Table of Contents
THE tenth issue of the New Zealand Official Year-book is now presented.
So far from any abatement of interest in the work being manifested, there has been hitherto a growing requirement for it, not only in the colony but also abroad. The number of copies printed has been considerably increased this year to meet the demand.
E. J. VON DADELSZEN.
Wellington, N.Z., 7th October, 1901.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
THE Colony of New Zealand consists of three main islands, with several groups of smaller islands lying at some distance from the principal group. The main islands, known as the North, the Middle, and Stewart Islands, have a coast-line 4,330 miles in length—North Island, 2,200 miles; Middle Island, 2,000 miles; and Stewart Island, 130 miles. Other islands included within the colony are the Chatham, Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes, Bounty, and Kermadec Islands. The annexation of the Cook or Hervey Group and sundry other islands has recently necessitated an enlargement of the boundaries of the colony, which will be specially treated of further on.
New Zealand is mountainous in many parts, but has, nevertheless, large plains in both North and Middle Islands. In the North Island, which is highly volcanic, is situated the famous Thermal-Springs District, of which a special account will be given. The Middle Island is remarkable for its lofty mountains, with their magnificent glaciers, and for the deep sounds or fiords on the western coast.
New Zealand is firstly a pastoral, and secondly an agricultural country. Sown grasses are grown almost everywhere, the extent of land laid down being more than eleven millions of acres. The soil is admirably adapted for receiving these grasses, and, after the bush has been burnt off, is mostly sown over without previous ploughing. In the Middle Island a large area is covered with native grasses, all used for grazing purposes. The large extent of good grazing-land has made the colony a great wool and meat-producing country; and its agricultural capabilities are, speaking generally, very considerable. The abundance of water and the quantity of valuable timber are other natural advantages.
New Zealand is, besides, a mining country. Large deposits of coal are met with, chiefly on the west coast of the Middle Island. Gold, alluvial and in quartz, is found in both islands, the yield having been nearly fifty-eight millions sterling in value to the present time. Full statistical information on this subject is given further on, compiled up to the latest dates.
The first authentic account of the discovery of New Zealand is that given by Abel Jansen Tasman, the Dutch navigator. He left Batavia on the 14th August, 1642, in the yacht “Heemskirk,” accompanied by the “Zeehaen” (or “Sea-hen”) fly-boat. After having visited Mauritius, and discovered Tasmania, named by him “Van Diemen's Land,” in honour of Anthony van Diemen, Governor of the Dutch possessions in the East Indies, he steered eastward, and on the 13th December of the same year sighted the west coast of the Middle Island of New Zealand, described by him as “a high mountainous country, which is at present marked in the charts as New Zealand.”
Tasman, under the belief that the land he saw belonged to a great polar continent, and was part of the country discovered some years before by Schouten and Le Maire, to which the name of Staaten Land had been given, gave the same name of Staaten Land to New Zealand; but within about three months afterwards Schouten's “Staaten Land” was found to be merely an inconsiderable island. Upon this discovery being announced, the country that Tasman had called Staaten Land received again the name of “New Zealand,” by which it has ever since been known. Tasman sailed along the coast to a bay, where he anchored. To this he gave the name of Murderers (now Massacre) Bay, on account of an unprovoked attack on a boat's crew by the natives, and the massacre of four white men. Thence he steered along the west coast of the North Island, and gave the name of Cape Maria van Diemen to the north-western extremity thereof. After sighting the islands of the Three Kings he finally departed, not having set foot in the country.
There is no record of any visit to New Zealand after Tasman's departure until the time of Captain Cook, who, after leaving the Society Islands, sailed in search of a southern continent then believed to exist. He sighted land on the 6th October, 1769, at Young Nick's Head, and on the 8th of that month cast anchor in Poverty Bay. After having coasted round the North Island and the Middle and Stewart Islands—which last he mistook for part of the Middle Island—he took his departure from Cape Farewell on the 31st March, 1770, for Australia. He visited New Zealand again in 1773, in 1774, and in 1777.
M. de Surville, a French officer in command of the vessel “Saint Jean Baptiste,” while on a voyage of discovery, sighted the northeast coast of New Zealand on the 12th December, 1769, and remained for a short time. A visit was soon after paid by another French officer, M. Marion du Fresne, who arrived on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand on the 24th March, 1772, but was, on the 12th June following, treacherously murdered at the Bay of Islands by the Natives.
In 1793 the “Dádalus,” under the command of Lieutenant Hanson, was sent by the Government of New South Wales to New Zealand, and two chiefs were taken thence to Norfolk Island. There was after this an occasional intercourse between the islands of New Zealand and the English settlements in New South Wales.
In 1814 the first missionaries arrived in New Zealand—Messrs. Hall and Kendall—who had been sent as forerunners by Mr. Marsden, chaplain to the New South Wales Government. After a short stay they returned to New South Wales, and on the 19th November of that year again embarked in company with Mr. Marsden, who preached his first sermon in New Zealand on Christmas Day, 1814. He returned to Sydney on the 23rd March, 1815, leaving Messrs. Hall and Kendall, who formed the first mission station at Rangihoua, Bay of Islands, under the auspices of the Church Missionary Society. Six years later, in 1821, the work of evangelization was put on a more durable basis; but the first station of the Wesleyan mission, established by Mr. Leigh and his wife, at the valley of the Kaeo, Whangaroa, was not taken possession of until the 10th June, 1823.
The first attempt at colonisation was made in 1825 by a company formed in London. An expedition was sent out under the command of Captain Herd, who bought two islands in the Hauraki Gulf and a strip of land at Hokianga. The attempt, however, was a failure, owing to the savage character of the inhabitants. In consequence of frequent visits of whaling-vessels to the Bay of Islands, a settlement grew up at Kororareka—now called Russell—and in 1833 Mr. Busby was appointed British Resident there. A number of Europeans—generally men of low character—gradually settled in different parts of the country, and married Native women.
In 1838 a colonisation company, known as the New Zealand Company, was formed to establish settlement on systematic principles. A preliminary expedition, under the command of Colonel William Wakefield, was despatched from England on the 12th May, 1839, and arrived in New Zealand in the following August. Having purchased land from the Natives, Colonel Wakefield selected the shore of Port Nicholson, in Cook Strait, as the site of the first settlement. On the 22nd January, 1840, the first body of immigrants arrived, and founded the town of Wellington. About the same time — namely, on the 29th January, 1840—Captain Hobson, R.N., arrived at the Bay of Islands, empowered, with the consent of the Natives, to proclaim the sovereignty of Queen Victoria over the islands of New Zealand, and to assume the government thereof. A compact called “The Treaty of Waitangi,” to which in less than six months five hundred and twelve names were affixed, was entered into, whereby all rights and powers of sovereignty were ceded to the Queen, all territorial rights being secured to the chiefs and their tribes. New Zealand was then constituted a dependency of the Colony of New South Wales, but on the 3rd May, 1841, was proclaimed a separate colony. The seat of Government had been previously established at Waitemata (Auckland), round which a settlement was formed.
The New Zealand Company having decided to form another settlement, to which the name of “Nelson” was to be given, despatched a preliminary expedition from England in April, 1841, for the purpose of selecting a site. The spot chosen was the head of Blind Bay, where a settlement was established. About the same time a number of pioneers arrived in Taranaki, despatched thither by the New Plymouth Company, a colonising society which had been formed in England, and had bought 50,000 acres of land from the New Zealand Company.
The next important event in the progress of colonisation was the arrival at Port Chalmers, on the 23rd March, 1848, of the first of two emigrant ships sent out by the Otago Association for the foundation of a settlement by persons belonging to or in sympathy with the Free Church of Scotland.
In 1819 the “Canterbury Association for founding a Settlement in New Zealand” was incorporated. On the 16th December, 1850, the first emigrant ship despatched by the association arrived at Port Cooper, and the work of opening up the adjoining country was set about in a systematic fashion, the intention of the promoters being to establish a settlement complete in itself, and composed entirely of members of the then United Church of England and Ireland.
Prior to the colonisation of New Zealand by Europeans, the earliest navigators and explorers found a race of people already inhabiting both islands. Papers written in 1874 by Mr. (afterwards Sir) William Fox, and Sir Donald McLean, then Native Minister, state that at what time the discovery of these islands was made by the Maoris, or from what place they came, are matters of tradition only, and that much has been lost in the obscurity enveloping the history of a people without letters. Nor is there anything on record respecting the origin of the Maori people them-selves, beyond the general tradition of the Polynesian race, which seems to show a series of successive migrations from west to east, probably by way of Malaysia to the Pacific. Little more can now be gathered from their traditions than that they were immigrants, and that they probably found inhabitants on the east coast of the North Island belonging to the same race as themselves—the descendants of a prior migration, whose history is lost. The tradition runs that, generations ago, the Maoris dwelt in a country named Hawaiki, and that one of their chiefs, after a long voyage, reached the northern island of New Zealand. Returning to his home with a flattering description of the country he had discovered, this chief, it is said, persuaded a number of his kinsfolk and friends, who were much harassed by war, to set out with a fleet of double canoes for the new land. The names of most of the canoes are still remembered, and each tribe agrees in its account of the doings of the people of the principal canoes after their arrival in New Zealand; and from these traditional accounts the descent of the numerous tribes has been traced. Calculations, based on the genealogical staves kept by the tohungas, or priests, and on the well-authenticated traditions of the people, indicate that about twenty-one generations have passed since the migration, which may therefore be assumed to have taken place about five hundred and twenty-five years ago. The position of the legendary Hawaiki is unknown, but many places in the South Seas have been thus named in memory of the motherland. The Maoris speak a very pure dialect of the Polynesian language, the common tongue, with more or less variation, in all the Eastern Pacific Islands. When Captain Cook first visited New Zealand he availed himself of the services of a native from Tahiti, whose speech was easily understood by the Maoris. In this way much information respecting the early history of the country and its inhabitants was obtained which could not have otherwise been had.
For results of recent researches as to probable origin and present numbers of the Maoris, see Part II., post.
The Proclamation of Captain Hobson on the 30th January, 1840, gave as the boundaries of the colony the following degrees of latitude and longitude: On the north, 34° 30′ S. lat.; on the south, 47° 10′ S. lat.; on the east, 179° 0′ E. long.; on the west, 166° 5′ E. long. These limits excluded small portions of the extreme north of the North Island and of the extreme south of Stewart Island.
In April, 1842, by Royal Letters Patent, and again by the Imperial Act 26 and 27 Vict., c. 23 (1863), the boundaries of the colony were altered so as to extend from 33° to 53° of south latitude and from 162° of east longitude to 173° of west longitude. By Proclamation bearing date the 21st July, 1887, the Kermadec Islands, lying between the 29th and 32nd degrees of south latitude and the 177th and 180th degrees of west longitude, were declared to be annexed to and to become part of the Colony of New Zealand.
The following now constitute the Colony of New Zealand:—
The island commonly known as the North Island, with its adjacent islets, having an aggregate area of 44,468 square miles, or 28,459,520 acres.
The island known as the Middle Island, with adjacent islets, having an aggregate area of 58,525 square miles, or 37,456,000 acres.
Stewart Island, and adjacent islets, having an area of 665 square miles, or 425,390 acres.
The Chatham Islands, situate 536 miles eastward of Lyttelton in the Middle Island, with an area of 375 square miles, or 239,920 acres.
The Auckland Islands, about 200 miles south of Stewart Island, extending about 30 miles from north to south, and nearly 15 from east to west, the area being 210,650 acres.
The Campbell Islands, in latitude 52° 33′ south, and longitude 169° 8′ west, about 30 miles in circumference, with an area of 45,440 acres.
The Antipodes Islands, about 458 miles in a south-easterly direction from Port Chalmers, in the Middle Island. These are detached rocky islands, and extend over a distance of between 4 and 5 miles from north to south. Area, 12,960 acres.
The Bounty Islands, a small group of islets, thirteen in number, lying north of the Antipodes Islands, and about 415 miles in an east-south-easterly direction from Port Chalmers. Area, 3,300 acres.
The Kermadec Islands, a group lying about 614 miles to the north-east of Russell, in the Bay of Islands. Raoul or Sunday Island, the largest of these, is about 20 miles in circuit. The next in size is Macaulay Island, about 3 miles round. Area of the group, 8,208 acres.
The total area of the colony is thus about 104,471 square miles, of which the aggregate area of the outlying groups of islands that are practically useless for settlement amounts to about 438 square miles.
A protectorate is exercised by the Imperial Government over the Cook Islands (or Hervey Group) by Proclamation dated the 27th October, 1888. The British Resident* is appointed on the recommendation of the New Zealand Government. He acts as Government Agent for the colony in all matters of trade.
The areas of the several Australian Colonies, as given by different authorities, vary considerably. The total area of the Australian Continent is given as 2,944,628 square miles, according to a computation made by the late Surveyor-General of Victoria, Mr. J. A. Skene, from a map of Continental Australia compiled and engraved under his direction; but the following areas are taken from the latest official records of each colony:—
* Lieut.-Colonel Walter Edward Gudgeon, C.M.G., is now British Resident at Rarotonga. His salary is paid by this colony. He succeeded Mr. Frederick J. Moss, who was the first Resident appointed.
THE boundaries of the Colony of New Zealand have been further extended as from the 11th June, 1901. The Proclamation fixing the date runs as follows:—
Whereas by Order in Council dated the thirteenth day of May, one thousand nine hundred and one, and made under “The Colonial Boundaries Act, 1895,” it has been ordered by His Majesty the King that on and after a date to be appointed by the Governor of the Colony of New Zealand, by Proclamation under his hand and the Public Seal of the Colony, the boundaries of the Colony of New Zealand should be extended so as to include the islands of the Cook Group and all other the islands and territories then or thereafter forming part of His Majesty's dominions situate within the boundary-lines therein mentioned, being the boundary-lines specified in the Schedule hereto:
And whereas the aforesaid extension of boundaries has been consented to by resolution of both Houses of the General Assembly of the colony:
Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred upon me by the said Order in Council, and of all other powers and authorities enabling me in this behalf, and in the presence of His Royal Highness the Duke of Cornwall and York, who in token thereof hath been graciously pleased to sign his name hereto, I, Uchter John Mark, Earl of Ranfurly, the Governor of the Colony of New Zealand, do hereby proclaim and appoint the eleventh day of June, one thousand nine hundred and one, to be the date on and after which the boundaries of the colony shall be and be deemed to be extended as specified in the said Order in Council.
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A line commencing at a point at the intersection of the twenty-third degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-fifty-sixth degree of longitude west of Greenwich, and proceeding due north to the point of intersection of the eighth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-fifty-sixth degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due west to the point of intersection of the eighth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-sixty-seventh degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due south to the point of intersection of the seventeenth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-sixty-seventh degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due west to the point of intersection of the seventeenth degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-seventieth degree of longitude west of Greenwich; thence due south to the point of intersection of the twenty-third degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-seventieth degree of longitude west of Greenwich; and thence due east to the point of intersection of the twenty-third degree of south latitude and the one-hundred-and-fifty-sixth degree of longitude west of Greenwich.
The Order in Council referred to in the foregoing Proclamation is to the following effect:—
Whereas by “The Colonial Boundaries Act, 1895,” it is provided that where the boundaries of a colony have, either before or after the passing of that Act, been altered by Order in Council or Letters Patent, the boundaries as so altered shall be and be deemed to have been from the date of the alteration the boundaries of the colony: Provided that the consent of a self-governing colony shall be required for the alteration of the boundaries thereof:
And whereas it is expedient that the boundaries of the self-governing Colony of New Zealand should be altered in such manner that the islands of the Cook Group, and such other islands in the Pacific within the limits hereinafter described as may now or hereafter form part of His Majesty's dominions, shall become part of the said Colony of New Zealand:
And whereas the said Colony of New Zealand has, by resolutions of both Houses of its Legislature, consented to the alteration of the boundaries of the colony as hereinafter described:
Now, therefore, His Majesty, by virtue and in exercise of the powers by “The Colonial Boundaries Act, 1895,” or otherwise in His Majesty vested, is pleased, by and with the advice of His Privy Council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, as follows: From and after a date to be appointed by the Governor of the Colony of New Zealand by Proclamation under his hand and the Public Seal of the Colony, the boundaries of the Colony of New Zealand, as defined in an Act of the twenty-sixth year of the reign of Her late Majesty Queen Victoria, intituled “An Act to alter the Boundaries of New Zealand,” shall be extended so as to include all the islands and territories which now or may hereafter form part of His Majesty's dominions situate within the following boundary-line, namely:
[Here follow descriptions as in Schedule to Proclamation.]
The islands referred to in the resolutions passed by the New Zealand Legislature are:—
The Cook Group, including: Rarotonga, Mangaia, Atiu, Aitutaki, Mitiaro, Mauke, Hervey (Manuai). Also, Palmerston (Avarua), Savage (Niue), Pukapuka (Danger), Rakaanga, Manahiki, Penrhyn (Tongareva), and Suwarrow.
A full descriptive account of the Cook Islands was published in the Year-book, 1895, pp. 456–65.
|New South Wales||310,700|
|Total Continent of Australia||2,946,691|
|New Zealand (including the Chatham and other islands)||104,471|
The size of these colonies may be better realised by comparison of their areas with those of European countries. The areas of the following countries—Austria - Hungary, Germany, France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway, Portugal, Spain, Italy (including Sardinia and Sicily), Switzerland, Greece, Roumania, Bulgaria, Servia, Eastern Roumelia, and Turkey in Europe—containing on the whole rather less than 1,600,000 square miles, amount to little more than half the extent of the Australian Continent. If the area of Russia in Europe be added to those of the other countries the total would be about one-seventh larger than the Australian Continent, and about one-twelfth larger than the Australasian Colonies, including New Zealand.
The area of the Colony of New Zealand is about one-seventh less than the area of Great Britain and Ireland, the Middle Island of New Zealand being a little larger than the combined areas of England and Wales.
|United Kingdom.||Area in Square Miles.|
|England and Wales||58,311|
|New Zealand.||Area in Square Miles.|
The North Island extends over a little more than seven degrees of latitude—a distance in a direct line from north to south of 430 geographical or 498 statute miles; but, as the northern portion of the colony, which covers more than three degrees of latitude, trends to the westward, the distance in a straight line from the North Cape to Cape Palliser, the extreme northerly and southerly points of the island, is about 515 statute miles.
This island is, as a whole, hilly, and, in parts, mountainous in character, but there are large areas of plain or comparatively level country that are, or by clearing may be made, available for agricultural purposes. Of these, the principal are the plains in Hawke's Bay on the East Coast, the Wairarapa Plain in the Wellington District, and a strip of country along the West Coast, about 250 miles in length, extending from a point about thirty miles from the City of Wellington to a little north of New Plymouth. The largest plain in the North Island, Kaingaroa, extends from the shore of Lake Taupo in a north-north-easterly direction to the sea-coast in the Bay of Plenty; but a great part of it is covered with pumice-sand, and is unfitted for tillage or pasture. There are several smaller plains and numerous valleys suitable for agriculture. The level or undulating country in this island fit, or capable of being made fit, for agriculture has been roughly estimated at 13,000,000 acres. This includes lands now covered with standing forest, and swamps that can be drained; also large areas of clay-marl and pumice-covered land. The clay-marl in its natural state is cold and uninviting to the farmer, but under proper drainage and cultivation it can be brought to a high state of productiveness. This kind of land is generally neglected at the present time, as settlers prefer soils more rapidly remunerative and less costly to work. The larger portion of the North Island was originally covered with forest. Although the area of bush-land is still very great, yet year by year the amount is being reduced, chiefly to meet the requirements of settlement, the trees being cut down and burnt, and grass-seed sown on the ashes to create pasture. Hilly as the country is, yet from the nature of the climate it is especially suited for the growth of English grasses, which will flourish wherever there is any soil, however steep the land may be; once laid down in grass very little of the land is too poor to supply food for cattle and sheep. The area of land in the North Island deemed purely pastoral or capable of being made so, while too steep for agricultural purposes, is estimated at 14,200,000 acres. In the centre of the island is a lake, about twenty miles across either way, called Taupo. A large area adjacent to the lake is at present worthless pumice-country. The Waikato River, the largest in the North Island, flows out of the north-eastern corner of this lake, and runs thence north-westward until it enters the ocean a little distance south of the Manukau Harbour. This river is navigable for small steamers for about a hundred miles from its mouth. The Maori King-country, occupied by Natives who for several years isolated themselves from Europeans, lies between Lake Taupo and the western coast. The River Thames, or Waihou, having its sources north of Lake Taupo, flows northward into the Firth of Thames. It is navigable for about fifty miles, but only for small steamers. The other navigable rivers in this island are the Wairoa (Kaipara), the Wanganui, and the Manawatu, the two last of which flow towards the south-west into Cook Strait.
The mountains in the North Island are estimated to occupy about one-tenth of the surface, and do not exceed 4,000ft. in height, with the exception of a few volcanic mountains that are more lofty. Of these, the three following are the most important:—
The Tongariro Mountain, situated to the southward of Lake Taupo. It consists of a group of distinct volcanic cones, the lava-streams from which have so overlapped in their descent as to form one compact mountain-mass at the base. The highest of these cones is called Ngauruhoe, and attains an elevation of 7,515ft. The craters of Ngauruhoe, the Red Crater (6,140ft.), and Te Mari (4,990ft.) are the three vents from which the latest discharges of lava have taken place, the most recent having occurred in 1868. These craters are still active, steam and vapour issuing from them with considerable force and noise, the vapours, charged with pungent gases and acids, making it dangerous to approach too near the crater-lips.
Ruapehu. This mountain lies to the south of Ngauruhoe and Tongariro. It is a volcanic cone in the solfatara stage, and reaches the height of 9,008ft., being in part considerably above the line of perpetual snow. The most remarkable feature of this mountain is the crater-lake on its summit, which is subject to slight and intermittent eruptions, giving rise to vast quantities of steam. Recently — in March, 1895—such an eruption took place, forming a few hot springs on the margin of the lake, and increasing the heat in the lake itself. This lake lies at the bottom of a funnel-shaped crater, the steep sides of which are mantled with ice and snow. The water occupies a circular basin about 500ft. in diameter, some 300ft. below the enclosing peaks, and is quite inaccessible except by the use of ropes. This lake, and the three craters previously mentioned on Tongariro, are all in one straight line, which, if produced, would pass through the boiling springs at Tokaanu on the southern margin of Lake Taupo, the volcanic country north-east of that lake, and White Island, an active volcano in the Bay of Plenty, situated about twenty-seven miles from the mainland.
Mount Egmont. This is an extinct volcanic cone, rising to a height of 8,260ft. The upper part is always covered with snow. This mountain is situated close to New Plymouth, and is surrounded by one of the most fertile districts in New Zealand. Rising from the plains in solitary grandeur, it is an object of extreme beauty, the cone being one of the most perfect in the world.
It is estimated that the area of mountain-tops and barren country at too high an altitude for sheep, and therefore worthless for pastoral purposes, amounts, in the North Island, to 300,000 acres.
Without a doubt the hot springs form the most remarkable feature of the North Island. They are found over a large area, extending from Tongariro, south of Lake Taupo, to Ohaeawai, in the extreme north—a distance of some 300 miles; but the principal seat of hydrothermal action appears to be in the neighbourhood of Lake Rotorua, about forty miles north-north-east from Lake Taupo. By the destruction of the famed Pink and White Terraces and of Lake Rotomahana during the eruption of Mount Tarawera on the 10th June, 1886, the neighbourhood has been deprived of attractions unique in character and of unrivalled beauty; but the natural features of the country—the numerous lakes, geysers, and hot springs, some of which possess remarkable curative properties in certain complaints—are still very attractive to tourists and invalids. The world-wide importance of conserving this region as a sanatorium for all time has been recognised by the Government, and it is now dedicated by Act of Parliament to that purpose.
Notwithstanding the length of coast-line, good harbours in the North Island are not numerous. Those on the west coast north of New Plymouth are bar-harbours, unsuitable for large vessels. The principal harbours are the Waitemata Harbour, on which Auckland is situated—this is rather a deep estuary than a harbour; several excellent havens in the northern peninsula; and Port Nicholson, on the borders of which Wellington is situated. This is a landlocked harbour, about six miles across, having a comparatively narrow but deep entrance from the ocean. The water is deep nearly throughout.
The Cape Colville Peninsula is rich in gold-bearing quartz.
Cook Strait separates the North and Middle Islands. It is some sixteen miles across at its narrowest part, but in the widest about ninety. The strait is invaluable for the purpose of traffic between different parts of the colony.
The extreme length of the Middle Island, from Jackson's Head, in Cook Strait, to Puysegur Point, at the extreme south-west, is about 525 statute miles; the greatest distance across at any point is in Otago (the southernmost) District, about 180 miles.
The Middle Island is intersected along almost its entire length by a range of mountains known as the Southern Alps. Some of the summits reach a height of from 10,000ft. to 12,000ft., Mount Cook, the highest peak, rising to 12,349ft.
In the south, in the neighbourhood of the sounds and Lake Te Anau, there are many magnificent peaks, which, though not of great height, are, owing to their latitude, nearly all crowned with perpetual ice and snow. Further north the mountains increase in height—Mount Earnslaw, at Lake Wakatipu; and Mount Aspiring, which has been aptly termed the New Zealand Matterhorn, 9,949 ft. in height, at Lake Wanaka. Northward of this again are Mount Cook (or Aorangi), Mount Sefton, and other magnificent peaks.
For beauty and grandeur of scenery the Southern Alps of New Zealand may worthily compare with, while in point of variety they are said actually to surpass, the Alps of Switzerland. In New Zealand few of the mountains have been scaled; many of the peaks and most of the glaciers are as yet unnamed; and there is still, in parts of the Middle Island, a fine field for exploration and discovery—geographical, geological, and botanical. The wonders of the Southern Alps are only beginning to be known; but the more they are known the more they are appreciated. The snow-line in New Zealand being so much lower than in Switzerland, the scenery, though the mountains are not quite so high, is of surpassing grandeur.
There are extensive glaciers on both sides of the range, those on the west being of exceptional beauty, as, from the greater abruptness of the mountain-slopes on that side, they descend to within about 700ft. of the sea-level, and into the midst of the evergreen forest. The largest glaciers on either side of the range are easily accessible.
The following gives the sizes of some of the glaciers on the eastern slope:—
|Name.||Area of Glacier.||Length of Glacier.||Greatest Width.||Average Width.|
|Acres.||Miles ch.||Miles ch.||Miles ch.|
|Tasman||13,664||18 0||2 14||1 15|
|Murchison||5,800||10 70||1 5||0 66|
|Godley||5,312||8 0||1 55||1 3|
|Mueller||3,200||8 0||0 61||0 50|
|Hooker||2,416||7 25||0 54||0 41|
The Alletsch Glacier in Switzerland, according to Ball, in the “Alpine Guide,” has an average width of one mile. It is in length and width inferior to the Tasman Glacier.
Numerous sounds or fiords penetrate the south-western coast. They are long, narrow, and deep (the depth of water at the upper part of Milford Sound is 1,270ft., although at the entrance only 130ft.), surrounded by giant mountains clothed with foliage to the snow-line, with waterfalls, glaciers, and snowfields at every turn. Some of the mountains rise almost precipitously from the water's edge to 5,000ft. and 6,000ft. above the sea. Near Milford, the finest of these sounds, is the great Sutherland Waterfall, 1,904ft. high.
The general surface of the northern portion of the Middle Island, comprising the Provincial Districts of Nelson and Marlborough, is mountainous, but the greater part is suitable for grazing purposes. There are some fine valleys and small plains suitable for agriculture, of which the Wairau Valley or Plain is the largest. Deep sounds, extending for many miles, break the coast-line abutting on Cook Strait. The City of Nelson is situated at the head of Blind Bay, which has a depth inwards from Cook Strait of about forty statute miles.
The Provincial District of Canterbury lies to the south of the Marlborough District, and on the eastern side of the island. Towards the north the land is undulating; then there is a stretch of almost perfectly level country extending towards the south-west 160 miles, after which, on the south, the country is undulating as far as the borders of the Otago District. On the east a block of hill-country rises abruptly from the plain and extends for some miles seaward. This is Banks Peninsula, containing several good harbours, the principal being Port Cooper, on the north, on which is situated Lyttelton, the chief port of the district: the harbour of Akaroa, one of the finest in the colony, is on the southern coast of this peninsula.
The District of Otago is, on the whole, mountainous, but has many fine plains and valleys suitable for tillage. The mountains, except towards the west coast, are generally destitute of timber, and suitable for grazing sheep. There are goldfields of considerable extent in the interior of this district. The inland lakes are also very remarkable features. Lake Wakatipu extends over fifty-four miles in length, but its greatest width is not more than four miles, and its area only 114 square miles. It is 1,070ft. above sea-level, and has a depth varying from 1,170ft. to 1,296ft. Te Anau Lake is somewhat larger, having an area of 132 square miles. These lakes are bounded on the west by broken, mountainous, and wooded country, extending to the ocean.
The chief harbours in Otago are Port Chalmers, at the head of which Dunedin is situated, and the Bluff Harbour, at the extreme south.
The District of Westland, extending along the west coast of the Middle Island, abreast of Canterbury, is more or less auriferous throughout. The western slopes of the central range of mountains are clothed with forest-trees to the snow-line; but on the eastern side timber is scarce, natural grasses covering the ground.
The rivers in the Middle Island are for the most part mountain torrents, fed by glaciers in the principal mountain ranges. When the snow melts they rise in flood, forming, where not confined by rocky walls, beds of considerable width, generally covered by enormous deposits of shingle. The largest river in the colony as regards volume of water is the Clutha. It is 154 miles in length, but is only navigable for boats or small river-steamers for about thirty miles. The Rivers Buller, Grey, and Hokitika, on the West Coast, are navigable for a short distance from their mouths. They form the only ports in the Westland District. In their unimproved state they admitted, owing to the bars at their mouths, none but vessels of small draught; but, in consequence of the importance of the Grey and Buller Rivers as the sole ports available for the coal-export trade, large harbour-works have been undertaken, resulting in the deepening of the beds of these rivers, and giving a depth of from 18ft. to 26ft. of water on the bar.
The area of level or undulating land in the Middle Island available for agriculture is estimated at about 15,000,000 acres. About 13,000,000 are suitable for pastoral purposes only, or may become so when cleared of forest and sown with grass-seed. The area of barren land and mountain-tops is estimated at about 9,000,000 acres.
Foveaux Strait separates the Middle from Stewart Island. This last island has an area of only 425,390 acres.
Stewart Island is a great tourist resort during the summer months, and is easily reached by steamer from the Bluff, distant about 25 miles.
The principal peak is Mount Anglem, 3,200ft. above sea-level, which has an extinct crater at its summit. Most of the island is rugged and forest-clad; the climate is mild, frost being seldom experienced; and the soil, when cleared of bush, is fertile.
The chief attractions are the numerous bays and fiords. Paterson Inlet is a magnificent sheet of water, about ten miles by four miles, situated close to Half-moon Bay, the principal port, where over two hundred people live. Horse-shoe Bay and Port William are within easy reach of Half-moon Bay. Port Pegasus, a land-locked sheet of water about eight miles by a mile and a half, is a very fine harbour. At “The Neck” (Paterson Inlet) there is a Native settlement of over a hundred Maoris and half-castes. The bush is generally very dense, with thick undergrowth. Rata, black-pine, white-pine, miro, and totara are the principal timber trees. Fish are to be had in great abundance and variety; oysters form an important industry. Wild pigeons, ducks, and mutton-birds are plentiful.
The outlying group of the Chatham Islands, 480 statute miles east-south-east from Wellington, and 536 miles eastward of Lyttelton, consists of two principal islands and several unimportant islets. The largest island contains about 222,490 acres, of which an irregular-shaped lake or lagoon absorbs 45,960 acres. About one quarter of the surface of the land is covered with forest, the rest with fern or grass. The hills nowhere rise to a great height. Pitt Island is the next in size; the area is 15,330 acres. The greater portion of both islands is used for grazing sheep.
The Kermadec group of islands, four in number, is situated between 29° 10′ and 31° 30′ south latitude, and between 177° 45′ and 179° west longitude. They are named Raoul or Sunday Island, Macaulay Island, Curtis Island, and L'Espérance or French Rock. The principal island, Sunday, is 600 miles distant from Auckland. The islands are volcanic, and in two of them signs of activity are still to be seen. The rainfall is plentiful, but not excessive. The climate is mild and equable, and slightly warmer than the north of New Zealand. The following are the areas of the islands and islets of the group: Sunday Island, 7,200 acres; Herald group of islets, 85 acres; Macaulay Island, 764 acres; Curtis Islands, 128 acres and 19 acres; L'Espérance, 12 acres: total, 8,208 acres. Sunday Island is twenty miles in circumference, roughly triangular in shape, and at the highest point 1,723ft. above the sea-level. It is rugged and broken over a very large extent of its surface, and, except in a few places, covered with forest. The soil everywhere on the island is very rich, being formed by the decomposition of a dark-coloured pumiceous tuff and a black andesitic lava, with which is closely mixed a fine vegetable mould. The great luxuriance and richness of the vegetation bear witness to the excellence of the soil, which is everywhere—except where destroyed by eruptions, and on the steep cliffs—the same rich loam. Want of water is one of the drawbacks. Three of the four lakes on the island are fresh, but so difficult of approach as to be practically useless.
The Auckland Islands are about 290 miles south of Bluff Harbour, their position being given on the Admiralty chart as latitude 50° 31′ 29′ S., and longitude 166° 19′ 12″ E. They have several good harbours. Port Ross, at the north end of the principal island, was described by the eminent French commander, D'Urville, as one of the best harbours of refuge in the known world. At the southern end of the island there is a through passage extending from the east to the west coast. It has been variously named Adam's Strait and Carnley Harbour, and forms a splendid sheet of water. The largest of the islands is about 27 miles long by about 15 miles broad, and is very mountainous, the highest part being about 2,000ft. above the sea. The west coast is bold and precipitous, but the east coast has several inlets. The wood on the island is, owing to the strong prevailing wind, scrubby in character. The New Zealand Government maintains at this island a dépôt of provisions and clothing for the use of shipwrecked mariners.
The Cook Islands, with others recently annexed, have been specially referred to.
British sovereignty was proclaimed over New Zealand in January, 1840, and the country became a dependency of New South Wales until the 3rd May, 1841, when it was made a separate colony. The seat of Government was at Auckland, and the Executive included the Governor, and three gentlemen holding office as Colonial Secretary, Attorney-General, and Colonial Treasurer.
The successors of these gentlemen, appointed in August, 1841, May, 1842, and January, 1844, respectively, continued in office until the establishment of Responsible Government on the 7th May, 1856. Only one of them—Mr. Swainson, the Attorney-General—sat as a member of the first General Assembly, opened on the 27th May, 1854. During the session of that year there were associated with the permanent members of the Executive Council certain members of the General Assembly. These latter held no portfolios.
The Government of the colony was at first vested in the Governor, who was responsible only to the Crown; but in 1852 an Act granting representative institutions to the colony was passed by the Imperial Legislature. Under it the constitution of a General Assembly for the whole colony was provided for, to consist of a Legislative Council, the members of which were to be nominated by the Governor, and of an elective House of Representatives. The first session of the General Assembly was opened on the 27th May, 1854, but the members of the Executive were not responsible to Parliament. The first Ministers under a system of Responsible Government were appointed on the 18th April, 1856. By the Act of 1852 the colony was divided into six provinces, each to be presided over by an elective Superintendent, and to have an elective Provincial Council, empowered to legislate, except on certain specified subjects. The franchise amounted practically to household suffrage. In each case the election was for four years, but a dissolution of the Provincial Council by the Governor could take place at any time, necessitating a fresh election both of the Council and of the Superintendent. The Superintendent was chosen by the whole body of electors of the province; each member of the Provincial Council by the electors of a district. The Provincial Governments, afterwards increased to nine, remained as integral parts of the Constitution of the colony until the 1st November, 1876, when they were abolished by an Act of the General Assembly, that body having been vested with the power of altering the Constitution Act. On the same day an Act of the General Assembly which subdivided the colony (exclusive of the areas included within municipalities) into counties, and established a system of local county government, came into force.
The Governor is appointed by the King. His salary is £5,000 a year, with an annual allowance of £1,500 on account of his establishment, and of £500 for travelling-expenses, provided by the colony.
Members of the Legislative Council hold their seats under writs of summons from the Governor. Till the year 1891 the appointments were for life; but in September of that year an Act was passed making appointments after that time tenable for seven years only, though Councillors may be reappointed. In either case seats may be vacated by resignation or extended absence. Two members of the Council are aboriginal native chiefs.
The members of the House of Representatives are elected for three years from the time of each general election; but at any time a dissolution of Parliament by the Governor may render a general election necessary. Four of the members are representatives of Native constituencies. An Act was passed in 1887 which provided that, on the dissolution of the then General Assembly, the number of members to be thereafter elected to the House of Representatives should be seventy-four in all, of whom four were to be elected, under the provisions of the Maori Representation Acts, as representatives of Maori electors only. For the purposes of European representation the colony is divided into sixty-two electoral districts, four of which—the Cities of Auckland, Wellington, Christ-church, and Dunedin—return each three members, and all the other electorates one each.* Members of the House of Representatives are chosen by the votes of the inhabitants in every electoral district appointed for that purpose. By “The Members of the House of Representatives Disqualification Act, 1897,” no person, who, being a bankrupt within the meaning of “The Bankruptcy Act, 1892,” has not obtained an order of discharge under that Act shall be qualified to be nominated as a candidate for election, or to be elected, or to take his seat as a member of the House of Representatives, anything in “The Electoral Act, 1893,” or any other Act to the contrary notwithstanding.
In 1889 an amendment of the Representation Act was passed, which contained a provision prohibiting any elector from giving his vote in respect of more than one electorate at any election. “The Electoral Act, 1893,” extended to women of both races the right to register as electors, and to vote at the elections for members of the House of Representatives. The qualification for registration is the same for both sexes. No person is entitled to be registered on more than one electoral roll within the colony. Women are not qualified to be elected as members of the House of Representatives. The electoral laws are the subject of special comment further on in this work. Every man registered as an elector, and not coming within the meaning of section 8 of “The Electoral Act, 1893,” (i.e., alien, lunatic, public offender, defaulter, &c.), is qualified to be elected a member of the House of Representatives for any electoral district. For European representation every adult person, if resident one year in the colony and three months in one electoral district, can be registered as an elector. Freehold property of the value of £25 held for six months preceding the day of registration until 1896 entitled a man or woman to register, if not already registered under the residential qualification. But the Amendment Act of 1896 abolished the property qualification (except in case of existing registrations), and residence alone now entitles a man or woman to have his or her name placed upon an electoral roll. For Maori representation every adult Maori resident in any Maori electoral district (of which there are four only in the colony) can vote. Registration is not required in Native districts.
Up to the year 1865 the seat of Government of New Zealand was at Auckland. Several attempts were made by members of Parliament, by motions in the Legislative Council and House of Representatives, to have it removed to some more central place; but it was not until November, 1863, that Mr. Domett (the then ex-Premier) was successful in carrying resolutions in the House of Representatives that steps should be taken for appointing some place in Cook Strait as the permanent seat of Government in the colony. The resolutions adopted were: “(1.) That it has become necessary that the seat of Government in the colony should be transferred to some suitable locality in Cook Strait. (2.) That, in order to promote the accomplishment of this object, it is desirable that the selection of the particular site in Cook Strait should be left to the arbitrament of an impartial tribunal. (3.) That, with this view, a Bill should be introduced to give effect to the above resolutions.” On the 25th November an address was presented to the Governor, Sir George Grey, K.C.B., by the Commons of New Zealand, requesting that the Governors of the Colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, and Tasmania, might each be asked to appoint one Commissioner for the purpose of determining the best site in Cook Strait. Accordingly, the Hon. Joseph Docker, M.L.C., New South Wales; the Hon. Sir Francis Murphy, Speaker of the Legislative Council, Victoria; and R. C. Gunn, Esq., Tasmania, were appointed Commissioners.
* “The Representation Act, 1900,” provides that, on the expiration by effluxion of time or other sooner determination of the present General Assembly, the number of members for purposes of European representation to be thereafter elected to the House of Representatives shall be seventy-six instead of seventy, and that there are to be six new districts, one for each additional member.
These gentlemen, having made a personal inspection of all suitable places, arrived at the unanimous decision “that Wellington, in Port Nicholson, was the site upon the shores of Cook Strait which presented the greatest advantages for the administration of the government of the colony.”
The seat of Government was, therefore, in accordance with the recommendation of the Commissioners, removed to Wellington in February, 1865.
Nearly all the public works of New Zealand are in the hands of the Government of the colony, and in the early days they simply kept pace with the spread of settlement. In 1870, however, a great impetus was given to the progress of the whole country by the inauguration of the “Public Works and Immigration Policy,” which provided for carrying out works in advance of settlement. Railways, roads, and water-races were constructed, and immigration was conducted on a large scale. As a consequence, the population increased from 267,000 in 1871 to 501,000 in 1881, and to 772,455 in March, 1901, exclusive of Maoris.
SUCCESSION OF GOVERNORS OF NEW ZEALAND, AND THE DATES ON WHICH THEY ASSUMED AND RETIRED FROM THE GOVERNMENT.
Captain William Hobson, R.N., from Jan., 1840, to 10 Sept., 1842.
