New Plymouth B. 3,0931,4761,6173,3101.6731,637
  Stratford T.D. 2291211081236756
  Inglewood T.D. 304168136395210185
  Opunake T.D.3571901671116150
  Raleigh T.D.590315275361191170
HAWERA:–      
  Hawera B.*1,026527409943539404
  Normanby T.D.375196179399243156
  Manaia T.D.323168155T554213
PATE:–      
  Patea B.* 728383345834481353
  Waverley T.D.3531771763S0205175
WANGANUI:–      
  Wanganui B.4,9012,4742,4274,6462,3302,316
RANGITIKEI:–      
  Marton B.908484424662363299
  Lethbridge T.D. 259127132314164150
  Bull's T.D. 613296 642324318
OROUA:–      
  Feilding B. 1,297653644919477442
  Halcombe T.D. 457229228465239226
MANAWATU:–      
  Palmerston North B.2,6061,3431,2631,366723643
  FoxtonT.D.736385351728404324
HUTT:–      
  Wellington B. 25,94513,052|12,89320,56310,22610,337
  Johnsonville T.D.35818517320311093
  Kaiwarra T.D.475254221323159164
  PetoneT.D. 1,046567479348171177
  Lower Hutt T.D.852430422752390353
WAIRARAPA WEST:–      
  Greytown B.1,1055775281,078561517
  Carterton T.D. 758403355660348312
  Featherston T.D. 614329285485273212
WAIRARAPA EAST:–      
  Masterton B.3,1601,6421,5182,2411,1551,086
WAIPAWA:–      
  Woodville T.D. 665380285T703931
  Dannevirke T.D. 39222816412S7454
  Ormondville T.D. 422235187294166128
  Waipawa T.D. 685368317390216174
HAWKE'S BAY:–      
  Napier B. 7,6803,9703,7105,7562,8962,860
  Hastings T.D. 1,504823681617334283
MARLBOROUGH:–      
  Picton B.733353380834401433
  Blenheim B.3,0941,5941,5002,1071,0511.056
  Havelock T.D.287149138344185159
WAIMEA:-      
  Nelson B.7.3153,5553.7606,7643,2613,503
  Richmond T.D.509243266.. ....
BULLER:–      
  Westport B. 1,8591,0128471,013538475
GREY:–      
  Greymouth B. 3,1331,6141,5192,5441,33'1,213
WESTLAND:–      
  Hokitika B. 2,6871,3181,3602,6001,2641,336
  Ross B. 1,0545964581,139647492
  Kumara B.1,0795804991.145622523
ASHLEY:–      
  Kaiapoi B.1,5147217931,221504627
  Rangiora B.1,5797857941,445743702
  Amberley T.D. 514248266764398366
AKAROA:–      
  Akaroa B.662320342611296315
SELWYN:–      
  Lyttelton B. 3,9962,0911,9054,1272,2051,922
  Christchurch B. 15,2657,4487,31715,2137,7347,479
  Sydenham B. 9,4654,6764,7898,4604,2904,170
  St. Albans B.* 4,9252,2682,657500242258
  Linwood T.D.4,0511,9242,127T 316153163
  Sumner T.D. 411191220326152174
  Woolston T.D. 925518407891483408
  Southbridge T.D.668344324634341293
ASHBURTON:–      
  Ashburton B.1,7699118581,526844682
  Hakatere T.D. 1,003481522......
  Tinwald T.D. 345176169263124139
GERALDINE:–      
  Timaru 3,7541,8601,8943,9172,1171,800
  Geraldine T.D. 710370340734391343
  Temuka T.D.569288281704383321
WAIMATE:–      
  Waimate B.1,3306856451,600870730
WAITAKI:–      
  Oamaru B.5,3302,6312,6995,7913,0072,784
  Hampden B. .332168164327180147
WAIHEMO:–      
  Palmerston South B.881463418968518450
WAIKOUAITI:–      
  West Hawksbury B. 764368396415206209
  Port Chalmers B. 2,2351,1181,1172,1811,1561,025
  West Harbour B. 1,2956616341,213635578
  North-east Valley B. 3,2211,6061,6152,7541,4101,344
TAIERI:–      
  Dunedin B. 23,24311,17312,07024,37212,24612,126
  Roslyn B. 3,6091,7661,8432,8751,4281,447
  Caversham B. 4,4482,2412,2073,9892,0611,928
  Mornington B. 3,3341,6001,7342,8861,3961,490
  Maori Hill B. 1,3886996891,136605531
  St. Kilda B. 1,078536542773383390
  South Dunedin B. 3,9022,0001,9022,7961,4311,365
  Green Island B. 636323313462230232
  Mosgiel B.* 1,181599582418203215
  Grey T.D.262139123262147115
  Outram T.D.498262236272147125
BRUCE:–      
  Milton B. 1,1775766011,287647640
  Kaitangata T.D.925474451394204190
CLUTHA:–      
  Balclutha B. 888456432820439381
  Clinton T.D. 495278217363204159
TUAPEKA:–      
  Lawrence B.1,0845605241,009510499
  Roxburgh B. 328192136277166111
  Tapanui B. 458263195592304288
MANIOTOTO:–      
  Naseby B. 487258229560322238
VINCENT:–      
  Cromwell B. 504286218429228201
  Alexandra B. 246142104275164111
LAKE:–      
  Arrowtown B. 440252188418238180
  Queenstown B. 733354379735440295
SOUTHLAND:–      
  Invercargill B. 5,2122,5532,6594,5902,3732,223
  Invercargill North B. 785392393670338332
  Invercargill East B. 814400414785411374
  Invercargill South B. 1,440737703923475448
  Avenal B. 364181183372182190
  Gladstone B. 324151173268130138
  Campbelltown B. 503254249351177174
  Gore, B.* 709387322569330239
  Winton B. 29015313723013496
  Gordon T.D.405208197......
  Wyndham T.D. 40522018523313697
  Mataura T.D. 600295305410214196
WALLACE:–      
  Riverton B. 9264794471,187679508
  Otautau T.D. 29116312818510283