[British sovereignty was proclaimed by Captain Hobson in January, 1840, and New Zealand became a dependency of the Colony of New South Wales until 3rd May, 1841, at which date it was proclaimed a separate colony. From January, 1840, to May, 1841, Captain Hobson was Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand under Sir George Gipps, Governor of New South Wales, and from May, 1841, Governor of New Zealand; the seat of Government being at Auckland, where he died in September, 1842. From the time of Governor Hobson's death, in September, 1842, until the arrival of Governor Fitzroy, in December, 1843, the Government was carried on by the Colonial Secretary, Lieutenant Shortland.]
Lieutenant Shortland, Administrator, from 10 Sept., 1842, to 26 Dec., 1843.
Captain Robert Fitzroy, R.N., from 26 Dec., 1843, to 17 Nov., 1845.
Captain Grey (became Sir George Grey, K.C.B., in 1848), from 18 Nov., 1845, to 31 Dec., 1853.
[Captain Grey held the commission as Lieutenant-Governor of the colony until the 1st January, 1848, when he was sworn in as Governor-in-Chief over the Islands of New Zealand, and as Governor of the Province of New Ulster and Governor of the Province of New Munster. After the passing of the New Zealand Constitution Act, Sir George Grey was, on the 13th September, 1852, appointed Governor of the colony, the duties of which office he assumed on the 7th March, 1853. In August, 1847, Mr. E. J. Eyre was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Munster: he was sworn in, 28th January, 1848. On 3rd January, 1848, Major-General George Dean Pitt was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Ulster: he was sworn in, 14th February, 1848; died, 8th January, 1851; and was succeeded as Lieutenant-Governor by Lieutenant-Colonel Wynyard, appointed 14th April, 1851; sworn in, 26th April, 1851. The duties of the Lieutenant-Governor ceased on the assumption by Sir George Grey of the office of Governor, on the 7th March, 1853.]
Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Henry Wynyard, C.B., Administrator, from 3 Jan., 1854, to 6 Sept., 1855.
Colonel Thomas Gore Browne, C.B., from 6 Sept., 1855, to 2 Oct., 1861.
Sir George Grey, K.C.B., Administrator, from 3 Oct., 1861; Governor, from 4 Dec., 1861, to 5 Feb., 1868.
Sir George Ferguson Bowen, G.C.M.G., from 5 Feb., 1868, to 19 Mar., 1873.
Sir George Alfred Arney, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 21 Mar. to 14 June, 1873.
Sir James Fergusson, Baronet, P.C., from 14 June, 1873, to 3 Dec., 1874.
The Marquis of Normanby, P.C., G.C.M.G., Administrator, from 3 Dec., 1874; Governor, from 9 Jan., 1875, to 21 Feb., 1879.
James Prendergast, Esquire, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 21 Feb. to 27 Mar., 1879.
Sir Hercules George Robert Robinson, G.C.M.G., Administrator, from 27 Mar., 1879; Governor, from 17 April, 1879, to 8 Sept., 1880.
James Prendergast, Esquire, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 9 Sept. to 29 Nov., 1880.
The Honourable Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon, G.C.M.G., from 29 Nov., 1880, to 23 June, 1882.
Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 24 June, 1882, to 20 Jan., 1883.
Lieutenant - General Sir William Francis Drummond Jervois, G.C.M.G., C.B., from 20 Jan., 1S83, to 22 Mar., 1889.
Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 23 Mar. to 2 May, 1889.
The Earl of Onslow, G.C.M.G., from 2 May, 1889, to 24 Feb., 1892.
Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 25 Feb., to 6 June, 1892.
The Earl of Glasgow, G.C.M.G., from 7 June, 1892, to 6 Feb., 1897.
Sir James Prendergast, Chief Justice, Administrator, from 8 Feb., 1897, to 9th Aug., 1897.
The Earl of Ranfurly, G.C.M.G., from 10th Aug., 1897.
Sir W. Martin, appointed Chief Justice, 10 Jan., 1842. Resigned, 12 June, 1857.
H. S. Chapman, appointed, 26 Dec, 1843. Resigned, 30 July, 1850. Reappointed, 23 Mar., 1864. Resigned, 31 Mar., 1875.
S. Stephen, appointed, 30 July, 1850. Appointed Acting Chief Justice, 20 Oct., 1855. Died, 13 Jan., 1858.
Daniel Wakefield, appointed, Oct., 1855. Died, Oct., 1857.
Hon. H. B. Gresson, appointed temporarily, 8 Dec., 1857. Permanently, 1 July, 1862. Resigned, 31 Mar., 1875.
Sir G. A. Arney, appointed Chief Justice, 1 Mar., 1858. Resigned 31 Mar., 1875.
A. J. Johnston, appointed, 2 Nov., 1858. Died, 1 June, 1888.
C. W. Richmond, appointed, 20 Oct., 1862. Died, 3 Aug., 1895.
J. S. Moore, appointed temporarily, 15 May, 1866. Relieved, 30 June, 1868.
C. D. R. Ward, appointed temporarily, 1 Oct., 1868. Relieved, May, 1870. Appointed temporarily, 21 Sept., 1886. Relieved, 12 Feb., 1889.
Sir J. Prendergast, appointed Chief Justice, 1 April, 1875. Resigned, 25 May, 1899.
T. B. Gillies, appointed, 3 Mar., 1875. Died, 26 July, 1889.
J. S. Williams, appointed, 3 Mar., 1875.
J. E. Denniston, appointed, 11 Feb., 1889.
E. T. Conolly, appointed, 19 Aug., 1889.
Hon. Sir P. A. Buckley, K.C.M.G., appointed, 20 Dec., 1895. Died, 18 May, 1896.
W. B. Edwards, appointed, 11 July, 1896.
F. W. Pennefather, appointed temporarily, 25 April, 1898. Resigned, 24 April, 1899.
Hon. Sir Robert Stout, K.C.M.G., appointed Chief Justice, 22 June, 1899.
J. C. Martin, acting Judge, appointed, 12 April, 1900. Resigned, 4 Dec., 1900.
Theophilus Cooper, appointed, 21 Feb., 1901.
Willoughby Shortland, Colonial Secretary, from 3 May, 1841, to 31 Dec., 1843; succeeded by Mr. Sinclair.
Francis Fisher, Attorney-General, from 3 May to 10 Aug., 1841; succeeded by Mr. Swainson.
George Cooper, Colonial Treasurer, from 3 May, 1841, to 9 May, 1842; succeeded by Mr. Shepherd.
William Swainson, Attorney-General, from 10 Aug., 1841, to 7 May, 1856.
Alexander Shepherd, Colonial Treasurer, from 9 May, 1842, to 7 May, 1856.
Andrew Sinclair, Colonial Secretary, from 6 Jan., 1844, to 7 May, 1856.
[The three gentlemen last mentioned were nominated by Her late Majesty as ex officio members of the Executive Council. Two of them, the Colonial Secretary and the Colonial Treasurer, were not members of the General Assembly, opened for the first time 27th May, 1854, but all three remained in office until the establishment of Responsible Government.]
James Edward FitzGerald, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 14 June to 2 Aug., 1854.
Henry Sewell, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 14 June to 2 Aug., 1854.
Frederick Aloysius Weld, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 14 June to 2 Aug., 1854.
Francis Dillon Bell, M.L.C., without portfolio, from 30 June to 11 July, 1854.
Thomas Houghton Bartley, M.L.C., without portfolio, from 14 July to 2 Aug., 1854.
Thomas Spencer Forsaith, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.
Edward Jerningham Wakefield, M.H.R., without portfolio, from 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.
William Thomas Locke Travers, M.H.R., without portfolio, 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.
James Macandrew, M.H.R., without portfolio, 31 Aug. to 2 Sept., 1854.
|Parliament.||Date of Opening of Sessions.||Date of Prorogation.|
|First (dissolved 15th September, 1855)||27 May, 1854||9 August, 1854.|
|31 August, 1854||16 September, 1854.|
|8 August, 1855||15 September, 1855.|
|Second (dissolved 5th November, 1860)||15 April, 1856 (No session in 1857)||16 August, 1856.|
|10 April, 1858 (No session in 1859)||21 August, 1858.|
|30 July, 1860||5 November, 1860.|
|Third (dissolved 27th January, 1866)||3 June, 1861||7 September, 1861.|
|7 July, 1862||15 September, 1862.|
|19 October, 1863||14 December, 1863.|
|24 November, 1864||13 December, 1864.|
|26 July, 1865||30 October, 1865.|
|Fourth (dissolved 30th December, 1870)||30 June, 1866||8 October, 1866.|
|9 July, 1867||10 October, 1867.|
|9 July, 1868||20 October, 1868.|
|1 June, 1869||3 September, 1869.|
|14 June, 1870||13 September, 1870.|
|Fifth (dissolved 6th December, 1875)||14 August, 1871||16 November, 1871.|
|16 July, 1972||25 October, 1872.|
|15 July, 1873||3 October, 1873.|
|3 July, 1874||31 August, 1874.|
|20 July, 1875||21 October, 1875.|
|Sixth (dissolved 15tb August, 1879)||15 June, 1876||31 October, 1876.|
|19 July, 1877||10 December, 1877.|
|20 July, 1878||2 November, 1878.|
|11 July, 1879||11 August, 1879.|
|Seventh (dissolved 8th November, 1881)||24 September, 1879||19 December, 1879.|
|28 May, 1880||1 September, 1880.|
|9 June, 1881||24 September, 1881.|
|Eighth (dissolved 27th June, 1884)||18 May, 1882||15 September, 1882.|
|14 June 1883||8 September, 1888.|
|5 June 1884||24 June, 1884.|
|Ninth (dissolved 15th July, 1887)||7 August, 1884||10 November, 1884.|
|11 June, 1885||22 September, 1885.|
|13 May, 1886||18 August, 1886.|
|26 April, 1887||10 July, 1887.|
|Tenth (dissolved 3rd October, 1890)||6 October, 1887||23 December, 1887.|
|10 May, 1888||31 August, 1888.|
|20 June, 1889||19 September, 1889.|
|19 June, 1890||18 September, 1890.|
|Eleventh (dissolved 8th November, 1893)||23 January, 1891||31 January, 1891.|
|11 June, 1891||5 September, 1891.|
|23 June, 1892||12 October, 1892.|
|22 June, 1893||7 October, 1993.|
|Twelfth (dissolved 14th November, 1896)||21 June, 1894||24 October, 1894.|
|20 June, 1895||2 November, 1895.|
|11 June, 1896||19 October, 1896.|
|Thirteenth (dissolved 15th November, 1899)||7 April, 1897||12 April, 1897.|
|23 September, 1897||22 December, 1897.|
|24 June, 1898||5 November, 1898.|
|23 June, 1899||24 October, 1899.|
|Fourteenth||22nd June, 1900||22nd October, 1900.|
|1st July, 1901.|
|Name of Ministry.||Assumed Office.||Retired.|
|* Owing to the death of the Premier, the Hon. J. Ballance, on 27th April, 1893.|
|1. Bell-Sewell||7 May, 1856||20 May, 1856.|
|2. Fox||20 May, 1856||2 June, 1856.|
|3. Stafford||2 June, 1856||12 July, 1861.|
|4. Fox||12 July, 1861||6 August, 1862.|
|5. Domett||6 August, 1862||30 October, 1863.|
|6. Whitaker-Fox||30 October, 1863||24 November, 1864.|
|7. Weld||24 November, 1864||16 October, 1865.|
|8. Stafford||16 October, 1865||28 June, 1869.|
|9. Fox||28 June, 1869||10 September, 1872.|
|10. Stafford||10 September, 1872||11 October, 1872.|
|11. Waterhouse||11 October, 1872||3 March, 1873.|
|12. Fox||3 March, 1873||8 April, 1873.|
|13. Vogel||8 April, 1873||6 July, 1875.|
|14. Pollen||6 July, 1875||15 February, 1876.|
|15. Vogel||15 February, 1876||1 September, 1876.|
|16. Atkinson||1 September, 1876||13 September, 1876.|
|17. Atkinson (reconstituted)||13 September, 1876||13 October, 1877.|
|18. Grey||15 October, 1877||8 October, 1879.|
|19. Hall||8 October, 1879||21 April, 1882.|
|20. Whitaker||21 April, 1882||25 September, 1883.|
|21. Atkinson||25 September, 1883||16 August, 1884.|
|22. Stout-Vogel||16 August, 1884||28 August, 1884.|
|23. Atkinson||28 August, 1884||3 September, 1884.|
|24. Stout-Vogel||3 September, 1884||8 October, 1887.|
|25. Atkinson||8 October, 1887||24 January, 1891.|
|26. Ballance||24 January, 1891||1 May, 1893.*|
|27. Seddon||1 May, 1893.|
|Name of Premier.|
|Edward William Stafford.|
|Frederick Aloysius Weld.|
|Edward William Stafford.|
|Hon. Edward William Stafford.|
|George Marsden Waterhouse.|
|Hon. William Fox.|
|Hon. Julius Vogel, C.M.G.|
|Daniel Pollen, M.L.C.|
|Sir Julius Vogel, K.C.M.G.|
|Harry Albert Atkinson.|
|Harry Albert Atkinson (Ministry reconstituted).|
|Sir George Grey, K.C.B.|
|Hon. John Hall.|
|Frederick Whitaker, M.L.C.|
|Harry Albert Atkinson.|
|Harry Albert Atkinson.|
|Sir Robert Stout, K.C.M.G.|
|Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, K.C.M.G.|
|Rt. Hon. Richard John Seddon, P.C.|
|Name of Speaker.||Date of Appointment.||Date of Retirement or Death.|
|Hon. William Swainson||16 May, 1854||8 August, 1855.|
|Hon. Frederick Whitaker||8 August, 1855||12 May, 1856.|
|Hon. Thomas Houghton Bartley||12 May, 1856||1 July, 1868.|
|Hon. Sir John Larkins Cheese Richardson, Kt.||1 July, 1868||14 June, 1879.|
|Hon. Sir William Fitzherbert, K.C.M.G.||14 June, 1879||23 January, 1891.|
|Hon. Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, K.C.M.G.||23 January, 1891||28 June, 1892.|
|Hon. Sir Henry John Miller||8 July, 1892. 6 October, 1897.|
|Name of Speaker.||Date of Election.||Date of Retirement.|
|Sir Charles Clifford, Bart.||26 May, 1854|
|15 April, 1856||3 June, 1861.|
|Sir David Monro, Kt. Bach.||3 June, 1861|
|30 June, 1866||13 Sept., 1870.|
|Sir Francis Dillon Bell, K.C.M.G., C.B.||14 August, 1871||21 October, 1875.|
|Sir William Fitzherbert, K.C.M.G.||15 June, 1876||13 June, 1879.|
|Sir George Maurice O'Rorke, Kt. Bach.||11 July, 1879|
|24 September, 1879|
|18 May, 1882|
|7 August, 1864|
|6 October, 1887||3 October, 1890.|
|Hon. Major William Jukes Steward||23 January, 1891||8 November, 1893.|
|Hon. Sir George Maurice O'Rorke, Kt. Bach.||21 June, 1894|
6 April, 1897.
22 June, 1900.
Table of Contents
|Country represented.||Office held.||Name.||Place of Residence.|
|Belgium||Consul||Hon. Charles John Johnston||Wellington.|
|Belgium||Consul||Joseph James Kinsey||Christchurch.|
|Belgium||Consul||George Lyon Denniston||Dunedin.|
|Denmark||Consul (for North Island); Chief Consular Officer in New Zealand||Francis Henry Dillon Bell||Wellington.|
|Denmark||Consul (for South Island)||Emil Christian Skog||Christchurch.|
|Denmark||Vice Consul||Frederick Ehrenfrid Baume||Auckland.|
|Denmark||Vice Consul||William Edward Perry||Hokitika.|
|Denmark||Vice Consul||Peter Jorgen Wilhelm Holsted||Dunedin.|
|France||Consul (for New Zealand)||Count Louis Antoine Marie Joseph Henri De Courte||Wellington.|
|France||Hon. Vice Consul||Percival Clay Neill||Dunedin.|
|France||Consular Agent||George Humphreys||Christchurch.|
|German Empire||Consul - General for Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand, and Fiji||Paul Von Buri||Sydney.|
|German Empire||Consul||Carl Seegner||Auckland.|
|German Empire||Consul||Bendix Hallenstein||Dunedin.|
|German Empire||Consul||Philip Kippenberger||Christchurch.|
|German Empire||Consul||Friedrich August Krull||Wanganui.|
|German Empire||Vice-Consul||Eberhard Focke||Wellington.|
|Hawaiian Islands||Consul - General (for Australasia)||W. E. Dixon||Sydney.|
|Hawaiian Islands||Consul, Acting||George Dunnet||Auckland.|
|Italy||Consul - General (in Australia)||Commendatore P. Corte||Melbourne.|
|Italy||Consular Agent||Thomas Wallace||Christchurch.|
|Italy||Consular Agent||George Fisher||Wellington.|
|Italy||Consular Agent||Edward Bowes Cargill||Dunedin.|
|Italy||Consular Agent||Geraldo Giuseppe Perotti||Greymouth.|
|Italy||Consular Agent||Richard A. Carr||Auckland.|
|Japan||Consul||A. S. Aldrich||Wellington.|
|Netherlands||Consul-General||W. W. Bossehart||Melbourne.|
|Netherlands||Consul||Hon. Charles John Johnston||Wellington.|
|Netherlands||Vice-Consul||Edward Bowes Cargill||Dunedin.|
|Netherlands||Vice-Consul||Harold Featherston Johnston||Wellington.|
|Portugal||Vice-Consul||Henry Rees George||Auckland.|
|Portugal||Vice-Consul||Ian G. Duncan||Wellington.|
|Portugal||Vice-Consul||Charles William Rattray||Dunedin.|
|Spain||Acting ”||Thomas Jamieson||Christchurch|
|Spain||Honorary Vice-Consul||Alexander H. Turnbull||Wellington.|
|Sweden and Norway||Consul||Arthur Edward Pearce||Wellington.|
|Sweden and Norway||Vice-Consul||Frank Graham||Christchurch.|
|Sweden and Norway||Acting ”||Frederick E. Baume||Auckland.|
|United States||Consul (for New Zealand)||Frank Dillingham||Auckland.|
|United States||Vice-Consul||Leonard A. Bachelder||Auckland.|
|United States||Consular Agent||Robert Pitcaithley||Christchurch.|
|United States||Consular Agent||John Duncan||Wellington.|
|United States||Consular Agent||Frederick Orlando Bridgman||Dunedin.|
The Hon. W. P. Reeves, Westminster Chambers, 13, Victoria Street, S.W. Secretary—Walter Kennaway, C.M.G.
(DOWNING STREET, S.W., LONDON), with DATES OF APPOINTMENT.
Principal Secretary of State for the Colonies—The Right Hon.
Joseph Chamberlain, M.P., 28th June, 1895.
Under-Secretaries : Parliamentary—The Right Hon. the Earl of Onslow, G.C.M.G., November, 1900. Permanent—Sir Montague Frederick Ommaney, K.C.M.G., 1900.
Assistant Under-Secretaries: Frederick Graham, 1st March, 1897; Charles P. Lucas; H. B. Cox (Legal); and Reginald L. Antrobus, C.B.
Crown Agents—Ernest Edward Blake, Major Maurice Alexander Cameron, R.E., C.M.G., and William Hepworth Mercer.
Buller, Sir Walter Lawry, F.R.S., C.M.G., 1875; K.C.M.G., 1886.
Cadman, Hon. Alfred Jerome, C.M.G., 1901.
Grace, Hon. Morgan Stanislaus, C.M.G., 1890.
Gresson, Hon. H.B., 1877.
Gudgeon, Lieut.-Colonel Walter Edward, C.M.G., 1901.
Hall, Hon. Sir John, K.C.M.G., 1882.
Hector, Sir James, F.R.S., C.M.G., 1875; K.C.M.G., 1887.
Kennaway, Walter, Esq., C.M.G., 1897.
McKenzie, Hon. Sir John, K.C.M.G., 1901.
Miller, Hon. Sir Henry John, Knt.
O'Rorke, Hon. Sir George Maurice, Knt. Bach., 1880.
Perceval, Sir Westby Brook, K.C.M.G, 1894.
Prendergast, Hon. Sir James, Knt. Bach., 1881.
Richardson, Hon. Edward, C.M.G., 1879.
Roberts, John, Esq., C.M.G., 1891.
Seddon, Right Hon. Richard John, P.C., 1897.
Stout, Hon. Sir Robert, K.C.M.G., 1886.
Walker, Hon. William Campbell, C.M.G., 1901.
Ward, Hon. Sir Joseph George, K.C.M.G., 1901.
Whitmore, Hon. Colonel Sir George Stoddart, C.M.G., 1869; K.C.M.G., 1882.
By despatch from the Secretary of State for the Colonies, dated Downing Street, 15th June, 1893, His Excellency the Governor was apprised that the title of “Honourable,” appertaining to Members of the Executive and Legislative Councils in colonies possessing Responsible Government, whether confined to duration of office or continued for life, was approved by Her late Majesty for use and recognition throughout her dominions, either during office or for life, as the case may be.
By further despatch of 10th March, 1894, the Secretary of State announced that he was prepared in future to submit for the approval of the Sovereign the recommendation of the Governor of any colony having Responsible Government that the President of the Legislative Council or the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly may, on quitting office after three years' service in their respective offices, be permitted to retain the title of “Honourable.” This title is now held by Sir G. M. O'Rorke and Major William Jukes Steward.
Besides the Members of the Executive and Legislative Councils, the following ex-Ministers whose names do not appear in the list given above are allowed, as such, to retain the title of “Honourable”: Bryce, John, 1884; Fergus, Thomas, 1891; Haultain, Colonel T. M., 1870; Hislop, Thomas W., 1891; Johnston, Walter W., 1884; Mitchelson, Edwin, 1891; Oliver, Richard, 1884; Reeves, William P., 1896; Richardson, George F., 1891; Rolleston, William, 1884; Thompson, Thomas, 1900; Tole, Joseph A., 1888.
RANFURLY, His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Uchter John Mark, fifth Earl of (Ireland, 1831), Viscount Northland, (1791), Baron Welles (1781), Lord-in-Waiting to Her Majesty (1895–97), Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George; Knight of Justice and Member of the Council of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem; son of third earl, brother of fourth earl; born 14th August, 1856; succeeded, 1875; married, 1880, the Honourable Constance Elizabeth, only child of seventh Viscount Charlemont, C.B. Living issue: One son (Viscount Northland), two daughters (Ladies Constance and Eileen Knox). Appointed 6th April, 1897, and assumed office 10th August, 1897, as Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over Her Majesty's Colony of New Zealand and its Dependencies. Salary, £5,000. Allowance on account of establishment £1,500, and travelling-expenses £500 per annum. The allowance is not payable for any period during which the Governor is absent from the colony. Residences: Northland House, Dungannon, Ireland; Government House, Wellington; Government House, Auckland.
Private Secretary and Aide-de-Camp: Dudley Alexander (Captain, “The Prince of Wales's Own,” West Yorkshire Regiment).
Assistant Private Secretary: The Honourable Charles Edward Hill-Trevor.
ADMINISTRATOR OF THE GOVERNMENT. — The Chief Justice appointed under a dormant commission.
THE annual appropriation for Ministers' salaries is fixed by statute at the sum of £8,900, of which £1,600 is for the Prime Minister, £1,300 for the Minister for Railways, and £1,000 for each of six other Ministers. All Ministers to whom salaries are appropriated are members of the Executive Council, holding one or more of the offices specified by law. Members of the Executive Council travelling within the colony on public service are entitled to allowance not exceeding £1 10s. per day when so engaged, but not during the time a Minister is attending a session of the General Assembly. The members of the Executive Council to whom salaries are payable, and who are not otherwise provided with residences at the seat of Government, are entitled to an allowance in lieu thereof at the rate of £200 a year.
The Executive Council now consists of:—
His Excellency the GOVERNOR presiding.
Rt. Hon. Richard John Seddon, P.O., Prime Minister, Colonial Treasurer, Minister of Labour, and Minister of Defence.
Hon. Sir Joseph George Ward, K.C.M.G., Minister for Railways, Colonial Secretary, Postmaster-General and Commissioner of Electric Telegraphs, Minister of Industries and Commerce, and Minister of Public Health.
Hon. James Carroll, Native Minister and Commissioner of Stamp Duties.
Hon. William Campbell Walker, C.M.G., Minister of Education and Minister of Immigration.
Hon. William Hall-Jones, Minister for Public Works and Minister of Marine.
Hon. James McGowan, Minister of Justice and Minister of Mines. (23rd January, 1900.)
Hon. Thomas Young Duncan, Minister of Lands and Minister for Agriculture. (2nd July, 1900.)
Hon. Charles Houghton Mills, Commissioner of Trade and Customs. (29th October, 1900.)
Clark of the Executive Council—Alexander James Willis.
Table of Contents
The number of members at present constituting the Legislative Council is forty-six. The number cannot be less than ten, but is otherwise unlimited. Prior to 1891 Councillors summoned by the Governor held their appointments for life; but on the 17th of September of that year an Act was passed giving the Council power to elect its own Speaker for a period of five years, and making future appointments to the Council tenable for seven years only, to be reckoned from the date of the writ of summons of the Councillor's appointment, though every such Councillor may be reappointed. The qualifications are that the person to be appointed be of the full age of twenty-one years, and a subject of His Majesty, either natural-born or naturalised by or under any Act of the Imperial Parliament or by or under any Act of the General Assembly of New Zealand. All contractors to the public service to an amount of over £50 and Civil servants of the colony are ineligible as Councillors. Payment of Councillors is at the rate of £150 a year, payable monthly. Actual travelling-expenses to and from Wellington are also allowed. A deduction of £1 5s. per sitting day is made in case of an absence, except through illness or other unavoidable cause, exceeding five sitting days in any one session. Under “The Legislative Council Act, 1891,” a seat is vacated by any member of the Council: (1.) If he takes any oath or makes any declaration or acknowledgment of allegiance, obedience, or adherence to any foreign Prince or Power; or (2), if he does, or concurs in, or adopts any act whereby he may become a subject or citizen of any foreign State or Power, or is entitled to the rights, privileges, or immunities of a subject of any foreign State or Power; or (3), if he is a bankrupt, or compounds with his creditors under any Act for the time being in force; or (4), if he is a public defaulter, or is attainted of treason, or is convicted of felony or any infamous crime; or (5), if he resigns his seat by writing under his hand addressed to and accepted by the Governor; or (6), if for more than one whole session of the General Assembly he fails, without permission of the Governor notified to the Council, to give his attendance in the Council. By the Standing Orders of the Council, the presence of one-fourth of the members of the Council, exclusive of those who have leave of absence, is necessary to constitute a meeting for the exercise of its powers. This rule, however, may be altered from time to time by the Council.
The ordinary sitting-days are Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, from 2.30 p.m. to 5 p.m., resuming again at 7.30 when necessary.
Speaker—The Hon. Sir HENRY JOHN MILLER, Kt.
Chairman of Committees—The Hon. WILLIAM DOUGLAS HALL BAILLIE.
|Name.||Provincial District.||Date of Appointment.|
* Reappointed, 16th October, 1899.
† Life Member.
‡ Reappointed, 6th June, 1900.
* Reappointed, 14th October, 1899.
|Arkwright, the Hon. Francis||Wellington.||13 December, 1895.|
|Baillie, the Hon. William Douglas Hall||Marlborough.||8 March, 1861.†|
|Barnicoat, the Hon. John Wallis||Nelson.||14 May, 1883.†|
|Bolt, the Hon. William Mouat||Otago.||15 October, 1892.*|
|Bonar, the Hon. James Alexander||Westland.||27 June, 1868.†|
|Bowen, the Hon. Charles Christopher||Canterbury.||20 January, 1891.†|
|Cadman, the Hon. Alfred Jerome, C.M.G.||Auckland.||21 December, 1899.|
|Feldwick, the Hon. Henry||Otago.||15 October, 1892.*|
|Fraser, the Hon. Francis Humphris||Wellington.||22 June, 1899.|
|Gourley, the Hon. Hugh||Dunedin.||22 June, 1899.|
|Grace, the Hon. Morgan Stanislaus, C.M.G||Wellington.||13 May, 1870.†|
|Harris, the Hon. Benjamin||Auckland.||3 February, 1897.|
|Holmes, the Hon. Mathew||Otago.||19 June, 1866.†|
|Jenkinson, the Hon. John Edward||Canterbury.||6 June, 1893.‡|
|Jennings, the Hon. William Thomas||Auckland.||15 October, 1892.*|
|Johnston, the Hon. Charles John||Wellington.||20 January, 1891.†|
|Jones, the Hon. George||Otago.||13 December, 1895.|
|Kelly, the Hon. Thomas||Taranaki.||15 October, 1892.*|
|Kelly, the Hon. William||Auckland.||3 February, 1897.|
|Kenny, the Hon. Courtney William Aylmer Thomas||Marlborough.||15 May, 1885.†|
|Kerr, the Hon. James||Westland.||15 October, 1892.*|
|Louisson, the Hon. Charles||Canterbury.||22 December, 1900.|
|McKenzie, the Hon. Sir John, K.C.M.G.||Otago.||17 May, 1901.|
|McLean, the Hon. George||Otago.||19 December, 1881.†|
|Miller, the Hon. Sir Henry John, Kt. (Speaker)||Otago.||8 July, 1865.†|
|Montgomery, the Hon. William||Canterbury.||15 October, 1892.*|
|Morris, the Hon. George Bentham||Auckland.||15 May, 1885.†|
|Ormond, the Hon. John Davies||Hawke's Bay.||20 January, 1891.†|
|Peacock, the Hon. John Thomas||Canterbury.||9 October, 1877.†|
|Pinkerton, the Hon. David||Otago.||3 February, 1897.|
|Pitt, the Hon. Albert, Lieut.-Colonel||Nelson.||23 December, 1899.|
|Reeves, the Hon. Richard Harman Jeffares||Nelson.||13 December, 1895.|
|Rigg, the Hon. John||Wellington.||6 June, 1893.‡|
|Scotland, the Hon. Henry||Taranaki.||24 February, 1868.†|
|Shrimski, the Hon. Samuel Edward||Otago.||15 May, 1885.†|
|Smith, the Hon. Alfred Lee||Otago.||18 June, 1898.|
|Smith, the Hon. William Cowper||Hawke's Bay.||13 December. 1895.|
|Stevens, the Hon. Edward Cephas John||Canterbury.||7 March, 1882.†|
|Swanson, the Hon. William||Auckland.||15 May, 1885.†|
|Taiaroa, the Hon. Hori Kerei||Otago.||15 May, 1885.†|
|Tomoana, the Hon. Henare||Hawke's Bay.||24 June, 1898.|
|Twomey, the Hon. Jeremiah Matthew||Canterbury.||18 June, 1898.|
|Walker, the Hon. Lancelot||Canterbury.||15 May, 1885.†|
|Walker, the Hon. William Campbell, C.M G.||Canterbury||15 October, 1892.*|
|Whitmore, the Hon. Sir George Stoddart, K.C.M.G.||Hawke's Bay||31 August, 1863.†|
|Williams, the Hon. Henry||Auckland||7 March, 1882.†|
Clerk of Parliaments, Clerk of the Legislative Council, and Examiner of Standing Orders upon Private Bills—Leonard Stowe.
Clerk-Assistant—Arthur Thomas Bothamley.
Second Clerk-Assistant—George Moore.
Interpreter—Henry S. Hadfield.
The number of members constituting the House of Representatives is seventy-four—seventy Europeans and four Maoris.‡ This number was fixed by the Act of 1887, which came for the first time into practical operation at the general election of 1890. Previously (from 1881) the House consisted of ninety-five members—ninety-one Europeans and four Maoris. The North Island at present returns thirty-four European members, and the Middle Island thirty-six. The Cities of Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, and Dunedin return each three members, and all other electoral districts one each. The elections are triennial, except in the case of a dissolution by the Governor. Every registered elector, being of the male sex, and free from any of the disqualifications mentioned in section 8 of “The Electoral Act, 1893,” is eligible for membership. All contractors to the public service of New Zealand to whom any public money above the sum of £50 is payable, directly or indirectly, in any one financial year, as well as the Civil servants of the colony, are incapable of being elected as, or of sitting or voting as, members. The payment made to members of the House of Representatives is £20 per month, amounting to £240 per annum. £2 for every sitting-day exceeding five is deducted on account of absence during session not due to sickness or other unavoidable cause. Travelling-expenses to and from Wellington are also allowed. This scale of payment came into force on the 1st January, 1893, under the provisions of “The Payment of Members Act, 1892.” Twenty members, inclusive of the Speaker, constitute a quorum. Unless otherwise ordered, the sitting-days of the House are Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, from 2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m., resuming at 7.30 p.m. Order of admission to the Speaker's Gallery is by ticket obtained from the Speaker. The Strangers' Gallery is open free to the public.
‡ See foot-note on page 16, ante.
Speaker—The Hon. Sir GEORGE MAURICE O'RORKE, Kt. Bach.
Chairman of Committees—ARTHUR ROBERT GUINNESS.
|Name.||Electoral District.||Date of Notification of Return of Writ.|
|For European Electorates.|
|Allen, Edmund Giblett||Waikouaiti.||27 December, 1899.|
|Allen, James||Bruce.||27 December, 1899.|
|Arnold, James Frederick||City of Dunedin.||27 December, 1899.|
|Atkinson, Arthur Richmond||City of Wellington.||27 December, 1899.|
|Barclay, Alfred Richard||City of Dunedin.||27 December, 1899.|
|Bennet, James||Tuapeka.||27 December, 1899.|
|Bollard, John||Eden.||27 December, 1899.|
|Buddo, David||Kaiapoi.||27 December, 1899.|
|Carncross, Walter Charles Frederick||Taieri.||27 December, 1899.|
|Carroll, Hon. James||Waiapu.||27 December, 1899.|
|Collins, William Whitehouse||City of Christchurch.||27 December, 1899.|
|Colvin, James||Buller.||27 December, 1899.|
|Duncan, Hon. Thomas Young||Oamaru.||27 December, 1899.|
|Ell, Henry George||City of Christchurch||27 December, 1899.|
|Field, William Hughes||Otaki.||11 January, 1900.|
|Fisher, George||City of Wellington.||27 December, 1899.|
|Flatman, Frederick Robert||Geraldine.||27 December, 1899.|
|Fowlds, George||City of Auckland.||27 December, 1899.|
|Fraser, Alfred Levavasour Durell||Napier.||27 December, 1899.|
|Fraser, William||Wakatipu.||27 December, 1899.|
|Gilfedder, Michael||Wallace.||27 December, 1899.|
|Graham, John||City of Nelson.||27 December, 1899.|
|Guinness, Arthur Robert||Grey.||27 December, 1899.|
|Hall, Charles||Waipawa.||27 December, 1899.|
|Hall-Jones, Hon. William||Timaru.||27 December, 1899.|
|Hanan, Josiah Alfred||Invercargill.||27 December, 1899.|
|Hardy, Charles Albert Creery||Selwyn.||27 December, 1899.|
|Herries, William Herbert||Bay of Plenty.||27 December, 1899.|
|Hogg, Alexander Wilson||Masterton.||27 December, 1899.|
|Hornsby, John Thomas Marryat||Wairarapa.||27 December, 1899.|
|Houston, Robert Morrow||Bay of Islands.||27 December, 1899.|
|Hutcheson, John||City of Wellington.||27 December, 1899.|
|——||Patea.||27 December, 1899.|
|Lang, Frederic William||Waikato.||27 December, 1899.|
|Laurenson, George||Lyttelton.||27 December, 1899.|
|Lawry, Frank||Parnell.||27 December, 1899.|
|Lethbridge, Frank Yates||Rangitikei.||27 December, 1899.|
|——||City of Christchurch.||27 December, 1899.|
|Mackenzie, Thomas||Waihemo.||23 July, 1900.|
|McGowan, Hon. James||Thames.||27 December, 1899.|
|McGuire, Felix||Hawera.||27 December, 1899.|
|McKenzie, Roderick||Motueka.||27 December, 1899.|
|McLachlan, John||Ashburton,||27 December, 1899.|
|McNab, Robert||Mataura.||27 December, 1899.|
|Massey, William Ferguson||Franklin.||27 December, 1899.|
|Meredith, Richard||Ashley.||27 December, 1899.|
|Millar, John Andrew||City of Dunedin.||27 December, 1899.|
|Mills, Hon. Charles Houghton||Wairau.||27 December, 1899.|
|Monk, Richard||Waitemata.||27 December, 1899.|
|Morrison, Arthur||Caversham.||27 December, 1899.|
|Napier, William Joseph||City of Auckland.||27 December, 1899.|
|O'Meara, John||Pahiatua.||27 December, 1899.|
|O'Rorke, Hon. Sir George Maurice, Kt. Bach.||Manukau.||27 December, 1899.|
|Palmer, Jackson||Ohinemuri.||27 December, 1899.|
|Pirani, Frederick||Palmerston.||27 December, 1899.|
|Rhodes, Robert Heaton||Ellesmere.||27 December, 1899.|
|Russell, George Warren||Riccarton.||27 December, 1899.|
|Russell, William Russell||Hawke's Bay.||27 December, 1899.|
|Seddon, Rt. Hon. Richard John, P.C.||Westland.||27 December, 1899.|
|Smith, Edward Metcalf||Taranaki.||27 December, 1899.|
|Stevens, John||Manawatu.||27 December, 1899.|
|Steward, Hon. William Jukes||Waitaki.||27 December, 1899.|
|Symes, Walter||Egmont.||27 December, 1899.|
|Tanner, William Wilcox||Avon.||27 December, 1899.|
|Thompson, Robert||Marsden||27 December, 1899.|
|Thomson, James William||Clutha.||27 December, 1899.|
|Ward, Hon. Sir Joseph George, K.C.M.G.||Awarua.||27 December, 1899.|
|Wilford, Thomas Mason||Suburbs of Wellington||27 December, 1899.|
|Willis, Archibald Dudingston||Wanganui.||27 December, 1899.|
|Witheford, Joseph Howard||City of Auckland.||8 May, 1900.|
|For Maori Electorates.||Day of Election.|
|Heke, Hone||Northern Maori.||9 January, 1901.*|
|Kaihau, Henare||Western Maori.||19 December, 1899.|
|Parata, Tame||Southern Maori.||19 December, 1899.|
|Pere, Wi||Eastern Maori||19 December, 1899.|
Clerk of House of Representatives—H. Otterson.
Clerk-Assistant—A. J. Rutherfurd.
Second Clerk-Assistant—A. F. Lowe.
Reader and Clerk of Bills and Papers—E. W. Kane.
Chief Hansard Reporter—Silas Spragg.
Interpreters—L. M. Grace, W. E. Goff.
Clerk of Writs—H. Pollen.
Deputy Clerk of Writs— —.
* Writ indorsed, 31st January, 1901.
Table of Contents
Colonial Secretary—Hon. J. G. Ward
Chief Clerk—R. F. Lynch
Clerks—J. F. Andrews, L. W. Loveday
Officer in Charge of Government Buildings—W. H. Hennah
Controller and Auditor-General—J. K. Warburton.
Assistant Controller and Auditor—J. C. Gavin
Chief Clerk—L. C. Roskruge
Clerks—W. Dodd, H. S. Pollen, W. G. Holdsworth, E. J. A. Stevenson, C. M. Georgeson, J. H. Fowler, J. Skerrett, R. A. Gray
Cadets—C. E. Easton, G. V. Bogle
Cadette—E. A. Casey
Extra Clerks—D. C. Innes, J. Swift, A. E. Bybles, J. Ward, C. E. Briggs, E. E. Smythe, J. McC. Hamilton, T. S. Hamer
Audit Officer, Agent-General's Office, London—C. F. W. Palliser
Audit Inspectors—P. P. Webb, A. H. Maclean, J. King, A. W. Eames, G. H. I. Easton, C. P. Johnson, J. T. Dumbell, W. H. Carlyle, H. A. Lamb, B. A. Meek, A. A. Bethune
Registrar-General—E. J. Von Dadelszen
Chief Clerk and Deputy Registrar-General—G. Drury
Clerks—F. H. Machattie, W. W. Cook, Ben Keys
Index Clerk—S. Coffey
Four Chief Towns.
Auckland—E. H. Lyons
Wellington—F. W. Mansfield
Christchurch—J. W. Parkerson
Dunedin—W. J. Hall
Government Printer, Stationery Office Manager, and Controller of Stamp Printing—John Mackay
Superintending Overseer—J. Burns
Chief Clerk and Accountant—B. B. Allen
Clerk and Computer—N. B. K. Manley
Clerks — F. Barraud, J. W. Hall, R. Watts, A. Stace, A. Williams
Hansard Supervisor—M. F. Marks
Overseers—J. J. Gamble, B. Wilson
Sub-overseer, Jobbing-room—G. Tattle
Overseer, Machine-room—J. Phillips
Overseer, Binding Branch—W. Franklin
Sub-overseer, Binding Branch — G. H. Broad
Night Foreman—J. F. Rogers
Stamp Printer—H. Hume
Stereotyper and Electrotyper—W. J. Kirk
Readers—W. Fuller, H. S. Mountier
Forewoman, Binding Branch — Miss O'Malley
Engineer—T. R. Barrer
Colonial Treasurer—Rt. Hon. R. J. Seddon, P.C.
Secretary to the Treasury, Receiver-General, Paymaster-General, and Registrar of New Zealand Consols—James B. Heywood
Accountant to the Treasury—Robert J. Collins Cashier—C. E. Chittey
Corresponding Clerk—H. Blundell
Clerks—C. Meacham, R. B. Vincent, W. E. Cooper, E. L. Mowbray, A. O. Gibbes, J. Holmes, J. Eman Smith, H. N. W. Church, J. Radcliffe, A. J. Morgan, T. J. Davis, F. H. Tuckey, W. Wilson
Cadets—G. A. Fraser, E. J. Fitzgibbon, W. Gillanders, O. V. Gillespie, J. Christie
Cadettes—L. McIntosh, E. Fisher, R. Macky
Officer for Payment of Imperial Pensions at Auckland—B. J. Daveney
Revising Barrister—L. G. Reid
Clerk—C. T. Benzoni
Auckland—John King, Registrar of Electors
Wellington—F. W. Mansfield, Registrar of Births, &c.
Christchurch—L. C. Williams, Registrar of Electors
Dunedin—James Taylor, Deputy Registrar of Births, &c.
(In all other Pension Districts Clerks of the Magistrates' Courts are the Deputy Registrars)
Deputy Commissioner—G. F. C. Campbell
Chief Clerk—F. J. M. D. Walmsley
Clerks—A. J. McGowan, H. Nancarrow, J. M. King, W. M. Tyers, J. W. Black, C. V. Kreeft, G. W. Jänisch, D. R. Purdie, D. G. Clark, J. Stevenson, J. R. Smyth, E. Randell, R. Hepworth, S. Ruddock, J. Ferguson
Cadets—E. Panting, C. E. J. Dowland, H. A. Anderson, C. J. Lovatt
Minister of Justice—Hon. Jas. McGowan
Translator—G. H. Davies
Chief Clerk—C. B. Jordan
Clerks—C. E. Matthews, G. F. Dixon, A. Thompson
Solicitor-General — F. Fitchett, M.A., LL.D.
Assistant Law Officer—L. G. Reid
Clerk—E. Y. Redward
Registrar of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks—F. Waldegrave
Deputy Registrar—J. C. Lewis
Clerks—W. J. Organ, Mary Eyre
Supreme Court Judges.
Wellington—Sir R. Stout, K.C.M.G.
Wellington—W. B. Edwards, Theo. Cooper
Auckland—E. T. Conolly
Christchurch—J. E. Denniston
Dunedin—J. S. Williams
District Court Judges.
Wairarapa, Wanganui, New Plymouth, Hawera, and Palmerston North—C. C. Kettle
Nelson—H. W. Robinson
Ashburton, Timaru, Oamaru, Queenstown, Naseby, Lawrence, Invercargill, Hokitika, Greymouth, Westport, Reefton, and Kumara—C. D. R. Ward
Registrars of the Supreme Court.
Auckland—H. C. Brewer
New Plymouth—R. L. Stanford
Wanganui—C. C. Kettle
Gisborne—W. A. Barton
Wellington—D. G. A. Cooper
Nelson—H. W. Robinson
Christchurch—A. R. Bloxam
Hokitika—V. G. Day
Dunedin—C. McK. Gordon
Auckland—H. C. Brewer
Taranaki—A. H. Holmes
Hawke's Bay—A. Turnbull
Poverty Bay—W. A. Barton Wellington—D. G. A. Cooper
Wanganui and Rangitikei—C. A. Barton
Westland North—E. C. Kelling
Central Westland—H. Lucas
Marlborough—J. B. Stoney
Canterbury—A. R. Bloxam
Timaru—C. A. Wray
Westland—V. G. Day
Otago—C. McK. Gordon
Southland—J. R. Colyer
Auckland—Hon. J. A. Tole
New Plymouth—A. Standish
Gisborne—J. W. Nolan
Napier—A. J. Cotterill
Wanganui—S. T. Fitzherbert
Nelson—C. Y. Fell
Christchurch—T. W. Stringer
Timaru—J. W. White
Dunedin—J. F. M. Fraser
Invercargill—T. M. Macdonald
Oamaru—A. G. Creagh
Crown Prosecutors (District Courts).
New Plymouth—A. Standish
Hawera—E. L. Barton
Wanganui and Palmerston North—S. T. Fitzherbert
Masterton—A. R. Bunny
Nelson—C. Y. Fell
Westport and Reefton—C. E. Harden
Timaru—J. W. White
Oamaru—A. G. Creagh
Invercargill—T. M. Macdonald
Auckland—H. W. Brabant
Pokeno, Waikato, &c.—H. W. Northcroft
Onehunga, &c.—T. Hutchison*
Russell, &c.—E. C. Blomfield
Tauranga, &c.—J. M. Roberts*
Thames, &c.—R. S. Bush*
Gisborne, &c.—W. A. Barton
New Plymouth—R. L. Stanford
Hawera, &c.—H. Eyre-Kenny
Wanganui, &c.—C. C. Kettle
Palmerston North, &c.—A. Greenfield
Wellington, &c.—W. R. Haselden
Wairarapa, &c.—W. P. James
Napier &c.—A. Turnbull
Nelson—H. W. Robinson*
Motueka, Collingwood, &c. — Wilson Heaps*
Blenheim, &c.—J. Allen*
Christchurch, &c.—R. Beetham
Kaiapoi, &c.—H. W. Bishop
Timaru, &c.—C. A. Wray
Greymouth, Westport, &c. — R. S Hawkins*
Hokitika, &c.—D. Macfarlane*
Dunedin, &c.—E. H. Carew* and C. C. Graham
Oamaru, &c.—J. Keddell*
Milton, &c.—H. A. Stratford*
Clyde, &c.—F. J. Burgess*
Invercargill, &c.—S. E. McCarthy*
Chatham Islands—R. S. Florance
Official Assignees in Bankruptcy.
Auckland—J. Lawson, J.P.
Wellington—J. Ashcroft, J.P.
Christchurch—G. L. Greenwood
Dunedin—C. C. Graham, S.M.
Clerks of District and Magistrates' Courts.
New Plymouth—A. H. Holmes
Wanganui—C. A. Barton
Palmerston North—W. Matravers
Nelson—C. H. Webb-Bowen
Hokitika—A. A. Mair
Kumara—T. M. Lawlor
Westport—E. C. Kelling
Ashburton—T. W. Tayler
Oamaru—R. P. Ward
Invercargill—J. R. Colyer
Lawrence—A. M. Eyes
Reveivers of Gold Revenue, Mining Registrars, and Clerks of Wardens' and Magistrates' Courts.
Paeroa—T. A. Moresby
Te Aroha—E. W. Cave
Tauranga—W. A. Thom
Whangarei—G. M. Robertshaw
Havelock (Marlborough)—H. McArdle
* Are also Wardens of Goldfields. Nelson—C. H. Webb-Bowen
Motueka—H. E. Gilbert
Westport—E. C. Kelling
Charleston—T. A. Godfrey
Kumara—T. M. Lawlor
Hokitika—A. A. Mair
Naseby, &c.—F. Hart
Clyde, Black's, and Alexandra—F. T. D. Jeffrey
Queenstown and Arrowtown—
Lawrence—A. M. Eyes
Riverton—A. G. Ashby
Clerks of Magistrates' Courts.
Auckland—H. G. Ralfe
Gisborne—G. J. Johnstone
Napier—R. B. Mathias
Stratford—J. B. Stoney
Marton, &c.—F. M. Deighton
Wellington—A. D. Thomson
Dunedin—W. G. P. O'Callaghan
Chief Judge—G. B. Davy
Judges—A. Mackay, D. Scannell, H. W. Brabant, W. J. Butler, H. F. Edger, W. G. Mair, H. D. Johnson, J. M. Batham
Registrars — Auckland, J. W. Browne; Gisborne, J. Brooking; Wellington, R. C. Sim
Commissioners of the Native Land Court.
R. S. Bush, J. Booth, A. Turnbull, E. C. Blomfield, C. C. Kettle, J. M. Roberts, W. Stuart, H. W. Bishop, E. H. Carew, H. E. Kenny, R. L. Stanford, T. Hutchison, H. W. Robinson, R. S. Florance: Sub - Commissioners — J. Brooking, W. A. Thom
Government Native Agent, Otorohanga—G. T. Wilkinson
Chief Judge—G. B. Davy
Judges—The Judges of the Native Land Court
Registrars—The Registrars of the Native Land Court
Coroners—Auckland, A. McArthur, E. Baker, T. Gresham; Coromandel, A. R. H. Swindley; Collingwood, E. Davidson; Foxton, E. S. Thynne; Hamilton, J. S. Bond; Hawera, C. E. Major; Hokitika, R. W. Wade; Marton, A. Ross; Ohakana, Ohiwa, S. Bates; Otahuhu, S. Luke; Otaki. W. H. Simcox; Paeroa, W. Forrest; Pahi, J. B. Ariell; Palmerston North, G. M. Snelson; Port Albert, L. P. Becroft; Queenstown, L. Hotop; Raglan, W. H. Wallis; Midhirst, J. Mackay; Thames, A. Bruce; Tauranga, A. C. H. Tovey; Te Awamutu, J. B. Teasdale; Te Kopuru, T. Webb; Waimate, E. M. Williams; Waipawa, S. Johnson: Wellington, J. Ashcroft; Whangarei, J. M. Killen; Woodville, E. J. Gothard. All Stipendiary Magistrates are ex officio Coroners.
Commissioner—John Bennett Tunbridge
Clerks—John Evans, John Tasker, William John Mahoney
Inspectors—Peter Pender, William Stone Pardy, John Cullen, John Wybrant Ellison, Robert James Gillies, Terence O'Brien, Ewen Macdonell
Sub-Inspectors—Nicholas Kiely, Edward Wilson, Alfred James Mitchell, Patrick Black
Inspector—Lieut.-Colonel Arthur Hume, N.Z.M.
Clerk—T. E. Richardson
Gaolers — Auckland, Francis Egerton Severne, Dunedin, Samuel Charles Phillips; Hokitika, Thomas Rosson Pointon, Invercargill, John Henry Bratby; Lyttelton, Matthew Michael Cleary; Napier, Michael Flannery; New Plymouth, Bartholomew Lloyd O'Brien; Wanganui, Robert T. N. Beasley; Wellington, Patrick Samuel Garvey
Minister of Labour — Rt. Hon. R. J. Seddon, P.C.
Secretary for Labour and Chief Inspector of Factories—E. Tregear
Chief Clerk—James Mackay
Clerks—F. Rowley, F. A. de la Mare
Shorthand Writer and Typist—J. W. Collins
North Island — J. Mackay, J. Shanaghan, H. Ferguson, L. D. Browett, W. J. Blake, Margaret Hawthorne, and 71 local Inspectors
South Island—J. Mackay, J. Shanaghan, J. Lomas, H. Maxwell, J. B. Lindsay, Margaret Hawthorne, and 68 local Inspectors (There are also 200 Bureau Agents in different parts of the colony.)
Minister for Public Works—Hon. W. Hall-Jones
Under-Secretary—H. J. H. Blow
Engineer-in-Chief—W. H. Hales
Superintending Engineer—P. S. Hay, M.A., M.Inst.C.E.
Chief Clerk—W. D. Dumbell
Accountant—G. J. Clapham
Land-purchase Officer—H. Thompson
Record Clerk—H. W. H. Millais
Clerks—W. Black, C. T. Rushbrook, E. McCarthy, A. Biddell, P. S. Waldie, E. Bold, N. Jacobs, A. H. Kimbell, H. F. Curtis, T. Oppler, P. J. Garvey, G. C. Schmidt, A. L. Goldfinch, L. White
Chief Draughtsman—W. G. Rutherford Architect—J. Campbell
Draughtsmen—T. Perham, E. Jackson, A. Koch, C. F. Napper, W. Withers, W. G. Swan, J. H. Price, G. Bjornstad, C. A. Lawrence, L. L. Richards, A. E. King, R. G. Applegarth, J. J. Fraser, G. W. Phillips, A. F. Macrae, J. Baird, S. T. Silver
Head Storekeeper—John Young
Engineering Cadets — F. S. Dyson, J. Wood, L. B. Campbell
Clerical Cadet—A. D. Park
Clerical Cadette—E. M. B. Lynch
District Engineers — Auckland, C. R. Vickerman; Dunedin, E. R. Ussher, M.Inst.C.E.
Resident Engineers—Hunterville, G. L. Cook, M.Inst.C.E.; North Island Main Trunk Railway, J. A. Wilson; Wellington, R. W. Holmes, M.Inst.C.E.; Westport, R. A. Young, Assoc.M.Inst. C.E.; Greymouth, J. Thomson, B.E.; Springfield, W. H. Gavin; Dunedin, W. A. Shain
Assistant Engineers—J. D. Louch, J. J. Hay, M.A.; J. S. Stewart, S. J. Harding, J. H. Dobson, F. M. Hewson, A. E. Barrowclough, F. H. Geisow, C. E. Armstrong, J. H. Lewis, A. Jack, H. R. Atkinson, E. Combes, G. C. McGlashan, A. Ross, J. V. Haskell, H. Dickson, J. W. E. McEnuis, J. W. Thomson, F. W. Furkert, J. Meenan, W. A. Jeff, W. Sherratt
Engineering Cadets — C. J. McKenzie, F. P. Bartley, J. J. Wilson, H. Vickerman
Draughtsmen — C. Wood, W. A. Cumming, P. F. M. Burrows, J. P. Vibert, W. H. Hislop, T. J. McCosker, J. B. Robertson, A. Courtis
Clerks—A. S. Lewis, A. R. Stone, J. H. Denton, E. Waddell, J. B. Borton, L. P. Cabot, F. E. Banks, H. Grave, H. B. Burnett, G. T. Grace, E. G. Beale, E. Crouch, W. E. Fitzgerald, L. M. Shera, H. M. O'Donnell
Storekeepers—T. Douglas, J. C. Fulton, G. Glenister, C. Scholfield
Minister for Railways—Hon. J. G. Ward General Manager—T. Ronayne
Assistant General Manager—C. Hudson
Chief Clerk—T. W. Waite
Clerks—R. W. McVilly, E. J. Andrews, G. Brownlee, B. M. Wilson, W. S. Ridler, W. Johnston, J. Hielop, H. P. West, J. E. Widdop, W. H. Gifford, S. Murchie, A. J. Will, J. F. Westmoreland, W. H. Warren, J. D. Nash, W. H. B. Donovan
Audit Inspectors—H. Baxter, D. Munro, R. Hislop, jun.
Railway Accountant—A. C. Fife Clerks—H. Davidson, J. H. Davies, G. G. Wilson, M. C. Rowe, S. P. Curtis, J. McLean, E. Davy, A. Morris, C. Batten, W. B. Fisher, J. Firth, E. J. Fleming, H. H. Leopard, R. J. Loe, W. Bourke, A. J. Belworthy, F. W. Lash, A. H. Hunt, W. E. Ahern, F. K. Porteous, T. A. O'Connor, J. W. Dayman, W. H. Simmons, J. B. Gauntlett, T. D. H. Hall
Stores Manager—G. Felton
Clerks—A. M. Heaton, F. J. Dawes, G. H. Norie, C. F. F. A. R. Isherwood, G. Bennett, S. Alpe, H. W. Barbor, E. J. Maguiness, R. P. Bray, J. T. Bain, L. B. Archibald, E. J. Scanlan, S. J. H. Dyer, J. R. Robertson, A. D. Lincoln, J. Kerr, J. Brabiner, J. Hayes, E. Goldfinch
Traffic Superintendents—Wellington, A. Grant; Dunedin, W. H. Gaw
District Managers—Kaihu, E. E. Gillon; Auckland, H. Buxton; Wanganui, C. A. Piper; Greymouth, W. Crombie; Christchurch, T. Arthur; Invercargill, S. F. Whitcombe
Stationmasters in charge — Kawakawa, R. B. Peat; Whangarei, J. T. Parsons, Westport, T. Hay-Mackenzie; Nelson, E. G. Wilson; Picton, T. S. Edwards
Chief Engineer for Working Railways—J. Coom, M.Inst.C.E.
Inspecting Engineer—J. Burnett, M.Inst.C.E.
Signal Engineer—H.J.Wynne, A.M.Inst.C.E.
Railway Land Officer—E. G. H. Main-waring
Chief Draughtsman—G. A. Troup
Draughtsmen—J. Besant, A. H. Alabaster, W. R. B. Bagge, C. T. Jeffreys, Ad. Howitt, L. Reynolds, A. S. Henderson, W. W. Fry, W. R. Davidson, J. R. Mullan
Clerks—W. P. Hicks, M. Angus, J. T. Ford, W. A. Mirams, H. Jessup, T. H. Wilson, E. S. Kelly, H. W. Rowden, T. M. Lucy, H. H. Gardner, P. J. McGovern, E. D. Richards, A. N. Longton, G. P. Parrell, E. J. Wiseman, A. L Baumgart, T. Trezise, H. McAlister
District Engineers — Auckland, C. H. Biss; Wanganui, D. T. McIntosh; Wellington, A. C. Koch; Westport, G. E. Richardson; Greymouth, H. St. J. Christophers; Christchurch, H. Macandrew; Dunedin, F. W. MacLean; Invercargill, A. J. McCredie
Locomotive Superintendent — A. L. Beattie
Clerks—J. P. Kelly, R. Aekins, P. A. Buck, D. D. Weir, C. G. Edwards, J. Rumgay, W. J. Stringer, W. A. Wellings, C. H. Virtue, H. McKeowen, H. B. Sturmer, G. H. Reynolds, N. P. G. Ewart, C. L. Pettit, A. Beaton, E. Hagenson, L. K. McMurrich, E. J. Flowerday, A. A. B. Boult, J. H. Leopard, J. P. McKeowen
Chief Draughtsman—G. A. Pearson
Draughtsmen—R. Pye-Smith, J. M. Porteous
Relieving Officer—F. T. Murison
Boiler Inspector—J. W. Nichols
Locomotive Engineers—Auckland, A. V. Macdonald; Wellington-Napier-New Plymouth, T. A. Peterkin; Hurunui-Bluff, H. H. Jackson; Relieving, J. D. Harris. Brake Engineer—J. H. Fox
H. Eyre Kenny, Stipendiary Magistrate, Chairman, appointed by the Governor.
H. Davidson, Railway Accountant's Office, elected.
T. Wilson, Engineman, elected
C. D. R. Ward, District Judge, Chairman, appointed by the Governor.
T. W. Brebner, Stationmaster, elected.
P. E. Nolan, Signalman, elected.
Postmaster-General and Electric Telegraph Commissioner—Hon. J. G. Ward Secretary—W. Gray
Superintendent of Electric Lines—J. K. Logan
Assistant Secretary and Inspector—T. Rose
Controller of Money-orders and Savings-banks, and Accountant—G. Gray
Chief Clerk—D. Robertson
Assistant Accountant—W. R. Morris
Clerks, Secretary's Office—F. V. Waters, H. Plimmer, J. C. Williamson, W. Crow, B. C. Dean, V. J. Brogan, H. D. Grocott, J. C. Redmond, A. T. Markmann, W. J. Gow, F. W. Furby, R. A. Keenan, J. L. Murphy, J. P. P. Clouston Mail Agents—A. P. Dryden, W. Isbister
Clerks, Inspector's Branch—G. V. Hudson, J. Brennan, W. A. Tanner, F. S. Robins, S. M. Harrison, A. S. Harper
Clerks, Accountant's Branch — J. L. H. Ledger, H. A. R. Huggins, G. W. Moorhouse, W. Callaghan, W. Chegwidden, R. J. Thompson, H. Cornwall, F. Perrin, J. J. Esson, R. E. Hayes, D. A. Jenkins, E. Fitzsimons, H. N. McLeod, J. D. Avery, C. B. Harton, W. J. Drake, C. Dempsey. H. A. Smith, J. G. Roache, J. Coyle, F. W. Faber, F. E. Beamish, P. J. Kelleher, G. H. Harris, H. C. Milne, C. W. J. Panting, H. C. Hickson, P. D. Hoskins, W. R. Wakelin, F. Stewart, T. W. West, G. G. Rose, T. F. Withers, T. E. Diamond, J. B. Jordan, H. E. Combs, J. E. Hull, A. Marshall, F. G. A. Eagles, C. G. Collins, T. M. Highet, E. C. Gamble, E. Bermingham, C. Bermingham, S. Brock, E. Harris, I. Johnston, B. M. Kenny, V. Johnston, M. A. McLeod, C. Smith, M. A. Asquith
Electrician and Inspector—W. S. Furby
Assistant Electrician—T. Buckley
Mechanicians—R. Heinitz, F. Palmer, M. D. Joyce
Assistant Storekeeper—C. B. Mann
Clerks in Store—C. Nicholls, T. Palmer, W. H. Carter, M. McGilvray, J. G. Howard
Auckland—S. B. Biss
* Thames—J. E. Coney
* Gisborne—G. W. Sampson
* New Plymouth—F. D. Holdsworth
* Wanganui—J. F. McBeth
Wellington—S. J. Jago
* Blenheim—J. Bull
* Nelson—H. Calders
* Westport—W. St. G. Douglas
* Greymouth—C. J. Berry
* Hokitika—J. H. Sheath
* Timaru—J. A. Hutton
* Oamaru—W. W. Beswick
* Invercargill—J. W. Wilkin
Auckland—W. G. Meddings
Christchurch—J. W. Gannaway
Nelson—C. C. Robertson
D. Miller (Northern District), S. P. Stevens (Midland District), C. J. A. H. Tipping (Southern District)
Auckland—H. F. Seager
Napier—B. H. Keys
Wellington—H. W. Harrington
Christchurch—J. W. Mason
Dunedin—J. G. Ballard
Commissioner of Trade and Customs—Hon. C. H. Mills
Secretary and Inspector of Customs and Secretary of Marine—W. T. Glasgow.
Chief Clerk—T. Larchin
Clerks, Customs—V. R. Meredith, C. H. Manson
Cadets—L J. Thompson, W. A. Cameron
Audit—H. W. Brewer, H. Crowther (Writer)
Poverty Bay—E. Pasley
New Plymouth—H. Bedford
Napier—E. R. C. Bowen
Wairau—W. J. Hawley
Hokitika—J. P. Ridings
Lyttelton and Christchurch—E. Patten
* Combined post- and telegraph-offices. Timaru—A. Hart
Oamaru—T. M. Cullen
Dunedin—C. W. S. Chamberlain
Invercargill and Bluff Harbour—D. Johnston, jun.
Thames—T. C. Bayldon, Coastwaiter
Russell—H. Stephenson, Coastwaiter
Tauranga — E. Northcroft, Officer in Charge
Whangaroa—A. G. Ratcliffe, Coastwaiter
Whangarei—J. Munro, Coastwaiter
Mongonui — A. D. Clemett, Officer in Charge
Hokianga—G. Martin, Coastwaiter
Kaipara—J. C. Smith, Officer in Charge
Waitara—J. Cameron, Coastwaiter
Foxton—T. Lewis, Officer in Charge
Patea—J. W. Glenny, Officer in Charge
Picton — F. J. Robertshaw, Officer in Charge
Chatham Islands—R. S. Florance, Officer in Charge
Minister of Marine—Hon. W. Hall-Jones
Secretary—W. T. Glasgow
Chief Clerk—G. Allport
Clerks—J. J. D. Grix, G. Sinclair
Cadet—A. P. Owens
Marine Engineer for the Colony—W. H. Hales
Nautical Adviser and Chief Examiner of Masters and Mates—H. S. Blackburne
Weather Reporter—R. A. Edwin, Com. R.N.
Chief Inspector of Machinery, Principal Engineer Surveyor, and Chief Examiner of Engineers—R. Duncan
Chief Clerk—R. P. Milne
Clerk—J. H. Macalister
Inspectors of Machinery, Engineer Surveyors, and Examiners of Engineers:—Auckland — L. Blackwood, S. Dalrymple; Wellington — H. A. McGregor, P. J. Carman, A. Calvert; Christchurch—G. Croll, A. McVicar; Dunedin—H. Wetherilt, A. Walker; Invercargill—A. W. Bethune
Board of Examiners of Stationary, Traction, Locomotive, and Winding Engine
Drivers—Robert Duncan, Chief Inspector of Machinery, Chairman; John Hayes, F.S.G.C., Inspecting Engineer of Mines; P. G. Hay, M.A., M.Inst.C.E.; R. P. Milne, Secretary
Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Auckland—W. D. Reid
Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates —Wellington, G. G. Smith
Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Lyttelton—J. A. H. Marciel
Superintendent of Mercantile Marine and Examiner of Masters and Mates, Dunedin—C. E. W. Fleming
Master of s.s. “Tutanekai”—C. F. Post
Master of s.s. “Hinemoa”—J. Bollons
Wellington—L. F. Ayson and F. Moorhouse
Commissioner of Stamp Duties—Hon. Jas. Carroll
Secretary for Stamps—C. A. St. G. Hickson
Chief Clerk and Accountant — H. O. Williams
Custodian and Issuer of Stamps—W. H. Shore
Record and Receiving Clerk — J. P. Murphy
Chief Stamper—C. Howe
* The more important harbours are controlled by local Boards, not by the Marine Department.
Gisborne—C. H. W. Dixon
Taranaki—R. L. Stanford
Hawke's Bay—Thos. Hall
Wellington—C. A. St. G. Hickson
Wanganui—J. F. McBeth
Nelson—W. W. de Castro
Marlborough—C. E. Nalder
Timaru—J. A. Hutton
Otago—P. C. Corliss
Westland—V. G. Day
Registrar-General of Land and Deeds—G. B. Davy
Secretary, Land and Deeds—C. A. St. G. Hickson
Taranaki—R. L. Stanford
Hawke's Bay—Thos. Hall
Gisborne—J. M. Batham
Nelson—H. W. Robinson
Canterbury — G. G. Bridges, District Land Registrar; E. Denham, Registrar of Deeds
Westland—V. G. Day
Taranaki—R. L. Stanford
Wellington—Wm. Stuart, H. Howorth
Hawke's Bay—Thos. Hall
Gisborne—J. M. Batham
Nelson—H. W. Robinson
Canterbury—G. G. Bridges
Westland—V. G. Day
Taranaki—R. L. Stanford
Hawke's Bay—Thos. Hall
Wellington—H. O. Williams
Nelson—W. W. de Castro
Marlborough—C. E. Nalder
Otago—P. C. Corliss
Westland—V. G. Day
Poverty Bay—C. H. W. Dixon
Minister of Education (administering also Native schools, industrial schools, and the institution for deaf-mutes)—Hon. W. C. Walker
Secretary for Education and Inspector-General of Schools—George Hogben, M.A.
Assistant Secretary—Sir E. O. Gibbes, Bart.
Clerks—F. K. de Castro. H. B. Kirk, M.A., R. H. Pope, F. L. Severne, E. C. Banks, F. D. Thomson, B.A., H. J. Barrett, T. G. Gilbert, J. Beck, I. Davey, I. Robertson, C.T. Wild, G. P. Prichard
Inspector of Native Schools—James H. Pope. Assistant Inspector — H. B. Kirk, M.A. Organizing Instructor—W. W. Bird, M.A.
Inspectors of Technical Instruction—Rev. E. C. Isaac, M. H. Browne
Inspectors of Industrial Schools—R. H. Pope, T. A. Walker
Auckland—V. E. Rice
Taranaki—P. S. Whitcombe
Wanganui—A. A. Browne
Hawke's Bay—G. T. Fannin
Westland—A. J. Morton, B.A.
Canterbury North—H. C. Lane
Canterbury South—J. H. Bamfield
Otago—P. G. Pryde
(Administrators of Education Reserves, with Names of Secretaries).
Auckland—H. N. Garland
Taranaki—F. P. Corkill
Wellington—N. J. Tone
Hawke's Bay—E. P. A. Platford
Nelson—A. T. Jones
Westland—A. J. Morton
Canterbury—H. H. Pitman
Auckland Industrial School—Miss S. E. Jackson, Manager
Wellington Receiving Home—Mrs. E. S. Dick, Manager
Burnham Industrial School (Canterbury)
—T. Archey, Manager
Christchurch Receiving Home—Miss A. B. Cox, Manager
Caversham Industrial School (Otago)—G. M. Burlinson, Manager
St. Mary's Industrial School, Ponsonby —Rev. G. H. Gillan, Manager
St. Joseph's Industrial School, Wellington—Rev. W. J. Lewis, Manager
St. Mary's Industrial School, Nelson—Rev. W. J. Mahoney, Manager
St. Vincent de Paul's Industrial School, Dunedin—Rev. P. Murphy, Manager
Inspector — Duncan MacGregor, M.A., M.B., C.M.*
Assistant Inspector—Mrs. Grace Neill
Medical Superintendent, Auckland Asylum—R. M. Beattie, M.B.
Medical Superintendent, Christchurch Asylum—E. G. Levinge, M.B.
Medical Superintendent, Porirua Asylum—Gray Hassell, M.D.
Medical Superintendent, Wellington Asylum—W. Baxter Gow, M.D.
Medical Superintendent, Seacliff Asylum —F. Truby King, M.B.
Superintendent, Hokitika Asylum — H. Gribben; Medical Officer, H. Macandrew, M.B.
Superintendent, Nelson Asylum—J. Morrison; Medical Officer, W. J. Mackie, M.D.
Ashburn Hall, Waikari (private asylum) —Proprietors, Dr. Alexander and Executor of James Hume; Medical Officer, Frank Hay, M.B.
Minister of Mines—Hon. James McGowan
Under-Secretary for Mines—H. J. H. Eliott
Inspecting Engineer—John Hayes
Chief Clerk—T. H. Hamer
Clerk—H. E. Radcliffe
Analyst—J. S. Maclaurin, D.Sc., F.C.S.
Geologist—Alexander McKay, F.G.S.
Assistant Geologist—W. A. McKay
Draughtsman—C. H. Pierard
Shorthand Writer—J. T. Watkins
Thames and Auckland Districts—James Coutts; Assistant Inspector, Thomas Ryan: Canterbury, Dunedin, and Southland Districts—E. R. Green; Assistant Inspector, Robert McIntosh; Cadet, H. Paton: West Coast Districts—R. Tennent; Assistant Inspector—A. H. Richards
Lecturers and Instructors: Thames—F. B. Allen, M.A., B Sc.; Assistant, K. M. Barrance: Reefton—J. W. Lee: Coromandel—P. J. MacLeod: Waihi—P. G. Morgan, M.A.; Assistant, W. H. Baker
The Director of the Geological Survey of New Zealand; the Surveyor-General; the Inspecting Engineer of Mines;
* Also holds appointment of Inspector of Hospitals and Charitable Institutions. the Chief Inspector of Machinery, Wellington; James Bishop, of Brunnerton; Alfred Benjamin Lindop, of Denniston; and William M. Shore, of Kaitangata
Same official members as above Board, excepting the Chief Inspector of Machinery, Wellington, with the following private members: H. A. Gordon, F. G. S., Auckland; Thomas Aitken Dunlop, Thames; Patrick Quirk Caples, Reefton; and Francis Hodge, Coromandel
The Director of the Geological Survey of New Zealand is Chairman of both Boards, and Mr. T. H. Hamer is the Secretary
Minister in Charge—The Hon. Minister of Mines
Director — Sir J. Hector, K.C.M.G., M.D., F.R.S.
Clerk, Curator, and Meteorological Observer for Wellington—R. B. Gore
Astronomical Observer—T. King
Meteorological Observer, Auckland—T. F. Cheeseman, F.L.S.
Meteorological Observer, Dunedin — H. Skey
Meteorological Observer, New Plymouth —G. W. Palmer
Meteorological Observer, Hokitika—A. D. Macfarlane
Meteorological Observer, Rotorua—Dr. Kenny
Meteorological Observer, Te Aroha—W. Hill
Meteorological Observer, Lincoln—M. Guérin
Meteorological Observer, Hanmer Plains —Miss C. Taylor
Minister of Defence—Rt. Hon. R. J. Seddon, P.C.
Under-Secretary — Sir A. P. Douglas, Bart. (Retired Lieutenant, R.N.), Major, N.Z.M.
Commandant of the N.Z. Forces.
Colonel Arthur Pole Penton, N.Z.M. (Lieut.-Colonel, R.A.)
Staff Officers to the Commandant of the N.Z. Forces.
Major Wm. Robarts Napier Madocks, N.Z.M. (Major, R.A.)
Captain L.J. Joyce, N.Z.M. (acting)
Captain N. L. D'A. Smith, N.Z.M. (acting)
Captain J. G. Hughes, N.Z.M. (acting)
Staff Officers for the Instruction of Mounted Rifle Volunteers.
Middle and South Islands — Lieut.-Colonel Alfred W. Robin, C.B., N.Z.M.
North Island—Lieut.-Colonel Richard Hutton Davies, N.Z.M.
Clerk—T. F. Grey
Clerical Cadet—A. J. Baker
Commandant Military School of Instruction, Wellington.
Major Robert Haylock Owen, N.Z.M. (Captain, H.M. South Lancashire Regiment)
Defence Store Department.
Assistant Storekeeper—H. Jerred
No. 1 Service Company.
Lieut.-Colonel W. B. Messenger
Captain H. C. Morrison
Captain J. E. Hume
Lieutenant H. E. Pilkington
Lieutenant W. P. Wall
Lieutenant M. M. Gard'ner
Inspectors of Submarine Mining Establishments.
Captain J. Falconer
Captain William Coyle, late Coast Brigade, R.E.
No. 2 Service Company.
Captain J. Falconer
Captain William Coyle, late Coast Brigade, R.E.
Lieutenant F. Symon
Surgeon, Permanent Militia (Wellington).
John Teare, M.B.
Surgeon, Permanent Militia (Auckland).
John Wilkins, M.R.C.S.E. Surgeon, Permanent Militia (Lyttelton).
C. H. Upham, M.R.C.S.E.
Honorary Surgeon, Permanent Militia.
Patrick J. O'Neill O'Carroll, L.R.C.S.I.
Honorary Chaplain, Lyttelton Detachment Permanent Militia.
The Rev. E. E. Chambers
Honorary Chaplain, Wellington Detachment Permanent Militia.
The Rev. W. C. Waters, M.A.
Officers Commanding Militia and Volunteer Districts, and Adjutants.
Auckland (temporary) — Lieut.-Colonel William Bagnall White, N.Z. Vols.; Acting Adjutant, Captain James Reid
Wellington — Lieut.-Colonel Stuart Newall, C.B., N.Z.M.
Canterbury—Lieut.-Colonel Henry Gordon, N.Z.M., late H.M. 44th Foot
North Otago (sub-district)—V.D. Lieut.-Colonel Alfred Headland
Otago—Lieut.-Colonel William Holden Webb, N.Z.M., late H.M. 109th Foot
Southland (sub-district) — Major John Edward Hawkins, N.Z. Vols.
Nelson (temporary) — Captain George Cecil Burleigh Wolfe, late R.M.L.I.
Minister of Lands—Hon. Thomas Young Duncan
Surveyor-General and Secretary for Crown Lands—
Assistant Surveyor-General and Under-Secretary for Crown Lands—Alexander Barron
Chief Draughtsman—F. W. Flanagan
Auditor of Land Revenue — W. G. Runcie
Superintendent of Village-settlements—J. E. March
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—G. J. Mueller
District Surveyors—L. Cussen, J. Baber, jun., G. A. Martin, H. D. M. Haszard
Assistant Surveyors—T. K. Thompson, R. S. Galbraith, H. F. Edgecumbe
Chief Draughtsman—W. C. Kensington
Receiver of Land Revenue — T. M. Taylor
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—E. C. Gold Smith
District Land Officer, Gisborne, L. Smith
District Surveyors — L. Smith, James Hay
Assistant Surveyor—P. A. Dalziel
Chief Draughtsman—F. Simpson
Receiver of Land Revenue—F. Bull
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—J. Strauchon
District Surveyors—H. M. Skeet, G. H. Bullard
Assistant-Surveyors—J. F. Frith, W. T. Morpeth, R. W. Watson
Chief Draughtsman—C. R. Pollen
Receiver of Land Revenue—G. P. Doile
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—J. W. A. Marchant
District Surveyors—J. D. Climie, F. A. Thompson, H. J. Lowe, W. J. Wheeler
Assistant Surveyors—J. McKay, J. R. Strachan
Chief Draughtsman—J. Mackenzie
Receiver of Land Revenue—T. G. Waitt
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—T. Humphries
District Surveyors—J. A. Montgomerie, J. Snodgrass, R. T. Sadd
Assistant Surveyors — J. D. Thomson, C. Kain
Chief Draughtsman and Receiver of Land Revenue—H. Trent
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—C. W. Adams
District Surveyors—F. S. Smith, D. W Gillies
Assistant Surveyor—E. W. Buckeridge
Chief Draughtsman and Receiver of Land Revenue—W. Armstrong
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—W. G. Murray
Assistant Surveyors — W. Wilson, T. Brook
Chief Draughtsman and Receiver of Land Revenue—G. J. Roberts
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—S. Weetman
District Surveyors—T. N. Broderick, G. H. M. McClure, L. O. Mathias
Chief Draughtsman—C. B. Shanks
Receiver of Land Revenue—A. A. McNab
Caretaker, Hanmer Springs—J. Rogers
Manager, Hanmer Springs Sanatorium—D. McDonald
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—David Barron
District Surveyors—J. Langmuir, E. H. Wilmot, D. M. Calder
Assistant Surveyors—W. D. R. McCurdie, W. T. Neill
Chief Draughtsman—S. Thompson
Receiver of Land Revenue—G. A. Reade
Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Crown Lands—John Hay
Assistant Surveyor—A. Hodgkinson
Chief Draughtsman—G. Robinson
Receiver of Land Revenue—H. L. Welch
Auckland—G. J. Mueller, R. Thompson, B. Harris, D. Lundon, J. Renshaw
Hawke's Bay — E. C. Gold Smith, C. Hall, T. Hyde, R. R. Groom, G. Mathewson
Taranaki—J. Strauchon, T. Kelly, C. K. Stock, J. Heslop, James Rattenbury
Wellington—J. W. A. Marchant, A. W. Hogg, J. Stevens, A. Reese
Nelson—Thomas Humphries, John Graham, D. Bate, J. Marshall, O. Lynch
Marlborough—C. W. Adams, J. Redwood, A. P. Seymour, J. Duncan, F. Parsons
Westland—W. G. Murray, A. Matheson, J. Chesney, J. S. Lang, A. Cumming
Canterbury—S. Weetman, A. C. Pringle, R. Meredith, J. McLachlan, J. Sealy
Otago—D. Barron, H. H. Kirkpatrick, H. Clark, J. Duncan, W. Dallas
Southland—J. Hay, A. Kinross, J. McIntyre, A. Baldey, D. King
Minister in Charge—Hon. T. Y. Duncan
Chief Engineer of Roads—C. W. Hurst-house
Chief Clerk—W. S. Short
Chief Accountant—H. J. Knowles
Road Surveyors — Auckland, A. B. Wright; Te Kuiti, T. Burd; Rotorua, A. C. Turner; Hawke's Bay,; Taranaki, G. T. Murray; Wanganui, R. H. Reaney; Wellington, G. F. Robinson; Nelson,; Marlborough, C. H. Williams; Westland, F. Wither; Canterbury,; Otago,; Southland, N. L. Falkiner
Chairman of Board and Land Purchase Inspector—Jas. McKerrow, F.R.A.S.
The Board consists of the Land Purchase Inspector as Chairman, the Surveyor - General, the Commissioner of Taxes—these for the whole colony—with the Commissioners of Crown Lands and a member of the Land Board in each land district, who are members only for the business arising within their respective districts.
Minister in Charge—Hon. T. Y. Duncan
Secretary of Agriculture and Chief Inspector of Stock—John D. Ritchie
Produce Commissioner, London—H. C. Cameron
Assistant Chief Inspector of Stock—T. A. Fraser
Chief Clerk—Richard Evatt
Biologist—T. W. Kirk, F.L.S.
Clerks—J. E. D. Spicer, F. S. Pope, J. Longton, F. C. Hjorring, A. Calcott, F. C. Matthews
Shorthand Writer and Typist—D. Sinclair
Analyst and Agricultural Chemist—B. C. Aston
Poultry Expert—D. D. Hyde
Veterinary Surgeons (Ms.R.C.V.S.)—J. A. Gilruth (Chief), C. J. Reakes, A. R. Young, J. G. Clayton, A. R. Crabb, J. F. McEachran; H. C. Wilkie, F.R.C.V.S.
Veterinary Surgeons and Meat Inspectors (Ms.R.C.V.S.) — D. H. Rait, P. M. Edgar, C. R. Neale, J. R. Charlton, T. G. Lilico, J. A. R. Towers, A. McL. Paterson, D. Machattie, J. Lyons, J. Kerrigan, V. A. Bankes, J. Nuttall, F. C. Robertson, W. H. Hawthorn, W. D. Snowball, A. W. Barnes, J. McKie, W. G. Taylor
Meat Inspectors—H. Marsack, H. S. S. Kyle
Assistant, Veterinary Laboratory, Wellington—G. H. Barker
Relieving Inspector of Stock—D. Munro
Dairy Commissioner—J. A. Kinsella
Dairy Instructors and Graders — J. Sawers, Wyndham and Bluff; D. Cuddie, Wellington; A. A. Thornton, Lyttelton and Dunedin; J. Johnston, D. Dickie, D. J. McGowan, New Plymouth; E. Townshend, Auckland
Dairy Inspectors — G. M. Williamson, Auckland; P. Thomson, Wellington; A. Macpherson, Christchurch; J. G. Parker, Dunedin
Assistant Entomologist and Fruit Inspector at Auckland—Thomas Broun, F.E.S.