Chapter 21. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS OF ISLANDS.

Table I_XXI. Showing the Population of the different Islands adjacent to New Zealand, and the Dwellings of the People.

Electoral DistrictsIslandsPopulationHalf-castes.Dwellinghouses.
Persons.Males.Females.Males.Females.Inhabited.Uninhabited.Tents and Dwellings With Canvas Roofs.
Rodney Kawau322012....9....
 Great Barrier29319010366751410
 Little Barrier1183....4....
WaitemataTiritiri1174....2....
Franklin NorthRangitoto3232......3....
 Motutapu 972....2....
 Waiheke 1468363....313..
 Ponui 11......1....
 Tara Taroa633....1....
 Brown's 11......1....
 Chamberlin's 18117....22..
 Rakino14113....1....
 Bean Rock 11......1....
 Motuihi 312....13..
ThamesSlipper Island 321....1....
TaurangaMotiti 88......3....
Picton The Brothers33......1....
AwaruaDog Island1055....3....
Wallace Centre Island 1596....3....
 Chatham Islands 19910693..I493..
   Totals 816509307671942510

Chapter 22. POPULATION ON SHIPBOARD.

Table I_XXII. Showing the Persons on Shipboard at the different Ports of the Colony on 28th March,1886.

-Total. including Chinese.Chinese
Persons.Males.Females.

* In addition to the shipping belonging to the Port of Auckland, given above, there were on the census night three German men-of-war lying in the harbour, having on board an aggregate number of 1,073 persons

Mongonui 541..
Whangaroa 1010..1
Russell66....
Whangarei 2323....
Point Curtis (Wairau River)1414....
Wairoa(Kaipara) 38371..
Port Albert 1616....
Island of Kawau 77....
Helensville 3434....
Waitemata (Auckland)*2,1961,8913059
Manukau (Onehunga)8422....
Mercury Bay 2222....
Thames (Grahamstown) 1212....
Miranda 33....
Tairua 77....
Tauranga 44....
Katikati 22....
Opotiki1313....
Gisborne 16151..
Patea1091..
Wanganui46451..
Foxton99....
Manawatu River 1010....
Port Nicholson(Wellington) 48740780..
Petone 99....
Hawke's Bay(Napier)1891863..
Pelorus Sound66....
Fitzroy Bay541..
Havelock1212....
Queen Charlotte Sound 1717....
Picton55....
Blenheim 1515....
Nelson67643..
Westport102993..
Greymouth 38371..
Hokitika 41392..
Kaiapoi 77....
Akaroa 44....
Lyttelton359332271
Timaru3737....
Oamaru 61574..
Port Chalmers 46440856..
Dunedin 93876..
Invercargill1111....
Campbelltown72684..
Riverton44....
Stewart Island3434....
  Totals4,7264,2145,1211

Chapter 23. POPULATION IN ELECTORAL DISTRICTS.

Table I_XXIII. Showing the Population of the Electoral Districts under the Representation Act, 1881 (exclusive of Maoris).

Electoral DistrictsPopulation (including Chinese), March, 1886.Chinese (included previously).Approximate Population, Census,1881.*Number of Electors on Roll, 31 st March, 1886
Persons.Males.Females.Males.Females.

* The number for each district in 1881 is only given as approximately correct. The districts were established after the census was taken, and it and it was not always possible to give the population on either side of a newly-selected boundary-line with perfect accuracy.

NORTH ISLAND.
Bay of Islands 4,7582,6712,087....4,2341.088
Marsden 5,8423,4092,4331..4,9321,596
Rodney 6,0063,4312,575....5,0541,673
Waitemata7,9474,4003,5434..4,7902,356
Auckland North 6,3173,4152,90215..5,4791,013
Auckland West 7,2603,5773,683....6,024949
Auckland East 4,9952,6862,30915..5,1061,134
Newton 12,5616,3226,23957..5,8331,610
Parnell 8,6654,2974,3682426,0531,116
Eden 7,9124,0513,8619..5,7821,299
Manukau 10,5505,2515,2995..5,5061,211
Franklin North 5,8633,1412,722....4,8101,462
Franklin South 5,8413,0552,786....5,4851,474
Coromandel 5,4573,1392,3182..5,3561,819
Thames 5,0222,5582,46420..5,5031,080
Waipa 5,2172,8592,3532..4,7431,628
Waikato6,2093,5222,6872..4,7221,261
Tauranga 5,9953,5122,4831..4,8631,825
East Coast 6,2533,5372,7165..4,6801,821
Taranaki 5,2532,8202,4331..5,422999
New Plymouth 3,9681,9312,0375..4,020815
Egmont 8,7684,8163,9526..5,4072,137
Waitotara 5,0432,7812,2628..4,2781,184
Wanganui 4,9012,4742,4273..4,640980
Rangitikei 5,9443,3722,5723..5,1811,456
Manawatu 7,5063,9513,55515..4,9561,332
Foxton7,0614,0503,0115..5,2792,429
Hutt 5,5462,9292,61716..4,6001,145
Thorndon8,0063,9844,0228..7,1781,774
Te Aro 8,4214,2414,18037..7,1101,545
Wellington South 10,6355,4195,21633..7,1521,766
Wairarapa South 6,0813,3202,7614..5,3701,319
Wairarapa North 7,7724-5943,1787..5,1191,520
Waipawa 9,2165,4653,751....5,8682,335
Napier 7,6803,9703,7107..5,7571,543
Hawke's Bay 6,7393,8812,85814..4,8771,809
  Totals, North Island 247,210132,837114,3793342191,16953,503
SOUTH ISLAND.
Picton 3,4951,9021,5932..3,635895
Wairau 6,0813,3912,6906..4,5351,385
Waimea5,0512,6352,416....4,9031,102
Nelson 7,3153,5553,76014..6,7201,080
Motueka 5,2992,8242,475....4,2641,268
Buller5,8043,5162,28867..4,1821,522
Inangahua5,1423,2121,930394..4,3041,833
Greymouth 6,1833,6582,52550024,9431,926
Kumara 4,5732,8481,730249..4,6511,358
Hokitika5,5903,1172,47380..5,2231,734
Cheviot 6,1073,5502,5572..5,1021,748
Ashley5,7313,1392,592....5,1471,482
Kaiapoi 5,9992,9933,0064..5,2921,266
Akaroa 5,0922,8072,2854..4,636886
Lyttelton3,9962,0911,9055..4,127716
Christchurch North 7,7033,6814,0224..7,4872,135
Christchurch South 7,5623,7673,79528..7,7011,935
Sydenham 9,4654,6764,7895,..8,4602,399
St. Albans 5,7422,6553,08729..4,768841
Avon6,2403,1753,065....5,185918
Heathcote 6,1733,1263,04724..4,9281,156
Lincoln 5,2652,7382,5274..4,400928
Selwyn 4,7472,4892,2584..4,7961,025
Coleridge 5,1002,8932,207....5,038931
Ashburton 4,8162,7702,04614..4,3791,509
Wakanui 4,9802,7382,2425..4,2991,784
Geraldine 5,9383,1752,76313..5,4701,243
Timaru 6,5613,3445....6,5651,371
Gladstone 5,5013,0172,4848..4,6701,326
Waimate 5,0442,8742,1703..5,0481,437
Waitaki 5,8413,3012,54023..5,1231,193
Oamaru 5,3302,6312,6997..5,7901,435
Moeraki 4,6222,5452,07723..4,7991,081
Waikouaiti 4,7542,5352,21926..4,4621,095
Port Chalmers 5,1012,6162,48514..4,6221,228
Dunedin East 7,6933,6354,0585..6,9361,798
Dunedin West 6,6303,1023,52829106,9511,529
Dunedin Central 6,1003,0283,07238..6,3821,791
Dunedin South 5,6742,8152,859123..6,1661,379
Roslyn 7,5203,6443,8761..6,2211,345
Caversham 7,0423,5753,46732..6,000818
Peninsula 7,5963,9173,67969..5,9521,391
Taieri 5,7873,1052,1052,68235,3991,073
Bruce 6,2863,3382,94840..5,9421,528
Clutha 5,0922,8602,2322..5,3221,004
Tuapeka4,9332,9272,006255..4,4311,330
Mount Ida ..4,5782,9451,6333233,9191,088
Dunstan 5,6053,4852,120618..4,6711,346
Wakatipu 5,9263,8652,061560..5,1401,450
Mataura6,6923,8822,81041..5,0561,582
Awarua 7,5953,9913,6046..4,9501,846
Invercargill 7,4993,6773,82224..6,6892,101
Hokonui 8,3315,0763,255200..4,7632,303
Wallace 6,1883,6702,518256..4,4621,776
  Totals, South Island (including Stewart Island)326,347175,070151,2774,19112290,85077,320
  Totals for colony 573,557307,901265,6564,52514482,019130,823

Chapter 24. POPULATION AND DWELLINGS IN PROVINCIAL DISTRICTS.