Pomologists—W. J. Palmer, Auckland; J. C. Blackmore, Christchurch; S. I. Fitch, Christchurch; W. A. Boucher, Auckland
Fruit Inspectors—R. Hull, Auckland; H. Palethorpe, Wellington; A. C. Smale, Christchurch; A. F. Cargill, Dunedin
Momohaki—F. Gillanders, Farm Overseer; T. H. Chapman, Nurseryman
Levin—G. Ross, Farm Overseer Wairangi—N. Kensington, Farm Overseer
Hemp-grader—C. J. Fulton
Caretakers, Quarantine - stations — A. Dickson, Auckland; J. P. Ross, Wellington; A. F. Laurensen, Christchurch
Auckland—E. Clifton (in charge), F. H. Brittain, Auckland; J. B. Stone, Whangarei; D. Ross, Hamilton; H. E. Collett, Tauranga
Napier—W. Miller (in charge), C. Thomson, Gisborne; J. Kerr, Te Awamutu; W. R. Rutherford, Wairoa; F. G. Wayne, Hastings; J. Harvey, Woodville
Wairarapa—G. H. Jenkinson, Masterton (in charge); T. C Webb, Carterton
Wellington—J. Drummond, Wellington
West Coast—A. K. Blundell (in charge), Wanganui; J. W. Deem, Hawera; R. Rowan, New Plymouth; J. Duncan, Palmerston North; V. A. Huddleston, Hunterville
Nelson—H. M. Campbell, Nelson (in charge); G. S. Cooke, Richmond
Marlborough—John Moore, Blenheim
Westland—C. C. Empson, Hokitika
Canterbury-Kaikoura—R. F. Holderness (in charge), E. A. Dowden, Christchurch; C. A. Cunningham, Rangiora; J. C. Huddleston, Rotherham; Blair Fullarton, Ashburton
South Canterbury—E. A. Field, Timaru; W. Black, Fairlie; W. Wills, Kurow
Otago—J. E. Thomson, Dunedin; A. Ironside, Mosgiel; J. C. Miller, Oamaru; R. Wright, Milton; J. L. Bruce, Balclutha; G. McLeod, Clyde; J. Budge, Queenstown; R. I. Gossage, Naseby; A. Mills, Lawrence; H. Hill, Palmerston; W. Dalgleish, Gore; H.T. Turner, Invercargill; T. Gilmour, Riverton; J. W. Raymond, Bluff
Deputy Valuer-General—G. F. C. Campbell
Chief Clerk—F. J. M. D. Walmsley
Clerks—J. P. Dugdale, H. L. Wiggins, A. E. Fowler, J. Atkinson, H. Redmond
Cadet—F. C. Douglas
Draughtsman—H. H. Seed
Supervising Valuers—W. Duncan, Auckland; A. P. O'Callaghan, Christchurch; A. McKerrow, Dunedin; H. Carswell, Invercargill
District Valuers—James I. Wilson, jun., Whangarei; W. Garrett, J. J. Reynolds, Auckland; W. H. Wallis, Hamilton; Ian S. Simson, Gisborne; W. E. Griffin, Napier; H. J. C. Coutts, Hawera; S. Hill, New Plymouth; A. Barns, Wanganui; R. Gardner, Palmerston North; J. Fraser, Masterton; J. Ames, Wellington; T. W. Caverhill, Petone; E. Kenny, Picton; J. Glen, Nelson; J. Webster, Hokitika; A. D. Bayfield, Westport; D. Dick, Ashley; J. Whitelaw, Christchurch; A. Freeman, Christchurch; A. Allan, Timaru; E. A. Atkinson, Oamaru; W. L. Craig, Palmerston South; W. Dallas, Balclutha; A. J. Burns, Dunedin; J. George, Queenstown; John Smaill, Gore; Charles Rout, A. Pyper, Invercargill
Clerks—Auckland, E. W. Watson; Christchurch, J. M. Wheeler, A. Millar; Dunedin, A. Clothier, J. T. Bolt; Invercargill, T. Oswin, C. de R. Andrews
Cadet—Christchurch, E. J. R. Cumming
Commissioner—J. H. Richardson, F.F.A., F.I.A.V.
Assistant Commissioner—D. M. Luckie
Secretary—W. B. Hudson
Chief Medical Officer—T. Cahill, M.D.
Accountant—G. W. Barltrop
Assistant Actuary—G. Leslie
Chief Clerk—R. C. Niven
Second Assistant Actuary—P. Muter
Office Examiner—G. A. Kennedy
Clerks—J. W. Kinniburgh, D. J. McG. McKenzie, W. S. Smith, A. H. Hamerton, F. B. Bolt, C. E. Galwey, T. L. Barker, A. L. B. Jordan, H. S. Manning, A. Avery, G. Webb, C. W. Palmer, F. K. Kelling, J. B. Young, G. C. Fache, C. J. Alexander, J. A. Thomson, H. Rose, A. de Castro, R. P. Hood, G. A. N. Campbell, A. T. Traversi, R. T. Smith, F. M. Leckie, W. H. Woon, S. P. Hawthorne, J. G. Reid, A. E. Jackson, C. H. E. Stichbury, J. R. Samson, H. H. Henderson, R. Fullerton, A. H. Johnstone, H. L. Levestam, R. S. Latta, T. Fouhy, J. T. Gunn, G. C. Rodda, G. E. Sadd, T. M. Dimant, W. Spence, M. L. Wilson, B. Trevithick
Chief Messenger—W. Archer
District Manager—W. J. Speight
Chief Clerk—J. K. Blenkhorn
Clerks—C. H. Ralph, H. Wylie
District Manager and Supervisor of New Business—G. Robertson
Chief Clerk—M. J. K. Heywood
Clerks—W. C. Marchant, A. M. McDonald
Public Trustee—J. W. Poynton
Solicitor—F. J. Wilson
Chief Clerk—A. A. K. Duncan
Assistant Chief Clerk—T. S. Ronaldson
Clerks—T. Stephens, P. Fair, C. Zachariah, P. Hervey, E. C. Reeves, W. A. Fordham, A. Purdie, G. A. Smyth, A. J. Cross, S. Dimant, E. A. Smythe, J. B. Jack, W. Barr, E. O. Hales, C. Morris, S. W. Smith, C. A. Goldsmith, H. Masters, R. Price, N. M. Chesney, H. Turner, A. Peterson, O. Beck, M.E. Nash
District Agent, Christchurch — M. C. Barnett; Clerks, T. R. Saywell, J. Allen, P. A. Devereux
District Agent, Auckland—E. F. Warren; Clerk, K. N. H. Browne
District Agent, Dunedin—F. H. Morice; Clerk, W. S. McGowan; Cadet, W. Campbell
District Agent, Greymouth—T. D. Kendall District Agent, Nelson—E. P. Watkis
West Coast Settlement Reserves Agent and District Agent, New Plymouth—Thomas W. Fisher; Clerk, H. Oswin
Deputy Superintendent—G. F. C. Campbell
Chief Clerk—F. J. M. D. Walmsley
Inspecting Accountant—P. Heyes
Clerks—W. Waddel, H. E. Williams, W. N. Hinchcliffe, J. E. Thompson, A. W. Knowles, W. Auld, C. T. Fraser, J. B. Wallis, T. W. Foote, M. J. Crombie, H. O'Rourke, A. A. Prichard, C. Wilson, C. B. Collins, R. G. McLennan, D. Fraser, A. Tudhope
Chief Valuers—W. Duncan, Auckland; A. P. O'Callaghan, Christchurch; A. McKerrow, Dunedin; H. Carswell, Invercargill
Clerks at Agencies—F. B. Robertson, Auckland; H. S. Barron, Invercargill
Minister of Health—Hon. J. G. Ward
Chief Health Officer—J. Malcolm Mason, M.D., F.C.S., D.P.H., Cambridge
District Health Officer—T. H. A. Valintine, M.R.C.S.E., L. and D.P.H.,R.C.P. Lond.
Health Officer to the Maoris—Maui Pomare, M.D.
Clerks—Herbert B. Magrath, F. Willis
Port Health Officers,—
Auckland — Edward Wm. Sharman, L.R.C.P. et R.C.S. Edin., L.F.P S. Glas.
Kaipara Heads—Captain J. C. Smith
Onehunga—W. G. Scott, L.S.A. Lond., M.R.C.S. Eng., M.D. Durh.
Gisborne—J. W. Williams, M.B. et Ch.M., M.D. Edin.
Napier—F. I. De Lisle, L. et L. Mid., R.C.P. Edin., L.S.A. Lond.
Nelson—A. J. Leggatt, M.R.C.S. Eng., L.S.A. Lond.
Wellington—D. P. James, F.R.C.S. Eng., L.R.C.P. Lond.
Lyttelton—C. H. Upham, M.R.C.S. Eng., L.R.C.P. Lond.
Port Chalmers—G. Hodges, M.B. et M.S. Edin.
Bluff—Jas. Torrance, M.B. et B.S. Univ. of N.Z.
Greymouth—C. L. Morice, M.R C.S. Eng., L.R.C.S. Eng., L.S.A. Lond.
Vaccine Distributor—J. G. F. Wilford, M.R.C.S. Eng., L.S.A. Lond.
Cadets in the Civil Service are required, after arriving at the age of eighteen years, to serve for three years in a Volunteer corps. Heads of departments are required to see that cadets who come within the regulations join the Volunteer Force, and serve for the period named, and also to notify the Under-Secretary for Defence of the appointment of all cadets coming within this regulation.
Table of Contents
THERE is no State Church in the colony, nor is State aid given to any form of religion. Government in the early days set aside certain lands as endowments for various religious bodies, but nothing of the kind has been done for many years past.
The Most Rev. William Garden Cowie, D.D., Auckland; consecrated 1869 (Primate).
The Right Rev. William Leonard Williams, D.D., Waiapu; consecrated 1895.
The Right Rev. Frederic Wallis, D.D., Wellington; consecrated 1895.
The Right Rev. Charles Oliver Mules, M.A., Nelson; consecrated 1892.
The Right Rev. Churchill Julius, D.D., Christchurch; consecrated 1890.
The Right Rev. Samuel Tarratt Nevill, D.D., Dunedin; consecrated 1871.
The Right Rev. Cecil Wilson, M.A., Melanesia; consecrated 1894.
The Most Rev. Francis Redwood, S.M., D.D., Archbishop and Metropolitan, Wellington; consecrated 1874.
The Right Rev. George Michael Lenihan, D.D., Auckland; consecrated 1896.
The Right Rev. John Joseph Grimes, S.M., D.D., Christchurch; consecrated 1887.
The Right Rev. Michael Verdon, D.D., Dunedin; consecrated 1896.
The principal present heads or officers of the various churches, and the places and times of holding the annual or periodical assemblies or meetings, are as follow:—
Church of England.—For Church purposes, the colony is divided into six dioceses, viz.: Auckland, Waiapu, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, and Dunedin. The General Synod meets every third year in one or other of the dioceses. Delegates attend from each diocese, and also from the diocese of Melanesia.—President, the Bishop of Auckland, Primate. The Diocesan Synods meet once a year, under the presidency of the Bishop of the diocese. The next General Synod will be held in Auckland, on the 28th January, 1904.
Roman Catholic Church.—The diocese of Wellington, established in 1848, was in 1887 created the metropolitan see. There are three suffragan dioceses—Auckland, Christchurch, and Dunedin. A Retreat is held annually in each of the four dioceses, at the end of which a Synod is held, presided over by the Bishop, and at which all his clergy attend.
In January, 1899, the first Provincial Council of New Zealand was held in Wellington, under the presidency of the Metropolitan, and attended by all the Suffragan Bishops, and a number of priests elected specially in each diocese as representatives of the whole Catholic clergy in the colony. The decrees of this Council were approved by Rome in April, 1900, were published on 1st January, 1901, and are now binding in every diocese in New Zealand.
Presbyterian Church of New Zealand.—The Assembly has met annually, in February, at Auckland, Wellington, and Christchurch, in succession. It is expected an in hunc effectum meeting will be held in Dunedin about November, 1901, to consummate union with the Church of Otago and Southland. Moderator, the Right Rev. J. K. Elliott, B.A., Wellington; Clerk and Treasurer, Rev. David Sidey, D.D., Napier.
Presbyterian Church of Otago and Southland.—The Synod meets annually in October at Dunedin. Moderator, Rev. J. U. Spence, Dunedin; Principal Clerk, Rev. W. Bannerman, D.D., Roslyn, Dunedin; Assistant Clerk, Rev. A. M. Finlayson, Waitati; Church Factor, Mr. Frederick Smith, High Street, Dunedin. Theological Professors, Rev. John Dunlop, M.A., D.D., and Rev. Michael Watt, M.A., D.D. Mr. James Dunbar, Tutor in Greek.
Wesleyan Methodist Church.—The annual Conference meets on or about the last Tuesday in February, the exact date being determined by the President, who holds office for one year. Each Conference determines where the next one shall assemble. President (1901–1902), Rev. C. H. Garland, Auckland; Secretary, Rev. D. J. Murray, Thames. The next Conference is to meet in Wesley Church, Taranaki Street, Wellington.
Primitive Methodist Church.—A Conference takes place every January. The next is to be held at Webb Street, Wellington, commencing 8th January, 1902. The Conference officials for the present year are: President, Rev. W. S. Potter, Auckland; Vice-President, Mr. J. C. Thompson, J.P., Feilding; Secretary, Rev. E. Drake, Thames; Secretary of Executive Committee, Mr. D. Goldie, Pitt Street, Auckland; Treasurer of Mission Funds, Mr. Joseph Watkinson, Mangare, Auckland.
Baptist Union of New Zealand.—President, Rev. A. H. Collins, Ponsonby; Treasurer, Mr. A. Chidgey, Christchurch; Secretary, Rev. John Muirhead, South Dunedin. The Union comprises 34 churches, 3,594 members, 4,559 scholars in the Sunday schools, with 598 teachers. There are also 98 local preachers, and 21 preaching-stations. This religious body has a newspaper of its own, the New Zealand Baptist, published in Christchurch; Editor, Rev. F. W. Boreham, Mosgiel.
Congregational Union of New Zealand.—The annual meetings are held during the month of February, at such place as may be decided on by vote of the Council. Chairman for 1901–1902, Rev. J. Reid Glasson, Wellington; Chairman-elect, Rev. J. Sarginson, Christchurch; Secretary, Rev. W. Day, Auckland; Treasurer, Mr. W. H. Lyon, Auckland; Registrar, Mr. F. Meadowcroft, Wellington; Head Office, Auckland. In 1902 the meeting of the Council will be held at Auckland. The Committee of the Union meets in Auckland on the second Tuesday of each month.
Hebrews.—Ministers: Rev. S. A. Goldstein, Auckland; Rev. H. van Staveren, Wellington; Rev. A. T. Chodowski, Dunedin; Mr. Alexander Singer, Hokitika. Annual meetings of the general Congregations are usually held at these places during the month of Elul (about the end of August).
Table of Contents
THE defence forces consist of the Permanent Militia (Artillery and Submarine Mining Corps), and the auxiliary forces of Volunteers (Cavalry, Mounted Rifles, Naval, Garrison, and Field Artillery, Submarine Miners, Engineers, Rifle, Cycle, and Bearer companies). There is a Commander of the Forces, who is an Imperial officer, and he has a Staff officer who is also an Imperial officer. To the Under-Secretary for Defence all questions of expenditure are referred; while the Chief Engineer of the Public Works Department has charge of the defence-works.
A School of Military Instruction has been established at Wellington, with an officer of the Imperial forces as Commandant.
The two islands (North and Middle) are divided into five districts and two sub-districts, each commanded by a Field Officer of Militia or Volunteers, with a staff of drill-sergeants.
This Force is divided into four companies, which are stationed at Auckland, Wellington (head-quarters), Lyttelton, and Dunedin; their principal duties are to look after and take charge of all guns, stores, ammunition, and munitions of war at these four centres. The Force consists of one lieut.-colonel, three captains, three subalerns, and four probationary cadets, with an establishment of 204 of all ranks.
* For information as to Military Contingents sent for service in South Africa, see Part III.
This branch, like the Artillery, is divided amongst the four centres for submarine mining and torpedo work, and consists of two captains, one subaltern, and one probationary cadet, with a total establishment of 82 of all ranks. They have charge of four torpedo-boats and four steam-launches, and of all submarine mining and torpedo stores. They are likewise employed in blowing up rocks and wrecks, and generally improving harbours.
There are two troops of Cavalry, both being in the Middle Island. These corps are kept in a state of efficiency by going into camp for six days' training annually. The total strength of the two troops is 179 of all ranks.
There are forty corps of Mounted Rifles in the North Island and twenty-eight in the Middle Island, with a total strength of 5,591 of all ranks. These corps go into camp for an annual training of six days.
There are eight batteries of this branch of the service (five in the North Island and three in the Middle Island), having a total strength of 766 of all ranks. These corps are divided into port and starboard watches at the four centres; some of these corps are trained to assist the Permanent Artillery in working heavy ordnance, whilst others act as auxiliaries to the Submarine Miners in submarine mining and torpedo work. These corps have cutters and other boats provided and kept up for them, and are instructed in rowing, knotting, splicing, signalling, and such like duties, and go into camp annually for sixteen days.
There are two corps of Submarine Miners in the North Island, of a total strength of 134. These corps also have cutters, &c., provided, and are instructed in rowing, knotting, splicing, signalling, and other duties pertaining to this branch of the service. Attendance at an annual camp is also compulsory.
There is one corps of Garrison Artillery in the North, with a strength of 77 of all ranks, and one in the Middle Island, with a strength of 77 of all ranks: they go into camp annually for sixteen days.
There are five batteries of Field Artillery (two in the North Island and three in the Middle Island), with a total of 430 of all ranks. They are armed with 15-pounder rifled breech-loaders, 9-pounder Armstrong breech-loading rifled guns, and 6-pounder Nordenfeldts, on field-carriages, and go into camp annually for sixteen days.
This branch consists of four corps, with a total of 331 of all ranks, two in the North and two in the Middle Island. Besides carrying rifles they are provided with entrenching tools and all appliances for making and blowing up bridges or laying land-mines.
In this branch of the service there are a hundred and twenty corps (besides one honorary reserve, 38 strong), fifty-nine being in the North Island and sixty-one in the Middle Island, with a total strength of 7,929 of all ranks, including garrison bands.
There is a force of thirty-eight cadet corps—viz., fourteen in the North Island and twenty-four in the Middle Island, with a total strength of 1,908 of all ranks.
There are Volunteer cycle corps at Auckland, Wellington, Christ-church, and Dunedin, of a maximum strength of two officers and twenty-five non-commissioned officers, rank and file: they are attached to the infantry battalions at those centres.
Volunteer bearer corps at Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, and Dunedin, of a maximum strength of three officers and fifty non-commissioned officers, rank and file, are attached to the infantry battalions at those centres. There is also a bearer corps to be formed at Nelson, of a maximum strength of two officers and twenty-five non-commissioned officers, rank and file.
The armat at the forts of the four centres consists of 8 in. 13-ton breech-loading rifled Elswick Ordnance Company's guns, with 6 in. 5-ton, of like pattern, all mounted on hydro-pneumatic disappearing carriages; 7 in. 7-ton muzzle-loading rifled guns, on traversing slides; 64-pounder rifled muzzle-loading converted 71 cwt. guns, on garrison standing carriages and traversing slides; 64-pounder rifled muzzle-loading 64 cwt. guns on traversing slides; 6-pounder quick-firing Nordenfeldts, on garrison pillar-mountings, and field-carriages; Hotchkiss quick-firing guns and Maxim machine guns. The Volunteer Field Artillery are armed with 15-pounder rifled breech-loading guns, 9-pounder Armstrong breech-loading rifled guns, and 6-pounder Nordenfeldts, and the whole of the adult portion of the Force have carbines or rifles of Martini-En-field and Martini-Henry patterns; Cadets being armed with Snider carbines.
There is a large stock of Whitehead torpedoes, contact- and ground-mines, in charge of the Submarine Mining Companies, as well as four Thorneycroft torpedo-boats.
Members of the Permanent Militia are enrolled to serve for a period of eight years from enrolment, the last three years of such being in the Reserve, adult Volunteers for three years, and cadets two years. The Permanent Militia is principally recruited from men who have one year's efficient service in the Volunteers; and after passing the gunnery and other courses and serving three years in the Permanent Militia the men are eligible for transfer to police and prison services.
The Instructors for Permanent Artillery and Torpedo Corps are obtained from the School of Gunnery at Shoeburyness, and from the Royal Engineers, under a three years' engagement, on completion of which they return to their regiments.
An annual capitation of £2 10s. is granted to each efficient Volunteer, and a sum not exceeding £20 to each efficient cadet corps. One hundred and fifty rounds of ball-cartridge are issued each year free to every adult Volunteer, and twenty-five rounds of Snider ball to each cadet over thirteen years of age.
|Year.||Military Expenditure.||Harbour Defences.||Total.|
As eleven of the crew of the barque “Spirit of the Dawn,” which was wrecked on Antipodes Island on the 4th September, 1893, remained on the island for eighty-eight days without becoming aware of the existence of the dépôt of provisions and clothing for castaways which is established there, attention may usefully be drawn to the fact that such dépôts are maintained by the New Zealand Government on that island, and on the Auckland, Campbell, Bounty, Kermadec, and Snares Islands.
The following are the positions of the dépôts:—
Auckland Islands.—A dépôt is placed on the south side of Erebus Cove, Port Ross, and another in Camp Cove, Carnley Harbour, and a third at the head of Norman Inlet. One boat is placed on the north-west end of Adams Island, another on Enderby Island, and another on Rose Island.
Campbell Island.—A dépôt is erected in Tucker Cove, Perseverance Harbour, and a boat has been placed at the head of that harbour.
Antipodes Islands.—A dépôt is placed abreast the anchorage on the north-east side of the principal island.
Bounty Islands.—There is a dépôt on the principal island.
Snares Island.—A dépôt has been established on this island in Boat Harbour.
Kermadec Islands.—A dépôt is established on Macaulay Island, near Lava Cascade, on the north-east end of the island, and another on Curtis Island, at the head of Macdonald Cove, on the north-western end of the island.
Finger-posts to indicate the direction of the dépôts have also been put up.
The Government steamer visits the Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes, Bounty, and Snares Islands twice a year, and the Kermadec Islands once a year.
Table of Contents
VESSELS visiting New Zealand, and requiring docking or repairs, will find ample accommodation at the principal ports of the colony.
There are in New Zealand four graving-docks; two of these are situated in Auckland, one at Lyttelton, and one at Port Chalmers.
The Auckland Docks are the property of the Auckland Harbour Board, and cost, with machinery, appliances, &c., £207,000. The dimensions of the docks at Auckland are as follow:—
|Calliope Dock.||Auckland Dock.|
|Length over all||525 feet.||312 feet.|
|Length on floor||500 feet.||300 feet.|
|Breadth over all||110 feet.||65 feet.|
|Breadth on floor||40 feet.||42 feet.|
|Breadth at entrance||80 feet.||43 feet.|
|Depth of water on sill at high water ordinary spring tides)||33 feet.||13 1/2 feet.|
The following is the scale of charges for the use of the Auckland and Calliope Graving Docks and appliances:—
|AUCKLAND GRAVING DOCK.||£ s. d|
|Entrance fee||1 1 0|
|For every vessel of 100 tons (gross register), or under, per day||4 0 0|
|For every vessel over 100 tons (gross register), for first 100 tons, per day||4 0 0|
|For every additional ton (gross register), per day||0 0 2|
|For two or more vessels docking at the same time, the tonnage of which together does not exceed 100 tons (gross register), per day each||2 10 0|
|For shores cut in docking or hanging the vessel, there must be paid, according to injury done, such amount as may be fixed by the Dock-master.|
|For use of steam-kiln, 10s. per day.|
|For use of pitch furnace, 10s. per day.|
|CALLIOPE GRAVING DOCK.||£ s. d.|
|Entrance fee||5 5 0|
|For all vessels up to 300 tons (gross register)||20 0 0|
|For all vessels 301 to 400 tons (gross register)||22 10 0|
|For all vessels up 401 to 500 tons (gross register)||25 0 0|
|For all vessels up 501 to 600 tons (gross register)||27 10 0|
|For all vessels up 601 to 700 tons (gross register)||30 0 0|
|For all vessels up 701 to 800 tons (gross register)||32 10 0|
|For all vessels up 801 to 900 tons (gross register)||35 0 0|
|For all vessels up 901 to 1,000 tons (gross register)||37 10 0|
|For all vessels up 1,001 to 1,100 tons (gross register)||40 0 0|
|For all vessels up 1,101 to 1,200 tons (gross register)||45 0 0|
|For all vessels up 1,201 to 1,300 tons (gross register)||50 0 0|
|For all vessels up 1,301 to 1,500 tons (gross register)||55 0 0|
|For all vessels up 1,501 to 2,000 tons (gross register)||60 0 0|
|For all vessels up 2,001 to 3,000 tons (gross register)||65 0 0|
|For all vessels up 3,001 to 4,000 tons (gross register)||70 0 0|
|For all vessels up 4,001 to 5,000 tons (gross register)||75 0 0|
The foregoing charges are for three days or less. After the third day in dock the following rates are charged:—
|For all vessels up to 500 tons (gross register)||4d. per ton per diem.|
|For all vessels of 501 tons to 1,000 tons||3d. per ton per diem.|
|For all vessels over 1,001 tons up to 2,000 tons||2 1/2d. per ton per diem.|
|For all vessels over 2,001 tons and upwards||2d. per ton per diem.|
Twenty per cent. reduction on Calliope Dock rates is allowed when two or three vessels can arrange to dock on the same tide, and remain in dock the same number of hours; but such reduction is not allowed if any of the Auckland Harbour Board's vessels are docked at the same time as another vessel.
For shores cut in docking or hanging the vessel, there is to be paid, according to injury done, such amount as may be fixed by the Dockmaster.
During the year 1900, 95 vessels of various descriptions, with a total of 32,136 tons, made use of the Auckland Graving Dock, occupying it in all 174 days 10 hours, for repairs or painting.
In Calliope Dock 15 vessels were docked, viz.: 4 warships and 7 merchant steamers, also 2 dredges twice; of an aggregate tonnage of 19,749, and occupying the dock for 83 days.
Dock dues for the year amounted to £2,106 0s. 7d.
Under arrangement with the Admiralty, a complete plant of the most efficient and modern machinery has been provided at Calliope Dock-yard. The workshops are now under construction, and the machinery is being placed in position. This plant includes 80-ton shear-legs complete, trolly to carry 80 tons and rails, 10-ton steam crane at side of dock, engines, boilers, overhead travellers; planing, shaping, and slotting machines; radial drills, vertical drills, band-saws for iron, punching- and shearing-machines, plate-bending rolls; 24 in.-centre gantry lathe, 70 ft. bed; 9 in. and 12 in. gantry lathes, milling-machines, emery-grinders, screwing-machines, ditto for pipes, horizontal boring-machines, Root's blower, smiths' forges (six), coppersmith's forge, levelling-slabs, steam-hammers, lead-furnace, wall-cranes, zinc-bath, plate-furnace, jib-crane for foundry, circular-saw bench, band-saw for wood, lathe for wood, general joiner, carpenters' benches (four), kiln for steaming boards, Fox's trimmer, cupola to melt 5 tons of metal, countersinking-machine, pipe-bending machine, tools of various descriptions, moulders' bins, force-pumps for testing pipes, vice-benches, electric-light engines, dynamos, &c. (two); and all other appliances and machinery required to render the plant adequate to repair any of His Majesty's ships upon the station, or any merchant vessel visiting the port. The dock and machinery will be available for use, when not required for His Majesty's vessels, in effecting repairs to any merchant vessel requiring same. An abundant supply of the purest fresh water is available at Calliope Dock and Calliope Wharf; and upon the completion of the works contemplated a most complete establishment of up-to-date machinery and appliances will have been provided.
The Port of Wellington has no dock; but there is a well-equipped patent slip at Evans Bay, on which vessels of 2,000 tons can be safely hauled up. This slip is the property of a private company, and is in no way connected with the Harbour Board. It is 1,070ft. long, with a cradle 260ft. in length. There is a depth of 32ft. at high water at the outer end of the slip. A dolphin and buoys are laid down for swinging ships in Evans Bay.
The company has convenient workshops, which contain machinery necessary for effecting all ordinary repairs to vessels using the slip.
During the year ending 31st March, 1900, ninety-seven vessels of various sizes, of an aggregate of 36,837 tons, were taken up on the slip for repairs, cleaning, painting, &c. The charges for taking vessels on the slip and launching them are 1s. per ton on the gross tonnage for the first full twenty-four hours, and 6d. per ton per day afterwards, unless by special agreement.
The dock at Port Chalmers is vested in the Otago Dock Trust, a body entirely distinct from the Otago Harbour Board. Vessels of large size can be taken in the Otago Dock, as the following measurements will show:—
|Length over all||335 feet.|
|Length on the floor||328 feet.|
|Breadth over all||68 feet.|
|Breadth on floor||41 feet.|
|Breadth where ship's bilge would be||43 feet.|
|Breadth at dock gates||50 feet.|
|Depth of water on sill at high-water (ordinary spring tides)||17 1/2 feet.|
Connected with the Otago Dock are a large machine-shop, steam-hammer, and forge, with all the appliances necessary for performing any work that may be required by vessels visiting the port. An 80-ton shear-legs has also been erected for heavy lifts.
There is also a patent slip, used for taking up small vessels.
All vessels using the Otago Graving Dock are liable to dock dues according to the following scale (unless under special contract), revised since the beginning of 1896:—
|£ s. d.|
|Vessels under 200 tons, for the first three days, or part of three days||25 0 0|
|Vessels of 200 tons, and under 800 tons||35 0 0|
|“ 800 tons and upwards||50 0 0|
And for every day, or part of a day, after the first three days:—
|Vessels under 300 tons||8d. per register ton per day.|
|Vessels under 300 tons and under 400 tons||7 3/4d. per register ton per day.|
|Vessels under 400 tons and under 500 tons||7 1/2d. per register ton per day.|
|Vessels under 500 tons and under 600 tons||7 1/4d. per register ton per day.|
|Vessels under 600 tons and under 700 tons||7d. per register ton per day.|
|Vessels under 700 tons and under 800 tons||6 3/4d. per register ton per day.|
|Vessels under 800 tons and under 900 tons||6 1/2d. per register ton per day.|
|Vessels under 900 tons and under 1,000 tons||6 1/4d. per register ton per day.|
|Vessels under 1,000 tons and upwards||6d. per register ton per day.|
During the twelve months ended 31st December, 1900, the dock was in use 215 working-days. The number of vessels docked was fifty-five, having a total registered tonnage of 14,153.
The Graving-dock at Lyttelton, which is the property of the Harbour Board, is capable of docking men-of-war, or any of the large ocean steamers now running to the colony except the “Gothic.” Its general dimensions are: Length over all, 503ft.; length on floor, 450ft.; breadth over all, 82ft.; breadth on floor, 46ft.; breadth at entrance, 62ft.; breadth where ship's bilge would be, on 6ft. blocks, 54 1/2ft.; depth of water on sill at high-water springs, 23ft.
The scale of charges for the use of the dock and pumping machinery are as follow:—
|£ s. d.|
|For all vessels up to 300 tons, for four days or less||20 0 0|
|For all vessels 301 to 400 tons, for four days or less||22 10 0|
|For all vessels 401 to 500 tons, for four days or less||25 0 0|
|For all vessels 501 to 600 tons, for four days or less||27 10 0|
|For all vessels 601 to 700 tons, for four days or less||30 0 0|
|For all vessels 701 to 800 tons, for four days or less||32 10 0|
|For all vessels 801 to 900 tons, for four days or less||35 0 0|
|For all vessels 901 to 1,000 tons, for four days or less||37 10 0|
|For all vessels 1,001 to 1,100 tons, for four days or less||40 0 0|
|For all vessels 1,101 to 1,200 tons, for four days or less||45 0 0|
|For all vessels 1,201 tons and upwards, for four days or less||50 0 0|
After the fourth day in dock, the following rates are charged:—
|For all vessels up to 500 tons||4d. per ton per day.|
|For all vessels of 501 tons to 1,000 tons||3d. per ton per day.|
|For all vessels over 1,001 tons up to 2,000 tons||2 3/4d. per ton per day.|
|For all vessels over 2,001 tons up to 3,000 tons||2 1/2d. per ton per day.|
|For all vessels over 3,001 tons up to 4,000 tons||2 1/4 per ton per day.|
|For all vessels over 4,001 tons up to 5,000 tons||2d. per ton per day.|
Twenty per cent. reduction on the above rates is allowed when two or three vessels can arrange to dock on the same tide and remain in dock the same number of hours. Two vessels of 1,000 tons each can be docked at the same time. The 20-per-cent. rebate is not allowed if any of the Lyttelton Harbour Board's vessels are docked at the same time as another vessel. The twenty-four hours constituting the first day of docking commences from the time of the dock being pumped out.
Any vessel belonging to H.M. Navy or any colonial Government, or any commissioned ship belonging to any foreign nation, is admitted into the graving dock without payment of the usual dock dues, but is charged only such sum as is necessary for the reimbursement of actual expenditure of stores, wages, and materials.
There are electric lights, one on each side of the graving-dock; and there is a workshop alongside the dock, and several other engineering works within a short distance of it, where repairs and heavy foundry-work can be done.
The graving dock and machinery cost £105,000. The interest and sinking fund on that sum, at 6 1/2 per cent., amounts to £6,825 per annum. Since its construction, the dock dues for the eighteen years, ended 31st December, 1900, amounted to £16,547 7s. 1d., and the working expenses to £10,760 19s. 10d., leaving a credit balance for eighteen years, ended 31st December, 1900, of £5,786 7s. 3d.
During the year 1900 twenty-two vessels were docked, and the dock dues amounted to £888 2s. For the eighteen years ending 1900, 353 vessels were docked.
Alongside the graving dock is a patent slip, with a cradle 150ft. in length, suitable for vessels of 300 tons. It belongs to the Harbour Board.
The following is the scale of charges:—
Up to 75 tons gross register, £4 for five days, and 10s. per day after the fifth day.
Over 75 tons and up to 150 tons gross register, £6 for five days, and 15s. per day after fifth day.
Over 150 tons and up to 250 tons gross register, £8 for five days, and 20s. per day after fifth day.
Over 250 tons gross register, £10 for five days, and 20s. per day after fifth day.
A day to mean between sunrise and sunset.
The above rates cover the cost of all labour connected with hauling up and launching (the crew of the vessel to give their assistance as may be required), and the cost of blocking a vessel and shifting the blocks after hauling up.
Table of Contents
PILOTAGE, port charges, berthage charges, &c., at fourteen of the principal harbours in New Zealand, as on the 1st January, 1901 (compiled by Mr. C. Hood Williams, Secretary to the Lyttelton Harbour Board):—
Pilotage (not compulsory): Sailing-vessels, inwards and outwards, 3d. per ton each way.
Steamers, inwards and outwards, 2d. per ton each way when services of pilot are taken.
Port charges: 3d. per ton half-yearly (on all vessels over 15 tons) in one payment.
Harbourmaster's fees: 1d. per ton.
Berthage: Every person who shall use any wharf with any vessel shall pay for the use thereof—Ferry steamers, £1 to £1 10s. per month; other vessels under 20 tons, 1s. per day, not exceeding 10s.. For every vessel not included in the above, 1/4d. per ton per day. Outside berths, 1/8d. per ton per day.
Pilotage (not compulsory): Sailing-vessels over 100 tons, first 100 tons, 6d. per ton; every ton over 100 tons, 2d. per ton. Into and out of Turanganui River: Sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton; sailing-vessels towed, 2d. per ton; steamers, 2d. per ton.
Port charges: Steamers, sailing-vessels, or boats plying within the harbour or engaged in coasting only, 3d. per ton quarterly; steamers sailing-vessels, or boats plying within the harbour and not engaged in coasting, only on arrival (not to exceed 10d. per ton in any half-year), 1d. per ton; steamers or sailing-vessels from beyond the Australian Colonies, on arrival, 4d. per ton.
Harbourmaster's fees: Free.
Berthage alongside the wharves: Per day or part, under 50 tons, 5s.; over 50 tons and up to 75 tons, 7s. 6d.; over 75 tons up to 100 tons, 10s.; for every additional 50 tons or fraction thereof, 2s. 6d. Vessels discharging outside of bars to pay half foregoing dues. Steamers to pay double rates as per tonnage; and in all cases sailing-vessels to make way for steamers.
Pilotage (not compulsory): Into Inner Harbour—Sailing-vessels, 4d. per ton; steamers, 3d. per ton. To roadstead—First 100 tons, sailing-vessels, 6d. per ton; steamers, 3d. per ton. Every ton over 100 tons—Sailing-vessels, 2d. per ton; steamers, 1d. per ton. Into Breakwater Harbour—First 100 tons, sailing vessels, 6d. per ton; steamers, 3d. per ton. Every ton over 100 tons—Sailing-vessels, 2d. per ton; steamers, 1d. per ton. Outward pilotage, half rates.
Port charges: 6d. per ton quarterly in advance, vessels plying within port or engaged in coasting only; 2d. per ton on arrival of vessels not plying within port or not solely employed in coasting, but not to exceed 1s. per ton in any half-year. Ocean-going vessels (not being “ colonial trading” or coasting vessels) returning to port within one month from date of first arrival are exempt from port charges for second or subsequent arrivals within one calendar month.
Harbourmaster's fees: 5s. per vessel of less than 60 tons. Steamers under 60 tons and licensed as lighters are exempt. 1d. per ton sailing-vessels 60 tons and upwards; 10s. per vessel steamers of 60 tons and under 120 tons; 1d. per ton steamers of 120 tons and upwards. Vessels paying for pilotage service inwards do not pay Harbourmaster's fees.
Berthage: Breakwater Harbour wharves—3d. per ton on cargo landed, shipped, or transhipped; 1s. each horse or large cattle shipped or transhipped; 1/2d. each sheep or small animal shipped or transhipped. Other wharves—10s. per vessel of 60 tons; £1 per vessel over 60 tons to 120 tons; 2d. per ton vessels over 120 tons. Half rates only charged where vessels entering the Inner Harbour pay for pilotage services.
Hawsers and moorings: Vessels at wharf in Breakwater Harbour—1/2d. per ton per day, first six days after day of arrival; 1/4d. per ton per day after six days, Sundays and holidays excepted. Vessels moored to buoys within Breakwater Harbour, 1/8d. per ton per day.
Fenders: Vessels at wharves in Breakwater Harbour—5s. per day, vessels under 500 tons; 7s. per day, vessels of 500 tons and under 1,000 tons; 10s. per day vessels of 1,000 tons and under 1,500 tons; 15s. per day, vessels of 1,500 tons and under 2,000 tons; £1 per day, vessels of 2,000 tons and upwards.
Pilotage (compulsory): Charged both inwards and outwards, intercolonial or coasting—Sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton; steamers, 1 1/2d. per ton; foreign sailing-vessel or steamer, 1/2d. per ton.
Port charges: Intercolonial, 4d. per ton, payable half-yearly; foreign, 1/2d. per ton on arrival in roadstead.
Berthage rate: 3 1/2d. per ton on all cargo landed, shipped, or transhipped outwards; on registered tonnage also 1/2d. per ton.
Warps: 1d. per ton register for first 100 tons; 1/2d. per ton for excess.
Fenders: 1s. per day or part of day.
Water (minimum 3s.): 5s. per 1,000 gallons.
Pilotage: All vessels when piloted by signals from the staff only, 1d. per ton register. River pilotage, to be charged for any assistance rendered by the pilot or any of his crew inside the bar, 2d. per ton. When a pilot boards and conducts a vessel outside the bar, 3d. per ton. Steamers engaged in tendering ocean steamers at anchor in the roadstead charged half pilotage rates.
Port charges: Nil.
Harbourmaster's fees: Free.
Berthage: For every steamer using any wharf, being berthed alongside, and whether discharging or loading cargo or not, 2d. per ton on gross register for first day of eight working hours, and 1d. for every succeeding day of eight working hours. For every sailing-vessel the charge to be 2d. for first day of eight working hours, and 1/2d. for every succeeding day of eight working hours, not exceeding five days. For every vessel occupying a berth outside another vessel, and loading or discharging cargo, 1/4d. per ton on gross register per day of eight working hours whilst loading or discharging. Ships' dues on vessels detained in port by stress of weather will not be charged after the third day.
Pilotage (optional): Sailing-vessels inwards, 4d. per ton; sailing-vessels outwards, 3d. per ton; steamers inwards, 3d. per ton; steamers outwards, 2d. per ton. Pilotage includes the removal fee to or from the berth at 1d. per ton.
Port charges: 2d. per ton on arrival; not exceeding 6d. in any half-year. Half-yearly days, 1st January and July. Steamers arriving for coal, stores, water, or for receiving or landing mails or passengers and their luggage, which do not come to any wharf or receive or discharge cargo within the port, are exempt from port charges.
Harbourmaster's or berthing fee on vessels of 120 tons and upwards, 1d. per ton; under 120 tons, 10s. Vessels paying pilotage are exempt. Exemption berthage certificates are given to competent masters in the coastal and inter-colonial trades, but not to those in foreign trade.
Berthage: None, unless vessels delay discharging or loading for an undue time.
Pilotage (compulsory): Steamers, inwards and outwards, 1d. per registered ton after first call. Sailing-vessels, inwards and outwards, 6d. per ton if tug not employed; 3d. per ton if tug employed. Steamers, in and out, payable yearly, 7d. per registered ton; 400 tons, 3d. per ton annually.