Table I_XXIV. Showing the Population of Provincial Districts (exclusive of Maoris) as on the 28th March, 1886, distinguishing Chinese and Half-castes, with the Number of Houses Inhabited, Uninhabited, and in Course of Erection, classified according to Materials and Rooms; also the Number of Europeans and Chinese in different Classes of Dwellings, and those camping out.

Provincial Districts.Total (including Chinese and Half-castes)Chinese.Half-castesDwellings*European livingTravellers and Persons sleeping under Drays or camping out.*Chinese living
Houses and Huts.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.InhabitedUninhabited and Building.In House of Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, or Latin and Plaster.In Huts of Houses of Cob, Sod, Raupo &c., and Habitations of Unstated Materials.In Tents or Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Persons.Males.FemalesPersons.Males.Females.UninhabitedInhabited.Building.Materials.Rooms.Materials.In Houses of Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, or Latin and Plaster.In Huts or Houses of Cob, Sod, Raupo, &c.In Habitations of Unstated Materials.In Tents or Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Brick, Stone, of Concrete.Wood, Iron, Lath and Plaster.Cob or Sod.MiscellaneousHuts of Sod, Clay, Wood, Stone, &c.Raupo.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.Not stated.One.TwoThree and Four.Five and Six.Over Six.Not stated.Brick or Stone.Wood and Iron.Other Materials, and not stated.
Brick, Stone, Wood, Iron, &c.Cob, Raupo, &c., and Huts or Tents.

* 4,726 persons on shipboard are not included, II of whom are Chinese.

Auckland130,37970,58259,79716560964524,7792,19646355457323,33742383160203554817661,1971,8978,5067,2665,4902111172,440102124,4371,966288971501541..
Taranaki17,999,5768,4231231303,45433995553,391161085533157764561,349815593634338617,6707710311710111..
Wellington77,53641,65035,886139867213,5968728159112913,2665563821591812766191,2145,0503,6803,680122382112974,6524062951,434491372..
Hawke's Bay24,56813,89010,6782153474,40127362183184,3102102522183142272295851,83082774614023181523,74819877327821....
Marlborough11,1136,2234,890937172,0141511599151,88330562819911001202646765264131411541110,365462321229....
Nelson30,20316,87813,325477..16,23449448387645,5896558388..387705177217581,4061,4061,4061,357113140913227,4241,1573691421922335
Westland15,9319,3886,543829224,2123391213713,764....447..137..6275137041,289625466125..23911214,358409..25335852386
Canterbury 121,40063,09458,306160152221,5892,096574691,17319,1441,047366724691202755642,1718,7994,303166125..23911214,358409..25335852386
Otago149,15480,83468,3202,3202,72813615228,1392,383871,02922,9701,092333710..1,0292561,1342,1342,0364,05410,9526,2644,4253032851,985200137,1005,8671,550851,2921,208228
Chatham Islands199106932..1493....232..15........1261010182..3..14453......2....
  Totals578,482312,221266,2614,542969989108,4679,1468343,5044,74979,6952,2849531,8732573,5046564,1806,07712,11040,09027,21821,0371,2595038,494983543,07716,4462,9446,5062522,5821,680269

Chapter 25. GOLDFIELDS.

Table I_XXV. Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris),the Number of Dwellinghouses Inhabited, and the Materials of Which constructed, according to the Census of 28th March, 1886.

Goldfields.Total Population (including Chinese).Chinese.Inhabited Dwellings.
Persons.Males.Females.Males.Females.Total Inhabited Houses and Tents.Materials.
Brick or Stone.Wood and Iron.Other Materials: Cob, Sod, &c.Raupo.Huts of Sod, Clay, Wood, or Stone.Tents and Dwellings with Canvas Roofs.
Hauraki 10,7535,9204,83311..2,35122,20343233050
Te Aroha1,2216805412..268..2553..55
Queen Charlotte Sound 896326....28..18......10
Wairau and Pelorus 16810365....42..228..57
West Wanganui 1010......8..5....3..
Collingwood1,5328546781..319..2878..915
Nelson South-west11,3426,9794,363462..3,186..2,52519..362280
Westland10,0326,3803,652727..3,139..2,49562..445137
Otago 23,12114,6298,4921,960..5,9348072,7711,156..499701
Orepuki and Longwood 1,265802463233..335..305....1416
Totals59,53336,42023,1133,396..15,61080910,8861,299231,3721,221

Chapter 26. DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN COUNTY RIDINGS.

Table I_XXVI. Showing the Population of the Townships and Localities in the Ridings of the different Counties.[The letter T. given after the name of a place indicates Town. T.D. means Town District.]

County, Riding, Town, and Locality.Total.M.F.
MONGONUI COUNTY.   
Riding of Mongonui   
  Kaiaka 573324
  Mongonui, T.19310885
  Oruaiti593128
  Oruru 1356273
  Victoria 854738
    Total Riding 529281248
Riding of Kaitaia   
  Awanui633627
  Ahipara502525
  Kaitaia 1176552
  Mangatete 261610
  Ohora 33258
  Parengarenga25187
  Pukepoto 241212
  Others862
    Total Riding346203143
Riding of Whangaroa   
  Kaeo 450254196
  Totara18411074
  Whangaroa 324195129
    Total Riding 958559399
BAY OF ISLANDS COUNTY.   
Riding of Waimate   
  Kerikeri 864343
  Okaihau 21011397
  Puketotara Gumfield 342212
  Waimate 1879592
  Whau Gumfield 963
    Total Riding 526279247
Riding of Pakaraka   
  Gumfield 16133
  Kaikohe 402812
  Ngaheia 77..
  Ohaeawai 533122
  Omapere Gumfields981
  Pakaraka 341420
  Waitangi 422616
    Total Riding 20112774
Riding of Kaiwakawa–   
  Hukerenui 20128
  Kawakawa, T.375203172
  Opua1176057
  Pakaru432122
  Ruapekapeka 915041
  Ruapekapeka Gumfield 59527
  Scoria Flat22148
  Taumarere 613427
  Tirohanga Valley 452322
  Waihaka-Waikare1037
  Waiomio 1658778
  Whangae 673235
  Others 1248
    Total Riding 1,087595492
Riding of Russell–   
  Manawaora 642
  Omata 642
  Paroa963
  Russell, T.256117139
  Wahapu 25817
  Waikare 642
  Whangaruru 19136
  Others 17125
    Total Riding 344168176
HOKIANGA COUNTY.   
Riding of Waihou   
  Ahutoatoa Block1156
  Gumfield15132
  Horeke and vicinity 1798
  Kohukoku 1769878
  Lower Waihou 18126
  Manga Taipa13121
  Maungamuka231211
  Ohauite1697
  Pupuke 3636..
  Te Tio14104
  Utakura835
  Waihou 412318
  Waihou River 1899
  Waihou River (Head of)25169
  Waima River 743
  Whangape 532
  Others 311813
    Total Riding 474292182
Riding of Waima   
  Herd's Point, T. 1217051
  Maunganui Bluff 541
  On the coast 16106
  Otaua. 633
  Omanaia 725
  Pakia 562927
  South of river 342014
  Waima 422
  Waima River 19118
  Waioku 17125
  Whirinaki 844
    Total Riding 293167126
HOBSON COUNTY.   
Riding of Wairau   
  Maungaturoto 249143106
    Total Riding 249143106
Riding of Paparoa   
  Paparoa 379207172
    Total Riding 379207172
Riding of Matakohe   
  Matakohe 22514679
  Tokatoka 1055946
  Total Riding 330205125
Riding of Pukekaroro   
  Kaiwaka 22613888
    Total Riding 22613888
Riding of Te Kopuru   
  Kaipara Heads 432320
  Newport 221111
  Tatarariki 19615244
  Te Kopuru Saw-mills 20112774
  Te Kopuru 784632
    Total Riding 540359181
Riding of Aratapu-   
  Aratapu 20612185
  Aratapu Saw-mills 350204146
  Aoroa 361818
  Kaihu 11010010
  Mangawhare 1388058
  Te Kopuru, Dargaville Road 301416
    Total Riding 870537333
Riding of Dargaville-   
  Awakino 473710
  Dargaville, T.D. 346204142
  Kairara 954
  Mangakahia 29227
  Maungaru 463412
  Tangiteroria 251114
  Wharau 382216
    Total Riding 540335205
Riding of Okahu-   
  Arapohue 22513194
  Okahu 433112
  Whakahara 452520
    Total Riding 313187126
Riding of Wairoa-   
  Wairoa 955738
    Total Riding 955738
WHANGAREI COUNTY.   
Riding of Hikurangi-   
  Bay Road 612734
  Cornish Road 1679
  Glenbervie 381919
  Hikurangi 774928
  Hikurangi 936726
  Kamo, T.D. 410230180
  Kamo Road 1174
  Kaitara 553817
  Kaurihohore 247133114
  Lookout Hill 422
  Mair Town 974453
  Mangere 24222
  Maungatapere 773344
  Maunu Road 1448163
  Okara 1367
  Otaika 1357461
  Poroti 27207
  Ruatangata 281164117
  Whangarei, T.D. 580302278
  Whareora 593029
  Whauwhau 402515
  Others 341915
    Total Riding 2,5231,3991,124
Riding of Ngunguru-   
  Driver's Valley 805525
  Graham's Valley 1192
  Kaimamaku 402614