Port charges: For vessels not employing the pilot, 150 tons, 6d. per ton half-yearly; over 150 tons, 1s. per ton half-yearly.
Harbour lights: Payable each arrival, 150 tons, 1/4d. per ton; over 150 tons, 1/2d. per ton.
Harbourmaster's fees: 250 tons, 1d. per ton; over 250 tons, 1/2d. per ton for each removal.
Berthage, fenders, and warps: Nil.
Pilotage: Free (signal-station). Four pilots authorised.
Port charges: Receiving and discharging ships' ballast, 1s. per ton; minimum charge, 20s.; 1d. per ton for use of shoot.
Harbourmaster's fees: Free.
Berthage: Use of wharf, 1/4d. per ton per day; minimum charge, 5s.; maximum charge, £5 10s.
Pilotage: Free (signal-station).
Port charges: Discharging ships' ballast, 6d. per ton.
Harbourmaster's fees: Free.
Berthage: Use of wharf, 6d. per ton net register per trip. Vessels in ballast for coal or timber, 1d. per ton net register for the first four days; maximum, £5 10s.; minimum, 5s.
Pilotage (compulsory): Pilotage, inwards and outwards, sailing-vessels 3 1/2d. per ton; steamers, 2 1/2d. per ton. Free on second call on same voyage.
Port charges: 2d. per ton, quarterly in advance, for vessels of 100 tons and upwards plying within the port or employed in coasting only, not to exceed 6d. per ton in any half-year; 2d. per ton for vessels of 100 tons and upwards not plying within the port or not solely employed in coasting, not to exceed 6d. per ton in any half-year. For exemptions from pilotage and harbour fees, see sections 132, 133, and 134 of “The Harbours Act, 1878.”
Harbourmaster's fees: Free.
Berthing charges: None.
Warps (21 in. coir hawsers): £2 per warp for use during a vessel's stay in port, not exceeding six months.
Fenders (soft wood): £1 for first day, and 10s. per day after. 10s. for use of each hardwood fender.
Pilotage (compulsory): Sailing-vessels, 3d. per ton inwards and outwards; when tug used, 2d. per ton; steamers, 2d. per ton inwards.
Port charges: Coasters, 1 1/2d. per ton each trip; sailing-vessels, not coasters, 3d. per ton each trip; steam-vessels, not coasters, 6d. per ton in cargo worked; in all cases not to exceed 1s. 3d. per ton in any half-year.
Harbourmaster's fees: 1d. per ton each service. This fee is charged to all vessels or steamers not paying pilotage.
Berthage: 3d. per ton on all cargo landed or shipped.
Hawsers and moorings: Vessels at wharves, 1/2d. per ton register for first seven days; subsequent days, 1/4d. per ton. Vessels at buoys, under 800 tons register, 1/8d. per ton; over 800 tons, 1/16d. per ton.
Fenders: Sailing-vessels under 500 tons register, 2s. per day; under 1,000 tons, 3s. per day; over 1,000 tons, 4s. per day. Steamers under 1,000 tons register, 4s. per day; under 1,500 tons, 10s. per day; under 2,000 tons, 15s. per day; over 2,000 tons, £1 per day.
Tonnage rate: On cargo, inwards or outwards—Coal, merchandise, stone, produce, and timber, 8d. per ton; wool, 2s. per ton; frozen sheep, 1d. per carcase; frozen lamb, 1d. per carcase; rabbits and hares, 3s. per ton, gross-weight; all other frozen goods 3s. per ton, gross dead weight; live-stock, 1s. 8d. per ton. Note.—Collected in the same manner as berthage dues have been collected.
Warps: 1/2d. per ton per day for seven days; 1/4d. per ton per day thereafter.
Pilotage (compulsory): Inwards and outwards, sailing-vesssls without tug, 6d. per ton; with tug, 4d. per ton; steamers, 4d. per ton. Foreign steamers calling twice on one voyage only charged once. All vessels holding exemption certificates, one annual pilotage. For every vessel under steam carrying an exempt pilot and employing a Board's pilot the charge shall be 1/2d. per ton for the Upper Harbour.
Port charges: 6d. per ton half-yearly, all vessels.
Harbourmaster's fees: Vessels less than 120 tons, 10s.; over 120 tons, 1d. per ton.
Berthage: Vessels trading within the port—10 tons, 5s. per quarter; 25 tons, 10s. per quarter; 50 tons, 15s. per quarter; 100 tons, £1 per quarter. Vessels trading beyond the port—Sailing-vessels 1/4d. per ton (maximum, eighteen days, £10); steam-vessels, 1/2d. per ton per day. Vessels laid up for less than a month, one-half the above rates; over a month, 1/2d. per ton per month.
Towage: When assistance is given to steam-vessels under steam, one-fourth usual towage, not exceeding £5 for Upper Harbour, and £7 for Lower Harbour.
Pilotage (compulsory): Steamers, inwards and outwards, 3 1/2d. per registered ton; sailing-vessels, 5 1/2d. inwards and outwards if tug not employed; 31/2d. per registered ton inwards and outwards if tug employed. Sailing-vessels in ballast, 31/2d. per registered ton inwards and outwards. Steamers in and out, 7d. per registered ton, payable yearly; sailing-vessels, in and out, 11d. per registered ton, payable yearly.
Port charges: On all vessels, per trip, 2d. per registered ton, or in one sum, half-yearly from date of entry, 6d. per registered ton.
Harbourmaster's fees: Free.
Berthage: Steamers, 2d. per ton net register for the first day, and 1d. per ton per week or part of a week thereafter. Sailing-vessels and hulks of over 50 tons register, 1d. per ton net register per week for the first four weeks, and 1/4d. per ton per week thereafter.
Wharfage rates at fourteen of the principal harbours in New Zealand, as on 1st January, 1901 (compiled by Mr. C. Hood Williams, Secretary to the Lyttelton Harbour Board):—
General Merchandise.—2s. per ton imports; 1s. per ton exports.
Transhipments: Half-rates when declared, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton landed; 1s. per ton shipped.
Transhipments: Half-rates when declared, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. 6d. per ton landed; 1s. per ton shipped.
Transhipments: Half-rates when declared, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including seven days' storage and labour.
Wool.—6d. per bale, shipped or landed.
Transhipments: If landed, dumped, and re-shipped, 3d. per bale.
Coal.—1s. 3d. per ton landed; 6d. per ton shipped.
Transhipments: Shipped or discharged over side for steamer's use, free.
Timber.—Sawn, 2s. per 1,000 ft. landed; 1s. per 1,000 ft. shipped. Baulk or round (less 12 1/2 per cent.), 1s. per 1,000 ft. landed, 6d. per 1,000 ft. shipped.
Transhipments: Half landing charges when declared, or 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage.
NOTE.—Wharfage on agricultural produce, frozen meat, coal, &c., was raised 2d. per ton, and on wool 2d. per bale, and timber 1d. per 100 ft., on 1st August, 1899.
General Merchandise.—Imports, 5s. to 6d.; exports, 2s. 6d. to 6d. By measurement, from 40 cubic feet to 4 cubic feet; same for weight. Ale, beer, and porter, per gallon—Import, 1 1/2d., export, 1/2d.; spirits and wine, per ton measurement, 7s. 6d. No export charges on goods that have paid inward wharfage.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—Grain—Imports, 5s.; exports, 1s. Grass-seed—Imports, 5s.; exports, 2s. Potatoes—Imports, 5s; exports, 2s. 6d. (12 sacks).
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Sheep, 2d. per carcase; lambs, 1d. per carcase; haunches. legs, &c., 2s. 6d. per ton.
Wool.—1s. 3d. per bale, export.
Transhipments: 3d. per bale if landed. Free if transhipped from vessel.
Coal.—2s. per ton.
Transhipments: Coal for engines and freezing-ships, Outer Harbour, free.
Timber.—Sawn, 4s. per 1,000 ft.; baulk, 1s. per 1,000 ft., imports; 1s., and 6d., per 1,000 ft., exports.
General Merchandise.—3s. 6d. to 9d. per ton imports, 2s. to 6d. per ton exports, according to measurement, from 40 cubic feet to 5 cubic feet; 3s. to 9d. per ton imports, 2s. to 6d. per ton exports, by weight, 1 ton to 2 1/4 cwt.
Transhipments: Quarter import rates, Outer Harbour; half import rates, Inner Harbour.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—3s. 6d. imports; 1s. 6d. exports. Potatoes, 3s. imports; 1s. 6d. exports.
Transhipments: Quarter import rates, Outer Harbour; half import rates, Inner Harbour.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Sheep, 2d. per carcase; haunches, 1d., legs, 1/2d.; lambs, 1d. per carcase, exports or imports. Cased meats, butter, &c., at general merchandise rates.
Transhipments: Quarter import rates, Outer Harbour; half import rates Inner Harbour.
Wool.—1s. per bale, exports only.
Transhipments: 3d. and 6d. per bale if landed for transhipment.
Coal.—2s. 6d. imports; 1s. 3d. exports.
Transhipments: Quarter rates, Outer Harbour; half rates, Inner Harbour. Coal for engines and freezing-ships, Outer Harbour, free.
Timber.—3s. 6d. per 1,000 ft., imports; 1s. 8d. per 1,000 ft. exports.
Transhipments: Half rates, Inner Harbour; quarter rates, Outer Harbour.
NOTE.—Goods other than wool and flax landed on a wharf for transhipment to a vessel lying at another berth, charged inward wharfage only when declared at time of entry.
General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.
Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton; grass-seed, 2s. (20 sacks).
Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—2s. per ton.
Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton.
Wool.—6d. per bale; five bales of 4 cwt., 2s. per ton; three bales of over 4 cwt. 2s. per ton.
Transhipments: Three-quarter rates.
Coal.—2s. per ton; brown coal, 1s. 9d., with labour.
Transhipments: Three-quarter rates, with labour.
Timber.—480 ft. per ton, 2s.; 320 ft. per ton (rough or sawn), with labour.
Transhipments: Three-quarter rates.
General Merchandise.—Imports, 3s. per ton; exports, 2s. per ton.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—Imports, 3s. per ton; exports, 2s. per ton. Potatoes, export, 1s. per ton.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—Sheep, 1/2 d. per carcase; lambs, 1/2d. per carcase; legs, shoulders, and loins calculated at so many to a carcase, according to freight.
Wool.—6d. per bale.
Transhipments: Half rates.
Coal.—2s. 6d. per ton. Coal for ship's use, outward, 6d. per ton.
Timber.—6d. per 100 ft.; for shipment, 2d.; white pine, 1d.
Transhipments: Half rates.
General Merchandise.—2s per ton inwards, including labour and one night's storage. Inward cargo landed after noon on Friday is stored free till noon on following Monday. 1s. per ton outwards, including labour. Railway wharfage—1s. inwards; 6d. outwards, without labour.
Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage. Over side of vessel lying at wharf, 6d. per ton.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton inwards, including labour and one night's storage; 1s. per ton outwards, including labour. Railway wharfage—1s. inwards; 6d. outwards, without labour.
Transhipments: 2s. per ton, including labour and seven days' storage. Over side of vessel at wharf, 6d. per ton.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1s. inwards; 1s. outwards, without labour. Railway wharfage—1s. inwards; 6d. outwards, without labour.
Transhipments: Meat, 1s. 3d. per ton, without labour; butter, 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and storage. Meat, butter, &c., over side of vessel at wharf, 6d. per ton.
Wool.—4d. per bale at Railway Wharf, without labour; 6d. per bale at other wharves, including labour.
Transhipments: 6d. per bale, including labour, and 3d. additional if stored. Over side of vessel to vessel at wharf, 3d. per bale.
Coal.—1s. per ton imports; 6d. per ton exports, without labour. Railway wharfage—1s. per ton inwards; 6d. per ton outwards, without labour.
Transhipments: Across wharf for steamer's use, free. From vessel or hulk to vessel at wharf, free.
Timber.—2d. per 100 ft. inwards; 1 1/2d. per 100 ft. outwards, without labour.
If labour supplied, 2d. per 100 ft. added inwards, and 1 1/2d. outwards. Railway wharfage—2d. inwards; 1 1/2d. outwards, without labour.
Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including seven days' storage and labour; and 6d. over vessel's side into another.
General Merchandise.—2s. per ton, imports and exports, with labour.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf; 2s. 6d. if landed.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports and exports, with labour.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf; 2s. 6d. if landed.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—None shipped.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf, half rates if landed.
Wool.—Exports, 1s. per bale; imports free.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.
Coal.—1s. per ton imports; 2s. with labour. Free exports.
Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, with labour. Free, when not landed on wharf.
Timber.—1d. per 100 ft. super., import; 1d. per 100 ft. super., export; 1s. 6d. per ton by measurement, with labour.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed on wharf. Re-shipments, 2s. 6d. per ton.
General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.
Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton.
Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—2s. per ton.
Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage.
Wool.—6d. per bale.
Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.
Coal.—6d. per ton.
Timber.—2d. per 100 ft. If for export and carried by rail, free.
General Merchandise.—3s. per ton. This charge includes 1s. a ton for receiving and delivering.
Transhipments; 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton if transhipped to vessel or lighter.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—3s. per ton. This charge includes 1s. a ton for receiving and delivering.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—3s. per ton. This charge includes 1s. a ton for receiving and delivering.
Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage.
Wool.—6d. per bale.
Transhipments: 2s. 6d. per ton, including labour and one week's storage; 1s. per ton 1f transhipped to vessel or lighter.
Coal.—6d. per ton.
Timber.—2d. per 100 ft. If for export and carried by rail, free.
General Merchandise.—1s. 6d. per ton.
Transhipments: Free, whether landed on wharf or otherwise.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—6d. per ton.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—6d. per ton.
Transhipments: Free, whether landed on wharf or otherwise.
Wool.—6d. per bale.
Coal.—6d. per ton.
Transhipments: Free, whether landed on wharf or otherwise.
Timber.—3d. per 100 ft.
N.B.—All re-shipments of goods from Lyttelton under declaration, free.
General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.
Transhipments: Half rates.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. 6d. per ton.
Transhipments: Half rates.
Frozen Meat.—1/2d. per carcase.
Transhipments: Half rates.
Wool.—1s. per bale.
Transhipments: Half rates.
Coal.—2s. per ton.
Transhipments: Half rates. For bunkering purposes, free.
Timber.—4d. per 100 ft.
Transhipments: Half rates.
General Merchandise.—2s. per ton.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—2s. per ton.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—1/2d. per sheep. Butter, as merchandise, 2s. per ton.
Wool.—6d. per bale.
Coal.—2s. per ton.
Timber.—5d. and 7d. per 100 ft.
General Merchandise.—3s., 4s., and 5s. per ton, imports; 9d., 2s., and 3s. per ton, exports. (Classified.)
Transhipments: 2s. per ton.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—1s. per ton, imports; 1s. 3d. per ton by weight, exports; 9d. per ton on bran and pollard, exports.
Transhipments: 1s. per ton.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—3s. per ton, exports; butter, imports, 4s. per ton; frozen meat, imports, 5s. per ton; sheep and lambs, 1d. per carcase.
Transhipments: 2s. per ton.
Wool.—Exports, 3s. per ton by measurement; 4s. per ton, imports (three bales to ton).
Transhipments: 2s. per ton by measurement.
Coal.—3s. per ton, imports: 9d. per ton, exports.
Transhipments: 2s. per ton.
Timber.—6d. and 3d. per 100 superficial feet, imports; 9d. per ton by measurement, exports.
Transhipments: 2s. per ton by measurement. Notice of transhipment must be given within twenty-four hours after ship's arrival.
General Merchandise.—1s. 10d. per ton, imports and exports.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.
Grain and Agricultural Produce.—11d. per ton, imports and exports.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.
Frozen Meat, Butter, &c.—11d. per ton, exports; cheese, 1s. per ton.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.
Wool.—Exports, 9d. per bale; imports free.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed.
Coal.—1s. 6d. per ton, imports; free exports.
Transhipments: 1s. 6d. per ton when landed ex hulk; free when not landed on wharf.
Timber.—1s. per 1,000 ft. super., import; 1s. per 1,000 ft. super., export.
Transhipments: Free, when not landed on wharf; half rates if landed on wharf.
THE coasts of New Zealand are, considering their extent, fairly well lighted, but there are many places where lights are still required. Additions to the existing lights are made from time to time as funds are available.
There are twenty-nine coastal lights—eight of the first order, fifteen of the second, three of the third, and three of smaller orders, and a second order light is about to be erected on Kahurangi Point, on the west coast of the South Island.
There has been no special difficulty in the erection of lighthouses in New Zealand, apart from the trouble caused by indifferent landings. There are no lighthouses built in the sea, such as the well-known Eddystone or Bell Rock. That on The Brothers is the only one which it is considered necessary to keep as a rock-station: that is, the keepers are relieved from time to time, three being always at the station and one on shore.
The cost of the erection of the lighthouses is given by the Marine Department as about £181,600 (the Ponui Passage Light-house, having been built by the Provincial Government of Auckland, the cost is not given). The annual consumption of oil is about 20,000 gallons; and the cost of maintenance, irrespective of the cost of maintaining the lighthouse steamer, is about £13,500 a year.
Besides the coastal lighthouses, there are harbour-lights at most of the ports of the colony for the guidance of vessels into and out of the ports.
The following table shows the names of the lighthouses, indicating also their situation, the order of apparatus, description, period (in seconds) and colour of the lights, and of what material the respective towers are built:—
|Name of Lighthouse.||Order of Apparatus.||Description.||Period of Revolving Light.||Colour of Light.||Tower built of.|
|Cape Maria van Diemen||1st order||Revolving||60||White||Timber.|
|..||Fixed||..||Red, to show over Columbia Reef|
|Moko Hinou||1st order||Flashing||10||White||Stone.|
|Tiri-Tiri (Auckland)||2nd order||Fixed||..||White, with red arc over Flat Rock||Iron.|
|Ponui Passage||5th order||Fixed||..||White and red||Timber|
|Cuvier Island||1st order||Revolving||30||White||Iron.|
|East Cape||2nd order||Revolving||10||White||Iron.|
|Portland Island||2nd order||Revolving||30||White||Timber.|
|..||Fixed||..||Red, to show over Bull Rock|
|Cape Palliser||2nd order||Flashing||Twice every half-minute, with three seconds intervals between flashes||White||Iron.|
|Pencarrow Head||2nd order||Fixed||..||White||Iron.|
|Cape Egmont||2nd order||Fixed||..||White||Iron.|
|Manukau Head||3rd order||Fixed||..||White||Timber|
|Kaipara Head||2nd order||Flashing||10||White||Timber|
|Brothers (in Cook Strait)||2nd order||Flashing||10||White||Timber|
|..||Fixed||..||Red, to show over Cook Rock||Timber|
|Cape Campbell||2nd order||Revolving||60||White||Timber|
|Godley Head (Lyttelton)||2nd order||Fixed||..||White||Stone.|
|Akaroa Head||2nd order||Flashing||10||White||Timber.|
|Taiaroa Head||3rd order||Fixed||Red||Stone.|
|Cape Saunders||2nd order||Revolving||60||White||Timber.|
|Nugget Point||1st order||Fixed||..||White||Stone.|
|Waipapapa Point||2nd order||Flashing||10||White||Timber.|
|Dog Island||1st order||Revolving||30||White||Stone.|
|Centre Island||1st order||Fixed||..||White, with red arcs over inshore dangers||Timber.|
|Puysegur Point||1st order||Flashing||10||White||Timber.|
|Cape Foulwind||2nd order||Revolving||30||..||Timber|
|Farewell Spit||2nd order||Revolving||60||White, with red arc over Spit end||Timber|
|Nelson||4th order||Fixed||..||White, with red arc to mark limit of anchorage||Iron.|
|French Pass||6th order||Fixed||..||Red and white, with white light on beacon||Iron.|
|Stephens Island||1st order||Group flashing||30||White||Iron.|
PAID BY THE GOVERNMENT OF NEW ZEALAND, AS ON 31st MARCH. 1901.
[By an Act passed in 1871 the pension system was abolished in New Zealand. In 1893 the Civil Service Insurance Act was passed, the main provisions of which are described at the end of this table.]
|Name.||Date from which Pension commenced.||Amount.|
* Per diem.
|Under “The Civil Service Act, 1866.”|
|£ s. d.|
|Andrews, A.||1 May, 1896||141 12 0|
|Arrow, H.||1 Aug., 1881||26 0 0|
|Austin, A. D.||1 Oct., 1887||247 10 0|
|Anderson, J. G.||6 Jan., 1896||261 18 1|
|Baddeley, H. C.||12 Jan., 1888||225 0 0|
|Baker, E.||1 Nov., 1880||214 17 1|
|Barnes, G. H.||16 Feb., 1896||100 0 0|
|Batkin, C. T.||1 April, 1890||533 6 0|
|Bertrand, J. R.||17 Feb., 1895||135 0 0|
|Bicknell, F.||1 Feb., 1882||96 13 4|
|Blomfield, J.||21 Mar., 1889||101 15 0|
|Bridson, W.||1 Aug., 1893||146 8 7|
|Brown, W. R. E.||1 Aug., 1892||265 16 8|
|Burgess, A.||1 June, 1886||116 13 4|
|Burke, J.||1 July, 1899||89 0 11|
|Butts, E. D.||1 April, 1893||258 6 8|
|Campbell, F. E.||1 Mar., 1890||466 13 0|
|Carrington, O.||1 Feb., 1878||300 0 0|
|Catley, J. T.||1 Oct., 1898||223 6 8|
|Cheesman, W. F.||1 April, 1890||154 15 1|
|Clarke, H. T.||1 Jan., 1879||400 0 0|
|Clarke, H.||1 Oct., 1879||98 13 0|
|Cook, R. C.||1 Sept., 1895||160 14 3|
|Costall, J.||10 July, 1892||131 3 10|
|Creeke, W.||1 April, 1891||52 15 8|
|Crowe, A.||31 Dec., 1885||68 12 3|
|Culpan, W.||1 Dec, 1868||62 10 0|
|Cunningham, J.||1 Feb., 1888||175 0 0|
|Dick, S. J.||1 Feb., 1893||250 0 0|
|Dickey, A. J.||1 Nov., 1875||122 0 5|
|Earle, J.||13 Nov., 1888||104 10 0|
|Eliott, G. E.||30 Nov., 1872||400 0 0|
|Elliott, S.||1 July, 1898||110 11 4|
|Falck, F.||1 Mar., 1893||125 13 4|
|Ferguson, J.||1 Feb., 1897||195 0 0|
|Filleul, W. G.||16 April, 1896||140 16 8|
|Freeth, J. J.||1 Mar., 1894||116 13 4|
|Gill, R. J.||1 Sept., 1886||228 11 5|
|Graham, G. H.||8 Sept., 1891||52 10 0|
|Greenway, J. H.||1 Nov., 1891||116 16 0|
|Giles, J.||1 Feb., 1894||238 6 8|
|Halliday, C.||31 Aug., 1886||96 13 4|
|Hamilton, M.||11 July, 1880||200 0 0|
|Hart, J. T.||12 Nov., 1890||193 7 0|
|Haselden, C. J. A.||1 July, 1896||255 19 1|
|Heddell, P.||17 Oct., 1894||90 0 0|
|Henn, J.||1 April, 1893||88 3 4|
|Hill, C. J.||9 Feb., 1895||72 0 0|
|Holden, T.||13 Oct., 1878||31 5 0|
|Jackman, S. J.||1 May, 1892||149 6 8|
|Johnson, J. W.||1 May, 1898||78 1 6|
|Johnston, S.||8 June, 1900||173 8 3|
|Judd, A.||1 April, 1887||173 6 8|
|Keetley, E.||1 July, 1884||18 12 10|
|Kissling, T.||1 Jan., 1894||317 5 2|
|Laing, E. B.||1 April, 1887||112 10 0|
|Laing, W.||1 Feb., 1896||212 10 0|
|Lang, A.||1 Feb., 1893||75 15 3|
|Lemon, C.||1 Mar., 1895||350 0 0|
|Lincoln, R. S.||1 Mar., 1889||68 17 0|
|Lodge, W. F.||1 Oct., 1881||185 0 0|
|Lubecki, A. D.||1 April, 1896||200 0 0|
|Lusher, R. A.||31 Aug., 1880||76 16 8|
|Macdonald, J.||1 Nov., 1900||111 0 0|
|Millar, G.||1 Feb., 1896||80 7 0|
|Miller, F.||1 April, 1899||141 13 4|
|Mitford, G. M.||1 Feb., 1869||196 15 0|
|Monson, J. R.||1 Oct., 1882||271 16 0|
|Monro, H. A. H.||1 Nov., 1880||342 17 2|
|Morpeth, W. J.||4 Aug., 1894||195 4 9|
|Morrow, H.||1 June, 1890||120 16 8|
|Macarthur, J.||1 Jan., 1876||65 0 0|
|McCulloch, H.||1 Aug., 1890||233 0 0|
|MacDonnell, R. T.||23 July, 1890||150 0 0|
|McKellar, H. S.||1 Aug., 1892||433 6 8|
|Norris, E. F.||1 Oct., 1895||88 17 9|
|Nuttall, J.||1 July, 1897||74 13 4|
|O'Brien, L.||1 April, 1896||273 5 0|
|O'Connor, R.||1 Sept., 1892||147 0 6|
|Parris, R.||1 Jan., 1877||314 5 8|
|Pearson, W. H.||30 Sept., 1884||340 9 6|
|Phillips, W. M.||1 Dec., 1894||69 4 5|
|Pickett, R.||1 Aug., 1866||209 10 6|
|Pinwill, A.||1 July, 1891||120 17 0|
|Pitt, H.||1 May, 1881||100 0 0|
|Powell, D.||1 July, 1893||44 1 8|
|Rawson, C. E.||1 Dec., 1895||244 0 11|
|Reid, W. S.||1 Nov., 1900||500 0 0|
|Rennell, W.||1 Dec., 1895||167 18 4|
|Rich, E. F.||1 June, 1892||217 0 0|
|Robertson, J.||6 Oct., 1892||155 0 0|
|Rodgerson, W. J.||1 July, 1892||248 6 8|
|Rowe, C.||1 Oct., 1894||109 16 0|
|Searancke, W. N.||1 Feb., 1879||240 0 0|
|Shrimpton, J.||16 July, 1889||146 14 0|
|Silvius, H.||17 Jan., 1900||72 10 0|
|Sinclair, A.||1 June, 1878||195 0 0|
|Slater, J.||1 April, 1898||223 16 2|
|Smith, J.||1 June, 1894||49 5 6|
|Smith, S. P.||1 Nov., 1900||500 0 0|
|Smith, T. H.||1 July, 1876||371 8 7|
|Stevens, F.||1 Dec., 1892||183 0 0|
|Stewart, J. T.||1 May, 1889||300 0 0|
|Swingland, P.||1 Nov., 1899||96 0 0|
|Teesdale, F.||7 Oct., 1899||118 16 8|
|Tennant, J.||1 Jan., 1901||293 6 8|
|Thomas, G. W.||1 Nov., 1875||38 15 0|
|Thompson, R.||1 Mar., 1896||220 0 0|
|Tizard, E. F.||1 July, 1888||180 19 0|
|Tovey, J. H.||1 April, 1895||77 0 10|
|Treseder, P.||13 Oct., 1897||184 3 4|
|Tucker, W.||31 Dec., 1880||104 13 4|
|Veal, J.||1 Sept., 1885||49 15 3|
|Veale, J. S.||1 Sept., 1887||56 2 10|
|Von Sturmer, S.||1 July, 1895||288 1 11|
|Wardell, H. S.||1 July, 1888||366 13 0|
|White, W.||1 July, 1881||36 5 0|
|White, W. B.||1 July, 1873||375 4 9|
|Williams, E. M.||1 April, 1880||135 0 0|
|Woon, J. G.||1 July, 1892||209 10 6|
|Wrigg, H. C. W.||1 Aug., 1889||157 2 10|
|Under “The Hamerton Pension Act, 1891.”|
|Hamerton, R. C.||11 Sept., 1891||250 0 0|
|Under “The Meredith and Others Pensions Act, 1870.”|
|£ s. d.|
|Hamlin, Rhoda B.||— 1865||50 0 0|
|Under “The Military Pensions Act, 1866.”|
|Arapera te Reo||1 July, 1870||20 0 0|
|Brown, M. R.||75 0 0|
|Hastings, L.||55 0 0|
|Iritona, Hanita||8 Nov., 1868||12 0 0|
|Marara, Ngakoa||3 Dec., 1860||36 0 0|
|McDonald, E.||36 0 0|
|Morrison, Ann||26 Oct., 1866||36 0 0|
|Russell, C.||36 0 0|
|Adamson, T.||(a)||0 2 2*|
|Beamish, J. G.||(b)||0 1 6*|
|Corbett, George||(c)||0 2 0*|
|Crawford, C. F.||0 2 0*|
|Gibbons, M. C.||12 Oct., 1869||0 2 2*|
|Hamblyn, J.||1 Oct., 1872||0 2 2*|
|Hope, E. L.||(d)||0 1 6*|
|Kelly, T.||9 April, 1870||0 2 2*|
|Kershaw, P.||9 Aug., 1869||0 1 6*|
|Lacey, Garrett||0 2 2*|
|Lake, T.||0 2 6*|
|Lloyd, T.||(e)||0 2 0*|
|McDonnell, W.||150 0 0|
|McDougall, T. R.||1 April, 1898||40 0 0|
|McKay, G.||0 1 0*|
|McMahon, T.||(f)||0 2 0*|
|Ross, Edward O.||17 Nov., 1866||75 0 0|
|Shanaghan, J.||0 1 6*|
|Shepherd, R.||(g)||0 2 8*|
|Timms, W.||(h)||0 1 6*|
|Tuffin, G.||0 2 2*|
|Vance, R.||8 April, 1870||0 2 2*|
|Walsh, W.||15 Nov., 1866||0 1 6*|
|Wasley, Edw. O.||(i)||0 2 2*|
|Williamson, F.||1 June, 1869||0 2 0*|
|Apera te Keunga||14 May, 1864||0 2 6*|
|Karena Ruataniwha||1 July, 1870||0 1 0*|
|Matiu Whitiki||1 April, 1885||0 0 6*|
|Mauparoa||1 July, 1867||0 1 0*|
|Mehaka Kepa||2 Aug., 1865||0 0 9*|
|Pera Taitimu||12 Oct., 1869||0 1 0*|
|Under “The Walsh and Other Pensions Act, 1869.”|
|Hewett, Ellen A.||10 Feb., 1865||50 0 0|
|Under “The Militia Act Amendment Act, 1862.”|
|£ s. d.,|
|Bending, W.||0 2 0*|
|Bilton, F.||0 2 0*|
|Cody, W.||0 1 0*|
|Dunn, A. J. N.||0 2 0*|
|King, E. M.||80 0 0|
|Leaf, R.||(k)||0 0 6*|
|Skinner, W. H.||0 2 6*|
|Vickery, W.||0 2 0*|
|Woolfe, T.||0 2 0*|
|Under “The Schafer, McGuire, and Others Pensions Act, 1872.”|
|McGuire, E.||29 Sept., 1871||0 1 0*|
|Russell, W.||1 July, 1871||0 1 0*|
Adamson, Thomas. 7th May, 1869.
Austin, Samuel, 10th March, 1869.
Black, Solomon, 10th March, 1869.
Biddle, Benjamin, 10th March, 1869.
Hill, George, 10th April, 1869.
Lingard, William, 10th March. 1869.
Mace, Francis Joseph, 10th March, 1869.
Maling, Christopher, 10th March, 1869.
Mair, Gilbert, 7th February, 1870.
Preece, George, 10th March, 1869.
Roberts, John Mackintosh, 10th March, 1869.
Rodriguez, Antonio, 10th March, 1869.
Shepherd, Richard, 13th March, 1869.
Smith, Angus, 7th June, 1869.
Pensions of late Provincial Government, Nelson—Mrs. Robinson's three daughters, £100.
Pension to Mrs. Elizabeth Ford, £46; pension of late F. G. Rawson continued to his widow, £45; pension to Aperahama Tahumirangi for wounds received when in the service of the New Zealand Government, £10.
THIS Act applies to all Government employés permanently employed, with a few exceptions, and provides that every person appointed under “The Civil Service Reform Act, 1886,” shall retire on attaining sixty years of age, except in special cases where the officer is required to serve beyond that age.
The scheme of insurance and pension provided by the Act and the regulations thereunder is as follows:—
A deduction of 5 per cent. is made on the assumed salary of all officers appointed under the Act; all salaries under £150 counting as £100, and those between £150 and £200 counting as £150, &c., until a limit of £800 is reached. This deduction is paid to the Government Insurance Department, and applied to purchase, first, an insurance ceasing at age sixty, of the amount of the assumed salary; and, secondly, such annuity, commencing at age sixty, as the remainder will purchase. By consenting to a small additional deduction the officer can have the assurance converted into one for the whole of life, the premiums ceasing at age sixty.
The following is a table of the benefits corresponding to a deduction of £5 per annum, made by instalments of 8s. 4d. per month:—
|Age nearest Birthday.||Combined Benefits, corresponding to a Monthly Deduction of 8s. 4d.||Age nearest Birthday.|
|Insurance at Death if before Age 60.||Annuity commencing at Age 60.|
|Payable Yearly.||Payable Half-yearly.||Payable Quarterly.|
|£||£ s. d.||£ s. d.||£ s. d.|
|15||100||63 11 1||62 18 2||62 11 8||15|
|16||100||59 15 9||59 3 6||58 17 4||16|
|17||100||56 3 10||55 12 4||55 6 8||17|
|18||100||52 15 3||52 4 6||51 19 0||18|
|19||100||49 11 10||49 1 8||48 16 8||19|
|20||100||46 12 7||46 3 2||45 18 4||20|
|21||100||43 16 5||43 7 6||43 3 0||21|
|22||100||41 3 5||40 15 0||40 10 8||22|
|23||100||38 13 0||38 5 2||38 1 0||23|
|24||100||36 4 9||35 17 6||35 13 8||24|
|25||100||33 18 8||33 11 8||33 8 4||25|
|26||100||31 14 10||31 8 4||31 5 0||26|
|27||100||29 12 9||29 6 8||29 3 8||27|
|28||100||27 12 10||27 7 2||27 4 4||28|
|29||100||25 15 2||25 9 10||25 7 4||29|
|30||100||23 19 6||23 14 8||23 12 0||30|
|31||100||22 5 9||22 1 2||21 19 0||31|
|32||100||20 13 6||20 9 4||20 7 0||32|
|33||100||19 2 11||18 19 0||18 17 0||33|
|34||100||17 14 1||17 10 6||17 8 8||34|
|35||100||16 6 8||16 3 4||16 1 8||35|
|36||100||15 0 9||14 17 8||14 16 0||36|
|37||100||13 16 2||13 13 4||13 12 0||37|
|38||100||12 13 0||12 10 4||12 9 0||38|
|39||100||11 11 2||11 8 10||11 7 8||39|
|40||100||10 10 5||10 8 2||10 7 0||40|
This shows that a cadet appointed at age fifteen would be insured for £100 until age sixty, and that on reaching that age he would be entitled to an annuity of £63 11s. 1d. If, at age twenty, his salary was increased to £150, a further increase of £50 in the insurance and £23 6s. 3d. in the annuity would be given, making the total insurance £150, and the annuity £86 17s. 4d. per annum; the total insurance and annuity increasing, for each £5 increase in the annual deduction, in the manner shown in the table.
Officers appointed to the Civil Service whose age exceeds forty years at the date of the appointment are specially dealt with, and are only insured for amounts payable at death if able to pass the usual medical examination required by the Insurance Department. The policies or bonuses cannot be assigned or mortgaged, or charged in any way, or taken in execution, while any person assured under the Civil Service Insurance Act remains in the Civil Service. Officers appointed under “The Civil Service Reform Act, 1886,” had the option, during the year 1894, of coming under the provisions of this Act in regard to the insurance and annuity.
The following is a list of the number and amount of insurances effected in each year since the coming into operation of the Act:—
|Year.||Number of Insurances.||Sum assured.||Annuity payable on attaining Age 60.|
|£||£ s. d.|
|1894||68||11,468||1,982 17 3|
|1895||47||8,558||2,064 8 8|
|1896||56||7,102||2,203 0 7|
|1897||48||6,848||2,045 19 11|
|1898||41||5,619||1,815 3 5|
|1899||67||10,253||3,161 4 2|
|1900||63||9,504||3,490 14 0|
|390||59,352||16,763 8 0|
Of these, four policies, insuring £556, have become claims by death, thirty-four policies have been lapsed or surrendered, and the holders of ten policies have left the Civil Service, but have elected to continue their policies with the Insurance Department.
The total of these policies on the 31st December, 1900, was 342, insuring, with bonus additions, £51,340, and securing annuities of £14,993 per annum at age sixty.
THERE are (January, 1901) 207 publications on the register of newspapers for New Zealand. Of these, 54 are daily papers, 31 are published three times a week, 26 twice a week, 66 once a week, 3 fortnightly, 1 three times a month, and 26 monthly.
The names of the newspapers, with the postal districts and towns in which they are printed, are given in the following list, the second column showing the day or period of publication.