  Mimiha 1697
  Ngunguru 221012
  Opuawhanga 814333
  Otonga 825131
  Owae 1596
  Pukepoto 24231
  Te Rewa 1569
  Tukukaka 1495
  Whanauaki 23185
  Others 271611
    Total Riding 450284166
Riding of Manaia-   
  Grahamstown 1293
  Manaia 1538370
  Matakohe 1064
  Owhiwa 291217
  Parua Bay 764432
  Parua-Taukerehore 1064
  Pataua 20137
  Rukuwai 331617
  Tamaterau 251015
  Taranui 281612
  Waikare 14104
  Others 523
    Total Riding 415227188
Riding of Mangapai-   
  Mangapai 1237746
  Mareretu 21147
  Maungakaramea 18711176
  Ruarangi 824537
  Waikiekie 1135756
    Total Riding 526304222
Riding of Waipu-   
  Ruakaka 1129220
  Waipu North 216109107
  Waipu Middle 259133126
  Waipu South 223122101
    Total Riding 810456354
RODNEY COUNTY.   
Riding of Mangawai-   
  Arai 1247549
  Mangawai 17310568
  Molesworth 642
  Pakiri (part) 754629
    Total Riding 378230148
Riding of Hoteo-   
  Hoteo 856322
  Kaipara Flats 20119
  Komokoriki 1218635
    Total Riding 22616066
Riding of Albert-   
  Albertland North 1086345
  Port Albert 237127110
  Wellsford 803941
    Total Riding 425229196
Riding of Tauhoa-   
  Tauhoa 20010298
  Wharehine 965046
    Total Riding 296152144
Riding of Mahurangi-   
  Mahurangi East 1557976
  Upper Mahurangi 652332320
    Total Riding 807411396
Riding of Puhoi-   
  Lower Mahurangi 1537578
  Puhoi 311158153
    Total Riding 464233231
Riding of Matakana-   
  Matakana East 774730
  Matakana West 19310291
  Omaha 1437271
  Pakiri, Part of 674324
    Total Riding 480264216
Riding of Whakapirau-   
  Whakapirau 16710364
    Total Riding 16710364
WAITEMATA COUNTY.   
Riding of Weiti-   
  Pukeatua 361228233
  Wainui 327176131
  Whangaparoa 17811068
    Total Riding 866514352
Riding of Takapuna-   
  Bartley 1385
  Birkenhead334171163
  Balmain, T. 1284
  Brown's Bay 17107
  Chelsea, T. 18910485
  Devonport, T. 2,6501,2921,358
  Greenhithe 382414
  Gladstone, T. 522923
  Hillyer's Creek 18810
  Lucas Creek 261412
  Lake Town 633
  Lake Beach 1165
  Long Bay 281513
  Lake Road 1165561
  Mayfield 13103
  Northcote 1398059
  North Auckland, T. 663828
  Okura 945
  Parklands 13103
  Roseberry 21912
  Woodside, T. 442321
  Others 472225
    Total Riding 4,1002,0722,028
Riding of Ararimu-   
  Ararimu 676456220
  Helensville, T.D. 619335284
  Kanukapakapa 319199120
  Riverside 1147
  Waitemata Mills 1385
  Others 1237251
    Total Riding 1,7611,074687
Riding of Waitakerei-   
  Henderson, T. 19912178
  Hobsonville 1548767
  Swanson 1089018
  Taupaki 916229
  Waitakerei, T. 36279
  Waitakerei 532825
    Total Riding 641415226
Riding of Waikomiti-   
  District Road 1759976
  Karekare 20146
  New North Road 352213
  Titirangi Road 1064
  Waikomiti 844539
  Others 33  
    Total Riding 327189138
Riding of Manukau-   
  Buchanan's Road 241212
  Big Muddy Creek 362115
  Cornwallis 1468
  Great North Road 1688
  Huia 1596
  Little Huia 291415
  Little Creek 231112
  Manukau Heads 311813
  Schoolhouse Road 261313
  Titirangi Road 271710
    Total Riding 241129112
EDEN COUNTY.   
Riding of Newton-   
  Arch Hill 33303
  Argyle Street 442420
  Bond Street 1347262
  Brisbane Street 972
  Commercial Road 1406971
  Cracroft Street 954
  Codrington Street 613130
  Great North Road 305163142
  Home Street 1547777
  James Street 773839
  King Street 1317259
  Keppell Street 865135
  Monmouth Road 321616
  Niger Street 321814
  Oxford Street 733142
  Regent Street 954
  Russell Street 1537578
  Stanley Street 1458263
    Total Riding 1,627866761
Riding of Grafton-   
  Basque Road 19910
  Charlotte Street 1627983
  Coupland Street 391920
  Devon Street 673631
  Eden Street 643925
  Evelyn Street 1569
  Ethel Street 311615
  Flower Street 19712
  Haslett Street 1889989