M. signifies morning paper; E. evening paper:—
|Auckland Evening Star (E.)||Daily.|
|Auckland Weekly News and Town and Country Journal (M)||Saturday|
|Bible Standard (M.)||Monthly.|
|Church Gazette (M.)||Monthly.|
|Danica (M.)||Thrice monthly (1st, 10th, 20th).|
|New Zealand ABC Guide||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Farmer, Bee and Poultry Journal (M.)||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Graphic, Ladies' Journal, and Youths' Companion||Wednesday.|
|New Zealand Herald (M.)||Daily.|
|New Zealand Illustrated Magazine||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Illustrated Sporting Review and Licensed Victualler's Gazette (M.)||Thursday.|
|New Zealand Illustrated Tit-Bits (M.)||Saturday.|
|New Zealand Joyful News||Monthly.|
|Produce Circular and Monthly Report (M.)||Monthly.|
|Sharland's Trade Journal||Saturday.|
|Coromandel— Coromandel County News (E).||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Dargaville— Wairoa Bell and Northern Advertiser (E.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Hamilton— Waikato Argus (E.)||Daily.|
|Waikato Times and Thames Valley Gazette (E.)||Daily.|
|Kawakawa— Northern Luminary (E.)||Friday.|
|Onehunga— Manukau and Franklin Mail and Auckland Courier (E.)||Friday.|
|Manukau County Chronicle (M.)||Saturday.|
|Weekly Onehunga Independent and District Advertiser (M.)||Saturday.|
|Rotorua— Hot Lakes Chronicle (M.)||Saturday.|
|Whangarei— Northern Advocate (E.)||Friday.|
|Karangahake— Goldfields Advocate and Ohinemuri County Chronicle (M.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Opotiki— East Coast Guardian (E.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Opotiki Herald, Whakatane County and East Coast Gazette (E.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Paeroa— Ohinemuri Gazette (M.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Tauranga— Bay of Plenty Times and Thames Valley Warden (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Te Aroha— Te Aroha and Ohinemuri News and Upper Thames Advocate (M.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Thames— Thames Advertiser and Miners' News (M.)||Daily.|
|Thames Star (E.)||Daily.|
|Waihi— Waihi Chronicle (M.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Waihi Miner and Hauraki Goldfield Gazette (E.)||Daily.|
|Waitekauri— Golden Age (E.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Gisborne— Poverty Bay Herald (E.)||Daily.|
|Telephone (M.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Inglewood— Record and Waitara Age (M.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Weekly Record (M.)||Saturday.|
|New Plymouth— Budget and Taranaki Weekly Herald (M.)||Saturday.|
|Daily News (M.)||Daily.|
|Taranaki Herald (E.)||Daily.|
|Taranaki News (M.)||Saturday.|
|Opunake— Opunake Times (E.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Stratford— Egmont Post (E.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Egmont Settler (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Waitara— Waitara Evening Mail and Clifton County Chronicle (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Waitara Times and Clifton County Gazette (M.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Dannevirke— Bush Advocate (E.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Morning Press (M.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Hastings— Hastings Standard (E.)||Daily.|
|Napier— Daily Telegraph (E.)||Daily.|
|Hawke's Bay Herald (M.)||Daily.|
|New Zealand Fire and Ambulance Record||Monthly.|
|Waipawa— Waipawa Mail (E.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Wairoa— Wairoa Guardian and County Advocate (M.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Eltham— Eltham Argus and Daily Advertiser (E.)||Daily.|
|Eltham Guardian; Kaponga, Ngaire, Te Roti, Hawera,|
|Stratford, and Cardiff Advertiser (M.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Hawera— Egmont Star (M.)||Saturday.|
|Hawera and Normanby Star, Patea County Chronicle, and Waimate Plains Gazette (E.)||Daily.|
|Hunterville— Paraekaretu Express, Hunterville, Ohingaiti, Moawhango, and Rata Advertiser (M.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Manaia— Waimate Witness (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Mangaweka— Mangaweka Mail, and Ohingaiti, Rangiwhaia, Utiku, Taihape, and Moawhango Courier (M.)||Tuesday, Friday|
|Settler (M.)||Tuesday, Friday|
|Marton— Rangitikei Advocate and Manawatu Argus (E.)||Daily.|
|Patea— Patea County Press (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Raetihi— Waimarino Argus and Raetihi, Ohakune, Karioi, Pipiriki, and Upper Wanganui Advocate (M.)||Tuesday.|
|Wanganui— Jubilee (M.)||Tuesday.|
|Wanganui Chronicle and Patea-Rangitikei Advertiser (M.)||Daily.|
|Wanganui Herald (E.)||Daily.|
|Weekly Chronicle and Patea-Rangitikei Record (M.)||Saturday.|
|Carterton— Wairarapa Leader (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Wairarapa Observer, Featherston Chronide, East Coast Advertiser, and South County Gazette (E.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Eketahuna— Eketahuna Express and North Wairarapa Courier (E.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Feilding— Feilding Star (E.)||Daily.|
|Foxton— Manawatu Herald (E.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Greytown North— Te Puke ki Hikurangi (E.)||Tues., fortnightly.|
|Wairarapa Standard and Featherston Advocate (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Levin— Manawatu Farmer and Horowhenua County Chronicle (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Masterton— Wairarapa Daily Times (E.)||Daily.|
|Wairarapa Star (E.)||Daily.|
|Weekly Star and Wellington District Advertiser (M.)||Thursday.|
|Otaki— Otaki Mail and Horowhenua County and West Coast Advertiser (M.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Pahiatua— Pahiatua Herald (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Palmerston North— Manawatu Daily Standard, Rangitikei Advertiser, and West|
|Coast Gazette (E.)||Daily.|
|Manawatu Daily Times (E.)||Daily.|
|Petone— Hutt and Petone Chronicle (M.)||Wednesday.|
|Wellington— Advocate (M.)||Tuesday.|
|Church Chronicle (M.)||Monthly.|
|Evening Post (E.)||Daily.|
|Mercantile Record (M.)||Saturday.|
|New Zealand Craftsman (M.)||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Cyclists' Touring Club Gazette||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Dairyman and Dairy Messenger (E.)||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Field (M.)||Friday.|
|New Zealand Free Lance (M.)||Saturday.|
|New Zealand Insurance, Finance, and Mining Journal (M.)||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Mail, Town and Country Advertiser (M)||Friday.|
|New Zealand Mines Record (M.)||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Times (M.)||Daily.|
|Register and Property Investors' Guide||Monthly.|
|Wellington Price Current and New Zealand Trade Review (M)||Monthly.|
|Woodville— Woodville Examiner (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Blenheim— Marlborough Daily Times and Town and Country Advertiser (M.)||Daily.|
|Marlborough Express (E.)||Daily.|
|Havelock— Pelorus Guardian and Miners' Advocate (M.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Picton— Marlborough Press, County of Sounds Gazette (M.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Brightwater— Brightwater Independent Chronicle (M.)||Thursday.|
|Collingwood— Golden Bay Argus (E.)||Thursday.|
|Nelson— Colonist (M.)||Daily.|
|Nelson Evening Mail (E.)||Daily.|
|Takaka— Takaka News and Collingwood Advertiser (E.)||Thursday.|
|Charleston— Charleston Herald, Brighton Times, and Croninville Reporter (M.)||Wed., Saturday|
|Murchison— Buller Post (E.)||Tuesday.|
|Westport— Buller Miner (M.)||Friday.|
|Westport News (M.)||Daily.|
|Westport Times and Evening Star (E.)||Daily.|
|Brunnerton— Brunner News, Blackball Courier, and Grey Valley Advertiser (E.)||Daily.|
|Greymouth— Evening Star and Brunnerton Advocate (E.)||Daily.|
|Grey River Argus (M.)||Daily.|
|Weekly Argus (M.)||Weekly.|
|Reefton— Inangahua Herald and New Zealand Miner (M.)||Daily.|
|Inangahua Times and Reefton Guardian (E.)||Daily.|
|Hokitika— Hokitika Guardian and Evening Star (E.)||Daily.|
|West Coast Times (E.)||Daily.|
|Kumara— Kumara Times and Dillman's and Goldsborough Advertiser (E.)||Daily.|
|Ross— Ross and Okarito Advocate and Westland Advertiser (M.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Akaroa— Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser (M.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Ashburton— Ashburton Guardian (E.)||Daily.|
|Ashburton Mail, Rakaia, Mount Somers, and Alford Forest|
|Advertiser (M.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Ashburton Standard and Farmers' Advocate (M.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Cheviot— Cheviot News (M.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Christchurch— Canterbury Times (M.)||Wednesday.|
|Jubilee Gossip (M.)||Saturday.|
|Lyttelton Times (M.)||Daily.|
|Mercantile and Bankruptcy Gazette of New Zealand (E.)||Wednesday.|
|New Zealand Baptist||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Church News (M.)||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Railway Review||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Schoolmaster (E.)||Monthly.|
|New Zealand War Cry and Official Gazette of the Salvation Army (M.)||Saturday.|
|New Zealand Wheelman (M.)||Wednesday.|
|Sportsman and New Zealand Cyclist (M.)||Wednesday.|
|Weekly Press (incorporating “The Referee”) (M.)||Wednesday.|
|East Oxford— Oxford Observer (M.)||Saturday.|
|Kaikoura— Kaikoura Star and North Canterbury and South Marlborough News (E.)||Daily.|
|Rangiora— Rangiora Standard and North Canterbury Guardian (M.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Southbridge— Ellesmere Guardian (M.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Temuka— Geraldine Guardian (M.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Gladstone Guardian (E.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Temuka Leader (M.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Timaru— Morning Post (M.)||Daily.|
|South Canterbury Times (E.)||Daily.|
|Timaru Herald (M.)||Daily.|
|Waimate— Waimate Advertiser (M.)||Saturday.|
|Waimate Times (M.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Oamaru— North Otago Times (M.)||Daily.|
|Oamaru Mail (E.)||Daily.|
|Alexandra South— Alexandra Herald and Central Otago Gazette (M.)||Thursday.|
|Balclutha— Clutha Leader (M.)||Tuesday, Friday|
|Free Press (M.)||Tuesday, Friday|
|Clyde— Dunstan Times, Vincent County Gazette, and General|
|Goldfields Advertiser (M.)||Friday.|
|Cromwell— Cromwell Argus and Northern Goldfields Gazette (M.)||Tuesday.|
|Dunedin— Evening Star (E.)||Daily.|
|Farmers' Circular (M.)||Thur., fortn'ly|
|New Zealand Guardian (M.)||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Journal of Education||Monthly.|
|New Zealand Mining and Engineering Journal (M.)||Thursday.|
|New Zealand Tablet (M.)||Friday.|
|Otago Daily Times (M.)||Daily.|
|Otago Witness (M.)||Thursday.|
|Otago Liberal and Workman (M)||Saturday|
|Trade Review and Farmers' Gazette (M.)||Thursday.|
|Weekly Budget (M.)||Saturday.|
|Lawrence— Tuapeka Times (M.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Milton— Bruce Herald (M.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Mosgiel— Taieri Advocate (M.)||Wed., Saturday.|
|Naseby— Mount Ida Chronicle (E.)||Friday (twice).|
|Palmerston— Palmerston and Waikouaiti Times (M.)||Friday.|
|Roxburgh— Mount Benger Mail (M.)||Saturday.|
|Tapanui— Tapanui Courier and Central Districts Gazette (M.)||Wednesday.|
|Arrowtown— Lake County Press (E.)||Thursday.|
|Gore— Mataura Ensign (E.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Southern Standard (M.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
|Invercargill— Southern Cross (M.)||Saturday.|
|Southland Daily News (E.)||Daily.|
|Southland Times (M.)||Daily.|
|Weekly Times (M.)||Friday.|
|Queenstown— Lake Wakatipu Mail (E.)||Friday.|
|Riverton— Western Star and Wallace County Gazette (E.)||Tues., Thur., Sat.|
|Winton— Winton Record and Hokonui Advocate (M.)||Friday.|
|Wyndham— Wyndham Farmer (M.)||Mon., Wed., Fri.|
|Wyndham Herald (M.)||Tuesday, Friday.|
The foregoing towns are arranged according to the postal district in which they are situated.
Taking the provincial districts, Auckland has 40 publications registered as newspapers, Taranaki 11, Hawke's Bay 8, Wellington 48, Marlborough 4, Nelson 13, Westland 8, Canterbury 34, and Otago 41.
Table of Contents
Under the Customs and Excise Duties Acts, 1888 and 1895, “The Tobacco Excise Duties Act, 1896,” and “The Customs Duties Amendment Act, 1900.”
THE headings of the respective classes in this Table and in the Table of Exemptions are used solely for convenience of classification, and shall not in any way affect the articles specified therein, or be construed to indicate the material of which any such article is made.
The word “iron” includes steel, or steel and iron combined.
Neither steam-engines, nor parts of steam-engines, nor steam-boilers (land or marine) are included in the expression “machines” or “machinery” in either this Table or the Table of Exemptions.
The abbreviaton “n.o.e.” means not otherwise enumerated.
In computing “ad valorem” duties the invoice value of the goods is increased by 10 per cent.
Names of Articles and Rates of Duty.
Almonds, in shell, 2d. the lb.
Almonds, shelled, n.o.e., 3d. the lb.
Bacon and hams, 2d. the lb.
Biscuits, ships' plain and unsweetened, 3s. the cwt.
Biscuits, other kinds, 2d. the lb.
Boiled sugars, comfits, lozenges, Scotch mixtures, and sugar-candy, 2d. the lb., including internal packages.
Candied peel and drained peel, 3d. the lb.
Capers, caraway seeds, catsup, cayenne pepper, chillies, chutney, curry-powder and -paste, fish-paste, gelatine, isinglass, liquorice, olives, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
Chocolate confectionery, and all preparations of chocolate or cocoa—
In plain trade packages, 3d. the lb.
In fancy packages, or in small packages for retail sale, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
Confectionery n.o.e., 2d. the lb., including internal packages.
Currants, 1d. the lb.
Fish, dried, pickled, or salted, n.o.e., 10s. the cwt.
Fish, potted and preserved, 2d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.
Fruit, fresh, viz. :—
Apples, pears, plums, cherries, peaches, nectarines, medlars, apricots, quinces, tomatoes, 1d. the lb.
(No duty exceeding 1/2d. the lb. to be levied on apples and pears from 14th July to 31st December.)
Currants, raspberries, gooseberries, blackberries, and strawberries, 1/2d. the lb.
Lemons, 1/2d. the lb.
Fruits, dried, 2d. the lb.
Fruits, preserved in juice or syrup, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
Fruit-pulp, and partially preserved fruit n.o.e., 1 1/2d. the lb.
Fruits preserved by sulphurous acid, 1d. the lb.
Glucose, 1d. the lb.
Honey, 2d. the lb.
Jams, jellies, marmalade, and preserves, 2d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.
Jellies concentrated in tablets or powder, 4d. the lb.
Maizena and cornflour, 1/4d. the lb.
Meats, potted or preserved, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
Milk, preserved, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
Mustard, 2d. the lb.
Nuts of all kinds, except cocoa-nuts, 2d. the lb.
Oysters, preserved, 2d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.
Pearl barley, 1s. the cwt.
Peas, split, 2s. the cwt.
Pickles, 3s. the imperial gallon.
Provisions, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
Raisins, 1d. the lb.
Rice-flour, 6s. the cwt.
Sardines, including the oil, 2d. the lb.
Sauces, 4s. the imperial gallon.
Spices, including pepper and pimento, unground, 2d. the lb.
Spices, including pepper and pimento, ground, 4d. the lb.
Sugar, 1/2d. the lb.
Treacle and molasses, 1/2d. the lb.
Vegetables, fresh, dried, or preserved, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
Vinegar, table, not exceeding 6.5 per cent. of acidity,* 6d. the gallon.
43. Cigarettes, not exceeding in weight 2 1/2 lb. per 1,000, 17s. 6d. the 1,000. And for all weight in excess of 2 1/2 lb. per 1,000, 6d. the oz.
44. Cigars, 7s. the lb.
45. Snuff, 7s. the lb.
46. Tobacco, 3s. 6d. the lb.
47. Tobacco, unmanufactured, entered to be manufactured in the colony in any licensed tobacco manufactory, for manufacturing purposes only, into tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, or snuff, 2s. the lb.
48. Ale, beer of all sorts, porter, cider, and perry, the gallon, or for six reputed quart bottles, or 12 reputed pint bottles, 2s. the gallon.
49. Cordials, bitters, and liqueurs, 16s. the liquid gallon.
50. Hops, 6d. the lb.
51. Malt, 2s. the bushel.
52. Rice malt, 1d. the lb.
53. Solid wort, 6d. the lb.
54. Spirits and strong waters, the strength of which can be ascertained by Sykes's hydrometer, 16s. the proof gallon. (No allowance beyond 16.5 under proof shall be made for spirits or strong waters of a less hydrometer strength than 16.5 under proof.)
55. Spirits and strong waters, sweetened or mixed, when not exceeding the strength of proof, 16s. the liquid gallon.
56. Spirits and strong waters in cases shall be charged as follows, namely:—
Two gallons and under, as two gallons; over two gallons and not exceeding three, as three gallons; over three gallons and not exceeding four, as four gallons; and so on for any greater quantity contained in any case.
57. Spirits or strong waters, mixed with ingredients in any proportion exceeding 33 per cent. of proof spirit, and although thereby coming under any other designation, excepting patent or proprietary medicines, or tinctures and medicinal spirits otherwise enumerated, 16s. the liquid gallon.
58. Wine, Australian, containing not more than 35 per cent. of proof spirit verified by Sykes's hydrometer, the gallon, or for six reputed quart bottles, or twelve reputed pint bottles, 5s. the gallon.
59. Wine, other than sparkling and Australian, containing less than 40 per cent. of proof spirit verified by Sykes's hydrometer, the gallon, or for six reputed quart bottles, or twelve reputed pint bottles, 6s. the gallon.
60. Wine, sparkling, 9s. the gallon.
* Vinegar exceeding 6.5 per cent. of acidity to be treated as acetic acid.
61. Aerated and mineral waters and effervescing beverages, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
62. Chicory, 3d. the lb.
63. Chocolate, 3d. the lb.
64. Cocoa, 3d. the lb.
65. Coffee, essence of, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
66. Coffee, roasted, 3d. the lb.
67. Syrups; lime- or lemon-juice sweetened; raspberry vinegar, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
68. Tea, 2d. the lb.
69. Acid, acetic, n.o.e., containing not more than 30 per cent. of acidity, 1 1/2d. the lb.
For every 10 per cent. of acidity or fraction thereof additional, 1/2d. the lb.
70. Acid, tartaric, 1d. the lb.
71. Baking-powder, yeast preparations, and other ferments, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
72. Chemicals n.o.e., including photographic chemicals, and glacial acetic acid (B.P. standard), 15 per cent. ad valorem.
73. Cream of tartar, 1d. the lb.
74. Drugs and druggists' sundries and apothecaries' wares, n.o.e., 15 per cent. ad valorem.
75. Essences, flavouring, spirituous: 15 per cent. ad valorem until 1st February, 1896, and thereafter 16s. the liquid gallon.
76. Essences, flavouring, n.o.e., 15 per cent.
77. Eucalyptus oil, in bulk or bottle, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
78. Glycerine, refined, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
79. Opium, 40s. the lb.
80. Patent medicines, 15 per cent. ad valorem.
81. Proprietary medicines, or medicaments, (1) bearing the name of the proprietor on label or package; (2) bearing a prefixed name in the possessive case; (3) n.o.e., prepared by any occult secret or art, 15 per cent. ad valorem.
82. Saccharine, except in the form of tabloids or tablets, 1s. 6d. the ounce.
83. Sarsaparilla, 15 per cent. ad valorem.
84. Soda, carbonate and bicarbonate, 1s. the cwt.
85. Soda, crystals, 2s. the cwt.
86. Tinctures and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopoeia, containing more than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, 1s. the lb.
87. Tinctures and medicinal spirits of any recognised pharmacopoeiaóia, containing 50 per cent. proof spirit or less, 15 per cent. ad valorem.
88. Apparel and ready-made clothing, and all articles n.o.e. made up wholly or in part from textile or other piece-goods, 25 per cent. ad valorem.89. Apparel made by British or foreign tailors, dress-, mantle-, or jacket-makers, to the order of residents in the colony, and intended for the individual use of such residents, whether imported by the residents themselves or through an importing firm, 40 per cent. ad valorem.
90. Blankets, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
91. Collars and cuffs, of paper or other material, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
92. Cotton counterpanes, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
93. Cotton piece-goods, to include turkey twills, dress prints (hard-spun and plain-woven), where the invoice value does not exceed 4d. the yard; and cotton piece-goods n.o.e., 10 per cent. ad valorem.
94. Cotton piece-goods—namely, tapestry; cretonnes; chintz art crêpe, and serges; velveteens, velvets, and plushes, all kinds; damasks; moquette; sateens; linenettes; crepons; crimps; zephyrs; ginghams; turkey twills; prints; printed cottons; piqués; vestings; quiltings, and marcellas; muslins of all kinds; nets; window-nets; hollands, curtains, and blinds; diapers; ticks, including coloured Belgian; towellings; laces, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
95. Drapery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
96. Feathers, ornamental (including ostrich), and artificial flowers, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
97. Forfar, dowlas, and flax sheeting, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
98. Furs, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
99. Haberdashery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
100. Hats of all kinds, including straw hats, also caps, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
101. Hosiery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
102. Lace, and laces, n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
103. Millinery of all kinds, including trimmed hats, caps, and bonnets, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
104. Ribbons and crape, all kinds, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
105. Rugs, woollen, cotton, opossum, or other, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
106. Shawls, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
107. Silks, satins, velvets, plushes, n.o.e., composed of silk mixed with any other material, in the piece, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
108. Textile piece-goods other than cotton or silk, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
109. Umbrellas, parasols, and sunshades, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
110. Yarns n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
111. Boots, shoes, and slippers, n.o.e.; goloshes, clogs, pattens, vamps, uppers, and laces, 22 1/2 per cent. ad valorem.
112. Heel-plates, and toe stiffeners and plates, 22 1/2 per cent. ad valorem.
Leather belting, and belt-leather, harness, bridle, legging, bag, kip (other than East India), 4d. the lb.
Buff and split, including satin hides and tweeds, 3d. the lb.
Cordovan, levanted leather, roans, sheepskins, morocco n.o.e., basils, 3d. the lb.
Sole-leather, 2d. the lb.
East India kip, Persians, lambskins and goatskins (dressed other than morocco), kangaroo and wallabi skins (dressed), tan and coloured calf, 2d. the lb.
Leather n.o.e., 1d. the lb.
114. Leather board or compo, 4d. the lb.
115. Leather bags and leather-cloth bags, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
116. Leather, chamois, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
117. Leather cut into shapes, 22 1/2 per cent. ad valorem.
118. Leather leggings, 22 1/2 per cent. ad valorem.
119. Leather manufactures n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
120. Portmanteaux; trunks; travelling-bags and brief-bags of leather or leather-cloth, 10 in. in length and upwards, and carpet-bags, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
121. Saddlery, and harness, whips and whip-thongs, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
122. Basket- and wicker-ware n.o.e., not being furniture, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
123. Carpets, and druggets; floorcloth; mats, and matting, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
124. Desks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
125. Furniture and cabinetware, n.o.e., and other than iron, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
126. Furniture-, knife-, and plate-powder and polish, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
127. Mantelpieces, other than stone, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
128. Upholstery n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
129. Bricks, known as firebricks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
130. China, porcelain, and parianware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
131. Drainage pipes and tiles, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
132. Earthen flooring and garden-tiles, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
133. Earthenware, stoneware, and brownware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
134. Filters, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
135. Fireclay, ground, and fireclay goods, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
136. Glass, crown, sheet, and common window, 2s. the 100 superficial feet.
137. Glassware; also plate-glass, and glass polished, coloured, and other kinds, n.o.e.; globes and chimneys for lamps, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
138. Lamps, lanterns, and lampwick, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
139. Plate-glass, bevelled or silvered; mirrors and looking glasses, framed or unframed, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
140. Artificial flies, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
141. Cards, playing, 6d. per pack.
142. Clocks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
143. Dressing-cases, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
144. Fancy goods, and toys, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
145. Fishing tackle, including artificially-baited hooks other than flies, 20 per per cent. ad valorem.
146. Jewellery; plate, gold or silver; greenstone, cut or polished, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
147. Mouldings in the piece for picture-frames, cornices, or ceilings, 15 per cent. ad valorem.
148. Musical instruments of all kinds n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
149. Oil, perfumed, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
150. Paper-mache ware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
151. Perfumery n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
152. Perfumed spirits and Cologne-water: £1 1s. the liquid gallon until the 1st February, 1896, and thereafter £1 10s. the liquid gallon.
153. Photographic goods n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
154. Pictures, paintings, drawings, engravings, and photographs, framed or unframed; picture- or photograph-frames and -mounts, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
155. Platedware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
156. Statues, statuettes, casts, and bronzes, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
157. Tobacco-pipes and -cases, cigar- and cigarette-holders and -cases, cigarette-papers and -cases, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
158. Toilet preparations n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
159. Watches, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
160. Walking-sticks, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
161. Calendars and show-cards, all kinds, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
162. Cardboard boxes complete, or cardboard cut and shaped for boxes (including match-boxes), 25 per cent. ad valorem.
163. Directories of New Zealand, or of any part thereof; also covers for directories, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
164. Handbills, programmes and circulars, playbills and printed posters, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
165. Ink, writing, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
166. Paper bags, coarse (including sugar-bags), 7s. 6d. the cwt.
167. Paper bags n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
168. Paper-hangings, 15 per cent. ad valorem.
169. Paper wrapping—viz., blue candle, glazed cap, glazed casings, small hand, lumber hand, and tissue, 5s. the cwt.
170. Paper, wrapping, other kinds, including brown, cartridge, and sugar papers, 5s. the cwt.
171. Printing matter relating to patent or proprietary medicines; trade catalogues, price-lists, and fashion-plates of the goods of firms or persons in the colony, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
172. Stationery and writing-paper n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
173. Stationery, manufactured—viz., account-books; manuscript books; bill-head, invoice, and statement forms; printed or ruled paper; counter-books; cheque- and draft-forms; tags; labels; blotting-pads; sketchbooks; book-covers; copying letter-books; manifold writers; albums (other than for photographs); diaries; birthday-books; plain or faint-lined ruled books; printed window-tickets; printed, lithographed, or embossed stationery; and Christmas, New Year, birthday, and Easter cards and booklets, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
174. Stereotypes and matrices, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
175. Bicycles, tricycles, and the like vehicles; also finished or partly finished or machined parts of same, n.o.e., including weldless steel tubing cut to short lengths, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
176. Boilers, land and marine, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
177. Brass cocks, valves, unions, lubricators, and whistles, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
178. Brass manufactures, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
179. Cartridges (shot), 10- to 24-bore, 1s. 6d. the 100.
180. Cartridge cases, 9d. the 100.
181. Cartridges n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
182. Cash-registering machines, 10 per cent. ad valorem.
183. Coffin-furniture, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
184. Composition-piping, 3s. 6d. the cwt.
185. Copper manufactures n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
186. Copying-presses, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
187. Crab-winches, cranes n.o.e., capstans, and windlasses, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
188. Cutlery, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
189. Firearms, all kinds, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
190. Galvanised-iron manufactures n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
191. Gasometers, and other apparatus for producing gas; also gas-meters, 10 per cent. ad valorem.
192. Gaspipes, iron, 5 per cent. ad valorem.
193. Hardware, ironmongery, and holloware, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
194. Iron bridges, and iron material n.o.e. for the construction of bridges, wharves, jetties, or patent slips, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
195. Iron columns for buildings, and other structural ironwork, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
196. Iron doors for safes and vaults, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
197. Iron, galvanised corrugated sheets, screws, and nails, 2s. per cwt.
198. Iron galvanised tiles, ridging, guttering, and spouting, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
199. Iron gates and gate-posts, staples, standards, straining posts and apparatus, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
200. Iron nails, 2s. per cwt.
201. Iron pipes, and fittings for same, including main-cocks, 5 per cent. ad valorem.
202. Iron, plain galvanised sheet and hoop, 1s. 6d. the cwt.
203. Iron tanks, exceeding 200 gallons and not exceeding 400 gallons, 10s. each.
204. Iron tanks of and under 200 gallons, 5s. each.
205. Iron work and wire work, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
206. Japanned and laequered metal ware, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
207. Lawn-mowers, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
208. Lead, in sheets, 1s. 6d. the cwt.
209. Lead piping, 3s. 6d. the cwt.
210. Machinery n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
211. Machinery, electric, and appliances, 10 per cent. ad valorem.
212. Machinery for flour-mills, woollen-mills, paper-mills, rope- and twine-making, dredging, saw-milling, planing, oil-refining, boring; and also machinery for refrigerating or preserving meat, leather-splitting machines and band-knives for same, 5 per cent. ad valorem.
213. Manufactures, n.o.e., of metal, or of metal in combination with any other material, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
214. Nails n.o.e., 3s. the cwt.
215. Printing machines and presses, 5 per cent. ad valorem.
216. Pumps and other apparatus for raising water n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
217. Railway and tramway plant and materials n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
218. Sad-irons, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
219. Shot, 10s. the cwt.
220. Soda-water machines; also, machines for aerating liquids, 5 per cent. ad valorem.
221. Steam-engines and parts of steam-engines n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
222. Steam-engines, and parts thereof, including the boiler or boilers therefor, imported specially for mining or gold-saving purposes and processes, or for dairying purposes, 5 per cent. ad valorem.
223. Tinware, and tinsmiths' furniture n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
224. Waterworks pipes, iron, 5 per cent. ad valorem.
225. Weighbridges and weighing-machines, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
226. Wire mattresses and webbing, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
227. Zinc tiles, ridging, guttering, piping, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
228. Zinc manufactures n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
229. Bellows, other than forge, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
230. Blocks, wooden tackle, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
231. Buckets and tubs, of wood, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
232. Carriages, carts, drays, wagons, and perambulators, and wheels for the same, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
233. Carriage shafts, spokes, and felloes, dressed; bent carriage timber, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
234. Doors, glazed with ornamental glass, 4s. each.
235. Doors, plain, 2s. each.
236. Sashes, glazed, with ornamental glass, 4s. the pair.
237. Sashes, plain, 2s. the pair.
238. Timber, palings, 2s. the 100.
239. Timber, posts, 8s, the 100.
240. Timber, rails, 4s. the 100.
241. Timber, sawn, dressed, 4s. the 100 ft. superficial.
242. Timber, sawn, rough, 2s. the 100 ft. superficial.
243. Timber, shingles and laths, 2s. the 1,000.
244. Woodenware and turnery n.o.e, and veneers, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
245. Axle-grease, and other solid lubricants, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
246. Harness oil and composition, and leather dressing, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
247. Naphtha, 6d. the gallon.
248. Oil, linseed, 6d. the gallon.
249. Oil, mineral, including shale-waste or unrefined mineral-oil n.o.e., 6d. the gallon.
250. Oil n.o.e., 6d. the gallon.
251. Oil, olive, in bulk, 6d. the gallon.
252. Oil vegetable, in bulk, n.o.e., 6d. the gallon.
253. Oil vegetable or other, in bottle, 15 per cent. ad valorem.
254. Paints and colours ground in oil or turpentine, 2s. 6d. the cwt.
255. Paints and colours mixed ready for use, 5s. the cwt.
256. Putty, 2s. the cwt.
257. Stearine, 1 1/2d. the lb.
258. Stearine for match-making, 3/4d. the lb.
259. Varnish; enamel paints; gold size, 2s. the gallon.
260. Whiting and chalk, 1s. the cwt.
261. Animals, food for, of all kinds, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
262. Cattle (horned), 10s. each.
263. Chaff, £1 the ton.
264. Grain—namely, barley, 2s. the 100 lb.
265. Grain and pulse of every kind n.o.e., 9d. the 100 lb.
266. Grain and pulse of every kind, when ground or in any way manufactured, n.o.e., 1s. the 100 lb.
267. Horses, £1 each.
268. Linseed, £1 the ton.
269. Maize, 9d. the 100 lb.
270. Onions, £1 the ton.
271. Prepared calf meal, £1 5s. the ton.
272. Bags, flour, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
273. Bags, calico, forfar, hessian, and linen, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
274. Bagging and bags n.o.e., 15 per cent. ad valorem.
275. Blacking and boot-gloss, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
276. Blacklead, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
277. Blue, 2d. the lb.
278. Brooms, brushes, and brushware, n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
279. Brushes, hair, and combs; toilet- clothes- and hat-brushes, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
280. Candles, 1d. the lb. or package of that reputed weight, and so in proportion for packages of greater or less reputed weight.
281. Cement, 2s. the barrel.
282. Cordage and rope, n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
283. Cork, cut, including bungs, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
284. Fireworks n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
285. Flock, 10 per cent. ad valorem.
286. Glue and size, 1 1/2d. the lb.
287. Granite, sawn on not more than two sides, and not dressed or polished, 5 per cent. ad valorem.
288. Marble, granite, and other stone, dressed or polished, and articles made therefrom, including mantelpieces, 25 per cent. ad valorem.
Wooden, in boxes containing not more than 60 matches, 1s. the gross of boxes.
In boxes containing over 60 and not more than 100 matches, 2s. the gross of boxes.
In boxes containing more than 100 matches, for every 100 matches or fraction thereof contained in one box, 2s. the gross of boxes.
Wax, “plaid vestas” in cardboard boxes containing under 100 matches, 1s. the gross of boxes.
“Pocket vestas” in tin or other boxes containing under 100 matches, 1s. 4d. the gross of boxes.
“Sportsman's,” “Ovals,” and “No. 4 tin vestas,” in boxes containing not more than 200 matches, 4s. 6d. the gross of boxes.
Wax, other kinds, for every 100 matches or fraction thereof contained in one box, 2s. 3d. the gross of boxes.
290. Nets and netting, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
291. Paraffin wax, 3/4d. the lb.
292. Powder, sporting, 6d. the lb.
293. Sacks, other than cornsacks and jute sacks, 15 per cent. ad valorem.
294. Sausage-skins and casings (including brine or salt), 3d. per lb.
295. Soap, common yellow, and blue mottled, 5s. the ewt.
296. Soap, n.o.e., 25 per cent. ad valorem.
297. Soap-powder, extract of soap, dry soap, and soft-soap, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
298. Spirits, methylated, 1s the liquid gallon.
299. Spirits, cleared from warehouse, methylated, under prescribed conditions, 6d. the liquid gallon.
300. Starch, 2d. the lb.
301. Tarpaulins, tents, rick- and wagon-covers, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
302. Twine n.o.e., 20 per cent. ad valorem.
303. Washing-powder, 20 per cent. ad valorem.
304. Wax, mineral, vegetable, and Japanese, 11/2d. the lb.
In addition to any duty chargeable by law on any goods imported into the colony, a further duty of 20 per cent. ad valorem shall be charged when the goods are prison-made.
Table of Contents
313. Acids—viz.: boracic; carbolic, in bulk; fluoric; muriatic; nitric; oxalic; oleic; picric; pyrogallic; salicylic; sulphuric.
314. Concentrated extracts or essences in liquid form or preserved in fat for perfume-manufacturing purposes in manufacturing warehouses, in bottles of not less than 1 lb. in weight.
316. Drugs and chemicals—viz.: alum; sulphate of aluminium; sulphate of ammonia; anhydrous ammonia; aniline dyes; arsenic; bluestone, or sulphate of copper; borax; catechu; chloride of calcium; nitrate of silver; cochineal; creosote, crude or commercial; glycerine, crude; gum, arabic and tragacanth; gum benzoin; artificial gum arabic; gum damar; phosphorus; potash, caustic potash, and chlorate of potash; pearlash; prussiate of potash; cyanide of potassium; cyanide of sodium; liquid chlorine; sal-ammoniac; saltpetre; acetate of soda, crude; soda-ash; caustic soda; nitrate of soda; silicate of soda; sulphate of soda; sulphide of sodium; hyposulphite of sodium; strychnine; sulphur; chloride of zinc; iron-sulphates; gall-nuts; turmeric; saffron; nitrousoxide gas; tree-washes; insecticides; maltine; chlorodyne.
317. Essential oils, except eucalyptus; cod-liver oil; oil of rhodium.
318. Horse drenches.
319. Medicinal barks, leaves, herbs, flowers, roots and gums.
321. Sheep dip; sheep-drenches; sheep-licks.
322. Surgical and dental instruments and appliances.
323. Scientific and assay balances, retorts, flasks, and other appliances for chemical analysis and assay work.
324. Water-hardening chemicals for brewers' use.
325. Accoutrements for military purposes, excepting uniform clothing.*
326. Brace-elastic and brace-mountings.
327. Bunting, in the piece.
328. Butter- and cheese-cloth.
329. Buttons, tapes, wadding, pins, needles.
330. Calico, white and grey, also cotton sheetings, in the piece.
331. Corduroy, moleskin, and plain beaver-skin, of cotton, in the piece.
332. Coloured cotton shirtings; flannelette shirtings.†
333. Forfar, dowlas, and flax sheeting, when cut up under supervision in sizes not exceeding 47 in. x 36 in. for making flour-bags, and not exceeding 54 in. for lining wool mats.
334. Fur-skins, green or sun-dried.
335. Gold or silver lace or braid for military clothing.
336. Hatmakers' materials—viz.: silk plush; felt hoods; shellac; galloons; calicoes; spale-boards for hat-boxes; leathers and linings; blocks; moulds; frames; ventilators; and tassels.
337. Hessians, plain or striped, and scrim.
339. Minor articles (required in the making-up of apparel, boots, shoes, hats, caps, saddlery, umbrellas, parasols, and sunshades), enumerated in any order of the Commissioner, and published in the Gazette.
340. Sailcloth, canvas, and unbleached double-warped duck, in the piece.
341. Sewing cottons, silks, and threads; crochet, darning, and knitting cottons; angola mendings not exceeding 45 yards, on cards.
342. Silk for flour-dressing.
343. Silk twist (shoemakers' and saddlers').
344. Staymakers' binding, eyelets, corset-fasteners, jean, ticks, lasting, sateen, and cotell.
* Subject to the provisions of section 28 of “The Defence Act, 1900,” as follows :—
Equipments to be admitted free of Customs Duty.
28. All military clothing, saddlery, and equipments imported into the colony for the bona fide use of a Volunteer corps shall, on the certificate in writing of the Minister of Defence that the same are or have been imported for such purpose, be admitted into the colony free of Customs duty.
† See note on page 92.
345. Tailors' trimmings—viz.: plain-coloured imitation haircloth; canvas; plain Verona and plain diagonal, and such patterns of checked Italian cloth as may be approved of by the Commissioner of Customs; Italian cloth of cotton or wool; buckram; wadding and padding; silk, worsted, and cotton bindings and braids; stay-bindings; Russia braids; shoulder-pads; buckles; silesias; drab, slate, and brown jeans; pocketings; slate, black, and brown dyed unions and linens.
346. Umbrella-makers' materials—viz.: reversible and levantine silk mixtures, gloria, and satin de chêne of not less than 44 in. in width; alpaca cloth, with border; zanella cloth, with border; also other piece-goods on such conditions as the Commissioner may approve; sticks, runners, notches, caps, ferrules, cups, ribs, stretchers, tips, and rings.
347. Union shirtings the invoice value of which does not exceed 6d. the yard.*
348. Waterproof material in the piece.
349. Boot elastic.
350. Bootmakers' linings, canvas, plain or coloured, bag and portmanteau linings, of such materials, qualities, and patterns as may be approved by the Commissioner.
351. Boots, shoes, and slippers—viz., children's, No. 0 to 3.
352. Cork soles, and sock soles.
353. East India kip, crust or rough-tanned, but undressed.
354. Goatskins, crust or rough-tanned, but undressed.
355. Grindery, except heel- and toe-plates.
357. Kangaroo-, wallabi-skins, undressed.
358. Leather, japanned or enamelled; goatskins, dressed as morocco, coloured (other than black).
360. Saddlers' ironmongery (except bits and stirrup-irons), names, and mounts for harness; straining, surcingle, brace, girth, and roller webs; collar-check, and the same article plain, of such quality as may be approved by the Commissioner; legging-buckles.
361. Tanning materials, crude.
362. Blind-webbing and tape.
363. Upholsterers' webbing, hair-seating, imitation hair-seating; curled hair; gimp and cord of wool, cotton, or silk; tufts, and studs.
364. Bottles, empty, plain glass, not being cut or ground; also, jars up to 3 in. in diameter at the mouth.
365. Glass plates (engraved) for photo-lithographic work.
366. Jars or other dutiable vessels, containing free goods or goods subject to a fixed rate of duty, and being ordinary trade packages for the goods contained in them.
367. Action-work and keys, in frames or otherwise, for manufacture of organs, harmoniums, and pianos; organ-pipes and stop-knobs.
368. Artists' canvas, colours, brushes, and palette knives.
* Whenever any dispute arises as to the application of the exemption in favour of coloured cotton, flannelette, or union shirtings, in the case of fabrics alleged to be such shirtings, the Commissioner has power to decide such dispute; and in case of doubt on his part, he may require the fabric in dispute to be cut up for shirt-making, under such conditions as he prescribes.
369. Magic-lanterns, lenses, and slides.
370. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes, and lenses for same.
371. Musical instruments, specially imported for Volunteer bands.
372. Paintings, statuary, and works of art, presented to or imported by any public institution or art association registered as a body corporate, for display in the buildings of such institution or association, and not to be sold or otherwise disposed of.
373. Photographic cameras and lenses.
374. Photographs of personal friends in letters or packets.
375. Precious stones, cut or uncut and unmounted.
376. Sensitized surfaces for photographic purposes.
377. Bookbinders' materials—viz., cloth, leather, thread, headbands, webbing, end-papers, tacketing-gut, marbling colours, marble-paper, blue paste for ruling-ink, staple presses, wire-staples, staple-sticks.
378. Butter-paper, known as parchment paper or waxed paper.
379. Cardboard and pasteboard, of sizes not less than that known as “royal.”
380. Cardboard boxes, material for—viz., gold and silver paper, plain and embossed, gelatine and coloured papers, known as “box-papers.”
381. Cartridge-paper for drawing-books.
382. Cloth-lined boards, not less than “royal.”
383. Cloth-lined papers, enamelled paper; ivorite and gelatine; metallic paper, not less than “demy.”
384. Copy-books and drawing-books.
385. Copying-paper, medium and double-foolscap, in original mill wrappers and labels.
386. Hand-made cheque-paper.
387. Ink, printing.
388. Masticated para.
389. Millboard, and bookbinders' leather-board.
390. Paper, hand-made or machine-made book or writing, of sizes not less than the size known as “demy,” when in original wrappers.
392. Printed books, papers, and music, n.o.e.
393. School slates, and educational apparatus.
394. All machinery for agricultural purposes, including chaff-cutters, corn-crushers; corn-shellers, also articles used in manufacturing the same—viz., chaff - cutting knives, tilt-rakes, fittings for threshing - mills, forgings for ploughs.
395. All agricultural implements.
396. All bolts and nuts, blank or screwed nuts, black or finished nuts.
398. Artificers' tools.
399. Axes and hatchets; spades, shovels, and forks; picks; mattocks; quartz and knapping-hammers; scythes, sheep-shears, reaping-hooks; soldering-irons; paperhangers' scissors; butchers' saws and cleavers.
400. Axles, axle-arms, and boxes.
401. Band-saws and folding-saws, including frames.
403. Bicycles and tricycles, fittings for—viz., rubber-tires, pneumatic-tires, outside covers, and inner tubes; rubber and cork handles, and pedal-rubbers; also drop-forgings and stampings, ball-bearings, weldless steel tube in full lengths, rims, forks, and spokes, in the rough.
404. Blacksmiths' anvils, forges, and fans.
406. Brass and copper, in pigs, bars, tubes, or sheets.
407. Brass tubing and stamped work, in the rough, for gasaliers and brackets.
408. Caps, percussion.
409. Card-clothing for woollen-mills.
410. Chain pulleys, and chains for same.
411. Chains, trace and plough chains; or metal articles required to repair or complete riding or driving harness or saddlery to be repaired or made in the colony.
412. Chamfering, crozing and howelling machine for cask-making.
413. Copper and composition, rod, bolts, sheathing, and nails.
414. Couch-roll jackets, machine-wires, beater-bars, and strainer-plates for paper-mills.
416. Emery-grinding machines and emery-wheels.
417. Empty iron drums, not exceeding 10 gallons capacity.
418. Engineers', boilermakers', brass-finishers', smiths', and all metal-and wood-workers' machine and hand tools.
419. Engine governors.
421. Fire-engines, including Merryweather's chemical fire-engines.
423. Galvanising-baths, welded.
424. Gas-engines and hammers, and oil-engines.
425. Glassmakers' moulds.
426. Hydraulic cranes.
427. Iron- and brass-wove wire and wire gauze; also wire netting.
428. Iron boiler-plates and unflanged end-plates for boilers; boiler-tubes not exceeding 6 in. in diameter, and unflanged; Bowling's expansion rings; furnace-flues.
429. Iron, plain black sheet, rod, bolt, bar, plate, hoop, and pig.
430. Iron rolled girders.
431. Iron plates, screws, and castings for ships.
432. Iron wire n.o.e., including fencing-wire, plain and barbed.
433. Lead, in pigs and bars.
435. Machine saws.
436. Machinery exclusively for the purpose of the manufacture of beet-root sugar.
437. Machinery for dairying purposes.
438. Machinery of every description for mining purposes, including machine pumps, but not including machinery for dredging.
439. Machinery for gold-saving purposes and processes.
440. Metal fittings for trunks, portmanteaux, travelling-bags, leggings, bags, and satchels.
441. Metal sheaves for blocks.
442. Metallic capsules.
443. Perambulators and the like vehicles, fittings for n.o.e.
444. Perforated or cellular sheet zinc or iron.
445. Portable engines on four or any greater number of wheels, with boiler of locomotive type; also traction-engines.
446. Printing type and materials n.o.e.
447. Rails for railways and tramways.
448. Reapers and binders, and reaping and mowing machines, and extra parts for same; materials for manufacturing agricultural machinery, namely, reaper-knife sections, fingers, brass and steel springs, malleable castings, discs for harrows, mould-boards and plough-shares, mould-board plates, and steel-share plates cut to pattern, skeith-plates; ploughs and harrows; combined threshers.
449. Riddles and sieves.
450. Rivets and washers.
451. Separators and coolers for dairying purposes.
452. Set-screws, engineers' studs, and split-pins.
453. Sewing-, knitting-, and kilting-machines.
454. Spiral springs (except sofa- and mattress-springs).
455. Steam and hydraulic pressure and vacuum gauges.
456. Steel rams, black or finished, for hydraulic cranes or jiggers.
457. Surveyors' steel bands and measuring-tapes.
459. Tacks of all kinds.
460. Tea-packing lead.
461. Tin, in pigs, bars, or sheets.
462. Tinsmiths' fittings, including stamped or blocked tin, planished or unplanished.
463. Tins, tops of, ornamented.
464. Welded and flanged boiler-furnaces, plain or corrugated.
465. Wire, of brass, copper, or lead.
466. Zinc, plain sheet.
467. Zinc plates and copper plates for photo-lithographic work.
468. Ash, hickory, and lancewood timber, unwrought.
463. Blacksmiths' bellows.
470. Brush woodware.
471. Carriage- and cart-shafts, spokes and felloes in the rough; hubs, of all kinds; poles if unbent and unplaned, of all kinds; bent wheel-rims.
472. Carriage- and cart-makers' materials—viz.: springs, mountings, trimmings, brass hinges, tire-bolts, shackle-holders, step treads, and other iron fittings (except steps, lamp-irons, dash-irons, seat-rails, and fifth wheels), rubber-cloth.
475. Sieves, hair.
476. Wooden handles for tools.
477. Benzine in bulk.
478. Oils—viz.: candlenut, fish, kerosene, penguin, palm, seal, whale.
479. Paints and colours n.o.e.
480. Shale oil, once run, suitable for gas-making.
481. Spirits of tar.
482. Turpentine, driers, and terebene.
483. Apparatus and appliances solely for teaching purposes, as may be approved by the Commissioner.
484. Bags made of New Zealand tow or flax.
485. Belting for machinery, other than leather.
487. Bricks, other than fire-bricks.
488. Building materials n.o.e.
489. Brushes for cream-separators and combined screens.
490. Candlenuts and candlenut kernels.
492. Canvas aprons and elevators for reapers and binders.
493. Carpenters' baskets.
494. Charts and maps.
495. Confectioners' moulding-starch.
496. Cotton waste.
497. Dye-stuffs and dyeing materials, crude.
498. Felt sheathing.
499. Food preservative n.o.e.
500. Gum boots.
501. Hawsers of 12 in. and over.
502. Honey and brown Windsor soap composition.
503. Iron and steel cordage.
504. Jute bagging, bags, and sacks.
506. Marble, and other stone, hewn or rough sawn, not dressed or polished.
507. Netmakers' cotton twine.
508. Official supplies for consular officers of countries where a similar exemption exists in favour of British Consuls.
509. Papermakers' felts.
510. Passengers' baggage and effects, including only wearing-apparel and other personal effects that have been worn or are in use by persons arriving in the colony; also implements, instruments, and tools of trade, occupation, or employment of such persons; and household or other effects not exceeding £100 in value, which have been in use for twelve months prior to embarkation by the persons or families bringing them to the colony, and not intended for any other person or persons or for sale; also cabin-furnishings belonging to such persons.
511. Plaster of Paris.
512. Powder, blasting and meal.
513. Ship-chandlery n.o.e.
514. Ships' rockets, blue-lights, and danger-signals.
515. Spirits for manufacturing perfumed spirit, flavouring essences, and culinary essences in manufacturing warehouses. This exemption to cease on the 1st day of February, 1896.
516. Stones, mill- grind- oil- and whet-.
517. Tobacco for sheepwash or for insecticide, after being rendered unfit for human consumption to the satisfaction of the Commissioner.
518. Treacle or molasses, mixed with bone-black in proportions to the satisfaction of the Commissioner.
519. Tubular woven cotton-cloth in the piece, for meat wraps.
521. Wax, bottling.
522. Woolpacks and woolpockets.
523. Yarn—viz.: coir, flax, hemp.
524. Articles and materials (as may from time to time be specified by the Commissioner) which are suited only for, and are to be used solely in, the fabrication of goods within the colony. All decisions of the Commissioner in reference to articles so admitted free to be published from time to time in the Gazette.
525. And all articles not otherwise enumerated.
526. Tobacco, 1s. the lb.*
527. Cigars, cigarettes, and snuff, 1s. 6d. the lb.*
528. Beer, 3d. the gallon.
* “The Tobacco Excise Duties Act, 1896,” section 2, enacts:—
“On and after the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-six, section three of “The Customs and Excise Duties Act, 1891,” shall be deemed to be repealed, and in lieu of the duties imposed by that section there shall be levied, collected, and paid, on and after that day, upon tobacco manufactured in the colony, at the time of making the entry for home consumption thereof, the several duties of excise following, that is to say—
“On tobacco … … … … … One shilling the pound.
“On cigars and snuff … … … … One shilling and sixpence the pound.
If manufactured by machinery … … Two shillings and sixpence the pound.
If made by hand … … … … One shilling the pound.”
529. Articles in which spirit is a necessary ingredient, manufactured in a warehouse appointed under section 26 of “The Customs Laws Consolidation Act, 1882,” namely—
Pharmacopoeiaœia tinctures, essences, extracts, and medicinal spirits containing more than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, 9d. the lb.
Pharmacopoeiaœia tinctures, essences, extracts, and medicinal spirits containing less than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, 3d. the lb.
Culinary and flavouring essences, 12s. the liquid gallon, from 1st February, 1896.
Perfumed spirit, 20s. the liquid gallon, from 1st February, 1896.
Toilet preparations which are subject to 16s. the liquid gallon on importation, 12s. the liquid gallon.
Toilet preparations which are subject to 25 per cent. duty on importation, 6s. the liquid gallon.
Duties imposed by His Excellency the Governor under Section 17 of “The Customs and Excise Duties Act, 1888.”
530. Olive stones, ground (see New Zealand Gazette, 15th May, 1890), 4d. the lb.
531. Brewers' caramel (see New Zealand Gazette, 21st August, 1890), 3d. the lb.
532. Liquid hops (see New Zealand Gazette, 21st December, 1893), 6s. the lb.
533. The United Asbestos Patent Salamander Decorations (see New Zealand Gazette, 14th May, 1896), 15 per cent. ad valorem.
534. Matches of any material other than wood or wax, a duty corresponding to the duty payable on wooden matches (see New Zealand Gazette, 27th April, 1899).
535. Fibre conduit pipes and fittings for same (see New Zealand Gazette, 4th May, 1899), 5 per cent. ad valorem.
536. Caramel cereal (see New Zealand Gazette, 8th June, 1899), 1d. the lb.
Table of Contents
FEES PAYABLE TO DISTRICT LAND REGISTRARS UNDER “THE LAND TRANSFER ACT, 1885.”
|For the bringing land under the provisions of this Act (over and above the cost of advertisements)—||£ s. d.|
|When the title consists of a Crown grant, and none of the land included therein has been dealt with .. .. ..||0 2 0|
|When the title is of any other description and the value exceeds £300 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..||1 0 0|
|When the title is of any other description and the value exceeds £200 and does not exceed £300 .. .. .. ..||0 15 0|
|When the title is of any other description and the value exceeds £100 and does not exceed £200 .. .. .. ..||0 10 0|
|When the title is of any other description and when the value does not exceed £100 .. .. .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|Contribution to the Assurance Fund upon first bringing land under the Act,—|
|In the pound sterling .. .. .. .. ..||0 0 1/2|
|Other fees— For every application to bring land under the Act .. ..||0 5 0|
|For every certificate of title on transfer where the consideration does not exceed £100 .. .. .. .. ..||0 10 0|
|For every other certificate of title .. .. .. ..||1 0 0|
|Registering memorandum of transfer, mortgage, incumbrance, or lease .. .. .. .. .. .. ..||0 10 07|
|5 Registering transfer or discharge of mortgage or of incumbrance, or the transfer or surrender of a lease .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|Registering proprietor of any estate or interest derived by settlement or transmission .. .. .. .. ..||0 10 0|
|For every power of attorney deposited .. .. .. ..||0 10 0|
|For every registration abstract .. .. .. ..||1 0 0|
|For cancelling registration abstract .. .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|For every revocation order .. .. .. .. ..||0 10 0|
|Noting caveat .. .. .. .. .. ..||0 10 0|
|Cancelling or withdrawal of caveat, and for every notice relating to any caveat .. .. .. .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|For every search .. .. .. .. .. ..||0 2 0|
|For every general search .. .. .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|For every map or plan deposited .. .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|For every instrument declaratory of trusts, and for every will or other instrument deposited .. .. .. .. ..||0 10 0|
|For registering recovery by proceeding in law or equity or re-entry by lessee .. .. .. .. .. .. ..||0 10 0|
|For registering vesting of lease in mortgagee, consequent on refusal of Trustee in Bankruptcy to accept the same .. ..||0 10 0|
|For entering notice of marriage or death .. .. ..||0 10 0|
|For entering notice of writ or order of Supreme Court .. ..||0 10 0|
|Taking affidavit or statutory declaration .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|For the exhibition of any deposited instrument, or for exhibiting deeds surrendered by applicant proprietor .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|For certified copy, not exceeding five folios .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|For every folio or part folio after first five .. .. ..||0 0 6|
|For every notice to produce deeds or instruments .. .. ..||0 5 0|
|For every outstanding interest noted on certificate of title ..||0 5 0|
|When any instrument purports to deal with land included in more than one grant or certificate, for each registration memorial after the first .. .. .. .. .. ..||0 2 0|
All fees under the Act shall be due and payable in advance.
Where several properties are included in one form of application, there shall be charged in respect of each property an application fee, and a fee for bringing the land under the Act. Land included within one outer boundary shall be deemed one property for the purpose of this regulation.
In all cases a fee of one pound (£1) is hereby prescribed as the charge to be made for advertising notice of application; provided that, whenever it is necessary that unusual publicity shall be given to any application, the District Land Registrar may require payment of such additional sum as shall, in his judgment, be sufficient to defray the cost of such advertisements.
In all cases where application is made to bring land under the Act, and the certificate of title is directed to issue and is issued in the name of the applicant, the fees for bringing shall land under the Act, with the exception of the “application fee,” may, at the request of the applicant, remain unpaid until such land is dealt with by him as registered proprietor. The District Land Registrar shall retain any such certificate of title until the fees due upon the same have been paid, and, until such payment, shall not register any dealing with the land included in such certificate of title.
Printed forms supplied by the Registrar for use under the Act shall be charged for at the rate of one shilling each. Solicitors, land-brokers, and others having forms printed for their own use, and at their own expense, shall, on approval of such forms by the Registrar, be entitled to have the same sealed free of charge.
BY the Amendment Act of 1885 the Schedule of Duties payable under the principal Act of 1881 has been repealed, and the following imposed in lieu thereof:—
|1. When the value does not exceed £100||No duty.|
|2. Upon any amount exceeding £100 but not exceeding £1,000—On the first £100||No duty.|
|And on the remainder||£2 1/2 per cent.|
|3. Upon any amount exceeding £1,000 but not exceeding £5,000||£3 1/2 per cent.|
|4. Upon any amount exceeding £5,000 but not exceeding £20,000||£7 per cent.|
|Upon £20,000 and any amount over that sum||£10 per cent.|
|Strangers in blood, excepting adopted children||£3 per cent. additional.|
These duties are leviable upon the final balance of the real and personal estates.
The exemption in respect of property passing absolutely to widow at death of husband is now extended vice versa.
There are also special provisions in the law affecting children and half children inheriting property, as to deeds of gift, &c.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
THE quantities and values of imports used in making up the figures given in this portion of the statistical information are obtained from Customs entries, verified where necessary, as with goods subject to an ad valorem duty, by examination. For exports, the “free on board in New Zealand” value is given; but, as regards the main items, the Collector of Customs examines carefully the amounts stated, and compares them with current price-lists, to prevent any over-estimate. Goods transhipped at a foreign port are regarded as imported from the country where they were originally shipped, and exports as destined for the country where it is intended to land them. The countries named, however, may not be those of origin or destination, as no attempt is made to trace the goods beyond the ports disclosed by the documents presented to the Customs. Very little cargo in transitu passes through New Zealand.
The total declared values of the imports in 1900 amounted to £10,646,096, being an increase on the corresponding total in 1899 of £1,906,463. These figures, however, include specie. The value of coin brought into the colony in 1900 was £438,770, against £125,977 in the previous year, and if these amounts are excluded, the increase on the values of all other articles will be found to reach the sum of £1,593,670.
The value of imports for each of the past thirteen years was:—
|Year.||Imports, inclusive of Specie.||Imports, exclusive of Specie.|
|1888 .. .. .. ..||5,941,900||5,430,050|
|1889 .. .. .. ..||6,308,863||5,980,583|
|1890 .. .. .. ..||6,260,505||5,928,625|
|1891 .. .. .. ..||6,503,849||6,431,101|
|1892 .. .. .. ..||6,943,056||6,742,544|
|1893 .. .. .. ..||6,911,515||6,494,279|
|1894 .. .. .. ..||6,788,020||5,990,177|
|1895 .. .. .. ..||6,400,129||6,115,953|
|1896 .. .. .. ..||7,137,320||7,035,379|
|1897 .. .. .. ..||8,055,223||7,994,201|
|1898 .. .. .. ..||8,230,600||8,211,409|
|1899 .. .. .. ..||8,739,633||8,613,656|
|1900 .. .. .. ..||10,646,096||10,207,326|
The expansion movement observed as proceeding since 1894 to 1899 is found to have been continued during the year 1900; and at a far higher rate than during any of the previous years of the period.
It will be seen that the value of imports, exclusive of specie, rose from £5,430,050 in 1888 to £6,742,544 in 1892, then fell to £5,990,177 in 1894, after which there ensued a steady advance year by year to £10,207,326 in 1900. The movement for the period 1894–1900 is a rise at the rate of 70 per cent. in money value, or a sum of £4,217,149; for the ten years 1891–1900 the increase is £3,776,225, or 59 per cent. In quantities of various imports the increases vary, and full particulars of every kind of article imported in 1900 are to be found in detail further on, which may be critically examined with those in similar tables for 1899 and 1898, given in the previous Year-books.
It is desirable to consider not only the total value of the import trade for different years by comparing these figures, but to ascertain the rates per capita of population, to judge whether the imports are relatively greater or less than they have been. The fairest comparisons are from calculations made after deducting specie imported, for in the year 1894, as an instance, no less than £797,843 was brought to the colony in coin.
The figures for each year from 1888 stand thus:—
|Imports per head of mean Population, excluding Maoris.|
|Years.||Including Specie.||Excluding Specie.|
|£ s. d.||£ s. d.|
|1888||9 16 4||8 19 5|
|1889||10 5 6||9 15 6|
|1890||10 0 2||9 11 0|
|1891||10 6 6||10 4 3|
|1892||10 16 3||10 9 11|
|1893||10 9 0||9 16 5|
|1894||9 19 11||8 16 5|
|1895||9 4 10||8 16 8|
|1896||10 1 11||9 19 1|
|1897||11 3 3||11 1 7|
|1898||11 3 7||11 3 1|
|1899||11 13 1||11 9 8|
|1900||13 18 10||13 7 4|
Using the figures exclusive of the specie, it will be seen that, though comparisons for years since 1888 do not show by any means a steady rise since that year, the position is that whereas the imports proper were only £8 19s. 5d. per head of population in the first period of the table, they had increased by £4 7s. 11d. per head in 1900, and increase is observed in each year's figures since 1894, amounting to £4 10s. 11d. for the last seven years.
By means of the accompanying table, in which the articles imported are arranged in groups according to their nature, the increases in value can be traced to their specific heads:—
IMPORTS FOR FIVE YEARS.
|Group of Principal Articles imported.||1896.||1897.||1898.||1899.||1900.|
|* Includes methylated and perfumed spirits, and spirits of wine|
|Apparel and slops ..||370,516||362,389||354,940||393,689||451,879|
|Boots and shoes ..||127,985||132,203||130,912||151,593||194,811|
|Cotton piece-goods ..||434,673||414,673||417,733||447,495||514,607|
|Drapery .. ..||336,839||344,539||343,820||395,696||438,299|
|Hats and caps ..||58,310||63,310||66,416||68,184||66,799|
|Hosiery .. ..||82,984||83,796||75,736||90,545||103,291|
|Linen manufactures ..||57,325||57,039||56,572||69,167||83,206|
|Millinery .. ..||28,866||32,245||36,074||30,932||43,313|
|Silks .. ..||69,742||74,400||79,910||87,639||97,922|
|Woollens .. ..||254,580||293,449||286,911||297,387||330,713|
|Totals .. ..||1,890,293||1,928,896||1,935,009||2,123,135||2,420,241|
|Agricultural implements .. ..||6,894||11,095||17,234||17,063||13,508|
|Cutlery .. ..||17,384||19,636||22,722||19,764||23,089|
|Hardware and iron-mongery .. ..||182,313||228,465||248,665||255,701||330,314|
|Rails and railway bolts, &c. .. ..||29,592||90,489||42,773||63,557||138,464|
|Iron and steel, other, pig, wrought, wire, &c. .. ..||502,725||529,204||554,124||632,182||865,361|
|Machinery .. ..||251,905||368,416||422,011||405,551||536,429|
|Nails .. ..||32,304||33,279||36,792||31,363||48,050|
|Railway plant ..||3,062||46,082||57,224||63,807||63,128|
|Tools, artificers' ..||44,386||57,903||70,631||59,066||77,447|
|Sugar .. ..||422,134||373,407||425,270||354,925||451,522|
|Tea .. ..||166,860||178,350||183,717||183,691||199,934|
|Beer .. ..||35,123||39,614||37,844||39,166||34,296|
|Spirits* .. ..||160,648||178,344||187,020||215,685||198,282|
|Tobacco .. ..||149,905||164,889||161,836||184,173||198,861|
|Wine .. ..||40,879||50,202||48,514||51,640||55,098|
|Paper .. ..||117,577||127,980||133,901||135,482||174,111|
|Printed books ..||111,344||116,485||109,961||132,260||136,891|
|Stationery .. ..||86,628||92,871||98,469||100,875||96,408|
|Bags and sacks ..||55,961||104,401||111,116||123,596||141,810|
|Coals .. ..||94,138||98,139||105,223||92,815||120,406|
|Fancy goods .. ..||89,072||100,824||103,786||110,114||128,339|
|Fruits (including fresh, preserved, bottled, dried) .. ..||145,016||183,133||181,447||180,590||226,128|
|Oils .. ..||128,138||163,793||162,523||126,967||206,770|
|Other imports (excluding specie) .. ..||2,246,457||2,686,762||2,722,979||2,879,687||3,285,010|
|Total Imports (excluding specie)||7,035,379||7,994,201||8,211,409||8,613,656||10,207,326|
|Specie imported ..||101,941||61,022||19,191||125,977||438,770|
|Total Imports ..||7,137,320||8,055,223||8,230,600||8,739,633||10,646,096|
Of £10,207,326 the total value of goods imported during 1900, the chief items were as under:—
|Clothing, drapery, &c. .. ..||2,420,241||23.71|
|Metal, machinery, and implements..||2,133,219||20.90|
|Tea and sugar .. .. ..||651,456||6.38|
|Wine, beer, spirits, and tobacco ..||486,537||4.77|
|Paper, books, and stationery ..||407,410||3.99|
|Other imports .. .. ..||4,108,463||40.25|
The declared value of the clothing, drapery, &c, imported increased from £2,123,135 in 1899 to £2,420,241 in 1900. In 1896 the value of the import was £1,890,293. The iron, machinery, and implements imported in 1900 were valued at £2,133,219, an increase of £1,038,013 on the corresponding figures for 1896 (£1,095,206). The value of sugar and tea imported in 1900 shows an increase, when compared with 1899, of £112,840. Beer, wine, spirits, and tobacco, on the other hand, show a decrease of £4,127, from £490,664 in 1899 to £486,537 in 1900.
To the total value of “Other imports (excluding specie),” in 1900 (£3,285,010), shown in the table above, arms, ammunition, and explosives contributed a sum of £111,859; bicycles, tricycles, and fittings, £118,645; drugs, chemicals, and druggists' wares, £187,821; patent medicines, £48,345; manures, £112,287; musical instruments, £97,678; glass and glassware, £111,847; earthenware, £51,013; floorcloth and oilcloth, £64,212; furniture and upholstery, £64,408; cement, £38,748; leather and leather manufactures, £89,726; seeds, £53,780; and timber, £104,927.
Goods imported by means of the “Parcels Post” system during 1900 were valued at £87,662.
The values of the imports into New Zealand during the years 1899 and 1900 are given in the next table, classified according to the duties to which they were liable, and arranged so as to show the declared value of goods on which specific or ad valorem duties at various rates are payable, and of those admitted free of duty:—
|Duties to which Imports liable.||Value of Imports, 1899.||Value of Imports, 1900.|
|Specific duties .. ..||2,134,978||2,397,728|
|Ad valorem duties—5 per cent. .. ..||234,022||339,750|
|10 per cent. .. ..||147,998||169,191|
|15 per cent. .. ..||34,461||42,852|
|20 per cent. .. ..||2,013,422||2,282,246|
|22 1/2 per cent. .. ..||153,106||196,325|
|25 per cent. .. ..||844,925||834,926|
|40 per cent. .. ..||35,187||1,488|
|Various .. ..||2,464||127,232*|
|Parcels-post (various) ..||70,094||87,662|
|Duty-free (excluding specie)||2,942,999||3,727,926|
|Specie imported .. ..||125,977||438,770|
|Totals .. ..||£8,739,633||£10,646,096|
The proportions of free and dutiable goods imported during 1897, 1898, 1899, and 1900 are compared with similar figures for 1894, the year preceding that in which the altered tariff came into force:—
|Free .. .. ..||1,871,772||2,675,931||2,800,046||2,942,999||3,727,926|
|Dutiable .. ..||4,118,405||5,318,270||5,411,363||5,670,657||6,479,400|
|Imports (less specie) ..||5,990,177||7,994,201||8,211,409||8,613,656||10,207,326|
|Total net duty received||1,572,467||1,915,693||1,965,404||2,046,452||2,174,498|
|Duty, per cent. of imports—||Per Cent.||Per Cent.||Per Cent.||Per Cent.||Per cent.|
|(a.) On dutiable imports||38.18||36.02||36.32||36.09||33.56|
|(b.) On all merchandise..||26.25||23.95||23.94||23.76||21.30|
* The amount for 1900, under the heading “Various,” includes the value of imports liable to an ad valorem duty, but on which a lower duty was levied under the altered tariff of 1900 for part of the year.
The value of sugar (including glucose, molasses, and treacle) imported in 1900 was £451,522, an increase of £96,597 on the amount for 1899 (£354,925). The value of this import for the last three years has averaged only £410,572 per annum; but for the three years, 1882, 1883, and 1884, the average, with a much smaller population, was £615,207 for each year. The smaller average amount for the last three years is due, not so much to a reduction in the quantity imported as to the fall in the price of sugar, and partly to the fact that the proportion of refined to raw sugar has vastly decreased.
The following figures, giving the consumption per head of sugar in the Australasian Colonies, are, saving those for New Zealand—and excluding a proportion (30 lb. per head) deducted on account of Maoris—taken from Mr. Coghlan's “Seven Colonies of Australasia, 1899–1900.” The figures stating the consumption of tea, given further on, are taken from the same source:—
ANNUAL CONSUMPTION OF SUGAR PER HEAD IN THE AUSTRALASIAN COLONIES.
|Queensland .. .. ..||129.9|
|Western Australia .. ..||114.3|
|New South Wales .. ..||103.0|
|South Australia .. ..||98.8|
|Victoria .. .. ..||92.3|
|New Zealand .. ..||88.9|
|Tasmania .. .. ..||84.9|
The quantity of tea entered for consumption in 1900 was 5,174,707 lb. Supposing Maoris to use, on an average, 1lb. per head per annum, the consumption of tea per head of the population, exclusive of Maoris, would be 6.6 lb. in 1900.
ANNUAL CONSUMPTION OF TEA PER HEAD IN THE AUSTRALASIAN COLONIES.
|Western Australia .. ..||10.0|
|New South Wales .. ..||7.8|
|South Australia .. ..||7.7|
|Queensland .. .. ..||7.7|
|Victoria .. .. ..||7.2|
|New Zealand .. .. ..||6.3|
|Tasmania .. .. ..||6.1|
During 1900 excise duty was paid on 6,811,280 gallons of beer; and 175,620 gallons of beer, 549,932 gallons of spirits, and 116,188 gallons of wine were entered at the Customs for home consumption.
The actual quantity of beer made and used in the colony has increased from 4,243,760 gallons in 1886 to 6,811,280 gallons in 1900:—
|1886 .. .. ..||4,243,760|
|1887 .. .. ..||4,264,160|
|1888 .. .. ..||4,050,560|
|1889 .. .. ..||4,402,480|
|1890 .. .. ..||4,676,240|
|1891 .. .. ..||4,567,920|
|1892 .. .. ..||4,752,720|
|1893 .. .. ..||4,873,600|
|1894 .. .. ..||4,807,360|
|1895 .. .. ..||4,936,400|
|1896 .. .. ..||5,382,960|
|1897 .. .. ..||5,741,200|
|1898 .. .. ..||6,013,120|
|1899 .. .. ..||6,261,200|
|1900 .. .. ..||6,811,280|
The following table gives the consumption per head of alcoholic liquors by the people, excluding and including Maoris, showing separately the proportions of beer, wine, and spirits from 1883 to 1900. To the amount of beer manufactured in the colony in each year on which excise duty was paid has been added the amount brought into consumption from imports:—
|Excluding Maoris.||Including Maoris.||Excluding Maoris.||Including Maoris.||Excluding Maoris.||Including Maoris.|
|1883 .. ..||9.435||8.709||1.088||1.005||0.315||0.291|
|1886 .. ..||7.861||7.333||0.820||0.765||0.212||0.198|
|1889 .. ..||7.624||7.136||0.598||0.560||0.176||0.165|
|1892 .. ..||7.807||7.328||0.708||0.664||0.174||0.163|
|1895 .. ..||7.421||6.996||0.629||0.593||0.135||0.127|
|1898 .. ..||8.427||7.995||0.668||0.634||0.146||0.139|
|1899 .. ..||8.583||8.150||0.687||0.653||0.148||0.141|
|1900 .. ..||9.150||8.696||0.720||0.684||0.152||0.145|
A comparison of the annual consumption of beer, spirits, and wine per head in the Australasian Colonies is added:—*
|*See “The Seven Colonies of Australasia, 1897–98.|
|New South Wales||9.14||0.73||0.61|
|South Australia ..||9.13||0.40||1.98|
|New Zealand (including Maoris)||7.99||0.63||0.13|
The tobacco entered for consumption in 1900 was 1,853,957 lb., and the consumption per head of population, including Maoris, 2.31 lb.
AVERAGE ANNUAL CONSUMPTION PER HEAD OF TOBACCO IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES.
|Holland .. .. ..||6.92|
|Western Australia .. ..||5.08|
|United States .. ..||4.40|
|Turkey .. .. ..||4.37|
|Austria-Hungary .. ..||3.77|
|Denmark .. .. ..||3.70|
|Switzerland .. .. ..||3.24|
|Belgium .. .. ..||3.15|
|Germany .. .. ..||3.00|
|Queensland .. .. ..||2.86|
|New South Wales .. ..||2.53|
|New Zealand .. .. ..||2.31|
|Canada .. .. ..||2.11|
|Victoria .. .. ..||2.06|
|France .. .. ..||2.05|
|Sweden .. .. ..||1.87|
|South Australia .. ..||1.83|
|Tasmania .. .. ..||1.80|
|Spain .. .. ..||1.70|
|United Kingdom .. ..||1.41|
|Italy .. .. ..||1.34|
|Russia .. .. ..||1.23|
The imports from the United Kingdom to New Zealand in 190 were valued at £6,504,484, or an increase of £977,839 on the value of goods imported from the Home country during the previous year. From British colonies and possessions the imports were £2,625,372, an increase of £585,575 on the amount in 1899.
The following are the values of imports from different countries or places in 1900 and 1899, given in the order of the increase or decrease from each:—
|Country, Colony, State, &c.||1900.||1899.||Increase.|
|United Kingdom .. ..||6,504,484||5,526,645||977,839|
|New South Wales .. ..||1,052,792||748,201||304,591|
|United States (East Coast) ..||958,286||687,906||270,380|
|Victoria .. .. ..||552,013||407,078||144,935|
|Fiji .. .. .. ..||364,510||250,706||113,804|
|Bengal .. .. .. ..||255,911||212,654||43,257|
|Germany .. .. ..||182,074||160,605||21,469|
|United States (West Coast) ..||103,587||87,403||16,184|
|Asia Minor .. .. ..||20,725||11,354||9,371|
|Tasmania .. .. ..||41,196||31,991||9,205|
|Pacific Islands .. .. ..||61,025||52,249||8,776|
|France .. .. .. ..||26,326||19,481||6,845|
|Ceylon .. .. .. ..||123.333||116,833||6,500|
|Singapore .. .. ..||26,292||19,884||6,408|
|Philippine Islands .. ..||12,474||6,632||5,842|
|Belgium .. .. ..||49,295||44,561||4,734|
|Sweden .. .. ..||10,101||6,199||3,902|
|Japan .. .. .. ..||43,404||40,543||2,861|
|Hongkong .. .. ..||20,953||18,363||2,590|
|Greece .. .. .. ..||15,653||13,075||2,578|
|Western Australia .. ..||2,811||663||2,148|
|British Columbia .. ..||8,996||8,229||767|
|Turkey .. .. .. ..||534||37||497|
|Egypt .. .. .. ..||840||518||322|
|Cape Colony .. .. ..||487||206||281|
|Bombay .. .. ..||345||77||268|
|Madras.. .. .. ..||523||310||213|
|Mauritius .. .. ..||165||165|
|Macao .. .. .. ..||160||160|
|Spain .. .. .. ..||1,129||979||150|
|Austria .. .. .. ..||1,062||946||116|
|Ellice Island .. .. ..||75||75|
|Italy .. .. .. ..||6,975||6,935||40|
|Natal .. .. .. ..||15||4||11|
|Country, Colony, State, &c.||1900.||1899.||Decrease.|
|Canada.. .. .. ..||32,169||55,021||22,852|
|Queensland .. .. ..||99,050||118,730||19,680|
|Holland .. .. ..||17,130||21,643||4,513|
|Switzerland .. .. ..||1,179||4,454||3,275|
|China .. .. .. ..||1,495||4,516||3,021|
|Portugal .. .. ..||773||2,238||1,465|
|Malden Island .. .. ..||12,665||13,973||1,308|
|Burmah .. .. ..||1,773||2,959||1,186|
|South Australia .. .. ..||29,116||30,165||1,049|
|West Indies .. .. ..||1,405||2,344||939|
|Denmark .. .. ..||247||919||672|
|Norfolk Island .. .. ..||140||569||429|
|Norway .. .. ..||285||475||190|
|West Indies (British) .. ..||19||141||122|
|Canary Islands .. .. ..||76||131||55|
|Mexico .. .. .. .. ..||41||41|
|Malta .. .. .. ..||23||40||17|
|South African Republic .. .. ..||5||5|
|Argentine Republic .. .. ..||2||2|
The following table gives the value of the imports for each port in New Zealand for the last two years, arranged in order of magnitude for 1900 :—
|Wellington .. ..||2,767,066||2,067,111|
|Auckland .. ..||2,617,329||2,211,719|
|Dunedin .. .. ..||2,158,177||1,845,969|
|Lytelton .. ..||1,770,709||1,449,473|
|Invercargill and Bluff ..||288,170||258,713|
|Napier .. .. ..||209,418||212.875|
|Wanganui .. ..||145,267||114,471|
|Timaru .. .. ..||143,090||119,766|
|Nelson .. .. ..||140,514||123,103|
|New Plymouth .. ..||67,338||59,515|
|Greymonth .. ..||59,460||43,242|
|Poverty Bay .. ..||49,278||37,996|
|Oamaru .. .. ..||47,559||44,885|
|Westport.. .. ..||37,750||32,222|
|Wairau .. .. ..||15,942||12,813|
|Patea .. .. ..||15,561||14,483|
|Hokitika.. .. ..||12,693||11,687|
|Kaipara .. .. ..||7,883||5,561|
|Tauranga .. ..||3,639||3,308|
|Picton .. .. ..||1,591||627|
The values of imports in each provincial district during 1890 and 1900 were as under:—
|Auckland .. ..||1,406,477||2,678,129|
|Taranaki .. ..||24,575||82,899|
|Hawke's Bay .. ..||162,097||209,418|
|Wellington .. ..||1,282,821||2,912,333|
|Marlborough .. ..||19,547||17,533|
|Nelson .. .. ..||151,422||178,264|
|Westland .. ..||93,426||72,153|
|Canterbury .. ..||1,269,572||1,913,799|
|Otago .. .. ..||1,836,754||2,493,906|
The value of imports by parcel-post (£13,834 in 1890 and £87,662 in 1900) must be added to the above figures in order to make up the totals (including specie) of £6,260,525 and £10,616,096 for the respective years.
Separating the value of the imports for the North Island from that of the Middle Island, it is found that whereas in 1890 the former received imported goods to the value of £2,875,970, against £3,370,721 for the Middle Island, in the year 1900 the North Island imports exceeded those of the other, the values being respectively £5,882,779 and £4,675,655, or an excess for the North Island of £1,207,124, or 25.82 per cent.
Details of all imports for 1900, giving quantities and values of articles introduced into the colony, with the amounts entered for Home consumption, and the amount of duty received, are next shown :—
GENERAL IMPORTS INTO THE COLONY OF NEW ZEALAND DURING THE YEAR 1900.
(For rates of Duty, see Tariff, pp. 82 to 97.)