  Mount Eden Road 471928
  Manning Street 1376
  New North Road 320154166
  Randolph Place 463016
  Summer Street 884543
  Shaddock Road 412318
  Suffolk Street 422220
  Sussex Street 643430
  Victoria Avenue 20010595
  Violet Street 623428
  Others 1055
    Total Riding 1,537788749
Riding of Parnell-   
  Ayr Street 251015
  Arney Rod 934350
  Brighton Road 1166056
  Belmont Terrace 1719378
  Bell Road 331716
  Bay Road 341519
  Green Lane 20010496
  Hobson Bay 523
  Hobson Bay Road 20812
  Ladies' Mile 22913
  Manukau Road 17107
  Middleton Road 321418
  Market Road 16511
  Mama Street 281117
  Orakei Road 227120107
  Portland Road 471532
  Remuera Road 386164222
  Rangitoto Road 19910
  Sea View Road 432023
  Temperance Terrace 221111
  Victoria Avenue 1798792
  Westbourne Road 1138
    Total Riding 1,802859943
Riding of Tamaki-   
  Ellerslie Village 254136118
  Great South, Road 643430
  Mount Wellington 1004555
  Otahuhu Road 503416
  Panmure, T. 342171171
  Panmure, Vicinity of 1347757
  Panmure Road 642737
  St. Helier's 412120
  Tamaki West 276170106
  Waipuna Road 231310
    Total Riding 1,348728620
Riding of Epsom-   
  Albert Avenue 975146
  Brown Street 653134
  Bellwood 723438
  Cleghorn Street 281612
  Church Street 22139
  Cameron Street 18612
  Charles Street 291019
  Cromwell 241311
  Clark Street 261412
  Darby Street 22139
  Epsom Road 404197207
  Epsom and Mount Albert Road734132
  Eden Vale Road 1005545
  Eden Street 25718
  Fountain Street 261115
  Government Road 924844
  Goal Road 643034
  Great South Road 1215962
  Grey Street 1679
  Grange Road 1899
  Harp Road 382117
  Harp of Erin Road 251213
  John Street 251114
  Kyber Pass Road 1596
  Leamington Road 633726
  Mount Eden Road 386194192
  Mount Eden Road East 532528
  Mount Eden Road West 305146159
  Mount Eden Gaol. 14112516
  Market Road 361422
  Mount Smart Road 653332
  Mount Roskill Road 325141184
  Milton Road 16115
  Mary Street 1426874
  Norman Street 532627
  Normanby Road 492623
  Owen's Road 1346371
  Oaklands 1266
  Prospect Rise 20713
  Prospect Terrace 864442
  Rockfield Road 201010
  Rawlingston 251213
  Rowe Street 1284
  Rocky Nook 301614
  Shaddock Street 24816
  Sunnyside Road 452124
  Stokes Road 482424
  Stewart Street 593425
  Sherbourne Road 21138
  Three Kings Road 21129
  The Avenue 441826
  Upper Queen Street 441826
  Valley Road North 511826
  Valley Road South 883553
  View Avenue 361521
  View Point 301515
  View Road 234108126
  Victoria Avenue 713932
  Williamson Street 873849
  Wellington street 291613
  Woodville 553223
  Wynyard Road 683236
  Water Street 331518
  Others 382315
    Total Riding 4,5342,2712,263
Riding of Whau-   
  Auckland Lunatic Asylum 356228128
  Avondale 350192158
  Avondale Park 1266
  Buchanan Street 1358
  Charles Street 311912
  George Street 22139
  Gladstone Road 17125
  Great North Road 1779285
  Hillsborough 543123
  Kingsland 336160176
  Kingsland Road 1669571
  Morningside 1176255
  Mount Albert 424225199
  Meadowbank 18810
  Mount Eden Road 23158
  Mount Roskill Road 231310
  Manukau Road 763442
  New North Road 1878998
  Norman Street 442420
  New Windsor Road 231112
  Onehunga Road 1798
  Pa Farm 1486
  Pa Road 613328
  Point Chevalier 704228
  Queen's Town 421923
  Roganville 462422
  Rosebank Road 18126
  School Road 582929
  Three Kings Road 975938
  Wharf Road 1596
  Others 643925
    Total Riding 3,0381,6521,386
MANUKAU COUNTY   
Riding of Otahuhu-   
  Ihumatao 1578968
  Karaka Road 1156
  Mangare 1437667
  Mangare, vicinity of 392211181
  Manurewa 1678879
  Otahuhu, T. 971487484
  Otahuhu, Vicinity of 1055253
  Papatoitoi 1548173
  Pukaki 1486
  Weymouth 1798
  Others 21147
    Total Riding 2,1521,1201,032
Riding of Howick-   
  Bleak Hill 20137