|Articles.||Total Quantities Imported.||Value of Total Imports.||Entered for Home Consumption on Importation and ex Warehouse.||Amount of Duty received.|
|Acetic .. ..||342,213 lb.||3,751||375,248 lb.||2,345||6||0|
|Carbolic .. ..||70,853 lb.||1,014||..||..|
|Salicylic .. ..||2,800 lb.||284||..||..|
|Sulphuric .. ..||194,717 lb.||1,715||..||..|
|Tartaric .. ..||93.883 lb.||5,102||97,864 lb.||407||15||4|
|Unenumerated ..||104,896 lb.||1,933||..||..|
|Alkali— Potash and caustic potash||1,958 cwt.||2,396||..||..|
|Soda ash .. ..||13,805 lb.||4,491||..||..|
|Soda, carbonate and bicarbonate .. ..||10,605 cwt.||3,685||11,029 cwt.||551||9||7|
|Soda, caustic .. ..||12,507 lb.||8,388||..||..|
|Soda crystals .. ..||139 lb.||34||139 cwt.||13||19||1|
|Soda silicate .. ..||4.387 lb.||1,378||..||..|
|Unenumerated ..||6,162 lb.||3,149||..||..|
|Alum .. .. ..||1,166 lb.||486||..||..|
|Animals, Living— Birds.. .. ..||700 No.||284||..||..|
|Cattle .. ..||11 No.||862||11 No.||5||10||0|
|Dogs .. .. ..||41 No.||385||..||..|
|Deer .. .. ..||11 No.||562||..||..|
|Horses .. ..||356 No.||24,538||348 No.||348||0||0|
|Pigeons .. ..||8 No.||20||..||..|
|Pigs .. .. ..||6 No.||135||..||..|
|Poultry .. ..||261 No.||482||..||..|
|Sheep .. ..||238 No.||2,175||..||..|
|Turtles .. ..||4 No.||4||..||..|
|Apparel and slops n.o.e. ..||..||449,323||£450,848||112,712||3||7|
|Apparel and slops n.o.e. ..||..||1,068||..||..|
|Apparel made to the order of residents in the colony||..||1,488||£1,550||620||7||0|
|Arms, ammunition, and explosives— Accoutrements ..||..||580||..||..|
|Caps, percussion ..||3,418,729 No.||666||..||..|
|Cartridges, 10- to 24-bore||4,253,281 No.||13,404||4,241,700 No.||3,181||5||9|
|Cartridges n.o.e. ..||7,993,783 No.||4,583||£4,579||915||18||8|
|Cartridges n.o.e. .. ..||1,453,178 No.||9,485||..||..|
|Cartridge-cases ..||440,000 No.||855||435,500 No.||163 6 1|
|Detonators for dynamite||1,139,275 No.||1,732||..||..|
|Dynamite .. ..101,200 lb.||6,238||..||..|
|Firearms .. ..||8,234 No.||11.259||£10,752||2,150||8||8|
|Fuse .. .. ..||174,289 coils||4,841||..||..|
|Lithofracteur and cordite||297,680 lb.||18,767||..||..|
|Ordnance scores ..||..||20,946||..||..|
|Powder, blasting ..||557,594 1b.||12,260||..||..|
|Powder, sporting ..||27,133 lb.||2,661||23,706 lb.||592||13||3|
|Shot .. .. ..||168 cwt.||225||161 cwt.||80||13||10|
|Swords .. ..||216 No.||330||..||..|
|Other explosives ..||39,200 lb.||3,027||..||..|
|Asphalt.. .. ..||537 cwt.||169||..||..|
|Bacon and hams ..||5,045 lb.||162||2,040 lb.||17||0||0|
|Bags and sacks— Cornsacks .. ..||541,864 doz.||137,737||..||..|
|Unenumerated ..||24,686 doz.||4,073||£160||32||0||6|
|Bagging and sacking ..||..||424||£27||4||1||0|
|Basketware and wickerware||..||2,668||£2,646||529||4||0|
|Beer .. .. ..||171,769 galls.||34,296||175,619 galls.||17,561||19||0|
|Belting, leather .. ..||36,817 lb.||4,253||36,836 lb.||613||18||10|
|Belting, other than leather||..||17,331||..||..|
|Beverages, non-alcoholic— Aerated and mineral waters .. ..||4,633 doz.||1,052||£1,101||220||3||1|
|Coffee essence ..||..||6,760||£6,919||1,383||16||0|
|Limejuice, sweetened ..||4,073 galls.||895||£826||206||9||9|
|Limejuice, unsweetened||50,758 galls.||4,067||..||..|
|Bicycles and tricycles ..||6,830 No.||50,417||£48,876||9,775||4||0|
|Materials for ..||..||68,228||£33,809||6,761||17||4|
|Biscuits— Fancy, and other kinds..||35,500 lb.||1,650||35,520 lb.||296||0||1|
|Ships', plain .. ..||50 cwt.||53||51 cwt.||7||14||11|
|Blacking .. ..||..||3,488||£3,550||710||0||1|
|Blacklead .. ..||..||2,744||£2,904||580||16||5|
|Blue .. .. ..||180,760 lb.||4,913||198,283 lb.||1,653||7||2|
|Boats .. .. ..||16 No.||650||..||..|
|Bones .. .. ..||368 tons||1,729||..||..|
|Books, printed .. ..||..||136,891||..||..|
|Boots and shoes .. ..||87,950 doz. pr.||187,629||£185,617||41,763||19||6|
|Gum-boots .. ..||829 doz. pr.||7,182||..||..|
|Borax .. .. ..||1,921 cwt.||2,251||..||..|
|Brass— Pigs, bars, tubes, or sheets||477 cwt.||2,241||..||..|
|Forging or stamped work in the rough ..||41 cwt.||191||..||..|
|Manufactures .. ..||..||7,972||£8,018||1,603||11||6|
|Bricks— Building .. ..||17,500 No.||192||..||..|
|Fire .. .. ..||329,620 No.||1,338||£1,338||267||14||0|
|Other kinds .. ..||17,070 No.||68||..||..|
|Brushware and brooms ..||3,525 doz.||2,035||£1,970||492||8||0|
|Brushes (clothes, hair, hat, and toilet) ..||..||5,276||£5,311||1,062||6||3|
|Materials for .. ..||..||7,630||..||..|
|Buckets and tubs— Iron .. .. ..||1, 646 doz.||1,047||£1,041||260||7||5|
|Wood .. ..||152 doz.||64||£63||12||14||0|
|Building materials, unenumerated .. ..||5,402||..||..|
|Butter .. .. ..||2 cwt.||10||..||..|
|Candles .. .. ..||1,609,121 lb.||30,658||1,011,081 lb.||8,425||13||6|
|Candles .. .. .. ..||..||..||607,152 lb.||2,529||16||0|
|Canes and rattans .. ..||..||2,143||..||..|
|Canvas .. .. ..||..||35,404||..||..|
|Caramel, brewers' ..||13,870 lb.||221||12,085 lb.||151||1||3|
|Cards, playing .. ..||38,621 packs||920||49,115 packs||1,227||17||6|
|Carpeting and druggeting..||..||40,778||£40,156||8,031||6||8|
|Carriages .. .., &c— Carriages .. ..||124 No.||2,617||£2,616||523||5||1|
|Carts, drays, and wagons||113 No.||862||£861||172||4||4|
|Perambulators and gocarts .. ..||65 No.||114||£114||22||16||0|
|Materials for .. ..||..||5,656||£5,515||1,103||0||8|
|Materials for axle-arms and boxes .. ..||..||15,705||..||..|
|Carriage and cart shafts, spokes, and felloes in the rough .. ..||..||6,396||..||..|
|Cart- and cart-makers' materials .. ..||..||12,728||..||..|
|Casks, empty .. ..||1,046 No.||865||£810||162||2||0|
|Cement .. .. ..||81,234 barrels||38,748||76,727 barrels||7,672||14||0|
|Chains and chain cables ..||7,341 cwt.||9,122||..||..|
|Charcoal .. ..||55 cwt.||22||..||..|
|Cheese.. .. ..||40 cwt.||183||£114||22||18||8|
|Chicory .. ..||54 lb.||3||162 lb.||2||0||6|
|China, porcelain, and parianware .. ..||..||17,628||£17,314||3,462||17||10|
|Clocks .. ..||37,515 No.||10,973||£10,894||2,178||17||6|
|Coal .. ..||124,033 tons||120,406||..||..|
|Cocoa and chocolate ..||378,918 lb.||39,595||329,676 lb.||4,120||19||2|
|Cocoa beans .. ..||172,132 lb.||6,511||..||..|
|Coffee— Raw .. ..||262,828 lb.||9,907||135,165 lb.||1,126||7||7|
|Roasted .. ..||4,129 lb.||184||2,076 lb.||36||7||6|
|Coke .. ..||963 tons||2,451||..||..|
|Combs .. ..||..||1,391||£1,369||273||18||2|
|Confectionery— Chocolate in plain trade packages .. ..||125,068 lb.||6,001||117,969 lb.||1,474||12||3|
|Chocolate, fancy packages||..||5,904||£6,019||1,203||16||0|
|Unenumerated ..||489,377 lb.||15,338||482,367 lb.||4,019||14||7|
|Copper—||£||£ s. d.|
|Nails .. ..||342 cwt.||1,535||..||..|
|Pig, bar, sheet, and tube||4.298 cwt.||20,090||..|
|Rod and bolt .. ..||274 cwt.||1,078||..||..|
|Sheathing .. ..||1,604 cwt.||5,553||..||..|
|Copper manufactures ..||..||1,056||£1,035||207||0||0|
|Copra .. ..||507 tons||5,562||..||..|
|Cordage .. ..||3,792 cwt.||11,011||£10,394||2,078||15||0|
|Hawsers of 12 in. and over||113 cwt.||375||..||..|
|Iron and steel .. ..||13,600 cwt.||27,970||..||..|
|Cork, cut .. ..||..||9,194||£8,991||1,798||2||11|
|Cotton piece-goods— Butter- and cheese-cloth||..||3,747||..||..|
|Calico, white and grey ..||..||147,131||..||..|
|Corduroy, moleskin, and beaver-skin .. ..||..||5,339||..||..|
|Leather-cloth .. ..||..||5,756||..||..|
|Shirtings, coloured cotton||..||42,036||..||..|
|Shirtings, flannelette ..||..||6,356||..||..|
|Shirtings, union, of 6d. per yard and under ..||..||4,066||..||..|
|Tubular woven cotton cloth .. ..||..||12,949||..||..|
|Waterproof material ..||..||34,169||..||..|
|Cotton— Raw .. .. ..||7,603 lb.||117||..||..|
|Waste .. ..||3,444 cwt.||4.689||..||..|
|Wick .. ..||108,100 lb.||4,448||..||..|
|Cutlery .. .. ..||..||23,089||£22,765||4,553||2||6|
|Doors, plain .. ..||257 No.||110||257 No.||25||14||0|
|Drapery .. ..||..||284,181||£285,533||57,106||13||2|
|Lace and laces ..||..||39,576||£40,530||10,132||13||0|
|Ribbons and crape ..||..||17,590||£17,685||4,421||4||9|
|Tailors' trimmings ..||..||106,952||..||..|
|Drugs— Baking powder and yeast preparations ..||..||301||£373||74||12||0|
|Chemicals n.o.e. ..||..||4,372||4,252||773||8||11|
|Cream of tartar ..||689,627 lb.||25,881||705,686 lb.||2,940||7||2|
|Drugs, druggists' sundries, and apothecaries' wares||..||67,841||£68,566||12,350||6||3|
|Tinctures and medicinal spirits .. ..||21,920 lb.||1,658||25,989 lb.||1,196||5||6|
|Anhydrous ammonia ..||..||3,297||..||..|
|Arsenic .. ..||1,067 cwt.||1,351||..||..|
|Disinfectants .. ..||..||4,902||..||..|
|Food preservative ..||..||2,118||..||..|
|Gums .. ..||..||2,172||..||..|
|Insecticides and tree-washes .. ..||..||1,084||..||..|
|Maltine .. ..||..||837||..||..|
|Medicinal barks, leaves, &c. .. .. ..||..||1,205||..||..|
|Phosphorus .. ..||..||1,586||..||..|
|Potassium cyanide ..||5,109 cwt.||30,703||..||..|
|Sheep-dip .. ..||..||25,054||..||..|
|Sheep- and horse-drenches and sheep licks ..||..||83||..||..|
|Dyes .. .. ..||..||18.576||..||..|
|Earthenware .. ..||..||51,013||£50,075||10,014||19||5|
|Engine-packing .. ..||2,141 cwt.||7,736||..||..|
|Essences, flavouring— Spirituous .. ..||1,537 gals.||3,844||1,542 gals.||1,233||5||0|
|Flavouring n.o.e. ..||..||143||£125||18||16||3|
|Essential oils— Eucalyptus .. ..||8,732 lb.||1,976||£1,960||392||0||0|
|Other kinds .. ..||43,572 lb.||6,037||..||..|
|Fancy goods .. ..||..||128,339||£125,677||25,135||8||11|
|Felt sheathing .. ..||..||4,981||..||..|
|Fire-engines .. ..||128 No.||115||..||..|
|Fire hose and other appliances .. ..||..||2,273||..||..|
|Fireworks .. ..||..||2,324||£2,026||405||4||10|
|Fish— Anchovies, salted||22 cwt.||42||..||..|
|Dried, pickled, and salted||1,975 cwt.||3.782||2,035 cwt.||1,017||10||10|
|Potted and preserved ..||1,167,460 lb.||28,799||1,224,317 lb.||10,202||12||11|
|Fishing tackle— Artificial flies .. ..||..||205||£205||51||5||0|
|Fish-hooks .. ..||..||385||..||..|
|Flock .. ..||111 cwt.||119||£119||11||18||0|
|Floorcloth and oilcloth ..||..||64,212||£63,968||12,793||11||8|
|Flour .. ..||173 centals||41||172 centals||8||11||11|
|Foods for animals— Chad .. ..||10 tons||37||9 tons||9||3||6|
|Foods, farinaceous— Arrowroot .. ..||89,138 lb.||915||..||..|
|Macaroni and vermicelli||109,464 lb.||1,459||..||..|
|Maizena and corn-flour..||943,178 lb.||10,400||950,644 lb.||990||5||1|
|Sago and tapioca ..||20,807 cwt.||16,205||..||..|
|Fruits, bottled and preserved||42,490 doz.||12,554||£11,995||2.998||13||5|
|Fruits, dried— Currants .. ..||2,989,082 lb.||41,364||2,995,525 lb.||18,559||10||8|
|Raisins .. ..||2,115,215 lb.||87,987||2,166,725 lb.||12,648||10||8|
|Unenumerated ..||1,038,405 lb.||14,715||1,038,381 lb.||8,653||3||7|
|Fruits, fresh— Apples, pears, plums,&c.||1,433,876 lb.||17,262||1,492,028 lb.||4,074||16||7|
|Currants and raspberries,||1,542 lb.||22||1,542 lb.||3||4||3|
|Lemons .. ..||528,601 lb.||6.658||528.601 lb.||1,101||5||1|
|Other kinds .. ..||20,696,345 lb.||92,527||..||..|
|Fruits &c.— Lemon- and orange-peel, in brine .. ..||503,931 lb.||2,848||..||..|
|Preserved in sulphurous acid .. ..||13,389 lb.||188||13,389 lb.||55||15||9|
|Pulp and partially-preerved fruit .. ..||117 lb.||3||117 lb.||0||14||7|
|Fungus .. .. ..||26 cwt.||38||..||..|
|Furniture and upholstery..||..||45,51S||£44,662||11,165||8||11|
|Kapok .. ..||4,213 cwt.||12,735||..||..|
|Furniture-, knife-, and plate-powder and polish||..||5,094||£5,088||1,017||14||0|
|Furs .. .. ..||..||3,250||£4,010||801||19||10|
|Gelatine and isinglass||71.476 1b.||5,218||..||1,071 5 8|
|Glass— Bottles, empty ..||..||33,928||..||..|
|Mirrors and looking-glasses .. ..||..||6,091||£6,188||1,547||0||10|
|Plate, bevelled ..||..||5,128||£5,059||1,264||15||0|
|Plate, other kinds ..||336,160 sup. ft.||10,959||£11,047||2,209||7||5|
|Window .. ..||2,454,916 sup. ft.||21,219||2,325,270sup. ft.||2,325||5||5|
|Glassware .. ..||..||34,522||£27,588||5,517||13||3|
|Glue and size .. ..||117,026 lb.||2,944||112,060 lb.||700||7||7|
|Gold-leaf .. ..||..||1,202||..||..|
|Grain and pulse— Barley .. ..||155 centals||90||155 centals||15||10||7|
|Beans and peas ..||293 centals||282||278 centals||10||6||7|
|Oats .. .. ..||930 centals||253||158 centals||5||18||6|
|Wheat .. ..||60 centals||22||60 centals||2||5||0|
|Unenumerated ..||2,717 centals||2,004||2,789 centals||104||9||8|
|Ground, unenumerated..||4,912 centals||4,136||4,779 centals||238||19||6|
|Grease .. .. ..||3,088 cwt.||2,489||£2,272 centals||458||6||5|
|Grindery— Heel-and toe-plates ..||..||1,574||£1,608||361||17||0|
|Haberdashery .. ..||..||17,495||£17,493||3,498||11||6|
|Buttons, &c. .. ..||..||26,170||..||..|
|Hair .. .. ..||1,024 cwt.||4,603||..||..|
|Hardware .. ..||..||275,525||£270,878||54,175||11||5|
|Coffin furniture ..||..||1,506||£1,506||301||4||0|
|Hardware, &c. .. ..||..||3,159||..||..|
|Hats and caps .. ..||68,968 doz.||66,799||£67,868||16,907||1||9|
|Hatters' materials ..||..||9,630||..||..|
|Hemp .. .. ..||120 tons||5,238||..||..|
|Hides .. .. ..||2,169 No.||1,955||..||..|
|Hops .. .. ..||94,148 lb.||4,100||108,649 lb.||2,716||4||6|
|Hosiery .. ..||..||103,291||£104,858||20,971||10||2|
|Indiarubber and gutta-percha goods .. ..||..||9,616||..||..|
|Printing .. ..||148,608 lb.||6,866||..||..|
|Writing .. ..||..||1,450||£1,224||244||16||0|
|Instruments, musical— Harmoniums and organs||659 No.||6,597||£6,648||1,329||13||2|
|Pianos .. ..||3,583 No.||79,534||£79,253||15,850||11||3|
|For Volunteer bands ..||..||163||..||..|
|Materials for .. ..||..||1,396||£188||37||12||0|
|Instruments, other kinds— Optical .. ..||..||2,713||..||..|
|Scientific .. ..||..||2,979||..||..|
|Surgical and dental ..||..||24,508||..||..|
|Surveying .. ..||..||716||..||..|
|Iron and steel— Angle .. ..||974 tons||10,194||..||..|
|Bar, bolt, and rod ..||16,188 tons||185,806||..||..|
|Bolts and nuts ..||14,070 cwt.||17,056||£2,008||401||11||1|
|Castings for ships ..||27 tons||1,288||..||..|
|Hoop .. .. ..||1,679 tons||19,864||..||..|
|Hoop, galvanised ..||2,865 cwt.||2,569||2,861 cwt.||214||11||11|
|Pig .. .. ..||9,221 tons||48,467||..||..|
|Pipes and fittings ..||8,142 cwt.||105,495||£105,161||5,258||1||3|
|Rails .. .. ..||11,649 tons||96,826||..||..|
|Railway bolts and fastenings||1,489 tons||21,638||£789||157||16||0|
|Sheet and plate ..||8,461 tons||83,348||..||..|
|Sheet, galvanised, corrugated .. ..||227,862 cwt.||212,771||224,435 cwt.||22,443||10||11|
|Sheet, galvanised, plain||43,088 tons||41,710||42,775 cwt.||3,208||3||5|
|Staples and standards ..||359 tons||4,741||£4,733||946||12||7|
|Tanks||3,092 No.||9,844||3,070 No.||1,359||5||0|
|Wire, fencing, barbed ..||2,352 tons||32,096||..||..|
|Wire, fencing, plain ..||4,830 tons||59,315||..||..|
|Wire, telegraphic and telephonic||350 tons||5,463||..||..|
|Wire-netting .. ..||..||24,104||..||..|
|Wire, unenumerated ..||584 tons||9,079||..||..|
|Unenumerated ..||927 tons||2,292||..||..|
|Jams, jellies, and preserves||487,511 lb.||7,664||462,530 lb.||3.854||8||4|
|Jellies, concentrated ..||62,534 lb.||2,398||62,875 lb.||1,047||18||4|
|Jewellery .. ..||..||23,113||£22,390||4,478||0||0|
|Lamps, lanterns, and lampwick .. ..||..||22,254||£22,066||4,413||4||1|
|Lard .. .. ..||..||..||£36||7||4||0|
|Lead— Pigs and bars .. ..||522 tons||9,184||..||..|
|Pipe .. .. ..||2,121 cwt.||2,331||1,061 cwt.||185||14||8|
|Sheet .. ..||14,756 cwt.||15,124||13,515 cwt.||1,013||12||7|
|Lead manufactures ..||139||£139||27||16||0|
|Leather.. .. ..||619,851 lb.||79,896||563,202 lb.||3,935||10||4|
|Leather chamois .. ..||..||611||£614||122||18||3|
|Leather manufactures— Boot and shoe vamps and uppers .. ..||..||8,100||£8,071||1,815||19||10|
|Lighthouses, materials for||..||8||..||..|
|Linens— Forfar, dowlas, and flax sheetings n.o.e. ..||..||14,781||£1,671||334||4||0|
|Forfar, dowlas, &c., cut up under supervision..||..||..||£10,588||..|
|Linens n.o.e. .. ..||..||20,171||£20,271||4,054||3||0|
|Hessians and scrim ..||..||48,248||..||..|
|Linseed .. ..||38 tons||560||38 tons||37||13||11|
|Liquorice .. ..||..||2,656||£2,637||527||10||10|
|Machinery and machines— Agricultural .. ..||..||60,473||£22,442||1,122||1||10|
|Ploughs and harrows..||..||13,508||..||..|
|Dairying .. ..||..||2,624||£2,000||100||0||0|
|Dairying engines for ..||32 No.||1,449||£1,508||75||8||0|
|Dairying boilers for ..||142 No.||3,328||£3,040||152||0||0|
|Dairying .. ..||..||21,966||..||..|
|Dredging .. ..||..||74,465||£72,869||8,643||9||6|
|Electric .. ..||..||48,520||£24.365||2,436||10||9|
|Engines, steam ..||65 No.||10,633||£9,504||1,900||16||0|
|Engines, gas .. ..||226 No.||18,599||..||..|
|Engines, boilers for ..||53 No.||5,007||£4,307||861||10||0|
|Flour-milling .. ..||..||2,316||£2,313||115||13||0|
|Gas-making .. ..||..||17,253||£15,179||1,517||18||0|
|Mining .. ..||..||32,097||£29,456||1,472||16||6|
|Mining engines for ..||88 No.||23,277||£20,689||1,034||9||0|
|Mining boilers for ..||41 No.||11,387||£10,045||502||5||0|
|Mining .. ..||..||40,717||..||..|
|Paper-milling .. ..||..||516||£393||19||13||0|
|Oil-refining .. ..||..||772||£772||38||12||0|
|Portable and traction engines .. ..||45 No.||17,478||£10,400||520||0||0|
|Printing .. ..||..||22,787||£22,148||1,107||8||6|
|Refrigerating .. ..||..||23,969||£23,162||1,158||2||0|
|Sewing and knitting ..||10,709 No.||37,429||..||..|
|Wood-working .. ..||..||11,283||£8,810||440||10||0|
|Materials for and parts of||..||17,543||£3,191||462||17||6|
|Malt .. ..||8,245 bush.||2,220||2,028 bush.||202||17||0|
|Rico malt .. ..||27,308 lb.||216||27,368 lb.||114||0||8|
|Manures— Bone-dust .. ..||6,779 tons||35,773||..||..|
|Guano .. ..||9,935 tons||30,902||..||..|
|Unenumerated ..||12,103 tons||45,612||..||..|
|Dressed or polished, and manufactures ..||..||4.289||£4,258||1,064||12||6|
|Hewn, or rough-sawn ..||182 tons||1,397||..||..|
|Matches and vestas— Wax .. ..||42,711 gross||9,086||41,804 gross||4,462||3||4|
|Wooden .. ..||36,434 gross||2,753||30,052 gross||1,511||12||7|
|Mats and matting ..||..||8,125||£8,365||1,673||1||4|
|Meats, potted and preserved||42,901 lb.||1,821||£1,812||362||8||8|
|Medicines, patent and proprietary .. ..||..||47.869||£29,094||8.145||7||0|
|Sarsaparilla .. ..||..||476||£271||42||5||0|
|Metal, manufactures of— Not otherwise enumerated||..||13,523||£11,143||2,228||14||10|
|Japanned and lacquered metal ware .. ..||..||1,300||£1,266||316||8||11|
|Weighbridges and weighing-machines ..||..||3,847||£3,534||706||16||0|
|Anchors .. ..||515 No.||433||..||..|
|Rivets and washers ..||11,178 cwt.||11,052||..||..|
|Tacks .. ..||1,806 cwt.||2,532||..||..|
|Type-writers .. ..||520 No.||7,014||..||..|
|Metal sheathing, other than copper .. ..||639 cwt.||2,343||..||..|
|Milk, preserved .. ..||681,949 lb.||12,799||£13,763||3,440||15||7|
|Millinery— Feathers, ornamental ..||..||2,562||£2,587||646||13||5|
|Other kinds .. ..||..||40,751||£40,827||10,206||17||6|
|Mustard .. ..||198,961 lb.||11,396||207,851 lb.||1,732||1||10|
|Nails— Iron .. .. ..||69,255 cwt.||47,799||68,721 cwt.||6,872||2||6|
|Unenumerated ..||73 cwt.||251||88 cwt.||13||3||4|
|Naphtha .. ..||10,320 galls.||1,649||10,507 galls||262||13||9|
|Nuts— Almonds, in shell ..||13,646 lb.||308||14,381 lb.||119||16||10|
|Almonds, shelled ..||41,593 lb.||2 431||40,559 lb.||506||19||10|
|Almonds, Barbary, &c…||108,298 lb.||4,656||..||..|
|Cocoa .. ..||201,240 No.||686||..||..|
|Unenumerated ..||46,043 lb.||783||46,451 lb.||387||1||10|
|Oakum .. .. ..||1,263 cwt.||1,606||..||..|
|Oars .. .. ..||2,944 No.||458||..||..|
|Oils— Castor, bulk .. ..||89,288 galls.||11.408||69,244 galls.||1,731||2||0|
|Castor, bottled ..||1,336 doz.||524||£506||75||19||1|
|Cod liver .. ..||7,415 galls.||1,645||..||..|
|Colza .. ..||18,916 galls.||2,979||12,125 galls.||303||2||6|
|Fish, penguin, and seal||44,036 galls.||4,375||..||..|
|Linseed .. ..||245,286 galls.||33,755||234,835 galls.||5,870||17||7|
|Mineral, kerosene ..||2,797,771 galls.||109,513||1,632,237 galls.||40.805||18||7|
|Mineral, other kinds ..||181,420 galls.||14,900||154,292 galls.||3,857||6||1|
|Neatsfoot .. ..||2,351 galls.||238||2,340 galls.||58||10||0|
|Olive, bulk .. ..||9,749 galls.||1,713||9.781 galls.||244||10||7|
|Olive, bottled .. ..||3,098 doz.pts||1,460||£1,429||214||7||11|
|Whale .. ..||85 galls.||19||..||..|
|Unenumerated, bulk ..||168,017 galls.||15,911||149,970 galls.||3,749||4||11|
|Unenumerated, bottled||5,389 doz.pts||2,130||£2,272||340||17||2|
|Unenumerated ..||139,943 galls.||6,200||..||..|
|Oilmen's stores .. ..||..||5,730||£5,814||1,162||16||11|
|Onions .. .. ..||11,915 cwt.||4,954||11,813 cwt.||590||13||0|
|Opium .. .. ..||3,977 lb.||6,934||3,213 lb.||6,425||12||6|
|Paints and colours— Ground in oil ..||38,140 cwt.||52,861||37,069 cwt.||4,633||12||3|
|Mixed, ready for use ..||5,280 cwt.||13,715||4,396 cwt.||1,099||0||2|
|Unenumerated ..||10,284 cwt.||11,271||..||..|
|Paper— Bags, coarse .. ..||16 cwt.||31||16 cwt.||5||17||2|
|Bags, other kinds ..||2,275 cwt.||3,826||£3,957||989||5||8|
|Butter-paper .. ..||2,587 cwt.||4,770||..||..|
|Paperhangings ..||985,496 pieces||25,419||£25,091||3,763||13||1|
|Printing .. ..||120,609 cwt.||115,648||..||..|
|Wrapping .. ..||3,841 cwt.||4,575||3,717 cwt.||929||7||11|
|Writing .. ..||9,700 cwt.||18,051||..||..|
|Unenumerated ..||1,628 cwt.||1,791||..||..|
|Pearl barley .. ..||1 cwt.||3||6 cwt.||0||6||0|
|Peas, split .. ..||1,185 cwt.||601||1,213 cwt.||121||7||5|
|Peel, candied and dried ..||16,954 lb.||331||17,036 lb,||212||19||0|
|Perfumery — Perfumed spirits ..||1,545 galls.||5,420||1,429 galls.||2,144||7||3|
|Toilet preparations ..||..||8,075||£7,272||1,818||3||0|
|Phormium .. ..||13 tons||250||..||..|
|Photographic goods ..||..||4,338||£3,975||788||5||6|
|Copper, glass, and zinc plates for photo-lithographic work ..||..||821||..||..|
|Cameras and lenses ..||..||5,732||..||..|
|Sensitised surfaces ..||..||12,187||..||..|
|Pickles .. .. ..||5,032 galls.||1,237||4,665 galls.||699||16||7|
|Pictures, paintings, &c. ..||..||5,721||£4,448||889||13||7|
|Picture-frames and mounts||..||1,416||£1,385||277||0||0|
|Pitch .. .. ..||1,536 cwt.||670||..||..|
|Plants, shrubs, trees, &c. ..||..||3,033||..||..|
|Plaster of Paris .. ..||3,023 cwt.||688||..||..|
|Plate and plated ware ..||..||36,812||£36,861||7,372||3||10|
|Portmanteaux and travelling bags .. ..||..||4,487||£4,427||1,106||12||0|
|Leather bags and leather cloth bags .. ..||..||105||£105||21||0||0|
|Potatoes .. ..||55 tons||137||..||..|
|Printing materials— Stereotypes and matrices||..||193||£106||26||9||10|
|Type and materials, n.o.e. .. ..||13,183||..||..|
|Provisions n.o.e. .. ..||..||5,401||£5,224||1,044||16||1|
|Pumps .. .. ..||..||3,465||£2,837||567||9||10|
|Putty .. .. ..||4,220 cwt.||2,030||4,207cwt.||420||15||4|
|Quicksilver .. ..||5,415 lb.||729||..||..|
|Rags .. .. ..||22 tons||108||..||..|
|Railway plant n.o.e. ..||..||60,828||£585||117||0||0|
|Locomotives .. ..||1||3,300||..||..|
|Resin .. .. ..||12,704 cwt.||3,891||..||..|
|Rice .. .. ..||63,146 cwt.||40,843||33,621 cwt.||8,859||9||8|
|Rugs, all kinds .. ..||..||10,460||£10,614||2,122||16||1|
|Saccharine .. ..||6,968 oz.||378||7,297 oz.||547||6||3|
|Saddlery and harness (including whips) ..||..||33,687||£29,369||5,873||18||6|
|Harness, collar-check ..||..||4,252||..||..|
|Harness-oil and composition .. ..||..||2,469||£2,42||485||10||3|
|Saddlers' ironmongery ..||..||22,191||..||..|
|Salt .. .. ..||14,514 tons||33,815||8,439 tons||4,219||17||2|
|Rock .. .. ..||900 tons||1,800||..||..|
|Saltpetre .. ..||79 tons||1,633||..||..|
|Sashes— Glazed .. ..||5 1/2 pairs||13||3 1/2 pairs||0||14||0|
|Plain .. .. ..||3 pairs||2||3 pairs||0||6||0|
|Sauces .. .. ..||11,365 gals.||8,130||11,883 gals.||2,376||12||2|
|Sausage-skins .. ..||198,021 lb.||11,292||188,301 lb.||2,353||15||3|
|Seeds— Grass and clover ..||13,773 cwt.||34,133||..||..|
|Shale .. .. ..||205 tons||655||..||..|
|Shells .. .. ..||2 cwt.||66||..||..|
|Ship chandlery .. ..||..||6,219||..||..|
|Silks, &c. .. ..||..||97,922||£98,304||24,576||1||0|
|For flour-dressing ..||..||113||..||..|
|Silver .. ..||1,691 oz.||223||..||..|
|Skins and pelts— Fur-skins .. ..||8,334 No.||220||..||..|
|Kangaroo and wallabi skins .. ..||14,040 No.||414||..||..|
|Unenumerated ..||16,708 No.||885||..||..|
|Slates, roofing .. ..||197,940 No.||1,640||..||..|
|Soap— Common .. ..||2 cwt.||3||2 cwt.||0||10||10|
|Powder .. ..||..||4,409||£4,495||899||0||0|
|Unenumerated ..||747,883 lb.||18,896||£20,337||5,084||7||1|
|Specie — Copper .. ..||..||1,350||..||..|
|Gold .. ..||..||357,100||..||..|
|Silver .. ..||..||80,320||..||..|
|Specimens illustrative of natural science ..||..||229||..||..|
|Ground .. ..||18,809 lb.||791||20,269 lb.||337||16||4|
|Unground .. ..||448,022 lb.||12,626||386,166 lb.||3,218||1||1|
|Spirits— Bitters, cordials, and liqueurs .. ..||3,097 galls.||2,977||2,924 galls.||2,339||14||7|
|Brandy .. ..||76,407 galls.||31,975||70,363 galls.||56,290||14||1|
|Geneva and gin, unsweetened .. ..||65,817 galls.||14,977||59,218 galls.||47,374||7||6|
|Methylated .. ..||369 galls.||53||369 galls.||18||9||6|
|Rum .. ..||16,317 galls.||3,302||17,063 galls.||13,650||15||1|
|Sweetened .. ..||5,512 galls.||1,542||6,539 galls.||5,231||3||2|
|Whisky .. ..||378,080 galls.||133,445||387,613 galls.||310,090||13||10|
|Unenumerated ..||2,957 galls.||2,308||2,634 galls.||2,107||15||3|
|Spirits of wine .. ..||33,773 galls.||2,283||2,034 galls.||1,627||2||2|
|Methylated, in bond ..||..||..||32,226 galls.||805||12||11|
|Sponges .. ..||1,006 lb.||251||£218||41||0||0|
|Starch .. ..||958,630 lb.||10,567||958,697 lb.||7.989||2||10|
|Stationery— Manufactured .. ..||..||37,032||£34,572||8,642||19||1|
|Apparatus for teaching .. .. ..||..||3,493||..||..|
|Bookbinders' materials ..||..||6,332||..||..|
|Materials for cardboard boxes .. ..||..||9,469||..||..|
|Stone— Building .. ..||339 tons||865||..||..|
|Granite, dressed ..||..||1,438||£1,437||359||5||0|
|Grind-, mill-, oil-, and whet-stones .. ..||..||2,300||..||..|
|Sugar— Raw .. .. ..||655,198 cwt.||327,601||3,150 lb.||6||11||3|
|Refined .. ..||152,987 cwt.||119,648||77,915,902 lb.||162,324||15||11|
|Glucose .. ..||3,888 cwt.||2,034||470,687 lb.||1,961||3||11|
|Molasses and treacle ..||7,076 cwt.||2,231||2,200,346 lb.||4,584||1||1|
|Molasses, mixed with bone-black .. ..||239 cwt.||32||..||..|
|Sulphur .. ..||3,690 cwt.||1,491||..||..|
|Tallow .. .. ..||..||6||..||..|
|Tanning materials, crude— Bark .. .. ..||4,425 tons||36,052||..||..|
|Other kinds .. ..||..||6,985||..||..|
|Tar .. .. ..||..||1,241||..||..|
|Tarpaulins and tents ..||..||3.889||£2,013||402||12||0|
|Tea .. .. ..||5,291,146 lb.||199,934||5,174,707 lb.||68,960||12||3|
|Textile piece-goods other than silk, cotton, linen, or woollen .. ..||..||14,376||£14,147||2,829||8||3|
|Articles made up from, other than apparel ..||..||9,799||2,425||0||8|
|Laths and shingles ..||682,000 sup. ft.||480||682,000 sup. ft.||68||4||0|
|Logs .. .. ..||1,836 No.||5,385||..||..|
|Logs, hewn .. ..||3,461,106 sup. ft.||36,744||..||..|
|Palings .. ..||472,741 No.||2,860||472,741 No.||472||4||11|
|Posts .. .. ..||12,628 No.||433||12,628 No.||50||10||4|
|Rails .. .. ..||1,350 No.||40||1,350 No.||2||14||0|
|Sawn, undressed ..||7,245,208 sup. ft.||55,574||5,775,900 sup. ft.||5,775||17||11|
|Sawn, dressed .. ..||139,720 sup. ft.||2,194||139,875 sup. ft.||279||15||0|
|Tin— Block .. ..||2,560 cwt.||17,600||..||..|
|Foil .. ..||28,434 lb.||1,600||..||..|
|Sheet .. ..||46,911 cwt.||43,528||..||..|
|Tinware .. ..||..||10,138||£10,069||2,517||4||2|
|Tinsmiths' furnishings and fittings .. ..||..||1,594||..||..|
|Tobacco— Unmanufactured ..||62,389 lb.||3,181||48,310 lb.||4,831||0||0|
|Manufactured .. ..||1,642,014 lb.||128,885||1,570,397 lb.||274,819||8||9|
|Cigars .. ..||92,602 lb.||29,060||84,359 lb.||29,525||12||6|
|Cigarettes .. ..||156,927 lb.||37,560||59,521,500 No.||52,081||6||5|
|Snuff .. ..||1,853 lb.||175||1,718 lb.||601||9||6|
|Tobacco-pipes and cases ..||..||22,321||£22,309||5,577||6||9|
|Tools and implements— Axes and hatchets ..||..||9.844||..||..|
|Engineers' machine tools||..||21,863||..||..|
|Scythes .. ..||..||1,452||..||..|
|Sheep-shears .. ..||..||3,831||..||..|
|Spades, shovels, and forks||..||14,640||..||..|
|Tramway plant .. ..||..||4,653||£4,654||930||16||0|
|Turpentine, driers, and terebine .. ..||93,367 gals.||14,223||..||..|
|Twine— Binder .. ..||108 cwt.||258||..||..|
|Nets and netting ..||..||979||£955||191||2||9|
|Unenumerated ..||362,969 lb.||12,795||£12,700||2,539||19||6|
|Umbrellas and parasols ..||..||17,746||£17,987||3,597||9||4|
|Materials for .. ..||..||3,328||..||..|
|Varnish and gold size ..||34,781 gals.||17,421||33,894 gals.||3,389||7||8|
|Vegetables, fresh, dried, and preserved .. ..||..||770||£724||144||18||11|
|Vinegar .. ..||52,247 gals.||5,403||55,126 gals.||1,378||2||11|
|Watches .. ..||38,999 No.||20,671||£19,934||3,986||15||8|
|Watchmakers' materials ..||..||605||..||..|
|Wax— Paraffin .. ..||1,743,941 lb.||24,643||1,366,633 lb.||6,950||3||8|
|Beeswax .. ..||204 cwt.||1,297||..||..|
|Whalebone .. ..||1 cwt.||8||..||..|
|Whiting and chalk ..||11,748 cwt.||1,359||11,719 cwt.||585||19||0|
|Wine — Australian .. ..||52,981 gals.||17,854||48,981 gals.||12,245||5||9|
|Sparkling .. ..||8,850 gals.||16,229||8,042 gals.||3,619||0||3|
|Other kinds .. ..||60,289 gals.||21,015||59,165 gals.||17,749||13||4|
|Woodenware .. ..||..||33,877||£26,606||4,674||8||0|
|Wool— Greasy .. ..||24,591 lb.||700||..||..|
|Washed .. ..||4,484 lb.||307||..||..|
|Blankets .. ..||26,656 pairs||10,775||£10,763||2,152||14||0|
|Woolpacks .. ..||50,109 doz.||52,468||..||..|
|Wool-pockets .. ..||253 doz.||155||..||..|
|Yarns .. .. ..||..||7,555||£7,431||1,486||5||1|
|Coir, flax, and hemp ..||..||6,771||..||..|
|Zinc— Perforated sheet ..||565 cwt.||1,067||..||..|
|Plain sheet .. ..||6,236 cwt.||8,659||..||..|
|Spelter .. ..||1,964 cwt.||2,483||..||..|
|Zinc manufactures, n.o.e.||..||62||£62||15||7||1|
|Minor articles required for the making-up of apparel||..||6,342||..||..|
|Articles and materials suited only for and to be used solely in the fabrication of goods in the colony ..||..||19,301||..||..|
|Miscellaneous goods— Manufactured .. ..||..||10,491||..||..|
|Vanilla beans .. ..||23,539 lb.||7,194||..||..|
|Parcels Post .. ..||..||87,662||..||16,642||11||6|
|Tobacco, manufactured ..||..||..||47,515 lb.||2,375||15||0|
|Cigars .. .. ..||..||..||1,541 lb.||115||11||6|
|Cigarettes .. ..||..||..||278 lb.||13||18||0|
|Pharmacopoeia tinetures, essences, extracts, and medicinal spirits containing more than 50 per cent. of proof spirit .. ..||..||..||40,577 lb.||1,521||12||11|
|Pharmacopœia tinctures, &c., containing less than 50 per cent. of proof spirit||..||..||2,161 lb.||27||0||5|
|Culinary and flavouring essences .. ..||..||..||149 gals.||89||11||7|
The Customs and excise duties received during the last five years are shown in detail, also the rate of revenue per head of mean population, inclusive and exclusive of Maoris, for each year:—
*Including £89 excise duty on culinary and flavouring essences.
† Including £149 excise duty on culinary and flavouring essences, and £11 on perfumed spirits.
‡ Including £89 excise duty on culinary and flavouring essences.
|Spirits .. .. ..||362,923||384,218||395,513||414,395||442,090|
|Wine .. .. ..||28,846||30,518||31,138||32,045||33,614|
|Ale, Beer, &c. .. ..||18,208||19,035||19,158||17,594||17,562|
|Cigars, Cigarettes, and Snuff||58,788||65,347||71,430||77,810||82,357|
|Tobacco .. .. ..||239,988||244,669||257,516||263,057||279,651|
|Tea .. .. ..||73,858||76,081||78,676||79,975||68,960|
|Coffee, Cocoa, &c. .. ..||5,495||5,722||5,463||6,968||5,285|
|Sugar and Molasses||141,933||148,748||154,355||162,787||168,876|
|Opium .. .. ..||5,409||5,625||5,501||6,139||6,426|
|Other Goods by Weight ..||172,733||187,498||187,758||192,987||178,554|
|Other Goods ad valorem ..||562,961||634,043||637,506||682,722||775,649|
|Other Duties .. ..||86,841||102,025||105,987||91,155||94,687|
|Parcels Post .. ..||7,090||8,632||11,725||14,368||16,643|
|Totals, Customs Duties||1,765,073||1,912,161||1,961,726||2,042,002||2,170,354|
|EXCISE DUTIES. Tinctures—New Zealand ..||200||983||*1,244||† 2,036||‡ $1,638|
|Cigars, Cigarettes, and Snuff—New - Zealand-manufactured .. .. ..||916||191||152||91||129|
|Tobacco — New - Zealand - manufactured .. ..||1,663||2,358||2,282||2,323||2,376|
|Beer—New Zealand ..||67,287||71,765||75,164||78,265||85,141|
|Totals, Excise Duties ..||70,066||75,842||78,842||82,715||89,284|
|Revenue from Customs||£ s. d.||£ s. d.||£ s. d.||£ s. d.||£ s. d.|
|Duties per head of mean population (excluding Maoris) .. ..||2 9 11||2 13 0||2 13 3||2 14 5||2 16 10|
|Ditto(including Maoris) ..||2 7 3||2 10 3||2 10 6||2 11 8||2 14 0|
|Revenue from Excise Duties per head of mean population (excluding Maoris) ..||0 1 11.8||0 2 1.0||0 2 1.7||0 2 2.5||0 2 4|
|Ditto (including Maoris) ..||0 1 10.5||0 1 11.7||0 2 0.4||0 2 1.1||0 2 2.7|
The Customs revenue for the year 1900 amounted to £2,170,354, and the excise duties to £89,284. The revenue from Customs was £2 16s. 10d. per head of population excluding Maoris, and £2 14s. if they he included. In 1888 the Customs revenue was £2 6s. 2d. per head of European population, and from that time the proportion increased slowly year by year until 1892, when it reached £2 11s. 6d. per head. During the next two years there was a falling-off; but 1895 and following years show increases, the proportion for 1900 being higher than in any year since 1883. Details for eleven years are given :—
CUSTOMS REVENUE PER HEAD OF EUROPEAN POPULATION.
|£ s. d.|
|1890 .. .. ..||2 9 3|
|1891 .. .. ..||2 9 7|
|1892 .. .. ..||2 11 6|
|1893 .. .. ..||2 10 4|
|1894 .. .. ..||2 6 4|
|1895 .. .. ..||2 6 9|
|1896 .. .. ..||2 9 11|
|1897 .. .. ..||2 13 0|
|1898 .. .. ..||2 13 3|
|1899 .. .. ..||2 14 5|
|1900 .. .. ..||2 16 10|
Dating from 1890, the taxation by way of Customs and excise duties together increased from £2 11s. 2d. in that year to £2 11s. 11d. in 1896, to £2 15s. 1d. in 1897, to £2 15s. 5d. in 1898, to £2 16s. 8d. in 1899, and to £2 19s. 2d. in 1900.
There was an alteration of tariff in 1895 in certain items, but the amount of duty paid in 1899 does not bear a higher proportion to the total value of imports (less specie) for that year than the duty paid in 1894, prior to the new tariff, to the imports of that year.
In the year 1900 certain duties were lowered and exemptions granted. Tea is now charged only 2d. per pound, instead of 4d.; currants and raisins are lowered to 1d. per pound; candles are 1d.; cocoa and roasted coffee, 3d. There is also reduction on stearine for match making, on paraffin-wax, and wax matches. Patent and proprietary medicines bear 15 per cent. duty, also certain drugs and chemicals. Steam-engines, or parts thereof, are charged 5 per cent. The new exemptions are various.
With these circumstances there has been a greater import of taxable articles, which would seem to indicate that purchasing power had increased. It is at least certain that the value of imports rose from £5,990,177 (excluding specie), in 1894, to £10,207,326 in 1900, notwithstanding the changes of tariff.
The tariff has been given in full in this book (see pages 82 to 97.) The rates of duty levied include 16s. per gallon on spirits; 30s. per gallon on perfumed spirits; 7s. per pound on cigars and snuff; 17s. 6d. per 1,000 of 21/2lb. and under, and 6d. per ounce weight over 21/2lb. per 1,000, on cigarettes; 3s. 6d. per pound on manufactured and 2s. on unmanufactured tobacco. Sparkling wine is charged 9s. a gallon; Australian, 5s; other kinds, 6s.; ale and beer, 2s. The duty on tea is 2d. the pound; on cocoa, chocolate, and chicory, 3d.; raw coffee, 2d.; roasted, 3d. Sugar, molasses, and treacle pay 1/2d., and glucose ld. per pound. Opium is charged 40s. per pound. The remainder of the Customs revenue, with small exception, is made up of charges on goods by weight, ad valorem duties, ranging from 5 to 40 per cent., and receipts from the foreign parcels post. There is also an excise duty of 1s. per pound on tobacco; 1s. 6d. per pound on cigars, cigarettes, and snuff; 3d. per gallon on beer; 9d. per pound on tinctures, &c., manufactured in the colony, containing more than 50 per cent. of proof spirit, and 3d. per pound when less than 50 per cent. Also, 12s. per gallon on culinary flavouring essences; and 20s