  East Tamaki 1116843
  Flat Bush 235127108
  Hampton Park 27189
  Hyde Park 502525
  Hoghill 1495
  Howick, T. 295133162
  King's Creek 351718
  Main Road 1145955
  Maraetai 392019
  Mason's Beach 20146
  Mountain Road 451728
  Oturu 18810236
  Papatoitoi 925141
  Paparoa 874344
  Puriri Hill 492920
  Puru creek 382414
  Pakuranga 351817
  Turanga Creek 523121
  Whitford 17710
  Waikohu 311813
  Others 724329
    Total Riding 1,666886780
Riding of Papakura-   
  Ardmore 613229
  Drury, T. 395222173
  Papakura, T.D. 301155146
  Papakura, Vicinity of 533518
  Wairoa 604321283
    Total Riding 1,814984830
Riding of Pukekohe-   
  Karaka, T. 1517675
  Mauku 646337309
  Pukekohe, T. 920473447
  Pukekohe East 674352322
  Tuakau, T. 1046440
  Others 392415
    Total Riding 2,5341,3261,205
Riding of Awhitu-   
  Awhitu 23213894
  Pollock Settlement 1045252
    Total Riding 336190146
Riding of Waiuku-   
  Kariotahi 694128
  Kohekohe 1346767
  Lamb Hill 1358
  Maioro 843945
  Otaua 1046
  Romakuku 20812
  Taurangaruru 482820
  Tahuamanga 1073
  Waipipi Road 1789
  Waiuku 467234233
  Whiriwhiri 643430
  Waipipi 1417071
  Others 251312
  Total Riding 1,102558544
Riding of Maungatawhiri-   
  Ararimu 1829587
  Bombay 306154152
  Maketu 248129119
  Mercer, T. 212111101
  Maungatawhiri 288157131
  Paparata Valley 725121
  Paparata 1618774
  Pokeno, T. 400197203
    Total Riding 1,869981888
COROMANDEL COUNTY.   
Riding of Harataunga-   
  Awakanae 743
  Beach Road 522923
  Belleville 853
  Beeson's Islands 541
  Buffalo Village 20713
  Cabbage Bay 653728
  Coromandel, T. 292139153
  Dacre and Wilson's Peninsula1156
  Driving Creek 1798
  Gumtown 412219
  Kapanga Mine 372512
  Kapanga Road 493118
  Kapanga Town 975443
  Kikowhakarere 201010
  Matamataharakeke 574017
  Matawai 14113
  Otumaho Road 853
  Oruru 853
  Port Charles 604020
  Paparoa 33..
  Ring's Road 623032
  Rangihau 5353..
  Tramway Road 231013
  Tokatea Road 1347163
  Trig Hill 281414
  Tokatea 42366
  Tiki 1297059
  Te Kumu 734
  Thames Road 312011
  Waiara 29209
  Waiara 271611
  Waiau Valley 761
  Waimate Island 853
  Whakaroa Creek 1385
  Whangapoua 17511560
  Others 1515..
  Total Riding 1,654977677
Riding of Mercury Bay-   
  Beach Road 936
  Campbelltown 875136
  Kaimarana 50455
  Mercury Bay 503119
  Mercury Island 33..
  Milltown 22814187
  Mahakirau 2222..
  Opito 945
  Te Hoho 1064
  Te Weiti 1358
  Titirangi 794732
  Waiwawa 95941
  Wharetangata 673829
  Whenuakite 775522
  Whakau 21156
  Others 25232
    Total riding 845583262
THAMES COUNTY.   
Riding of Hastings-   
  Hikomai Bush 2525..
  Mata Beach 1697
  Puketui 2121..
  Tairua Mill 26516699
  Tairua Bush 23221
  Tairua Landing 342212
  Tararu 422715
  Tapu Creek 301911
  Tapu Road 352015
  Tapu, T. 895237
  Others 311714
    Total Riding 611400211
Riding of Totara-   
  Hikutaia 1187048
  Kauaeranga Valley 13810434
  Kopu 301416
  Kerikeri and Mills 572829
  McRoberts Road, Totara 291415
  Miranda 25169
  North Totara and Main Road281216
  Nevesville 54477
  Puriri 1449252
  Puketuru 2323..
  Puketaiko 28253
  Railway Line, Puriri towards Hikutaia 6767..
  Thames River 1275
  Turua Mills, Thames River 865135
  Totara Point and Vicinity 945
  Warahoe 382612
  Whangamata 31274
  Others 27225
    Total Riding 944649295
Riding of Waiotahi-   
  Collarbone Creek 331815
  Eureka Flat 442420
  Irishtown 844440
  Karaka Creek 311912
  Moanatairi 784533
  Punga Flat 473116
  Waiotahi Creek 217107110
    Total Riding 534288246
Riding of Kauaeranga-   
Outside Thames Borough-   
  Augustus Street 1708387
  Edward Street 1487474
  Franklin Street 1486979
  Hill Street 1347064
  Lambert Street 502228
  Mill Street 271512
  Rolleston Street 1738291
  Richmond Street 59